Szótár

(Letölthető rövid segédanyag: Páli-Magyar Szójegyzék)

akkhāna, 162 találat.

akkhāna →

bodhirasa

announcing, telling

VIN PAT PK saṅghuposatha pubbakaraṇādi vidhi

chanda-parisuddhi, utu-akkhānaṃ, bhikkhugaṇanā ca, ovādo, uposathassa etāni, pubbakiccan'ti vuccati.

akkhāna →

bodhirasa

storytelling, tale, legend

DN 31.8 siṅgālasuttaṃ

kva naccaṃ, kva gītaṃ, kva vāditaṃ, kva akkhānaṃ, kva pāṇissaraṃ, kva kumbhathunanti, ime kho, gahapatiputta, cha ādīnavā samajjābhicaraṇe

akkhaṇa →

ncped

the wrong time, the wrong moment; esp. an inopportune moment to be born as a man, birth in unfavorable circumstances (when one cannot take advantage of a Buddha being in the world)

akkhāna →

ncped

telling, announcing, teaching; a tale, a recitation, a legend.

akkhaṇa →

pts

wrong time, bad luck, misadventure, misfortune. There are 9 enumerated at DN.iii.263; the usual set consists of 8; thus DN.iii.287; Vv-a.193; Sdhp.4 sq. See also *khaṇa-[vedhin](/de …

akkhāna →

pts

…Veda Ja.v.450. (vedam akkhānapañcamaṃ; C: itihāsapañcamaṃ vedacatukkaṃ)
■ The spelling ākhyāna also occurs (q.v.).

Sk….

abbhakkhāna →

bodhirasa

misrepresentation, slander, false accusation

DHP 139 daṇḍavaggo

rājato vā upasaggaṃ, abbhakkhānañ'ca dāruṇaṃ, parikkhayañ'ca ñātīnaṃ, bhogānañ'ca pabhaṅguraṃ.

MN 22 alagaddūpamasuttaṃ

mā h'evaṃ, āvuso ariṭṭha, avaca, mā bhagavantaṃ abbhācikkhi, na hi sādhu bhagavato abbhakkhānaṃ, na hi bhagavā evaṃ vadeyya.

lakkhaṇa →

bodhirasa

auspicious sign, birthmark, prognosticative mark

DHPa 1.1.8 sāriputtatthera vatthu

imehi lakkhaṇehi samannāgato nāma agāramajjhe vasanto rājā hoti cakkavattī, pabbajanto loke vivaṭṭacchado sabbaññubuddho hoti

lakkhaṇa →

bodhirasa

(interpreting of) auspicious signs, birthmarks, prognosticative marks

SNP 52 tuvaṭakasuttaṃ aṭṭhakavaggo 14

āthabbaṇaṃ supinaṃ lakkhaṇaṃ, no vidahe atho'pi nakkhattaṃ, virutañ'ca gabbhakaraṇaṃ, tikicchaṃ māmako na seveyya.

lakkhaṇa →

bodhirasa

quality, characteristic

THI 71 vacchapāla theragāthā

muttā ca tato sā bhikkhunī, agamī buddhavarassa santikaṃ, passiya vara-puñña-lakkhaṇaṃ, cakkhu āsi yathā purāṇakanti.

paccakkhāna →

bodhirasa

denial, refusal, rejection

MN 82 raṭṭhapālasuttaṃ

atha kho āyasmā raṭṭhapālo sakapitu nivesane n'eva dānaṃ alattha na paccakkhānaṃ, aññadatthu akkosam'eva alattha

varapuññalakkhaṇa →

bodhirasa

with characteristics of excellent merit

THI 71 vacchapāla theragāthā

muttā ca tato sā bhikkhunī, agamī buddhavarassa santikaṃ, passiya varapuññalakkhaṇaṃ, cakkhu āsi yathā purāṇakanti.

vicakkhaṇa →

bodhirasa

attentive, vigilant, watchful, lit. seeing clearly

TH 4 puṇṇa theragāthā

sabbhi'r'eva samāsetha, paṇḍiteh'atthadassibhi, atthaṃ mahantaṃ gambhīraṃ, duddasaṃ nipuṇaṃ aṇuṃ, dhīrā samadhigacchanti, appamattā vicakkhaṇā'ti.

assaji →

dppn

Assaji1

The fifth of the Pañcavaggiyā monks. When the Buddha preached the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, he was the last in whom dawned the eye of Truth, and the Buddha had to discourse to h …

gijjhakūṭa →

dppn

GijjhakūṭaVulture’s Peak

One of the five hills encircling Rājagaha. It was evidently a favourite resort of those who followed the religious life.

The Buddha seems to have been attracted by its solit …

lakkhaṇa →

dppn

Mentioned as having stayed with Mahā Moggallāna on Gijjhakūṭa. Once, when they were going down to Rājagaha for alms, Lakkhaṇa noticed that at a certain spot Moggallāna smiled; on asking him why, he wa …

mahāpurisa →

dppn

The name given to a Great Being, destined to become either a Cakkavatti or a Buddha. He carries on his person the following thirty two marks. DN.ii.17f. DN.iii.142ff. MN.ii.136f. .

  1. he has fe …

vappa →

dppn

Vappa 1

One of the group of five monks who practiced with the Bodhisatta before his Awakening, and who were his first monastic followers. Vappa was disappointed when the Buddha began takin …

anurakkhaṇa →

farkas

megőrzés, oltalom

abbhakkhāna →

ncped

false accusation; slander.

ajalakkhaṇa →

ncped

signs of health or omen on a goat

akkhaṇavedhi →

ncped

(probably) piercing the target.

akkhaṇavedhin →

ncped

(probably) piercing the target.

anakkhāna →

ncped

not telling; no need for telling

anupalakkhaṇa →

ncped

lack of observation, lack of attention.

anurakkhana →

ncped

guarding, preservation, taking care of

anurakkhaṇa →

ncped

guarding, preservation, taking care of

golakkhaṇa →

ncped

signs of omens or health of a cow.

kaṇṇakālakkhana →

ncped

signs of health or omen on a rabbit?.

kaṇṇikālakkhaṇa →

ncped

(according to commentary) signs of omen on an ear ornament or a roof plate.

āvudhalakkhaṇa →

ncped

signs of omen on weapons

āyudhalakkhaṇa →

ncped

sings of omen on weapons.

anattā →

nyana

Anattā: No-self, egolessness, soullessness, impersonality, absence of identity, is the last of the 3 universal characteristics of existence ti-lakkhana. This anattā doctrine, which only is t …

anicca →

nyana

Anicca: Impermanent, transient or, as abstract noun, aniccatā impermanence or change is the first of the three universal characteristics of existence tilakkhana, which is easily observable and …

anurakkhana-padhāna →

nyana

Anurakkhana-padhāna: the ‘effort to maintain’ advantageous states; see: padhāna

bhāvanā →

nyana

Bhāvanā: ‘mental development’ lit. ‘calling into existence, producing’ is what in English is generally but rather vaguely called ‘meditation’. One has to distinguish 2 kinds: development of tranqu …

characteristics →

nyana

Characteristics: of existence, the. 3: ti-lakkhana

existence →

nyana

Existence: bhava - The 5 groups of e.: khandha - The 4 substrata of e.: upadhi - Courses of e.: gati - Wheel of e.: samsāra. - Craving for e.: bhava-tanhā see …

padhāna →

nyana

Padhāna: ‘effort.’ The 4 right efforts samma - padhāna forming the 6th stage of the 8-fold path i.e. sammā - vāyāma see: magga are: 1 the effort to avoid samvara-padhāna 2 to overc …

paramattha →

nyana

Paramattha: sacca - vacana - Desanā ‘truth or term, exposition that is true in the highest or ultimate sense’, as contrasted with the ‘conventional truth’ vohāra - sacca which is also …

paññā →

nyana

Paññā: ‘understanding, knowledge, understanding, insight’, comprises a very wide field. The specific Buddhist knowledge or understanding, however, as part of the Noble 8-fold path magga to deli …

ti-lakkhana →

nyana

Ti-lakkhana: the ‘3 charactcristies of existence’, or signata, are impermanency anicca, suffcring or misery dukkha see: sacca, dukkhatā no-self anattā.

Whether Perfect Ones appear in th …

abbhakkhāna →

pts

accusation, slander, calumny DN.iii.248, DN.iii.250; MN.i.130; MN.iii.207; AN.iii.290 sq. Dhp.139 (cp. Dhp-a.iii.70).

fr. abbhakkhāti

accharā →

pts

Accharā1

feminine the snapping of the fingers, the bringing together of the finger-tips:

  1. (lit.) accharaṃ paharati to snap the fingers Ja.ii.447; Ja.iii.191; Ja.iv.124, Ja.iv.126 Ja. …

aggha →

pts

  1. price, value, worth, Mil.244; Mhvs.26, Mhvs.22; Mhvs.30, Mhvs.76; Vv-a.77
    mahaggha (adj.) of great value Ja.iv.138; Ja.v.414; Ja.vi.209; Pv.ii.1#18. See also mahāraha. …

aja →

pts

he-goat, a ram DN.i.6, DN.i.127; AN.ii.207; Ja.i.241; Ja.iii.278 sq. Ja.v.241; Pp.56; Pv-a.80.

  • -eḷaka [Sk. ajaiḍaka] goats & sheep DN.i.5, DN.i.141; AN.ii.42 sq., AN.ii.209; J …

akkha →

pts

Akkha1

the axle of a wheel DN.ii.96; SN.v.6; AN.i.112; Ja.i.109, Ja.i.192; Ja.v.155 (akkhassa phalakaṃ yathā; C.: suvaṇṇaphalakaṃ viya, i.e. shiny, like the polished surface of an axle …

anubhavana →

pts

experiencing, suffering; sensation or physical sensibility (cf. Cpd. 229, 2321) Ne.28 (iṭṭhâniṭṭh-ânubhavana-lakkhanā vedanā “feeling is characterised by the experiencing of what is ple …

anubyañjana FIXME double →

pts

Anuvyañjana & anubyañjana

(e.g. Vin.iv.15; Ja.i.12) neuter accompanying (i.e. secondary attribute, minor or inferior characteristic, supplementary or additional sign or mark (cf. mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇa …

anurakkhaṇa →

pts

(f.) guarding, protection, preservation DN.iii.225 sq.; AN.ii.16 sq.; Ja.i.133 Pp.12; Dpvs.iv.24 (adj.); Vv-a.32 (citta˚); Sdhp.449.

abstr. fr. anurakkhati

anurakkhā →

pts

guarding, protection, preservation SN.iv.323 (anuddayā a. anukampā).

= anurakkhaṇā

anuvyañjana →

pts

Anuvyañjana & anubyañjana

(e.g. Vin.iv.15; Ja.i.12) neuter accompanying (i.e. secondary attribute, minor or inferior characteristic, supplementary or additional sign or mark (cf. mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇa …

asi →

pts

sword, a large knife DN.i.77 (= DN-a.i.222); MN.ii.99; AN.i.48 = (asinā sīsaṃ chindante); AN.iv.97 (asinā hanti attānaṃ); Ja.iv.118 (asi sunisito), Ja.iv.184; Ja.v.45 (here meaning “sickle”), Ja.v.47 …

assa →

pts

Assa1

shoulder; in cpd. assapuṭa shoulder-bag, knapsack i.e. a bag containing provisions instr. assupuṭena with provisions. Later exegesis has interpreted this as a bag full of ashes, …

attan →

pts

atta (the latter is the form used in compn.)

I. Inflection

  1. of attan- (n. stem); the foll. cases are the most freq:
    ■ acc. attānaṃ DN.i.13, DN.i.18 …

bhāsā →

pts

…(Kirātā-Yavanâdi-Millakkhānaṃ bhāsā); MN-a.i.1 (Sīhaḷa˚); Vb-a.388 (18 dialects of which 5 are mentioned; besides the…

bhāvanā →

pts

producing, dwelling on something, putting one’s thoughts to, application, developing by means of thought or meditation, cultivation by mind, culture
■ See on term Dhs translation 261 (= 2

bhūta →

pts

grown, become; born, produced; nature as the result of becoming. The (exegetical) definition by Bdhgh of the word bhūta is interesting. He (at MN-a.i.31) distinguishes the foll. 7 …

buddha →

pts

Buddha1

adjective

  1. understood SN.i.35 = SN.i.60 (su-dub-buddha very difficult to understand)
  2. having attained enlightenment, wise AN.iv.449; Pv-a.16 (buddh’ ādayo), Pv-a.60 (= ari …

chaṇaka →

pts

the Chaṇaka plant Mil.352; cp. akkhaṇa.

= akkhaṇa? Kern; cp. Sk. *ākhaṇa

daṇḍa →

pts

ra; (on ṇ: l cp. guṇa: guḷa etc.) to *del as in Sk. dala, dalati. Cp. Lat. dolare to cut, split, work in wood; delere to destroy; Gr.δαίδαλον work of art; Mhg. zelge twig; zol a stick Possibly also …

dhamma →

pts

…AN.i.36; AN.ii.97.

  • -akkhāna discussing or preaching of the Dhamma Mnd.91;
  • -atthadesanā interpretation of the Dh….

dhanu →

pts

bow MN.i.429; Ja.i.50, Ja.i.150 Ja.ii.88; Ja.iv.327; Pv-a.285.

  • -kalāpa bow & quiver Vin.ii.192; MN.i.86; MN.ii.99; AN.iii.94; Pv-a.154;
  • -kāra a bow maker …

dhañña →

pts

Dhañña1

neuter grain, corn. The usual enumn comprises 7 sorts of grain, which is however not strictly confined to grain-fruit proper (“corn”) but includes, like other enum

dvi →

pts

number two.

A. Meanings

I. Two as unit

  1. with objective foundation:
    1. denoting a combination (pair, couple) or a repetition (twice). In this conn. frequent both objective …

dāsa →

pts

slave, often combined w. f. dāsī. Def. by Bdhgh as “antojāto” (DN-a.i.300), or as “antojātadhanakkīta-karamarânīta-sāmaṃ dāsabyaṃ upagatānaṃ aññataro” (ibid. DN-a.i.168)
■ In phrase *dāsā ca kam …

dūra →

pts

adjective far distant, remote, opp. āsanna (Ja.ii.154) or santika (Dhs.677; Vism.402)
■ Pv-a.117. Often in compounds (see below), also as dūri˚; e.g. dū …

gahaṇa →

pts

adjective seizing, taking; acquiring; (n.) seizure, grasp, hold, acquisition Vism.114 (in detail) usually -˚: nāma˚-divase on the day on which a child gets its name (lit. acquiring a name) Ja.i.199, …

gatta →

pts

the body, pl. gattāni the limbs. - As body: Vin.i.47; SN.i.169 = SN.i.183 (analla˚ with pure bodies; anallīna˚ at SN.i.169, but variant reading analla˚); AN.i.138; Snp.673 (samacchida˚ with bodies cu …

go →

pts

, f.) a cow, an ox, bull, pl. cattle. For f. cp gāvī; see also *gava*˚ for cpds
■ Sg. nom. go (Snp.580 also in composition, cp. aja-go-mahisādi Pv-a.80 = pasū) gen. gavassa (MN.i. …

godhā →

pts

Godhā1

feminine iguana, a large kind of lizard Vin.i.215–Vin.i.16 (˚mukha); DN.i.9≈(˚lakkhaṇa, cp. DN-a.i.94); Ja.ii.118; Ja.iii.52; Ja.iii.538; Dhp-a.iii.420. As godha (m.) at Ja.v.489. …

gotta →

pts

ancestry, lineage. There is no word in English for gotta. It includes all those descended, or supposed to be descended, from a common ancestor. A gotta name is al …

indriya →

pts

A. On term

Indriya is one of the most comprehensive & important categories of Buddhist psychological philosophy & ethics meaning “controlling principle, directive force, élan, δύναμις” in t …

itthaṃ →

pts

indeclinable thus, in this way DN.i.53, DN.i.213; Dāvs iv.35; Dāvs v.18.

  • -nāma (itthan˚) having such as name, called thus, socalled Vin.i.56; Vin.iv.136; Ja.i.297; Mil.115; Dhp- …

itthi →

pts

Itthi & Itthī

feminine woman female; also (usually as-˚) wife. Opp. purisa man (see e.g. for contrast of itthi and purisa Ja.v.72, Ja.v.398; Ne.93; Dhp-a.i.390; Pv-a.153)
■ SN.i.33 (nibbānass’ e …

itthī →

pts

Itthi & Itthī

feminine woman female; also (usually as-˚) wife. Opp. purisa man (see e.g. for contrast of itthi and purisa Ja.v.72, Ja.v.398; Ne.93; Dhp-a.i.390; Pv-a.153)
■ SN.i.33 (nibbānass’ e …

jivhā →

pts

the tongue.

  1. physically: Vin.i.34; AN.iv.131; Snp.673, Snp.716; Dhp.65 Dhp.360; Ja.ii.306; Pv-a.99 (of Petas: visukkha-kanthaṭṭha j.), Pv-a.152
    ■ Of the tongue of the mahāpurusha which coul …

jāla →

pts

Jāla1

neuter a net; netting, entanglement (lit. or fig.): snare, deceptíon (= māyā)

A. Lit

Cnd.260 (= suttajāla, a plaiting of threads); Snp-a.115 Snp-a.263 (= suttamaya) DN. …

jāti →

pts

■ Instr. jātiyā (Snp.423) & jaccā (DN.ii.8; Ja.iii.395; Dhp.393); abl. jātiyā (SN.i.88) & jātito (by descent: DN.ii.8); loc. jātiyaṃ (Pv-a.10) & jātiyā (Pv-a.78).

  1. birth, rebirth, possibility of …

kacchapa →

pts

tortoise, turtle SN.iv.177 (kummo kacchapo); in simile of the blind turtle (kāṇo k.) MN.iii.169 = SN.v.455; Thig.500 (cp J.P.T.S. 1907, 73, 174)
■ f. kacchapinī a female t Mil.67.

  • *-[lakkhaṇ …

kakkhaḷa →

pts

  1. rough, hard, harsh (lit. & fig.) Dhs.648 (opp.; muduka Dhs.962 (rūpaṃ paṭhavīdhātu: kakkhalaṃ kharagataṃ kakkhaḷattaṃ kakkhaḷabhāvo); Vism.349 (= thaddha), Vism.591, Vism.592 (˚ …

kamma →

pts

the doing, deed, work orig. meaning (see karoti) either building (cp. Lit kùrti, Opr. kūra to build) or weaving, plaiting (still in mālākamma and latā˚ “the intertwining of garland …

karavīka →

pts

same Ja.v.204, Ja.v.416; Vv.36#4; Vism.112, Vism.206; Vv-a.166, Vv-a.219.

  • -bhāṇin speaking like the cuckoo, i.e. with a clear and melodious voice, one of the mahāpurisa-lakk …

kañcana →

pts

gold AN.iii.346 Thag.691 (muttaṃ selā va k.); Thig.266 (k˚ ssa phalakaṃ va); Vv-a.4, Vv-a.9 (= jātarūpa). Esp. freq. in compounds = of or like gold.

kaṇṇikā →

pts

  1. an ornament for the ear, in ˚lakkhaṇa: see below.
  2. the pericarp of a lotus Ja.i.152, Ja.i.183; Ja.v.416; Mil.361; Vism.124 (paduma˚); Vv-a.43.
  3. the corner of the upper story of a palace or pag …

khajjati →

pts

(= khādiyati, Pass. of khādati; Dhtm.93 bhakkhaṇa)

  1. to be eaten, chewed, eaten up, as by animals upacikāhi Vin.ii.113; suṇakhehi Pv.iii.7#8; puḷavehi Ja.iii.177; cp. Pv.iv.5#2 (cut in two)
  2. to be …

khaṇa →

pts

Khaṇa1

  1. (m.) a (short), moment, wink of time; in phrase khaṇen’ eva “in no time” Pv-a.38 Pv-a.117; Sdhp.584 (etc.). Sdhp.584; khaṇo ve mā upaccagā “let not the slightest time be wasted …

kukkuṭa →

pts

cock Mil.363; Ja.iv.58; Vv-a.163; f. kukkuṭī a hen Dhp-a.i.48; Thag-a.255; in simile MN.i.104 = MN.i.357 = AN.iv.125 sq., AN.iv.176 sq. (cp. ˚potako).

  • *-[aṇḍa](/define/aṇḍa …

kumāra →

pts

young boy, son Snp.685 sq. (kuhiṃ kumāro aham api daṭthukāmo: w. ref. to the child Gotama); Pv.iii.5#2; Pv-a.39, Pv-a.41 (= māṇava) daharo kumāro MN.ii.24, MN.ii.44
■ a son of (-˚) rāja˚ Pv-a.16 …

kusalatā →

pts

(only -˚) skill, cleverness, accomplishment; good quality
■ lakkhaṇa˚ skill in interpreting special signs Vv-a.138; aparicita˚ neglect in acquiring good qualities Pv-a.67. For foll. cp Mrs. Rh. D …

kāya →

pts

group, heap, collection, aggregate, body

Definitions and synonyms

Snp-a.31 gives the foll. synonyms and similes of kāya: kuṭī, guhā (Snp.772), deha, sandeha (Dhp.148 = Thag.20), nāvā (Dhp.3 …

lakkha →

pts

  1. a mark Mil.102.
  2. a target Mil.418; Dhp-a.i.52 (˚yoggā target practice, i.e. shooting).
  3. a stake at gambling Ja.vi.271.
  4. a high numeral, a lac or 100,000 (but cp. Pv-a.255, where lakkha of P …

lakkhañña →

pts

adjective connected with auspices, auspicious, in phrase “lakkhaññā vata bho dosinā ratti” (how grand a sign friends, is the moonlight night! translation) DN.i.47 = Ja.i.509 (explained at DN-a.i.141 …

lakkhaṇa →

pts

  1. sign, characteristic mark; esp. a sign as implying something extraordinary or pointing to the future, therefore a prognosticative mark (cp. talisman), a distinguishing mark or salient feature, prop …

lañchaka →

pts

one who makes marks (explained by Cy. as “lakkhaṇa-kāraka”) Ja.iv.364, Ja.iv.366 (ti˚ so explained by Cy. variant reading ni˚). See nillañchaka & cp; lañcana (ti˚).

fr. lañcha; doubtful

lohita →

pts

…Vv-a.224: ratta-nayanā; yakkhānaṃ hi nettāni ati-lohitāni honti); Ja.vi.180.

  • -uppāda (the crime of) wounding a…

mahant →

pts

adjective great, extensive, big important, venerable
■ nom. mahā Snp.1008; Mhvs.22, Mhvs.27. Shortened to maha in cpd. pitāmaha (following a …

makkhaṇa →

pts

smearing, oil Ja.iii.120; Mil.11 (tela˚); Dhtp.538.

fr. mṛkṣ, cp. *Sk. mrakṣaṇa

makkheti →

pts

to smear, paste, soil, anoint Ja.iii.225, Ja.iii.314; Pp.36; Mil.268; Vism.344; Dhp-a.ii.65
pass makkhīyati Mil.74. Caus. ii. makkhāpeti to cause to be anointed Ja.i.486; Dhp-a.i.400
pp *[ma …

maṇi →

pts

  1. a gem, jewel. At several places one may interpret as “crystal.” DN.i.7 (as ornament); Dhp.161; Ja.vi.265 (agghiya, precious). In simile at DN.i.76 (maṇi veḷuriyo). On maṇi in similes see J.P.T.S.

nilañchaka →

pts

adjective noun one who marks cattle, i.e. one who castrates or deprives of virility Ja.iv.364 (spelt tilañchaka in text, but right in variant reading), explained as “tisūlâdi- …

nillaccheti →

pts

to deprive of the marks or characteristics (of virility), to castrate Thig.437 (= purisa-bhāvassa lacchana-bhūtāni bījakāni nillacchesi nīhari Thag-a.270). See also nillañchaka & nillacchita.

nis …

nillañchaka →

pts

adjective noun one who marks cattle, i.e. one who castrates or deprives of virility Ja.iv.364 (spelt tilañchaka in text, but right in variant reading), explained as “tisūlâdi- …

nimitta →

pts

  1. sign, omen, portent, prognostication DN.i.9 (study of omens = n. satthaṃ DN-a.i.92, q.v. for detailed expln); Ja.i.11 (caturo nimitte nâddasaṃ); Mil.79, Mil.178 Esp. as pubba˚; signs …

nisajjā →

pts

sitting down, opportunity for sitting, seat Pv.iv.1#2 (seyyā +); Ja.i.217; Pv-a.24 (˚ādipaṭikkhepa-ṭṭhāna), Pv-a.219 (pallankâbhujanādi-lakkhaṇā nisajjā). Cp. nesajjika.

Sk. *niṣadyā of ni sad

nivāraṇa →

pts

adjective warding off, keeping back, preventing; refusal Snp.1034, Snp.1035, Snp.1106 (= Cnd.363 āvāraṇa rakkhaṇa gopana); Dhs-a.259; Pv-a.102 Pv-a.278; Sdhp.396.

fr. nivāreti

nāma →

pts

name.

  1. Literal. nom. nāmaṃ SN.i.39; Snp.808; Ja.ii.131; Mil.27; acc. nāmaṃ Pv-a.145 (likhi: he wrote her name)
    ■ nāmaṃ karoti to give a name Snp.344 Cnd.466 (n’ etaṃ nāmaṃ mātarā kataṃ on “ …

paccakkhāna →

pts

rejection, refusal Ja.vi.422.

fr. paṭi + ā + khyā

paccupalakkhaṇā →

pts

differentiation SN.iii.261 (a˚) Dhs.16 = Pp.25; Dhs.292, Dhs.555, Dhs.1057.

paṭi + upalakkhaṇā

paccupaṭṭhāna →

pts

  1. (re)appearance, happening, coming on phenomenon Ja.iii.524; Ne.28; Snp-a.509; Dhs-a.332 Thag-a.288.
  2. tending DN.iii.191.
  3. vv.ll. gilānupaṭṭhāna.

fr. paṭi + upa + sthā; cp. Cpd. 13 & …

padesa →

pts

indication, location, range, district; region, spot, place SN.ii.227, SN.ii.254 SN.v.201; AN.ii.167 (cattāro mahā˚); Dhp.127 (jagati˚), Dhp.303; Ja.ii.3, Ja.ii.158 (himavanta˚); Ja.iii.25 (id.), Ja.ii …

padhāna →

pts

exertion, energetic effort, striving, concentration of mind DN.iii.30 DN.iii.77, DN.iii.104, DN.iii.108, DN.iii.214, DN.iii.238; MN.ii.174, MN.ii.218; SN.i.47; SN.ii.268 SN.iv.360; SN.v.244 sq.; AN.ii …

padāletar →

pts

one who pierces or destroys, a destroyer, breaker, in phrase mahato kāyassa padāletā the destroyer of a great body (or bulk) AN.i.284 sq. (in sequence dūre-pātin, akkhaṇavedhin, m. k. p.); AN.ii.17 …

paggaha →

pts

Paggaha & Paggāha

  1. exertion, energy.
    1. paggaha: DN.iii.213 (variant reading paggāha, also ˚nimitta) Pts.ii.8 (˚cariyā), Pts.ii.20 (˚ṭṭha); DN-a.i.63 (viriy-indriyassa ˚lak …

paggāha →

pts

Paggaha & Paggāha

  1. exertion, energy.
    1. paggaha: DN.iii.213 (variant reading paggāha, also ˚nimitta) Pts.ii.8 (˚cariyā), Pts.ii.20 (˚ṭṭha); DN-a.i.63 (viriy-indriyassa ˚lak …

pakkhin →

pts

…to SN.v.97 (vighāta˚ for the usual ˚pakkhika).

fr. pakkha1 = pakkhānaṃ atthitāya pakkhī ti vuccati Snp-a.465; Ved. pakṣin…

pamāda →

pts

carelessness, negligence, indolence, remissness DN.i.6 (jūta˚, see DN-a.i.85), DN.iii.42 sq., DN.iii.236; MN.i.151; SN.i.18, SN.i.20, SN.i.25, SN.i.146, SN.i.216; SN.ii.43 SN.ii.193; SN.iv.78, SN.iv. …

parikkhaṇa →

pts

putting to the test, trying Sdhp.403 (sarīra˚, or should we read parirakkhaṇa? Cp. parirakkhati).

fr. parikkhati; cp. Class. Sk. parīkṣaṇa

parirakkhaṇa →

pts

guarding, preserving, keeping Mil.356, Mil.402; Pv-a.130.

fr. pari + rakṣ

purisa →

pts

man (as representative of the male sex, contrasted to itthi woman, e.g. at AN.iii.209; AN.iv.197; Ja.i.90; Ja.v.72; Pv-a.51). Definitions of the C. are “puriso nāma manussa-puriso …

puḷavaka →

pts

(BB puḷuvaka) = puḷava Dhp-a.iv.46; Vv-a.76; Pv-a.14. One of the (asubha) kammaṭṭhānas is called p. “the contemplation (˚saññā idea) of the worminfested corpse” SN.v.131; Dhs.264; Vism.110, Vism.17 …

pātin →

pts

(-˚) adjective throwing, shooting, only in cpd. dūre˚; throwing far AN.i.284; AN.ii.170. See akkhaṇa-vedhin.

fr. pāta

pāṭhaka →

pts

(-˚) reciter; one who knows, expert Mnd.382 (nakkhatta˚); Ja.i.455 (asi-lakkhaṇa˚); Ja.ii.21 (angavijjā˚), Ja.ii.250 (id.); Ja.v.211 (lakkhaṇa˚ fortune-teller wise man).

fr. pāṭha

radati →

pts

to scratch Dhtp.159 cp. rada & radana; tooth Abhp.261.

rad: see etym. at Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. rado (“rase”). Given in meaning “vilekhana” at Dhtp.159 & Dhtm.220. Besides this it is given at D …

rakkhana →

pts

  1. keeping, protection, guarding Ne.41; Mhvs.35, Mhvs.72 (rahassa˚-atthāya so that he should keep the secret); Pv-a.7.
  2. observance keeping Vv-a.71 (uposatha-sīla˚); Pv-a.102 (sīla˚), Pv-a.210 …

rakkhanaka →

pts

adjective observing, keeping; one who observes Ja.i.228 (pañca-sīla˚; so read for rakkhānaka).

fr. rakkhana

rasa →

pts

Rasa1

that which is connected with the sense of taste. The defn given at Vism.447 is as follows “jivhā-paṭihanana-lakkhaṇo raso, jivhā-viññāṇassa visaya-bhāvo raso, tass’ ev …

rūpa →

pts

form, figure, appearance, principle of form, etc.

  1. Definitions. According to P. expositors rūpa takes its designation fr. ruppati, e.g. “ruppanato rūpaṃ” Vism.588; “ruppan’ a …

sacca →

pts

adjective real, true DN.i.182; MN.ii.169; MN.iii.207; Dhp.408; nt. saccaṃ truly, verily, certainly Mil.120; saccaṃ kira is it really true? DN.i.113; Vin.i.45, Vin.i.60; Ja.i.107; saccato truly S …

sadda →

pts

  1. sound, noise DN.i.79, DN.i.152; DN.iii.102 sq., DN.iii.146, DN.iii.234 DN.iii.244 sq., DN.iii.269, DN.iii.281; MN.iii.56, MN.iii.267; AN.iii.30 sq.; AN.iv.91, AN.iv.248; Ja.i.3 (ten sounds); Snp. …

salakkhaṇa →

pts

Salakkhaṇa1

adjective together with the characteristics Snp.1018.

sa3 + lakkhaṇa

Salakkhaṇa2

neuter own characteristic, that which is consistent with one’s own na …

sallakkhaṇā →

pts

discernment, testing Dhs.16, Dhs.292, Dhs.555; Pp.25; Vism.278; Vb-a.254; Dhs-a.147; asallakkaṇa non-discernment SN.iii.261.

fr. sallakkheti

samavattakkhandha →

pts

adjective having the shoulders round, one of the lakkhaṇas of a Buddha DN.ii.18; DN.iii.144, DN.iii.164; Dial. ii.15: “his bust is equally rounded.”

sama + vatta + kh., but BSk. sasaṃvṛtta˚

sammakkhana →

pts

smearing Vism.346.

saṃ + makkhana

sasa →

pts

hare, rabbit Dhp.342; Ja.iv.85; of the hare in the moon Ja.iv.84 sq. sasôlūkā (= sasā ca ulūkā ca) Ja.vi.564.

  • -lakkhaṇa the sign of a hare Ja.i.172; Ja.iii.55.
  • -lañjana

saṅkhata →

pts

  1. put together, compound; conditioned, produced by a combination of causes, “created,” brought about as effect of actions in former births SN.ii.26; SN.iii.56; Vin.ii.284; Iti.37, Iti.88; Ja.ii.38; N …

sikkhā →

pts

…sq. (cp. sikkhā-paccakkhāna Vin.ii.279, and sikkhaṃ apaccakkhāya Vin.iii.24; SN.iv.190; sikkhā apaccakkhātā, ibid.); tisso sikkhā…

siri →

pts

Sirī (siri)

feminine

  1. splendour, beauty Snp.686 (instr. siriyā); Ja.vi.318 (siriṃ dhāreti).
  2. luck, glory majesty, prosperity SN.i.44 (nom. siri); Ja.ii.410 (siriṃ) Ja.ii.466; DN-a.i.148; Vv-a. …

sirī →

pts

Sirī (siri)

feminine

  1. splendour, beauty Snp.686 (instr. siriyā); Ja.vi.318 (siriṃ dhāreti).
  2. luck, glory majesty, prosperity SN.i.44 (nom. siri); Ja.ii.410 (siriṃ) Ja.ii.466; DN-a.i.148; Vv-a. …

somanassa →

pts

mental ease, happiness, joy DN.i.3; DN.ii.278; DN.iii.270; MN.i.85, MN.i.313; SN.iv.232; AN.ii.69; AN.iii.207, AN.iii.238; Dhp.341; Snp.67; Pp.59 Vb-a.73; Pv-a.6, Pv-a.14, Pv-a.133; DN-a.i.53; it …

sukha →

pts

adjective noun agreeable, pleasant, blest Vin.i.3; Dhp.118, Dhp.194, Dhp.331; Snp.383; paṭipadā, pleasant path, easy progress AN.ii.149 sq.; Dhs.178; kaṇṇa-s. pleasant to the ear DN.i.4; happy, pleas …

sāṭaka →

pts

an outer garment, cloak; cloth Thag-a.246; Ja.i.89, Ja.i.138, Ja.i.195, Ja.i.373, Ja.i.426; Vism.54 (sāṇa˚), Vism.275 (alla˚); Dhp-a.i.393 (thūla˚). Cp. antara˚, alaṃ˚.

  • *-[lakkhaṇa](/define/lakk …

tayo →

pts

num. card. three.

■ nom. acc. m. tayo (Snp.311), & tayas (tayas; su dhammā Snp.231, see Kp-a.188)
■ f. tisso (DN.i.143; AN.v.210; Iti.99)
■ nt. tīṇi (AN.i.1 …

tela →

pts

sesamum-oil (prepared from tila seeds), oil in general (tela = tilatelādika DN-a.i.93): used for drinking, anointing & burning purposes Vin.i.205, Vin.i.220 Vin.i.245, etc.; AN.i.209, AN.i.278 (sapp …

thaddha →

pts

  1. lit. hard, rigid firm Ja.i.293 (opp. muduka); Vism.351 (˚lakkhaṇa) Pv-a.139 (= ujjhangala).
  2. fig.
    1. hardened, obdurate callous, selfish DN.i.118 (māna˚); DN.iii.45 (+ atimānin); AN.ii.26 = …

tulita →

pts

weighed, estimated, compared, gauged, considered Thig.153 (yattakaṃ esā t. what she is worth = lakkhaṇaññūhi parichinna Thag-a.139); Nd ii.under ñāta (as syn. of tirita); Pv-a.52 (in expln</sup …

tādin →

pts

adjective noun (nom. tādī & tādi, in compounds tādi˚) such, such like of such (good) qualities, “ecce homo”; in pregnant sense appl. to the Bhagavant & Arahants, characterized as “such” in 5 ways: see …

upalakkhaṇā →

pts

-aṃ (nt.) discrimination SN.iii.261 (an˚); Dhs.16, Dhs.20, Dhs.292, Dhs.1057; Pp.25; Vv-a.240.

upa + lakkhaṇa

upanijjhāna →

pts

meditation, reflection, consideration only in two phrases: ārammaṇa˚ & lakkhaṇa˚ with ref. to jhāna Ja.v.251; Dhp-a.i.230; Dhp-a.iii.276; Vv-a.38, Vv-a.213. Cp. nijjhāyana. …

usabha →

pts

Usabha1

a bull; often fig as symbol of manliness and strength (cp. nisabha) DN.i.6 (˚yuddha bull-fight), DN.i.9 (˚lakkhaṇa signs on a b.), DN.i.127; Vin.iii.39 (puris˚ “bull of a man”, a …

vara →

pts

Vara1

adjective excellent, splendid, best, noble. As attribute it either precedes or follows the noun which it characterizes, e.g. -pañña of supreme wisdom Snp.391, Snp.1128 (= agga …

vattha →

pts

Vattha1

neuter

  1. cloth; clothing, garment raiment; also collectively: clothes; MN.i.36 sq. AN.i.132, AN.i.209, AN.i.286; AN.ii.85, AN.ii.241; AN.iii.27 (odātaṃ), AN.iii.50 (kāsikaṃ), AN. …

vedhin →

pts

adjective piercing, shooting, hitting: see *akkhaṇa*˚.

fr. vidh = vyadh

vicakkhaṇa →

pts

adjective noun [vi + cakkhaṇa, of cakṣ to see, attentive, watchful, sensible, skilful; (nt.) application attention, wit SN.i.214 = Snp.186 (appamatta + ; translation K.S. i.277 “discerning wit”) …

vilakkhaṇa →

pts

adjective noun wrong or false characteristic; (adj.) discharacteristic, i.e. inconsistent with characteristics, discrepant (opp. sa˚; in accordance with ch.) Mil.405; Ne.78; Vb-a.250 sq.

vi + lakkhaṇa

vinicchaya →

pts

  1. discrimination, distinction, thought, (firm) opinion thorough knowledge of (-˚) AN.iii.354 (pāpakamma˚) Snp.327 (dhamma˚), Snp.838 (= dvāsaṭṭhi diṭṭhi-vinicchayā Mnd.186), Snp.867 (˚ṃ kūrute; cp. …

vāla →

pts

Vāla1

  1. the hair of the tail horse-hair, tail Vin.ii.195 = Ja.v.335 (pahaṭṭha-kaṇṇavāla with bristling ears & tail, of an elephant); Ja.v.274 (so read for phāla, cp. p …

yathāva →

pts

adjective having the character of being in accordance with (the truth or the occasion), real, true, just Iti.44 (santaṃ paṇītaṃ yathāvaṃ, nt.); Thag.188, Thag.422 (˚āloka-dassana seeing the real ligh …

yebhuyya →

pts

abundant, numerous, most. Not found as adj. by itself, except in phrase yebhuyya-vasena mostly, as a rule Thag-a.51 and Pv-a.136, which is identical with the usual instr. *[yebhuyyena](/define/ye …

yāthāva →

pts

adjective sufficient (lit “just as much”; i.e. such as it is), sufficiently founded logical, consistent, exact, definite, true Cnd.275 (where tatha is explained by taccha, bhūta, yāthāva, aviparīta) D …

ābandhana →

pts

  1. tie, bond DN-a.i.181 = Pp-a.236 (˚atthena ñāti yeva ñāti-parivaṭṭo).
  2. tying, binding Vism.351 (˚lakkhaṇa, of āpodhātu).
  3. reins (?) or harness (on a chariot) Ja.v.319 (but cp. C expln.</ …

ākiṇṇa →

pts

  1. strewn over, beset with, crowded, full of, dense, rich in (˚-) Vin.iii.130 (˚loma with dense hair); SN.i.204 (˚kammanta “in motley tasks engaged”), SN.iv.37 (gāmanto ā. bhikkhūhi etc.); AN.iii.104 …