Szótár

(Letölthető rövid segédanyag: Páli-Magyar Szójegyzék)

du, 2661 találat.

du →

pts

…saha, sīla; hara.

Sk. duḥ & duṣ = Gr.; δύς-, Oir. du-, Ohg. zur-, zer-; antithetic prefix, generally opposed to su˚ = Gr….

abhaya →

dppn

…of King Bimbisāra and of Padumavatī, the belle of Ujjeni. When the boy was seven years old, his mother sent him to the king and he grew up with…

acelakassapa →

dppn

…he joined the Order and in due course became an arahant. DN.i.177

In the Majjhima Nikāya MN.iii.124ff. we are told that he was an old friend…

aciravatī →

dppn

…SN.v.39 into the sea. During the hot season it ran dry, leaving a bed of sand. AN.iv.101 It flowed through Kosala, and at Sāvatthī an…

aggikabhāradvāja →

dppn

…brahmin, thereupon, becomes a convert, enters the Order, and, in due course, attains arahantship. SN.i.166f.

aggāḷave cetiye →

dppn

…here on many occasions during his wanderings, and this was the scene of several Vinaya rules, e.g. against monks digging the ground Vin.iv.32…

ahaha →

dppn

…given to a period of suffering in Avīci and is equivalent in duration to twenty Ababā. SN.i.152

5hell

ajapālanigrodha →

dppn

…in years, visited the Buddha during this period and questioned him as to whether it were true that he did not pay respect to age. To them he…

ajitakesakambala →

dppn

…His name is often introduced into the stereotyped list of the six teachers even where the views they are alleged to have expressed do not…

ajātasattu →

dppn

AjātasattuVedehiputta

Son of Bimbisāra, King of Māgadha, and therefore half-brother to Abhayarājakumāra. He murdered his father to gain the throne, and conspired with Devadatta to kill the Buddha, b …

ambalaṭṭhikā →

dppn

…in which the Buddha rested during his last tour, and we are told that while there he discoursed to a large number of monks. DN.ii.81

But the most…

ambapālivana →

dppn

…have stayed there previously during their visits to Vesāli. DN.ii.94 SN.v.301

The Buddha is stated to have preached three suttas in the grove, two…

ambapālī →

dppn

…him and the Order. This was during the Buddha’s last visit to Vesāli shortly before his death. It is said that when Ambapālī heard of the…

ambaṭṭha →

dppn

…the worth of morality and conduct.

At the end of the discourse the Buddha walked up and down outside his chamber so that Ambaṭṭha might see on…

ambāṭakavana →

dppn

…by his magic powers, produced rain and thunderstorms and later showed a special miracle to Citta). SN.iv.288–91

  • Kāmabhū (who discoursed…

andhakavinda →

dppn

…her life. Vin.i.293

During the same visit of the Buddha, a newly converted minister of the district prepared meat dishes for the…

anuruddha →

dppn

…of his life he slept only during the last watch of the night.

The Anuruddha Saṃyutta SN.v.294 gives an account of a series of questions asked…

anāthapiṇḍika →

dppn

…meeting with the Buddha was during the first year after the Enlightenment, in Rājagaha., Vin.ii.154ff. whither Anāthapiṇḍika had come on…

ariṭṭha →

dppn

…such at all for him who indulges in them.

Ariṭṭha left the Order and would not come back until the ukkhepanīyakamma was revoked….

assaji →

dppn

…the others being Mettiya, Bhummajaka, Panduka and Lohitaka.

assajipunabbasukā →

dppn

…sent for them, they came dutifully and listened patiently to his admonition on the necessity of implicit obedience to a teacher in whom they had…

aṅgaṇikabhāradvāja →

dppn

…asceticism to gain immortality. Later he practiced Buddhism and in due course acquired the three knowledges. Thag.219–221

aṅgulimāla →

dppn

…admonition of the Buddha, endured their wrath as penance for his former misdeeds.

He eased a woman’s labour pains by an act of truth. The words…

aṅgīrasi →

dppn

…the ten ancient seers who conducted great sacrifices and were versed in Vedic lore. The others being Aṭṭhaka, Vāmaka, Vāmadeva, Vessāmitta,…

aṭṭhaka →

dppn

…and great sacrifices were conducted by them. AN.iv.61

Various teachings are attributed to them, e.g. that they recognised five kinds of…

badarikārāma →

dppn

…where Khemaka stayed during his illness. Rāhula spent a whole night in the Buddha’s toilet at the Badarikārāma because he was unwilling…

bhaddavatikā →

dppn

…to Ambatiṭṭha and subdued the Nāga, afterwards rejoining the Buddha at Bhaddavatikā. Vin.iv.108f.

The town is probably identical with…

bharaṇḍukālāma →

dppn

A recluse, once a co-disciple of the Buddha in the holy life. Once, when the Buddha visited Kapilavatthu and wanted lodging for the night, Mahānāma suggested that he should go to the hermitage of Bha …

bhaṇḍagāma →

dppn

…Buddha visited it during his last tour, and while there he talked to the monks on four conditions, which lead to Nibbāna. DN.ii.123…

bhaṇḍu →

dppn

BhaṇḍuBhaṇḍa

A colleague of Ānanda whom Kassapa reported to the Buddha at Veḷuvana for disputing with Abhiñjaka, colleague of Anuruddha. The Buddha sent for the disputants and rebuked them for their …

bhāradvāja →

dppn

…clan; about twenty individuals belonging to this clan are mentioned in the Pitakas. In one family, living at Rājagaha, the eldest was married…

bilaṅgika →

dppn

…pleased and entered the Order, becoming an arahant in due course. SN.i.164

brahmadeva →

dppn

…Sāvatthī for alms, and, in due course, arrived at his mother’s house. She was in the habit of making an oblation to Brahmā, but, on that day,…

bāhiya →

dppn

…seeing his body lying on the dung heap, asked the monks to remove it and to have it burnt, erecting a thūpa over the remains. In the assembly he…

bārānasī →

dppn

…but there seem to have been educational institutions at Benares also, some of which were older than even those of Takkasilā (KhA.198; see also…

bījaka →

dppn

…His wife came to him during her period and begged him to give her an offspring. As the rule against unchastity had not then been…

caṇḍakālī →

dppn

…a friend of Thullanandā, during whose absence the other nuns once expelled Caṇḍakālī from their midst. This act was greatly resented by…

chabbaggiyā →

dppn

…were Assaji, Punabbasu, Panduka, Lohitaka, Mettiya and Bhummaja hence their name.

There were also nuns in their following, who likewise violated…

channa →

dppn

…and returned to Kosambī subdued and asking for reprieve, which was granted to him. Vin.ii.23ff. His obstinacy and perverseness are again…

dabbamallaputta →

dppn

…intended to slight them, induced one of their partisans, Mettiyā, to accuse Dabba of having seduced her. The charge was investigated, Mettiyā…

dakkhiṇāgiri →

dppn

…Vin.i.80 It was during one of these tours that he converted Kasī-Bhāradvāja and Dhammasava and his father. On another of these…

dantikā →

dppn

One day, during her meditation on Gijjhakūṭa, she saw how a well tamed elephant obeyed its master’s commands, and developing insight on this…

daṇḍakappaka →

dppn

…it was visited by the Buddha during a tour in Kosala. There he preached the Udāna Sutta in answer to a question by Ānanda, as to how the Buddha…

devadaha →

dppn

…24f;…

devadatta →

dppn

…love, and thus completely subdued it.

This outrage made Devadatta very unpopular, and even Ajātasattu was compelled by the force of public opinion…

dhaniya →

dppn

…there with several others during the rains. He continued to live there after the others had left. While he was away begging for alms, his hut was…

dukkhamūla →

dppn

A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in a nominal list. MN.iii.70

dummukha →

dppn

…of the Nigaṇṭha Saccaka with the Buddha, and seeing Saccaka discomfited in the debate, Dummukha compared him to a crab pulled out of a pond and…

dīghakārāyana →

dppn

…accompanied the king. Once, during their travels, they came to Nangaraka and, hearing that the Buddha was at Medatalumpa, went to see him, but…

dūsī →

dppn

Name of Māra in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. He was, in that birth, son of Kāḷī, sister of Moggallāna. He first incited the brahmin householders to revile Kakusandha’s monks, chief of whom were Vidh …

ekanāḷā →

dppn

…south of Rājagaha. Once, during the eleventh year of his ministry, the Buddha visited the village and preached to Kāsī-Bhāradvāja the sutta…

gagga →

dppn

…have been a gotta-name. Thus when, after his ordination, Aṅgulimāla is introduced to Pasenadi, the latter addresses him as Gagga…

gahvaratīriya →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of enduring the discomforts of the forest life. Thag.31

gandhabbā →

dppn

…over conception; this is due to an erroneous translation of the word gandhabba in passages MN.i.157 MN.i.265f. dealing with the circumstances…

gavesī →

dppn

…this story to Ānanda during a tour in Kosala. They came to a sāla-grove and there the Buddha smiled; when asked the reason for his smile,…

gayākassapa →

dppn

…times a day at Gayātittha, in order to wash away his sins during the festival of Gayāphaggu.

gijjhakūṭa →

dppn

…been visited by the Buddha during his sojourns on Gijjhakūṭa, and it may be inferred from accounts given of these visits that these places were…

giñjakāvasatha →

dppn

…there on various occasions during his visits to Nādikā. It was during one of these visits that Ambapāli presented her park to the Buddha and…

gomagga →

dppn

…6.02841,…

gotamakacetiya →

dppn

…stayed there several times. During one such stay, he laid down the rule which allowed monks the use of three robes; he himself felt cold during the…

hatthaka →

dppn

…rebuked Hatthaka for his conduct. Vin.iv.1f.

Hatthaka2Āḷavaka

An eminent lay disciple of the Buddha declared foremost among those…

icchānaṅgalaka →

dppn

…why he had been absent so long, he replied that he had been kept busy by various duties. Thereupon the Buddha sang the joy of the life free from…

isidāsī →

dppn

…Erakaccha and had committed adultery in that life. As a result she was born in hell for a long time, and, in subsequent births became an ape, a…

isigili →

dppn

…the Cūḷa DukkhakKhaṇḍa Sutta it is said that a large number of Nigaṇṭhas lived at Kāḷasilā, never sitting down,…

jambugāma →

dppn

A village which the Buddha visited during his last tour. It lay between Ambagāma and Bhoganagara. DN.ii.194

26.461967,84.4498442town

jantu →

dppn

…them on an uposatha day and reminded them of their duties. SN.i.61f.

jenta →

dppn

…these have been left behind due to following the Buddha. Thag.423–428 Perhaps he is to be identified with Mānatthaddha of the Saṃyutta…

jotipāla →

dppn

…kingdom, which the latter duly did. All the kings wished Jotipāla to be their chaplain, and he instructed them in the art of government,…

jāliya →

dppn

…Vesāli, he went to the Tindukkhāna-paribbājakārāma and tried to get Pātikaputta to come. But the latter was unable to come, being fixed in…

jīvaka →

dppn

…but he never neglected his duties to the Saṅgha. Many people, afflicted with disease and unable to pay for treatment by him, joined the Order in…

kakusandha →

dppn

…SN.ii.190f. mentions that during the time of Kakusandha, the Mount Vepulla of Rājagaha was named Pacina-vaṃsa and the inhabitants were called…

kammāsadhamma →

dppn

…of the Kurūs. The Buddha, during the course of his wanderings, stayed there several times; the exact place of his residence is, however,…

kandarāyana →

dppn

…accused him of not paying due respect to elderly brahmins, but when Mahā Kaccāna preached to him he expressed delight and offered himself as…

kannakujja →

dppn

…passing through Kannakujja, Udumbara, and Aggalapura Vin.ii.299.

According to Hiouen Thsang, the distance from Sankassa to Kannakujja was two…

kapilavatthu →

dppn

…Sārakāni. SN.v.372

During one visit the Buddha was entrusted with the consecration of a new mote-hall, built by the Sākyans; he preached…

kassapa →

dppn

…their goal. AN.iii.214ff.

During the time of Kassapa Buddha, the Bodhisatta was a brahmin youth named Jotipāla who, afterwards, coming under the…

kassapakārāma →

dppn

…monastery in Rājagaha, probably near Veḷuvana. It was here that Assaji stayed during his last illness, when the Buddha visited…

kattikā →

dppn

…month of the rainy…

kaṇṇakujja →

dppn

…through Kaṇṇakujja, Udumbara, and Aggalapura. Vin.ii.299

Verañja to Bārāṇasī, across the Ganges, the route passing through Verañja,…

khiḍḍāpadosikā →

dppn

KhiḍḍāpadosikāKhiḍḍāpadūsikā

A class of devas who live in the Cātummahārājika world. For ages they spend their time in laughter and in sport of sensual lusts. In consequence their self-possession is …

khomadussa →

dppn

A township in the Sākyan country. The Buddha once stayed there and preached to an assembly of brahmin householders. It is said that the brahmins were at first hostile to the Buddha, but that he won th …

khomadussakā →

dppn

An inhabitant of Khomadussa. SN.i.184

khujjasobhita →

dppn

…who proclaimed the ten indulgences at Vesāli. He was one of their representatives on the Committee of the Saṅgha appointed to settle the…

kimbila →

dppn

…Dhamma could be made to endure long after the Buddha’s death and what were the causes which might bring about its early disappearance. The…

kinnughaṇḍu →

dppn

One of the great Yakkhas, mentioned in the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta, to be invoked when disciples of the Buddha are worried by evil spirits. DN.iii.204 He is one of the vassals of the Four Regent Gods. DN.ii.258

kirapatika →

dppn

…of it, made an order to the monks prohibiting such conduct. Vin.iv.75f.

kokālika →

dppn

…fell down at the gate of Jetavana. Kokālika died and was born in Paduma-niraya. SN.i.149ff. AN.v.171f. Snp.123f.

kosala →

dppn

Kosala1

A country inhabited by the Kosalans, to the north-west of Māgadha and next to Kāsī. It is mentioned second in the list of sixteen Great Nations.AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 In the Buddha’s …

kosambī →

dppn

…several discourses delivered during these visits are recorded in the books.

A great division once arose among the monks in Kosambī. Some monks…

koṇāgamana →

dppn

…enlightenment tree was an Udumbara, his two chief discples were Bhiyyosa and Uttara, and he had an assembly of 30,000 monks, all arahants. His…

koṭigāma →

dppn

…vicinity of Bhaddiyanagara. During his last tour the Buddha crossed the river at Pāṭaligāma, went on to Koṭigāma, and remained in that…

kumuda →

dppn

A hell, or a period of suffering. It is equal to twelve Padumas. The Kokālika monk was born in Kumuda hell.SN.i.152f. Snp.p.126

5hell

kuru →

dppn

…Nations.DN.ii.200 AN.i.213 During the Buddha’s time the chieftain of Kuru was called Koravya, and his discussion with the Elder Raṭṭhapāla,…

kusinārā →

dppn

…and pastries. Vin.i.247f. During some of these visits the Buddha stayed in a wood called Baliharana, and there he preached two of the Kusinārā…

kuṭeṇḍu →

dppn

A vassal of the Cātummahārājikas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

kāka →

dppn

…into which Jīvaka had introduced some drug hidden in his finger nail. Kāka purged violently and was very alarmed. Jīvaka told him that all he…

kālakhemaka →

dppn

…near Kapilavatthu, and once, during robe-making time, many monks lived there. On this occasion the Buddha preached the Mahā-Suññatā Sutta….

kālāma →

dppn

Kālāma1

The name of a family. Mention is made of a town belonging to them in Kosala, which was called Kesaputta. The sermon preached by the Buddha on his visit to Kesaputta is justly famou …

kāsi →

dppn

…Bimbisāra. The village produced a revenue of one hundred thousand, and was given to the queen for her bath and perfume money. After…

kāḷasilā →

dppn

…so. DN.ii.116

In the Cūḷadukkhakkhandha Sutta, MN.i.92 it is said that Kāḷasilā was also the residence of some…

kāḷī →

dppn

Kāḷī1Kururagharikā

Described among laywomen as the best of those who believe even from hearsay. AN.i.26 A conversation between her and Mahā Kaccāna is related, where she asks him for a det …

kūṭāgārasālā →

dppn

…seek him there or be conducted to him. Sometimes he would express his desire to see no one during such a retreat, except the monk who brought…

laṭṭhivana →

dppn

…where the Buddha stayed during his first visit to Rājagaha from Gayāsīsa, after the Enlightenment. There Bimbisāra visited him with twelve…

licchavī →

dppn

…him only such respect as was due to an honoured stranger. MN.i.229 Several eminent Licchavis are specially mentioned by name as having visited and…

maghadevaambavana →

dppn

…after retiring from household life.

This grove existed even in the time of the Buddha, and during his stay there with Ānanda he preached the…

mahāmoggallāna →

dppn

…Brahma world, for we find Tudu Brahmā singing their praises, much to the annoyance of the Kokālika monk.AN.v.170ff. Snp.p.231ff. When…

mahānāma →

dppn

…also the Cūḷa Dukkhakkhandha Sutta and Sekha Sutta, both preached to Mahānāma.

Mahānāma is included in a list of exemplary lay…

mahāpurisa →

dppn

…his skin so smooth that no dust clings to it; 13. the down on his body forms single hairs; 14. each hair is straight, blue black and at the top…

mahāviyūha →

dppn

…gabled chamber erected by Mahāsudassana into which he could retire during the heat of the day. It was made of silver….

makkhali →

dppn

…they belong, by their individual nature; it is according to their position in one or other of the six classes that they experience ease or pain….

malitavambha →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse says that one should only stay in a dwelling that is conducive to the goal. Thag.105

mallā →

dppn

…to pay him all the honour due to a Cakkavatti. They cremated the Buddha’s body at the Makuṭabandhana cetiya, and then collected the relics,…

manasākaṭa →

dppn

…banks of the Aciravatī. The Buddha stayed in the mango grove to the north of the village, and, during one such stay, preached the Tevijja Sutta….

manopadosikā →

dppn

ManopadosikāManopadūsikā

A class of devas. They burn continually with envy one against another and their hearts become ill disposed and debauched. Their bodies thus become feeble and their minds imbe …

manāpakāyikā →

dppn

…any colour they desired, produce any sound, and obtain any happiness. Anuruddha tested their claims and found them to be true.

Some of them sang,…

medakathalikā →

dppn

…and look after each other during their performances. But Medakathalikā said that each should look after himself, which would be the better…

migāra →

dppn

…minister, mentions him during a visit to the Buddha and remarks on his immense wealth. But the Buddha reminds him that Migāra’s treasure is…

moranivāpa →

dppn

…various denominations. The Udumbarika Sīhanāda, the Mahā Sakuladāyi and the Culla Sakūladāyi Suttas were preached there. DN.iii.36ff.

māgadha →

dppn

…rights over the river.

During the early Buddhist period Māgadha was an important political and commercial centre, and was visited by people…

māra →

dppn

…in living the good life; by dulling the intelligence of his hearers. DN.iii.58 In the account of Godhika’s suicide SN.i.122 there is a curious…

nagaravinda →

dppn

A brahmin village in Kosala where the Buddha once stayed during a tour and where he preached the Nagaravindeyya Sutta. M.iii.290

Kosala3town

nanda →

dppn

…a monk, but was dissatisifed due to longing for his beautiful former partner. The Buddha shows him the bauty of the celestial nymphs, beside whom…

nandaka →

dppn

…listening to the Dhamma in due season.

Nandaka2

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of how a horse might stumble but then recovers…

nanduttarā →

dppn

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verses speak of her former useless practice of austerities and her current state of Awakening. Thig.87–91

nigaṇṭha nāṭaputta →

dppn

…results the destruction of dukkha; this leads to the destruction of vedanā. Thus all dukkha is exhausted and one passes beyond the round of…

nighaṇḍu →

dppn

A yakkha chieftain, to be invoked by followers of the Buddha when in distress. DN.iii.204 He was present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.258

nigrodha →

dppn

…is recorded in the Udumbarika Sīhanāda Sutta. DN.iii.36ff. The discussion is also referred to in the Kassapa Sīhanāda Sutta….

nigrodhārāma →

dppn

…Mahānāma that the Cūḷa Dukkhakkhandha Sutta was preached. During one of the Buddha’s residences in Nigrodhārāma, the Sākyans invited him…

niraya →

dppn

…Uppala, Puṇḍarīka, Paduma. SN.i.149 AN.v.173 Snp.p.126

The Devadūta Sutta MN.iii.185 of the Majjhima Nikāya contains another list:…

nādikā →

dppn

…at which the Buddha stopped during his last journey along that road—Ambalaṭṭhikā, Nāḷandā, Pāṭaligāma, Koṭigāma, Nādikā,…

nāḷandā →

dppn

…Buddha visited Nāḷandā during his last tour through Māgadha, and it was there that Sāriputta uttered his “lion’s roar,” affirming his…

okkāka →

dppn

…Sutta, Snp.p.52ff. it was during the time of Okkāka that the brahmins started their practice of slaughtering animals for sacrifice. Till then…

paccekabrahmā →

dppn

…Suddhāvāsa and Tudu. I have not come across any explanation of this term. It may designate a Brahmā who does not live in any recognized…

paduma →

dppn

A Hell. The monk Kokālika was born there. Snp.p.126

5hell

padumā →

dppn

One of the most distinguished lay women, followers of the Buddha. AN.iv.347 She was the wife of Meṇḍaka and her full name was Candapadumā

paribbājakā →

dppn

…these four standards of conduct were bodily incorporated in the Buddha’s Noble Eightfold Path, and the last of the four gave to the Ājīvakas…

pañcavaggiyā →

dppn

…visited them and preached to them. At first they refused to pay heed to him, but gradually his powers of persuasion won their hearts and they…

paṅkadhā →

dppn

…the Kampagotta. The Buddha is mentioned as having once stayed there during his tours in Kosala. AN.i.236

Kosala3town

paṇḍuputta →

dppn

An Ājīvaka. He came of a wagon building stock of bygone days. In the Anaṅgaṇa Sutta, MN.i.31f. Moggallāna tells Sāriputta that, one day, when begging alms in Rājagaha, he came to the house of Samīti …

phagguna →

dppn

…as having been visited during his illness by the Buddha on the suggestion of Ānanda. The Buddha found Phagguna in bed and grievously ill, and…

pukkusāti →

dppn

…for not having paid him due honour; he then begged to have the upasampadā conferred on him. The Buddha consented and sent him to procure a…

pācīnavaṃsa →

dppn

…The Buddha visited it during his tours, and once, while staying there with Meghiya, the latter stopped in a mango grove in the village of…

pārāpariya →

dppn

…do to accompish one’s duty and do no harm. Thag.726–746 The second was spoken by Pārāpariya after the Buddha’s parinibbāna and laments…

pārāyana →

dppn

…suttas preceded by an introduction. The introduction describes how Bāvarī first heard of the coming of the Buddha from a devotee and sent…

pātaligāma →

dppn

…continued to be the capital during the greater part of the Gupta dynasty, from the fourth to the sixth century A.C. Near Pātaliputta was the…

pātikaputta →

dppn

…him and went to the Tindukhānuparibbājakārāma. A message was sent to him asking him to come as the Buddha was at his hermitage, but…

pāveyyakā →

dppn

…of Buddhist activity even during the lifetime of the Buddha, and mention is made of Pāveyyakā monks in the Vinaya. Vin.i.253 During the time of…

pāvā →

dppn

…which the Buddha visited during his last journey, going there from Bhogagāma and stopping at Cunda’s mango grove.

Cunda lived in Pāvā and…

raṭṭhapāla →

dppn

…Growing impatient at the conduct of his family, he asked for his meal, ate it, preached to them. MN.i.64f. Thag.769–775 on the impermanence of…

revata →

dppn

…and a pupil of Ānanda—during the night, and talked to him on matters of doctrine. During the conversation, Sānavāsī arrived and questioned…

rojā →

dppn

…his compassion, Rojā was induced to visit him again. The Buddha preached to Rojā, who asked, as a boon, that the monks should accept hospitality…

rājagaha →

dppn

…Rājagaha and remained there during the winter and the following summer. The people grew tired of seeing the monks everywhere, and, on coming to…

sahajāti →

dppn

…Saṅkassa, Kaṇṇakujja, Udumbara and Aggalapura. Sahajāti was on the river, and the Vajjiputtakas went there from Vesāli by boat….

sahampati →

dppn

…Buddha sat out in the open during the night and rain fell drop by drop. The verses are in praise of the life and practices of the monks and of the…

sakka →

dppn

…gives seven rules of conduct, which rules Sakka carried out as a human being, thus attaining to his celestial sovereignty. When the devas fight…

samīti →

dppn

A waggon builder of Sāvatthī. In the Aṅgaṇa Sutta, Moggallāna tells Sāriputta how he once saw Samīti shaping a felloe; by his side, Paṇḍuputta was watching, wishing that Samiti might shape the felloe …

sanaṅkumāra →

dppn

…of the Sappinī, and it was during this visit that the above verse was spoken. Sanaṅkumāra was present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya…

sandhāna →

dppn

…and it was his conversation with the Paribbājaka Nigrodha that led to the preaching of the Udumbarika Sīhanāda Sutta.

In the Aṅguttara…

sankassa →

dppn

During the Vajjiputta controversy, Revata Thera, on his way from Soreyya to Sahājāti, went through Sankassa.

26.21347,79.86595town

sañjaya →

dppn

…doctrines, and Aviruddhakā for their moral conduct.

saṅgārava →

dppn

…household life and how, in due course, he won Enlightenment. Saṅgārava asks further whether there are any gods. The Buddha answers that of that…

saṅkassa →

dppn

…leagues from Sāvatthī. During the Vajjiputta controversy, Revata Thera, on his way from Soreyya to Sahājāti, went through Saṅkassa. The…

seniya →

dppn

…recorded in the Kukkuravatika Sutta, he joined the Order and, in due course, became an arahant. MN.i.387ff.

serissaka →

dppn

…was occupied by Pāyāsi during his life there. Gavampati, who used to go there for his siesta, met him and had a conversation with him, which…

sikhī →

dppn

…among monks.

  • Akhila and Padumā among nuns.
  • His constant attendant was Khemaṅkara.
  • Among his patrons were Sirivaḍḍha and Canda among…

silāvatī →

dppn

…them in the guise of a jatanduva-brahmin. SN.i.117

A story is also told of the temptation by Māra of Samiddhi when he was with the Buddha….

sindhu →

dppn

The Indus river, one of the most important of those that flow from the Himālaya.

Isidāsī was once born as a goat in Sindhavārañña, the…

suddhavāsa →

dppn

…finding him in meditation during the noonday heat, went to see a certain Brahmā who was infatuated with his own importance.

They told him of…

suddhikabhāradvāja →

dppn

…has put forth effort to win supreme purity of conduct. SN.i.165

sudinna →

dppn

…She became pregnant, and in due course a son was born, who was called Bījaka. When Sudinna realized what he had done he was filled with remorse,…

sumbha →

dppn

…country in which was Desaka, where Udāyi visited the Buddha during a stay, and had a conversation with him. SN.v.89 SN.v.168

sumāgadhā →

dppn

…Paribbājakārāma in Queen Udumbarika’s park. The Buddha was walking about in the open air near Sumāgadhā, just before he preached the…

sundarasamudda →

dppn

…herself to him, decked and adorned and wearing golden slippers, and invited him in with seductive manner. But seeing this his mind went to the…

sundarikā →

dppn

…held sacrifices in honour of Agni and met the Buddha during such a sacrifice. SN.i.167 Snp.p.79

sundarīnandā →

dppn

…Sāḷha Migāranattā seduced her, and she was proclaimed guilty of a Pārājika offence. Vin.iv.211f. She was also blamed for her…

sunetta →

dppn

…free himself from birth, old age, etc. It was because he had not comprehended Noble Conduct, Noble Concentration, Noble Wisdom, Noble Release….

suppiya →

dppn

…the time of Padumuttara Buddha he was a brahmin, named Varuṇa, who left his ten children and became an ascetic in the forest. There…

susumāragiri →

dppn

…where the Buddha stayed.

During his visits there he preached the Anumāna Sutta MN.i.95f. and the Bodhirāja Sutta. MN.ii.91f. The city was…

sāketa →

dppn

…the Buddha sometimes stayed during his visits to Sāketa and where he had several discussions e.g., with Kakudha, SN.i.54 Mendasira, and…

sākya →

dppn

…and their pride was subdued. They evidently fond of sports and mention is made of a special school of archery conducted by a Sākyan family,…

sāvatthī →

dppn

…the six great Indian cities during the lifetime of the Buddha. DN.ii.147 It was six leagues from Sāketa. Vin.i.253 It was on the banks of the…

sāḷha →

dppn

…fell in love. Wishing to seduce her, Sāḷha invited a party of nuns to his house and set apart seats for those nuns who were older than Nandā…

sīveyyaka →

dppn

The cloth produced in the Sivi country. Vin.i.278 Pajjota gave a pair of robes of this material to Jīvaka, as a present for his cure. These robes…

tagarasikhī →

dppn

…the five hundred sons of Padumavatī, all of whom became Pacceka Buddhas. Suppabuddha, a banker of Rājagaha, having seen the Pacceka Buddha on…

takkasilā →

dppn

…it as the place of education of Jīvaka, the Buddha’s doctor. Vin.i.269f.

Takkasilā is identified with the Greek Taxila, in…

taṇḍulapālidvārāya →

dppn

…of the gates of Rājagaha. Near the gate was the residence of the brahmin Dhānañjāni….

thullakoṭṭhika →

dppn

…birthplace of Raṭṭhapāla, and it was there that the Buddha stayed during a tour among the Kurus. MN.ii.54 SN.ii.118

Kuru3town

tindukakandarā →

dppn

A cave outside Rājagaha where lodgings were provided for visiting monks. Vin.ii.76 Vin.iii.159

outside Rājagaha3monastery

tindukkhānu →

dppn

TindukkhānuTindukkhānuparibbājakārāma

A dwelling of wanderers near Vesāli. It was the residence of Pāthikaputta. DN.iii.17

near…

tissa →

dppn

…the village with the Buddha, during a journey, visited Tissa and brought him once more to the Buddha. The Buddha preached to them the…

tudu →

dppn

…was grievously ill, Tudu visited him and exhorted him to put his trust in Sāriputta and Moggallāna. But Kokālika refused to accept his…

tālaputa →

dppn

…Tālapuṭa that those who induce sensual states in others will be reborn in purgatory. Tālapuṭa wept to think that older actors should so have…

udena →

dppn

…dedication, which took place during the Vassa. It being against the rules to go on a journey before the Vassa, the monks asked him to postpone the…

udumbara →

dppn

A village. Revata went there from Kaṇṇakujja and stopped there before proceeding to Aggalapura and Sahajāti. Thither the Elders followed him to ask his opinion on the Vajjian heresy. Vin.ii.299

???2town

ugga →

dppn

…very life. This is perhaps due to uncertainty on the part of the compilers as to which Ugga took part in the original discussion.

A sutta in the…

upananda →

dppn

…greatly annoyed and when, in due course, the matter reached the ears of the Buddha, Upananda was rebuked and a set of rules was passed regarding…

upasena →

dppn

…him for this hasty procedure. Vin.i.59 Later the Buddha declared Upasena to be the best of those who were altogether charming…

upavāna →

dppn

…the bojjhangas as being conducive to a happy life and Upavāna explains. SN.v.76 On another occasion Upavāna is the enquirer, and he asks…

upāli →

dppn

…to take upon himself the conduct of any matter that has to be decided, under what conditions should he do so? What qualities should a monk possess…

uttiya →

dppn

…various questions on the duration of the world, etc., and as being helped by Ānanda to understand the real import of the Buddha’s…

vacchagotta →

dppn

…conversion, in due order: at the conclusion of the Tevijja Vacchagotta it is merely stated that “the Paribbājaka Vacchagotta…

vajirapāṇi →

dppn

…It was Vajirapāṇi’s duty to frighten such people by appearing before them in the sky, armed with a thunderbolt, which he was ready to hurl…

vajjī →

dppn

…village of the Vajjians. SN.iv.59 The Vaggumudā river flowed through Vajjian territory. Ud.iii.3

During the Buddha’s lifetime some monks of…

valāhakāyikādevā →

dppn

…of wind, cloud spirits of rain. The changes of weather are due to these spirits. SN.iii.254f.

vaḍḍha →

dppn

…with having committed adultery with his wife. Dabba repudiated the charge, and the Buddha ordered the monks to proclaim the “overturning the…

vedisa →

dppn

VedisaVedisagiri

A city, the home of Devī, mother of Mahinda. He and Sanghamittā were born there, and, just before he left for Ceylon, he went there to visit his mother and stayed for one month in th …

vekaliṅga →

dppn

…was in Kosala, and once, during his long stay in Kosala, the Buddha visited the ārāma in which Kassapa Buddha had preached to Jotipāla, and…

verañjā →

dppn

…his promise, and this was due to his having too many duties in the house.

He invited the Buddha and the monks to a meal the next day, and, at…

veroca →

dppn

…Sakka to visit the Buddha during his siesta. They waited upon the Buddha, leaning against a doorpost, and each uttered two stanzas on the…

vesāli →

dppn

…at the Kūṭāgārasālā during his visits to Vesāli, but it appears that he sometimes lived at these different shrines. DN.ii.118 During his…

veteṇḍu →

dppn

A vassal of the Four Great Kings, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

veḷuvana →

dppn

…to stay there, and it was during this stay that Sāriputta and Moggallāna joined the Order. Vin.i.42

Kalaṇḍakanivāpa is the place nearly…

veṇḍu →

dppn

A devaputta. He visited the Buddha and asked him a question. SN.i.52

visākhā →

dppn

…monks refused to ordain him during the rainy season. Vin.i.153

The books contain numerous suttas preached by the Buddha to Visākhā during her…

viḍūḍabha →

dppn

ViḍūḍabhaViḍūḍabha

Son of Pasenadi and Vāsabhakhattiyā. Both in the Piyajātika Sutta MN.ii.110 and the Kaṇṇakatthala Suttas. MN.ii.127 Viḍūḍabha is spoken of as general.

viṭeṇḍu →

dppn

One of the vassals of the Four Great Kings present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.257

yasa →

dppn

…attaining arahantship in due course, as did fifty others of Yasa’s former friends and acquaintances. Vin.i.15–20

A verse attributed to him…

yasoja →

dppn

…them, and three times during the night he tried to remind the Buddha of their arrival; but the Buddha ignored his warnings and in the morning…

ābhassarā →

dppn

…DN.ii.69 DN.iii.253 During the periods of the development of the world many beings are born in the Ābhassarā realm and they are then…

ājīvakā →

dppn

…and methods of production. There are eighty-four hundred thousand periods during which both fools and wise alike, wandering in…

ānandacetiya →

dppn

…There the Buddha stayed during his last sojourn, and mention is made of a sermon he preached there to the monks on the Four Great Authorities….

āpaṇa →

dppn

…visit to Āpaṇa, during which he converted Sela and Keṇiya, he seems to have stayed at Āpaṇa for over a week and ordained three…

ātumā →

dppn

…it was declared to be a dukkaṭa offence for a monk, who had formerly been a barber, to carry about with him a barber’s equipment….

īsāna →

dppn

…tells the devas that if, during the struggle, they felt faint-hearted, they should look at the crest of his own banner or at that of Pajāpati,…

adukkhamasukha →

farkas

sem szenvedés, sem boldogság; semleges

āsava →

farkas

befolyás, túlcsordulás

dukkha →

farkas

szenvedés, szenvedésteli, nem kielégítő

nibbidā →

farkas

elfordulás, elválás

nissaraṇa →

farkas

menekvés, szabadulás

paṭigha →

farkas

rosszindulat

vimutti →

farkas

megszabadulás

abbhudāhasi →

ncped

(he) uttered, introduced (a subject of conversation).

abhinanduṃ →

ncped

abhinibbatta →

ncped

resulting; produced; reborn

abhinibbattaka →

ncped

producing, causing to come into being.

abhinibbattati →

ncped

results (from); is produced; becomes, is reborn.

abhinibbattayati →

ncped

produces; causes to come into being

abhinibbatteti →

ncped

produces; causes to come into being

abhinibbatti →

ncped

production; becoming; birth, rebirth.

abhinimmadana →

ncped

subduing; controlling.

abhinimmināti →

ncped

creates (by magic or supernatural power); produces, forms, shapes.

abhinipphajjati →

ncped

arises, is produced.

abhinipphanna →

ncped

produced; accomplished

abhinipphādeti →

ncped

produces; effects; makes appear; obtains

abhinipphādita →

ncped

produced; obtained

abhiramāpana →

ncped

gladdening, entertaining; causing to find pleasure (in); producing contentedness.

abhisambhavati →

ncped

reaches, attains; is able, capable (of); is adequate; masters; endures, bears.

abhisambhoti →

ncped

reaches, attains; is able, capable (of); is adequate; masters; endures, bears.

abhisambhutvā →

ncped

having mastered; having endured; having bore.

abhisamācāra →

ncped

good conduct.

abhisamācārika →

ncped

belonging to good conduct (the minimum of decent behavior), proper; relating to the basic discipline; belonging to the basic or minor discipline

abhisaṅkharoti →

ncped

plans, prepares; creates, constructs, concocts; accumulates; produces a motive force (as a result of action).

abhisaṅkhata →

ncped

planned, prepared, arranged; concocted, constructed, produced artificially; accumulated

abhisaṅkhaṭa →

ncped

planned, prepared, arranged; concocted, constructed, produced artificially; accumulated

abhisaṅkhita →

ncped

planned, prepared, arranged; concocted, constructed, produced artificially; accumulated

abhisaṅkhārika →

ncped

specially prepared; produced artificially.

abhisevana →

ncped

pursuit of; indulgence in.

abhiviññāpeti →

ncped

begs, entreats; solicits (from); induces (to do something).

accantadussīlya →

ncped

extremely bad conduct

addhanīya →

ncped

  1. fit for traveling.
  2. lasting a long period; enduring.

addhānakkhama →

ncped

enduring a long journey

addhāyu →

ncped

duration of life

adhimāna →

ncped

an undue estimate of oneself, undue confidence in oneself. illusion; conceit.

adhimānika →

ncped

having undue confidence in oneself an undue estimate of oneself; conceited.

adhitiṭṭhati →

ncped

…fixes the mind on, undertakes; resolves, determines, produces (by supernatural power)

adhivāsakajātika →

ncped

enduring or patient by nature.

adhivāsana →

ncped

  1. endurance; forbearance.
  2. assent; acceptance (esp. of an invitation).

adhivāsayati →

ncped

is patient, waits; bears patiently, endures; assents, gives in to; accepts (an invitation).

adhiṭṭhahati →

ncped

…fixes the mind on, undertakes; resolves, determines, produces (by supernatural power)

adhiṭṭheti →

ncped

…fixes the mind on, undertakes; resolves, determines, produces (by supernatural power)

adhiṭṭhāna →

ncped

…determination, resolution; fixing the mind on; determining, controlling, producing (by supernatural power); taking (formal) possession of,…

adhiṭṭhāti →

ncped

…fixes the mind on, undertakes; resolves, determines, produces (by supernatural power)

adurāgata →

ncped

not unwelcome; welcome

ahaṇkāra →

ncped

  1. the (false) conception of one’s individuality; pride, conceit.
  2. the theory of self-creation

ajjhācare →

ncped

as regards conduct.

ajjhācāra →

ncped

misconduct, transgression (esp. sexual).

akeṭubhi →

ncped

not fraudulent, honest

akeṭubhin →

ncped

not fraudulent, honest

akittisañjanana →

ncped

(-ī)n. producing ill fame

akittisañjananī →

ncped

producing ill fame

akuha →

ncped

free from deceit; not fraudulent; genuine

akuhaka →

ncped

not deceitful, not fraudulent; genuine

akusala →

ncped

…right; evil, harmful, not conducing to well-being; evil, acting wrongly. 2. (n. (and m.?)) what is bad or evil; wrong or unsuitable action or…

akusalā dhammā →

ncped

wrong practices or actions; evil conduct; harmful factors

akālacīvara →

ncped

robe material given at a time other than the appointed period, or given during the appointed period to a specific bhikkhu or group of bhikkhus

anabhisambhuṇāti →

ncped

not mastering; not enduring.

anatthajanana →

ncped

producing harm

andu →

ncped

fetter; a shackle (of wood?)

andubhandana →

ncped

confining with an andu, shackling

andū →

ncped

fetter; a shackle (of wood?)

anudūta →

ncped

messenger sent with another; a companion.

anupadduta →

ncped

not assailed; free from distress or calamity

anuppāda →

ncped

non-appearance; non-production

anuppādenta →

ncped

not producing, not generating, not bringing into being*)uppanna.

anupubbakiriyā →

ncped

regular or gradual working.

anupubbakāraṇa →

ncped

gradual training.

anupubbapaṭipadā →

ncped

regular or gradual progress.

anupubbasikkhā →

ncped

regular or gradual training.

anupubbavihāra →

ncped

gradual or successive stage (in meditation).

anupubbaṃ →

ncped

in regular order, by turn; gradually.

anupubbena →

ncped

gradually; successively, in due course.

anuyogavatta →

ncped

procedure in examination

anācāra →

ncped

  1. (m.) misconduct, esp. sexual misconduct.
  2. (mfn.) immoral, unchaste

anāvaṭṭi →

ncped

not turning to; not seduced, unaffected.

anāvaṭṭin →

ncped

not turning to; not seduced, unaffected.

appakicca →

ncped

with few duties or cares; involving few duties or tasks

appassuta →

ncped

appassuta1

mfn. of little learning, uneducated.

appassuta2

neuter little learning, ignorance

appasuta →

ncped

appasuta1

mfn. of little learning, uneducated.

appasuta2

neuter little learning, ignorance

appatitthīna →

ncped

not stiffened, not obdurate against:

appatiṭṭhīna →

ncped

not stiffened, not obdurate against:

ariyavutti →

ncped

noble in conduct

asmimāna →

ncped

the conviction ‘I am’, the conviction of individuality; egotism.

assa →

ncped

…ashes; dust.

assa3

opt. 3 sg. assa + gen. (esp. preceded by siyä), (perhaps) it might occur to…, one might…

assadūta →

ncped

mounted messenger

atha vā →

ncped

or; or rather, or perhaps (in commentaries, introducing an alternative (preferred?) explanation)

aticarati →

ncped

goes beyond the bounds; transgresses sexually (against), is unfaithful (to); commits adultery.

aticarita →

ncped

who transgresses; commits adultery.

aticaritar →

ncped

who transgresses; commits adultery.

atikkamati →

ncped

…(against), passes by, neglects; commits adultery (with).

atta →

ncped

…own self (the abstract individual); the image in a looking-glass; especially. 3. oneself, himself, yourself, (used (in the sg.) as reflexive…

attabhāva →

ncped

bodily form, body; existence as an individual; living being

attabhāvapaṭilābha →

ncped

the becoming reborn as an individual; reincarnation; type of body or existence

attadutiya →

ncped

with oneself as the second; with a companion

attanudiṭṭhi →

ncped

dogma about the self; belief in an (enduring) self or soul

attanīya →

ncped

…to an (enduring) self or…

attavādupādāna →

ncped

grasping the theory of an (enduring) self or soul

atthacariyā →

ncped

conduct bringing benefit, helpful conduct; esp. benevolent behavior, helpful advice

aḍḍhaduka →

ncped

certain way of shaping the hair on the stomach

aṇusahagata →

ncped

having a very small part remaining; being very small; residual

aṇḍasambhava →

ncped

produced from an egg; a bird

cakkhukaraṇa →

ncped

(~ī)n. producing sight or insight.

caraṇa →

ncped

  1. (m. n.) a foot.
  2. (n.) behavior; conduct; esp. good and moral conduct.
  3. (n.) a traveling picture, a painting on cloth which is carried around.

caraṇasampanna →

ncped

perfect in good conduct.

caraṇava →

ncped

of good conduct.

caraṇavat →

ncped

of good conduct.

caraṇavipanna →

ncped

whose behavior is wroing; failing in good conduct.

caritaka →

ncped

action, behavior; (good) conduct.

cariyā →

ncped

going about, motion; action, performance; deed; behavior, conduct; esp. good conduct.

celaṇḍuka →

ncped

roll of cloth.

chakana →

ncped

dung.

chakaṇati →

ncped

dung.

chavadussa →

ncped

clothes from corpses or very poor clothes.

chaḍḍūna →

ncped

of chaḍḍeti

chuḍḍūna →

ncped

cintākavi →

ncped

one who produces a poem after (considerable) thought.

cintāmaya →

ncped

produced by thinking or reflection.

ciratta →

ncped

, abstr. long duration.

ciraṭṭhitika →

ncped

enduring for a long time; long-lived; enduring for a longer time.

cittadubbhaka →

ncped

mind that is an injurer; a treacherous mind?

ciṇṇa →

ncped

…(of a penance) undergone. 2. (n.) practicing observance; conduct; habitual conduct or practice.

cuṇṇaka →

ncped

hard substance ground into a powder or dust; aromatic powder; powder for washing.

cuṇṇakajāta →

ncped

reduced to powder; turned to dust.

cāpalla →

ncped

unsteadiness; thoughtlessness; indulgence in show and ornament.

cāritta →

ncped

…about, walking around. 2. habitual manner of acting, conduct; custom, tradition; good conduct; positive morality, duties to be performed (as…

cīvaradussa →

ncped

(a piece of) cloth for making robes.

daddu →

ncped

kind of cutaneous eruption; a skin disease.

daddulabhakka →

ncped

eating sediment or scrapings (from leather working)

dama →

ncped

…(mfn.) that is…

damatha →

ncped

taming; subduing; restraint; mastery.

dameta →

ncped

ones who tames or subdues; a trainer.

dametar →

ncped

ones who tames or subdues; a trainer.

dameti →

ncped

tames; makes tame; subdues.

damita →

ncped

of dameti subdued; tamed

danta →

ncped

…the tooth of a comb (?)

danta2

mfn. tamed, subdued; controlled; restrained.

daḷhadamma →

ncped

daḷhadamma1

neuter firm, enduring, by nature.

daḷhadamma2

mfn. & neuter having a strong bow; a good archer.

devadundubhi →

ncped

thunder.

devadūta →

ncped

god’s messenger, a warning of mortality.

deḍḍubha →

ncped

water snake; a kind of lizard.

deḍḍubhaka →

ncped

  1. a water snake; a kind of lizard.
  2. a kind of girdle or belt.

dhajāhaṭa →

ncped

(a wife) taken as captive during a war.

dhamma →

ncped

…is); right, appropriate conduct; duty; what is right; law, justice. 3. good practice; a good quality or characteristic or attainment. 4. a…

dhammajīvi →

ncped

living doing what is right; honest and dutiful.

dhammajīvin →

ncped

living doing what is right; honest and dutiful.

dhammaṃ carati →

ncped

does one’s duty, does what is right; lives righteously; practices the dhamma.

dhorayhasīla →

ncped

accustomed to bear burdens, to take on duties.

dhura →

ncped

, ~ā, feminine

  1. (m.n.f.) the pole, the shaft of a wagon or carriage; a yoke.
  2. a burden, a charge, a responsibility; a duty, obligation.

divasaṃ →

ncped

during the day.

dosanīya →

ncped

producing ill-will or hostility; causing anger.

dosapakata →

ncped

produced, influenced by ill-will.

du-osārita →

ncped

du-osārita

mfn.improperly readmitted

dubbalaka →

ncped

(one) who is week, of little strength.

dubballa →

ncped

dubbalya →

ncped

feebleness; unfitness.

dubbalīkarana →

ncped

( ~ā, ī)n., n

  1. (mfn.) weakening.
  2. (n.f.) the weakening (of)

dubbha →

ncped

injuring, hurting, deceiving.

dubbhati →

ncped

injures; hurts (+acc., gen., or loc.); deceives betrays.

dubbhida →

ncped

difficult to be broken or torn asunder.

dubbinodaya →

ncped

hard to drive away or dispel.

dubbisodha →

ncped

hard to clean.

dubbiññapaya →

ncped

dubbuddhi →

ncped

foolish; ignorant.

dubbuddhin →

ncped

foolish; ignorant.

dubbuṭṭhika →

ncped

lack of rain; drought.

dubhatomukha →

ncped

indeclinable with an opening on both sides.

dubhaya →

ncped

of both kinds.

dubhayaṃ →

ncped

as well (?)

duccaja →

ncped

difficult to give up; hard to give away.

duccajja →

ncped

duccara →

ncped

difficult to practice, hard to do

duccarita →

ncped

of carita (mfn.) badly or wrongly performed or observed; (n.m.) wrong action; evil practice

duccintitacinti →

ncped

thinking bad or foolish thoughts

duccintitacintin →

ncped

thinking bad or foolish thoughts

duccola →

ncped

wearing poor clothes; wearing a robe made from poor cloth.

duccoḷa →

ncped

duddada →

ncped

hard to give.

duddama →

ncped

difficult to manage or tame

duddamaya →

ncped

duddamiya →

ncped

hard to tame or manage.

duddasa →

ncped

difficult to see; hard to understand.

duddasika →

ncped

disagreeable to the sight; of unpleasing appearance, ugly.

duddassika →

ncped

duddhakhīra →

ncped

with the milking done, who has milk (from the cow)

duddikkha →

ncped

hard to look at.

duddiṭṭha →

ncped

not seen properly, ill-examined; a bad sight.

duddiṭṭharūpa →

ncped

an extremely bad sight.

duddiṭṭhi →

ncped

whose views are bad or false.

duddiṭṭhin →

ncped

dudikkha →

ncped

dugga →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) hard to travel; difficult of access; impassable.
  2. (n.) a place difficult of access or passage; difficult, rough country.

duggaha →

ncped

taking hold of wrongly; a bad seizing

duggahīta →

ncped

taken improperly; grasped badly or wrongly; wrongly apprehended; what is wrongly grasped, a mistaken opinion or belief,

duggata →

ncped

having a wretched (re) -birth; poor, unfortunate, ill-fated.

duggati →

ncped

wretched (re) -birth or state of existence; an ill destiny; misfortune, poverty.

duggatigamana →

ncped

going to a wretched existence.

duggatigāmi →

ncped

leading to a wretched existence.

duggatigāmin →

ncped

leading to a wretched existence.

dugguṇa →

ncped

duguṇa →

ncped

duhara →

ncped

duhati →

ncped

milks (a cow); extracts (milk); draws out, yields; fills.

duhitika →

ncped

in a poor condition; stricken by hunger; where food is scarce; where survival is difficult.

duhāpeti →

ncped

of duhati

dujivha →

ncped

dujjaha →

ncped

hard to give up.

dujjaya →

ncped

hard to conquer; hard to win

dujjivha →

ncped

dujjivīta →

ncped

hard life; a miserable life; an evil life.

dujjāna →

ncped

difficult to know; hard to understand.

dujjāta →

ncped

of ignoble birth; ignoble

duka →

ncped

set of two, a collection of two, a dyad; a section consisting of sets of two.

dukanipāta →

ncped

section consisting of sets of two.

dukathā →

ncped

wrong discourse, harmful talk

dukhadukha →

ncped

the trouble that is physical or mental pain or distress.

dukhadukhatā →

ncped

, abstr.

dukhatā →

ncped

, abstr. pain, distress, trouble.

dukhita →

ncped

dukkara →

ncped

(what is) hard to do; difficult to perform or practice; (it is) hard, a difficult thing.

dukkarakārikā →

ncped

who does what is hard to do.

dukkaratara →

ncped

, compar. harder to do; more difficult.

dukkata →

ncped

wrong action

dukkaṭa →

ncped

  1. (mfn. and n.) wrongly or wickedly done; badly made; badly arranged; what is wrongly done; an evil or wrong action.
  2. (n.) a particular classification of (vinaya) offense.

dukkha →

ncped

  1. (mfn.)
    1. painful; unpleasant; bringing pain or distress; uneasy, uncomfortable; not what one wants; wrong.
    2. (used to characterize all experience) unsatisfactory; bringing distress or troub …

dukkhabhikiṇṇa →

ncped

overwhelmed by desires.

dukkhadhivaha →

ncped

bringing, producing dukkha.

dukkhadhivāha →

ncped

  1. bringing, producing dukkha.
  2. difficult to bring or lead towards (?)

dukkhakkhanda →

ncped

the agglomeration of dukkha; a mass of discomfort or distress.

dukkhama →

ncped

hard to bear

dukkhanirodha →

ncped

the stopping, ceasing, ending, of dukkha.

dukkhanirodhagāmi →

ncped

leading to the ending of dukkha.

dukkhanirodhagāmin →

ncped

leading to the ending of dukkha.

dukkhapaṭikkūla →

ncped

averse to pain or distress; finding pain repugnant.

dukkhappaṭikkūla →

ncped

dukkhasamudaya →

ncped

the cause, origin, of dukkha.

dukkhatta →

ncped

, abstr. the being painful or difficult.

dukkhavedanīya →

ncped

entailing painful or unpleasant feelings or experiences.

dukkhavepakka →

ncped

having painful or unpleasant consequences.

dukkhavinaya →

ncped

the removal of dukkha.

dukkhaṃ →

ncped

in discomfort; uneasily; in pain.

dukkhetta →

ncped

poor, infertile land

dukkhi →

ncped

pained, distressed.

dukkhin →

ncped

pained, distressed.

dukkhindriya →

ncped

the faculty of pain, of distress.

dukkhita →

ncped

in pain; ill; distressed.

dukkhotiṇṇa →

ncped

entered, overcome, by dukkha.

dukkhudaya →

ncped

dukkhuddaya →

ncped

dukkhudraya →

ncped

resulting in pain or distress; in dukkha.

dukkhupasamana →

ncped

extinguishing dukkha.

dukkhāvaha →

ncped

bringing dukkha.

dukkhāvakkanta →

ncped

entered, overcome by dukkha.

dukūlasandāna →

ncped

with halters of dukūla cloth (?); with coverings of dukūla cloth (?)

dullabha →

ncped

rare; difficult to obtain or find; scarce.

dullabhatara →

ncped

, compar. more difficult to obtain; very rare.

duma →

ncped

tree.

dumavhaya →

ncped

(who) is named after a tree.

dummana →

ncped

sad; low spirited.

dummedhi →

ncped

unintelligent; ignorant.

dummedhin →

ncped

unintelligent; ignorant.

dumāsika →

ncped

of two months growth.

dumāsikaṃ →

ncped

indeclinable within two months (?)

dumūlaka →

ncped

dunnaya →

ncped

hard to infer or interpret.

dunniggaha →

ncped

hard to control

dunnihata →

ncped

not properly settled

dunnikkhama →

ncped

hard to get out.

dunnikkhasa →

ncped

hard to draw out or extract.

dunnikkhitta →

ncped

badly or wrongly placed, poorly set out; not laid aside or stored properly

dunnissārita →

ncped

incorrectly suspended

dunnisārita →

ncped

dunnivattha →

ncped

of nivattha

  1. (mfn.) improperly dressed.
  2. (n.) improper, scanty dress

dunnivāraya →

ncped

difficult to restrain; hard to hold back.

dunnīta →

ncped

badly or wrongly determined or interpreted; badly led

dupaṇṇa →

ncped

with two leaves.

dupaṭṭa →

ncped

of a double thickness; a double thickness of material; a robe of double material.

dupaṭṭhāka →

ncped

difficult to attend or nurse

duppadhaṃsiya →

ncped

hard to attack, unassailable.

duppadālaya →

ncped

hard to pierce, to tear apart.

duppadāliya →

ncped

duppajaha →

ncped

hard to give up.

duppamuñca →

ncped

hard to loosen; difficult to untie; hard to release.

duppariyogāha →

ncped

hard to go deeply into; hard to reach the bottom of, hard to fathom.

duppasaha →

ncped

hard to overcome; irresistible.

duppatimantiya →

ncped

duppaṭimantiya →

ncped

hard to answer or refute; hard to argue with.

duppaṭinissaggi →

ncped

unwilling to let go, renounce; hard to persuade to give up.

duppaṭinissaggin →

ncped

unwilling to let go, renounce; hard to persuade to give up.

duppaṭivijjha →

ncped

difficult penetrate, to understand.

duppaṭivinodaya →

ncped

hard to get rid of.

duppaṭivinodiya →

ncped

hard to dispel, get rid of.

duputta →

ncped

with two sons.

durabhirama →

ncped

difficulty of delight in.

durabhisambhava →

ncped

difficult to do, hard to attain; difficult to endure.

duraccaya →

ncped

difficult to overcome; hard to get beyond or crossover

duradhigama →

ncped

hard to attain.

duradhivāsa →

ncped

hard to live in.

durakkhāta →

ncped

badly preached.

durannaya →

ncped

  1. hard to accomplish; difficult to find out, to fathom; hard to follow.
  2. intractable (?)

duranubodha →

ncped

hard to understand.

duranurakkhiya →

ncped

hard to protect or guard.

duratikkama →

ncped

hard to pass, to go beyond; hard to escape from

durativatta →

ncped

hard to get beyond.

duropaya →

ncped

difficult to heal.

durubbaha →

ncped

hard to extract.

durupasaṅkama →

ncped

hard to approach.

durupeta →

ncped

in an evil state; ill-endowed

durābhaṭṭha →

ncped

badly or wrongly spoken.

durāgata →

ncped

not welcome; unwanted; ill-come; an ill coming

durājāna →

ncped

difficult to know or understand.

durāsada →

ncped

hard or dangerous to approach; difficult to attack; difficult to be met with, unparalleled.

durāvāsa →

ncped

hard to live in

durūpasaṅkama →

ncped

durūpeta →

ncped

in an evil state; ill-endowed

dussa →

ncped

cloth; clothes.

dussacālanī →

ncped

cloth sieve.

dussaddhāpaya →

ncped

hard to convince; hard to make believe.

dussaka →

ncped

dussamuṭṭhāpaya →

ncped

hard to raise.

dussamādaha →

ncped

hard to settle, hard to make still.

dussanīya →

ncped

dussapallaṭṭhikā →

ncped

posture held with the help of a cloth.

dussapata →

ncped

cloth screen.

dussapaṭṭa →

ncped

strip of cloth.

dussati →

ncped

dussati1

pr. 3 sg.

  1. be comes dirtied or spoilt or damaged.
  2. commits a fault, does wrong.

dussati2

pr. 3 sg. is…

dussavaṭṭi →

ncped

roll of cloth; fringe of a cloth.

dussaveṇi →

ncped

twist of plait of a cloth.

dussaṃhara →

ncped

hard to collect hard; hard to gather together.

dussi →

ncped

of dussati

dussīlya →

ncped

bad conduct; unwholesome doing.

dutiya →

ncped

, m.f. (mfn.)

  1. the second; a second; the next; a second kind of.
  2. the other, another; a further.
  3. (m.f.) a companion; a fellow.

dutiyaka →

ncped

(-ikā)n. & m.f.

  1. (mfn.) a second; a further.
  2. (m.f.) (being) a companion.

dutiyakaṃ →

ncped

adverb a second time, further.

dutiyakulika →

ncped

(one) belonging to a second, another, family.

dutiyaṃ →

ncped

adverb a second time; again.

dutiyya →

ncped

, m.f.

duttakkita →

ncped

incorrectly conjectured; badly thought out.

duttappaya →

ncped

hard to satisfy.

duttara →

ncped

duttara1

mfn. difficult to cross over, to pass beyond.

duttara2

mfn. hard to cross over; hard to climb out of or escape from.

duttitikkha →

ncped

hard to endure

dutīya →

ncped

, m.f.

duvagga →

ncped

group of two; consisting of a group of two.

duvassa →

ncped

of two years’ standing; one who has been ordained for two years.

duvaṅgula →

ncped

duvidha →

ncped

duvidhena →

ncped

adverb in two ways; as of two kinds; in a twofold way.

duvijātā →

ncped

woman who has given birth twice.

duvinodaya →

ncped

duviññapaya →

ncped

difficult to teach.

duvāra →

ncped

duvūpasamaya →

ncped

hard to calm; hard to settle.

duṭṭha →

ncped

duṭṭha1

pp mfn corrupt; spoilt; sullied.

duṭṭha2

pp. mfn. & masculine bearing ill-will; inimical; angered;…

duṭṭhagahaṇika →

ncped

whose digestion is upset

duṭṭhulla →

ncped

duṭṭhulla1

mfn. (mfn. & n.) serious; grievously wrong; a serious offense; esp. of speech: unseemly, suggestive, lewd; lewd…

duṭṭhullabhāṇi →

ncped

of unseemly speech; speaking lewdly.

duṭṭhullabhāṇin →

ncped

of unseemly speech; speaking lewdly.

duṭṭhullagāhi →

ncped

holding to what is wrong.

duṭṭhullagāhin →

ncped

holding to what is wrong.

duṭṭhāruka →

ncped

an angry or corrupt sore

duṭṭhārukā →

ncped

dvaya →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) twofold, double, of two kinds.
  2. (n.)
    1. a pair, two things.
    2. double meaning, falsehood, duplicity.

dvidugamavaratarahanutta →

ncped

having the jaw of the best of the quadrupeds.

dvija →

ncped

one (who) is born or produced twice; esp. a bird.

dāpeti →

ncped

induces to give.

dūbha →

ncped

dūhara →

ncped

hard to be taken away.

dūhati →

ncped

dūpadhārita →

ncped

wrongly considered, wrongly understood

dūpaṭṭhāka →

ncped

difficult to attend or nurse

dūrakantana →

ncped

cutting far off; banishment (?)

dūrama →

ncped

or neuter difficulty of enjoyment in; it is difficult to enjoy.

dūratara →

ncped

, compar. further away; more distant.

dūrato →

ncped

from afar; at a distance.

dūraṃ →

ncped

adverb a long way; far.

dūraṅgama →

ncped

going a long way; far reaching.

dūre →

ncped

far off; at a distance.

dūrepāti →

ncped

shooting at a distance; hitting from far off.

dūrepātin →

ncped

shooting at a distance; hitting from far off.

dūrā →

ncped

from afar; at a distance.

dūsaka →

ncped

(-ikā)n. (one) who dirties or defiles; who spoils or harms; a violator; an offender, a malefactor.

dūsanīya →

ncped

dūsayati →

ncped

dūsesi →

ncped

of dūseti

dūsesuṃ →

ncped

of dūseti

dūseti →

ncped

dirties, defiles; violates; spoils, damages.

dūsi →

ncped

  1. defiling; spoiling; violating.
  2. (m.) the name of mārā.

dūsin →

ncped

  1. defiling; spoiling; violating.
  2. (m.) the name of mārā.

dūsita →

ncped

of dūseti violated; defiled, spoiled, harmed

dūta →

ncped

messenger; envoy; a proxy.

dūtaka →

ncped

messenger.

dūtenūpasamapadā →

ncped

dūteyya →

ncped

errand; commission; carrying of messages; a message; messages.

dūtopasampadā →

ncped

ordination by means of a messenger or proxy.

dūtūpasampadā →

ncped

ehi →

ncped

imperat. used especially as introductory particles of exhortation, encouragement or summons (followed usually by an imperat. or fut.): come! come on!

eka →

ncped

…… eka …

(?) one … another …; one … the other …

eka … dutiya …

(?) one … another …; one … the other …

ekantaṃkusalāyatika →

ncped

…is absolutely good, resulting form what is good; or perhaps; producing what is absolutely good in the future

ekāhaṃ →

ncped

for one day, during one day

ekāhena →

ncped

in one day, in a single day; during that same day

esikaṭṭhāyiṭṭhita →

ncped

as firm or enduring as a pillar

etha →

ncped

imperat. used especially as introductory particles of exhortation, encouragement or summons (followed usually by an imperat. or fut.): come! come on!

evarūpa →

ncped

…or summing up a description just given: such a…; like that; such a thing; or 2. introducing a description or definition or list: as follows;…

evaṃ →

ncped

…a way; like this. 2. referring to what follows. 3. expressing assent. 4. introducing the second part of a comparison (often as evam eva or evam…

evaṃgatika →

ncped

producing or having a future course of this kind

evācāra →

ncped

of such behavior, of such conduct.

gadduhana →

ncped

gaddulabhaddha →

ncped

tied with a leash, on a leash.

gaddūhana →

ncped

the time required for milking a cow; short time.

garukaraṇa →

ncped

inducing respect.

gaṇdupāda →

ncped

gaṇḍuppāda →

ncped

worm; an earthworm.

gihivikata →

ncped

(what is) produced by, belonging to, a householder.

gomaya →

ncped

cow dung.

gomayabhakkha →

ncped

eating cow dung.

gorasa →

ncped

dairy product, milk, and its derivatives.

gotta →

ncped

…a sept, a clan; the clan name. 2. a related group or class; a group of similar individuals or concepts; a religious group. 3. (m.pl.) the (members)…

gundā →

ncped

the rush nut, cyperus rotundus.

gūtha →

ncped

feces; dung; excrement.

gūthabhastā →

ncped

bag of dung.

gūthagata →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) fallen into dung; covered in dung; smeared in excrement.
  2. (n.) excrement; dung.

gūthādi →

ncped

(~ī) eating excrement; one who feeds on dung.

gūthādin →

ncped

(~ī) eating excrement; one who feeds on dung.

idha →

ncped

…in this world; in this existence; in this case, in this connection (introducing an example or hypothesis); in this teaching, in this system.

iriyati →

ncped

moves, moves about; behaves, conducts oneself, lives (in a certain way)

iriyā →

ncped

(& ~a n.) conduct; deportment, life, way of life; movement.

iriyāpathiya →

ncped

based on (good) conduct

irīyati →

ncped

moves, moves about; behaves, conducts oneself, lives (in a certain way)

janaka →

ncped

(-ikā)n. begetting; generating, producing; (one) who gives or has given birth (to); (m.) a progenitor, a father; a parent; (f.) a mother.

janeti →

ncped

brings into being; generates; produces.

janita →

ncped

brought into being, produced.

jaḷa →

ncped

dull; stupid.

jaṭaṇduva →

ncped

roll of twisted hair.

jeti →

ncped

conquers; subdues.

jetvā →

ncped

having conquered; having subdued.

jeṭṭhāpacāyi →

ncped

paying respect due respect to one’s elders.

jeṭṭhāpacāyin →

ncped

paying respect due respect to one’s elders.

jeṭṭhāpacāyitā →

ncped

, abstr. paying respect due respect to one’s elders.

jitvā →

ncped

having conquered; having subdued.

jāra →

ncped

lover, an illicit or adulterous lover.

jārī →

ncped

an adulteress; a female lover.

jāta →

ncped

  1. born; produce; grown, growing; arisen; who has been born.
  2. become; present, apparent.
  3. of earth; natural; productive?

jātijāramaṇīya →

ncped

producing (further) birth, old age and death.

jīva →

ncped

…thing, any living being. 2. the principle of life; vital breath; an individual living being experiencing entity within the physical body. 3….

kacavara →

ncped

(& n. (?)) dust, sweepings; rubbish.

kacci →

ncped

…interrogative particle introducing a question. Often expecting or, more usually, hoping for the answer ‘yes’: “I hope that…”, “surely…

kalyāṇa →

ncped

…what is good, excellent; virtuous action; excellent conduct; excellence; beauty.

kamalapādukā →

ncped

slipper made of kamala grass; (or of lotus leaf (?).

kambala →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) woolen, made of wool.
  2. (m.n.) a woollen cloth or blanket or shawl (very often ratta- or paṇḍu-); a blanket or shawl.

kamma →

ncped

…actions of moral import (producing for the agent an inevitable result or consequence in the same or another life; the action appears to exist in…

kammārabhaṇḍu →

ncped

shaven-headed metalworker

kappa →

ncped

  1. (m. n.)

    1. an aeon, a cycle of the world’s evolution and dissolution; one stage of a cycle; a very long period of time.
    2. a (limited) length of time
  2. (m.n.) an allowable practice; an allo …

kappakata →

ncped

(what is) made proper, made allowable; marked with the kappabiṇḍu.

kappayati →

ncped

…dresses. 2. performs; produces, effects; brings about; esp. as auxiliary to nouns, e.g. jīvikaṃ ~eti, jīvitaṃ ~eti, lives; makes…

kappeti →

ncped

…dresses. 2. performs; produces, effects; brings about; esp. as auxiliary to nouns, e.g. jīvikaṃ ~eti, jīvitaṃ ~eti, lives; makes…

kara →

ncped

(usually ~ī)n. & masculine

  1. (mfn.) doing, making, producing.
  2. (n) the hand; the trunk of an elephant.

karakāya →

ncped

body produced by action, the physical body

karaṇīya →

ncped

to be done or made; to be dealt with; what is to be done, what should be done; business, affair; duty; need

katasāmaṇa →

ncped

who has performed the duties of a sāmana

kattar) →

ncped

one who makes, creates, produces (+ acc. or gen.); one who acts, who does.

kaṇḍu →

ncped

  1. itching, an itch.
  2. the itch; an itching skin disease.

kaṇḍupaṭicchādī →

ncped

an itch-covering cloth (worn by bhikkhus suffering from the itch)

kaṇḍuvamāna →

ncped

kaṇḍuvana →

ncped

itch, itching; scratching

kaṇḍuvanta →

ncped

(~antī)n.

kaṇḍuvati →

ncped

itches; scratches

kaṇḍūvamāna →

ncped

kaṇḍūvana →

ncped

(~antī)n.

kaṇḍūvati →

ncped

itches; scratches

kaṭhina →

ncped

…cloth to adding the kappabindu the approval of the robe by one or more bhikkhus . Only those can take part and share the privileges who have…

kaṭhinadussa →

ncped

cloth (to be made up) on the kaṭhina

kaṭukapphala →

ncped

having bitter fruit; producing distressing results

keṭubhi →

ncped

cheating, fraudulent, deceiving.

keṭubhin →

ncped

cheating, fraudulent, deceiving.

khama →

ncped

…patient, enduring; able to put up with; forbearing; amenable to; adequate, fit for; appropriate, proper for.

khama2

2…

khamanīya →

ncped

bearable; endurable; it is bearable

khamati →

ncped

…stands up to. 2. pardons, forgives someone (gen./dat.) for something (acc.); bears with, indulges. 3. seems good (to, gen./dat); is agreeable…

khamitabba →

ncped

to be endured; to be forgiven; one should pardon

khandhakavatta →

ncped

  1. one of the 14 rules of conduct prescribed in the Vattakkhandhaka (Vin ii 207–231).
  2. one of 82 subsidiary rules of conduct, either prescribed…

khanita →

ncped

dug; excavated

khanta →

ncped

one who bears patiently, who endures; who forgives.

khantar →

ncped

one who bears patiently, who endures; who forgives.

khanti →

ncped

  1. patience; forbearance; endurance.
  2. receptivity; predilection; preference; preferred view;

khantī →

ncped

  1. patience; forbearance; endurance.
  2. receptivity; predilection; preference; preferred view

khaṇita →

ncped

dug; excavated

khetta →

ncped

…of action. 3. fertile soil, a suitable place (for something to arise or be produced); esp. a suitable object or recipient, a field for producing…

khiḍḍāpadūsika →

ncped

spoilt, corrupted by sport and amusement

kicca →

ncped

…(n.) see…

kiccakara →

ncped

doing what should be done, doing one’s duty; serving a purpose, useful

kiccakaraṇīya →

ncped

duty to be performed, business to be done; various duties or affairs

kiccakāri →

ncped

doing what should be done; doing one’s duty; acting rightly.

kiccakārin →

ncped

doing what should be done; doing one’s duty; acting rightly.

kiccayatā →

ncped

obligation; task, duty.

kiccākiccāni →

ncped

various duties or affairs

kimphala →

ncped

having what as its fruit? producing what result?

kinti →

ncped

…meaning) why indeed? how precisely? exactly what? have you indeed … 2. (introducing a clause of purpose (with opt. )): why? so that …; in…

kiriya →

ncped

…acting. 2. morally significant activity which produces effects

kiriyavāda →

ncped

professing the doctrine that activity is morally significant and produces effects; advocating activity

kiriyavādi →

ncped

professing the doctrine that activity is morally significant and produces effects; advocating activity

kiriyavādin →

ncped

professing the doctrine that activity is morally significant and produces effects; advocating activity

kiñcikkhabhāvanā →

ncped

the producing of some material gain (?)

kiṃ gatika →

ncped

producing what future course?

kiṃ jātika →

ncped

produced by what? having what as its origin?

kiṃ karaṇīya →

ncped

duty, any duty at all

kriyā →

ncped

…acting. 2. morally significant activity which produces effects

kuha →

ncped

deceitful; fraudulent.

kuhaka →

ncped

deceitful; fraudulent (esp. performing insincere religious austerities, or falsely claiming virtues for gain); hypocritical; a fraud; an impostor.

kuladūsa →

ncped

(one) who defiles families

kuladūsaka →

ncped

(-ikā)n. who defiles the family; who corrupts a family

kumbhadūhanā →

ncped

giving a pitcher full of milk

kummāsa →

ncped

kind of grain (probably a type of barley or wheat); a porridge or dumpling made from this; a broth or gruel.

kusala →

ncped

…proper; meritorious; conducing to well-being; good, acting rightly 2. (n.) what is good; what leads to well-being; right or proper action…

kusalupasaṃhita →

ncped

(according to commentary) coming from what is good, resulting from what is good; or perhaps: producing good in the future

kusalā dhammā →

ncped

right practices or actions; good conduct; virtues; factors conducing to well-being

kuḍumalaka →

ncped

covered with opening buds.

kālacīvara →

ncped

robe-material given during the appointed period (to be used and allotted by the saṅgha

kāle →

ncped

at the right time; at a suitable time (often: in the morning); in due course

kālābhata →

ncped

produced by passing of time

kālāgata →

ncped

coming at the right time; produced at a suitable time

kāmabhogi →

ncped

…for sensual pleasures, indulging in pleasures of the senses; esp. (one) who indulges in sexual pleasure, i.e. (one) who is not celibate, not a…

kāmabhogin →

ncped

…for sensual pleasures, indulging in pleasures of the senses; esp. (one) who indulges in sexual pleasure, i.e. (one) who is not celibate, not a…

kāmakāmi →

ncped

following one’s various desires, indulging one’s desires; subject to desire for sensual pleasures

kāmakāmin →

ncped

following one’s various desires, indulging one’s desires; subject to desire for sensual pleasures

kāpotaka →

ncped

…foot, red…

kāraka →

ncped

…who makes or does or produces; the actor (in an action); the perpetrator (of a crime). 2. (one) who performs a service; a servant; a benefactor.

kāveyya →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) produced by a sage or poet.
  2. (n.) poetry; poetry-writing

kāviya →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) produced by a sage or poet.
  2. (n.) poetry; poetry-writing

kīvadūra →

ncped

how far? how far away?

kīvadūrato →

ncped

how far? from what distance?

kīvadūre →

ncped

how far? how far!

kūṭa →

ncped

…a snare; fraud, deception, cheating. 2. (mfn.) false, fraudulent; lying; wild, vicious.

nahārudaddula →

ncped

strip or shred of sinew.

nandūpasecana →

ncped

with a sauce or infusion of enjoying.

natthika →

ncped

an unbeliever (in the existence or efficacy of good conduct, in the existence of another world, etc); a skeptic.

nayati →

ncped

  1. leads, guides, conducts; takes; takes away; takes away in marriage; carries off.
  2. finds out, ascertains; decides; determines.

naṅgalamukha →

ncped

the opening of a conduit.

nekavassagaṇika →

ncped

adverb of neka in existence for many years; produced over many years

netabba →

ncped

to be led or brought; to be carried on; to be brought forward; to be adduced

nettika →

ncped

one who makes conduits for irrigation.

nhārudaddula →

ncped

nibbatteti →

ncped

produces; brings forth; brings into being

nibbedhabhāgiya →

ncped

belonging to, conducing to, penetration.

nicca →

ncped

constant, permanent, enduring; invariable; (iic often: constantly, always)

nidāna →

ncped

  1. cause, ground, underlying and determining factor; antecedent: occasion.
  2. preamble; introduction (giving occasion, setting, context)

nikhāta →

ncped

of nikhaṇati dug in; buried; fixed in the ground

nikkamadhātu →

ncped

exertion; endurance.

nimitta →

ncped

…appearance; a perceived (enduring) attribute, predicate (especially that of permanence); an attribution. 2. the organ of generation (of either…

nimmadeti →

ncped

humbles; subdues.

nimminitvā →

ncped

produces, forms, creates (by magic or supernatural power)

nimmināti →

ncped

produces, forms, creates (by magic or supernatural power)

nimmita →

ncped

of nimmināti formed, produced, created; (a form) created (by magic or supernatural power); a magical creation

nimmānāyati →

ncped

becomes humble, subdued; is humbled.

niratta →

ncped

niratta1

mfn. the lack of an enduring self; ? the letting go (of an enduring self); ?

niratta2

neuter thrown off; let go.

nisevati →

ncped

frequents, inhabits, resorts to; serves, waits upon; practices, performs; indulges in.

nissaraṇīya →

ncped

connected with, conducive to, separation, getting rid of, escape.

niyyānika →

ncped

going out, setting forth; being a good way, leading to good; conducive to leaving (saṃsāra)

nāma →

ncped

…differentiates an individual by verbal means; sometimes defined as what is non-material in a person, the mental components; or as the four (or…

nāmakāya →

ncped

the nama group, the group of non-material aspects (of an individual)

nāmarūpa →

ncped

…physical aspects of an individual. 2. esp. in the paṭiccasamuppāda series: with viññāṇa furnishing (the possibility of) individual…

nāthakaraṇa →

ncped

producing a support, making for protection.

odhiso →

ncped

in a limited way, within bounds; directed to limited or defined objects; individually, separately; partly

ojā →

ncped

bodily strength, vigour, vitality (produced by food); nutriment, sustenance; sap, juice.

okkhipati →

ncped

throws down, casts down; subdues, controls; disparages.

okkhitta →

ncped

throws down; cast down; subdued

sa-upādisesa →

ncped

…life) accompanied by a residue of material support. 2. with a residue of material support, with some holding on to. 3. with a trace or infection…

saduttara →

ncped

very hard to cross over or climb out of.

sukaṭadukkaṭa →

ncped

well and/or wrongly done; good and/or bad.

tacchati →

ncped

cuts, splits; planes, pares, chisels; forms, fashions; reduces, makes thin.

tadubhaya →

ncped

the pair, both of them.

taduṭṭhāya →

ncped

indeclinable arising from that.

tadūbhaya →

ncped

tadūpaka →

ncped

(-ikā)n.

tadūpiya →

ncped

(-ikā)n. fit for that, appropriate for that.

tanutta →

ncped

, abstr. thinness; diminution; reduction.

taṃdukkha →

ncped

having, sharing, that unhappiness

taṇhādutiya →

ncped

having craving as one’s companion.

taṇḍula →

ncped

grain, especially rice-grain; husked rice.

taṇḍulahoma →

ncped

an offering of rice.

taṇḍulamuṭṭhi →

ncped

handful of rice.

taṇḍulapaṭhibasta →

ncped

bag of rice in return?

taṇḍulapphala →

ncped

producing, being, the pure grain (without husk)

thira →

ncped

firm, hard; strong; fixed; durable, lasting.

thokathokaṃ →

ncped

adverb just a little; a little each time; little by little; gradually.

tindukhāṇu →

ncped

tinduka tree’s stump.

tindukācīra →

ncped

tinduka row or grove?; a name of an ārāma?

tindukālāta →

ncped

fire of tinduka wood.

tirodussantena →

ncped

indeclinable through a curtain.

titikkhati →

ncped

bears, endures patiently; puts up with.

titikkhā →

ncped

endurance, forgiveness, forbearance.

tiṇaṇḍupaka →

ncped

tiṇaṇḍūpaka →

ncped

roll or head-pad of grass.

uccāra →

ncped

dung; feces; excrement.

udabindu →

ncped

drop of water.

udabindunipāta →

ncped

the falling of a drop of water.

udakaniddhamana →

ncped

drain, conduit; outlet

uddhaṭa →

ncped

…flurried

uddhaṭa2

pp mfn. pulled out; dug out; removed; collected; selected; cited.

udukkhala →

ncped

mortar; a cavity, a socket (for a doorpost or pillar).

udukkhalikā →

ncped

socket.

udumbara →

ncped

the (glomerate) fig-tree, Ficus glomerata.

udumbarakhādikaṃ →

ncped

in the way of eating of figs

udumbarakhādikā →

ncped

the eating of figs

udāhu →

ncped

(an interrogative particle, introducing the second part of a double question or the third part of a triple question): or.

ukkiratiparikha →

ncped

with a ditch dug (round).

uklāpa →

ncped

full of rubbish, dirty, dusty.

undura →

ncped

rat or mouse

undurakhāyita →

ncped

gnawed by mice or rats

undurakkhāyita →

ncped

gnawed by mice or rats

undūra →

ncped

rat or mouse

upadduta →

ncped

(some times written as upaddūta) oppressed; tyrannized over; assailed; visited by calamities.

upaddūta →

ncped

oppressed; tyrannized over; assailed; visited by calamities

upadussati →

ncped

bears ill-will, is resentful.

upadussiṃ →

ncped

upajāyati →

ncped

is produced (in addition); appears; is (re)born.

upaneti →

ncped

…puts to use; uses up; initiates, takes as disciple; adduces, cites, alludes to.

upanīhātuṃ →

ncped

to take out, to produce.

upavasati →

ncped

lives in a state of abstinence, observes (a fast or (the duties of) an uposatha day).

upaṭṭhapana →

ncped

producing, bringing about; arranging attendance; having (someone) served or cared for

upaṭṭhāpana →

ncped

producing, bringing about; arranging attendance; having (someone) served or cared for

uposathūpavāsa →

ncped

observance of the duties of the uposatha day

uppajjati →

ncped

arises, comes into being; appears, is produced; becomes available.

uppajjiyati →

ncped

is brought into being, is produced; is made available

uppanna →

ncped

arisen, come into being; appeared; produced, available

uppaṇḍu →

ncped

very yellowish; very pale.

uppaṇḍuppaṇḍukajāta →

ncped

extremely yellow; extremely pale

uppāda →

ncped

…coming into being, appearance; production.

uppādayati →

ncped

causes to issue forth or appear; produces, generates, brings into being

uppādeta →

ncped

one who brings into being, who produces.

uppādetar →

ncped

one who brings into being, who produces.

uppādeti →

ncped

causes to issue forth or appear; produces, generates, brings into being

uppādita →

ncped

produced; generated

upādisesa →

ncped

remnant of material support or fuel; a residue of grasping.

upādāna →

ncped

…is intended; both reinforce each other: previous grasping produces fuel, which is itself then grasped).

upādāniya →

ncped

(from upādāna) likely to be taken as one’s own, tending to produce grasping; serving as a support or fuel.

ussahati →

ncped

endures, bears; is able; is fit, is adequate; dares; acts with energy or courage.

ussāvabindu →

ncped

dewdrop, a drop of dew.

utupariṇāmi →

ncped

development in due season

utupariṇāmin →

ncped

development in due season

uṭṭhapeti →

ncped

makes get up, rouses; makes rise, lifts, erects; makes appear, produces, lets rise, appear

uṭṭhāpayati →

ncped

makes get up, rouses; makes rise, lifts, erects; makes appear, produces, lets rise, appear

uṭṭhāpeti →

ncped

makes get up, rouses; makes rise, lifts, erects; makes appear, produces, lets rise, appear

ñattidutiya →

ncped

involving a motion as a second requirement (with one proclamation of the kammavaca); plus a motion.

ñāṇabhandu →

ncped

associated, connected with, knowledge.

ñāṇakaraṇa →

ncped

(~ī)n. producing knowledge or understanding.

ābhisamācārika →

ncped

belonging to good conduct (the minimum of decent behavior), proper; relating to the basic discipline; belonging to the basic or minor discipline

ācamanapādukā →

ncped

fixed shoes for the feet when washing

ācāra →

ncped

behavior, conduct, practice; good conduct, right way of behaving; rule of conduct; approaching.

ādheyyamukha →

ncped

credulous; quickly convinced

ādiyamukha →

ncped

credulous; quickly convinced

ādu →

ncped

or; introducing a second question or the second part of a disjunctive question.

āha →

ncped

…says, speaks; tells; said, spoke; speaks about; calls, regards as; (to introduce objections) someone might say, it is said; 3 sg. āha (and āhu).

āhu →

ncped

…time) says, speaks; tells; said, spoke; speaks about; calls, regards as; (to introduce objections) someone might say, it is said; 3 sg….

āhuta →

ncped

produced, coming from.

ājīvikapakata →

ncped

induced by (the necessity of) obtaining a living

ājīvikāpakata →

ncped

induced by (the necessity of) obtaining a living

ānandajanana →

ncped

(~ī)n. producing joy

ānantarika →

ncped

…results; (of an action) producing consequences in the immediately following existence; (of a person) suffering immediate retribution, suffering…

ānantariya →

ncped

…results; (of an action) producing consequences in the immediately following existence; (of a person) suffering immediate retribution, suffering…

ānupubbikathā →

ncped

an exposition or narrative in a regular order; an account of previous events; a progressive or gradual sermon; instruction step by step.

āpajjati →

ncped

…upon, falls into, is reduced to (a state or condition), is changed into; gets into trouble; commits an offense (with āpatti or used…

āpādu →

ncped

āpāduṃ →

ncped

ārammaṇa →

ncped

basis, starting point (for producing or initiating activity), footing; basis of meditation; object, object of consideration, sense-object.

āsabha →

ncped

(~ī)n. coming from or produced from a bull; bull-like; belonging to a leader; lordly.

āsevanā →

ncped

assiduous practice; habitual cultivation.

āsevati →

ncped

attends to, practises, cultivates; indulges in.

āvahati →

ncped

carries towards, carries along; brings; produces.

āvatta →

ncped

…eddy

āvatta2

pp mfn.

  1. turned, converted; enticed, seduced.
  2. having returned; turned back (esp. to a layman’s life)

āvattati →

ncped

  1. (intrans.) turns, turns to; turns round, rolls; turns back, returns (esp. to a layman’s life); winds, curls.
  2. is enticed, is seduced

āvatteti →

ncped

turns, turns back; diverts, directs; converts; seduces

āvaṭṭa →

ncped

…eddy

āvaṭṭa2

pp mfn.

  1. turned, converted; enticed, seduced.
  2. having returned; turned back (esp. to a layman’s life)

āvaṭṭanī →

ncped

turning, seducing; a seductress; a seductive sorcery.

āvaṭṭati →

ncped

  1. (intrans.) turns, turns to; turns round, rolls; turns back, returns (esp. to a layman’s life); winds, curls.
  2. is enticed, is seduced

āvaṭṭeti →

ncped

turns, turns back; diverts, directs; converts; seduces

āyu →

ncped

life; vital power; duration of life, life-time; long life.

ṭhitibhāgiya →

ncped

conducive to, connected with, continuance.

abhibhāyatana →

nyana

…one of a large size for a dull nature, a beautiful object for an angry nature, an ugly one for a lustful nature.

In Vis.M V it is said: By means…

abhisamācārika-sīla →

nyana

…relates to the external duties of a Bhikkhu such as towards his senior, etc. abhisamācārika-sīla is a name for those moral rules other…

acinteyya →

nyana

…to do with genuine pure conduct see: ādibrahmacariyaka-sīla, does neither lead to aversion, detachment, ceasing, nor to peace, not to full…

adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā →

nyana

[[adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā]]Adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā: ‘feeling which is neither painful nor pleasant’, i.e. neutral or indifferent feeling;…

akuppa-dhamma →

nyana

…choice of place, object and duration, and enters them and emerges from them effortlessly, then it is impossible that in such a person the…

anattā →

nyana

Anattā: No-self, egolessness, soullessness, impersonality, absence of identity, is the last of the 3 universal characteristics of existence ti-lakkhana. This anattā doctrine, which only is t …

anicca →

nyana

…characteristics, suffering dukkha and no-self anattā, are derived see: S. XXII, 15; Ud. IV, I

impermanence of things is the arising, passing…

anusaya →

nyana

…in consequence of their endurance, they ever and again - life after life- tend to become the conditions for the arising of ever new…

anussati →

nyana

…these eight kinds of individuals, the four Noble pairs, deserve both gifts, self-sacrifice, offerings, hospitality and reverential salutation…

aparihāniya-dhamma →

nyana

…one set of 6 conditions, conducive to the welfare of the Community of Bhikkhus, the Sangha. Identical texts at A. VII, 20-25. To be distinguished…

appanā-samādhi →

nyana

…the concentration existing during absorption jhāna, whilst the neighbourhood or access-concentration upacāra samādhi only approaches the…

ariya-puggala →

nyana

…as the 9th noble individual.

According to the Abhidhamma, the supra-mundane path, or simply path magga, is a designation of the moment of…

atta-vādupādāna →

nyana

Atta-vādupādāna: Attachment to the belief or view in a constant ego, self or soul, is one of the 4 kinds of clinging upādāna.

avacara →

nyana

…that level, or who already during his life-time is living in happiness of the absorptions, all these things are of the fine-material level….

avihimsā →

nyana

…appears also an element of harmlessness avihesā - dhātu, in the sense of an irreducible elementary quality of Noble thought, speech &…

bhava →

nyana

…2: Kamma-produced rebirth, or regenerating process uppattibhava, i.e. the kammically passive side of existence consisting in the…

bhavanga-sota →

nyana

…way again and again, even during dreamless sleep and at other times. In this way one has to understand the continuous arising of those states of…

bhojane mattaññutā →

nyana

…for pastime, nor for indulgence, nor to become beautiful or handsome, but only to maintain and support this body, to avoid harm and to assist…

bhāvanā →

nyana

…see: kasina. These produce the 4 absorptions

10 loathsome subjects asubha. These produce the 1st…

bojjhanga →

nyana

…mindful, after subduing worldly greed and grief, at such a time his awareness or mindfulness is present and undisturbed; and whenever his…

carita →

nyana

dosa-carita the stupid or dull-natured moha-carita the faithful-natured saddhā - carita the intelligent-natured buddhi - carita

ceto-vimutti →

nyana

…of existence’, for of mind due to non-attention to all conditions of existence; ‘void of m’ for of m. due to contemplating voidness of self. For…

cetokhila →

nyana

Cetokhila: ‘mental obduracies’, are 5 things which stiffen and hinder the mind from making right exertion, namely: doubt about the Master, about…

citta-ja (citta-samutthāna)-rūpa →

nyana

[[citta-ja (citta-samutthāna)-rūpa]]Citta-ja citta-samutthāna-rūpa: ‘mind-produced materiality’; see: samutthāna

citta-kammaññatā →

nyana

Citta-kammaññatā: °lahutā, °mudutā, °paguññatā, °passaddhi, °ujukatā see: Tab. II.

citta-kkhana →

nyana

…to be of inconceivably short duration and to last not longer than the billionth part of the time occupied by a flash of lightning. However that may…

citta-samutthāna-rūpa →

nyana

Citta-samutthāna-rūpa: ‘mind-produced materiality’; see: samutthāna.

consciousness: viññāna →

nyana

…- Materiality produced by °: citta - ja - rūpa see: samutthāna - Abodes or supports of °: cf. viññānatthiti

elasticity →

nyana

Elasticity: of materiality, mental properties or consciousness: mudutā see: khandha Materiality I.B. and Tab. II.

equanimity →

nyana

…with regard to all constructions, see: visuddhi VI, 8. - Indulging in e., see: manopavicāra

food →

nyana

…nutriments āhāra. Foodproduced materiality, see: samutthāna - Refusing all further f., see: dhutānga - Loathsomeness of f. see:…

gati →

nyana

…world; D. 33; A. XI, 68. Of these, the first 3 count as woeful courses duggati see: apāya the latter 2 as happy courses sugati.

gladness →

nyana

Gladness: somanassa - Indulging in g., see: manopavicāra.

gradual instruction →

nyana

[[gradual instruction]]Gradual instruction: Ānupubbīkathā

grief →

nyana

Grief: domanassa - Indulging in g. see: manopavicāra.

hasituppāda-citta →

nyana

…lit. ‘consciousness producing mirth’ smile, is found in the Abhidhammattha Sangaha as a name for the joyful mind-consciousness element…

hetu →

nyana

…conditions given in the introduction to the Patthāna see: Guide, p. 117. The Dhs 1052-1082 and Patthāna Duka-patth; Guide, p. 144 have sections…

iddhi →

nyana

…body another mentally produced body; the power of penetrating knowledge ñāna - vipphara iddhi i.e. the power of inherent insight to…

individual →

nyana

Individual: puggala

indriya →

nyana

sukha
11. bodily pain: dukkha
12. gladness: somanassa
13. sadness: domanassa
14. indifference: upekkhā

5 Spiritual…

inducement →

nyana

Inducement: an alternative rendering for decisive-support condition, upanissaya is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

indulging →

nyana

Indulging: in joy, sadness etc.: see: manopavicāra.

jarā →

nyana

Jarā: ‘old age, decay’, is one of the 3 divine messengers see: deva-dūta. For its conditioning by birth, see: paticcasamuppāda 11.

javana →

nyana

…this phase that kamma is produced, i.e. advantageous or disadvantageous intention concerning the perception that was the object of the previous…

jhāna →

nyana

appanā see: samādhi during which there is a complete, though temporary, suspension of fivefold sense-activity and of the 5 hindrances see:…

jīva →

nyana

…life, vital principle, individual soul. ‘Soul life and body are identical’ and ‘Soul and body are different’, these two frequently quoted wrong…

materiality →

nyana

Materiality: produced through consciousness, kamma, etc.; see: samutthāna - Sensitive c.: pasāda-rūpa

paccavekkhana-ñāna →

nyana

…of directing and impulsion, during whose arising the Bhikkhu is reviewing the path, reviewing the fruition, reviewing the abandoned defilements,…

paccaya →

nyana

…about them, become an inducement to immoral life; by right thinking, an inducement to moral life. But good things may be an inducement not only…

pacceka-buddha →

nyana

…the 4 Noble Truths individually pacceka independent of any teacher, by his own effort. He has, however, not the capacity to proclaim the…

pahāna →

nyana

…the 5 hindrances nīvarana during the absorptions, 2 overcoming by the opposite tadanga-pahāna 3 overcoming by destruction…

pakati-sīla →

nyana

…those outward rules of conduct laid down for either laymen or Bhikkhus. Those later are the so-called ‘prescribed morality’ paññāttisīla

pakati-upanissaya →

nyana

Pakati-upanissaya: ‘direct inducement’; see: paccaya

paramī →

nyana

…of beings, wishing long duration to the higher states of happiness of beings, and being impartial and just to all beings, therefore 1: They…

paranimmita-vasavatti-deva →

nyana

…with power over the productions of others’, constitute a class of divine beings in the sense-sphere kāma-loka. Māra is said to be their…

parihāna-dhamma →

nyana

…regard to place, object and duration, does he enter them, or rise therefrom. Therefore it is well possible that such a monk, through negligence,…

paticcasamuppāda →

nyana

…support’ or ‘direct inducement’ pakatupanissaya for example, if, induced by ignorance and vanity, one exerts oneself to attain the…

patipadā →

nyana

…see: indriya 15-19 are dull in him; and by reason thereof he reaches only slowly the immediacy ānantariya q.v to the cessation of all…

patisambhidā →

nyana

…every cause hetu producing a result, the noble path, the spoken word, the kammically advantageous, the kammically disadvantageous. When…

patisandhi →

nyana

…Venerable Sir. The light during the whole night depends on one and the same lamp.’’

Just so, o King, is the chain of phenomena linked together….

patisankhāna-bala →

nyana

…he abandons bad conduct in deeds, words and thoughts, follows good conduct, and keeps his mind pure, this, o Bhikkhus, is the power of…

patti-dāna →

nyana

…in the ghost realm, an inducement to a happy and morally advantageous state of mind. Transference of merit is advocated though without…

paññā →

nyana

anicca, misery dukkha see: sacca and impersonality anattā of all forms of existence. Further details, see: under…

phala →

nyana

…of the next higher path, may during the practice of insight vipassanā still recur innumerable times. If thus repeated, they are called the…

phassa →

nyana

…first e.g. Dhs. 1: M. 9, due to its fundamental position in the cognitive process In M. 18 it is thus defined:;Dependent on the eye and the…

produced materiality →

nyana

[[produced materiality]]Produced materiality: nipphanna-rūpa

productive →

nyana

Productive: or regenerative kamma: s. kamma.

progress of the disciple →

nyana

…passage that outlines the gradual course of development in the progress of the disciple. There it is shown how this development takes place…

puggala →

nyana

Puggala: ‘individual’, ‘person’, as well as the synonyms: personality, individuality, being satta self attā etc., in short all terms…

puñña →

nyana

…see: anussati 3. The Arahats, however, having transcended all life-affirming and rebirth-producing actions, are said to be;beyond merit and…

puññā-dhārā →

nyana

…It is said that one produces 4 streams of merit by offering the 4 requisites robes, foodfood, dwelling, medicine to a Bhikkhu who has reached…

pūjā →

nyana

…those worthy of it, is conducive to great blessing; pūjā ca pūjaniyesu etam mangalam uttamarn See Dhp. 195f.

2: The Buddha did not think…

tanhā →

nyana

tanhā - vicarita induced internally, and 18 induced externally; and as occurring in past, present and future, they total 108; see A. IV,…

temperature →

nyana

Temperature: utu. - For materiality produced by temperature, see: samutthāna

ti-lakkhana →

nyana

…misery dukkha see: sacca, dukkhatā no-self anattā.

Whether Perfect Ones appear in the world, or whether Perfect Ones do not appear in the…

titthāyatana →

nyana

…all happiness and woe are produced through former kamma prenatal actions; see: kamma; 2 that everything is uncaused; 3 that everything is created by…

ādibrahmacariyaka-sīla →

nyana

…‘morality of genuine pure conduct’, consists in right speech, right bodily action and right livelihood, forming the 3rd, 4th and 5th links of the…

āhāra-samutthāna-rūpa →

nyana

Āhāra-samutthāna-rūpa: ‘Food-produced materiality’; see: samutthāna

ākiñcañña-ceto-vimutti →

nyana

…of all acquisitions. The end stage of realizing Dukkha see: ceto-vimutti

āloka-saññā →

nyana

…According to D. 33, it is conducive to the development of ‘knowledge and vision’ see: visuddhi VI + VII, and it is said to be helpful to the…

ānantariya →

nyana

…and ennobling the individual nature forever. It is mentioned under the name of ānantarika - samādhi in the Ratana Sutta Sn. v. 22 and in…

ānupubbī-kathā →

nyana

Ānupubbī-kathā: ‘gradual instruction’, progressive teaching; given by the Buddha when it was necessary to first prepare the listener’s mind…

ānāpāna-sati →

nyana

…and then how these again produce release of mind ceto-vimutti and release through understanding paññā-vimutti.

Literature:…

āsava →

nyana

…often end with the words: During this utterance, the minds of the Bhikkhus were freed from the mental fermentations through absence of clinging…

āyūhana →

nyana

…IX, X. Or, the intentions during the first six impulse-moments javana depending on one and the same state of directing āvajjana (see….

a →

pts

…expletive. It represents a reduction of ā- (mostly before liquids and nasals and with single consonant instead of double). Thus anantaka (for…

abala →

pts

…weak, feeble Snp.1120 (= dubbala, appabala, appathāma Cnd.73); Dhp.29 (˚assa a weak horse = dubbalassa Dhp-a.i.262; opp. sīghassa a quick…

abbha →

pts

…(used in sense of adj. “dull” Dhs-a explains by valāhaka); perhaps also in abbhāmatta.

*…

abbhudāharati →

pts

to bring towards, to fetch, to begin or introduce (a conversation) MN.ii.132.

abhi + ud + ā + harati

abbhuta →

pts

…dumbfounded & surprised Ja.i.88; Dhp-a.iv.52; Pv-a.6, Pv-a.50.

abbhāmatta →

pts

…abbhuṃ, and see Walde, Lat. Wtb. under dubius

abhejja →

pts

…Pp.30 (= acchejja Pp-a.212); Mil.160 (˚parisā); Sdhp.312 (+ appadusiya); Pgdp.97 (˚parivāra).

grd. of a + bhid, cp. Sk. abhedya

abhi →

pts

…con-template, ˚ramati indulge in, ˚ropeti honour, ˚vuḍḍha increased, ˚saddahati believe in.

  1. As base in compn.

abhijāti →

pts

…the theory of the six species) has been widely adopted by subsequent Hindu writers. 2. Rebirth, descent, Mil.226.

abhi + jāti

abhijāyati →

pts

to beget, produce, effect, attain, in phrase akaṇhaṃ asukkaṃ Nibbānaṃ a. DN.iii.251; AN.iii.384 sq At Snp.214 abhijāyati means “to…

abhikiṇṇa →

pts

…filled Pv.ii.11#2 (puppha˚). 2. overwhelmed, overcome, crushed by (-˚) Iti.89 (dukkh˚ vv.ll. dukkhâtiṇṇa & otiṇṇa) = AN.i.147…

abhilambita →

pts

adjective hanging down Ja.v.407 (nīladuma˚).

pp. of abhilambati

abhimatthati →

pts

…to rub, to produce by friction (esp. fire, aggiṃ; cp. Vedic agniṃ nirmanthati) MN.i.240.

abhi + math or manth, cp….

abhinibbatta →

pts

reproduced, reborn AN.iv.40, AN.iv.401; Cnd.256 (nibbatta abhi pātubhūta); Dhs.1035, Dhs.1036 (so read for˚ nippatta) Vv-a.9…

abhinibbattati →

pts

to become, to be reproduced, to result Pp.51
pp abhinibbatta
■ Cp B.Sk. wrongly abhinivartate].

abhi + nibbattati

abhinibbatteti →

pts

to produce, cause, cause to become SN.iii.152; AN.v.47; Nd ii.under jāneti.

abhi + nibbatteti, caus. of ˚nibbattati

abhinimmadana →

pts

crushing, subduing, levelling out MN.iii.132; AN.iv.189 sq.

abhi + nimmadana

abhinimmināti →

pts

to create (by magic), produce, shape, make SN.iii.152 (rūpaṃ); AN.i.279 (oḷārikaṃ attabhāvaṃ); Nd ii.under pucchā6 (rūpaṃ…

abhinippajjati →

pts

to be produced, accrue, get, come (to) MN.i.86 (bhogā abhinipphajjanti: sic) Cnd.99 (has n’âbhinippajjanti)
■ Cp….

abhinippanna →

pts

(& -nipphanna) produced, effected, accomplished DN.ii.223 (siloka); Ja.vi.36 (so read for abhinippata); Mil.8 (pph.).

abhi + nippanna, pp. of…

abhinipphatti →

pts

production, effecting DN.ii.283 (variant reading ˚nibbatti).

abhi + nipphatti

abhinipphādeti →

pts

to bring into existence, produce, effect, work, perform DN.i.78 (bhājana-vikatiṃ) Vin.ii.183 (iddhiṃ); SN.v.156, SN.v.255; Mil.39.

abhi +…

abhinippīḷeti →

pts

to squeeze, crush, subdue Vism.399; often in combn. with abhiniggaṇhāti MN.i.120; AN.v.230.

abhi +…

abhinivassati →

pts

lit. to pour out in abundance, fig. to produce in plenty. Cp.i.10#3 (kalyāṇe good deeds).

abhi + ni + vassati fr. vṛṣ

abhiramati →

pts

…in or with (c. loc.), to indulge in love Snp.718 Snp.1085; Ja.i.192; Ja.iii.189, Ja.iii.393; Dhp-a.i.119; Pv-a.3, Pv-a.61 Pv-a.145
ppr act….

abhiramāpeti →

pts

  1. to induce to sport, to cause one to take pleasure Ja.iii.393.
  2. to delight, amuse, divert Ja.i.61
    ■ Cp….

abhirata →

pts

adjective (-˚) found of, indulging in, finding delight in AN.iv.224 (nekkhamma˚); AN.v.175 (id.) Snp.86 (nibbāna˚), Snp.275 (vihesa˚), Snp.276…

abhisamaya →

pts

…antam akāsi dukkhassa“ at SN.iv.205, SN.iv.207, SN.iv.399; AN.iii.246, AN.iii.444; Iti.47 cp. māna˚ SN.i.188 = Thig.20 (tato…

abhisambhava →

pts

only in dur˚; hard to overcome or get over, hard to obtain or reach, troublesome SN.v.454; AN.v.202; Snp.429, Snp.701; Ja.v.269, Ja.vi.139,…

abhisamācārika →

pts

…to be expected of good conduct, proper. Of sikkhā Vin.v.181; AN.ii.243 sq.; of dhamma MN.i.469;…

abhisanna →

pts

…of humours, cp. Vin.ii.119 & Mil.134) Ja.i.17 (Ja.v.88 pītiyā); Mil.112 (duggandha˚).

pp. of abhisandati = abhi + syand, cp. Sk. abhisanna

abhisaṅga →

pts

…sticking to, cleaving to, adherence to Ja.v.6; Ne.110 Ne.112; Dhs-a.129 (˚hetukaṃ dukkhaṃ), Dhs-a.249 (˚rasa).

fr. abhi + sañj, cp….

abhisevanā →

pts

pursuit, indulgence in (-˚) Sdhp.210 (pāpakamma˚).

abhi + sevana fr. sev

abhitunna →

pts

…SN.ii.20; Pts.i.129 (dukkha˚), Pts.i.164; Ja.i.407 Ja.i.509 (˚tuṇṇa); Ja.ii.399, Ja.ii.401; Ja.iii.23 (soka˚); Ja.iv.330; Ja.v.268,…

abhiviññāpeti →

pts

…mind on (c. acc.), to induce somebody (dat.) to (acc.) Vin.iii.18 (purāṇadutiyikāya methunaṃ dhammaṃ abhiviññāpesi).

abhi +…

abhiññā →

pts

…conditions are said to conduce (inter alia) to serenity, to special knowledge (abhiññā), to special wisdom, and to Nibbāna These conditions…

accanta →

pts

…(˚suddhi = param ttha-accantasuddhi Snp-a.528); Thag.692 (˚ruci); Dhp.162 (˚dussīlya = ekanta Dhp-a.iii.153).

ati + anta, lit. “up to the…

accaya →

pts

…conquering, only in phrase dur-accaya difficult to overcome, of kāmapanka Snp.945 (= dur-atikkamanīya Snp-a.568), of sanga Snp.948: taṇhā…

acceti →

pts

…overcome to get over Mil.36 (dukkhaṃ)

caus acceti to make go on (loc.), to put on Ja.vi.17 (sūlasmiṃ; C. āvuṇeti) but…

acchariya →

pts

…is prob. correct & thus reduces Sk. āścarya to a Sanskritisation of acchariya) viz. Dhammapāla: anabhiṇha-ppavattitāya…

accharā →

pts

…as signifying a short duration of time, a moment, ˚matta momentary only for one moment (cp. BSk. acchaṭāsanghāta Divy.142) AN.i.10,…

acchindati →

pts

…Pv-a.241 (sayaṃ); & acchetvā MN.i.434. Caus. ii. acchindāpeti to induce a person to theft Vin.iv.224, Vin.iv.247.

ā +…

acchādeti →

pts

…(abbhaṃ rajo acchādesi dust filled the air)
pp acchanna (q.v.).

ā + chādeti1, Caus. of chad, cp. BSk….

accupaṭṭhapeti →

pts

at Ja.v.124 is to be read with variant reading as apaccupaṭṭhapeti (does not indulge in or care for).

accāsanna →

pts

adjective very near, too near Pv-a.42 (na a. n’âtidūra neither too near nor too far, at an easy distance).

ati + asanna

addha →

pts

…anaddhabhūtaṃ attānaṃ dukkhena addhabhāveti he dirties the impure self with ill); SN.iii.1 (addhabhūto kāyo impure body) Ja.vi.548…

addhan →

pts

…by Kern (Toev s. v. pathaddu) as “gone half-way”, i.e. on full-moon-day He rejects the expln. of C. 2. (of time) a stretch of…

addhaniya →

pts

…season) Thag.529. 2. belonging to a (long) time, lasting a long period lasting, enduring DN.iii.211; Ja.i.393 (an˚) Ja.vi.71. See also…

adhicca →

pts

…SN.ii.23 (sukhadukkhaṃ); AN.iii.440 (id.); Pts.i.155; DN-a.i.118 (= akāraṇa˚).

Sk. *adhṛtya, a + *dhicca, ger. of…

adhikaraṇa →

pts

…of censure, of misconduct of duties“ Vin.ii.88; Vin.iii.164; Vin.iv.126, Vin.iv.238; MN.ii.247. Often ref.: Vin.ii.74; SN.iv.63 = SN.v.346…

adhimuccati →

pts

…to or inclined towards, to indulge in (c. loc. SN.iii.225; SN.iv.185; AN.iv.24, AN.iv.145 sq., AN.iv.460; AN.v.17; Pp.63. 2. to become settled, to…

adhimucchita →

pts

…attached to, infatuated, indulging in (with loc.) MN.ii.223 (an˚); SN.i.113; Thag.732 (variant reading ˚muccita), Thag.923 (cch), Thag.1175;…

adhimuccita →

pts

…attached to, infatuated, indulging in (with loc.) MN.ii.223 (an˚); SN.i.113; Thag.732 (variant reading ˚muccita), Thag.923 (cch), Thag.1175;…

adhimāna →

pts

undue estimate of oneself MN.ii.252; AN.v.162 sq.

adhi + māna

adhimānika →

pts

adjective having undue confidence in oneself, conceited AN.v.162, AN.v.169, AN.v.317; Dhp-a.iii.111.

fr. adhimāna

adhiroha →

pts

ascent, ascending; in dur˚; hard to ascend Mil.322.

fr. adhi + ruh

adhivāha →

pts

carrier, bearer, adj. bringing SN.iv.70 (dukkha˚); AN.i.6; Thag.494.

fr. adhi + vah; cp. Sk. abhivahati

adhivāsa →

pts

endurance, forbearance, holding out; only as adj. in dur˚; difficult to hold out Thag.111.

fr. adhi + vas

adhivāsaka →

pts

…willing, agreeable, enduring, patient Vin.iv.130; MN.i.10, MN.i.526; AN.ii.118 AN.iii.163; AN.v.132; Ja.iii.369 (an˚); Ja.iv.11,…

adhivāsana →

pts

  1. assent AN.iii.31; Dhp-a.i.33.
  2. forbearance, endurance MN.i.10; Ja.ii.237 Ja.iii.263; Ja.iv.307; Ja.v.174.

fr. adhi + vas

adhivāsanatā →

pts

patience, endurance, Dhs.1342; Vb.360 (an˚).

abstr. fr. adhivāsana

adhivāseti →

pts

…to have patience, bear, endure (c. acc.) DN.ii.128, DN.ii.157; Ja.i.46; Ja.iii.281 (pahāre); Ja.iv.279, Ja.iv.407; Ja.v.51 Ja.v.200; Vv-a.336,…

adhivāsika →

pts

…willing, agreeable, enduring, patient Vin.iv.130; MN.i.10, MN.i.526; AN.ii.118 AN.iii.163; AN.v.132; Ja.iii.369 (an˚); Ja.iv.11,…

adrūbhaka →

pts

see dubbha.

adu →

pts

…ādu); Ja.v.330 (T. ādu, C. adu expld. on p. 331 fantastically as aduñ ca aduñ ca kammaṃ karohī ti). See also…

aduṃ →

pts

nt. of pron. asu.

adūsaka →

pts

adjective innocent Ja.v.143 (= nirapa rādha C.); Ja.vi.84, Ja.vi.552. f. adūsikā Snp.312.

a + dūsaka

adūsiya →

pts

Err:509

agga →

pts

tiṇ˚; id Pv-a.241; dum˚; top of a tree Ja.ii.155 dhaj˚; of a banner SN.i.219; pabbat˚; of a mountain Sdhp.352; sākh˚; of a…

aggi →

pts

…of the senses Pv-a.56; dukkh˚ the glow of suffering ib. 60; bhavadukkh˚; of the misery of becomings Sdhp.552; vippaṭisār˚; burning…

aghavin →

pts

adjective suffering pain, being in misery Snp.694 (= dukkhita Snp-a.489).

to agha1

aja →

pts

…(pl.) goats’ dung, in phrase nāḷimattā a. a cup full of goats’ dung (which is put down a bad minister’s throat as…

ajjhabhu →

pts

to overcome, conquer Iti.76 (dujjayaṃ a. he conquered him who is hard to conquer; variant reading ajjhabhi for ajjhabhavi). Cp….

ajjhatta →

pts

…doubt), SN.ii.40 (sukhaṃ dukkhaṃ); SN.iii.180 (id.), SN.iv.1 sq. (āyatanāni), SN.iv.139, SN.iv.196; SN.v.74 (*ṭhitaṃ cittaṃ…

ajjhosati →

pts

…on; to desire, cleave to, indulge in. Fut. ajjhosissati (does it belong here?) MN.i.328 (c. acc. paṭhaviṃ, better as ajjhesati). grd….

ajjhācarati →

pts

  1. to conduct oneself according to Vin.ii.301; MN.i.523; Mil.266.
  2. to flirt with (perhaps to embrace) Ja.iv.231 (aññam-aññaṃ) pp….

ajjhācāra →

pts

  1. minor conduct (conduct of a bhikkhu as to those minor rules not included in the Pārājikas or Saṃghādisesas) Vin.i.63 (see note in *Vin….

akhāta →

pts

adjective not dug: see khāta.

akiccakāra →

pts

…not doing one’s duty, doing what ought not to be done AN.ii.67; Dhp.292; Mil.66; DN-a.i.296. 2. ineffective (of medicine) Mil.151.

a…

akkhara →

pts

adjective constant, durable, lasting DN.iii.86. As tt. for one of 4 branches of Vedic learning (DN.i.88) it is Phonetics which probably included…

akkhaṇa →

pts

…combinations; mostly as durepātin a. AN.i.284 (+ mahato kāyassa padāletā), AN.ii.170 sq. (id.), AN.i.202; AN.iv.423, AN.iv.425;…

akkhāta →

pts

…Snp.276, Snp.595, Snp.718.

pp. of…

alagadda →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.132 (˚camma, so read for T. alla-camma, vv.ll. alanda & alandu˚).

Der. unknown. In late Sk. alagarda is a watersnake

alanda →

pts

Alanda & Alandu

see alagadda.

alandu →

pts

Alanda & Alandu

see alagadda.

alasatā →

pts

sloth, laziness; only in neg. analasatā zeal, industry Vv-a.229.

abstr. fr. alasa

alla →

pts

… * -gomaya fresh dung AN.v.234; Dhp-a.i.377;

  • -camma living skin Vism.195;
  • -tiṇa fresh grass DN-a.i.77; Pv-a.40; …

alālā →

pts

…lā“ i.e. not babbling not dumb, in -mukha not (deaf &) dumb Snp-a.124 (aneḷamūga of Snp.70).

a + lālā interjection fr. sound root…

amata →

pts

…or Nibbāna Thag.336.

  • -dundubhi the drum of the Immortal (Nibbāna) MN.i.171 = Vin.i.8 (has ˚dudrabhi). *…

ambara →

pts

…speaks the combn. rattambara = ratta-kambala
■ The word would thus be due to an erroneous syllable division rattak-ambala…

ambuja →

pts

“water-born”, i.e.

  1. (m.) a fish SN.i.52.
  2. (nt.) a lotus Snp.845 (paduma Mnd.202); Dāvs v.46; Sdhp.360.

ambu + ja of; jan

ammaṇa →

pts

  1. a trough Ja.v.297; Ja.vi.381 (bhatt˚).
  2. a certain measure of capacity Ja.i.62; Ja.ii.436 (taṇḍul˚). As -ka at Ja.ii.117 (variant reading ampaṇaka); DN-a.i.84.

of uncertain etym.; Sk. armaṇa …

amoha →

pts

adjective not dull. As n. absence of stupidity or delusion DN.iii.214; Pp.25. The form amogha occurs at Ja.vi.26 in the meaning…

anabbhita →

pts

…reading prob. faulty & due to a gloss; the id. p. at Thig.129 has ayācita & at Ja.iii.165 anavhāta; Pv-a.64 explains by anavhāta…

andha →

pts

…MN.iii.151 (˚andhaṃ adv. dulled); Snp.669 (Ep. of timisa, like Vedic andhaṃ tamaḥ); Dhp-a.ii.49 (˚vana dark forest). 2. (fig.) mentally…

andu →

pts

chain, fetter Vin.i.108 = Vin.iii.249 (tiṇ˚); DN.i.245; Ja.i.21 (˚ghara prisonhouse); Dhp-a.iv.54 (˚bandhana).

cp. Sk. andu, andū & anduka

aneḷa →

pts

…a clear throat“ i.e. not dumb, fig. clever, skilled DN.iii.265; Snp.70 (alālāmukha Snp-a.124), cp. Cnd.259.

an + eḷa = ena, see…

anikhāta →

pts

adjective not dug into, not dug down, not deep Ja.vi.109 (˚kūla; C. agambhīrā).

a + nikhāta, pp. of nikhanati

annaya →

pts

in dur˚ see anvaya.

anta →

pts

…gone through or overcome (dukkha) AN.iv.254, AN.iv.258, AN.iv.262; Snp.401 (= vaṭṭadukkhassa antagata); Snp.539. -ruddhi at Ja.vi.8 is…

antara →

pts

…in the midst of, between, during (cp III. use of cases). a w. acc.: antaragharaṃ paviṭṭha gone into the house Mil.11 b w. loc.: antaraghare…

antarā →

pts

…& time), midway, inside; during meanwhile, between. On interpretation of term see DN-a.i.34 sq

  1. (prep.) c. acc. (of the two points compared…

anu →

pts

…often occurs in reduplicative compounds after the style of khuddânukhuddaka “small and still smaller”, i.e. all sorts of small items…

anubandhana →

pts

that which connects or follows, connection, consequence Ja.vi.526 (˚dukkha).

fr. anubandhati

anubhavana →

pts

…anubhavana-lakkhaṇā ca); Pv-a.152 (kamma-vipāka˚). Esp. in combn. with dukkha˚; suffering painful sensations, e.g. at…

anubhavati →

pts

…with dukkhaṃ to suffer pain, e.g Pv-a.i.11#2 (˚bhonti); Pv-a.43, Pv-a.68, Pv-a.79 etc. (cp. anubhavana)
ppr med….

anubhoti →

pts

…with dukkhaṃ to suffer pain, e.g Pv-a.i.11#2 (˚bhonti); Pv-a.43, Pv-a.68, Pv-a.79 etc. (cp. anubhavana)
ppr med….

anubodha →

pts

…(= anavabodha) and duranubodha (adj. hard to understand, difficult to know DN.i.12, DN.i.22; SN.i.136.

anu +…

anuddhata →

pts

…proud, unconceited calm, subdued Snp.850 (= uddhacca-virahita Snp-a.549, cp. anuṇṇata); Iti.30; Dhp.363 (= nibbutacitta Dhp-a.iv.93);…

anudhamma →

pts

…to be judged as a redupl. cpd after the manner of compounds mentioned under anu iv. meaning “the Law in all its parts, the dhamma and…

anudūta →

pts

person sent with another, a travelling companion Vin.ii.19, Vin.ii.295; Dhp-a.ii.76, Dhp-a.ii.78.

anu + dūta

anugama →

pts

following after, only as adj. in dur˚ difficult to be followed Ja.iv.65.

fr. anu + gam

anukkama →

pts

…gradually, in due course or succession Ja.i.157, Ja.i.262, Ja.i.290; Vv-a.157; Pv-a.5, Pv-a.14, Pv-a.35 etc. 2. that…

anunīta →

pts

adjective led, induced SN.iv.71; Snp.781.

pp. of anuneti

anupassanā →

pts

…Pts.ii.41 sq. Pts.ii.67 sq.; Vb.194. See anicca˚, anatta˚, dukkha˚.

abstr. of anupassati, cf. Sk. anudarśana

anupatati →

pts

…for ˚patatanti = Dhp.221 (dukkhā); Thag.41 = Thag.1167 (of lightning). pp. anupatita (q.v.). Cp. also *anupāta &…

anupatita →

pts

“befallen”, affected with, oppressed by (-˚) SN.ii.173 (dukkha˚); SN.iii.69 (id.); Snp.334 (pamāda˚).

pp. of anupatati

anupatta →

pts

…Pv.iv.1#66; Pv-a.59 (dukkhaṃ), Pv-a.242. In phrase addhagata vayo-anuppatta having reached old age, e.g. Vin.ii.188; DN.i.48;…

anupubba →

pts

…gradual performance, graded practice MN.i.446

  • -nirodha successive passing away, fading away in…

anupubbi-kathā →

pts

…a gradual instruction, graduated sermon regulated exposition of the ever higher values of four subjects (dāna-kathā,…

anupātin →

pts

adjective

  1. following, indulging in Ja.iii.523 (khaṇa˚).
  2. attacking, hurting Ja.v.399.

fr. anupāta

anurakkhiya →

pts

adjective in dur˚; difficult to guard Vin.iii.149.

f. anurakkhati

anusahagata →

pts

adjective having a residuum, accompanied by a minimum of… SN.iii.130; Kv.81, see *aṇu*˚.

anusaṭa →

pts

sprinkled with (-˚), bestrewn, scattered Vv.5#3 (paduma˚ magga = vippakiṇṇa Vv-a.36).

Sk. anusṛta, pp. of anu + sṛ.

anuseṭṭhi →

pts

…B iii. a.). 2. in redupl. cpd seṭṭhānuseṭṭhi (see anu B iv) “bankers & lesser bankers” i.e. all kinds of…

anvaya →

pts

…Snp.243, Snp.251 (= duviññāpaya Snp-a.287 dunneyya ibid. Snp.293).

Vedic anvaya in diff. meaning; fr. anu + i, see…

anveti →

pts

…Dhp.1 (= kāyikaṃ… dukkhaṃ anugacchati Dhp-a.i.24), Dhp.2, Dhp.71 Dhp.124; perhaps at Pv.ii.6#20 (with variant reading BB at Pv-a.99)…

anācāra →

pts

misconduct, immorality Ja.ii.133; Ja.iii.276; adj. anācārin Pp.57.

an + ācāra

anāgāmin →

pts

…the ten bonds, & the individuals named are laymen. At DN.ii.92 nine others, of whom eight are laymen, are declared after their death to have…

anāmata →

pts

adjective not affected by death, immortal Ja.ii.56 (asusāna-ṭṭhāna C.); Dhp-a.ii.99.

an + amata the ā being due to metrical lengthening

anānu →

pts

…at Cnd.42 by both avedhamāna (?) avigacchamāna & by arajjamāna adussamāna); -loma not fit or suitable DN.ii.273 (variant…

anāyatana →

pts

nonexertion, not exerting oneself, sluggishness, indolence Ja.v.121 (˚sīla = dussīla C.).

an + āyatana

apanidahati →

pts

… caus apanidhāpeti to induce somebody to conceal Vin.iv.123.

apa + ni + dhā, cp. Vedic apadhā hiding-place; Sk. apadadhāti = Gr….

apanidheti →

pts

… caus apanidhāpeti to induce somebody to conceal Vin.iv.123.

apa + ni + dhā, cp. Vedic apadhā hiding-place; Sk. apadadhāti = Gr….

apanudana →

pts

…& Apanūdana

neuter taking or driving away, removal Vin.ii.148; Ja.i.94 (dukkha˚); Snp.252 (id.); Pv-a.114 (id.).

Sk. apanodana, fr….

apanūdana →

pts

…& Apanūdana

neuter taking or driving away, removal Vin.ii.148; Ja.i.94 (dukkha˚); Snp.252 (id.); Pv-a.114 (id.).

Sk. apanodana, fr….

apara →

pts

…DN.iii.201
■ Repeated (reduplicative formation) aparāparaṃ (local) to & fro Ja.i.265, Ja.i.278; Pv-a.198; (temporal) again and again, off…

apeta →

pts

…(damasaccena); Pv-a.35 (dukkhato); usually ˚-in sense of “without, -less”, e.g. apeta-kaddama free from mud stainless Dhp.95; ˚vattha…

api →

pts

… 2. in interrog
■ dubit. sentences as part. of interrog. (w. indic. or pot.) corresponding to Lat. nonne, i e. awaiting an affirmative…

appa →

pts

…having few duties, free from obligations, free from care Snp.144 (= appaṃ kiccaṃ assā ti Kp-a.241). *…

appadhaṃsa →

pts

adjective not to be destroyed Ja.iv.344 (variant reading duppadhaṃsa).

= appadhaṃsiya, Sk. apradhvaṃsya

appaduṭṭha →

pts

…Dhp.137 (= niraparādha Dhp-a.iii.70).

a + paduṭṭha

appakāra →

pts

…of bad appearance, ugly, deformed Ja.v.69 (= sarīrappakāra-rahita dussaṇṭhāna C.). Cp. apākatika.

a + pakāra

apāya →

pts

…elsewhere
■ apāyaduggativinipāta as attr. of saṃsāra SN.ii.92, SN.ii.232; SN.iv.158 SN.iv.313; SN.v.342; opp. to…

apāyika →

pts

…or states of misery DN.i.103; DN.iii.6, DN.iii.9, DN.iii.12; Iti.42; Pv-a.60 (dukkha).

also as āpāyika (q.v.); fr. apāya

apāṭubha →

pts

…= apāṭuka, i.e. sly, fraudulent Ja.iv.184 (in context with nekatika; C. explains apāṭubhāva dhanuppāda-virahita, in which latter virahita…

apāṭuka →

pts

…preceding nekatika, i.e. fraudulent. See also next.

a + pātu + ka (?), acc. to Morris J.P.T.S. 1893, 7 der. fr. apaṭu not sharp, blunt,…

araja →

pts

adjective free from dust or impurity SN.iv.218 (of the wind); Vv.53#6 (= apagata-raja Vv-a.236).

a + raja

araññakatta →

pts

…who lives in the forest, indulgence in solitude & sequestration a hermit’s practice, seclusion SN.ii.202, SN.ii.208 sq See also…

araṇi →

pts

…all that is needed for producing fire, chiefly drill sticks Mil.53; -sahita (nt.) same Vin.ii.217; Ja.i.212 (ī); Ja.v.46 (ī); Dhp-a.ii.246;…

araṇī →

pts

…all that is needed for producing fire, chiefly drill sticks Mil.53; -sahita (nt.) same Vin.ii.217; Ja.i.212 (ī); Ja.v.46 (ī); Dhp-a.ii.246;…

are →

pts

…(= re); Vv-a.68 (dubbinī), Vv-a.217 (“how in the world”).

onomat. Cp. Sk. lalallā, Gr. λαλέω, Lat. lallo = E. lull, Ger….

ariya →

pts

…a noble life, of good conduct Ja.iii.443

  • -vatā at Thag.334 should be read ˚vattā (nom. sg. of vattar, vac) “speaking noble…

asahana →

pts

adjective not enduring, non-endurance, inability Ja.iii.20; Pv-a.17.

a + sahana

asaṭha →

pts

adjective without guile, not fraudulent, honest DN.iii.47, DN.iii.55, DN.iii.237; Dhp-a.i.69.

a + saṭha

asecanaka →

pts

adjective unmixed, unadulterated, i.e. with full and unimpaired properties, delicious, sublime, lovely MN.i.114; SN.i.213 (a. ojava “that elixir…

assa →

pts

…Sdhp.367 (duṭṭh˚).

-ājāniya [cp. BSk. aśvājāneya Divy.509, Divy.511] a thoroughbred horse, a blood horse AN.i.77,…

assādanā →

pts

sweetness, taste, enjoyment SN.i.124; Snp.447 (= sādubhāva Snp-a.393).

cp. assāda

asu →

pts

…(asū metri causâ); nt. aduṃ MN.i.364, MN.i.483; AN.i.250. Of oblique cases e.g. amunā (instr.) AN.i.250. Cp. also…

ati →

pts

…of ati is its function in reduplication-compounds, expressing “and, adding further, and so on, even more, etc.” like that of the other…

aticarati →

pts

  1. to go about, to roam about Pv.ii.12#15; Pv-a.57.
  2. to transgress, to commit adultery Ja.i.496. Cp. next.

ati + carati

aticaritar →

pts

one who transgresses, esp. a woman who commits adultery AN.ii.61 (all MSS. read aticaritvā); AN.iv.66 (T. aticarittā).

n. ag. of. aticarati

aticariyā →

pts

transgression, sin, adultery DN.iii.190.

ati + cariyā

aticca →

pts

…atikkamitvā Mnd.120). 2. failing, transgressing, sinning, esp. committing adultery Ja.v.424; Vv-a.72,

ger. of ati + eti, ati +…

aticārin →

pts

…esp. as f. aticārinī an adulteress SN.ii.259; SN.iv.242; DN.iii.190; AN.iii.261; Pv.ii.12#14; Pv-a.151 (variant reading BB), Pv-a.152;…

atidhonacārin →

pts

indulging too much in the use of the “dhonas”, i.e. the four requisites of the bhikkhu, or transgressing the proper use or normal application of…

atidukkha →

pts

…+…

atidūra →

pts

adjective very or too far Vin.i.46; Ja.ii.154; Pv.ii.9#65 = Dhp-a.iii.220 (vv.ll. suvidūre); Pv-a.42 (opp. accāsanna).

ati + dūra

atikkama →

pts

…Pv-a.159 (˚caraṇa sinful mode of life); Mil.158 (dur˚ hard to overcome); Sdhp.64.

Sk. atikrama

atikkamati →

pts

…(an˚);
■ Snp-a.568 (dur˚)
ger atikkamma DN.ii.12 (surpassing);
■ Iti.51 (māradheyyaṃ passing over), cp. vv.ll. under adhigayha;…

atimuduka →

pts

adjective very soft, mild or feeble Ja.i.262.

ati + muduka

ativattar →

pts

…who overcomes or is to be overcome Snp.785 (svātivattā = durativattā duttarā duppatarā Mnd.76).

Sk. *ativartṛ, n. ag. to ati-vattati

ativāha →

pts

…one who conveys i.e. a conductor, guide Thag.616 (said of sīla, good character); Ja.v.433
■ Cp. ativāhika.

fr. ati + vah, cp. Sk….

ativāhika →

pts

one who belongs to a conveyance, one who conveys or guides, a conductor (of a caravan Ja.v.471, Ja.v.472 (˚purisa).

fr. ativāha

atta →

pts

…to take upon oneself the conduct, before the Chapter, of a legal point already raised. Vin.ii.247 (quoted Vin.v.91).

ā + d + ta; that is, pp….

attan →

pts

…individual self, fixed individuality oneself (cp. ahaṃkāra) DN.i.53 (opp. para˚); AN.iii.337 (id.) DN-a.i.160; as nt. at…

attha →

pts

…ca Snp-a.333); Iti.84 (duṭṭho atthaṃ na jānāti dhammaṃ na passati: he realises neither the meaning nor the importance); Dhp.363 (=…

ava →

pts

…thrown down: okkhitta subdued;
avacara sphere of motion: ocaraka spy;
avatiṇṇa descended: otiṇṇa affected with love;

avacchidda →

pts

…perforated, only in redupl. (intensive) cpd. chiddāvacchidda perforated all over, nothing but holes Ja.iii.491; Dhp-a.i.122. Dhp-a.284…

avaggaha →

pts

hindrance, impediment, used at DN-a.i.95 as syn. for drought (dubuṭṭhikā).

Sk. avagraha

avajīyati →

pts

…Ja.i.313 (jitaṃ a; variant reading avajījy˚); Dhp.179 (jitaṃ a = dujjitaṃ hoti Dhp-a.iii.197).

ava + jīyati; Sk. avajiryate

avakkanta →

pts

(-˚) entered by, beset with, overwhelmed by (instr.) SN.iii.69 (dukkha˚, sukha˚ and an˚).

pp. ofnext

avakkhitta →

pts

…(an˚), DN-a.i.289 (pinḍa); Pv-a.174 (piṇḍa). 2. [= Sk. utkṣipta?] thrown off, gained, produced, got (cp. uppādita), in phrase *sed’…

avaruddhaka →

pts

subdued, expelled, banished Ja.vi.575; Dpvs.i.21 (Np).

avruddha + ka

avidūra →

pts

adjective not far, near; usually in loc. ˚e as adv. near Snp.147.

a + vidūra

avijjā →

pts

…Iti.34 (yā kāc’ imā duggatiyo asmiṃ loke paramhi ca avijjāmūlakā sabbā icchā-lobha-sammussayā), Iti.57, Iti.81; Snp.199, Snp.277,…

avipariṇāma →

pts

…of change, steadfastness, endurance DN.i.18; DN.iii.31, DN.iii.33 (˚dhamma); DN-a.i.113 (= jarā-vasena vipariṇāmassa abhāvato).

a +…

ayojjha →

pts

adjective not to be conquered or subdued MN.ii.24.

Sk. ayodhya

añña →

pts

…sukhāya vā dukkhāya vā DN.i.56 = SN.iii.211. n’aññamaññassa dukkhaṃ iccheyya do not wish evil to each other Snp.148….

aññatra →

pts

…the cause but, or: this is due to; but for DN.i.90 (vusitavā-mānī k. a. avusitattā); SN.i.29 (k. k. a adassanā except from blindness);…

aḍḍha →

pts

…(variant reading ˚duka) a certain fashion of wearing the hair Vin.ii.134; Bdhgh expln. on p. 319: aḍhadukan ti udare…

aṅga →

pts

sīlava of good conduct, paṇḍita clever DN.i.119.DN.i.120

  • Eight qualities of a king DN.i.137
  • Ten qualities of an Arahant…

aṅgika →

pts

…of parts, -fold; only in compn. with num. like aṭṭh˚, duv˚ (see dve) catur˚, pañc˚ etc., q.v.

fr. anga

aṅgārin →

pts

adjective (burning) like coal, of brightred colour, crimson Thag.527 = Ja.i.87 (dumā trees in full bloom).

to angāra

aṇu →

pts

…Snp.299 (anuto aṇuṃ gradually); Ja.iii.12 (= appamattaka); Ja.iv.203; Dhs.230, Dhs.617 (= kisa); Thag-a.173; Mil.361. Note aṇu is freq….

aṇḍa →

pts

…the product of an egg, i.e. a bird Thag.599.

  • -hāraka one who takes or exstirpates the testicles…

aṭṭa →

pts

…C.); Vv.80#9 (attita upadduta Vv-a.311). Often-˚: iṇaṭṭa oppressed by debt MN.i.463; Mil.32; chāt˚ tormented by hunger Vv-a.76;…

aṭṭha →

pts

…aṣṭau, old dual, Idg. *octou, pointing to a system of counting by tetrads (see also nava); Av. ašta Gr….

aṭṭiyati FIXME double →

pts

…Pv.i.10#2 (= aṭṭā dukkhitā Pv-a.48) freq. in ppr. aṭṭiyamāna harayāmāna (+ jigucchamāna Vin.ii.292; Ja.i.66, Ja.i.292;…

aṭṭiyati →

pts

…Pv.i.10#2 (= aṭṭā dukkhitā Pv-a.48) freq. in ppr. aṭṭiyamāna harayāmāna (+ jigucchamāna Vin.ii.292; Ja.i.66, Ja.i.292;…

babbaja →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.55.

  • -pādukā a slipper out of b. grass Dhp-a.iii.451
  • -lāyaka cutter or reaper of…

babbhara →

pts

…also Lat. balbas, Ger. plappern, E. blab; babbhara is a redupl. formation fr. *bhara-bhara = barbara, cp…

badara →

pts

the fruit of the jujube tree (Zizyphus jujuba), not unlike a crabapple in appearance & taste, very astringent, used for medicine AN.i.130 = Pp.32; AN.iii.76; Vin.iv.76; Ja.iii.21; Dhs-a.320 (cited am …

bahi →

pts

…bahinikkhamanaṃ mūlakaṃ dukkhaṃ).

cp. Vedic bahis & bahir; the s(ḥ) is restored in doubling of cons. in compound like bahig-gata…

bahu →

pts

…having many duties, very busy Vin.i.71; DN.i.106; DN.ii.76; SN.ii.215; AN.iii.116; DN-a.i.237 -khāra a kind…

bala →

pts

…weak Snp.770, Snp.1120, dubbala id SN.i.222; Ja.ii.154; Mnd.12; Pv-a.55; compar. ˚tara MN.i.244, nt. n. abalaṃ

balaka →

pts

adjective strong; only in kisa˚; of meagre strength, weakly MN.i.226; and dub˚; weak MN.i.435 Cp. balika.

fr. bala

balatta →

pts

strength, only in cpd. dubbalatta weakness Ja.ii.154.

abstr. fr. bala, cp. balatā

balika →

pts

…(compar.) adv. in a stronger degree, more intensely more Mil.84; & dubbalika weak Thag-a.211. Cp balaka.

fr. bala

balya →

pts

…MN.i.364; Pp.66; also spelt dubballa MN.i.13
■ abl. dubbalyā as adv. groundlessly without strong evidence Vin.iv.241 (cp. J.P.T.S. 1886…

bandhuka →

pts

adjective

  1. the plant Pentapetes phoenicea Ja.iv.279 (˚puppha, evidently only a contraction of bandhu-jīvaka, cp. C. bandhujīvaka puppha; although Sk. bandhūka is given as syn. of bandhujīva at Hal …

beluva →

pts

Beluva & Beḷuva

  1. the Vilva tree Aegle marmelos MN.i.108; MN.ii.6; Ja.iv.363, Ja.iv.368; Ja.vi.525 Ja.vi.560.
  2. wood of the Vilva tree SN.i.22; DN.ii.264 Mhbv.31.

beḷuva →

pts

Beluva & Beḷuva

  1. the Vilva tree Aegle marmelos MN.i.108; MN.ii.6; Ja.iv.363, Ja.iv.368; Ja.vi.525 Ja.vi.560.
  2. wood of the Vilva tree SN.i.22; DN.ii.264 Mhbv.31.

bhabba →

pts

…Vin.i.17; SN.iii.27 (dukkha-kkhayāya); SN.iv.89 (id.) Pp.12, Pp.13; Vism.116 (bhikkhu), neg. Iti.106 (antakiriyāya), Iti.117…

bhadara →

pts

in -paṇḍu at AN.i.181 is to be read as badara˚.

bhadda →

pts

…fragrant grass (Cyperus rotundus) DN-a.i.81 Abhp.599.

  • -yuga a noble pair Dhp-a.i.95 (Kolita Upatissa); *…

bhaga →

pts

…lot, fortune, only in cpd. dub˚; (adj.) unhappy, unpleasant uncomfortable Iti.90; DN-a.i.96 (˚karaṇa)
bhaga (in…

bhara →

pts

…in cpd. dubbhara hard to support AN.v.159, AN.v.161 (variant reading dubhara), and subhara easy to…

bharatā →

pts

only in cpd. dub˚; difficulty to support, state of being hard to maintain, synonymous with kosajja at AN.iv.280, and…

bhasma →

pts

…thus meaning particle, dust, sand, etc. and bhas is another form of psā (cp. Sk. psā morsel of food, psāta hungry = P. chāta). Idg…

bhasman →

pts

…thus meaning particle, dust, sand, etc. and bhas is another form of psā (cp. Sk. psā morsel of food, psāta hungry = P. chāta). Idg…

bhassa →

pts

…(good) conduct in speech, proficiency in disputation DN.iii.106.

bhava →

pts

…185 n.), subconscious individual life See on term Cpd. 26 sq., 265–⁠267; & cp.; Dhs trsl. 134, Ja.vi.82; Mil.299 sq.; Vism.164, Vism.676;…

bhavati →

pts

…e.g. bhasmībhavati to be reduced to ashes, cp. bhasmī-karaṇa s. v. bhasma, etc.

II. Meanings.

In general the meaning “to become,…

bhaya →

pts

…maraṇa˚, duggati˚, explained at Vb-a.505 sq.), Vb.376 (4: jāti˚, jarā˚, vyādhi˚, maraṇa˚), Vb.367 (3: jāti˚,…

bhaṇḍu →

pts

adjective bald-headed, close shaven Vin.i.71 (˚kamma shaving), Vin.i.76 (kammāra˚); Ja.iii.22; Ja.vi.538 (+ tittira); Mil.11, Mil.128.

etym. uncertain, dialectical or = paṇḍu?

bheṇḍi →

pts

kind of missile used as a weapon arrow Vin.iii.77 (where enumerated with asi, satti & laguḷa in expln of upanikkhipana).

perhaps identical with & only wrong spelling; for bheṇḍu = kaṇḍu2

bheṇḍu →

pts

…the originally Sk. words genduka, ginduka geṇḍu, geṇḍuka to a root; gid, giḍ, Prk. giṇḍai to play Morris, J.P.T.S. 1884, 90 says:…

bheṇḍuka →

pts

Bheṇḍuka1

a ball for playing Ja.iv.30, Ja.iv.256; Ja.v.196; Ja.vi.471; Dhs-a.116 See also geṇḍuka.

in all probability misreading for geṇḍuka. The variant reading is …

bhidura →

pts

adjective fragile, perishable, transitory Thig.35 (= bhijjana-sabhāva Thag-a.43).

fr. bhid

bhijjana →

pts

…expln of bhidura Thig.35); Pv-a.41 (˚dhammā destructible, of sankhārā)
■ Der. abhijjanaka see…

bhikkhā →

pts

dubbhikkha (nt.) (& f.) scantiness of alms, famine, scarcity of food, adj. famine-stricken (cp. Sk….

bhinna →

pts

…(of decency) Mil.122.

  • -sīla one who has broken the norm of good conduct Vism.56.
  • -hirottappa

bhisa →

pts

…the lotus flower Snp.2 (= paduma-puppha Snp-a.16).

  • -muḷāla fibres & stalk of the lotus Ja.v.39 Vism.361.

cp. Vedic…

bhiyyo →

pts

…(adj.) more Snp.61 (dukkham ettha bhiyyo), Snp.584 (id.), Snp.306 (bh. taṇhā pavaḍḍhatha); Dhp.313 (bh. rajan ākirate), Dhp.349…

bhobhukka →

pts

one making a barking sound, barker, i.e. dog Ja.vi.345 (= bhunkaraṇa C.).

intens-redupl. of bhukk = bukk, to bark: see bhukka & cp. Sk. bukkati, bukkana

bhojana →

pts

…(of reasons) Vin.ii.196. dub˚ having little or bad food Ja.ii.368; Dhp-a.iv.8. paṇīta˚; choice plentiful meals Vin.iv.88. sabhojane

bhujissa →

pts

…freeing fr. slavery productive of freedom DN.ii.80 (cp. Dial. ii.80); DN.iii.245; SN.ii.70; SN.iv.272; AN.iii.36, AN.iii.132, AN.iii.213;…

bhukka →

pts

…barker, i.e. dog; only in redupl. intens. formation bho-bhu-kka (cp. E. bow-wow), lit. bhu-bhu-maker (: kka fr. kṛ;?) Ja.vi.354 (C.:…

bhummi →

pts

…(id.), Dhs-a.985 (dukkha˚), Dhs-a.1368, Dhs-a.1374 sq. (see Dhs trsl.2 231).

fr. bhumma

Bhummi2

a voc. of…

bhutta →

pts

…in the first sense
dubbhuttaṃ, indigestible 2. (Med. cp. bhuttar) having eaten, one who has eaten Mil.370 (sace bhutto bhaveyy’…

bhāgimant →

pts

adjective partaking in, sharing, possessing (with gen. Thig.204 (dukkhassa); Thag-a.171 (= bhāgin).

a double adj. formation bhāgin + mant

bhāgin →

pts

…pl. bhāgino Pv.iii.1#12 (dukkhassa); Pv-a.18 (dānaphalassa), Pv-a.175
■ Cp bhāgavant, bhāgimant, bhāgiya.

fr. bhāga. Cp. Vedic…

bhāgiya →

pts

…(-˚) connected with, conducive to, procuring; in foll. philos. terms: kusala AN.i.11; hāna˚, visesa˚ DN.iii.274 sq.; hāna˚, ṭhiti˚…

bhākuṭika →

pts

…frowning, only in redupl. cpd. bhākuṭika- bhākuṭiko frowning continually, supercilious Vin.ii.11 = Vin.iii.181 (manda-mando +);…

bhāra →

pts

…of “gambhīra” & “duddasa” (saccāni) at Vb-a.141, viz. mahā-samuddaṃ manthetvā ojāya nīharaṇaṃ; Sineru-pādato vālikāya…

bhāsin →

pts

adjective (-˚) speaking AN.i.102 (dubbhāsita-bhāsin).

cp. Epic Sk. bhāṣin

bhāsita →

pts

…MN.i.432. Usually as su˚ & dub˚; (both adj. & nt.) well & badly spoken, or good & bad speech Vin.i.172; MN.ii.250; AN.i.102; AN.ii.51 (su˚;…

bhāva →

pts

atta˚ individual state, life, character Snp.388 (= citta Snp-a.374) asaraṇa˚; state of not remembering Dhp-a.iii.121;…

bhāvanā →

pts

producing, dwelling on something, putting one’s thoughts to, application, developing by means of thought or meditation, cultivation by mind,…

bhāveti →

pts

to beget, produce, increase, cultivate, develop (by means of thought meditation), The Buddhist equivalent for mind-work as creative in idea,…

bhāyati →

pts

…Sk. bhayate, bhī, pres. redupl. bibheti; Idg. *bhei, cp. Av. bayente they frighten; Lith. bijotis to be afraid; Ohg. bibēn = Ger. beben….

bhīma →

pts

adjective dreadful, horrible, cruel, awful Ja.iv.26; Mil.275.

  • -kāya of horrible body, terrific Ja.v.165.
  • -rūpa of terrifying appearance Thig.353.
  • *-[sena] …

bhīru →

pts

…shy, cowardly Sdhp.207 (dukkha˚); usually in neg. abhīru not afraid, without fear, combined with…

bhūmi →

pts

…eight stages of the individual viz. manda-bhūmi, khiḍḍā˚, vīmaṃsana˚, ujugata˚ sekha˚, samaṇa˚, jina˚, panna˚, or as…

bhūta →

pts

grown, become; born, produced; nature as the result of becoming. The (exegetical) definition by Bdhgh of the word bhūta is…

bilaṅga →

pts

kaṇājaka bilaṅga-dutiya (seed-cake?) accompanied by sour gruel Vin.ii.77, Vin.ii.78; SN.i.90; AN.i.145; AN.iv.392; Ja.i.228;…

bindu →

pts

…(= piṇḍita-ssara C.).

cp. Vedic bindu & vindu

bodhi →

pts

…addition of aniccasaññā; dukkha˚, anatta˚, pahāna˚, virāga˚, nirodhasaññā thus at Ne.112, Ne.237. In the older texts we do not find any…

brahant →

pts

adjective very great, vast, high, lofty, gigantic; nom sg. brahā Snp.410, Snp.550; Thag.31; Ja.iii.117 (= dīgha C.); Ja.iv.111 (su˚); Ja.iv.64#2; Pv.iv.3#10 (of a huge tree), acc sg. brahantaṃ AN. …

brahma →

pts

…SN.i.149 (of the name of Tudu; cp. paccekabuddha)
sabrahmaka (adj.) including the brahma gods DN.i.62; AN.ii.70;…

brahmañña →

pts

…brahmanhood, of higher conduct, leading a pure life DN.i.115 (at which passage DN-a.i.286 includes Sāriputta, Moggallāna & Mahākassapa in…

brahmā →

pts

…SN.i.149 (of the name of Tudu; cp. paccekabuddha)
sabrahmaka (adj.) including the brahma gods DN.i.62; AN.ii.70;…

brāhmaṇa →

pts

-dhamma duty of a br.; see on contrast between Brahmaṇic & Buddhist view Ja.iv.301 sq., cp also Snp-a.312–Snp-a.325 (br-…

buddha →

pts

…Sobhita, Anomadassī, Paduma Narada, Padumuttara, Sumedha, Sujāta, Piyadassī Atthadassī, Dhammadassī, Siddhattha, Tissa, Phussa. The…

byūha →

pts

…& Ja.ii.406, viz. paduma-vyūha (lotus formation), cakka˚ (wheel formn), sakaṭa˚ (cart formn). 2. a heap,…

bādhaka →

pts

adjective oppressing, harassing, injurious Vism.496 (dukkhā aññaṃ na ˚ṃ); Vv-a.214; Pv-a.175.

fr. bādh

bāhira →

pts

…external to the individual, objective (opp. ajjhattika subjective MN.iii.274 (cha āyatanā); Ja.iv.402 (˚vatthuṃ…

bāhiratta →

pts

being outside (of the individual), externality Vism.450.

abstr. fr. bāhira

bāhā →

pts

…Ja.iii.62; Ja.v.215 (˚mudu). pacchā-bāhaṃ arm(s) behind (his back) DN.i.245 (gāḷhabandhanaṃ baddha). bāhaṃ pasāreti to…

bāla →

pts

…stupid ignorant, mentally dull, e.g. at Dhp-a.i.143; Dhp-a.ii.89; Pv-a.254
■ A fanciful etym. of b. at Kp-a.124 is “balanti ananti…

bālya →

pts

…(?) Ja.vi.295 (balya, but C. bālya = dubbala-bhāva).

fr. bāla

ca →

pts

(indef. enclitic particle)

  1. Indefinite (after demonstr. pron. in the sense of kiṃ = what about? or how is it? cp. kiṃ) = ever, whoever what-ever, etc. [Sk. kaśca, Gr. ὁς τε, Lat: quisque Goth. h …

caja →

pts

adjective giving up, to be given up; in compound duc˚ hard to give up AN.iii.50 Ja.v.8 cp. cāga.

cakka →

pts

…AN.iii.104.

Vedic cakra, redupl. formation fr. *quel to turn round (cp. P. kaṇṭha → Lat. collus & see also note on gala) = that which is…

cakkhu →

pts

…w. ñāṇa-karaṇa) producing (right) insight (and knowledge) Iti.82 (of kusalavitakkā); f. ˚ī SN.iv.331 (of majjhimā paṭipadā);…

cala →

pts

-ācala [intens. redupl.] moving to & fro, in constant motion, unsteady Ja.iv.494, Ja.iv.498 (= cañcala); Mil.92 (cp. Divy.180,…

canda →

pts

…sandal (incense) wood, Gr. κάηδαρος cinder; Lat. candeo, candidus, incendo; Cymr. cann white; E. candid, candle, incense, cinder

cara →

pts

… ■ sucara easy, duccara difficult Vin.iii.26. 2. one who is sent on a message, a secret emissary, a spy SN.i.79. Also as carapurisa…

carahi →

pts

…Snp.988; Ja.iii.312; Mil.25; DN-a.i.289.

Sk. tarhi; with change t → c due to analogy with ˚ci (˚cid) in combination with interr.

carati →

pts

… 1. abs. to behave, conduct oneself Snp.1080; Ja.vi.114; Mil.25 (kāmesu micchā c. to commit immorality) 2. with obj. to practise,…

caraṇa →

pts

…acting, behaviour, good conduct, freq. in combination with vijjā, e.g. AN.ii.163 AN.v.327; Dhp.144; Vism.202 (in detail); Pv-a.1, etc….

caraṇavant →

pts

adjective one of good conduct (= sampannacaraṇa) Snp.533, Snp.536.

carita →

pts

…Pv-a.71, Pv-a.120 duccarita AN.i.146; AN.ii.85, AN.ii.141; AN.iii.267, AN.iii.352; DN.iii.111 DN.iii.214; Dhp.169,…

caritaka →

pts

conduct (= carita2) Thag.36.

cariya →

pts

cariyā (f.) (mostly-˚) conduct, behaviour, state of, life of. Three cariyās at Pts.i.79; six at Vism.101; eight at Pts.ii.19 sq., Pts.ii.225 &…

catur →

pts

…also through elision & reduction cuddasa Pv-a.55, Pv-a.283, etc., cp. also cātuddasī. Catuvīsati (24) Snp.457; catusaṭṭhi (64) Ja.i.50;…

cañcala →

pts

…with n instead of r in reduplication, cp. Sk. cañcūryate = carcarīti cañcala (= *carcara), Gr. γαργαλιζω & γαγγαλιζω to…

cela →

pts

cloth, esp. clothes worn, garment, dress AN.i.206; Pv.ii.12#7 (kañcanā˚ for kañcana˚); Pv.iii.9#3 (for veḷa); dhāti˚ baby’s napkin Ja.iii.539. In simile of one whose clothes are on fire (āditta˚ + ād …

celakedu →

pts

Err:509

cetakedu →

pts

kind of bird Ja.vi.538. See also cela˚.

cetanā →

pts

…of the 7 items of good conduct (see sīla) which refers to actions of the body (or are wilful, called cetanākamma Ne.43,…

cetasika →

pts

…MN.iii.287, MN.iii.288; c. duk khaṃ DN.ii.306; AN.i.157; c. roga Ja.iii.337. c. kamma is sīla 8–⁠10 (see under…

ceṭaka →

pts

…] Vin.ii.176 = Dhp-a.iv.92 (duṭṭha˚ miserable fellow); Dhp-a.iii.281, Dhp-a.iv.82 (bhātika-ceṭakā rascals of brothers); Dhp-a.v.385;…

cha →

pts

Cha & Chaḷ

(cha in composition effects gemination of consonant, e.g. chabbīsati = cha + vīsati, chabbaṇṇa cha + vaṇṇa, chaḷ only before vowels in compound chaḷanga, chaḷ-abhiññā) the number six.

chakana →

pts

…& Chakaṇa

neuter the dung of animals Vin.i.202; Ja.iii.386 (ṇ); Ja.v.286; Ja.vi.392 (ṇ).

Vedic śakṛt & śakan; Gr. κόπρος; Sk….

chakaṇa →

pts

…& Chakaṇa

neuter the dung of animals Vin.i.202; Ja.iii.386 (ṇ); Ja.v.286; Ja.vi.392 (ṇ).

Vedic śakṛt & śakan; Gr. κόπρος; Sk….

chanda →

pts

…sq. SN.v.92; mūlaṃ dukkhassa Ja.iv.328 sq
■ Other passages illustrating ch. are e.g. vyāpāda˚ & vihiṃsā˚ SN.ii.151…

chava →

pts

…Vism.230; Mil.331.

  • -dussa a miserable garment DN.i.166≈AN.i.240; AN.ii.206.
  • -sarīra a corpse…

chaḍḍana →

pts

throwing away, rejecting Ja.i.290; Dhtp.571
■ ī (f.) a shovel, dust-pan Dhp-a.iii.7. See kacavara˚

chaḍḍeti →

pts

…excrements & karīsa dung. From; *sqer to eliminate, separate, throw out (Gr. κρίνω, Lat. ex (s)cerno), cp. Gr. σκ ̈ως, Lat….

chaḷ →

pts

Cha & Chaḷ

(cha in composition effects gemination of consonant, e.g. chabbīsati = cha + vīsati, chabbaṇṇa cha + vaṇṇa, chaḷ only before vowels in compound chaḷanga, chaḷ-abhiññā) the number six.

chidda →

pts

…faultless conduct) Mil.94.

  • -āvachidda full of breaches and holes Ja.iii.491 Vism.252; Dhp-a.i.122, Dhp-a.i.284 (cp….

chindati →

pts

…Ja.ii.139 (duc˚)
caus chindāpeti Ja.ii.104, Ja.ii.106; Vism.190 (rājāno core ch.) 3. ched: fut. checchati (Sk…

chinnikā →

pts

deceitful, fraudulent, sly, only in combination w. dhuttā (dhuttikā) & only applied to women Vin.iii.128 Vin.iv.61; Ja.ii.114; Mil.122.

chāka →

pts

Chāpa & ˚ka

the young of an animal MN.i.384 (˚ka); SN.ii.269 (bhinka˚); Ja.i.460; Ja.ii.439 (sakuṇa˚) Mil.402
■ f. chāpī Ja.vi.192 (maṇḍūka˚).

Sk. śāva

chāpa →

pts

Chāpa & ˚ka

the young of an animal MN.i.384 (˚ka); SN.ii.269 (bhinka˚); Ja.i.460; Ja.ii.439 (sakuṇa˚) Mil.402
■ f. chāpī Ja.vi.192 (maṇḍūka˚).

Sk. śāva

cintin →

pts

…thoughts on AN.i.102 (duccintita˚ & su˚); Snp.174 (ajjhatta˚; variant reading B. ˚saññin) Snp.388; Ja.iii.306 = Ja.iv.453 Ja.v.176 =…

cintita →

pts

…a thought, intention, in duc˚ su˚; (bad & good) AN.i.102; Thag-a.76; -matta as much as a thought, loc. cintita-matte…

citta →

pts

…stain of h. Pv-a.17; -mudutā plasticity of mind (or thought) Dhs.62, Dhs.277, Dhs.325 -rucita after the heart’s liking…

cittatara →

pts

…passage, thus: by the procedure (caraṇa) of mind (in the past) the present mind (citta) is still more varied. Cp. SA in loco: Asl.66 Expositor…

cittatā →

pts

…Vb.372 (id.); Vb.359 (amudu˚); Pv-a.13 (visuddhi˚ noble character); paṭibaddha˚ (in love with) Pv-a.145 Pv-a.147, Pv-a.270. In…

ciṭi-ciṭi →

pts

Ciṭi-ciṭi

fizz DN-a.i.137.

redupl. interj.

cola →

pts

…a mat spread with a piece of cloth (as a seat) Vin.iv.40. duccola clad in rags, badly dressed Vin.i.109; Vin.iii.263.

Cp….

cullāsīti →

pts

eighty-four Ja.vi.226 (mahākappe as duration of Saṃsāra); Pv-a.254 (id.). Also as cūḷāsīti q.v.

= caturāsīti

cumbaṭa →

pts

  1. a coil; a pad of cloth, a pillow Ja.i.53 (dukūla˚); Ja.ii.21 (id.); Vv-a.73
  2. a wreath Ja.iii.87. Cp. next.

cp. Prk. cumbhala

cuṇṇa →

pts

…ground into a powder dust, sand Ja.i.216; Vv-a.65 (paṃsu˚); Pv.iii.3#3 (suvaṇṇa gold-dust; Pv-a.189 = vālikā); DN-a.i.245…

cuṇṇaka →

pts

…cuṇṇakajātāni reduced to powder MN.iii.92 (aṭṭhikāni)
■ f. -ikā in cuṇṇikamaṃsa mince meat Ja.i.243.

fr….

cālanī →

pts

pestle, a mortar Vin.i.202 (in cuṇṇa˚ & dussa˚, cp. saṇha).

to cālana of calaka2

cāra →

pts

…ib.

  • -vihāra doing & behaving, i.e. good conduct Ja.ii.232 Dpvs. Ja.vi.38; cp. Mil.162 (above).

fr. car

cāritta →

pts

…manner of acting, conduct Ja.i.90, Ja.i.367; Ja.ii.277 (loka˚); Ja.v.285 (vanka˚); Mil.133; Vv-a.31
cārittaṃ āpajjati to mix…

cīvara →

pts

…wearing 3 rs. Vin.v.193; dubbala˚; (as adj.) with a worn-out c Vin.iii.254; Vin.iv.59, Vin.iv.154, Vin.iv.286; paṃsukūla˚; the…

dabhakkaṃ →

pts

? indeclinable = daddabhaṃ; a certain noise (of a falling fruit) Ja.iii.77 (variant reading duddabha = daddabha).

dada →

pts

…= dāyaka Pv-a.113); ii.124 (phala = dāyin Pv-a.157) Vv-a.171 (puriṁ˚)
duddada hard to give SN.i.19 = SN.iv.65 =…

daddabha →

pts

…variant reading duddabhayasadda to be regarded as a Sk. gloss = dundubhyaśabda. See also dabhakka.

onomatop.

daddu →

pts

kind of cutaneous eruption Mil.298; Vism.345.

-bandhana in d
■ bandhanādi-bandhana at Thag-a.241 should be read daṇḍa˚.

Sk. dadru f. & dardru a kind of leprosy, dadruna le …

daddula →

pts

…(kukkuṭapattena pi. n-daddulena pi aggiṃ gavesanti) & AN.iv.47 (kukkuṭapattaṃ vā n-daddulaṃ vā aggimhi pakkhittaṃ paṭilīyati)…

dadhi →

pts

…of 5-fold cow-produce, cp gorasa); DN.i.201 (id.); MN.i.316; AN.ii.95; Ja.ii.102 Ja.iv.140; Mil.41, Mil.48, Mil.63; Dhs.646, Dhs.740,…

dadāti →

pts

…used as a hortative or dubitative subjunctive (fr. dāhāmi, like kāhami I am willing to do fr. kātuṃ īhāmi) Snp.p.15 (“shall I…

dakkhiṇeyya →

pts

…as one of the 7 fires (= duties) to be kept up (or discarded) by a follower of the Buddha AN.iv.41, AN.iv.45; DN.iii.217; *…

dakkhiṇā →

pts

…(“Manes”), intended to induce the alleviation of their sufferings; an intercessional, expiatory offering, “don attributif” (Feer) (see…

dalidda →

pts

…SN.v.404; Vv.20#1 (= duggata Vv-a.101); DN-a.i.298; Pv-a.227 Sdhp.89, Sdhp.528.

Sk. daridra, to daridrāti, Intens. to drāti run (see…

dama →

pts

…(sudanto uttame dame). duddama hard to tame or control Dhp.159; Pv-a.280; Sdhp.367
arindama

damaka →

pts

adjective noun

  1. subduing, taming; converting; one who practises self-control MN.i.446 (assa˚); MN.iii.2 (id.) Ja.i.349 (kula˚ bhikkhu), one who…

damana →

pts

adjective noun taming, subduing, mastery Pv-a.251 (arīnaṃ d˚-sīla = arindama).

damatha →

pts

taming, subduing, mastery, restraint, control MN.i.235; DN.iii.54 (+ samatha); Dhp.35 (cittassa d.); Pv-a.265; Dpvs.vi.36.

Sk. damatha

damaya →

pts

adjective to be tamed: duddamaya difficult to tame Thag.5 (better to be read damiya).

Sk. damya, see damma

dametar →

pts

one who tames or subdues, a trainer, in phrase adantānaṃ dametā “the tamer of the untamed” (of a Buddha) MN.ii.102; Thig.135.

n
■ ag. to…

damita →

pts

subdued, tamed Ja.v.36; Pv-a.265.

Sk. damāyita = danta3; cp. Gr. α δάματος; Lat. domitus

dampati →

pts

…dampati master of the house; dual: husband & wife; cp. also patir dan, *dam, as in Gr. δ ̈ω, δ ̈ωμα & δες-in δεσπότης =…

danta →

pts

…sand between his teeth & dust on his head“ (of a wayfarer) Snp.980; Ja.iv.362, Ja.iv.371; MN.i.242; Ja.i.61; Ja.ii.153; Vism.251; Vv-a.104…

dasa →

pts

…reading dassa)
duddasa difficult to be seen or understood DN.i.12 (dhammā gambhīrā d. see…

dasika →

pts

…of appearance, only in dud˚; or frightful app., fierce, ugly Si.94 & id. p. (q.v. under okoṭimaka); Ja.i.504 (kodha, anger); Pv-a.24,…

dassa →

pts

…Cnd.69). Cp. akkha˚ a judge Mil.114. -su˚; easily perceived (opp. duddasa) Dhp.252.

Sk
■ darśa; cp. dasa2

dassati →

pts

…intr. to appear Ja.ii.154 (dubbalo viya hutvā attānaṃ dassesi: appeared weak); Ja.vi.116; Pv.iii.2#3 (= sammukhībhāvaṃ gacchanti…

dava →

pts

…Vism.36.

Sk. dava, to dunoti (q.v.); cp. Gr. δαις fire-brand

Dava2

running, course, flight quickness, sporting, exercise,…

daḷidda →

pts

…SN.v.404; Vv.20#1 (= duggata Vv-a.101); DN-a.i.298; Pv-a.227 Sdhp.89, Sdhp.528.

Sk. daridra, to daridrāti, Intens. to drāti run (see…

daṇḍa →

pts

…to punishment Mil.46

  • -paduma Name of a plant (cp. Sk. daṇḍotphala = sahadevā Halāyudha) Ja.i.51;
  • -parāyana

deva →

pts

-dundubhi the celestial drum, i.e. thunder DN.i.10; Mil.178; DN-a.i.95;

devara →

pts

…explained at Vv-a.135 as “dutiyo varo ti vā devaro, bhattu kaniṭṭha bhātā.”

Sk. devṛ & devara Gr.; δ ̈αήρ (*δαιvήρ), Lat….

deḍḍubha →

pts

water-snake; salamander Ja.iii.16; Ja.vi.194; Sdhp.292. See next.

Sk. duṇḍubha

deḍḍubhaka →

pts

  1. a sort of snake (see prec.) Ja.i.361.
  2. a kind of girdle (in the form of a snake’s head) Vin.ii.136 (explained by udaka-sappi-sira-sadisa).

dhamma →

pts

…Cnd.420; SN.i.43; MN.iii.40; dukkhavipākā vodanīyā saṃkilesikā ponobbhavikā DN.i.195 DN.iii.57
■ (cc) various: gambhīrā…

dhana →

pts

wealth, usually wealth of money, riches, treasures

  1. Lit. DN.i.73 (sa˚); MN.ii.180.; AN.iii.222; AN.iv.4 sq. Cnd.135 (+ yasa, issariya etc.) Thig.464 (+ issariya) Ja.i.225 (paṭhavigataṃ karoti: …

dharati →

pts

…by heart; to hold out, endure, last continue, live Snp.385 (take to heart, remember); Dhp-a.ii.68
ppr dharamāṇa living, lasting Ja.i.75…

dhañña →

pts

…less than necessary to produce grain MN.i.451.

Ved. dhānya, der. fr. dhana

Dhañña2

adjective “rich in corn,” rich (see…

dhaṃsati →

pts

…to fly like dust, cp. Sk. dhūsara “dusky” Ags. dust; Ger. dust & dunst; E. dusk & dust; prob also Lat. furo

dhorayha →

pts

…accustomed to the yoke, enduring; patient Dhp.208 (= dhuravahana-sīlatāya dh. Dhp-a.iii.272);

dhuma →

pts

in ˚kaṭacchuka = druma˚; having a wooden spoon (see duma), cp. Mar. dhumārā? (Ed. in note) Dhp-a.ii.59.

Doubtful reading.

dhunāti →

pts

…(smoke = fume), suffio Lith. duja (dust); Goth. dauns (smoke & smell); Ohg toum. Connected also w. dhāvate; see further dhūpa dhūma, dhūsara,…

dhura →

pts

…(Mrs. Rhys Davids) Dhs.13 Dhs.22 etc. (opposite nikkhepa)

  • -ssaha enduring one’s yoke Thag.659 cp. dhuratā

Sk. dhur f. & dhura m.

dhuratā →

pts

…“a state of unflinching endurance” Cnd.394, Cnd.405 = Dhs.13 etc. = Vb.350, Vb.370 (+ dhura-sampaggāha); opp nikkhitta-dh. weakness of…

dhuravant →

pts

…Snp-a.236).

cp. Sk….

dhutta →

pts

…Sk. druhyati, drugdha = Ohg triogan, troum etc.: see duhana

dhāna →

pts

…Dhp.58 (sankāra˚ dust-heap = ṭhāna Dhp-a.i.445). f. dhānī a seat (= ṭhāna), in rāja˚; “the king’s seat,” a royal…

dhāreti →

pts

…bring give DN.i.166≈(chavadussāni etc.); Vin.i.16 = DN.i.110 (telapajjotaṃ); DN.ii.19 (chattaṃ to hold a sunshade over a person); Pv-a.47…

dhātuka →

pts

adjective (only-˚) having the nature, by nature, affected with, -like (cp. ˚dhamma B 2a); often simply first part of cpd. (cp. E. friend-like = friendly = friend Ja.i.438 (kiliṭṭha˚ mise …

dhītar →

pts

…& dhātī, inflūenced in inflection by Sk. duhitṛ, although etymologically different

dhītā →

pts

…& dhātī, inflūenced in inflection by Sk. duhitṛ, although etymologically different

dhūsara →

pts

adjective dust-coloured Vv-a.335.

Sk. dhūsara, Ags. dust = E. dust & dusk, Ger. dust; see dhvaṃsati & dhunoti & cp. Walde, Lat Wtb. under furo

dibba →

pts

…(of Moggallāna) Tikp.278; Duka-pa.54. sota the d. ear, matching the d. eye DN.i.79, DN.i.154; Ja.v.456; also as sotadhātu

diddha →

pts

…smeared with poison, poisoned Ja.iv.435 (sara, a poisoned arrow); perhaps to be read at Iti.68 for duṭṭha (scil. sara) and at SN.ii.230 for…

dina →

pts

day Sdhp.239 -duddinaṃ darkness Dāvs v.50 (d. sudinaṃ ahosi, cp.i.49, cp.i.51); also as f. duddinī Vin.i.3.

Sk. dina; Lat. nun-dinae…

dindima →

pts

musical instrument, a small drum Ja.vi.580; Bv.i.32. See also deṇḍima.

Sk. ḍiṇḍima, cp. dundubhi

diva →

pts

…to shine; cp. Sk. dyo heaven divā adv. by day; Lat. biduum (bi-divom) two days

divasa →

pts

…viz. acc. divasaṃ (during) one day, for one day, one day long AN.iii.304 AN.iv.317; Ja.i.279; Ja.ii.2; Dhp-a.iii.173 (taṃ d. that day)…

divā →

pts

…the day-rest, i.e. rest during the heat of the day Vin.i.28, SN.i.129, SN.i.132, SN.i.146, SN.i.193 = Thag.1241; Snp.679; *…

dobbhagga →

pts

ill luck, misfortune Vin.iv.277; Dhp-a.281 (text: ˚dobhagga).

Sk. daurbhāgya fr. duḥ + bhāga

dobha →

pts

fraud, cheating DN.ii.243 (variant reading dobbha = dubbha).

see dubbha

dohati →

pts

…Snp-a.27; pp. duddha (q.v.)
pass duyhati SN.i.174 (so read for duhanti); Ja.v.307
ppr…

dohaḷa →

pts

…dohada & daurhṛda, of du + hṛd, sick longing, sickness, see hadaya. Lüders; Gōttinger GelehrteNachrichten 1898, 1…

dolā →

pts

…as in Ags. tealtian = E. tilt, adj. tealt unstable = Sk. dulā iṣṭakā an unstable woman

domanassa →

pts

…DN.ii.306; Ne.12) opp. to dukkha physical pain: see dukkha B III.1 a). A synonym of domanassaṃ is…

donī →

pts

…Pv-a.189. 3. a hollow dug in the ground Mil.397. 4. the body of a lute, the sounding-board (?) Ja.i.450; Mil.53; Vv-a.281.

Sk. droṇī,…

dosa →

pts

…Snp.506; Iti.2 (dosena duṭṭhāse sattā gacchanti duggatiṃ); Pts.i.80 sq., Pts.i.102; Pp.16, Pp.18; Dhs.418, Dhs.982 Dhs.1060; Vb.86,…

dosaneyya →

pts

…or dosa2, but more likely = Sk. *dūṣanīya = dūṣya (see dussa2 & dussati) influenced by…

dosaniya →

pts

…or dosa2, but more likely = Sk. *dūṣanīya = dūṣya (see dussa2 & dussati) influenced by…

dosanīya →

pts

…or dosa2, but more likely = Sk. *dūṣanīya = dūṣya (see dussa2 & dussati) influenced by…

dosā →

pts

evening, dusk. Only in acc. as adv. dosaṃ (= doṣāṃ) at night Ja.vi.386.

Sk. doṣā & doṣas, cp. Gr.; δύω, δύομαι to set (of the…

dovacassa →

pts

unruliness indocility, bad conduct, fractiousness SN.ii.204 sq (˚karaṇā dhammā); MN.i.95 (id. specified); AN.ii.147 AN.iii.178; Ne.40,…

doṇa →

pts

…Pv.iv.3#33 (mitāni sukhadukkhāni donehi piṭakehi). taṇḍula˚ a doṇa of rice Dhp-a.iii.264 Dhp-a.iv.15. At Ja.ii.367 doṇa is used…

drūbha →

pts

incorrect spelling for dubbha (q.v.) in adrūbhāya Vin.i.347.

dubbaṇṇa →

pts

see under vaṇṇa.

dubbha →

pts

…the etymology of the word. Cp. dobha.

Sk. dambha, see dubbhati

dubbhaka →

pts

adjective perfidious, insidious, treacherous Thag.214 (citta˚). Cp. dubbhaya dūbhaka.

Sk. dambhaka

dubbhana →

pts

hurtfulness, treachery, injury against somebody (c. loc.) Pv-a.114 (= anattha).

Sk. *dambhana

dubbhati →

pts

…SN.i.225; Iti.86 (dubbhe = dusseyya Com.) = Vin.ii.203 (where dubbho) Thag.1129; Ja.ii.125; Ja.iv.261; Ja.v.487, Ja.v.503
ppr also…

dubbhaya →

pts

Err:509

dubbhika →

pts

Err:509

dubbhikkha →

pts

see bhikkhā.

dubbhin →

pts

…Ja.iv.41; Pv.ii.9#8 (mitta˚) Dhp-a.ii.23 (mitta-dūbhin)
■ f. dubbhinī Vv-a.68 (so read for dubbinī).

Sk. dambhin

dubbuṭṭhika →

pts

see under vuṭṭhi.

dubha →

pts

…Pts.ii.35, Pts.ii.181; Vv.46#21; Vv-a.281 (for Vv.64#19 duvaddhato).

See dubhaya & cp. dvi B II.

dubhaya →

pts

…Snp.1007, Snp.1125; Ja.iii.442; Ja.vi.110.

a contaminated form of du(ve) & ubhaya; see dvi B II.

duddabha →

pts

see daddabha.

duddha →

pts

…āvs…

dudrabhi →

pts

…MN.i.171 (dundubhi at the latter passage); Pv-a.189 (variant reading for dundubhi).

another form of dundubhi, cp. duddabha & dundubhya

dugga →

pts

…road Dhp.327; Pv.ii.7#8. dugge saṅkamanāni passages over difficult roads, usually combined with papā (water-shed)…

duha →

pts

…bestowing: kāma˚ giving pleasures Ja.iv.20 Ja.v.33

Sk. duh & duha; see dohati

duhana →

pts

…(text: panthadūbhana vv.ll. duhana & dūhana); Dhs-a.220
■ Cp maggadūsin.

Sk. *druhana, to druh, druhyati to hurt, cp. Oir. droch; Ohg….

duhati →

pts

(to milk) see dohati.

duhitika →

pts

…to be abandoned in favour of duhitika being another spelling of dvīhitika hard to get through (q.v.), to be compared are the vv.ll. of the latter…

duka →

pts

…Dhs-a.347, Dhs-a.406; Vism.11 sq. & in titles of books “in pairs, on pairs, e.g. Dukapaṭṭhāna; or chapters, e.g. Ja.ii.1…

dukkha →

pts

…after sukha, q.v.; Bdhgh (at Vism.494) explains dukkha as du + kha, where du = du1 and kha = ākāsa. See also def. at Vism.461.

dukkhati →

pts

to be painful Vism.264.

fr. dukkha

dukkhatta →

pts

Err:509

dukkhatā →

pts

…c) DN.iii.216; SN.iv.259; SN.v.56; Ne.12 (expl.).

cp. Sk. duḥkhatā, abstr. to dukkha

dukkhin →

pts

…noun

  1. afflicted, grieved, miserable SN.i.103 sq., SN.i.129 sq., SN.ii.282 (+ dummano), SN.iv.78; AN.iii.57.
  2. a loser in the game…

dukkhita →

pts

…Snp.986; Ja.iv.452; Mil.275; Dhp-a.ii.28; Vv-a.67.

Sk. duḥkhita; pp. of *dukkhāpeti

dukkhāpana →

pts

bringing sorrow, causing pain Mil.275 sq., Mil.351.

abstr. to dukkhāpeti

dukkhāpeti →

pts

to cause pain, to afflict Ja.iv.452; Mil.276 sq.; Pv-a.215
pp dukkhāpita.

caus. to dukkha

dukkhāpita →

pts

pained, afflicted Mil.79, Mil.180.

pp. of dukkhāpeti

dukkhīyati →

pts

to feel pain, to be distressed Dhp-a.ii.28 (= vihaññati).

Sk. duḥkhīyati & duḥkhāyati Denom. fr. dukkha; cp. vediyati & vedayati

dukūla →

pts

…plant; (nt.) [cp. Sk. dukūlaṃ woven silk] very fine cloth, made of the fibre of the d. plant SN.iii.145; AN.iv.393; Ja.ii.21; Ja.iv.219…

duma →

pts

tree AN.iii.43; Ja.i.87, Ja.i.272; Ja.ii.75, Ja.ii.270; Ja.vi.249, Ja.vi.528; Vv.84#14; Mil.278 Mil.347; Vv-a.161.

  • -agga
    1. the top of a tree Ja.ii.155.
    2. a splendid tree V …

dundubhi →

pts

…= Vin.i.8 (: dudrabhi); deva˚ thunder DN.ii.156; AN.iv.311.

Sk. dundubhi, onomat.; cp. other forms under daddabha, dudrabhi

dunoti →

pts

*Dunoti

to burn, see der, dava, dāva & dāya.

dupaṭṭo →

pts

see dvi B II.

dussa →

pts

Dussa1

neuter woven material, cloth, turban cloth; (upper) garment, clothes Vin.i.290 Vin.ii.128, Vin.ii.174; Vin.iv.159. DN.i.103;…

dussaka →

pts

Err:509

dussanā →

pts

Dussana (nt.) defilement, guilt AN.ii.225; Pp.18, Pp.22; Dhs.418, Dhs.1060; DN-a.i.195 (rajjana-d. muyhana).

Sk. dūṣana, cp. dussati

dussanīya →

pts

…moha AN.iii.110 (dusanīye dussati, where Iti.84 has dosaneyye) Ja.vi.9; Mil.386.

cp. Sk. dveṣanīya, because of doṣa = dveṣa taken to dus

dussassa →

pts

see sassa.

dussati →

pts

…& dosaniya; & pa˚.

Sk. duṣyati, Denom. fr. pref. duḥ (du˚); pp. duṣṭha, caus. dūṣayati

dussika →

pts

cloth merchant Ja.vi.276; Mil.262, Mil.331 sq.

dussitatta →

pts

Err:509

dutiya →

pts

…SN.i.90, SN.i.91
adutiya alone, unaccompanied Pv-a.161.

Sk. dvitīya, with reduction of dvi to du, as in compound…

dutiyaka →

pts

…one); Freq. as purāṇa-dutiyikā one’s former wife Vin.i.96; Vin.iii.16; SN.i.200; MN.ii.63; Ja.i.210; Ja.v.152; Dhp-a.i.77. Cp….

dutiyyatā →

pts

companionship, friendship, help Ja.iii.169.

duyhati →

pts

Pass to dohati (q.v.).

duṭṭha →

pts

…evil-minded Vin.ii.192; MN.iii.65.

Sk. duṣṭha, pp. of dussati, q.v.

duṭṭhu →

pts

adverb badly, wrong Dhs-a.384; Snp-a.396; Vv-a.337.

Sk. duṣṭhu, cp. suṣṭhu

duṭṭhulla →

pts

…padulla gāhin, explained as duṭṭhullagāhin Psalms of Brethren 399 n. 3); MN.i.435; MN.iii.159; Vism.313
■ (nt.) wicked ness…

dvaya →

pts

…deceitful Vin.iii.21-nt. a duality, a pair, couple SN.ii.17 (˚ṃ nissito loko) Ja.iii.395 (gātha˚); Pv-a.19 (māsa˚); Dhp-a.ii.93 (pada two…

dvi →

pts

…dupaṭṭā; Kanarese dupaṭa duppaṭa; Tamil tuppaṭṭā a cloak consisting of two cloths joined together, see Kern,

Toevoegselen

dvīhitika →

pts

…du1 appearing as du-(and not as dur-) before a vowel is most peculiar there may be a connection with druh (see…

dāna →

pts

…Vin.i.18

  • -dhamma the duty or meritorious act of bestowing gifts of mercy (cp. deyyadhamma) Pv-a.9
  • -pati “lord of alms,” master in…

dāpeti →

pts

Dāpeti1

to induce somebody to give, to order to be given, to deal out, send, grant, dedicate Ja.vi.485; Pv-a.46; aor…

dāra →

pts

…or abrahmacariyā, adultery) as sakena dārena santuṭṭha AN.iii.348; AN.v.138; Snp.108 (a˚); Pv.1#2, etc-…

dāru →

pts

pādukā a wooden shoe, a clog Vin.ii.143;

dāruṇa →

pts

adjective strong, firm, severe harsh, cruel, pitiless SN.i.101; SN.ii.226; Snp.244; Dhp.139; Ja.iii.34; Pv.iv.3#6 (= ghora Pv-a.251); Mil.117 (vāta) Pv-a.24, Pv-a.52 (= ghora), Pv-a.159 (sapatha a …

dārā →

pts

…or abrahmacariyā, adultery) as sakena dārena santuṭṭha AN.iii.348; AN.v.138; Snp.108 (a˚); Pv.1#2, etc-…

dāya →

pts

…inflammable substance; to dunoti (to burn) caus dāvayati, cp. Gr. δαίω (to burn) & P. dava1

Dāya2

a gift, donation;…

dīgha →

pts

…(lasting etc.; cp. E. entelechy); Lat. indulges; Goth tulgus (enduring)

dūbha FIXME double →

pts

Dūbha

adjective deceiving, see dubbha.

dūbha →

pts

…the etymology of the word. Cp. dobha.

Sk. dambha, see dubbhati

dūbhaka →

pts

Dūbhaka1

adjective deceiving, treacherous, harmful Snp-a.287 (mitta˚); f. -ikā Ja.ii.297.

Sk. dambhaka

Dūbhaka2

a diamond Ja.i.363 = Ja.iii.207.

Sk. dambha, cp. dambholi

dūbhana →

pts

deceiving, pillaging, robbing etc. at Ja.ii.388 is to be read as (pantha-) duhana.

dūbhati →

pts

…SN.i.225; Iti.86 (dubbhe = dusseyya Com.) = Vin.ii.203 (where dubbho) Thag.1129; Ja.ii.125; Ja.iv.261; Ja.v.487, Ja.v.503
ppr also…

dūbhin →

pts

adjective -dubbhin Ja.ii.180 (vv.ll. dūbha & dubbhi), Ja.ii.327; Ja.iv.257; Dhp-a.ii.23.

dūbhī →

pts

aparādha).

cp. Sk. dambha, see dubbhati

dūhana →

pts

…Ja.ii.388; Tikp.280.

see duhana

Dūhana2

neuter milking (-˚), in kumbha˚; filling the pails with milk, i.e….

dūhitika →

pts

see duhitika.

dūra →

pts

…Gr. δήν, δηρόν, Lat. dū-dum (cp. dū-rare = en-dure). See also dutiya & dūta

dūrakkha →

pts

see rakkha & cp. du1.

du1 + rakkha

dūratta →

pts

adjective reddish MN.i.36 (˚vaṇṇa).

du1 + ratta

dūsaka →

pts

…Mil.20 (pantha˚). As dussaka at Ja.v.113 (kamma˚); Snp-a.287 (mitta˚, variant reading B. for dūbhaka)-panthadūsaka…

dūsana →

pts

spoiling, defiling Ja.ii.270; Sdhp.453.

see dūseti

dūseti →

pts

…Cp. pa˚, pari˚.

Sk. dūṣayati, caus. of dussati (q.v.). Also as dusseti Pv-a.82

dūsin →

pts

adjective noun = dūsạka, in magga˚; (cp. pantha-dusaka) a highway robber Snp.84 sq

Sk. dūṣin

dūsita →

pts

depraved, sinful, evil Pv-a.226 (˚citta).

Sk. dūṣita, pp. of dūseti

dūta →

pts

…who is sent (far) away,“ also perhaps Gr. δουλος slave. See Walde Lat. Wtb. under dudum

Dūta2

neuter play, gaming,…

dūteyya →

pts

…doing a messenger’s duty Vin.i.359;

ejā →

pts

…turbulence, distraction seduction, craving SN.iv.64; Snp.791; Iti.91; Mnd.91, Mnd.353; Dhs.1059 (cp. Dhs trslu. 277); Vv-a.232 …

eka →

pts

-cittakkhaṇika of the duration of one thought Vism.138.

  • -cintin “thinking one thing (only)”, simple Mil.92. *…

ekanta →

pts

…SN.v.225; AN.iii.326; ˚dukkha MN.i.74; SN.ii.173 SN.iii.70 (+ sukha); AN.v.289; ˚dussīlya Dhp-a.iii.153; ˚nibbida AN.iii.83; AN.iv.143;…

esin →

pts

…seeking, wishing, desiring SN.ii.11 (sambhav˚); Ja.i.87 (phal˚); Ja.iv.26 (dukkham˚); Pv.ii.9#28 (gharam); Pv-a.132.

Sk. eṣin, of iṣ

eḷa →

pts

…deaf & dumb AN.ii.252; AN.iii.436; AN.iv.226; Mil.20, Mil.251 (cp. Mil trsl. ii.71). A rather strange use and…

ga →

pts

…pāra˚, veda˚
■ dugga (m. & nt.) a difficult road Dhp.327 = Mil.379; Pv.ii.7#8 (= duggamana-ṭṭhāna Pv-a.102); Pv.ii.9#25;…

gabbha →

pts

…Dhp.126 gabbhā gabbhaṃ… dukkaṃ nigacchanti from womb to womb (i.e. from birth to birth) Snp.278; gabbhato paṭṭhāya from the time of…

gacchati →

pts

…he went there Ja.ii.160. dukkhānubhavanatthāya gacchamānā “going away for the purpose of undergoing suffering” Ja.iv.3; vohāratthāya…

gaddula →

pts

(and gaddūla) a leather strap SN.iii.150; Ja.ii.246; Ja.iii.204; fig, in taṇhā-gaddūla “the leash of thirst,” Nd ii.on jappā (taṇhā) = Dhs.1059 = Vb.361, cp. Dhs-a.367.

gaddūhana →

pts

small measure of space & time MN.iii.127; SN.ii.264 (˚mattam pi, SA “pulling just once the cow’s teat”) AN.iv.395; Mil.110. See Trenckner P.M. 59, 60; Rh D. J.R.A.S. 1903, 375.

Derivation unknown; …

gaggaraka →

pts

…to Kern

Toevoegselen

s. v. a sort of fish (Sk. gargaraka Pimelodus Gagora); as gaggalaka at Mil.197.

fr. gaggara

gaha →

pts

…a layman’s rule of conduct Snp.393 (= agāriyā paṭipadā Snp-a.376) -˚ka belonging to a layman; acting as a layman or in the quality…

gahapati →

pts

…DN.i.136 2. as regards education mode of life ranking with kh˚, br˚, g.˚ and samaṇā Vin.i.227; AN.i.66; Cnd.235, see also cpd
■…

gahaṇa →

pts

…arahatta˚ Dhp-a.i.8; dussa˚ Dhp-a.ii.87; maccha˚ Ja.iv.139; hattha˚ Ja.i.294; byanjana˚-lakkhaṇa Ne.27 gahaṇatthāya in order to…

gahaṇī →

pts

…DN-a.i.281) AN.i.163, AN.iii.154, AN.iii.223; Snp.p.115. Ja.i.2; duṭṭha-gahaṇika having a bad digestion Vin.i.206.

gahita →

pts

…to accept Vv-a.260. -duggahīta (always ˚gahīta) hard to grasp MN.i.132 sq.; AN.ii.147, AN.ii.168; AN.iii.178; Dhp.311; Ja.vi.307 sq.;…

gala →

pts

…as indicating motion (produced by motion):

  1. palatal group (“sharp” sounds, characteristic of quick motion: whizz, spin, whirl): P….

gama →

pts

˚Gama

  1. adj. going, able to go; going to, leading to; in vihangama going in the air Snp.221, Snp.606; Thag.1108; Ja.i.216 (cp. gamana); aghasi˚ id. Vv.16#1 (= vehāsaṃ Vv-a.78); nabhasi˚ going on clo …

gamana →

pts

…Nibbāna SN.i.186; Dhp.289; duggati˚ magga the road to misery Thig.355; duggamana-ṭṭhānā (pl. inaccessible places Pv-a.102 (in expl. of…

gambhīra →

pts

…& wisdom: dhammo g. duddaso… MN.i.487; SN.i.136; Tathāgato g. appameyyo duppariyogāho MN.i.487; parisā g. (opp. uttāna, shallow,…

gandha →

pts

…a disagreeable smell Dhs.625; ˚ṃ vāyati to emit a nasty odour Pv-a.14; as adj. having a bad smell,…

gata →

pts

…expl. Kp-a.183).
duggata of miserable existence, poor, unhappy, ill-fated, gone to the realm of misery (duggatiṃ…

gati →

pts

…a realm of bliss, ib.

duggati a miserable existence; a realm of misery (see above gati 4). Usually with gacchati…

gatika →

pts

…and aniyata˚ whose destiny is uncertain (w. ref. to a duggati) Dhp-a.iii.173.

gatin →

pts

…destined, esp. in su˚ & dug˚: samparāye suggatī going to a happy existence after death Vin.ii.162 = Ja.i.219 saggaṃ sugatino yanti…

gaḷita →

pts

rough, in a˚ smooth Ja.v.203, Ja.v.206 (+ mudu & akakkasa); Ja.vi.64.

gaṇa →

pts

…order & puggala, the individual) Vin.i.58, Vin.i.74, Vin.i.195, Vin.i.197 Vin.ii.170, Vin.ii.171; Vin.iv.130, Vin.iv.216, Vin.iv.226, Vin.iv.231,…

gaṇḍa →

pts

…in Name of a plant-˚tindu-rukkha Ja.v.99 and in der. gaṇḍikā & gaṇḍī, cp. also Av. SN.ii.133#2. 3. = gaṇḍuppāda in cpd….

gaṇḍin →

pts

…(thane sandhāyâha Ja.v.205). 2. having boils, being afflicted with a glandular disease (with kuṭṭhin kilāsin) Kv.31.

adj. fr. gaṇḍa

gaṇḍusa →

pts

mouthful Ja.i.249 (khīra˚). Ganhati & Ganhati;

cp. Sk. gaṇḍūṣa

geṇḍuka →

pts

…Dhs-a. The misspelling is due to a misreading of Singhalese bh → g; cp. spelling parābhetvā for parāgetvā
■ bheṇḍukena kīḷi…

ghata →

pts

…Mil.41; Sdhp.201 (-bindu) With ref. to the sacrificial fire (fire as eating ghee, or being sprinkled w. ghee) ghatāsana; Ja.i.472;…

ghuṭṭha →

pts

proclaimed, announced; renowned Ja.i.50 (of festival), Ja.i.425 (nakkhattaṃ); Ja.ii.248 (ussava); Pv.ii.8#2 (dūra˚ of wide renown, world-famed of Bārāṇasī); Dhp-a.iii.100 (chaṇe ghuṭṭhe when the fai …

gihin →

pts

…a layman’s duty AN.iii.41;

  • -parisā a congregation of laymen SN.i.111; MN.i.373; AN.iii.184; *…

go →

pts

-˚piṇda a lump of cowdung Ja.i.242 -˚bhakkha eating cowdung DN.i.166≈; -māyu a jackal Pgdp.49;…

guyha →

pts

…by the dress, i.e. the pudendum DN.i.106; Snp.1022, etc. (see vattha), fig. a secret Mil.92 guyhaṃ pariguyhati to keep a…

guḷa →

pts

…gulma tumour, gilāyu glandular swelling; cp. Lat glomus, globus; Ger. klamm; E. clamp, clump. A root guḷ is given by Dhtp.576,77 in meaning…

guṇa →

pts

…of ḷ for ṇ, partly due to dissimilation, as mālāguḷa → mālāguṇa; cp. Sk. guṇikā tumour: guḷa and gaḷa veḷu: veṇu, and…

guṇṭheti →

pts

…in paṃsu˚ covered with dust Pv.ii.3#5 (in Hardy’s conjecture for kuṇṭhita, q.v.) Also in cpd….

gādha →

pts

…a hole, a dugout AN.ii.107 = Pp.43 (cp. Pp-a 225); Sdhp.394 (˚ṃ khaṇati). Cp. gāḷha2.

Sk. gāḷha pp. of…

gāma →

pts

…(cp. mātugāma), vile conduct DN.i.4≈(+ methuna) AN.i.211; Ja.ii.180 (= vasaladhamma); Vv-a.11; DN-a.i.72 (= gāma-vāsīnaṃ dhamma?);…

gāmin →

pts

…paññā AN.v.15; dukkhanirodha˚ paṭipadā Vin.i.10; cp. ācaya˚ Dhs.584 Dhs.1013. Acc. -gāminaṃ khemaṃ Amata˚ MN.i.508;…

gūtha →

pts

…24 sq.), as a decoction of dung also used for medicinal purposes (Vin.i.206 e.g.). Often combination with mutta (urine): Pv.i.9#1; Pv-a.45,…

hadaya →

pts

…Ja.iv.415
duhadaya bad-hearted Ja.vi.469.

  • -aṭṭhi a bone of the heart Kp-a.49, Kp-a.50 (so read…

hanu →

pts

…incantations to bring on dumbness DN.i.11; DN-a.i.97.

Vedic hanu; cp. Lat. gena jaw, Gr. γένυς chin, Goth. kinnus = Ger. kinn = E. chin,…

hara →

pts

adjective (-˚) taking, fetching; vayo˚; bringing age (said of grey hairs) Ja.i.138; du˚; SN.i.36.

fr. hṛ.

hata →

pts

reṇuhata struck with dust, covered with dust Vin.i.32; hatatta (nt.) the state of being destroyed Dhp.390;…

hattha →

pts

…to take possession of, to subdue Ja.vi.490; hatthaṃ gacchati to come under somebody’s hand, to come under the sway of Ja.i.179; hatthaga

hatthin →

pts

…elephant dung Dhp-a.iv.156.

  • -liṅgasakuṇa a vulture with a bill like an elephant’s trunk Dhp-a.i.164. *…

haya →

pts

…A diff. etym. see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. haedus

haṃsati →

pts

…id.; Lat. hirtus, hispidus “rough”; Ags. gorst = gorse; Ger. granne & many others, for which see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. ēr
■ The…

hetu →

pts

…Kp.60 sq., Kp.287 , Kp.320; Duka-pa.8, Kp.41 sq.; Vism.532; Vb-a.174.

  • -pabhava arising from a cause, conditioned…

hetuka →

pts

…(pahātabba˚); Vb-a.17 (du˚, ti˚). usually as sa˚; and ; (with & without a moral condition) AN.i.82; Vism.454 sq.; Duka-pa.24 sq…

hindagu →

pts

…+ gu (= ˚ga), i.e. sprung from Indra. The h perhaps fr. hindu. The spelling ; is a corrupt one

hiri →

pts

…at Vism.464 (“kāya-duccarit’ ādīhi hiriyatī ti hiri; lajjāy’ etaṃ adhivacanaṃ; tehi yeva ottappatī ti ottappaṃ; pāpato…

hirī →

pts

…at Vism.464 (“kāya-duccarit’ ādīhi hiriyatī ti hiri; lajjāy’ etaṃ adhivacanaṃ; tehi yeva ottappatī ti ottappaṃ; pāpato…

hita →

pts

-ūpacāra beneficial conduct saving goodness Ja.i.172.

  • -esin desiring another’s welfare, well-wishing MN.ii.238;…

hāna →

pts

…conducive to relinquishing (of perversity and ignorance) DN.iii.272 sq.; AN.ii.167; Ne.77; Vism.85.

fr….

hāpeti →

pts

…Vism.129. 3. to cause to reduce, to beat down Ja.i.124; Ja.ii.31. 4. to be lost Snp.90 (? read hāyati).

Caus. of…

hīna →

pts

…SN.iv.309 (citta h. duggata); DN.iii.106 DN.iii.111 sq., DN.iii.215 (dhātu); AN.ii.154; AN.iii.349 sq.; AN.v.59 sq. Snp.799, Snp.903 sq.;…

icchā →

pts

…and puts apakata = upadduta)

  • -vinaya discipline of one’s wishes DN.iii.252, AN.iv.15 AN.v.165 sq.

fr. icchati,…

iddhi →

pts

…(p. 214) was the wonder of education. What education was meant in the case of Iddhi, we learn from MN.i.34; AN.iii.425, and from the four bases of…

inda →

pts

…likely to same root as indu moon, viz. *Idg. *eid to shine, cp. Lat. īdūs middle of month (after the full moon), Oir. ēsce moon. Jacobi…

indriya →

pts

…Pv-a.77. obligation, duty, vow in phrase ˚āni bhinditvā breaking one’s vow Ja.ii.274; Ja.iv.190.

D. Unclassified material

iriyati →

pts

…MN.i.74, MN.i.75; SN.i.53 (dukkhaṃ aticca iriyati); SN.iv.71; AN.iii.451; AN.v.41; Snp.947, Snp.1063, Snp.1097; Thag.276; Ja.iii.498 (=…

ita →

pts

gone, only in cpd. dur-ita gone badly, as nt. evil, wrong D Avs.i.61; otherwise in compn. with prep., as peta, vīta etc.

pp. of eti,…

ito →

pts

…bahiddhā); Pv-a.46 (ito dukkhato mutti) 2. here (with implication of movement), in phrases ito c’ ito here and there Pv-a.4, Pv-a.6; and…

itthi →

pts

…matter of women, one who indulges in women Snp.106; Ja.iii.260; Pv-a.5.

  • -nimitta characteristic of a woman Dhs.633,…

itthī →

pts

…matter of women, one who indulges in women Snp.106; Ja.iii.260; Pv-a.5.

  • -nimitta characteristic of a woman Dhs.633,…

ja →

pts

(-˚) born, produced, sprung or arisen from. Freq. in compounds: atta˚, ito˚, eka˚, kuto˚, khandha˚, jala˚ daratha˚, dāru˚, di˚, puthuj˚,…

jaha →

pts

…sabbaṁ˚, etc (SN.i.52 Iti.58 Snp.790 Snp.1101 etc.);
duj˚; hard to give up Thag.495.

to jahati

jalābu →

pts

jar see jarati, originally that which decays (= decidua); cp. Gr. γ ̈ηρας slough. As to meanings cp. gabbha

jana →

pts

…being:

  1. sg. an individual, a creature person, man Snp.121, Snp.676, Snp.807, Snp.1023 (sabba everybody) Usually collectively: people, they,…

janaka →

pts

  1. producing, production Vism.369; adj. (-˚) producing: pasāda˚ Mhvs.i.4 (= ˚kāraka); a species of karma Vism.601; Cpd. 144 (A.i).
  2. n. f…

janana →

pts

adjective producing, causing (-˚) Iti.84 (anattha˚ dosa); Ja.iv.141; Dpvs.i.2; Dhs-a.258 Dhtp.428
■ f. jananī Pv-a.1…

janati →

pts

…Pv-a.32; Mhvs.i.4 dukkhaṃ j. to cause discomfort Pv-a.63
aor janayi Thig.162 (Māyā j. Gotamaṃ: she bore)
pp…

jantāghara →

pts

…the aspiration of the first part (= āghāra), both being reduced in length of vowels = jant-āghara

jarā →

pts

…in its valuation as dukkha) Defined as “yā tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jarā jīraṇatā khaṇḍiccaṃ pāliccaṃ…

jatu →

pts

…(clay).

Sk. jatu; cp. Lat. bitumen pitch; Ags. cwidu. resin, Ohg. quiti glue

jaḷa →

pts

adjective dull, slow, stupid DN.iii.265 (a˚); AN.ii.252; Pp.13; Mil.251; DN-a.i.290.

Sk. jaḍa

jaṭā →

pts

-aṇḍuva (= ˚andu?) a chain of braided hair, a matted topknot SN.i.117;

  • -ājina braided hair & an antelope’s hide (worn by…

jeṭṭha →

pts

… ■ apacāyin paying due respect to the clan-elders DN.iii.72, DN.iii.74; SN.v.468; Vism.415; Dhp-a.i.265. Same for ˚apacāyikā (f.)…

jigucchati →

pts

…j.): AN.iv.174 (kāyaduccaritena); Snp.215 (kammehi pāpakehi; Snp-a.266 = hiriyati); Ja.ii.287; Pp.36
ppr jigucchamāna Iti.43; grd….

jita →

pts

conquered, subdued, mastered: (nt.) victory. jitā me pāpakā dhammā Vin.i.8; Dhp.40, Dhp.104 (attā jitaṃ seyyo for attā jito seyyo see…

jivhā →

pts

…= Snp.p.107; DN.ii.18 -dujjivha (adj.) having a bad tongue (of a poisonous snake) AN.iii.260 2. psychologically: the sense of taste. It…

jāgarati →

pts

…jāgarti to be awake (redupl. perf. for jājarti) *ger & gerēi; cp. Lat. expergiscor (*exprogrīscor); Gr.ἐγείρω, perf….

jāmātar →

pts

…Thig.422 (= Thag-a.269 duhitu pati); Ja.ii.63; Ja.v.442.

Vedic jāmātar. Deriv. uncertain. BR. take it as jā + mātar, the builder up of…

jāna →

pts

…Ja.iii.24 (= jānamāna). dujjāna difficult to understand DN.i.170, DN.i.187; MN.i.487; MN.ii.43. su˚ recognizable,…

jāra →

pts

paramour, adulterer Ja.i.293; Ja.ii.309. f. ˚t adulteress Vin.ii.259, Vin.ii.268; Vin.iii.83.

Vedic jāra

jāta →

pts

… 1. born, grown, arisen, produced (= nibbatta pātubhūta Cnd.256) Snp.576 (jātānaṃ maccānaṃ niccaṃ maraṇato bhayaṃ); jātena maccena…

jāti →

pts

…upāyāsa in the dukkhaṃ ariyasaccaṃ (the noble truth of what is misfortune) Vin.i.10; AN.i.176; AN.iii.416; ˚dhamma destined to be…

jātika →

pts

jāta 3): duppañña˚ & sappañña˚ MN.i.225; dabba AN.i.254; mukhara˚ Snp.275; viññū˚ Snp.294; māna Ja.i.88. 2….

jāyati →

pts

…to be born, to be produced, to arise, to be reborn.
pres 3rd pl. jāyare Ja.iii.459; Ja.iv.53; Mil.337;
ppr jāyanto Snp.208;
aor…

jīva →

pts

…as life lasts, for life, during (his) lifetime DN.iii.133; Vin.i.201; Dhp.64; Ja.ii.155; Pv-a.76.

  • -gāhaṃ (adv.) taken alive, in phrase…

jīvita →

pts

(individual) life, lifetime, span of life; living, livelihood (cp jīvikā) Vin.ii.191; SN.i.42; SN.iv.169, SN.iv.213; MN.ii.73 (appaṃ) AN.i.155,…

jūta →

pts

gambling, playing at dice DN.i.7 (˚ppamādaṭṭhāna cp. DN-a.i.85)≈; DN-a.iii.182, DN-a.186 (id.); Ja.i.290; Ja.iii.198 Ja.vi.281; Dhp-a.ii.228. -ṃ kīḷati to play at d. Ja.i.289 Ja.iii.187
■ See …

kacavara →

pts

…sweepings, in ˚pacchi a dust basket, a bin Ja.i.290.

  • -chaḍḍanaka a dust pan Ja.i.161 (+ muṭṭhi-sammjjanī).
  • -chaḍḍani a…

kad →

pts

…id. Kacc.178

  • -dukkha (?) great evil (= death) Vv-a.316 (explained as maraṇa, cp. kaṭuka).

old form of interr….

kadalī →

pts

…always dies down after producing fruit, is destroyed as it were by its own fruit, it is used as a simile for a bad man destroyed by the fruit of…

kakkara →

pts

…Sk. kṛkavāku cock, Gr. κέρκας, κερκίς, Lat. querquedula, partridge; sound-root kr̥ see note on gala

kakkhaḷa →

pts

…akkosakāraka*, opp. muduka) Vv-a.138 (= pharusa). 2. cruel, fierce, pitiless Ja.i.187 Ja.i.266; Ja.ii.204; Ja.iv.162,…

kakudha →

pts

…The 5 regalia (as mentioned at Ja.v.264) are vāḷavījanī uṇhīsa, khagga, chatta, pādukā: the fan, diadem, sword canopy, slippers …

kalala →

pts

…a field Mil.255. 2. the residue of sesamum oil (tela˚), used for embalming Ja.ii.155. 3. in Embryology: the “soil,” the placenta SN.i.206 =…

kalla →

pts

…mind, in form. k˚, mudu-citta, vinīvaraṇa˚, udagga˚ etc. DN.i.110 = DN.i.148 = DN.ii.41 = AN.iv.209 = Vin.i.16 = Vin.ii.156; Vv-a.53,…

kalyāṇa →

pts

…it is one of the 7 things conducive to the welfare of a bhikkhu DN.iii.212; AN.iv.29, AN.iv.282; Thig.213; Iti.10; Dhs.1328 = Pp.24 Vism.107
■…

kama →

pts

…i.e. in order or in due course, in succession: kamato Vism.476, Vism.483, Vism.497 Bdhd 70, Bdhd 103; kamena by & by, gradually Mhvs.3,…

kamala →

pts

…Vism.465; Mhbv.3 Bdhd 19; Dhs-a.127; Vv-a.35, Vv-a.38
-pādukā sandals of k. grass Vin.i.190.

kambala →

pts

…pile Dhp-a.i.69;

  • -pādukā woollen slippers Vin.i.190;
  • -puñja a heap of blankets Ja.i.149; *…

kamma →

pts

…and reaction on the individual (individual “karma,” appearing in his life, either here or beyond), characterized as regards action (having…

kammaniya →

pts

…formula vigatūpakkilesa mudubhūta k˚ ṭhita ānejjappatta DN.i.76, etc. = MN.i.22 Pp.68; SN.iii.232; SN.v.92, SN.v.233; AN.i.9; Dhp-a.i.289;…

kammanta →

pts

…= Vb.105; Vb.235; as kāya-duccaritehi ārati virati… Vb.106.

  • -ādhiṭṭhāyika superintendent of work Dhp-a.i.393
  • -ṭṭhāna: 1…

kammanīya →

pts

…formula vigatūpakkilesa mudubhūta k˚ ṭhita ānejjappatta DN.i.76, etc. = MN.i.22 Pp.68; SN.iii.232; SN.v.92, SN.v.233; AN.i.9; Dhp-a.i.289;…

kammatā FIXME double →

pts

…both Vb and Dhs have sādu in text which should be corrected to asādhu˚; see detail under puñcikatā) of māna; ketu˚; Cnd.505;…

kammatā →

pts

…both Vb and Dhs have sādu in text which should be corrected to asādhu˚; see detail under puñcikatā) of māna; ketu˚; Cnd.505;…

kammañña →

pts

…formula vigatūpakkilesa mudubhūta k˚ ṭhita ānejjappatta DN.i.76, etc. = MN.i.22 Pp.68; SN.iii.232; SN.v.92, SN.v.233; AN.i.9; Dhp-a.i.289;…

kammaññatā →

pts

…k˚bhāvo k˚mudutā: Dhs.46 Dhs.47 = Dhs.326 = Dhs.641 = Dhs.730; cp. Dhs.585; similar Bdhd 16, Bdhd 20 Bdhd 71; Dhs-a.136,…

kammāra →

pts

smith, a worker in metals generally DN.ii.126, AN.v.263; a silversmith Snp.962; Dhp.239; Ja.i.223; a goldsmith Ja.iii.281; Ja.v.282. The smiths in old India do not seem to be divided into black-, gol …

kammāsa →

pts

…pure, said of moral conduct DN.ii.80; AN.ii.52; AN.iii.36, AN.iii.572; AN.vi.54, AN.vi.192 Bdhd 89.

kamyatā FIXME double →

pts

…both Vb and Dhs have sādu in text which should be corrected to asādhu˚; see detail under puñcikatā) of māna; ketu˚; Cnd.505;…

kamyatā →

pts

…both Vb and Dhs have sādu in text which should be corrected to asādhu˚; see detail under puñcikatā) of māna; ketu˚; Cnd.505;…

kanha →

pts

…(moonless) half of the month during which the spirits of the departed suffer and the powers of darkness prevail Pv-a.135, cp. Pv.iii.6#4, see also…

kantāra →

pts

…at Cnd.630: cora˚, vāla˚, dubhikkha˚ nirudaka˚. The term is used both lit. & fig (of the wilds of ignorance, false doctrine, or of difficulties…

kapaṇa →

pts

…freq explained by varāka, duggata, dīna and daḷidda; very often classed with low-caste people, as caṇḍālā Pv.iii.1#13 & pesakārā…

kappa →

pts

…time with ref. to individual and cosmic life. As āyu at DN-a.i.103 (cp.kappaṃ); as a cycle of time = saṃsāra at Snp.521, Snp.535 Snp.860…

kappin →

pts

…procuring, acquiring (pañña˚) Snp.1090. 2. (cp kappa ii.1b) having a kappa (as duration), lasting a Cycle Pp.13; in Mahā˚ enduring…

kara →

pts

…going too far Ja.i.431; -dukkara (a) difficult to do, not easy, hard arduous SN.i.7; SN.iv.260; AN.i.286; AN.iv.31,…

karaṇa →

pts

…and thera˚ AN.ii.22; dubbaṇṇa˚ SN.v.217; see also DN.i.245 MN.i.15; SN.v.96, SN.v.115; AN.iv.94; AN.v.268; Mil.289. 2. (nt.) (-˚) the…

karaṇīya →

pts

… 1. what ought to be done, duty, obligation affairs, business DN.i.85; DN.ii.68, DN.ii.74 cp. AN.iv.16; MN.i.271; SN.iii.168; SN.iv.281 cp….

karaṇḍaka →

pts

box, basket, casket, as dussa˚ MN.i.215 = SN.v.71 = AN.iv.230 (in simile); SN.iii.131 SN.v.351 cp. Pp.34; Ja.i.96; Ja.iii.527; Ja.v.473 (here to be…

karoti →

pts

…Mhvs.7, Mhvs.22. 3. to produce Dhp-a.i.172. 4. to write, compose Ja.vi.410; Pv-a.287. 5. to put on, dress Vin.ii.277; Ja.i.9. 6. to impose (a…

karuṇā →

pts

…Other definitions are “paradukkhe sati sādhūnaṃ hadayakampanaṃ karotī ti” Bdhd 21; “sattesu k˚ karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ…

karīsa →

pts

…refuse, filth, excrement dung DN.ii.293; Ja.i.5; Vism.259, Vism.358 (in detail) Pv-a.87, Pv-a.258; Kp-a.59; mutta˚ urine and faeces…

kasira →

pts

…Pv.iv.1#21 (= Pv-a.229 dukkha)
■ adv. kasirā (abl.) with difficulty Ja.v.435; -kasirena (instr.) DN.i.251;…

kassaka →

pts

…AN.i.239 (the three duties of a farmer); SN.i.172 = Snp.76; SN.iii.155 (variant reading for T. kasaka) SN.iv.314; Vin.iv.108; Bdhd 96;…

kata →

pts

…doing good works). -dukkata badly made, of a robe Vin.iv.279 (ṭ), badly done, i.e. evil AN.i.102 (˚kamma kārin)…

kathaṃ →

pts

…expl. as vicikicchā dukkhe kankhā Cnd.190; DN.ii.282; Snp.500, Snp.866, Snp.1063 Snp.1088; Dhp-a.iv.194; as adj. and at end of cpd. *…

kathā →

pts

…below) Mhvs.5 Mhvs.138. -dukkathā harmful conversation or idle talk AN.iii.181; opp. su˚; AN.iii.182. -kathaṃ vaḍḍheti “to…

kattabba →

pts

…be done Dhp-a.i.13. 2 (nt.) duty, obligation Ja.iii.9 Ja.vi.164; Dhp-a.i.180; (the last) duties towards the deceased Ja.i.431
■ Cp….

kattabbaka →

pts

task, duty Thag.330.

fr. last

kattabbatā →

pts

fitness, duty, that which is to be done Ja.ii.179 (iti-˚āya because I had to do it thus).

fr. kattabba

kattikā →

pts

…of a month (Oct
■ Nov.), during which the full moon is near the constellation of Pleiades It is the last month of the rainy season, terminating…

kaḍḍhati →

pts

…Sk. karṣati, cp. Prk. kaḍḍhai to pull, tear, khaḍḍā pit, dug-out See also Bloomfield, J.A.O.S. xiv. 1921 p. 465.

kaṃsa →

pts

…in phrase dhenusahassāni dukūla-sandanāni (?) kaṃsūpadhāraṇām DN.ii.192; AN.iv.393; Ja.vi.503 (explained at Ja.vi.504). Kern (

kaṅkhā →

pts

…SN.i.181; SN.iii.203 (dukkhe k. etc.; cp. Cnd.1); Snp.541, Snp.1149; ˚ṃ vinayati Snp.58, Snp.559, Snp.1025; k. pahīyati Pts.ii.62;…

kaṇikā →

pts

  1. a small particle of broken rice (opp. taṇḍula a full grain) Ja.vi.341, Ja.vi.366 (˚āhi pūvaṃ pacitvā).
  2. a small spot, a freckle, mole, in ; (adj. having no moles DN.i.80, and sa˚; with mole …

kaṇājaka →

pts

…with sour gruel (bilanga-dutiya; always in this combination except at Ja.v.230) Vin.ii.77 (cp. Vin. Texts iii.9) SN.i.90, SN.i.91; AN.i.145;…

kaṇḍa →

pts

  1. the portion of a stalk or cane between one knot and another; the whole stalk or shaft; the shaft of an arrow, an arrow in general MN.i.429 (two kinds of arrows: kaccha & ropima, cp kaṇḍa-cittaka); …

kaṇḍu →

pts

Kaṇḍu1

feminine the itch, itching, itchy feeling, desire to scratch Vin.i.202, Vin.i.296; Ja.v.198; Vism.345. kaṇḍuṃ karoti to make or cause to itch Ja.v.198; vineti to allay the itch, to …

kaṇḍuka →

pts

the itch, itchy feeling, irritation Ja.v.198.

kaṇḍusa →

pts

strip of cloth used to mark the kaṭhina robe, in -karaṇa Vin.i.254, and -ka Vin.i.290.

kaṇḍuvana →

pts

  1. itching, itchy feeling Dhp-a.i.440; cp. Dhātumañjūsā no. 416 kaṇḍūvana.
  2. scratching, scraping MN.i.508; Ja.ii.249 (appl. to bad music).

fr. kaṇḍūvati

kaṇḍuvati →

pts

(kandūvati)

  1. to itch, to be itchy, to be irritated, to suffer from itch Vin.i.205; Vin.ii.121; Ja.v.198 (kaṇḍuvāyati) Dhp-a.iii.297 (kaṇḍūvantī).
  2. to scratch, rub, scrape AN.ii.207; Ja.vi.413; P …

kaṇḍūyana →

pts

the itch Ja.v.69.

See kaṇḍuvana

kaṇṇikā →

pts

…Mil.361; Vism.124 (paduma˚); Vv-a.43. 3. the corner of the upper story of a palace or pagoda, house-top Ja.i.201; Ja.iii.146, Ja.iii.318…

kaṇṭaka →

pts

…i.e. painful, miserable (of duggati and kāmā) SN.iv.195; Thig.352; Ja.v.260
■ Cp. also kaṇḍaka and…

kaṇṭha →

pts

-ja produced in the throat, i.e. guttural Sāsv 150.

  • -suttaka an ornamental string or string of beads…

kaṭa →

pts

…in combination with su˚ & duk˚; for sukata & dukkata (e.g. Vin.ii.289; Dhp-a.iii.486; Dhp-a.iv.150) and in meaning of “bad, evil” in…

kaṭacchu →

pts

…a small gift to one individual, opposed to the Mahādanā Pv.ii.9#57; as an individual meal contrasted with public feeding (salāka-bhatta)…

kaṭhina →

pts

-dussa the k. cloth Vin.i.254.

  • -maṇḍapa a shed in which the bhikkhus stitched their k….

kaṭuka →

pts

…to be written instead of kadukkha at Vv-a.316, where it explains maraṇa? Cp. Ja.iii.201 tesaṃ taṃ kaṭukaṃ āsi, maraṇaṃ ten’…

kesara →

pts

… ■ sa-kesarehi padumapattehi lotusleaves with their hairs Vv-a.32; nicula-k˚ fibres of the Nicula tree Vv-a.134.

*…

ketu →

pts

…clear; cp. Lat. caelum (= *caidlom), Ohg heitar, heit; Goth. haidus; E
■ hood, orig appearance, form, like

kha →

pts

…expld. by Bdhgh with ref. to dukkha as “khaṃ saddo pana tucche; tucchaṃ hi ākāsaṃ khan ti vuccati” Vism.494-In meaning “space, sky”…

khajjati →

pts

…“eat”) Ja.v.198 (kh˚ kanduvāyati); Pv.ii.3#9 (kacchuyā kh˚) 3. to be devoured (fig.), to be consumed to be a victim of: kāmataṇhāhi…

khala →

pts

…karoti “to reduce to one mash of flesh” DN.i.52 = MN.i.377 (+ maṃsa-puñja; DN-a.i.160 = maṃsa-rāsi).

*…

khama →

pts

…sītassa uṇhassa, etc., enduring frost & heat AN.iii.389 = AN.v.132; addhāna˚ padhāna˚ (fit for) AN.iii.30 ranga˚, anuyoga˚, vimajjana˚…

khamati →

pts

  1. to be patient, to endure, to forgive (acc. of object and gen. of person): n’ âhaṃ bhayā khamāmi Vepacittino (not do I forgive V. out of…

khamā →

pts

  1. patience, endurance.
  2. the earth (cp. chamā & see khamati) Ja.iv.8 (variant reading B. chamāya).

fr. ksam

khandha →

pts

…AN.iv.147 (aniccânupassī dukkhânupassī); anicca dukkha roga, etc., Pts.ii.238 sq.; Vb.324.

  1. Specified as panc’ upādāna-kkhandhā

khandhaka →

pts

…in cpd. -vatta, i.e. duties or observances specified in the v. khandha or chapter of the Vinaya which deals with these duties Vism.12,…

khanti →

pts

…strength is patience:… aduṭṭho yo titikkhati khantībalaṃ balānīkaṃ tam ahaṃ brūmi brāhmaṇaṃ Dhp.399 = Snp.623
■…

khantī →

pts

…strength is patience:… aduṭṭho yo titikkhati khantībalaṃ balānīkaṃ tam ahaṃ brūmi brāhmaṇaṃ Dhp.399 = Snp.623
■…

khata →

pts

Khata1

dug up, uprooted, fig. one whose foundation (of salvation) has been cut off; in combination with upahata DN.i.86 (= DN-a.i.237);…

khaya →

pts

…puñña˚ Vism.502-yo dukkhassa pajānāti idh’ eva khayaṃ attano Snp.626 = Dhp.402; khayaṃ virāgaṃ amataṃ paṇītaṃ…

khaṇa →

pts

…kh˚ paramadullabho: one opportunity out of eight, very difficult to be obtained Sdhp.4, Sdhp.16; Sdhp.45, Sdhp.46. 2. moment as…

khaṇḍa →

pts

…89.

  • -ākhaṇḍa (redupl. iter. formation with distributive function) piece by piece, nothing but pieces, broken up into bits Vism.115. *…

khetta →

pts

…SN.i.21; Pv-a.137; opp. dukkhetta SN.v.379.

  • -ūpama to be likened to a (fruitful) field, epithet of an Arahant Pv.i.1#1; *…

kheḷa →

pts

…Avs.ii.113: kheṭavadutsṛjya); Pv-a.80 (= niṭṭhubhana).

  • -kilinna wet with exudation Ja.i.164; *…

khiḍḍā →

pts

play, amusement, pleasure usually combined with rati, enjoyment. Var. degrees of pleasures (bāla˚, etc.) mentioned at AN.v.203; var kinds of amusement enumerated at Cnd.219; as expounded at DN.i.6 und …

khādati →

pts

…of a javelin, i.e. “the biter”; Lith. kándu to bite

khāta →

pts

adjective dug DN-a.i.274 (= ukkiṇṇa), a˚ not dug Mil.351 (˚taḷāka). Cp atikhāta Ja.ii.296.

Sk. khāta; pp. of…

khīra →

pts

…milk without water)
■ duddha-khīra one who has milked Snp.18.

  • -odaka (nt.) milk-water or milk & water lit….

kicca →

pts

…phalāphala, etc.) duties of all kinds various duties: ativasā assu kiccākiccesu “they shall serve me in all duties” Dhp.74…

kiccayatā →

pts

duty Vin.ii.89 (k˚ karaṇīyatā); Mil.42.

abstr. fr. last

kiccha →

pts

…Pv.iii.5#4 (= Pv-a.199 dukkhappatta)

  • -vuttin living in misery, poor Pv.ii.9#14 (= dukkhajīvita).

see…

kila →

pts

…Ja.i.126; attā hi kira duddamo “self is difficult to subdue we know” Dhp.159; amoghaṃ kira me puṭṭhaṃ Snp.356
■ na kira…

kilanta →

pts

…in mind DN.i.20 DN.iii.32 (paduṭṭhacitta + , of the waning of the gods) or both -kāya-citta Pv.iii.2#3; opp. akilanta-kāya-citta alert,…

kilañjā →

pts

mat of fibre or rushes, matting Vism.327; also a screen, a fascine, hurdle, faggots; a crate, crating tassa gandhabbaṃ kilañjā-kaṇḍūvanaṃ viya hutvā… Ja.ii.249; “his music was like the scraping of a …

kilesa →

pts

…of evil ‣See Cnd s.v. dukkha ii. Kilesa in this connection interchanges with samudaya, as denoting the origin of evil; cp. samudayo kilesā…

kilikilāyati →

pts

…under kitti.

denom. fr. kili with reduplication

kira →

pts

…Ja.i.126; attā hi kira duddamo “self is difficult to subdue we know” Dhp.159; amoghaṃ kira me puṭṭhaṃ Snp.356
■ na kira…

kiriya →

pts

…end of, putting a stop to (dukkhassa) SN.iii.149; SN.iv.93; Snp.454, Snp.725
■ kāla˚ “fulfilment of one’s time” i.e. death…

kiriyā →

pts

…end of, putting a stop to (dukkhassa) SN.iii.149; SN.iv.93; Snp.454, Snp.725
■ kāla˚ “fulfilment of one’s time” i.e. death…

kirāsa →

pts

adjective false, fraudulent Ja.iv.223 (= kerāṭika).

a by-form of kirāṭa

kirāta →

pts

…okirati2, okiraṇa
■ A secondary meaning of kirāṭa is that of a fraudulent merchant, a cheat (see kirāsa &…

kirāṭa →

pts

…okirati2, okiraṇa
■ A secondary meaning of kirāṭa is that of a fraudulent merchant, a cheat (see kirāsa &…

kita →

pts

…and paṃsu˚; soiled with dust Vin.ii.121, Vin.ii.174. Kitava & kitava

pp. of kṛ; with i for a, cp. kiraṇa for karaṇa. The Dhtp….

kiñcana →

pts

…māna, diṭṭhi, kilesa, duccarita); as obstruction (palibujjhana), consisting in rāga, etc. at Dhp-a.iii.258 (on Dhp.200)….

kiṃ →

pts

…doing whatever (his duty), a servant, in k˚-patissāvin an obedient servant DN.i.60 (cp. expln at DN-a.i.168; AN.iii.37;…

klesa →

pts

…of evil ‣See Cnd s.v. dukkha ii. Kilesa in this connection interchanges with samudaya, as denoting the origin of evil; cp. samudayo kilesā…

kodumbara →

pts

kosa →

pts

…“having the pudendum in a bag.” Only in the brahmin cosmogonic myth of the superman (mahā-purisa) DN.iii.143, DN.iii.161. Applied as…

koṭacikā →

pts

pudendum muliebre, in conn. with kāṭa as a vile term of abuse Vin.iv.7 (Bdhgh. koṭacikā ti itthinimittaṃ… hīno nāma akkoso).

koṭumbara →

pts

kind of cloth Ja.vi.47 (coming from the kingdom of k.), Ja.vi.500 (spelt kodumb˚). -ka k
■ stuffs Mil.2.

cp. BSk. kauṭumba Divy.559

koṭṭha →

pts

…cavity κύσδος pudendum muliebre, κύστις bladder = E. cyst chest; Lat. cunnus pudendum, Ger. hode testicle

Koṭṭha2

a…

kriyā →

pts

…end of, putting a stop to (dukkhassa) SN.iii.149; SN.iv.93; Snp.454, Snp.725
■ kāla˚ “fulfilment of one’s time” i.e. death…

kubbanaka →

pts

brushwood or a small, and therefore unproductive, wood Snp.1134 (expl. Nd ii.by rittavanaka appabhakkha appodaka).

fr. kuṃ-vana

kuha →

pts

adjective deceitful, fraudulent, false, in phrase kuhā thaddhā lapā singī AN.ii.26 = Thag.959; Iti.113
akuha honest, upright MN.i.386;…

kukkucca →

pts

  1. bad doing, misconduct, bad character. Def. kucchitaṃ kataṃ kukataṃ tassa bhāvo kukkuccaṃ Vism.470 & Bdhd 24
    ■ Various explanations…

kukkura →

pts

…a dog, cynic MN.i.387 (+ dukkara kāraka; also as k˚-vata, ˚sīla, ˚citta, ˚ākappa) DN.iii.6, DN.iii.7; Ne.99 (+ govatika; *…

kula →

pts

…Snp-a.192 (of a dujjāto putto) and kulagandhana; -itthi a wife of good descent together with kuladhītā,…

kumbha →

pts

  1. a round jar, waterpot (= kulālabhājana earthenware Dhp-a.i.317), frequent in similes, either as illustrating fragility or emptiness and fullness: AN.i.130, AN.i.131 = Pp.32; AN.v.337; SN.ii.83; Mi …

kuppati →

pts

…(cp. kupita).

Sk. kupyate, *qup to be agitated, to shake = Lat. cupio, cupidus, “to crave with agitation,” cp semantically Lat….

kusala →

pts

… ■ ācāra-k˚ good in conduct Dhp.376; parappavāda˚ skilled in disputation Dpvs.iv.19; magga˚ (and opp. amagga˚) one who is an expert as…

kusīta →

pts

…Mil.300, Mil.396; with duppañña DN.iii.252 = DN.iii.282; AN.ii.227, AN.ii.230; AN.iii.7, AN.iii.183, AN.iii.433
■…

kuḍumalaka →

pts

an opening bud AN.iv.117, AN.iv.119.

for kusuma˚

kuṇṭhita →

pts

…covered with dust (see guṇṭheti) The variant reading at both places is ˚kuṭṭhita. Also found as…

kuṭī →

pts

(kuṭi˚) feminine any single-roomed abode, a hut, cabin, cot, shed Vin.iii.144 (on vehāsa-kuṭī see vehāsa Vin.iv.46); Snp.18, Snp.19; Pv.ii.2#8; Vv-a.188, Vv-a.256 (cīvara˚ a cl …

kāla →

pts

…duh˚ in combinations like sudubbala Pv-a.149, sudullabha Vv-a.20. Bdhgh. already interprets the cpd. in this way (DN-a.i.284 = suṭṭhu-k˚…

kālika →

pts

…Vv.39#2 with time, i.e. gradual, slowly, delayed SN.i.117 = Cnd.645; usually neg. akālika

  1. not delayed, immediate, in this world, comb. with…

kāma →

pts

…pleasures Ja.iv.118; -duha granting wishes, like a cow giving milk Ja.v.33 Ja.vi.214; (f.) ˚duhā the cow of plenty…

kāpotaka →

pts

adjective pigeon-coloured, grey, of a dull white, said of the bones of a skeleton DN.i.55; Dhp.149 (= Dhp-a.iii.112).

fr. kapota

kāra →

pts

…(-˚)

  1. the production or application of i.e. the state or quality of…: atta˚; one’s own state = ahaṃ kāra, individuality;…

kāraka →

pts

…of (-˚) service: dukkara-kārikā the performance of evil deeds SN.i.103; Thig.413 (= Thag-a.267). -agga-kārikā first test,…

kāraṇa →

pts

…trial“ Pv-a.221 2. duty obligation, in kāraṇ’ âkāraṇā (pl.) duties great and small Dhp-a.i.385 Cp. also kāraṇaṃ karoti to…

kāraṇḍava →

pts

…just given.

of uncertain etym., cp. karaṇḍa

Kāraṇḍava2

a sort of duck Vv.35#8 (explained as also by Halāyudha 2, 99…

kārin →

pts

…for examples the various compounds as kamma˚, kibbisa˚, khaṇḍa˚, chidda˚ dukkaṭa˚, dvaya˚, paccakkha˚, pubba˚, sakkacca˚…

kāruṇika →

pts

…mahākāruṇika nātha “the Saviour of great mercy” in introductory stanzas to Pv and Vv.

fr. karuṇa

kāya →

pts

…Vin.ii.76, Vin.ii.313;

  • -dukkha bodily pain (+ ceto˚) MN.iii.288;
  • -duccarita misconduct by the…

kāyika →

pts

…SN.v.209; AN.i.81; dukkhaṃ DN.ii.306; MN.i.302 (opp. cetasikaṃ); kāyikaṃ (sc. dhammaṃ sikkhati to teach the conduct of body (opp….

kāḷa →

pts

…duh˚ in combinations like sudubbala Pv-a.149, sudullabha Vv-a.20. Bdhgh. already interprets the cpd. in this way (DN-a.i.284 = suṭṭhu-k˚…

kāṭa-koṭacikā →

pts

…low term of abuse, “pudendum virile & muliebre” Vin.iv.7 (buddhagh Vin.iv.354: kātan ti purisa-nimittaṃ); cp. Morris, J.P.T.S. 1884,…

kīva →

pts

Kīvant & Kīva

(interr. adj. and adv.) how great? how much? how many? and in later language how? (cp rel. yāva). As indef.: Kīvanto tattha bheravā “however great the terrors” Snp.959
■ Kīva kaṭuka h …

kīvant →

pts

Kīvant & Kīva

(interr. adj. and adv.) how great? how much? how many? and in later language how? (cp rel. yāva). As indef.: Kīvanto tattha bheravā “however great the terrors” Snp.959
■ Kīva kaṭuka h …

kūṭa →

pts

…a fraudulent ascetic Ja.i.375; Dhp-a.i.40

  • -māna false measure Pv-a.191; *…

labha →

pts

…received, to get; only in dul˚; hard to get Snp.75; SN.i.101; Ja.i.307; Pp.26; Mil.16; Sdhp.17, Sdhp.27; and su˚ easy to obtain Pv.ii.3#19.

a…

laddhi →

pts

…p. 47) Ja.i.142 (Devadattassa), Ja.i.425, Ja.iii.487; Ja.v.411; Dāvs ii.86 (dulladdhi wrong view) DN-a.i.117; Pv-a.254; Sdhp.65. Cp….

lakkhaṇa →

pts

…(in spec. sense:) pudendum Ja.v.197 (subha˚, the male member), Ja.v.366. 4. (adj.) (-˚) having the marks (of) characterized by, of such &…

lakuṭa →

pts

club, cudgel Mil.255 (in sequence daṇḍa-leḍḍu-lakuṭa-muggara), Mil.301, Mil.367, Mil.368 See also laguḷa.

see laguḷa for etym.

lamba →

pts

…hanging down, drooping, pendulous SN.iv.341, SN.iv.342 (˚cūḷakā bhaṭa hirelings with large or drooping top-knots); Ja.ii.185 (˚tthana…

lambheti →

pts

…(to deceive, dupe) It may be possibie that reading lampetvā at AN.ii.77 (variant reading lambitvā) is to be corrected to…

laṇḍa →

pts

excrement, dung of animals, dirt; mostly used with ref to elephants (haṭṭhi˚), e.g. at Ja.ii.19; Dhp-a.i.163, Dhp-a.i.192 Dhp-a.iv.156 (here…

laṇḍikā →

pts

, only in aja˚; goat’s dirt, pellet of goat’s dung Ja.i.419; Pv-a.283.

fr. laṇḍa

leḍḍu →

pts

clod of earth SN.v.146 = Ja.ii.59 (˚ṭṭhāna); Ja.i.19, Ja.i.175 Ja.iii.16; Ja.vi.405; Mil.255; Snp-a.222 (ākāse khitta, in simile); Vism.28 (translation “stone”), Vism.360 (˚khaṇḍ’ādīni), Vism.366 (co …

leḍḍuka →

pts

Err:509

liṅga →

pts

…sexual characteristic, pudendum (male as well as female, as neither m. nor f.) Vin.iii.35 (purisa˚); Ja.v.197 (˚saṇṭhāna); Kp-a.110…

lobha →

pts

…Iti.83, Iti.84; Vism.116 Duka-pa.9, Kp.18 sq. See dosa & moha;
■ DN.iii.214, DN.iii.275; SN.i.16, SN.i.43, SN.i.63, SN.i.123 (bhava˚);…

lobhaneyya →

pts

…Iti.84 (˚eyya). See rajaniya. 2. desirable Mil.361 (paduma).

grd. formation fr. lobha

lobhaniya →

pts

…Iti.84 (˚eyya). See rajaniya. 2. desirable Mil.361 (paduma).

grd. formation fr. lobha

lobhanīya →

pts

…Iti.84 (˚eyya). See rajaniya. 2. desirable Mil.361 (paduma).

grd. formation fr. lobha

loha →

pts

…a general term & the individual application is not always sharply defined. Its comprehensiveness is evident from the classification of…

loka →

pts

…nindā pasaṃsā, sukhaṃ, dukkhaṃ DN.iii.260; AN.iv.156 sq. AN.v.53; Cnd.55; Pts.i.22, Pts.i.122; Vb.387; Ne.162; Dhp-a.ii.157….

lokika →

pts

…ideal“ (Dhs. tsrl. introduction p. 98), since meaning (b) has too much of a one-sided philosophical appearance. On term cp. >…

lokiya →

pts

…ideal“ (Dhs. tsrl. introduction p. 98), since meaning (b) has too much of a one-sided philosophical appearance. On term cp. >…

lolupa →

pts

…covetous greedy, self-indulgent Dāvs ii.73. ; not greedy, temperate Snp.165. Cp. nil˚
■ f. lolupā as Name of a plant at…

loluppa →

pts

…covetousness, self-indulgence, desire; in the language of the Abhidhamma often syn. with jappā or…

loma →

pts

…hair drop, as a sign of subduedness or modesty, opp. to horripilation pāteti formed fr. pat after wrong etym of panna in panna-loma “with…

loṇa →

pts

salt; as adj., salty, of salt, alkaline- Vin.i.202 (loṇāni bhesajjāni alkaline medicine among which are given sāmuddaṃ kāḷaloṇaṃ sindhavaṃ ubbhidaṃ bilaṃ as var. kinds of salt), Vin.i.220 = Vin.i.243 …

ludda →

pts

…a hunter, sportsman Snp.247 (dussīla˚; Snp-a.289: luddā ca kurūra-kammantā lohita-pāṇitāya,…

luddha →

pts

greedy, covetous AN.iii.433 (with pharusa-vāca & samphappalāpin); Iti.84; Mil.92 (duṭṭha, mūḷha, l.); Ja.i.124.

pp. of lubbhati

lunāti →

pts

…(imper. lūyantu, where dubbā is to be corrected to dabbhā)
■ See lava, lavaka, lavana lāyati, lavati.

, given…

luḷati →

pts

…a (flexible) rod, rood; root due to onomat. formation. Another form is luṭhati. The Dhtm (117) explains luṭ; by “loṭane” (cp. viloṭana…

luṭati →

pts

…a (flexible) rod, rood; root due to onomat. formation. Another form is luṭhati. The Dhtm (117) explains luṭ; by “loṭane” (cp. viloṭana…

līna →

pts

…sluggish; shy, reserved, dull, AN.i.3; Vism.125. Definitions at Vb.352, Vb.373; Dhs.1156, Dhs.1236; SN.v.277, SN.v.279 (ati˚). Often combined…

lūkha →

pts

…Vin.iii.110 (kisa l. dubbaṇṇa); SN.i.175 (= jiṇṇa C, see K.S. 320 translation “looking worn”); MN.i.77 = Ja.i.390
■…

maddava →

pts

…m. siniddhaṃ), Mil.313 (mudu˚), Mil.361 (among the 30 best virtues, with siniddha & mudu). 2. (fr. madda) as Np. name of a king, reigning in…

madhu →

pts

…a bee Dāvs.iii.65

  • -bindu a drop of honey Vism 531 Vb-a.146 (˚giddha in comparison)
  • -makkhitā smeared with honey Ja.i.158 *…

magga →

pts

…stages are described as dukkhe ñāṇaṃ, samudaye ñāṇaṃ nirodhe ñāṇaṃ and magge ñāṇaṃ at DN.iii.227; Pts.i.118. At…

mahant →

pts

…Dhp-a.i.445.

  • -paduma a great lotus Ja.v.39 also a vast number & hence a name of a purgatory, cp Divy.67; Kirfel,…

mahī →

pts

…it must have been re-introduced from Sk. sources, and is not a direct correspondent of Vedic mahī.

  • -tala the ground (of…

majjhatta →

pts

…is found in BSk. as mṛdu-madhyā kṣānti “state of spiritual calm” Divy.271; see Yoga Sūtra ii.34.

for majjha-ṭṭha, which we…

makula →

pts

…Vism.230 (ḷ); Vism.256 (paduma˚); Vv-a.177 (kaṇavīra˚), Vv-a.194 (makuḷa), Vv-a.197 (id.); Vb-a.228, Vb-a.239 (where Vism.256 has…

mammana →

pts

…of the properties of bad or faulty speech, combined with dubbaca & eḷagalavāca).

mana(s) →

pts

…in Gedanken“). -duccarita sin of the mind or thoughts Dhp.233; Mnd.386; Pp.60 -dosa blemish of…

manasa →

pts

…but Pv-a.34 explains “paduṭṭha-cittā paduṭṭhena vā manasā). See also adhimanasa under adhimana.

the-˚ form…

manda →

pts

…faculties, therefore: dull, stupid, slow of grasp, ignorant foolish MN.i.520 (+ momuha); Snp.666, Snp.820 (= momūha Mnd.153), Snp.1051 (=…

mandiya →

pts

  1. laziness, slackness SN.i.110.
  2. dullness of mind, stupidity Ja.iii.38 (= manda-bhāva).

cp. Sk. māndya

mano →

pts

…in Gedanken“). -duccarita sin of the mind or thoughts Dhp.233; Mnd.386; Pp.60 -dosa blemish of…

manta →

pts

…one is able to produce a shower of gems from the air Ja.i.253 (nakkhatta-yoge laddhe taṃ mantaṃ parivattetvā ākāse ulloki, tato…

maraṇa →

pts

…(or should we read ˚dukkha?).

  • -sati the thought (or mindfulness) of death, meditation on death Snp-a.54;…

masi →

pts

masiṃ karoti to reduce to powder (by fire), to burn to ashes, turn to dust SN.ii.88 = SN.iv.197 = AN.i.204 AN.ii.199. 2. soot Ja.i.483…

mata →

pts

…mata at Pv-a.110 is to be corrected into cuta.

  • -kicca duty towards the dead, rites for the dead Pv-a.274.

pp. of…

mati →

pts

…opp du˚; (adj.) foolish Ja.iii.83 (= duppañña C.); Pv.i.8#2 (= nippañña Pv-a.40); Sdhp.292.

Vedic mati, fr. man:…

matta →

pts

…mere fact of… MN.ii.24, bindu only one drop Pv-a.100; rodita˚ MN.ii.24 3. (positive) as much as, so much, some, enough (of); vibhava riches…

mattikā →

pts

…soft, Osil. mylsna dust, Goth. mulda, Ags molde (E. mould, mole = mouldwarp), to same root mṛd as in Sk. mṛdu = Lat. mollis soft,…

maya →

pts

…Pv.i.10#4; Ja.iv.492; udum- bara˚ of Ud. wood Mhvs.23, Mhvs.87; dāru˚ of wood, Vv-a.8; loha˚ of copper Snp.670; veḷuriya˚ of…

mañjeṭṭhaka →

pts

…at Dhs-a.317, with Sinduvāra for Sindha˚); usually in sequence nīla, pīta, mañjeṭṭhaka, lohitaka, odāta as the 5 fundamental…

mañju →

pts

…Buddha’s voice: see bindu & aṭṭhanga); Ja.ii.150
■ (nt. a sweet note Ja.vi.591 (of the deer in the forest); Vv-a.219…

maṅgala →

pts

…of piercing the ears dussa-gahaṇa˚ of taking up the robe: cūḷā-karaṇa˚ of making the top-knot.
■ Cp. abhi˚.

*…

maṅku →

pts

…AN.iv.97 (read line as “dummanku’ yaṃ padusseti dhūm’ aggamhi va pāvako” he, staggering badly, is spoilt like the fire on the crest…

maṇi →

pts

  1. a gem, jewel. At several places one may interpret as “crystal.” DN.i.7 (as ornament); Dhp.161; Ja.vi.265 (agghiya, precious). In simile at DN.i.76 (maṇi veḷuriyo). On maṇi in similes see J.P.T.S.

maṇḍeti →

pts

… pp maṇḍita.

maṇḍ to adorn, related to Lat. mundus world, cp. in meaning Gr. κόσμος = ornament…

maṇḍūka →

pts

frog Vv.51#2; Ja.iv.247; Ja.v.307; Ja.vi.164; Kp-a.46; Vv-a.217, Vv-a.218; Sdhp.292 f. mandūkī Ja.i.341
Mandūka is the name of an angel (devaputta) at Vism.208.

  • -chāpī a young (female …

medhin →

pts

adjective noun = medha in adj. use; only in cpd. dummedhin (= dum-medha) foolish, ignorant Dhp.26 (bālā dummedhino janā; = nippaññā Dhp-a.i.257).

medhā →

pts

…intelligent Snp.177; opp. dum˚; stupid Pv.i.8#2- khīṇa-medha one whose intelligence has been impaired stupefied Ja.vi.295 (=…

megha →

pts

…Sk. miḥ mist; Av maēga cloud; Gr. ὀμίξλη fog, Lith. mighá fog, Dutch miggelen to drizzle, also Ags. mist = Oicel mistr “mist”

mejjha →

pts

…by “yaṃ… citta-santānaṃ mejjhaṃ bhaveyya suci-vodānaṃ taṃ duṭṭhaṃ mejjhaṃ iminā ti dummejjhaṃ”).

*medhya; fr….

mettā →

pts

…(which is “ahita-dukkh-âpanayakāmatā”) as “hita-sukh-ûpanaya-kāmatā,” i.e. desire of bringing welfare & good to one’s…

micchā →

pts

…(ibid.); -kammanta conduct (ibid.); -ājīva living (DN.iii.176 sq., DN.iii.254, DN.iii.290; AN.ii.53, AN.ii.240, AN.ii.270, AN.iv.82);…

millikā →

pts

…cimillikañ ca k.“ or “abhisiñcitvā mudukañ ca k.”

mināti →

pts

…Lat.; metior, mensis, modus; Goth. mēla bushel; Ags. maed measure (cp. E. mete, meet fitting); Lith. mẽtas year
■ The Dhtm.726 gives…

mitta →

pts

…adubbhamāno C.)

  • -ddu [cp. Sk. mitra-druha one who injures or betrays his friends SN.i.225; Snp.244; Ja.iv.260; also in foll. forms:

mocaya →

pts

adjective to be freed, able to escape, in dum˚; difficult to obtain freedom Ja.vi.234.

quâsi grd. formation fr. moceti

moceti →

pts

…praes. mocehi Pv.ii.1#6 (duggatiyā); Pv-a.12; aor. mocesi Pv-a.112 (dāsavyato); ger. mocetvā

modara →

pts

…v. sees a miswriting for medura (full of, beset with), which however does not occur in Pali. The C expln is “samantato…

moha →

pts

…Kp.259
■ defined as “dukkhe aññāṇaṃ etc., moha pamoha, sammoha avijj’ ogha etc.,” by Cnd.99 & Vb.362; as “muyhanti tena,…

mohana →

pts

making dull or stupid, infatuation, enticement, allurement Snp.399, Snp.772 (= mohanā vuccanti pañca kāmaguṇā Mnd.26). The Sk. meaning is also…

momūha →

pts

adjective dull, silly, stupid, infatuated, bewildered (cp Cpd. 833) DN.i.27; AN.iii.164 sq.; Snp.840, Snp.841, Snp.1120 Mnd.153 (=…

muccana →

pts

…means of deliverance (dukkhato from ill) Dhp-a.i.267; -kāla time of release (dukkhā from suffering Dhp-a.ii.11 (mucc˚, variant…

mucchati →

pts

…stiff (as in mūra stupid, dull, cp. Gr. μωρός; Sk. mūrakha foolish). Used in 2 senses, viz. (a) to become stiff (b) (Caus.) to harden,…

muddikā →

pts

…Vin.i.246 (˚pāna) Ja.iv.529; Dhp-a.ii.155.

fr. mudu, cp. *Sk. mṛdvīkā

muditā →

pts

…fr. mudu, for the usual mudutā, which in P. is only used in ord. sense, whilst muditā is in pregnant…

mudu →

pts

…Pv-a.230. Compar. mudutara SN.v.201.

  • -indriya (mud˚) weak, slow minded, of dull senses Pts.i.121 = Pts.ii.195;…

muduka →

pts

adjective = mudu.

  1. flexible, pliable, soft SN.ii.221 (sanghāṭi); Vism.66 (giving in easily, compared with ukkaṭṭha & majjhima); Kp-a.49…

mudutā →

pts

…Dhs-a.151 (= mudubhāva) cp. Dhs. trsl. §1340.

cp. Sk. mṛdutā; abstr. fr. mudu. See also muditā

muhutta →

pts

…say “a second.”-Its duration may be seen from descending series of time-connotations at Pv-a.198 (under jātakamma, prophesy by…

mukha →

pts

…Divy.387]. -dugga one whose mouth is a difficult road, i.e. one who uses his mouth (speech badly Snp.664 (variant…

muni →

pts

…have produced several schedules of muni-qualities, esp based on the 3 fold division of character as revealed in action, speech & thought…

musala →

pts

…cp. Ja.ii.428 & see udukkhala) DN.i.166 = Pp.55; Dhp-a.ii.131 (+ suppa). 2. a club AN.ii.241; Vv-a.121. 3. a crowbar…

mutta →

pts

…i.e. pudendum muliebre, cunnus Vin.iv.260.

  • -karīsa urine & faeces, i.e. excrements Vin.i.301; SN.iii.85;…

muyhana →

pts

bewilderment, stupefaction, infatuation DN-a.i.195 (rajjana-dussana-m.).

fr. muyhati

muyhati →

pts

…(rajjasi rajjanīyesu, dussanīyesu dussasi muyhase mohaniyesu). Otherwise rare as finite verb only Dhs-a.254 (in defn of moha) &…

muñcana →

pts

…means of deliverance (dukkhato from ill) Dhp-a.i.267; -kāla time of release (dukkhā from suffering Dhp-a.ii.11 (mucc˚, variant…

muñcati →

pts

…Pv-a.105; Dhp-a.i.297 (dukkhā muccitu-kāma desirous of being delivered from unpleasantness; variant reading muñc˚); Dhp-a.ii.92…

muñja →

pts

…m. grass) DN.ii.174 -pādukā slipper made of m. grass Dhp-a.iii.451. -maya made of m. grass Snp.28
■ The reed itself is called…

muṭṭhi →

pts

the fist Vv-a.206 muṭṭhī katvā gaṇhāti to take by making a fist, i.e. clutch tightly, clenching one’s fist Ja.vi.331
muṭṭhiṃ akāsi he made a fist (as sign) Ja.vi.364. As-˚ often meaning “han …

mārisa →

pts

…Ja.i.49; Vism.415; Pv-a.75. Explained by Buddhaghosa to mean niddukkha K.S. i.2 n.

perhaps identical with mādisa

māsa →

pts

-mattaṃ (adv.) for the duration of a month Pv-a.19.

cp. Vedic māsa, & mās; Gr. μήν (Ionic μείς); Av. māh (moon & month); Lat….

māsana →

pts

Māsati, Māsana, Māsin

■ dumapakkāni -māsita Ja.ii.446 (C. reads māsita & explains by asita, dhāta); visa-māsita Mil.302 (T. reads…

māsati →

pts

Māsati, Māsana, Māsin

■ dumapakkāni -māsita Ja.ii.446 (C. reads māsita & explains by asita, dhāta); visa-māsita Mil.302 (T. reads…

māsin →

pts

Māsati, Māsana, Māsin

■ dumapakkāni -māsita Ja.ii.446 (C. reads māsita & explains by asita, dhāta); visa-māsita Mil.302 (T. reads…

mīḷhakā →

pts

…miḷhakā) See also piḷhakā. The trsl. (K.S. ii.155) gives “dungbeetle.”

fr. mīḷha; cp. BSk. mīḍha-ghaṭa

mūga →

pts

adjective dumb Vin.i.91 (andha, m., badhira); Snp.713; Dhp-a.ii.102 (andha, m., badhira); Snp-a.51 (in simile); Sdhp.12 Freq. combined with…

mūla →

pts

…(sa˚ with its cause); Duka-pa.272, Kp.297, Kp.312, Kp.320; Mil.12 (& khandha-yamaka, with ref. to the Yamaka). Very freq. in this sense as…

mūsika →

pts

…DN-a.i.92 mūsika˚ = undurakhāyitaṃ; cp. Dial. i.17).

  • -darī a mouse-hole Ja.i.462 (mūsikā˚, so read for…

mūsikā →

pts

…DN-a.i.92 mūsika˚ = undurakhāyitaṃ; cp. Dial. i.17).

  • -darī a mouse-hole Ja.i.462 (mūsikā˚, so read for…

mūsī →

pts

mouse SN.ii.270 (mudu˚ a tender, little m.).

Venic mūṣ & mūḥ mouse or rat; cp. Lat. mūs Gr. μϋς, Ohg. mūs = E. mouse. Not to muṣ to…

nacira →

pts

adjective not of long duration, short Snp.694; gen nacirass’ eva after a short time shortly Snp.p.16; Ja.iv.2, Ja.iv.392; Mil.250.

Sk. nacira =…

nadī →

pts

-dugga a difficult ford in a river SN.ii.198;

  • -vidugga = ˚dugga AN.i.35; AN.iii.128.

Ved. nadī,…

nagga →

pts

…one whose goods are nakedness, an ascetic Ja.iv.160; Ja.v.75; Ja.vi.225.

Ved. nagna = Lat. nudus (fr. *nogṷedhos) Goth. naqaps = Ohg….

nahāmin →

pts

…Kern,

Toevoegselen

asks: should it be…

nahāru →

pts

…AN.iv.47 sq. (˚daddula), AN.129; Kp.111.; Snp.194 (aṭṭhi˚) Cnd.97 (nh˚); Dhp-a.iii.118; Thag-a.257 (nh˚) Pv-a.68…

namanā →

pts

bent, application, industry Vb.352.

abstr. to namati, cp. Sk. namana nt.

nava →

pts

…by tetrads (octo = 8 is a dual!) a new series begins with No. 9

Nava2

adjective

  1. new, fresh; unsoiled, clean of late, lately…

naya →

pts

…Pv-a.1 (ways or conduct), Pv-a.117 (meaning), Pv-a.126 (id.), Pv-a.136, Pv-a.280
nayaṃ neti to draw a conclusion, apply an…

nayati FIXME double →

pts

…& nayati

to lead, guide, conduct; to take, carry (away); fig. to draw a conclusion, to understand, to take as Dhp.80, Dhp.145, Dhp.240, Dhp.257;…

nayhati →

pts

…nahyati, Idg. *nedh as in Lat. nodus & Ved. nahu

naṅgala →

pts

…Vv-a.65; Pv-a.133 (dun˚ hard to plough); Dhp-a.i.223 (aya˚), Dhp-a.iii.67 (id.).

  • -īsā the beam of a plough…

nekatika →

pts

adjective deceitful, fraudulent; a cheat DN.iii.183; Thag.940; Mil.290; Pv-a.209; Ja.iv.184.

fr. nikati

neti →

pts

…& nayati

to lead, guide, conduct; to take, carry (away); fig. to draw a conclusion, to understand, to take as Dhp.80, Dhp.145, Dhp.240, Dhp.257;…

netta →

pts

…anything that guides, a conductor, fig. the eye. SN.i.26 (sārathī nettāni gahetvā = the reins); Vin.i.204 (dhūma˚ for smoke); Ja.iv.363…

netti →

pts

guide, conductor; support (= nettika2) Iti.37 (āhāra˚-pabhava), Iti.38 (bhava˚), Iti.94 (netticchinna bhikkhu = Arahant). Cp….

nettika →

pts

…AN.iv.351; AN.v.355. 2. a conduit for irrigation; one who makes conduits for watering Dhp.80 (= udakaṃ nenti nettikā), Dhp.145; fig. that which…

nhāru →

pts

…AN.iv.47 sq. (˚daddula), AN.129; Kp.111.; Snp.194 (aṭṭhi˚) Cnd.97 (nh˚); Dhp-a.iii.118; Thag-a.257 (nh˚) Pv-a.68…

ni →

pts

…nīroga for nirroga, cp. duratta → dūrakkha; niveṭheti = nibbeṭheti, nivāreti = *nivvāreti = nīvāreti). Before a vowel the…

nibbattaka →

pts

adjective producing, yielding Pv-a.26 (phala ˚ṃ kusalakammaṃ), Pv-a.126 (= sukha˚ = sukhāvaha).

cp. nibbatta

nibbattati →

pts

…out), arise, become, be produced, result, come into being, be reborn, ex-ist (= nir-vatt) Dhp.338; Pv.i.1#1 (nibbattate); Thag-a.259 (=…

nibbatteti →

pts

to produce, bring forth; practise, perform; to bring to light, find something lost (at Mil.218) Nd ii.= jāneti (s. v.); Ja.i.66, Ja.i.140;…

nibbatti →

pts

constitution, product; rebirth Ja.i.47; Ne.28, Ne.79; Vism.199, Vism.649; Vv-a.10 Cp. abhi˚.

Sk. nirvṛtti, nis + vatti

nibbattita →

pts

adjective done, produced, brought forth Pv-a.150 (a˚kusalakamma = akata).

pp. of nibbatteti

nibbattāpana →

pts

reproduction Mil.97.

fr. nibbattāpeti, see nibbatteti

nibbedha →

pts

…(paññā) Iti.35 & dunnibbedha (hard to penetrate, difficult to solve Mil.155, Mil.233 (pañha); spelt dunniveṭha at Mil.90).

nis +…

nibbisevana →

pts

adjective not self-indulgent, self-denying, meek, tame, gentle Ja.ii.210 (dametvā nibbisevanaṃ katvā), Ja.ii.351; Ja.v.34, Ja.v.381, Ja.v.456;…

nibbāna →

pts

…aniccā sabbe sankhārā dukkhā ‘nattā ca sankhātā: nibbānañ c’ eva paññatti anattā iti nicchayā Vin.v.86. On anicca anattā in…

nibbāpeti →

pts

…(fire); Sdhp.552 (bhavadukkh aggiṃ). 2. to cleanse, purify (cittaṃ, one’s heart Vism.305

pp nibbāpita. See…

nicca →

pts

…dukkhaṃ anattā*“ (see dukkha ii.2), e.g. SN.iii.41, SN.iii.67, SN.iii.180; SN.iv.28 (sabbaṃ), SN.iv.85 sq., SN.iv.106…

niddosa →

pts

…free from hatred Ja.iv.10 (su˚; Com. “adussanavasena,” foll. upon sunikkodha).

Sk. nirdveṣa, nis…

niddukkha →

pts

…(S.A.), Pv-a.1, Pv-a.2, n. 1.

nis + dukkha

nidāna →

pts

…AN.iv.128 sq.; Dhs.1059 (dukkha˚, source of pain), Dhs.1136 Ne.3, Ne.32; Mil.272 (of disease: pathology, aetiology), Mil.344…

nigacchati →

pts

…or punishment SN.iv.70 (dukkhaṃ); MN.i.337 sq. (id.); AN.i.251 (bandhanaṃ); Dhp.69 (dukkhaṃ = vindati, paṭilabhati Dhp-a.ii.50),…

niggaha →

pts

…Mil.45, Mil.224
dun˚; hard to control (citta) Dhp.35 (cp. expl. at Dhp-a.i.295). 2. (log.) refutation Kv.3.

Sk. nigraha, ni +…

niggama →

pts

noun in logic, deduction, conclusion. Pts. of Controversy p. 1.

niggamana →

pts

  1. going away DN-a.i.94.
  2. result, fate, consequence, outcome Sdhp.172, Sdhp.173 (dun˚).
  3. (log.) conclusion Kv.4. Niggayha-vadin

Sk. *nirgamana, of niggacchati

niggayhati →

pts

…+ gayhati, Pass. of…

niggaṇṭhi →

pts

adjective free from knots (said of a sword) Mil.105 See also nighaṇḍu.

Sk. nirgranthi, nis + gaṇṭhi, cp. also nigaṇṭha

nigha →

pts

…(+ nirāsa explained by niddukkha Pv-a.230). anīgha also at Iti.97 (+ chinnasaṃsaya); Ud.76; Dhp.295 (variant reading aniggha explained by…

nighaṇḍu →

pts

an explained word or a word expln, vocabulary, gloss, usually in ster. formula marking the accomplishments of a learned Brahmin “sanighaṇḍu-keṭubhānaṃ… padako” (see detail under keṭubha) …

nijjhāna →

pts

…comprehension; favour, indulgence (= nijjhāpana), pleasure, delight Ja.vi.207. Often as -ṃ khamati: to be pleased with, to find pleasure…

nijjhāpana →

pts

…disposition, kindness, indulgence Ja.iv.495 (˚ṃ karoti = khamāpeti Com.; text reads nijjhapana).

Sk. *nidhyāpana, ni + jhāpana, Caus….

nijjhāpaya →

pts

adjective to be discriminated or understood, in dun˚; hard to… Mil.141 (pañha).

Sk. *ni-dhyāpya, to nijjhāpeti

nijjiṇṇa →

pts

…exhausted, finished, dead DN.i.96; MN.ii.217; AN.i.221 (vedanākkhayā sabbaṃ dukkhaṃ n. bhavissati) MN.i.93; AN.v.215 sq.; Ne.51.

Sk….

niketin →

pts

adjective having an abode, being housed, living in Snp.422 (kosalesu); Ja.iii.432 (duma-sākhā-niketinī f.).

nikhāta →

pts

  1. dug, dug out (of a hole), buried (of a body) Snp-a.519.
  2. dug in, erected (of a post) Snp.28; Dhp-a.ii.181 (nagara-dvāre n. indakhīla) See…

nikkama →

pts

…exertion, strength, endurance. The orig. meaning of “going forth” is quite obliterated by the fig. meaning (cp nikkhamati & nekkhamma)…

nikkhama →

pts

…the latter.

cp. Sk….

nikkhaya →

pts

…hard to destroy Ja.iv.449 (= dun-nikkaḍḍhiya Com.); also to be read (variant reading) at Thag.72 for dunnikkhama. Cp. nikhīṇa.

Sk….

nikkhepa →

pts

…(Mil.381).
■Vin.i.16 pādukānaṁ = the putting down of the slippers i.e. the slippers as they were, put down
■Ja.iii.243 dhura˚ giving…

nikkhitta →

pts

…well arranged AN.ii.147 sq. (˚assa pada-vyañjanassa attho sunnayo hoti); opp. dun˚ AN.i.59; Ne.21.

Sk. nikṣipta, see…

nimmadana →

pts

touching, touch, crushing, subduing AN.ii.34 (mada-nimmadana, crushing out pride; may, however, be taken as nis + mada of mad “de-priding,”…

nimmināti →

pts

…miracle, create, compose produce, lay out, plan, aor. nimmini Ja.i.232; Pv-a.245; Dhp-a.iv.67; ger nimminitvā Ja.i.32; Vv-a.80, &…

nimmādeti →

pts

to crush, subdue humiliate; insult DN.i.92 (variant reading -maddeti; = DN-a.i.257 nimmadati nimmāne karoti), Dhp.93, Dhp.96.

either = Sk….

nimmāna →

pts

…measuring; production, creation, work; issara-n-hetu caused by God MN.ii.122; AN.i.173; Vb.367. N- ratī devā a class of devas,…

nimujjana →

pts

diving, ducking; bathing Pv-a.47.

Sk. nimajjana

ninnādin →

pts

adjective sounding (loud), resonant (of a beautiful voice) DN.ii.211 (cp. aṭṭhanga brahmassara & bindu).

fr. ninnāda

nippajjati →

pts

…& Nipphajjati

to be produced, be accomplished, spring forth, ripen result, happen Dhp-a.ii.4 (pph); Pv-a.19 (= upakappati), Pv-a.71…

nippañña →

pts

adjective unwise, foolish Pv-a.40, Pv-a.41 (= dummati).

nis + pañña

nipphajjana →

pts

(or ˚nā f.?) resulting, procedure, achievement, plot Ja.iv.83.

n. abstr. fr. nipp(h)ajjati

nipphajjati →

pts

…& Nipphajjati

to be produced, be accomplished, spring forth, ripen result, happen Dhp-a.ii.4 (pph); Pv-a.19 (= upakappati), Pv-a.71…

nipphādaka →

pts

adjective producing, accomplishing Dhs-a.47; Pv-a.147 (sukha-˚ṃ puññaṃ).

fr. nipphādeti

nipphādar →

pts

one who produces or gains SN.i.225 (atthassa; read nipphādā nom. for nippadā).

n. ag. = Sk. niṣpādayitṛ cp. nipphāditar

nipphādeti →

pts

to bring forth, produce; accomplish, perform Ja.i.185 (lābhasakkāraṃ); Ja.v.81; Mil.299; Vv-a.32, Vv-a.72 (grd. nipphādetabba, Name of…

nipphādita →

pts

(having) produced, producing (perhaps = nipphāditar) Vv-a.113.

pp. of nipphādeti

nipphāditar →

pts

one who produces or accomplishes Pv-a.8 (read “so nipphāditā” for sā nipphādikā). Cp. nipphādita and…

nipuṇa →

pts

…Snp.1126 (= gambhīra duddasa etc. Cnd.350); Vb.426; Mil.233, Mil.276; DN-a.i.117; Vv-a.73 (ariyasaccesu kusala +) Vv-a.232; Pv-a.1,…

nipāta →

pts

…falling down Dhp.121 (udabindu˚); Vv-a.279 (diṭṭhi˚, a glance) Pv-a.45 (asa˚). 2. descending MN.i.453. 3. a particle the gram. term for…

nirassāda →

pts

adjective without taste, insipid, dull Vism.135. Cp. nirāsāda.

nis + assāda

nirata →

pts

adjective fond of, attached to (-˚) SN.i.133; DN-a.i.250; Pv-a.5 (duccarita˚), Pv-a.89, Pv-a.161 (hitakaraṇa˚).

pp. of niramati

nirattha →

pts

…Pv-a.18 (˚bhāva uselessness), Pv-a.83 (= duḥ).

nis + attha

niraya →

pts

…(magga) Snp.277

  • -dukkha the pain of H. Snp.531;
  • -pāla a guardian of P. a devil AN.i.138,…

nirodha →

pts

…taṇhā˚ DN.iii.216; dukkha˚ DN.iii.136; SN.iii.32, SN.iii.60 SN.iv.4 sq., SN.iv.14, SN.iv.384; AN.i.177; nandi˚ SN.iii.14; SN.iv.36;…

nirupadhi →

pts

…+ ; explained by niddukkha Thag-a.233); Iti.46, Iti.50, Iti.58, Iti.62; Snp.33, Snp.34, Snp.642 (sītibhūta +) Pv.iv.1#34; Dhp-a.iv.225…

nirutti →

pts

one of the Vedāngas (see chaḷanga), expln of words, grammatical analysis etymological interpretation; pronunciation, dialect way of speaking, expression Vin.ii.139 (pabbajitā… sakāya nirutt …

nisevati →

pts

…practise, pursue, follow, indulge in Ja.ii.106; Snp.821 (= Mnd.157); Pv.ii.3#19 (= karoti Pv-a.87); Mil.359
pp…

nisevita →

pts

adjective frequented, practised, enjoyed, indulged in MN.i.178; Sdhp.373.

pp. of nisevati

nissāya →

pts

…Ja.i.221 (padumasaraṃ); Pv-a.24 (bāhā), Pv-a.134 (taṃ = with him). 2. by means of, through, by one’s support, by way of…

niveṭha →

pts

in pañhe dunniveṭha at Mil.90 see nibbedha.

niviṭṭha →

pts

…(adhammasmiṃ); Mil.361; Vv-a.97 (˚gāma, built situated); DN-a.i.90 (su˚ & dun˚ of a street = well & badly built or situate). Cp….

nivāraya →

pts

adjective in dun˚; hard to check or keep back Mil.21 (+ durāvaraṇa).

grd. of nivāreti

niyyānika →

pts

…e.g. AN.iii.132 (ariyā diṭṭhi n. nīyāti takkarassa sammādukkha-khayāya); DN-a.i.89 (anīyānikattā…

niḍḍāyati →

pts

…niṇhāta, q.v.); Ja.i.215. Caus niḍḍāpeti to cause to weed, to have weeds dug up Vin.ii.180.

Sk. nirdāti, nis + dāyati, cp. Sk. nirdātar…

nu →

pts

…with other emphatic or dubitative particles, like [api nu](/define/api nu) Vin.ii.303; DN.i.97; nu idha, contr. to…

nāga →

pts

…as symbol of strength & endurance (“heroic”). Thus epithet of the Buddha & of Arahants Popular etymologies of n. are based on the excellency…

nāma →

pts

…Thus nāmarūpa individuality, individual being. These two are inseparable (aññamaññûpanissitā ete dhammā, ekato va uppajjanti…

nānā →

pts

…apart Vin.i.134 sq. (opp. samāna˚), Vin.i.321; Vin.ii.162. Nabhi & Nabhi

Ved. nānā, a redupl. nā (emphatic particle, see…

nāsā →

pts

…wind, i.e. breath from the nostrils Ja.iii.276.

Vedic nāsā (du.); Lat. nāris, Ohg. nasa, Ags. nasu

nāḷikā →

pts

stalk, shaft; a tube, pipe or cylinder for holding anything; a small measure of capacity Vin.ii.116 (sūci˚, cp. sūcighara, needle-case) DN.i.7 (= bhesajja˚ DN-a.i.89); AN.i.210; Ja.i.123 (taṇḍula a …

nāḷī →

pts

(in compounds); nāḷi a hollow stalk, tube, pipe; also a measure of capacity Vin.i.249; AN.iii.49; Ja.i.98 (suvaṇṇa˚), Ja.i.124 (taṇḍula˚), Ja.i.419; Ja.iii.220 (kaṇḍa˚ a quiver); Ja. …

nīta →

pts

…the primarily inferred sense, opp neyyattha); Sdhp.366 (dun˚). Cp. vi˚.

pp. of neti

nīti →

pts

guidance, practice, conduct, esp. right conduct, propriety; statesmanship, polity Pv-a.114 (˚mangala commonsense), Pv-a.129 (˚sattha science of…

nūna →

pts

…with Pot or Ind., viz.

  1. (dubit.-interrog.) is it then, now, shall I etc. (= Lat. subjunctive, hortative & dubitative DN.i.155 (= Lat. num, cp….

o →

pts

…or other reasons, introduced. In post-canonical Pali the form in ava is the regular one. For new formations we believe there is no exception…

odumbara →

pts

adjective belonging to the Udumbara tree Vv.50#16; cp. Vv-a.213.

fr. udumbara

ogahana →

pts

submersion ducking, bathing; fig. for bathing-place Snp.214 (= manussānaṃ nahāna-tittha Snp-a.265). See also…

ojināti →

pts

to conquer, vanquish, subdue Ja.vi.222 (ojināmase).

Sk. avajayati, ava + ji

okkamati FIXME double →

pts

…At Iti.76 we hear that a dullness developed (dubbaṇṇiyaṃ okkami) on the body of a god, he lost his radiance. At DN.ii.12; MN.iii.119 a…

okkhitta →

pts

…(an˚), DN-a.i.289 (pinḍa); Pv-a.174 (piṇḍa). 2. [= Sk. utkṣipta?] thrown off, gained, produced, got (cp. uppādita), in phrase *sed’…

okoṭimaka →

pts

…ka. Ava in BSk., in formula durvarṇa durdarśana avakoṭimaka Sp. Avs.i.280. Kern (note on above passage) problematically refers it to Sk….

opapātika →

pts

…the BSk. form is a curious distortion of the P. form, viz. aupapāduka Avs.ii.89 Divy.300, Divy.627, Divy.649

opeti →

pts

to deposit, receive (syn. with osāpeti) SN.i.236 (SA na… pakkhipanti) = Thig.283; Ja.v.252 (T. upeti); in which Thig.283 has oseti (Thag-a.216, with expln. of oseti = ṭhapeti on p. 219) …

oruddha →

pts

  1. kept back, restrained, subdued AN.iii.393.
  2. imprisoned Ja.iv.4. See also ava˚.

fr. orundhati. In meaning equalling Sk. aparuddha as well as…

osadhī →

pts

…star’. According to Hindu mythology the lord of medicine is the moon (oṣadhīśa), not any particular star.

Vedic avaṣa + dhī: bearer…

otiṇṇa FIXME double →

pts

…(as variant reading; T. has dukkhâbhikiṇṇa which is either gloss or wrong reading for dukkhâvatiṇṇa) MN.ii.10; SN.i.123 (sokâva˚),…

oḷumpika →

pts

adjective Sen. Kacc.390 belonging to a skiff (no ref. in Pāli Canon?); cp. BSk. olumpika Mvu.iii.113 & oḍumpika Mvu.iii.443.

Deriv. unknown, BSk. olumpika and oḍumpika Mvu.iii.113, Mvu.iii.443. In th …

oṭṭha →

pts

…afterwards used to drag a dung-cart. Morris, J.P.T.S. 1887, 150 suggests elephant.

Vedic uṣṭra, f. uṣṭrī, buffalo = Ohg. Ags. ur, Lat….

pa →

pts

Pa˚

indeclinable directional prefix of forward motion, in applied sense often emphasising the action as carried on in a marked degree or even beyond its mark (cp. Ger. ver-in its function of Goth. f …

pabba →

pts

  1. a knot (of a stalk), joint, section Vin.iv.35; MN.i.80; Ja.i.245 (veḷu˚); Vism.358 (id.; but nāḷika p. 260); Vb-a.63 (id.); Thag.243-angula˚ finger joint Vin.iv.262, MN.i.187; DN-a.i.285-pabba\ …

pabhava →

pts

production, origin, source, cause MN.i.67; SN.i.181; SN.ii.12; Iti.37 (āhāra-netti˚); Snp.728, Snp.1050; Nd ii.under mūla (with syn. of sambhava…

paccanubhoti →

pts

…Pv-a.44, Pv-a.107 (dukkhaṃ)
fut paccanubhossati DN.ii.213; SN.i.133, SN.i.227; Pv.iii.56
pass paccanubhavīyati Pv-a.146 (for…

paccati →

pts

…Ja.v.268; Pv.iv.1#29 (= dukkhaṃ pāpuṇanti Pv-a.228); Pv.iv.3#39 (niraye paccare janā = paccanti Pv-a.255); Dhp-a.iii.64…

paccatta →

pts

…adv. separately, individually, singly, by himself in his own heart DN.i.24 (yeva nibbuti viditā); DA on DN.ii.77 = attano attano abbhantare;…

paccaya →

pts

…still these 24 were held reducible to 4 Tikp.1 f. (and foreword); Cpd. 197 Cp. Paṭṭhāna
■ Abl. paccayā as adv. by means of…

pacceka →

pts

…(adv.) singly, individually, to each one Vv-a.282. See also pāṭekka.

  • -buddha one enlightened by himself, i.e….

pacchima →

pts

…DN-a.i.45 sq. (id. ˚kicca duties or performances in the 3rd watch, corresp. to purima˚ & majjhima˚) Snp.352; Ja.iv.137 (˚pāda);…

pacchā →

pts

…& Divy), or as ˚kicca the duties after the midday meal (opp. purebhatta˚) DN-a.i.47 (in detail) Snp-a.133, Snp-a.134….

pacinati →

pts

…SN.iii.89 SN.iv.74 (dukkhaṃ = ācināti p. 73); Dhp.47, Dhp.48 (pupphāni ocinati Dhp-a.i.366); Ja.iii.22; fut. pacinissati…

pacināti →

pts

…SN.iii.89 SN.iv.74 (dukkhaṃ = ācināti p. 73); Dhp.47, Dhp.48 (pupphāni ocinati Dhp-a.i.366); Ja.iii.22; fut. pacinissati…

pada →

pts

…(footmark), Ja.ii.154; in redupl
■ iterative formation padāpadaṃ step by step Snp.446 (variant reading padânupadaṃ), and pade padaṃ…

padahati →

pts

…to burn, & translates “du willst das Feuer brennen,” i.e. you attempt something impossible, because the fire will burn you)

pp pahita…

padaka →

pts

…of the Veda (Ep. of an educated Brahmin) DN.i.88 = Snp.p.105 (where Avs.ii.19 in id. p. has padaśo = P. padaso word by word, but Divy.620…

padhaṃsati →

pts

…in compounds su˚ & dup˚ easily (or with difficulty) overwhelmed or assaulted Vin.ii.256; SN.ii.264. Also neg. appadhaṃsiya (& ˚ka);

padissati →

pts

…(doubtful; variant reading padussati; explained at Snp-a.172 by paṭidissati variant reading padussati, cp. p. 192); Cp.i.10#2 Ja.vi.89…

padma →

pts

see paduma.

padosa →

pts

…corruption, sin DN.i.71 (= padussati paraṃ vā padūseti vināsetī ti padoso DN-a.i.211); MN.iii.3; SN.iv.322 (vyāpāda˚); AN.i.8 (ceto˚);…

padoseti FIXME double →

pts

Padoseti

see padūseti.

padoseti →

pts

…at AN.iv.97 for padasseti (dummanku ‘yam padusseti dhūm’ aggimhi va pāvako)
■ As padoseti at Pv-a.212 (cittāni…

padosin →

pts

adjective abusing, damaging, spoiling, injuring SN.i.13 (appaduttha˚); Pv.iv.7#10.

fr. padosa1

padubbhati →

pts

to do wrong, offend, plot against Ja.i.262 (ger. ˚dubbhitvā).

pa + dubbhati

padulla →

pts

…opinion), explained by C. as duṭṭhullagāhin; at id. p. SN.i.187 we find duṭṭhullabhāṇin “whose speech is never lewd” (see *Psalms of…

paduma →

pts

…(blue, red & white); paduma (red white); kumuda (white) and kallahāra. See…

padumaka →

pts

  1. the Paduma purgatory SN.i.152.
  2. a lotus Ja.ii.325.

fr. paduma

padumin →

pts

…vā Padumakule uppannatāya vā padumī,“ cp. Cnd.p.164)
■ f. paduminī [cp. Sk padminī lotus plant]

  1. a lotus pond…

padussati →

pts

…reading for padissati); aor. padussi Ja.ii.125, Ja.ii.401
pp paduṭṭha; Caus….

paduṭṭha →

pts

…Dhp-a.i.23 (opp. pasanna); Pv-a.34, Pv-a.43 (˚manasa)
appaduṭṭha good, not corrupt DN.i.20; DN.iii.32;…

padāletar →

pts

one who pierces or destroys, a destroyer, breaker, in phrase mahato kāyassa padāletā the destroyer of a great body (or bulk) AN.i.284 sq. (in sequence dūre-pātin, akkhaṇavedhin, m. k. p.); AN.ii.17 …

padūseti →

pts

…at AN.iv.97 for padasseti (dummanku ‘yam padusseti dhūm’ aggimhi va pāvako)
■ As padoseti at Pv-a.212 (cittāni…

padūsita →

pts

made bad, corrupted, spoilt Iti.13 (variant reading padussita). Paduseti & Padoseti;

pp. of padūseti

paggharaṇa →

pts

…noun trickling, oozing, dripping Ja.i.146; Ja.vi.187 (a˚); f. DN.i.74 (= bindubinduṃ udakaṃ paggharati DN-a.i.218); the…

pahaṭa →

pts

assailed, struck, beaten (of musical instruments) Ja.ii.102, Ja.ii.182; Ja.vi.189; Vv-a.161 (so for pahata); Pv-a.253. Of a ball: driven, impelled Vism.143 (˚citra-geṇḍuka) = Dhs-a.116 (so read fo …

pahāna →

pts

…MN.iii.72 SN.i.13 SN.i.132 (dukkha˚); SN.ii.170; SN.iii.53; SN.iv.7 sq. DN.iii.225 DN.iii.246 AN.i.82 AN.i.134 AN.ii.26 AN.ii.232 (kaṇhassa…

pajahati →

pts

…sāvajjaṃ); Snp.789 (dukkhaṃ), Snp.1056, Snp.1058; Pts.i.63; Pts.ii.244. ppr. pajahaṃ SN.iii.27; fut. pahāssaṃ (cp. Geiger,

pajāyati →

pts

to be born or produced Ja.v.386; Ja.vi.14.

pa + jāyati

pakata →

pts

…apakata“ or “upadduta”) issāpakata envious by nature SN.ii.260; Pv-a.46, cp macchariyā pakata afflicted with selfishness Pv-a.124…

pakkandati →

pts

to cry out, shout out, wail Snp.310 (3rd pret. pakkanduṃ) Ja.vi.55 (id.), Ja.vi.188 (id.), Ja.vi.301 (id.).

Ved. prakrandati, pra + krand

pakkaṭṭhī →

pts

…gomaya, boiling cow-dung, variant reading chakaṇakā see p.537. The id. p. at Cnd.199 reads chakaṇaṭī, evidently a bona fide…

pakkhandati →

pts

…(avyāpāde); AN.iv.442 (adukkha-m-asukhe); Iti.43 (dhamme); and na me tattha mānasaṃ p. Mil.135. pp. pakkhanna

palaṇḍuka →

pts

an onion Vin.iv.259.

cp. Epic Sk. palāṇḍu, pala (white) + aṇḍu (= aṇḍa? egg)

palikhata →

pts

dug round or out SN.iv.83 (so read with variant reading for T. palikhita).

pp. of palikhaṇati

palita →

pts

adjective grey, in cpd. ˚kesa with grey (i.e. white hair MN.i.88 (f. ˚kesī); AN.i.138; Ja.i.59, Ja.i.79; abs. only at Ja.vi.524. The spelling phalita also occurs (e.g. Pv-a.153) …

pallatthikā →

pts

same meaning as pallattha Vin.ii.213; Vin.iii.162 (cp. Vin. Texts i.62; iii.141); Vism.79 (dussa˚).

fr. pallattha

paloka →

pts

…Mil.418 (in formula aniccato dukkhato rogato etc., with freq.variant reading paralokato; cp AN.iv.423; Cnd.214; Pts.ii.238); SN.iii.167 (id.),…

paluddha →

pts

seduced, enticed SN.iv.307 (where id. p. MN.i.511 reads paladdha); Ja.i.158; Ja.vi.255 Ja.vi.262. See also palobheti & palobhita.

pp. of pa +…

palāsa →

pts

Palāsa1

masculine & neuter

  1. the tree Butea frondosa or Judas tree Ja.iii.23 (in Palāsa Jātaka).
  2. a leaf; collectively (nt.) foliage, pl. (nt.) leaves SN.ii.178; Ja.i.120 (nt.); Ja.iii …

palāsika →

pts

adjective

  1. in cpd. paṇḍu˚; one who lives by eating withered leaves DN-a.i.270, DN-a.i.271.
  2. in cpd. eka˚; (upāhanā) (a shoe) with one lining (i.e. of leaves) Vin.i.185 (= eka paṭala Bdhgh; …

pameyya →

pts

…as before at Vv-a.169); duppameyya hard to be gauged or measured AN.i.266; Pp.35; opp. suppameyya ibid.

grd. of pamināti, like Epic Sk….

pamucchita →

pts

…Pv.iii.1#8 (= khuppipāsādidukkhena sañjāta-mucchā Pv-a.174); Pv.iv.10#8. 2. infatuated SN.i.187 (variant reading; T. samucchita) =…

pamutti →

pts

setting free, release SN.i.209; Thig.248; Ja.iv.478; Ne.131 (= SN.i.209; but read pamutty atthi); Pv-a.103 (dukkhato).

fr. pa + muc

pamuñca →

pts

…free or loose, in cpd. -kara deliverer SN.i.193 = Thag.1242 (bandhana˚)-adj. dup˚; difficult to be freed SN.i.77; Snp.773; Dhp.346;…

pamuñcati →

pts

…sq. (dukkhā); Dhp.189 (sabbadukkhā), Dhp.276 (fut pamokkhati), Dhp.291 (dukkhā), Dhp.361
pp pamutta (q.v.)-Caus….

pamāṇa →

pts

…of time, compass, length duration Pv-a.136 (jīvitaṃ paricchinna ˚ṃ); esp. in cpd. āyu˚ age SN.i.151; AN.i.213; AN.ii.126 sq. and passim…

panna →

pts

…smell Ja.v.198 (= thokaṃ duggandha C.).

  • -dhaja one whose flag gone or is lost, i.e. whose fight is over (Ep of the…

pantha →

pts

…Ja.i.253; Ja.iv.184.

  • -duhana waylaying robbery; m. a robber DN.i.135 (see DN-a.i.296); Ja.ii.281 Ja.ii.388; DN.iii.68, and…

panūdana →

pts

…rejection Snp.252 (sabba-dukkhâpanūdana Snp-a.293 should be read as sabba-dukkha-apanūdana, as at Vin.ii.148 = Ja.i.94), Snp.1106 (=…

para →

pts

…with ref. to loka & dukkha and opposed to; sayankata DN.iii.137 sq.; SN.ii.19 sq., SN.ii.33 sq., SN.ii.38 sq. Ud.69 sq. -(n)kāra

parama →

pts

…(˚nipacca), Pv-a.15 (˚duggandha), Pv-a.46
■ At the end of a cpd. (-˚) “at the outmost, at the highest, at most; as a minimum at…

pareta →

pts

…ghamma˚, jighacchā˚ dukkha˚, dosa˚, rāga˚, soka˚, sneha˚, Vin.i.5; DN.ii.36; MN.i.13, MN.i.114, MN.i.364, MN.i.460; MN.iii.14,…

pari →

pts

…to draw over, seduce, ˚cheda cutting off restriction, ˚puñchati wipe off 2. all round, round (explained by samantato, e.g. at…

paribbājayitar →

pts

one who indulges in the practice of a Wanderer, fig. one who leads a virtuous ascetic life Snp.537 (T. ˚vajjayitā). Perhaps we should read…

paribhuñjati →

pts

… grd -bhuñjiya Ja.i.243 (dup˚); & -bhuñjitabba Pv-a.71 (with nt. abstr ˚tabbatta)
pass ˚bhuñjiyati, ppr. ˚iyamāna SN.i.90 2….

paricārita →

pts

served by; delighted by, indulging in MN.i.504.

pp. of paricāreti

paridūseti →

pts

to spoil altogether, to ruin, corrupt, defile Sdhp.409.

pari + dūseti

parihāra →

pts

…Ja.ii.48; Dhp-a.i.346; dup˚; hard to protect Ja.i.437; Vism.95 (Majjhimo d. hard to study? 2. honour, privilege, dignity Vin.i.71; Ja.iv.306…

parijiṇṇa →

pts

…out, gone down, decayed, reduced Ja.i.111 (seṭṭhi-kulaṃ p.); Ja.v.99, Ja.v.100 (bhoga˚); Ja.vi.364; Dhp.148; Dhp-a.ii.272 (˚kula).

pp….

parikamma →

pts

…whereby jhāna is introduced, preparations for meditation Ja.i.141 Ja.iv.306; Ja.v.162, Ja.v.193; Dhs-a.168; cp. Cpd. 54; Dhp-a.i.105 (2.)…

parikaḍḍhati →

pts

…oneself, to win over seduce DN.ii.283 (purisaṃ); Mil.143 (janapadaṃ). Cp parikassati and…

parikhā →

pts

…adj with trenches dug deep, combined with okkhittapaligha explained by khāta-parikha ṭhapita-paligha at DN-a.i.274) MN.i.139…

parikkhāra →

pts

…Vin.ii.150 (senāsana˚-dussa clothrequirement of seat & bed); Vin.iv.249 sq., Vin.iv.284; DN.i.128 DN.i.137 (yaññassa p. = parivāra…

parimohita →

pts

adjective very confused, muddled, dulled, bewildered, infatuated Sdhp.206.

pp. of pari + Caus. of muh

parinibbāna →

pts

…state of final emancipation (during life) has also received the determination of anupādā-parinibbāna, i.e. emancipation without ground. for…

parinibbāpana →

pts

refreshing, cooling, quenching; controlling, subduing, training Pts.i.174 (atta-damatha, atta-samatha, atta-p.).

pari + nibbāpana

parisaṅgāhāpeti →

pts

to induce someone to mention or relate something Ja.vi.328.

pari + Caus. of sangaṇhāti

parisaṭha →

pts

adjective very fraudulent or crafty Pp.23 (saṭha +).

pari + saṭha

parisā →

pts

…cp. DN.iii.252.

  • -dussana defilement of the Assembly AN.ii.225 (opp. ˚sobhaṇā) *…

paritta →

pts

…appaka, omaka, lāmaka, dukkha Cnd.414; catukka Cnd.415 (opp. mahā); appaka Pv-a.48, Pv-a.60; appama taka Pv-a.262; ittara Pv-a.60; oma…

parivisati →

pts

…(kaṇājakena bilangadutiyena); DN.ii.127; Ja.i.87, Ja.i.90; Ja.ii.277; Ja.iv.116; Pv.ii.8#4 (= bhojeti Pv-a.107); Pv.ii.8#8 (id….

parivāsa →

pts

…time (lit. stay) interval, duration Ud.7 (eka-ratti˚).

  • -dāna the allowance of probation AN.i.99.

fr. pari +…

pariyogāha →

pts

diving into, penetration; only in cpd. dup˚; hard to penetrate, unfathomable SN.iv.376; Mil.70. Pariyogahati & gaheti;

pari + ogāha

pariyosāna →

pts

…paṭhamapadena ādik˚ dutiyatatiya-padehi majjhe k pacchima-padena pariyosānak˚“ etc. at Snp-a.444), e.g. DN.i.62; Iti.111 &…

pariyā →

pts

…of a tree, branch Ja.vi.528 (duma˚; read ˚pariyāsu with variant reading instead of T. pariyāyesu; C. explains by sākhā).

fr. pari +…

pariyādinna →

pts

…= MN.iii.118; SN.ii.133 sq. (dukkhaṃ parikkhīṇaṃ +); SN.v.461 sq
■ neg. apariyādinna not finished, not exhausted MN.i.79…

pariḷāha →

pts

…Dhp.90 (cp. Dhp-a.ii.166: duvidho p kāyiko cetasiko ca); Cnd.374 (kāma˚); Ja.ii.220; Mil.97, Mil.165, Mil.318; Thag-a.41, Thag-a.292;…

parovara →

pts

adjective noun high & low, far & near; pl. in sense of “all kinds” (cp. uccâvaca). The word is found only in the Sutta Nipāta, viz. Snp.353 (variant reading BB varāvaraṃ, varovaraṃ; explained as “loku …

parābhetvā →

pts

at Ja.v.153 is not clear (C.: hadayaṃ bhinditvā olokento viya…); perhaps we have here a reading parābh˚ for parāg˚ (as bheṇḍuka wrongly for geṇḍuka) which in its turn stands for parādhetvā (cp. simila …

parāmaṭṭha →

pts

…Dhs.1500; Sdhp.332
■ dup˚ wrongly grasped, misused SN.i.49
apparāmaṭṭha [cp. BSk aparāmṛṣta not affected Mptp. p. 84]…

parāyana →

pts

…Ja.iii.454; Ja.iv.159; duggati˚ Pv-a.32; devaloka˚ Ja.i.218 brahmaloka˚ Ja.iii.396; Mil.234; sagga˚ Ja.vi.329; Pv-a.42, Pv-a.160;…

parāyaṇa →

pts

…Ja.iii.454; Ja.iv.159; duggati˚ Pv-a.32; devaloka˚ Ja.i.218 brahmaloka˚ Ja.iii.396; Mil.234; sagga˚ Ja.vi.329; Pv-a.42, Pv-a.160;…

pasaha →

pts

overcoming, mastering, in dup˚; (adj.) hard to overcome Ja.ii.219; Mil.21.

fr. pa + sah

pasahati →

pts

to use force, subdue, oppress, overcome MN.ii.99; Snp.443; Dhp.7, Dhp.128; Dhp-a.iii.46; Ja.iv.126 Ja.iv.494; Ja.v.27
ger…

pasajati →

pts

to let loose, produce; to be attached to Snp.390 (= allīyati Snp-a.375).

pa + sṛj

pasata →

pts

…pānīyaṃ). Often redupl. pasataṃ pasataṃ “by handfuls” MN.i.245, Ja.v.164. At DN-a.i.298 it is closely connected with…

pasavana →

pts

  1. giving birth Pv-a.35
  2. producing, generating, effecting Pv-a.31 (puñña˚).

fr. pa + su

pasavati →

pts

…give birth to, beget, produce; mostly fig. in combination with the foll. nouns kibbisaṃ to commit sin Vin.ii.204; AN.v.75; pāpaṃ id…

pasaṭa →

pts

let out, produced DN.iii.167; Snp-a.109 (conj. for pasava in expln of pasuta).

pp. of pa + sṛ.

pasu →

pts

…Pv-a.166 (˚bhāva); n. pl pasavo SN.i.69; Snp.858; gen. pl. pasūnaṃ Snp.311; Pv.ii.2#5
■ dupasu bad cattle Thag.446.

Vedic paśu, cp….

pasūta →

pts

produced; having born, delivered Pv-a.80.

pp. of pasavati

patijīvan →

pts

…to be taken as a sort of redupl. cpd. of jīva, the imper. of jīvati “live,” as greeting. We might translate “the greeting with ʻjīva’…

patiṭṭhita →

pts

…Pv.i.4#4; Pv.ii.9#69 (dussīlesu); Mil.282; Vv-a.110 (˚gabbhā), Vv-a.259 (˚saddha); Pv-a.34 (jāta +)
■ nt. -ṃ arrangement,…

patiṭṭhīyati →

pts

to be obdurate, to offer resistance AN.i.124; AN.ii.203; AN.iii.181 sq. Ja.iv.22 (aor. ˚ṭṭhīya); Pp.36; Kp-a.226.

only apparently (Pass.) to…

patta →

pts

…Dhp.401 (id.); Mnd.135 (paduma˚); Pv.ii.9#5 (= paṇṇa Pv-a.15); Vv-a.147 (tāla˚); Thag-a.71; Pv-a.283 (nigrodha˚). asi-patta-vana…

pavatta →

pts

…happening, going on, procedure, resulting Thig.220 (assu ca pavattaṃ taken by Mrs. Rh. D. as “tears shed”); Thag-a.179; Pv-a.35, Pv-a.83…

pavatteti →

pts

…etc. 2. to cause, produce, make arise Ja.ii.102 (mah’ oghaṃ); Mil.219. 3. to give forth bestow, give (dānaṃ a gift) Vin.iv.5 (spelt…

pavattin →

pts

…“thoroughly mastered J.P.T.S. 1909, 199, v.71 (id.). 2. going on, procedure (in f. ˚inī) Vin.ii.271 sq., Vin.ii.277.

fr. pa + vṛt

pavedita →

pts

made known, declared, taught MN.i.67 (su˚ & du˚); SN.i.231; Dhp.79, Dhp.281; Snp.171, Snp.330 Snp.838; Mnd.186.

pp. of pavedeti

pavellati →

pts

to shake, move to & fro, undulate SN.iv.289 (paveliyamānena kāyena); Ja.iii.395
pp pavellita (q.v.).

pa + vell

paveseti →

pts

…to furnish, provide, introduce procure, apply to (acc. or loc.) Ja.iii.52 (rajjukaṃ gīvāya), Ja.vi.383 (siriṃ); Mil.39 (gehe padīpaṃ),…

payāta →

pts

…D. “thus when so much is fallen away”; Neumann “in solcher Drangsal, solcher Not”)
duppayāta going or gone wrong, strayed Vv.84#9…

pañca →

pts

…others with ref. to paduma-puṇḍarīka Vv-a.41; to paduma Dhp-a.iii.443; to kusumāni DN-a.i.140; Dhp-a.iv.203. ˚vaṇṇa in…

pañña →

pts

…SN.i.63; Cnd.235; tikkha˚; dup˚ DN.iii.252, DN.iii.282; SN.i.78, SN.i.191; SN.ii.159 sq.; MN.iii.25; AN.ii.187 sq.; Dhp.111 Dhp.140; Pp.13;…

paññatti →

pts

…SN.iv.39 (satta˚, dukkha˚, loka˚); AN.ii.17; AN.v.190; Pts.ii.171, Pts.ii.176; Pp.1; Dhs.i.309; Ne.1 sq., Ne.38, Ne.188 Kp-a.102,…

paññatā →

pts

…sense, wisdom AN.iii.421 (dup˚ = foolishness), AN.v.159 (id.); mahā˚, puthu˚ vipula˚ AN.i.45. See also paññatta2.

secondary…

paññavant →

pts

…Pv-a.40. Cp. paññāṇavant.

paññā + vant, with reduction of ā to a see Geiger, P.Gr. § 23

paññā →

pts

…code of emotional duties or practice of concentration & meditation; 3 paññā-kkhandha (or ˚sampadā) code of intellectual duties or…

paṃsu →

pts

…rags from a dust heap (cp. Vin. Texts ii.156; Vin.i.58; MN.i.78; SN.ii.202; AN.i.240, AN.i.295; AN.ii.206; AN.iv.230; Iti.102 =…

paṃsuka →

pts

adjective dusty; (m.) a dusty robe Kp-a.171 (variant reading paṃsukūla).

Epic Sk. pāṃśuka; Ved. pāṃsura

paṅka →

pts

…dirt between their teeth and dust on their heads, from travelling); AN.iii.236 (id.); AN.iv.362 (id.); Snp.535, Snp.845, Snp.945, Snp.1145 (Cnd.374…

paṇeti →

pts

to lead on to, bring out, adduce, apply, fig. decree (a fine or punishment), only used in phrase daṇḍaṃ paṇeti to give a punishment…

paṇihita →

pts

…controlled SN.iv.309 (dup˚); AN.i.8 AN.v.87; Dhp.43; (sammā ˚ṃ cittaṃ); Snp.154 (su˚ mano suṭṭhu ṭhapito acalo Snp-a.200);…

paṇītaka →

pts

…pa + nīta + ka, viz. that which has been produced

paṇḍara →

pts

adjective white, pale, yellowish Ja.ii.365; Ja.v.340; Mnd.3; Dhs.6 Vb.88 (Dhs trsl. “that which is clear”? in def. of citta & mano) Dhs.17, Dhs.293, Dhs.597; Mil.226; Dhp-a.iv.8; Vv-a.40; Pv-a.56 …

paṇḍita →

pts

…by the wise), DN.i.120 (opp. duppañña); DN.iii.192; MN.i.342; MN.iii.61, MN.iii.163, MN.iii.178; SN.iv.375 (+ viyatta medhāvin); SN.v.151 (+…

paṇḍu →

pts

adjective pale-red or yellow, reddish, light yellow, grey; only at Thig.79 (kisā paṇḍu vivaṇṇā), where paṇḍu represents the usual up-paṇḍ’-uppaṇḍuka-jātā: “thin, pale and colourless” (see Thag- …

paṇḍuka →

pts

(-roga) perhaps to be read with variant reading at MN.ii.121 for bandhuka˚.

paṇṇa →

pts

…+) Snp.811 (p. vuccati paduma-pattaṃ Mnd.135); Ja.i.167; Ja.ii.105 (nimba)˚; Kp-a.46 (khitta-p
■ kosa-saṇṭhāna); Pv-a.115 (=…

paṇṇaka →

pts

  1. green leaves (collectively), vegetable, greens Ja.vi.24 (kāra˚ vegetable as homage or oblation); Pv.iii.3#3 (panko paṇṇako ca, explained as “kaddamo vā udakacchikkhalo vā” Pv-a.189, but evidently …

paṭi →

pts

…(duties & secondary duties, all duties). In the latter application paṭi resembles the use of ā, which is more frequent (see…

paṭi-āneti →

pts

Paṭi-āneti

to lead or bring back, in duppaṭi-ānaya difficult to bring back Ja.iv.43. Pati-orohati

paṭi + ā +

paṭicca-samuppāda →

pts

…from the appearance of dukkha in this world of old age and death towards the original cause of it in…

paṭicchanna →

pts

…Kp-a.53; Vb-a.94 (˚dukkha) Pv-a.43, Pv-a.103. -appaṭicchanna unconcealed, open, unrestrained Vin.ii.38; Ja.i.207.

*…

paṭidukkhāpanatā →

pts

the fact of being afflicted again with súffering Mil.180.

paṭi + abstr. of dukkhāpeti, Caus
■ Denom. fr. dukkha

paṭihaṅkhati →

pts

…any old feeling and not produce any new“ SN.iv.104 = AN.ii.40 AN.iii.388 = AN.iv.167 = Mnd.496 = Cnd.540#2; Vism.32, Vism.33.

fut. of…

paṭikkūla →

pts

…DN.iii.113; MN.i.341 (dukkha˚); SN.iv.172 (id.) Ja.i.393; Vv-a.92 (K.); Pv-a.77; Vb-a.250 sq
app˚ without objection, pleasant,…

paṭinissaggin →

pts

adjective giving up, renouncing, or being given up, to be renounced, only in compound duppaṭi˚; (sup˚) hard (easy) to renounce. DN.iii.45 MN.i.96 AN.iii.335 AN.v.150

fr. paṭinissagga

paṭipadā →

pts

…AN.v.63; Snp-a.497. 2. akkhamā, khamā damā & samā p. i.e. want of endurance, endurance self-control, equanimity.

fr. paṭi + pad

paṭipajjana →

pts

way or plan to be followed, procedure, in -vidhi method, line of action Pv-a.131 (variant reading BB), Pv-a.133.

fr. paṭipajjati

paṭipatti →

pts

“way,” method, conduct, practice, performance, behaviour, example AN.i.69 AN.v.126 (dhammânudhamma˚), AN.v.136; Pts.ii.15; Mnd.143 Cnd. s.v.;…

paṭipuggalika →

pts

adjective belonging to one’s equal, individual Dhs.1044. Perhaps read pāṭi˚ (q.v.).

fr. paṭipuggala

paṭisaṃvedeti →

pts

…Pp.59; Pv-a.192 (mahādukkhaṃ). There is also a by-form, viz. paṭisaṃvediyati SN.ii.18, SN.ii.75, SN.ii.256…

paṭisaṃvedin →

pts

…SN.v.310 sq. AN.i.164 (sukhadukkha˚); AN.iv.303 (id.); AN.v.35 (id.); Iti.99; Pts.i.95, Pts.i.114 (evaṃsukhadukkha˚), Pts.i.184, Pts.i.186 sq.;…

paṭisevana →

pts

going after, indulging in, practice MN.i.10.

fr. paṭisevati

paṭisevati →

pts

to follow, pursue, indulge in (acc.) practise Vin.ii.296 (methunaṃ dhammaṃ); MN.i.10; AN.ii.54 (methunaṃ); Ja.i.437; Ja.vi.73, Ja.vi.505;…

paṭisevitar →

pts

one who practises, pursues or indulges in (acc.) AN.iii.143 sq. (bhesajjaṃ).

n. ag. of paṭisevati

paṭivatta →

pts

…“moving forth or backwards” performance of different kinds of duties; doing this, that & the other Dhp-a.i.157.

pp. of…

paṭivedha →

pts

…Dhs.1061, Dhs.1162; Pp.21 duppaṭivedha (adj.) hard to pierce or penetrate; fig. difficult to master Mil.250
maggaphala˚; realisation…

paṭivijjha →

pts

adjective in cpd. dup˚; hard to penetrate (lit. & fig.) SN.v.454.

grd. of paṭivijjhati

paṭivinaya →

pts

repression, subdual, only in cpd. āghāta˚; DN.iii.262, DN.iii.289; AN.iii.185 sq. See āghāta.

paṭi + vi +

paṭivineti →

pts

…out, keep away, repress, subdue SN.i.228; MN.i.13; AN.iii.185 sq.; Ja.vi.551; Pv-a.104 (pipāsaṃ). Cp. BSk. prativineti Mvu.ii.121
pp…

paṭivinodaya →

pts

adjective noun dispelling, subduing, riddance, removal; dup˚ hard to dispel AN.iii.184 sq.

fr. paṭivinodeti

paṭivinīta →

pts

removed, dispelled, subdued SN.ii.283; SN.v.76, SN.v.315.

pp. of paṭivineti

paṭṭa →

pts

…(rajata˚)
dupaṭṭa “double cloth, see under dvi B ii.

cp. late Sk. paṭṭa,…

pesita →

pts

  1. sent out or forth Snp.412 (rājadūta p.) Vv.21#7 (= uyyojita Vv-a.108); Dhp-a.iii.191 pesit-atta is the C. expln at SN.i.53 (as given at K.S. 320) of pahit-atta (translation “ …

peta →

pts

-kicca duty towards the deceased (i.e. death-rites) Ja.ii.5; Dhp-a.i.328. -rājā king of the Petas…

peyya →

pts

…sweet to drink Mil.313. duppeyya difficult to drink Sdhp.158. See also kākapeyya.

grd. of…

phala →

pts

…(of trees etc.) Vv.84#14 (dumā nicca-phal’ ûpapannā not to phalu, as Kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v. phalu); Vism.120\- *amba˚*;...

phandati →

pts

…violent; Lat. pendeo “pend” i.e. hang down, cp pendulum; Ags. finta tail, lit. mover, throbber

pharati →

pts

…cetasā* ekaṃ (dutiyaṃ etc.) disaṃ pharitvā viharati DN.ii.186; SN.v.115 and passim where pharitvā at…

phassa →

pts

…Vb-a.265; Pv-a.86 (dup˚ of bad touch, bad to the touch i.e. rough, unpleasant); poet. for trouble Thag.783 See on phassa: Dhs. trsl. 5…

phālima →

pts

…expand) expanding, opening, blossoming in cpd. aggi-nikāsi-phālima paduma Ja.iii.320 (where Cy. explains by phālita vikasita).

pibati →

pts

…pāti & pibati, redupl. pres. to root Idg.; *poi & pī, cp. Lat. bibo (for * pibo); Gr. πϊυω to drink, πότος drink; Obulg….

pidalaka →

pts

…paṭisaṃharitvā duguṇa-karaṇa.“ See also Vin Texts iii.94.

etym.? Kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v. suggests diminutiveformation…

pilava →

pts

…floating Ja.v.408 (suplav-atthaṃ in order to swim through well = plavana C.). 2. a kind of duck [so Epic Sk.] Vv.35#8 (cp Vv-a.163);…

pināsa →

pts

…Sk….

pitar →

pts

…is mātāpitaro (pl. not dual), e.g. Snp.404; Ja.i.152; Ja.iii.83; Ja.iv.1; Pv-a.107. On similes of father and son op. J.P.T.S. 1907, 112. In…

pivati →

pts

…pāti & pibati, redupl. pres. to root Idg.; *poi & pī, cp. Lat. bibo (for * pibo); Gr. πϊυω to drink, πότος drink; Obulg….

piḷhaka →

pts

…= paṭanga?). The trsl. (K.S. ii.155) has “dung-beetle.”

piṇḍaka →

pts

(alms)-food AN.iv.185 (SS piṇḍapāta); in phrase na piṇḍakena kilamati not go short of food Vin.iii.15, Vin.iii.87; Vin.iv.23, in ukka-piṇḍaka meaning a cluster of msects or vermin Vin.i.211 = Vi …

piṇḍika →

pts

…or sunshade“ Ja.vi.376. Dutoit (J. translation vi.457) translates “opening at the back of the sunshade,” thus evidently reading…

piṭṭhika →

pts

adjective (-˚) having a back, in dīgha˚; with a long back or ridge Snp.604; mudu˚; having a flexible back Vin.iii.35.

fr. piṭṭhi

plava →

pts

…floating Ja.v.408 (suplav-atthaṃ in order to swim through well = plavana C.). 2. a kind of duck [so Epic Sk.] Vv.35#8 (cp Vv-a.163);…

pokkhara →

pts

…Snp.392, Snp.812 (vuccati paduma-pattaṃ Mnd.135); Dhp.336; Iti.84. 2. the skin of a drum (from its resemblance to the lotus-leaf SN.ii.267;…

pokkharaṇī →

pts

…in meaning of a dry pit or dugout); Vv-a.160; Pv-a.23, Pv-a.77, Pv-a.152. pokkharaññā gen Pv.ii.12#9; instr. SN.i.233; loc. Vin.ii.123….

posa →

pts

…Grammar

§ 30#3

Posa2

adjective to be fed or nourished, only in dup˚; difficult to nourish SN.i.61.

= *poṣya, grd. of…

posatā →

pts

only-˚, in su˚ & dup˚; easy & difficult support Vin.ii.2.

abstr. fr. posa2

pottha →

pts

…a mixture of earth, lime, cowdung & water as mortar Ja.vi.459; carving Dhs-a.334; and -kara a modeller in clay Ja.i.71. Cp….

poṅkha →

pts

arrow, only in redupl. (iterative) cpd. poṅkh’ ānupoṅkhaṃ (adv. arrow after arrow, shot after shot, i.e. constantly, continuously…

poṇa →

pts

…prone, in; anupubba˚; gradually sloping (of the ocean) Vin.ii.237 = AN.iv.198 sq. = Ud.53 2. (-˚) sloping towards, going to, converging or…

pubba →

pts

…pubbena in ˚âpara gradual MN.iii.79; acc. pubbaṃ see 1, 2, with abl. as prep. before Snp-a.549 (= purā); loc. pubbe in earlier times…

pubbe →

pts

…by 6 classes of individuals); Thag-a.74, Thag-a.197. pubbe-nivās’ ānussati (-ñāṇa) (knowledge of) remembrance of one’s former…

puggala →

pts

purisa-puggala individual man, being, person SN.ii.206 SN.iv.307; AN.i.173 = MN.ii.217. Characterised as an individual in var. ways, e.g. as…

puggalika →

pts

…to a single person, individual, separate Vin.i.250; Vin.ii.270. The BSk paudgalika at Divy.342 is used in a sense similar to the Vin passages….

pulaka →

pts

shrivelled grain Mil.232 (sukka-yava˚ of dried barley); Dhp-a.ii.154 (SS; T. reads mūlakaṃ which is explained by Bdhgh as “nitthusaṃ katvā ussedetvā gahita-yava-taṇḍula vuccanti” ibid). Here bel …

puppha →

pts

…Vism.430; Snp-a.78 (paduma˚); Vv-a.73; Pv-a.127; Sdhp.550- pupphāni (pl.) Vb-a.255 (of 32 colours, in simile), Vb-a.292 sq. (for…

pure →

pts

…Tikp. 17; freq. in Dukp. & Tikp. (as ārammaṇa˚ vatthu˚), cp. Vb-a.403 (˚ārammaṇa & ˚vatthuka);

purisa →

pts

…āgantuka˚ Vb-a.23; dubbala Vism.533; papāte patanto Vb-a.23 (cannot be a help to others; similarly with patita at Vb-a.170 =…

purāṇa →

pts

…late, old in compounds as -dutiyikā the former wife (of a bhikkhu) Vin.i.18, Vin.i.96; Vin.iv.263; SN.i.200; Ud.5; Ja.i.210; -rājorodhā

puthu →

pts

…adv. separated, individual, adv. separately, each (see [given as puthag eva Kacc. 29](/define/given as puthag eva Kacc. 29)) SN.i.75 (puthu…

puñña →

pts

…or liberality, good conduct & contemplation These are the puñña-kiriya-vatthūni (see below) Another set of; ten consists of these 3 and…

puṇḍarīka →

pts

…(˚ttac’ angī = ratta-paduma-patta-vaṇṇasarīrā); Vv.44#12 (= seta-kamala Vv-a.191); Pv.ii.12#2 Pv.iii.3#3 (pokkharaṇī bahu ˚ā);…

pācariya →

pts

…2nd part of a (redupl.) compound ācariya-pācariya in the nature of combinations mentioned under a1 3 b: “teacher upon…

pāda →

pts

…then specified as eka˚ & dutiya˚, e.g. at Cnd.304iii Ja.vi.354. 2. foot or base of a mountain Vism.399 (Sineru˚); Dhp-a.i.108…

pāduka →

pts

little foot Ja.vi.554.

= pādaka

pādukā →

pts

…kind of stool or stand in a privy.

cp. Epic Sk. pāduka & pādukā

pānada →

pts

…should probably be (with variant reading & C.) “dupāhan’ ûpama, i.e. du(ḥ) + upāhanā. The C. explains as “dukkatupāhan’…

pānīya →

pts

…Pv-a.4, Pv-a.5. A reduced form pāniya (cp. Geiger, P.Gr. § 23) is also found, e.g. Vin.ii.153; DN.i.148; Pv.ii.10#2.

*…

pāra →

pts

…SN.i.195 = Cnd.136#a (dukkhassa), SN.iv.210 (bhavassa); AN.ii.9 (id.); AN.iii.223; Iti.33 (jarāya) Dhp.348. (b) gone to the end of (gen. or…

pāruta →

pts

…Pv-a.48, Pv-a.161
duppāruta not properly dressed (without the upper robe Vin.i.44; Vin.ii.212; SN.ii.231, SN.ii.271. See also…

pātin →

pts

(-˚) adjective throwing, shooting, only in cpd. dūre˚; throwing far AN.i.284; AN.ii.170. See akkhaṇa-vedhin.

fr. pāta

pātur →

pts

…Vism.437.

cp. Vedic prāduḥ in prādur + bhu; on t for d see Geiger,

Pali Grammar

§ 39#4. As regards etym. Monier Williams suggests…

pāṭala →

pts

adjective pale red, pink Ja.iv.114.

cp. Class. Sk. pāṭala, to same root as palita & pāṇḍu: see Walde, Lat. Wtb. under palleo & cp paṇḍu

pāṭekka →

pts

…Vism.473; Dhp-a.iv.7 (pāṭiy˚ SS pāṭieka)
■ nt. -ṃ (adv.) singly, separately, individually Vism.409 (pāṭiy˚) Vv-a.141.

paṭi…

pāṭiyekka FIXME double →

pts

…Vism.473; Dhp-a.iv.7 (pāṭiy˚ SS pāṭieka)
■ nt. -ṃ (adv.) singly, separately, individually Vism.409 (pāṭiy˚) Vv-a.141.

paṭi…

pīḷana →

pts

…injury, suffering (from dukkha) Vism.212 = Vism.494; also in nakkhatta˚ harm to a constellation, i.e. occultation Dhp-a.i.166 sq.

fr….

pīḷita →

pts

crushed, oppressed, molested, harassed Vin.iv.261; Vism.415 (dubbhikkha˚); Dhp-a.iv.70 Thag-a.271. Cp. abhi˚, pa˚.

pp. of pīḷeti

pūra →

pts

…Pp.46; Pv-a.29
dup˚; difficult to fill Ja.v.425
pūraṃ (-˚) nt. as adv. in kucchi-pūraṃ to his belly’s fill…

pūti →

pts

…pūti, pūyati to fester; Gr. πύχω, πϋον = pus; Lat. pūtidus putrid; Goth. fūls = Ger. faul, E foul

rajja →

pts

…niyyādetvā), Ja.i.199 (dukkhaseyyaṃ api rajjaṃ pi kāraye); Ja.iv.96, Ja.iv.105, Ja.iv.393 (nava rajja new kingship, newly (or lately)…

rajjati →

pts

…(rajanīyesu r.; with dussanīyesu and muyhanīyesu; followed by kampitabba); fut rajjissati Dhs-a.194; aor. arañji Vin.i.36 = Ja.i.83…

rajo →

pts

…dusty place, dustiness, dust-hole DN.i.62, DN.i.250; SN.ii.219; DN-a.i.180 (here taken metaphorically: rāga-raj ādīnaṃ…

rakkha →

pts

dū˚; variant reading du

hard to guard Dhp-a.i.295. ˚kathā, s. l. rukkha-˚ warding talk Thag-a.1, in Brethren, 185, cp. note…

rakkhati →

pts

…rakkheyya); Mil.170 (vacīduccaritaṃ rakkheyya)

pp rakkhita. See also parīpāleti & parirakkhati.

Vedic raksati,…

rama →

pts

…only in cpd. dū˚; (= duḥ) difficult to enjoy, not fit for pleasures as nt. absence of enjoyment Dhp.87 = SN.v.24; and mano˚ gladdening…

rasa →

pts

…extract, delicacy, fineness, dust. Thus in paṭhavī˚; “essence of earth,” humus SN.i.134 (translation “taste of earth,” rather…

rassa →

pts

…reduction of the determination (here of vowel in ending) Ja.iii.489.

rassatta →

pts

shortness, reduction (of vowel) Dhs-a.149.

fr. rassa

ratana →

pts

…Snp-a.544); Mil.262 (dussa˚ a very fine garment)
■ Usually as a set of 7 valuables, belonging to the throne (the empire) of a…

ratha →

pts

…Sk. trasareṇu a mote of dust, atom. It is said to consist of 36 -tajjāri’s, and 36 ratha-reṇu’s are equal to one…

ratta →

pts

…tree); Snp-a.125 (where paduma is given as “ratta-set’ ādivasena”); Vv-a.4 (˚dupaṭṭa), Vv-a.65 (˚suvaṇṇa), Vv-a.177…

raṇa →

pts

…speculative)

  1. = reṇu, dust or mist of lust etc.
  2. fight, war (against the Paths).
  3. pain, anguish & distress

The translation…

reṇu →

pts

…pl. reṇū particles of dust
■ Vin.i.32 (˚hatā bhūmi); Vism.338 = Mnd.505 = Ja.i.117 (rāgo rajo na ca pana reṇu vuccati);…

roga →

pts

…kilāso, soso, apamāro daddu, kaṇḍu, kacchu, rakhasā, vitacchikā, lohita pittaṃ, madhumeho, aṃsā, piḷakā, bhagandalā. This list is…

rogin →

pts

…having a disease, suffering from (-˚); one who has a disease Vism.194 (ussanna-vyādhi dukkhassa); Sdhp.86
paṇḍu˚; one who has…

ropaya →

pts

adjective (-˚) to be healed, only in cpd. du˚; hard to heal (of a wound) Vin.i.216 (vaṇa).

for *ropya, fr. ropeti1

ruccati →

pts

…in (loc.), to please to indulge in, set one’s mind on Snp.565 (etañ ce r. bhoto buddha-sāsanaṃ); with khamati to be pleased and to approve…

ruci →

pts

…ruci* one’s views indulgence & pleasure (= will), i.e. one’s intellectual emotional & volitional sphere, e.g. Vin.i.70; Snp.781 (without…

rucika →

pts

…Neumann (Majjhima Übs. ii.250) quite wrongly: “ohne Deutung, ohne Geduld ohne Hingabe” (without explanation, patience,…

rudda →

pts

…vv.ll. ruda˚, ruddha˚, dudda˚).

cp. Sk. raudra & Vedic rudra (a fierce demon or storm-deity; “the red one,” with Pischel from rud to…

ruka →

pts

…at Vin.ii.134, referring to the shape of a beard, is doubtful. The variant reading is “duka.” Could it correspond to Vedic…

rumma FIXME double →

pts

Rummin = rumma

(dirty-soiled) Ja.iv.322 (variant reading dummi); Ja.vi.194 (do.).

rumma →

pts

…C.), with variant reading duma˚; and -vāsin poorly dressed Ja.iv.380.

put down (rightly) by Geiger, P.Gr. § 53 as different fr. Sk….

rummin →

pts

Rummin = rumma

(dirty-soiled) Ja.iv.322 (variant reading dummi); Ja.vi.194 (do.).

ruppana →

pts

molestation, vexation, trouble Ja.iii.368 (= ghaṭṭana dūsana kuppana C.). Frequent in allegorical exegesis of rūpa, e.g. at Dhs-a.52 (naman aṭṭhena nāmaṃ ruppan’ aṭṭhena rūpaṃ), Dhs-a.303 (rūp’ ādīh …

ruppati →

pts

…etc. (all kinds of material dukkha dukkha ii.3b) ruppati.“-Or at Snp.1121 (ruppanti rūpena), & at other passages given under rūpa…

rusṣati →

pts

at Snp-a.121 for dussati.

rutta →

pts

in du˚ & su˚; at Dhs-a.396 is to be read as dur- and su(r)- utta (see utta).

rāga →

pts

…rāgajaṃ dukkhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti); AN.iii.233, AN.iii.371 (kāmesu vīta˚); AN.iv.423 (dhamma˚); Snp.2, Snp.74, Snp.139,…

rājan →

pts

…long passage illustrating dukkha (bodily pain) at Cnd.304#iii cp. MN.iii.163 (here also on a cora). 3. The…

rājā →

pts

…long passage illustrating dukkha (bodily pain) at Cnd.304#iii cp. MN.iii.163 (here also on a cora). 3. The…

rāsi →

pts

…In the 5 factors of individuality (body and mind) khandhā are explained as meaning rāsi e.g. Asl.141; B. Psy. 42. In other connections…

rūpa →

pts

…B 2. individually in the sphere of saṃsāra as one (i.e. the material quality) of the substrata of sensory individual existence…

rūpaka →

pts

…of squalid appearance Ja.ii.167; cp. durūpa.

sabba →

pts

…(complete); Gr. ο ̔́λος (“holo-caust”) whole; Lat. solidus & soldus “solid,” perhaps also Lat. salvus safe

sacca →

pts

…are the truth about dukkha, dukkhasamudaya dukkha-nirodha, and dukkha-nirodha-gāminipaṭipadā. Thus e.g. at Vin.i.230; DN.ii.304 sq.;…

sadda →

pts

  1. sound, noise DN.i.79, DN.i.152; DN.iii.102 sq., DN.iii.146, DN.iii.234 DN.iii.244 sq., DN.iii.269, DN.iii.281; MN.iii.56, MN.iii.267; AN.iii.30 sq.; AN.iv.91, AN.iv.248; Ja.i.3 (ten sounds); Snp. …

saddha →

pts

…*a*˚). 2. credulous Snp.853; Dhp.97.

orig. adj. of saddha2, but felt to be adj. of saddhā; cp. BSk. śrāddha Avs.i.83,…

saddūla →

pts

leopard Mil.23.

cp. Sk. śārdūla

saha →

pts

…to, enduring MN.i.33; Thag.659; Ja.vi.379; sabbasaha Ja.v.425, Ja.v.431
dussaha hard to endure Sdhp.95, Sdhp.118,…

sahati →

pts

…(id.). 2. to bear, endure Snp.20 Pp.68. 3. to be able DN.ii.342 (sayhāmi); Pot. sahe Snp.942; Pot. saheyya MN.i.33; saha (imper. excuse…

sahitar →

pts

one who endures Snp.42.

n. ag. fr. sahati

sajīvāna →

pts

…interpretation (see K.S. i.321) as “kammena saha jīvantānan; kammadutiyakā nāma honti.”

sa2 = saṃ, + jīvana

sakhila →

pts

…in speech, congenial DN.i.116; Vin.ii.11; Ja.i.202, Ja.i.376; Mil.207; Pv.iv.1#33 (= mudu Pv-a.230). Cp. sākhalya.

  • -vācatā use of…

sakicca →

pts

one’s own duty or business Vism.321 (˚pasuta).

sa4 + kicca

sakkacca →

pts

…respectfully, carefully, duly, thoroughly; often with uppaṭṭhahati to attend, serve with due honour
■ Vv.12#5; Mil.305; Ja.iv.310. The…

sakkaccaṃ →

pts

…respectfully, carefully, duly, thoroughly; often with uppaṭṭhahati to attend, serve with due honour
■ Vv.12#5; Mil.305; Ja.iv.310. The…

sakkata →

pts

honoured, duly attendo DN.i.114, DN.i.116; DN.ii.167; Nd.73; Ja.i.334; Mil.21; Snp-a.43 Usually combined with garukata, pūjita, mānita.

pp. of…

sakkhi →

pts

sakkhiṃ sakkhi;, with reduced sakkhi˚; (cp. sakid & sakiṃ). See also; sacchi˚.

sakkā →

pts

…used as a Pot., but later reduced to an adv. with infin. E.g. sakkā sāmaaññphalaṃpaññāpetuṃ would one be able to point out a result of…

sakkāya →

pts

…of soul, heresy of individuality, speculation as to the eternity or otherwise of one’s own individuality MN.i.300 = MN.iii.17 = DhS.1003,…

samala →

pts

…Vin.i.5; samalā (f.) dustbin SN.ii.270 (= gāmato gūthanikkhamana-magga, i.e. sewer K.S. ii.203); see…

samanantara →

pts

…the relation of immediate contiguity Tikp.3, Tikp.61 sq.; Dukp.26; Vism.534.

saṃ + anantara

samannāneti →

pts

to lead, conduct properly, control, pres. sam-anv-āneti MN.iii.188; ppr. -annānayamāna MN.i.477.

samanvā +

samappita →

pts

…of fame wealth Dhp.303; dukkhena afflicted with pain Vv.52#3 pañcehi kāmaguṇehi s. endowed with the 5 pleasures of the senses DN.i.36,…

samavattasaṃvāsa →

pts

living together with the same duties, on terms of equality Ja.i.236.

sama + vatta1 + saṃvāsa

samaya →

pts

…cp. ratta˚. 4. proper time, due season, opportunity, occasion Snp.388; Vin.iv.77; Bv.ii.181; Mhvs.22, Mhvs.59; Vb-a.283 sq.; aññatra samayā

samaṇa →

pts

…samaṇadhammaṃ the duties of a samaṇa AN.iii.371; Ja.i.106, Ja.i.107, Ja.i.138; pure-samaṇa a junior who walks before a Bhikkhu…

sambhava →

pts

  1. origin, birth, production DN.ii.107; SN.iii.86; AN.ii.10, AN.ii.18; Snp.724, Snp.741 etc.; Dhp.161; Ja.i.168; mātāpettikas˚ born from father…

sambhavati →

pts

…& sambhoti

  1. to be produced, to arise DN.i.45, DN.i.76; SN.i.135; SN.iv.67; Snp.734 Dāvs v.6; Mil.210.
  2. to be adequate, competent…

sambhindati →

pts

…i.e. to run on a boundary unduly); DN-a.i.134 (udakena). pp. sambhinna
■ Cp. sambhejja.

saṃ…

sambhinna →

pts

asambhinna: 1 unmixed, unadulterated Vism.41 (˚khīra-pāyāsa); Ja.v.257 (˚khattiyavaṃsa); Dhp-a.ii.85 (id.). 2 (of the voice unmixed,…

sambhoti →

pts

…& sambhoti

  1. to be produced, to arise DN.i.45, DN.i.76; SN.i.135; SN.iv.67; Snp.734 Dāvs v.6; Mil.210.
  2. to be adequate, competent…

sambhuṇāti →

pts

…& sambhoti

  1. to be produced, to arise DN.i.45, DN.i.76; SN.i.135; SN.iv.67; Snp.734 Dāvs v.6; Mil.210.
  2. to be adequate, competent…

sambhāra →

pts

…viz.

  1. accumulation, product, preparation; sambhāraseda bringing on sweating by artificial means Vin.i.205.
  2. materials, requisite…

sambhāsā →

pts

conversation, talk; sukha-˚; Ja.vi.296 (variant reading); mudu-˚; Ja.ii.326 = Ja.iv.471 = Ja.v.451.

saṃ + bhāsā

sambhāveti →

pts

…Vin.ii.300. 3. to produce, effect Mil.49. 4. to consider Ja.iii.220. 5. to honour, esteem

grd -bhāvanīya to be honoured or respected,…

sambhūta →

pts

arisen from, produced Snp.272 (atta˚ self-; cp. Snp-a.304; attabhāva-pariyāye attani s.); SN.i.134.

pp. of sambhavati

sambādha →

pts

…SN.v.350; asambādhaṃ comfortably Ja.i.80. 2. pudendum masculinum Vin.i.216; Vin.ii.134; pudendum muliebre Vin.iv.259; Snp.609;…

sammā →

pts

-dvayatānupassin duly considering both-i.e. misery with its origin, the destruction of misery with the path, respectively Snp.p.140….

sampaddavati →

pts

to run away; aor. sampaddavi Ja.vi.53
pp sampadduta.

saṃ + pa + dru

sampadduta →

pts

run away Ja.vi.53.

pp. of sampaddavati

sampadussati →

pts

to be corrupted, to trespass Vin.iv.260; Ja.ii.193; pp. sampaduṭṭha.

saṃ + padussati

sampaduṭṭha →

pts

corrupted, wicked Ja.vi.317 (a˚); Sdhp.70.

saṃ + paduṭṭha

sampadā →

pts

…accomplishments of the individual in the course of his religious development. Thus it is used with sīla, citta, & paññā at DN.i.171 sq. and…

sampatati →

pts

…along or about Ja.vi.528 (dumā dumaṃ); imper, sampatantu ib. Ja.vi.448 (itarītaraṃ); ppr. sampatanto flying to Ja.iii.491. pp….

sampavatteti →

pts

to produce, set going AN.iii.222 (saṃvāsaṃ); Mhvs.23, Mhvs.75.

saṃ + pavatteti

sampayutta →

pts

…Vb-a.206 Tikp.6, Kp.20, Kp.53, Kp.65, Kp.152 sq.; Duka-pa.1 sq.

saṃ + payutta

samubbhūta →

pts

borne from, produced from Dāvs ii.25.

saṃ + ud + bhūta

samudaya →

pts

…metri causa) etc. dukkha˚; the origin of ill, the second ariya-sacca, e.g. DN.iii.136; AN.i.177 Vism.495 (where samudaya is explained…

samudāciṇṇa →

pts

practised, indulged in Ja.ii.33; Tikp.320.

pp. of samudācarati

samupajaneti →

pts

to produce; ˚janiyamāna (ppr. pass.) Ne.195.

saṃ + upa + janeti

samuppajjati →

pts

to arise, to be produced SN.iv.218; pp. samuppanna.

saṃ + uppajjati

samuppanna →

pts

arisen, produced, come about Snp.168, Snp.599; Dhs.1035.

saṃ + uppanna

samuppāda →

pts

…genesis, coming to be, production Vin.ii.96; SN.iii.16 sq.; Iti.17; AN.iii.406 (dhamma˚); Ja.vi.223 (anilūpana-samuppāda, v. read…

samupādika →

pts

…however, is samupp˚, sama = peace, quiet, thus “producing quiet,” calm.

samācāra →

pts

conduct, behaviour DN.ii.279; DN.iii.106, DN.iii.217; MN.ii.113; AN.ii.200, AN.ii.239; AN.iv.82; Snp.279; Vin.ii.248; Vin.iii.184.

saṃ + ācāra

samādhi →

pts

…DN.iii.277 (as “dhammā duppaṭivijjhā”).

  • -indriya the faculty of concentration AN.ii.149; Dhs.15 *…

samāneti →

pts

…Ja.i.68. 2. to bring, produce Ja.i.433. 3. to put together, cp. Ja.i.120 Ja.i.148. 4. to collect, enumerate Ja.i.429. 5. to calculate (the time)…

samāpajjati →

pts

…Vin.ii.76. 2. to become SN.iii.86 (aor. 3rd pl. samāpaduṃ)

pp samāpajjita samāpanna.

saṃ + āpajjati

sandhāreti →

pts

…Ja.iv.167. 3. to curb restrain, check Vin.ii.212; Ja.ii.26, Ja.ii.59
dussandhāriya difficult to keep back Ja.iii.340.

saṃ + dhāreti

sannaddha →

pts

…clothed (with Pv.iv.1#36 (˚dussa). 3. armed, accoutred SN.ii.284; Ja.i.179; Dhp.387; Dhp-a.iv.144; Pv-a.154 (˚dhanu-kalāpa).

pp. of…

sannakaddu →

pts

the tree Buchanania latifolia Abḥp 556.

lexicogr. Sk. sannakadru

santaka →

pts

…Ja.i.494; Dhp-a.i.346. 2. due to (gen.) Ja.iii.408; Ja.iv.37. 3. (being in the power of Ja.iv.260 (bhaya˚).

fr. sant; cp. BSk. santaka…

santati →

pts

  1. continuity, duration, subsistence Dhs.643; Ne.79; Mil.72, Mil.185 Vb-a.8, Vb-a.170, Vb-a.173; Vv-a.25; Vism.431, Vism.449. citta˚

sappaṭigha →

pts

adjective producing reaction, reacting DN.iii.217; Dhs.597, Dhs.617, Dhs.648, Dhs.1089; Dhs-a.317; Vism.451.

sa3 + paṭigha

sara →

pts

…song Vin.ii.108; bindussara a sweet voice Snp.350 adj. Ja.ii.439; sīhassara with a voice like a lion’s Ja.v.296…

saraja →

pts

adjective dusty Vin.i.48; AN.ii.54.

sa + rajo

sassa →

pts

…˚-khetta* Ja.vi.297; dussassa (having) bad crops Vin.i.238; AN.i.160; Kp-a.218 (= dubbhikkhā).

sata →

pts

…MN.i.520 (su-ssata & dus-sata) SN.iv.211; AN.iii.169 (+ sampajāna), AN.iii.325; AN.iv.311; Snp.741; Dhs.163; DN-a.i.211
■…

sati →

pts

…arising, production of recollection Ja.i.98; AN.ii.185; MN.i.124. -ullapakāyika, a class of devas SN.i.16 sq….

sayati FIXME double →

pts

…i.e. is prosperous); opp dukkhaṃ s. to be miserable AN.i.137.

śī, Vedic śete & śayate; cp. Av. saēte = Gr….

sayaṃ →

pts

…(loka) SN.ii.19 sq. (dukkha); Ud.69 sq.

  • -jāta born from oneself sprung up spontaneously Ja.i.325; Ja.ii.129. *…

sañchanna →

pts

…flowers). Often in cpd. paduma˚; covered with lotuses (of ponds) Pv.ii.1#20; Pv.ii.12#2; Vv.44#1; Ja.i.222 Ja.v.337.

saṃ +…

sañchinna →

pts

…takes it as sañchanna in introductory story.

pp. of sañchindati

sañjanana →

pts

producing; f. progenetrix (identical with taṇhā) Dhs.1059; Dhs-a.363.

sañjanati →

pts

-janeti to cause, produce; realize Pp.16; Sdhp.564 (ger. ˚janayitvāna)
pp sañjāta. See also Pass….

sañjanetar →

pts

one who produces SN.i.191; SN.iii.66.

n. ag. fr. sañjaneti

sañjāta →

pts

…become, produced, arisen Dhs.1035 (+ bhūta & other syn.). ˚-full of, grown into being in a state of Snp.53 (˚khandha =…

sañjāti →

pts

birth, origin; outcome; produce DN.i.227; DN.ii.305.

saṃ + jāti

sañjāyati →

pts

to be born or produced DN.i.220; Ja.ii.97; aor. sañjāyi DN.ii.209; Vin.i.32 ppr. -jāyamāna Ja.v.384.

saṃ + jāyati,…

saññatta →

pts

…SN.iii.87.

abstr. formation fr. saññā

Saññatta2

induced, talked over Snp.303, Snp.308

pp. of saññāpeti

saññin →

pts

… ■ In composition saññi˚; e.g. -gabbha animate production DN.i.54; DN-a.i.163.

fr. saññā

saññā →

pts

…saññā) anicca˚, anicce dukkha˚, dukkhe anatta˚, pahāna˚ virāga˚ DN.iii.243, cp. AN.iii.334; there are six perceptions of rūpa, sadda,…

saṃhanati →

pts

Saṃhanati & saṃhanti

  1. to join together, reach to Ja.v.372.
  2. to suppress, allay, destroy AN.iv.437 (kaṇḍuṃ)

pp saṃhata.

saṃ + han

saṃhanti →

pts

Saṃhanati & saṃhanti

  1. to join together, reach to Ja.v.372.
  2. to suppress, allay, destroy AN.iv.437 (kaṇḍuṃ)

pp saṃhata.

saṃ + han

saṃhara →

pts

collecting; dus˚; hard to collect Vin.iii.148; Ja.iv.36 (here as dussanghara, on which see Kern,

Toevoegselen

i.121).

fr. saṃ + hṛ.

saṃsāra →

pts

…Vv-a.105 = Pv-a.7.

  • -dukkha the ill of tr Vism.531; Vb-a.145, Vb-a.149.
  • -bhaya fear of tr….

saṃvara →

pts

…etc at Vism.7; Vb-a.330 sq. -vinaya norm of self-control good conduct Snp-a.8. cātuyāma˚, Jain discipline MN.i.377.

fr. saṃ…

saṃvattanika →

pts

adjective conducive to, involving AN.ii.54, AN.ii.65; Iti.82; Kv.618; Ja.i.275; Ne.134 = SN.v.371 As -iya at Pv-a.205.

fr. saṃvattati

saṃvattati →

pts

…AN.i.54, AN.i.58 (ahitāya dukkhāya); Vin.i.10 = SN.v.421; Iti.71 sq.; Ja.i.97; Pot. saṃvatteyya Vin.i.13
■ Often in phrase *nibbidāya,…

saṃvega →

pts

…= Kp-a.235 (eight objects inducing emotion: birth, old age, illness, death, misery in the apāyas, and the misery caused by saṃsāra in past,…

saṃveseti →

pts

to lead, conduct AN.i.141; Pass. saṃvesiyati to be put to bed (applied to a sick person) MN.i.88 = MN.iii.181);DN.ii.24. Cp. abhi˚.

Caus. of…

saṅgaha →

pts

Dial. iii.145 sagacious conduct; 223: justice), impartiality (? better as state of equality, i.e. sensus communis or feeling of common good). The…

saṅghin →

pts

…DN.i.116; SN.i.68; Mil.4; DN-a.i.143
saṅghāsaṅghī (pl.) in crowds, with crowds (redupl. cpd.!), with gaṇi-bhūtā “crowd…

saṅkalana →

pts

addition DN-a.i.95; MN-a.i.2.

fr. saṃ + kal to produce

saṅkaṭīra →

pts

dust heap DN.ii.160; SN.ii.270; MN.i.334. Explained as “sankāra-ṭṭhāna” K.S. ii.203.

unexplained

saṅkhata →

pts

…As nt. that which is produced from a cause, i.e. the saṅkhāras SN.i.112; AN.i.83, AN.i.152; Ne.22. asaṅkhata

saṅkhāra →

pts

…Vb-a.20, Vb-a.42.

  • -dukkha the evil of material life, constitutional or inherent ill Vb-a.93 (in the classification of…

saṅkitti →

pts

…katabhattesu hoti. dubbhikkha-samaye kira acela-kāsāvakā acelakānaṃ atthāya tato tato taṇḍul’ādīni samādapetvā…

saṅkāra →

pts

…rubbish heap, dust heap MN.ii.7; Pp.33; Mil.365; Dhp-a.i.174. Cp. kacavara & kattara.;

  • -cola a rag picked up…

saṇha →

pts

…Vin.ii.151; Vv.50#18 (= mudu Vv-a.213); Vism.260 = Kp-a.59 saṇhena softly Thag.460. 2. gentle, mild DN.ii.259; Snp.853; Ja.i.202, Ja.i.376;…

saṇikaṃ →

pts

adverb slowly, gently, gradually DN.ii.333; MN.i.120; SN.i.82, SN.i.203; Ja.i.9, Ja.i.292; Ja.ii.103; Mil.117; DN-a.i.197; Dhp-a.i.60,…

saṇiṃ →

pts

adverb softly, gradually Snp.350; Mhvs.25, Mhvs.84.

cp. Sk. śanaiḥ

saṭha →

pts

…crafty, treacherous, fraudulent DN.ii.258; DN.iii.246; MN.i.32, MN.i.153; SN.iv.299; AN.ii.41; AN.iii.35 AN.v.157; Dhp.252; Vin.ii.89; Mnd.395;…

saṭṭhuṃ →

pts

…“to take.” This has induced Kern (

Toevoegselen

s. v. to see in it a very old (even *pre-*Vedic!) form with *sāḍhuṃ as original….

sekha →

pts

-sammata esteemed to be under discipline, educated Vin.iv.179.

cp. Sk. śaikṣa; fr. siks, sikkhati

sekkha →

pts

-sammata esteemed to be under discipline, educated Vin.iv.179.

cp. Sk. śaikṣa; fr. siks, sikkhati

senāsana →

pts

…Vin.ii.150 (˚parikkhāra-dussa); Vin.iii.88 etc.; DN.ii.77; AN.i.60; Iti.103, Iti.109; DN-a.i.208; Ja.i.217; Vb-a.365 (= seti c’eva āsati…

seti →

pts

…i.e. is prosperous); opp dukkhaṃ s. to be miserable AN.i.137.

śī, Vedic śete & śayate; cp. Av. saēte = Gr….

seyyā →

pts

…noon-day rest DN.i.112, DN.i.167; sīha˚ like a lion DN.ii.134; AN.iv.87; dukkha˚ sleeping uncomfortably Dhp-a.iv.8.

Sk. śayyā; fr. śī

sibbita →

pts

sewn Vin.iv.279 (dus˚); Ja.iv.20 (su˚); Vb-a.252 (˚rajjukā). Cp. vi˚ & pari˚.

pp. of sibbati

sikatā →

pts

sand, gravel; suvaṇṇa˚ gold dust AN.i.253. Sikayasa-maya

cp. Sk. sikatā

sikhariṇī →

pts

kind of woman (with certain defects of the pudendum) Vin.ii.271; Vin.iii.129 (text, ˚aṇī).

fr. last

sindhavāra →

pts

sinduvāra →

pts

sinduvārikā Ja.vi.269; sindhuvāritā (i.e. sinduvārikā? Ja.vi.550 = Ja.vi.553; sinduvārita Ja.iv.440, Ja.iv.442…

sineha →

pts

…AN.iii.394 sq.; Dhs-a.335.

  • -ja sprung from affection Snp.272; SN.i.207.
  • -bindu a drop of oil…

sneha →

pts

…AN.iii.394 sq.; Dhs-a.335.

  • -ja sprung from affection Snp.272; SN.i.207.
  • -bindu a drop of oil…

soka →

pts

…See also dukkha B iii.1 b.

  • -aggi the fire of sorrow Pv-a.41. pl.
  • -divasā the days of mourning (at…

sorata →

pts

…with so˚ for sū˚, which latter is customary for su˚ before r (cp. dūr˚ for dur˚). See du1 2 and Geiger, P.Gr. § 11. The BSk….

soṇa →

pts

…kind of tree; the Bodhi trees of the Buddhas Paduma and Nārada Bv.ix.22; Bv.x.24; Ja.i.36, Ja.i.37.

cp. śyonāka

soṇṇa →

pts

…golden, made of gold Ja.vi.203

the contracted form of suvaṇṇa, cp. sovaṇṇa

su →

pts

…(e.g. su-duj-jaya, su-duddasa, su-dub-bala)
■ Our usual practice is to register words with su˚; under the simple word, whenever the…

sugati →

pts

…as svargati, analogous to svar-ga (= sagga); doubtful Cp. duggati.

su + gati

sukha →

pts

…or dukkha, with which often combined (e.g. Snp.67, Snp.873, with spelling dukha at both pass.)
Cases: instr….

sukhita →

pts

…SN.iii.11 (sukhitesu sukhito dukkhitesu dukkhito); SN.iv.180; Snp.1029; Pv.ii.8#11; healthy Mhvs.37, Mhvs.128; --atta [ātman happy, easy…

supina →

pts

…Buddha AN.iii.240; Ja.i.69 dussupina an unpleasant dream Ja.i.335; Pv-a.105 (of Ajātasattu); maṅgala˚; a lucky dream Ja.vi.330; *mahā˚ṃ…

surata →

pts

…thus wrongly for soracca at Ja.iii.442 C., with expln as “dussīlya.” Cp. sūrata.

su + rata

suta →

pts

…heard of before Ja.iii.285. dussuta MN.i.228; sussuta MN.iii.104. 2. renowned Ja.ii.442.

-ādhāra holding (i.e. keeping…

sutappaya →

pts

adjective easily contented AN.i.87; Pp.26 (opp. dut˚).

su + grd. of tappati2

sutitikkha →

pts

adjective easy to endure Ja.524.

fr. su + titikkhā

suttantika →

pts

…Vism.93; Kp-a.151 -duka the Suttanta pairs, the pairs of terms occurring in the Suttantas Dhs.1296 sq.; -vatthūni the…

suvaṇṇa →

pts

…id. Snp-a.66.

  • -pādukā golden slippers Vin.i.15.
  • -maya made of gold Ja.i.146 *…

suññatā →

pts

…from lust, ill-will and dullness, Nibbāna MN.iii.111; Kv.232; Dhs-a.221; Ne.118 sq., Ne.123 sq., Ne.126; Mil.16; Vism.333 (n’atthi;…

svākkhāta →

pts

…AN.ii.56; Snp.567. Opp. durakkhāta Vism.213 (in detail).

su + akkhāta; on the long ā cp. Geiger, P.Gr. § 7; BSk….

sādhana →

pts

…See iṇa & uddhāra. 3. yielding, effecting, producing resulting in (-˚) AN.iii.156 (laṇḍa˚ dung-producing) DN-a.i.273; Vv-a.194;…

sādheti →

pts

…Mhvs.62 Vism.344 (see udukkhala). 5. to make clear, bring to a (logical) conclusion, to prove Ja.ii.306; Snp-a.192…

sādhu →

pts

…fruits Ja.i.272 (read sādu˚).

  • -rūpa good, respectable Dhp.262
  • -sammata highly honoured DN.i.48;…

sādu →

pts

…makes bitter, ibid. 319; sādu sweet things Vin.ii.196; sādu-phala see sādhuphala; for -kamyatā see the latter.

Vedic svādu, f. svādvī;…

sādutā →

pts

sweetness Dāvs i.40.

fr. sādu

sāhin →

pts

(-˚) adjective enduring Iti.32. See asayha˚.

fr. sah

sāmaṃ →

pts

…kantaṃ sāmaṃ vāyitaṃ dussayugaṃ); SN.ii.40; SN.iv.230 sq. SN.v.390; Snp.270 (asāma-pāka not cooking for oneself), Snp.889; Ja.i.150;…

sāmāyika →

pts

adjective

  1. on a friendly footing, in agreement MN.iii.110; Mil.22.
  2. occurring in due season, timely Mil.302 sq., Mil.305.
  3. temporary AN.iii.349 sq.; cp. sāmayika.

fr. samaya

sāra →

pts

…strong, durable wood Ja.ii.68.

  • -bhaṇḍa(ka) a bundle of one’s best things Ja.ii.225.
  • -bhūmi

sārada →

pts

adjective autumnal, of the latest harvest, this year’s, fresh AN.iii.404 = DN.iii.354 (bījāni fresh seeds); AN.i.135, AN.i.181 (badara-paṇḍu) SN.iii.54; SN.v.380; Mil.255; Dhp.149 (but at this pass …

sāsana →

pts

…same AN.ii.26; susāsanaṃ dussānaṃ Ja.i.239 (English transl.: “true and false doctrine, “good and bad news”).

sāsati →

pts

to instruct, teach, command; tell Ja.vi.472 (dūtāni, = pesesi C.); inf săsituṃ Ja.vi.291 (= anusāsituṃ C.).

śās, Dhtp.300 = anusiṭṭhi

sīdati →

pts

…Idg. *si-ƶd-ō, redupl. formation like tiṣṭhati; cp. Lat. sīdo, Gr. ι ̔́ζω; Av. hidaiti
■ The Dhtp (50 gives the 3 meanings…

sīgha →

pts

…(adv.) quickly Mil.147; Vv-a.6; Vb-a.256; usually redupl. sīgha-sīghaṃ very quickly Ja.i.103; Pv-a.4.

cp….

sīla →

pts

…of daily living & special conduct, of which the first 5 (omitting the introductory item of bījagāma-bhūtagāma-samārambha) form the seco nd.5…

sīliya →

pts

conduct, behaviour, character; said of bad behaviour, e.g. Ja.iii.74 = Ja.iv.71; emphasized as dussīlya, e.g. SN.v.384; AN.i.105; AN.v.145 sq.;…

sūda →

pts

…Sudaka = suda

Sk. sūda; for etym. see sādu

ta →

pts

…tadagge henceforth DN.i.93 taduṭṭhāya Dhp-a.iii.344; tadūpiya (cp. Trenckner, Notes 77, 78 = tadopya (see discussion under opeti), but cp….

taca →

pts

…It occurs in formula (inducing a person to take up the life of a bhikkhu): taca-p-kammaṭṭhānaṃ ācikkhitvā taṃ pabbājesi Ja.i.116;…

tadā →

pts

…(cp Lat. quondam); tadā-sotāpanna-upāsaka Ja.ii.113. Tadupika & Tadupiya;

Vedic; cp. kadā

tadūpika →

pts

Tadūpika & Tadūpiya

see *ta*˚ I. a.

tadūpiya →

pts

Tadūpika & Tadūpiya

see *ta*˚ I. a.

takka →

pts

…in phrase dhammā gambhīrā duddasā a˚ nipuṇā (views, etc.) deep, difficult to know, beyond logic (or sophistry: i.e. not accessible to…

takkaṇa →

pts

thought, representation (of: -˚) Ja.i.68 (ussāvabindu˚).

tama →

pts

…tamā tamaṃ out of one “duggati into another Snp.278 (vinipātaṃ samāpanno gabbhā gabbhaṃ t. t.… dukkaṃ nigacchati), cp. Mhvs.ii.225,…

tandita →

pts

; active, keen, industrious sedulous Dhp.305 Dhp.366 Dhp.375 Vv.3322 Mil.390 Vv-a.142 cp. next.

pp. of tandeti = Sk….

tanu →

pts

…making thinner, reducing, diminishing Vin.ii.316 (Bdhgh on CV. v.9, 2);

  • -bhāva decrease Pp.17; *…

tanutta →

pts

diminution, reduction, vanishing, gradual disappearance AN.i.160 (manussānaṃ khayo hoti tanuttaṃ paññāyati); AN.ii.144 (rāga˚, dosa˚…

tapanīya →

pts

…fig. inducing self-torture, causing remorse, mortifying AN.i.49 = Iti.24; AN.iv.97 (com. tāpajanaka); AN.v.276; Ja.iv.177;…

tapati →

pts

*tep, cp. Lat. tepeo to be hot or warm, tepidus = tepid

tappati →

pts

…Dhp.136 (t. sehi kammehi dummedho = paccati Dhp-a.iii.64).

Sk. tapyate, Pass. of tapati

Tappati2

■ instr. to be satiated, to be…

tara →

pts

…Snp.174, Snp.273 (oghaṃ t duttaraṃ); Thig.10; Iti.57. Also as su-duttara SN.i.35; SN.v.24.

  • -esin wanting to pass over…

taruṇa →

pts

…τέρην; Lat. tener & perhaps tardus

tasati →

pts

…cp. also Lat. tremo (= tremble) and trepidus

tathatta →

pts

…(paṭipajjitabba being conducive to N.); Mil.255; Vism.214 2. tathattāya upaneti (of a cittaṃ bhāvitaṃ) id. SN.iv.294 = MN.i.301;…

tattha →

pts

…In this sense as introduction to a comment on a passage in this, here, in this connection (see also tatra) Dhs.584;…

taṇhā →

pts

…Thag.306; Cnd.271#ii;

  • -dutiya who has the fever or excitement of t. as his companion AN.ii.10; Iti.9 = Iti.109 = Snp.740,…

taṇḍula →

pts

rice-grain, rice husked & ready for boiling; freq. combined with tila (q.v.) in mentioning of offerings, presentations, etc.: loṇaṃ telaṃ taṇḍulaṃ khādaniyaṃ sakaṭesu āropetvā Vin.i.220, Vin.i.238, V …

taṇḍuleyyaka →

pts

the plant Amaranthus polygonoides Vv-a.99 (enumerated amongst various kinds of ḍāka).

cp. Sk. taṇḍulīya

te →

pts

Te˚

secondary base of numeral three (fr. ti) in compound: having a relation to a triad of, three-; in numerical compounds also = three (see under tayo).

  • *-[kaṭula](/define/kaṭu …

thaddha →

pts

…fig.

  1. hardened, obdurate callous, selfish DN.i.118 (māna˚); DN.iii.45 (+ atimānin); AN.ii.26 = Iti.113 (kuha th. lapa); Snp.104 (see…

thambha →

pts

…applied to selfishness, obduracy, hypocrisy & deceit; viz. immobility, hardness, stupor, obstinacy (cp. Ger. “verstockt”): thambho ti…

thoka →

pts

…a little each time, gradually, little by little Dhp.121, Dhp.239; Mil.9; Snp-a.18; Pv-a.168.

for etymology see under…

thāmaka →

pts

adjective having strength Snp.1144 (dubbala˚ with failing strength); Mnd.12 (appa˚ + dubbala).

thīna →

pts

stiffness, obduracy, stolidity indifference (cp. thaddha & tandī, closely related in meaning). Together with; middha it is one…

tika →

pts

…of the Jātaka), Dhp-a.iv.108 (t
■ catukka-jhāna the 3 & the 4 jhānas); Mil.12 (tika-duka-paṭimaṇḍitā dhammasanganī); Vism.13 sq.;…

tila →

pts

the sesame plant & its seed (usually the latter, out of which oil is prepared: see tela), Sesamum Indicum. Often combd with taṇḍula e.g. AN.i.130 = Pp …

timi →

pts

…in formula timi timingala timitimingala, which should probably be reduced to one simple timitimingala (see next).

Derivation…

timiṅgala →

pts

…syllable where P. has redupl. in 1st; fisheater redupl. as intens. = greedy or monstrous fisheater a fabulous fish of enormous size, the…

tinduka →

pts

…tiṇḍ˚); Ja.v.99; tiṇḍukāni food in a hermitage Ja.iv.434; Ja.vi.532
■ tindukakandarā Npl. the T. cave Vin.ii.76
■ See also…

tippa →

pts

…Niraya Pv.iv.1#9 (= tikhiṇadukkha˚ Pv-a.221); nerayikā sattā dukkhā t. kaṭukā ved˚ vediyamānā Mil.148.

a variant of tibba = Sk….

tiraccha →

pts

…obliquely, from *ter (tarati). Goth. pairh, Ohg. durh, E. through; cp tiriyaṃ

titikkhati →

pts

to bear, endure, stand SN.i.221; Snp.623; Dhp.321 = Cnd.475 B7; Dhp.399 (titikkhissaṃ = sahissāmi Dhp-a.iv.3) Ja.v.81, Ja.v.368.

Sk….

titikkhā →

pts

endurance, forgiveness, longsuffering SN.i.7; SN.v.4; Dhp.184; Cnd.203.

see last

tiṇa →

pts

…tiṇaṃ vā ussāvo vā (dust & weeds) DN.ii.19; AN.i.145 t. + paṇṇa (grass & leaves1) AN.i.183; Vv-a.5
■ Ja.i.108…

tiṇḍuka →

pts

see tinduka.

tiṭṭhati →

pts

…stay, abide; to last, endure be at rest; fig. to remain in, abide by, acquiesce in (see ṭhāna I. 1b). In…

toya →

pts

…puṇḍarīkaṃ (or padumaṃ) toyena na upalippati AN.ii.39 = Snp.547; Snp.71 = Snp.213; Thag.700 Cnd.287 (t. vuccati udakaṃ)
■ Bdhd…

tudampatī →

pts

…Toevoegselen

ii.93, who compares tuvantuva for duvanduva

tulā →

pts

…Goth. pulan (to carry patiently, suffer) Ger. geduld, etc.

tādisa →

pts

…= tad-rūpa; a reduction of this form in P. tādin

Tādisa2

adjective like you Ja.i.167; Ja.v.107.

tvaṃ + disa. Cp. Sk….

tāva →

pts

…Ja.i.254; yāva dukkhā nirayā idha tattha pi tāva ciraṃ vasitabbaṃ Snp.678. Neg. na tāva-yāva na not until MN.i.428;…

ubbaha →

pts

adjective (-˚) only in cpd. dur˚ hard to pull out, difficult to remove Thag.124, Thag.495 = Thag.1053.

fr. ud + vṛh, i.e. to…

ubbhava →

pts

birth, origination, production Pgdp.91 (dānassa phal˚). Cp. BSk. udbhāvanā Divy.184 (guṇ˚) Divy.492 (id.).

ud + bhava

ubbāhikā →

pts

…“by means of a referendum”, the settlement of a dispute being laid in the hands of certain chosen brethren (see Vin Texts iii.49 sq….

ubhaya →

pts

…as fem. pl. of ubho (= duve Pv-a.86).

  • -aṃsa lit. both shoulders or both parts, i.e. completely thoroughly, all…

ubho →

pts

…regarded as a nom. fem. (= duve Pv-a.86).

Sk. ubhau, an old remnant of a dual form in Pāli; cp. Gr. α ̓́μφω both, Lat. ambo, Lith. abū,…

ud →

pts

…e.g. ujjangala extremely dusty uppanduka very pale; uppoṭheti to beat hard

IV. Dialectical variations & combinations

  1. Owing to…

uda →

pts

udakaccha, udakanti, udakumbha, udapatta udapāna, udabindu).

Vedic udan (nt.), also later uda (but only ˚-), commonly…

udabindu →

pts

drop of water MN.i.78; Snp.812; Dhp.121, Dhp.122, Dhp.336; Iti.84 (variant reading udaka˚); Mnd.135; Snp-a.114; Dhp-a.ii.51.

uda + bindu

udaka →

pts

…of water SN.ii.135.

  • -bindu a drop of w. Iti.84 (variant reading for udabindu); Pv-a.99.
  • -bubbula a w….

uddaya FIXME double →

pts

…(giving pleasure) e.g. as dukkh˚; at. MN.i.415 Ja.iv.398 Ja.v.119 (variant reading ˚indriya) Pv.i.11#10 (so read for Text ˚andriya, cp….

uddaya →

pts

…Ja.v.39 (satt˚-mahāpaduma of profit to beings?).

a (metric?) variant of udaya

Uddaya2

in compounds dukkh˚; and sukh˚….

uddehaka →

pts

adjective “bubbling up”, only adv. ˚ṃ in cpd. pheṇ˚; (paccamāna) boiling) under production of scum (foam) MN.iii.167; AN.i.141; Ja.iii.46; Mil.357.

fr. ud + dih, see deha

uddha FIXME double →

pts

…of adj. *uddha = Sk. ūrdhva high; to Idg. *ared(h) as in Lat. arduus steep or *ured as in Sk. vardhate to raise, Gr….

uddharati →

pts

…abbaha); Dhp.327 (attānaṃ duggā); aor. uddhari Ja.iii.190 (ankena); cond. uddhare Thag.756; ger. uddharitvā DN.i.234 Mnd.419; Snp-a.567;…

uddhata →

pts

…not shaken, calm, subdued MN.i.470; AN.ii.211; AN.v.93 sq., AN.v.104; Snp.850 (= uddhaccavirahita Snp-a.549); Dhp.363 (= nibbutacitto…

uddhaṃ →

pts

…of adj. *uddha = Sk. ūrdhva high; to Idg. *ared(h) as in Lat. arduus steep or *ured as in Sk. vardhate to raise, Gr….

uddhaṃsati →

pts

to fly out or up (of dust) Vv.78#4 na tatth’ uddhaṃsati rajo; expld. by uggacchati Vv-a.304
pp uddhasta

udraya →

pts

…(giving pleasure) e.g. as dukkh˚; at. MN.i.415 Ja.iv.398 Ja.v.119 (variant reading ˚indriya) Pv.i.11#10 (so read for Text ˚andriya, cp….

udu →

pts

adjective straight, upright, in ˚mano straight-minded DN.iii.167, DN.iii.168 (= uju˚ in variant reading and expln. by C.).

= *ṛtu? cp. utu & uju

udukkhala →

pts

…The relation between udukkhala and musala is seen best from the description of eating at Vism.344…

udukkhalikā →

pts

of a door (threshold?) Vin.ii.148 (+ uttara-pasaka lintel of a door).

fr. udukkhala

udumbara →

pts

…Kp-a.46, Kp-a.56; Vv-a.213. Cp. odumbara.

Sk. udumbara

udāhu →

pts

…Ja.i.83; Vv-a.258 (= ādu); Pv-a.33, Pv-a.51; Mil.10
■ The first part of the question is often introduced with kiṃ,…

udāna →

pts

…thought is usually introduced with the standing phrase “imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi” i.e. breathed forth this solemn utterance [Cp. BSk….

udāyati →

pts

…cp. ˚undriya for ˚uddaya (dukkh˚ for dukkhudraya see udraya). We find udāyati once more at Vism.156 in expln. of…

udīreti →

pts

…stir up, cause Ja.iii.441 (dukkhaṃ udīraye pot. udīreyya C.); Ja.v.395 (kalahaṃ to begin a quarrel). 2. to utter, proclaim, speak, say…

ujjaṅgala →

pts

…jangala i.e. exceedingly dusty or sandy dry); Pv.ii.9#70 (spelt ujjhangala, expld. by ativiya-thaddhabhūmibhāga at Pv-a.139);…

ukkaṭṭha →

pts

…at Vism.64 (u. majjhima mudu referring to the 3 grades of the Dhutangas); Snp-a.160 (dvipadā sabbasattānaṃ ukkaṭṭhā); Vv-a.105…

ukkhepa →

pts

… ■ (m.) lifting up, raising Ja.i.394 (cel˚); Ja.vi.508; DN-a.i.273; dur˚ hard to lift or raise Sdhp.347.

fr. ud + kṣip

ukkiṇṇa →

pts

dug up or out DN.i.105; Ja.iv.106; Mil.330; DN-a.i.274 (= khāta).

pp. of ud + kṛ; dig2

ukkāra →

pts

dung, excrement Ja.iv.485, otherwise only in cpd. ukkāra-bhūmi dung-hill Ja.i.5, Ja.i.146 (so read for ukkar˚), Ja.ii.40; Ja.iii.16,…

ulloka →

pts

…the stuffing from coming out“. See on term Morris J.P.T.S. 1885, 31
■ In cpd ulloka-paduma at Ja.vi.432 it may mean “bright lotus” (lit….

ummagga →

pts

…watercourse, a conduit, main MN.i.171; AN.ii.189; Ja.vi.426, Ja.vi.432; Snp-a.50 (“ummaggo paññā pavuccati”) Dhp-a.i.252…

ummatta →

pts

…with variant reading SS for dummati puggala). Cp. next & ummāda.

  • -rūpa like mad, madly, insane…

ummāra →

pts

…Ja.iv.356.

according to Müller P. Gr. = Sk. udumbara (?)

undura →

pts

rat Vin.i.209; Vin.ii.148, Vin.ii.152; Vin.iii.151; Ja.i.120; Mil.23, Mil.363. Spelt undūra at Vism.62.

etym?

unnala →

pts

…Pischel, Gr. § 244 To these may be added P. celakedu → cetakedu Ja.vi.538

unnaḷa →

pts

…Pischel, Gr. § 244 To these may be added P. celakedu → cetakedu Ja.vi.538

upa →

pts

…use as in Lat. subabsurdus Gr. ὑπόλευκος whitish; Oir. fo-dord; Cymr. go-durdd murmur): nearly, about, somewhat, a little,…

upacita →

pts

…accumulated, collected, produced (usually of puñña merit, & kamma karma) Snp.697; Kp-a.132; Snp-a.492; Vv-a.7, Vv-a.271, Vv-a.342;…

upacāra →

pts

…habit practice, conduct Vin.ii.20 (dassan˚); Snp-a.140 (id.); Ja.iii.280. 3. way, means application, use of (esp. of spells etc.)…

upadahati →

pts

…AN.i.203 (dukkhaṃ); Mil.109, Mil.139, Mil.164, Mil.286 Mil.383. grd. pass. -dahātabba to be given or caused Vin.ii.250 =…

upaddavati →

pts

to annoy, trouble DN-a.i.213
pp upadduta (q.v.).

fr. upa + dru

upadduta →

pts

…Mil.279; Vv-a.311 (aṭṭita +) Pv-a.61. an˚; unmolested Pv-a.195; anupaddutatta state of not being molested Vv-a.95. Upadhamsitar…

upadesa →

pts

…Sdhp.227.

fr….

upadhi →

pts

…dukkha = vaṭṭa-dukkhaṃ Snp-a.505), Snp.789, Snp.992; Mnd.27, Mnd.141; Cnd.157; Vb.338; Ne.29; Dhp-a.iv.33 2. clinging to rebirth…

upadhāna →

pts

…(tamb˚ = ratt˚ C.). 2. imposing, giving, causing Dhp.291 (dukkh˚)

fr. upa + dhā, cp. upadahati

upadhārita →

pts

considered, reflected upon Dhp.i.28; sûpadh˚ Mil.10; dûpadh˚ Vin.iv.275.

pp. of upadhāreti

upaga →

pts

(always as ˚ûpaga) adjective

  1. going to, getting to, reaching, in phrases kāy˚, SN.ii.24; ākās’ānañc’ āyatan˚ etc. Pts.i.84; kāy˚ SN.ii.24; brahmalok˚ Pv.ii.13#19 yathākamm˚ DN.i.82.
  2. coming into, …

upahacca →

pts

…Ja.v.267 (manaṃ) 2. reducing, cutting short only in phrase upahacca-parinibbāyin “coming to extinction after reducing the time of…

upahanti →

pts

…to impair, injure; to reduce, cut short; to destroy, only in ger. upahacca; pp. upahata & Pass.;…

upakacchaka →

pts

…the armpit, but occasionally it seems to be applied to the hip or waist Vin.iii.39; Vin.iv.260 (pudendum muliebre); Mil.293; Ja.v.437 (=…

upakaṇḍakin →

pts

(Pv.ii.1#13) see under uppaṇḍukin.

upamā →

pts

…example (cp. formula introducing u. SN.ii.114; MN.i.148); Snp.705 (cp. Dhp.129, Dhp.130), Snp.1137 (= upanidhā sadisaṃ paṭibhāgo Cnd.158);…

upaneti →

pts

to bring up to, conduce, adduce; to present, give Ja.i.200; Mil.396; DN-a.i.276; Pv-a.39, Pv-a.43 Pv-a.49, Pv-a.53, Pv-a.74
pass…

upanibbatta →

pts

come out, produced DN-a.i.247.

upa + nibbatta

upanīta →

pts

…(thūṇa˚); Ja.iv.271 (dukkh˚); Mnd.38; Dhp.237 (˚yaya = atikkantavayo Dhp-a.iii.337, advanced in age); Pv.iv.1#10 (dukkha˚ made to…

upapajjati →

pts

…upa. The diaeresis may be due to metre, as nearly all forms are found in poetry. The variant reading upp˚ is apparently frequent; but it is…

upapātika →

pts

…and uppāda2, cp. upapajjati, upapatti & BSk upapāduka Av. SN.ii.94, SN.ii.95; Divy.523

upasama →

pts

…(ariyaṃ maggaṃ dukkh˚-gāminaṃ); SN.iv.62, SN.iv.331; SN.v.65 (avūpasama), SN.v.179 SN.v.234 (˚gāmin), SN.v.378 sq.; AN.i.3…

upasampādeti →

pts

  1. to attain to, obtain, produce Dhs-a.167 (= nipphādeti).
  2. to admit to bhikkhuship, to ordain Vin.iv.130, Vin.iv.226, Vin.iv.317 (=…

upasaṅkheyya →

pts

adjective to be prepared, produced or contracted Snp.849 (= ˚sankhātabba Snp-a.549; cp. Mnd.213).

grd of upa + sankharoti

upasiṅghati →

pts

  1. to sniff at SN.i.204 (padumaṃ); SN.i.455; Ja.ii.339, Ja.ii.408; Ja.vi.336.
  2. to sniff up Vin.i.279

caus āyati to touch…

upaṭṭhāka →

pts

…AN.i.26 AN.iii.39
dupaṭṭhāka & supaṭṭhāka; a bad (& good) attendant Vin.i.302.

upekhā →

pts

…Sometimes equivalent to adukkham-asukha-vedanā “feeling which is neither pain nor pleasure”. See detailed discussion of term at Cpd.

upekkhā →

pts

…Sometimes equivalent to adukkham-asukha-vedanā “feeling which is neither pain nor pleasure”. See detailed discussion of term at Cpd.

upeti →

pts

…Snp.911 Snp.1074; Snp.728 (dukkhaṃ), Snp.897; Snp.404 (deve); Mnd.63; Cnd.167; Dhp.151, Dhp.306, Dhp.342; Snp.318; Ja.iv.309 (maraṇaṃ upeti…

upiya →

pts

undergoing, going into, metri causa as ūpiya (-˚) and opiya, viz. hadayasmiṃ opiya SN.i.199 = Thag.119; senûpiya Ja.v.96 (variant reading senopiya; C. sayanûpagata). In tadūpiya the 2nd

uposatha →

pts

…is to say, the eight Sīlas, during the day. See Sīla The day in the middle of the month is called cātudassiko or paṇṇarasiko according as the…

uppabbajati →

pts

…out of the Order Ja.iv.219; Dhp-a.iv.195
caus 2 uppabbajāpeti to induce some one to leave the Order Ja.iv.304.

ud + pabbajati

uppajjati →

pts

…come out, to arise, to be produced, to be born or reborn, to come into existence DN.i.180; Snp.584; Pv.ii.1#11 (= nibbattati Pv-a.71); Pv-a.8…

uppajjitar →

pts

one who produces or is reborn in (with acc.) DN.i.143 (saggaṃ etc.).

n. ag. fr. uppajjati

uppala →

pts

…ratta-seta-paduma, seta-kumuda kalla-hāra
■ DN.i.75; DN.ii.19; Vin.iii.33 (˚gandha); Ja.ii.443; Dhp.55; Vv.32#2; Vv.35#4 ;…

uppanna →

pts

born, reborn, arisen, produced, DN.i.192 (lokaṃ u. born into the world); Vin.iii.4; Snp.55 (˚ñāṇa; see Cnd.168), Snp.998; Ja.i.99; Pv.ii.2#2…

uppatti →

pts

coming forth, product, genesis, origin, rebirth, occasion AN.ii.133 (˚paṭilābhikāni sanyojanāni); Vb.137 (˚bhava), Vb.411; cp. Compendium,…

uppaṇḍuppaṇḍukajāta →

pts

…viz.

  1. kiso lūkho dubbaṇṇo upp˚ dhamani-santhata-gatto Vin.i.276 Vin.iii.19, Vin.iii.110; MN.ii.121; distorted to BSk. bhīto…

uppādaka →

pts

adjective (-˚) producing, generating Pv-a.13 (dukkh˚). f. -ikā Dhp-a.iv.109 (jhān’).

fr. uppāda2

uppādetar →

pts

one who produces, causes or brings into existence, creator, producer MN.i.79; SN.i.191; SN.iii.66; SN.v.351; Mil.217.

n. ag. fr. uppādeti

uppādeti →

pts

  1. to give rise to, to produce, put forth, show, evince, make DN.i.135 MN.i.162, MN.i.185; Pp.25; Pv-a.4, Pv-a.16, Pv-a.19, Pv-a.59; Sdhp.539…

upādāna →

pts

…viññāṇaṃ tadupādānaṃ), SN.iv.390, SN.iv.400 (taṇhā); AN.iv.69; AN.v.111 (upāy˚); Snp.170, Snp.358, Snp.546; Pts.i.51 sq.,…

upāhanā →

pts

shoe, sandal Vin.i.185; Vin.ii.118, Vin.ii.207 (adj. sa-upāhana), Vin.ii.208; SN.i.226; Ja.iv.173, Ja.iv.223; Pv.ii.4#9; Cnd.226; Kp-a.45; Dhp-a.i.381 (chatt ˚ṃ as nt? variant reading ˚nā); Pv-a.1 …

upāta →

pts

…up, cast up, raised (of dust) Thag.675.

according to Kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v. = Sk. upātta, pp of upa + ā + “taken up”;…

ussukkati →

pts

…endeavour DN.i.230. - Caus. ii. ussukkāpeti to practice eagerly, to indulge in to perform Vv-a.95, Vv-a.98,…

ussāva →

pts

…Ja.iv.120; Ja.v.417; -bindu a dew drop AN.iv.137; Pv.iv.1#5; Snp-a.458; in comparisons: Vism.231, Vism.633.

either = Sk. avaśyāya, or to ud…

utta →

pts

…usual form is vutta only as dur˚.

uttama →

pts

…Pv-a.1, Pv-a.50
■ dum-uttama a splendid tree Vv.39#3; nar˚ the best of men Snp.1021 (narāsabha of Snp.996); pur˚ the most magnificent…

uttara →

pts

…over, to be crossed, in dur˚; difficult to cross or to get out of SN.i.197 (not duruttamo); Mil.158; and in cpd. -setu one who is going to…

uttari FIXME double →

pts

…an additional duty, higher obligation SN.ii.99; SN.iii.168; AN.v.157 = AN.v.164; Iti.118.

uttari →

pts

…an additional duty, higher obligation SN.ii.99; SN.iii.168; AN.v.157 = AN.v.164; Iti.118.

uttariṃ FIXME double →

pts

…an additional duty, higher obligation SN.ii.99; SN.iii.168; AN.v.157 = AN.v.164; Iti.118.

uttariṃ →

pts

…an additional duty, higher obligation SN.ii.99; SN.iii.168; AN.v.157 = AN.v.164; Iti.118.

uttaṇḍāla →

pts

adjective “grainy”, i.e. having too many rice grains (of rice gruel), too thick or solid (opp atikilinna too thin or liquid) Ja.i.340; Ja.iii.383 (id.), Ja.iv.44 (id.).

ud + taṇḍula

utu →

pts

-ja produced by the seasons or by physical change Mil.268 (kamma˚ hetu˚, utu˚); Vism.451. *…

uḍḍha →

pts

…Mhvs.xii.53.

the apocope form of catuttha = uttha, dialectically reduced to uḍḍha under the influence of the preceding aḍḍha

uḷu →

pts

lunar mansion Mil.178.

Sk. uḍu, dialectical?

uṇha →

pts

adjective noun hot, as adj only in phrase uṇhaṃ lohitaṃ chaḍḍeti to spill hot blood, i.e. to kill oneself Dhp-a.i.95; otherwise in compounds abs. only as nt. “heat” & always in contrast to sītaṃ “c …

uṭṭhahati →

pts

…get up, to arise, to be produced, to rouse or exert oneself, to be active, pres.; uṭṭhahati Pp.51
pot…

uṭṭhita →

pts

…Vism.73. 2. arisen, produced Ja.i.36; Mil.155. 3. striving, exerting oneself, active Ja.ii.61; Dhp.168; Mil.213.

-an˚; SN.ii.264;…

uṭṭhāna →

pts

…activity, manly vigour, industry often syn. with viriya MN.i.86; AN.i.94; AN.ii.135 (˚phala), AN.iii.45 (˚viriya), AN.ii.311; AN.iv.281…

uṭṭhānaka →

pts

…to yielding (revenue), producing Ja.i.377 Ja.i.420 (satasahass˚); Ja.iii.229 (identical); Ja.v.44 (identical). cp. uṭṭhāyika 2. energetic…

uṭṭhāti →

pts

…get up, to arise, to be produced, to rouse or exert oneself, to be active, pres.; uṭṭhahati Pp.51
pot…

uṭṭhāyaka →

pts

…up, quick, alert active, industrious; f. -ikā Thig.413 (= uṭṭhāna-viriyasampannā Thag-a.267; variant reading uṭṭhāhikā)

adj….

uṭṭhāyika →

pts

adjective yielding, producing Ja.ii.403 (satasahass˚).

= uṭṭhānaka

vacana →

pts

…my name Pv-a.53
dubbacana a bad word Thig.418 (= dur-utta-vacana Thag-a.268)- vacanaṃ karoti to do one’s bidding Ja.i.222,…

vacatā →

pts

is found only in cpd. dubbacatā surliness Ja.i.159.

abstr. fr. vaco

vaco →

pts

…with du˚; as dubbaca having bad speech, using bad language, foul-mouthed MN.i.95; SN.ii.204;…

vacī →

pts

…DN.iii.191, DN.iii.245; -duccarita misbehaviour in words (four of these, viz. musāvāda pisuṇā vācā, pharusā vācā, samphappalāpa…

vadhū →

pts

daughter-in-law Vv-a.123.

Ved. vadhū; to Lith. vedù to lead into one’s house

vagga →

pts

…group, party Vin.i.58 (du˚, ti˚), Vin.i.195 (dasa˚ a chapter of 10 bhikkhus). 2. a section or chapter of a canonical book Dhp-a.i.158…

vajira →

pts

…Sakka’s thunderbolt.“ Dutoit takes it in meaning vajira2 and trsls “with diamonds”) Snp-a.225 (˚āvudha the…

vana →

pts

…plum grove Vin.ii.17; udumbara of figs Dhp-a.i.284; tapo˚; forest of ascetics Thag-a.136; Dhp-a.iv.53; nāga˚;…

vasala →

pts

…vile conduct Ja.ii.180.

  • -vāda foul talk Ud.28; Snp-a.347.
  • -sutta the suttanta on…

vassa →

pts

…Pv-a.20- anto-vassaṃ during Lent; cp. antovass’ eka-divasaṃ one day during Lent Mhvs.18, Mhvs.2; antara-vassaṃ id SN.iv.63. 2….

vata →

pts

…& neuter

  1. a religious duty, observance, rite, practice, custom SN.i.143, SN.i.201; SN.iv.180; AN.iv.461 (sīla, vata, tapas brahmacariya);…

vatavant →

pts

…observant of religious duties, devout Snp.624 (= dhuta-vatena samannāgata Snp-a.467); Dhp.400 (with same expln at Dhp-a.iv.165…

vatta →

pts

…on or is customary, i.e. duty, service, custom, function Vin.ii.31; Snp.294, Snp.393 (gahaṭṭha˚) Vism.188 (cetiy’ angaṇa˚ etc.);…

vattha →

pts

…by a cloth,“ i.e. the pudendum DN.i.106; Snp.1022; DN-a.i.275 (= angajātaṃ Bhagavato ti vāraṇass’ eva kosohitaṃ vatthaguyhaṃ…

vatthi →

pts

…Vb-a.248. 2. the pudendum: see ˚*kosa. 3. a clyster (-bag): see ˚kamma*.

vatthu →

pts

…of the story, the introductory (explanatory, essential to its understanding) stanzas something like “prologue” Snp-a.483, Snp-a.575…

vaḍḍhana →

pts

…Dhtp.109; Sdhp.361. 2. indulgence in attachment; serving, practising Snp.1084 (takka˚) Ja.i.146 (kaṭasi˚, q.v. & cp. vaḍḍheti 6);…

vaḍḍhati →

pts

…to take an interest in, to indulge in, practise; to be busy with cause to prosper; to arrange; to make for; and in a general sense “to make”…

vaḍḍhita →

pts

…grown up Dhp-a.i.126. 3. brought up, reared Ja.i.455. 4. served, indulged supplied: see kaṭasi˚; (SN.ii.178 e.g.).

pp. of…

vaḷa →

pts

at Vism.312 is to be read vāḷa (snake), in phrase vāḷehi upadduta “molested by snakes.”

vaṇṇa →

pts

…3 (cp. Ja.i.222)
dubbaṇṇa of bad colour, ugly SN.i.94; AN.v.61; Ud.76; Snp.426; Iti.99; Pp.33; Vv-a.9;…

vaṇṇatā →

pts

having colour, complexion AN.i.246 (dubbaṇṇatā bad c.); Vv-a.9.

abstr. fr. vaṇṇa

vaṇṇiya →

pts

…die letzte Strählung und Striegelung angedeihen“; still doubtful) AN.iii.54 (dubbaṇṇiyaṁ bad complexion) Iti.76 (dub˚ evil colour)

fr….

vaṇṇu →

pts

…(= petena nimmitaṃ mudu-bhūmi-magga Pv-a.250, so read for vaṇṇapatha); shortened to vaṇṇu at Vv.84#11…

vaṭṭa →

pts

…only found at Mil.331.

  • -dukkha the “ill” of transmigration (a Commentary expression) Vism.315; Dhp-a.iv.149;…

vaṭṭanā →

pts

…The Ja translation by Dutoit gives “einer Reihe von Spinnwirteln dein Rücken gleicht im Auf und Nieder”; the E. tsrln has…

vaṭṭi →

pts

…strip, fringe Vin.ii.266 (dussa˚) Ja.v.73 (camma˚); Mhvs.11, Mhvs.15. 5. a sheath, bag, pod Ja.iii.366 (tiṇa˚); Mhvs.26, Mhvs.17 (marica˚…

vedanā →

pts

dukkhā (painful) adukkha-m-asukhā (indifferent) DN.iii.275; SN.ii.53, SN.ii.82; SN.iv.207; AN.iii.400; Iti.46; Tikp.317 sq
■…

vedeti →

pts

experience) Pv.i.10#15 (dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ v.)
grd vediya (to be known Snp.474 (para˚ diṭṭhi held as view by others; explained as…

vedita →

pts

experienced, felt SN.iv.205 (sukha & dukkha) = Snp.738.

pp. of vedeti

vepakka →

pts

…in (-˚) AN.i.223 (kāmadhātu˚ kamma); AN.iii.416 (sammoha˚ dukkha); Snp.537 (dukkha˚ kamma).

fr. vipakka

vetālika →

pts

…i.e. those whose duty it is [by vetāla or vetta] to make (people] rise. The expln is obscure, the uṭṭhāpaka reminds…

veyyāvacca →

pts

…work, labour, commission, duty Vin.i.23; AN.iii.41; Ja.i.12 (kāya˚); Ja.vi.154; Snp-a.466; Vv-a.94; Thag-a.253. -kamma doing service,…

veḷuriya →

pts

precious stone, lapis lazuli; cp. the same word “beryl” (with metathesis r → l; not fr. the Sk. form), which the Greeks brought to Europe from India
■ DN.i.76; Vin.ii.112; SN.i.64; AN.i.215; AN.iv …

veṇi →

pts

…AN.iii.295; Vin.ii.266 (dussa˚) Thig.255; Vv.38#4 (= kesa-veṇi C.). fig. of a “string of people DN.i.239 (andha˚). -kata plaited,…

veṇu →

pts

…bamboo Dhp-a.i.177; -tinduka the tree Diospyros Ja.v.405 (= timbaru C.); -daṇḍaka jungle-rope Ja.iii.204 -bali a tax to be paid in…

vi →

pts

…corruption, ˚parīta dubious, ˚ppaṭipanna on the wrong track, ˚bhava non-existence (or as 4 “more bhava, i.e. wealth), ˚mati doubt,…

vibhāveti →

pts

…clearly (lit. “to produce intensively or well”) Snp.318 (ger. a-vibhāvayitvā). 2. to make clear, to explain Kp-a.89; Snp-a.406,…

vicakkhuka →

pts

adjective not seeing, blinded, dulled in sight, half-blind Mil.295 (Rh. D. “squinting”).

vicakkhu + ka

vicchidda →

pts

adjective only in (redupl.) combin. chidda˚; full of little holes, perforated all over Ja.i.419.

vi + chidda

vicikicchā →

pts

…sq., Kp.171, Kp.255, Kp.275 Duka-pa.170 sq., Kp.265 sq., Kp.289 sq.; Vism.471 (= vigatā cikicchā ti v. etc.), Vism.599 sq.; Vb-a.209;…

viciṇṇa →

pts

…as adhiciṇṇa, i.e. procedure, method DN.i.8; MN.ii.3 = SN.iii.12 (vi˚ as variant reading)
■ DN-a.i.91 reads…

vicuṇṇa →

pts

crushed up, only in redupl
■ iter. formation cuṇṇa-vicuṇṇa crushed to bits, piecemeal Ja.i.26; Ja.iii.438 etc. See under…

vidaḍḍha →

pts

in redupl
■ iter. cpd. daḍḍhavidaḍḍha-gatta “with limbs all on fire” Mil.303.

vi + daḍḍha

vidhamaka →

pts

adjective one who throws away or does away with; destroying, clearing away Mil.344 (kilesa-mala-duggandha˚).

fr. vidhamati

vidhavā →

pts

…Pv-a.161 Vb-a.339.

Vedic vidhavā widow, vidhu lonely, vidhura separaṭed, Av. vidavā = Goth. widuwō = Ohg. wituwa (Ger. Witwe = E. widow);…

vidhi →

pts

…in due form Mhvs.14, Mhvs.52; Pv-a.130 Sdhp.336. 2. luck, destiny Ja.ii.243 (˚rahita unlucky).

fr. vi + dhā, cp….

vidhura →

pts

…read for vidura; according to Kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v., but doubtful).
  1. [vi + dhura] “burdenless,” unequalled…

vidhūpita →

pts

scattered, destroyed Snp.472 (= daḍḍha Snp-a.409); Ud.71 (so read for vidūpita).

pp. of vidhūpeti

vidugga →

pts

…AN.iii.128; Ja.iii.269; Ja.iv.271.

vi + dugga

vidura →

pts

adjective wise, clever Ja.v.399 (= paṇḍita C.). Cp. vidhura 2.

fr. vid, cp. Sk. vidura

vidū →

pts

…in; dubbidū hard to know Ja.v.446
■ For vidū (vidu) “they knew” see vindati.

Vedic vidu

vidūpita →

pts

at Ud.71 (vitakkā vidūpitā) is to be read as vidhūpita.

vidūra →

pts

adjective far, remote, distant AN.ii.50 (su˚). Mostly neg. ; not far, i.e. near Snp.147; Pv-a.14, Pv-a.31 Pv-a.78, Pv-a.81.

vi + dūra

vidūsita →

pts

adjective corrupted, depraved Pv-a.178 (˚citta).

vi + dūsita

vigata →

pts

…yassa vigatā); Vv-a.33 (padumā mā vigatā hotu). Otherwise as follows: -āsa Pp.27; -āsava Snp-a.51; -icchā Dhp.359; -khila

viggahita →

pts

…prejudiced against, seduced by (-), in phrase dhamm’ uddhacca- viggahita-mānasa AN.ii.157; Pts.ii.101. Cp BSk. vigrāhita, e.g….

viharati →

pts

…where C. explains as “vijahissati, parihāyissati”; with phrase sukhaṃ vihāhisi cp. dukkhaṃ viharati at AN.i.95, and see also…

vihāra →

pts

  1. (as m. & adj.) spending one’s time (sojourning or walking about), staying in a place, living place of living, stay, abode (in general) Vv-a.50 (jala˚) Pv-a.22, Pv-a.79; eka˚; living by oneself …

vihārin →

pts

…or condition DN.i.162 (appa-dukkha˚), DN.i.251 (evaṃ˚); AN.i.24 (araṇa˚), AN.i.26 (mettā); Iti.74 (appamāda˚); Snp.45 (sādhu˚),…

vijita →

pts

  1. conquered, subdued, gained, won Snp.46; Snp-a.352; DN-a.i.160; Pv-a.75, Pv-a.76, Pv-a.161. Cp. nijjita.
  2. (nt.)…

vijjaṭipatti →

pts

adultery Pv-a.151. Vijjati, vijjamana

? doubtful spelling

vijjā →

pts

…(dhammā) (states) conducive to wisdom (6 kinds of saññā) AN.iii.334; cp. DN.iii.243; SN.v.395; AN.iv.52 sq.

  • -mayā (iddhi) (potency)…

vijāna →

pts

…in compounds du˚; (dubbijāna) hard to understand SN.i.60; Ja.iv.217; and su˚; easy to perceive Snp.92; Ja.iv.217.

fr….

vikati →

pts

…(khajja˚). 2. product make; vessel: danta˚; “ivory make,” i.e. vessels of ivory MN.ii.18; DN.i.78; Ja.i.320. 3. arrangement get…

vikiṇṇa →

pts

…all over, loose Vin.i.209 (undurehi okiṇṇa˚; overrun); Ja.v.82.

  • -kesa with dishevelled hair Ja.i.47; Vism.415. *…

vikkhambheti →

pts

…up, establish“ Or to produce such pīti as to be called pharaṇā pīti, thus vikkhambheti = pharati 2? Or as Denom. fr. vikkhambha…

vikkhambhika →

pts

adjective leading to arrest (of passions), conducive to discarding (the blemishes of character) Vism.114.

fr. vikkhambheti

vikkhambhita →

pts

arrested, stopped, paralysed, destroyed Pts.ii.179; Tikp.155, Kp.320 sq. Duka-pa.10.

pp. of vikkhambheti

vikkuthita →

pts

…Kp-a.60 (T. reads vikkuthita-duṭṭha-vaṇṇa, but App. Snp-a Index p. 870: vikkuṭṭhita-duddha˚). The corresp. passage at Vism.260…

vilamba →

pts

adjective hanging down; only in redupl
■ iter. cpd. olamba-vilamba dropping or falling off all round Ja.iv.380.

vi + lamba

vilasati →

pts

to play, dally, sport; to shine forth, to unfold splendour Ja.v.38 (of a tree “stand herrlich da” dutoit), Ja.v.433 (of woman); Ja.vi.44 (of a tree, vilāsamāna T.)
pp vilasita. …

vilugga →

pts

adjective broken; only in redupl
■ iter. cpd. olugga-vilugga all broken up, tumbling to pieces MN.i.80, MN.i.450.

vi + lugga

vilāka →

pts

…Ja.v.155 (+ mudukā; C explains as sankhitta-majjhā), Ja.v.215 (˚majjhā = vilaggasarīrā C.), Ja.v.506 (velli-vilāka-majjhā…

vilīyati →

pts

…from view,“ i.e. nilīyati) Dhs-a.336 (phānita-piṇḍa; translation not to the point “reduced or pounded”); Sdhp.383; Pgdp.21
pp…

vimāna →

pts

…of somebody doing good (even during the lifetime of the doer) and waits for the entry of the owner: Dhp-a.iii.291 sq. In the description of the…

vinaya →

pts

…form the ecclesiastical introduction to the “Dhamma,” the “doctrine,” or theoretical, philosophical part of the Buddhist Canon The history &…

vindati →

pts

…[Sk. viduḥ] are vidū & viduṃ (appears as vidu in verse), e.g. at Thag.497; Snp.758; Pv.ii.7#4 (= jānanti Pv-a.102); Ja.v.62 (= vijānanti…

vindussara →

pts

is variant reading of bindu˚; (q.v.).

vineti →

pts

…guide, instruct, train educate
■ AN.iii.106 (inf. vinetuṃ);
■ SN.iv.105 (Pot. vineyyaṃ & fut.; vinessati);
aor…

vinipāta →

pts

…“vināsā nipatanti tattha dukkaṭakārino” together with duggati & niraya). The; sotāpanna is called…

vinivijjha →

pts

adjective to be pierced; in dubbinivijjha difficult to pierce, hard to penetrate Ja.v.46.

grd. of vinivijjhati

vinīta →

pts

…trained SN.iv.287; opp. dubbinīta badly trained Ja.v.284, Ja.v.287
ratha-vinīta (nt.) a relay MN.i.149.

pp….

vinīvaraṇa →

pts

…mind, combined with mudu-citta udagga-citta;: Vin.i.16, Vin.i.181; DN.i.110, DN.i.148; AN.iv.186. Same in BSk., e.g. Mvu.iii.225; Divy.616…

vipariṇāma →

pts

…vicissitude DN.iii.216 (˚dukkhatā); MN.i.457 (see [as “disappointment”](/define/as “disappointment”)); SN.ii.274; SN.iii.8; SN.iv.7…

vippahita →

pts

sending out in all directions, message Ja.iii.386 (dūta˚).

vi + pahita2

vippaṭipādeti →

pts

to cause to commit sin (esp. adultery) Vin.iii.40.

Caus. of vippaṭipajjati

vipāka →

pts

…AN.i.48, AN.i.97 (sukha˚, dukkha˚), AN.i.134 (kamma˚), AN.i.263; AN.ii.34 (agga), AN.ii.80, AN.ii.112; AN.iii.35, AN.iii.172 (dānassa),…

virāgin →

pts

…reversing AN.iii.416 (of dukkha: dandha˚ & khippa˚ of slow & quick change; variant reading M6 is viparāgi, which may represent a vipariyāyi,…

visabhāga →

pts

…Vism.516; Dhp-a.iv.52; Pv-a.118. -ārammaṇa pudendum muliebre Ja.ii.274 ≈ Ja.iii.498.

vi + sabhāga

visakkiya →

pts

in -dūta is a special kind of messenger Vin.iii.74.

vi + sakkiya?

visama →

pts

…unevenness, badness, misconduct disagreeableness AN.i.35 (pabbata˚); SN.iv.117; Vb.368 (two sets of 3 visamāni: rāga, etc.); Mil.136, Mil.157,…

visibbita →

pts

adjective entwined, entangled Mil.102 (saṃsibbita˚ as redupl
■ iter cpd.).

pp. of vi + sibbeti, sīv to sew

visodha →

pts

cleaning, cleansing, in cpd. dubbisodha hard to clean Snp.279.

fr. vi + śudh

vissuta →

pts

adjective widely famed, renowned, famous Snp.137, Snp.597, Snp.998, Snp.1009; Pv.ii.7#4; Mhvs.5, Mhvs.19; Pv-a.107 (= dūra-ghuṭṭha).

vi + suta, of śru

vissāsa →

pts

…Ja.i.189, Ja.i.487; Mil.126; Vism.190; Vv-a.66; Pv-a.13, Pv-a.265
dubbissāsa difficult to be trusted Ja.iv.462.

vi + sāsa, of…

vissāsaniya →

pts

…trustworthy Pv-a.9; Sdhp.306, Sdhp.441; neg. ; Ja.iii.474; cp dubbissāsaniya hard to trust Ja.iv.462.

grd. of vissāseti

visuṃ →

pts

…separately, individually; separate, apart Dhp-a.ii.26 (mātā-pitaro visuṃ honti). Usually repeated (distributively) *visuṃ…

visārada →

pts

…confident; knowing how to conduct oneself, skilled, wise DN.i.175; DN.ii.86; SN.i.181; SN.iv.246; SN.v.261; AN.ii.8 (vyatta +); AN.iii.183,…

vittakatā →

pts

…(for auspiciousness). Dutoit trsls quite differently: “weil er am Keltern des Somatrankes seine Freude hatte,” hardly…

vitthāra →

pts

…often in C. style, introducing detailed explanation of the subject in question, either with simple statement “vitthāro” (i.e. here the…

vitureyyati →

pts

…detail & proposes writing; vituriyata (3rd sg. praet. med.), & explains at “get over Dutoit trsls “überstieg.”

cp….

vivasana →

pts

(gradually) getting light; turning into dawn (said of the night), only in phrase ratyā vivasane at the end of night, combined in stock phrase with…

vivatta-cchada →

pts

vatta (“duty”), nor the same as vivaṭṭa (“moving back” intrs.), nor a direct pp. of…

vivaṭṭa →

pts

…of a; new beginning. As redupl
■ inter. compounds they express only the idea of constant change. We sometimes find vivaṭṭa in the…

vivāda →

pts

…anger, selfishness, envy fraudulence, evil intention, worldliness: DN.iii.246; AN.iii.334 sq.; Vb.380; referred to at Pts.i.130. There is another…

viya →

pts

…Snp.689 (nekkhaṃ v.). 2. dubitative particle: na viya maññe I suppose not MN.ii.121. Cp. byā.

another form of…

viññāpaya →

pts

…instruction; only in cpds du˚ & su˚; indocile docile SN.i.138; DN.ii.38; Cnd.235#3; Pts.i.121; Pts.ii.195 Vb.341.

grd. of viññāpeti, =…

viññāṇa →

pts

…(according to individual kamma) one individual life (after death) into the next. (See also below, c & d). In this (fundamental) application…

vohāra →

pts

…Snp.246 (˚kūṭa fraudulent lawyer); Ja.ii.423 (˚ṃ sādheti to claim a debt by way of law, or a lawful debt); Ja.vi.229; Dhp-a.iii.12…

vosāna →

pts

…˚ṃ āpajjati* to produce half-way achievement, to stop half-way AN.v.157, AN.v.164; Iti.85. Kern,

Toevoegselen

s.v. quite wrong...

vutti →

pts

mode of being or acting, conduct, practice, usage, livelihood, habit SN.i.100 (ariya˚; cp. ariya-vāsa); Snp.81 = Mil.228 (= jīvitavutti…

vuttika →

pts

…(kaṇḍaka˚); Pv-a.120 (dukkha˚); sabhāga˚ living in mutual courtesy or properly, always combined with sappatissa, e.g. Vin.i.187;…

vuṭṭhahati →

pts

…to rise, arise; to be produced Vin.ii.278 (gabbha). 2. to rise out of (abl.), to emerge from, to come back SN.iv.294; Vism.661…

vuṭṭhi →

pts

…shower of rain)
dubbuṭṭhi lack of rain, drought (opp. suvuṭṭhi) Ja.ii.367 = Ja.vi.487; Vism.512.

fr. vṛṣ, see…

vuṭṭhāti →

pts

…to rise, arise; to be produced Vin.ii.278 (gabbha). 2. to rise out of (abl.), to emerge from, to come back SN.iv.294; Vism.661…

vyappatha →

pts

…the Arahant: having no more duties, cp. vyappathi) 2. way of speaking, speech, utterance Snp.163, Snp.164 (contrasted to citta & kamma; cp. kāya,…

vyappathi →

pts

activity, occupation, duty (?) Snp.961. See remarks on byappatha.

cp. Sk. vyāpṛti

vyasana →

pts

…(˚gata ruined); Pv.i.6#4 (= dukkha Pv-a.33); Pv.iii.5#6 (= anattha Pv-a.199); Vb.99 sq., Vb.137; Vb-a.102 (several); Pv-a.4, Pv-a.103,…

vyādhi →

pts

Vyādhi1

sickness, malady, illness, disease AN.i.139 (as devadūta), AN.i.146, AN.i.155 sq.; AN.iii.66; Pts.i.59 sq. Pts.ii.147; Ja.vi.224; Vism.236. Often in sequence *jāti jarā vyādhi mara …

vyūha →

pts

…Ja.ii.406 (battle array: paduma˚, cakka˚, sakaṭa˚;). 2. a side street (?), in sandhibbūha Ja.vi.276. See also byūha.

fr. vi + vah;…

vā →

pts

…vā Dhp.83 (sukhena atha vā dukhena); uda… vā Snp.232 (kāyena vācā uda cetasā vā)
■ In verse vā is sometimes…

vācanaka →

pts

…“brahmin feast”; Prof. Dutoit “Brahmanen-backwerk” (i.e. special cakes for br.). vācana may be a distortion of…

vācā →

pts

…of such a speech (e.g. duṭṭha˚ Pv.i.3#2, so to be read for dukkha˚)
■ DN.iii.69 sq., DN.iii.96 sq., DN.iii.171 sq. SN.iv.132 (in…

vāla →

pts

…AN.i.209 (so read for vālanduka); Vism.142; Dhs-a.115 (reads leḍḍūpaka)-kambala a blanket made of horse-tails DN.i.167; AN.i.240 AN.i.296;…

vāra →

pts

…Ja.iv.492; Dhp-a.i.49. Dutoit (J. translation iv.594) trsls “Wunsch nach Wasser.” 4. bhāṇa˚ “turn for recitation,”…

vāreti →

pts

…2 vārāpeti to induce somebody to choose a wife Ja.iv.289-Note. vāriyamāna (kālakaṇṇi-salākā) at…

vāri →

pts

…water jug Ja.v.4. -bindu a drop of water Snp.392. -vāha “watercarrier,” i.e. cloud AN.ii.56;…

vāsa →

pts

…ordinary duty (lit. burden) or responsibility of living or the elementary stages of saintliness Snp-a.194, Snp-a.195…

vāta →

pts

…according to direction dust, temperature, force, height & other causes (like fanning etc.).

  1. wind (of the air) SN.iv.218 (vātā ākāse…

vūpasammati →

pts

…Ja.iii.334. 3. to be subdued or extinguished, to go out (of light) Tha-ap.35

pp vūpasanta
caus vūpasāmeti to…

ya →

pts

amu (nt. aduṃ) also occur: yaṃ aduṃ khettaṃ aggaṃ evam eva mayhaṃ bhikkhu-bhikkhuniyo “as there is one field which…

yadi →

pts

…mātu nāma hadayaṃ mudukaṃ)
yadi va “or” (cp Vedic yadi vā “or be it that”) Dhp.195 (= yadi vā athavā…

yakkha →

pts

…or fairy-palace, which is due to a sort of mirage. These are usually found in or at the sea, or in the neighbourhood of silent lakes, where the…

yama →

pts

Yama1

restraint Pv-a.98 (+ niyama).

fr. yam

Yama2

the ruler of the kingdom of the dead. See details in Dicty. of Names. In compounds often in general sense of “death” or …

yamaka →

pts

…(soḷasakkhattuṃ yamake duve duve putte janayi); Dhp-a.i.353 (same, with vijāyi). 3. (nt.) a pair, couple. Name of one of the Abhidhamma…

yasa →

pts

…of greatness, viz. divine duration of life, complexion, happiness, fame, power, and the 5 sense-objects rūpa, sadda, gandha, rasa,…

yaso →

pts

…of greatness, viz. divine duration of life, complexion, happiness, fame, power, and the 5 sense-objects rūpa, sadda, gandha, rasa,…

yathā →

pts

…according to the individual individually Pv.iii.5#1 (read yathāpu˚)

  • -pūrita as full as could be, quite full Ja.i.101
  • -phāsuka

yathāva →

pts

…to fitness, fitfully, duly, truly sufficiently Pv-a.60 (so read for yathā vato), Pv-a.128 (all MSS. yāthāvato!); Thag-a.256 (yā˚;…

yava →

pts

corn (in general), barley (in particular) Vin.iv.264; SN.iv.220; AN.iv.169.

-karaṇa the preparation of corn AN.iv.169. -kalāpī (or ˚inī) a sheaf of barley SN …

yiṭṭha →

pts

…Ja.v.49, Ja.vi.527
duyyiṭṭha not properly sacrificed, a sacrifice not according to rites Ja.vi.522. In specific Buddhistic sense…

yojitaka →

pts

adjective connected with, mixed; neg. a˚ not mixed (with poison), unadulterated Ja.i.269.

fr. yojita

yuga →

pts

…applied to objects, as-˚: dussa˚; a pair of robes SN.v.71.; Dhp-a.iv.11; Pv-a.53; sāṭaka˚; id Ja.i.8, Ja.i.9; Pv-a.46; vattha˚; id….

yuja →

pts

…Ja.v.368 (atthe yuñjati duyyuje he engages in a difficult matter; C. reads duyyuñja).

either a direct root-derivation fr. yuj,…

yujjhati →

pts

to fight, make war. Rare in older literature our refs. only from the Mahāvaṃsa; e.g. 22, 82 (fut yujjhissāma, with instr.: Damiḷehi); 25, 23 (aor ayujjhi); 25, 58 (ppr. yujjhamāna); 33, 41 (aor. yuj …

yutta →

pts

…Ja.i.296 (here perhaps for dur-utta?) du˚ also lit. “badly fixed, not in proper condition, in a bad state” at Ja.iv.245 (of a gate).

*…

yāma →

pts

…short period, of a week’s duration and life-long food Vin.iv.83, Vin.iv.86, Vin.iv.176, Vin.iv.311; to which is added yāva-kālika,…

yānika →

pts

…(lit.) leading to, conducive to, as -yāniya in deva˚ magga DN.i.215, Brahma˚ magga the way leading to the Brahma-world DN.i.220. 2….

yānikata →

pts

made a habit of, indulged in, acquired, mastered (cp. expln Pts.i.172 “yattha yattha ākankhati tattha tattha vasippatto hoti balappatto…

yāniya →

pts

…(lit.) leading to, conducive to, as -yāniya in deva˚ magga DN.i.215, Brahma˚ magga the way leading to the Brahma-world DN.i.220. 2….

yāva →

pts

…combinations, like yāva dukkhā nirayā how (or as) many painful purgatories Snp.678; yāva dukkhā tiracchānayoni MN.iii.169; yāva pāpo…

yāvaka →

pts

dish prepared of barley Ja.vi.373 (= yavataṇḍula-bhatta C.).

= yavaka

yāvant →

pts

…the t may well have been reduced to d or been replaced by another sandhi consonant. However, the specific Pāli use of yāva

ñatti →

pts

…the motion, i.e. a ñatti-dutiya-kamma, & that at which the motion is put 3 times, & is then followed (as 4th item) by the decision, i.e. a…

ñāti →

pts

…the duties of relatives Pv.i.5#12 (= ñātīhi ñātīnaṃ kattabba-karaṇaṃ Pv-a.30); *…

ñāya →

pts

…manner, propriety, right conduct, often applied to the “right path” (ariyamagga = ariyañāya Vin.i.10) DN.iii.120; SN.v.19, SN.v.141, SN.v.167…

ñāṇa →

pts

…DN.iii.277; other four as dukkhe ñ. (dukkha-samudaye ñ., nirodhe ñ., magge ñ. (i.e. the knowledge of the paṭicca-samuppāda) at…

ā →

pts

…killing; ˚carati indulge in; ˚cikkhati point ont, explain; ˚jīva living on; ˚ṇāpeti give an order to somebody; ˚disati point out…

ācamana →

pts

…Vin.ii.222.

  • -pādukā slippers worn when rinsing Vin.i.190; Vin.ii.142, Vin.ii.222. *…

ācarati →

pts

  1. to practice, perform, indulge in Vin.i.56; Vin.ii.118; Snp.327 (ācare dhamma-sandosa-vādaṃ) Snp.401; Mil.171, Mil.257 (pāpaṃ). Cp. pp….

ācināti →

pts

…+…

āciṇṇa →

pts

…performed, (habitually) indulged in MN.i.372 (kamma, cp. Mil.226 and the expln. of āciṇṇaka kamma as “chronic karma at Cpd.

ācāra →

pts

…adj. (-˚) practising, indulging in, or of such & such a conduct
■ Snp.280 (pāpa˚); Ja.i.106 (vipassana˚); Ja.ii.280 (˚ariya); Ja.vi.52…

ācārin →

pts

adjective noun of good conduct, one who behaves well AN.i.211 (anācārī viratā l. 4 fr. bottom is better read as ācārī virato, in accordance…

ādhāna →

pts

…ādhāna-gāhin duppaṭinissaggin Vin.ii.89; MN.i.43, MN.i.96; AN.iii.335 (variant reading ādāna˚, C. explains by daḷhagāhin);…

ādu →

pts

…distorted abbreviation of udāhu.

see also adu

ādā →

pts

…usual form ādāya). Adati (Adadati)

ger. of ādāti from reduced base *da of dadāti 1b

ādīnava →

pts

…sq.; AN.iii.267 sq. (duccarite), AN.i.270 (puggala-ppasāde), AN.iv.439 sq.; AN.v.81; Ja.i.146; Ja.iv.2; Iti.9 = AN.ii.10 = Cnd.172#a;…

āgama →

pts

…ti DN-a.i.160; cp. Sdhp.249 dukkh˚). 2. that which one goes by, resource, reference source of reference, text, Scripture, Canon; thus a…

āgata →

pts

…Thig.337; Pv.iv.3#15, opp durāgata not liked, unwelcome, AN.ii.117, AN.ii.143, AN.ii.153; AN.iii.163; Thig.337 2. come down, handed down (by…

āghāteti →

pts

…to hatred against, to obdurate one’s heart. Sdhp.126 = SN.i.151 = AN.v.172.

Denom. fr. āghāta, in form = ā + ghāteti, but diff. in…

ājāna →

pts

…Snp.762; Ja.i.295 Ja.i.300.

ā + jāna from…

ākantana →

pts

? a possible reading, for the dürakantana of the text at Thag.1123, for which we might read durākantana

ākula →

pts

…(an˚ clear). Often reduplicated as ākulākula thoroughly confused Mil.117, Mil.220; Pv-a.56; ākula-pākula Ud.5 (so read for…

ālaya →

pts

…taṇhā-diṭṭhi-vasena duvidho ālayo Snp-a.216), Snp.535 (+ āsavāni), Snp.635; Ne.121, Ne.123 (˚samugghāta); Vism.293 (id.) Vism.497;…

ānantarika →

pts

…“conduct that finds retribution without delay (Kvu trsl. 275 n. 2) Vin.ii.193; Ja.i.45; Kv.480; Mil.25 (cp. Dhs trsl.

ānantariya →

pts

…“conduct that finds retribution without delay (Kvu trsl. 275 n. 2) Vin.ii.193; Ja.i.45; Kv.480; Mil.25 (cp. Dhs trsl.

ānejja →

pts

…of spelling based on MSS. vacillation, in part also due to confusion of derivation

ānupubbikathā →

pts

regulated exposition, graduated sermon DN.i.110; DN.ii.41 sq. MN.i.379; Ja.i.8; Mil.228; DN-a.i.277, DN-a.i.308; Dhp-a.iv.199.

for anupubbi˚…

ānīta →

pts

fetched, brought (here), brought back adduced Ja.i.291; Ja.iii.127; Ja.iv.1.

pp. of ānetī

āpajjati →

pts

…to undergo; to make, produce, exhibit Vin.ii.126 (saṃvaraṃ); DN.i.222 (pariyeṭṭhiṃ); Iti.113 (vuddhiṃ) Ja.i.73; Pp.20, Pp.33…

āpādaka →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (adj.) producing, leading to (-˚) Vv-a.4 (abhiññ˚ catuttha-jjhāna).
  2. (n.) one who takes care of a child, a protector,…

āpādeti →

pts

to produce, make out, bring, bring into MN.i.78; MN.iii.248; SN.iv.110 (addhānaṃ to live one’s life, cp. addhānaṃ āpādi Ja.ii.293 =…

ārabbha →

pts

…making an effort, concern, duty, obligation DN.iii.256 = AN.iv.334 (eight such occasions enumerated). 2. (prep. with acc.) lit. beginning with,…

āracayāracayā →

pts

…usual Sk. meaning “to produce”, but here as a sound-root for slashing noise, in reduplication for sake of intensification. Altogether…

ārambha →

pts

…attha, i.e. 1. undertaking duty, 2. object. SN.i.76 (mah˚); SN.v.66, SN.v.104 sq. (˚dhātu) SN.iii.338 (identical), SN.iii.166 (˚ja; Text…

ārañjita →

pts

furrowed, cut open, dug up, slashed torn (perhaps also “beaten”) MN.i.178 (hatthipadaṃ dantehi ārañjitaṃ an elephant-track bearing the…

āropita →

pts

  1. produced, come forward, set up Pv-a.2.
  2. effected, made SN.iii.12; Pv-a.92 Pv-a.257.
  3. put on (to a stake), impaled Pv-a.220 (=…

ārā →

pts

Ārā1

feminine an awl; see cp āragga. Perhaps a der. of ārā is āḷakā (q.v.).

Sk. ārâ; *ēl “pointed”, as in Ohg. āla = Ger. ahle, Ags. āēl = E awl; Oicel. alr

Ārā<su …

ārādhanīya →

pts

adjective to be attained, to be won; successful Vin.i.70 (an˚); Ja.ii.233 (dur˚).

grd. fr. ārādheti

āsada →

pts

…phrase durāsada hard to sit on, i.e. hard to get at, unapproachable, difficult to attack or manage or conquer Snp.p.107…

āsanna →

pts

adjective near (cp. āsajja1), opp. dūra Ja.ii.154; Dhp-a.ii.91; Pv-a.42, Pv-a.243.

pp. of ā + sad, see āsīdati

āsava →

pts

…forms one of the main duties of man. On the difficulty of translating the term see Cpd.227. See also discussion of term āsava (= āsavantī…

āsevana →

pts

…practice, pursuit, indulgence in Vin.ii.117; Pv-a.45. 2. succession repetition Dhs.1367; Kv.510 (cp. trsl. 294, 362); Vism.538.

fr….

āsevati →

pts

… pp āsevita.

ā +…

āsevita →

pts

frequented, indulged, practised, enjoyed Ja.i.21 (Ja.v.141; āsevita-nisevita); Ja.ii.60; Sdhp.93, Sdhp.237.

pp. of āsevati

āsita →

pts

…m precedes, viz. Ja.ii.446 (dumapakkani-m-asita, where C reading is māsita & expln. khāditvā asita (variant reading āsita) dhāta)…

āsittaka →

pts

adjective mixed, mingled, adulterated Vin.ii.123 (˚ûpadhāna “decorated divan”?); Thag-a.61, Thag-a.168 (an˚ for asecanaka, q.v.).

āsitta…

āsādeti →

pts

…(q.v.); infin. āsāduṃ Ja.v.154 & āsādituṃ ibid.; grd. āsādanīya Mil.205; Vv-a.213 (an˚). 2. to come near to (c. acc.),…

āvajjana →

pts

…this confusion being due to close resemblance of jj and ṭṭ in writing); also Kvu trsl. 221 n. 4 (on Kv.380 which has āvaṭṭanā),…

āvaraṇa →

pts

…Vb.341, Vb.342; Mil.21 (dur hard to withstand or oppose)
■ dant˚ “screen of the teeth”, lip Ja.iv.188; Ja.vi.590.

fr. ā + vṛ;…

āvāṭa →

pts

hole dug in the ground, a pit, a well DN.i.142 (yaññ˚); Ja.i.99, Ja.i.264; Ja.ii.406; Ja.iii.286; Ja.iv.46 (caturassa); Ja.vi.10; Dhp-a.i.223;…

āyatana →

pts

…see Dhs trsl. introduction li sq. Cpd. 90 n. 2; 254 sq
■ Approximately covering this meaning (3) is Bdhgh’s definition of…

āyu →

pts

life, vitality, duration of life, longevity DN.iii.68, DN.iii.69, DN.iii.73, DN.iii.77; SN.iii.143 (usmā ca); SN.iv.294; AN.i.155; AN.ii.63,…

āyuta →

pts

…Snp-a.320); Pv.ii.12#4 (nānā-saragaṇ˚ ˚yutta Pv-a.157). 2. seized, conquered, in dur˚; hard to conquer, invincible Ja.vi.271…

āṭa →

pts

kind of bird Ja.vi.539 (= dabbimukha C.).

etym.? Cp. Sk. āṭi Turdus Ginginianus, see Aufrecht, Halāyudha p. 148

īgha →

pts

…e.g. Ja.iii.343 (= niddukkha C.); Ja.v.343. Iti & Iti

doubtful as to origin & etym. since only found in cpd. anīgha & abs. only in…

ḍaṃsa →

pts

…AN.ii.143 = AN.iii.163; AN.iii.388; AN.v.15; Vin.i.3; Cnd. s.v. (enumerated under var. kinds of dukkhā); Vism.31 (here explained as…

ḍāka →

pts

green food, eatable herbs, vegetable Vin.i.246 (˚rasa), Vin.i.248; Thig.1; Vv.20#6 (variant reading sāka); Vv-a.99 (= taṇḍuleyyakādi-sākavyañjana).

Sk. sāka (nt.) on ś → ḍ cp. Sk. sākinī → dākinī

ṭhapita →

pts

…ṭh. Ja.vi.366 ˚sankāra (dustheap) Pv-a.82; pariccajane ṭh. appointed for the distribution of gifts Pv-a.124. 2. suspended left over, set…

ṭhita →

pts

…loc.); of time: lasting, enduring fig. steadfast, firm, controlled: amissīkatam ev’ assa cittaṃ hoti, ṭhitaṃ ānejjappattaṃ AN.iii.377…

ṭhiti →

pts

…connected with duration, enduring, lasting permanent (only appl. to samādhi) DN.iii.277; AN.iii.427 Ne.77; cp. samādhissa…

ṭhiṭika →

pts

…standing, lasting, enduring; existing, living on (-˚), e.g. āhāra˚ dependent on food Kp iii. (see āhāra); nt….

ṭhāna →

pts

…connotation I.1(b), i.e. perdurance, constancy i.e. Nibbāna Vv.51#4; Dhp.225.

  1. Applied meanings
    1. state, condition; also-˚ (in sg.) as…

dukkha →

puskas

‘Szenvedés’ – a buddhista filozófia alapfogalma: szenvedés a születés, a vénség, a betegség, a halál, a vágy, s mindez azért, mert forrása az újraszületéseknek. Lásd még: első nidána, a négy nemes igazság.

nibbána →

puskas

…vágytalanság és felszabadultság állapotának elérése. Ez az illúzióktól (májá) való szabadulást éppúgy jelenti, mint a…