Szótár

(Letölthető rövid segédanyag: Páli-Magyar Szójegyzék)

āra, 5908 találat.

ara →

ncped

the spoke of a wheel.

ārā →

ncped

far off, at a distance; far from ((+abl.).

ara →

pts

…etym of arahant = saṃsāra-cakkassa arānaṃ hatattā “breaker of the spokes of the wheel of transmigration”) = Pv-a.7 (has…

ārā →

pts

-cāra [in this combn. by Kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v. unecessarily expld. as…

abbhavalāhakā →

dppn

One of the Cloud-group of devas. They are embodied in the thunder clouds (cumulus clouds), and when they wish to revel and delight themselves, thunder clouds make their appearance in the sky. SN.iii.256

abhaya →

dppn

…Licchavi, Paṇḍita Kumāraka, to Ānanda in the Kūṭāgārasālā in Vesāli, and discusses with him certain views held by Nigaṇṭha…

abhibhū →

dppn

Abhibhū1

Chief disciple of Sikhī Buddha. DN.ii.9 In the Aruṇavatī Sutta it is said that he went with Sikhī to a Brahma-world and, at the Buddha’s request, preached a sermon to the accompa …

acelakassapa →

dppn

Acelakassapa1AcelaKassapa

A naked ascetic. He visited the Buddha at Ujuññā in the Kaṇṇa-katthala deer-park and asked him if it were true that he disparaged all penance and reviled asceti …

aciravatī →

dppn

A river, the modern Rāpti in Uttar Pradesh; one of the pañca-mahānadī, Vin.ii.237 the five great rivers flowing from the Himālaya eastwards (pācīnaninnā) SN.v.39 into the sea. During the hot seas …

addhakāsī →

dppn

A prostitute in Rājagaha who entered the Order of the bhikkhunis. Wishing to obtain the higher ordination from the Buddha, she set out for Sāvatthī, but was waylaid and stopped by libertines. So she s …

aggikabhāradvāja →

dppn

…faith. Snp.21–25

Aggikabhāradvāja2AggikaBhāradvāja

A brahmin of Rājagaha, a fire-tender. He prepares a meal for sacrifice, and…

aggāḷave cetiye →

dppn

…into a Buddhist vihāra. The Buddha stopped here on many occasions during his wanderings, and this was the scene of several Vinaya rules,…

ahiṃsakabhāradvāja →

dppn

…of the Bhāradvāja brothers. He came to the Buddha at Sāvatthī and the Buddha suggested to him the…

ahogaṅgā →

dppn

A mountain in North India, on the Upper Ganges. There, for some time, lived the Thera Sambhūta Sānavāsi, and it was there that Yasa Kākandakaputta saw him. The meeting of arahants to discuss what meas …

ajakaraṇī →

dppn

…the Lonagiri (or Lena°) vihāra where lived the Thera Sabbaka (Sappaka). Thag.307–310

Here also, in a cave, dwelt the Thera Bhūta….

ajapālanigrodha →

dppn

…after the Enlightenment, Māra tried to persuade the Buddha to die at once. DN.ii.112 Several other conversations held here with Māra are…

ajitakesakambala →

dppn

AjitakesakambalaKesakambalaAjita

Head of one of the six heretical sects mentioned in the Pitakas as being contemporaneous with the Buddha. He is described as a Titthaka (non-Buddhist teacher), leade …

ajitamāṇava →

dppn

AjitamāṇavaAjita

One of the disciples of Bāvarī who visited the Buddha at the request of their teacher.

He was the first to question the Buddha, and the questions asked by him form the Ajitamāṇavapu …

ajātasattu →

dppn

…if necessary. When Bimbisāra learnt of the prince’s intentions he abdicated in his favour. But Devadatta was not satisfied till Bimbisāra,…

ambagāma →

dppn

…road from Vesāli to Kusināra. This was evidently the road which led from Vesāli northwards to the Malla Country, for other villages in the…

ambapālivana →

dppn

…the impermanence of all sankhāras and proceeds to describe the process by which the whole world will ultimately be destroyed by seven suns arising…

ambapālī →

dppn

…Buddha, and building a vihāra in her own garden, gave it to him and the Order. This was during the Buddha’s last visit to Vesāli shortly…

ambaraambaravatī →

dppn

AmbaraambaravatīAmbara-ambaravatī

The double name of a city in Uttarakuru. DN.iii.201

5town

ambaṭṭha →

dppn

AmbaṭṭhaAmbaṭṭhamāṇava

A brahmin youth of the Ambaṭṭha clan who lived with his teacher, Pokkharasādi, at Ukkaṭṭha. He was learned in the three Vedas and the correlated branches of knowledge, includin …

andhavana →

dppn

…of nuns who were tempted by Māra in the Andhavana, e.g., Āḷavikā, Soma, Kisāgotamī, Vijayā, Uppalavaṇṇā, Cālā, Upacālā,…

annabhāra →

dppn

A well-known paribbājaka who lived in the Paribbājakārāma on the banks of the River Sappinī near Rājagaha. He is mentioned as staying with the well-known paribbājakas, Varadhara and Sakuludāyi. …

anopamā →

dppn

Daughter of the Treasurer Majjha of Sāketa. She was so called (’Peerless“) because of her beauty. When she grew up, all sorts of eminent men sought her hand with rich gifts, but she was unwilling to m …

anugāra →

dppn

An eminent wandering ascetic. He is mentioned as living in the Paribbājakārāma in the Moranivāpa in Veḷuvana near Rājagaha. He was probably one of the company who was with Sakuludāyi when the Buddha c …

anuruddha →

dppn

First cousin of the Buddha and one of his most eminent disciples. He was the son of the Sākyan Amitodana and brother of Mahānāma. When members of other Sākyan families had joined the Order of their di …

anāthapiṇḍika →

dppn

…fell on the park of Jetakumāra. He bought the park at great expense and erected therein the famous Jetavanārāma. As a result of this and of his…

aparagoyāna →

dppn

One of the four great continents into which the earth is divided. According to the Aṅguttara Nikāya, AN.i.227 AN.v.59 each cakkavāla (world-system) has an Aparagoyāna.

5continent

aparājita →

dppn

One of the Pacceka Buddhas mentioned in the Isigili Sutta. MN.iii.70

aputtaka →

dppn

A wealthy burgess of Sāvatthī who died intestate. In the Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.i.89–91 we find Pasenadi, King of Kosala, visiting the Buddha at noonday and telling him that he had just finished having th …

araka →

dppn

The Bodhisatta, born as a brahmin teacher. In the Aṅguttara Nikāya AN.iv.136–138 we are told that among Araka’s pupils those who followed his teachings were born in the Brahma-world, while the others …

aranemi →

dppn

A brahmin teacher of a past age, given in a list of six teachers, who were purohitas. AN.iii.373 The others were Sunetta, Mūgapakkha, Kuddālaka, Hatthipāla and Jotipāla. In the Aṅguttara AN.iv.135f.

arati →

dppn

…of the three daughters of Māra, the others being Taṇhā and Ragā. Seeing their father disconsolate after his repeated attempts to foil…

arañña →

dppn

Four great Araññas (Wildernesses) are often mentioned: Dandaka°, Kāliṅga°, Mejjha°, and Mātaṅga°. MN.i.378 They had once been the sites of very populous and prosperous kingdoms, but had later been des …

araññakuṭikā →

dppn

A forest hermitage near Rājagaha, where the novice Aciravata sometimes stayed. MN.iii.128

25.038327,85.4379273building

ariṭṭha →

dppn

Ariṭṭha1

A monk. He had been subjected by the Saṅgha to the ukkhepanīyakamma for refusal to renounce a sinful doctrine, namely, that the states of mind declared by the Buddha to be stumb …

asibandhakaputta →

dppn

A headman (gāmani). He came to the Buddha in the Pārileyyaka Mango Grove in Nāḷandā and asked him various questions, recorded in the Saṃyutta Nikāya. SN.iv.312ff. One of these related to the custo …

asoka →

dppn

A monk of Ñātikā. Once when the Buddha was staying at Ñātikā in the Giñjakāvasatha, Ānanda mentions to the Buddha that Asoka Thera had died, and asks where he had gone. The Buddha tells him that Asoka …

assaji →

dppn

Assaji1

The fifth of the Pañcavaggiyā monks. When the Buddha preached the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, he was the last in whom dawned the eye of Truth, and the Buddha had to discourse to h …

assaka →

dppn

The country of Assaka is one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas mentioned in the Aṅguttara Nikāya.AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260 It does not, however; occur in the list of twelve countries given in …

assatara →

dppn

A tribe of Nāgas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

asura →

dppn

In Pali Literature the Asuras are classed among the inferior deities together with the supaṇṇas, gandhabbas, yakkhas, garuḍas and nāgas. Rebirth as an Asura is considered as one of the four …

asurindakabhāradvāja →

dppn

AsurindakabhāradvājaAsurindakaBhāradvāja

A brahmin, one of three brothers who had conversations with the Buddha and were converted. SN.i.163f.

avanti →

dppn

…Mahā Kaccāna

  • Nanda Kumāraputta
  • Soṇa Kuṭikaṇṇa
  • Dhammapāla
  • Abhayarājakumāra
  • Isidatta and Isidāsī

Mahā Kaccāna seems to…

avihā →

dppn

A class of devas. Their world ranks among the five foremost of the rupa-worlds, the Suddhāvāsā.DN.ii.52 DN.iii.237 DN.iii.237 Anāgāmīs are born in Avihā and there attain arahantship. The Buddha once …

ayujjhā →

dppn

AyujjhāAyojjhā

Two visits of the Buddha to this city are recorded in the Canon; on one occasion he preached the Phena Sutta SN.iii.140ff. and on the other the Dārukkhandha Sutta, although the latte …

añjanavana →

dppn

AñjanavanaAñcanavana

A garden at Sāketa. In it was a deer park where the Buddha used to stay. On one such occasion Kakudha came to see him, SN.i.54 and also the wanderer Kuṇḍaliya, SN.v.73 who lived …

aññātakoṇḍañña →

dppn

AññātakoṇḍaññaKoṇḍañña

One of the five ascetics known as the Pañcavaggiyā. When, after the Enlightenment, the Buddha visited them at Isipatana and preached the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, Koṇḍañña w …

aṅga →

dppn

…Assaka, Avantī, Gandhāra, and Kamboja. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260 DN.ii.200

It was to the east of Māgadha, from which it was…

aṅgaṇikabhāradvāja →

dppn

AṅgaṇikabhāradvājaAṅgaṇikaBhāradvāja

A brahmin fire-worshipper who practiced asceticism to gain immortality. Later he practiced…

aṅgulimāla →

dppn

AṅgulimālaAhiṃsakaGaggaMantāniputta

A robber and murderer who was converted by the Buddha in the twentieth year of his ministry, and who later became an arahant. MN86

As a result of his deeds whole …

aṅguttarāpa →

dppn

…the Buddha went to Anguttārapa and thence to Āpaṇa. Vin.i.243–245

The country was probably rich because we find as many as 1,250 monks…

aṅgīrasi →

dppn

…Vessāmitta, Yamataggi, Bhāradvāja, Vāseṭṭha, Kassapa and Bhagu. The list occurs in several places. Vin.i.245 AN.iii.224 MN.ii.169…

aṭṭhaka →

dppn

…Yamataggi, Aṅgīrasa, Bhāradvāja, Vāseṭṭha and Bhagu), Vin.i.245 DN.i.104 as the ancient sages of the brahmins. They abstained from food…

aṭṭhakanāgara →

dppn

A city from which came the householder Dasama who, while on a visit to Pāṭaliputta on business, went to see Ānanda at Beluvagāma and questioned him. MN.i.349f. AN.v.342–347

4town

badarikārāma →

dppn

A park about three miles from Kosambī SN.iii.126 where Khemaka stayed during his illness. Rāhula spent a whole night in the Buddha’s toilet at the Badarikārāma because he was unwilling to violate the …

bahudhīti →

dppn

A brahmin of the Bhāradvājagotta who had seven widowed daughters and was much in debt. One day he lost fourteen oxen, and, after searching for them…

bahuputtakanigrodha →

dppn

Mahā Kassapa says that while yet a “learner” he paid homage to the Buddha at a Bahuputtaka-nigrodha where the Buddha had gone to meet him. The Buddha taught him of the training to be followed and, pr …

baka →

dppn

…owing to the influence of Māra, refused to acknowledge his error, until the Buddha, by the exercise of his magical power, prevented Baka from…

bakkula →

dppn

BakkulaBākulaVakkula

At the age of eighty, Bakkula heard the Buddha preach and left the world. For seven days he remained unenlightened, but on the dawn of the eighth day he became an arahant. Later, …

baliharaṇa →

dppn

BaliharaṇaBaliharana

A forest tract near Kusinārā where the Buddha is said to have stayed. AN.i.274 AN.v.79 The Kinti Sutta was preached there. MN.ii.238

26.751742,83.8957213park

belaṭṭhasīsa →

dppn

An arahant, preceptor of Ānanda. He was once afflicted with scurvy and his robes clung to him. The monks thereupon applied water to the robes, but when the Buddha heard of it he made a rule allowing n …

beluva →

dppn

BeluvaBeluvagāmaVeluvaVeluvagāma

A village near Vesāli, where the Buddha spent his last vassa.

It was at this time that the Buddha, in answer to a question by Ānanda, said that he had kept nothing b …

bhadda →

dppn

Bhadda1

A lay disciple of Nādikā who, the Buddha declared, had destroyed the five lower fetters and had been born in the highest deva worlds, thence to pass away entirely. DN.ii.92

Bhadda …

bhaddavāggiyā →

dppn

A group of thirty young men, converted by the Buddha.

They had gone picnicking with their wives in a forest glade between Bārāṇasi and Uruvelā. One of them had no wife, and for him they found a court …

bhaddiya →

dppn

…the Buddha at the Kūṭāgārasālā and asked if it were true that the Buddha was a magician who, by a glamorous trick, enticed away the…

bhaddā →

dppn

…friend Piyaka took him to Nārada Thera at the Kukkuṭārāma, and there made him realize the folly of mourning….

bhadrāvudha →

dppn

…answered the Buddha, for Māra follows the man who clings to things.

This question and answer are contained in the…

bhaggava →

dppn

…Buddha addresses Ghaṭīkāra Brahmā as “Bhaggava”; he had been a potter of Vehaliṅga in his previous birth and the name…

bhaggā →

dppn

…Vin.v.145

Bodhirājakumāra, son of Udena of Kosambi, lived there, apparently as his father’s viceroy, in which case the Bhaggā were…

bhagu →

dppn

Bhagu1

A famous sage of old. Vin.i.245 DN.i.104 DN.i.238 DN.i.243 MN.ii.169 MN.ii.200 AN.iii.224 AN.iv.61

Bhagu2

He was born in a Sākiyan family, and having left the world wit …

bhallika →

dppn

…Theragāthā Thag.7 contains a verse spoken by Bhallika when Māra tried to frighten him by assuming a hideous form.

bharata →

dppn

Bharata1

A monk whose Theragāthā verses call on Nandaka and himself to declare their spiritual prowess to the Buddha. Thag.175–176

Bharata2

King of the Sovīras in the time of …

bharaṇḍukālāma →

dppn

A recluse, once a co-disciple of the Buddha in the holy life. Once, when the Buddha visited Kapilavatthu and wanted lodging for the night, Mahānāma suggested that he should go to the hermitage of Bha …

bharukaccha →

dppn

A seaport in the country of Bharu. It is identical with Barygaza of Ptolemy and the Periplus of the Erythrean Sea. Bharukaccha is the modern Broach in Kathiawar. The people of Bharukaccha are called B …

bhesakalāvana →

dppn

…was while staying in this grove that Mahā Moggallāna was molested by Māra and he preached the Māratajjanīya Sutta. MN.i.332

bhoganagara →

dppn

BhoganagaraBhogaBhogagāmanagara

A village in the Vajji country, where the Buddha stayed on his last journey, in the Ānanda cetiya, and where he preached a sermon on the four “Great References”. DN.ii …

bhusāgāra →

dppn

BhusāgāraBhusāgra

The threshing floor in Atumā where the Buddha stayed on his visit there. Vin.i.249

Once while he was meditating there, a…

bhuñjatī →

dppn

…the Buddha at the Salaḷāgāra, he found the Buddha engaged in meditation, Bhuñjatī waiting on him and worshipping him with clasped hands….

bhāradvāja →

dppn

…Bhāradvāja, Kaṭṭhahāra Bhāradvāja and Navakammika Bhāradvāja became lay disciples.

The Elder Piṇḍola also belonged to the…

bilaṅgika →

dppn

BilaṅgikaBhāradvāja

One of the Bhāradvāja brothers. On hearing that the eldest of the clan had entered the Order, he went to the Buddha, and,…

bimbisāra →

dppn

…the hospitality of Bimbisāra. At the conclusion of the meal, Bimbisāra poured water from a golden jar on the Buddha’s hand and dedicated…

bodhi →

dppn

…recorded in the Bodhirājakumāra Sutta.

Bodhi was the son of Udena, king of Kosambi, and his mother was the daughter of Candappajjota. Bodhi was…

bojjhā →

dppn

BojjhāBocchā

An eminent laywoman. The Aṅguttara Nikāya AN.iv.259 AN.iv.347 records a visit paid by her to the Buddha at Jetavana. The Buddha then preached to her on the uposatha and the advantages …

brahmadeva →

dppn

The son of a brahmin woman. Having joined the Order, he dwelt in solitude and became an arahant. One day he went to Sāvatthī for alms, and, in due course, arrived at his mother’s house. She was in the …

brahmāyu →

dppn

A brahmin foremost in Mithilā in his knowledge of the Vedas.

On hearing of the Buddha at the age of one hundred and twenty, he sent his pupil Uttara to discover if the Buddha had on his body the mark …

buddha →

dppn

BuddhaBhagavāTathāgataSiddhatthaGotamaSugataSatthā

The Awakened one, the founder and teacher of the Buddha-dhamma. His personal name was Siddhattha Gotama, and he was a Khattiya of the Sakiyan clan. …

bāhiya →

dppn

Bāhiya1Dārucīriya

As an ascetic, he came himself to believe that he had attained arahantship, but a devatā, reading his thoughts and wishing him well, pointed out to him his error and ad …

bāhuna →

dppn

A monk who is said to have asked the Buddha, while on the banks of the Gaggarā Lake in Campā, about the conditions from which the Tathāgata is released and emancipated. The Buddha enumerated ten such. …

bālakaloṇakāra →

dppn

Bālakaloṇakāra BākalonakārāgamaBālakalonakārāma

A locality near Kosambī.

When the monks of Kosambī started quarrelling, the Buddha left…

bārānasī →

dppn

…Buddhagayā and Kusināra - because it was at, the Migadāya in Isipatana near Bārānasī that the Buddha preached his first sermon to the…

bāvarī →

dppn

A brahmin ascetic who went from Sāvatthī to Dakkhiṇāpatha and lived on the banks of the Godhāvarī in a hermitage which lay half in the territory of Assaka and half in that of Alaka.

He received the r …

bījaka →

dppn

The son of Sudinna Kalandakaputta by the wife of his lay days. He was conceived after Sudinna had already been ordained. His wife came to him during her period and begged him to give her an offspring. …

cakkaratana →

dppn

The Wheel Treasure that is one of the seven treasures of a Wheel Turning Monarch (cakkavatti). The Cakkaratana is the Cakkavatti’s chief symbol of office; on its appearance before him, he sprinkles …

cakkavatti →

dppn

A World ruler. The world itself means “Turner of the Wheel,” the Wheel (Cakka) being the well known Indian symbol of empire. More than one thousand sons are his; his dominions extend throughout the …

campā →

dppn

…king of Māgadha, and Bimbisāra had given a royal fief in Campā to the brahmin Soṇadaṇḍa. DN.i.111

The ninth chapter of the Mahā Vagga of…

candana →

dppn

Candana1

A deva, vassal of the Four Regent Gods. DN.ii.258 He is mentioned as one of the chief Yakkhas to be invoked by followers of the Buddha in case of need. DN.iii.204 He once visited …

cañcalikappa →

dppn

…of Saṅgārava. The Buddha once paid a visit there and stayed in the Todeyya-ambavana. Saṅgārava went to see him, and on that occasion was…

caṅkī →

dppn

A great brahmin, contemporary of the Buddha, reputed for his great learning and highly esteemed in brahmin gatherings—e.g., at Icchānaṅgala Snp.p.115 and at Manasākaṭa. DN.i.235

He is mentioned toget …

caṇḍa →

dppn

A headman of Sāvatthī. He came to see the Buddha at Jetavana and asked him why some people earned the reputation of being wrathful and others of being kindly. The Buddha explained that the one man giv …

caṇḍappajjota →

dppn

…jaundice, he asked Bimbisāra to lend him the services of Jīvaka, as no other doctor could cure him. The cure for the malady was ghee, for…

caṇḍā →

dppn

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verses speak of how, with no family or friends, she wandering begging food to survive. One day she met Paṭācārā who had just finished eating. Paṭācārā, seeing her pitiable …

cetiya →

dppn

CetiyaCetiCetīCedi

One of the sixteen Great Nations, AN.i.213 probably identical with Cedi of the older documents. The people of Ceti settled near the Yamunā, to the east, in the neighbourhood of and …

channa →

dppn

…of his once erected a vihāra for him, but he so thatched and decked it that it fell down. In trying to repair it he damaged a brahmin’s…

citta →

dppn

Citta1

A householder of Macchikāsaṇḍa, where he was Treasurer. He was later declared by the Buddha to be pre-eminent among laymen who preached the Doctrine. AN.i.26

When Mahānāma visited …

cittā →

dppn

A nun whose Therīgāthāspeak of how in her old age she went to Gijjhakūṭa and there, after meditation, she attained arahantship. Thig.27–28

cullakokanadā →

dppn

…of whom were called Kokanadā. She visited the Buddha at the Kutāgārasālā in Vesāli and questioned him. SN.i.30

cunda →

dppn

Cunda1

A worker in metals living in Pāvā. When the Buddha reached Pāvā on his way to Kusinārā, he stayed in Cunda’s Mango grove. There Cunda visited him and invited him and the monks to a …

cāla →

dppn

…as living at the Kūṭāgārasālā, which place he left when the Licchavis caused disturbance by their visits to the Buddha. AN.v.133 In this…

cālā →

dppn

…SN.i.132 that one day, when Cālā was meditating in the Andhavana, Māra visited her, asking her various questions and trying to tempt…

cāpāla cetiya →

dppn

…to accede to the request of Māra that he should die. When he announced this decision the earth shook. DN.ii.102ff. AN.iv.308f. SN.v.260f.

cātummahārājikā →

dppn

The inhabitants of the lowest deva world. his world derives its name from the Four Great Kings (Cattāro Mahārājāno) who dwell there as guardians of the four quarters: Dhataraṭṭha of the East, Virūḷh …

cūḷapanthaka →

dppn

An eminent arahant, declared chief among monks skilled in creating forms by mind-power and in mental “evolution” (cetovivaṭṭa). AN.i.23

His Theragathā verses speak of how slow his progress was in …

dabbamallaputta →

dppn

An arahant. With the Buddha’s sanction, and wishing to be of service to the Order, he took upon himself the task of appointing night’s-lodgings to travelling monks and of directing them to meals. He …

dakkhiṇāgiri →

dppn

…that he converted Kasī-Bhāradvāja and Dhammasava and his father. On another of these occasions the Buddha saw the Magadhakhetta, which gave…

dakkhiṇāpatha →

dppn

In the old Pāḷi literature the name Dakkhiṇāpatha would seem to indicate only a remote settlement or colony on the banks of the upper Godāvarī. Thus, we are told that Bāvarī had his hermitage in Dakkh …

dalhika →

dppn

DalhikaDaḷhika

A monk of Sāgala. A pupil of his once stole a turban from a shopkeeper and confessed his fault to Dalhika, thinking that he would, on that account, become a pārājika. But the value o …

dantikā →

dppn

One day, during her meditation on Gijjhakūṭa, she saw how a well tamed elephant obeyed its master’s commands, and developing insight on this theme, she became an arahant. Thig.48–50

dasama →

dppn

A householder of Aṭṭhakanāgara. One day, having finished some business which took him to Pāṭaliputta, he visited the Kukkuṭārāma to call upon Ānanda. Learning that Ānanda was at Beluvagāma near Vesāli …

dasārahā →

dppn

A group of Khattiyas, owners of the Ānaka-drum. SN.ii.266f.

daṇḍakīrañña →

dppn

DaṇḍakīraññaDandakārañña

The forest which overgrew Kaliṅga when it was laid waste through the wickedness of King Dandakī….

devadatta →

dppn

…to kill his father, Bimbisāra, while he himself prepared to kill the Buddha. Ajātasattu agreed, and provided Devadatta with royal archers to…

devakatasobbha →

dppn

A pool near Kosambī. Close by was the Pilakkhaguhā and the Paribbājakārāma, where Ānanda once visited Sandaka and held a discussion with him. MN.i.513

25.321684,81.3180543lake

dhammika →

dppn

Dhammika

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of the good state that awaits one who practices righteousness. Thag.303–306 According to the Aṅguttara. AN.iii.366ff. Dhammika had to leave seven lodgi …

dhammā →

dppn

Dhammā

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verse tells of how one day, while returning from her alms round, she slipped and fell. Meditating on this, she became an arahant. Thig.17

dhaniya →

dppn

…reported the matter to Bimbisāra, who sent for Dhaniya. Dhaniya maintained that the king, by royal proclamation, had permitted the monks to use the…

dharaṇī →

dppn

A lake in Kuvera’s city. DN.iii.201

5lake

dhataraṭṭha →

dppn

Dhataraṭṭha1

One of the Cātummahārājikā, the ruler of the Eastern Quarter. His followers are the Gandhabbas. He has numerous sons called Indra.DN.ii.207 DN.ii.220 DN.ii.257f. DN.iii.197 …

dhīrā →

dppn

…verse speaks of how the heroic one overcomes Māra. Thig.7

doṇa →

dppn

A brahmin. He was at Kusinārā at the time of the Buddha’s death, and it was his intervention which prevented a quarrel among the kings who assembled there to claim the Buddha’s relics. He pointed out …

dāmali →

dppn

A devaputta who visits the Buddha at Jetavana and tells him that an arahant has to work hard for nothing. The Buddha points out to him that there is nothing left for an arahant to do. SN.i.47

dīghajāṇu →

dppn

A Koliyan, inhabitant of Kakkarapatta. There he visited the Buddha and asked for a teaching which would bring happiness both in this world and the next. The Buddha explained to him the four conditions …

dīghakārāyana →

dppn

Nephew of Bandhula, commander-in-chief of Pasenadi. After Bandhula’s death, Dīgha was appointed in his place and accompanied the king. Once, during their travels, they came to Nangaraka and, hearing …

dīghanakha →

dppn

A wanderer. He visited the Buddha at Sūkarakhatalena and the Buddha preached to him the Dīghanakha Sutta, at the end of which he became a sotāpanna. In the sutta he is addressed as Aggivessana. MN.i.497f.

dūsī →

dppn

Name of Māra in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. He was, in that birth, son of Kāḷī, sister of Moggallāna. He first incited the brahmin…

ekanāḷā →

dppn

…and preached to Kāsī-Bhāradvāja the sutta which bears his name and which converted him to the faith. Snp.p.12ff. SN.i.172ff.

23.4834,…

ekapuṇḍarīka →

dppn

…It was near the Kūṭāgārasālā in the Mahāvana of Vesāli. The Buddha went there to see Vacchagotta, and it was on this occasion that the…

ekasālā →

dppn

…were listening to him, Māra, thinking to darken their intelligence, suggested to him that he should not teach others. The Buddha refuted the…

gahvaratīriya →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of enduring the discomforts of the forest life. Thag.31

gajaṅgala →

dppn

GajaṅgalaKajaṅgalaKajaṅgalā

A township which formed the eastern boundary of the Middle Country. Beyond it was Mahāsālā. Vin.i.197 Once when the Buddha was staying in the Veḷuvana at Kajangala, the la …

gandhabbā →

dppn

A class of semi-divine beings who inhabit the Cātummahārājika realm and are the lowest among the devas. DN.ii.212 They are generally classed together with the Asuras and the Nāgas AN.iv.200 AN.iv.204 …

gandhāra →

dppn

…list. MN.iii.69

Gandhāra2

One of the sixteen Great Nations.AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 One of the teeth of the Buddha was deposited in…

gandhāravijjā →

dppn

GandhāravijjāGandhārīvijjā

A charm whereby one could become invisible and multiform, pass through all obstacles, through earth and water, and…

gavesī →

dppn

A follower of Kassapa Buddha. Five hundred others were associated with him, and at first their spiritual life was poor. Gavesī, realising this, put forth effort and, step by step, attained greater pro …

gayākassapa →

dppn

One of the three Kassapa brothers. They all lived at Gayāsīsa. When Uruvelā-Kassapa was converted, Gayā-Kassapa, with his followers, joined the Order, and at the conclusion of the Ādittapariyāya Sut …

gaṇaka-moggallāna →

dppn

Gaṇaka-Moggallāna

A brahmin teacher of Sāvatthī. He visited the Buddha at the Pubbārāma, and the Buddha preached to him the Gaṇaka-Moggallāna Sutta, after which, it is said, he became the Buddha’s …

ghaṭāya →

dppn

A Sākiyan of Kapilavatthu, who built a monastery attached to the Nigrodhārāma. There the Mahā Suññatā Sutta was preached. MN.iii.110

ghaṭīkāra →

dppn

…his confidence in Ghaṭīkāra’s piety. Once, when Ghaṭīkāra was absent, the people, at the Buddha’s suggestion, took away the thatch…

gijjhakūṭa →

dppn

…DN.iii.195 Abhayarājakumāra, SN.v.126 Upaka Maṇḍikāputta, AN.ii.181 Dhammika,, AN.iii.368 and Vassakāra. AN.iv.18 DN.ii.72

Several…

godhika →

dppn

…by cutting his throat. Māra saw this and reported it to the Buddha, but when the Buddha arrived it was too late and Godhika lay “supine on…

gomatakakandarā →

dppn

GomatakakandarāGomatakandarāGomatakaṇḍarā

A grotto some distance from Veḷuvana in Rājagaha. Monks coming to Rājagaha from afar were provided with lodging there, and Dabba Mallaputta was put in charge …

gopaka →

dppn

Gopaka2

A monk. He once stayed at the Kukkuṭārāma in Pāṭaliputta, where he was given a set of robes. Vin.i.300

Gopaka3

A deva. A series of verses attributed to Gopaka are give …

gosiṅgasālavanadāya →

dppn

…was living in the Kūṭāgārasāla, in the Mahāvana, he was visited by many people and there was great disturbance. In order to find quiet and…

gotama →

dppn

…and died at the age of eighty in Kusināra.

gotamadvāra →

dppn

…after having eaten there at the invitation of Sunidha and Vassakāra. Vin.i.230 Ud.viii.6 DN.ii.89

Pāṭaliputta2building

gundāvana →

dppn

GundāvanaKundāvanaGuṇḍāvanaKuṇḍāvana

A forest in Madhurā. Mahā Kaccāna stayed there and was visited by Avantiputta, king of Madhurā, to whom he preached the Madhurā Sutta, MN.ii.83f. and by the bra …

harayodevā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

hatthigāmaka →

dppn

A village on the road from Vesāli to Bhoganagara. It was the residence of Ugga-gahapati and is described as a village of the Vajjians.

The Buddha stayed there and was visited by Ugga. AN.iv.212 SN.i …

hatthāroha →

dppn

…Buddha reluctantly replied that he would be born in the Sārañjita hell. SN.iv.310

hemaka →

dppn

One of Bāvarī’s disciples. He went to the Buddha, asked questions, and became an arahant Snp.1006 Snp.1084–1087

himavā →

dppn

…Kaṇṇamuṇḍā, Rathakāra, Chaddantā, Kuṇālā, Mandākinī and Sīhappapātaka; these lakes are never heated by the sun. AN.iv.101 The…

hiraññavatī →

dppn

A river, on the bank of which was the Upavattana Sālavana of the Mallas of Kusināra, where the Buddha died. DN.ii.137

Hirakinari1river

hāliddakāni →

dppn

HāliddakāniHāliddakāni

An eminent lay disciple of Avanti. Once when Mahā Kaccāna was staying in the Kuraragharapapāta, Hāliddakāni visited him and consulted him at length on the subjects treated in M …

hāragajā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

iccānaṅgala →

dppn

…youths, Vāseṭṭha and Bhāradvāja at Icchānaṅkala, who, finding it impossible to bring their discussion to a conclusion, sought the Buddha,…

inda →

dppn

Inda1

Given in the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta as the name of the ninety-one sons of Dhataraṭṭha, king of the Gandhabbas. They are represented as being of great strength and followers of the Buddha. …

indapatta →

dppn

A town in the Kuru country. In the Kurudhamma Jataka J.ii.365f; also J.iii.400; J.iv.361; J.v.457; J.vi.255; Cyp.i.3, Cyp.v.1, Dhananjaya Koravya, is mentioned as its king and as the owner of Anjanava …

isidatta →

dppn

Isidatta1

A verse uttered by Isidatta, in response to the Buddha’s enquiry regarding his welfare, is recorded in the Therāgāthā. Thag.120

According to the Saṃyutta Nikāya, SN.iv.283–288 I …

isidāsī →

dppn

She was the daughter of a good and wealthy merchant of Ujjenī. Having come of age, she was given in marriage to the son of a merchant in Sāketa.

For one month she lived with him as a devoted wife; th …

isigili →

dppn

…round Rājagaha—Vebhāra, Paṇḍava, Vepulla and Gijjhakūṭa—had changed their old names, Isigili retained its former name and…

isipatana →

dppn

…Buddha was at Isipatana, Māra visited him but had to go away discomfited. SN.i.105f.

Besides the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta mentioned above,…

jambudīpa →

dppn

Greater India. One of the four Mahādīpas, or great continents. They are grouped round Mount Sineru. In Jambudīpa is Himavā with its eighty-four thousand peaks, its lakes, mountain ranges, etc. This c …

jambugāma →

dppn

A village which the Buddha visited during his last tour. It lay between Ambagāma and Bhoganagara. DN.ii.194

26.461967,84.4498442town

jambukhādaka →

dppn

A wanderer. The Saṃyutta Nikāya records visits paid by him to Sāriputta at Nālakagāma and discussions between them on various topics, such as nibbāna, arahantship, the āsavas, sakkāya, ignorance, th …

janogha →

dppn

A city in Uttarakuru, Kuvera’s kingdom. DN.iii.20

5town

jaṭābhāradvāja →

dppn

A brahmin of the Bhāradvājagotta. He goes to the Buddha and asks him the questions given in the Jaṭā Sutta. The Buddha gives the same answer….

jetavana →

dppn

JetavanaJeta’s GroveAnāthapiṇḍaka’s ParkAnāthapiṇḍikassa ārāmaAnāthapiṇḍada’s Park

A park in Sāvatthī, in which was built the Anāthapiṇḍikārāma. When the Buddha accepted Anāthapiṇḍika’s invitation to …

jotipāla →

dppn

…months, Brahmā Sanaṅkumāra appeared before him and gave him a boon. Jotipāla asked to be taught the way to reach the Brahma-world, and,…

jāliya →

dppn

A wanderer who, with his friend Mandissa, visited the Buddha at the Ghositārāma. DN.i.159 The Buddha preached to them the Jāliya Sutta. According to the Pātika Sutta, when Jāliya heard that Pātika cou …

jātiyāvana →

dppn

A grove near Bhaddiya. The Buddha, when once staying there, laid down a rule about the use of slippers by monks. Vin.i.189f. There the banker Meṇḍaka visited him and provided meals for him and the m …

jāṇussoṇi →

dppn

A great brahmin, ranking with eminent brahmins such as Caṅkī, Tārukkha, Pokkharasāti and Todeyya. Snp.p.115 He is mentioned as staying in Icchānaṅgala, MN.ii.196 where he evidently took part in the pe …

jīvaka →

dppn

JīvakaJīvakakomārabhacca

A celebrated physician, and the Buddha’s doctor. The Vinaya contains many stories of his skill in healing….

kajangala →

dppn

KajangalaKajangalā

A township which formed the eastern boundary of the Middle Country. Beyond it was Mahāsālā. Vin.i.197 Once when the Buddha was staying in the Veḷuvana at Kajangala, the lay followe …

kakkarapatta →

dppn

A township of the Koliyans. It was while the Buddha was staying there that the Koliyan Dīghajāṇu came to see him. AN.iv.281

27.51557,83.773493town

kakkaṭa →

dppn

…the Buddha at the Kūṭāgārasālā in Vesāli. When the Licchavis started coming there to pay their respects to the Buddha, the monks, desiring…

kakudhā →

dppn

Kakudhā Kakuṭṭhā Kakutthā Kukuṭṭhā Kukutthā

A river near Kusinārā in which the Buddha bathed and from which he drank water before entering Kusinārā for his parinibbāna. On its bank was a mango-grove …

kakusandha →

dppn

…In Kakusandha’s time a Māra, named Dūsī (a previous birth of Moggallāna), gave a great deal of trouble to the Buddha and his followers,…

kallavāḷaputta →

dppn

KallavāḷaputtaKallavālaKanavālamutta

A village in Māgadha. Mahā-Moggallāna lived there immediately after his ordination, and on the seventh day, while meditating there, he became an arahant, being a …

kamboja →

dppn

…Nations which, with Gandhāra, belonged, not to the Majjhimadesa but, evidently, to the Uttarāpatha. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260

In…

kammāsadhamma →

dppn

…of a brahmin of the Bhāradvāja-gotta, where a grass mat was spread for him by the brahmin. It was on this occasion, according to the…

kandaraka →

dppn

A wandering ascetic who visited the Buddha at Campā, on the banks of Lake Gaggarā together with Pessa the elephant trainer’s son. Pessa saluted the Buddha and sat down, while Kandaraka, after his salu …

kandarāyana →

dppn

KandarāyanaKundarāyana

A brahmin. He visited Mahā Kaccāna at the Gundavana near Madhurā and accused him of not paying due respect to elderly brahmins, but when Mahā Kaccāna preached to him he express …

kannakujja →

dppn

A district in Jambudīpa; it is mentioned in a list of places passed by the Buddha on his way from Verañjā to Bārānasī, across the Ganges, the route passing through Verañjā, Soreyya, Sankassa, Kannakuj …

kapilavatthu →

dppn

…and decided in the Santhāgārasālā. DN.i.91 The Buddha and his company lived in the Nigrodhārāma or the Mahāvana. When the Buddha returned a…

kapotakandara →

dppn

A grotto, probably near Rājagaha. On one occasion Sāriputta, having recently shaved his head, was seated there wrapt in samādhi, and a yakkha, passing overhead with his friend to an assembly of *yak …

karatiya →

dppn

A Yakkha, mentioned in the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta as being one of the chief Yakkhas who should be invoked by followers of the Buddha when they need protection. DN.iii.204

kasivantā →

dppn

kasivantākapīvantā

A city to the north of Uttarakuru. DN.iii.201

5town

kassapa →

dppn

…Uruvelā Kassapa, Kumāra°, Gayā°, Dasabala°, Nadī°, Nārada°, Pūraṇa°, Mahā° and Lomasa°.

Kassapa was evidently a…

kassapagotta →

dppn

Kassapagotta1

A monk living in Vāsabhagāma in the Kāsi kingdom. He was in the habit of showing extreme hospitality to the monks who came there from other parts. Once some monks who visited …

kassapakārāma →

dppn

KassapakārāmaKassapārāma

A monastery in Rājagaha, probably near Veḷuvana. It was here that Assaji stayed during his last illness, when the Buddha visited him to comfort him. SN.iii.125

25.01281,85.3 …

kasībhāradvāja →

dppn

A brahmin of the Bhāradvāja clan, living at Ekanālā, in Dakkhiṇāgiri, and so called on account of his profession of agriculture. On the day of…

kaḷimbha →

dppn

…who lived in the Kūṭāgārasālā in Vesālī. Finding that the peace of the Mahāvana was being disturbed by the Licchavis who came to see…

kaḷārajanaka →

dppn

King of Mithilā. He was the son of Nimi and belonged to the Makhādeva dynasty. Whereas other kings of his race left the household at the approach of old age, he broke the tradition by not doing so. He …

kaṇṇakujja →

dppn

KaṇṇakujjaKaṇṇagocchakaKaṇṇagotta

A district in India. it is mentioned in a list of places passed by the Buddha on his way from Verañja to Bārāṇasī, across the Ganges, the route passing through Verañ …

kaṭissaha →

dppn

…the Buddha at the Kūṭāgārasālā in Vesāli. When the Licchavis began to visit the Buddha in large numbers, they left the monastery and…

ketumbarāga →

dppn

The name of a Pacceka Buddha. MN.iii.70

keṇiya →

dppn

Keṇiya

A brahmanical matted hair ascetic. He lived in Āpaṇa, and when the Buddha once stayed there with one thousand three hundred and fifty monks, Keṇiya visited the Buddha, bringing various kinds o …

khara →

dppn

A yakkha, friend of Sūciloma. He was passing through Gayā with Sūciloma when the latter questioned the Buddha on his doctrine, as recorded in the Sūciloma Sutta. SN.i.207f. Snp.p.47f.

khaṇḍadeva →

dppn

…birth. He is mentioned with six others, all in like circumstances, by Ghaṭīkāra, on the occasion of a visit he paid to the Buddha. SN.i.35…

khema →

dppn

Khema1

A Khattiya in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. He gave alms to the Buddha and the monks and entertained the Order. DN.ii.7

Khema2

A devaputta who visited the Buddha at …

khemaka →

dppn

An arahant. Once, when he lay very ill at the Badarikārāmā, near Kosambī, some monks, staying at the Ghositārāma, sent one of their number, Dāsaka, with a message to Khemaka, inquiring whether he mana …

khemavatī →

dppn

The capital of King Khemaṅkara and the birthplace of Kakusandha. DN.ii.7

4town

khemaṅkara →

dppn

Khemaṅkara1Khemaṅkura

The constant attendant of Sikhī Buddha. DN.ii.6

Khemaṅkara2KhemaKhemākara

The king of Khema or Khemavatī, where the Buddha Kakusandha was born. DN.ii.7

khemā →

dppn

Khemā

An arahant, chief of the Buddha’s women disciples for her great wisdom. AN.i.25 Her Therīgāthā verses depict her being described as beautiful, but rejecting the pleasures of the senses. Thig.13 …

khiḍḍāpadosikā →

dppn

KhiḍḍāpadosikāKhiḍḍāpadūsikā

A class of devas who live in the Cātummahārājika world. For ages they spend their time in laughter and in sport of sensual lusts. In consequence their self-possession is …

khujjuttarā →

dppn

The Buddha declared her foremost among lay women by reason of her extensive knowledge. A.i.26

Khujjuttarā is several times mentioned as the paragon among lay-women disciples. AN.i.88 AN.ii.164 AN.iv …

khāṇumata →

dppn

…to Kūṭadanta by Bimbisāra. The Buddha once stayed there at the Ambalaṭṭhikā pleasance, and there he preached the Kūṭadanta Sutta….

kikī →

dppn

…Buddha described Ghaṭīkāra’s virtues, the king was pleased and sent five hundred cartloads of provisions to Ghaṭīkāra who, however,…

kimbila →

dppn

KimbilaKimilaKimmila

A Sākiyan of Kapilavatthu. He was converted with Bhaddiya and four other Sākyan nobles at Anupiya. Vin.ii.182 Kimbila seems to have maintained throughout his early friendship wit …

kisāgotamī →

dppn

…Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.i.129f. records a visit paid to her by Māra as she sat resting in Andhavana. He was forced to retire…

kokanada →

dppn

The palace of Bodhirājakumāra, to which he invited the Buddha and the monks to a meal when the Buddha was staying at Bhesakalāvana; the palace was…

kokanadā →

dppn

…younger was sometimes called Cūḷa-Kokanadā. They visited the Buddha at the Kūṭāgārasālā and spoke verses in praise of the Buddha, the…

korabya →

dppn

KorabyaKoravyaKorabba

Perhaps the generic name given to the king of the Kurūs. The Aṅguttara Nikāya AN.iii.369f. mentions a king Koravya who owned a large banyan tree named Suppatiṭṭha. According t …

korakkhatta →

dppn

KorakkhattaKorakkhattiya

A naked ascetic in Uttarakā. He bellowed like a dog, walked on all fours, and licked up food with his mouth only. Sunakkhatta saw him and greatly admired him, but the Buddha …

kosala →

dppn

…Quite soon after Bimbisāra’s death there were many fierce fights between Ajātasattu, his successor, and Pasenadi, these fights bringing…

kosambī →

dppn

…Ānanda and Piṇḍola-Bhāradvāja preached to the women of Udena’s palace on two different occasions. Vin.ii.290f. The Buddha is mentioned…

kosinārakā →

dppn

Inhabitants of Kusinārā. Vin.i.247

koḷiyā →

dppn

One of the republican clans in the time of the Buddha. The Koḷiyā owned two chief settlements—one at Rāmagāma and the other at Devadaha.

Attached probably to the Koliyan central authorities, was a sp …

koṇāgamana →

dppn

KoṇāgamanaKonāgamanaKanakamuniKanakāgamanaKaṇakāgamana

The second Buddha to be born in the Bhaddakappa. He was a brahman of the Kassapa clan who lived for 30,000 years. His enlightenment tree was an …

koṭigāma →

dppn

A village in the vicinity of Bhaddiyanagara. During his last tour the Buddha crossed the river at Pāṭaligāma, went on to Koṭigāma, and remained in that village preaching to the monks. Hearing that the …

kukkuṭārāma →

dppn

…as to his whereabouts.AN.v.342 MN.i.349 At a later date it was the residence of Nārada who converted King Muṇḍa. AN.iii.57f.

25.535,…

kumārakassapa →

dppn

…AN.i.24 Once when Kumāra Kassapa was meditating in Andhavana a deva appeared before him, and asked him fifteen questions which only the…

kusinārā →

dppn

…AN.ii.79 Ud.iv.2

The people of Kusinārā are called Kosinārakā. DN.ii.167

26.739416,83.8900411town

kusināṭā →

dppn

One of the cities of Uttarakuru. DN.iii.200

town

kuvera →

dppn

KuveraKubera

King of Uttarakuru. His royal residence is Āḷakamandā and his citadel Visāṇā. His messengers are Tatolā, Tattolā, Tatotalā, Ojasi, Tejasi, Tatojasī, Sūra, Rāja, Ariṭṭha and Nemi. His lot …

kuveranālinī →

dppn

A name given to Dharaṇī. DN.iii.202

kuṭeṇḍu →

dppn

A vassal of the Cātummahārājikas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

kālakhemaka →

dppn

A Sākyan. His name was Khemaka, but as he was dark he was called Kālakhemaka. He built a monastery in Nigrodhārāma, near Kapilavatthu, and once, during robe-making time, many monks lived there. On th …

kāliṅga →

dppn

Kāliṅga1

An inhabitant of Ñātika. While staying in Ñātika, at the Giñjakāvasatha, the Buddha tells Ānanda that Kālinga was reborn after death in the Suddhavāsā, and that there he would att …

kālāma →

dppn

…who was once a co-disciple of the Bodhisatta, and Āḷāra-Kālāma, the teacher of Gotama before his Enlightenment.

kāpathika →

dppn

…MN.ii.168ff. In the Sutta the Buddha addresses Kāpathika as Bhāradvāja, perhaps because he belonged to that gotta.

kārambhī →

dppn

kārambhīKāranvī

A wood in which the Elder Cittaka sojourned for some time. Thag.22

4park

kāsi →

dppn

…when she married Bimbisāra. The village produced a revenue of one hundred thousand, and was given to the queen for her bath and perfume…

kāḷudāyī →

dppn

A monk whose verses in the Theragāthā tell depict him encouraging the Buddha to return to his kinsmen. When the rains fell, covering the earth with the glory of leaves and flowers, Kāḷudāyī felt that …

kāḷī →

dppn

…Māra-woman, sister of Dūsī and mother of the Māra of the present age. MN.i.333

Kāḷī4

A crematrix…

kūṭadanta →

dppn

…given to him by King Bimbisāra as a brahmadeyya. The Buddha arrived at Khāṇumata when Kūṭadanta was making preparations for a great…

kūṭāgārasālā →

dppn

…would walk from the Kūṭāgārasālā to places of interest in the neighbourhood—e.g., the Sārandada-cetiya AN.iii.167 and the…

lakuṇṭaka →

dppn

LakuṇṭakaBhaddiya

He was given the title of Lakuntaka (Dwarf) owing to his very small stature.

The Udāna Ud.vii.1 Ud.vii.2 makes reference to the admonitions of Sāriputta and to the Buddha’s joy whe …

laṭṭhivana →

dppn

…Enlightenment. There Bimbisāra visited him with twelve nahutas of followers, and Uruvelā Kassapa dispelled their doubts by declaring his…

licchavī →

dppn

…on friendly terms with Bimbisāra, king of Māgadha, and with Pasenadi, king of Kosala. MN.ii.101

After the death of Bimbisāra, Ajātasattu, in…

lohicca →

dppn

Lohicca1

A brahmin of Makkarakata in Avanti. Once when Mahā Kaccāna was living there in a forest hut, a number of Lohicca’s pupils came there and began abusing the monks, calling them shav …

lomasakaṅgiya →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse says that, thrusting aside grasses with his chest, he will seek seclusion. Thag.27

According to the Lomasakaṅgiya Bhaddekaratta Sutta, MN.iii.199f. Candana visited Lom …

lomasavaṅgīsa →

dppn

The Saṃyutta Nikāya mentions an interview between an Elder of this name and the Sākyan Mahānāma. Mahānāma asks the Elder if the learner’s way of life is identical with that of the Tathāgata. Vaṅgīsa a …

maddakucchi →

dppn

…for his qualities. Māra tried to stir up discontent in the Buddha, but had to retire discomfited. SN.i.110 DN.ii.116

Once when Mahā…

madhurā →

dppn

…after the death of Bimbisāra, was Avantiputta, MN.ii.83 who, judging by his name, was probably related to the royal family of Ujjeni. Madhurā…

mahisavatthu →

dppn

…on the Saṅkheyya Mountain where Uttara is said to have stayed, in Dhavajālika vihāra. AN.iv.162

on the Saṅkheyya Mountain in Dhavajālika…

mahājanapadā →

dppn

…Assaka, Avantī, Gandhāra and Kamboja. The first fourteen are included in the Majjhimadesa, the two last being in Uttarāpatha.

Twelve…

mahākaccāyana →

dppn

…also made of his staying at Vāraṇā on the bank of Kaddamadaha; AN.i.65 at the Gundāvana in Madhurā; AN.i.67 MN.ii.83 and at Tapodā in…

mahākappina →

dppn

One of the most eminent disciples of the Buddha, considered foremost among those who taught the monks. AN.i.25 The Vinaya Vin.i.105 records that when Kappina was in the Deer Park at Maddakucchi he won …

mahākassapa →

dppn

…from Pāvā to Kusināra he met an Ājīvaka carrying in his hand a mandārava flower picked up by him from among those which had rained…

mahākoṭṭhita →

dppn

MahākoṭṭhitaMahākotthitaKoṭṭhitaKotthita

One of the foremost disciples of the Buddha, ranked foremost among masters of analytical knowledge. AN.i.24 His Theragāthā verse speaks of contentment and sha …

mahāli →

dppn

…the Buddha at the Kūṭāgārasālā to ask if he had seen Sakka SN.i.230 and also to beg information as to the teachings of Pūraṇa Kassapa….

mahāmoggallāna →

dppn

…AN.iv.75ff.

In the Māratajjanīya Sutta MN.i.332ff. we are told how Māra worried Moggallāna by entering into his belly, but…

mahānāma →

dppn

Mahānāma1

A Sākiyan rājā, son of Amitodana; he was elder brother of Anuruddha and cousin of the Buddha. When the Sākiyan families of Kapilavatthu sent their representatives to join the Ord …

mahāpajāpatī →

dppn

Mahāpajāpatī GotamīPajāpatī

An eminent bhikkhunī and the step-mother of the Buddha. She raised the Buddha as her own child after the death of his mother.

She is chiefly remembered as the first bhik …

mahāpurisa →

dppn

…Sutta SN.v.158 and the Vassakāra Sutta. AN.ii.35f.

Bāvarī had three Mahāpurisalakkhaṇā; he could touch his forehead with his tongue, he…

mahāpāragā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.26

mahāsarā →

dppn

…four suns appear in the world. These seven lakes are Anotattā, Sīhapapātā, Rathakāra, Kappamundā, Kuṇālā, Chaddantā and Mandākinī….

mahāvana →

dppn

…in which the Kūṭāgārasālā was located.

Vesāli3parkMahāvana2

A wood near Kapilavatthu. In this wood was preached the…

makhādeva →

dppn

…this practice continued, the last being King Nimi. But his son Kaḷārajanaka did not continue the good tradition.

makkarakata →

dppn

A locality in Avanti. Mahā Kaccāna once stayed there in a forest hut and was visited by Lohicca and his pupils. SN.iv.116f.

Avanti3town

makkhali →

dppn

MakkhaliGosāla

One of the six heretical teachers contemporaneous with the Buddha. He held that there is no cause, either ultimate or remote, for the depravity of beings or for their rectitude. The at …

makuṭabandhana →

dppn

A shrine of the Mallas to the east of Kusināra, where the Buddha’s body was cremated. DN.ii.160–161

26.73395, 83.930743shrine

mallikā →

dppn

Chief queen of Pasenadi, king of Kosala.

Mallika’s knowledge of the Dhamma made her wiser than Pasenadi would have desired, and he once, in a moment of great affection, asked if anyone were dearer to …

mallikāya ārāma →

dppn

Mallikāya ārāmaMallikārāma

A park in Sāvatthī belonging to Queen Mallikā. DN.i.178 MN.ii.22

27.50735, 82.074733park

mallā →

dppn

…those of Kusināra, Kosinārakā. That these were separate kingdoms is shown by the fact that after the Buddha’s death at Kusināra, the…

medāḷupa →

dppn

MedāḷupaMedatalumpa

A Sākyan village three leagues from Nagaraka. MN.ii.119 Pasenadi when staying there with Dīgha Kārāyana, heard that the Buddha was there and visited him. On this occasion was prea …

mejjha →

dppn

MejjhaMejjhārañña

A wilderness, which legend says was formely a kingdom. MN.i.378

metteyya →

dppn

An arahant, friend of Tissa of the Tissa Metteyya Sutta. His personal name, too, was Tissa, but he was better known by his clan name of Metteyya. In a verse in the Suttanipāta Snp.814 he is referred t …

mettiyabhummajakā →

dppn

A group of monks, followers of Mettiya and Bhummajaka forming part of the Chabbaggiyā (Group of Six Monks).

Twice they brought an unfounded charge of breach of morality against Dabba Mallaputta, who …

meṇḍaka →

dppn

A very rich householder of Bhaddiyanagara in Aṅga. It is said Vin.i.240f. that when he went to his granaries after his ceremonial bath, as he stood at the door, showers of grain would fall from heav …

migajāla →

dppn

Migajāla

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak in praise of the eightfold path. Thag.417–422

The Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.iv.35f. contains two discussions which he had with the Buddha; the second was a t …

migalandika →

dppn

…was seized with remorse. A Mārakāyika devatā, however, appeared before him in the river and assured him he was doing a service to the monks by…

migāra →

dppn

…Buddha reminds him that Migāra’s treasure is not real treasure in that it is subject to various dangers fire, water, kings, robbers, enemies…

migāramātupāsāda →

dppn

…erected by Visākhā Migāramātā in the Pubbārāma, to the east of Sāvatthī. It is said that, one day, when Visākhā had gone to the…

mogharāja →

dppn

He belonged to a brahmin family and studied under Bāvarī as an ascetic. He was one of the sixteen pupils sent by Bāvarī to the Buddha. Snp.1116–1119 The Buddha declared him foremost among wearers of r …

moranivāpa →

dppn

A grove in Veḷuvana at Rājagaha. It contained a Paribbājakārāma, the resort of recluses of various denominations. The Udumbarika Sīhanāda, the Mahā Sakuladāyi and the Culla Sakūladāyi Suttas were prea …

moḷiya →

dppn

…sustenance (viññāṇāhāra) Moliya asks a question as to who feeds on consciousness. The Buddha rejects the question as being wrongly put…

moḷiyasīvaka →

dppn

A Paribbājaka. He once visited the Buddha at Veḷuvana and questioned him regarding predestination. The Buddha explains to him that suffering arises from various causes—bile, phlegm, wind, bodily humou …

musila →

dppn

Musila

A monk. A conversation is recorded in the Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.ii.115f. between him and Savittha, which is said to have taken place in Ghositārāma in Kosambī, regarding the paṭiccasamuppāda.

muṇḍa →

dppn

…Piyaka, consulted the Elder Nārada who lived at Kukkuṭārāma in Pāṭaliputta and persuaded him to visit the king. Nārada preached to him, and…

māgadha →

dppn

…By the time of Bimbisāra, Aṅga, too, formed a part of Māgadha, and he was known as king of Aṅga Māgadha. Thus Bimbisāra sends for…

māgaṇḍiya →

dppn

…fire hut of the brahmin Bhāradvājaggotta at Kammāsadamma and Māgaṇḍiya came to the hut. Seeing the grass mat on which the Buddha slept at…

māluṅkyāputta →

dppn

MāluṅkyāputtaMāluṅkyaputtaMālukyaputta

The Theragāthā contains two sets of verses attributed to him. One set speaks of the dangers of craving and encourages effort. Thag.399–404 The second set speaks …

mānatthaddha →

dppn

Mānatthaddha1

A brahmin of Sāvatthī who, because of his great pride respected no one. One day he came upon the Buddha preaching to a large crowd of people and stood near, on one side. The …

mānicara →

dppn

A Yakkha chief to be invoked by followers of the Buddha in time of need. Aiii.205

māra →

dppn

…to those ascribed to the Māra of Gotama’s day. According to the sutta, Māradevaputta was evidently regarded as a being of great power, with a…

nadīkassapa →

dppn

Brother of Uruvelā Kassapa. He received his name from living on the bank of the Nerañjara at the head of three hundred ascetics. His Thergāthā verses speak of how his former wrong views and practices …

nagaraka →

dppn

Nagaraka Naṅgaraka

A Sākyan township near Medatalumpa. From there Pasenadi, accompanied by Dīgha-Kārāyana, paid his last visit to the Buddha, as recorded in the Dhammacetiya Sutta. MN.ii.118

The Bu …

nagaravinda →

dppn

A brahmin village in Kosala where the Buddha once stayed during a tour and where he preached the Nagaravindeyya Sutta. M.iii.290

Kosala3town

nakulamātā →

dppn

…were householders of Suṃsumāragiri in the Bhagga-country. When the Buddha visited the village and stayed at Bhesakalāvana, they went to see…

nakulapitā →

dppn

…were householders of Suṃsumāragiri in the Bhagga-country. When the Buddha visited the village and stayed at Bhesakalāvana, they went to see…

nanda →

dppn

Nanda1Vaccha

Mentioned in a list of well known leaders of the Ajivakas, the others being Kisa Saṅkicca and Makkhali Gosāla. MN.i.524 They were declared by Purāṇa Kassapa, in his classifica …

nandaka →

dppn

…discussion with Sāḷha, Migāra’s grandson, and Rohana, Pekkhuniya’s grandson on greed, covetousness, malice and delusion, and the benefits…

nandiya →

dppn

Nandiya1

He belonged to a Sākiyan family of Kapilavatthu, and was called Nandiya because his birth brought bliss. He left the world at the same time as Anuruddha, Kimbila and the others, a …

nanduttarā →

dppn

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verses speak of her former useless practice of austerities and her current state of Awakening. Thig.87–91

navakammika bhāradvāja →

dppn

Navakammika Bhāradvāja

One of the Bhāradvājas. Once, when the Buddha was staying in a forest in Kosala, Navakammika, who was there seeing about…

navanavutiyo →

dppn

NavanavutiyoNavanavatiya

A city in Uttarakuru. DN.iii.201

5town

nerañjarāya →

dppn

…banks of this river. There Māra tempted him, and, later, Brahmā persuaded him to preach the Dhamma. Vin.i.1ff. Snp.425ff. SN.i.103f.

nigaṇṭha nāṭaputta →

dppn

…and Abhayarājakumāra. MN.i.392ff. Nāṭaputta tries, without success, to dissuade Sīha, general of the Licchavis, from visiting the…

nigrodha →

dppn

Nigrodha1

A wanderer. Once, when he was staying with a large number of colleagues at the Udumbarikārāma near Rājagaha, Sandhāna, on his way to see the Buddha, stopped him and entered into …

nigrodhārāma →

dppn

Nigrodhārāma1

A grove near Kapilavatthu, where a residence was provided for the Buddha. Vin.i.82 There Mahāpajāpati Gotamī first asked permission for women to enter the Order. This was ref …

nikata →

dppn

…as staying in the Kūṭāgārasāla in Vesāli. When the Buddha came there, Licchavis crowded out the place with all their retinues, and Nikata…

nilavāsi →

dppn

A Thera mentioned as staying at the Kukkuṭārāma in Pāṭaliputta. Vin.i.300

nimmānaratī →

dppn

A class of devas, inhabiting the fifth of the six deva-worlds. DN.i.218 MN.i.289 SN.i.133 AN.i.210

niraya →

dppn

Hell. The Saṃyutta and Aṅguttara Nikāyas and the Sutta Nipāta contain a list of hells: Abbuda, Nirabbuda, Ababa, Aṭaṭa, Ahaha, Kumuda, Sogandhika, Uppala, Puṇḍarīka, Paduma. SN.i.149 AN.v.173 Snp.p.12 …

nādikā →

dppn

The Mahā Parinibbāna Sutta DN.ii.72ff. gives a list of the places at which the Buddha stopped during his last journey along that road—Ambalaṭṭhikā, Nāḷandā, Pāṭaligāma, Koṭigāma, Nādikā, Vesāli, Bha …

nāga →

dppn

…of dwellers of the Cātummahārajika world, the Nāgas are mentioned as occupying the Western Quarter, with Virūpakkha as their king.

The word…

nāgasamāla →

dppn

…her as the snare of Māra. Making this his topic of thought, he developed insight into the perishableness of life and became an arahant….

nārada →

dppn

…that he should visit Nārada. The king agreed, and Nārada preached to him on the inevitable ness of old age, disease, death, etc. Muṇḍa…

nāṭasuriyā →

dppn

NāṭasuriyāNātapuriya

A city in Uttarakuru. DN.iii.200

5town

ojasi →

dppn

Servant of Kuvera. He takes Kuvera’s messages and makes them known in Uttarakuru. DN.iii.201

okkāka →

dppn

A king, ancestor of the Sākyas and the Kolians.

In the Ambaṭṭha Sutta DN.i.92 it is stated that Okkāka, being fond of his queen and wishing to transfer the kingdom to her son, banished from the kingd …

opamañña →

dppn

Opamañña1

One of the names of Pokkharasāti. MN.ii.200

Opamañña2

A Gandhabba chieftain, who was among those present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258 He is me …

oṭṭhaddha →

dppn

…the Buddha at the Kūṭāgārasālā in Vesalī, at a time when the Buddha had given orders that no one should be allowed to see him; but through…

pahārāda →

dppn

An Asura chief. DN.ii.259 At the Nalerupucimaṇḍa in Verañja he visited the Buddha. In answer to a question, Pahārāda tells the Buddha that there are eight wonderful characteristics of the ocean, on ac …

pajjunna →

dppn

A devarāja, the god of rain. Kokanadā and Culla Kokanadā were his daughters. SN.i.29f.

Pajjunna is mentioned among the Mahāyakkhas to be invoked in time of need, DN.iii.205 and he was present at th …

papāte pabbate →

dppn

Papāte PabbatePapātapabbata

A mountain in Avantī, near Kuraraghara. It was a favourite spot of Mahā Kaccāna, and we are told of several discussions having taken place there.SN.iii.9ff. SN.iv.115*f. …

parakusināṭā →

dppn

One of the cities of Uttarakuru, described as having been built on an airy base. DN.iii.200

5town

paramatta →

dppn

A Brahmā who was present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.260

paranimmitavasavattī →

dppn

A class of devas, inhabitants of the highest stage of the sensuous universe.

They are described AN.i.210 SN.v.410 SN.v.423 DN.ii.91 DN.iii.218 as “beings who desire the creation of others, in order t …

paribbājakā →

dppn

…DN.i.178 and the Kūṭāgārasālā at Vesāli.

Sometimes special places were set apart for them in the groves near the settlements, as at…

parājitā →

dppn

ParājitāParajita Sarājita

A Niraya in which those who die in battle are born. SN.iv.311

5hell

patāyanti →

dppn

PatāyantiPatāyantīBhagalavatī

A place in Uttarakuru where the Yakkhas assemble. The Dīgha Nikāya DN.iii.201 speaks of it as a hall (sabhā).

5building

pañcanadī →

dppn

PañcanadīPañcamahānadī

In several places in the texts five rivers are mentioned as the five great rivers of India, and they are used in various similes and metaphors. These rivers are: Gaṅgā, Yamunā, …

pañcāla →

dppn

PañcālaPañcālajanapadaPañcālaraṭṭhaPañcālā

One of the sixteen Great Nations. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252

Pañcāla was to the east of the Kuru country, the country to the north and west of Delhi, from the foot …

paṇḍara →

dppn

PaṇḍaraPaṇdarasaPaṇḍarasagotta

The name of a clan. An ascetic of this clan, hearing Phussa Thera preach, asked him a question which led to a long explanation by Phussa. Thag.949

paṭācārā →

dppn

Paṭācārā

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verses speak of her efforts to attain Awakening. Thig.112–116 She was declared by the Buddha to be the best among bhikkhunīs who knew the Vinaya. AN.i.25 She was …

pessa →

dppn

An elephant trainer of Campā. He visited the Buddha at Gaggarāpokkharanī where Kandaraka was also present, and his conversation on that occasion is recorded in the Kandaraka Sutta. When Pessa had left …

phagguna →

dppn

A monk. In the Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.iv.52 he is represented as asking the Buddha if it were possible, by means of any of the senses, to recognize and proclaim the past Buddhas. The Buddha replies in the …

phalikasandāna →

dppn

One of the Theras dwelling in the Kukkuṭārāma in Pāṭaliputta in the time of the Buddha. Vin.i.300

phussa →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verses depict the ascetic Paṇḍarassagotta questioning him on the future decline of Bhikkhus. Thag.949–980

pilindavaccha →

dppn

…Vin.i.204f.

Once Bimbisāra found Pilinda, clearing a cave in order to provide a cell for himself. The king promised to build a monastery for…

piyaṅkara →

dppn

A little boy Yakkha. While his mother, with him on her hip, was seeking for food at night, she came unexpectedly to Jetavana where Anuruddha was reciting some verses. The sound pleased her and she sto …

piṅgiya →

dppn

Nephew and pupil of Bāvarī. At the time that he visited the Buddha with the other disciples he was 120 years old and very feeble. At the end of his discussion with the Buddha, as recorded in the Piṅgi …

piṅgiyānī →

dppn

…of simile and metaphor. Kāraṇapālī is impressed, and declares himself the Buddha’s follower. AN.iii.236ff. On another occasion,…

piṇḍola →

dppn

…arahant who announced before the Buddha his readiness to answer the questions of any doubting monks,…

pokkharasāti →

dppn

PokkharasātiPokkharasādi

A brahmin of great wealth and learning who lived in Ukkaṭṭha, on a royal demesne given by Pasenadi. Ambaṭṭha was the pupil of Pokkharasāti, who sent him to the Buddha at Icch …

pokkharaṇiyā →

dppn

A monastery in Sāmagāma where the Buddha is said once to have stayed. AN.iii.309

Sāmagāma3monastery

posāla →

dppn

One of Bāvari’s pupils. His question to the Buddha and the answer thereto are given in the Posālamāṇavaa pucchā of the Pārāyana Vagga. Snp.1006 Snp.1112–1115.

potaliya →

dppn

A householder of Āpaṇa. Meeting the Buddha in a wood outside the town, he greeted him, and was addressed by the Buddha as “householder,” at which he was very angry, for he had, so he said, handed over …

poṭṭhapāda →

dppn

A wanderer. A discussion between him and the Buddha on samādhi and on the soul, which took place in Mallikārāma in Sāvatthī, is reported in the Poṭṭhapāda Sutta. Poṭṭhapāda, accepting the Buddha’s v …

pubbakoṭṭhakā →

dppn

…in Sāvatthī, near the Migāramātupāsāda, and therefore to the east of the city. Mention is made AN.iii.345 of the Buddha having bathed there….

pubbārāma →

dppn

A monastery outside the eastern gate of Sāvatthī.

27.52532, 82.089843monastery

pukkusa →

dppn

…had passed by where Āḷāra sat, and yet so deep was he in meditation that he had failed to notice them. The Buddha told him how, when he…

pukkusāti →

dppn

A young monk whom the Buddha met at the house of Bhaggava, the potter, in Rājagaha. Pukkusāti was already occupying the guest room of the house, and the Buddha asked to be allowed to share it, to whic …

punabbasumātā →

dppn

A Yakkhinī, mother of Punabbasu. One evening towards sunset, when the Buddha was at Jetavana, she, with her daughter Uttarā on her hip and the boy’s hand in hers, came to the grove in search of food. …

punnaji →

dppn

One of the four friends of Yasa who, on hearing of his ordination by the Buddha, visited him and were taken to the Buddha. The Buddha talked to them and they became arahants. They were among the first …

puṇṇa →

dppn

…of a householder of Suppāraka in the Sunāparanta country. One day he asked the Buddha for a short lesson so that, having learnt it, he might…

puṇṇikā →

dppn

Puṇṇikā2

A slave girl of Pokkharasāti. MN.ii.201

pācīnavaṃsa →

dppn

PācīnavaṃsaPācīnavaṃsadāya

A park in the Cetiya kingdom. AN.iv.228f. The Buddha visited it during his tours, and once, while staying there with Meghiya, the latter stopped in a mango grove in the v …

pālileyya →

dppn

…passing through Bālaklonakāragāma and Pācīnavaṃsadāya, went to Pārileyyaka, where he stayed at the foot of Bhaddasāla in the…

pāragā →

dppn

A class of devas. DN.ii.260

pārāpariya →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verses are collected in two sizable groups. The first depicts him meditating in solitude and pondering over the things that one should do to accompish one’s duty and do no harm …

pārāsariya →

dppn

Pārāsariya1Pārāpariya

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of how being restrained he has overcome defilements. Thag.116

Pārāsariya2

A brahmin teacher mentioned in the Indriya …

pārāyana →

dppn

Pārāyana

The fifth and last division of the Sutta Nipāta. Snp.976ff. It consists of sixteen suttas preceded by an introduction. The introduction describes how Bāvarī first heard of the coming of th …

pātaligāma →

dppn

…the town was called Gotamadvāra, and the ferry at which he crossed the river, Gotamatittha Vin.i.226 30; D.ii.86ff.

The date at which…

pātikaputta →

dppn

A naked ascetic of Vesāli who went about claiming to have greater mystic powers than the Buddha, and thereby much impressed Sunakkhatta. Pātikaputta had prophesied that, after death, the Licchavi gene …

pātimokkha →

dppn

The name given to a set of rules to be observed by members of the Buddhist Order. The rules regulate the behaviour of the members of the Order towards one another in respect of clothes, dwellings, fur …

pāvā →

dppn

…The road from Pāvā to Kusināra is mentioned several times in the books. Vin.ii.284 DN.ii.162

According to the Saṅgīti Sutta, at the time the…

pāyāsi →

dppn

A chieftain of Setavyā, who lived on a royal domain gifted by Pasenadi. He held the view that there was no world other than this, no fruit of actions and no rebirth. But after a discussion with Kūmara …

pāṭali →

dppn

A headsman of Uttara who visited the Buddha and questioned him regarding his power of magic. Several conversations he had with the Buddha, on various topics, are given in the Saṃyutta Nikāya. SN.iv.340ff.

ragā →

dppn

One of Māra’s three daughters, who sought to tempt the Buddha. Snp.835 SN.i.124ff.

ratī →

dppn

One of the daughters of Māra.

raṭṭhapāla →

dppn

Chief of those who had left the world through faith. AN.i.24 He was born at Thullakoṭṭhita in the Kuru country as the son of a very wealthy councillor and was called by his family name of Raṭṭhapāla. …

revata →

dppn

Revata1Khadiravaniya

An eminent disciple of the Buddha, declared by him foremost among forest dwellers. AN.i.24

His Theragāthā verses appear under two names. As Khadiravaniya he admonishe …

reṇu →

dppn

Son and successor of King Disampati. On the death of his father Reṇu, with the advice and co operation of his chief steward Jotipāla, who was also his great friend, divided his kingdom into seven part …

rohinī →

dppn

Rohinī1

The Therīgāthā Thig.271–290 contains a set of verses spoken by her in exaltation, when, after becoming an arahant, she recalled to mind the discussion she had had with her father w …

rojā →

dppn

Rojā1

A Malla, inhabitant of Kusinārā. When the Buddha and Ānanda visited Kusinārā, the Malla chieftains decreed that whoever failed to pay homage to the Buddha would be fined five hundred …

rāhula →

dppn

RāhulaRāhulabhadda

Only son of Gotama Buddha. When the Buddha visited Kapilavatthu for the first time after his Enlightenment and accepted Suddhodana’s invitation, Rāhula’s mother sent the boy to the …

rāhulamātā →

dppn

RāhulamātāBimbāBhaddakaccāYasodharāBhaddakaccānāBimbāsundarīBimbādevīSubhaddakā

The name, generally given in the texts, of Rāhula’s mother Vin.i.82 and Gotama’s wife.

On the seventh day of the Buddh …

rājagaha →

dppn

…Sappasoṇḍikapabbhāra and the pond Sumāgadhā.

The city gates were closed every evening, and after that it was impossible to enter the…

rāmagāmaka →

dppn

RāmagāmakaRāmagāma

A Koliyan village on the banks of the Ganges. Its inhabitants claimed and obtained a share of the Buddha’s relics, over which they erected a thūpa. DN.ii.167

26.146795,84.098271town

sabbaka →

dppn

SabbakaSappaka

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of his joy in living on the banks of the Ajakaraṇī, practising meditation. Thag.307–310.

sahajāti →

dppn

SahajātiSahajātāSahañcanika

A township where Yasa Kākandakaputta met Soreyya Revata, whom he wished to consult regarding the Ten Points raised by the Vajjiputtakas. Revata had gone there from Soreyya …

sajjha →

dppn

A wanderer who visited the Buddha at Gijjhakūṭa. The Buddha told him of the nine standards which an arahant monk cannot possibly transgress. AN.iv.371

sakka →

dppn

SakkaVatrabhūVāsavaMaghavāMāghaPurindadaSahassakkhaSahassanettaSujampatiKosiya

Almost always spoken of as chief of the devas. The Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.i.229 contains a list of his names.

  • Maghavā, be …

sakkhara →

dppn

SakkharaSakkāra

A township of the Sākyans where the Buddha once stayed with Ānanda. SN.v.2 It was not far from Rājagaha and was the residence of…

sakuladāyī →

dppn

…there.AN.ii.29 AN.ii.176 In these contexts he is said to have been in the company of Annabhāra and Varadhara, evidently themselves eminent…

salaḷāgāra →

dppn

SalaḷāgāraSalalaghara

A building in Jetavana. Once when Sakka went to visit the Buddha he found him in the Salaḷāgāra, wrapt in samādhi,…

sambhūta →

dppn

Sambhūta1Sītavaniya

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of how a bhikkhu in the Sītavana (Cool Grove) is victorious. Thag.6

Sambhūta2Sānavāsī

When the Vajjiputtaka heresy aro …

samiddhi →

dppn

…his good fortune as a monk, Māra tried to terrify him. Samiddhi told the Buddha of this, but the Buddha asked him to stay on where he was. He…

sanaṅkumāra →

dppn

…verse was spoken. Sanaṅkumāra was present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.261

In the Janavasabha Sutta, Janavasabha describes…

sandhāna →

dppn

A householder of Rājagaha. He was a follower of the Buddha, and it was his conversation with the Paribbājaka Nigrodha that led to the preaching of the Udumbarika Sīhanāda Sutta.

In the Aṅguttara he i …

sangharakkhita →

dppn

Sangharakkhita

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of one who, although in seclusion, still has uncontrolled faculties. Thag.109

sappadāsa →

dppn

Overmastered by corrupt habits of mind and character, for twenty five years he was unable to develop concentration. This so distressed him that he was about to commit suicide, when, inward vision sudd …

sappasoṇḍikapabbhāra →

dppn

SappasoṇḍikapabbhāraSappasoṇḍika

A mountain cave in the Sītavana, near Rājagaha. DN.ii.116 A conversation which took place there between…

sarabha →

dppn

A Paribbājaka who joined the Order and soon after left it. He then went about proclaiming in Rājagaha that he knew the Dhamma and Vinaya of the Sakyaputta monks, and that was why he had left their Ord …

sarabhaṅga →

dppn

Sarabhaṅga1

A Pacceka Buddha. MN.iii.70

Sarabhaṅga2

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of living in a hut of reeds he built himself. By practicing the straight road of the s …

sarabhū →

dppn

One of the five great rivers of northern India. Vin.ii.237 Ud.v.5 SN.ii.135 AN.iv.101

It formed the boundary between the two divisions of Kosala, Uttara and Dakkhiṇa Kosala. The Aciravatī was its tri …

sarakāni →

dppn

SarakāniSaraṇāni

A Sākyan. When he died the Buddha declared that he was a sotāpanna, bound for enlightenment. But many of the Sākyans spoke scornfully of him, saying that he had failed in the train …

sarañjita →

dppn

A class of Devas, the gods of “Passionate Delight”. According to the belief of some, a man who dies fighting is born among them. SN.iv.308

sattapaṇṇiguhā →

dppn

…on the slope of Mount Vebhāra. Once, when the Buddha was staying there, he gave to Ānanda the opportunity of asking him to live for an eon, but…

sattarasavaggiyā →

dppn

…have incurred the enmity of the Chabbaggīyas. The latter turned them out of a vihāra as soon as they had prepared it, and were violent towards…

savittha →

dppn

…In the other conversation, Nārada, present at the discussion, in the company of Ānanda, requests that the same questions be put to him. This…

sañjaya →

dppn

Sañjaya1

A monk whose Theragāthā verse says that since going forth he has not had any hate. Thag.48

Sañjaya2

In the Kaṇṇakatthala Sutta Viḍūḍabha tells the Buddha that it was …

sañjikāputta →

dppn

A young brahmin, friend of Bodhirājakumāra. He was sent to invite the Buddha to Bodhi’s palace, Kokanada. Vin.ii.127f. MN.ii.91

saṅgārava →

dppn

…on that point. Saṅgārava is pleased and accepts the Buddha as his teacher. MN.ii.209ff.

The Saṃyutta SN.i.182f. mentions a…

saṅkassa →

dppn

A city, thirty leagues from Sāvatthī. During the Vajjiputta controversy, Revata Thera, on his way from Soreyya to Sahājāti, went through Saṅkassa. The road he took passed through Saṅkassa, Kaṇṇakujja, …

saṅkha →

dppn

A future king, who will be the Cakkavatti of Ketumatī at the time of the appearance of Metteyya Buddha in the world. He will raise up again the palace of King Mahāpanāda and live there. But later he w …

sela →

dppn

A brahmin of Aṅguttarāpa. He was a great friend of Keṇiya, the Jaṭila, and visited him when Keṇiya was making preparations to entertain the Buddha. Having heard the word “Buddha” from Keṇiya, Sela was …

selā →

dppn

…Andhavana under a tree when Māra, in the guise of a stranger, approached her and tried to tempt her. But she refuted his statements regarding the…

seniya →

dppn

A naked ascetic who practised the “Canine vow,” behaving like a dog. After his visit to the Buddha, as recorded in the Kukkuravatika Sutta, he joined the Order and, in due course, became an arahant. M …

senānigama →

dppn

SenānigamaSenānīnigama

The village in which Senānī lived. It was near Uruvelā and on the banks of the Nerañjara. SN.i.106 Vin.i.21 MN.i.166 MN.i.240

near Uruvelā1town

serissaka →

dppn

Serissaka1

A Yakkha chieftain to be invoked in time of need by followers of the Buddha. DN.iii.205

Serissaka1Serīsaka

A vimāna in the Cātummahārājika world, which was occupi …

setabyā →

dppn

…the Siṃsapāvana, where Kumāra Kassapa lived, and where he preached the Pāyāsi Sutta to the brahmin Pāyāsi, who held a royal fief there….

sikhī →

dppn

SikhīArindama

A Buddha of a past age.DN.ii.7 DN.iii.195f. SN.ii.9

  • He was born in the Nisabha pleasance in Aruṇavatī.
  • His father was the khattiya Aruṇa and his mother Pabhāvatī.
  • His wife wa …

silāvatī →

dppn

…a jatanduva-brahmin. SN.i.117

A story is also told of the temptation by Māra of Samiddhi when he was with the Buddha. SN.i.118

Sakya3town

sindhu →

dppn

…that flow from the Himālaya.

Isidāsī was once born as a goat in Sindhavārañña, the “Forest of the Sindhu”. Thig.438

Indus1river

sineru →

dppn

SineruMahāneruMeruSumeruHemameru

A mountain, forming the center of the world. MN.i.338 DN.iii.199 It is eighty thousand leagues broad. AN.iv.100

Sineru is often used in similes, its chief characteri …

sippinikātīra →

dppn

SippinikātīraSappinīSappinīkā

A river that flowed through Rājagaha. On its bank was a Paribbājakārāma where famous Paribbājakas lived in the Buddha’s time. AN.i.185 AN.ii.29 AN.ii.176 SN.i.153

Rājagaha3river

sirivaḍḍha →

dppn

…in the cleft of Mounts Vebhāra and Paṇḍava while the lightning flashes. Thag.41

Sirivaḍḍha2

A minister of Pasenadi, who once…

siṃsapāvana →

dppn

…81.344823parkSiṃsapāvana3

A grove to the north of Setavyā, where Kumāra Kassapa once stayed. It was the scene of…

somā →

dppn

…of a tree in Andhavana, Māra, wishing to interrupt her privacy, approached her, invisible in the air, and teased her, remarking on the “two…

sovīra →

dppn

A country mentioned in the Mahāgovinda Sutta. DN.ii.235

In the time of King Reṇu, Bharata was king of Sovīra, and Roruka was its capital.

Eder, Gujarat?3region

soṇa →

dppn

…its own season. King Bimbisāra, hearing of him, sent for him and Soṇa went with eighty thousand fellow townsmen.

In Rājagaha he heard the…

soṇadaṇḍa →

dppn

…as royal fief by King Bimbisāra. When the Buddha was in Campā, on the banks of the Gaggarā-lake, Soṇadaṇḍa visited him in spite of the…

subha →

dppn

…young brahman student. He once visited the Buddha in Sāvatthī, asking him various questions. The…

subhadda →

dppn

…his way from Pāvā to Kusināra, and it was this remark which made him decide to hold the First Council after the Buddha’s death. Vin.ii.284f.

subhakinnā →

dppn

SubhakinnāSubhakiṇṇāSubhakiṇhā

A class of Brahmas who occupy the ninth Rūpa-world; a division of the Subha devā.MN.iii.102 DN.ii.69 MN.i.2 Beings are born in that world as a result of developing the …

subhā →

dppn

…daughter of a rich goldsmith of Rājagaha. One day she went to pay obeisance to the Buddha and he…

subāhu →

dppn

Subāhu1

He was the son of a seṭṭhi family of Benares, and was the friend of Yasa. When Yasa and his companions joined the Order Subāhu followed his example, and they all became arahants. V …

suddhikabhāradvāja →

dppn

SuddhikabhāradvājaSuddhikaBhāradvāja

A brahmin who visited the Buddha at Jetavana and stated that a man can be purified only by knowledge of the…

suddhāvāsā →

dppn

The “Pure Abodes”; a name given to a group of Brahma-worlds—the five highest Rūpa worlds—consisting of Avihā, Atappā, Sudassā, Sudassī and Akaniṭṭhā. DN.iii.237

There anāgāmīs are born, and there th …

sudhamma →

dppn

…should pass the paṭisāraṇīyakamma on him. Sudhamma, thereupon, went to Macchikāsaṇḍa to ask pardon of Citta, but Citta would not…

sudinna →

dppn

SudinnaKalandakaputta

A monk who, after being ordained, returned to his former wife and had relations with her, thus becoming guilty of the first Pārājika offence. When there was a famine in the Vajj …

sujātā →

dppn

Sujātā1

The foremost laywoman in being first to go for refuge. DN.ii.135 AN.i.26

Sujātā2

A lay woman of Ñātikā. The Buddha said that she had become a sotāpanna and had thus as …

sumana →

dppn

Sumana1

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of having accomplished all that he was aksed to do. Thag.330–334

Sumana2Cūḷasumana

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of ordaini …

sumanā →

dppn

Sumanā1Sumanārājakumārī

She was the daughter of the king of Kosala and sister of Pasenadi. She is included among the eminent upāsikās. AN.iv.347 She once visited the Buddha, with five hu …

sumedhā →

dppn

…to King Anikaratta of Vāraṇavatī, speaking of the loathsomeness of the body and the bliss of Nibbana. She cut off her hair by herself, and…

sumāgadhā →

dppn

SumāgadhāSumāgavā

A lotus pond near Rājagaha. The Saṃyutta Nikāya mentions the Buddha as relating the story of a man who went to Sumāgadhā with the thought, “I will speculate about the world.” He saw …

sunakkhatta →

dppn

A Licchavi prince of Vesāli. He was, at one time, a member of the Order and the personal attendant of the Buddha, but was later converted to the views of Korakkhattiya and went about defaming the Budd …

sundara →

dppn

A monk of Rājagaha. One day, as he walked through the street, a woman asked him to stop for a moment that she might worship him, and, raising the end of his robe, took his penis into her mouth. A doub …

sundarasamudda →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verses tell of how he was tempted by a courtesan. She showed herself to him, decked and adorned and wearing golden slippers, and invited him in with seductive manner. But seein …

sundarika →

dppn

…brahmin, one of the Bhāradvājas. Once, when he was performing Fire-rites on the banks of the Sundarikā, he looked round to see if there…

sundarikā →

dppn

A river in Kosala, reputed to be efficacious in washing away sins. MN.i.39 There Sundarika Bhāradvāja held sacrifices in honour of Agni and met the Buddha during such a sacrifice. SN.i.167 Snp.p.79

sundarīnandā →

dppn

…and Nandavatī. Sāḷha Migāranattā seduced her, and she was proclaimed guilty of a Pārājika offence. Vin.iv.211f. She was also blamed for…

sunidha →

dppn

…of Māgadha, who, with Vassakāra, was in charge of the fortifications of Pāṭaligāma, built in order to repel the Vajjīs. These two are always…

sunimmita →

dppn

A devaputta, king of the Nimmānaratī world. SN.iv.280 AN.iv.243

sunāparanta →

dppn

…in which was the port of Suppāraka, birthplace of Puṇṇa Thera. With the Buddha’s permission, he returned to Sunāparanta. The people of…

suppiya →

dppn

Suppiya1

A Paribbājaka. He was the teacher of Brahmadatta. It was the discussion between these two, in the Ambalaṭṭhikā park, regarding the virtues of the Buddha, his Dhamma and his Order, …

susumāragiri →

dppn

…also stayed in Suṃsumāragiri, and there Māra is said to have entered his stomach and to have given him trouble. MN.i.332f.

susārada →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of the advantages of associating with good people. Thag.75

sutavā →

dppn

Sutavā1

A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal list. MN.iii.69

Sutavā2

A wanderer who visited the Buddha on Gijjhakūṭa and questioned him regarding the description of an arah …

sāgata →

dppn

…Soṇa Kolvisa visited Bimbisāra, with overseers of the eighty thousand townships of Bimbisāra’s kingdom. Sāgata was endowed with supernatural…

sāketa →

dppn

A town in Kosala. It was regarded in the Buddha’s time as one of the six great cities of India, the others being Campā, Rājagaha, Sāvatthī, Kosambī and Benares. DN.ii.146 In the Vinaya Vin.i.253 howev …

sākya →

dppn

…vata bho rājakumāra; hence their name came to be ‘Sakyā.’

The Buddha states, in the Aggañña Sutta, that the Sākyans were vassals…

sālavatī →

dppn

A courtesan of Rājagaha. She was the mother of Jīvaka Komārabhacca Vin.i.268f. and of his sister Sirimā.

sāmā →

dppn

Sāmā1

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verses speak of how she could not find peace after going to the monastery five times, then later attained the end of suffering. Thig.37–38

Sāmā2</s …

sārandadacetiya →

dppn

A shrine at Vesāli. DN.ii.75 DN.ii.102 Ud.vi.1

Vesāli3shrine

sāvatthī →

dppn

The capital city of Kosala in India and one of the six great Indian cities during the lifetime of the Buddha. DN.ii.147 It was six leagues from Sāketa. Vin.i.253 It was on the banks of the Aciravatī.V …

sāḷha →

dppn

…AN.i.193f. He built a vihāra for the nuns and Sundarīndā was appointed to supervise the work. As a result, Sāḷha and Sundarīnandā saw…

sīha →

dppn

Sīha1

A Licchavi general of Vesāli. He was a follower of the Nigaṇṭhas. When the Buddha visited Vesāli, Sīha, having heard reports of his greatness, wished to see him, but Nigaṇṭha Nāṭaput …

sīsupacalā →

dppn

Māra once tempted her with thoughts of sensual pleasures, but she sent him away discomfited Thig.190–203 SN.i.133f.

sītavana →

dppn

…Buddha was staying there, Māra asked him to die. DN.ii.116

In the Sītavana was the Sappasoṇḍikapabbhāra, SN.i.210f. Vin.ii.76 Vin.iv.159…

sūciloma →

dppn

A Yakkha. Once, when the Buddha was at the Tankitamañca in Gayā, which was the abode of Sūciloma, Sūciloma and his friend, Khara, happened to be passing by, and Sūciloma, coming up to the Buddha, bent …

sūkarakha →

dppn

SūkarakhaSūkarakhataSūkarakhatala

A cave on the side of Gijjhakūṭa, where the Buddha stayed. There he preached the Dīghanakha Sutta to Dīghanakha. Sāriputta was also present, and the sutta led to his …

tagarasikhī →

dppn

A Pacceka Buddha, MN.iii.69 third among the five hundred sons of Padumavatī, all of whom became Pacceka Buddhas. Suppabuddha, a banker of Rājagaha, having seen the Pacceka Buddha on his way to a park, …

takkasilā →

dppn

The capital of Gandhāra. The Vinaya describes it as the place of education of Jīvaka, the Buddha’s doctor. Vin.i.269f.

Takkasilā is…

tapodā →

dppn

A large lake below the Vebhāra mountain, outside Rājagaha. The lake was cool, but the stream flowing from it, also called Tapodā, Vin.iii.108…

tapodārāma →

dppn

A grove near lake Tapodā. In the grove was a monastery where the Buddha seems to have stayed on several occasions. It is said DN.ii.116 that on one such occasion the Buddha gave Ānanda the chance of a …

taṇhā →

dppn

One of the three daughters of Māra, who tried to tempt the Buddha under the Ajapāla-nigrodha, soon after the Enlightenment. Snp.p.163 SN.i.124f.

taṇḍulapālidvārāya →

dppn

…of the gates of Rājagaha. Near the gate was the residence of the brahmin Dhānañjāni….

thūlū →

dppn

ThūlūBumūBūmūThulūKhulūKhūlūKhuhū

The name of a gotta. The village of Uttarakā belonged to them, and when the Buddha was staying there with Sunakkhatta, the latter was greatly taken up with the pra …

tindukakandarā →

dppn

A cave outside Rājagaha where lodgings were provided for visiting monks. Vin.ii.76 Vin.iii.159

outside Rājagaha3monastery

tindukkhānu →

dppn

TindukkhānuTindukkhānuparibbājakārāma

A dwelling of wanderers near Vesāli. It was the residence of Pāthikaputta. DN.iii.17

near Vesāli3non-Buddhist monastery

tissa →

dppn

Tissa1

One of the two chief disciples of Vipassī Buddha. DN.ii.4

Tissa2

A monk who was reborn as a Brahmā with great iddhi-powers. Moggallāna visited him soon after his bir …

tissametteyya →

dppn

TissametteyyaTissaMetteyya

A disciple of Bāvarī. He visited the Buddha with his colleagues and when the Buddha answered his questions, he, and his thousand pupils became arahants. Tissa was his perso …

tivarā →

dppn

The name given to the inhabitants of Mount Vepulla, then known as Pācīnavaṃsa, near Rājagaha, in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. Their term of life was forty thousand years. SN.ii.190

todeyya →

dppn

Todeyya1

A Mahāsāla brahmin, mentioned in a list of eminent brahmins gathered together at Icchanankala and Manasākaṭa. DN.i.235 Snp.p.115

There was in Caṇḍalakappa a mango grove belonging …

tālaputa →

dppn

TālaputaTālapuṭa

A stage-manager of Rājagaha. One day he visited the Buddha and asked if it was true that players who delight large audiences are reborn among the gods of laughter. Three times the B …

tārukkha →

dppn

…the brahmins in Icchānaṅgala and in Manasākaṭa.

He was the teacher of Bhāradvāja, companion of Vāseṭṭha. Snp.p.115f. DN.i.235…

tāvatiṃsā →

dppn

TāvatiṃsāTidasāTidiva

The second of the six deva-worlds, the first being the Cātummahārājika world. Tāvatiṃsā stands at the top of Mount Sineru. Sakka is king of Tāvatiṃsā.

Tāvatiṃsā was also known …

uddaka →

dppn

…dead. Vin.i.7

In the Vassakāra Sutta of the Aṅguttara Nikāya AN.ii.180 it is mentioned that King Eḷeyya, together with his bodyguard,…

udena cetiya →

dppn

…at Vesāli—Gotamaka, Sārandada, Sattamba, Cāpāla and Bahuputta—all of which are described as beautiful spots. DN.ii.102 SN.v.260…

udena →

dppn

…visited Piṇḍola Bhāradvāja to learn how young monastics curbed their passions, at which meeting Udena declared himself a follower of…

udumbara →

dppn

A village. Revata went there from Kaṇṇakujja and stopped there before proceeding to Aggalapura and Sahajāti. Thither the Elders followed him to ask his opinion on the Vajjian heresy. Vin.ii.299

???2town

udāyī →

dppn

Udāyī1LāludāyīPaṇḍita Udāyī

There were at least two monks called Udāyī, and it is not always possible to be sure which one is meant. When the Buddha preached the Nāgopama Sutta, AN.iii.344 …

ugga →

dppn

…and wealth the seṭṭhi Migāra, grandson of Rohana. He was worth one hundred thousand in gold alone, to say nothing of silver. The Buddha tells…

uggatasarīra →

dppn

A great brahmin. Having made preparations for a great sacrifice, in which numerous animals were to be slaughtered, he visited the Buddha at Jetavana to consult him as to the efficacy of the sacrifice. …

ujjenī →

dppn

…whose king was Seniya Bimbisāra. After Bimbisāra’s death, however, Pajjota seems to have contemplated a war against Ajātasathu. MN.iii.7

The…

ukkaṭṭha →

dppn

A town in Kosala, near the Himālaya. It has been given, free from all taxes (as brahmadeyya), to Pokkharasāti by the king of Kosala, in recognition of the former’s skill. It was thickly populated an …

upacāla →

dppn

…They lived in the Kūṭāgārasālā in Vesāli, but when the Licchavis went there to visit the Buddha, they moved to the Gosiṅgasālavana in…

upacālā →

dppn

…her siesta in Andhavana, Māra tried to arouse in her sensual desires, but she vanquished him and became an arahant. This account is found in…

upaka →

dppn

…addresses him as “salt-worker’s boy” (loṇakārakadāraka). AN.ii.182

upamañña →

dppn

The family to which Pokkharasāti belonged. He was, therefore, called Opamañña. MN.ii.200

upananda →

dppn

…Sutta, between Ānanda and Vassakāra. MN.iii.13

upasena →

dppn

…of the Sappasondika-pabbhāra, fanned by the gentle breeze, mending his outer robe, two young snakes were sporting in the tendrils overhanging…

upavatta →

dppn

…of the Mallas of Kusināra, on the further side of the Hiraññavatī. This was the last resting-place of the Buddha on his last tour, and…

upavāna →

dppn

…on his death-bed at Kusināra, Upavāna was by his side fanning him; the Buddha, seeing that he obstructed the vision of the devas who had come…

uppalavaṇṇā →

dppn

…was looking after the vihāra, to be given to the Buddha, but Udāyi insisted on Uppalavaṇṇā giving him her inner robe as a reward for his…

upāli →

dppn

Upāli 1

One of the most eminent of the Buddha’s immediate disciples. He belonged to a barber’s family in Kapilavatthu and entered the service of the Sākiyan princes. When Anuruddha and his …

uruvelā →

dppn

…lot and it was then, when Māra had gone away discomfited, that Māra’s three daughters, Taṇhā, Ratī and Ragā, made a final effort to draw…

uruvelākassapa →

dppn

…and in the presence of Bimbisāra and the assembled populace Uruvelā-Kassapa declared his allegiance to the Buddha. Vin.i.24ff.

Later, in the…

uttara →

dppn

…was converted by Kumāra Kassapa, he instituted almsgiving to all and sundry, but the gifts he gave consisted of such things as gruel and…

uttarakuru →

dppn

A mythical region. A detailed description of it is given in the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta. DN.iii.199ff. The men who live there own no property nor have they wives of their own; they do not have to work for t …

uttarakurukā →

dppn

The inhabitants of Uttarakuru. AN.iv.396

uttarakā →

dppn

Uttarakā2

A village of the Thūlūs. The Buddha once stayed there and Sunakkhatta was in his company. At that time Korakkhattiya was also staying there. DN.iii.6

4town

uttaramātā →

dppn

A Yakkhinī, mother of Punabbasu and Uttarā. Once as she passed Jetavana at sunset looking for food, with her daughter on her hip and holding her son by his finger, she saw the assembly, intently liste …

uttarapāla →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse tell of how he overcame his desire and confusion and attained arahantship. Thag.252–254

uttarikā →

dppn

A diminutive form of Uttarā used by Uttaramātā, the Yakkhinī, in addressing her daughter. SN.i.210

uttarā →

dppn

Uttarā1

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verses tell of her awakening. Thig.15

Uttarā2

The Therīgāthā contains seven verses uttered by her after becoming an arahant, the result of …

uttarāpa →

dppn

The name given to the region to the north of the river Mahī. See also Aṅguttarāpa.

???3region

uttarāpatha →

dppn

…to Takkasilā in Gandhāra, and that it lent its name—as did the Dakkhiṇāpatha—to the region through which it passed. If this be so,…

uttarāpathaka →

dppn

A resident of Uttarāpatha. Vin.iii.6

uttiya →

dppn

Uttiya1

A monk whose Theragāthā verse tells of how when ill, he aroused mindfulness. Thag.30

In the Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.v.22 the Buddha explains to him, in answer to his question, the char …

vacchagotta →

dppn

A wanderer who later became an arahant Thera. Several conversations he had with the Buddha are mentioned in the books. For details see the Tevijja Vacchagotta-, Aggi Vacchagotta-, Mahā Vacchagotta- …

vajirā →

dppn

…in Andhavana at Sāvatthī, Māra questioned her as to the origin of a “being”, its creator, its origin, its destiny. Vajirā answers that there…

vajjiyamāhita →

dppn

A householder of Campā, a devout and skilled follower of the Buddha. Once, when on his way to see the Buddha at Gaggarā Lake, he found he had arrived too early and went into the Paribbājakārāma near b …

vajjī →

dppn

…to them by himself in the Sārandada Cetiya.

The Buddha travelled several times through the Vajjian country, the usual route being through…

vakkali →

dppn

…went to see his body, and declared that he had obtained Nibbāna and that Māra’s attempt to find the consciousness of Vakkali would prove…

vanasavhaya →

dppn

VanasavhayaVanasaVanasāvhayaTumbavanagaraPavanaVanasāvatthī

A city lying between Vedisa and Kosambī, on the road taken by Bāvarī’s disciples. Snp.1011

24.69943,80.1727292town

vanavaccha →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of his delight to be meditating in nature. Thag.13

There is a separate verse also ascribed to a Vacchagotta on the same theme. Thag.113

vappa →

dppn

…abide in the six satata vihāras with equanimity, mindful and comprehending. Vappa is convinced of the superiority of the Buddha’s teaching and…

varadhara →

dppn

…Buddha. He lived with Annabhāra, Sakuludāyī and others in the Paribbājakārāma, on the banks of the Sappinikā, AN.ii.29 AN.ii.176 and again…

varaṇā →

dppn

VaraṇāVāraṇā

A city on the banks of the Kaddamadaha, where Ārāmadaṇḍa visited Mahākaccāna. AN.i.65

Avanti3town

vassakāra →

dppn

…him punished. Vin.iii.42ff. In this context we find that Vassakāra was Mahāmatta to Bimbisāra as well.

vaḍḍhamātā →

dppn

Vaḍḍhamātā>

An arahant, mother of Vaḍḍha. Her conversation with Vaḍḍha and his declaration to her after becoming an arahant are included in the Therīgāthā. Thig.204–212

vaṃsa →

dppn

…Bhagga, in which was Suṃsumāragiri, seems to have been subject to the Vaṃsa in the Buddha’s time, for we find Udena’s son, Bodhi, living…

vaṅgīsa →

dppn

…a sutta preached at the Pavāraṇā ceremony. Thag.1231–1237 Several verses were in praise of his colleagues—e.g. Sāriputta,…

vaṭajālikāyaṃ →

dppn

VaṭajālikāyaṃDhavajālikā

A monastery on Sankheyyaka mountain in Mahisa country. A monk, named Uttara, once lived there and was visited by Sakka. AN.iv.162ff.

Sankheyyaka mountain in Mahisa3monastery

vebhāra →

dppn

…The river Tapodā rose in a lake at the foot of Vebhāra.

25.000154,85.3989261hill

vekaliṅga →

dppn

…where lived Ghaṭīkāra, friend of Jotipāla. SN.i.34 SN.i.60

The township was in Kosala, and once, during his long stay in Kosala, the…

vepacitti →

dppn

…was present with Namuci (Māra) at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

Vepacitti was the friend of Rāhu, and when Rāhu seized…

vepulla →

dppn

VepullaVipulaVaṅkakaPācīnavaṃsaSupassa

The highest of the five mountains surrounding Rājagaha. SN.i.67

  • In the time of Kakusandha Buddha, the mountain was called Pācīnavaṃsa
  • in the time of Koṇāga …

verahaccāni →

dppn

A brahmin clan. The Saṃyutta Nikāya mentions a lady of the gotta living in Kāmandā, who was evidently a teacher. A pupil of hers, having visited Udāyi, then staying in the Todeyya mango grove, told he …

verañjā →

dppn

A town in which the Buddha once spent the rainy season at the invitation of the brahmin Verañja. Verañja visits the Buddha at the foot of the Naḷerupucimanda, where he is staying, and asks him a serie …

vesāli →

dppn

…stayed at the Kūṭāgārasālā during his visits to Vesāli, but it appears that he sometimes lived at these different shrines. DN.ii.118…

vetaraṇi →

dppn

A river in the Great Hell. SN.i.21 Snp.674 It may be the same as the great “Caustic River” referred to in the Devadatta Sutta. MN.iii.185 Its waters are sharp and bitter, Snp.674 and the river flows b …

veyyākaraṇa →

dppn

One of the nine aṅgas, into which the Dhamma was organized by way of literary style. It means “Answer” or “Explanation” and refers to discourses elaborated by way of question and answer.

veḷudvāra →

dppn

A brahmin village of the Kosalans where the Buddha once stayed and preached the Veḷudvāreyya Sutta. SN.v.352

Kosala3town

veḷukaṇṭakī →

dppn

VeḷukaṇṭakīVeḷukaṇḍakīVeḷukaṇḍakiyāVeḷukaṇṭakiyā

A lady of Veḷukaṇṭa. She is mentioned as an exemplary lay woman.AN.i.88 AN.ii.164 AN.i.26 SN.ii.236 She founded, for the Order headed by Sāriputta and …

veḷuvana →

dppn

…the pleasure garden of Bimbisāra. When the Buddha first visited Rājagaha, after his Enlightenment, he stayed at the Latthivanuyyāna. Vin.i.35 The…

videha →

dppn

…and Kosala. One of Bimbisāra’s queens was probably from Videha. In earlier times Videha was evidently a kingdom, its best known kings being…

vijayā →

dppn

…dwells in freedom and bliss. Thig.169–174 In the Saṃyutta Nikāya. SN.i.130 Māra, assuming the form of a young man, tried unsuccessfully to…

vimala →

dppn

Vimala1

One of the four friends of Yasa who, following the latter’s example, joined the Order and attained arahantship. Vin.i.18f.

Vimala2

A monk whose Theragāthā verse spea …

vipassī →

dppn

A Buddha of the past, whose story is told in the Mahāpadāna Sutta. He was born in the Khema park in Bandhumatī, his father being Bandhumā and his mother Bandhumatī. He belonged to the Koṇḍañña gotta. …

visākha →

dppn

Visākha1

Husband of Dhammadinnā. After Dhammadinnā had joined the Order, she left the city and retired into the country, returning to Rājagaha after she had attained arahantship. Visākha, …

visākhā →

dppn

…offered the Migāramātupāsāda in the Pubbārāma to the Saṅgha.

The Buddha accepted a face towel as a special gift from…

vāraṇa →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verses praise non-harming and seclusion. Thag.237–239

vāseṭṭha →

dppn

…who, with his friend Bhāradvāja, visited the Buddha and held discussions with him. These discussions are recorded in the Tevijja Sutta, the…

vāseṭṭhī →

dppn

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verses tell of her child’s death and her subsequent history. Thig.133–138

It is said that the brahmin Sujāta, father of Sundarī, met Vāsetthī, and, hearing her story, him …

vītarāga →

dppn

A Pacceka Buddha. MN.iii.71

yakkha →

dppn

…Dhamma, Puṇṇaka, Māra, Sakaṭa; (d) embodiments of former persons e.g., Janavasabha (lord of men= Bimbisāra), Dīgha, Naradeva,…

yasa →

dppn

…he arrived at the Kūṭāgārasālā in the Mahāvana, he discovered that the Vajjian monks had raised the “Ten Points” contrary to the…

yasoja →

dppn

YasojaYasojoti

The Udāna mentions Ud.iii.3 how Yasoja and five hundred of his companions went to see the Buddha at Jetavana. There they stood talking to the monks who lived there and made a great upr …

yodhājīva →

dppn

…battle are reborn among the Sārañjita devas. At first the Buddha refused to answer the question, but finding that Yodhājīva insisted, explained…

yugandhara →

dppn

One of the chief Yakkhas to be invoked by the Buddha’s followers in time of need. DN.iii.205

ābhassarā →

dppn

A Brahma-world where live radiant devas from whose bodies rays of light are emitted, like lightning. It belongs to the Rūpaloka and is in the plane of second jhāna The devas living there subsist on …

ājīvakā →

dppn

…to have been “saṃsāra-suddhi,” purification through transmigration, which probably meant that all beings, all lives, all existent…

ākoṭaka →

dppn

A deva who visited the Buddha at Veḷuvana accompanied by Asama, Sahali, Ninka, Vetambarī and Mānava-Gāmiya. Ākoṭaka spoke before the Buddha in praise of various teachers of other schools: Pakuddha-K …

ānandacetiya →

dppn

ĀnandacetiyaĀnande Cetiye

A shrine in Bhoganagara dedicated to a yakkha called Ānanda. There the Buddha stayed during his last sojourn, and mention is made of a sermon he preached there to the monk …

ānandakumāra →

dppn

A shipwright, who, with three hundred others, was sent by Mahosadha to the Upper Ganges to secure timber wherewith to build three hundred ships in preparation for Mahosadha’s visit to the capital of P …

āpaṇa →

dppn

A city in the Aṅguttarāpa country, probably its capital. The Buddha once visited the city with 1,250 monks and the whole company was entertained by the Jaṭila Keṇiya. Vin.i.245ff. From Āpaṇa the Bud …

ārāmadaṇḍa →

dppn

…Kaccāna was staying at Vāraṇā on the banks of the Kaddamadaha, Ārāmadaṇḍa came to see him and asked him why nobles quarrelled with…

ārāmikagāma →

dppn

…who were given by Bimbisāra to the Elder Pilindavaccha. It was near Rājagaha and was also called Pilindagāma. Pilindavaccha depended for his…

ātumā →

dppn

…went to stay in the Bhūsāgāra, they made ready rice-gruel and offered it to him. The Buddha, however, would not accept it as the monk, who had…

āḷakamandā →

dppn

A city of the gods, mighty, prosperous and full of devas. DN.ii.147 DN.ii.170

It was one of the chief cities of Uttarakuru, and a royal residence of Kuvera. DN.iii.201

In the Culla Vagga Vin.ii.152 …

āḷavī →

dppn

…of whom seem to have chiefly occupied themselves with building vihāras for themselves.

26.926968,80.1909262town

āḷārakālāma →

dppn

…greater than Āḷāra’s, made himself master of that state. Āḷāra recognised his pupil’s eminence and treated him as an equal,…

āṇi →

dppn

…belonging to the Dasārahas. As it grew old and began to split, they fixed in another peg, and this process was continued, until, at last,…

āṭānāṭā →

dppn

A city in Uttarakuru, mentioned with Kusināṭā, Parakusināṭā and Nātāpuriyā. DN.iii.200

5town

āhāra →

farkas

táplálék, közvetlen ok, feltétel

appamāda →

farkas

lankadatlan figyelem, fáradhatatlan törődés

arahant →

farkas

méltó, méltóságos, érdemes

brahmavihāra →

farkas

isteni lakhely

cetanā →

farkas

szándék, akarat, indíttatás

chanda →

farkas

akarás, óhaj, szándék

indriya-saṁvara →

farkas

az érzékek megfékezése

jarā-maraṇa →

farkas

öregség és halál

kabaliṁkāra →

farkas

élelem

kalyāna-mitta →

farkas

jóbarát, kedvező hatású barát

kāmesu micchācāra →

farkas

paráznaság

manasikāra →

farkas

figyelem

mettā →

farkas

szeretet, barátságosság

nissaraṇa →

farkas

menekvés, szabadulás

nīvaraṇa →

farkas

akadály

saṅkhāra →

farkas

késztetés, formáló erő; indíttatás; összetett dolog

saṁsāra →

farkas

létforgatag

saṁvara →

farkas

önuralom

sīlabbata-parāmāsa →

farkas

előírásoktól és szertartásoktól függés

upacāra samādhi →

farkas

megközelítő összpontosítás

vicāra →

farkas

gondolkodás, gondolati megtartás

vyāpāda →

farkas

ellenérzés, rosszakarat

yoniso manasikāra →

farkas

végsőkig hatoló, átható-, mélyreható tudatműködés

abbhantara →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) interior, internal; being within, included in, among; belonging to one ’s house, personal, intimate.
  2. (n.)
    1. intermediate space, interval; the inside, interior.
    2. a measure of leng …

abbhantarapassaya →

ncped

resting inside, in the heart

abhicaraṇa →

ncped

visiting, frequenting.

abhiharati →

ncped

  1. fetches, brings; offers; brings forward, advances; brings near, fetches for oneself, partakes of.
  2. (counter-)attacks.

abhihāra →

ncped

bringing; offering, present.

abhihārayati →

ncped

goes to, visits; takes oneself to; attains

abhihārayi →

ncped

made offer; has brought; sent a present.

abhihārayiṃ →

ncped

abhijappapadāraṇa →

ncped

the arrow of desire

abhikkantatara →

ncped

more or most excellent; more beautiful

abhilakkhita →

ncped

marked out, indicated; characterized; appointed; distinguished.

abhiniddisati →

ncped

points out, indicates, characterizes.

abhinīharati →

ncped

draws out; stretches out (towards); moves (thought) out.

abhinīhāra →

ncped

stretching out, moving (towards); intended action, firm intention; scheme.

abhirūpatara →

ncped

more beautiful

abhisamparāya →

ncped

future fate, condition in one’s next rebirth.

abhisamparāyaṃ →

ncped

in a future state; in the next existence.

abhisamācāra →

ncped

good conduct.

abhisaṅkhāra →

ncped

preparation; development; performance; accumulation of motive force (as a result of action), impetus.

abhittharati →

ncped

makes haste.

abhivasanavaratara →

ncped

the very best of clothing, choice clothes

abhivitarati →

ncped

goes through, finds out for certain; is sure.

abhiññatara →

ncped

wiser, more knowledgeable.

abhiññā →

ncped

abhiññā1

absol.

abhiññā2

feminine (& ~a m.?)

  1. higher or special knowledge; true understanding.
  2. a special or supernatural power or knowledge (five (or six): iddhividhā, …

abhiṇhaṃkāraṇa →

ncped

(or ~ā f.) continuous training

abhiṭhāna →

ncped

deadly crime (one of the six great crimes: mātughāta, pitughāta, arahantaghāta, lohituppāda, saṅghabheda, aññasatthāruddesa)

accasarā →

ncped

give offense.

accekacīvara →

ncped

robe or material for a robe given not at the usual time (because of pressing reasons of the giver)

acchara →

ncped

wonderful thing, a marvel; amazement

accharā →

ncped

celestial nymph, a female divinity.

accharāsaṅghāta →

ncped

finger-snap; a moment.

acchinnacīvara →

ncped

whose robe has been taken away or stolen

acchinnacīvaraka →

ncped

(~-cīvarika)n. whose robe has been taken away or stolen

accāraddha →

ncped

undertaken or practiced excessively.

accāraddhaviriya →

ncped

  1. (n.) to great exertion.
  2. (mfn.) exerting oneself too much

acīvaraka →

ncped

(one) who has no bhikkhu’s robes.

addhikaraṇavūpasamana →

ncped

the settling of a case or dispute

adharakaya →

ncped

the lower part of the body.

adhi →

ncped

prep

  1. as prefix to nouns (adjectives, adverbs) expresses: superiority, abundance.
  2. as preverb to verbs and their derivatives expresses: up to, towards, into; over, above; in addition to.
  3. as se …

adhikaraṇa →

ncped

  1. subject of discussion or attention; case, legal question; dispute (in the saṅgha, to be formally dealt with).
  2. cause.

adhikaraṇakārika →

ncped

one who causes disputes or lawsuits

adhikaraṇasamatha →

ncped

(a method) of settling a case or dispute

adhikaraṇika →

ncped

disputatious.

adhikāra →

ncped

service, help; act of merit.

adhivāsana →

ncped

  1. endurance; forbearance.
  2. assent; acceptance (esp. of an invitation).

agadaṅgāra →

ncped

medicinal ash or powder.

aggadvāra →

ncped

the top of the door or gate; (or the first gate opened; a way to leave the town secretly).

agganagara →

ncped

chief city; the chief city.

aggarasaparititta →

ncped

completely satisfied with the best flavored foods

aggisādhārana →

ncped

subject to, vulnerable to, fire

agyantarāya →

ncped

danger from fire.

agyāgāra →

ncped

hut for the (ritual) fire(s).

agāra →

ncped

house; a dwelling place

agāravasa →

ncped

household life

agārā →

ncped

house; a dwelling place

ahaṇkāra →

ncped

  1. the (false) conception of one’s individuality; pride, conceit.
  2. the theory of self-creation

ahaṇkārapasuta →

ncped

devoted to the theory of self-creation

ajjhoharati →

ncped

  1. brings down or near; puts in.
  2. swallows, eats.

ajjhoharaṇa →

ncped

(from ajjhoharati) bringing down or near.

ajjhohāra →

ncped

taking food; swallowing.

ajjhottharati →

ncped

covers, spreads over; overwhelms, overpowers; threatens.

ajjhottharatitabba →

ncped

ajjhācarati →

ncped

practices, commits (an offense).

ajjhācāra →

ncped

misconduct, transgression (esp. sexual).

ajjhārāma →

ncped

the territory, grounds of a park.

ajjhārāme →

ncped

within a park or monastery.

ajjhārūha →

ncped

overgrowing, dominating, parasitical.

ajjhārūhati →

ncped

grows in and up over (as a parasite); spreads over, dominates.

ajjhāvasati →

ncped

inhabits; dwells in, lives on (as ruler or owner); esp. agāram ~ati, lives the settled life of a householder.

akaramha →

ncped

akaraṇa →

ncped

the not doing, not making; abstention

akaraṇīya →

ncped

  1. not to be done or made; not to be dealt with; what is not to be done.
  2. (mfn.) with nothing to do

akarāma →

ncped

akkhara →

ncped

  1. (m. f. & n.) a sound; a syllable.
  2. (n.) an expression, a word.

akkharappabheda →

ncped

(& n.?) phonology and etymology

akkharikā →

ncped

(from akkhara) a letter-game.

akkhikahāraka →

ncped

akkhikahāraka1

masculine one who removes eyes.

akkhikahāraka2

masculine one who collects seeds.

akkhitārakā →

ncped

pupil of the eye; the eye

akkhuddāvakāsa →

ncped

being a considerable occasion (for …) (?)); of no mean appearance (?)

akkodha →

ncped

  1. (m.) freedom from anger; forbearance.
  2. (mfn.) free from anger; forbearing

akuppa →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) not able to be disturbed; stable; immovable; not open to challenge or valid objection.
  2. (n.) what is not able to be disturbed; (a state of) stability.
  3. lack of agitation; (the state of) …

akālacīvara →

ncped

robe material given at a time other than the appointed period, or given during the appointed period to a specific bhikkhu or group of bhikkhus

akāraka →

ncped

(-ikā)n.

  1. who is not an agent; who is not the perpetrator; innocent.
  2. who performs no service; of no use

akārayi →

ncped

akārayiṃ →

ncped

akāraṇa →

ncped

absence of a cause or (a valid) reason; not a cause; not the case

alamatthadasatara →

ncped

more competent to see what is beneficial; wiser

alamatthatara →

ncped

more competent.

alaṃvacanīya →

ncped

(formally) repudiated; separated, estranged

alaṅkāra →

ncped

ornament, decoration; the act of decorating; improvement.

amara →

ncped

undying; not subject to death.

amarantapa →

ncped

or masculine (extreme) penance undertaken to obtain immortality

amaratapa →

ncped

or masculine (extreme) penance undertaken to obtain immortality

amarāvikkhepa →

ncped

(constant) equivocation, prevarication; shuffling to and fro.

amarāvikkhepika →

ncped

(one) who equivocates; who gives evasive answers; who cannot be pinned down.

anabhissara →

ncped

without a companion; without a helper.

anaccekacīvara →

ncped

what is not an accekacīvara

anagārā →

ncped

  1. (mfn. and m.) without a house, homeless; (one) who has left a household life; a homeless ascetic.
  2. (n.) the homeless state; the ascetic life

anamatagga →

ncped

without beginning (or end, generally of saṃsāra).

anandhakaraṇa →

ncped

giving sight; awakening

anantara →

ncped

esoteric, not kept to oneself; not restricted

anantaradhāna →

ncped

non-disappearance; non-decline

anantarahita →

ncped

uncovered, bare; not having disappeared

anantaraṃ →

ncped

immediately after

anantarā →

ncped

immediately after; next, then; next to (gen. or abl.)

anantarāyika →

ncped

not subject to hindrance or danger; not forming an impediment

anantarāyikinī →

ncped

not hindered; not prevented.

ananugatantara →

ncped

with independent mind

anaraha →

ncped

(who is) not an arahat

anarahat →

ncped

(who is) not an arahat

anariyavohāra →

ncped

the way of speaking of the ignoble ones; an ignoble mode of speech

anatisāra →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) not transgressing.
  2. (m.) non-deviation

andhakaraṇa →

ncped

blinding; confusing

andhakāra →

ncped

  1. (m.n.) darkness; blackness.
  2. (mfn.) dark, obscuring; obscured.

andhakāraka →

ncped

or masculine dark; or darkness.

andhakāratimisā →

ncped

(& ~a mfn.?) pitch darkness:

anekapariyāyena →

ncped

in many ways; in a manifold way; with several parallel expressions

aneñja →

ncped

(& mfn.?)

  1. (n.) immovability; imperturbability.
  2. (mfn., or n. in apposition?) unmoved; not to be stirred; imperturbable (often applied both to determinative actions leading to existence in arūpāv …

anissara →

ncped

  1. not being an owner or master; not empowered, powerless.
  2. without an owner or ruler; without a creator

annabhāra →

ncped

food carrier; a grass-seller(?)

annabhāranesādā →

ncped

grass sellers and fowlers

anokāsaṃ kārāpetvā →

ncped

without having consent

anopama →

ncped

incomparable, peerless; excellent, best

anopārambha →

ncped

not open to criticism, not censurable

antaka →

ncped

“making an end”, a designation of the god of death, identified with Mārā.

antakara →

ncped

putting an end (to, gen.)

antara →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) interior; inner, inward.
  2. (n.)
    1. interior part, inside; heart, mind; place between; interval (of time or space); moment between (two events); distance; difference, disagreement.

antarabhogika →

ncped

border chieftain (between two kingdoms)

antaradhāna →

ncped

disappearance, vanishing, passing away.

antaradhāpayati →

ncped

causes to disappear; destroys

antaradhāpeti →

ncped

causes to disappear; destroys

antaradhāyamāna →

ncped

antaradhāyati →

ncped

disappears; vanishes.

antaradhāyi →

ncped

antaradhāyituṃ →

ncped

antaradhāyiṃsu →

ncped

antaradhāytha →

ncped

antaragharaṃ →

ncped

between the houses, among the houses (i.e. in the village); within a house

antaraghare →

ncped

within a house; (se antara)

antarahita →

ncped

disappeared, vanished; covered; invisible

antarakappa →

ncped

( & n.) a subdivision or intermediate cycle of a mahākappa

antarato →

ncped

from within, inwardly

antaravassa →

ncped

the rainy season

antaravāsaka →

ncped

an inner garment, esp. the innermost of the three robes of a bhikkhu

antaraṃ karoti →

ncped

concentrates on; keeps in mind

antaraṭṭhaka →

ncped

occuring between the aṭṭhakā days

antarubbhāra →

ncped

the removal (of the kaṭhina), ending (of the kaṭhina period and its special allowances) before the usual time

antarā-hosi →

ncped

antarā-hosi

aor. 3 sg. was interrupted; was drowned.

antarā →

ncped

prep.

  1. (adv.) inside; on the way, in the meantime; beforehand, before (reaching something).
  2. (prep.) between (gen. or acc).

antarākathā →

ncped

mutual talk, conversation (between)

antarākāja →

ncped

load on a carrying pole suspended between two persons

antarāmaggato →

ncped

from on the road

antarāmagge →

ncped

on the way

antarāmuttaka →

ncped

released or vacant in the meantime

antarāntara →

ncped

in the middle; as an interruption

antarāparinibbāyi →

ncped

one who realized nibbāna beforehand (before passing the midpoint of his term life in heaven)

antarāparinibbāyin →

ncped

one who realized nibbāna beforehand (before passing the midpoint of his term life in heaven)

antarāpaṇa →

ncped

market, bazaar.

antarāppati →

ncped

an offence committed in the meantime (i.e. before the expiration of a parivāsa or mānatta period)

antarāvosāna →

ncped

giving up half-way

antarāya →

ncped

an obstacle, hindrance; danger, accident; (euphemism for) ruin, death.

antarāyakara →

ncped

(~ī)n. causing obstacles; preventing

antarāyaṃ karoti →

ncped

hinders, prevents (+gen. rei and personae or +acc. personae, loc. rei)

antarāyika →

ncped

causing obstacles, forming an impediment.

antaḷikkhacara →

ncped

traveling through the air

antaḷikkhecara →

ncped

traveling through the air.

antimadehadhara →

ncped

who has his last body

anto-ārāma →

ncped

anto-ārāma

masculine the inner part of an ārāma

anu FIXME double →

ncped

anu-

ind.

  1. as prefix and preverb expresses: with, along; after, behind; subordinate to, inferior to; according to, in conformity with; severally one after the other; repeatedly
  2. as separate pre …

anucarati →

ncped

walks after or along; walks with; follows; pursues; prosecutes.

anugharakaṃ →

ncped

to each house; from house to house.

anupahāra →

ncped

not bringing; non-supply

anupama →

ncped

incomparable, peerless; excellent, best

anupariharati →

ncped

surrounds, encircles; embraces.

anuppāda →

ncped

non-appearance; non-production

anupubbakāraṇa →

ncped

gradual training.

anupubbavihāra →

ncped

gradual or successive stage (in meditation).

anupāhāra →

ncped

not bringing; non-supply.

anusarati →

ncped

follows, pursues; conforms oneself to

anusañcaranta →

ncped

anusañcarati →

ncped

goes around, walks about (with); walks along, traverses; considers.

anusaṃvaccharaṃ →

ncped

yearly; every year.

anussara →

ncped

anussaramāna →

ncped

anussaranta →

ncped

(~antī)n.

anussarat →

ncped

anussarati →

ncped

anussarati1

pr. 3 sg. follows, pursues; conforms oneself to

anussarati2

pr. 3 sg. remembers, recollects, calls to mind; reflects upon.

anussaraṃ →

ncped

anussaraṇa →

ncped

remembrance; repeated recollection.

anussaraṇaka →

ncped

who remembers.

anuttara →

ncped

having no superior; supreme, best

anuttariya →

ncped

incomparable, excellent

anuvicaramāna →

ncped

anuvicaranta →

ncped

anuvicarati →

ncped

  1. wanders about or through; explores.
  2. thinks of, ponders.

anuvicarāpeti →

ncped

guides (someone) round

anuviccakāra →

ncped

considered action; action undertaken after scrutiny

anuvicāraya →

ncped

anuvicārayat →

ncped

anuvicārayati →

ncped

gone through, explored; scrutinized

anuvyañjanaggāhi →

ncped

occupying oneself with details or minor characteristics.

anuvyañjanaggāhin →

ncped

occupying oneself with details or minor characteristics.

anuvādadhikaraṇa →

ncped

legal question or case concerning support, or concerning a faction, or a legal question or case arising from censure or criticism

anvakkharaṃ →

ncped

syllable by syllable.

anvāvisati →

ncped

enters, occupies, possesses (said esp. of Māra)

anācāra →

ncped

  1. (m.) misconduct, esp. sexual misconduct.
  2. (mfn.) immoral, unchaste

anādara →

ncped

disrespectful; regardless, unconcerned; indifferent.

anādhāra →

ncped

without support; without a stand or holder

anāgāmi →

ncped

~inī feminine one who does not return (to this world; one who has reached the third stage, and will be reborn only in a Brahma world, and attain arahatship there)

anāgāmin →

ncped

~inī feminine one who does not return (to this world; one who has reached the third stage, and will be reborn only in a Brahma world, and attain arahatship there)

anāhāra →

ncped

  1. (m.) not food; not sustenance.
  2. (mfn.) taking no food; without support; without fuel

anāmantacara →

ncped

going for alms without asking permission

anāpara →

ncped

without another, matchless.

anārakkha →

ncped

not watchful, not guarding

anārambha →

ncped

anārambha1

masculine absence of undertaking; non-exertion

anārambha2

mfn. not involving killing or destruction.

anārammaṇa →

ncped

without a basis; without an object

anārādhaka →

ncped

not winning approval, not pleasing; unsuccessful

anārādhanīya →

ncped

failure, lack of approval

anāsannavara →

ncped

best when not near

anāvara →

ncped

irresistible; without obstruction.

anāvaraṇadassāvi →

ncped

seeing without obstruction; with unobstructed sight

anāvaraṇadassāvin →

ncped

seeing without obstruction; with unobstructed sight

anūpama →

ncped

incomparable, peerless; excellent, best

anūsara →

ncped

not having saline soil

apacayārāma →

ncped

finding delight in diminution

apamāra →

ncped

epilepsy

apara →

ncped

another, a further, one more; following, subsequent; later; western.

aparaddha →

ncped

aparaddha1

mfn. destroyed, disappeared.

aparaddha2

pp mfn.

  1. (act.) having missed (the mark); having fallen short of (acc.); having done wrong (to) or offended against (loc. …

aparaddhuṃ →

ncped

aparajjhati →

ncped

misses (one’s aim), fails; wrongs or offends against (+acc., gen/dat. or loc).

aparajjhaṃ →

ncped

aparajju →

ncped

on the following day.

aparajjugata →

ncped

which occurred on the previous day

aparanta →

ncped

the future; a future or final state

aparantakappika →

ncped

who theorizes about the future

aparantanudiṭṭhi →

ncped

holding (false) views concerning the future

aparantanudiṭṭhin →

ncped

holding (false) views concerning the future

aparapajā →

ncped

grandchildren and descendants

aparapara →

ncped

one after another; various; following

aparaparaṃ →

ncped

to and fro; again and again; more and more

aparaṃ →

ncped

again, further, moreover

aparaṇṇa →

ncped

vegetables.

aparādhenta →

ncped

aparādheti →

ncped

lets (something) go wrong or fail; neglects

aparādhi →

ncped

offending; criminal.

aparādhin →

ncped

offending; criminal.

aparādhita →

ncped

missed; done wrongly; neglected

aparādika →

ncped

(one) who has offended or committed a fault, who has fallen short (of).

apasmāra →

ncped

epilepsy

apasādana →

ncped

reproach; disparagement.

apasādayati →

ncped

dismisses; rebukes, reproaches; disparages

apasādeta →

ncped

(from apasādeti) one who rebukes; one who disparages.

apasādetar →

ncped

(from apasādeti) one who rebukes; one who disparages.

apasādeti →

ncped

dismisses; rebukes, reproaches; disparages

apasādita →

ncped

dismissed; rebuked; disparaged

apasāraṇa →

ncped

removing; taking (a ship) out from land (?):

apattacīvaraka →

ncped

(one) who has no bowl or (bhikkhu’s) robe.

appamaññā →

ncped

boundlessness, infinitude (as name for the brahmavihāras)

apparajakkha →

ncped

with little or no passion or impurity

apparajakkhajātika →

ncped

being by nature free from passion

appasattha →

ncped

with a small caravan

appatara →

ncped

smaller; less numerous; shorter

appaṭṭhatara →

ncped

less difficult

appāhāra →

ncped

eating little

apārutaghara →

ncped

living with open doors

apāya →

ncped

  1. going away, departure; loss, decline; moral deterioration; perdition.
  2. misfortune; one of four unhappy destinies in saṃsāra.

araha →

ncped

deserving, worthy (of); proper, fit (to).

arahaddhaja →

ncped

the emblem of the arahat (the yellow robe)

arahaggata →

ncped

directed towards arahats; (or directed towards the worthy)

arahantaghātaka →

ncped

the killer of an arahat

arahantavāda →

ncped

the title of an arahat

arahat →

ncped

(& f.?) ‘a worthy one’, an arahat; (in Buddhism) one who has realized nibbāna; one in whom the āsavas are destroyed and who is no longer liable to rebirth.

araha(t)2

part. pr. mfn.

arahati →

ncped

is worthy of, deserves; is entitled to; is fit to; ought to; should, must (+ inf.).

arahatta →

ncped

the state or condition of an arahat; arahatship

arahattamagga →

ncped

the path of arahatship, the progress towards arahatship

arahattaphala →

ncped

the fruit, the fulfillment of arahatship (i.e. nibbāna)

arañña →

ncped

wilderness; forest, jungle; the wild.

araññavihāra →

ncped

(the ascetic) life in the wild; a dwelling in the wild

araññāyatana →

ncped

place in the forest, a forest haunt

araṇika →

ncped

or neuter one of the tools for kindling fire.

araṇisahita →

ncped

the fire implements, the kindling stick.

ariyagarahi →

ncped

reproaching, censuring the noble ones

ariyagarahin →

ncped

reproaching, censuring the noble ones

ariyavihāra →

ncped

mode of life of the noble ones; a sublime state

ariyavohāra →

ncped

the way of speaking of the noble ones; a noble mode of speech

arājaka →

ncped

without a king.

arājika →

ncped

without a king.

asatthika →

ncped

not traveling with a company or caravans.

assaratana →

ncped

precious horse, an excellent horse; esp. the ’horse-treasure ’ (one of the seven ratanas of a cakkavatti(n) king)

assatara →

ncped

mule

assatthara →

ncped

(a bed covered) with a horse-blanket

athaparaṃ →

ncped

and further

aticarati →

ncped

goes beyond the bounds; transgresses sexually (against), is unfaithful (to); commits adultery.

atiharanta →

ncped

atiharati →

ncped

brings over, brings, brings to; carries over.

atiharāpesuṃ →

ncped

atiharāpetabba →

ncped

atiharāpeti →

ncped

causes to bring in; collects, harvest, confiscates

atiharāpetvā →

ncped

atikaḍḍhati →

ncped

pulls or presses too much or very much; harasses (?).

atikkanta-vara →

ncped

atikkanta-vara

mfn. beyond or above granting boons

atitarati →

ncped

passes over, crosses; goes beyond, surpasses.

atithikaraṇīya →

ncped

hospitality

attabhara →

ncped

supporting only oneself

attagarahi →

ncped

blaming oneself; reproaching oneself

attagarahin →

ncped

blaming oneself; reproaching oneself

attakāra →

ncped

action by oneself; a personal service

attamāraṇiya →

ncped

causing death to oneself

attha →

ncped

attha1

m rarely neuter

  1. aim, purpose, goal; advantage, profit, benefit.
  2. use, need, want (+ instr.).
    1. affair, concern, business; problem; thing, matter; (with verbs of saying, a …

atthacara →

ncped

who is helpful, who does good, brings benefit; who serves

atthacaraka →

ncped

(-ikā)n.

atthagama →

ncped

annihilation, disappearance.

atthakaraṇa →

ncped

(the place for) dealing with lawsuits; seat of judgment, courtroom

atthantara →

ncped

taking the goal or meaning to heart; intent on the goal or meaning

atthapurekkhāra →

ncped

aiming at the meaning, or at the benefit

attharati →

ncped

spreads out, spreads; spreads over, covers; lays out; esp. kaṭhinam attharati, covers the kaṭhina, participates in the kaṭhina robe-making and ritual.

attharaṇa →

ncped

covering, carpet; laying out.

atthāra →

ncped

spreading, covering (the kaṭhina); performing the kaṭhina robe-making and ritual; displaying the kaṭhina robe.

atthāraka →

ncped

(one) who covers (the kaṭhina); who supervises the communal robe-making and ritual.

atīsaraṃdiṭṭhi →

ncped

excessive view(s); deviant view(s).

atīsāra →

ncped

going beyond, deviation; transgression.

avagaṇḍakāraṃ →

ncped

stuffing the cheeks full; so as to make the cheeks swell.

avaharamāna →

ncped

avaharati →

ncped

takes down, puts down; takes away; steals.

avaharaṇacitta →

ncped

(& n.?) with the intention of stealing; (an intention to steal; ?)

avahāra →

ncped

taking away; theft.

avahāraka →

ncped

(one) who takes away; a thief.

avajāta →

ncped

of low or base birth; of lower character than one’s parents; an unworthy child.

avakkanti →

ncped

coming down (into); entering a womb, conception; appearance.

avakkāra →

ncped

leftovers or surplus from a meal.

avakkārapāti →

ncped

dish for the left overs or surplus

avalekhanapiṭhara →

ncped

receptacle for scrapers.

avarajjhati →

ncped

misses, neglects, fails (of); offends, commits a fault.

avarapure →

ncped

to the west of the city.

avasarati →

ncped

goes down (to); moves away (to).

avekkhitācāra →

ncped

who watches his behavior

añjalikaraṇīya →

ncped

worthy of respectful salutations

aññadatthuhara →

ncped

who merely, only takes

aññatara →

ncped

  1. one of two; one of several; a certain… (often used as indefinite article: ‘a’); somebody, some….
  2. other, another; different.

aññataraññatara →

ncped

one or other; all kinds

aññā →

ncped

knowledge, philoso phic insight; perfect knowledge i.e. arahantship.

aññāṃ vyākaroti →

ncped

proclaims one’s arahatship

aḍḍharatta →

ncped

midnight

aḍḍharatti →

ncped

midnight

aḍḍharattā →

ncped

midnight

aṅga →

ncped

( & m.) a part of the body; a limb, member; an integral part of anything; a constituent part of a whole, a subordinate division; a limb or aspect of something as a characteristic sign, an attribute, a …

aṅgarāga →

ncped

unguents or cosmetics for the body

aṅgāra →

ncped

charcoal; heated charcoal; embers.

aṅgārakaṭāha →

ncped

pot or pan for burning charcoal; a fire-pan; a brazier

aṅgārakāsu →

ncped

charcoal pit (with burning coal)

aṇḍahāraka →

ncped

one who takes or extirpates the testicles, a gelder; (or one who takes eggs?)

aṭṭakaraṇa →

ncped

(the place for) dealing with lawsuits; seats of judgment, courtroom

aṭṭakāraka →

ncped

one of the parties in a lawsuit

aṭṭassara →

ncped

cry of distress

aṭṭhapadaka →

ncped

cross weaving; a darn (in appearance like a checkered board)

aṭṭharasa →

ncped

num. & mfn. 18

aṭṭhaṅgasamannāgata →

ncped

  1. characterised by eight parts (i.e. by observance of the first eight precepts); having eight constituent parts.
  2. possessed of eight good qualities or of eight faults

aṭṭhaṅgupeta →

ncped

characterized by the eight parts or factors (i.e. by the observance of the first eight precepts)

aṭṭhārasaka →

ncped

group of eighteen.

aṭṭhārasama →

ncped

eighteenth

caccara →

ncped

courtyard; a cross road; a thoroughfare.

cakkaratana →

ncped

the “wheel treasure” of the cakkavatti(n)

cakkhukaraṇa →

ncped

(~ī)n. producing sight or insight.

camaravījanī →

ncped

fan or fly-whisk made from a yak’s tail, a chowry.

cammakāra →

ncped

leather worker; a shoe maker.

candanamaṇḍitasāragandhika →

ncped

excellent scent because of sandalwood decoration.

candanasāra →

ncped

the essence of sandalwood; the best sandalwood; the pith of sandalwood.

candarābhā →

ncped

capucapukārakaṃ →

ncped

indeclinable making the sound “capucapu”

cara →

ncped

spy; a secret agent; a scout.

carahi →

ncped

indeclinable then at that moment; in that case; yet; (as emphatic particle) then; commonly used as emphatic particle (preceded by atha) in interrogative clauses, often expressing exasperation or indig …

caraka →

ncped

one who goes about or roams; a wandering ascetic.

caramāna →

ncped

of carati

caranta →

ncped

(~antī)n of carati

carapurā →

ncped

(according to commentary) a retinue in front and behind.

carat →

ncped

of carati

caraṇa →

ncped

  1. (m. n.) a foot.
  2. (n.) behavior; conduct; esp. good and moral conduct.
  3. (n.) a traveling picture, a painting on cloth which is carried around.

caraṇasampanna →

ncped

perfect in good conduct.

caraṇava →

ncped

of good conduct.

caraṇavat →

ncped

of good conduct.

caraṇavipanna →

ncped

whose behavior is wroing; failing in good conduct.

cari →

ncped

of carati

carimha →

ncped

of carati

caritvā →

ncped

of carati

caritvāna →

ncped

of carati

cariya →

ncped

of carati

cariṃ →

ncped

of carati

cariṃsu →

ncped

of carati

catukkaṃsaparama →

ncped

worth at the most four kaṃsas.

caṅgavāra →

ncped

strainer, a sieve.

ce →

ncped

indeclinable (never at beginning of sentence or phrase), if (usually with present indicative or opt., so even for conditions in the past); no ce, if not; yam ce, (after comparative) than; than that.

cetapharaṇatā →

ncped

, abstr. the suffusing or pervading the thoughts of others.

cetavimutti →

ncped

the freeing or freedom of thought (from defilement or obstruction) by advanced stages of meditation (a state attained temporarily in meditation and permanently with arahatship.

cetavivaraṇasappāya →

ncped

beneficial for clearing the thoughts of obstructions.

cetiya →

ncped

…or king), especially a thūpa in a vihāra.

chambhati →

ncped

becomes stiff or rigid; is paralyzed (with fear); (but apparently understood also as shakes)

chambhita →

ncped

stiffened, benumbed, paralyzed (with fear); (but apparently understood also as) shaking.

chambhitatta →

ncped

stiffness, paralysis, rigidity (through fear)

chandarāga →

ncped

appetite and desire; desire that is appetite.

chandāraha →

ncped

entitled to give consent by proxy.

chasamannāgata →

ncped

with six parts or six characteristics.

chatta →

ncped

umbrella; sunshade; a parasol; a parasol erected on a thūpa; a parasol as a sign of sovereignty; esp. as part of the regalia of a king; chattaṃ ussāpetuṃ, to raise the royal parasol (equivalent to …

chattaka →

ncped

parasol.

chattappagahita →

ncped

carrying a parasol.

chattapāṇī →

ncped

with a parasol in one’s hand.

chinnababbhara →

ncped

chinnabhabbhara →

ncped

not making the sound bharabhara?

chinnasassara →

ncped

not making the sound saṃsara?

chāratta →

ncped

(a period of) six nights.

chārattaparamaṃ →

ncped

indeclinable for six nights at the most.

chārattaṃ →

ncped

for six nights.

chārattūna →

ncped

less six nights.

ciraratta →

ncped

or neuter a long time.

cirarattaṃ →

ncped

for a long time.

cirataraṃ →

ncped

for a longer time; for a very long time; more slowly.

citantaraṃsa →

ncped

whose back is flat (i.e. not hollow) between the shoulder-blades (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahapurisa)

cittakāra →

ncped

painter; decorator.

cittakāraka →

ncped

painter.

cittantara →

ncped

having the interval of a thought moment.

cittapamāthi →

ncped

troubling, harassing the thoughts.

cittapamāthin →

ncped

troubling, harassing the thoughts.

cittaparikkhāra →

ncped

  1. (m.) equipping, making fit the thinking.
  2. (mfn.) which equips, makes fit the thinking.

cittappamāthi →

ncped

troubling, harassing the thoughts.

cittappamāthin →

ncped

troubling, harassing the thoughts.

cittasaṅkhara →

ncped

mental motive force; mental activity.

cittatara →

ncped

more varied or diversified.

cittāgāra →

ncped

decorated pleasure house.

cittālaṅkāra →

ncped

which adorns or improves (makes fit?)

cittālaṅkāracittaparikkhāra →

ncped

adornment or improvement (making fit?) and equipping of thinking?

cittīkāra →

ncped

respect; consideration.

civarapativisa →

ncped

corasādhāraṇa →

ncped

vulnerable to thieves.

cāmara →

ncped

the bushy tail of the yak used as a fan or fly-whisk, a chowry.

cāmarachattagāhakā →

ncped

those who hold the chowry and parasol.

cāra →

ncped

  1. going, going about; grazing; going about (one’s life), behavior.
  2. a spy, a secret agent; a scout.

cāraṇika →

ncped

painted cloth (carried round by wandering actors); a play performed by wandering actors; ?

cātuddisa →

ncped

…pervading the four quarters (with brahmavihāras)

cātumahārājika →

ncped

cātummahārājika →

ncped

  1. (mfn. & m.) belonging to the company attending the four great kings, the world guardians; a deva or the devas belonging to that company.
  2. (n.) the world of the catummaharajika devas.

cātuyāmasaṃvara →

ncped

control in regards to the four restraints.

cīvara →

ncped

one of the three robes of a bhikkhu (antaravāsaka, uttarāsaṅga and saṅghāti), or one of the five robes of a bhikkhuni (those three plus saṅkacchika and udakasāṭika), especially the *uttara …

cīvarabhisī →

ncped

roll for robes.

cīvarabhājaka →

ncped

(one) who distributes material for robes.

cīvaracetāpana →

ncped

something to be exchanged for robe material; the purchase price for robe material.

cīvaracetāpanna →

ncped

cīvaradhāraṇa →

ncped

, ~a., feminine the wearing of the (ascetic’s) robe; keeping a robe.

cīvaradussa →

ncped

(a piece of) cloth for making robes.

cīvarahetu →

ncped

indeclinable for the sake of a robe.

cīvarakamma →

ncped

robe making; robe work.

cīvarakālasamaya →

ncped

, id. proper time when robe material is given.

cīvarakārasamaya →

ncped

time for making or working on robes.

cīvaralesa →

ncped

an oblique or indirect statement connected with a robe.

cīvaranidahaka →

ncped

(one) who keeps or stores the material for robes.

cīvaranidāhaka →

ncped

cīvarapaccāsā →

ncped

the expectation of receiving a robe or material for a robe.

cīvarapaṭiggāhaka →

ncped

(one) who receives robe material (on behalf of the saṅgha.

cīvarapaṭivisa →

ncped

cīvarapaṭiviṃsa →

ncped

share or portion of material for robe.

cīvarapaṭivīsa →

ncped

cīvararajju →

ncped

rope for hanging the robes.

cīvarasaṅkamanīya →

ncped

robe which has to be handed back; a borrowed robe.

cīvaravaṃsa →

ncped

bamboo rod for hanging up robes.

cīvaravibhaṅga →

ncped

the distribution of material for robes.

cīvaravicāraṇa →

ncped

considering, planning (the making of robes)

daddara →

ncped

  1. a kind of drum.
  2. a hollow noise (as of a drum?)

dahara →

ncped

(~ā ~ī)n. young; an infant; a young boy, a youth; a young girl.

daharaka →

ncped

(-ikā)n. young.

daharatagge →

ncped

from childhood; from youth.

dama →

ncped

, mfn. & masculine

  1. (m.)

    1. self control, self restraint; subduing; forbearance.
    2. (according to commentaries) understanding, wisdom.
  2. (mfn.) that is self-restraint.

dandhābbhiñña →

ncped

of slow understanding; characterized by slow intuition.

dantakāra →

ncped

an artisan in ivory; an ivory-worker.

dara →

ncped

being hot; fever; distress.

daratha →

ncped

being hot or inflamed; distress; exhaustion.

dassanīyatara →

ncped

, compar. more beautiful.

daṇḍakamma →

ncped

punishment; a penance; reparation.

daṇḍaparāyana →

ncped

dependent on a stick.

daṇḍavākarā →

ncped

net on a stick; a kind of snare.

devagaharaka →

ncped

who disparages the devas.

devarāja →

ncped

king of the gods (usually Sakka/lnda)

devarājan →

ncped

devaññatara →

ncped

one of the devas; some deva or other; a lesser deva.

dhaja →

ncped

standard, a flag, a banner; a badge, a mark, emblem or characteristic sign.

dhamma →

ncped

    1. how the world of experience works, the processes by which it works and is explained (especially as formulated in cattāri ariyasaccānī and paṭiccasamuppāda), and the possibility and way of transc …

dhammadhara →

ncped

(one) versed in dhamma; (one) who holds firm to dhamma.

dhammagarahi →

ncped

blaming, finding fault with, dhamma.

dhammagarahin →

ncped

blaming, finding fault with, dhamma.

dhammagārava →

ncped

  1. (n.) respect for dhamma.
  2. (mfn.) respectful, obedient to, dhamma.

dhammakaraka →

ncped

water-vessel.

dhammarāja →

ncped

dhammarājan →

ncped

  1. a just king; a rightful.
  2. the king of dhamma.

dhammaṃ carati →

ncped

does one’s duty, does what is right; lives righteously; practices the dhamma.

dhammārāma →

ncped

delighting in the mental constructs; delighting in dhamma.

dhammūpahāra →

ncped

the presenting of ideas, images, or of the teachings.

dhanahāraka →

ncped

taking money; going to take money.

dharati →

ncped

holds, holds in mind; remembers.

dharayati →

ncped

dharaṇī →

ncped

the earth; soil; ground.

dhata →

ncped

of dharati held, held in mind; remembered, memorized

dhaññakarana →

ncped

threshing floor.

dhaññāgāra →

ncped

granary.

dhaṅkarūpa →

ncped

with the appearance of a crow.

dhotapaccatthara →

ncped

rug (for when one has) washed feet (?)

dhutta →

ncped

gambler; a bad character; a cheat, a scoundrel, a rake.

dhuttaka →

ncped

gambler; a bad character; a cheat, a scoundrel, a rake.

dhuvabhatta →

ncped

regular food; a guaranteed meal (for a particular person (?)

dhārakajātika →

ncped

naturally remembering; good at remembering.

dhārayati →

ncped

dhārayi →

ncped

of dhāreti

dhārayitvā →

ncped

of dhāreti

dhārayiṃ →

ncped

of dhāreti

dhārayuṃ →

ncped

of dhāreti

dhāraṇīyā →

ncped

dhārā →

ncped

dhārā1

feminine a stream of water; a drop of liquid; a stream, a shower.

dhārā2

feminine the sharp edge of a knife or a sword etc.; a blade.

dhītumaraṇa →

ncped

the death of a daughter or of daughters.

divārattiṃ →

ncped

indeclinable by night and day.

divātaraṃ →

ncped

, adv. rather late; later on in the day.

divāvihāra →

ncped

seclusion for rest and meditation by day (after the midday meal)

dosantara →

ncped

inwardly hostile; activated by ill-will.

dubbalīkarana →

ncped

( ~ā, ī)n., n

  1. (mfn.) weakening.
  2. (n.f.) the weakening (of)

duccara →

ncped

difficult to practice, hard to do

duddasika →

ncped

disagreeable to the sight; of unpleasing appearance, ugly.

duhara →

ncped

dukkara →

ncped

(what is) hard to do; difficult to perform or practice; (it is) hard, a difficult thing.

dukkarakārikā →

ncped

who does what is hard to do.

dukkaratara →

ncped

, compar. harder to do; more difficult.

dukkha →

ncped

  1. (mfn.)
    1. painful; unpleasant; bringing pain or distress; uneasy, uncomfortable; not what one wants; wrong.
    2. (used to characterize all experience) unsatisfactory; bringing distress or troub …

dullabhatara →

ncped

, compar. more difficult to obtain; very rare.

dunnivāraya →

ncped

difficult to restrain; hard to hold back.

durāsada →

ncped

hard or dangerous to approach; difficult to attack; difficult to be met with, unparalleled.

dussaṃhara →

ncped

hard to collect hard; hard to gather together.

duttara →

ncped

duttara1

mfn. difficult to cross over, to pass beyond.

duttara2

mfn. hard to cross over; hard to climb out of or escape from.

duvāra →

ncped

dvedhikajāta →

ncped

holding two opinions; separated into two sides.

dvicaturaṅgagāmi →

ncped

which moves with eight constituent parts (?); which leads those with eight characteristics (?)

dvicaturaṅgagāmin →

ncped

which moves with eight constituent parts (?); which leads those with eight characteristics (?)

dvidugamavaratarahanutta →

ncped

having the jaw of the best of the quadrupeds.

dvākāra →

ncped

of poor appearance; with poor characteristics.

dvāra →

ncped

  1. a door; a doorway, an entrance; a passage.
  2. a gate of a town, a gateway.
  3. a door as a means of access; a way, a means; esp. the sense-organs and the mind, as means of access for experience.

dvārabhatta →

ncped

food placed before the door.

dvārabāhā →

ncped

doorpost.

dvārakosa →

ncped

door-frame; the area surrounding a door.

dvārasālā →

ncped

gatehouse; a room over the gate.

dāra →

ncped

, m.pl. & n.pl. a wife; wives.

dārabharaṇa →

ncped

supporting a wife.

dāraka →

ncped

child; a boy, a son; a young animal.

dārābharaṇa →

ncped

dāsakammakarā →

ncped

slaves and servants.

dīgharattassa →

ncped

adverb for a long time.

dīgharattaṃ →

ncped

adverb for a long time.

dīgharattāya →

ncped

adverb for a long time.

dīghaṅguli →

ncped

having long fingers (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahapurisa)

dūhara →

ncped

hard to be taken away.

dūratara →

ncped

, compar. further away; more distant.

dūsi →

ncped

  1. defiling; spoiling; violating.
  2. (m.) the name of mārā.

dūsin →

ncped

  1. defiling; spoiling; violating.
  2. (m.) the name of mārā.

eka-m-eka →

ncped

eka-m-eka

pron. & mfn.

  1. each (one), each separate (one); one by one; (repeated:) each… one each….
  2. any one (of several), one or the other; just one; a single one

eka →

ncped

num. & mfn.

    1. one; only one; a single; one of two or many.
    2. one only, one and the same.
    3. (indefinite:) one, a certain; a, an.
  1. alone; solitary.

  2. one and only, unique; preeminent. 4 …

ekabīji →

ncped

‘having one seed’, the most advanced type of sotāpanna, who will become an arahat in his next life as a man

ekabījin →

ncped

‘having one seed’, the most advanced type of sotāpanna, who will become an arahat in his next life as a man

ekacara →

ncped

going about or living alone; solitary

ekato →

ncped

  1. on one side, on one part; on each side; to one side; separately.
  2. all on one side, in one body; together.

ekato … ekato …

(?) on one side …; on the other side …

ekatodhāra →

ncped

with a single cutting edge

ekavaraka →

ncped

the one and only husband

ekaṃsavyākaraṇiya →

ncped

answerable; to be answered with certainty, or with an absolute affirmation

ekaṅga →

ncped

one part; one characteristic; one factor

ekārāmatā →

ncped

delight in solitude

ekāsana →

ncped

  1. sitting alone; being alone, being separate.
  2. one seat, a single seat; the same seat

enījaṅgha →

ncped

with legs like the black antelope’s (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa).

etaparama →

ncped

having this (which usually follows) as their highest limit, i.e. only as good as this, no better than this; only as great as this, no more than this

etaparamaṃ →

ncped

as well as, only as well as, on as much as

etarahi →

ncped

now; a this time; nowadays, at the present time; esp. (a) in relation to the past and/or future; parallel (in direct speech) to tena kho pana samayena (+ historic present).

etāvataparama →

ncped

having such as its highest limit, i.e. only as good as such, only so great

etāvataparamaṃ →

ncped

only to such an extent, only as greatly

evaṃrūpa →

ncped

having such a physical form or appearance

evācāra →

ncped

of such behavior, of such conduct.

eḷaka-m-antaraṃ →

ncped

eḷaka-m-antaraṃ

ind. within the threshold; across the threshold.

gabbha →

ncped

  1. womb of humans and animals.
  2. the fetus.
  3. an inner room or an apartment; (in a vihara) a separate room or cell.

gabbhakaraṇa →

ncped

(the art of) causing or aiding conception.

gahakāra →

ncped

gahakāraka →

ncped

house-builder, a mason, a carpenter.

gahapaticīvara →

ncped

robe or robe-material given by a householder.

gamikābhisankhāra →

ncped

the impetus or determination to go; preparations for going.

gamiyābhisankhāra →

ncped

gandhāra →

ncped

the name of a magic spell.

gandhūpahāra →

ncped

the bringing of a foul smelling or fragrant substance.

garahamāna →

ncped

of garahati

garahanta →

ncped

(~anti) n. of garahati

garahati →

ncped

reproaches; censures; dispraises; finds fault with (a person, action, or state)

garaheti →

ncped

garahi →

ncped

of garahati

garahita →

ncped

of garahati censured; dispraised (by instr, or gen)

garahitabba →

ncped

of garahati

garahitta →

ncped

of garahati

garahiya →

ncped

garahā →

ncped

reproach; censure.

garayati →

ncped

garubhārā →

ncped

pregnant.

garukaraṇa →

ncped

inducing respect.

garukāra →

ncped

(an act of) respect, veneration.

garutara →

ncped

heavier; more to be esteemed.

gaṇārāma →

ncped

finding pleasure in a company.

ghara →

ncped

  1. a building, a house, esp. the household of a layman, living a worldly life in a family.
  2. a floor or story of a building?

gharabandhana →

ncped

(and m). confinement in a house; detention.

gharadinnakābādha →

ncped

sickness caused by a potion given in a house (?)

gharamesi →

ncped

householder.

gharamesin →

ncped

householder.

gharaṇī →

ncped

housewife; mistress of a house.

gharā →

ncped

gharāvāsa →

ncped

living in a household; household; family life.

gharūpacāra →

ncped

the immediate surroundings of a house, the ground belonging to a house.

ghāsacchādaparama →

ncped

having or wanting nothing more than (mere) food and clothing.

ghāsahāraka →

ncped

(one) who fetches or carries fodder.

gihiddhaja →

ncped

the emblem or characteristic sign of a householder.

gihidhaja →

ncped

the emblem or characteristic sign of a householder.

gihiliṅga →

ncped

the distinctive marks or character of a householder.

gihipatirūpakara →

ncped

appropriate for householders.

girigabbhara →

ncped

mountain cleft or cave.

girigavhara →

ncped

gocara →

ncped

  1. a grazing; search for food; where and on what animals feed; the particular feeding ground, the particular food of an animal.
  2. a mendicant’s begging-round; where mendicants (properly) beg for foo …

gocaragāma →

ncped

village from where a mendicant obtains food; a village where mendicants can (properly) beg for food.

godharaṇī →

ncped

cow in calf.

guttadvāra →

ncped

with means of access (of the sense-faculties) guarded; defended; controlled.

gāmaghāta →

ncped

  1. (m.) sacking or plundering of a village.
  2. (mfn.) (one) who plunders a village; a marauder.

gāmaghātaka →

ncped

(one) who plunders a village; a marauder.

gāmantara →

ncped

another village, a different village, the next village.

gāmantarakappa →

ncped

“different village practice”, the practice of eating a second time in a different village.

gāma’ūpacāra →

ncped

the environs; the outskirts of a village.

gārava →

ncped

  1. (from garu)
  2. (m.n.) respect; reverence; esteem.
  3. (n.) heaviness.
  4. (mfn.) respectful; full of esteem.

gārayha →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) to be censured; deserving or involving reproach.
  2. (m.n. or mfn.) the classification of a saṅgha offense.

gītassara →

ncped

the sound or tone of singing; a singing accent or tone.

icchavacara →

ncped

sphere of desire, domain of wishes

iddhabhisaṅkhāra →

ncped

exercise of supernatural power(s)

issara →

ncped

issara1

mfn. and masculine

  1. (mfn.) in authority, empowered; in charge; powerful, rich.
  2. (m.)
    1. one in authority, with power; a lord, a king; a chief; a master.
    2. the Lord; the …

issarakutta →

ncped

the work of a god; creation by a god

issaranimmāṇa →

ncped

creation by a god

issarā →

ncped

mistress.

issarādhipacca →

ncped

consisting of authority and supremacy; of supreme authority

itara →

ncped

  1. the other (of two); another, other; the second; next; (pl.) the rest, the other ….
  2. other, common, ordinary, low (esp. with pajā).

itaritara →

ncped

one or another, whatsoever, any sort of

itarītara →

ncped

one or another, whatsoever, any sort of

ito paraṃ →

ncped

from now on; after this

ittara →

ncped

fleeting; brief, temporary, limited; changeable, unreliable; inferior.

ittarajacca →

ncped

of inferior birth

ittaraṃ →

ncped

for a short time; briefly

itthantara →

ncped

with a woman inside (?); with a woman driver (?)

itthiliṅga →

ncped

femininity; feminine characteristics; the female sexual characteristic(s)

itthāgāra →

ncped

the women of the household; esp. the harem, a king’s wives and concubines.

iva →

ncped

like, as; as if, as it were; (a) sometimes combined with a preceding vowel; b) sometimes separated from a preceding vowel by a sandhi consonant, in which case a preceding long vowel is sometimes short …

jajjara →

ncped

decrepit; worn out; falling to pieces.

jajjararathaka →

ncped

decrepit carriage.

jantāghara →

ncped

heated room; a room with a fire (normally used before bathing, not for bathing.

jara →

ncped

jara1

mfn. old; worn out.

jara2

masculine fever.

jaraggava →

ncped

an old bull.

jaras →

ncped

aging; old age.

jarasakata →

ncped

an old cart.

jarasigāla →

ncped

an old jackal; a wretched jackal.

jarasiṅgala →

ncped

jarasālā →

ncped

old hall or shed.

jarat →

ncped

jarā →

ncped

becoming old; old age.

jarādhamma →

ncped

subject to growing old or decaying.

jarāghara →

ncped

an old house.

jarāmaraṇasaṅghāta →

ncped

meeting, a joining, of or with old age and death.

jaṅgheyyaka →

ncped

(from jaṅghā) the bottom section of a bhikkhu’s cīvara (the portion which hangs by the shins)

jaṅghāvihāra →

ncped

walking to exercise the legs.

jaṭadharana →

ncped

wearing one’s hair in twisted locks.

jivhanicchākaraṃ →

ncped

indeclinable sticking out the tongue.

jivhānittaddana →

ncped

paralyzing the tongue by means of a spell.

jotiparāyana →

ncped

attaining to light or splendor.

jutindhara →

ncped

resplendent; brilliant; effulgent.

jāgara →

ncped

awake; vigilant; watchful.

jāgaranta →

ncped

(~antī)n. of jāgarati

jāgarat →

ncped

of jāgarati

jāgarati →

ncped

is awake; is watchful.

jāmātara →

ncped

son-in-law.

jāra →

ncped

lover, an illicit or adulterous lover.

jārattana →

ncped

, abstr. the state of being a lover; an affair.

jātasara →

ncped

natural pond or lake.

jātassara →

ncped

natural pond or lake.

jātidhamma →

ncped

subject to, characterized by, birth; liable to come into being.

jātijāramaṇīka →

ncped

jātijāramaṇīya →

ncped

producing (further) birth, old age and death.

jīvitaparikkhārā →

ncped

the requisites of life.

kabaliṅkāra →

ncped

(of food) solid, material; (food) to be swallowed

kabaracchāya →

ncped

with dapple or patchy shade.

kabaḷīkāra →

ncped

(of food) solid, material; (food) to be swallowed

kacavara →

ncped

(& n. (?)) dust, sweepings; rubbish.

kadalimigapavarapaccttharaṇa →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) covered with an excellent kadalimiga skin
  2. (n.) an excellent seating-mat or (a bed with) an excellent covering of a kadalimiga skin

kadāci karahaci →

ncped

  1. sometime or other; once in a while; (in a question) ever.
  2. only once in a while, rarely; hardly ever, if at all

kalahakāraka →

ncped

(-ikā)n. & m. feminine bringing about contention; quarrelsome; a party to a quarrel

kaliṅgara →

ncped

block or piece of wood; a chopping block; an executioner’s block

kalyāṇatara →

ncped

kalyāṇavākkaraṇa →

ncped

of excellent speech, having a fine speaking voice

kalyāṇitara →

ncped

kammakara →

ncped

~ī, feminine doing work; a worker; a hired laborer or servant

kammakāra →

ncped

~ī, feminine working; a servant; a laborer

kammakāraka →

ncped

(one) who or which is competent to enact an official act of the saṅgha

kammakāraṇa →

ncped

torture, torment, pain; punishment

kammakāraṇā →

ncped

torture, torment, pain; punishment

kammāra →

ncped

smith; a metalworker.

kammārabhaṇḍu →

ncped

shaven-headed metalworker

kammāraggarī →

ncped

(the nozzle of) a smith’s bellows

kammāraha →

ncped

subject to, deserving disciplinary action (by the saṅgha)

kammāraputta →

ncped

smith’s

kammārāma →

ncped

taking delight in activity

kammāvaraṇa →

ncped

obstruction by (past) actions

kandara →

ncped

gully, a gorge; a ravine; an inlet

kandarā →

ncped

gully, a gorge; a ravine; an inlet

kantāra →

ncped

region difficult to cross, a dangerous area or way; a wilderness, a desert.

kantāraddha →

ncped

a road through a wilderness, a dangerous path

kantāraddhan →

ncped

a road through a wilderness, a dangerous path

kantāraddhāna →

ncped

a road through a wilderness, a dangerous path

kantāramagga →

ncped

road through a wilderness, a dangerous way

kapalla →

ncped

kapalla1

neuter a bowl (of earthenware); an alms-bowl; a cooking-pan; a piece of earthenware.

kapalla2

neuter lampblack, soot (used as eye preparation).

kapiñjara →

ncped

bird, the francoline partridge

kappara →

ncped

the elbow.

kappiyakāraka →

ncped

one who makes something lawful or acceptable (for bhikkhus or bhikkhunīs, or for other ascetics, e.g. by offering to them things without an owner or by using money to provide robes); one who acts …

kara →

ncped

(usually ~ī)n. & masculine

  1. (mfn.) doing, making, producing.
  2. (n) the hand; the trunk of an elephant.

karakaṭaka →

ncped

ring-pull or wheel (used for drawing water)

karakāya →

ncped

body produced by action, the physical body

karamarānīta →

ncped

(a servant or slave) brought home as a captive (in war).

karat →

ncped

karavika →

ncped

sweet voiced bird, prob. the indian cuckoo bird

karavīka →

ncped

sweet voiced bird, prob. the indian cuckoo bird

karavīkabhāṇi →

ncped

speaking sweetly as a karavīka bird

karavīkabhāṇin →

ncped

speaking sweetly as a karavīka bird

karavīrapatta →

ncped

“oleander leaf”, a kind of arrowhead.

karaḷa →

ncped

handful.

karaṇa →

ncped

the act of making, doing, effecting; enacting.

karaṇīya →

ncped

to be done or made; to be dealt with; what is to be done, what should be done; business, affair; duty; need

karaṇḍa →

ncped

covered box or basket (of bamboo); (according to commentaries) the slough of a snake.

karaṇḍaka →

ncped

  1. a covered box or basket.
  2. an enclosure.

karuṇā →

ncped

compassion; wise empathy, sympathy (for another being’s sorrows; one of the brahmavihāras)

katara →

ncped

who? which one? which …?

kathaṃ carahi →

ncped

how, pray? how indeed?

kattara →

ncped

walking stick.

kattaradaṇḍa →

ncped

walking stick; a staff

kattarasuppa →

ncped

(worn out) winnowing basket

kañcanasannibhattaca →

ncped

with the skin like gold, golden skinned (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa).

kaḷevara →

ncped

the body; a dead body; a corpse.

kaḷiṅgara →

ncped

block or piece of wood; a chopping block; an executioner’s block

kaṃsūpadhāraṇa →

ncped

yielding a pailful of milk; or with a metal milking-pail

kaṇha →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) black, dark; evil, wicked.
  2. (m.) Māra.

kaṇhuttara →

ncped

having a black surface

kaṇikārapuppha →

ncped

kaṇikara flower.

kaṇḍarachinna →

ncped

whose tendons have been cut.

kaṭhina →

ncped

…have participated in the pavāranā ceremony. A minimum of five bhikkhus is required, but unqualified ones may make up the number without…

kaṭhinarajju →

ncped

the cord for (tying the robe material to) the kaṭhina

kaṭhinattharaṇa →

ncped

the covering of the kaṭhina ; the communal robe making and its ritual

kaṭhinatthāra →

ncped

the covering of the kaṭhina ; the communal robe making and its ritual

kaṭhinatthāraka →

ncped

one who covers the kaṭhina ; who supervises the making of the robe (which becomes his)

kaṭhinubbhāra →

ncped

removal of the kaṭhina ; ending of the kaṭhina ; ending of the kaṭhina period (and of its special allowances)

kaṭhinuddhāra →

ncped

removal of the kaṭhina ; ending of the kaṭhina ; ending of the kaṭhina period (and of its special allowances)

kaṭukatara →

ncped

comp. more bitter

kaṭṭhahāra →

ncped

~ī, feminine one who gathers sticks or firewood

kaṭṭhahāraka →

ncped

(-ikā) (one) who gathers sticks or firewood

khamanīya →

ncped

bearable; endurable; it is bearable

khambha →

ncped

  1. a prop, a support.
  2. stiffness; paralysis.

khambhanā →

ncped

propping; making stiff; paralyzing; (or obstructing, hindering (?))

khambhayati →

ncped

props, supports; paralyzes, makes stiff (with fear); obstructs, hinders

khambheti →

ncped

props, supports; paralyzes, makes stiff (with fear); obstructs, hinders

khanti →

ncped

  1. patience; forbearance; endurance.
  2. receptivity; predilection; preference; preferred view;

khantī →

ncped

  1. patience; forbearance; endurance.
  2. receptivity; predilection; preference; preferred view

khara →

ncped

harsh, rough; hard, solid; sharp, keen; fierce.

kharagata →

ncped

hard; solid

kharassara →

ncped

harsh toned; making a harsh sound

kharājina →

ncped

rough animal skin

khetta →

ncped

  1. arable land; a cultivated field.
  2. delimited area (of space or time); field of activity, sphere of action.
  3. fertile soil, a suitable place (for something to arise or be produced); esp. a suitabl …

khippatara →

ncped

quicker; swifter

khippataraṃ →

ncped

more quickly; most quickly

khippābhiña →

ncped

of swift understanding; characterized by quick intuition

khuddakanagaraka →

ncped

small insignificant town

khuddarāja →

ncped

minor or subordinate king

khuddarājan →

ncped

minor or subordinate king

khulukhulukārakaṃ →

ncped

making the noise “khulukhulu)”; so as to make a rattling noise.

khuradhāra →

ncped

razor-edged, sharp as a razor; containing razors

khāra →

ncped

  1. (m.) an alkali; a caustic substance (such as soda or potash).
  2. (mfn.) consisting of caustic fluid; esp. as epithet of a river in a hell.

khāribhāra →

ncped

the burden of the khāri container, the khāri load.

khārāpatacchika →

ncped

(& ~ā f.?) a form of torture (involving inflicting wounds which are then treated with a caustic fluid

khīṇāsava →

ncped

(one) in whom the āsavas have perished; free from the āsavas, i.e. an arahant

kicca →

ncped

,

  1. (mfn. and n.) (what is) to be done or made; business, affair; duty, service; purpose, need; something to be done, that must be done; job, task.
  2. (n.) see kiccādhikaraṇa

kiccakara →

ncped

doing what should be done, doing one’s duty; serving a purpose, useful

kiccakaraṇīya →

ncped

duty to be performed, business to be done; various duties or affairs

kiccādhikaraṇa →

ncped

legal case or matter to be dealt with involving or connected with a formal act (of the saṅgha)

kimpurisa →

ncped

mythical being usually identified with a kinnara

kimuttara →

ncped

having what as its chief characteristic? having what as most excellent?

kinnara →

ncped

mythical being, prob, an animal but with some human features or characteristics (they live in the mountains; are timid, but sing and dance superbly; and have remarkably beautiful eyes.

kinnarī →

ncped

mythical being, prob, an animal but with some human features or characteristics (they live in the mountains; are timid, but sing and dance superbly; and have remarkably beautiful eyes.

kiñ carahi →

ncped

interrog. how then? why then? how is it that …?

kiṃ karaṇīya →

ncped

duty, any duty at all

kiṃ kārapaṭissāvi →

ncped

kiṃ kārapaṭissāvi(n)

mfn. ready for any action required; agreeing to all (requests for) service

kiṃ kārapaṭissāvin →

ncped

kiṃ kārapaṭissāvi(n)

mfn. ready for any action required; agreeing to all (requests for) service

kiṃ kāraṇaṃ →

ncped

for what reason? why?

kiṃ kāraṇā →

ncped

for what reason? why?

kiṭṭhārakkha →

ncped

guard of cornfields.

kodhasammadasammatta →

ncped

exhilarated with the intoxication of anger

komāra →

ncped

(~ī)n. & neuter youthful; virginal; (n.) childhood, youth; (f.) who has not had a previous husband, who was a virgin at marriage.

komārabrahmacariyā →

ncped

complete chastity; the preserving of virginity

komāraka →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) young; belonging to childhood or youth; juvenile; concerned with children or young people; virginal, chaste.
  2. (n.) what belongs to childhood; childishness.

kopāntara →

ncped

inwardly angry

kosakāhāra →

ncped

living on (only) a small bowlful of food.

kosakāraka →

ncped

silkworm.

koseyyapāvāra →

ncped

silk cloak

kosikāraka →

ncped

silk weaver.

kosārakkha →

ncped

treasurer; a guardian of the treasury

koviḷāra →

ncped

kind of tree, Bauhinia variegata; one of the trees in the devaloka.

koṭṭhāgāra →

ncped

granary; storeroom

kubbara →

ncped

he curved top or rail running round the front and two sides of a carriage or chariot; the frame to which the yoke is fixed.

kulaṅgāra →

ncped

“burning coal of the family”, one who ruins his family

kullakavihāra →

ncped

the state (of meditation) of a man of nobility; a shallow state (of meditation)

kumbhakāra →

ncped

potter

kumbhakāraka →

ncped

potter

kumbhakārakabhājana →

ncped

potter’s pot

kumbhakārapāka →

ncped

potter’s hearth or kiln

kumāra →

ncped

  1. a child; a boy, a youth; a son; (pi) boys; children.
  2. a prince; esp. the heir apparent.

kumāraka →

ncped

little boy; a boy, a youth.

kumārakīlikā →

ncped

the pleasures of a (young) prince; a child’s pastimes

kumāravāhana →

ncped

vehicle drawn by boys

kumārīpañha →

ncped

  1. questioning a girl (possessed by a deity).
  2. a question by a daughter (of Mara, see SI 124)

kusumaraja →

ncped

the pollen of flowers

kusumitasikhara →

ncped

with blossoming crests.

kusāvahāra →

ncped

theft by exchanging kusa markers

kuñjara →

ncped

an elephant.

kuñjarābhiruda →

ncped

filled with the sound of elephants

kuḍḍanagaraka →

ncped

little town

kuḍḍarāja →

ncped

minor king; a subordinate king.

kuḍḍarājan →

ncped

minor king; a subordinate king.

kākassaraka →

ncped

with a voice like a crow’s, hoarse voiced

kālacīvara →

ncped

robe-material given during the appointed period (to be used and allotted by the saṅgha

kāmacchanda →

ncped

desire that is appetite, sensual appetite, appetite for sensual pleasure (the first of the nīvaraṇas and one of the saṃyojanas)

kāmakara →

ncped

(the power of) fulfilling the desires (of anyone); (the power of) acting as one likes

kāmakāra →

ncped

(the power of) fulfilling the desires (of (the power of) fulfilling one’s desires, acting as one likes

kāmarati →

ncped

  1. delight in pleasures of the senses, esp. in sexual pleasures; sensual enjoyment.
  2. desire which is sexual longing, sexual desire

kāmarāga →

ncped

desire that is passion; passionate desire for sensual pleasures, esp. for sexual pleasure

kāmaṇkara →

ncped

(the power of) fulfilling the desires (of anyone); (the power of) acting as one likes

kāmādhikaraṇaṃ →

ncped

on account of desire, in consequence of desire

kāmāvacara →

ncped

belonging to the sphere of sensual experience (kāmadhātu)

kāra →

ncped

(~ī)n. & m. (& n.)

  1. (mfn. and m.f.) doing, making; a maker, a worker.
  2. (m. and n.) making; acting; act; an act of homage or service (esp. involving a gift).

kārabhedaka →

ncped

(one) who breaks out of confinement; a jail-breaker

kāraka →

ncped

  1. (one) who makes or does or produces; the actor (in an action); the perpetrator (of a crime).
  2. (one) who performs a service; a servant; a benefactor.

kārakasaṅgha →

ncped

the saṅgha which performs a formal act; the enacting saṅgha

kārakāraka →

ncped

who does acts of homage or service

kāraya →

ncped

kārayamāna →

ncped

kārayat →

ncped

kārayati →

ncped

causes to do or make, causes to perform or carry out or suffer; has (something) done or made; deals with (with an act of the saṅgha); administers, supervises (the working of); occupies a position (o …

kāraye →

ncped

kārayiṃ →

ncped

kāraṇa →

ncped

action; proper action; special action, task, feat.

kāraṇdava →

ncped

chaff; sweepings.

kāraṇā →

ncped

kāraṇā1

abl. because of; for the sake of (+gen. or ifc)

kāraṇā2

feminine torture, pain; punishment.

kāraṇīka →

ncped

(from kāranā2) a torturer; an executioner.

kārā →

ncped

prison; confinement.

kārāpana →

ncped

having something made or done; dealing with (with an act of the saṅgha)

kārāpayati →

ncped

cause to make or do; has (something) made or done

kārāpesi →

ncped

kārāpetabba →

ncped

kārāpeti →

ncped

cause to make or do; has (something) made or done

kārāpetvā →

ncped

kārāpita →

ncped

caused to be made or done

kārāpiyamāna →

ncped

kāyasaṅkhāra →

ncped

bodily motive force; physical motion

kāṭakoṭacikā →

ncped

the male and female sexual organs or characteristics.

kūṭāgāra →

ncped

building with a peaked roof; an upper room, a belvedere

nagara →

ncped

town; a city; esp. the seat of a rāja.

nagarabhandana →

ncped

restraint in a town; restriction in a town.

nagaraghāta →

ncped

plundering of a town.

nagarapaṭisaṅkhārika →

ncped

repairs to the city.

nagarapaṭisaṅkhāriya →

ncped

namucī →

ncped

the name of an asura; the name of māra.

nara →

ncped

man; a person; pl. men; people.

naraka →

ncped

pit; a cleft.

naravasabha →

ncped

narāsabha →

ncped

leader of men.

natthukaraṇī →

ncped

nasal-dropper.

navakatara →

ncped

, compar. of navaka newer; younger (in the saṅgha)

navaratta →

ncped

newly dyed

naḷāgāra →

ncped

hut made of reeds; a hut roofed with reeds or rushes.

naṅgalakaṭṭhakaraṇa →

ncped

or mfn. of naṅgala (a place) where there has been plowing (?)

netthāra →

ncped

crossing; release; acquittance.

nibbatti →

ncped

nibbatti1

caus. pr. 3 sg. of nibbattati

nibbatti2

aor. 3 sg. coming into being; origination; appearance.

nibbiṭṭharājabhaṭa →

ncped

whose service to the king had been recompensed or paid off; ?

nibbānapabbhāra →

ncped

bending, heading towards nibbāna.

nibādhayati →

ncped

oppresses; harasses.

niccharanta →

ncped

(~antī)n. of niccharati

niccharati →

ncped

goes out; issues; rises.

nicchedeti →

ncped

makes to remove; makes to separate away.

nicchārayati →

ncped

nicchāreti →

ncped

of niccharati makes issue forth; emits, utters; purges

niddara →

ncped

free from fever; free from distress

nigamaghāta →

ncped

plundering of a town, marauding.

niharati →

ncped

nihatadhikaraṇa →

ncped

legal question or case which has been settled.

nijjara →

ncped

wearing away; destruction.

nijjarayati →

ncped

nijjarā →

ncped

nikkāraṇa →

ncped

without motive; disinterested

nimitta →

ncped

    1. a sign or mark by which something or someone is recognized or identified or known or defined; a distinguishing mark or appearance; a perceived (enduring) attribute, predicate (especially that of …

nimittaggāha →

ncped

apprehending, responding emotionally to, an object or appearance; grasping, occupying oneself with, external features or characteristics; exclusive concentration (on, loc.); being completely taken up (by, loc.)

nimittaggāhī →

ncped

apprehending, responding emotionally to, an object or appearance; grasping, occupying oneself with, external features or characteristics.

nimittaggāhīn →

ncped

apprehending, responding emotionally to, an object or appearance; grasping, occupying oneself with, external features or characteristics.

nimittagāha →

ncped

apprehending, responding emotionally to, an object or appearance; grasping, occupying oneself with, external features or characteristics; exclusive concentration (on, loc.); being completely taken up (by, loc.)

nimittagāhī →

ncped

apprehending, responding emotionally to, an object or appearance; grasping, occupying oneself with, external features or characteristics.

nimittagāhīn →

ncped

apprehending, responding emotionally to, an object or appearance; grasping, occupying oneself with, external features or characteristics.

nimittaṃ gaṇhāti →

ncped

marks, apprehends the characteristic features; apprehends an object or appearance (as distinguished in various ways); distinguishes, identifies an object or appearance.

nimmānarati →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) belonging to the nimmānarati devas.
  2. (f.) the world of the nimmānarati devas.

nimmānaratino →

ncped

the name of a group of devas.

nimmānarāti →

ncped

nindāvyārosa-upārambhabhaya →

ncped

nindāvyārosa-upārambhabhaya

mfn. fear of fault-finding, insult and criticism.

nindāvyārosana-upārambhabhaya →

ncped

nindāvyārosana-upārambhabhaya

neuter

nipaccakāra →

ncped

humbleness; obedience; respect.

nipaccākāra →

ncped

niraṅkaroti →

ncped

separates oneself from; repudiates; rejects; removes.

nirārambha →

ncped

without killing; free from slaughter.

nissarati →

ncped

goes out, departs; escapes from; is rid of, is separated from.

nissaraṇa →

ncped

going out, departure; escape; separation (from), riddance; means, remedy to get rid of or counteract something.

nissaraṇīya →

ncped

connected with, conducive to, separation, getting rid of, escape.

nissayakaraṇīya →

ncped

requiring (formally acquired) supervision, requiring a mentor.

nissaṭa →

ncped

(who has) gone out, left; separated (from); rid of, free from

nissāraṇa →

ncped

indeclinable (temporary) expulsion; suspension.

nissāraṇīya →

ncped

, ~a, neuter

  1. (from nissāraṇa)
  2. involving suspension; (the formal act) connected with suspension.
  3. to be got rid of?

nissāreti →

ncped

of nissarati expels (temporarily from the saṅgha), suspends

nissārita →

ncped

of nissarati expelled; suspended

nissārīyati →

ncped

of nissarati

nittharati →

ncped

, ~ā, feminine crosses over; gets out of, escapes; expiates.

nittharaṇa →

ncped

  1. getting across; escape from; finishing.
  2. carrying out; accomplishing, dealing with.

nitthariṃsu →

ncped

of nittharati

nitthāra →

ncped

nivārayati →

ncped

nivāraṇa →

ncped

warding off, keeping out, preventing; restraining; obstructing.

niyyāna →

ncped

going out, setting forth; (the way of) getting out, leaving (saṃsāra)

niyyānika →

ncped

going out, setting forth; being a good way, leading to good; conducive to leaving (saṃsāra)

niyyātar →

ncped

one who leaves (saṃsara)

niyyāti →

ncped

goes out, goes forth (to); leaves; esp. leaves saṃsara.

nāgapacāra →

ncped

an attendant on a nāga.

nāmarūpa →

ncped

  1. name and form;
    1. individual person or identity; interpreted as the mental and physical aspects of an individual.
    2. esp. in the paṭiccasamuppāda series: with viññāṇa furnishing (the poss …

nānappakāra →

ncped

of various kinds.

nānappakāraka →

ncped

of various kinds.

nānatta →

ncped

nānatta1

neuter various; different; separated.

nānatta2

neuter abstr. diversity, variety; difference.

nānattavaṇṇi →

ncped

of various colors or appearance.

nānattavaṇṇin →

ncped

of various colors or appearance.

nānā atthi →

ncped

is separated; is different, is distinct.

nānā →

ncped

indeclinable variously, differently; separately; different, separate; various, of various kinds (frequently iic); (difference, diversity (?))

nānābhāva →

ncped

being apart; separation; difference, diversity.

nānākaraṇa →

ncped

difference; distinction; separation.

nānārajja →

ncped

or neuter a surgical probe (?)

nānāsaṃvāsaka →

ncped

who belongs to a different community (for carrying out official acts of the saṅgha); who is separated from the saṅgha community.

nārāca →

ncped

an iron arrow; an arrow.

nāthakaraṇa →

ncped

producing a support, making for protection.

nīcatara →

ncped

lower; shorter.

nīcataraṃ →

ncped

, lower; shorter.

nīharanta →

ncped

of nīharati

nīharati →

ncped

takes out, extracts; extricates; draws out; carries out; removes; drives out, expels.

nīhari →

ncped

of nīharati

nīharitabba →

ncped

of nīharati

nīharittha →

ncped

of nīharati

nīharitvā →

ncped

of nīharati

nīhariṃsu →

ncped

of nīharati

nīhārabhatta →

ncped

for whom food has been brought.

nīhārāpetabba →

ncped

will take out, extract; will extricate; will draw out; will carry out; will remove; will drive out, expel.

nīhātuṃ →

ncped

of nīharati

nīlanibhāsa →

ncped

of dark-blue appearance or luster.

nīvaraṇa →

ncped

an obstacle, a hindrance (esp. five: kāmacchanda, vyāpāda, thīnamiddha, uddhaccakukkucca, vicikicchā); being a hindrance, which is an obstacle.

nīvārabhakka →

ncped

eating wild rice.

obhāsa →

ncped

obhāsa1

masculine light, luster, radiance; appearance, manifestation.

obhāsa2

masculine intimation.

ocaraka →

ncped

being active in a secret or low way; spying out, investigating; an informer, spy, secret agent; a robber.

ocarati →

ncped

  1. comes down.
  2. spies out; investigates.

odaniyaghara →

ncped

rice seller’s house; a cooked rice shop.

odhiso →

ncped

in a limited way, within bounds; directed to limited or defined objects; individually, separately; partly

odātanibhāsa →

ncped

appearing white; having a white appearance

ogha →

ncped

rapid flow of water, a torrent; the torrent or flood of phenomenal life, of saṃsāra; a torrent or flood of evil or passion etc. (often identified with the āsavas).

oghatara →

ncped

crossing the torrent or flood

oharati →

ncped

brings down; takes down; puts down; removes; drags down.

ohitabhāra →

ncped

whose burden has been put down or removed.

ohārapetvā →

ncped

having caused to be removed, having had removed

ohārayitvā →

ncped

ohīna →

ncped

having fallen behind; left behind; separated from; falling back

ojāpaharaṇa →

ncped

(~ī)n. robbing of strength or vitality.

okacara →

ncped

decoy deer; a tame animal

okkhipati →

ncped

throws down, casts down; subdues, controls; disparages.

okkādhara →

ncped

torch bearer.

okāra →

ncped

degradation, demeaning.

okāsaṃ kārāpeti →

ncped

causes to give an opportunity; obtains consent; gains permission (esp. to speak)

omaddakāraka →

ncped

one who oppresses (others); a bully (?)

oparajja →

ncped

the state of being an uparāja, vice royalty)

opārambha →

ncped

open to criticism, censurable.

orapāra →

ncped

the nearer and farther shore.

osadhītārakā →

ncped

the osadhī star

osaraka →

ncped

or masculine a projection to a house or building, a verandah

osarati →

ncped

goes down (to); approaches; enters; flows into; (+ acc. or loc).

osaraṇa →

ncped

going down (to), entering; approach; entrance.

osāraka →

ncped

or masculine a projection to a house or building, a verandah

osārayati →

ncped

osārayati1

pp mfn.

  1. makes enter; puts into or on to; lowers (into).
  2. makes re-enter, re-admits (a bhikkhu to the saṅgha

osāraṇa →

ncped

bringing before the saṅgha, admitting; esp. re-admitting (a suspended bhikkhu) to the saṅgha; re-accepting (a layman, who had been disciplined).

osāraṇīya →

ncped

(the formal act) connected with re-admittance.

otaranta →

ncped

(~antī)n.

otarati →

ncped

  1. descends, comes down; alights (at, loc); goes down into (esp. into water), enters.
  2. goes into; has a place in; fits.

otaraṇa →

ncped

descending; alighting; going down (into); entering.

ottharaka →

ncped

kind of sieve or filter (?)

ottharati →

ncped

scatters, spreads; covers, overspreads; overwhelms, submerges, crushes.

ottharāpetvā →

ncped

having caused (something) to be overwhelmed or crushed or submerged

otāra →

ncped

entrance, way in; opening, opening for attack; weak point.

otārayati →

ncped

causes to descend, makes go down (into), fetches down; lets down, lowers, puts down; takes down, removes; makes appear, puts forward; makes alight

otārayitabba →

ncped

otārāpekkha →

ncped

looking for an opening; longing for a weak point

ovaraka →

ncped

an inner apartment.

ovaraṇa →

ncped

covering, protection.

ovādakara →

ncped

following advice; obeying instructions

sa-uttara →

ncped

sa-uttara

mfn. having a superior; inferior

sa-uttaracchada →

ncped

sa-uttaracchada

(mf)n. (a bed) with an awning

saduttara →

ncped

very hard to cross over or climb out of.

sanucara →

ncped

together with follower(s).

sukaraṇīya →

ncped

having something (still) to do

sādhāra →

ncped

with a stand

sāgāra →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) (one) who lives in a house.
  2. (n.) sharing a house; living under the same roof

sāhāra →

ncped

  1. having a support; nourished.
  2. with its supplies; with its supporting territory*)

sārakkha →

ncped

guarded; with a protector

sātisāra →

ncped

associated with an offense; transgressing

tacasara →

ncped

of which the essential or strong part is the skin or bark.

tadaṅga →

ncped

that characteristic; that factor; that cause.

tadārammaṇa →

ncped

the object of that/them.

tagara →

ncped

the shrub tabemaemontana coronaria; a fragrant powder obtained from it.

tagaracandani →

ncped

belonging to tagara and sandalwood powder.

tagaracandanin →

ncped

belonging to tagara and sandalwood powder.

tagaramallikā →

ncped

(the scent of) tagara and jasmine.

takkara →

ncped

takkara1

mfn (one) who does that, who follows that.

takkara2

masculine (m.) a thief.

tamaparāyaṇa →

ncped

attaining to darkness.

tantissara →

ncped

the sound or music of strings.

tanutara →

ncped

fewer.

tapparāyaṇa →

ncped

having that as one’s chief object, totally engaged with that

taraccha →

ncped

hyena.

tarahi →

ncped

indeclinable then, at that time.

taramāna →

ncped

taramāna1

part. pr. mfn. of tarati

taramāna2

part. pr. mfn. of tarati

taramāna-rūpa →

ncped

taramāna-rūpa

part. pr. mfn. in a great haste; absolutely hurrying.

taranta →

ncped

(~antī)n. of tarati

tarati →

ncped

tarati1

pr. 3 sg. crosses; passes over; crosses to; crosses by swimming; floats; gets beyond, surmounts, overcomes.

tarati2

pr. 3 sg. is in a hurry, makes haste; runs.

taraṇa →

ncped

going across; passing over or beyond; floating; escaping.

taraṇīya →

ncped

of turita (something) requiring haste; (where) there should be haste

tarituṃ →

ncped

of tarati

taritvā →

ncped

of tarati

tariṃsu →

ncped

of tarati

tasara →

ncped

shuttle.

tasathāvara →

ncped

( ~a, ~ani, m.n.pl.), moving and unmoving beings; trembling and still beings.

tathāgata →

ncped

  1. one who has gone so; the awakened one; used
    1. by Gotama (a) of Buddhas generally, including himself; (b) specifically of himself.
    2. by others (a) of Buddhas generally, including Gotama; (b) …

tathāgatārañjita →

ncped

(a place) scored by the tathāgata, a mark of the tathāgata.

tathātta →

ncped

being of such a character.

tecīvara →

ncped

the three robes of a monk (the inner, under, and the upper robes)

tejagaharaka →

ncped

who scorns or disparages (the element of fire)

thaddha →

ncped

stiff, rigid; hard; paralyzed, senseless; stiff or puffed-up with pride or anger.

theratara →

ncped

more senior.

theyyasattha →

ncped

dishonest caravan.

thokatara →

ncped

smaller; less; fewer.

thāvara →

ncped

(~ī)n. standing still, still, unmoving; inanimate; stable, firm, long-lasting; permanent, invariable.

thīnamiddha →

ncped

  1. (n.) lethargy and drowsiness (the third of the nivaraṇas)
  2. (mfn.) drowsy and lethargic.

thūpacīvara →

ncped

cloth from a mound.

tibbagarava →

ncped

having a strong respect (for)

ticīvara →

ncped

the three robes of a monk (the inner, under, and the upper robes)

timirāyitatta →

ncped

, abstr. the appearance of darkness; darkness.

tindukācīra →

ncped

tinduka row or grove?; a name of an ārāma?

tiriyaṃtaraṇā →

ncped

going across; going over.

tirobhāva →

ncped

concealment; disappearance.

tirokaraṇī →

ncped

curtain; a screen.

tiropākāra →

ncped

the other side of a fence or wall; ~am (and ), through a fence; to the other side of a fence; ~e, over the fence; on the other side of the fence.

titikkhā →

ncped

endurance, forgiveness, forbearance.

titikkhācammasannāha →

ncped

armed with the shield of forbearance.

titthakara →

ncped

“a ford maker”, founder of a religious order.

titthiyaddhaja →

ncped

the emblem or characteristic sign of one belonging to another sect,

titthiyadhaja →

ncped

the emblem or characteristic sign of one belonging to another sect,

tiṇahāraka →

ncped

one who fetches (cuts and sells) grass or hay.

tiṇasanthara →

ncped

tiṇasantharaka →

ncped

tiṇasanthāra →

ncped

layer of grass as a bed or mat.

tiṇasanthāraka →

ncped

layer of grass as a bed or mat.

tiṇavatthāraka →

ncped

“a covering of grass”, one of the seven adhikaraṇasamatha (method of setting a case or dispute)

tiṇhadhāra →

ncped

sharp-edged.

tiṇṇa →

ncped

of tarati

  1. (act.) who has crossed; who has gone beyond; who has escaped from.
  2. (pass) crossed; gone beyond

tomarahattha →

ncped

with lance in hand.

tula →

ncped

measurable; comparable.

tulya →

ncped

equal to; of the same kind; similar; comparable.

tulādhāra →

ncped

(one) who carries scales; a merchant.

tāragaṇa →

ncped

tārakarūpa →

ncped

the appearance of a star; a star.

tāraya →

ncped

of tāreti

tārayanta →

ncped

of tāreti

tārayat →

ncped

of tāreti

tārayati →

ncped

of tāreti

tārayetum →

ncped

of tāreti

tārayi →

ncped

of tāreti

tārayituṃ →

ncped

of tāreti

tārituṃ →

ncped

of tarati

tārāgaṇa →

ncped

multitude of stars.

tārāsabha →

ncped

the lord of the stars; the moon.

tāḷāvacara →

ncped

means of making music; instruments.

ubbhāra →

ncped

removal, taking away (of the kaṭhina); ending (of the kaṭhina period and its special allowances).

ubbilla →

ncped

exhilaration, excitement.

ubbādhanā →

ncped

oppression, harassment; paining.

ubhatodhāra →

ncped

double edged, two edged

ubhatovyañjana →

ncped

having the sexual characteristics of both sexes; hermaphrodite

ubhatovyañjanaka →

ncped

having the sexual characteristics of both sexes; hermaphrodite

uccāra →

ncped

dung; feces; excrement.

uccārapassāva →

ncped

feces and urine

uccārapassāvakamma →

ncped

defecating and passing urine

uccāraṇa →

ncped

lifting up, raising.

udakacara →

ncped

one) who moves or lives in water; an aquatic creature

udakahāra →

ncped

(~ī). (one) who fetches or carries water; fetching water

udakavāhanarajju →

ncped

rope used when drawing water

udakecara →

ncped

who moves or lives in water; an aquatic creature.

udara →

ncped

belly, stomach; the interior, inside; womb.

udarapūra →

ncped

full of stomach

udaravadehakaṃ →

ncped

so as to make the belly big, so as to overfill the stomach

uddhaccakukkucca →

ncped

over-excitement and anxious agitation; flurry and worry (the fourth of the nīvaraṇas)

uddhaggaloma →

ncped

having hair with its ends turning upwards (esp. as one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa)

uddharati →

ncped

draws out, pulls out, extracts; rescues; picks out, separates, selects; cites; removes, puts away; digs up; pulls up, elevates, raises.

uddharaṇa →

ncped

drawing out, pulling out; picking out; selection; removal; raising.

uddharāpesuṃ →

ncped

uddharāpetabba →

ncped

uddharāpeti →

ncped

raises; takes

uddharāpetvā →

ncped

uddhaṃsarāsatti →

ncped

attachment to, devotion to moving on (?)

uddhaṃsarāsuddhi →

ncped

purity by means of continuing further; purity through saṃsara

uddhāra →

ncped

raising; picking up; selecting; extracting; separating; removing.

udumbara →

ncped

the (glomerate) fig-tree, Ficus glomerata.

udumbarakhādikaṃ →

ncped

in the way of eating of figs

udumbarakhādikā →

ncped

the eating of figs

udāharati →

ncped

utters; declares, announces; recites, quotes, cites.

ugghara →

ncped

(or uggharanta) dripping; oozing.

uggharanta →

ncped

(or ugghara(t)) dripping; oozing.

uggharat →

ncped

(or uggharanta) dripping; oozing.

ujjaṅgalanagaraka →

ncped

little wasteland town, a little rough-country town.

ukkādhāra →

ncped

holding up the torch; a torch bearer

ulāra →

ncped

lofty, great; excellent, best; noble, illustrious; eminent

ummāra →

ncped

the threshold (of a house door town gate); windowsill.

upacarati →

ncped

approaches; serves, attends; treats carefully, honors; uses figuratively.

upacāra →

ncped

approach, way or means of approach; access; vicinity, neighborhood; access; surrounding space; precincts; environs.

upacāraka →

ncped

attending upon, serving.

upadhārayati →

ncped

considers, reflects on; holds in the mind, pays attention to; holds, considers as; looks for, investigates, finds out

upadhāraṇa →

ncped

of a vinā, perhaps the head or finger-holds.

upaharati →

ncped

brings, brings near; offers, presents.

upahāra →

ncped

bringing; offering; present, presentation; service.

upakaraṇa →

ncped

useful object; means, instrument, implement; requisite.

upakāra →

ncped

who is a help; helping; useful; beneficial.

upamā →

ncped

comparison, similarity, likeness; object of comparison; simile; exemplification; parable.

uparajja →

ncped

(from uparāja) the state of being an uparāja, viceroyalty.

uparata →

ncped

ceased, stopped; quiet; dead; having given up, abstaining (from).

upasantapadissa →

ncped

of calm appearance, looking at peace

upasaṃharanta →

ncped

(~antī)n.

upasaṃharati →

ncped

draws together, collects; puts together with, puts in; brings, brings near to, provides; brings about; brings into contact with; brings to bear on, focuses on; brings together (for comparison), sees as similar.

upavicarati →

ncped

ranges over (mentally), considers, occupies oneself with.

upavicāra →

ncped

ranging over (mentally); preoccupation.

upaṭṭhāna →

ncped

going near, keeping close to; presence, appearance; serving, waiting on, attendance; worshiping.

upekkhā →

ncped

disinterestedness, unaffectedness (one of the brahmavihāras q.v.); lack of involvement or reaction.

uposathagāra →

ncped

hall for the uposatha ceremony (of the saṅgha)

uppilāvitatta →

ncped

elation; exhilaration

uppāda →

ncped

uppāda1

masculine an unusual or startling event, taken as a portent; theinterpretation of portents

uppāda2

masculine coming into being, appearance; production.

upāraddha →

ncped

criticized; challenged, confuted

upārambha →

ncped

reproof, criticism, faultfinding; argumentative challenge.

upārambhacitta →

ncped

critical, finding fault, captious

upārambhati →

ncped

criticizes, finds fault; challenges, confutes.

upārambhānisaṃsa →

ncped

useful for argumentative challenge, thinking it useful for argumentative challenge

ussaṅkhapāda →

ncped

having feet with high arches (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa).

ussārayati →

ncped

  1. expels; sends away, dismisses.
  2. raises, lifts; moves

ussāvanantikā →

ncped

(a place for storage, kappiyabhūmi or kappiyakuṭi) authorized by a declaration (while it is being built), whose erection is coterminous with a declaration

usukāra →

ncped

arrow maker, a fletcher

uttara →

ncped

northern.

uttaranta →

ncped

(~antī)n.

uttarapāsaka →

ncped

an upper loop or fastening (for hanging a door)

uttarasetu →

ncped

bridge or causeway for crossing over.

uttarasuve →

ncped

the day after tomorrow

uttarasve →

ncped

the day after tomorrow

uttarasīsaka →

ncped

with its head to the north

uttarati →

ncped

climbs out, emerges (esp. from water); escapes (from); comes out; boils up, overflows; crosses, passes over (to).

uttarato →

ncped

in a north direction; to the north (of).

uttaraṇa →

ncped

coming out of; crossing over.

uttaraṇī →

ncped

the upper of the two pieces of wood used for kindling fire

uttari-karaṇīya →

ncped

uttari-karaṇīya

neuter something further to be done; a further task

uttaritara →

ncped

higher, superior; further, more (+instr. or abl.; once + gen.).

uttarā →

ncped

north; northward.

uttarālumpa →

ncped

or n. (?) a contrivance to prevent a pot of dye from boiling over

uttarāmukha →

ncped

facing north; going towards the north

uttarāsaṅga →

ncped

an upper or outer garment

uttarāḷumpa →

ncped

or n. (?) a contrivance to prevent a pot of dye from boiling over

uttarāḷuva →

ncped

or n. (?) a contrivance to prevent a pot of dye from boiling over

uttāra →

ncped

transporting over.

uttārasetu →

ncped

bridge or causeway for transporting over

uḷāra →

ncped

lofty, great; excellent, best; noble, illustrious; eminent

uḷāratama →

ncped

superl.

uḷāratta →

ncped

the being of noble character; excellence, nobility

uṇhīsasīsa →

ncped

whose head is like a turban in appearance (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa)

uṭṭhāna →

ncped

rising, getting up; arising, appearance; erection; exertion, effort.

ñāṇakaraṇa →

ncped

(~ī)n. producing knowledge or understanding.

ābharaṇa →

ncped

ornament; decoration.

ābhassara →

ncped

shining, radiant; (m.pl.) (the name of a class of gods inhabiting one of the rūpabrahmalokas.

ābhā →

ncped

ābhā1

feminine splendor, radiance, light; resemblance, appearance.

ābhā2

masculine f. plural radiant, (the name of) a class of devas.

ācamanasarāvaka →

ncped

dish for holding water (for sipping or washing)

ācara →

ncped

ācarat →

ncped

ācarati →

ncped

acts, does; behaves; behaves oneself; practices, performs; uses, applies.

ācariyaparamparā →

ncped

the succession of teachers

ācāra →

ncped

behavior, conduct, practice; good conduct, right way of behaving; rule of conduct; approaching.

ācāragocara →

ncped

good behavior and associations

ādhāra →

ncped

support, prop; a holder, stand; that which contains, a vessel, a receptacle; the subject of discussion.

ādikara →

ncped

who is the first to perform a particular action

āgāraka →

ncped

small house; a cottage; a hut.

āharahattha →

ncped

or mfn. (giving a) hold for the hands.

āharanta →

ncped

(~antī)n.

āharati →

ncped

  1. brings, fetches, conveys; takes, collects; uses.
  2. satthaṃ ~ati, ~eti, takes the knife, kills oneself

āharit →

ncped

(from āharati) one who takes, uses; who eats.

āharitr →

ncped

(from āharati) one who takes, uses; who eats.

āhariṃsu →

ncped

see āharati)

āharāpayati →

ncped

causes to be taken or fetched; sends for; demands

āharāpeti →

ncped

causes to be taken or fetched; sends for; demands

āharāpetvā →

ncped

āhāra →

ncped

taking; food, nutriment, sustenance; fuel; support.

āhāraya →

ncped

āhārayamāna →

ncped

āhārayat →

ncped

āhārayati →

ncped

eats

āhāraṭṭhika →

ncped

dependent upon food or sustenance

āhārupahāra →

ncped

taking and giving; dealings

ājaññaratha →

ncped

carriage draw by thoroughbreds

ākappa →

ncped

dress, appearance, guise; outward sign; deportment; (good) behavior.

ākappasampanna →

ncped

of good deportment or appearance; decorous

ākiṇṇavihāra →

ncped

living in crowds

ākāra →

ncped

  1. form, appearance; external characteristic, sign, gesture; expression; deceptive appearance, pretense.
  2. mode; sort; aspect; way, manner.
  3. cause, reason.
  4. dividing up, detailing; definition.

ākārava →

ncped

having a form; having a cause; grounded

ākāravat →

ncped

having a form; having a cause; grounded

ālambara →

ncped

drum

ālokakaraṇa →

ncped

light-giving, illuminitating

ālokapharaṇa →

ncped

pervasion or pervading with light or insight

āluppakārakaṃ →

ncped

making it into lumps; tearing of bits.

āmisakhāra →

ncped

lye, an alkaline fluid (allowed as a treatment for constipation)

āmisantara →

ncped

wishing for material gain

āmisapaṭisanthāra →

ncped

hospitable giving of material goods

āmisasanthāra →

ncped

the laying out, distribution, of material goods

āmuttamālābharaṇa →

ncped

wearing garlands and ornaments.

ānejjakārana →

ncped

the feat of immovability (or a trained elephant)

āneñja →

ncped

(& mfn.?)

  1. (n.) immovability; imperturbability.
  2. (mfn., or n. in apposition?) unmoved; not to be stirred; imperturbable (often applied both to determinative actions leading to existence in arūpāv …

āneñjabhisaṅkhāra →

ncped

an accumulation of motive force, impetus, for arūpa states

āneñjakāraṇa →

ncped

the feat of immovability (or a trained elephant)

ānuttariya →

ncped

incomparable; preeminence; excellence

āpagaharaka →

ncped

who scorns or disparages (the element of) water

āpattādhikaraṇa →

ncped

legal case or dispute concerning an offense

ārabbha →

ncped

undertaking; making a starting point of; taking as subject-matter; with reference to; concerning (+ ace. or gen.)

ārabbhati →

ncped

takes hold of; begins, undertakes, embarks upon; starts, initiates

ārabha →

ncped

ārabhamāna →

ncped

ārabhat →

ncped

ārabhati →

ncped

ārabhati1

pr. 3 sg. takes hold of; begins, undertakes, embarks upon; starts, initiates

ārabhati2

pr. 3 sg. kills,…

ārabhissati →

ncped

ārabhiyamāna →

ncped

ārabhiṃsu →

ncped

āracayāracayā →

ncped

arranging again and again; pulling this way and that.

āraddha →

ncped

āraddha1

pp mfn. (pass.) taken hold of, undertaken, begun, initiated

āraddha2

mfn. accomplished, achieved; pleased;…

āraddhā →

ncped

having begun or started.

ārajayārajayā →

ncped

scoring again and again.

āraka →

ncped

distant, far from.

ārakatta →

ncped

, id. the state of being far from.

ārakkha →

ncped

guard, protection; preservation; keeping fast.

ārakkhasārathi →

ncped

guarding charioteer

ārakkhat →

ncped

guarding, keeping watch over, preserving.

ārakkhādhikaraṇaṃ →

ncped

as a consequence of guarding or holding fast

āramati →

ncped

ceases, stops; leaves off; keeps away (from).

ārambha →

ncped

wrongly directed exertion or action.

ārambhati →

ncped

takes hold of; begins, undertakes, embarks upon; starts, initiates

ārammaṇa →

ncped

basis, starting point (for producing or initiating activity), footing; basis of meditation; object, object of consideration, sense-object.

ārati →

ncped

abstinence; keeping away from; aversion.

ārañjita →

ncped

slashed or scored; a mark, a furrow.

ārañña →

ncped

being in a forest, in the wild; forest-born, wild.

āraññaka →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) belonging to the forest or the wild; living in the wild; wild; who has undertaken the dhutaṅga of living in the wild.
  2. (m.) one who lives in the forest; a bhikkhu living in the wild, w …

āraññakaṅga →

ncped

the practice of living in the wild (one of the dhutaṅgas):

āraññika →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) belonging to the forest or the wild; living in the wild; wild; who has undertaken the dhutaṅga of living in the wild.
  2. (m.) one who lives in the forest; a bhikkhu living in the wild, w …

āraññikaṅga →

ncped

the practice of living in the wild (one of the dhutaṅgas):

ārācāri →

ncped

living remote; living far from (unwholesome)

ārācārin →

ncped

living remote; living far from (unwholesome)

ārādhaka →

ncped

(~ikā)n. who conciliates, wins approval; accomplishing, fulfilling; successful.

ārādhana →

ncped

conciliating, winning over; accomplishment; success.

ārādhanīya →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) to be fulfilled, to be achieved.
  2. (n.) what is to be accomplished; success, approval

ārādhapekha →

ncped

looking for favor, wishing to gratify.

ārādhayati →

ncped

wins the favor or approval of, conciliates, propitiates; honors, satisfies; accomplishes, fulfills, carries to a successful end; achieves, gains

ārādhayitvā →

ncped

ārādhayiṃsu →

ncped

ārādhesi →

ncped

ārādheti →

ncped

wins the favor or approval of, conciliates, propitiates; honors, satisfies; accomplishes, fulfills, carries to a successful end; achieves, gains

ārādhetvā →

ncped

ārāgga →

ncped

the point of an awl.

ārāma →

ncped

pleasure-grove, a garden, a park, esp. one given for the benefit of bhikkhus (and containing shelters or dwellings).

ārāmacetiya →

ncped

a shrine in a park; a park

ārāmacetya →

ncped

a shrine in a park; a park

ārāmanisādi →

ncped

living near a park

ārāmanisādin →

ncped

living near a park

ārāmapesaka →

ncped

superintendent of the park-servants

ārāmapāla →

ncped

keeper or guardian of a park

ārāmaropa →

ncped

planter of gardens or parks

ārāmarāmaṇeyyaka →

ncped

the loveliness of parks; a beautiful park

ārāmavatthu →

ncped

the site or ground for a park

ārāmika →

ncped

an attendant or servant (to the bhikkhus) in a park:

ārāmikini →

ncped

female servant in an ārāma, or the wife of an ārāmika.

āsava →

ncped

  1. ‘inflowing’, influence (the concerns, attitudes, predispositions, listed as kāma, bhava, avijjā, and sometimes, ditthi, which form an obstacle to the realization of the truth.
  2. affliction, pain ( …

āsavakkhaya →

ncped

ending, destruction of the āsavas, arahatship

āvarati →

ncped

covers; shuts; obstructs

āvaraṇa →

ncped

(& m) covering, enclosing; shutting off; an obstruction, hindrance, prohibition; barricade, wall, dam.

āvaraṇaṃ karoti →

ncped

? obstructs; prohibits

āvaraṇīya →

ncped

(from āvaraṇa) belonging to or causing obstruction; obstructive.

āvasathacīvara →

ncped

household robe (allowed to menstruating bhikkhunīs)

āvasathagāra →

ncped

dwelling; rest-house

āveni →

ncped

or mfn. separately, apart; or not united, separate

āvenika →

ncped

not united, not mingled together (as is a plait of hair or the confluence of rivers); separate; specific, particular

āveniya →

ncped

not united, not mingled together (as is a plait of hair or the confluence of rivers); separate; specific, particular

āveṇi →

ncped

or mfn. separately, apart; or not united, separate

āveṇibhāva →

ncped

separateness, distinction; schism

āveṇika →

ncped

not united, not mingled together (as is a plait of hair or the confluence of rivers); separate; specific, particular

āveṇiya →

ncped

not united, not mingled together (as is a plait of hair or the confluence of rivers); separate; specific, particular

āveṇiṃ →

ncped

or mfn. separately, apart; or not united, separate

āviñjanarajju →

ncped

the pullingrope, the rope for pulling the door or door-bolt closed

āvāsakappa →

ncped

residence practice (the practice of several residences holding separate uposathas within the same boundary)

āvāsaparamparā →

ncped

succession of residences or dwellings

āvāsaparamparāṃ →

ncped

to all the dwellings in succession

āvāsika →

ncped

…a resident bhikkhu (usually staying permanently in the vihāra and/or acting as a caretaker).

āyatapaṇhi →

ncped

having projecting heels (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa)

āyatapaṇhin →

ncped

having projecting heels (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa)

āyatijātijarāmaraṇiya →

ncped

leading to birth, old age and death in the future

āyusaṅkhāra →

ncped

constituent of life, impetus for life, vital principle

āḷambara →

ncped

drum

āṇidvāra →

ncped

small gate or a bolted gate

ūnodara →

ncped

with unfilled belly; whose stomach is not (completely) full

ūnudara →

ncped

with unfilled belly; whose stomach is not (completely) full

ūnūdara →

ncped

with unfilled belly; whose stomach is not (completely) full

ūrukkhambha →

ncped

paralysis of the thighs (through fear)

ūrutthambha →

ncped

paralysis of the thighs (through fear)

ūsara →

ncped

saline; having saline soil; saline soil.

ṭhāna →

ncped

  1. standing; the act of standing, being fixed or stationary; continuance.
    1. a place; a locality; a spot; a site; a location; a suitable place; a worthy object.
    2. region, sphere; metaphysical o …

ṭhānāraha →

ncped

fit to continue; to stand.

abhibhāyatana →

nyana

…is explained by ‘means’ kārana it is said: The abhibhāyatana through their counteracting may master and suppress their adverse opposite…

abhisankhāra →

nyana

Abhisankhāra: Construction identical with the 2nd link of the paticca - samuppāda, sankhāra, under I, 1 or kammic-constructions.

abhiññā →

nyana

Abhiññā: The 6 ‘higher powers’, or supernormal knowledge’s, consist of 5 mundane lokiya powers attainable through the utmost perfection in mental concentration samādhi and one supra-mundane * …

abodes →

nyana

Abodes: vihāra The 4 Divine abodes: brahma-vihāra The 9 abodes of beings: sattāvāsa

adherence →

nyana

Adherence: parāmāsa clinging or attachment.

adhimokkha →

nyana

…one of the mental properties cetasika and belongs to the group of mental constructions sankhāra - khandha. In M. 111, it is mentioned…

adhitthāna →

nyana

iddhi magical power of determination’ see: iddhi, adhitthāna - pāramī perfection of resolution’ see: pāramī.

advertence →

nyana

Advertence: Directing of mind to the object: āvajjana is one of the functions of consciousness viññāna-kicca. Cf. manasikāra

age →

nyana

Age: Old: Jarā

akanittha →

nyana

Akanittha: the ‘Great or Non-junior Ones’, i.e. ‘Highest Gods’, are the inhabitants of the 5th and highest heaven of the Pure Abodes suddhāvāsa, cf. avacara deva II Anāgāmī

akuppa-dhamma →

nyana

Akuppa-dhamma: The unshakeable state; is that of one who has attained full mastery over the absorptions jhāna. In Pug. 4 it is said: What person is unshakable? If a person gains the meditative …

akusala-sādhārana-cetasika →

nyana

Akusala-sādhārana-cetasika: Universal, general or primary disadvantageous mental properties associated with all disadvantageous intentions:…

altruistic joy →

nyana

[[altruistic joy]]Altruistic Mutual Joy: muditā is one of the 4 sublime & divine abodes brahma-vihāra.

amata →

nyana

…is a name for Nibbāna the final liberation from the wheel of rebirths samsāra, and therefore also from the ever-repeated deaths,…

anantara-paccaya →

nyana

Anantara-paccaya: P roximity, is one of the 24 conditional relations paccaya.

anattā →

nyana

…beings wandering in Samsāra. Thus it is said in Vis.M XVI:

Mere suffering exists, no sufferer is found;
Actions are, but no…

anicca →

nyana

Anicca: Impermanent, transient or, as abstract noun, aniccatā impermanence or change is the first of the three universal characteristics of existence tilakkhana, which is easily observable and …

answering questions →

nyana

[[answering questions]]Answering questions: 4 ways of: see: pañhā-byākarana

antarā-parinibbāyī →

nyana

Antarā-parinibbāyī: is one of the 5 kinds of Non-Returners or Anāgāmī.

anuloma-citta →

nyana

…see: ariya-puggala. These 4 moments of impulsion are: the preparation parikamma, access upacāra, adaptation anuloma and…

anupubba-nirodha →

nyana

…thinking vitakka - vicāra are extinguished. Having entered the 3rd absorption, joy pīti is extinguished. Having entered the 4th…

anupubba-vihāra →

nyana

Anupubba-vihāra: the 9 ‘successive abodes’, are identical with the 9 anupubba-nirodha see: above. In A. IX, 33 they are called successive…

anussati →

nyana

Anussati: ‘recollection’, reflection, meditation, contemplation. The six recollections often described in the Suttas e.g. A. VI, 10, 25; D. 33 are:

1: Recollection of the Buddha, *buddhānussati …

anāgāmī →

nyana

…with exertion sasankhāra - parinibbāyī.

4: Or, without effort he attains the Noble path for the overcoming of the…

aparāpariya-vedanīya-kamma →

nyana

Aparāpariya-vedanīya-kamma: ‘kamma bearing fruits in later births’; see: kamma.

appamaññā →

nyana

Appamaññā: The 4 ‘Infinite States’, identical with the 4 brahma-vihāra

appanā-samādhi →

nyana

…during absorption jhāna, whilst the neighbourhood or access-concentration upacāra samādhi only approaches the 1st absorption without…

apuññābhisankhāra →

nyana

Apuññābhisankhāra: see: sankhāra

arahat →

nyana

Arahat: and Arahatta-magga, Arahatta-phala: see: ariya-puggala

ariya-puggala →

nyana

Ariya-puggala: or simply Ariya: Noble Ones, noble persons:
The 8, Ariya = Noble Ones are those who have realized one of the 8 stages of Nobility, i.e. the 4 supra-mundane paths magga

ariya-vihāra →

nyana

Ariya-vihāra: Noble dwelling see: vihāra

arūpāvacara →

nyana

Arūpāvacara: Formless spheres see: avacara

asankhāra-parinibbāyī →

nyana

Asankhāra-parinibbāyī: The one reaching Nibbāna without effort, is one of the five classes of Non-Returners anāgāmī

asankhārika-citta →

nyana

Asankhārika-citta: An Abhidhamma term signifying a ’state of consciousness arisen spontaneously, i. e. without previous deliberation, preparation, or prompting by others; hence: ’unprepared, unpr …

asekha →

nyana

Asekha: lit.: Learned = not-anymore-learner see: sekha, a disciple perfected in training, one beyond training, an adept. This is a name for the Arahat, the Noble One see: ariya-puggala, sin …

asmi-māna →

nyana

Asmi-māna: lit.: ‘I am’-conceit, ‘ego-conceit’, may range from the coarsest pride and self-assertion to a subtle feeling of one’s distinctiveness or superiority that persists, as the 8th fette …

association →

nyana

Association: sampayutta-paccaya is one of the 24 conditional relations paccaya. *

Asubha:* Impurity, loathsomeness, foulness, disgust. - In Vis.M VI, it is the cemetery contemplations * …

assāsa-passāsa →

nyana

…constructions vacī-sankhāra, see: sankhāra 2. In-and-out-breathing forms one of the 6 aspects of the wind-element see: dhātu. Cf….

attachments →

nyana

Attachments: see: parāmāsa

attention →

nyana

Attention: see: manasikāra

attā →

nyana

…conventional expression vohāradesanā, and not a designation for anything really existing; see: *paramattha-desanā, anattā, puggala, satta,…

avacara →

nyana

Avacara: S phere, realm, level or dimension. The 3 levels of existence are: the sense-level kāmāvacara, the fine-material level rūpāvacara, the formless level arūpāvacara. Which things are …

avigata-paccaya →

nyana

Avigata-paccaya: Non-disappearance, is one of the 24 conditional relations paccaya.

avijjā →

nyana

Avijjā: I gnorance, nescience, the blindness of not knowing, is synonymous with confusion moha (see mūla ), is the primary & deepest root of all evil and suffering in the world, veiling man’s …

avyāpāda →

nyana

…(see: mūla ) and mettā (see: brahma-vihāra ).

aññā →

nyana

Aññā: ‘highest knowledge’, gnosis, refers to the perfect knowledge of the Arahat Saint; see: ariya-puggala. The following passage occurs frequently in the Suttas, when a Bhikkhu indicates his a …

bhavanga-sota →

nyana

…foundation or condition kārana of existence bhava, as the sine, qua of life, having the nature of a process, lit. a flux or stream…

bhāva →

nyana

Bhāva: feminine and masculine ‘nature’, refers to the sexual characteristics of the body, and belongs to the group of materiality see: khandha. It is a commentarial term for the abilities of fem …

bhāvanā →

nyana

upacāra-samādhi, see: samādhi.

4 sublime abodes brahma-vihāra: loving-kindness, Pity,…

bodhi →

nyana

…are the 10 perfections pāramī.

There is a threefold classification of enlightenment: 1. that of a Noble Disciple sāvaka-bodhi. i.e. of…

bodhisatta →

nyana

Bodhisatta: ‘Enlightenment Being’, is a being destined to Buddhahood, a future Buddha. According to the traditional belief a Bodhisatta, before reaching his last birth as a Buddha on this earth, i …

brahma-vihāra →

nyana

…abodes brahma - vihāra - bhāvanā bhāvanā often met with in the Suttas,- is as follows: ’There, o Bhikkhus, the Bhikkhu with a…

cakka →

nyana

Cakka: ‘wheel’, is one of the seven ‘precious possessions’ ratana of a righteous World Emperor cakkavatti ‘He who owns the Wheel,’ cf. D. 26, and symbolizes conquering progress and expanding s …

carana →

nyana

Carana: see: vijjā-carana.

carita →

nyana

Carita: ‘nature, character’. In Vis.M III there are explained six types of men: the greedy-natured rāga-carita the hate-natured dosa-carita the stupid or dull-natured moha-carita the f …

catu-mahārājika-deva →

nyana

Catu-mahārājika-deva: a class of divine beings of the sense-sphere; see: deva.

catu-vokāra-bhava →

nyana

…are found there, the materiality group being absent. Cf. pañca-vokāra-bhava, eka-vokāra-bhava App.: vokāra.

cetanā →

nyana

jīvita directing manasikāra Cf. Tab. II, III.

With regard to kammical intention i.e. advantageous or disadvantageous kamma it is said in A….

ceto-vimutti →

nyana

…equanimity see: brahma-vihāra; d. of m. from the appendages stands for the sphere of nothingness ākiñcaññāyatana see: jhāna 7; ’d. of…

chal-abhiñño →

nyana

Chal-abhiñño: an Arahat who is a ‘possessor of the 6 higher powers’ see: abhiññā.

chanda →

nyana

Chanda: intention, desire, will.

  1. As an ethically neutral psychological term, in the sense of ‘intention’, it is one of those general mental properties cetasika Tab. II taught in th …

character →

nyana

Character: On the 6 kinds of human character, see: carita.

characteristics →

nyana

Characteristics: of existence, the. 3: ti-lakkhana

citta-sankhāra →

nyana

Citta-sankhāra: see: sankhāra

compassion →

nyana

Pity: karunā see: brahma-vihāra.

contiguity →

nyana

Contiguity: samanantara-paccaya is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

cycle of existence →

nyana

[[cycle of existence]]Cycle of existence: see: samsarā vatta

eka-vokāra-bhava →

nyana

…as they possess only the materiality-group. Cf. catu-vokāra-bhava pañca-vokāra-bhava.

energy →

nyana

Energy: viriya, further see: bojjhanga, bala, pāramī

equanimity →

nyana

…VI, 8. - Indulging in e., see: manopavicāra

escape →

nyana

Escape: nissarana see: pahāna.

existence →

nyana

…- The 4 substrata of e.: upadhi - Courses of e.: gati - Wheel of e.: samsāra. - Craving for e.: bhava-tanhā

fine-material sphere →

nyana

[[fine-material sphere]]Fine-material sphere: or [[fine-material sphere]]Fine-material world: see: avacara loka Absorptions of the: rūpa-jjhāna see: jhāna

five-group existence →

nyana

[[five-group existence]]Five-group existence: pañca-vokāra-bhava

fivefold sense-door →

nyana

[[fivefold sense-door]]Fivefold sense-door: Directing to the: pañcadvārāvajjana see: viññāna-kicca.

food →

nyana

…one of the 4 nutriments āhāra. Foodproduced materiality, see: samutthāna - Refusing all further f., see: dhutānga - Loathsomeness…

forbearance →

nyana

Forbearance: khanti

forest-dweller →

nyana

Forest-dweller: the ascetic practice for the: see: dhutānga

formation = Construction: sankhāra

foundation →

nyana

Foundation: nissaya one of the 24 conditions paccaya,. Wrong f. of morality, see: nissaya f. of sympathy: sangaha-vatthu f. f orming absorptions: pādaka-jjhāna, - f. o …

four-group existence →

nyana

[[four-group existence]]Four-group existence: catu-vokāra-bhava

gantha →

nyana

Gantha: ‘ties’.;There are 4 ties: the bodily tie kāyagantha of covetousness abhijjhā of ill-will vyāpāda, of clinging to rule and ritual sīlabbata-parāmāsa of dogmatical fanaticism *idam …

gladness →

nyana

Gladness: somanassa - Indulging in g., see: manopavicāra.

grasping →

nyana

Grasping: cf. parāmāsa, upādāna.

grief →

nyana

Grief: domanassa - Indulging in g. see: manopavicāra.

hasituppāda-citta →

nyana

Hasituppāda-citta: lit. ‘consciousness producing mirth’ smile, is found in the Abhidhammattha Sangaha as a name for the joyful mind-consciousness element manoviññāna - dhātu Tab. I. 72 aris …

hindrances →

nyana

Hindrances: the 5: nīvarana

iddhi →

nyana

Iddhi: ‘power’, ‘magical power’. The magical powers constitute one of the 6 kinds of higher spiritual powers abhiññā. One distinguishes many kinds of magical powers: the power of determination * …

iddhi-pāda →

nyana

…of will padhāna - sankhāra - samannāgata concentration of energy viriya - samādhi… concentration of consciousness citta -…

ill-will →

nyana

Ill-will: vyāpāda is a synonym of dosa see: mūla and patigha and is one of the 10 mental chains samyojana, 5 hindrances nīvarana and 10 disadvantageous courses of action see: *kamma \ …

immaterial sphere →

nyana

[[immaterial sphere]]Immaterial sphere: arūpāvacara cf. avacara jhāna 5-8; Tab. I.

immediacy →

nyana

Immediacy: an alternative rendering for contiguity-condition, samanatara - paccaya which is one of the 24 conditions paccaya

imperturbable karma-formations →

nyana

[[imperturbable karma-formations]]Imperturbable kammic-constructions: āneñjābhisankhāra see: sankhāra

indriya →

nyana

…mental constructions sankhāra - khandha see: Tab II. - 20 arises at the moment of entering the Sotāpatti- path sotāpatti - magga 21…

indriya-samvara-sīla →

nyana

Indriya-samvara-sīla: ‘morality consisting of purity of restraint of the senses’; see: sīla.

indriyesu gutta-dvāratā →

nyana

[[indriyesu gutta-dvāratā]]Indriyesu gutta-dvāratā: ‘guarding the sense-doors’ is identical with sense-control indriya - samvara

indulging →

nyana

Indulging: in joy, sadness etc.: see: manopavicāra.

inseparable mental factors →

nyana

[[inseparable mental factors]]Inseparable mental properties: the 7 i. m. f.: in all consciousness: see: cetanā phassa nāma.

jarā →

nyana

Jarā: ‘old age, decay’, is one of the 3 divine messengers see: deva-dūta. For its conditioning by birth, see: paticcasamuppāda 11.

javana →

nyana

parikamma approach upacāra adaptation anuloma and change-of-lineage-moment gotrabhū In connection with entering the earth-kasina…

jhāna →

nyana

…and discursive thinking vicāra, born of detachment vivekaja and filled with rapture pīti and joy sukha he enters the first…

joy →

nyana

Joy: somanassa - Altruistic j. = muditā see: brahma-vihāra.

jīvita →

nyana

Jīvita: and Jīvitindriya: ‘Life, vitality’, may be either physical rūpa - jīvitindriya or mental nāma - jīvitindriya The latter is one of the mental properties inseparably associated …

pabbajjā →

nyana

…life’ of a Bhikkhu agārasmā, anagāriyam consists in severing all family and social ties to live the pure life of a monk, in order to…

paccavekkhana-ñāna →

nyana

Paccavekkhana-ñāna: ‘retrospective knowledge’, refers to the recollected mental image obtained in concentration, or to any inner experience just passed, as for instance, any absorption jhāna, o …

paccaya →

nyana

…Nutriment-condition āhāra - paccaya For the 4 nutriments, see: āhāra

16: Ability-condition indriya-paccaya This condition…

pacceka-buddha →

nyana

Pacceka-buddha: an ‘Solitarily Enlightened One’; or Separately or Individually = pacceka Enlightened One renderings by ‘Silent’ or ‘Private Buddha’ are not very apt. This is a term for an Araha …

pada-parama →

nyana

Pada-parama: ‘one for whom the words are the utmost attainment’.;Whoever, though having learned much, speaking much, knowing many things by heart, and discoursing much, has not penetrated the tru …

padhāna →

nyana

Padhāna: ‘effort.’ The 4 right efforts samma - padhāna forming the 6th stage of the 8-fold path i.e. sammā - vāyāma see: magga are: 1 the effort to avoid samvara-padhāna 2 to overc …

pahāna →

nyana

Pahāna: ‘overcoming’, abandoning. There are 5 kinds of overcoming: 1 overcoming by repression vikkhambhana-pahāna i.e. the temporary suspension of the 5 hindrances nīvarana during the absorpt …

paramattha →

nyana

…are called ‘truth’ vohāra - sacca being correct on their own level, which does not contradict the fact that such statements ultimately…

paramī →

nyana

…from the latter, the 10 pāramī are mentioned in only two other canonical works which are probably apocryphal, the Buddhavamsa in the Story of…

paranimmita-vasavatti-deva →

nyana

…a class of divine beings in the sense-sphere kāma-loka. Māra is said to be their ruler. Cf. loka deva I.

parassa ceto-pariya-ñāna →

nyana

[[parassa ceto-pariya-ñāna]]Parassa ceto-pariya-ñāna: ‘penetration of the mind of others’, is one of the higher powers abhiññā.

parihāna-dhamma →

nyana

Parihāna-dhamma: ‘liable to decline’.;Now, someone reaches the attainments absorptions: jhāna of the fine-material or immaterial sphere see: avacara But he does not reach them according to h …

parikamma-nimitta →

nyana

Parikamma-nimitta: ‘preparatory image’; see: nimitta, kasina.

parikamma →

nyana

Parikamma: ‘preparatory-moment’: see: javana

parikamma-samādhi →

nyana

Parikamma-samādhi: ‘preparatory concentration’, is the initial and still undeveloped concentration of mind; see: samādhi

pariññā →

nyana

Pariññā: ‘full understanding’, full comprehension. There are 3 kinds of mundane f.u. lokiya - p namely: full understanding of the known ñāta - p f.u. as investigating tīrana - p and …

parāmāsa →

nyana

Parāmāsa: ‘adherence’, attachment, ‘misapprehension’, is according to Vis.M XXII a name for wrong views; in that sense it occurs in Dhs. 1174 ff. - See sīlabbata-parāmāsa.

paticcasamuppāda →

nyana

…see: sankhāra.

2.;Through the kammic-constructions is conditioned consciousness; sankhāra-paccayā viññānam This…

patience →

nyana

Patience: or forbearance khanti one of the 10 perfections pāramī, .

patigha →

nyana

Patigha: - 1. In an ethical sense, it means: ‘repugnance’, grudge, resentment, anger, and is a synonym of vyāpāda, ill-will’ see: nīvarana and dosa ‘hate’ see: mūla It is one of the late …

patisandhi →

nyana

Patisandhi: lit. ‘reunion, relinking’, i.e. rebirth, is one of the 14 functions of consciousness viññāna-kicca. It is a kamma-resultant type of consciousness and arises at the moment of concep …

pañca-vokāra-bhava →

nyana

…world of unconscious beings asaññā - satta only the one materiality group. Cf eka-vokāra-bhava and catu - pañca - vokāra -…

pañcadvārāvajjana →

nyana

Pañcadvārāvajjana: ‘directing to the 5-sense-doors’; see: viññāna-kicca

pañhā-byākarana →

nyana

Pañhā-byākarana: ‘answering questions’.;There are, o Bhikkhus, 4 ways of answering questions: there are questions requiring a direct answer; questions requiring an explanation; questions to be an …

paññā →

nyana

…see: bala one of the 3 kinds of training sikkhā, and one of the perfections see: pāramī For further details, see: vipassanā and the…

paññā-vimutti →

nyana

Paññā-vimutti: ‘deliverance through understanding’ or understanding’, signifies, according to Com. to A. V, 142, the understanding associated with the fruition of Nobility arahatta - phala I …

penetration →

nyana

…power of penetrating vipphāra knowledge and concentration, see: iddhi - For morality combined with penetration nibbedha see:…

perfections →

nyana

Perfections: the 10: pāramī

phassa →

nyana

…mental constructions sankhāra - khandha In lists of both these categories it is generally mentioned first e.g. Dhs. 1: M. 9, due to its…

planes of existence →

nyana

[[planes of existence]]Planes of existence: the 3: see: avacara.

preparatory concentration →

nyana

[[preparatory concentration]]Preparatory concentration: and preparatory image, etc.: see: samādhi javana

progress of the disciple →

nyana

[[progress of the disciple]]Progress of the disciple: Gradual development of the 8-fold path in the: In many suttas occurs an identical passage that outlines the gradual course of development in …

proximity →

nyana

Proximity: anantara is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

puggala →

nyana

…modes of expression’ vohāra - vacana and on that level they may be used, and are so used in the sutta texts, if taken;without…

punabbhava →

nyana

Punabbhava: lit.: re-becoming; ‘renewed existence’, is a sutta term for ‘rebirth’, which, in later literature mostly is called patisandhi The attainment of Sainthood arahatta implying the end …

puñña →

nyana

Puñña: merit, meritorious, is a popular term for kammically advantageous kusala action. Opposite terms: apuñña = demerit. pāpa = ‘bad’, ‘evil’. The value of meritorious action is often stres …

puññā-dhārā →

nyana

Puññā-dhārā: ‘streams of merit’. It is said that one produces 4 streams of merit by offering the 4 requisites robes, foodfood, dwelling, medicine to a Bhikkhu who has reached the conditionless de …

puññābhisankhāra →

nyana

Puññābhisankhāra: ‘meritorious kammic-constructions’ of the sense-and fine-material sphere; see: sankhāra I. 1.

pātimokkha-samvara-sīla →

nyana

Pātimokkha-samvara-sīla: ‘morality consisting in restraint with regard to the Disciplinary Code’ pātimokkha see: prec.. For details, see: sīla.

pīti →

nyana

…mental constructions sankhāra - khandha As, in sutta texts, it is often linked in a compound word. with ‘gladness’ pāmojja or ‘happiness’…

tadārammana-citta →

nyana

Tadārammana-citta: ‘registering consciousness’ see: Tab. I, 40-49, 56, is the last stage in the complete process of cognition citta-vīthi…

tanhā-kkhaya →

nyana

Tanhā-kkhaya: ‘ceasing of craving’, is identical with ‘ceasing of fermentations’ āsavakkhaya and the attainment of perfect Nobility or Arahatship. Cf. ariya-puggala.

tanhā →

nyana

Tanhā: lit. ‘thirst’: ‘craving’, is the chief root of suffering, and of the ever-continuing cycle of rebirths.;What, o Bhikkhus, is the origin of suffering? It is that craving which gives rise to …

tathāgata →

nyana

Tathāgata: the ‘Perfect One’, lit. the one who has ‘thus gone’, or ‘thus come’, is an epithet of the Buddha used by him when speaking of himself.

To the often asked questions, whether the Tathāga …

tatra-majjhattatā →

nyana

…belonging to the sankhāra - khandha see: khandha and is mostly known by the name upekkhā In its widest sense it is associated with…

thīna-middha →

nyana

Thīna-middha: ‘lethargy and Laziness’ or ‘lethargy and laziness’, constitute the 3rd of the 5 hindrances nīvarana. They may or may not, be associated with greedy consciousness see: Tab. 23. 25, …

ti-lakkhana →

nyana

…mental constructions sankhāra and consciousness viññāna permanent or impermanent? - Impermanent, o Venerable One.

But that which is…

ti-sarana →

nyana

Ti-sarana: ‘Threefold Refuge’, in which every faithful adherent of the Buddha puts his whole trust, consists in the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha see: prec..

The Buddha, or Enlightened One, …

ābhassara →

nyana

Ābhassara: The ‘Radiant Ones’, are a class of divine beings of the fine-material world rūpa-loka, cf. deva

āhāra →

nyana

Āhāra: ‘nutriment’, ‘food’, is used in the concrete sense as material food and as such it belongs to derived materiality see: khandha Summary…

āhāra-samutthāna-rūpa →

nyana

Āhāra-samutthāna-rūpa: ‘Food-produced materiality’; see: samutthāna

ākāsa →

nyana

Ākāsa: ‘space’, is, according to Com., of two kinds: 1. limited space paricchinnākāsa or paricchedākāsa, 2. endless space anantākāsa, i.e. cosmic space.

  1. Limited space, under th …

ānantarika-kamma →

nyana

Ānantarika-kamma: the 5 heinous ‘actions with immediate destiny’ are: Killing father, killing mother, killing an Arahat, wounding a Buddha so he bleeds, creating schism in the Bhikkhu-Sangha. In …

āneñja →

nyana

…sphere arūpāvacara avacara, see: sankhāra cf. M. 106.

ānāpāna-sati →

nyana

…construction citta-sankhāra I will breathe in, thus he trains himself, Experiencing the mental construction I will breathe out, thus he…

ārammana →

nyana

…The mental-object dhammārammana may be physical or mental, past, present or future, real or imaginary. The 5 sense-objects belong to the…

ārammanupanissaya →

nyana

Ārammanupanissaya: Decisive Support Conditional Relation. see: paccaya

ārammanādhipati →

nyana

Ārammanādhipati, Predominance Conditional Relation. see: paccaya

āraññikanga →

nyana

Āraññikanga: The training of living in the forest, is one of the ascetic purification-exercises dhutānga.

āsava →

nyana

Āsava: lit: fermentations, taints, corruptions, intoxicant biases. There is a list of four as in D. 16, Pts.M., Vibh.:
1: The mental fermentation of sense-desire kāmāsava, Ex: ’All is pleasan …

āvajjana →

nyana

Āvajjana: Directing of the mind towards the object, is the first stage in the process of consciousness see: viññāna-kicca. If an object of the 5 physical senses is observed, it is called ’five\ …

āyatana →

nyana

dhātu II-17 and dhammārammana see: ārammana. It may be physical or mental, past, present or future, real or imaginary.

The 5 physical…

āyūhana →

nyana

…kammic-constructions sankhāra (see: paticca - samuppāda 2), being the causes of future rebirth. Accumulation, is a name for the past…

a →

pts

…in Gr. ἐκεϊ, Lat. equidem, enim.

A-4

the sound a (a-kāra) Ja.vi.328, Ja.vi.552; Vv-a.279, Vv-a.307, Vv-a.311.

abandha →

pts

noun adjective not tied to, not a follower or victim of Iti.56 (mārassa; variant reading abaddha).

a + bandha

abbahati →

pts

Abbahati & abbuhati

to draw off, pull out (a sting or dart);
imper pres abbaha Thag.404; Ja.ii.95 (variant reading BB appuha = abbuha; C. explains by uddharatha)
aor abbahi Ja.v.198 (variant …

abbha →

pts

A (dense & dark) cloud, a cloudy mass AN.ii.53; Vin.ii.295 = Mil.273 in list of to things that obscure moon- & sunshine, viz.; abbhaṃ mahikā (mahiyā A) dhūmarajo (megho Miln), Rāhu. This list i …

abbhantara →

pts

adjective = antara, i.e. internal, inner, being within or between; nt. -ṃ the inner part, interior, interval (see [as ˚-](/define/as ˚-)) Vin.i.111 (satt˚ with interval of seven); AN.iv.16 (opp. …

abbhantarika →

pts

adjective noun intimate friend, confidant, “chum” Ja.i.86 (+ ativissāsika), Ja.i.337 (“insider”, opp. bāhiraka).

fr. abbhantara, cp. Sk. abhyantara in same meaning

abbhantarima →

pts

adjective internal, inner (opp. bāhirima) Vin.iii.149; Ja.v.38.

superl. formation fr. abbhantara in contrasting function

abbhatthatā →

pts

“going towards setting”, disappearance, death Ja.v.469.

abstr. fr. abbhatta

abbhokkiraṇa →

pts

in naṭānaṃ a. “turnings of dancers” DN-a.i.84 in expln of sobha-nagarakaṃ of DN.i.6.

fr. abbhokirati

abbhudāharati →

pts

to bring towards, to fetch, to begin or introduce (a conversation) MN.ii.132.

abhi + ud + ā + harati

abbhujjalana →

pts

breathing out fire, i.e. carrying fire in one’s month (by means of a charm) DN.i.11 (= mantena mukhato aggi-jala-nīharaṇaṃ DN-a.i.97).

abhi + ud + jalana, from jval

abbhukkirati →

pts

to sprinkle over, to rinse (with water) DN.ii.172 (cakkaratanaṃ; neither with Morris J.P.T.S. 1886, 131 “give up”, nor with trsl. of Ja.ii.311 “roll along”); Ja.v.390; Pv-a.75. Cp. abbhokkirati.

a …

abbhuṇṇata →

pts

standing up, held up, erect Ja.v.156 (in abbhuṇṇatatā state of being erect. stiffness), Ja.v.197 (˚unnata; variant reading abbhantara, is reading correct?).

pp. of abbhunnamati

abbhāna →

pts

coming back, rehabilitation of a bhikkhu who has undergone a penance for an expiable offence Vin.i.49 (˚âraha), Vin.i.53 (id.), Vin.i.143 Vin.i.327; Vin.ii.33, Vin.ii.40, Vin.ii.162; AN.i.99
■ Cp. * …

abbohārika →

pts

adjective not of legal or conventional status, i.e

  1. negligible, not to be decided Vin.iii.91, Vin.iii.112 (see also Kvu trsl. 361 n. 4)
  2. uncommon, extraordinary Ja.iii.309 (variant reading BB a …

abbokiṇṇa →

pts

  1. filled MN.i.387 (paripuṇṇa +); Dhp-a.iv.182 (pañca jātisatāni a.).
  2. abbocchinna*, a + vi + ava + chinna] uninterrupted, constant, as -ṃ adv. in combn. wi …

abbuda →

pts

  1. the foetus in the 1st & 2nd months after conception the 2nd of the five prenatal stages of development, viz kalala, abbuda, pesi, ghana, pasākha Mnd.120; Mil.40 V …

abbuhati →

pts

Abbahati & abbuhati

to draw off, pull out (a sting or dart);
imper pres abbaha Thag.404; Ja.ii.95 (variant reading BB appuha = abbuha; C. explains by uddharatha)
aor abbahi Ja.v.198 (variant …

abbūḷhita →

pts

(& abbūhitta at Ja.iii.541) pulled out, removed, destroyed Mnd.59 (abbūḷhita-sallo + uddhaṭa˚ etc. for abbūḷha); Ja.iii.541 (uncertain reading; variant reading BB appahita, SS abyūhita; C. explain …

abhabba →

pts

adjective impossible, not likely, unable DN.iii.13 sq., DN.iii.19 DN.iii.26 sq., DN.iii.133; Iti.106, Iti.117; Snp.231 (see Kp-a.189); Dhp.32; Ja.i.116; Pp.13.

  • -ṭṭhāna a (moral) impossibility o …

abhejja →

pts

…Mil.160 (˚parisā); Sdhp.312 (+ appadusiya); Pgdp.97 (˚parivāra).

grd. of a + bhid, cp. Sk. abhedya

abhi →

pts

Abhi-

I. Meaning

  1. The primary meaning of abhi is that of taking possession and mastering, as contained in E. coming by and over-coming, thus literally having the function of facing …

abhibhavati →

pts

…Vin.i.294; Dhp.328; Iti.41 (māraṃ sasenaṃ); Snp.45, Snp.72 (˚cārin), Snp.1097, Cnd.85 (= abhibhavitvā ajjhottharitvā, pariyādiyitvā); and…

abhibhū →

pts

…Snp.211 (sabba˚), Snp.545 (Māra˚, cp. Mārasena-pamaddana Snp.561), Snp.642
■ Often in phrase abhibhū anabhibhūta aññadatthudasa…

abhibhūta →

pts

…SN.ii.228 (lābhasakkāra-silokena); AN.i.202 (pāpakehi dhammehi); Ja.i.189; Pv-a.14, Pv-a.41 (= pareta), Pv-a.60 (= upagata),…

abhidassana →

pts

sight, appearance, show Ja.vi.193.

abhi + dassana

abhidhara →

pts

adjective firm, bold, in -māna firmminded Dhp p.81 (acc. to Morris J.P.T.S. 1886, 135 not verified).

abhi + dhara

abhigajjati →

pts

  1. to roar, shout, thunder, to shout or roar at (c. acc.) Snp.831 (shouting or railing = gajjanto uggajjanto Mnd.172); ger. abhigajjiya thundering Cp.iii.10#8.
  2. hum, chatter, twitter (of birds); s …

abhighāta →

pts

  1. striking, slaying, killing Pv-a.58 (daṇḍa˚), Pv-a.283 (sakkhara˚).
  2. impact, contact Dhs-a.312 (rūpa˚ etc.).

Sk. abhighāta, abhi + ghāta

abhiharati →

pts

…Snp.708 (vanantaṃ abhihāraye vanaṃ gaccheyya Snp-a.495); Thig.146 (aor. ˚hārayiṃ uyyānaṃ = upanesi Thag-a.138). 3 to put on (mail)…

abhihaṭa →

pts

brought, offered, presented, fetched DN.i.166 = Pp.55 (= puretaraṃ gahetvā āhaṭaṃ bhikkhaṃ Pp-a.231); Dhp-a.ii.79.

pp. of abhiharati

abhihaṭṭhuṃ →

pts

Only in praise abhihaṭṭhuṃ pavāreti, to offer having fetched up. MN.i.224; AN.v.350 AN.v.352; SN.iv.190, SN.v.53, SN.v.300. See note in Vinaya Texts ii.440.

ger. of abhiharati

abhihāra →

pts

bringing, offering, gift SN.i.82; Snp.710; Ja.i.81 (āsanâ).

fr. abhiharati

abhijātika →

pts

adjective belonging to ones birth or race, born of, being by birth; only in cpd. kaṇhâbhijātika of dark birth, that is, low in the social scale DN.iii.251; AN.iii.348; Snp.563 = Thag.833; cp. Ja P T S …

abhijīhanā →

pts

strenuousness, exertion, strong endeavour Ja.vi.373 (viriyakaraṇa C.).

abhi + jīhanā of jeh to open ones mouth

abhikkanta →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (adj.) lit. gone forward, gone out, gone beyond. According to the traditional expln. preserved by Bdhgh. & Dhp (see e.g. DN-a.i.227 = Kp-a.114 = Vv-a.52) it is used in …

abhilakkhitatta →

pts

having signs or marks, being characterised, characteristics Dhs-a.62.

abstr. fr. abhilakkhita

abhilambati →

pts

to hang down over (c. acc.) MN.iii.164 = Ne.179 (+ ajjholambati); Ja.v.70 (papātaṃ), Ja.v.269 (Vetaraṇiṃ)
pp abhilambita (q.v.).

abhi + lambati

abhilāpa →

pts

talk, phrasing, expression Snp.49 (vācâbhilāpa making phrases, talking, idle or objectionable speech = tiracchanakathā Cnd.561); Iti.89 (? reading abhilāpāyaṃ uncertain, vv.ll. abhipāyaṃ abhipāpāyaṃ a …

abhimukha →

pts

…(kāma˚, opp. vimukha), Pv-a.74 (uyyāna˚)
■ nt. -ṃ adv. to towards Ja.i.263 (matta-vāraṇe); Pv-a.4 (āghātana˚, may here be…

abhimāra →

pts

bandit, bravo, robber Ja.ii.199; DN-a.i.152.

cp. Sk. abhimara slaughter

abhinivesa →

pts

“settling in”, i.e. wishing for, tendency towards (-˚) inclination, adherence; as adj. liking, loving, being given or inclined to DN.iii.230; MN.i.136, MN.i.251; SN.ii.17; SN.iii.10 SN.iii.13, SN.iii …

abhinivisati →

pts

to cling to, adhere to, be attached to Mnd.308, Mnd.309 (parāmasati +)
pp abhiniviṭṭha; cp. also abhinivesa.

abhi + nivisati

abhiniviṭṭha →

pts

adjective “settled in”, attached to, clinging on Cnd.152 (gahita parāmaṭṭha a.); Pv-a.267 (= ajjhāsita Pv.iv.8#4).

abhi + niviṭṭha, pp. of abhi-nivisati

abhinīhanati →

pts

to drive away, put away, destroy, remove, avoid MN.i.119 (in phrase āṇiṃ a. abhinīharati abhinivajjeti).

abhi + nis + han, cp. Sk. nirhanti

abhinīharati →

pts

…in BSk. as abhijñâbhinirhāra Avs.ii.3 (see ref. & note Index p. 221); and the pp. abhinirhṛta (ṛddhiḥ) in Divy.48, Divy.49 (to obtain?…

abhinīhāra →

pts

…(kata˚).

abhi + nīhāra, to abhinīharati; cp. BSk. sarīr’ âbhinirhāra taking (the body) out to burial, lit. meaning see note on…

abhippaharaṇa →

pts

…fighting, epithet of Mārassa senā, the army of M. Snp.439 (kaṇhassa˚ the fighting army of k. = samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ nippothanī…

abhippasādeti →

pts

to establish one’s faith in (loc.), to be reconciled with, to propitiate Thag.1173 = Vv.21#2 (manaṃ arahantamhi = cittaṃ pasādeti Vv-a.105).

Caus. of abhippasīdati, cp. BSk. abhiprasādayati Divy.68, …

abhippāsāreti →

pts

to stretch out Vin.i.179 (pāde).

abhi + pasāreti, cp. BSk. abhiprasārayati Divy.389

abhirakkhā →

pts

protection, guard Ja.i.204 (= ārakkhā Ja.i.203).

fr. abhirakkhati

abhiruda →

pts

adjective -˚ resounding with (the cries of animals, esp. the song of birds), full of the sound of (birds) Thag.1062 (kuñjara˚), Thag.1113 (mayūra-koñca˚) Ja.iv.466 (adāsakunta˚); Ja.v.304 (mayūra-k …

abhirādhin →

pts

adjective (-˚) pleasing, giving pleasure, satisfaction. Ja.iv.274 (mitta˚ = ārādhento tosento Commentary)

fr. abhirādheti

abhirūpa →

pts

adjective of perfect form, (very), handsome, beautiful, lovely Snp.410 (= dassaniya’ angapaccanga Snp-a.383); Ja.i.207; Pp.52; DN-a.i.281 (aññehi manussehi adhikarūpa); Vv-a.53; Pv-a.61 (abhikkant …

abhisajjana →

pts

adjective only as adv. f. ˚nī. Epithet of vācā scolding abusing, cursing AN.v.265 (para˚). Cp. next.

abstr. fr. abhisajjati in meaning of abhisanga 2

abhisambodhi →

pts

the highest enlightenment Ja.i.14 (parama˚). Cp. abhisambujjhana and (sammā-) sambodhi.

abhi + sambodhi

abhisamparāya →

pts

future lot, fate, state after death, future condition of rebirth; usually in foll phrases: kā gati ko abhisamparāyo (as hendiadys) ʻwhat fate in the world-to-come’, DN.ii.91; Vin.i.293; SN.iv.59 S …

abhisamācārika →

pts

…AN.iii.422.

abhi + samācārika, to samācāra

abhisara →

pts

retinue Ja.v.373.

fr. abhi + sarati, of sṛ; to go

abhisaṅkharoti →

pts

…Vin.i.16 (iddh’ âbhisankhāraṃ ˚khāreyya); DN.i.184 (id.); SN.ii.40; SN.iii.87 SN.iii.92; SN.iv.132, SN.iv.290; SN.v.449; AN.i.201; Snp.984…

abhisaṅkhāra →

pts

…state (see for detail sankhāra) SN.iii.58 (an˚); Mnd.334 Mnd.442; Cnd. s.v.; Vb.135 (puñña˚ etc.), Vb.340; Dhs-a.357 (˚viññāna…

abhisaṅkhārika →

pts

…to or is done by the sankhāras; accumulated by or accumulating merit, having special (meritorious) effect (or specially prepared?) Vin.ii.77 =…

abhisaṭa →

pts

  1. (med.) streamed forth, come together Ja.vi.56 (= sannipatita C.).
  2. (pass.) approached, visited Vin.i.268.

pp. of abhisarati, abhi + sṛ; to flow

abhissara →

pts

adjective only neg. an˚; in formula atāṇo loko anabhissaro “without a Lord or protector MN.ii.68 (variant reading ˚abhisaro); Pts.i.126 (variant reading id.).

abhi + issara

abhisāreti →

pts

to approach, to persecute Ja.vi.377.

abhi + sāreti, Caus. of abhisarati

abhittharati →

pts

to make haste Dhp.116 (= turitaturitaṃ sīghasīghaṃ karoti Dhp-a.iii.4).

abhi + tarati2, evidently wrong for abhittarati

abhitunna →

pts

(tuṇṇa). Overwhelmed, overcome overpowered SN.ii.20; Pts.i.129 (dukkha˚), Pts.i.164; Ja.i.407 Ja.i.509 (˚tuṇṇa); Ja.ii.399, Ja.ii.401; Ja.iii.23 (soka˚); Ja.iv.330; Ja.v.268, Sdhp.281.

not as Morris, …

abhitāpa →

pts

extreme heat, glow; adj. very hot Vin.iii.83 (sīsa˚ sunstroke); MN.i.507 (mahā˚ very hot) Mil.67 (mahābhitāpatara much hotter); Pv.iv.1#8 (mahā˚ of niraya).

abhi + tāpa

abhitāḷita →

pts

hammered to pieces, beaten, struck Vism.231 (muggara˚).

abhi + tāḷita fr. tāḷeti

abhivitarati →

pts

“to go down to”, i.e. give in, to pay heed, observe Vin.i.134 and in ster. expln. of sañcicca at Vin.ii.91; Vin.iii.73, Vin.iii.112; Vin.iv.290.

abhi + vitarati

abhivādana →

pts

respectful greeting, salutation, giving welcome, showing respect or devotion. AN.ii.180 AN.iv.130 AN.iv.276 Ja.i.81 Ja.i.82 Ja.i.218 Dhp.109 (˚sīlin of devout character, cp. Dhp-a.ii.239) Vv-a.24 Sd …

abhiñña →

pts

adjective (usually -˚) knowing, possessed of knowledge, esp. higher or supernormal knowledge (abhiññā), intelligent; thus in chalabhiñña one who possesses the 6 abhiññās Vin.iii.88; dandh˚; of sl …

abhiññā →

pts

Abhiññā1

feminine Rare in the older texts. It appears in two contexts. Firstly, certain conditions are said to conduce (inter alia) to serenity, to special knowledge (abhiññā), to specia …

abhiṇhaṃ →

pts

…offender), MN.i.446 (˚kāraṇa continuous practice); Snp.335 (˚saṃvāsa continuous living together); Ja.i.190; Pp.32; Dhp-a.ii.239;…

abhiṭhāna →

pts

great or deadly crime Only at Snp.231 = Kp.vi.10 (quoted Kv.109). Six are there mentioned, & are explained (Kp-a.189) as “matricide parricide, killing an Arahant, causing schisms, wounding a Buddha, …

abhūta →

pts

adjective not real, false, not true, usually as nt. ˚ṃ falsehood, lie, deceit Snp.387; Iti.37; instr abhūtena falsely DN.i.161.

  • -vādin one who speaks falsely or tells lies Snp …

accahasi →

pts

of atiharati to bring over, to bring, to take Ja.iii.484 (= ativiya āhari C.).

fr. ati + hṛ.

accanta →

pts

adjective & adverb ˚-

  1. uninterrupted, continuous, perpetual Ja.i.223; Mil.413; Vv-a.71; Pv-a.73, Pv-a.125, Pv-a.266; Sdhp.288.
  2. final, absolute, complete; adv. thoroughly SN.i.130 (˚ṃ hatapu …

accasara →

pts

adjective

  1. going beyond the limits (of proper behaviour), too self-sure, overbearing, arrogant, proud SN.i.239 (variant reading accayasara caused by prolepsis of foll. accaya); Ja.iv.6 (atisara); …

accasari →

pts

of atisarati to go beyond the limit, to go astray Ja.v.70.

fr. ati + sṛ.

accasarā →

pts

overbearing, pride, selfsurity Vb.358 (+ māyā). Note. In id. p. at Pp.23 we read acchādanā instead of accasarā.

abstr. to accasara

accasārin →

pts

adjective = accasara 1., aspiring too high Snp.8 sq. (yo nâccasārī, opp. to na paccasārī; expld. at Snp-a.21 by yo nâtidhāvi, opp. na ohiyyi).

accatari →

pts

see atitarati.

accharika →

pts

(nt. or f.?) in -ṃ vādeti to make heavenly music (lit. the sounds of an accharā or heavenly nymph) AN.iv.265.

fr. accharā2

acchariya →

pts

adjective noun wonderful, surprising strange, marvellous DN.ii.155; MN.i.79; MN.iii.118, MN.iii.125, MN.iii.144 (an˚); SN.iv.371; AN.i.181; Mil.28, Mil.253; Dhp-a.iii.171; Pv-a.121; Vv-a.71 (an˚). …

accharā →

pts

Accharā1

feminine the snapping of the fingers, the bringing together of the finger-tips:

  1. (lit.) accharaṃ paharati to snap the fingers Ja.ii.447; Ja.iii.191; Ja.iv.124, Ja.iv.126 Ja. …

acchati →

pts

  1. to sit, to sit still Vin.i.289; AN.ii.15; Iti.120 (in set carati tiṭṭhati a. sayati, where otherwise nisinna stands for acchati) Vv.74#1 (= nisīdati Vv-a.298); Pv-a.4.
  2. to stay remain, to lea …

acchera →

pts

adjective = acchariya wonderful, marvellous SN.i.181; Vv.84#13 (comp. accheratara); Pv.iii.5#1 (˚rūpa = acchariyasabhāva Pv-a.197); Sdhp.244, Sdhp.398.

acchādanā →

pts

covering, hiding, concealment Pp.19, Pp.23
Note. In id. p. at Vb.358 we read accasarā for acchādanā. Is the latter merely a gloss?

= prec.

acci-bandha →

pts

…by Bdhgh as caturassa-kedāra-baddha (“divided into short pieces” Vin Texts ii.207), i.e. with squares of irrigated fields. The vv.ll. are…

accodara →

pts

too much eating, greediness, lit. too much of a belly Ja.iv.279 (C. ati-udara).

ati + udara

accāraddha →

pts

adjective & adverb exerting oneself very or too much, with great exertion Vin.i.182; Thag.638; Snp-a.21.

ati + āraddha

accāvadati →

pts

…(variant reading BB ajjhārati), Ja.v.434 (variant reading BB aghācarati for ajjhācarati = ajjhāvadati?).

ati + āvadati; or is it =…

accāyika →

pts

adjective out of time, viz.

  1. irregular, extraordinary Ja.vi.549, Ja.vi.553.
  2. urgent, pressing MN.i.149 (karaṇiyan business), MN.ii.112; Ja.i.338; Ja.v.17 ˚ṃ (nt.) hurry Dhp-a.i.18. See also acce …

acittikata →

pts

adjective not well thought of Mil.229.

a + citta2 + kata; cp. cittikāra

adda →

pts

…SN.iv.187 (kūṭāgāra); MN.i.86 = Cnd.199#6 (upakāriyo) See also addha2.

The reading allāvalepana occurs at Cnd.40 (=…

addhan →

pts

…a ddh ānaṃ saṃsāraṃ); Snp.740 (dīghaṃ addhāna saṃsāra); Dhp.207 (dīghaṃ addhāna socati) Ja.i.137. gen. dīghassa addhuno…

addhariya →

pts

sacrificing priest, Name of a class of Brahmins DN.i.237 (brāhmaṇa).

Vedic adhvaryu fr. adhvara sacrifice

addhāna →

pts

same meaning as addhan but as simplex only used with reference to time (i.e. a long time, cp. Vv-a.117 addhānaṃ = ciraṃ). Usually in phrase atītaṃ (anāgataṃ etc.) addhānaṃ in …

adhama →

pts

adjective the lowest (lit. & fig.), the vilest, worst Snp.246; (narādhama), 135 (vasalâdhama); Dhp.78 (purisa˚) Ja.iii.151 (miga˚); Ja.v.394 (uttamâdhama), Ja.v.437 (id.), Ja.v.397 Sdhp.387.

Vedic …

adhara →

pts

adjective the lower Ja.iii.26 (adharoṭṭha the l. lip).

Vedic adhara, compar. of adho

adhi →

pts

…to“ i.e. commissioned; ˚kāra commission; ˚gacchati “to go on to & reach it” = obtain; ˚gama attainment; ˚gaṇhāti to overtake =…

adhicca →

pts

…ger. of dhṛ; cp. dhāra, dhāraṇa 3, dhāreti 4

Adhicca3

adjective without a cause (for assumption) unreasonable, unlikely…

adhika →

pts

adjective exceeding, extraordinary, superior, Pp.35; Vv-a.80 (= anadhivara, visiṭṭha); DN-a.i.141, DN-a.i.222; Dpvs.v.32 (an˚); Dhp-a.iii.238 Kp-a.193 (= anuttara); Sdhp.337, Sdhp.447
■ compar …

adhikaraṇa →

pts

…Vin.ii.261.

  • -kāraka one who causes dispute discussions or dissent Vin.iv.230 (f. ˚ikā); AN.iii.252. *…

adhikaraṇika →

pts

one who has to do with the settling of disputes or questions, a judge AN.v.164, AN.v.167.

fr. adhikaraṇa

adhikaraṇī →

pts

smith’s anvil Ja.iii.285; Dāvs iii.16 sq.; Dhs-a.263.

to adhikaraṇa 1, orig. meaning “serving, that which serves, i.e. instrument”

adhikāra →

pts

…cp. Pv.ii.9#27); Dhp-a.ii.41.

cp. Sk. adhikāra

adhikārika →

pts

adjective (-˚) serving as, referring to Vin.iii.274 (Bdhgh).

to adhikāra

adhimatta →

pts

adjective extreme, exceeding, extraordinary; nt. adv. ˚ṃ extremely MN.i.152, MN.i.243; SN.iv.160; AN.ii.150; AN.iv.241; Ja.i.92; Pp.15; Mil.146, Mil.189 Mil.274, Mil.290; Pv.ii.3#6 (= adhikataraṃ Pv- …

adhippagharati →

pts

to flow, to trickle Thag-a.284.

adhi + ppa + gharati

adhipāta →

pts

…uppatitvā khādanti taṃkāraṇā a. vuccanti“; Ud.72 (expld. by C. as salabhā).

from adhipatati = Sk. atipatati, to fly past,…

adhivara →

pts

adjective superb, excellent, surpassing Vv.16#3 (an˚; unsurpassed, unrivalled; Vv-a.80 = adhika visiṭṭha).

adhi + vara

adhivāsa →

pts

endurance, forbearance, holding out; only as adj. in dur˚; difficult to hold out Thag.111.

fr. adhi + vas

adhivāsana →

pts

  1. assent AN.iii.31; Dhp-a.i.33.
  2. forbearance, endurance MN.i.10; Ja.ii.237 Ja.iii.263; Ja.iv.307; Ja.v.174.

fr. adhi + vas

adhiṭṭhita →

pts

adjective
standing on (c. loc.), esp. with the idea of standing above, towering over Vv.63#30 (hemarathe a. = sakalaṃ ṭhānaṃ abhibhavitvā ṭhita Vv-a.269)

  1. looked after, managed, undertaken gover …

adho →

pts

adverb below, usually combd. or contrasted with uddhaṃ “above” and tiriyaṃ “across”, describing the 3 dimensions
uddhaṃ and …

adhīna →

pts

adjective (-˚) subject, dependent DN.i.72 (atta˚ & para˚;); Ja.iv.112; DN-a.i.217; also written ādhīna Ja.v.350. See also under para.

cp. Sk. adhīna

adinna →

pts

past participle that which is not given, freq. in phrase adinn’ ādāna (BSk. adattādāna Divy.302 seizing or grasping that which is not given to one i.e. stealing, is the 2nd of the ten qua …

agga →

pts

-dvāra main door Ja.i.114.

aggha →

pts

…= Ja.iv.476.

  • -kāraka a valuator Ja.i.124.
  • -pada valuableness Ja.v.473 (˚lakkhaṇaṃ nāma…

agghati →

pts

intr. to be worth, to have the value of (acc.), to deserve Ja.i.112 (satasahassaṃ; aḍḍhamāsakaṃ); Ja.vi.174, Ja.vi.367 (padarajaṃ); Dhp-a.iii.35 (maṇin nâgghāma); Mhvs.32, Mhvs.28. Freq. in stock phr …

aggi →

pts

…(agyâgāra) a heated room or hut with a fire Vin.i.24; Vin.iv.109; DN.i.101, DN.i.102 (as variant reading BB…

agha →

pts

Agha1

neuter evil, grief, pain, suffering, misfortune SN.i.22; MN.i.500 (roga gaṇḍa salla agha); AN.ii.128 (id.); Ja.v.100; Thig.491; Sdhp.51
■ adj. painful, bringing pain Ja.vi.507 (a …

aghammiga →

pts

sort of wild animal Ja.vi.247 (= aghāvaha miga), Ja.vi.507 (= aghakara). Cp. BSk. agharika Divy.475.

to agha1?

agāra →

pts

…■ Further passages for agāra e.g. Vin.i.15; DN.i.102 (BB. has variant reading agyāgāra, but DN-a.i.270 expl. as…

agāraka →

pts

small house, a cottage MN.i.450; Ja.vi.81.

fr. agāra

agārin →

pts

…(id. Pv-a.194). Agariya = agarika

fr. agāra

agāriya →

pts

anagāraṃ as opp. to agāra (q.v.) in formula agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajita (gone out from the house into the…

ahaṃ →

pts

-kāra selfishness, egotism, arrogance (see also mamaṃkāra) MN.iii.18, MN.iii.32; SN.ii.253;…

ahi →

pts

snake Vin.ii.109; DN.i.77; SN.iv.198; AN.iii.306 sq.; AN.iv.320; AN.v.289; Mnd.484; Vism.345 (+ kukkura etc.); Vv-a.100; Pv-a.144.

  • -kuṇapa the carcase of a snake Vin.iii.68 …

ahāsi →

pts

3rd sg. aor. of harati (q.v.).

ajaddhuka →

pts

Ajaddhuka & Ajaddhumāra

see jaddhu.

ajaddhumāra →

pts

Ajaddhuka & Ajaddhumāra

see jaddhu.

ajagara →

pts

large snake (rock-snake?), Boa Constrictor Ja.vi.507; Mil.23, Mil.303, Mil.364, Mil.406; Dhp-a.iii.60. Also as ajakara at Ja.iii.484 (cp. Trenckner, Notes p. 64).

aja + gara = …

ajajjara →

pts

see jajjara. Ajaddhuka & Ajaddhumara;

ajina →

pts

the hide of the black antelope, worn as a garment by ascetics DN.i.167; Snp.1027; Ja.i.12, Ja.i.53; Ja.iv.387; Ja.v.407. kharājina a rough skin (as garment) MN.i.343; SN.iv.118; AN.ii.207; Snp.249 (= …

ajjati →

pts

to get, procure, obtain Ja.iii.263 (?). pp. ajjita (q.v.).

Vedic arjati, ṛj, a variant of arh, see arahati

ajjhagā →

pts

he came to, got to, found, obtained, experienced SN.i.12 (vimānaṃ); Snp.225 (expld. at Kp-a.180 by vindi paṭilabhi), Snp.956 (ratiṃ; expld. at Mnd.457 by adhigacchi); Iti.69 (jā …

ajjhapara →

pts

SN.v.218: substitute variant reading accasara (q.v.).

ajjhatta →

pts

…assū ti Mnd.350).

ajjhoharati →

pts

to swallow, eat, take as food MN.i.245; Ja.i.460; Ja.ii.293 Ja.vi.205, Ja.vi.213; Mil.366; Pv-a.283 (aor.)
pp ajjhohaṭa (q.v.).

Sk. abhyavaharati; adhi (= abhi) + ava + hṛ.

ajjhoharaṇa →

pts

Err:509

ajjhoharaṇiya →

pts

adjective something fit to eat, eatable, for eating Ja.vi.258; Dhp-a.i.284.

grd. of ajjhoharati

ajjhohata →

pts

having swallowed Sdhp.610 (balisaṃ maccho viya: like a fish the fishhook).

pp. of ajjhoharati

ajjhohāra →

pts

…cp. timingala) Ja.v.462.

Sk. abhyavahāra

ajjhottharati →

pts

to cover over, spread out, spread over, cover; to submerge, flood Vin.i.111; Ja.i.61, Ja.i.72, Ja.i.73; Mil.296, Mil.336; Dhp.i.264; Pass. -tthariyati to be overrun with (instr.), to be smothered, …

ajjhotthata →

pts

spread over; covered, filled; overcome, crushed, overpowered Ja.i.363 (ajjhottaṭa) Ja.i.410; Ja.v.91 (= adhipanna); Dhp-a.i.278; Pv-a.55; Dāvs v.5.

pp. of ajjhottharati

ajjhupaharati →

pts

to take (food) to oneself Ja.ii.293 (aor. ajjhupāhari = ajjhohari C.).

adhi + upa + hṛ; cp. upaharati

ajjhācarati →

pts

  1. to conduct oneself according to Vin.ii.301; MN.i.523; Mil.266.
  2. to flirt with (perhaps to embrace) Ja.iv.231 (aññam-aññaṃ) pp. ajjhāciṇṇa. See also accāvadati & aticarati …

ajjhāciṇṇa →

pts

habitually done Vin.ii.80 sq., Vin.ii.301.

pp. of ajjhācarati

ajjhācāra →

pts

  1. minor conduct (conduct of a bhikkhu as to those minor rules not included in the Pārājikas or Saṃghādisesas) Vin.i.63 (see note in Vin. Texts, i.184.
  2. flirtation Vin.iii.128 (in the Old Cy as ex …

ajjhāgāre →

pts

adverb at home, in one’s own house AN.i.132 = Iti.109; AN.ii.70.

adhi + agāre, loc. of agāra

ajjhāpīḷita →

pts

harassed, overpowered, tormented Pv-a.180 (khuppipāsāya by hunger & thirst).

adhi + ā + pīḷita

ajjhārūhati →

pts

to rise into the air, to climb over, spread over SN.i.221 = Ne.173 (ajjhottharati SA; cp. Mrs. Rh. D. Kindred Sayings i.285).

adhi + ārohati cp. atyārohati

ajjhāvara →

pts

…Should we read ajjhācara? Cp. ajjhācāra.

fr. adhi + ā + var

ajjhāvasatar →

pts

one who inhabits DN.i.63 (agāraṃ).

n. ag. to ajjhāvasati

ajjhāvasati →

pts

to inhabit (agāraṃ a house; i.e. to be settled or live the settled life of a householder DN.ii.16; MN.i.353; Vin.iv.224; Ja.i.50; Pp.57; Mil.348 …

ajjhāvuttha →

pts

inhabited, occupied (of a house) Vin.ii.210; Ja.i.145; Ja.ii.333; Pv-a.24 (˚ghara); fig. (not) occupied by Snp-a.566 (= anosita).

cp. Sk. adhyuṣita; pp. of ajjhāvasati

akalu →

pts

(cp. agalu) an ointment Ja.iv.440 (akaluñ candanañ ca, variant reading BB aggaluṃ; C. explains as kālākaluñ ca rattacandanañ ca, thus implying a blacking or dark ointment); Ja …

akiccakāra →

pts

…(of medicine) Mil.151.

a + kicca + kāra

akkha →

pts

Akkha1

the axle of a wheel DN.ii.96; SN.v.6; AN.i.112; Ja.i.109, Ja.i.192; Ja.v.155 (akkhassa phalakaṃ yathā; C.: suvaṇṇaphalakaṃ viya, i.e. shiny, like the polished surface of an axle …

akkhara →

pts

adjective constant, durable, lasting DN.iii.86. As tt. for one of 4 branches of Vedic learning (DN.i.88) it is Phonetics which probably included Grammar, and is explained by sikkhā

akkhaṇa →

pts

wrong time, bad luck, misadventure, misfortune. There are 9 enumerated at DN.iii.263; the usual set consists of 8; thus DN.iii.287; Vv-a.193; Sdhp.4 sq. See also *khaṇa-[vedhin](/de …

akkhi →

pts

the eye MN.i.383 (ubbhatehi akkhīhi); Snp.197, Snp.608; Ja.i.223, Ja.i.279; Ja.v.77; Ja.vi.336; Pv.ii.9#26 (akkhīni paggharanti: shed tears, cp. Pv-a.123); Vv-a.65 (-īni bhamanti, my eyes swi …

akkhika →

pts

…Dhp-a.i.11.

Akkhika2

neuter the mesh of a net Ja.i.208. -hāraka one who takes up a mesh (?) MN.i.383 (corresp…

akkhāna →

pts

…DN.i.6 (= DN-a.i.84: Bhārata-Rāmāyanādi); DN.iii.183; MN.i.503; MN.iii.167; Sdhp.237
■ preaching, teaching Mnd.91 (dhamm˚;). The…

alaṃ →

pts

indeclinable emphatic particle

  1. in affirmative sentences: part. of assurance emphasis = for sure, very much (so), indeed, truly. Note. In connection with a dat. or an infin. the latter only app …

alaṅkaraṇa →

pts

doing up, fitting out, ornamentation Ja.i.60.

alaṃ + karaṇa, fr. alankaroti

alaṅkaraṇaka →

pts

adjective adorning, embellishing, decorating Dhp-a.i.410.

fr. alankaraṇa

alaṅkaroti →

pts

to make much of i.e. to adorn, embellish, decorate Ja.i.60; Ja.iii.189; Ja.vi.368). ger. -karitvā Dhp-a.i.410; Pv-a.74
pp alaṅkata
caus alaṅkārāpeti to cause to be ado …

alaṅkata →

pts

  1. “made too much”, made much of, done up, adorned, fitted out Dhp.142 (= vatthâbharaṇa-paṭimaṇḍita Dhp-a.iii.83); Pv.ii.3#6; Vv.1#1; Ja.iii.392; Ja.iv.60.
  2. “done enough” (see *[alaṃ](/define/alaṃ …

alaṅkāra →

pts

“getting up” i.e. fitting out, ornament, decoration; esp. trinkets, ornaments DN.iii.190; AN.iii.239; AN.iii.263 sq.; Ja.vi.368; Pv-a.23 Pv-a.46, Pv-a.70 (-˚ adj. adorned with), Pv-a.74; Sdhp.249 …

amacca →

pts

  1. friend, companion, fellow-worker, helper, esp one who gives his advice, a bosom-friend Iti.73; Ja.vi.512 (sahajātā amaccā); Pv.ii.6#20 (a ˚-paricārikā well-advising friends as company or around …

amama →

pts

…C.); Pv.iv.1#34 (= mamaṃkāravirahita Pv-a.230); Mhvs.1, Mhvs.66, combd. with nirāsa (free from longing), at…

amara →

pts

adjective not mortal, not subject to death Thag.276; Snp.249 (= amara-bhāva-patthanatāya pavatta-kāya-kilesa Snp-a.291); Ja.v.80 (= amaraṇa-sabhāva) Ja.v.218; Dāvs v.62.

a + mara from mṛ.

amaratta →

pts

immortality Ja.v.223 (= devatta C.).

abstr. fr. amara

amarā →

pts

? a kind of slippery fish, an eel (?) Only in expression amarā-vikkhepika eel-wobbler, one who practices eel-wriggling, fr. ˚vikkhepa “oscillation like the a. fish” In English idiom “a man who si …

amata →

pts

…(has ˚dudrabhi).

  • -dvāra the door to Nibbāna MN.i.353; SN.i.137 = Vin.i.5; SN.ii.43, SN.ii.45, SN.ii.58, SN.ii.80;…

amba →

pts

the Mango tree, Mangifera Indica DN.i.46, DN.i.53, DN.i.235; Ja.ii.105 Ja.ii.160; Vv.79#10; Pp.45; Mil.46; Pv-a.153, Pv-a.187.

  • -aṭṭhi the kernel or stone of the m. fruit Dhp- …

ambala →

pts

at Ja.ii.246 (˚koṭṭhaka-āsana-sālā) for ambara1 (?) or for ambaka2 (?), or should we read kambala˚?.

ambara →

pts

Ambara1

neuter the sky, Dāvs i.38; Dāvs iv.51; Dāvs v.32
Note. At Ja.v.390 we have to read muraja-ālambara, and not mura-jāla-ambara.

Vedic ambara circumference, horizon

Ambara< …

amitta →

pts

one who is not friend, an enemy DN.iii.185; Iti.83; Snp.561 (= paccatthika Snp-a.455); Dhp.66, Dhp.207; Ja.vi.274 (˚tāpana harassing the enemies).

Vedic amitra; a + mitta

amutta →

pts

adjective not released, not free from (c. abl.) Iti.93 (mārabandhanā).

a + mutta

anamatagga →

pts

adjective epithet of Saṃsāra “whose beginning and end are alike unthinkable”, i.e., without beginning or end. Found in two passages of the…

anariya →

pts

…Vin.i.10; DN.iii.232 (˚vohāra, 3 sets of 4 the same at Vin.v.125); Snp.664, Snp.782 (˚dhamma); Pp.13
■ See ariya.

an + ariya, see also…

andha →

pts

…+ gambhīra).

  • -kāra blindness (lit. fig), darkness, dullness, bewilderment Vin.i.16; DN.ii.12; AN.i.56; AN.ii.54;…

andu →

pts

chain, fetter Vin.i.108 = Vin.iii.249 (tiṇ˚); DN.i.245; Ja.i.21 (˚ghara prisonhouse); Dhp-a.iv.54 (˚bandhana).

cp. Sk. andu, andū & anduka

aneka →

pts

…Dhp.153 (˚jātisāra); Ja.iv.2 Ja.vi.366.

  • -pariyāyena (instr.) in many ways Vin.i.16; Snp.p.15
  • -rūpa

anissara →

pts

adjective without a personal ereator Thag.713.

an + issara

anitthi →

pts

woman lacking the characteristics of womanhood, a woman ceasing to be a woman, “nonwoman” Ja.ii.126 (compd with anadī a river without water interpreted by ucchiṭṭh-itthi).

an + itthi

anna →

pts

“eating”, food, esp. boiled rice, but includes all that is eaten as food, viz. odana, kummāsa, sattu, maccha, maṃsa (rice gruel, flour, fish, meat) Mnd.372 = Mnd.495. Anna is spelt *[aṇṇa](/define/aṇṇ …

anoka →

pts

…at Mnd.487 by abhisankhāra-sahagatassa viññāṇassa okāsaṃ na karoti & at Snp-a.573 by abhisankhāra-viññān;’ ādīnaṃ…

anorapāra →

pts

adjective having (a shore) neither on this side nor beyond Mil.319.

an + ora + pāra

anosita →

pts

adjective not inhabited (by), not accessible (to) Snp.937 (= anajjhositaṃ Mnd.441 jarādīhi anajjhāvutthaṃ ṭhānaṃ Snp-a.566).

an + ava + sita, pp. of

anta →

pts

Anta1

  1. end, finish, goal SN.iv.368 (of Nibbāna); Snp.467; Ja.ii.159. antaṃ karoti to make an end (of) Snp.283, Snp.512; Dhp.275, cp. antakara, ˚kiriyā
    ■ loc. ante at the end of, …

antaka →

pts

…an end, epithet of Death or Māra Vin.i.21; SN.i.72; Thig.59 (explained by Thag-a.65 as lāmaka va Māra, thus taken anta2); Dhp.48 (=…

antalikkha →

pts

the atmosphere or air DN.ii.15; AN.iii.239; AN.iv.199; Snp.222, Snp.688; Dhp.127; Mil.150 = Pv-a.104; Pv.i.3#1 (= vehāyasa-saññita a Pv-a.14); Kp-a.166.

  • -ga going through the air AN.i.215.

antara →

pts

…kappa (q.v.) DN.i.54.

  • -kāraṇa a cause of impediment, hindrance, obstacle Pp-a.231
  • -cakka “the…

antaradhāna →

pts

disappearance AN.i.58 (saddhammassa); AN.ii.147; AN.iii.176 sq.; Mil.133; Dhs.645 Dhs.738, Dhs.871. Cp. ˚dhāyana.

fr. antaradhāyati

antaradhāyana →

pts

disappearance Dhp-a.iv.191. (variant reading ˚adhāna).

fr. antaradhāyati

antaradhāyati →

pts

to disappear Snp.449 (˚dhāyatha 3rd sg. med.); Vv.81#28 (id.); Ja.i.119 = Dhp-a.i.248; Dhp-a.iv.191 (ppr. ˚dhāyamāna & aor. dhāyi) Pv-a.152, Pv-a.217, (˚dhāyi), Pv-a.245; Vv-a.48
pp …

antarahita →

pts

adjective

  1. disappeared, gone, left DN.i.222. MN.i.487. Mil.18. Pv-a.245.
  2. in phrase anantarahitāya bhūmiyā (loc) on the bare soil (lit. on the ground with nothing put in between it & the perso …

antarayati →

pts

to go or step in between, ger. antaritvā (= antarayitvā) Ja.i.218.

cp. denom. fr. antara

antaraṃsa →

pts

“in between the shoulders”, i.e. the chest Ja.v.173 = Ja.vi.171 (phrase lohitakkho vihat’ antaraṃso).

B.Sk. antarâṃsa; antara + aṃsa

antaraṭṭhaka →

pts

adjective only in phrases rattisu antaraṭṭhakāsu and antaraṭṭhake hima-pātasamaye (in which antara functions as prep. c. loc., according to antara II. b.) i.e. in the nights (& in the time of the …

antarika →

pts

adjective “being in between”, i.e.

  1. intermediate, next, following: see an˚.
  2. distant lying in between Pv-a.173 (aneka-yojan˚ ṭhāna). See also f. antarikā.
  3. inside: see *[antarikā](/define/a …

antarā →

pts

adverb prep. (c. gen. acc. or loc.), pref. (˚-) and adv. “in between” (of space & time), midway, inside; during meanwhile, between. On interpretation of term see DN-a.i.34 sq

  1. (prep.) c. ac …

antarāpaṇa →

pts

place where the trading goes on, bazaar Ja.i.55; Ja.vi.52; Mil.1, Mil.330; Dhp-a.i.181.

antarā + paṇa “in between the shopping or trading”

antarāya →

pts

Antarāya1

obstacle, hindrance, impediment to (-˚); prevention, bar danger, accident to (-). There are 10 dangers (to or from) enumerated at Vin.i.112, Vin.i.169 etc., viz. *rāja˚, cora˚ …

antarāyika →

pts

adjective causing an obstacle, forming an impediment Vin.i.94 = Vin.ii.272; MN.i.130; SN.ii.226 Thag-a.288.

fr. antarāya

antarāyikin →

pts

adjective noun one who meets with an obstacle, finding difficulties Vin.iv.280 (an˚ = asati antarāye).

cp. antarāyika

antarāḷa →

pts

interior, interval Dāvs i.52; Dāvs iii.53 (nabh˚).

Sk antarāla

antima →

pts

…his last body Iti.101 (dhāra T, ˚dhara variant reading); Vv-a.163.

  • -dhārin = prec. SN.i.14, SN.i.53 (+…

anto →

pts

…r. s.) Vv-a.66.

  • -vihāra the inside of the V. Dhp-a.i.50 (˚âbhimukhī turning towards etc.), *…

anu →

pts

Anu1

indeclinable prep. & pref

A.

As prep. anu is only found occasionally, and here its old (Vedic) function with acc. is superseded by the loc. Traces of …

anubhavana →

pts

experiencing, suffering; sensation or physical sensibility (cf. Cpd. 229, 2321) Ne.28 (iṭṭhâniṭṭh-ânubhavana-lakkhanā vedanā “feeling is characterised by the experiencing of what is ple …

anubhāva →

pts

orig. meaning “experience, concomitance” and found only in compounds as-˚, in meaning “experiencing the sensation of or belonging to, experience of, accordance with”, e.g. maha˚ sensation of greatnes …

anubrūheti →

pts

…aor.); Ja.iii.191 (suññāgāraṃ). Often in phrase vivekaṃ anubrūheti to devote oneself to detachment or solitude, e.g. Ja.i.9 (inf…

anubyañjana FIXME double →

pts

Anuvyañjana & anubyañjana

(e.g. Vin.iv.15; Ja.i.12) neuter accompanying (i.e. secondary attribute, minor or inferior characteristic, supplementary or additional sign or mark (cf. mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇa …

anucarati →

pts

to move along, to follow; to practice; pp. anuciṇṇa & anucarita; (q.v.)

anu + cariti

anucarita →

pts

(-˚) connected with, accompanied by, pervaded with DN.i.16, DN.i.21 (vīmaṃsa˚ anuvicarita DN-a.i.106); MN.i.68 (id.); Mil.226.

pp. of anucarati

anuciṇṇa →

pts

past participle

  1. pursuing, following out, practising, doing; having attained or practised Vin.ii.203 = Iti.86 (pamādaṃ); Ja.i.20 (verse 126); Thag.236 Thag.2, Thag.206; Dpvs.iv.9.
  2. adorned with, …

anuga →

pts

…abhibhūta Snp.527), 1095 (Māra vasa˚; = abhibhuyya viharanti Cnd.507); Iti.91 (ejā˚;) Ja.iii.224 (vasa˚; = vasavattin C.); Mhvs.7,…

anugaṇhāti →

pts

…(vācaṃ; cp. DN-a.i.160: sārato agaṇhaṇto); Ja.ii.74; Cnd.50 (ppr. med -gayhamāna = anukampamāna); Pp.36; Pv-a.181 (imper….

anuggaṇhāti →

pts

…(vācaṃ; cp. DN-a.i.160: sārato agaṇhaṇto); Ja.ii.74; Cnd.50 (ppr. med -gayhamāna = anukampamāna); Pp.36; Pv-a.181 (imper….

anujju →

pts

adjective not straight, crooked, bent, in compounds -aṅgin (anujjangin) with (evenly) bent limbs, i.e. with perfect limbs, graceful f. . Epithet of a beautiful woman Ja.v.40 (= kañcana-sannib …

anukampati →

pts

to have pity on, to commiserate, to pity, to sympathise with (c. acc.) SN.i.82, SN.i.206 SN.v.189. Imper. anukampa Pv.ii.1#6 (= anuddayaṃ karohi Pv-a.70) & anukampassu Pv.iii.2#8 (= anuggaṇha Pv\ …

anukiṇṇa →

pts

strewn with, beset with, dotted all over Pv.iv.12#1 (bhamara-gaṇa˚).

pp. of anu + kirati

anukāra →

pts

imitation Dpvs.v.39.

cp. anukaroti

anumajjana →

pts

threshing out, pounding up (Dhs. trsl. 11), always used with ref. to the term vicāra (q.v.) Mil.62; Dhs-a.114; DN-a.i.63, DN-a.i.122.

abstr. fr. anumajjati

anumodana →

pts

…Dhp-a.ii.97 (Satthāraṁ ˚ṁ yāciṁsu asked his blessing) Pv-a.23 (˚atthaṁ in order to thank), Pv-a.26 (identical), Pv-a.121,…

anupanna →

pts

gone into, reached, attained Snp.764 (māradheyya˚).

pp. of anupajjati

anupariharati →

pts

to surround, enfold, embrace MN.i.306.

anu + pari + harati

anupariyāti →

pts

to go round about, to go about, to wander or travel all over (c. acc.) Vin.ii.111; SN.i.102, SN.i.124; Thag.1235 (˚pariyeti), Thag.1250 (id. to search) Pv.iii.3#4 (= anuvicarati); Mil.38; Pv-a.92 (*\ …

anupharaṇa →

pts

flashing through, pervading Mil.148.

anu + pharaṇa

anupubba →

pts

…Pts.i.35.

  • -vihāra a state of gradually ascending stages by means of which the highest aim of meditation & trance…

anupubbi-kathā →

pts

Anupubbi-kathā

feminine a gradual instruction, graduated sermon regulated exposition of the ever higher values of four subjects (dāna-kathā, sīla˚, sagga˚, magga˚) i.e. charity righteousness, the h …

anuratta →

pts

adjective pp. of anu + rañj ] attached or devoted to, fond of, faithful Thig.446 (bhattāraṃ); Ja.i.297; Mil.146.

anurodati →

pts

to cry after, cry for Ja.iii.166 = Pv.i.12#7 (dārako candaṃ a.).

anu + rodati

anusampavaṅkatā →

pts

disputing, quarrelling(?) Vin.ii.88 (under anuvādâdhikaraṇa).

anu + saṃ + pavankatā; is reading correct?

anusarati →

pts

to follow, conform oneself to SN.iv.303 (phalaṃ anusarissati BB, but balaṃ anupadassati SS perhaps to be preferred)
caus anusāreti to bring together with, to send up to or aga …

anusayin →

pts

adjective DN.ii.283 (me dīgharatta˚), “for me, so long obsessed (with doubts)”. The reading is uncertain.

fr. anusaya

anusayita →

pts

dormant, only in combn. dīgharatta˚; latent so long Thag.768; Snp.355 Snp.649. Cp. anusaya & anusayin.

pp. of anuseti, anu + śī

anusañcarati →

pts

to walk along, to go round about, to visit MN.i.279; SN.v.53, SN.v.301; Ja.i.202 Ja.iii.502; Pv-a.279 (nagaraṃ)
pp anusañcarita (q.v.).

anu + saṃ + carati

anusañcarita →

pts

frequented, visited, resorted to Mil.387.

pp. of anusañcarati

anusaṃvacchara →

pts

adjective yearly Dhp-a.i.388 (nakkhattaṃ). Usually nt. -ṃ as adv. yearly, every year Ja.i.68; Ja.v.99. On use of anu in this combn. see anu A a.

anu + saṃv˚

anussada →

pts

adjective anussuta*; v.l K.B. anussada; Dhp-a.iv.165 explains with taṇhā-ussāvâbhāva vv.ll. ˚ussada˚); Iti.97 (vv.ll. anussata & anussara).

anussarati →

pts

to remember, recollect, have memory of (acc.), bear in mind; be aware of DN.ii.8, DN.ii.53, DN.ii.54 (jātito etc.); SN.iii.86 sq. (pubbenivāsaṃ), SN.v.67 (dhammaṃ a. anuvitakketi), 303 (kappasahassaṃ) …

anussaraṇa →

pts

remembrance, memory, recollection Iti.107 (= anussati at id. p. SN.v.67) Pv-a.25, Pv-a.29.

abstr. to anussarati

anussaritar →

pts

one who recollects or remembers SN.v.197, SN.v.225 (saritar +) AN.v.25, AN.v.28.

n. ag. to anussarita, pp. of anussarati

anussati →

pts

remembrance, recollection, thinking of, mindfulness. A late list of subjects to be kept in mind comprises six anussati-ṭṭhānāni, viz. Buddha˚, Dhamma˚, Saṅgha˚ sīla˚, cāga˚, devatā˚; i.e. prope …

anusāra →

pts

…with, according to Ja.i.8; Pv-a.187 (tad), Pv-a.227; and anusārato (abl.) id. Sdhp.91.

fr. anu + sṛ.

anusāreti →

pts

see anusarati.

anusārin →

pts

(-˚) adjective following, striving after, acting in accordance with, living up to or after Freq. in formula dhammānusārin saddhānusārin living in conformity with the Norm & the Faith DN.iii.254; MN …

anuttara →

pts

adjective “nothing higher”, without a superior, incomparable, second to none, unsurpassed, excellent, preeminent Snp.234 (= adhikassa kassaci abhāvato Kp-a.193), 1003; Dhp.23, Dhp.55 (= asadisa appaṭ …

anuttariya →

pts

preeminence, superiority, excellency; highest ideal, greatest good. They are mentioned as sets of 3 (viz. dassana˚, paṭipadā˚, vimutti˚;) at DN.iii.219, or of 6 (viz. *dassana˚, savana˚ lābha˚, sikk …

anutāpa →

pts

anguish, remorse, conscience Vv.40#5 (= vippaṭisāra Vv-a.180); Dhs-a.384.

fr. anu + tāpa

anuvicarati →

pts

to wander about, stroll roam through, explore DN.i.235; Ja.ii.128; Ja.iii.188; Pv-a.189 (= anupariyāti)
caus -vicāreti to think over (lit. to make one’s mind wander over), to meditate ponder (cp …

anuvicca →

pts

…Ja.iii.426; Pp.49.

  • -kāra a thorough investigation, examination, test Vin.i.236 (here spelt anuvijja) = MN.i.379 (=…

anuvicāra →

pts

meditation, reflexion, thought Dhs.85 (= vicāra).

anu + vicāra, cf. anuvicāreti

anuvijjhati →

pts

  1. to pierce or be pierced, to be struck or hurt with (instr.) Ja.vi.439
  2. to be affected with, to fall into, to incur Dhp-a.iii.380 (aparādhaṃ)

pp anuviddha (q.v.).

anu + vyadh

anuvitakketi →

pts

to reflect, think, ponder over, usually combined with anuvicāreti DN.i.119; DN.iii.242; SN.v.67 = Iti.107 (anussarati +); AN.iii.383.

anu + vi + takketi

anuvyañjana →

pts

Anuvyañjana & anubyañjana

(e.g. Vin.iv.15; Ja.i.12) neuter accompanying (i.e. secondary attribute, minor or inferior characteristic, supplementary or additional sign or mark (cf. mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇa …

anuvāda →

pts

  1. blaming, censure, admonition Vin.ii.5 Vin.ii.32; AN.ii.121 (atta˚, para˚); Vb.376.
  2. in combn. vādānuvāda: talk and lesser or additional talk, i.e. “small talk” (see *[anu](/define/an …

anuvāta →

pts

Anuvāta1

a forward wind, the wind that blows from behind, a favourable wind; -ṃ adv. with the wind, in the direction of the wind (opp. paṭivātaṃ) AN.i.226 (˚paṭiv …

anuḷāratta →

pts

smallness, littleness, insignificance Vv-a.24.

abstr. fr. an + uḷāra

anvakkhara →

pts

adjective “according to the syltable”, syll. after syll., also a mode of reciting by syllables Vin.iv.15, cp. Vin.iv.355 Cp. anupadaṃ.

anu + akkhara

anācāra →

pts

misconduct, immorality Ja.ii.133; Ja.iii.276; adj. anācārin Pp.57.

an + ācāra

anādara →

pts

  1. (m) disrespect Pv-a.257
  2. (adj.) disrespectful Snp.247 (= ādaravirahita Snp-a.290).

an + ādara

anādaratā →

pts

want of consideration, in expln. of dovacassatā at Dhs.1325 = Vb.359 = Pp.30 (where reading is anādariyatā).

abstr. fr. anādara

anādariya →

pts

disregard, disrespect Vin.i.176; Vin.iv.113 (where expld. in extenso); Dhs.1325 dug 20 = Vb.359.

fr. anādara

anāgāmin →

pts

adjective noun one who does not return, a Never-Returner, as tt. designating one who has attained the 3rd stage out of four in the breaking of the bonds (Saṃyojanas) which keep a man back …

anāgāra →

pts

Anāgāra & Anāgāriyā

see agāra & agāriyā.

anāgāriyā →

pts

Anāgāra & Anāgāriyā

see agāra & agāriyā.

anāhāra →

pts

adjective being without food MN.i.487; Snp.985.

an + āhāra

anāmanta →

pts

…or being asked; in -kata unasked, unpermitted, uninvited Ja.vi.226 -cāra living uninvited Vin.v.132; AN.iii.259.

an + āmanta

anānu →

pts

Anānu-

represents the metrically lengthened from of ananu(an + anu), as found e.g. in the foll. compounds: -tappaṃ (ppr.) not regretting Ja.v.492; -puṭṭha questioned Snp.782 (= apucchita Snp\ …

anārambha →

pts

that which is without moil and toil Snp.745 (= nibbāna Snp-a.507).

an + ārambha

anārādhaka →

pts

adjective one who fails, unsuccessful Vin.i.70.

an + ārādhaka

anāvaṭa →

pts

˚- not shut; in -dvāratā (f.) not closing the door againṡt another, accessibility, openhand edness DN.iii.191.

an + āvaṭa

apa →

pts

…˚kirati, ˚gata, ˚cāra ˚jhāyati, ˚thaṭa, ˚dāna, ˚dhāreti, ˚nata, ˚nāmeti, ˚nīta ˚lekhana, ˚loketi, ˚vadati.

Vedic apa;…

apacināti →

pts

  1. [in meaning of Sk. apacīyate cp. P. upaciyyati Pass. of upacināti] to get rid of, do away with, (cp. apacaya), diminish, make less SN.iii.89 (opp. ācināti); Thag.807; Ja.iv.172 (apacineth’ eva kāmā …

apaciti →

pts

honour, respect, esteem, reverence Thag.589; Ja.i.220 Ja.ii.435; Ja.iii.82; Ja.iv.308; Ja.vi.88; Mil.180, Mil.234 (˚ṃ karoti), Mil.377 (pūjana +); Snp-a.332 (˚karaṇa). Cp. apacāyana.

Vedic apaciti …

apacāra →

pts

falling off, fault, wrong doing Ja.vi.375.

fr. apa + car, cp. Sk. apa & abhi-carati

apacāyana →

pts

honouring, honour, worship, reverence Ja.i.220; Ja.v.326; DN-a.i.256 (˚kamma); Vv-a.24 (˚ṃ karoti = añjalikaṃ karoti); Pv-a.104 (˚kara, adj.), Pv-a.128 (+ paricariya).

abstr. fr. apa + cāy, w …

apacāyin →

pts

adjective honouring, paying homage, revering Snp.325 (vaddha˚ = vaddhānaṃ apaciti karaṇena Snp-a.332) = Dhp.109; Ja.i.47, Ja.i.132, Ja.i.201 Ja.ii.299; Ja.v.325; Mil.206; Sdhp.549.

fr. *apacāya; cp …

apadhāreti →

pts

to observe, request ask Thag-a.16.

Caus. of apa + dhṛ; cp. Sk. ava-dhārayati, but also BSk. apadhārayati Divy.231

apadāna →

pts

  1. removing, breaking off, DN.iii.88.
  2. [= Sk. avadāna cp. ovāda] advice, admonition, instruction, morals Vin.ii.4 (an˚ not taking advice), Vin.ii.7 (id.) MN.i.96; AN.v.337 sq. (saddhā˚) Thag.47.

apagama →

pts

going away, disappearance Sdhp.508.

Sk. apagama

apahara →

pts

taking away, stealing, robbing Ja.ii.34.

Sk. apahāra, fr. apaharati

apaharati →

pts

to take away, remove, captivate, rob Ja.iii.315 (aor. apahārayiṃ); Mil.413; DN-a.i.38.

apa + hṛ.

apaharaṇa →

pts

Err:509

apahattar →

pts

one who takes away or removes, destroyer MN.i.447 = Kv.528.

n. ag. to apaharati

apakaroti →

pts

…at Thig.447 (q.v.)
pp apakata (q.v.). Cp. apakāra.

apa + karoti, cp. Sk. apakaroti & apakṛta in same meaning

apakassati →

pts

to throw away, remove Snp.281 (variant reading BB & Snp-a ava˚; expld. by niddhamati & nikkaḍḍhati Snp-a.311)
ger apakassa Sn.ii.198 = Mil.389. See also *[apakāsat …

apakāka →

pts

Apakāra & ˚ka

injury, mischief; one who injures or offends Dhp-a.iii.63; Sdhp.283.

cf. Sk. apakāra & apakaroti

apakāra →

pts

Apakāra & ˚ka

injury, mischief; one who injures or offends Dhp-a.iii.63; Sdhp.283.

cf. Sk. apakāra & apakaroti

apalepa →

pts

in “so ’palepa patito jarāgharo” at Thig.270 is to be read as “so palepa˚”. Morris’s interpret. J.P.T.S. 1886, 126 therefore superfluous.

apamāra →

pts

epilepsy Vin.i.93. Cp. apasmāra.

Sk. apasmāra

apaneti →

pts

to lead away, take or put away, remove Ja.i.62, Ja.i.138; Ja.ii.4, Ja.ii.155 (aor. apānayi), Ja.iii.26; Mil.188, Mil.259, Mil.413; Pv-a.41, Pv-a.74, Pv-a.198 (= harati) Sdhp.63 Pass. apanīyati SN …

apara →

pts

adjective another, i.e. additional, following next, second (with pron. inflexion, i.e. nom. pl apare) DN.iii.190 (˚pajā another, i.e. future generation) Snp.791, Snp.1089 (n’); Ja.i.59 (aparaṃ divasaṃ …

aparaddha →

pts

missed (c. acc.), gone wrong, failed, sinned (against = loc.) DN.i.91, DN.i.103, DN.i.180; SN.i.103 (suddhimaggaṃ); Thag.78; Snp.891 (suddhiṃ viraddha khalita Mnd.300); Pv-a.195.

pp. of aparajjhati

aparajjhati →

pts

to sin or offend against (c. loc.) Vin.ii.78 = Vin.iii.161; Ja.v.68; Ja.vi.367; Mil.189; Pv-a.263
pp aparaddha & aparādhita; (q.v.).

Sk. aparādhyate, apa + rādh

aparajju →

pts

adverb on the foll. day Vin.ii.167; SN.i.186; Mil.48.

Sk. apare-dyus

aparapaccaya →

pts

…on others Vin.i.12 (vesārajja-ppatta +); DN.i.110 (id.); MN.ii.41; MN.i.491; SN.iii.83; DN-a.i.278 (nâssa paro paccayo).

a + para +…

aparaṇṇa →

pts

“the other kind of cereal”, prepared or cooked cereals, pulse etc. Opp. to pubbaṇṇa the unprepared or raw corn (= āmakadhañña Vin.iv.265; Vin.iii.151 (pubb˚ +); Vin.iv.265, Vin.iv.267; AN.iv.108, AN. …

aparādha →

pts

sin, fault, offence, guilt Ja.i.264 (nir˚); Ja.iii.394; Ja.iv.495; Vv-a.69; Pv-a.87, Pv-a.116.

fr. apa + rādh

aparādhika →

pts

adjective guilty, offending, criminal Ja.ii.117 (vāja˚); Mil.149 (issara˚), Mil.189 (aparādhikatā).

fr. aparādha, cp. Sk. aparādhin

aparādhita →

pts

transgressed, sinned, failing Ja.v.26 (so read for aparadh’ ito).

pp. of aparādheti, Caus. of apa + rādh; cp. aparaddha

aparājita →

pts

adjective unconquered Snp.269; Ja.i.71, Ja.i.165.

Vedic aparājita; a + parājita

aparāyin →

pts

adjective having no support Ja.iii.386 (f. ; C. appatiṭṭhā appaṭisaraṇā).

a + parāyin, cp. parāyana

apasmāra →

pts

epilepsy, convulsion, fit Ja.iv.84. Cp. apamāra.

Sk. apasmāra, lit. want of memory, apa + smṛ.

apassita →

pts

…= nissāya ṭhita C.). 2. depending on, trusting in (c. acc. or loc.) Vv.10#1 (parâgāraṃ = nissita Vv-a.101); Ja.iv.25 (balamhi =…

apasāda →

pts

putting down, blame, disparagement MN.iii.230.

fr. apa + sad

apasādeti →

pts

  1. to refuse, decline Vin.iv.213, Vin.iv.263; Ja.v.417 (= uyyojeti).
  2. to depreciate blame, disparage Vin.iii.101; MN.iii.230 (opp. ussādeti) DN-a.i.160

pp *[apasādita](/defin …

apasādita →

pts

blamed, reproached, disparaged SN.ii.219; Snp-a.541.

pp. of apasādeti

apatacchika →

pts

only in khārāpatācch˚; (q.v.) a kind of torture.

apavyāma →

pts

disrespect, neglect, in phrase apayvāmato (apaby˚) karoti to treat disrespectfully, to insult, defile SN.i.226 (variant reading abyāmato; C. explains apabyāmato karitvā abyāmato …

apekhā →

pts

Apekkhā & Apekhā

feminine attention, regard, affection for (loc.); desire longing for (c. loc.) SN.i.77; SN.iii.132; SN.v.409 (mātā-pitusu) Vin.iv.214; Snp.38 (= vuccati taṇhā etc. Cnd.65; = taṇhā s …

apekkha →

pts

adjective waiting for, looking for SN.i.122 (otāra˚).

= apekkhā

apekkhā →

pts

Apekkhā & Apekhā

feminine attention, regard, affection for (loc.); desire longing for (c. loc.) SN.i.77; SN.iii.132; SN.v.409 (mātā-pitusu) Vin.iv.214; Snp.38 (= vuccati taṇhā etc. Cnd.65; = taṇhā s …

apesiya →

pts

…pavesetvā kaṇḍaka-sākhāhi vinandhitvā kataṃ dvāra-tthakanakaṃ).

? of uncertain origin

apeyya →

pts

adjective not to be drunk, not drinkable Ja.vi.205 (sāgara).

a + peyya, grd. of

api →

pts

indeclinable both prep. & conj., orig meaning “close by”, then as prep. “towards, to, on to on” and as adv. “later, and, moreover”.

  1. (prep. pref.)
    1. prep. c. loc.: api ratte later on in the n …

apiḷandhana →

pts

…pilandhanaṃ = ābhāraṇaṃ); Ja.vi.472 (c. pilandhituṃ pi ayuttaṃ?). Apilahati & Apilandhati;

fr. apiḷandhati, also in shorter…

appa →

pts

-āhāra taking little or no food, fasting MN.ii.5; Snp.165 (= ekāsana-bhojitāya ca parimita-bhojitāya ca…

appaduṭṭha →

pts

adjective not corrupt, faultless, of good behaviour Snp.662 (= padosâbhāvena a. Snp-a.478) Dhp.137 (= niraparādha Dhp-a.iii.70).

a + paduṭṭha

appakāra →

pts

…of natural form, of bad appearance, ugly, deformed Ja.v.69 (= sarīrappakāra-rahita dussaṇṭhāna C.). Cp. apākatika.

a + pakāra

appamāda →

pts

…AN.iii.449; AN.iv.28 (˚gāravatā), AN.iv.120 (˚ṃ garu-karoti); AN.v.21, AN.v.126 (kusalesu dhammesu); Snp.184, Snp.264, Snp.334 (=…

appamāṇa →

pts

(freq. spelled appamāna) adjective

  1. “without measure”, immeasurable, endless, boundless unlimited, unrestricted all-permeating SN.iv.186 (˚cetaso) AN.ii.73; AN.v.63; Snp.507 (mettaṃ cittaṃ bhāva …

appanā →

pts

…as “ekaggaṃ cittaṃ ārammaṇe appeti”), Dhs-a.214 (˚jhāna). See on term Cpd. pp. 56 sq., 68 129, 215; Dhs trsl. xxviii.10, 53,…

appatissa →

pts

…in combn. with agārava AN.ii.20; AN.iii.7 sq., AN.iii.14 sq., AN.iii.247, AN.iii.439. Appatissa-vāsa an unruly state anarchy…

appaṭibhāga →

pts

adjective not having a counterpart, unequalled, incomparable Dhp-a.i.423 (= anuttara).

a + paṭibhāga

appaṭima →

pts

adjective matchless, incomparable, invaluable Thag.614; Mil.239.

a + paṭima fr. prep. paṭi but cp. Vedic apratimāna fr. prati +

appaṭisama →

pts

adjective not having it’s equal, incomparable Ja.i.94 (Baddha-sirī).

a + paṭi = sama; cp. BSk. apratisama Mvu.i.104

appaṭisandhika →

pts

(and -iya) adjective

  1. what cannot be put together again, unmendable irreparable (˚iya) Pv.i.12#9 (= puna pākatiko na hoti Pv-a.66) = Ja.iii.167 (= paṭipākatiko kātuṃ na sakkā C.).
  2. incapable …

appaṭivāṇa →

pts

…the guṇa-form of vṛ; cp. Sk. prativāraṇa

appesakkha →

pts

…expld. appaparivāra & mahāparivāra, the former, I suppose, from appe & sakkha (Sk. sākhya), the latter an imitation of it“ Thus…

appeti →

pts

  1. (*er) to move forward, rush on run into (of river) Vin.ii.238; Mil.70.
  2. (*ar) to fit in, fix, apply, insert, put on to (lit. & fig.) Vin.ii.136 Vin.ii.137; Ja.iii.34 (nimba-sūlasmiṃ to imp …

appita →

pts

adjective

  1. fixed, applied, concentrated (mind) Mil.415 (mānasa) Sdhp.233 (citta).
  2. brought to, put to, fixed on Ja.vi.78 (maraṇamukhe); visappita (an arrow to which) poison (is) applied, so rea …

apābhata →

pts

taken away, stolen Ja.iii.54.

pp. of apa + ā + bhṛ; cp. Vedic apa-bharati, but Lat. aufero to ava˚

apākatika →

pts

adjective not in proper or natural shape, out of order, disturbed Dhp-a.ii.7. Cp. appakāra.

a + pākata + ika

apāpurati →

pts

…etaṃ Amatassa dvāraṃ: imper. where id. p. SN.i.137 has avāpur˚, T., but variant reading apāpur˚) Vv.64#27 (apāpuranto…

apāpuṇati →

pts

…etaṃ Amatassa dvāraṃ: imper. where id. p. SN.i.137 has avāpur˚, T., but variant reading apāpur˚) Vv.64#27 (apāpuranto…

apāra →

pts

…as bāhirāni cha āyatanāni Dhp-a.iv.141). See pāra & cp. avara.

a + pāra

apāraṇeyya →

pts

adjective that which cannot be achieved, unattainable Ja.vi.36 (= apāpetabba).

grd. of paraneti + a˚

apāruta →

pts

…= MN.i.169 (apārutā tesaṃ Amatassa dvārā); DN.i.136 (= vivaṭa-dvāra DN-a.i.297); Ja.i.264 (˚dvāra).

Sk. apāvṛta, pp. of…

apāya →

pts

…as attr. of saṃsāra SN.ii.92, SN.ii.232; SN.iv.158 SN.iv.313; SN.v.342; opp. to khīṇâpāya-duggati-vinipāta of an Arahant…

apāyin →

pts

adjective going away Ja.i.163 (aḍḍharattāv’apāyin = aḍḍharatte apāyin C.). -an˚; not going away, i.e. constantly following (chāyā anapāyinī, the shadow) Dhp.2; Thag.1041; Mil.72.

fr. apāya

araghaṭṭa →

pts

wheel for raising water from a well Bdgh. on cakkavaṭṭaka at cv v.16, 2 (Vin.ii.318). So read for T. arahatta-ghaṭi-yanta acc to Morris, J.P.T.S. 1885, 30; cp. also Vin. Texts iii.112
■ The 2<su …

araha →

pts

…Freq. in cpd. mahāraha [Sk. mahārgha] worth much, of great value, costly, dear Ja.i.50, Ja.i.58; Ja.iii.83, etc….

arahant →

pts

adjective noun Before Buddhism used as honorific title of high officials like the English ʻHis Worship’; at the rise of Buddhism applied popularly to all ascetics (Dial. iii.3–⁠6). Adopted by the Bu …

arahati →

pts

to be worthy of, to deserve, to merit (= Lat. debeo) Snp.431, Snp.552 (rājā arahasi bhavituṃ); Ja.i.262; Dhp.9, Dhp.10, Dhp.230; Pv.iii.6#6
ppr arahant (q.v.). Cp. also adj. araha

arahatta →

pts

Arahatta1

neuter the state or condition of an Arahant, i.e. perfection in the Buddhist sense = Nibbāna (SN.iv.151) final & absolute emancipation Arahantship, the attainment of the last & h …

araja →

pts

adjective free from dust or impurity SN.iv.218 (of the wind); Vv.53#6 (= apagata-raja Vv-a.236).

a + raja

arakkheyya →

pts

…a˚ āni).

3 arakkheyyāni are enumerated at DN.iii.217 (but as ārakkh˚, which is also given by Childers).

in form = arakkhiya

arakkhiya →

pts

adjective not to be guarded, viz.

  1. impossible to watch (said of women folk) Ja.ii.326 (a. nāma itthiyo); Ja.iii.90 (mātugāmo nāma a.)
  2. unnecessary to be guarded Vin.ii.194 (Tathāgatā).

a + rakk …

arati →

pts

dislike, discontent, aversion Snp.270, Snp.436, Snp.642, Snp.938; Dhp.418 (= ukkaṇṭhitattaṃ Dhp-a.iv.225) Thig.339 (= ukkaṇṭhi Thag-a.239); Sdhp.476.

a + rati

aravinda →

pts

lotus, Nymphaea Nelumbo Dāvs v.62.

ara + vinda (?) Halāyudha gives as Sk. aravinda nt.

arañña →

pts

…hermitage Ja.i.90.

  • -vihāra living in (the loneliness (of the forest) AN.iii.343 sq.

Vedic araṇya; from araṇa, remote,…

araññaka →

pts

…AN.iv.291, AN.iv.344, AN.iv.435; AN.v.10. See also āraññaka.

arañña + ka

araññakatta →

pts

…practice, seclusion SN.ii.202, SN.ii.208 sq See also āraññakatta.

abstr. fr. araññaka

araṇa →

pts

…as adv. far from, cp. P. ārakā. Orig. meaning “removed from, remote, far”. See also arañña

Araṇa2

neuter quietude, peace…

araṇi →

pts

Araṇi & ˚ī

feminine wood for kindling fire by attrition, only in foll. compounds: -potaka small firewood, all that is needed for producing fire, chiefly drill sticks Mil.53; -sahita (nt.) same …

araṇī →

pts

Araṇi & ˚ī

feminine wood for kindling fire by attrition, only in foll. compounds: -potaka small firewood, all that is needed for producing fire, chiefly drill sticks Mil.53; -sahita (nt.) same …

ari →

pts

an enemy
■ The word is used in exegesis & word expln, thus in etym. of arahant (see ref. under arahant v.); of bhūri Pts.ii.197
■ Otherwise in late language only, e.g. Sdhp.493 (˚bhūta) …

aritta →

pts

rudder. Usually in combn. with piya (phiya) oar, as piyârittaṃ (phiy˚ oar & rudder, thus at SN.i.103 (T. piya˚, variant reading phiya˚) AN.ii.201 (piya˚); Ja.iv.164 (T. pi …

ariya →

pts

…practice SN.v.326

  • -vohāra noble or honorable practice. There are four, abstinence from lying, from slander, from harsh…

arāti →

pts

an enemy Dāvs iv.1.

a + rāti, cp. Sk. arāti

arīhatatta →

pts

…The whole phrase is inserted by mistake from a gloss explaining arahā in the foll. sentence “ārakattā kilesānaṃ arīnaṃ hatattā… arahā…

arūpa →

pts

adjective without form or body, incorporeal, DN.i.195 sq.; DN.iii.240; Snp.755; Iti.62; Sdhp.228, Sdhp.463 Sdhp.480. See details under rūpa.

  • -āvacara the realm or world of Formlessness, Dhs.1281 …

asabbha FIXME double →

pts

…as asabbhi˚; e.g.

  • -kāraṇa a low or sinful act Mil.280.
  • -rūpa low, common Ja.vi.386 (=…

asabbha →

pts

adjective not belonging to the assembly-room, not consistent with good manners; impolite, vile, low, of base character Ja.iii.527 (mātugāma); Dhp.77 = Ja.iii.367 = Thag.994; Mil.221; Dhp-a.i.256; Th …

asabbhin →

pts

…as asabbhi˚; e.g.

  • -kāraṇa a low or sinful act Mil.280.
  • -rūpa low, common Ja.vi.386 (=…

asadisa →

pts

adjective incomparable, not having its like Dhp-a.ii.89; Dhp-a.iii.120 (˚dāna).

a + sadisa

asakkhara →

pts

adjective not stony, free from gravel or stones, smooth Ja.v.168; Dhp-a.iii.401 (opp. sasakkhara).

a + sakkhara

asama →

pts

Asama1

adjective unequal, incomparable Ja.i.40 (+ appaṭipuggala); Sdhp.578 (+ atula). Esp. freq. in cpd -dhura lit. carrying more than an equal burden, of incomparable strength, very …

asamosaraṇa →

pts

not coming together, not meeting, separation Ja.v.233.

a + samosaraṇa

asani →

pts

…(?) SN.ii.229 (= lābha-sakkāra-silokassa adhivacana); DN.iii.44, DN.iii.47. Asantasam & anto;

Vedic aśani in same meaning; with Sk. aśri…

asanthava →

pts

dissociation, separation from society, seclusion Snp.207.

a + santhava

asaṃhāriya →

pts

adjective not to be destroyed or shattered Iti.77; Thag.372; Cnd.110.

grd. of a + saṃharati

asaṃvara →

pts

absence of closing or restraint, no control Dhs.1345.

a + saṃvāra

asecanaka →

pts

…pakatiyā ’va mahārasaṃ at Thag-a.61) = Thig.196 (= anāsittakaṃ ojavantaṃ sabhāva-madhuraṃ Thag-a.168); SN.v.321;…

asekha →

pts

Asekha & Asekkha

adjective & noun not requiring to be trained, adept, perfect, m. one who is no longer a learner, an expert; very often meaning an Arahant (cp B.Sk. aśaikṣa occurring only in phrase ś …

asekkha →

pts

Asekha & Asekkha

adjective & noun not requiring to be trained, adept, perfect, m. one who is no longer a learner, an expert; very often meaning an Arahant (cp B.Sk. aśaikṣa occurring only in phrase ś …

asi →

pts

…xii.24 sq.; Mhbhārata xii.321; Manu iv.90; xii. 75; Scherman, Visionsliteratur pp. 23 sq.) Ja.vi.250 (˚niraya); Pv-a.221 (˚vana);…

assa →

pts

…a stallion AN.ii.112; ˚sārathi a horse trainer AN.ii.112, AN.ii.114; AN.v.323 sq.; Dhp-a.iv.4. -potaka the young of a…

assaka →

pts

Assaka1

(-˚) with a horse, having a horse; an’ without a horse Ja.vi.515 (+ arathaka).

assa3 + ka

Assaka2

adjective not having one’s own, poor, destitute MN.i.4 …

assatara →

pts

mule Dhp.322; Dhp-a.i.213; Dhp-a.iv.4 (= vaḷavāya gadrabhena jāta); Ja.iv.464 (kambojake assatare sudante; imported from cambodia); Ja.vi.342
■ f. assatarī a she-mule Vin.ii.188; SN.i.154; SN.i …

assavati →

pts

to flow Ja.ii.276 (= paggharati C.). Cp. also āsavati.

ā + sru

assu →

pts

Assu1

neuter DN.i.115, DN.i.141; Dhp.67; Pp.56; DN-a.i.284; Pv-a.39. -mocana shedding of tears Pv-a.18.

Vedic aśru, Av. asrū, Lith aszarà, with etym. not definitel …

assādeti →

pts

to taste SN.ii.227 (lābha-sakkārasilokaṃ); Vism.73 (paviveka-sukha-rasaṃ); Dhp-a.i.318.

Denom. fr. assāda

assāraddha →

pts

variant reading at Iti.111 for asāraddha.

assāsa →

pts

  1. (lit.) breathing, esp. breathing out (so Vism.272), exhalation, opp. to passāsa inhalation, with which often combd. or contrasted; thus as cpd. assāsa-passāsa mea …

asura →

pts

…Thag-a.285.

asuropa →

pts

anger, malice, hatred abruptness, want of forbearance Pp.18 = Vb.357; Dhs.418, Dhs.1060, Dhs.1115, Dhs.1341 (an˚); Dhs-a.396.

probably a haplological contraction of asura-ropa. On various suggestio …

asādhāraṇa →

pts

…Ja.i.78; Mil.285; DN-a.i.71; Sdhp.589, Sdhp.592.

a + sādhāraṇa cp. asādhāraṇa Divy.561

asāra →

pts

…which is not substance, worthlessness; adj. worthless, vain, idle Snp.937 (= asāra nissāra sārâpagata Mnd.409); Dhp.11, Dhp.12 (cp….

asāraddha →

pts

adjective not excited, cool AN.i.148 = Iti.119 (passaddho kāyo a.; variant reading assāraddha).

a + sāraddha

asāraka →

pts

adjective unessential, worthless, sapless, rotten Thag.260; Ja.ii.163 = Dhp-a.i.144.

a + sāraka

asīti →

pts

…Ja.iii.174 (˚sahassa-vāraṇa-parivuta); Ja.vi.20 (vassasahassāni); Mil.23 (asītiyā bhikkhusahassehi saddhiṃ); Vism.46 (satakoṭiyo)…

atha →

pts

indeclinable copulative & adversative part.

  1. after positive clauses, in enumerations, in the beginning & continuation of a story: and, and also, or and then, now DN.ii.2; DN.iii.152, DN.iii.199 (*a …

atho →

pts

…ti nipātamattaṃ avadhāraṇ-atthe vā). Also combd. with other part., like atho pi Snp.222, Snp.537, Snp.985; Pv.ii.3#20;…

ati-arahant →

pts

Ati-arahant

a super-Arahant, one who surpasses even other Arahants Mil.277.

ati + arahant

ati-issara →

pts

Ati-issara

adjective very powerful(?) Ja.v.441 (˚bhesajja, medicin). Ati-unha

ati →

pts

…overflow abundance; atisāra stepping over, sin.

  1. exceedingly, in a high or excessive degree either very (much or too (much); in nominal…

atibhoti →

pts

to excel, overcome, to get the better of, to deceive Ja.i.163 (= ajjhottharati vañceti C.).

ati + bhavati, cp. Sk. atibhavati & abhibhavati

atibhāra →

pts

too heavy a load Mil.277 (˚ena sakaṭassa akkho bhijjati).

ati + bhāra

aticarati →

pts

  1. to go about, to roam about Pv.ii.12#15; Pv-a.57.
  2. to transgress, to commit adultery Ja.i.496. Cp. next.

ati + carati

aticaraṇa →

pts

transgression Pv-a.159.

fr. aticarati

aticaritar →

pts

one who transgresses, esp. a woman who commits adultery AN.ii.61 (all MSS. read aticaritvā); AN.iv.66 (T. aticarittā).

n. ag. of. aticarati

aticāra →

pts

transgression Vv.15#8 (= aticca cāra Vv-a.72).

from aticarati

aticārin →

pts

adjective noun transgressing, sinning, esp. as f. aticārinī an adulteress SN.ii.259; SN.iv.242; DN.iii.190; AN.iii.261; Pv.ii.12#14; Pv-a.151 (variant reading BB), Pv-a.152; Vv-a.110.

from aticarati

atiharati →

pts

to carry over, to bring over, bring, draw over Vin.ii.209; Vin.iv.264; SN.i.89; Ja.i.292; Ja.v.347. Caus. atiharāpeti to cause to bring over, bring in, reap collect, harvest Vin.ii.181; Vin.iii.18; …

atihita →

pts

brought over (from the field into the house), harvested, borne home Thag.381 (vīhi).

ati + hṛ; pp. of atiharati, hita unusual for hata, perhaps through analogy with Sk. abhi + dhā

atikkama →

pts

going over or further, passing beyond, traversing; fig. overcoming of, overstepping, failing against, transgression Dhp.191; Dhs.299; Pv-a.154 (katipayayojan˚), Pv-a.159 (˚caraṇa sinful mode of life …

atikkamati →

pts

…(surpassing);
■ Iti.51 (māradheyyaṃ passing over), cp. vv.ll. under adhigayha; and atikkamitva going beyond, overcoming, transcending…

atikkanta →

pts

passed beyond, passed by, gone by, elapsed; passed over, passing beyond, surpassing Ja.ii.128 (tīṇi saṃvaccharāni); Dhp-a.iii.133 (tayo vaye passed beyond the 3 ages of life); Pv-a.55 (māse ˚e after …

atimanohara →

pts

adjective very charming Pv-a.46.

ati + manohara

atimukhara →

pts

adjective very talkative, a chatterbox Ja.i.418; Dhp-a.ii.70. atimukharatā (f. abstr.) ibid.

ati + mukhara

atimāpeti →

pts

to injure, destroy, kill; only in the stock phrase pāṇaṃ atimāpeti (with variant reading atipāteti) to destroy life, to kill DN.i.52 (variant reading ˚pāteti) = DN-a.i.159 (: pāṇaṃ hanati pi parehi …

atipīḷita →

pts

pressed against, oppressed, harassed, vexed Ja.v.401 (= atigāḷhita).

ati + pīḷita, cp. Sk. abhipīḍita

atireka →

pts

adjective surplus, too much; exceeding, excessive, in a high degree extra Vin.i.255; Ja.i.72 (˚padasata), Ja.i.109; Ja.i.441 (in higher positions); Mil.216; Dhs-a.2; Dhp-a.ii.98.

  • *-[cīvara](/def …

atisara →

pts

adjective transgressing, sinning Ja.iv.6; cp. atisāra.

fr. atisarati; cp. accasara

atisarati →

pts

to go too far, to go beyond the limit, to overstep, transgress, aor. accasari (q.v.) Snp.8 sq (opp. paccasari; C. atidhāvi); Ja.v.70 and atisari Ja.iv.6. ger …

atisañcara →

pts

(˚cāra?) wandering about too much Mil.277.

ati + sañcāra

atisāra →

pts

…Cp. Sk. atisāra in diff. meaning but BSk. atisāra (sâtisāra) in the same meaning.

atitarati →

pts

to pass over, cross, go beyond aor. accatari SN.iv.157 = Iti.57 (˚āri).

ati + tarati

atitula →

pts

adjective beyond compare, incomparable Thag.831 = Snp.561 (= tulaṃ atīto nirupamo ti attho Snp-a.455).

ati + tula

ativattar →

pts

Ativattar1

one who insults or offends Ja.v.266 (isīnaṃ ativattāro dharusavācāhi atikkamitvā vattāro C.).

Sk. *ativaktṛ, n. ag. to ati-vacati; cp. ativākya

Ativattar2

one wh …

ativattati →

pts

…n’); SN.ii.92 (saṃsāraṃ); SN.iv.158 (id.) Iti.9 (saṃsāraṃ) = AN.ii.10 = Cnd.172#a; Thag.412; Ja.i.58, Ja.i.280 Ja.iv.134;…

ativiya →

pts

…iva) = ativiya Ja.i.61, Ja.i.263; Dhp-a.ii.71 (a. upakāra of great service); Pv-a.22, Pv-a.56, Pv-a.139.

Sk. atīva

ativāha →

pts

carrying, carrying over; a conveyance; one who conveys i.e. a conductor, guide Thag.616 (said of sīla, good character); Ja.v.433
■ Cp. ativāhika.

fr. ati + vah, cp. Sk. ativahati & abhivāha

ativāhika →

pts

one who belongs to a conveyance, one who conveys or guides, a conductor (of a caravan Ja.v.471, Ja.v.472 (˚purisa).

fr. ativāha

ativākya →

pts

…cp. Sk. ativāda, fr. ati +…

atta →

pts

Atta1

that which has been taken up, assumed. atta-daṇḍa, he who has taken a stick in hand, a violent person, SN.i.236; SN.iv.117; Snp.630, Snp.935; Dhp.406. Attañjaha, rejecting what …

attan →

pts

-kāra individual self, fixed individuality oneself (cp. ahaṃkāra) DN.i.53 (opp. para˚); AN.iii.337 (id.)…

attha →

pts

…atthakāminī)

  • -kāraṇā ablative for the sake of gain DN.iii.186
  • -kusala clever in finding out what is good or profitable…

atthara →

pts

rug (for horses, elephants etc.) DN.i.7.

fr. attharati

attharaka →

pts

covering Ja.i.9; DN-a.i.87
■ f. -ikā a layer Ja.i.9; Ja.v.280.

= atthara

attharati →

pts

to spread, to cover, to spread out; stretch, lay out Vin.i.254; Vin.v.172; Ja.i.199; Ja.v.113; Ja.vi.428; Dhp.i.272
pp atthata (q.v.)
caus attharāpeti

attharaṇa →

pts

covering, carpet, cover, rug Vin.ii.291; AN.ii.56; AN.iii.53; Mhvs.3, Mhvs.20; Mhvs.15, Mhvs.40 Mhvs.25, Mhvs.102; Thag-a.22.

fr. attharati

atthata →

pts

spread, covered, spread over with (-˚) Vin.i.265; Vin.iv.287; Vin.v.172 (see ˚an); AN.iii.50; Pv-a.141.

pp. of attharati

atthika →

pts

…need of food); Pv.iv.1#1 (kāraṇ˚), Pv.iv.1#21 (khiḍḍ˚ for play), Pv.iv.1#63 (puññ˚); Pv-a.95 (sasena a. wanting a rabbit), Pv-a.120;…

atthāra →

pts

…out Vin.v.172 (see kaṭhina). atthāraka same ibid.; Vin.ii.87 (covering).

cp. Sk. āstāra, fr….

atīta →

pts

…DN.iii.275; Thig.314.

  • -ārammaṇa state of mind arising out of the past Dhs.1041.

Sk. atīta, ati + ita, pp. of…

ava →

pts

…okappanā, okassati, okāra, okantati, okkamati ogacchati, odāta* and others may be used as examples The difference in many cases has given…

avacara →

pts

(-˚) neuter adjective

  1. (adj.) living in or with, moving in DN.i.206 (santika˚ one who stays near, a companion); fig. dealing or familiar with, at home in AN.ii.189 (atakka˚); AN.iv.314 (parisā˚); …

avacaraka →

pts

Avacaraka & ocaraka

adjective noun

  1. only in cpd. kāmâvacarika as adj. to kāmâvacara, belonging to the sphere of sense experiences, Sdhp.254.
  2. Late form of ocaraka, spy, only in C. on Thag.315 ff …

avacaraṇa →

pts

being familiar with, dealing with, occupation Ja.ii.95.

fr. avacarati 1

avadehaka →

pts

(-˚) adjective in the idiom udarāvadehakaṃ bhuñjati, to eat one’s fill MN.i.102; Thag.935. Vism.33 has udarāvadehaka-bhojana, a heavy meal.

ava + deha + ka but more likely direct fr. ava + dih

avadhāraṇa →

pts

kho at Pv-a.11, Pv-a.18.

Cp. Sk. avadhāraṇa, fr. ava + dhṛ.

avagacchati →

pts

to come to, approach, visit (cp. Vedic avagacchati) Pv-a.87. Avaganda (-karaka)

ava + gacchati

avagaṇḍa →

pts

Avagaṇḍa (-kāraka)

adjective “making a swelling”, i.e. puffing out the cheeks, stuffing the cheeks full (when eating); only nt. -ṃ as…

avagaṇḍakāraka →

pts

Avagaṇḍa (-kāraka)

adjective “making a swelling”, i.e. puffing out the cheeks, stuffing the cheeks full (when eating); only nt. -ṃ as…

avaharati →

pts

Avaharati & oharati

to steal Ja.i.384; Pv-a.47 (avahari vatthaṃ), Pv-a.86 (id., = apānudi)
pp avahaṭa (q.v.).

ava + hṛ.

avaharaṇa →

pts

(-˚) taking away, removal; theft Pv-a.47 (sāṭaka˚), Pv-a.92 (soka˚).

fr. avaharati in both meanings

avahaṭa →

pts

taken away, stolen Mil.46.

pp. of avaharati

avahāra →

pts

taking, acquiring, acquisition Vin.v.129 (pañca avahārā, viz. theyya˚, pasayha˚, parikappa˚ paṭicchanna˚, kusa˚).

fr. avaharati

avajja →

pts

adjective low, inferior, blamable bad, deprecable Dhp.318, Dhp.319; Dhs.1160. More fig. in neg. form anavajja blameless, faultless DN.i.70 (= anindita DN-a.i.183); AN.ii.26 = Iti.102; Snp.47 (˚bhoj …

avajāta →

pts

adjective low-born, of low or base birth, fig of low character (opp. abhijāta) Snp.664 (= buddhassa avajātaputta Snp-a.479); Iti.63; Mil.359.

ava + jāta; cp. B.Sk. avajāta in meaning misborn, miscarriage

avakappanā →

pts

Avakappanā & okappanā

feminine preparation, fixing up, esp. harnessing Ja.vi.408.

ava + kappanā

avakaroti →

pts

…throw away; only in der, avakāra & avakārin.; pp. avakata (q.v.)
■ See also avākaroti & cp. avakirati 2.

Sk. apakaroti,…

avakkama →

pts

entering, appearance Ja.v.330 (gabbhassa).

fr. avakkamati

avakkanti →

pts

entry, appearance, coming down into, opportunity for rebirth SN.ii.66 (nāmarūpassa), SN.iii.46 (pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ); Pp.13 (= okkanti nibbatti pātubhāvo Pp-a 184); Kv.142 (nāmarūpassa); Mil.123 (ga …

avakkāra →

pts

throwing away, refuse, sweepings; only in cpd. -pātī a bowl for refuse, slop basin, ash-bin Vin.i.157, Vin.i.352; Vin.ii.216; MN.i.207; Dhp-a.i.305.

Sk. avaskara faeces, fr. avaṃ + karoti

avakārakaṃ →

pts

adverb throwing away, scattering about Vin.ii.214.

fr. avakāra

avakārin →

pts

adjective (-˚) despising, degrading, neglecting Vb.393 sq. (an˚). Avakasa & okasa;

fr. avakāra

avakāsa →

pts

Avakāsa & okāsa

  1. “appearance”: akkhuddâvakāso dassanāya not little (or inferior) to behold (of appearance) DN.i.114; ariyāvakāsa appearing noble or having the app. of an Aryan Ja.v.87; katâvakāsa pu …

avalekhana →

pts

Avalekhana1

neuter

  1. scraping, scraping off Vin.ii.141 (˚pidhara), Vin.ii.221 (˚kaṭṭha).
  2. scratching in writing down Ja.iv.402, (˚sattha a chisel for engraving letters).

fr. avalekhat …

avarajjhati →

pts

(-˚) to neglect, fail, spurn Thag.167; Ja.iv.428 (variant reading ˚rujjh˚).

ava + rajjhati of rādh, cp. Sk. avarādhyate

avaruddhati →

pts

to expel, remove, banish Ja.vi.505 (= nīharati C.), Ja.vi.515 See also avarundhati.

Sk. aparundhati; ava + ruddhati of rudh

avasarati →

pts

to go down, to go away (to) Snp.685 (variant reading BB. T. avaṃsari).

ava + sṛ.

avasesa →

pts

Avasesa1

remainder, remaining part; only in compounds an˚; (adj.) without any remainder i.e. fully, completely MN.i.220 = AN.v.347 (˚dohin); AN.i.20 sq., AN.i.88; Snp.146; Pp.17; Dhs.363 …

avatiṇṇa →

pts

Avatiṇṇa & otiṇṇa

fallen into, affected with (-˚), as ava˚; rare late or poetical form of ; e.g. Ja.v.98 (issâ˚). See otiṇṇa.

pp. of otarati

avattharati →

pts

to strew, cover over or up Ja.i.74 (˚amāna ppr.), Ja.i.255 (˚itvā ger.); Ja.iv.84; Dāvs i.38
pp otthaṭa Cp. pariy˚.

ava + tharati, stṛ.

avattharaṇa →

pts

setting in array, deploying (of an army) Ja.ii.104 (of a robber-band), Ja.ii.336.

fr. avattharati

avatthāraṇa →

pts

Err:508

avaṃ →

pts

…+); Dhp-a.iv.153 (gloss adhosira)
■ On avaṃ˚ cp further avakkāra, avākaroti, avekkhipati.

Vedic avāk & avāṃ

avaṭṭhita →

pts

adjective “standing down” = standing up, firm, fixed, settled, lasting Thag.1140 Usually neg. an˚; unsettled, unsteady; not lasting, changeable Dhp.38 (˚citta; cp. Dhp-a.i.308 cittaṃ thāvaraṃ natth …

avecca →

pts

adverb certainly, definitely, absolutely, perfectly, expld. by Bdhgh. as acala (on DN.ii.217), or as paññāya ajjhogahetvā (on Snp.229); by Dhp. as apara-paccaya-bhāvena (on Pv.iv.1#25)

aviheṭhaka →

pts

adjective not harassing, not hurting DN.iii.166 (but cp. Snp-a.318 avihesaka in same context) Mil.219.

a + viheṭhaka

avijjā →

pts

…(jāti-maraṇa-saṃsāraṃ ye vajanti punappunaṃ… avijjāy’eva sā gati), Snp.730, Snp.1026, Snp.1033 (avijjāya nivuto loko);…

avipariṇāma →

pts

absence of change, steadfastness, endurance DN.i.18; DN.iii.31, DN.iii.33 (˚dhamma); DN-a.i.113 (= jarā-vasena vipariṇāmassa abhāvato).

a + viparināma

avippaṭisāra →

pts

absence of regret or remorse AN.iii.46.

a + vippaṭisāra

avyāharati →

pts

not to bring or procure Ja.v.80.

a + vy + āharati

avyāpajjha →

pts

Avyāpajjha1

(abyābajjha) neuter (act.) kindness of heart; (pass.) freedom from suffering (Ep. of Nibbāna Vin.i.183 (avyāpajjh˚âdhimutta); Iti.31 (abyābajjh’ārāma).

a + vyapajjha or bajjh …

avāvaṭa →

pts

adjective unobstructed, unhindered, free. Of a woman, not married Ja.v.213 (= apetâvaraṇā, which read for ˚bharaṇā, apariggahitā C.).

a + vāvaṭa

avīci →

pts

  1. avīciniraya, one of the (great) hells (see niraya), described in vivid colours at many passages of the Pāli canon, e.g at Vin.ii.203 = Iti.86; Mnd.18, Mnd.347, Mnd.405 = Cnd.3 …

aya FIXME double →

pts

…reading ayo˚).

  • -kāra a worker in iron Mil.331.
  • -kūṭa = ayo˚ Ja.i.108; Dhp-a.ii.69…

ayaṃ →

pts

pronoun demonstr. pron. “this, he”; f. ayaṃ; nt. idaṃ & imaṃ “this, it” etc. This pron. combines in its inflection two stems, viz. as˚; (ayaṃ in nom. m. & f.) & im˚; (id in nom. nt.).

I. Form …

ayo →

pts

…reading ayo˚).

  • -kāra a worker in iron Mil.331.
  • -kūṭa = ayo˚ Ja.i.108; Dhp-a.ii.69…

añhamāna →

pts

…SS at Snp.240; all MSS at Snp.239 have asamāna. Snp-a.284 explains by āhārayamāna.

Sk. aśnāna, ppr. med. of aśnāti, to eat

añjali →

pts

extending, stretching forth, gesture of lifting up the hands as a token of reverence (cp. E. to “tender” one’s respect), putting the ten fingers together and raising them to the head (Vv-a.7: dasanak …

añña →

pts

…MN.i.86 = Cnd.199 ˚ṃ agāravo viharati AN.iii.247. dve janā ˚ṃ ghātayiṃsu (slew each other) Ja.i.254. aññamaññaṃ hasanti Ja.v.111…

aññatama →

pts

adj. one out of many, the one or the other of, a certain, any Mhvs.38, Mhvs.14.

añña + superl. suff. tama; see also aññatara

aññatara →

pts

adj. one of a certain number, a certain, somebody, some; often used (like eka) as indef. article “a”. Very frequent, e.g. Snp.35, Snp.210; Iti.103; Dhp.137, Dhp.157; Ja.i.221, Ja.i.25 …

aññathatta →

pts

  1. change, alteration SN.iii.37; SN.iv.40; AN.i.153; AN.iii.66; Kv.227 (= jarā C, cp Kvu trsl. 55 n. 2); Mil.209.
  2. difference Ja.i.147; Iti.11.
  3. erroneous supposition, mistake Vin.ii.2; SN.iii.9 …

aññatra →

pts

adverb elsewhere, somewhere else Ja.v.252; Pv.iv.1#62. In compn. also añña˚, e.g. aññatra-yoga (adj.) following another discipline DN.i.187; MN.i.487
■ As prep. c. abl. (and instr.) but …

aññā →

pts

knowledge, recognition, perfect knowledge, philosophic insight, knowledge par excellence, viz. Arahantship, saving knowledge gnosis (cp. on term Compend. 176 n. 3 and Psalms of Brethren introd. xx …

aḍḍha →

pts

…stomach“.

  • -vivata (dvāra half open Ja.v.293.

etym. uncertain, Sk. ardha

Aḍḍha2

adjective rich, opulent, wealthy,…

aḷāra →

pts

…˚pamukha; C. explains by visāl-akkhigaṇḍa). Cp. āḷāra.

Is it the same as uḷāra?

aṃsa →

pts

Aṃsa1

  1. the shoulder AN.v.110; Snp.609. aṃse karoti to put on the shoulder, to shoulder Ja.i.9.
  2. a part (lit. side) (cp. ˚āsa in koṭṭhāsa and expln of …

aṅga →

pts

…marks DN-a.i.92.

  • -sambhāra the combination of parts Mil.28 = SN.i.135; Mil.41
  • -hetuka a species…

aṅgaṇa →

pts

Aṅgaṇa1

neuter an open space, a clearing, Vin.ii.218; Ja.i.109 (= manussānan sañcaraṇa-ṭṭhāne anāvaṭe bhūmibhāge C.); Ja.ii.243, Ja.ii.290 Ja.ii.357; Dāvs i.27
cetiy˚; an open space …

aṅgāra →

pts

…a heap of burning coal Ja.iii.55.

Vedic angāra

aṅgāraka →

pts

adjective like charcoal, of red colour, Name of the planet Mars DN-a.i.95; cp. Ja.i.73.

cp. Sk. angāraka

aṅgārika →

pts

charcoal-burner Ja.vi.206 (= angāra-kammakara Ja.vi.209).

aṅgārin →

pts

adjective (burning) like coal, of brightred colour, crimson Thag.527 = Ja.i.87 (dumā trees in full bloom).

to angāra

aṅka →

pts

Aṅka1

= anga, sign, mark, brand Mil.79; -karana branding Ja.iv.366, Ja.iv.375. See also anketi.

Aṅka2

  1. a hook Ja.v.322 Ja.vi.218 (variant reading BB anga)
  2. the lap (i.e. …

aṅkusa →

pts

hook, a pole with a hook, used

  1. for plucking fruit off trees, a crook Ja.i.9 (˚pacchi hook & basket); Ja.v.89 = Ja.vi.520 (pacchikhanitti˚), Ja.vi.529 (= phalānaṃ gaṇhanatthaṃ ankusaṃ)
  2. to drive …

aṇḍa →

pts

…Vin.iii.100.

  • -sambhava the product of an egg, i.e. a bird Thag.599.
  • -hāraka one who takes or…

aṇṇa →

pts

(food, cereal). See passages under aparaṇṇa & pubbaṇṇa.

aṇṇava →

pts

…Snp.173 (fig. for saṃsāra see Snp-a.214), Snp.183, Snp.184; Ja.i.119 (˚kucchi), Ja.i.227 (id.); Ja.v.159 (mah˚) Mhvs.5, Mhvs.60; Mhvs.19,…

aṭanī →

pts

support a stand inserted under the leg of a bedstead Vin.iv.168; Sām. Pās. on Pāc. 14 (quoted Min Pāt. 86 and Vin.iv.357); Dhp-a.i.234; Ja.ii.387, Ja.ii.425, Ja.ii.484 supports of a seat. Morris J. P …

aṭṭa →

pts

Aṭṭa1

a platform to be used as a watchtower Vin.i.140; DN-a.i.209.

cp. see aṭṭaka

Aṭṭa2

lawsuit, case, cause Vin.iv.224; Ja.ii.2, Ja.ii.75; Ja.iv.129 (˚ṃ …

aṭṭha →

pts

…(this the later form) Vv-a.213 (avenika-buddhadhammā: Bhagavant’s qualities);
■ as measure…

aṭṭhaka →

pts

adjective

  1. eightfold Vin.i.196 = Ud.59 (˚vaggikāni); Vv-a.75 = Dhp-a.iii.104 (˚bhatta).
  2. ˚ā (f.) the eight day of the lunar month (cp. aṭṭhamī), in phrase rattīsu antar’aṭṭhakāsu in the night …

aṭṭiyati FIXME double →

pts

Aṭṭiyati & Aṭṭiyati

to be in trouble or anxiety, to be worried, to be incommodated, usually combd. with harāyati, e.g. DN.i.213 (+ jigucchati); SN.i.131; MN.i.423; P …

aṭṭiyati →

pts

Aṭṭiyati & Aṭṭiyati

to be in trouble or anxiety, to be worried, to be incommodated, usually combd. with harāyati, e.g. DN.i.213 (+ jigucchati); SN.i.131; MN.i.423; P …

ba →

pts

indeclinable the sound (& letter); b, often substituted for or replaced by p (& ph): so is e.g. in Bdhgh’s view pahuta the word bahuta, with p for b (Kp-a.207), cp. bakkula badara, badālatā, ba …

babbhara →

pts

imitation of a confused rumbling noise MN.i.128
■ Cp. also P. mammana and sarasara.

onomat., cp. Sk. balbalā-karoti to stammer or stutter, barbara = Gr. βάρβαρος stuttering, …

babbu →

pts

…a cat Ja.i.480 (= biḷāra C.) = Dhp-a.ii.152.

Sk. babhruka a kind of ichneumon; Vedic babhru brown, cp. Lat. fiber = beaver, further…

babbuka →

pts

…a cat Ja.i.480 (= biḷāra C.) = Dhp-a.ii.152.

Sk. babhruka a kind of ichneumon; Vedic babhru brown, cp. Lat. fiber = beaver, further…

badara →

pts

the fruit of the jujube tree (Zizyphus jujuba), not unlike a crabapple in appearance & taste, very astringent, used for medicine AN.i.130 = Pp.32; AN.iii.76; Vin.iv.76; Ja.iii.21; Dhs-a.320 (cited am …

baddha →

pts

Baddha1

  1. bound, in bondage MN.i.275; SN.i.133; SN.iv.91; Snp.957 (interpreted as “baddhacara by Mnd.464); Dhp.324.
  2. snared, trapped Ja.ii.153 Ja.iii.184; Ja.iv.251, Ja.iv.414.
  3. made f …

baddhacara →

pts

bahala →

pts

…where in id. p Vism.261 has accha-lākhā, i.e. clear); Dhp-a.iv.68; Vv-a.162 (= aḷāra)
subahala very thick Mil.258…

bahi →

pts

loc. (place where) -dvāra-koṭṭhake outside the gate MN.ii.92; AN.iii.31; -nagare outside the city Ja.ii.2; Pv-a.39. Pv-a.47;…

bahiddhā →

pts

… ■ The; bahiddh’ ārammaṇāni (objects of thought concerning that which is external) are the outward sense-objects in the same…

bahu →

pts

…DN-a.i.237. -kāra (a) favour Dāvs iv.39 (b) doing much, of great service very helpful MN.i.43, MN.i.170; AN.i.123,…

bahuka →

pts

adjective great, much, many, abundant Ja.iii.368 (b. jano most people, the majority of p.), Ja.v.388; Ja.iv.536; Mhvs.36, Mhvs.49; Pv-a.25 (gloss for pahūta Pv.i.5#2); Dhp-a.ii.175
■ nt. bahukaṃ

bahula →

pts

…Pv-a.80 (chārik’ angāra˚)
■ sayana˚ as much as “particular in one’s choice of resting place Mil.365 nt….

bahulī →

pts

…(sevati +) Vb-a.291; -kāra zealous exercise, practice MN.iii.25 sq (tab-bahulī˚ to this end).

rare in Epic Sanskrit; when found, diff….

bahūta →

pts

adjective abundant, much Thig.406 (˚ratana, so read for bahuta˚), Thig.435 (for bahutadhana); Ja.iii.425 (bahūtam ajjaṃ “plenty of food”; ajja = sk. ādya, with kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v. bahūta for …

bala →

pts

…and passim. [Cp BSk. catvāra ṛddhipādāḥ pañc’ endriyāni p. balāni sapta bodhyangāni etc. Divy.208.]
■ Two balāni are…

balavant →

pts

…oxen MN.i.226; -vippaṭisāra deep remorse Pv-a.14, -balava very strong Ja.ii.406. -balavaṃ as nt. adv. “exceedingly,” in cpd….

balavatā →

pts

…Sk….

bali →

pts

…reading valli˚).

  • -kāraka offering oblations Ja.i.384.
  • -ṅkatā one who offers (the five oblations AN.ii.68. *…

balika →

pts

adjective strong; only in der. balikataraṃ (compar.) adv. in a stronger degree, more intensely more Mil.84; & dubbalika weak Thag-a.211. Cp balaka.

fr. bala

balīyati →

pts

to have strength, to grow strong, to gain power, to overpower Snp.770 (= sahati parisahati abhibhavati Mnd.12, cp. Mnd.361); Ja.iv.84 (vv.ll. khalī˚ & paliyy˚; C explains by avattharati) = Pv.ii.6#1 ( …

bandha →

pts

…fetter Iti.56 (abandho Mārassa, not a victim of M.) Mnd.328 (taṇhā˚, diṭṭhi˚); Thag-a.241. 2. one who binds or ties together, in…

bandhana →

pts

…Thag.414; Thag.2, Thag.356 (Māra˚ Dhp.345 sq.; Ja.ii.139, Ja.ii.140; Ja.iii.59 = Pv-a.4; Ja.v.285; Cnd.304#iii. b (var. bonds, andhu˚, rajju˚…

bandhati →

pts

to bind etc.

I. Forms

imper bandha DN.ii.350; pl. bandhantu Ja.i.153.
pot bandheyya SN.iv.198; Vin.iii.45
fut bandhayissati Mhvs.24.6;
aor abandhi Ja.iii. …

bandhava →

pts

  1. kinsman, member of a clan or family, relative AN.iii.44; Snp.60 (pl. bandhavāni in poetry; cp. Cnd.455); Dhp.288 (pl. bandhavā) Ja.ii.316; Ja.v.81; DN-a.i.243.
  2. (-˚) one who is connected with o …

beluva →

pts

…first belonged to Māra, and was then given to Pañcasikha, one of the Heavenly Musicians, by Sakka. See Vism.392 (attributed to…

beḷuva →

pts

…first belonged to Māra, and was then given to Pañcasikha, one of the Heavenly Musicians, by Sakka. See Vism.392 (attributed to…

bha →

pts

…= Sk buśa
bha-kāra the sound (or ending) -bha, which at Vin.iv.7 is given as implying contempt or abuse among other low terms…

bhadara →

pts

in -paṇḍu at AN.i.181 is to be read as badara˚.

bhaddaka →

pts

Bhaddakaa & Bhadrakab

  1. good, of good quality (opp. pāpaka) AN.iv.169a.
  2. honoured of high repute Ja.iii.269a (= sambhāvita C.).
  3. (m nt.) a good thing, …

bhaga →

pts

luck, lot, fortune, only in cpd. dub˚; (adj.) unhappy, unpleasant uncomfortable Iti.90; DN-a.i.96 (˚karaṇa)
bhaga (in verse “bhagehi ca vibhattavā” in exegesis of word “Bhaga …

bhagandala →

pts

(& ā) an ulcer, fistula Vin.i.216, Vin.i.272; Mnd.370. Has expln at Dhtm.204 “bhaganda secane hoti” (“comes from sprinkling” anything to do with our word?

cp. late Sk. bhagandara

bhaggava →

pts

…at the one passage where it occurs, which happens to be in the Kumbhakāra-jātaka, v. 6, 7. i.e. the “Jātaka of the potter”

bhaggavant →

pts

…is alluded to at Vv-a.231 by remark “bhāgyavantat’ ādīhi catūhi kāraṇehi Bhagavā.”

fr. bhagga2, cp. Sk. & P….

bhakkha →

pts

(-˚) adjective

  1. eating, feeding on DN.iii.41 (sāka˚ etc.); SN.i.69 (pahūta˚ voracious, of fire), SN.i.238 (kodha˚); Pv.i.9#1 (lohita-pubba˚); Pp.55 (tiṇa˚) Sdhp.388 (tiṇa˚).
  2. eatable, to be eat …

bhakuṭi →

pts

superciliousness Snp.485. Ja.iii.99; Vism.26 (˚karaṇa); Snp-a.412. Der. bhākuṭika (q.v.). See also bhūkuṭi.

cp. Epic Sk. bhrakuṭi from older bhṛkuti, bhru …

bhamara →

pts

  1. a bee Ja.v.205 (˚vaṇṇa bee-coloured, i.e. of black colour, in expln of kaṇha); Thig.252. Usually in similes, e.g. at Dhp.49 (cp. Dhp-a.i.374 sq.); Vism.142, Vism.152; Snp-a.139.

bhamarikā →

pts

humming top Ja.v.478.

fr. bhamara

bhamati →

pts

…matthake); Ja.iv.6 (kumbha-kāra-cakkaṃ iva bh.); Ja.v.478
pp bhanta
caus bhameti to make whirl Vism.142…

bhamuka →

pts

…s. v.); Ja.vi.503 (aḷāra˚ for pamukha); Dhp-a.iii.102; Dhp-a.iv.90, Dhp-a.iv.197 = Ja.v.434; Snp-a.285.

cp. Vedic bhrū; the Pali…

bhamukha →

pts

…s. v.); Ja.vi.503 (aḷāra˚ for pamukha); Dhp-a.iii.102; Dhp-a.iv.90, Dhp-a.iv.197 = Ja.v.434; Snp-a.285.

cp. Vedic bhrū; the Pali…

bhara-bhara →

pts

Bhara-bhara

a word imitating a confused sound MN.i.128; otherwise contracted to babbhara (q.v.).

bhara →

pts

adjective (-˚) “bearing” in act. & pass. meaning, i.e. supporting or being supported; only in cpd. dubbhara hard to support AN.v.159, AN.v.161 (variant reading dubhara), and *[s …

bharati →

pts

to bear, support, feed maintain Ja.v.260 (mama bharatha, ahaṃ bhattā bhavāmi vo; C. explains as “maṃ icchatha”)
pp bhata See also bhaṭa, bhara, bharita, and Der. fr. bhār˚. A curi …

bharatā →

pts

only in cpd. dub˚; difficulty to support, state of being hard to maintain, synonymous with kosajja at AN.iv.280, and kuhanā at AN.v.159, AN.v.161-opp. *subh …

bharaṇa →

pts

bearing, supporting, maintenance Dhtm.346 (in expln of bhṛ;) Abhp.1053.

fr. bhṛ; Epic Sk. bharaṇa

bharita →

pts

adjective filled with (-˚) Ja.i.2 (suvaṇṇa-rajata˚ gabbha); Ja.iv.489 (udaka˚); Ja.v.275 (kimi˚); Snp-a.494 (vāta˚); Thag-a.283 (kuṇapa˚).

lit. made to bear, i.e. heavy with etc. Cp. formations b …

bhasma →

pts

ashes SN.i.169 = Cnd.576 (loc bhasmani); Vv.84#44; Ja.iii.426; Vism.469 (in comparison).

  • -antāhuti (bhasm’ ant’ āhuti) “whose sacrifice ends in ashes” DN.i.55 (so read for bhassant˚, according t …

bhasman →

pts

ashes SN.i.169 = Cnd.576 (loc bhasmani); Vv.84#44; Ja.iii.426; Vism.469 (in comparison).

  • -antāhuti (bhasm’ ant’ āhuti) “whose sacrifice ends in ashes” DN.i.55 (so read for bhassant˚, according t …

bhassa →

pts

…debating Mil.90.

  • -samācāra (good) conduct in speech, proficiency in disputation DN.iii.106. *…

bhassara →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (adj.) shining, resplendent Ja.v.169 (C. pabhassara).
  2. Name of a bird Ja.vi.538 (= sata-haṃsa C.)
    ■ Cp. ā˚, pa˚.

fr. bhās

bhastā →

pts

…Thag-a.212 (udaka˚). biḷāra-bhastā a bag of catskin MN.i.128 (= biḷāra-camma-pasibbaka Bdhgh); Thag.1138.

cp. Class. Sk. bhastrā…

bhatta →

pts

…Dhp-a.i.244.

  • -kāraka one who prepares the meal or food, a cook, butler Ja.i.150 sq.; Ja.v.296; Ja.vi.349;…

bhattar →

pts

…Ja.vi.492; gen. bhattu Ja.v.169, Ja.v.170; acc bhattāraṃ Thig.412.

Vedic bhartṛ to bhṛ.

bhava →

pts

“becoming”, (form of) rebirth, (state of) existence, a “life.” There are 3 states of existence conventionally enumerated as kāma˚ rūpa˚, arūpa˚; or sensual existence, deva-corporeal, formless exist …

bhavati →

pts

to become, to be, exist, behave etc. (cp. Cnd.474 sambhavati jāyati nibbattati pātu-bhavati)

I. Forms

There are two bases used side by side, viz bhav˚; and (contracted) ho˚; the latte …

bhaveyya →

pts

sort of tree, perhaps Averrhoa carambola Ja.vi.529.

cp. Class. Sk. bhavya

bhaya →

pts

…asiloka˚ parisa-sārajja˚, maraṇa˚, duggati˚, explained at Vb-a.505 sq.), Vb.376 (4: jāti˚, jarā˚, vyādhi˚, maraṇa˚),…

bhañjati →

pts

  1. (trs. & intrs.) to break Vin.i.74 (phāsukā bhañjitabbā ribs to be broken); Dhp.337 (mā bhañji = mā bhañjatu C.). Pv.ii.9#3 (sākhaṃ bhañjeyya = chindeyya Pv-a.114); Pv-a.277 (akkho bhañji the axle …

bhaṇḍa →

pts

…under bhaṇḍati.

  • -āgāra store house, warehouse, only in der.
  • -āgārika keeper of stores Vin.i.284; Vin.ii.176;…

bhaṇḍu →

pts

…or =…

bheda →

pts

…in which the Sangha is brought into division by bhikkhus who are in the wrong); Dhs-a.29 (aṭṭhārasa bheda-kara-vatthūni the 18 causes…

bheri →

pts

kettle-drum (of large size; Dhs-a.319 distinguishes 2 kinds: mahā˚ & paṭaha˚ DN.i.79; AN.ii.185; Vv.81#10; Ja.vi.465; Dhp-a.i.396; Sdhp.429
issara˚; the drum of the ruler or lord Ja.i.283 *pa …

bhijjana →

pts

…(kaṇṇā bhijjan’ ākāra-pattā); Thag-a.43 (bhijjana-sabhāva of perishable nature; expln of bhidura Thig.35); Pv-a.41…

bhikkhu →

pts

…with the bhikkhus (in the Vihāra) Vin.i.148.

  • -bhāva state of being a monk, monkhood, bhikkhuship DN.i.176; Snp.p.102 *…

bhikkhunī →

pts

an almswoman, a female mendicant a Buddhist nun DN.iii.123 sq., DN.iii.148, DN.iii.168 sq., DN.iii.264; Vin.iv.224 sq., Vin.iv.258 sq. (˚sangha); SN.i.128; SN.ii.215 sq. SN.iv.159 sq.; AN.i.88, AN.i.1 …

bhikkhā →

pts

…Snp.700; Pv-a.146.

  • -cāra = ˚cariyā Mhbv.28
  • -paññatti declaration of alms, announcement that…

bhindati →

pts

…= Ger. beissen. Def. at Dhtp.381, Dhtp.405 by “vidāraṇe” i.e. splitting

bhinna →

pts

  1. broken, broken up (lit. & fig.) Snp.770 (nāvā); Ja.i.98 (abhinna magga an unbroken path); Ja.iii.167 (uda-kumbha); Pv-a.72 (˚sarīra-cchavi)
  2. (fig.) split, fallen into dissension, not agreeing …

bhisi →

pts

…kinds are allowed in a Vihāra, viz. uṇṇa-bhisi, cola˚, vāka˚, tiṇu˚, paṇṇa˚, i.e. bolsters stuffed with wool, cotton-cloth,…

bhiṃsa →

pts

adjective terrible; only in cpd. -rūpa (nt. & adj.) an awful sight; (of) terrific appearance, terrible, awful Ja.iii.242, Ja.iii.339; Ja.iv.271, Ja.iv.494. Bhimsana & ka;

= Vedic bhīṣma, of which …

bhiṅka →

pts

the young of an animal, esp. of an elephant, in its property of being dirty (cp. pigs) Vin.ii.201 = SN.ii.269 (bhinka-cchāpa) Ja.v.418 (with ref. to young cats: “mahā-biḷārā nelamaṇḍalaṃ vuccati tar …

bhiṅkāra →

pts

…late Sk. bhṛngāra

Bhiṅkāra2

cheers, cries of delight (?) Bv.i.35 (+ sādhu kāra).

?

Bhiṅkāra3

a…

bhobhukka →

pts

one making a barking sound, barker, i.e. dog Ja.vi.345 (= bhunkaraṇa C.).

intens-redupl. of bhukk = bukk, to bark: see bhukka & cp. Sk. bukkati, bukkana

bhogatā →

pts

(-˚) feminine condition of prosperity, having wealth or riches, in uḷāra˚; being very rich MN.iii.38.

abstr. fr. bhoga

bhogga →

pts

Bhogga1

adjective bent, crooked MN.i.88; DN.ii.22; AN.i.138; Ja.iii.395.

fr. bhuj to bend, pp. corresp. to Sk. bhugna

Bhogga2

adjective

  1. to be enjoyed or possessed, n. p …

bhogika →

pts

(-˚) adjective having wealth or power, in antara˚; an intermediate aristocrat Vin.iii.47.

fr. bhoga

bhoja →

pts

one who is getting trained, dependent, a freed slave, villager subject. Only in compounds like bhojisiyaṃ [bhoja + isi ya = issariya] mastery over dependence, i.e. independence SN.i.44, SN.i.45; *b …

bhojana →

pts

food, meal, nourishment in general Ja.ii.218; Ja.iv.103, Ja.iv.173; Ja.i.178; Ja.iv.223; Snp.102 Snp.128, Snp.242, Snp.366, Snp.667; Dhp.7, Dhp.70; Pp.21, Pp.55; Mil.370 Vism.69, Vism.106; Sdhp.52, Sd …

bhukka →

pts

adjective barking, n a barker, i.e. dog; only in redupl. intens. formation bho-bhu-kka (cp. E. bow-wow), lit. bhu-bhu-maker (: kka fr. kṛ;?) Ja.vi.354 (C.: bhun-karaṇa). See also *[bhussati] …

bhumma →

pts

adjective noun

  1. belonging to the earth, earthly, terrestrial; nt. soil, ground, floor Snp.222 (bhūtāni bhummāni earthly creatures contrasted with creatures in the air, antalikkhe), Snp.236 (id.); S …

bhusa →

pts

…husks AN.i.241 (-āgāra chaff-house); Dhp.252 (opuṇāti bhusaṃ to sift husks); Ud.78; Pv.iii.4#1; Pv.iii.10#7; Vv-a.47 (tiṇa…

bhuñjaka →

pts

adjective eating, one who eats or enjoys, in -sammuti definition of “eater,” speaking of an eater, declaration or statement of eating Vb-a.164.

fr. bhuñjati1

bhuñjana →

pts

…Dhp-a.i.346.

fr….

bhuṅkaraṇa →

pts

adjective noun making “bhu,” i.e. bow-wow, barking Ja.vi.355 (˚sunakha) variant reading bhu-bhukka-sadda-karaṇa.

bhu + kṛ; see bhukka

bhā →

pts

light, splendour; given as name of a jewel at an extremely doubtful passage Ja.v.317, Ja.v.318, where T. reads “vara taṃ bhañ ñam icchasi,” & C. explains.: “bhā ti ratanass’ etaṃ nāmaṃ.” The variant r …

bhāga →

pts

  1. part, portion, fraction, share Vin.i.285; Snp.427 (sahassa-bhāgo maraṇassa = sahassaṃ bhāgānaṃ assā ti Snp-a.387; a thousand times a share of death, i.e. very near death, almost quite dead), Snp. …

bhājaka →

pts

adjective (-˚) distributing, one who distributes or one charged with the office of distributing clothes, food etc. among the Bhikkhus Vin.i.285 (cīvara˚); AN.iii.275 (cīvara˚, phala˚, khajjaka˚).

fr. bhajeti

bhājana →

pts

Bhājana1

neuter a bowl, vessel, dish, usually earthenware, but also of other metal, e.g. gold (suvaṇṇa˚) DN-a.i.295; copper (tamba˚ Dhp-a.i.395; bronze (kaṃsa˚) Vism.142 (in simile). Vin …

bhākuṭika →

pts

adjective knitting the eyebrows, frowning, only in redupl. cpd. bhākuṭika- bhākuṭiko frowning continually, supercilious Vin.ii.11 = Vin.iii.181 (manda-mando +); Cnd.342 (korajika-korajiko +) Vi …

bhāra →

pts

…one who carries an office or has a responsibility AN.iv.24 (said of a bhikkhu).

  • -hāra load-carrier, burdenbearer…

bhāraka →

pts

(-˚) a load, only in cpd. gadrabha˚; a donkey-load (of goods) Ja.ii.109; Dhp-a.i.123.

fr. bhāra

bhārataka →

pts

“the petty descendants of Bhārata” or: load-carrier, porter (?) SN.iv.117 (indignantly applied to apprentices and other low class young men who…

bhārika →

pts

…See bhāriya.

fr. bhāra

bhārin →

pts

bhṛ; cp. bhāra

bhāriya →

pts

…(= bhārikā, f. of bhāraka) carrying, fetching, bringing Ja.vi.563 (phala˚).

fr. bhāra Vedic bhārya to be nourished or supported;…

bhātar →

pts

brother, nom. sg. bhātā Snp.296; Ja.i.307; Pv-a.54, Pv-a.64 gen. sg. bhātuno Thag-a.71 (Tha-ap.36), & bhātussa Mhvs.8, Mhvs.9; instr. bhātarā Ja.i.308; acc. bhātaraṃ Snp.125; Ja.i.307; loc …

bhāva →

pts

  1. being, becoming, condition, nature; very rarely by itself (only in later & C. literature, as e.g. Ja.i.295 thīnaṃ bhāvo, perhaps best to be translated as “women’s character,” taking bhāva = attabhā …

bhāvanā →

pts

producing, dwelling on something, putting one’s thoughts to, application, developing by means of thought or meditation, cultivation by mind, culture
■ See on term Dhs translation 261 (= 2

bhāvitatta →

pts

Bhāvitatta1

adjective one whose attan (ātman) is bhāvita, i.e. well trained or composed Attan here = citta (as Pv-a.139), thus “self-composed well-balanced” AN.iv.26; Snp.277, Snp.322, …

bhāṇa →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.18.

  • -vāra a section of the Scriptures, divided into such for purposes of recitation, “a recital”…

bhāṇaka →

pts

…at Snp-a.70 (Kalyāṇavihāravāsi-bhāṇaka-dahara-bhikkhu; reading doubtful)
■ f. bhāṇikā Vin.iv.285 (Thullanandā bahussutā…

bhīma →

pts

adjective dreadful, horrible, cruel, awful Ja.iv.26; Mil.275.

  • -kāya of horrible body, terrific Ja.v.165.
  • -rūpa of terrifying appearance Thig.353.
  • *-[sena] …

bhīrati →

pts

Pass. to bharati, only in cpd. ppr. anubhīramāna MN.iii.123 (chatta: being brought up,or carried behind) Neumann, M. trsl.2iii.248 translates “über ihm schwebt,” & proposes reading (on p. …

bhīta →

pts

frightened, terrified, afraid Dhp.310; Ja.i.168 (niraya-bhaya˚); Ja.ii.110 (maraṇa-bhaya˚), Ja.ii.129, Ja.iv.141 (+ tasita); Pv-a.154, Pv-a.280 (+ tasita). Cp. sam˚.

pp. of bhāyati

bhūmaka →

pts

…Māra-bandhanaṃ), Dhp-a.iv.72 (dhammā) catu˚; in 4 planes Dhs-a.296 (kusala); Dhp-a.i.35 (citta) The form…

bhūmi →

pts

  1. (lit.) ground, soil, earth Vin.ii.175; Snp.418 (yāna carriage road); Pv.i.10#14≈; Snp-a.353 (heṭṭhā-bhūmiyaṃ under the earth); Dhp-a.i.414 (id., opp. upari-bhūmiyaṃ)
  2. place, quarter, district …

bhūmika →

pts

…Māra-bandhanaṃ), Dhp-a.iv.72 (dhammā) catu˚; in 4 planes Dhs-a.296 (kusala); Dhp-a.i.35 (citta) The form…

bhūri →

pts

Bhūri1

feminine the earth; given as name for the earth (paṭhavi) at Pts.ii.197; see also def. at Dhs-a.147. Besides these only in 2 doubtful compounds, both resting on demonology, viz. *b …

bhūseti →

pts

…adorn“ etc. Explained at Dhtp. 315, 623 by alaṅkāra

bhūta →

pts

-vikāra a natural blemish fault of growth, deformity Snp-a.189 (opp. nibbikāra) -vijjā knowledge…

bidala →

pts

adjective noun

  1. a kind of pulse, split pea Ja.iv.353 (= mugga) in -sūpa haricot soup Ja.iv.352.
  2. a split bamboo cane, in -mañcaka a bedstead made of laths of split bamboo, the use of which …

bimba →

pts

  1. shape, image (= paṭimā Vv-a.168) SN.i.134 (trsl. “puppet”); SN.v.217 (vimba) Ja.v.452. In phrase cittakataṃ bimbaṃ it refers to the human body (“the tricked-out puppet-shape” Brethren 303): …

bimbi →

pts

…fanciful etym of king Bimbisāra, viz. bimbī ti suvaṇṇaṃ, sārasuvaṇṇa-sadisa-vaṇṇatāya B.).

bindu →

pts

…(eka ˚ṃ).

  • -sāra Np. of king of India, father of Asoka Dpvs.v.101; Dpvs.vi.15; Mhvs.v.18, Mhvs.v.19.
  • -ssara a…

biḷibiḷikā →

pts

tittle-tattle SN.i.200 = Thag.119. Mrs. Rh. D. (Brethren 106 n.) trsl “finglefangle,” noting the commentator’s paraphrase “vilivilikriyā” (lit. sticky-sticky-action?).

onomat. cp. E. babble

biḷāla →

pts

…cat Ja.i.110; Ja.ii.244; Ja.vi.593. pakkha a flying fox Ja.vi.538.

see…

biḷālī →

pts

…of biḷāla = biḷāra, cp. Sk. biḍālī, also Name of a plant, see on Prk. chira-birālī = Sk. kṣīra-biḍālī Pischel Gr. §…

biḷāra →

pts

…Pp-a 225. On biḷāra in similes cp J.P.T.S. 1907, 116.

  • -nissakkana (-matta) (large enough) for a cat to…

bodhi →

pts

…Vol.* i.290. -sambhāra (pl.) conditions (lit. materials) necessary for the attainment of bodhi Ja.i.1; Ja.vi.595;…

bojjhaṅga →

pts

…indriyesu gutta-dvāratā, bhojane mattaññutā jāgariy’ ânuyoga, sati-sampajaññaṃ (see e.g. Mnd.14 Cnd. s.v. satipaṭṭhāna…

brahant →

pts

…(-vihāra- jjhāna-jhāyin) (a thinker enjoying his meditations in) immense happiness Mil.226 (in characterisation of the…

brahma →

pts

…Iti.15; Vism.108. -vihāra sublime or divine state of mind, blissful meditation (exercises on a, altruistic concepts;…

brahmacariya →

pts

…AN.iii.90; Dhp-a.i.119; komāra˚; the religious training of a well-bred youth AN.iii.224; Snp.289
abrahmacariya unchastity, an immoral…

brahmattara →

pts

at Ja.iii.207 (of a castle) is probably to be read brahmuttara “even higher than Brahmā,” i.e. unsurpassed, magnificent. C. explains by suvaṇṇa- pāsāda.

brahmā →

pts

…Iti.15; Vism.108. -vihāra sublime or divine state of mind, blissful meditation (exercises on a, altruistic concepts;…

brāhmaṇa →

pts

…SN.i.94 sq., SN.i.99 (˚kumāra), SN.i.117, SN.i.125 , SN.i.160 sq.; SN.ii.77 , SN.ii.259 ; SN.iv.157 ; SN.v.194 ; AN.i.66, AN.i.110, AN.i.163…

brūhetar →

pts

increaser; one who practises, is devoted to; in phrase brūhetā suññāgārānaṃ frequenter of solitary places; given up to solitary meditation MN.i.33, MN.i.213.

n. ag. of brūheti

buddha →

pts

…Buddhahood Ja.i.20. -kāraka = ˚kara Mhbv.9. -kāla the time of a B. Vism.91 (Buddhakālo viya…

buddhi →

pts

wisdom, intelligence DN.iii.165 (in sequence saddhā sīla suta b cāga etc.); Ja.iii.369; Ja.v.257; Mil.349; Sdhp.263. The ref. Vism.439 should be read vuddhi for b˚.

buḍḍha →

pts

aged, old DN.ii.162; Ja.i.164 (˚pabbajita one who has become an ascetic in his old age). Compar. buḍḍhatara Dhp-a.ii.239 (variant reading K.B.S. vuḍḍhatara).

for vuḍḍha, pp. …

byābādha FIXME double →

pts

Vyābādha & byābādha

oppression, injury, harm, hurting; usually in phrase atta˚ & para˚; (disturbing the peace of others of oneself) MN.i.89; SN.iv.339; AN.i.114, AN.i.157, AN.i.216; AN.ii.179-Also …

byābādha →

pts

evil, wrong, hurt; usually referred to as 3 fold: atta˚, para˚, ubhaya˚, or against oneself against others, & both-MN.i.416; SN.iv.159 (vyā˚), SN.iv.339.

vy + ā + bādh

byābādheti →

pts

to injure, hurt, oppress SN.v.393 (na kiñci byābādhemi tasaṃ vā thāvaraṃ vā).

Denom. fr. byābādha

byāpāda →

pts

ill-will, malevolence, one of the 5 “obstructions” (āvaraṇāni, see e.g. SN.v.94 Cnd.379); and of the 4 “bonds” (kāya-ganthā see e.g. Mnd.98)
■ MN.i.434; SN.i.99; Iti.119; Pts.i.31; Pts.ii.12 Mnd.1 …

byūha →

pts

  1. the array or arrangement of troops in particular positions, order of parade or battle DN-a.i.85. Three formations of troops are mentioned at Ja.ii.404 & Ja.ii.406, viz. paduma-vyūha (lotus format …

bādhaka →

pts

adjective oppressing, harassing, injurious Vism.496 (dukkhā aññaṃ na ˚ṃ); Vv-a.214; Pv-a.175.

fr. bādh

bādhita →

pts

oppressed, pressed hard, harassed Dhp.342 (but taken by C. as “trapped, snared,” baddha Dhp-a.iv.49); Thag-a.65.

pp. of bādhati

bāhira →

pts

adjective

  1. external, outside (opp. abbhantara inside) outer, foreign DN.ii.75; AN.iv.16; Dhp.394 (fig. in meaning of 2); Ja.i.125 (antara˚ inside & outside); Ja.i.337 (out o …

bāhā →

pts

…Vin.ii.120, Vin.ii.152; dvāra˚; doorpost DN.ii.190; Pv.i.5#1. Cp. bāhitikā.

bāla →

pts

Bāla1

adjective

  1. ignorant (often with ref. to ignorance in a moral sense, of the common people, the puthujjana) foolish (as contrasted with paṇḍita cp. the Bālapaṇḍita-sutta MN.iii.163 …

bālya →

pts

  1. childhood, youth SN.iii.1.
  2. ignorance, folly Dhp.63; Ja.ii.220 (= bāla-bhāva); Ja.iii.278 (balya); Pv-a.40. Also used as adj. in compar. bālyatara more foolish, extremely foolish Vv.83#6 sq …

bārāṇaseyyaka →

pts

adjective of Benares, coming fr. B. (a kind of muslin) DN.ii.110; DN.iii.260.

fr. Bārāṇasī

bāḷha →

pts

adjective strong; only as adv. -ṃ and ˚-, viz.

  1. bāḷhaṃ strongly, very much, excessively, too much, to satiety Ja.ii.293 Ja.vi.291 (i.e. too often, C. punappunaṃ); Mil.407; Pv-a.274. Comparativ …

bīja →

pts

  1. seed, germ, semen, spawn. Used very frequently in figurative sense: see on similes J.P.T.S. 1907, 116
    ■ DN.i.135 (˚bhatta seed-corn food); DN.iii.44 (the five kinds: see below under ˚gāma) …

ca →

pts

…if on the other hand: sace agāraṃ ajjhāvasati… sace ca pabbajati agārā Snp.1003. With neg, na ca = but not: mahatī vata te bondi, na ca…

caccara →

pts

quadrangular place, a square, courtyard; a place where four roads meet, a cross road Vin.iii.151; Vin.iv.271; Mil.1 (+ catukkasinghāṭaka), Mil.330 (do.); Ja.i.425 (˚raccha).

Sk. catvara, cp. Trenckn …

cakka →

pts

I. Crude meaning

  1. a wheel (of a carriage) Dhp.1; Pv-a.65 (ratha˚); Mil.27.
  2. a discus used as a missile weapon Ja.i.74; Pgdp.36; cp khura˚ a razor as an instr. of torture.
  3. a disc, a …

cakkhu →

pts

…& indriyesu guttadvāra; ˚indriya). In this connection the foll passages may be mentioned: Vin.i.34; DN.i.70; SN.iv.123 SN.ii.244…

calati →

pts

to move, stir, be agitated, tremble, be confused, waver SN.i.107; Snp.752; Ja.i.303 (kileso cali), Ja.iii.188 (macchā c.) Mil.260
ppr med. calamāna Ja.iv.331
■ Esp. freq. in expression kammaja-vā …

camara →

pts

  1. the Yak ox (Bos grunniens) Ja.i.149; Ja.iii.18 Ja.iii.375; Ja.v.416; Mil.365
    ■ f. Ja.i.20; Sdhp.621
    ■ In compounds camari˚ Ja.iv.256.
  2. a kind of antelope (-ī Ja.vi.537.
  • *-[vī …

camma →

pts

-kāra a worker in leather a tanner Vin.iv.7; Mil.331; a harness-maker Ja.v.45 a waggon-builder and general artisan…

campeyya →

pts

Name of a Nāgarāja Ja.iv.454 (= ˚jātaka, No. 506); Vism.304.

candana →

pts

…unguent Ja.iv.3.

  • -sāra choice sandal (wood or perfume) Vv.52#3, Ja.i.53, Ja.i.340.

Deriv. unknown. Possibly nonAryan;…

capu →

pts

(or capucapu) a sound made when smacking one’s lips Vin.ii.214 (capucapukāraka adj.), Vin.ii.221; Vin.iv.197.

cara →

pts

noun adjective

  1. the act of going about, walking; one who walks or lives (usually -˚): oka˚ living in water MN.i.117; Ja.vi.416; antara˚ SN.iv.173; eka˚ solitary Snp.166; saddhiṃ˚ a companion Snp.4 …

carahi →

pts

adverb then, therefore now, esp. after interr. pron.: ko carahi jānāti who then knows? Snp.990; kathañ carahi jānemu how then shall we know? Snp.999; kiñ c. AN.v.194
■ Vin.i.36; Vin.ii.292; Snp.988; …

caraka →

pts

  1. = cara2 (a messenger) Ja.vi.369 (attha˚); adj. walking through: sabbalokaṃ˚ Ja.v.395.
  2. any animal SN.i.106; Pv-a.153 (vana˚).

carati →

pts

…cara, caraṇa, cariyā, cāraka, cārikā, cārin.

Meaning:

  1. Lit.
    1. to move about, to walk, travel etc.; almost synon. with gacchati…

caraṇa →

pts

  1. walking about grazing, feeding Vv-a.308 (˚ṭṭhāna).
  2. the foot Vin.iv.212; Ja.v.431.
  3. acting, behaviour, good conduct, freq. in combination with vijjā, e.g. AN.ii.163 AN.v.327; Dhp.144; Vism.202 …

caraṇavant →

pts

adjective one of good conduct (= sampannacaraṇa) Snp.533, Snp.536.

carima →

pts

…the last rebirth (in Saṃsāra, with ref. to Arahantship) Thag-a.260, cp. caramabhavika in Divy (freq. & next.

Vedic carama, Gr. τέλος…

carimaka →

pts

adjective last (= carima) MN.i.426; Cnd.569#b (˚viññāṇassa nirodha, the destruction of the last conscious state, of the death of an Arahant); Vism.291.

carita →

pts

  1. (adj.) going, moving, being like, behaving (-˚) Ja.vi.313; Mil.92 (rāgac˚ = ratta); Vism.105, Vism.114 (rāga˚, dosa˚, moha˚ etc.).
  2. (nt.) action, behaviour, living Dhp.330 (ekassa c. living alon …

cariya →

pts

cariyā (f.) (mostly-˚) conduct, behaviour, state of, life of. Three cariyās at Pts.i.79; six at Vism.101; eight at Pts.ii.19 sq., Pts.ii.225 & four sets of eight in detail at Cnd.237b. Ver …

carāpeti →

pts

to cause to move, to make go Ja.i.267 (bheriṃ c. to have the drum beaten); Pv-a.75 (do.); Dhp-a.i.398 (to circulate). As cārāpeti Ja.v.510 (bheriṃ).

Caus. 11. of carati

cattārīsa →

pts

(& cattālīsa) forty SN.ii.85; Snp.p.87; Iti.99≈. Usually cattāḷīsa Ja.i.58; Ja.v.433; Dhp-a.i.41; Dhp-a.ii.9. 93.

  • -danta having 40 teeth (one of the characteristics of a Mahāp …

catur →

pts

-dvāra with 4 gates, of a house DN.i.102 (= DN-a.i.270); of Avīciniraya Iti.86; Ja.iv.3; Pv.i.10#13; cp. Catudvāra…

catuttha →

pts

ordinal number the fourth Snp.97 Snp.99, Snp.450; Ja.iii.55; Ja.vi.367; ˚ṃ (adv.) for the fourth time Dhp-a.iii.174
■ f. catutthī Snp.436; Vism.338
■ See also (s.v. Aḍḍha) aḍḍhuḍḍha.

  • *-[bha …

cavati →

pts

to move, get into motion, shift, to fall away, decease, esp. to pass from one state of existence into another DN.i.14 (sañsaranti c˚ upapajjanti, cp. DN-a.i.105); Kp.viii.4 (= Kp-a.220: apeti vigacc …

cañcala →

pts

adjective moving to & fro, trembling, unsteady Ja.iv.498 (= calācala) Sdhp.317, Sdhp.598.

Intens. of cal = car, to move, with n instead of r in reduplication, cp. Sk. cañcūryate = carcarīti cañcala …

caṅgavāra →

pts

hollow vessel, a bowl, cask MN.i.142; Ja.v.186 (in similes). As -ka Mil.365 (trsl. Mil.ii.278 by “straining cloth”). Cp. cañcu “a box” Divy.131.

cp. Tamil canguvaḍa a dhoney, Anglo-Ind. ḍoni, a c …

caṅgoṭaka →

pts

…Mhvs.iv.106; Anvs p. 35 Vism.173.

cp. cangavāra

caṅkama →

pts

  1. walking up & down SN.iv.104
  2. the place where one is walking, esp. a terraced walk, cloister Vin.i.15 Vin.i.182; Vin.ii.220; DN.i.105; SN.i.212; AN.i.114; AN.i.183; AN.iii.29 AN.iv.87; Ja.i.17; Ja …

caṇḍa →

pts

adjective fierce, violent; quick-tempered, uncontrolled, passionate Vin.ii.194 (hatthī); DN.i.90 (= māṇa-nissita-kopa-yutta DN-a.i.256); SN.i.176; SN.ii.242; AN.ii.109 = Pp.47 (sakagava˚); Ja.i.4 …

caṇḍāla →

pts

Caṇḍāla1

a man of a certain low tribe, one of the low classes, an outcaste; grouped with others under nīcā kulā (low born clans) as caṇḍālā nesādā veṇā rathakārā pukkusā at AN.i.107 = AN.i …

ce →

pts

conditional particle “if,” constructed either with Indicative (ito ce pi yojanasate viharati even if he lived 100 y. from here DN.i.117) or Conditional (tatra ce tumhe assatha kupitā DN.i.3), or Poten …

cela →

pts

…usually with sādhukāra Ja.i.54; Ja.ii.253; Ja.iii.285; Ja.v.67; Dhp-a.ii.43; Snp-a.ii.225; Vv-a.132, Vv-a.140; *…

cetanā →

pts

…c. citta phassa manasikāra in def. of nāmakāya (opp. rūpakāya) SN.ii.3 (without citta), Pts.i.183 (do.); Ne.77, Ne.78
■ enumerated…

cetasa →

pts

Cetasa1

Name of a tree, perhaps the yellow Myrobalan Ja.v.420.

Cetasa2

adjective only in-˚: sucetasa of a good mind, good-hearted SN.i.4 = SN.i.29, SN.i.46 = SN.i.52; paraph …

cetasika →

pts

…(cp. vitakka-vicāra sach compounds as phalâphala, bhavâbhava) DN.i.213; see also citta. Occurring in the Nikāyas…

ceteti →

pts

Cinteti & ceteti

Forms

  1. cint:
    pres cinteti
    pot cinteyya;
    ppr cintento & cintayanto (Snp.834)
    aor cintesi, 3rd pl. cintesuṃ (Ja.i.149), acintayuṃ (Snp.258)
    ger ci …

cetiya →

pts

…DN.ii.102, DN.ii.118; Sārandada DN.ii.118, DN.ii.175; AN.iii.167; Supatiṭṭha˚ Vin.i.35.

cha →

pts

Cha & Chaḷ

(cha in composition effects gemination of consonant, e.g. chabbīsati = cha + vīsati, chabbaṇṇa cha + vaṇṇa, chaḷ only before vowels in compound chaḷanga, chaḷ-abhiññā) the number six.

chada →

pts

anything that covers, protects or hides, viz. a cover, an awning DN.i.7≈ (sa-uttara˚ but ˚chadana at DN.ii.194)
■ a veil in phrase vivaṭacchada “with the veil lifted” thus …

chambheti →

pts

to be firm or rigid, fig. to be stiff with fear, paralysed: see chambhin & chambhitatta, Cp. ūrukhambha (under khambha2).

cp. Sk. skabhnāti & stabhnāti; skambh, and …

chambhin →

pts

adjective immovable, rigid; terrified, paralysed with fear SN.i.219; MN.i.19; Ja.iv.310 (variant reading jambhī, here with ref. to one who is bound (stiff with ropes (pāsasatehi chambhī) which is howe …

chambhita →

pts

Only in der. chambhitatta (nt.) the state of being stiff, paralysis, stupefaction consternation, always combined with other expressions of fear, viz. uttāsa SN.v.386; bhaya Ja.i.345 (where spelled cha …

chanda →

pts

…janeti vāyamati viriyaṃ ārabhati, etc., see citta v. 1 dβ.
■ MN.ii.174; AN.i.174 (ch. vā vāyāmo vā);…

chandaka →

pts

voluntary collection (of alms for the Sangha), usually as -ṃ saṃharati to make a vol. coll. Vin.iv.250; Ja.i.422; Ja.ii.45, Ja.ii.85 (saṃharitvā variant reading BB; text sankaḍḍhitvā), Ja.ii.196, J …

chandika →

pts

adjective having zeal, endeavouring usually as ; without (right) effort, & always combd w. anādara & assaddha Pp.13; Vb.341; Pv-a.54 (variant reading), Pv-a.175.

see chanda

channa →

pts

Channa1

  1. covered Ja.iv.293 (vāri˚); Ja.vi.432 (padara˚, ceiling); Thag-a.257.
  2. thatched (of a hut) Snp.18.
  3. concealed, hidden secret Ja.ii.58; Ja.iv.58
    ■ nt. channaṃ a secret …

chatta →

pts

Chatta1

neuter a sunshade (“parasol” would be misleading. The handle of a chatta is affixed at the circumference, not at the centre as it is in a parasol), a canopy Vin …

chaḍḍaka →

pts

adjective throwing away, removing, in puppha˚ a flower-rubbish remover (see pukkusa) Thag.620; Vism.194
■ f. chaḍḍikā see *kacavara*˚.

chaḍḍana →

pts

throwing away, rejecting Ja.i.290; Dhtp.571
■ ī (f.) a shovel, dust-pan Dhp-a.iii.7. See kacavara˚

chaḍḍeti →

pts

to spit out, to vomit, throw away; abandon, leave reject Vin.214 sq.; Vin.iv.265; MN.i.207; SN.i.169 (chaṭṭehi wrongly for chaḍḍehi) = Snp.p.15; Ja.i.61, Ja.i.254, Ja.i.265, Ja.i.292 Ja.v.427; Pp.33; …

chaḷ →

pts

Cha & Chaḷ

(cha in composition effects gemination of consonant, e.g. chabbīsati = cha + vīsati, chabbaṇṇa cha + vaṇṇa, chaḷ only before vowels in compound chaḷanga, chaḷ-abhiññā) the number six.

cheda →

pts

cutting, destruction, loss Snp.367 (˚bandhana); Ja.i.419; Ja.i.485; sīsa˚; decapitation Dhp-a.ii.204; Pv-a.5; aṇḍa˚; castration Ja.iv.364; - bhatta ˚ṃ karoti to put on short …

chindati →

pts

to cut off, to destroy, to remove, both lit. (bandhanaṃ, pāsaṃ, pasibbakaṃ, jīvaṃ, gīvaṃ, sīsaṃ hatthapāde, etc.) and fig. (taṇhaṃ, mohaṃ, āsavā saṃyojanāni, vicikicchaṃ, vanathaṃ, etc.) Freq. in …

churikā →

pts

knife, a dagger, kreese Thig.302; Ja.iii.370; Mil.339; cp. Mil trsln. ii.227; Thag-a.227; Dhp-a.iii.19.

Sk. kṣurikā to kṣura see khura, cp. chārikā → khara

chārikā →

pts

…Gr. ςηρός dry, Lat. serenus dry, clear. See also khāra bhasma.

cintaka →

pts

adjective one who thinks out or invents, in akkhara˚; the grammarian Pv-a.120, nīti˚; the lawgiver ib. Pv-a.130; cp. Divy.212, Divy.451, “overseer.”

cp. cintin

cinteti →

pts

Cinteti & ceteti

Forms

  1. cint:
    pres cinteti
    pot cinteyya;
    ppr cintento & cintayanto (Snp.834)
    aor cintesi, 3rd pl. cintesuṃ (Ja.i.149), acintayuṃ (Snp.258)
    ger ci …

cintita →

pts

  1. (adj.) thought out, invented, devised SN.i.137 (dhammo asuddho samalehi c.); SN.iii.151 (caraṇaṃ nāma cittaṃ citten’ eva c.); Pv.ii.6#13 (mantaṃ brahma˚, expl. Pv-a.97 by kathitaṃ)
  2. (nt.) a thou …

cira →

pts

adjective long (of time), usually in compounds & as adv. Either; ciraṃ (acc.) for a long time Snp.678, Snp.730, Snp.1029; Dhp.248; Kp.vii.5; Ja.ii.110; Ja.iv.3; Pv.ii.3#33 or *[cire …

cita →

pts

heaped; lined or faced with (cp. citaka2) pokkharaṇiyo iṭṭhakāhi citā DN.ii.178, cp. Vin.ii.123.

  • -antaraṃsa “one whose shoulder-hole is heaped up, one who has th …

citraka →

pts

Cittaka(a) & Citraka(b)

  1. (adj.)(a) coloured Ja.iv.464.
  2. (m.)(b) the spotted antelope Ja.vi.538.
  3. (nt. a (coloured) mark (on the forehead) Mil.408 (˚dh …

citta →

pts

…a painter Ja.vi.481; -kāra a painter, a decorator (cp. rajaka) SN.ii.101 = SN.iii.152; Thig.256; Ja.vi.333…

cittaka FIXME double →

pts

Cittaka(a) & Citraka(b)

  1. (adj.)(a) coloured Ja.iv.464.
  2. (m.)(b) the spotted antelope Ja.vi.538.
  3. (nt. a (coloured) mark (on the forehead) Mil.408 (˚dh …

cittaka →

pts

sectarian mark on the forehead in -dhara-kumma a tortoise bearing this mark, a landtortoise Mil.364, Mil.408, cp. Mil trsl. ii.352.

to citta1

Cittaka2

see *[acittaka](/d …

cittatara →

pts

of citta1, more various, more varied. SN.iii.151 sq
■ a punning passage, thus: by the procedure (caraṇa) of mind (in the past) the present mind (citta) is still more varied. Cp. SA in loc …

cittatā →

pts

…dvāracittatāya ārammaṇacittatāya kammanānatta).

f. abstr. to citta1

Cittatā

“being of such a heart or mind,”…

cittikāra →

pts

respect, consideration Vv-a.178 (garu˚), Vv-a.242; Pv-a.26; Vb.371 (a˚); Vism.123 (cittī˚), Vism.188.

see citti

ciṇṇa →

pts

travelled over, resorted to, made a habit of; done, performed, practised Ja.iii.541; Mil.360-su˚ well performed, accomplished SN.i.42 = SN.i.214 = Snp.181; Pv.iii.5#6
■ Cp. ā˚, pari˚, vi˚.

  • *-ṭṭ …

cora →

pts

…corassa hattha-pasāraṇaṃ viya); Dhp-a.ii.30; Pv-a.3, Pv-a.54, Pv-a.274- mahā˚; a great robber Vin.iii.89; DN.iii.203;…

coraka →

pts

plant used for the preparation of perfume Ja.vi.537.

cp. Sk. coraka

corī →

pts

female thief Vin.iv.276; Ja.ii.363; (adj.) thievish, deceitful Ja.i.295
dāraka˚; a female kidnapper Ja.vi.337.

cullāsīti →

pts

eighty-four Ja.vi.226 (mahākappe as duration of Saṃsāra); Pv-a.254 (id.). Also as cūḷāsīti q.v.

= caturāsīti

cunda →

pts

an artist who works in ivory Ja.vi.261 (Com: dantakāra); Mil.331.

cundakāra →

pts

turner Ja.vi.339.

cuta →

pts

…the discerning of the saṃsāra of beings DN.i.82 = MN.i.248; DN.iii.111. As cutuppāta at AN.ii.183. Cp. jātisaṃsāra-ñāṇa.

pp. of…

cuṇṇa →

pts

  1. pp. broken up powdered; only in cpd. -vicuṇṇa crushed to bits smashed up, piecemeal Ja.i.73; Ja.ii.120, Ja.ii.159, Ja.ii.216; Ja.iii.74
  2. (nt.)
    1. any hard substance ground into a powder dus …

cuṇṇaka →

pts

adjective

  1. a preparation of chunam, paint (for the face, mukha˚) DN.i.7; MN.ii.64 = Thag.771; Ja.v.302
  2. powder; cuṇṇakajātāni reduced to powder MN.iii.92 (aṭṭhikāni)
    ■ f. -ikā in cuṇṇikam …

cāga →

pts

  1. abandoning, giving up, renunciation. Vin.i.10 SN.iii.13 SN.iii.26 SN.iii.158 MN.i.486 AN.i.299 More frequently as
  2. liberality, generosity, munificence (n.) generous munificent (adj.): sīlasampann …

cāmara →

pts

chowrie, the tail of bos grunniens used as a whisk Snp.688; Vv.64#3; Ja.vi.510; Vv-a.271, Vv-a.276. Cpd. cāmarī-gāhaka Ja.vi.218 (anka) a hook holding the whisk.

from camara

cāmikara →

pts

gold Vv-a.12, Vv-a.13, Vv-a.166.

Deriv. unknown. Sk. cāmīkara

cāra →

pts

…ib.

  • -vihāra doing & behaving, i.e. good conduct Ja.ii.232 Dpvs. Ja.vi.38; cp. Mil.162 (above).

fr. car

cāraka →

pts

(cārika) adjective wandering about, living, going, behaving, always-˚, like ākāsa˚, niketa˚, pure˚ (see pubbangama), vana˚, -f. cārikā journey, wandering esp. as cārikaṃ carati to go on alms-pilg …

cāraṇa →

pts

adjective = cāraka Snp.162 (saṃsuddha˚).

cāraṇika →

pts

v.v. vāraṇika Thag.1129? a little play, masque, cp. Sk cāraṇa & Mrs. Rh. D.; Pss of the Brethren, 419.

cāreti →

pts

to set going, to pasture, feed, preserve: indriyāni c. to feast one’s senses (cp. Ger. “augenweide”) Pv-a.58; khantiṃ c to feed meekness DN-a.i.277; olambakaṃ cārento drooping Ja.i.174; Pass. ppr. * …

cātur →

pts

Cātur˚

(and cātu˚) consisting of four. Only in compounds viz.

  • -(r)anta (adj.) “of four ends,” i.e. covering or belonging to the 4 points of the compass, all-encircling, Ep of the earth: Ja.ii. …

cāvanā →

pts

moving, shifting, disappearance Vin.iii.112 (ṭhānato); Sdhp.61 (id.).

cāṭi →

pts

  1. a jar, vessel, pot Ja.i.199; Ja.i.302 (pānīya˚); Ja.iii.277 (madhu˚ honey jar); Dhp-a.i.394 (tela oil tank); Vv-a.76 (sālibhatta˚ holding a meal of rice).
  2. a measure of capacity Ja.ii.404; Ja.i …

cāṭu →

pts

pleasant, polite in -kammatā politeness, flattery Mil.370 (cp. Sk. cāṭukāra); cāṭu-kamyatā Vb.246; Vism.17, Vism.23, Vism.27; Kp-a.236.

cp. cāru

cīra →

pts

  1. bark, fibre DN.i.167 (kusa˚, vāka˚, phalaka˚); Vin.iii.34; AN.i.295; Pp.55-a bark dress Vin.i.305; Ja.vi.500 (cp. cīraka).
  2. a strip (orig. of bark), in suvaṇṇa˚-khacita gold-brocaded Vv-a.280 …

cīvara →

pts

…(id.); AN.i.25; vihāra˚; a robe to be used in the monastery Vin.iii.212.

  • -kaṇṇa the lappet of a monk’s robe Dhp-a.iii.420…

da →

pts

…Ja.vi.498 Pv.ii.13#8; ambu giving water, i.e. a cloud Dāvs.v.32; amatamagga Sdhp.1; uḷāraphala˚ ib. Sdhp.26; maṁsa˚ Pgdp.49,…

dabba →

pts

…(should prob. be read sambhāra).

  • -sambhāra the collection of something substantial or worth collecting; a gift worth…

daddara →

pts

Daddara1

partridge Ja.iii.541.

onomat. from the noise, cp. next & cakora, with note on gala

Daddara2

a cert. (grinding, crashing) noise AN.iv.171; Ja.ii.8; Ja.iii.461; Name o …

daddu →

pts

kind of cutaneous eruption Mil.298; Vism.345.

-bandhana in d
■ bandhanādi-bandhana at Thag-a.241 should be read daṇḍa˚.

Sk. dadru f. & dardru a kind of leprosy, dadruna le …

dadhi →

pts

…an ocean Ja.iv.140;

  • -vāraka a pot of milk-curds Ja.iii.52.

Sk. dadhi, redpl. formation fr. dhayati to suck. Cp. also…

dadāti →

pts

…to answer Ja.i.279; sādhukāraṃ to applaud Ja.i.223; paṭiññaṃ to promise Pv-a.76
■ to offer, to allow: maggaṃ i.e. to make room…

dahara →

pts

…Ja.i.88 (daharadahare dārake ca dārikāyo), Ja.i.291 (˚itthī a young wife); Ja.ii.160, Ja.ii.353; Ja.iii.393; Dhp.382; Pv.iv.1#50 (yuvā)…

daharaka →

pts

Err:501

dakkha →

pts

Dakkha1

adjective dexterous skilled, handy, able, clever DN.i.45, DN.i.74, DN.i.78; DN.iii.190 (+ analasa) MN.i.119; MN.iii.2; SN.i.65; Cnd.141 (+ analasa & sampajāna); Ja.iii.247; DN-a …

dakkhiṇa →

pts

adjective

  1. right (opp vāma left), with a tinge of the auspicious, lucky prominent: Vin.ii.195 (hattha); Pv-a.112, Pv-a.132 (id.) Pts.i.125. hattha, pāda, etc. with ref. to a Tathāgata’s body); Ja …

dakkhiṇā →

pts

…Vin.i.229 = DN.ii.88.

  • -āraha a worthy recipient of a dedicatory gift Pv.ii.8#6;
  • -odaka water to wash in (orig. water…

dala →

pts

blade, leaf, petal (usually -˚); akkhi-d eyelid Thag-a.259; DN-a.i.194; Dhs-a.378; uppala˚ Dhs-a.311; kamala˚ (lotus-petal) Vv-a.35, Vv-a.38; muttā˚ (? DN-a.i.252; ratta-pavāḷa˚ Ja.i.75.

S …

dalati →

pts

to burst, split break
caus dāleti Snp.29 (dalayitvā = chinditvā Snp-a.40); Mil.398
pass dīyati (Sk. dīryate) see uddīyati. Dalidda & Dalidda;

Sk. dala …

damma →

pts

…in phrase purisa-damma-sārathi (Ep. of the Buddha “the trainer of the human steer” DN.i.62 (misprint ˚dhamma˚) = DN.ii.93 = DN.iii.5;…

danta →

pts

…Vv-a.63;

  • -kāra an artisan in ivory ivory-worker DN.i.78; Ja.i.320; Mil.331; Vism.336
  • -kūta tooth of a…

dantaka →

pts

pin of tooth or ivory; makara˚; the tooth of a sword-fish Vin.ii.113, Vin.ii.117; Vin.iv.47. See details under makara.

dara →

pts

fear, terror; sorrow, pain Vin.ii.156 = AN.i.138 (vineyya hadaye daraṃ); SN.ii.101, SN.ii.103; SN.iv.186 sq.; Thig.32 (= cittakato kilesa-patho Thag-a.38); Ja.iv.61; Vv.83#8 (= daratha Vv-a.327); P …

daratha →

pts

anxiety, care, distress AN.ii.238; MN.iii.287 sq. (kāyikā & cetasikā d.); Snp.15 (darathajā: the Arahant has nought in him born of care Cy explains by pariḷāha fever); …

darī →

pts

cara* a cave dweller (of a monkey) Ja.v.70;

  • -mukha entrance of a cave Vism.110.
  • -saya a lair in a cleft Cp.iii.7#1.

dasa →

pts

…Dhp.137 (= das. dukkha-kāraṇānaṃ, enumerated v. Dhp.138, Dhp.139) “afflicted with one of the 10 plagues” cp. Dhp-a.iii.70.

dasika →

pts

Dasika1

adjective (-˚) to be seen, to behold, being of appearance, only in dud˚; or frightful app., fierce, ugly Si.94 & id. p. (q.v. under okoṭimaka); Ja.i.504 (kodha, anger); Pv-a.24 …

dassana →

pts

…Pv-a.72 often as -ākāra -dassana: Pv-a.26 (dātabba˚), Pv-a.27 (thomana˚), Pv-a.35 (kata˚) & in; dassanatthaṃ in order to…

dassanīya →

pts

adjective fair to behold, beautiful good-looking (= dassituṃ yutta DN-a.i.141), often in formula abhirūpa d. pāsādika paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgəta to express matchless physical beauty: D …

dassati →

pts

…(sunakhaṃ), Pv-a.257 (dārakaṃ)
■ to make manifest, to make appear, to show or prove oneself; also intr. to appear Ja.ii.154 (dubbalo…

dassāvin →

pts

…Mvu.iii.51 sarvadarśāvin; sāra˚ Vin.ii.139 2. (n.) one who sees or takes notice of in phrase ariyānaṃ dassāvī (+ sappurisānaṃ dassāvī…

datta →

pts

Datta1

given (-˚ by; often in Np. as Brahmadatta, Deva-datta = Theo-dor. etc.) Snp.217 (para˚ = Snp-a.272 (variant reading dinna).

pp. of dadāti

Datta2

adjective noun stu …

daḷha →

pts

…blow Ja.iii.83;

  • -pākāra (etc.) strongly fortified SN.iv.194
  • -bhattin firmly devoted to somebody Dhs-a.350.

Sk….

daḷhī →

pts

…Snp-a.290 (+ ādhāraṇatā), Snp-a.398 (id). In compounds also daḷhi˚ viz. -kamma making firm; strengthening…

daṇḍa →

pts

…a handle Vin.ii.119

  • -pahāra a blow with a stick DN.i.144;
  • -pāṇin carrying a staff, “staff in…

desa →

pts

point, part, place, region, spot, country, Vin.i.46; Vin.ii.211; MN.i.437; Ja.i.308; Dhs-a.307 (˚bhūta); Pv-a.78 (˚antara prob. to be read dos˚), Pv-a.153 Kp-a.132, Kp-a.227
desaṃ karoti to …

desanā →

pts

  1. discourse, instruction, lesson SN.v.83, SN.v.108; Ja.iii.84; Pp.28; Ne.38; Vism.523 sq (regarding Paṭiccasamuppāda); Pv-a.1, Pv-a.2, Pv-a.9, Pv-a.11; Sdhp.213.
  2. Freq. in dhamma˚; moral inst …

deva →

pts

…of Indra Ja.v.158

  • -kumāra son of a god (cp. ˚putta) Ja.iii.391;
  • -gaṇa a troop of gods Ja.i.203;…

devara →

pts

husband’s brother, brother-in-law Ja.vi.152; Vv.32#6 (sa˚), popularly explained at Vv-a.135 as “dutiyo varo ti vā devaro, bhattu kaniṭṭha bhātā.”

Sk. devṛ & devara Gr.; δ ̈αήρ (*δαιvήρ), Lat. lev …

devatā →

pts

“condition or state of a deva, divinity; divine being, deity, fairy. The term comprises all beings which are otherwise styled devas, & a list of them given at Cnd.308 & based on the principle that any …

deyya →

pts

…5 anna, 6 pāna, 7 vattha, 8 yāna, 9 mālā 10 gandhā, 11 vilepana, 12 seyya, 13 āvasatha 14 padīpeyya. A…

dhaja →

pts

flag, banner; mark, emblem, sign, symbol Vin.i.306 (titthiya˚: outward signs of); Vin.ii.22 (gihi˚); SN.i.42 SN.ii.280; AN.ii.51; AN.iii.84 sq. (panna˚); MN.i.139 (id.) AN.iii.149 (dhamma); Ja.i.52 (\ …

dhamma →

pts

…sq.; Vism.486 sq.

dhammani →

pts

only found in SN.i.103, where the Comy. takes it as a locative, and gives, as the equivalent, “in a forest on dry land” (araññe thale). Cp. Kindred Sayings i.129, n. 2.

dhammika →

pts

…kathā) SN.iii.240 (āhāra); SN.iv.203 (dhammikā devā, adh˚ asurā) AN.i.75; AN.iii.277; Snp.404; Dhp-a.ii.86 (dohaḷa); Dhp-a.iv.185…

dhammin →

pts

Dhammin1

adjective only-˚: having the nature or quality of, liable to, consisting in, practising, acting like, etc. (as ˚dhamma B 2 a), viz. uppāda-vaya˚ DN.ii.157; maraṇa˚ (= maraṇadham …

dhana →

pts

wealth, usually wealth of money, riches, treasures

  1. Lit. DN.i.73 (sa˚); MN.ii.180.; AN.iii.222; AN.iv.4 sq. Cnd.135 (+ yasa, issariya etc.) Thig.464 (+ issariya) Ja.i.225 (paṭhavigataṃ karoti: …

dhanu →

pts

…AN.iii.94; Pv-a.154;

  • -kāra a bow maker Mil.331
  • -kārika Name of a tree Ja.v.420;
  • -kārin = prec….

dhara →

pts

…Thag.187; Cnd.319; vinaya˚ Mil.344; jaṭājina˚ Snp.1010. See also dhāra.

Sk. dhara, to dhr see dharati

dharati →

pts

to hold, bear, carry, wear; to hold up, support; to bear in mind, know by heart; to hold out, endure, last continue, live Snp.385 (take to heart, remember); Dhp-a.ii.68
ppr dharamāṇa living, last …

dharaṇa →

pts

adjective bearing, holding, comprising Vv-a.104 (suvaṇṇassa pañcadasa˚ nikkha holding, i.e. worth or equal to 15 parts of gold)
■ f. bearing, i.e. pregnant with Snp.26 (of cows: *godharaṇiyo …

dhata →

pts

  1. firm, prepared, ready, resolved AN.iii.114; Dāvs v.52
  2. kept in mind, understood, known by heart Vin.ii.95; AN.i.36.

Sk. dhṛta, pp. of dharati; cp. dhara & dhāreti

dhañña →

pts

…see also mangala).

  • -āgāra a store house for grain Vin.i.240;
  • -piṭaka a basket full of grain Dhp-a.iii.370; *…

dhaṃsati →

pts

to fall from, to be deprived of (c. abl.) to be gone DN.iii.184 (with abl. asmā lokā dh.) AN.ii.67 AN.v.76, AN.v.77; Iti.11; Thag.225, Thag.610; Ja.iii.260, Ja.iii.318, Ja.iii.441, Ja.iii.457 Ja.iv.61 …

dheyya →

pts

…ettha dhīyati Thag-a.13) māra˚; AN.iv.228. 2. putting on, assigning, in nāma˚ Dhs.1307.

Sk. dheya, orig. grd. of dhā, see…

dhi →

pts

Dhi1 & Dhī

indeclinable an excln of reproach & disgust: fie! shame! woe! (with acc. or gen.) SN.v.217 (read dhī taṃ for dhītaṃ); Dhp.389 (dhī = garahāmi Dhp-a.iv.148); Ja.i.507 …

dhikkita →

pts

adjective reproached, reviled; used also medially: blaming, censuring, condemning Ja.i.155 (= garahitā Com.); also in Com expl. of dhīra (= dhikkita-pāpa detesting evil) at Mnd.44 = Ja.ii.140 = Ja.ii …

dhiti →

pts

energy, courage, steadfastness, firm character, resolution. SN.i.122, SN.i.215 = Snp.188 (cp. Snp-a.237); Ja.i.266, Ja.i.280; Ja.iii.239; Ja.vi.373 Vb.211; Dhs.13 (+ thāma), Dhs.22, Dhs.289, Dhs.571 …

dhuma →

pts

in ˚kaṭacchuka = druma˚; having a wooden spoon (see duma), cp. Mar. dhumārā? (Ed. in note) Dhp-a.ii.59.

Doubtful reading.

dhunāti →

pts

to shake, toss; to shake off, remove destroy SN.i.156 (maccuno senaṃ); Thag.256 = Mil.245; dhunāti pāpake dhamme dumapattaṃ va māluto Thag.2; Ja.i.11 (verse 48); Ja.iii.44 (hatthe dhuniṃsu, wrung thei …

dhura →

pts

…Dhp-a.iii.472

  • -vihāra a neighbouring monastery (cp. ˚gāma Ja.i.23 Ja.iv.243 Dhp-a.i.126 (proper name); Dhp-a.iii.224 (identical) *…

dhuratā →

pts

in cpd. anikkhitta-dh. “a state of unflinching endurance” Cnd.394, Cnd.405 = Dhs.13 etc. = Vb.350, Vb.370 (+ dhura-sampaggāha); opp nikkhitta-dh. weakness of character, lack of endurance (= pamā …

dhuravant →

pts

adjective one who has or bears his yoke, patient, enduring SN.i.214 = Snp.187 (: cetasikaviriya-vasena anikkhittadhura Snp-a.236).

cp. Sk. dhuradhara

dhuta →

pts

…to a passage in the Parivāra deprecating such practices. The passage occurs twice (Vin.v.131, Vin.v.193), but the title, probably later than…

dhutta →

pts

of abandoned life, wild, fast, cunning, crafty, fraudulent; wicked, bad. (m.) a rogue, cheat, evil-minded person, scoundrel, rascal. There are three sorts of a wild life, viz. akkha˚ in gambling, * …

dhuva →

pts

adjective stable, constant, permanent; fixed, regular certain, sure DN.i.18; SN.i.142; SN.iv.370; AN.ii.33; Ja.i.19 Ja.v.121 (˚sassataṃ maraṇaṃ); Ja.iii.325; Bv.ii.82; Mil.114 (na tā nadiyo dh-salilā …

dhāna →

pts

…nt. a receptacle Dhp.58 (sankāra˚ dust-heap = ṭhāna Dhp-a.i.445). f. dhānī a seat (= ṭhāna), in rāja˚; “the king’s seat,” a…

dhāra →

pts

…(ukkā˚). See also dhārin.

Sk. dhāra to dhāreti; cp. dhara

dhāraka →

pts

adjective noun

  1. bearing, one who holds or possesses Dhp-a.iii.93 (sampattiṃ).
  2. one who knows or remembers AN.ii.97 (˚jātika); AN.iv.296 sq., AN.iv.328 (id.).

dhāraṇa →

pts

…Vin.iv.305; MN.ii.175 (dhamma˚).

cp. Sk. dhāraṇa, to dhāreti

dhāraṇaka →

pts

  1. a debtor (see dhāreti 4) Ja.ii.203; Ja.iv.45.
  2. a mnemonician Mil.79.

der. fr. dhāraṇa

dhāraṇatā →

pts

  1. wearing, being dressed with (= dhāraṇa 1) Mil.257.
  2. mindfulness (= dhāraṇa 3) Cnd.628; Dhs.14.

dhāraṇā →

pts

  1. memory Mil.79.
  2. the earth (“the upholder,” cp. dharaṇī) Ja.vi.180.

to dhāraṇa

dhāretar →

pts

one who causes others to remember, an instructor, teacher (cp. dhāraṇaka) AN.iv.196 (sotā sāvetā uggahetā dh.).

n. ag. to dhāreti 3

dhāreti →

pts

to hold, viz.

  1. to carry, bear, wear, possess; to put on, to bring give DN.i.166≈(chavadussāni etc.); Vin.i.16 = DN.i.110 (telapajjotaṃ); DN.ii.19 (chattaṃ to hold a sunshade over a person); Pv-a.4 …

dhāreyya →

pts

the ceremony of being carried away, i.e. the marriage ceremony, marriage (cp. dhareyya under dharati) Thig.472 (text has vāreyya but Thag-a.285 explains dhāreyya = vivāha).

orig. grd. of dhāreti

dhārin →

pts

…& cp. ˚dhara, ˚dhāra

dhārā →

pts

Dhārā1

feminine torrent, stream, flow, shower DN.i.74 (sammā˚ an even or seasonable shower; DN-a.i.218 = vuṭṭhi); DN.ii.15 (udakassa, streams) Ja.i.31; Pts.i.125 (udaka˚); Pv.ii.9#70 (sam …

dhātu →

pts

…ābhā˚ SN.ii.150; ārambha˚ SN.v.66 SN.v.104 sq.; AN.i.4; AN.ii.338; ṭhiti˚ SN.ii.175; SN.iii.231; AN.iii.338 dhamma˚ SN.ii.56;…

dhāvati →

pts

  1. to run run away, run quickly Snp.939 (cp. Mnd.419); Dhp.344; Ja.i.308; Ja.vi.332; Mnd.405 = Cnd.304#iii.; Pv.iv.16#1 = palāyati Pv-a.284#2; Dhp-a.i.389 (opp. gacchati); Pv-a.4; Sdhp.378.
  2. to c …

dhīra →

pts

…Sk. dhīra “firm” fr. dhārayati (see dharati & dhiti); 2 Vedic. dhīra “wise” fr. dīdheti (see…

dhītar →

pts

Dhītar & Dhītā

masculine & feminine daughter Thig.336 (in faith); Ja.i.152, Ja.i.253 Ja.vi.366; Pv.i.11#5; Dhp-a.iii.171, Dhp-a.iii.176; Pv-a.16, Pv-a.21, Pv-a.61, Pv-a.105 deva˚ a female deva …

dhītā →

pts

Dhītar & Dhītā

masculine & feminine daughter Thig.336 (in faith); Ja.i.152, Ja.i.253 Ja.vi.366; Pv.i.11#5; Dhp-a.iii.171, Dhp-a.iii.176; Pv-a.16, Pv-a.21, Pv-a.61, Pv-a.105 deva˚ a female deva …

dhūsara →

pts

adjective dust-coloured Vv-a.335.

Sk. dhūsara, Ags. dust = E. dust & dusk, Ger. dust; see dhvaṃsati & dhunoti & cp. Walde, Lat Wtb. under furo

dibba →

pts

…the gods SN.i.60;

  • -vihāra supreme condition of heart Mil.225;
  • -sampatti heavenly bliss Ja.iv.3;…

diddha →

pts

smeared Ja.v.425 sq.; esp. smeared with poison, poisoned Ja.iv.435 (sara, a poisoned arrow); perhaps to be read at Iti.68 for duṭṭha (scil. sara) and at SN.ii.230 for diṭṭha Cp. san˚.

Sk. digdha to * …

dikkhita →

pts

initiated, consecrated, cira˚ initiated long since SN.i.226 = Ja.v.138, Ja.v.139 (where dakkhita q.v.; Com. cira-pabbājita).

Sk. dīkṣita “having commenced the preparatory rites for sacrifice”

dirasaññu →

pts

adjective one who has little common-sense Ja.vi.206, Ja.vi.207 Ja.vi.213, Ja.vi.214. Com. explains wrongly on p. Ja.vi.209 with “one who possesses two tongues” (of Agni), but has equivalent nippañña …

disati →

pts

to point, show; to grant, bestow etc. Usually in combination with pref. ā, or in Caus. deseti (q.v.). As simplex only at SN.i.217 (varaṃ disā to be read for disaṃ cp …

disā →

pts

point of the compass, region quarter, direction, bearings. The 4 principal points usualy enumerated are puratthimā (E) pacchimā (W) dakkhiṇā (S) uttarā (N …

diva →

pts

  1. heaven Ja.iv.134 (˚ṃ agā); Ja.v.123 (˚ṃ patta); Pv-a.74 (˚ṃ gata)
  2. day Snp.507 (rattindivaṃ night day); Vv-a.247 (rattindiva one night & one day, i.e. 24 hrs.); Dhp-a.ii.8 (divā-divassa so ea …

divasa →

pts

nt. only in expression satta divasāni 7 days or a week Ja.iv.139; Mil.15) a day AN.i.206 (˚ṃ atināmeti); Ja.iii.52 (uposatha˚); Pv-a.31 (yāva sattadivasā a week long), Pv-a.74 (sattamo divaso) Usu …

divi →

pts

Divi˚

an abstraction fr. divya constructed for etym. expln of dibba as divi-bhava (˚bhāva) of divine existence or character, a divine being, in “divi-bhavāni divyāni …

divā →

pts

…Vv-a.242;

  • -vihāra the day-rest, i.e. rest during the heat of the day Vin.i.28, SN.i.129, SN.i.132, SN.i.146,…

diṭṭha →

pts

…DN-a.i.121; ˚sukhavihāra (& ˚in) happy condition (or faring well) in this world Vin.ii.188; MN.i.40, MN.i.331, MN.i.459; SN.ii.239;…

diṭṭhi →

pts

-kantāra the wilderness of groundless speculation Dhs.381, Dhs.1003, Dhs.1099, etc.; see ˚*gata*;…

domanassa →

pts

…SN.v.209 sq.;

  • -upavicāra discrimination of that which gives distress of mind DN.iii.245;
  • -patta

donī →

pts

Donī1

feminine

  1. a (wooden) trough, a vat, tub SN.ii.259; AN.i.253; AN.v.323; Ja.i.450; Mil.56-tela˚ an oil vat AN.iii.58 (āyasā made of iron & used as a sarcophagus).
  2. a trough-shap …

dosa →

pts

…eighteen making a Vihāra unsuitable at Vism.118 sq
■ Ja.ii.417; Ja.iii.104; Mil.330 (sabba-d
■ virahita faultless); DN-a.i.37,…

dovacassa →

pts

unruliness indocility, bad conduct, fractiousness SN.ii.204 sq (˚karaṇā dhammā); MN.i.95 (id. specified); AN.ii.147 AN.iii.178; Ne.40, Ne.127.

contamination of Sk. *daurvacasya evil speech & *daurv …

dovārika →

pts

…Vism.281; Sdhp.356.

cp. Sk. dauvārika, see dvāra

du →

pts

…pamuñca, pameyya, parihāra, payāta pasu, peyya, posa; (p)phassa; (bb = b): bala, balika budha; (bb = v): dubbaca =) vaca, vacana, vaṇṇa…

dubbhati →

pts

Dubbhati & dūbhati

to injure, hurt, deceive; to be hostile to, plot or sin against (either w. dat. Ja.v.245; Ja.vi.491, or w. loc Ja.i.267; Ja.iii.212) SN.i.85 (ppr. adubbhanto), SN.i.225; Iti.86 (du …

duhana →

pts

adjective noun one who injures, hurts or deceives; insidious, infesting; a robber, only in pantha a dacoit DN.i.135; DN-a.i.296
■ (nt.) waylaying, robbery (pantha˚) Ja.ii.281 (text dūhana), Ja.ii.3 …

dukkha →

pts

…MN.i.460 MN.ii.10;

  • -kāraṇa labour or trials to be undergone as punishment Dhp-a.iii.70 (see Dhp.138, Dhp.139 & cp….

dussa →

pts

…AN.iv.230

  • -koṭṭhagāra a store-room for cloth or clothes Dhp-a.i.220 Dhp-a.i.393;
  • -gahaṇa (-mangala) (the…

duṭṭhulla →

pts

adjective wicked, lewd Vin.iv.128; SN.i.187 (˚bhāṇin “whose speech is never lewd,” cp. Thag.1217 padulla gāhin, explained as duṭṭhullagāhin Psalms of Brethren 399 n. 3); MN.i.435; MN.iii.159; Vism …

dvi →

pts

…(32) Kp ii. (˚ākāra the 32 constituents of the body) Dhp-a.ii.88; Vv-a.39 etc.; dvācattālīsa (42) Cnd.15 Vism.82;…

dvittā →

pts

two or three SN.i.117 (perhaps we should read tad vittaṃ: Windisch, Māra & Buddha 108)

Sk. dvitrā; see dvi B I. 2a

dvāra →

pts

…also in f. abstr. guttadvāratā the condition of well protected doors (see…

dvārika →

pts

(-˚) adjective referring or belonging to the door of-; in cha ˚ā taṇhā, craving or fever, arising through the 6 doors (of the senses) Dhp-a.iv.221, & kāya˚
■ saṃvara control over the “bodily” d …

dāna →

pts

…AN.iv.246

  • -ādhikāra supervision or charge of alms-distributing. Pv-a.124 (cp. Pv.ii.9#27)
  • -ānisaṁsa praise of generosity…

dāra →

pts

…(a˚); Pv.1#2, etc- paradāra the wife of another MN.i.404 sq.; Dhp.246 Dhp.309; Snp.396 (parassa d.) Pv-a.261.

Sk. dāra…

dāraka →

pts

…DN.i.12 (= komārabhacca-vejjakamma DN-a.i.98).

Sk. dāraka, cp. dāra & Gr.; δουλος (slave)

dārikā →

pts

…Pv-a.55, Pv-a.67, Pv-a.68.

Sk. dārikā, see dāraka

dāruṇa →

pts

…(= kurūrin), Pv-a.221 (˚kāraṇa); Sdhp.5, Sdhp.78, Sdhp.286.

Ved. dāruṇa, to dāru (“strong as a tree”), cp. Gr. δροόν =…

dārā →

pts

…(a˚); Pv.1#2, etc- paradāra the wife of another MN.i.404 sq.; Dhp.246 Dhp.309; Snp.396 (parassa d.) Pv-a.261.

Sk. dāra…

dāsa →

pts

slave, often combined w. f. dāsī. Def. by Bdhgh as “antojāto” (DN-a.i.300), or as “antojātadhanakkīta-karamarânīta-sāmaṃ dāsabyaṃ upagatānaṃ aññataro” (ibid. DN-a.i.168)
■ In phrase *dāsā ca kam …

dāsī →

pts

female servant, a handmaiden a slave-girl Vin.i.217, Vin.i.269, Vin.i.291; Vin.ii.10 (kula˚), Vin.ii.78, Vin.iii.161; MN.i.125; MN.ii.62 (ñāti˚); Pv.ii.3#21 (ghara˚); Pv-a.46, Pv-a.61, Pv-a.65
■ …

dāyādaka →

pts

heir MN.ii.73; Thag.781, Thag.1142; f. -ikā Thig.327 (= dāyajjarahā Thag-a.234).

= dāyāda

dīgha →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (adj.) long DN.i.17; MN.i.429; SN.i.104 (˚ṃ addhānaṃ); Snp.146, Snp.633 (opp. rassa); Dhp.60 Dhp.409; Pv.i.10#11 (˚ṃ antaraṃ all the time); Pv.ii.9#55 (id.) Thag.646 (˚m-antare); D …

dīpa →

pts

Dīpa1

a lamp Ja.ii.104 (˚ṃ jāleti to light a l.); Dhp-a.ii.49 (id.), Dhp-a.ii.94 (id.)

  • -acci the flame of a lamp Thag-a.154;
  • -āloka light of …

dīpaka →

pts

Dīpaka1

(= dīpa1)

  1. f. dīpikā a lamp, in daṇḍa˚ a torch Dhp-a.i.220, Dhp-a.i.399, -
  2. (˚-) an image of, having the appearance of, sham etc.; in *-[kakkara](/define/kak …

dīpana →

pts

adjective illustrating, explaining; f. explanation, commentary, Name of several Commentaries, e.g. the Paramattha-dīpanī of Dhammapāla on Th 2; Pv Vv
■ Cp. jotikā & uddīpanā.

dūbhati →

pts

Dubbhati & dūbhati

to injure, hurt, deceive; to be hostile to, plot or sin against (either w. dat. Ja.v.245; Ja.vi.491, or w. loc Ja.i.267; Ja.iii.212) SN.i.85 (ppr. adubbhanto), SN.i.225; Iti.86 (du …

dūbhī →

pts

perfidy, treachery, Ja.i.412; Ja.iv.57 (variant reading dubhī); Ja.vi.59 (= aparādha).

cp. Sk. dambha, see dubbhati

dūra →

pts

…Pv.ii.8#2;

  • -vihāra (-vuttin) living far away Snp.220.

Sk. dūra, Ved. duva (stirring, urging on), compar….

dūteyya →

pts

errand, commission, messages AN.iv.196; Ja.iii.134; DN-a.i.78. ˚ṃ gacchati to go on an errand Vin.ii.202; ˚ṃ harati to obtain a commission Vin.iii.87; Vin.iv.23.

ehi →

pts

come, come here Snp.165; Ja.ii.159; Ja.vi.367); Dhp-a.i.49. In the later language part. of exhortation = Gr. α ̓́γε, Lat. age, “come on” Dhp-a.ii.91; Pv-a.201 (+ tāva = α ̓́γεδή). *[ehipassika](/d …

eka →

pts

…SN.v.167, SN.v.185.

  • -ārakkha having one protector or guardian DN.iii.269; AN.v.29 sq.
  • -ālopika = ekāgārika…

ekanta →

pts

adjective one-sided, on one end, with one top, topmost (˚-) usually in function of an adv. as ˚-meaning “absolutely, extremely, extraordinary, quite” etc.

  1. (lit.) at one end, only in ˚lomin a wo …

ekatta →

pts

  1. unity DN.i.31.
  2. loneliness, solitude, separation Snp.718; Thag.49; Mil.162; Ja.vi.64; Vv-a.202 (= ekībhāva).

abstr. fr. eka

ekaṃsa →

pts

Ekaṃsa1

adjective belonging to one shoulder, on or with one shoulder; only in phṛase ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsangaṃ karoti to arrange the upper robe over one shoulder (the left) Vin.i.46; Vin.ii.188 …

elambaraka →

pts

Name of a creeping vine Ja.vi.536. Elaluka (Elaluka)

?

esin →

pts

adjective seeking, wishing, desiring SN.ii.11 (sambhav˚); Ja.i.87 (phal˚); Ja.iv.26 (dukkham˚); Pv.ii.9#28 (gharam); Pv-a.132.

Sk. eṣin, of iṣ

etarahi →

pts

adverb now, at present DN.i.29, DN.i.151, DN.i.179, DN.i.200; DN.ii.3; Ja.i.215 (opp. tadā), Ja.iii.82; Ja.vi.364 (instead of paccuppanna).

Sk. etarhi, cp. tarahi & carahi

eti →

pts

to go, go to, reach; often (= ā + eti) to come back, return Snp.364, Snp.376, Snp.666 (come); Ja.vi.365 (return); ppr. ento Ja.iii.433 (acc. suriyaṃ atthaṃ entaṃ the setting sun); imper 2nd</s …

ettaka →

pts

adjective so much, this much, according to context referring either to deficiency or abundance, thus developing 2 meanings, viz.

  1. just as much (& no more), only so little, all this, just this, such …

eḷa →

pts

in eḷamūga deaf & dumb AN.ii.252; AN.iii.436; AN.iv.226; Mil.20, Mil.251 (cp. Mil trsl. ii.71). A rather strange use and expln. of eḷamūga (with ref. to a snake “spit …

eṇi →

pts

kind of antelope, only two foll. compounds: -jaṅgha “limbed like the antelope” (one of the physical characteristics of the Superman) DN.ii.17; DN.iii.143 DN.iii.156; MN.ii.136; SN.i.16; Snp.165; *\ …

ga →

pts

…anuga, antalikkha˚, ura˚, pāra˚, majjha˚, samīpa˚ hattha˚. It also appears as ˚gu, e.g. in addha˚, anta˚ paṭṭha˚, pāra˚, veda˚ …

gabbha →

pts

…was born Pv-a.112;

gabbhara →

pts

cavern Snp.416 (giri˚); Vv.63#5 (giri˚).

Derivation uncertain. Cp. Sk. gahvara

gabbhinī →

pts

adjective feminine pregnant, enceinte Vin.ii.268; SN.iii.202; Ja.i.151, Ja.i.290; Ja.iv.37; Pv.i.6#6; Pv-a.31, Pv-a.82: Vv-a.110 (-bhāva); in combination g˚ pāyamānā purisantaragatā (pregnant, lac …

gacchati →

pts

…lokaṃ g. Ja.i.152; gacche pāram apārato Snp.1129, in this sense interpreted at Cnd.223 as adhigacchati phusati sacchikaroti, to…

gadrabha →

pts

…Ja.ii.340.

-bhāraka a donkey load Ja.ii.109; Dhp-a.i.123 -bhāva the fact of being an ass…

gaggara →

pts

…blacksmith’s bellows: kammāra˚, in simile MN.i.243 SN.i.106; Vism.287. 2. (nt.) cackling, cawing, in haṃsa˚; the sound of geese Ja.v.96…

gaggaraka →

pts

whirlpool, eddy Ja.v.405; according to Kern

Toevoegselen

s. v. a sort of fish (Sk. gargaraka Pimelodus Gagora); as gaggalaka at Mil.197.

fr. gaggara

gaggarāyati →

pts

to whirl, roar, bellow, of the waves of the Gangā Mil.3
■ cp. gaḷagaḷāyati.

v. den. fr. prec.; cp. gurgulio: gurges, E. gargle & gurgle

gaha →

pts

-kāraka a house-builder, metaph. of taṇhā (cp. kāya as geha) Dhp.153, Dhp.154 = Thag.183, Thag.184;…

gahana →

pts

…combined w. diṭṭhi-kantāra, the wilderness of d., see diṭṭhi) MN.i.8, MN.i.485; Pp.22; DN-a.i.108. Of rāga˚,…

gahapati →

pts

the possessor of a house, the head of the household pater familias (freq. + seṭṭhi).

  1. In formulas
    1. as regards social standing, wealth & clanship: a man of private (i.e. not official) life, cl …

gahaṇa →

pts

adjective seizing, taking; acquiring; (n.) seizure, grasp, hold, acquisition Vism.114 (in detail) usually -˚: nāma˚-divase on the day on which a child gets its name (lit. acquiring a name) Ja.i.199, …

gajjati →

pts

to roar, to thunder, usually of clouds. Of the earth: Dāvs v.29; of a man (using harsh speech) Ja.i.226; Ja.ii.412 (mā gajji); Mnd.172 (= abhi˚); Ja.iv.25
caus gajjayati, ger. gajjayitvā (megho g˚ t …

gala →

pts

…DN.i.144 (+ daṇḍapahāra);

  • -nāḷī the larynx Dhp-a.i.253; Dhp-a.ii.257
  • -ppamāṇa (adj.) going up to…

gamana →

pts

…away Dhp-a.ii.81.

  • -kāraṇa a reason for or a means to going, in ˚ṃ karoti to try to go Ja.i.2; *…

gambhīra →

pts

  1. adjective deep, profound, unfathomable, well founded, hard to perceive difficult
    1. lit. of lakes: Dhp.83; Pv.ii.1#19 (= agādha) Pp.46; of a road (full of swamps) Ja.i.196
    2. fig of knowledge …

gamika →

pts

…Ja.vi.333 (āgantuka˚). See also under abhisankhāra. Cp. Avs.i.87; Divy.50.

gandha →

pts

…Dhs.625, Dhs.655; -ārammaṇa bearing on smell, having smell as its object Dhs.147, Dhs.157, Dhs.365 Dhs.410,…

gandhabba →

pts

  1. a musician, a singer Ja.ii.249 sq.; Ja.iii.188; Vv-a.36, Vv-a.137.
  2. a Gandharva or heavenly musician, as a class (see ˚*kāyika*) belonging to the demigods who inhabit the Cātu …

gandhāra →

pts

…belonging to the Gandhāra country (Kandahar) f. gandhārī in gandhārī vijjā Name of a magical charm DN.i.213; at Ja.iv.498 it renders…

gantha →

pts

(in BB often misspelt gandha)

  1. a bond, fetter, trammel; always fig. and usually referring to and enumerated as the four bodily ties, or knots (kāya˚, see under kāya): SN.v.59 = Dh …

ganthati →

pts

…(of “body”); expl. as ārammaṇa-karaṇa-vasena ganthehi ganthitabba Dhs-a.69; dhammā g˚ ā (“states that tend to be are liable to…

gantheti →

pts

…(of “body”); expl. as ārammaṇa-karaṇa-vasena ganthehi ganthitabba Dhs-a.69; dhammā g˚ ā (“states that tend to be are liable to…

garahaka →

pts

adjective finding fault with, rebuking; in paṭhavī˚ āpa˚, etc., combined w. paṭhavī-jigucchaka, etc. (disgusted w. the great elements) MN.i.327.

garahati →

pts

…blameless faultless Pv-a.89 (= anindita, Pv-a.131)
■ See also gārayha & cp. vi˚.

Vedic garhati Dhtp.340 nindāyaṃ

garahaṇa →

pts

reproof Vv-a.16, as f. -ṇā at Vism.29.

garahin →

pts

adjective blaming, censuring Snp.660 (ariya˚), Snp.778 (atta˚), Snp.913 (anatta˚); Mil.380 (pāpa˚).

garahā →

pts

blame, reproach DN.i.135 “stating an example,” see DN-a.i.296; DN.iii.92, DN.iii.93; Snp.141; Ja.i.10 (garahapaṭicchādanabhāva preventing all occasion for finding fault); Ja.i.132 (garaha-bhaya-bhī …

garu →

pts

…esteem Pv-a.9
■ garukāra (sakkāra g. mānana vandana esteem, honour, regard Pp.19 = Dhs.1121
■ See also guru.

*…

garuka →

pts

…saddhamma˚ revering the Doctrine Sdhp.520 Nibbāna-garuka Vism.117 (+ Nâdhimutta & N-pabbhāra).

gata →

pts

…being of a (wrong) view sankhāra˚, etc
■ Sometimes gata is replaced by kata and vice versa: anabhāvaṃkata → anabhāvaṃ gacchati…

gati →

pts

…In defn of saṃsāra explained as gati bhavâbhava cuti upapatti = one existence after the other Cnd.664; as gati upapatti paṭisandhi…

gatin →

pts

adjective = gatika

  1. going, i.e. having a certain course: sabbā nadī vankagatī “every river flows crooked” Ja.i.289.
  2. having a certain gati, fated destined, esp. in su˚ & dug˚: samparāye suggatī g …

gavesaka →

pts

˚Gavesaka

adjective from next looking for, seeking Ja.i.176 (kāraṇa˚); Ja.ii.3 (aguṇa˚).

gavesin →

pts

…DN.i.95 (tāṇa˚, etc.); Dhp.99 (kāma˚), Dhp.245 (suci˚), Dhp.355 (pāra˚); Cnd.503 (in expl. of mahesi, with esin pariyesin); Bdhd 59.

gayhaka →

pts

adjective = gayha one who is to be taken (prisoner), in ˚niyyamāna id. SN.i.143 = Ja.iii.361 (expl. as karamaragāhaṃ gahetvā niyyamāna; cp. karamara).

gaḷagaḷāyati →

pts

to roar, to crash, to thunder; deve gaḷagaḷāyate (loc. abs.) in a thunderstorm, usually as deve vassante deve g˚; amidst rain and heavy thunder DN.ii.132; SN.i.106; AN.v.114 sq (gala˚); Thag.189; Mi …

gaḷati →

pts

(and galati) [Sk. galati, cp. Ohg. quellan to well up, to flow out; see note on gala and cp. also jala water

  1. to drip, flow, trickle (trs. & intr.) Vin.i.204 (natthu g.); MN.i.336 (sīsaṃ lohitena g …

gaṇa →

pts

…cluster of trees Pv-a.154; tāra˚ a host of stars AN.i.215; Pv.ii.9#67; with ref. to the books of the Canon: Suttantika˚ & Ābhidhammika˚…

gaṇhati →

pts

Gaṇhati & Gaṇhāti

The forms of the verb are from three bases, viz.

  1. gaṇha- (Sk. gṛhṇā-);
    Pres.: ind. gaṇhāti (gaṇhāsi Pv-a.87)
    pot gaṇheyya,
    imper gaṇha (Ja.i.159; Pv-a.49 …

gaṇhāti →

pts

Gaṇhati & Gaṇhāti

The forms of the verb are from three bases, viz.

  1. gaṇha- (Sk. gṛhṇā-);
    Pres.: ind. gaṇhāti (gaṇhāsi Pv-a.87)
    pot gaṇheyya,
    imper gaṇha (Ja.i.159; Pv-a.49 …

gaṇin →

pts

Gaṇin1

adjective one who has a host of followers, epithet of a teacher who has a large attendance of disciples; usually in standing combination sanghī gaṇī gaṇācariyo (see above) Also in f …

gaṇḍī →

pts

  1. a shaft or stalk, used as a bar Ja.i.237
  2. a gong Dhp-a.i.291 (gaṇḍiṃ paharati to beat the g.), Dhp-a.ii.54, Dhp-a.ii.244; gaṇḍiṃ ākoṭetvā Kp-a.251. Cp. Avs.i.258 Avs.i.264, Avs.i.272; Avs.ii. …

geha →

pts

…Dhp-a.iii.307

  • -dvāra the house door Pv-a.61;
  • -nissita (adj.) concerning the house, connected…

geyya →

pts

certain style of Buddhist literature consisting of mixed prose & verse It is only found in the ster. enum of the Scriptures in their ninefold division, beginning suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ See under; …

geṇḍuka →

pts

ball for playing. The SS spelling is in all places bheṇḍuka, which has been taken into the text by the editors of J. and Dhs-a. The misspelling is due to a misreading of Singhal …

ghamma →

pts

heat; hot season, summer. Either in loc. ghamme Ja.iv.172 (= gimha-kāle); Pv.iv.5#3 ghammani (“in summer” or “by the heat”) SN.i.143; Ja.iii.360 (sampareta overcome by heat); Snp.353; Ja.iv.239; Ja.v …

ghana →

pts

Ghana1

  1. (adj.) solid, compact, massive; dense, thick; in eka˚ of one solid mass (of sela, rock) Vin.i.185 = Dhp.81 = Thag.643; Mil.386; AN.iii.378, cp. ghanasela-pabbata Dhp-a.i.74-gh. …

ghara →

pts

…Pv.ii.3#21;

  • -dvāra a house-door Ja.iv.142; Dhs-a.116; Pv-a.93;
  • -bandhana the bonds of…

gharaṇī →

pts

house-wife Vin.i.271; SN.i.201; Pv.iii.1#9 (= ghara-sāminī Pv-a.174); Dhp-a.iii.209.

fr. ghara1

ghaṭikā →

pts

Ghaṭikā1

feminine a small bowl, used for begging alms Thig.422 (= Thag-a.269: bhikkhā-kapāla).

to ghaṭa1

Ghaṭikā2

feminine

  1. a small stick, a piece of a branch …

ghaṭī →

pts

-kāra a potter Dhp-a.i.380; Np. of a kumbhakāra SN.i.35, SN.i.60; MN.ii.45 sq (= ˚suttanta, mentioned as such at…

ghaṭṭa →

pts

see araghaṭṭa; meaning “rubbed, knocked against” in phrase ghaṭṭa-pāda-tala Snp-a.582 (for ugghaṭṭha) also at Vin.iv.46 in def. of vehāsa-kuṭī (a cell or hut with air, i.e., …

ghora →

pts

adjective terrible, frightful, awful Vin.ii.147. Freq. as attr. of niraya (syn. with dāruṇa Pv-a.87, Pv-a.159, Pv-a.206) Pv.i.10#12; Pv.iv.1#8. Of an oath (sapatha Pv.i.6#8; Pv.ii.12#16
■ ghorass …

ghosanā →

pts

fame, renown, praise, in Māra˚ Ja.i.71.

ghosita →

pts

  1. proclaimed, renowned, Pv-a.107 (= ghuṭṭha); Vv-a.31 (nakkhattaṃ). As Npl Ghositārāma Dhp-a.i.53, Dhp-a.i.161, Dhp-a.i.208.
  2. [n. ag. = ghositṛ cp. ghosaka] one who proclaims, advocates, or he …

ghuru-ghuru →

pts

…& puffing SN.i.117 (of Māra); Ja.i.160 (of sleeping bhikkhus gh˚ kākacchamānā breathing loud & snoring) Cp. next.

gṛ-gṛ to; *gel

ghurughurāyati →

pts

to snore Ja.iii.538; Dhp-a.i.307. Cp. Prk. ghurughuranti varāhā (grunting hogs) & ghurukkanti vagghā (roaring tigers).

Denom. fr. prec.

ghuṭṭha →

pts

proclaimed, announced; renowned Ja.i.50 (of festival), Ja.i.425 (nakkhattaṃ); Ja.ii.248 (ussava); Pv.ii.8#2 (dūra˚ of wide renown, world-famed of Bārāṇasī); Dhp-a.iii.100 (chaṇe ghuṭṭhe when the fai …

ghāsa →

pts

…Vv-a.23, Vv-a.137; -hāraka one who fetches the fodder (food) Thag.910.

Vedic ghāsa, fr. ghasati, q.v. cp. Lat. gramen…

ghātaka →

pts

adj -˚ murdering, destroying, slaughtering Vin.i.89 (arahanta˚), Vin.i.136 (id.), Vin.i.168 (id.); Vin.ii.194 (manussa˚); Vin.iv.260 (tala˚) Ja.iv.366 (gāma˚ corā robbers infesting the village); Ja.v …

giddhin →

pts

adj. from preceding greedy, usually -˚ greedy for, desirous after Pv.iv.10#7 (āhāra˚) f. giddhinī: gāvī vaccha Vin.i.193; SN.iv.181. Cp. also paligedhin.

giha →

pts

only in agiha (adj.) houseless, homeless (= pabbajita, a Wanderer); poet. for anagāra Snp.456 Snp.464, Snp.487, Snp.497.

= gaha

gihin →

pts

…the latter). gihī agāraṃ ajjhāvasantā AN.i.49; gihī odātavasanā (clad in white robes as distinguished fr. kasāva-vasanā the…

gilati →

pts

to swallow to devour: mā Rāhu gilī caraṃ antalikkhe SN.i.51 = Vv-a.116; mā gilī lohagulaṃ Dhp.371
■ Ja.iii.338; Mil.106
pp gilita: gilitabaḷisa having swallowed the hook SN.iv …

gilāna →

pts

adjective sick ill Vin.i.51, Vin.i.53, Vin.i.61, Vin.i.92, Vin.i.142 sq., Vin.i.176, Vin.i.302 sq.; Vin.ii.165 Vin.ii.227 sq.; Vin.iv.88, etc.; SN.v.80, SN.v.81 (bāḷha˚ very ill); AN.i.120 = Pp.27; AN …

gini →

pts

(poet.) fire AN.iii.347 (mahāgini); Snp.18 Snp.19 (āhito → nibbuto: made → extinguished); Ja.iv.26. Note. The occurrence of two phonetic representatives of one Vedic form (one by diaeresis & one by …

giri →

pts

mountain; as a rule only in cpds, by itself (poetical) only at Vism.206 (in enumn of the 7 large mountains).

  • -agga mountain top, in giraggasamajja Name of a festival c …

go →

pts

…(see note MN.i.536: gopāladārakā or gāmadārakā to variant reading gāmaṇḍala) cp. gāmaṇḍala; -maya (m. nt….

godharaṇī →

pts

, adj.) being able to be paired (of a young cow), or being with calf (?) Snp.26.

golomika →

pts

adjective like a cluster; in phrase massuṃ golomikaṃ kārāpeti “to have the beard trimmed into a ball-or cluster-shape Vin.ii.134. Bdhgh’s expln “like a goat’s beard” (cp Vin. Texts ii …

gotrabhū →

pts

“become of the lineage”; a technical term used from the end of the Nikāya period to designate one, whether layman or bhikkhu, who, as converted, was no longer of the worldlings (puthujjanā), but of th …

gotta →

pts

…etc.; gotta, as Bhaggavo Bhāradvājo, etc.)
gottena by the ancestral name: Vin.i.93; DN.ii.154; Snp.1019; Dhp.393; gottato same…

goṇa →

pts

Goṇa1

an ox, a bullock SN.iv.195 sq.; Ja.i.194 Ja.iv.67; Pv.i.8#2; Pv-a.39, Pv-a.40; Vv-a.63 (for ploughing) DN-a.i.163; Dhp-a.iii.60. -sira wild ox Ja.vi.538(= araññagoṇaka).

The …

goṇaka →

pts

Goṇaka1

a kind of ox, a wild bull Ja.vi.538 (arañña˚).

goṇa1

Goṇaka2

a woollen cover with long fleece (DN-a.i.86: dīghalomako mahākojavo; caturangulādhikāni kir …

guhā →

pts

hiding place, a cave, cavern (cp kandara & see giriguhā); fig. the heart (in ˚āsaya) According to Bdhgh. (on Vin.i.58, see Vin. Texts i.174 “a hut of bricks, or in a rock, or of wood.” Vin.i.58 Vin. …

gumba →

pts

  1. a troop, a heap, cluster, swarm. Of soldiers Vin.i.345; of fish (maccha˚) DN.i.84 = MN.i.279 = MN.ii.22; AN.i.9.
  2. a thicket, a bush, jungle; the lair of an animal in a thicket (sayana˚ Ja.iv.256) …

gutta →

pts

-dvāra “with guarded doors” always in combination with indriyesu g-d. having the doors of the senses guarded,…

guttika →

pts

guardian, one who keeps watch over, in nagara˚; the town-watchman, the chief-constable Pv-a.4; Mil.345.

fr. last

guḷa →

pts

Guḷa1

to make into a ball, to conglomerate. Cp Sk. glauḥ ball; Gr. γλουτός; Ohg. chliuwa; Ger. kugel kloss; E. clot, cleat; also *gel with same meaning Sk. gulma tumour, gilāyu glandula …

gāha →

pts

  1. (n.) seizing, seizure, grip (cp. gaha): canda˚ suriya˚ an eclipse (lit. the moon, etc., being seized by a demon) DN.i.10 (= DN-a.i.95: Rāhu candaṃ gaṇhāti). Esp. applied to the sphere of the mind …

gāhāpeti →

pts

to cause to take; to cause to be seized or fetched; to remove. Aor, gāhāpesi Ja.i.53; Ja.ii.37; gāhāpayi Pv.iv.1#42
ger gāhāpetvā Ja.i.166; Ja.ii.127; Ja.iii.281; Dhp-a.i.62 (patta-cīvaraṃ) With d …

gāma →

pts

…two vs. Pv-a.77; -dvāra the v. gates, the entrance to the v. Vin.iii.52; Ja.ii.110, Ja.ii.301; cp. Pv-a.67-dhamma…

gāmaka →

pts

…Dhp-a.ii.25 (dvāra˚). 2. a villager Ja.v.107 (= gāmavāsin).

  • -āvāsa an abode in a village Pv-a.12;…

gārava →

pts

…in sagārava and agārava full of reverence toward (with loc.) & disrespectful; DN.iii.244 (six g.); AN.iv.84 (seven)…

gāravatā →

pts

reverence, respect, in Satthu˚, Dhamma˚, etc. AN.iii.330 sq., AN.iii.423 sq.; AN.iv.29 (ottappa˚).

Der. fr. gārava

gārayha →

pts

…(kammaṃ pādaṃ gārayhaṃ mosallaṃ); Snp.141; Ne.52; Snp-a.192. ; not to be blamed Ja.vi.200 (spelt aggarayha).

grd. of…

gāthā →

pts

verse, stanza, line of poetry, usually referring to an Anuṭṭhubbaṃ or a Tuṭṭhubbaṃ, & called a catuppādā gāthā, a stanza (śloka) of four half-lines AN.ii.178; Ja.iv.395 Def. as akkhara-padaniya-mit …

gīta →

pts

  1. (pp.) sung, recited, solemnly proclaimed, enunciated: mantapadaṃ gītaṃ pavuttaṃ DN.i.104 (cp. gira).
  2. (nt.) singing, a song; grouped under vācasikā khiḍḍā, musical pastimes at Cnd.219; Snp-a.86. …

gū →

pts

…in. See addha˚, anta˚ chanda˚, dhamma˚, paṭṭha˚, pāra, veda˚.

fr. gam, cp. ˚ga

gūtha →

pts

excrements, faeces, dung. As food for Petas frequently mentioned in Pv; (cp. Stede, Peta Vatthu 24 sq.), as a decoction of dung also used for medicinal purposes (Vin.i.206 e.g.). Often combination w …

ha →

pts

…Snp.1084; Snp-a.416 (ha-kāra); Pv-a.4 (ha re), Pv-a.58 (gloss for su).

freq. in Rigveda, as gha or ha,…

hadaya →

pts

gone to the heart, learnt by heart Mil.10 -gama [˚ngama] heart-stirring, pleasant, agreeable DN.i.4; DN.iii.173; MN.i.345; AN.ii.209; AN.v.205; Vin.iii.77 Mnd.446; Dhs.1343; DN-a.i.75. *-[pariḷā …

hammiya →

pts

…Vin.ii.146 (with vihāra, aḍḍhayoga pāsāda, guhā, as the 5 lenāni), Vin.ii.152, Vin.ii.195; Mil.393 Mnd.226 = Vism.25. --gabbha

hanati →

pts

…The Dhtm (535) gives had in meaning of “uccāra ussagga”

hara →

pts

adjective (-˚) taking, fetching; vayo˚; bringing age (said of grey hairs) Ja.i.138; du˚; SN.i.36.

fr. hṛ.

harati →

pts

  1. to carry Ja.ii.176; Dhp.124; to take with one DN.i.8, DN.i.142; opposed to paccāharati Vb-a.349–⁠Vb-a.354; Snp-a.52–Snp-a.58
  2. to bring Ja.i.208; to offer Ja.i.238; Sn …

haraṇa →

pts

taking, seizing, removing Ja.i.117, Ja.i.118, Ja.i.232; DN-a.i.71. kucchi˚; n. filling of the belly Ja.i.277 -bhatta a meal to take along Dhp-a.ii.144.

fr. hṛ.

haraṇaka →

pts

goods in transit, movable goods Vin.iii.51.

fr. haraṇa

haraṇī →

pts

…to remove the wax from the ear Vin.ii.135. Cp. hāraka.

fr. haraṇa

hareṇukā →

pts

pea MN.i.245; Ja.v.405 (= aparaṇṇajā ti 406); Ja.vi.537; hareṇuka-yūsa pea-soup MN.i.245 (one of the 4 kinds of soup).

cp. Sk. hareṇukā

harita →

pts

adjective

  1. green, pale(-green), yellowish. It is explained by Dhpāla as nīla (e.g. Vv-a.197; Pv-a.158), and its connotation is not fixed
    ■ Vin.i.137; DN.i.148; SN.i.5; Ja. …

harāyati →

pts

  1. to be ashamed Vin.i.88; Vin.ii.292; DN.i.213; MN.i.120; SN.iv.62; Iti.43; Pv.i.10#2 ppr. harāyanto Mnd.466, & harāyamāna Ja.iv.171; Cnd.566. Often combined with aṭṭiyati (q.v.). See also *hir …

hasula →

pts

…is to be read as “aḷāra-bhamukhā (or ˚pamhā) hasulā sussoññā tanu-majjhimā.” See Kern’s remarks at

Toevoegselen

s. v…

hata →

pts

struck, killed DN.ii.131; destroyed, spoilt, injured Vin.i.25; Dhs.264; Ja.ii.175; reṇuhata struck with dust, covered with dust Vin.i.32; hatatta (nt.) the state of being destroyed Dhp.390; *[hatā …

hattha →

pts

…hand-cart Vin.ii.276. -vikāra motion of the hand Ja.iv.491. -sāra hand-wealth, movable…

hatthin →

pts

…an elephant Ja.i.303

haṭa →

pts

Haṭa1

taken, carried off Vin.iv.23; Ja.i.498. haṭa-haṭa-kesa with dishevelled hair SN.i.115.

pp. of harati

Haṭa2

a kind of water-plant, Pistia stratiotes DN.i.166; MN.i. …

haṭha →

pts

violence.

only as lexicogr. word; Dhtp.101 = balakkāra

heraññaka →

pts

…(? for which suvaṇṇakāra!), banker, money-changer Vism.515 = Vb-a.91; Ja.i.369; Ja.iii.193; DN-a.i.315; Mil.331 (goldsmith?).

*…

heraññika →

pts

…(? for which suvaṇṇakāra!), banker, money-changer Vism.515 = Vb-a.91; Ja.i.369; Ja.iii.193; DN-a.i.315; Mil.331 (goldsmith?).

*…

hetu →

pts

…pabhava samuṭṭhāna āhāra ārammaṇa paccaya samudaya frequent in the Niddesa (see Cnd.p.231, s. v. mūla). In the Abhidhamma we find…

heṭhaka →

pts

adjective noun one who harasses, a robber Ja.iv.495, Ja.iv.498. Cp. vi˚.

fr. heṭheti

heṭhanā →

pts

harassing DN.ii.243; Vb-a.75.

fr. heṭheti

heṭheti →

pts

to harass, worry, injure Ja.iv.446, Ja.iv.471; Pv.iii.5#2 (= bādheti Pv-a.198) ppr. a-heṭhayaṃ Dhp.49; SN.i.21. med. a-heṭhayāna SN.i.7; SN.iv.179; ger. heṭhayitvāna Ja.iii.480
pp *heṭhayit …

hi →

pts

…Pv.ii.7#10 (= hi saddo avadhāraṇe Pv-a.103); Snp-a.377 (= hi-kāro nipāto padapūraṇa-matto); Pv-a.70, Pv-a.76. In verse Ja.iv.495….

hikkāra →

pts

Err:509

hindagu →

pts

man, only found in the Niddesa in stock defn of jantu or nara; both spellings (with & without h) occur; see Mnd.3 = Cnd.249.

probably for indagu, ind …

hirañña →

pts

gold Vin.i.245, Vin.i.276; Vin.ii.159; AN.iv.393; Snp.285, Snp.307, Snp.769; Cnd.11; gold-piece SN.i.89; Ja.i.92. Often together with suvaṇṇa Vin.i.150; DN.ii.179; h˚-suvaṇṇaṃ

hiriyati →

pts

Hiriyati (hirīyati)

to blush, to be shy; to feel conscientious scruple, to be ashamed Pp.20, Pp.24; Mil.171; Vism.464 (hirīyati); Dhs-a.149.

see harāyati

hirīyati →

pts

Hiriyati (hirīyati)

to blush, to be shy; to feel conscientious scruple, to be ashamed Pp.20, Pp.24; Mil.171; Vism.464 (hirīyati); Dhs-a.149.

see harāyati

hita →

pts

…Ja.i.244.

  • -ūpacāra beneficial conduct saving goodness Ja.i.172.
  • -esin desiring another’s welfare,…

hiyyo →

pts

adverb yesterday Vin.i.28; Vin.ii.77; Ja.i.70, Ja.i.237; Ja.v.461 Ja.vi.352, Ja.vi.386; Mil.9. In sequence ajja hiyyo pare it seems to mean “to-morrow”; thus at Vin.iv.63, Vin.iv.69; Ja.iv.481 (= s …

hiṅkāra →

pts

indeclinable an exclamation of surprise or wonder Ja.vi.529 (C. hin ti kāraṇaṃ).

hiṃ = hi, + kāra, i.e. the syllable “hiṃ”

huhuṅka →

pts

adjective saying “huṃ, huṃ,” i.e. grumbly, rough; -jātika one who has a grumbly nature, said of the brahmins Vin.i.2; Ud.3 (“proud of his caste Seidenstūcker). nihuhuṅka (= n …

huṃ →

pts

…Vism.96. Cp. haṃ huṅkāra growling, grumbling Vism.105. huṅkaroti to grumble Dhp-a.i.173. huṅkaraṇa = ˚kāra Dhp-a.i.173 sq…

hāhiti →

pts

is fut. of harati.

hāra →

pts

  1. that which may be taken; grasping, taking; grasp, handful, booty. In cpd. -hārin taking all that can be taken, rapacious, ravaging Ja.vi.581 (of an army; Kern,

    Toevoegselen

    i.133 wro …

hāraka →

pts

…See also vallī.

fr. hāra

hārika →

pts

adjective carrying DN.ii.348.

fr. hāra

hārin →

pts

…f. hārī); Pv-a.113. 2. robbing Ja.i.204

■ Cp. hāra˚.

fr. hāra

hāriya →

pts

adjective carrying Vv.50#9; Thag-a.200; Vv-a.212.

fr. hāra

hāsa →

pts

laughter; mirth, joy Dhp.146; DN-a.i.228 = Snp-a.155 (“āmeṇḍita”); Ja.i.33 Ja.ii.82; Ja.v.112; Mil.390. See also ahāsa.

  • -kara giving pleasure, causing joy Mi …

hātūna →

pts

see harati.

hāyati →

pts

is Pass. of jahati, in sense of “to be left behind,” as well as “to diminish, dwindle or waste away, disappear,” e.g. Mnd.147 (+ pari˚, antaradhāyati); Mil.297 (+ khīyati); ppr. …

hīrati →

pts

is Pass. of harati.

hīḷeti →

pts

  1. to be vexed, to grieve SN.i.308; to vex, grieve Vv.84#46.
  2. to scorn, disdain, to feel contempt for, despise DN.ii.275; Snp.713 (appaṃ dānaṃ na hīḷeyya); Ja.ii.258; DN-a.i.256 (= vambheti); Dhp- …

i →

pts

in i-kāra the letter or sound i Snp-a.12 (˚lopa), Snp-a.508 (id.).

icchā →

pts

wish, longing, desire DN.ii.243; DN.iii.75; SN.i.40 (˚dhūpāyito loko), SN.i.44 (naraṃ parikassati) AN.ii.143; AN.iv.293 sq.; AN.iv.325 sq.; v.40, v.42 sq.; Snp.773 Snp.872; Dhp.74, Dhp.264 (˚lobha-sa …

ida →

pts

Ida & Idaṃ

indeclinable emphatic demonstr. adv. in local, temporal & modal function, as

  1. in this, here: idappaccayatā having its foundation in this, i.e. causally connec …

idaṃ →

pts

Ida & Idaṃ

indeclinable emphatic demonstr. adv. in local, temporal & modal function, as

  1. in this, here: idappaccayatā having its foundation in this, i.e. causally connec …

iddha →

pts

Iddha1

in flames, burning, flaming bright, clear Ja.vi.223 (˚khaggadharā balī; so read for T. iṭṭhi-khagga˚); Dpvs.vi.42.

pp. of iddhe to idh or indh, cp. indhana & idhuma

Iddha<sup …

iddhi →

pts

…Pv-a.53

  • -ābhisaṅkhāra (iddhåbhi˚) exercise of any of the psychic powers Vin.i.16, Vin.i.17, Vin.i.25; DN.i.106; SN.iii.92; SN.iv.289;…

inda →

pts

  1. The Vedic god Indra DN.i.244; DN.ii.261, DN.ii.274; Snp.310, Snp.316, Snp.679, Snp.1024; Mnd.177.
  2. lord, chief, king; Sakko devānaṃ indo DN.i.216, DN.i.217; DN.ii.221, DN.ii.275; SN.i.219 Vepacit …

indakhīla →

pts

“Indra’s post”; the post, stake or column of Indra, at or before the city gate; also a large slab of stone let into the ground at the entrance of a house DN.ii.254 (˚ṃ ūhacca, cp. Dhp-a.ii.181); Vin. …

indriya →

pts

…indriyesu guttadvāra & guttadvāratā DN.iii.107; SN.ii.218; SN.iv.103, SN.iv.112, SN.iv.175; AN.i.25, AN.i.94, AN.i.113 AN.ii.39;…

indīvara →

pts

the blue water lily, Nymphaea Stellata or Cassia Fistula Ja.v.92 (˚ī-samā ratti); Ja.vi.536; Vv.45#1 (= uddālaka-puppha Vv-a.197).

etym.?

iriyati →

pts

to move, to wander about stir; fig. to move, behave, show a certain way of deportment MN.i.74, MN.i.75; SN.i.53 (dukkhaṃ aticca iriyati); SN.iv.71; AN.iii.451; AN.v.41; Snp.947, Snp.1063, Snp.1097; Th …

isi →

pts

…(Yamadaggi) Angirasa, Bhāradvāja, Vāseṭṭha, Kassapa, Bhagu.

  • -nisabha the first (lit. “bull”) among Saints,…

issara →

pts

  1. lord, ruler, master, chief AN.iv.90; Snp.552; Ja.i.89 (˚jana), Ja.i.100, Ja.i.283 (˚bheri); Ja.iv.132 (˚jana); Pv.iv.6#7 (˚mada) Mil.253 (an˚ without a ruler); Dhs-a.141; DN-a.i.111; Pv-a.31 (ge …

issariya →

pts

rulership, mastership, supremacy, dominion (Syn. ādhipacca) DN.iii.190; SN.i.43, SN.i.100 (˚mada), SN.v.342 (issariy-âdhipacca); AN.i.62 (˚ādhipacca); AN.ii.205 AN.ii.249; AN.iii.38; AN.iv.263; Snp.1 …

itara →

pts

Itara1

adjective other second, next; different Dhp.85, Dhp.104, Dhp.222; Ja.ii.3; Ja.iii.26 Ja.iv.4; Pv-a.13, Pv-a.14, Pv-a.42, Pv-a.83, Pv-a.117. In repetition cpd. *[itarītara](/def …

iti →

pts

N.), Snp.1130 (aparā pāraṃ gaccheyya tasmā “Parāyanaṃ” iti)

III. Peculiarities of spelling

  1. in combn.

ito →

pts

indeclinable adv. of succession or motion in space & time “from here”. “from now”.

  1. with ref. to space:
    1. from here, from this, often implying the present existence (in opp. to the “other” worl …

ittara →

pts

(sometimes spelt itara) adjective

  1. passing, changeable, short, temporary, brief unstable MN.i.318 (opp. dīgharattaṃ); AN.ii.187; Ja.i.393 Ja.iii.83 (˚dassana = khaṇika˚ C.), Ja.i …

ittaratā →

pts

changeableness Mil.93 (of a woman).

fr. ittara

itthakā →

pts

…distinguished fr silāpakāra & dāru˚); Ja.iii.435, Ja.iii.446 (pākār iṭṭhikā read ˚aṭṭhakā); Ja.v.213 (rattiṭṭhikā);…

itthatta →

pts

Itthatta1

neuter being here (in this world), in the present state of becoming, this (earthly) state (not “thusness” or “life as we conceive it”, as Mrs. Rh. D. in K. S. i.177; although a …

itthi →

pts

-agāra (-āgāra) as itthā̆gāra women’s apartment, seraglio Vin.i.72; Vin.iv.158; SN.i.58, SN.i.89; Ja.i.90;…

itthī →

pts

-agāra (-āgāra) as itthā̆gāra women’s apartment, seraglio Vin.i.72; Vin.iv.158; SN.i.58, SN.i.89; Ja.i.90;…

iṅghāḷa →

pts

…pit of glowing embers (= angāra-kāsu Thag-a.256). The whole cpd. is doubtful.

according to Morris JP. T.S. 1884, 74 = angāra, cp. Marāthī…

iṭṭhakā →

pts

…distinguished fr silāpakāra & dāru˚); Ja.iii.435, Ja.iii.446 (pākār iṭṭhikā read ˚aṭṭhakā); Ja.v.213 (rattiṭṭhikā);…

iṭṭhi →

pts

Iṭṭhi˚

in ˚khagga-dhāra at Ja.vi.223 should be read iddha.

ja →

pts

(-˚) born, produced, sprung or arisen from. Freq. in compounds: atta˚, ito˚, eka˚, kuto˚, khandha˚, jala˚ daratha˚, dāru˚, di˚, puthuj˚, pubba˚, yoni˚, vāri˚ saha˚, sineha˚.

adj
■ suffix from *jan …

jacca →

pts

adjective of birth, by birth (usually -˚) MN.ii.47 (ittara˚. of inferior birth); Snp.p.80 (kiṃ˚ of what birth, i.e. of what social standing); Ja.i.342 (hīna˚ of low birth): Sdhp.416 (id.) Ja.v.257 (n …

jaddhu →

pts

…one who fasts MN.i.245; -māra death by starvation Ja.vi.63 (= anāsaka-maraṇa; Fsb. has note: read ajuṭṭha˚?) ˚mārika AN.iv.287…

jaggana →

pts

watching, tending, bringing up Ja.i.148 (dāraka˚).

from jaggati

jagganatā →

pts

(to jāgarati] watchfulness Ja.i.10.

jaggati →

pts

…watch, to lie awake Ja.v.269. 2. to watch over, i.e. to tend, to nourish, rear, bring up Ja.i.148 (dārakaṃ), Ja.i.245 (āsīvisaṃ).

=…

jahati →

pts

Jahati & jahāti

to leave, abandon, lose; give up, renounce forsake. Ster. expln at Cnd.255 (and passim): pajahati vinodeti byantikaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Lit. as well as fig.; esp. w. ref. …

jahāti →

pts

Jahati & jahāti

to leave, abandon, lose; give up, renounce forsake. Ster. expln at Cnd.255 (and passim): pajahati vinodeti byantikaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Lit. as well as fig.; esp. w. ref. …

jajjara →

pts

withered, feeble with age Thig.270; Ja.i.5, Ja.i.59 (jarā˚); Thag-a.212; Pv-a.63 (˚bhāva, state of being old)- ; not fading (cp. amata & ajarāmara), of Nibbāna SN.iv.369.

From intensive of jarati

jajjarita →

pts

weakened Dhp-a.i.7.

pp. of intens. of jar see jarati

jala →

pts

water Snp.845; Ja.i.222; Ja.iii.188; Ja.iv.137.

  • -gocara living in the water Ja.ii.158.
  • -ja born or sprung from w. Ja.iv.333; Ja.v.445; Vv-a.42;
  • -da “gi …

jalati →

pts

to burn, to shine DN.iii.188; MN.i.487; Ja.i.62 Ja.ii.380; Ja.iv.69; Iti.86; Vv.46#2; Vv-a.107; Mil.223, Mil.343
caus jaleti & jāleti (cp. janeti: jāneti) to set on fire light, kindle SN.i.169; J …

jalābu →

pts

  1. the womb SN.iii.240.
  2. the embryo Ja.iv.38.
  3. the placenta Ja.ii.38.
  • -ja born from a womb, viviparous MN.i.73; DN.iii.230; Ja.ii.53 = Ja.v.85.

Sk. jarāyu, slough & placenta, …

janaka →

pts

…pasāda˚ Mhvs.i.4 (= ˚kāraka); a species of karma Vism.601; Cpd. 144 (A.i). 2. n. f -ikā genetrix, mother Ja.i.16; Dhs.1059≈(where it…

janapada →

pts

inhabited country, the country (opp. town or market-place), the continent politically: a province, district, county DN.i.136 (opp nigama); DN.ii.349; AN.i.160, AN.i.178; Snp.422, Snp.683, Snp.995, Sn …

jantu →

pts

Jantu1

a creature, living being, man, person SN.i.48; AN.iv.227; Snp.586, Snp.773 sq., Snp.808 , Snp.1103; Cnd.249 (= satta, nara, puggala); Dhp.105, Dhp.176 Dhp.341, Dhp.395; Ja.i.202; Ja …

jantāghara →

pts

…(= Sk. kṣāti) + āgāra, which latter received the aspiration of the first part (= āghāra), both being reduced in length of vowels =…

jara →

pts

adjective (˚-) old, decayed (in disparaging sense), wretched, miserable; -ūdapānaṃ a spoilt well Ja.iv.387; -gava = ˚goṇa Pv.i.81; -goṇa [cp. Sk. jaradgava] a …

jarati →

pts

to suffer destruction or decay, to become old in two roots, viz.

  1. jar [jarati] in Caus. jarayati to destroy, to bring to ruin Ja.v.501 = Ja.vi.375.
  2. jīr [Sk. jīryati] see *[jīyati](/define/ …

jaratā →

pts

old age Dhs.644≈ (rūpassa j. decay of form); Vism.449.

see jarati

jarā →

pts

(older); jaras (nt.) decay, decrepitude, old age Vin.i.10, Vin.i.34; AN.i.51, AN.i.138 (as death’s messenger); AN.v.144 sq. (bhabbo jaraṃ pahātuṃ); Snp.311 (cp. DN.iii.75); Ja.i.59; Thig.252 sq.; Vi …

jaya →

pts

vanquishing, overcoming, victory DN.i.10; Snp.681; Ja.ii.406; opp. parājaya Vism.401.

  • -ggaha the lucky die Ja.iv.322 (= kaṭaggaha, q.v.)
  • -parājaya victory & defeat Dhp.2 …

jayati →

pts

(jeti, jināti) to conquer, surpass; to pillage, rob, to overpower, to defeat
pres [jayati] jeti Ja.ii.3; jināti Snp.439; Dhp.354; Ja.i.289; Ja.iv.71
pot jeyya …

jaṅghā →

pts

…Vv-a.194.

  • -vihāra the state of walking about (like a wanderer), usually

in phrase *-ṃ anucaṅkamati…

jaṇṇu →

pts

Jaṇṇu(ka)

the knee DN.ii.160; Ja.vi.332; Snp-a.ii.230; Dhp-a.i.80 (˚ka); Dhp-a.ii.57 (id.), Dhp-a.ii.80; Dhp-a.iv.204; Vv-a.206 (jaṇṇu-kappara).

cp. jānu & jannu

jaṇṇuka →

pts

Jaṇṇu(ka)

the knee DN.ii.160; Ja.vi.332; Snp-a.ii.230; Dhp-a.i.80 (˚ka); Dhp-a.ii.57 (id.), Dhp-a.ii.80; Dhp-a.iv.204; Vv-a.206 (jaṇṇu-kappara).

cp. jānu & jannu

jaṭhara →

pts

the belly Mil.175. Jannu(ka)

Vedic jaṭhara, to *gelt = *gelbh (see gabbha), cp. Goth. kilpei uterus, Ags. cild = E. child

jaṭā →

pts

tangle, braid, plaiting, esp.

  1. the matted hair as worn by ascetics (see jatila) Snp.249; Dhp.241, Dhp.393; Ja.i.12 (ajina +); Ja.ii.272
  2. the tangled branches of trees Ja.i.64
  3. (fig.) the tangl …

jegucchin →

pts

adjective one who detests or avoids (usually -˚) MN.i.77; (parama˚), MN.i.78; AN.iv.174, AN.iv.182 sq., AN.iv.188 sq., Mil.352 (pāpa˚).

jhāma →

pts

…conflagration, in -khetta charcoal-burner’s field Ja.i.238; Ja.ii.92; -aṅgāra a burning cinder Pv-a.90. By itself: Ja.i.405;…

jhāna →

pts

…of his two teachers, Āḷāra-Kāḷāma and Uddaka-Rāmaputta (MN.i.164f.)

■ The jhānas are discussed in extenso & in various…

jhāyati →

pts

Jhāyati1

to meditate, contemplate think upon, brood over (c. acc.): search for, hunt after DN.ii.237 (jhānaṃ); SN.i.25, SN.i.57; AN.v.323 sq. (+ pa,˚ ni, ava˚); Snp.165, Snp.221, Snp.425, …

jighacchā →

pts

appetite, hunger, often combined with pipāsā, desire to drink, thirst, e.g. SN.i.18; AN.ii.143, AN.ii.153; Mil.304
■ MN.i.13, MN.i.114; MN.i.364; MN.iii.97, MN.iii.136; AN.iii.16 …

jigucchati →

pts

to shun, avoid, loathe, detest, to be disgusted with or horrified at (c. instr.) DN.i.213 (iddhi-pāṭihāriyena aṭṭiyāmi harāyāmi j.): AN.iv.174 (kāyaduccaritena); Snp.215 (kammehi pāpakehi; Snp-a.266 …

jivhā →

pts

the tongue.

  1. physically: Vin.i.34; AN.iv.131; Snp.673, Snp.716; Dhp.65 Dhp.360; Ja.ii.306; Pv-a.99 (of Petas: visukkha-kanthaṭṭha j.), Pv-a.152
    ■ Of the tongue of the mahāpurusha which coul …

jiyā →

pts

…filum…

jiṇṇa →

pts

  1. decayed, broken up, frail, decrepit, old: vuḍḍha mahallaka andhagata vayo-anupatta Cnd.261; jarājiṇṇatāya jiṇṇa DN-a.i.283
    ■ Vin.ii.189; DN.i.114; MN.ii.48 sq., MN.ii.66; AN.ii.249; AN.iv.17 …

jiṇṇatā →

pts

decrepitude DN-a.i.283 (jarā˚).

cp. jiṇṇa, jaratā & jīraṇatā

jotaka →

pts

adjective illuminating, making light; explaining Ja.ii.420; Dpvs.xiv.50; Mil.343 (= lamp-lighter)
■ f. -ikā explanation, commentary, Name of several Commentaries, e.g. the Paramatthajotikā on th …

joti →

pts

…candima-suriya-nakkhatta tāraka-rūpānaṃ sādhāraṇa-nāmaṃ);

  • -pāsāṇa a burning glass made of a crystal…

juhati →

pts

to pour (into the fire), to sacrifice, offer; to give, dedicate AN.ii.207 (aggiṃ) Snp.1046 (= Cnd.263 deti cīvaraṃ, etc.); Snp.428 (aggihuttaṃ jūhato), Snp.p.79 (aggiṃ); Pp.56; fut. juhissati SN.i.166 …

juti →

pts

splendour, brightness, effulgence, light Ja.ii.353; Pv-a.122, Pv-a.137, Pv-a.198. The spelling juti at MN.i.328 (in combination gati + juti) seems to be faulty for cuti (so as variant reading give …

jāgara →

pts

adjective waking, watchful, careful, vigilant SN.i.3; AN.ii.13 = Iti.116; MN.ii.31; Iti.41; Mil.300
bahu˚; wide awake, well aware, cautious Snp.972 (cp. rakkhita-mānasāno in same context v. 63) …

jāgarati →

pts

…be on the alert (cp. guttadvāra) Dhp.60 (dīghā jāgarato rattī), Dhp.226; Iti.41; Mil.300
pp jāgarita (q.v.).

Sk….

jāgaratā →

pts

watchfulness, vigilance SN.i.3.

cp. Sk. jāgaraṇa

jāgaraṇa →

pts

means for waking or keeping awake Mil.301.

der. fr. jāgara

jāla →

pts

…applied to the snares of Māra: SN.i.48 (maccuno); Snp.357 (id.); Dhp-a.iii.175 (Māra˚); Snp.527 (deception); taṇhā˚ the snare of worldly…

jānana →

pts

knowledge, cognizance, recognition; intelligence, learning, skill Ja.i.145 (attānaṃ-˚kālato paṭṭhāya from the time of self-recognition), Ja.i.200 (-˚manta knowledge of a spell, a spell known by tum …

jāni →

pts

Jāni1

feminine deprivation, loss, confiscation of property; plundering, robbery; using force, ill-treatment DN.i.135 = AN.i.201 (vadhena vā bandhena vā jāniyā vā); SN.i.66 (hatajānisu), J …

jānāti →

pts

to know.

I. Forms

The 2 Vedic roots jān˚ & jñā˚; are represented in Pali by jān˚ & ñā˚ (ña˚)

  1. jān:
    pres jānāti
    pot jāneyya (Snp.781) & jaññā (AN.iv.366 …

jāra →

pts

paramour, adulterer Ja.i.293; Ja.ii.309. f. ˚t adulteress Vin.ii.259, Vin.ii.268; Vin.iii.83.

Vedic jāra

jāta →

pts

…material for the suvaṇṇakāra (the “white”-smith as opp. to “black”-smith)
■ combined w. hirañña Pv.ii.7#5; very freq. w….

jāti →

pts

…Dhp-a.i.166;

  • -saṃsāra the cycle of transmigration, the saṃsāra of rebirths (see above 1 d. f.): pahīna left…

jātika →

pts

(-˚) adjective

  1. being like, being of, having, etc. (see jāta 3): duppañña˚ & sappañña˚ MN.i.225; dabba AN.i.254; mukhara˚ Snp.275; viññū˚ Snp.294; māna Ja.i.88.
  2. descended from …

jīrati →

pts

Jīrati & Jīrayati

  1. to destroy, bring to ruin, injure, hurt Vin.i.237 (jīrati); Ja.v.501 (variant reading BB for jarayetha, Com. vināseyya) = Ja.vi.375; Pv-a.57.
  2. (cp. jīyati) to get old AN.iii.54 …

jīrayati →

pts

Jīrati & Jīrayati

  1. to destroy, bring to ruin, injure, hurt Vin.i.237 (jīrati); Ja.v.501 (variant reading BB for jarayetha, Com. vināseyya) = Ja.vi.375; Pv-a.57.
  2. (cp. jīyati) to get old AN.iii.54 …

jīraṇatā →

pts

the state of being decayed or aged, old age decay, decrepitude MN.i.49; SN.ii.2; Cnd.252 = Dhs.644; Pv-a.149. Jirati & Jirayati;

n. abstr. of jīr = jar, see jarati; cp. jarā & jiṇṇatā

jīva →

pts

Jīva1

adjective noun

  1. the soul. Sabbe jīvā all the souls, enumerated with sattā pāṇā bhūta in the dialect used by the followers of Gosāla DN.i.53 (= DN-a.i.161 jīvasaññī). “taṃ jīvaṃ t …

jīvati →

pts

…Dhtp.282: pāṇadhāraṇe *gei̯é = Gr. βίομαι & ζώω, ζ ̈ην; Lat. vīvo Goth. ga-quiunan; Mhg. quicken,…

jīvita →

pts

(individual) life, lifetime, span of life; living, livelihood (cp jīvikā) Vin.ii.191; SN.i.42; SN.iv.169, SN.iv.213; MN.ii.73 (appaṃ) AN.i.155, AN.i.255; AN.iii.72; AN.iv.136 (appakaṃ parittaṃ); Snp.1 …

jīyati →

pts

to become diminished, to be deprived, to lose (cp. jayati, jāni) to decay; to become old (cp. jarati, jiṇṇa) jīyasi Ja.v.100 jīyanti Ja.iii.336 (dhanā); jīyittha SN.i.54; Ja.i.468; mā jīyi do not be d …

ka →

pts

Ka˚

(pron. interr.) who? m. ko f. (nt. kiṃ, q.v.); follows regular decl. of an atheme with some formations fr. ki˚, which base is otherwise restricted to the nt.
■ From ka˚ also nt. pl. *k …

kabaliṅkāra →

pts

…DN-a.i.120. Written kabalīkāra nearly always in Burmese, and sometimes in Singh MSS.; s. also Ne.114–Ne.118.

  • -āhāra-bhakkha (of attā,…

kabara →

pts

…of leprosy Ja.v.69

  • -maṇi the cat’s eye, a precious stone, also called masāragalla but also an emerald; both are prob….

kabba →

pts

-karaṇa making poems DN-a.i.95; and -kāra a poet Kh.21; Ja.vi.410.

cp. Sk. kāvya

kacavara →

pts

  1. sweepings, dust, rubbish (usually in combination with chaḍḍeti and sammajjati) Ja.i.292 Ja.iii.163; Ja.iv.300; Vism.70; DN-a.i.7; Dhp-a.i.52; Snp-a. …

kaccha →

pts

Kaccha1

neuter

  1. marshy land, marshes; long grass, rush, reed SN.i.52 (te hi sotthiṃ gamissanti kacche vāmakase magā), SN.i.78 (parūḷha k-nakha-lomā with nails and hair like long-grow …

kacchantara →

pts

  1. interior, dwelling, apartment Vv-a.50 (= nivesa).
  2. the armpit: see *upa*˚.

see kacchā2

kacchikāra →

pts

see *kacci*˚.

kacchā →

pts

Kacchā1

feminine

  1. enclosure denoting both the enclosing and the enclosed i.e. wall or room: see kacchantara.
  2. an ornament for head & neck (of an elephant), ve …

kaccikāra →

pts

kind of large shrub, the Caesalpina Digyna Ja.vi.535 (should we write with BB kacchi˚?).

kad →

pts

…kāpurisa, see also kantāra kappaṭa), kiṃ˚, ku.˚; For relation of ku → ka cp. kutra → kattha & kadā.

*…

kadalī →

pts

Kadalī1

feminine

  1. the plantain, Musa sapientium. Owing to the softness and unsubstantiality of its trunk it is used as a frequent symbol of unsubstantiality transitoriness and worthless …

kadara →

pts

adjective miserable Ja.ii.136 (explained as lūkha, kasira).

kaddama →

pts

mud, mire, filth Cnd.374 (= panka); Ja.i.100; Ja.iii.220 (written kadamo in verse and kaddemo in gloss); Ja.vi.240, Ja.vi.390; Pv-a.189 (= panka), Pv-a.215; compared with moral impurities Ja.iii.290 …

kadā →

pts

indeclinable interr. adv. when? (very often foll. by fut.) Thag.1091–Thag.1106; Ja.ii.212; Ja.vi.46); Dhp-a.i.33; Pv-a.2
■ combined with-ssu Ja.v.103, Ja.v.215; Ja.vi.49 sq -ci [ …

kajjopakkamaka →

pts

kind of gem Mil.118 (vajira k. phussarāga lohitanka).

kakkara →

pts

jungle cock used as a decoy Ja.ii.162 purāṇa˚, Ja.ii.161; cp. dīpaka1 & see Kern,

Toevoegselen

p. 118 K˚-Jātaka, N˚ 209.

onomat, cp. Sk. kṛkavāku cock, Gr. κέρκας, κερκίς, Lat. querqu …

kakkaratā →

pts

roughness, harshness, deceitfulness, Pp.19, Pp.23.

kakkasa →

pts

adjective rough, hard, harsh, esp. of speech (vācā para-kaṭukā Dhs.1343), MN.i.286 = Dhs.1343; AN.v.265 = AN.v.283, AN.v.293; Dhs-a.396
■ akakkasa: smooth Snp.632; Ja.iii.282 Ja.v.203, Ja.v.206, J …

kakkaṭaka →

pts

crab SN.i.123; MN.i.234; Ja.i.222; Vv.54#6 (Vv-a.243, Vv-a.245); Dhp-a.iii.299 (mama… kakkaṭakassa viya akkhīni nikkhamimsu, as a sign of being in love). Cp. kakkhaḷa.

  • -nala a kind of sea-re …

kakkhaḷa →

pts

…(= asaddha, akkosakāraka, opp. muduka) Vv-a.138 (= pharusa). 2. cruel, fierce, pitiless Ja.i.187 Ja.i.266;…

kaku →

pts

peak, summit, projecting corner SN.i.100 (where satakkatu in Text has to be corrected to satakkaku: megho thanayaṃ vijjumālā satakkaku. Com. expln sikhara, kūṭa) AN.iii.34 (= AN-a.620 ~ …

kakuṭa →

pts

dove, pigeon, only in compounds:

  • -pāda dove-footed (i.e. having beautiful feet) Dhp-a.i.119; f. pādī appl. to Apsaras, Ja.ii.93; Dhp-a.i.119; Mil.169.

kalabha →

pts

the young of an elephant: see hatthi˚; and cp. kalāra.

cp. Sk. kalabha

kalaha →

pts

…Vin.i.328; Vin.ii.1 -kāraṇa the cause or reason of a dispute Ja.iii.151 Ja.vi.336; -jāta “to…

kalakala →

pts

adjective any indistinct and confused noise Mhbv.23 (of the tramping of an army); in -mukhara sounding confusedly (of the ocean) ibid. 18. Cp karakarā.

cp. Sk. kala

kalanda →

pts

heap, stack (like a heap of wood? cp. kalingara) Mil.292 (sīsa˚).

cp. Sk. karaṇḍa piece of wood?

kalevara →

pts

kali →

pts

  1. the unlucky die (see akkha); “the dice were seeds of a tree called the vibhītaka… An extra seed was called the kali” (Dial. ii.368 n. DN.ii.349; Ja.i.380; Dhp.252 (= Dhp-a.iii …

kaliṅgara →

pts

(BB ḷ)

  1. a log, a piece of wood MN.i.449, MN.i.451; SN.ii.268; Dhp-a.iii.315; often in sense of something useless, or a trifle (combined with kaṭṭha q.v.) Dhp.41; Dhp-a.i.321 (= kaṭṭhakhaṇḍa, a ch …

kalla →

pts

Kalla1 & Kalya

adjective

  1. well, healthy, sound Vin.i.291.
  2. clever, able, dexterous Mil.48 Mil.87.
  3. ready, prepared Ja.ii.12, cp
    ■ citta.
  4. fit proper, right SN.ii.13 (pañha)

kallahāra →

pts

the white esculent water lily Ja.v.37; Dpvs.xvi.19.

cp. Sk. kahlāra, the P. form to be explained as a diaeretic inversion kalhāra → kallahāra

kalyāṇa →

pts

…˚mitta). kata˚ = katûpakāra Pv-a.116 applied to dhamma in phrase ādi˚ majjhe˚ pariyosāne˚ DN.i.62 and ≈; SN.v.152; Snp.p.103;…

kalā →

pts

  1. a small fraction of a whole, generally the 16th part; the 16th part of the moon’s disk; often the 16th part again subdivided into 16 parts and so on: one infinitesimal part (see Vv-a.103; Dhp-a.i …

kalāpa →

pts

  1. anything that comprises a number of things of the same kind; a bundle, bunch sheaf; a row, multitude; usually of grass, bamboo-or sugar-canes, sometimes of hair and feathers SN.iv.290 (tiṇa˚); Ja …

kalāra →

pts

in hatthi˚ at Ud.41, explained in C by potaka, but cp. the same passage at Dhp-a.i.58 which reads kalabha undoubtedly better. Cp. kaḷārikā.

kalāya →

pts

kind of pea, the chick-pea MN.i.245 (kaḷāya); SN.i.150; AN.v.170; Snp.p.124; Ja.ii.75 (= varaka, the bean Phaseolus trilobus, and kālarāja-māsa); Ja.iii.370; Dhp-a.i.319. Its size may be gathered f …

kamala →

pts

lotus, freq. combined with kuvalaya; or with uppala Ja.i.146; DN-a.i.40, explained as vārikiñjakkha Pv-a.77.

  1. lotus, the lotus flower, Nelumbium Ja.i.146; DN-a.i.40; Mhbv.3; Sdhp.325; Vv-a.43, …

kambala →

pts

…Mhvs.74;

  • -kūṭāgāra a bamboo structure covered with (red) woollen cloth used as funeral pile Dhp-a.i.69; *…

kambojaka →

pts

adjective coming fr. Kamboja Ja.iv.464 (assatara).

kambu →

pts

…(= Vv-a.167 hatth’âlankāra), worn on the wrist, while the kāyūra is worn on the upper part of the arm (bhujâlankāra ibid.). 3. a golden…

kamma →

pts

…AN.iv.93 = Ja.ii.348; -kāraka a workman, a servant DN-a.i.8; Mhvs.30, Mhvs.42; Cnd.427 a sailor Ja.iv.139;…

kammaniya →

pts

Kammanīya, ˚iya & kammañña

adjective “workable,” fit for work, dexterous, ready, wieldy. Often of citta “with active mind” in formula vigatūpakkilesa mudubhūta k˚ ṭhita ānejjappatta DN.i.76, etc. = M …

kammanta →

pts

…as kāya-duccaritehi ārati virati… Vb.106.

  • -ādhiṭṭhāyika superintendent of work Dhp-a.i.393
  • -ṭṭhāna: 1 the spot…

kammanīya →

pts

Kammanīya, ˚iya & kammañña

adjective “workable,” fit for work, dexterous, ready, wieldy. Often of citta “with active mind” in formula vigatūpakkilesa mudubhūta k˚ ṭhita ānejjappatta DN.i.76, etc. = M …

kammañña →

pts

Kammanīya, ˚iya & kammañña

adjective “workable,” fit for work, dexterous, ready, wieldy. Often of citta “with active mind” in formula vigatūpakkilesa mudubhūta k˚ ṭhita ānejjappatta DN.i.76, etc. = M …

kammika →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (-˚) one who does or looks after; one whose occupation is of such & such a character: āya˚; revenue-overseer, treasurer Dhp-a.i.184 sabba˚; (always with ref. to amacca, the …

kammāra →

pts

…a smithy Vism.413 Mhvs.5, Mhvs.31.

Vedic karmāra

kammāsa →

pts

  1. variegated, spotted, blemished Ja.v.69 (˚vaṇṇa), said of the spotted appearance of leprosy
    ■ fig. inconsistent, varying AN.ii.187.
  2. (nt. inconsistency, blemish, blot AN.iv.55; Vism.51
    ■ …

kandara →

pts

  1. a cave, grotto, generally, on the slope or at the foot of a mountain Vin.ii.76, Vin.ii.146 used as a dwelling-place Thag.602; Ja.i.205; Ja.iii.172.
  2. a glen, defile, gully DN.i.71 = AN.ii.210 = P …

kanha →

pts

…Ja.ii.242 in contrast with Māra (although pingala-cakkhu is also epithet of Māra or his representatives, cp. Ja.v.42; Pv.ii.4#1). 2 not evil…

kanikāra →

pts

…Ja.iv.440; Ja.v.420; the difference stated at Ja.v.422 is kaṇi˚ = mahāpupphā kaṇṇi˚ =…

kanta →

pts

Kanta1

  1. (adj.) in special sense an attribute of worldly pleasure (cp. kāma kāmaguṇā): pleasant, lovely, enjoyable; freq. in form iṭṭhā kantā manāpā, referring to the pleasures of the sens …

kantāra →

pts

…maru˚ Pv-a.99 and marukantāramagga Pv-a.112; opp. khemantabhūmi. Usually five kinds of wilds are enumerated cora˚, vāla˚, nirudaka˚,…

kantāriya →

pts

adjective (one) living in or belonging to the desert, the guardian of a wilderness, applied to a Yakkha Vv.84#21 (= Vv-a.341).

from kantāra

kapalla →

pts

…pan (see compounds & cp. angāra-kapalla) Snp.672.; -kapalla is only a variant of kapāla.

kapaṇa →

pts

adjective noun

  1. poor, miserable, wretched; a beggar; freq explained by varāka, duggata, dīna and daḷidda; very often classed with low-caste people, as caṇḍālā Pv.iii.1#13 & pesakārā (Ud.4). Snp.81 …

kapiñjala →

pts

wild bird, possibly the francolin partridge Kv.268; Ja.vi.538 (B.B. kapiñjara).

Derivation unknown. Sk. kapiñjala

kappa →

pts

…as a cycle of time = saṃsāra at Snp.521, Snp.535 Snp.860 (na eti kappaṃ); as a measure of time: an age of the world Vin.iii.109; Mil.108;…

kappana →

pts

…order; danta˚ Ja.i.321. 3. (adj.) (-˚) trimmed arranged with: nānāratana˚ Vv-a.35.

fr. kappeti, cp. Sk. kalpana

kappara →

pts

the elbow Vin.iii.121 = Vin.iv.221; Ja.i.293, Ja.i.297; Dhp-a.i.48, Dhp-a.i.394; Vv-a.206.

cp. Sk. kūrpara

kappeti →

pts

…Pv-a.4, Pv-a.13; divāvihāraṃ to take the noonday rest Mhvs.19, Mhvs.79; nisajjaṃ to sit down Vin.iii.191; vāsaṃ, saṃvāsaṃ to…

kappika →

pts

(-˚) adjective

  1. belonging to a kappa, in paṭhama˚
    ■ kāla the time of thé first Age DN-a.i.247 Vb.412 (of manussā); Vv-a.19 (of Manu); without the kāla (id.) at Ja.i.222; as noun the men o …

kappiya →

pts

…with the rule Ne.192

  • -kāraka “one who makes it befitting,” i.e. who by offering anything to a Bhikkhu, makes it…

kara →

pts

  1. (adj.) (-˚) producing, causing, forming, making, doing, e.g. anta˚ putting an end to; pabhaṃ causing splendour; pāpa˚ doing evil; divā˚ & divasa the day-maker, i.e. the sun; kaṇhabhāva˚ causing a …

karabha →

pts

the trunk of an elephant; in karabhoru (k˚ + ūru) (a woman) with beautiful thighs Mhbv.29.

karahi →

pts

(Sk. karhi, when? kar = loc. of pron. st. *quo = Lat. cur why, Goth. hvar, E. where), only in karaha-ci (karhi cid) at some time, generally preceded by kadāci DN.i.17; DN.ii.13 …

karaka →

pts

Karaka1

  1. Water-pot, drinking-vessel (= pānīya-bhājana Pv-a.251). It is one of the seven requisites of a samaṇa Vin.ii.302. It is called dhammakaraka there and at Vin.ii.118, Vin.ii. …

karakarā →

pts

(for kaṭakaṭā, q.v.) adverb by way of gnashing or grinding the teeth (cp. Sk. dantān kaṭakaṭāpya) i.e. severely (of biting) Ja.iii.203 (passage ought to be read as karakarā nikhāditvā).

karamanda →

pts

shrub Vism.183 (+ kanavīra).

etym.?

karamara →

pts

see Kara.

karati →

pts

…injure, hurt; in “karato kārayato chindato chedāpayato…” DN.i.52 = MN.i.516; SN.iii.208.

cp. Sk. kṛntati

Karati2

(˚tī)…

karavī →

pts

the Indian cuckoo Ja.vi.539.

cp. Sk. kala-kaṇṭha cuckoo, & kalavinka sparrow

karavīka →

pts

same Ja.v.204, Ja.v.416; Vv.36#4; Vism.112, Vism.206; Vv-a.166, Vv-a.219.

  • -bhāṇin speaking like the cuckoo, i.e. with a clear and melodious voice, one of the mahāpurisa-lakk …

karavīra →

pts

  1. the oleander, Nerium odorum. Its flower was used especially in garlands worn by delinquents (see kaṇṭha)
  2. a kind of grass Ja.iv.92. -patta a kind of arrow …

karavīya →

pts

(˚iya) = prec. Ja.vi.538.

karañja →

pts

the tree Pongamia glabra, used medicinally Vin.i.201; Ja.vi.518, Ja.vi.519.

cp. Sk. karañja, accord. to Aufrecht, Halāyudha p. 176 the Dalbergia arborea

karaḷa →

pts

(karala) a wisp of grass (tiṇa˚) Dhp-a.iii.38; Dhs-a.272.

karaṇa →

pts

…veneration Pv-a.30. sakkāra reverence, devotion Snp-a.284.

Note: in massu˚ and kamma˚ some grammarians have tried to derive k˚ from a…

karaṇīya →

pts

  1. (adj.)
    1. that ought to be, must or should be done, to be done, to be made (= kātabbaṃ karaṇârahaṃ Kp-a.236) Vin.i.58; DN.i.3, cp. Mil.183; AN.v.210; DN-a.i.7. Often-˚ in the sense of “doing …

karaṇīyatā →

pts

the fact that something has to be performed, an obligation Vin.ii.89, Vin.ii.93; sa˚ being left with something to do Mil.140.

abstr. fr. prec.

karaṇḍa →

pts

  1. a basket or box of wicker-work Mhvs.31, Mhvs.98; Dāvs v.60; Dhp-a.iii.18.
  2. the cast skin, slough of a serpent DN.i.77 (= DN-a.i.222 ahi-kañcuka) cp. Dial. i.88.

cp. Sk. karaṇḍa, ˚ka, ˚ikā. …

karaṇḍaka →

pts

box, basket, casket, as dussa˚ MN.i.215 = SN.v.71 = AN.iv.230 (in simile); SN.iii.131 SN.v.351 cp. Pp.34; Ja.i.96; Ja.iii.527; Ja.v.473 (here to be changed into koraṇḍaka); DN-a.i.222 (vilīva˚); Snp\ …

karin →

pts

adjective “one who has a hand,” an elephant (cp. hatthin) Mhvs.24, Mhvs.34; Mhvs.25, Mhvs.68; Dāvs iv.2. In compounds kari.

  • -gajjita the cry of the elephant, an elephant’s tru …

karoti →

pts

…Ja.v.297 (do.), akārayi Pv.ii.13#10; akārayuṃ Mhvs.iv.3; akāresi Mhvs.23, Mhvs.85 kāretuṃ Pv-a.74; kārayamāna Vv-a.9 (of…

karuṇā →

pts

…of c. Mhbv.16;

  • -vihāra (a heart) in the state of c. Vism.324 (& adj. ˚vihārin); DN-a.i.33; *…

kasambu →

pts

anything worthless, rubbish, filth, impurity; fig. low passions SN.i.166; Snp.281 = Mil.414 = AN.iv.172; Vism.258 (maṃsa˚), Vism.259 (parama˚).

  • -jāta one whose nature is impurity …

kasi →

pts

Kasi & Kasī

feminine tilling, ploughing; agriculture, cultivation MN.ii.198; SN.i.172, SN.i.173 = Snp.76 sq. Vin.iv.6; Pv.i.5#6 (k˚, gorakkha, vaṇijjā); Pv-a.7 Sdhp.390 (k˚, vaṇijjā); Vv-a.63
■ * …

kasiṇa →

pts

…MN.ii.14; Pts.i.28 etc.; -ārammaṇa = ˚āyatana Vism.427 (three, viz. tejo˚ odāta˚, āloka˚)….

kassaka →

pts

…(k˚ gahapatiko kārakārako rāsi-vaḍḍhako); AN.i.241; AN.i.229, AN.i.239 (the three duties of a farmer); SN.i.172 = Snp.76; SN.iii.155…

kasā →

pts

…(= Dhp-a.iii.86);

  • -pahāra a stroke with the whip, a lash Ja.iii.178;
  • -hata struck with the whip,…

kasī →

pts

Kasi & Kasī

feminine tilling, ploughing; agriculture, cultivation MN.ii.198; SN.i.172, SN.i.173 = Snp.76 sq. Vin.iv.6; Pv.i.5#6 (k˚, gorakkha, vaṇijjā); Pv-a.7 Sdhp.390 (k˚, vaṇijjā); Vv-a.63
■ * …

kata →

pts

…been done Pv-a.116 -sakkāra honoured, revered Ja.v.353; Mhvs.9, Mhvs.8 (su˚) -saṅgaha one who…

katama →

pts

adjective which, which one (of two or more) Vin.ii.89; MN.i.7; Ja.i.172; Mil.309; Pv-a.27. In some cases merely emphatic for ko, e.g. Vin.i.30 (katamena maggena āgato?); DN.i.197 (kat …

katara →

pts

adjective which one (of a certain number, usually of two) Ja.i.4; Pv-a.119 Often only emphatic for ko, e.g. Ja.i.298 (kataraṃ upaddavaṃ na kareyya), and used uninflected in compounds …

kataññu →

pts

adjective lit. knowing, i.e. acknowledging what has been done (to one), i.e. grateful often in combination with katavedin grateful and mindful of benefits SN.ii.272; AN.i.87 = P …

kathana →

pts

…Dhp-a.i.440.

  • -ākāra, in ˚ṃ karoti to enter into conversation with Ja.vi.413.
  • -samattha

kathaṃ →

pts

-pakāra of what kind Vin.i.358; Snp.241 (:kathappakāra).

katheti →

pts

…relate (in detail: vitthārato Pv-a.77). mā kathesi (= mā bhaṇi) do not speak Pv-a.16
■ to tell (a story) Ja.i.2; Ja.iv.137;…

kathā →

pts

…formula s˚ṃ k˚ṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā DN.i.52, DN.i.108, etc.; AN.v.185; Snp.419, pp. Snp.p.86, Snp.p.93 Snp.p.107,…

kattara →

pts

-suppa a winnowing basket Vin.i.269 = Dhp-a.i.174 (˚e pakkhipitvā sankāra-kūṭe chaḍḍehi). Kattari & i

cp. Sk. kṛtvan (?),…

kattikā →

pts

…and coinciding with the Pavāraṇā Ja.i.433; Ja.ii.372 Ja.v.212 sq.; Mhvs.17, Mhvs.17.

  • -temāsi (-puṇṇamā) (the full moon) of…

katāvin →