Szótár

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iti, 2394 találat.

iti →

ncped

…a clause ending with ti); iti is used especially to mark

  1. a quotation of words or thoughts
    1. before the quotation, with a verb of saying,…

īti →

ncped

calamity, affliction

ītī →

ncped

calamity, affliction

iti →

pts

…Mvu.i.556
■ hītiha [itiha + itiha] “so so” talk, gossip, oral tradition, belief by hearsay etc. (cp itikirā & anītiha. Cnd spells…

īti →

pts

…= santāpa); Mil.152, Mil.274 Mil.418. -anīti sound condition, health, safety AN.iv.238; Mil.323.

Sk. īti, of doubtful…

ītī →

pts

…= santāpa); Mil.152, Mil.274 Mil.418. -anīti sound condition, health, safety AN.iv.238; Mil.323.

Sk. īti, of doubtful…

aciravatī →

dppn

…a rule was passed prohibiting it. Vin.i.293 Vin.iv.278 The Chabbaggiyā nuns, however, continued to do so even afterwards. Vin.iv.259f.

The…

aggāḷave cetiye →

dppn

…years of Vaṅgīsa’s novitiate he stayed at the shrine with his preceptor, and disaffection arose within him twice, once because of women, the…

ajātasattu →

dppn

…shame, he refrained from visiting the Buddha till he was won over by the persuasions of his physician Jīvaka Komārabhacca. And when in the end he…

andhakavinda →

dppn

…of the tenfold good qualities of milk-rice. Vin.i.220f. It was this praise uttered by the Buddha that made Visākhā ask him, as a favour,…

anuruddha →

dppn

…He was of a retiring disposition and never interfered in any of the monks’ quarrels.

Mention is often made of Anuruddha’s iddhi-powers….

anāthapiṇḍika →

dppn

…in the festival of dedication. He fed one hundred monks in his house daily in addition to meals provided for guests, people of the village,…

aputtaka →

dppn

…Pasenadi, King of Kosala, visiting the Buddha at noonday and telling him that he had just finished having the banker’s wealth removed to the royal…

asita →

dppn

…that they alone are the legitimate sons of Brahma. Hearing of this, Asita Devala appeared before their hermitage in orange attire, with stout…

assajipunabbasukā →

dppn

…time, using perfumes, visiting shows, singing and playing games of various sorts. Their abandoned ways of life won popularity for them, and…

assalāyana →

dppn

…only superior class, the legitimate sons of Brahma.

The Buddha points out to him that such pretensions are baseless, and that virtue, which alone…

asura →

dppn

…classed among the inferior deities together with the supaṇṇas, gandhabbas, yakkhas, garuḍas and nāgas. Rebirth as an Asura is…

avīci →

dppn

…found in a poem in the Itivuttaka It89 which recurs in the Vinaya, Vin.ii.203 and there it is specifically called a niraya.

In the Dīgha…

aṅgulimāla →

dppn

…by the mob, but on the admonition of the Buddha, endured their wrath as penance for his former misdeeds.

He eased a woman’s labour pains by an…

aṭṭhaka →

dppn

…and realised the five qualities-truth, austerities, chastity, study and munificence—specified by the brahmins for the attainment of merit and…

bahudhīti →

dppn

A brahmin of the Bhāradvājagotta who had seven widowed daughters and was much in debt. One day he lost fourteen oxen, and, after searching for them for six days, he came across the Buddha in a forest …

bahuputtakanigrodha →

dppn

…to be followed and, profiting by the lesson, eight days later Mahā Kassapa became an arahant. This was on the road from Rājagaha to…

bhaddā →

dppn

…among nuns of swift intuition. AN.i.25 In the Therīgāthā Thig.107–111 are included several verses spoken by her when she had been a nun…

bhaṇḍagāma →

dppn

…visited it during his last tour, and while there he talked to the monks on four conditions, which lead to Nibbāna. DN.ii.123…

bhummā →

dppn

A class of devas, earth bound deities. They belong to the lowest category of devas. AN.iv.119

bhuñjatī →

dppn

…in meditation, Bhuñjatī waiting on him and worshipping him with clasped hands. Sakka asked her to salute the Buddha in his name when he should…

bhāradvāja →

dppn

Bhāradvāja1

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of the heroic roar of the conquerors. Thag.177–178

Bhāradvāja2

He was the eldest of a clan of Bhāradvājas living in Rājagaha a …

bhūta →

dppn

Bhūta

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of the greatest contentment while living among the harsh conditions of the forest. Thag.518–526

bimbisāra →

dppn

…that all the five ambitions of his life had been fulfilled: that he might become king, that the Buddha might visit his realm, that he might…

bodhi →

dppn

…by Sañjikāputta, inviting the Buddha to the palace, that he might bless it by being its first occupant. The Buddha agreed to come and, the…

brahmadatta →

dppn

…its king Dīghiti and Dīghiti’s wife, but made peace later with Dīghiti’s son, Dīghāvu, restored to him his father’s kingdom, and gave…

buddha →

dppn

…the Nerañjarā. After an initial hesitation he decided to teach the Dhamma he had found, and he did so for the next 45 years, until he passed away…

bāhiya →

dppn

…and of sense objects. Profiting by the lesson, Bāhiya dwelt apart and, putting forth effort, soon became an arahant. SN.iv.63f.

It is perhaps…

bāhuna →

dppn

…said to have asked the Buddha, while on the banks of the Gaggarā Lake in Campā, about the conditions from which the Tathāgata is released and…

bārānasī →

dppn

…had lost its great political importance. Kosala was already the paramount power in India, and several successful invasions of Kāsi by the…

bījaka →

dppn

…yielded to her importunities, thus prompting the Buddha to lay down the first Pārājika. The son was called Bījaka, and so Sudinna came to…

campā →

dppn

…as one of the six important cities of India, its foundation being ascribed to Mahāgovinda. DN.ii.235 In the Buddha’s time the people of Campā…

candimā →

dppn

…was granted. SN.i.50 The deva Candimasa who is mentioned SN.i.51 as visiting the Buddha is probably identical with Candimā.

caṇḍa →

dppn

…and comes to be called wrathful. The other shows opposite qualities and is called kindly. SN.iv.305

caṇḍakālī →

dppn

…for her quarrelsome propensities. She was a friend of Thullanandā, during whose absence the other nuns once expelled Caṇḍakālī from their…

caṇḍā →

dppn

…Paṭācārā, seeing her pitiable condition, gave her some food and, when she had eaten, discoursed to her. Delighted by Paṭācārā’s…

ciravāsī →

dppn

…Bhadragaka visited the Buddha and told him that he was always anxiously waiting for news of Ciravāsī, who was away at school. SN.iv.329

cūḷapanthaka →

dppn

…and forthwith gave an exhibition of his magical powers and of his wide knowledge of the Buddha’s teachings. The nuns listened with great…

devadatta →

dppn

…of archers, tired of waiting, gave up the vigil and went away one after the other. The different groups were led to the Buddha by his…

dīghajāṇu →

dppn

…to him the four conditions of temporal welfare and the four conditions of spiritual welfare. In this discourse the Buddha addresses him as…

dīghāyu →

dppn

DīghāyuDīghāvu

Son of Dīghīti, king of Kosala. After his parents had been cruelly murdered by Brahmadatta, king of Kāsi, he became the attendant of this kind; in order to avenge their death, but when …

dīghīti →

dppn

DīghītiDīghati

A king of Kosala. His kingdom was captured by Brahmadatta, king of Kāsi, and he and his wife fled to Benares, where they lived in disguise in the house of a potter. His wife bore a son …

ekapuṇḍarīka →

dppn

…monastery, and their conversation is recorded in the Bāhitika Sutta. MN.ii.112f.

gagga →

dppn

…insane, and in this condition did many things unworthy of a monk. When his colleagues blamed him, the Buddha interceded on his behalf and…

gijjhakūṭa →

dppn

…in order to test his capabilities. Vin.ii.76

Mention is made of several eminent monks who stayed at Gijjhakūṭa from time to time, such as…

hatthaka →

dppn

…eight marvellous qualities: faith, virtue, conscientiousness, fear of blame, ability to listen well, charity, wisdom, modesty. AN.iv.218f.

inda →

dppn

…having listened to the admonition of Gopaka, became disciples of the Buddha and, as a result, far surpassed in glory Inda and his other companion…

indapatta →

dppn

…one of the three chief cities of Jambudipa, the others being Uttarapancala and Kekaka J.ii.213, 214.

According to a verse found at the end of…

isidatta →

dppn

…possession of virtuous qualities, such as sharing all their goods with holy men, a rare quality. SN.348–352

In the Dhammacetiya Sutta,…

isipatana →

dppn

…the rule was passed prohibiting the use of sandals made of talipot leaves. Vin.i.189 On another occasion when the Buddha was staying at…

itivuttaka →

dppn

One of the nine divisions (aṅga) into which the Buddha’s preaching was classified in the early texts.

jambudīpa →

dppn

…be eighty-four thousand cities with Ketumatī at the head. DN.iii.75

The Buddha once declared that the people of Jambudīpa excel those of both…

jambuka →

dppn

Jambuka

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of how he practiced severe austerities for 55 year before going for refuge in the Buddha and attaining Awakening. Thag.283–286

jayasena →

dppn

…but at the end of the exposition Jayasena declared that he was unable to agree with it.

When this was reported to the Buddha he said that…

jotipāla →

dppn

…to Sanaṅkumāra’s exposition, decided to leave the world. The kings and all the others did their best to make him desist from this course, but…

jīvaka →

dppn

…the Buddha regarding the qualities of a pious lay disciple is recorded in the Aṅguttara Nikāya. AN.iv.222f.

At Jīvaka’s request, the Buddha…

kaccāna →

dppn

…Nikāya SN.ii.18ff. as visiting the Buddha at Sāvatthī and questioning him on right view. The Buddha’s discourse on this occasion is referred…

kapilavatthu →

dppn

…by Ānanda among the great cities, in one of which, in his opinion, the Buddha could more fittingly have died than in Kusinārā. DN.ii.146 After…

kassapa →

dppn

…monk whose admonition by his mother is recorded in the Theragāthā. Thag.82

Kassapa3

A devaputta. He visited the Buddha…

kaḷārajanaka →

dppn

…other kings of his race left the household at the approach of old age, he broke the tradition by not doing so. He was the last king of this…

khemā →

dppn

…delighted with her exposition, related it to the Buddha. SN.iv.374ff. She is mentioned in several places AN.i.88 AN.ii.164 AN.iv.347…

kirapatika →

dppn

…the Buddha, hearing of it, made an order to the monks prohibiting such conduct. Vin.iv.75f.

kosala →

dppn

…MN.i.39

Among localities spoken of as being in Kosala are Icchānaṅgala, AN.iii.30 AN.iii.341 AN.iv.340 Ukkaṭṭha, DN.i.87 Ekasālā,…

kosambī →

dppn

…monks the story of King Dīghiti of Kosala, but his efforts at reconciliation were of no avail, one of the monks actually asking him to leave them…

koḷiyā →

dppn

…to the Koliyan central authorities, was a special body of officials, presumably police, who wore a distinguishing headdress with a drooping crest…

kusināṭā →

dppn

One of the cities of Uttarakuru. DN.iii.200

town

kāliṅga →

dppn

…It is one of the seven political divisions mentioned in the time of the mythical king Reṇu and is given first in the list, its capital being…

kāsi →

dppn

…kingdom. Vin.i.334

The traditional name of the king of Kāsi from time immemorial was evidently Brahmadatta, and references to kings of that name…

kāḷī →

dppn

…asks him for a detailed exposition of one of the stanzas in the Kumāripañhas. The stanza occurs at. SN.i.126 Mahā-Kaccāna explains, and his…

kūṭāgārasālā →

dppn

…of eight eminent qualities; AN.iii.49 AN.iv.208f. SN.iv.109 the upāsaka Vāseṭṭha; AN.iv.258f. the two goddesses, daughters of…

lakuṇṭaka →

dppn

…makes reference to the admonitions of Sāriputta and to the Buddha’s joy when these had the desired effect.

The Buddha ranked him as foremost…

licchavī →

dppn

…also practised seven conditions of welfare, which the Buddha claimed to have taught them at the Sārandada cetiya. DN.ii.73f.

The young men…

macchā →

dppn

…people, included in the traditional list of the sixteen Great Nations AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260

The Macchā country lay to the south…

maddakucchi →

dppn

…great admiration for his qualities. Māra tried to stir up discontent in the Buddha, but had to retire discomfited. SN.i.110 DN.ii.116

Once when…

mahāgavaccha →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of practicing properly and awaiting ones’ time. Thag.12

mahākassapa →

dppn

…exposing the Order to the criticism of the public. “A corn trampler art thou, Ānanda,” he says, “a despoiler of families, thy following is…

mahākoṭṭhita →

dppn

…and shaking off evil qualities. Thag.2

Several instances are given of discussions between Koṭṭhita and other eminent theras—e.g., the…

mahākāla →

dppn

…swarthy woman sitting surrounded by bones in the charnel ground, evidently a practitioner of asceticism. He expresses the wish to never be reborn….

mahāmoggallāna →

dppn

…is mentioned as visiting the Brahma world in order to help the Buddha in quelling the arrogance of Baka Brahmā. He himself questioned…

mahāpajāpatī →

dppn

…was granted on condition that she abide by eight rules of respect. Vin.ii.253ff. AN.iv.274ff.

After her ordination, Pajāpatī came…

makhādeva →

dppn

…Kaḷārajanaka did not continue the good tradition.

makkhali →

dppn

…fate, by the necessary conditions of the class to which they belong, by their individual nature; it is according to their position in one or other…

mallā →

dppn

The name of a people and their country.

The country is included in the sixteen Great Nations of the Buddha’s time. The kingdom, at that time, was divided into two parts, having their respective capit …

manāpakāyikā →

dppn

…visited Anuruddha at the Ghositirāma and announced to him that in a trice they could assume any colour they desired, produce any sound, and obtain…

māgadha →

dppn

…Koḷivisa, a prominent citizen of Campā, capital of Aṅga. Vin.i.27 In the Buddha’s day, Māgadha consisted of eighty thousand villages….

māluṅkyāputta →

dppn

…having wasted his opportunities, but then tells him of the four ways in which craving arises and the advantages of destroying it. AN.ii.248f.

māra →

dppn

…where he is practicing austerities and tempting him to abandon his striving and devote himself to good works. Gotama refers to Māra’s army as…

nanda →

dppn

…class. AN.iii.384

The austerities practised by Nanda Vaccha are detailed in the Mahā Saccaka Sutta. MN.i.238

Nanda2

The Buddha’s…

nandaka →

dppn

…Nandaka that he had been waiting until the end of his discourse to speak to him. Nandaka expressed. his regret that he should have kept the Buddha…

nandiya →

dppn

…was taught the eleven conditions which lead to the destruction of evil. AN.v.334ff.

Nandiya3

A Paribbājaka who visits the Buddha…

nanduttarā →

dppn

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verses speak of her former useless practice of austerities and her current state of Awakening. Thig.87–91

nigaṇṭha nāṭaputta →

dppn

…extirpated by severe austerities, fresh deeds should be avoided by inaction. By expelling through penance all past misdeeds and by not committing…

nimmānaratī →

dppn

A class of devas, inhabiting the fifth of the six deva-worlds. DN.i.218 MN.i.289 SN.i.133 AN.i.210

nisabha →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of giving up desire and patiently awaiting one’s time. Thag.195–196

pahārāda →

dppn

…on account of which Asuras delight in it. The Buddha tells him of eight similar qualities in his own teaching and discipline, wherefore monks…

pakudha →

dppn

…obtained from him an exposition of his teaching, which was to the effect that the four elements—earth, fire, air, water; pleasure, pain, and…

parakusināṭā →

dppn

One of the cities of Uttarakuru, described as having been built on an airy base. DN.iii.200

5town

paribbājakā →

dppn

…Doctrine followed the recognition that Gotama dealt, not with effects but with causes, and that he went to the root of the matter by teaching how…

pañcavaggiyā →

dppn

…five joined in the austerities of Gotama at Uruvelā. When he abandoned his austerities and started to follow the Middle Way, they left him in…

paṇḍuputta →

dppn

An Ājīvaka. He came of a wagon building stock of bygone days. In the Anaṅgaṇa Sutta, MN.i.31f. Moggallāna tells Sāriputta that, one day, when begging alms in Rājagaha, he came to the house of Samīti …

pilindavaccha →

dppn

…gave to Pilinda large quantities of the five medicaments, all of which Pilinda distributed among those who wished for them. Vin.i.206ff.

piyaṅkara →

dppn

…where Anuruddha was reciting some verses. The sound pleased her and she stood “smitten to the marrow, like a post,” hushing to sleep her…

puṇṇa →

dppn

…the Doctrine because of his skilful exposition.

puṇṇiya →

dppn

A monk. He is mentioned as visiting the Buddha and asking him under what conditions a sermon presents itself to the mind of a Tathāgata….

puṇṇā →

dppn

…of being full with good qualities, like the full moon. Thig.3

Puṇṇā2Puṇṇikā

A bhikkhunī whose Therīgāthā verses argue…

pātaligāma →

dppn

…ii.102, n. 1. The latter tradition is probably correct as, according to the Anguttara Nikāya iii.57 even Munda is mentioned as residing at…

pātimokkha →

dppn

…the chief (pamukhaṃ) of good qualities.

pāveyyakā →

dppn

…Vin.ii.301ff. In this connection the Pāveyyakā are also described as “Pacchimikā” in opposition to the Vajjiputtakas who are called…

pāvā →

dppn

A city of the Mallas which the Buddha visited during his last journey, going there from Bhogagāma and stopping at Cunda’s mango grove.

Cunda lived in Pāvā and invited the Buddha to a meal, which prov …

pūraṇa kassapa →

dppn

…is mentioned as denying condition and cause—i.e., the efficacy of kamma—which teaching, in the Sāmmaññaphala Sutta, DN.i.53 AN.iii.383 is…

raṭṭhapāla →

dppn

…agreed to let him go on condition that he would visit them after his ordination. Raṭṭhapāla accompanied the Buddha to Sāvatthī, and there,…

rāhulamātā →

dppn

…is mentioned by name.

Tradition identifies Rāhulamātā with Bhaddakaccānā who, in the Aṅguttara Nikāya, AN.i.25 is mentioned as chief…

rājagaha →

dppn

…was one of the six chief cities of the Buddha’s time, and as such, various important trade routes passed through it. The others cities were…

sakka →

dppn

…wife of Vessavaṇa, waiting on him. He therefore left with a request to Bhuñjatī to greet the Buddha in his name. He also declares…

salaḷāgāra →

dppn

…samādhi, with Bhuñjatī waiting on him. Sakka therefore left a message with her.DN.ii.270 Anuruddha is also mentioned as having stayed there….

samitigutta →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of experiencing the suffering caused by kamma in the past. Thag.81

samīti →

dppn

…watching, wishing that Samiti might shape the felloe without crook, twist, or blemish. When Samīti did this, Paṇḍuputta sang with joy,…

sanaṅkumāra →

dppn

…he is spoken of as visiting the Buddha on the banks of the Sappinī, and it was during this visit that the above verse was spoken….

sarakāni →

dppn

…had, for a long time, taken refuge in the Buddha, the Dhamma, and the Saṅgha, and possessed qualities which secured him from birth in hell…

saṅgārava →

dppn

…Buddha’s marvellous qualities, he felt a desire to see him. Some time after, the Buddha went to Candalakappa and stayed in Todeyya’s Mango…

siva →

dppn

…name of a god. A devaputta, named Siva, is mentioned in the Saṃyutta SN.i.56 as visiting the Buddha and speaking several verses on the…

sobhita →

dppn

…was once accused of claiming to possess superhuman qualities, but was exonerated by the Buddha. Vin.iii.109

subhadda →

dppn

…admit him at once without waiting for the usual probationary period. Subhadda dwelt in solitude and in meditation and soon became an arahant….

subhā →

dppn

…her siesta, stopped her, inviting her to sensual pleasures. She talked to him of the evils of such pleasures, but he pesagested. Seeing that he was…

subrahmā →

dppn

…of the Buddha, and, after visiting him together with Suddhavāsa, he went on to another Brahmā, who was infatuated with his own importance. There,…

sudatta →

dppn

…therassa sahāyaka

A monk whose Theragāthā verse criticizes those who wander unrestrained. Thag.37

suddhodana →

dppn

…was raised to her position.

Nanda was Suddhodana’s son by Mahā Pajāpati, and he had also a daughter called Sundarī Nandā. When the…

sudhamma →

dppn

…be pardoned himself. Vin.i.15–20

Sudhamma1

The meeting hall of the deities in Tāvatiṃsā heaven. DN.ii.268 MN.ii.79 SN.i.221…

sundarika →

dppn

…is the same. Several additional verses are attributed to the Buddha regarding the true “sacrifice.

Sundarika-Bhāradvāja is also mentioned…

suppabuddha →

dppn

…a sotāpanna. While waiting the departure of the crowd so that he could pay homage to the Buddha and express his gratitude, Sakka, desiring…

sāgata →

dppn

…Buddha pointed out his condition to the monks, using it as an example of the evil effects of liquor; and he made this the occasion for the passing…

sāketa →

dppn

…as one of the six great cities of India, the others being Campā, Rājagaha, Sāvatthī, Kosambī and Benares. DN.ii.146 In the Vinaya Vin.i.253…

sāvatthī →

dppn

…one of the six great Indian cities during the lifetime of the Buddha. DN.ii.147 It was six leagues from Sāketa. Vin.i.253 It was on the banks of…

sāḷha →

dppn

…Nandā, on her bed, was waiting for him, and he seduced her. Vin.iv.211f.

Sāḷha2

A Licchavi, who once visited the Buddha at the…

sīha →

dppn

…his adherence on condition that he would continue to give alms to any Nigaṇṭhas who sought them at his house. This generosity made Sīha…

sīhā →

dppn

…round her neck and fastened the end to a tree, and in this position her mind was freed. Thig.77–81

tindukakandarā →

dppn

A cave outside Rājagaha where lodgings were provided for visiting monks. Vin.ii.76 Vin.iii.159

outside Rājagaha3monastery

ubbhataka →

dppn

A mote-hall built by the Mallas of Pāvā. When it was finished they invited the Buddha to be its first occupant. The Buddha went with the monks and spent the night in the hall. It was on this occasion …

ugga →

dppn

…of eight marvellous qualities, in a way very similar to that of Ugga of Hatthigāmaka. AN.iv.208–212

The Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.iv.109f.

ukkaṭṭha →

dppn

…the king of Kosala, in recognition of the former’s skill. It was thickly populated and had much grassland, woodland and corn. DN.i.87 The…

upananda →

dppn

…robe to a colleague, on condition that the latter should join him in his tours. The condition was agreed to, but later, when the recipient monk…

upavatta →

dppn

…here he gave his last admonition to the monks SN.i.157 Ud.37f. Ānanda tried to persuade him to die in a place of greater importance, and the…

upavāna →

dppn

…him to explain the five qualities which make a monk esteemed and loved by his colleagues. At the end of the discourse the Buddha applauds Upavāna….

upāli →

dppn

…be decided, under what conditions should he do so? What qualities should a monk possess in himself before he takes upon himself to warn others?….

uruvelākassapa →

dppn

…being pleased with this exhibition of iddhi-power, undertook to provide the Buddha with his daily food. Meanwhile the Buddha stayed in a grove…

usabha →

dppn

…win growth by good qualities?“ Pondering thus, he strove and obtained insight. Thag.110

Usabha 2

After entering a town for alms…

uttarakuru →

dppn

…in state palanquins. Their cities are built in the air, and among those mentioned are Āṭānāṭā, Kusināṭā, Nātapuriyā,…

uttarā →

dppn

…been spoken by him in admonition to a lay woman named Uttarā, who was filled with the idea of her own beauty.

Uttarā4Nandamātā

In…

uttarāpatha →

dppn

…and horses were brought down for sāle from there to such cities as Benares.

???3region

vacchagotta →

dppn

…widely, for we find him visiting the Buddha at Vesāli, MN.i.481 at Sāvatthī, MN.i.483 SN.iii.257 and at Ñātikā, SN.iv.401 in addition to his…

vajirā →

dppn

…destiny. Vajirā answers that there is no such thing as a “being,” apart from certain conditioned factors, like a chariot, which exists only…

vajjī →

dppn

…they practiced the seven conditions of welfare taught to them by himself in the Sārandada Cetiya.

The Buddha travelled several times through the…

valāhakāyikādevā →

dppn

A class of deities, spirits of the skies, divided into cloud spirits of heat, cloud spirits of cold, cloud spirits of air, cloud spirits of wind,…

varuṇā →

dppn

A class of deities present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta.DN.ii.259 DN.ii.260 They probably form the retinue of Varuṇa.

vassakāra →

dppn

…practised the seven conditions of prosperity which he had taught them at Sārandada cetiya, they would prosper rather than decline.

In the…

vaṅgīsa →

dppn

…were self admonitions against conceit because of his facility of speech; some were spoken in praise of sermons preached by the…

veḷukaṇṭakī →

dppn

…with the six requisite qualities.

Once she rose before dawn and sang the Parāyana. Vessavaṇa happened to be passing over her house on his way…

videha →

dppn

…the two important principalities of the Vajjian confederacy. Its capital was Mithilā. The kingdom bordered on the Ganges, on one side of which…

vijitasena →

dppn

…are included in the Theragāthā….

visākhā →

dppn

…discourse of the eight qualities which win for women power in this world and power and happiness in the next, AN.iv.269 and eight qualities which…

vāruṇā →

dppn

A class of deities, followers of Varuda, who were present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

vāyodevā →

dppn

A class of deities present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

yakkha →

dppn

…with its numerous cities, crowds of inhabitants, parks, lakes and assembly halls. Vessavaṇa is also called Kuvera, and the Yakkhas are…

yama →

dppn

…the Mahāsamaya Sutta DN.ii.259 mention is made of two Yamas.

There is a tradition AN.i.142 that once Yama longed to be born as a…

yasa →

dppn

…Impelled by antecedent conditions, he saw one night the indecorum of his sleeping attendants, and, greatly distressed, put on his gold slippers…

yasoja →

dppn

…fishermen. Taking his admonition to heart, they returned to the banks of the Vaggumuṇḍā in the Vajji country, and there they determined to…

ābhassarā →

dppn

…be reborn in an unhappy condition. AN.ii.127 From time to time these devas utter shouts of joy saying “aho sukham, aho sukham.” This sound is…

ānandacetiya →

dppn

…and mention is made of a sermon he preached there to the monks on the Four Great Authorities. DN.ii.123–126 AN.ii.167 From there he went to…

āpā →

dppn

A class of deities who were present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

āḷakamandā →

dppn

…was one of the chief cities of Uttarakuru, and a royal residence of Kuvera. DN.iii.201

In the Culla Vagga Vin.ii.152 the word is used as an…

āḷavakā →

dppn

…Buddha restricting these monks in their activities.

āḷārakālāma →

dppn

…after having practised austerities for six years, the Buddha attained Enlightenment and granted Sahampati’s request to preach the doctrine, it was…

pīti →

farkas

derű, öröm

abbhuggañchīti →

ncped

abhicaraṇa →

ncped

visiting, frequenting.

abhidhamma →

ncped

the name (of the analytic exposition) of the third pitaka of the Buddhist Canon.

abhisamparāya →

ncped

future fate, condition in one’s next rebirth.

abhitiṭṭhati →

ncped

stands supreme over; overpowers; surpasses.

adhi →

ncped

…their derivatives expresses: up to, towards, into; over, above; in addition to. 3. as separate preposition with loc, and in prepositional…

adhigama →

ncped

acquisition, attainment, esp. attainment of a religious goal; understanding; realization.

adhipaññātti →

ncped

with regard to exposition.

adhitiṭṭhati →

ncped

stands upon, depends upon; mounts; stands over, supervises; controls; designates, takes (formal) possession of (robe, bowl etc); resolves on, fixes the mind on, undertakes; resolves, determines, produ …

adhivattha →

ncped

adhivattha1

pp mfn. (act.) living in, inhabiting (loc).

adhivattha2

pp mfn. accepted; consented to

aggadhamma →

ncped

the best doctrine; the best state or condition

aggarasaparititta →

ncped

completely satisfied with the best flavored foods

aggatā →

ncped

preeminence; chief position.

aggañña →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) chief, principal; primitive, original.
  2. (n.) the beginning of things; origin

ajjhārūha →

ncped

overgrowing, dominating, parasitical.

akiñcana →

ncped

who or which has nothing; without possessions, poor; without responsibilities; (according to commentaries) without impediments, without defilements

akkhitta →

ncped

not reviled; not criticized

akusalapakkhika →

ncped

belonging to the group of bad qualities

anantevāsika →

ncped

without resident pupils, i.e. without internal impurities

ananussuta →

ncped

not heard; not handed down by tradition.

ananuvāda →

ncped

free from criticism; blameless

aneñja →

ncped

…(mfn., or n. in apposition?) unmoved; not to be stirred; imperturbable (often applied both to determinative actions leading to existence in…

anodhikatvā →

ncped

not limiting, without limitation; without discrimination, without distinction

anodhiṃ karitvā →

ncped

not limiting, without limitation; without discrimination, without distinction

anopārambha →

ncped

not open to criticism, not censurable

anu FIXME double →

ncped

…as separate preposition:

  1. with acc. and in prepositional compounds, expresses: according to, in conformity with; severally, each by…

anu-iti →

ncped

anu-iti

pr. 3 sg.

  1. follows; goes along with.
  2. goes into, enters; goes through

anubhāga →

ncped

an additional share.

anukampita →

ncped

favored; pitied; treated with compassion

anunadītīre →

ncped

along the bank of the river.

anupadeti →

ncped

gives (in addition), hands over, provides; encourages, supports

anupadhika →

ncped

free from attachment; free from acquisitions (which lead to rebirth)

anupavāda →

ncped

lack of abuse; not blaming or criticizing

anupavādaka →

ncped

one who does not criticize or abuse

anupavādi →

ncped

not criticizing.

anupavādin →

ncped

not criticizing.

anupaññatta →

ncped

additionally ordered or ruled

anupaññatti →

ncped

an additional or supplemental rule

anuppadeti →

ncped

gives (in addition), hands over, provides; encourages, supports

anuppaññatta →

ncped

additionally ordered or ruled

anuppaññatti →

ncped

an additional or supplemental rule

anurodhavirodha →

ncped

compliance, and opposition; liking and dislike

anusaya →

ncped

(latent) disposition, tendency, propensity, inherence.

anusiṭṭhi →

ncped

instruction; admonition; ordering.

anussava →

ncped

what has been heard or repeated; hearsay; tradition.

anussavasacca →

ncped

depending on tradition for one’s truths; accepting tradition as true

anusāsanī →

ncped

advice; instruction; admonition.

anuvadati →

ncped

  1. repeats the words of; approves; agrees with.
  2. criticizes, censures.

anuvāda →

ncped

  1. repetition, further explanation; approval, support; faction-forming.
  2. criticism; blame; sensure.

anuvādadhikaraṇa →

ncped

legal question or case concerning support, or concerning a faction, or a legal question or case arising from censure or criticism

anāgāmitā →

ncped

the state or condition of an anāgāmī

anīti →

ncped

freedom from calamity; health, safety

anītiha →

ncped

not received through tradition; not based on hearsay.

anītika →

ncped

free from calamity or distress.

anūpadhīka →

ncped

free from attachment; free from acquisitions (which lead to rebirth)

anūpavāda →

ncped

lack of abuse; not blaming or criticizing

apa-iti →

ncped

apa-iti

pr. 3 sg. goes away; departs

apaciti →

ncped

honoring; respecting; homage.

api →

ncped

…or clause) 2. enclitic

  1. but, and (at the beginning of a clause)
  2. as interrogative particle (usually at the beginning of a sentence…

apāya →

ncped

  1. going away, departure; loss, decline; moral deterioration; perdition.
  2. misfortune; one of four unhappy destinies in saṃsāra.

apāyagāmanīya →

ncped

leading to perdition, to an unhappy state; liable to perdition

arahatta →

ncped

the state or condition of an arahat; arahatship

ariyavaṃiksa →

ncped

practicing the traditions of the noble ones, belonging to the noble tradition; who recites the Ariyavaṃsa-sutta

ariyavaṃsa →

ncped

tradition of the noble ones; a noble lineage or tradition

asahānadhammatā →

ncped

the not being liable to fail or be wanting; the having qualities which are not liable to fail (?):

asīti →

ncped

num. eighty.

asītika →

ncped

of eighty years; eighty years old.

atitiriya →

ncped

attapaṭilābha →

ncped

acquisition of a self; type of personal existence

attādāna →

ncped

taking upon oneself; a legal process (of the saṅgha) initiated by oneself

avaṭhiti →

ncped

firm position; steadiness, stability

avaṭṭhiti →

ncped

firm position; steadiness, stability

aṭṭhaṅgasamannāgata →

ncped

…eight constituent parts. 2. possessed of eight good qualities or of eight faults

aṭṭhaṅgasumāgata →

ncped

well joined with the eight parts; well endowed with eight parts or with eight qualities

ca →

ncped

…frequently in a second conditional clause; (note also ca = but, in a following sentence rejecting the condition) 5. an empathic particle…

carahi →

ncped

……? whatever in that case …? why on earth …? esp. in the second clause of a conditional sentence: if …, then who in that case …? if …,…

caturāsīti →

ncped

num 84

caturāsītiṃ →

ncped

num.

catuttari →

ncped

indeclinable with an addition of four, plus four.

catuyojanasitika →

ncped

measuring 400 yojanas.

caṇḍāla →

ncped

man of one of the outcast communities, an outcast.

ce →

ncped

…sentence or phrase), if (usually with present indicative or opt., so even for conditions in the past); no ce, if not; yam ce, (after comparative)…

cetanā →

ncped

intention; volition.

cicciṭi →

ncped

(onomat.) a hissing sound.

ciradikkhita →

ncped

long-consecrated; initiated long ago.

ciraṭṭhitika →

ncped

enduring for a long time; long-lived; enduring for a longer time.

cirāciraṃ →

ncped

indeclinable (repetitive cpd from cira), after a long time; at long intervals.

ciṭiciṭāyati →

ncped

makes the sound “citi-citi”; sputters, makes a sputtering sound.

codanā →

ncped

  1. exhorting to action; admonition, reproof, criticism.
  2. pressing (for payment of a debt or promise); accusation (of an offense)

codanāvatthu →

ncped

ground for criticism or accusation.

codeti →

ncped

…on; exhorts to action. 2. importunes; presses (for a payment of a debt or promise) 3. criticizes, reproves, and admonishes. 4. accuses (of an…

codāpeti →

ncped

causes (someone) to make an accusation or criticism; drives on, incites.

cudita →

ncped

  1. roused or exhorted to action; impelled.
  2. criticized, reproved; esp. accused (of an offense); a bhikkhu accused of an offense.

cullāsīti →

ncped

num. eighty four.

cāritta →

ncped

…from…

cūḷāsīti →

ncped

num. of cullāsīti

dakkhiti →

ncped

dandhābbhiñña →

ncped

of slow understanding; characterized by slow intuition.

dantabhūmi →

ncped

the condition of one who is tamed.

dasamūlaka →

ncped

(what is) based on ten items; (a statement or exposition) concerned with ten items.

desanā →

ncped

  1. instruction; exposition; discourse.
  2. assigning.

dhamma →

ncped

…event or fundamental regularities. 7. mental constructs, concepts, ideas, what is to be cognized by the mind, that which is the object of mental…

dhammacakka →

ncped

  1. the wheel or discuss of dhamma’s authority (esp. as initiated by the Buddha’s first teaching); the sway of dhamma.
  2. a wheel that is dhamma.

dhammadesanā →

ncped

, ~a, neuter teaching, exposition of, dhamma.

dhammapariyāya →

ncped

method of teaching dhamma; an exposition of dhamma.

dhammapīti →

ncped

  1. drinking the dhamma (according to commentaries)
  2. having joy in the dhamma (?)

dhammathera →

ncped

an elder in dhamma, one venerable because of his qualities.

dhammatthera →

ncped

an elder in dhamma, one venerable because of his qualities.

dhammika →

ncped

…the rule or regulation. 2. righteous, just; acting rightly. 3. lawful, legitimate; in conformity with what is right. 4. right; justice.

dhiti →

ncped

holding; firmness; constant; steadfast energy; resolution.

dhitima →

ncped

/pl. nom. ~ma, ~manto), steadfast, firm, resolute.

dhitimanta →

ncped

dhitimat →

ncped

/pl. nom. ~ma, ~manto), steadfast, firm, resolute.

dhātu →

ncped

… 2. an element, a conditioned constituent, of experience.

  1. a domain of experience or existence; sometimes a very general abstraction:…

dhītikā →

ncped

doll.

dhītī →

ncped

dosa →

ncped

…ill will, evil intention, hostility, anger. 2. (mfn.) exhibiting ill will, hostile, angry.

dovacassa →

ncped

the state of not being amenable to criticism or advice, of being refractory, intractable.

duhitika →

ncped

in a poor condition; stricken by hunger; where food is scarce; where survival is difficult.

duttitikkha →

ncped

hard to endure

dvāsīti →

ncped

eighty two.

dvīhitika →

ncped

dāruṇa →

ncped

(~ā ~ī)n. hard, severe; cruel, pitiless; dreadful, frightful, terrible.

dāsavya →

ncped

slavery; servitude; the condition of being a slave.

eka →

ncped

…some people; some authorities.

eka … apara …

(?) one … another …; one … the other …

eka … eka …

(?) one … another …;…

ekadhītikā →

ncped

an only daughter

ekamūlaka →

ncped

(what is) based on one item; (a statement or exposition) concerned with one item

ekamūlika →

ncped

(what is) based on one item; (a statement or exposition) concerned with one item

ekībhāva →

ncped

becoming one; uniting, union; oneness.

evarūpa →

ncped

…such a…; like that; such a thing; or 2. introducing a description or definition or list: as follows; such as the following; like this….

gacchati →

ncped

…goes to a state of condition; undergoes, reaches; obtains. 3. relies on. 4. the first person present is not rarely used to express an…

gantha →

ncped

  1. (pl. acc. ganthe, ganthāni),
  2. tying, binding; a tie.
  3. a composition of treatise.

gaṇhāti →

ncped

…the mind, apprehends, learns; accepts (instructions or criticism) 6. takes a road.

guṇava →

ncped

possessed of good qualities or virtues; excellent, estimable.

guṇavat →

ncped

possessed of good qualities or virtues; excellent, estimable.

iti c’iti ca →

ncped

in this way and that, thus and thus

iti c’īti ca →

ncped

in this way and that, thus and thus

iti ha →

ncped

thus indeed; so it seems; according to tradition

itiha →

ncped

thus indeed; so it seems; according to tradition

itihāsa →

ncped

tradition, traditional accounts; history

itihāsapañcama →

ncped

(the vedas) with itihāsa as the fifth

itihītiha →

ncped

report; hearsay

itikira →

ncped

hearsay, tradition

itivuttaka →

ncped

the name of one of the nine categories (angās) of the scriptures; one of the collections making up the Khuddakanikāya of the Pāḷi Canon

itivādapamokkhānisaṃsa →

ncped

  1. (m.) the benefit of combating criticism.
  2. (mfn.) possessing or seeking the benefit of combating criticism

itivādappamokkhānisaṃsa →

ncped

  1. (m.) the benefit of combating criticism.
  2. (mfn.) possessing or seeking the benefit of combating criticism

janapadatthāvariyapatta →

ncped

who has achieved stability in the country, whose country is stable; whose position is secure.

japa →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) muttering.
  2. (m.) muttering prayers; rehearsing or reciting the Vedas to oneself.

je →

ncped

indeclinable (enclitic) a vocative particle used to address a slave woman or a woman of low grade.

jīvitindriya →

ncped

the faculty of life; vitality.

kalyāṇamitta →

ncped

…friend; a person of fine qualities who is a friend, esp. in helping one to progress spiritually by his/her example and advice. 2. (mfn.) cultivating…

kalyāṇamittatā →

ncped

…of a good person or good people; the consorting with people of fine qualities; the being influenced by (the example and advice of) good people

kalyāṇapīti →

ncped

(kalyāṇapīti(n))also finding joy in what is good

kalyāṇapītin →

ncped

(kalyāṇapīti)also finding joy in what is good

kalyāṇasahāya →

ncped

having the companionship of a good man or good men; associating with people of fine qualities

kalyāṇasampavaṅka →

ncped

influenced by a good man or good men; inclining towards, associating with, people of fine qualities

kapaṇa →

ncped

(~ā & ~ī)n. & masculine pitiable, pitiful; wretched; poor, mean; a poor man, a wretch.

kapaṇikā →

ncped

pitiful, wretched.

kapitthana →

ncped

kind of fruiting tree, prob. a fig

kapiṭṭhana →

ncped

kind of fruiting tree, prob. a fig

kappa →

ncped

…a round mark (to legitimize or identify a robe). 4. (m.n.) one side of an argument, an alternative; a (false) supposition, imagining; a…

kaṇhapakkha →

ncped

the negative side; the statement of the undesirable case or position

khalu →

ncped

…heard; sometimes merely expletive; occasionally expressing prohibition:) indeed, truly; so they say, as I have heard.

khandhakavatta →

ncped

…of the Vinayapiṭaka citing 71 rules from Pārivāsikakkhandhaka (Vin ii 31, 28–33, 32) and eleven from Kammakkhandhaka (Vin ii 22, 20–24)

khattavijjāsippa →

ncped

the skill in polity; the branch of knowledge that is political science

khipati →

ncped

…hits; strikes down, beats; deranges; abuses; criticizes. 3. sneezes.

khippābhiña →

ncped

of swift understanding; characterized by quick intuition

khitta →

ncped

  1. thrown; tossed; thrown away; tossed about; disordered, deranged; dismissed; sent away.
  2. reviled; criticized

khiyyanaka →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) consisting in complaining, criticizing publicly.
  2. (n.) a complaint; a public criticism

khiyyati →

ncped

…pr. 3 sg. expresses anger, complains; criticises publicly, denounces

kho →

ncped

…khv before a following initial vowel, which is usually lengthened), an enclitic particle (extremely common, esp. in the prose of Vin, DN, MN,…

khīya →

ncped

complaining about; criticizing publicly, denouncing.

khīyadhamma →

ncped

the practice of complaining publicly, the action of public criticism, denunciation

khīyanadhamma →

ncped

he practice of complaining publicly, the action of public criticism, denunciation.

khīyanaka →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) consisting in complaining, criticizing publicly.
  2. (n.) a complaint; a public criticism

khīyati →

ncped

…pr. 3 sg. expresses anger, complains; criticises publicly, denounces

khīṇavyappatha →

ncped

of rough or hurtful speech; criticizing.

kiṭika →

ncped

screen; a plate of wood or metal (?).

kotūhalamaṅgalika →

ncped

rusting in omens and portents; setting store by ceremonies and auspicious rites; superstitious.

kuhaka →

ncped

deceitful; fraudulent (esp. performing insincere religious austerities, or falsely claiming virtues for gain); hypocritical; a fraud; an impostor.

kuhanā →

ncped

deception, fraud; hypocritical behaviour (designed to elicit gifts from laypeople).

kulavaṃsa →

ncped

the family line; the family succession; the family tradition

kuppita →

ncped

(another way of writing kupita) agitated, disturbed; in a state of unrest; provoked, angry; failed, invalid

kusalapakkha →

ncped

belonging to the group of good qualities

kusalapakkhika →

ncped

practice belonging to the group of good qualities

kuṭṭa →

ncped

(another way of writing kuḍḍa) a wall.

kārayati →

ncped

saṅgha); administers, supervises (the working of); occupies a position (of power), wields (a particular authority)

kāreti →

ncped

saṅgha); administers, supervises (the working of); occupies a position (of power), wields (a particular authority)

kāveyya →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) produced by a sage or poet.
  2. (n.) poetry; poetry-writing

kāveyyamatta →

ncped

intoxicated with poetry-writing; in a muse of poetic inspiration

kāviya →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) produced by a sage or poet.
  2. (n.) poetry; poetry-writing

kīrihiti →

ncped

kīvat →

ncped

how great? how many? of what qualities?

nakkhatta →

ncped

…28) lunar mansions; a disposition of the stars or constellations; a favorable disposition of a pattern or a group of stars; a celebration of a new…

nesajjika →

ncped

…who does not use a bed; (an ascetic or bhikkhu) who rests or sleeps only in a sitting position; requiring sitting only (not lying); a…

nikkaṇṭaka →

ncped

free from obstacles; free from sedition

nindati →

ncped

blames; criticizes; censures.

nindita →

ncped

of nindati blamed; criticized

nindā →

ncped

blame, criticism; fault-finding.

nindāvyārosa-upārambhabhaya →

ncped

nindāvyārosa-upārambhabhaya

mfn. fear of fault-finding, insult and criticism.

ninnītakasāva →

ncped

with impurities cleaned off.

nippesika →

ncped

…grinds or scrapes away, who belittles or denies the good qualities of others for his own advantage)

nippesikatā →

ncped

soliciting gifts in an inappropriate way; (according to commentaries : by grinding away, belittling or denying others’ good qualities)

nippītika →

ncped

not involving or accompanied by joy.

nirabbuda →

ncped

free from (latent) disposition.

niranusaya →

ncped

adverb free from (latent) disposition.

nirāsaya →

ncped

without a resting place or resort; without desires; without (wrong) intentions or dispositions

nisaṅkhiti →

ncped

formation; accumulation.

nisedha →

ncped

restraint; prevention, prohibition; contradiction, denial.

nissita →

ncped

of nissayati resorting to, inhabiting; dependent (on); leaning on; attached to, supported by; close to, connected to; resorted to

nitiṇṇa →

ncped

nāmarūpa →

ncped

…with viññāṇa furnishing (the possibility of) individual identity (conditioned by avijjā and saṅkhārā) and experience (by…

okhittapaligha →

ncped

with crossbars put down (into position)

opadhika →

ncped

connected with material acquisitions and attachment; (according to commentaries) forming a basis for rebirth.

opārambha →

ncped

open to criticism, censurable.

orasa →

ncped

belonging to one’s breast; one’s own; one’s own son, a true or legitimate son.

osadhītiṇavanappatayo →

ncped

plants, grasses, and trees

osadhītiṇavanaspatayo →

ncped

plants, grasses, and trees

sa-upavajja →

ncped

sa-upavajja

mfn. open to criticism, blameworthy

sakiñcana →

ncped

who has something, having responsibilities; (according to commentaries) having impediments or defilements

santevāsika →

ncped

with resident pupils, i.e. with internal impurities

sādhika →

ncped

having something beyond or in addition; and more; exceeding

sāntevāsika →

ncped

with resident pupils, i.e. with internal impurities

sānuvāda →

ncped

open to criticism; at fault

takkāsaya →

ncped

disposition to speculation; the store of harmful thoughts.

tapassi →

ncped

(one who) practices austerities; (non-Buddhist) ascetic.

tapassin →

ncped

(one who) practices austerities; (non-Buddhist) ascetic.

ti →

ncped

…word or name or expression, esp. the lemma in a commentary or a definition.

ti2

num. the number three; three.

titikkhati →

ncped

bears, endures patiently; puts up with.

titikkhā →

ncped

endurance, forgiveness, forbearance.

titikkhācammasannāha →

ncped

armed with the shield of forbearance.

tu →

ncped

indeclinable (followed by eva written tv), an enclitic particle: however; but; rather; (sometimes merely expletive)

tuvaṃtuvaṃpesuññamusāvādā →

ncped

quarreling, backbiting and lying.

ty →

ncped

ty-

sometimes represents ti, te (or taṃ) before an initial vowel, which may be lengthened.

uddeka →

ncped

vomiting; belching.

uddesa →

ncped

…instruction; indication; brief indication, brief statement; summary exposition. 2. instructing, specifying; inviting; food for a specific…

uddisitvā →

ncped

declaring, reciting; designating; having expounded (briefly); with reference to

ugghāṭanakiṭika →

ncped

or ~ā feminine a screen that can be opened; a shutter

ujuvipaccanīkavāda →

ncped

peaking in direct opposition; professing directly opposed views

ukkoṭitita →

ncped

re-opened

ukkuṭikaṃ →

ncped

in a squatting position.

ukkuṭikā →

ncped

prob, the squatting position, but according to commentary the practice of walking on tiptoe or on one’s heels.

ummagga →

ncped

…the surface; (emergence of) an idea, conception; initial thought

ummaṇga →

ncped

emergence on the surface; (emergence of) an idea, conception; initial thought

upadahati →

ncped

places upon; lays down, imposes; gives in addition, hands over; places under oneself, lies down upon

upadduta →

ncped

(some times written as upaddūta) oppressed; tyrannized over; assailed; visited by calamities.

upaddūta →

ncped

oppressed; tyrannized over; assailed; visited by calamities

upadheti →

ncped

places upon; lays down, imposes; gives in addition, hands over; places under oneself, lies down upon

upadhi →

ncped

…attachment to such possessions (forming a basis for…

upadhāya →

ncped

places upon; lays down, imposes; gives in addition, hands over; places under oneself, lies down upon

upajāyati →

ncped

is produced (in addition); appears; is (re)born.

upakkosati →

ncped

blames; criticizes; reproaches; complains.

upaneti →

ncped

…to (an end), leads to (death); make use of, puts to use; uses up; initiates, takes as disciple; adduces, cites, alludes to.

upanikkhitta →

ncped

positioned, placed; deposited

upanisā →

ncped

  1. sitting near (a teacher) to listen, attention; secret knowledge.
  2. cause, basis; condition, prerequisite.

upanīta →

ncped

led, drawn towards; brought to, offered; used; used up; initiated; alluded to, cited

upari →

ncped

…upstream; further, in addition; afterwards, later (in a text). 2. (prep, or postp.)over, above; upon, on (+ gen. or loc.; occasionally + abl.;…

upasaṅkamana →

ncped

going to see, visiting; approaching.

upavadati →

ncped

speaks ill of, abuses, criticizes.

upavadita →

ncped

criticized

upavajja →

ncped

upavajja1

fpp mfn.

upavajja2

fpp mfn. to be criticized, blameworthy

upavāda →

ncped

criticism, blame; abuse.

upavādaka →

ncped

one who criticizes or abuse.

upayāti →

ncped

comes near, approaches, reaches; enters (a state or condition); performs (a sacrifice); flows; flows into; flows at the full.

upaṭṭhāna →

ncped

going near, keeping close to; presence, appearance; serving, waiting on, attendance; worshiping.

upāgata →

ncped

who has approached; arrived at; entered into (a state or condition).

upāraddha →

ncped

criticized; challenged, confuted

upārambha →

ncped

reproof, criticism, faultfinding; argumentative challenge.

upārambhacitta →

ncped

critical, finding fault, captious

upārambhati →

ncped

criticizes, finds fault; challenges, confutes.

ussayavādikā →

ncped

contentious or violent in speech; argumentative, seeking litigation.

uttari →

ncped

  1. (ind.) further, beyond (+ abl); more; in addition; most, exceedingly.
  2. (mfn.) better, superior.

uttaribhaṅga →

ncped

additional food; accompaniment to a meal, condiment

uttariṃ →

ncped

  1. (ind.) further, beyond (+ abl); more; in addition; most, exceedingly.
  2. (mfn.) better, superior.

ñatticatuttha →

ncped

involving a motion as a fourth requirement (i.e. with three proclamations (of the kammavāca)); with the addition of a motion as a fourth requirement.

ābhassara →

ncped

shining, radiant; (m.pl.) (the name of a class of gods inhabiting one of the rūpabrahmalokas.

ādhāna →

ncped

depositing, placing; a container, a receptacle; establishing, kindling (afire).

ādissa →

ncped

…mfn. to be pointed at; to be criticized

āgacchati →

ncped

comes, comes near; comes back, returns; reaches, attains; is recorded, is handed down by tradition.

āgama →

ncped

…coming, approaching,…

āgantuka →

ncped

…accessory; incidental adventitious, external. 2. (mfn. and m.f) arriving, coming; a newcomer, a stranger; a traveller, esp. a visiting bhikkhu or…

āgatāgama →

ncped

who has mastered the tradition; learned

ākāra →

ncped

…cause, reason. 4. dividing up, detailing; definition.

āmantana →

ncped

addressing; speaking to; invitation; inviting.

āmantaṇa →

ncped

addressing; speaking to; invitation; inviting.

āneñja →

ncped

…(mfn., or n. in apposition?) unmoved; not to be stirred; imperturbable (often applied both to determinative actions leading to existence in…

ānupubbikathā →

ncped

an exposition or narrative in a regular order; an account of previous events; a progressive or gradual sermon; instruction step by step.

āpajjati →

ncped

…reduced to (a state or condition), is changed into; gets into trouble; commits an offense (with āpatti or used absolutely), transgresses;…

āpanna →

ncped

having entered upon, reached (a state or condition); in trouble; who has committed an offense.

āpatti →

ncped

the entering into a state or condition; a fault, transgression, esp. an offense committed by a bhikkhu, ’ committing (an offense).

ārabbhati →

ncped

takes hold of; begins, undertakes, embarks upon; starts, initiates

ārabhati →

ncped

…3 sg. takes hold of; begins, undertakes, embarks upon; starts, initiates

ārabhati2

pr. 3 sg. kills, slaughters;…

āraddha →

ncped

āraddha1

pp mfn. (pass.) taken hold of, undertaken, begun, initiated

āraddha2

mfn. accomplished, achieved; pleased; satisfied.

ārambhati →

ncped

takes hold of; begins, undertakes, embarks upon; starts, initiates

ārammaṇa →

ncped

basis, starting point (for producing or initiating activity), footing; basis of meditation; object, object of consideration, sense-object.

ārādhayati →

ncped

wins the favor or approval of, conciliates, propitiates; honors, satisfies; accomplishes, fulfills, carries to a successful end; achieves, gains

ārādheti →

ncped

wins the favor or approval of, conciliates, propitiates; honors, satisfies; accomplishes, fulfills, carries to a successful end; achieves, gains

āsava →

ncped

…attitudes, predispositions, listed as kāma, bhava, avijjā, and sometimes, ditthi, which form an obstacle to the realization of the…

āsītika →

ncped

āsītika1

mfn. of eighty years; eighty years old.

āsītika2

masculine a name of a creeper.

āsītikapabba →

ncped

knot or joint of the āsītika creeper.

āvaraṇa →

ncped

(& m) covering, enclosing; shutting off; an obstruction, hindrance, prohibition; barricade, wall, dam.

āyāti →

ncped

comes, comes near, approaches; goes to; reaches (a state or condition).

āññātaññassāmītindriya →

ncped

the faculty of resolving to know something unknown

ūnakadvitikkhatuṃ →

ncped

less than two or three times

ṭhita →

ncped

  1. standing; being, staying (in any state or condition, often with absol.); remaining, existing, present; firm, steady.
  2. standing.

ṭhiti →

ncped

standing; standing-place; continuance of being; continued existence; maintenance of life; constant nature; steadiness, stability.

ṭhitibhāgiya →

ncped

conducive to, connected with, continuance.

ṭhāna →

ncped

…office; position. 2. position; state. 3. occasion; case, occurrence; matter.

  1. quality; attribute, characteristic.
  2. ground, basis;…

abhijjhā →

nyana

…& envy’ is a synonym of lobha and tanhā see: mūla and is the 8th link of the disadvantageous…

abhiññā →

nyana

…however, not a necessary condition for the attainment of sainthood arahatta, i.e. of the sixth abhiññā.

Vis.M XI-XIII gives a detailed…

absence →

nyana

Absence: natthi - Paccaya, is one of the 24 conditions paccaya,.

adhipati-paccaya →

nyana

…’ Predominance-condition ’ is one of the 24 conditions paccaya, if developed, it is considered as the fourfold road to force…

akusala →

nyana

…thereof. All these mental states are causing disadvantageous kamma-results and contain the initiating seeds of unhappy & painful future,…

alcohol prohibition →

nyana

[[alcohol prohibition]]Alcohol restriction: see: surāmeraya - majja - ppamādatthānā. The 5th training rule.

anantara-paccaya →

nyana

Anantara-paccaya: P roximity, is one of the 24 conditional relations paccaya.

anattā →

nyana

…or mental nor to any conditioned phenomenon, nor to Nibbāna, the only Unconditioned Element asankhatā - dhātu.

The Anattā-lakkhana…

anaññātañ-ñassāmītindriya →

nyana

Anaññātañ-ñassāmīt-indriya: is one of the 3 supra-mundane mental abilities; see: indriya 20.

anger →

nyana

Anger: D iluted derivative of Hate, which is a root condition; see: mūla

anicca →

nyana

…a basic feature of all conditioned phenomena, be they material or mental, coarse or subtle, one’s own or other’s, internal or external: All…

anupubba-nirodha →

nyana

Anupubba-nirodha: The 9 ‘successive ceasings’, are the 8 ceasings reached through the 8 absorptions jhāna and the ceasing of feeling and perception’ see: nirodha-samāpatti, as it is said in …

anusaya →

nyana

…tend to become the conditions for the arising of ever new sense-greed, etc. Vis.M XXII, 60.

Yam. VII, first determines in which beings such…

anussati →

nyana

…effective, timeless, inviting each and everyone to come and see for themselves, inspect, examine and verify. Leading each and everyone through…

aparihāniya-dhamma →

nyana

…for a nation. Seven such conditions are mentioned in the Mahā-Parinibbāna Sutta D. 16. They are followed by five sets of 7, and one set of 6…

appamāda →

nyana

…have all the meritorious qualities alertness as their foundation, and alertness is considered as the mightiest of these qualities A. X, 15.

Cf. the…

ariya-puggala →

nyana

…A6. The one realizing the fruition of Non-return anāgāmi- phala.

A7. The one realizing the path of Nobility arahatta-

asankhata →

nyana

…the beyond of all becoming and…

association →

nyana

…is one of the 24 conditional relations paccaya. *

Asubha:* Impurity, loathsomeness, foulness, disgust. - In Vis.M VI, it is the…

asura →

nyana

Asura: D emons, goblin, evil spirit or titan inhabiting one of the lower worlds apāya.

atappa →

nyana

…is the name of a class of deities see: deva inhabiting the first of the five Pure Abodes suddhāvāsa, in which the Anāgāmī has his last…

atthi-paccaya →

nyana

Atthi-paccaya: Presence, is one of the 24 conditional relations paccaya.

avigata-paccaya →

nyana

Avigata-paccaya: Non-disappearance, is one of the 24 conditional relations paccaya.

avijjā →

nyana

…a starting point in an exposition of the Round of Existence… As it is said: No first beginning of ignorance can be perceived, Bhikkhus, before…

aññā →

nyana

…is, beginning with the fruition of Stream-Winning sotāpatti - phala up to the path of Nobility arahatta - magga. See Dhs. PTS…

aññāmañña-paccaya →

nyana

Aññāmañña-paccaya: M utuality-condition, is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

bala →

nyana

…in the spiritual abilities.

According to A. V. 15, the power 1 becomes manifest in the 4 qualities of the Stream-winner *sotāpannassa…

balance of mental faculties →

nyana

[[balance of mental faculties]]Balance of mental abilities: indriya samatta.

bhavanga-sota →

nyana

…forming the condition of being, or existence’, and the second as ‘subconsciousness’, though, as will be evident from the following, it…

bhāva →

nyana

…group of materiality see: khandha. It is a commentarial term for the abilities of femininity and masculinity see: indriya 7, 8. App..

bhāvanā →

nyana

…of mind which is the condition of insight. Concentration samādhi is the indispensable foundation and precondition of insight by purifying the…

bodhi →

nyana

…are mentioned, i.e. qualities that lead to the ripening of perfect enlightenment; these are the 10 perfections pāramī.

There is a…

bodhipakkhiya-dhammā →

nyana

the 5 spiritual abilities indriya, see: bala,
the 5 spiritual powers bala,
the 7 factors of enlightenment bojjhanga,

bodhisatta →

nyana

…Buddha. According to the traditional belief a Bodhisatta, before reaching his last birth as a Buddha on this earth, is living in the Tusita-heaven…

bojjhanga →

nyana

…Vibh. - For the conditions leading to the arising of each of the factors, see the Com. to Satipatthāna Sutta Way of Mindfulness, by Soma…

cetasika →

nyana

= viññāna and conditioned by its presence. Whereas in the Suttas all phenomena of existence are summed up under the aspect of 5 groups:…

ceto-vimutti →

nyana

…7; ‘d. of mind from the conditions of existence’, for of mind due to non-attention to all conditions of existence; ‘void of m’ for of m. due to…

chanda →

nyana

…also as a ‘predominance condition’ see: paccaya 3.

  1. As an evil quality it has the meaning of ‘desire’, and is frequently…

citta-kkhana →

nyana

…perceptual process or cognitive series cittavīthi see: viññāna-kicca This moment again is subdivided into the genetic uppāda static…

co-nascence →

nyana

Co-nascence: sahajāta-paccaya is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

cognitive series →

nyana

[[cognitive series]]Cognitive series: see: viññāna-kicca

conditions →

nyana

Conditions: the 24: paccaya

conditions of existence →

nyana

[[conditions of existence]]Conditions of existence: deliverance from the: see ceto-vimutti vimokkha

consciousness: viññāna →

nyana

samutthāna - Abodes or supports of °: cf. viññānatthiti Functions of °: viññāna-kicca.

contiguity →

nyana

Contiguity: samanantara-paccaya is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

enthusiasm →

nyana

Enthusiasm: pīti

equilibrium of mental faculties →

nyana

[[equilibrium of mental faculties]]Equilibrium of mental abilities: indriya-samatta.

factors: →

nyana

…see: jhāna - F. of enlightenment, see: bojjhanga.

abilities = Abilities: indriya, see also paccaya 16.

fixity →

nyana

Fixity: see: niyama tathatā dhamma-tthiti-ñāna

foundation →

nyana

nissaya one of the 24 conditions paccaya,. Wrong f. of morality, see: nissaya f. of sympathy: sangaha-vatthu f. f orming…

fruition →

nyana

Fruition: result of supra-mundane path: phala see: ariya-puggala A.

gotrabhū →

nyana

…the lightning-like transitional stage between the state of a worldling and that of a sotāpanna see: ariya-puggala - Gotrabhū is…

hadaya-vatthu →

nyana

…to the general Buddhist tradition, forms the physical base vatthu of consciousness In the canonical texts, however, even in the Abhidhamma…

hate →

nyana

Hate: and hatelessness: dosa adosa are two of the 6 kammical roots mūla or root-conditions hetu;paccaya 1.

hetu →

nyana

…reason; Abhidhamma root-condition. In sutta usage it is almost synonymous with paccaya ‘condition’, and often occurs together with it ’What is…

hāna-bhāgiya-sīla →

nyana

…the arising of opposing qualities, ‘standstill’ thiti with regard to the standstill of the corresponding attentiveness, ‘progress’ visesa with…

iddhi →

nyana

…They are not a necessary condition for final deliverance.

‘Noble power’ ariyā - iddhi is the power of controlling one’s ideas in such a way…

iddhi-pāda →

nyana

…power constituting the fruition of the path; Vis.M XII, namely:;concentration of intention chanda - samādhi accompanied by effort of will…

immediacy →

nyana

Immediacy: an alternative rendering for contiguity-condition, samanatara - paccaya which is one of the 24 conditions paccaya

impurities →

nyana

Impurities: see: upakkilesa

indriya →

nyana

…8, form one of the 24 conditions paccaya 6.

In Vibh. V all these abilities are treated in the above order, whereas see: XLVIII enumerates and…

indriya-samatta →

nyana

…there are two pairs of abilities, in each of which both abilities should well counter-balance each other, namely: faith and understanding…

inducement →

nyana

Inducement: an alternative rendering for decisive-support condition, upanissaya is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

interest →

nyana

Interest: pīti, cf. Tab. II.

iriyā-patha →

nyana

…down’; he understands any position of the body.; -;The disciple understands that there is no living being, no real ego, that goes, stands, etc.,…

jarā →

nyana

Jarā: ‘old age, decay’, is one of the 3 divine messengers see: deva-dūta. For its conditioning by birth, see: paticcasamuppāda 11.

javana →

nyana

…is the phase of full cognition in the cognitive series, or perceptual process citta-vīthi see. viññāna-kicca occurring at its climax,…

jhāna →

nyana

vipassanā - Full details in Vis.M IV-X.

Jhāna in its widest sense e.g. as one of the 24 conditions; see: paccaya 17, denotes any, even…

jhāna-paccaya →

nyana

Jhāna-paccaya: is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

jāti →

nyana

…the acquiring of their sensitive organs: this is called birth; D. 22. For its conditioning by the prenatal kamma-making kamma-bhava see….

jīvita →

nyana

…physical rūpa - jīvitindriya or mental nāma - jīvitindriya The latter is one of the mental properties inseparably associated with…

materiality →

nyana

Materiality: produced through consciousness, kamma, etc.; see: samutthāna - Sensitive c.: pasāda-rūpa

paccavekkhana-ñāna →

nyana

…purpose of reviewing the fruition of the path the moments of directing and impulsion, during whose arising the Bhikkhu is reviewing the path,…

paccaya →

nyana

…arisen body.

12: Repetition-condition āsevana-paccaya refers to the kammical consciousness, in which each time the preceding impulse…

paccaya-sannissita-sīla →

nyana

Paccaya-sannissita-sīla: ‘morality consisting in the wise use of the monk’s requisities’; see: sīla 4.

pacceka-buddha →

nyana

…solitude. According to tradition, they do not arise while the Teaching of a Perfect Buddha is known; but for achieving their rank after many aeons…

pacchājāta-paccaya →

nyana

Pacchājāta-paccaya: ‘post-nascence-condition’, is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

padhāna →

nyana

Padhāna: ‘effort.’ The 4 right efforts samma - padhāna forming the 6th stage of the 8-fold path i.e. sammā - vāyāma see: magga are: 1 the effort to avoid samvara-padhāna 2 to overc …

padhāniyanga →

nyana

…See…

pahāna →

nyana

…investigation into the conditions… the idea of eternity by contemplation of impermanency… the idea of happiness by experience of Danger…

paramattha →

nyana

…only with ultimates, or realities in the highest sense paramattha - dhammā But also in the Sutta Pitaka there are many expositions in terms…

paramī →

nyana

…- p. .

These qualities were developed and brought to maturity by the Bodhisatta in his past existences, and his way of practising them…

parikamma-samādhi →

nyana

Parikamma-samādhi: ‘preparatory concentration’, is the initial and still undeveloped concentration of mind; see: samādhi

pasāda-rūpa →

nyana

Pasāda-rūpa: ‘sensitive materiality’, is a name for the 5 physical sense-organs responding to sense-stimuli. Cf. āyatana

path-condition →

nyana

Path-condition: magga-paccaya is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

path-result →

nyana

Path-result: fruition: phala

paticcasamuppāda →

nyana

…is dependent on conditions, and without conditions nothing ever can arise or enter into existence.

According to Buddhism, everything…

patigha →

nyana

…Applied to five-sense cognition, p.: occurs in the following contexts:

a as patigha - saññā ’perception of…

patipadā →

nyana

…etc., but the 5 mental abilities are dull in him, and by reason thereof he reaches slowly the immediacy to the cessation of all…

patisambhidā →

nyana

dhar to bear; bearer, condition, law, phenomenon, thing is, in short, a name for condition paccaya… In particular, however, 5 things are…

patisandhi →

nyana

…reborn without rootconditions’, is a being whose consciousness at the moment of rebirth was not accompanied by any of the 3 noble…

pativedha →

nyana

…from the mere acquisition of its wording pariyatti or the practice patipatti of it, in other words, realization as distinguished from…

paññā →

nyana

…is one of the 5 mental abilities see: bala one of the 3 kinds of training sikkhā, and one of the perfections see: pāramī For further…

paññā-vimutti →

nyana

…associated with the fruition of Nobility arahatta - phala In Pug. 31 and similarly in M. 70, it is said:;A Bhikkhu may not have reached…

phala →

nyana

…’ path -result’, or ‘fruition’, it donotes those moments of supra-mundane consciousness which flash forth immediately after the moment of path…

phassa →

nyana

…origination, it is conditioned by the six sense-sources and is a conditioning factor of feeling see: paticca - samuppāda, 6. Its…

post-nascence →

nyana

Post-nascence: pacchājāta-paccaya one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

predominance →

nyana

Predominance: and pre-nascence: adhipati, purejāta, are 2 of the 24 conditions paccaya.

progress of the disciple →

nyana

…song, music and the visiting of shows; rejects floral adornment, perfumes, ointment, as well as any other kind of adornment and embellishment….

proximity →

nyana

Proximity: anantara is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

purejāta-paccaya →

nyana

Purejāta-paccaya: ‘pre-nascence’, is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.

puñña-kiriya-vatthu →

nyana

…as above, 4 reverence apaciti 5 service veyyāvacca 6 transference of merit pattānuppadāna 7 rejoicing in others’ merit abbhānumodana 8…

puññā-dhārā →

nyana

…who has reached the conditionless deliverance of mind; further by being filled with unshakable faith in the Buddha, his doctrine and community…

pīti →

nyana

Pīti: rapture, enthusiasm rendered also by joy, happiness; interest it is one of the mental properties or properties cetasika and belongs to the group of mental constructions sankhāra - *khan …

tadārammana-citta →

nyana

…the complete process of cognition citta-vīthi immediately before sinking into the subconscious. It does not occur with the consciousness of the…

tanhā →

nyana

…has its specific condition. I say, o Bhikkhus, that also craving for existence has its condition that feeds it sāharam and is not without…

theravāda →

nyana

…language. According to tradition, its name is derived from the fact of having been fixed by 500 Noble Elders of the Order, soon after the death of…

thiti-bhāgiya-sīla →

nyana

Thiti-bhāgiya-sīla, Thiti-bhāgiya-samādhi, Thiti-bhāgiya-paññā: ‘static morality, static concentration, static understanding’; see:…

ti-lakkhana →

nyana

…it still remains a firm condition, an immutable fact and fixed law: that all constructions are impermanent, that all constructions are subject to…

āhāra →

nyana

…it is one of the 24 conditions paccaya and is used to denote 4 kinds of nutriment, which are material and mental: 1: material food…

ākiñcañña-ceto-vimutti →

nyana

…release. The mental liberation coming from relinquishment of all acquisitions. The end stage of realizing Dukkha see: ceto-vimutti

ākāsa →

nyana

…it as one of several unconditioned or uncreated states asankhata dharma - a view that is rejected in Kath. see: Guide. p. 70. Theravāda…

ānantariya →

nyana

…the immediately following fruition phala consciousness. According to the Abhidhamma, this path -moment of the Stream-enterer sotāpanna & the…

ānāpāna-sati →

nyana

Ānāpāna-sati: Awareness or mindfulness on & by in-and-out-breathing, is one of the most important trainings for reaching mental concentration and the 4 absorptions jhāna. In the Satipatthāna …

ārammanupanissaya →

nyana

Ārammanupanissaya: Decisive Support Conditional Relation. see: paccaya

ārammanādhipati →

nyana

Ārammanādhipati, Predominance Conditional Relation. see: paccaya

āsava →

nyana

…wise use of the necessities of life. For a commentarial exposition, see Atthasālini Tr. I, p. 63f: II, pp. 475ff.

khīnāsava = one whose…

āsevana-paccaya →

nyana

Āsevana-paccaya: repetition, is one of the 24 conditional relations paccaya.

āyatana →

nyana

…are also called abilities indriya, and of these abilities it is said in M. 43: Each of the five abilities owns a different domain, and…

āyūhana →

nyana

…intentional activities kamma or kammic-constructions sankhāra (see: paticca - samuppāda 2), being the causes of future…

a →

pts

…having originally two initial cons. the latter reappear in their assimilated form (e.g. appaṭicchavin). In meaning it equals na-, nir-

abandha →

pts

noun adjective not tied to, not a follower or victim of Iti.56 (mārassa; variant reading abaddha).

a + bandha

abbha →

pts

…of clouds, a thick cloud Iti.64; Snp.348 (cp. Snp-a.348).

  • -paṭala a mass of clouds Dhs-a.239 *…

abbhussakati →

pts

…MN.i.317; SN.iii.156 = Iti.20
■ See also SN.i.65; SN.v.44; AN.i.242 (same simile); AN.v.22 (id.).

abhi + ud + ṣvaṣk, see…

abbhusukkati →

pts

…MN.i.317; SN.iii.156 = Iti.20
■ See also SN.i.65; SN.v.44; AN.i.242 (same simile); AN.v.22 (id.).

abhi + ud + ṣvaṣk, see…

abbhuta →

pts

…is also evident from the traditional etym. of the Pāli Commentators (see below) See also acchariya

Abbhuta2

neuter a bet, a wager,…

abhabba →

pts

…DN.iii.26 sq., DN.iii.133; Iti.106, Iti.117; Snp.231 (see Kp-a.189); Dhp.32; Ja.i.116; Pp.13.

  • -ṭṭhāna a (moral) impossibility of which…

abhi →

pts

…has the function of transitivising intrs. verbs after the manner of E. be-(con-) and Ger. er-, thus resembling in meaning a simple Caus….

abhibhavati →

pts

…Vin.i.294; Dhp.328; Iti.41 (māraṃ sasenaṃ); Snp.45, Snp.72 (˚cārin), Snp.1097, Cnd.85 (= abhibhavitvā ajjhottharitvā,…

abhibhāyatana →

pts

position of a master or lord, station of mastery. The traditional account of these gives 8 stations or stages of mastery over the senses (see Dial.

abhibhū →

pts

…Cnd.276; AN.ii.24; AN.iv.94; Iti.122; cp DN-a.i.111 (= abhibhavitvā ṭhito jeṭṭhako’ ham asmīti).

Vedic abhibhū, fr. abhi +…

abhidhamma →

pts

…literary grace or of personalities, or of anecdotes, or of arguments ad personam), Vin.i.64, Vin.i.68; Vin.iv.144; Vin.iv.344 Coupled with…

abhijjhā →

pts

…AN.iii.92; AN.v.251 sq.; Iti.118 Mnd.98 (as one of the 4 kāya-ganthā, q.v.); Nd ii.taṇhā ii.1; Pp.20, Pp.59; Dhs.1136…

abhijjhālu →

pts

…sq., AN.v.163, AN.v.286 sq. Iti.90, Iti.91; Pp.39, Pp.40.

cp. jhāyin from jhāyati1; abhijjhālu with ˚ālu for ˚āgu which in its…

abhijjhālū →

pts

…sq., AN.v.163, AN.v.286 sq. Iti.90, Iti.91; Pp.39, Pp.40.

cp. jhāyin from jhāyati1; abhijjhālu with ˚ālu for ˚āgu which in its…

abhijāna →

pts

(nt. or m?) recognition, remembrance, recollection Mil.78. See also abhiññā.

Sk. abhijñāna

abhijānāti →

pts

…cp. also Dhp-a.iv.233); Iti.47 Iti.61 = Iti.81, and perhaps also in phrase sabbaṃ abhiññapariññeyya SN.iv.29
grd abhiññe y

abhikaṅkhin →

pts

adjective cp. wishing for, desirous (of-˚) Thig.360 (sītibhāva˚).

abhikiṇṇa →

pts

…overcome, crushed by (-˚) Iti.89 (dukkh˚ vv.ll. dukkhâtiṇṇa & otiṇṇa) = AN.i.147 (which reads dukkhotiṇṇa). See also…

abhikkanta →

pts

…beyond. According to the traditional expln. preserved by Bdhgh. & Dhp (see e.g. DN-a.i.227 = Kp-a.114 = Vv-a.52) it is used in 4…

abhilāpa →

pts

…= tiracchanakathā Cnd.561); Iti.89 (? reading abhilāpāyaṃ uncertain, vv.ll. abhipāyaṃ abhipāpāyaṃ abhisāpāyaṃ, abhisapāyaṃ,…

abhinandita →

pts

only in an˚; not enjoyed, not (being) an object of pleasure SN.iv.213 = Iti.38; SN.v.319.

pp. of abhinandati

abhinivajjeti →

pts

to avoid, get rid of DN.iii.113; MN.i.119, MN.i.364, MN.i.402; SN.v.119, SN.v.295, SN.v.318; AN.iii.169 sq.; Iti.81.

abhi + nivajjeti

abhippasādeti →

pts

…be reconciled with, to propitiate Thag.1173 = Vv.21#2 (manaṃ arahantamhi = cittaṃ pasādeti Vv-a.105).

Caus. of abhippasīdati, cp. BSk….

abhiraddha →

pts

adjective propitiated, satisfied AN.iv.185 (+ attamana).

pp. of abhi + rādh

abhisamaya →

pts

…SN.i.87 = AN.iii.49 = Iti.17, cp. AN.ii.46 ariyasaccānaṃ a. full understanding of the 4 noble truths SN.v.415, SN.v.440, SN.v.441 [cp….

abhisambuddha →

pts

…DN.iii.273; SN.iv.331; Iti.121 an˚; not understood MN.i.71, MN.i.92, MN.i.114, MN.i.163, MN.i.240 2. (med.) one who has come to the…

abhisambujjhati →

pts

…DN.iii.135; Iti.121 aor. -sambujjhi SN.v.433; Pv-a.19. In combn. abhisambujjhati abhisameti, e.g. SN.ii.25;…

abhisamparāya →

pts

…after death, future condition of rebirth; usually in foll phrases: kā gati ko abhisamparāyo (as hendiadys) ʻwhat fate in the…

abhisanna →

pts

adjective overflowing, filled with (-˚), full Vin.i.279 (˚kāya a body full of humours, cp. Vin.ii.119 & Mil.134) Ja.i.17 (Ja.v.88 pītiyā); Mil.112 (duggandha˚).

pp. of abhisandati = abhi + syand, …

abhisāpa →

pts

curse, anathema SN.iii.93 = Iti.89 (which latter reads abhilāpa and It A explains by akkosa see vv.ll. under abhilāpa & cp.; Brethren 376 n. 1.)…

abhitiṭṭhati →

pts

to stand out supreme, to excel, surpass DN.ii.261; Ja.vi.474 (abhiṭṭhāya = abhibhavitvā C.).

abhi + tiṭṭhati

abhivassin →

pts

adjective = abhivassaka Iti.64, Iti.65 (sabbattha˚).

abhivihacca →

pts

…driving darkness away at MN.i.317 = SN.iii.156; SN.v.44 = Iti.20.

ger. of abhi + vihanati

abhiññatā →

pts

in cpd. mahā˚; state or condition of great intelligence or supernormal knowledge SN.iv.263; SN.V.175, SN.V.298 sq.

fr. abhiññā

abhiññā →

pts

…and to Nibbāna These conditions precedent are the Path (SN.v.421 = Vin.i.10 = SN.iv.331), the Path + best knowledge and full emancipation…

abhiṭhāna →

pts

…see Dhs trsl.267
■ See also ānantarika.

abhi + ṭhāna, cp. abhitiṭṭhati; lit. that which stands out above others

abhūta →

pts

…lie, deceit Snp.387; Iti.37; instr abhūtena falsely DN.i.161.

  • -vādin one who speaks falsely or tells lies…

accaya →

pts

…taṇhā Dhp.336; sota Iti.95 3. (fig.) going beyond (the norm) transgression, offence Vin.i.133 (thull˚ a grave offence), Vin.i.167 (id.);…

acchariya →

pts

…Sk. āścarya to a Sanskritisation of acchariya) viz. Dhammapāla: anabhiṇha-ppavattitāya accharāpaharaṇa-yoggaṃ that which happens…

acchati →

pts

…still Vin.i.289; AN.ii.15; Iti.120 (in set carati tiṭṭhati a. sayati, where otherwise nisinna stands for acchati) Vv.74#1 (= nisīdati…

acchecchi →

pts

…SN.iv.105, SN.iv.207. Iti.47; AN.iii.246, AN.iii.445; Dhp-a.iv.70 (gloss acchindi, for acchidda pret. of Dhp.351). The variant reading at…

acchādeti →

pts

…clothe, to put on DN.i.63 = Iti.75; Ja.i.254; Ja.iii.189; Ja.iv.318; Pp.57; Pv.i.10#5 (ger. acchādayitvāna); DN-a.i.181 (= paridahitvā);…

addhan →

pts

…paccuppanna) DN.iii.216; Iti.53, Iti.70. 2. in phrase dīghaṃ addhānaṃ (acc.) a very long time AN.ii.1, AN.ii.10 (dighaṃ a ddh

addā →

pts

Addā & Addāyanā

at Vb.371 in def. of anādariya is either faulty writing, or dial. form or pop. etym. for ādā and ādāyana; see ādariya.

addāyanā →

pts

Addā & Addāyanā

at Vb.371 in def. of anādariya is either faulty writing, or dial. form or pop. etym. for ādā and ādāyana; see ādariya.

adhi →

pts

…“lying in”, inhabiting.

  1. secondary meaning (as emphatic modification):
    1. with nouns or adjectives: adhi-jeguccha very…

adhicca →

pts

…a cause, spontaneous unconditioned DN.i.28 = Ud.69; DN.iii.33, DN.iii.138; SN.ii.22–⁠ SN.ii.23 (sukhadukkhaṃ); AN.iii.440 (id.); Pts.i.155;…

adhigacchati →

pts

…(id.) Dhp.187, Dhp.365; Iti.82 (santiṃ); Thig.51; Pp.30, Pp.31; Pv.i.7#4 (nibbutiṃ = labhati Pv-a.37); Pv.iii.7#10 (amataṃ padaṃ)….

adhigama →

pts

attainment, acquisition; also fig. knowledge, information, study (the latter mainly in Miln) DN.iii.255; SN.ii.139; AN.ii.148; AN.iv.22, AN.iv.332;…

adhigaṇhāti →

pts

…SN.iv.275; AN.iii.33; Iti.19. Ger adhigayha Pv.ii.9#62 = Dhp-a.iii.219 (variant reading BB at both pass. atikkamma); & adhiggahetvā

adhiggahīta →

pts

…possessed Ja.iii.427 (= anuggahīta C.); Ja v.102; vi.525 = 574; Iti.103; Mil.188 Mil.189; Sdhp.98.

pp. of adhigaṇhāti

adhika →

pts

…has the meaning of “in addition, with an additional, plus” (cp. ādi + ādika, with which it is evidently confounded, adhika being constructed…

adhimuccati →

pts

…SN.i.116 (pot. ˚mucceyya); Iti.43; DN-a.i.275. 3. to take courage, to have faith Snp.559; Mil.234; DN-a.i.214, DN-a.i.316; Ja.iv.272; Ja.v.103;…

adhimutti →

pts

resolve, intention, disposition DN.i.174; AN.v.36; Pts.i.124; Mil.161, Mil.169; Vb.340 Vb.341; DN-a.i.44, DN-a.i.103; Sdhp.378.

adhi + mutti

adhimuttika →

pts

adjective inclined to, attached to, bent on SN.ii.154, SN.ii.158; Iti.70; Vb.339 sq. + (f. inclination DN.i.2.

= adhimutta

adhisayana →

pts

adjective lying on or in, inhabiting Pv-a.80 (mañcaṃ).

fr. adhiseti

adhivacana →

pts

…AN.iv.285, AN.iv.340; Iti.15 Iti.114; Snp.p.218; Ja.i.117; Cnd.34 = Dhs.1306 (= nāma sankhā paññatti etc.); Vb.6; Pv-a.63. See on term…

adhivattha →

pts

adjective inhabiting, living in (c. loc.) Vin.i.28; SN.i.197; Ja.i.223; Ja.ii.385; Ja.iii.327; Pv-a.17. The form adhivuttha

adhiṭṭhāti →

pts

adhiṭṭhita (q.v.).

Sk. adhitiṣṭhati, adhi + sthā

adinna →

pts

…DN.iii.181 sq.; MN.i.361; Iti.63; Kp ii., cp. Kp-a.26
adinnādāyin he who takes what is not given, a thief; stealing, thieving (cp….

adāsa →

pts

kind of bird Ja.iv.466.

prob. = adaṃsa, from ḍasati to bite, cp. dāṭhā tooth; lit meaning “toothless” or “not biting”

agga →

pts

…first or most splendid of cities Vin.i.229.

  • -nikkhitta highly praised or famed Mil.343. *…

aggatta →

pts

the state or condition of being the first, pre-eminence Pv-a.9, Pv-a.89.

abstr. of agga = Sk. agratvan

aggi →

pts

…fire Snp.703; Dhp.308; Iti.43, Iti.90 (ayoguḷa). -hutta (nt.) the sacrificial fire (see above 2), Vin.i.33, Vin.i.36 =…

aha →

pts

…Dāvs iv.8
■ The initial a of ahaṃ (acc.) is elided after i, which often appears lengthened: kati…

ahaṃ →

pts

…Snp.559; Ja.iii.188. The enclitic form in the sg. is me, & functions in diff. cases, as gen. (Snp.983; Ja.ii.159), acc. (Snp.982), instr. (Ja.i.138,…

ahirika →

pts

…Dhp.244; Snp.133 (˚īka); Iti.27 (˚īka); Pp.19 (see [nt. unscrupulousness](/define/nt. unscrupulousness)) Dhs.365; Ne.39, Ne.126;…

ahirīka →

pts

…Dhp.244; Snp.133 (˚īka); Iti.27 (˚īka); Pp.19 (see [nt. unscrupulousness](/define/nt. unscrupulousness)) Dhs.365; Ne.39, Ne.126;…

aja →

pts

…As pl. SN.i.76; Iti.36; Ja.iv.363.

  • -pada goat-footed MN.i.134.
  • -pāla goatherd in…

ajjhabhu →

pts

to overcome, conquer Iti.76 (dujjayaṃ a. he conquered him who is hard to conquer; variant reading ajjhabhi for ajjhabhavi). Cp….

ajjhagā →

pts

…at Mnd.457 by adhigacchi); Iti.69 (jātimaraṇaṃ); Dhp.154 (taṇhānaṃ khayaṃ); Vv.32#7 (visesaṃ attained distinction; expld.

ajjhatta →

pts

…(cetosamatha inward peace), Iti.80, Iti.82, Iti.94; Ja.i.045 (chātajjhatta with hungry insides); Ja.v.338 (id.) Pts.i.76 (cakkhu etc.); Dhs.161 (=…

ajjhattika →

pts

…AN.v.52 (id.); Iti.114 (id.), Iti.9 (anga); Kp iv. (= Kp-a.82); Ja.iv.402 (bāhira-vatthuṃ ayācitvā ajjhattikassa nāmaṃ…

ajjhāgāre →

pts

adverb at home, in one’s own house AN.i.132 = Iti.109; AN.ii.70.

adhi + agāre, loc. of agāra

ajjhāsaya →

pts

…desire, wish, disposition, bent DN.ii.224 (adj.: intent on, practising); Ja.i.88, Ja.i.90; Ja.ii.352; Ja.v.382; Dhs-a.314, Dhs-a.334;…

ajjhāvara →

pts

surrounding; waiting on, service, retinue Ja.v.322, Ja.v.324, Ja.v.326, Ja.v.327 (explained at all passages by parisā). Should…

akampiyatta →

pts

the condition of not being shaken, stableness Mil.354.

abstr. fr. akampiya, grd. of a + kampati

akkhaya →

pts

adjective not decaying, in akkhayapaṭibhāna, of unfailing skill in exposition Mil.3, Mil.21.

a + khaya, kṣi

akkhaṇa →

pts

…akṣuṇṇavedha (a Sanskritised Pāli form cp. Mathurā kṣuṇa = Sk. kṣaṇa) at Divy.58, Divy.100, Divy.442 (always with dūrevedha),…

akkhāna →

pts

…Mnd.91 (dhamm˚;). The 5th Veda Ja.v.450. (vedam akkhānapañcamaṃ; C: itihāsapañcamaṃ vedacatukkaṃ)
■ The…

akkhāti →

pts

…to be pronounced SN.i.11; Iti.53
pp akkhāta (q.v.)
■ Intensive or Frequentative is…

alaṃ →

pts

…in negative or prohibitive sentences: part. of disapprobation reproach & warning; enough! have done with fie! stop! alas! (etc. see…

amacca →

pts

…his advice, a bosom-friend Iti.73; Ja.vi.512 (sahajātā amaccā); Pv.ii.6#20 (a ˚-paricārikā well-advising friends as company or around…

amata →

pts

…nibbānaṃ, taṃ hi amatan ti tathā niddisitabbato disā cā ti Snp-a.572). Perhaps also at Iti.46 = Iti.62 (amataṃ dhātuṃ =…

amattaññu →

pts

adjective not knowing any bounds (in the taking of food), intemperate immoderate Iti.23 (bhojanamhi); Dhp.7 (id.); Pp.21.

a + matta + ˚ñu = Sk. amātrajña

amattaññutā →

pts

immoderation (in food) DN.iii.213; Iti.23 (bhojane); Pp.21; Dhs.1346 (bhojane) Dhs-a.402.

abstr. to prec.

ambho FIXME double →

pts

…silly, you rascal DN.i.194; Iti.114; Ja.i.174 (variant reading amho), Ja.i.254; Mil.48.

fr. haṃ + bho, see bho, orig. “hallo…

amilātatā →

pts

the condition of not being withered Ja.v.156.

a + milāta + tā

amitta →

pts

…friend, an enemy DN.iii.185; Iti.83; Snp.561 (= paccatthika Snp-a.455); Dhp.66, Dhp.207; Ja.vi.274 (˚tāpana harassing the enemies).

Vedic…

ammaṇa →

pts

…(variant reading ampaṇaka); DN-a.i.84.

of uncertain etym.; Sk. armaṇa is Sanskritised Pāli. See on form & meaning Childers s. v. and Kern,

amutra →

pts

adverb in that place, there; in another state of existence DN.i.4, DN.i.14, DN.i.184; Iti.99. Amulha-vinaya

pron. base amu + tra

amutta →

pts

adjective not released, not free from (c. abl.) Iti.93 (mārabandhanā).

a + mutta

an →

pts

An-

form of the neg. prefix a-before vowels. For negatives beginning with an˚ see the positive.

anabhāva →

pts

…used at Vin.iii.3 of bad qualities, at SN.ii.63 of certain wrong opinions, at MN.i.487; SN.iv.62 = SN.v.527 of the khandas, at MN.i.331 of the…

anamatagga →

pts

nam) + agga. It is Sanskritized at Divy.197 by anavarāgra, doubtless by some mistake Weber, Ind. Str. iii.150 suggests an + āmrta, which…

anaṭi →

pts

to breathe Kp-a.i.124 (in def. of bāla); DN-a.i.244 (read ananti for aṇanti). Cp. pāṇa.

An, Vedic aniti & anati

andha →

pts

…(fig.), confusing Iti.82 (+ acakkhukaraṇa) Mil.113 (pañha, + gambhīra).

  • -kāra blindness (lit. fig),…

aneja →

pts

…Snp.1101, Snp.1112; Iti.91 (opp. ejânuga Mnd.353 = Cnd.55; Dhp.414 (= taṇhāya abhāvena Dhp-a.iv.194), Dhp.422; Pv.iv.1#35 (nittaṇha…

aneka →

pts

…countlcss, numberless Iti.99 (saṃvaṭṭakappā countless aeons); Snp.688 (˚sākhā); Dhp.153 (˚jātisāra); Ja.iv.2 Ja.vi.366.

*…

anila →

pts

…Ja.iv.119 (˚patha air, sky); Mil.181; Vv-a.237; Sdhp.594.

from an, cp. Sk. aniti to breathe, cp. Gr. α ̓́νεμος wind; Lat. animus…

anottappa →

pts

recklessness, hardness DN.iii.212; Iti.34 (ahirika +); Pp.20; Dhs.365. Cp. anottāpin. Anottapin & Anottappin;

an + ottappa

anottappin →

pts

…reckless, shameless DN.iii.252, DN.iii.282 (pp; ahirika); Snp.133 (p; ahirika +); Iti.27, Iti.115 (anatāpin anottappin vv.ll. anottāpin);…

anottāpin →

pts

…reckless, shameless DN.iii.252, DN.iii.282 (pp; ahirika); Snp.133 (p; ahirika +); Iti.27, Iti.115 (anatāpin anottappin vv.ll. anottāpin);…

anta →

pts

…ref. to dukkha SN.iv.93; Iti.89; Snp.454, Snp.725; Dhp-a.iv.45 -gata = antagū Cnd.436 (+ koṭigata). -gāhikā (f.),…

antara →

pts

…Abl. antarato from within Iti.83. 2. in between, distant; dvādasa yojan antaraṃ ṭhānaṃ Pv-a.139 Pv-a.139.

  1. In noun-function…

antarā →

pts

…meanwhile Snp.291, Snp.694; Iti.85; Dhp.237
■ occasionally Mil.251 3. (pref.) see compounds

antima →

pts

…khīṇāsava); SN.ii.278; Iti.32, Iti.40; Snp.471.

  • -vatthu “the last thing”, i.e. the extreme, final or worst (sin)…

anu →

pts

…denoting a state or condition: 1. literal: along, at, to, combined with. Often resembling E. be-or Ger. be-, also Lat. ad-and…

anubandha →

pts

bondage MN.iii.170; Iti.91.

anu + bandh

anubhaṇanā →

pts

talking to, admonition, scolding Vin.ii.88 (anuvadanā +).

anu + bhaṇana

anubhāva →

pts

…of a, since the compositional character had obliterated the character of the a. As such (ānubhāva abs.) found only in later language

1….

anubodha →

pts

awakening; perception, recognition, understanding SN.i.126 (?) = AN.v.46 (anubodhiṃ as aor. of anubodhati?); Pp.21; Mil.233. Freq. in…

anubodhana →

pts

awakening, understanding, recognition Pts.i.18 (bodhana +).

fr. anubodhati

anubujjhana →

pts

awakening, recognition Pts.i.18 (bujjhana +).

fr. anubujjhati

anubyañjana FIXME double →

pts

…supplementary or additional sign or mark (cf. mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇa) Vin.i.65 (abl. anuvyañjanaso “in detail”); MN.iii.126;…

anucarati →

pts

to move along, to follow; to practice; pp. anuciṇṇa & anucarita; (q.v.)

anu + cariti

anuciṇṇa →

pts

…or practised Vin.ii.203 = Iti.86 (pamādaṃ); Ja.i.20 (verse 126); Thag.236 Thag.2, Thag.206; Dpvs.iv.9. 2. adorned with, accompanied by…

anuddayatā →

pts

…other people SN.ii.218; SN.v.169 (T. anudayatā); AN.iii.184; Iti.72; Vb.356.

abstr. to anuddayā

anuddhata →

pts

…calm, subdued Snp.850 (= uddhacca-virahita Snp-a.549, cp. anuṇṇata); Iti.30; Dhp.363 (= nibbutacitta Dhp-a.iv.93); Vv.64#8;…

anuddhaṃseti →

pts

…reprove, scold, bring down); Iti.42 Usually in ster. phrase rāgo cittaṃ a. lust degrades the heart Vin.iii.111; MN.i.26; SN.i.186; AN.i.266;…

anudhamma →

pts

…e.g. SN.ii.18; SN.iii.163; Iti.81; Pts.ii.189. 2. conformity or accordance with the Law, lawfulness, relation, essence, consistency truth; in…

anuga →

pts

…(ejā˚; = abhibhūta Snp.527), 1095 (Māra vasa˚; = abhibhuyya viharanti Cnd.507); Iti.91 (ejā˚;) Ja.iii.224 (vasa˚; = vasavattin C.);…

anuggaha →

pts

…AN.iv.167; AN.v.70; Iti.12, Iti.98; Ja.i.151; Ja.v.150; Pp.25; Pv-a.145; Thag-a.104.

anu + grah

Anuggaha2

adjective not…

anujāta →

pts

…his father, a worthy son Iti.64 (atijāta + opp. avajāta); Thag.827 (fig. following the example of) 1279; Ja.vi.380; Dhp-a.i.129; Dāvs…

anukampaka →

pts

…SN.v.157; AN.iv.265 sq.; Iti.66 (sabba-bhūta˚); Pv.i.3#3 (= kārunika Pv-a.16), Pv.i.5#3 (atthakāma, hitesin Pv-a.25), Pv.i.8#8; Pv.ii.1#4…

anukampin →

pts

…Pp.68. sabba-bhūta˚; SN.i.25, SN.i.110; AN.ii.9; Iti.102.

cp. anukampaka

anukkamati →

pts

…111 as “abandon”) SN.i.24 Thag.194.

anu +…

anukūla →

pts

…a propitiative sacrifice DN.i.144 (expld. at DN-a.i.302 as anukula˚ = sacrifice for the propagation of the…

anulomika →

pts

…(-˚) Vin.ii.7 (an˚), Vin.iii.120 (an˚ = ananucchaviya); Vin.iv.239; AN.i.106; AN.iii.116 sq.; Iti.103 (sāmaññassa˚); Snp.385 (pabbajita˚);…

anumodati →

pts

…(ppr. -modamāna); Iti.78; Pv.ii.9#19 (dānaṃ -modamāna = enjoying, gladly receiving); Pv.i.5#4 (anumodare = are pleased;…

anunadī →

pts

(-tire) along the bank of the river SN.iv.177 should be read anu nadītīre (= anu prep. c. loc.; see under anu A).

anupabbajjā →

pts

giving up worldly life in imitation of another SN.v.67 = Iti.107

anu + pabbajjā, cp. BSk. anupravrajati Divy.61

anupada →

pts

…a verse, also a mode of reciting where the second foot is recited without the first one Vin.iv.15 (cp. 355); Mil.340 (anupadena anupadaṃ…

anupaddava →

pts

adjective free from danger, uninjured, safe Vin.ii.79 = Vin.ii.124 (+ anītika); Vin.iii.162; Dhp.338; Dhp-a.iv.48; Pv-a.250 (expln. for siva).

an + upaddava

anupatta →

pts

…DN.i.87–DN.i.111; DN.ii.2; Iti.38; Snp.027, Snp.635; Dhp.386, Dhp.403; Pv.iv.1#66; Pv-a.59 (dukkhaṃ), Pv-a.242. In phrase *addhagata…

anupavāda →

pts

…as anupavādanañ c’eva anupavādāpanañ ca “not scolding as well as not inciting others to grumbling”); adj. -vādaka Pp.60, &…

anupubbi-kathā →

pts

…sermon regulated exposition of the ever higher values of four subjects (dāna-kathā, sīla˚, sagga˚, magga˚) i.e. charity righteousness,…

anusatthi →

pts

admonition, rule, instruction Ja.i.241; Mil.98, Mil.172, Mil.186 (dhamma˚), Mil.225, Mil.227, Mil.347.

Sk. anuśāsti, anu + śās, cp….

anusaya →

pts

…of a dormant or latent disposition predisposition, tendency. Always in bad sense. In the oldest texts the word usually occurs absolutely, without…

anussada →

pts

…explains with taṇhā-ussāvâbhāva vv.ll. ˚ussada˚); Iti.97 (vv.ll. anussata & anussara).

anussarati →

pts

…199, 336 (kalyāṇamitte); Iti.82 (dhammaṃ), Iti.98 (pubbenivāsaṃ); Ja.i.167; Ja.ii.111; Dhp.364; Pv.i.5#9; Pp.60; Sdhp.580, Sdhp.587;…

anussaraṇa →

pts

remembrance, memory, recollection Iti.107 (= anussati at id. p. SN.v.67) Pv-a.25, Pv-a.29.

abstr. to anussarati

anussati →

pts

…see DN.i.81; SN.v.67 = Iti.107 (anussaraṇa at latter pass.); AN.iii.284, AN.iii.325, AN.iii.452. Pts.i.48, Pts.i.95, Pts.i.186 Pp.25, Pp.60;…

anussava →

pts

hearsay, report, tradition MN.i.520; MN.ii.211; SN.ii.115; SN.iv.138; AN.i.26; Ja.i.158 (with ref. to part. kira = annussav’atthe…

anussavika →

pts

…to hearsay“, traditional; one who is familiar with tradition or who learns from hearsay MN.i.520; MN.ii.211. Cp. anussutika.

fr….

anussutika →

pts

adjective according to tradition or report, one who goes by or learns from hearsay DN-a.i.106, DN-a.i.107.

fr. anu + śru, cp. anussavika

anusāsana →

pts

advice, instruction, admonition DN.iii.107; AN.i.292 (˚pāṭihāriya cp. anusāsanī); Mil.359.

Vedic anuśāsana, fr. anu + śās

anuvicinteti →

pts

…thy thoughts in ordered governance“ Mrs. Rh. DN variant reading anucintaya); Thag.747; Dhp.364; Iti.82 (dhammaṃ ˚ayaṃ); Ja.iii.396;…

anuvijjati →

pts

…to come to know; inf -vijjitiṃ Ja.iii.506; ger. -viditvā Snp-a.431, also -vijja vicca; (see both under anuvicca); grd. ananuvejja

anuvitakketi →

pts

…usually combined with anuvicāreti DN.i.119; DN.iii.242; SN.v.67 = Iti.107 (anussarati +); AN.iii.383.

anu + vi + takketi

anuvyañjana →

pts

…supplementary or additional sign or mark (cf. mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇa) Vin.i.65 (abl. anuvyañjanaso “in detail”); MN.iii.126;…

anuvāda →

pts

…talk and lesser or additional talk, i.e. “small talk” (see anu B iv.) DN.i.161; MN.i.368.

*…

anuyāta →

pts

gone through or after, followed, pursued SN.ii.105 (magga); AN.v.236; Iti.29; Mil.217.

pp. of anuyāti

anvadeva →

pts

…behind, after, later DN.i.172; MN.iii.172; SN.v.1 (spelt anudeva); AN.i.11; AN.v.214; Iti.34.

anva-d-eva with euphonic d.; like sammad-eva…

anvakkhara →

pts

adjective “according to the syltable”, syll. after syll., also a mode of reciting by syllables Vin.iv.15, cp. Vin.iv.355 Cp. anupadaṃ.

anu + akkhara

anvaya →

pts

…Snp.254 (an˚ inconsistent); Iti.79 (tass˚)
■ dur˚ spelt durannaya conforming with difficulty, hard to manage or to find out Dhp.92 (gati…

anādāna →

pts

…(opp. sādāna) AN.ii.10 = Iti.9 = Iti.109 = Cnd.172#a; Snp.620, Snp.741 Snp.1094; Cnd.41 (where as nt. = taṇha); Dhp.352 (= khandhādisu…

anāgata →

pts

…SN.i.5; SN.ii.283; AN.iii.100 sq., AN.iii.400; Snp.318, Snp.373, Snp.851; Iti.53; Ja.iv.159; Ja.vi.364; Dhs.1039, Dhs.1416.

an + āgata

anāgāmin →

pts

…not called anāgāmins. At Iti.96 there are only 3 stages, the worldling, the Anāgāmin, and the Arahant; and the Saṃyojanas are not referred…

anāgāmitā →

pts

…AN.v.108, AN.v.300 sq. Snp.p.140 = AN.iii.143; Iti.1 sq., Iti.39, Iti.40.

anāgāmin + tā

anāsava →

pts

…Vin.ii.148 = Vin.ii.164; DN.iii.112; Snp.1105, Snp.1133; Dhp.94, Dhp.126, Dhp.386; Cnd.44; Iti.75; Pp.27, Dhs.1101 Dhs.1451; Vb.426;…

anīti →

pts

safety, soundness, sound condition, health AN.iv.238; Mil.323 (abl. ˚ito).

an + īti

anītiha →

pts

…a cpd. der. fr. iti + ha = saying so and so, cp. itihāsa & itihītihaṃ

anītika →

pts

adjective free from injury or harm, healthy, secure Vin.ii.79 = Vin.ii.124 (+ anupaddava); Vin.iii.162; SN.iv.371; Snp.1137 (ītī vuccanti kilesā etc. Cnd.48); Mil.304.

fr. anīti

anūpama →

pts

at Iti.122 is metric reading for anupama (see upama).

apacināti →

pts

…(?) variant reading apacitiyamāna; trsl. guarding his claim is, Vin Texts); MN.i.324 (see detail under apaviṇāti) Thag.186 (grd….

apaciti →

pts

…+); Snp-a.332 (˚karaṇa). Cp. apacāyana.

Vedic apaciti in diff. meaning, viz. expiation

apacāyin →

pts

…(vaddha˚ = vaddhānaṃ apaciti karaṇena Snp-a.332) = Dhp.109; Ja.i.47, Ja.i.132, Ja.i.201 Ja.ii.299; Ja.v.325; Mil.206; Sdhp.549.

fr….

apadāna →

pts

…cp. ovāda] advice, admonition, instruction, morals Vin.ii.4 (an˚ not taking advice), Vin.ii.7 (id.) MN.i.96; AN.v.337 sq. (saddhā˚)…

apagata →

pts

…removed; deceased, departed Iti.112; Pv-a.39 Pv-a.63 (= peta), Pv-a.64 (= gata). 2. (˚-) freq. as prefix meaning without, lit. having lost,…

apakata →

pts

āpakata being without a living MN.i.463 (the usual phrase being ˚apagata); Mil.279 (id.). At Iti.89 the reading of same phrase is ājīvikā…

apalāsin →

pts

…owing to freq. miswriting of s, y, p in MSS. (cp. Cnd introd. p. xix.). We should be inclined to give apalāsin, as the lectio difficilior,…

apara →

pts

adjective another, i.e. additional, following next, second (with pron. inflexion, i.e. nom. pl apare) DN.iii.190 (˚pajā another, i.e. future…

apaviṇāti →

pts

…paying attention“. The positive form we find as apavīṇati “to take care of, to pay attention to (c. acc.) at…

apekkha →

pts

adjective waiting for, looking for SN.i.122 (otāra˚).

= apekkhā

api →

pts

…shall it be); MN.i.460 = Iti.89 (moreover, indeed) Ja.i.168 (surely) Vin.ii.262 (perhaps) Ja.v.421 (id., piyavācaṃ labheyyāma)

  1. in…

apilāpana →

pts

counting up, repetition [Kern, Toev, s.v. gives der. fr. a + plāvana] Ne.15, Ne.28 Ne.54; Mil.37.

fr. api + lap

apitika →

pts

adjective fatherless Ja.v.251.

a + pitika

appa →

pts

…with little (of the bhikkhu) Iti.103 = AN.ii.27; f.

  • trifle, smallness însignificance DN.i.91; DN-a.i.55.
  • -mattaka

appaccaya →

pts

…Snp-a.423 (= appatītaṃ domanassaṃ). 2. (adj.) unconditioned Dhs.1084, Dhs.1437.

a + paccaya

appahīna →

pts

adjective not given up, not renounced MN.i.386; Iti.56, Iti.57; Cnd.701 Pp.12, Pp.18.

a + pahīna, pp. of pahāyati

appamāda →

pts

…a. Snp-a.339); Iti.16 (˚ṃ pasaṃsanti puññakiriyāsu paṇḍitā), Iti.74 (˚vihārin); Dhp.57 (˚vihārin, cp. Dhp-a.i.434);…

appamāṇa →

pts

…cp. appamaññā) Iti.21 (mettā), Iti.78; Ja.ii.61; Pts.ii.126 sq.; Vb.16, Vb.24 Vb.49, Vb.62, Vb.326 sq.; Dhs.182, Dhs.1021, Dhs.1024,…

appesakkha →

pts

…& mahesakkha are traditionally expld. appaparivāra & mahāparivāra, the former, I suppose, from appe & sakkha (Sk. sākhya),…

apphuta →

pts

Apphuta & apphuṭa

untouched, unpervaded not penetrated. DN.i.74 = MN.i.276 (pītisukhena).

Sk. *ā-sphṛta for a-sphārita pp. of sphar, cp. phurati; phuṭa & also phusati

apphuṭa →

pts

Apphuta & apphuṭa

untouched, unpervaded not penetrated. DN.i.74 = MN.i.276 (pītisukhena).

Sk. *ā-sphṛta for a-sphārita pp. of sphar, cp. phurati; phuṭa & also phusati

apācīna →

pts

…backward, below SN.iii.84; Iti.120 (apācīnaṃ used as adv. and taking here the place of adho in combn. with uddhaṃ tiriyaṃ; the…

apādaka →

pts

…= Ja.ii.146 (where see expln.). Spelt apada(ka) at Iti.87 (variant reading apāda).

a + pāda + ka

apāpurati →

pts

…at Vv-a.284 by vivaranto); Iti.80 (apāvuṇanti A. dv. as T. conj. with variant reading apānuṃanti, apāpurenti & apāpuranti)
pp…

apāpuṇati →

pts

…at Vv-a.284 by vivaranto); Iti.80 (apāvuṇanti A. dv. as T. conj. with variant reading apānuṃanti, apāpurenti & apāpuranti)
pp…

apāya →

pts

…DN.iii.111; AN.i.55; Iti.12, Iti.73; Nd ii.under kāya; & freq. elsewhere
■ apāyaduggativinipāta as attr. of saṃsāra SN.ii.92,…

apāyika →

pts

…belonging to the apāyas or states of misery DN.i.103; DN.iii.6, DN.iii.9, DN.iii.12; Iti.42; Pv-a.60 (dukkha).

also as…

arahant →

pts

…Snp.590, Snp.644, Snp.1003; Iti.95 (+ khīṇāsava), Iti.112; Kp iv. (dasahi angehi samannāgato arahā ti vuccati: see Kp-a.88); Vv.21#2;…

arahatta →

pts

…the state or condition of an Arahant, i.e. perfection in the Buddhist sense = Nibbāna (SN.iv.151) final & absolute emancipation…

arañña →

pts

…Dhp.99, Dhp.329, Dhp.330; Iti.90; Vv.56#7; Pts.i.176 [The commentators, give a wider meaning to the word Thus the O. C. (Vin.iii.46, quoted…

araṇi →

pts

…for kindling fire by attrition, only in foll. compounds: -potaka small firewood, all that is needed for producing fire, chiefly drill sticks…

araṇī →

pts

…for kindling fire by attrition, only in foll. compounds: -potaka small firewood, all that is needed for producing fire, chiefly drill sticks…

ariya →

pts

…sq., AN.v.200, AN.v.317; Iti.21, Iti.108; Dhp.22, Dhp.164, Dhp.207; Ja.iii.354 = Mil.230; MN.i.7, MN.i.35 (ariyānaṃ adassāvin: “not…

arūpa →

pts

…founded on the Formless Iti.62.

arūpin →

pts

…attā hoti: see DN-a.i.119), DN.i.195; DN.iii.111, DN.iii.139; Iti.87 (rūpino va arūpino va sattā).

a + rūpin

asaddhamma →

pts

evil condition, sin, esp. sexual intercourse; usually mentioned as a set of several sins, viz. as 3 at Iti.85; as 4 at AN.ii.47; as 7 at DN.iii.252,…

asajjhaya →

pts

non-repetition Dhp.241 (cp. Dhp-a.iii.347).

a + sajjhāya

asamāhita →

pts

adjective not composed, uncontrolled, not firm Iti.113 (opp. susamāhita); Dhp.110, Dhp.111; Pp.35.

a + samāhita

asanto →

pts

…not genuine (cp. asa); freq., e.g. Snp.94 Snp.131, Snp.881, Snp.950; Dhp.73, Dhp.77, Dhp.367; Iti.69 (asanto nirayaṃ nenti). See also…

asat →

pts

…not genuine (cp. asa); freq., e.g. Snp.94 Snp.131, Snp.881, Snp.950; Dhp.73, Dhp.77, Dhp.367; Iti.69 (asanto nirayaṃ nenti). See also…

asayha →

pts

…what has not been achieved before Thag.536; Pv.ii.9#22 (Angīrasa); Iti.32.

a + sayha, grd. of sah = Sk. asahya

asaññata →

pts

adjective unrestrained, intemperate, lacking self-control Iti.43 = Iti.90; Snp.662 = Dhp.307.

a + saññata, pp. of saṃ + yam

asaññin →

pts

adjective unconscious DN.i.54 (˚gabbhā, cp. DN-a.i.163); iii.111, iii.140, iii.263; Iti.87; Snp.874.

a + saññin

asaṃhāriya →

pts

adjective not to be destroyed or shattered Iti.77; Thag.372; Cnd.110.

grd. of a + saṃharati

asaṃṭhita →

pts

adjective not composed, unsettled, fickle Iti.62, Iti.94.

a + saṇṭhita

asekha →

pts

…DN.iii.218, DN.iii.219; Iti.51 (asekho sīlakkhandho; variant reading asekkha); Pp.14 (= arahant); Dhs.584, Dhs.1017, Dhs.1401; Kv.303 sq.

*…

asekkha →

pts

…DN.iii.218, DN.iii.219; Iti.51 (asekho sīlakkhandho; variant reading asekkha); Pp.14 (= arahant); Dhs.584, Dhs.1017, Dhs.1401; Kv.303 sq.

*…

asi →

pts

…for snares (a class of deities) Mil.191.

  • -māla (-kamma) sword-garland (-torture) Ja.iii.178 (+ sīsaṃ chindāpeti);…

asita →

pts

…404 note 2); Ja.ii.247; Iti.97; Snp.251, Snp.519, Snp.593, Snp.686 (Asitavhaya, called the Asita i.e. the Unattached; cp. Snp-a.487), Snp.698…

assa →

pts

…(variant reading sassa˚); Iti.21 (+ purisamedha); Snp.303. -yuddha a horse-fight DN.i.7 -rūpaka a…

assāraddha →

pts

variant reading at Iti.111 for asāraddha.

assāsika →

pts

…thus inviting the conjecture that Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit āśvāsika is somehow distorted out of Pali asassata.

fr….

asubha →

pts

…corruptness (of the body) Iti.80, Iti.81; Dhp-a.i.76.

  • -kathā talk about impurity Vin.iii.68. *…

asura →

pts

…other similar inferior deities, e.g. with garuḷā, nāgā, yakkhā at Mil.117; with supaṇṇā, gandhabbā, yakkhā at DN-a.i.51. The fight…

asāraddha →

pts

adjective not excited, cool AN.i.148 = Iti.119 (passaddho kāyo a.; variant reading assāraddha).

a + sāraddha

asīti →

pts

…most of the ref’s In addition we mention the foll.:) Ja.i.233 (˚hattha 80 hands, i.e. 80 cubits deep); Ja.iii.174…

atha →

pts

…part.

  1. after positive clauses, in enumerations, in the beginning & continuation of a story: and, and also, or and then, now DN.ii.2;…

atho →

pts

…Ja.ii.185 Ja.iv.495; Iti.106; Kp.viii.7; Pv.iv.3#15; Pv-a.251 (atho ti nipātamattaṃ avadhāraṇ-atthe vā). Also combd.

ati →

pts

…I. in abstr position ###

adverbially (only as ttg.): in excess, extremely very (cp. ii.3) Ja.vi.133 (ati uggata C. = accuggata T.),…

atidhāvati →

pts

to run past, to outstrip or get ahead of SN.iii.103; SN.iv.230; MN.iii.19; Iti.43; Mil.136; Snp-a.21.

ati + dhāvati 1

atigacchati →

pts

…abhibhavitvā pavatta). Also 3rd pl accaguṃ Iti.93, Iti.95.

ati + gacchati

atikaruṇa →

pts

adjective very pitiful, extremely miserable Ja.i.202; Ja.iv.142; Ja.vi.53.

ati + karuṇa

atikkamati →

pts

…DN.ii.12 (surpassing);
■ Iti.51 (māradheyyaṃ passing over), cp. vv.ll. under adhigayha; and atikkamitva going beyond, overcoming,…

atikkanta →

pts

…˚ā how many days have passed).

  • -mānusaka superhuman Iti.100; Pp.60; cp. BSk atikrānta-mānuṣyaka…

atimāpeti →

pts

…variant reading pāteti); Dhp.246 (variant reading ˚pāteti) = Dhp-a.iii.356 (: parassa jīvitindriyaṃ upacchindati).

ati + māpeti, Caus….

atireka →

pts

…Ja.i.441 (in higher positions); Mil.216; Dhs-a.2; Dhp-a.ii.98.

  • -cīvara an extra robe Vin.i.289. *…

atitarati →

pts

to pass over, cross, go beyond aor. accatari SN.iv.157 = Iti.57 (˚āri).

ati + tarati

atithi →

pts

…(n’ atthi assa ṭhiti yamhi vā tamhi vā divase āgacchatī ti atithi Kp-a.222); Vv-a.24 (= āgantuka).

Sk. atithi of at = at, see…

atitāta →

pts

…perhaps ati in sense of abhi, cp….

ativatta →

pts

passed beyond, surpassed, overcome (act. & pass.), conquered Snp.1133 (bhava˚); Cnd.21 (= atikkanta, vītivatta); Ja.v.84 (bhaya˚) Mil.146, Mil.154.

pp. of ativattati: Sk. ativṛtta

ativattati →

pts

…SN.iv.158 (id.) Iti.9 (saṃsāraṃ) = AN.ii.10 = Cnd.172#a; Thag.412; Ja.i.58, Ja.i.280 Ja.iv.134; Ja.vi.113, Ja.vi.114; Pv-a.276 …

ativākya →

pts

abuse, blame, reproach Dhp.320, Dhp.321 (= aṭṭha-anariyavohāra-vasena pavattaṃ vītikkama-vacanaṃ Dhp-a.iv.3) Ja.vi.508.

ati + vac, cp. Sk. ativāda, fr. ati + vad

atta →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.180 for the traditional exegesis. As legal t. t. attādānaṃ ādīyati is to take upon oneself the conduct, before the Chapter, of…

attan →

pts

…Pv-a.15, Pv-a.20. In composition with numerals attadutiya himself and one other DN.ii.147; ˚catuttha with himself as fourth MN.i.393;…

attha →

pts

…(= kāraṇa Dhp-a.iii.435) Iti.89 Snp.297 Ud.14

  • -vasika sensible Iti.89 Mil.406
  • -vasin bent on (one’s) aim or purpose Thag.539 *…

atthitā →

pts

…of, on account of, this being so Dhp-a.iii.344 (idamatthitāya under this condition) Pv-a.94, Pv-a.97, Pv-a.143.

f. abstr. fr. atthi cp….

atīta →

pts

…AN.iii.151; AN.v.33; Iti.53 Cnd.22; but also occasionally atīta paccuppanna anāgata e.g. Pv-a.100.

  1. (modal) passed out of, having…

ava →

pts

…the Gerund & the; Infinitive usually; the Causatives throughout.

II. Ava as prefix

Meaning

■ (Rest:) lower, low…

avabujjhati →

pts

…to understand AN.iv.96 = Iti.83 (n’avabujjhati); AN.iv.98 (id.) Ja.i.378 Ja.iii.387 (interchanging with anubujjhati at the latter pass.).

Cp….

avahāra →

pts

taking, acquiring, acquisition Vin.v.129 (pañca avahārā, viz. theyya˚, pasayha˚, parikappa˚ paṭicchanna˚, kusa˚).

fr. avaharati

avajja →

pts

…DN-a.i.183); AN.ii.26 = Iti.102; Snp.47 (˚bhojin carrying on a blameless mode of livelihood, see Cnd.39), Snp.263 (= anindita agarahita…

avajāta →

pts

…of low character (opp. abhijāta) Snp.664 (= buddhassa avajātaputta Snp-a.479); Iti.63; Mil.359.

ava + jāta; cp. B.Sk. avajāta in meaning…

avalekhana →

pts

…scratching in writing down Ja.iv.402, (˚sattha a chisel for engraving letters).

fr. avalekhati

Avalekhana2

neuter…

avasesaka →

pts

adjective being left, overflowing, additional, more Ja.i.400 (an˚); Dpvs.iv.45.

fr. avasesa2

avassajati →

pts

…avasṛjati The form ossajati puzzled the BSk. writers in their sanskritisation apotsṛjati = apa + ut + sṛj Divy.203

avaññatti →

pts

…egotism, pride, arrogance Iti.72 Vb.350, Vb.356; -kāma (adj.) wishing not to be surpassed unvilling to be second, wanting to be praised…

avaṃ →

pts

…uddhaṃpāda feet up) a position characteristic of beings in Niraya (Purgatory) e.g. SN.i.48; Snp.248 (patanti sattā nirayaṃ avaṃsirā…

avaṇṇa →

pts

blame, reproach, fault DN.i.1 (= dosā nindā DN-a.i.37); Iti.67; Pp.48, Pp.59.

a + vaṇṇa

avaṭṭhiti →

pts

(firm) position, posture, steadfastness SN.v.228; Dhs.11, Dhs.570.

Sk. avasthiti

avaṭṭhāna →

pts

position, standing place Ja.i.508; Pv-a.286.

Sk. avasthāna

avecca →

pts

…semantically B.Sk. avetya, e.g. Jtm. 210, is a Sanskritisation of the P. form

avekkhati →

pts

…look at, to consider, to see Iti.33 (variant reading ap˚); Dhp.28, Dhp.50, Ja.iv.6; Dhp-a.i.259 (= passati).

B.Sk. avīkṣate. The regular Pāli…

avihesa →

pts

…(avihesā); Snp.292 (= sakaruṇabhāva Snp-a.318); Iti.82 (˚vitakka).

a + vihiṃsā

avihiṃsa →

pts

…(avihesā); Snp.292 (= sakaruṇabhāva Snp-a.318); Iti.82 (˚vitakka).

a + vihiṃsā

avijjā →

pts

…icchā-lobha-sammussayā), Iti.57, Iti.81; Snp.199, Snp.277, Snp.729 (jāti-maraṇa-saṃsāraṃ ye vajanti punappunaṃ… avijjāy’eva sā…

avijānaṃ →

pts

not knowing, ignorant Dhp.38, Dhp.60; Iti.103.

a + vijānaṃ

avyattatā →

pts

state or condition of not being manifest or visible, concealment, hiding Dhp-a.ii.38.

abstr. fr. avyatta

avyāpajjha →

pts

…adj.) free from oppression or injury not hurting, kind DN.ii.242 (avera +), DN.ii.276; MN.i.90; Iti.16 = Iti.52 (sukhaṃ); Mil.410 (avera…

avyāpāda →

pts

absence of desire to injure, freedom from malice DN.iii.215, DN.iii.229, DN.iii.240; Iti.82 (all MSS have aby˚); Dhs.33, Dhs.36, Dhs.277, Dhs.313, Dhs.1056.

a + vyāpāda

avīci →

pts

…canon, e.g at Vin.ii.203 = Iti.86; Mnd.18, Mnd.347, Mnd.405 = Cnd.304 iiid; Pts.i.83; Dhs.1281; Ja.i.71, Ja.i.96; Ja.iii.182; Ja.iv.159;…

aya FIXME double →

pts

…iron ball SN.v.283; Dhp.308; Iti.43 = Iti.90; Thig.489; DN-a.i.84.

  • -ghana an iron club Ud.93; Vv-a.20. *…

ayo →

pts

…iron ball SN.v.283; Dhp.308; Iti.43 = Iti.90; Thig.489; DN-a.i.84.

  • -ghana an iron club Ud.93; Vv-a.20. *…

añjali →

pts

…of being thus honoured DN.iii.5; AN.ii.34; AN.iii.36 AN.iv.13 sq.; Iti.88.

cp. Sk. añjali, fr. añjati1

aññadatthu →

pts

…AN.iv.89, AN.iv.105; Iti.15.

lit. aññad atthu let there be anything else, i.e. be it what it will, there is nothing else, all everything,…

aññatara →

pts

…e.g. Snp.35, Snp.210; Iti.103; Dhp.137, Dhp.157; Ja.i.221, Ja.i.253; Ja.ii.132 etc. devaññatara a certain god, i.e. any kind of god…

aññathatta →

pts

…difference Ja.i.147; Iti.11. 3. erroneous supposition, mistake Vin.ii.2; SN.iii.91; SN.iv.329. 4. fickleness, change of mind, doubt…

aññathā →

pts

…existence AN.ii.10; Iti.9 = Iti.94; Snp.729, Snp.740, Snp.752; 2 a state of difference; i.e. change alteration, unstableness DN.i.36;…

aññā →

pts

…AN.v.108; Iti.39 sq., Iti.53, Iti.104; Dhp.75, Dhp.96; Kp.vii.11; Mil.334
aññaṃ vyākaroti to manifest ones Arahantship (by a…

aññāta →

pts

…DN.iii.219; SN.v.204; Iti.53 Pp.2; Dhs.296 (cp. Dhs trsl.86); Ne.15, Ne.54, Ne.60, Ne.191.

aḍḍha →

pts

…for “half in absolute position upaḍḍha (q.v.) is always used.

  • -akkhika with furtive glance (“half an eye”)…

aṃsa →

pts

…for mettaṃsa at Iti.22)
atīt’aṃse in former times, formerly DN.ii.224 Thig.314. mettaṃsa sharing friendship (with)…

aṅga →

pts

… * Eight qualities of a king DN.i.137

  • Ten qualities of an Arahant (cp. dasa1 B 2) SN.iii.83.Kp.iv.10 =…

aṅka →

pts

…the lap (i.e. the bent position) or the hollow above the hips where infants are carried by Hindoo mothers or nurses (aṅkena vahati)…

aṇu →

pts

…at DN.i.63 = Iti.118; Dhp.284; DN-a.i.181; Sdhp.347.

  • -sahagata accompanied by a minimum of, i.e. residuum…

aṭṭha →

pts

…endowed with the eight qualities (see anga 3), of rājā, a king DN.i.137 sq., of brahmassara, the supreme or most excellent voice (of the Buddha)…

aṭṭhi →

pts

…a heap of bones Iti.17 Bdhd 87.

  • -saññā the idea of bones (cp. aṭṭhika˚) Thag.18. *…

aṭṭiyati FIXME double →

pts

…Ja.i.66, Ja.i.292; Iti.43; Cnd.566; Pts.i.159. Spelling sometimes addiyāmi, e.g. Thig.140
pp aṭṭita & addita.

Denom. fr….

aṭṭiyati →

pts

…Ja.i.66, Ja.i.292; Iti.43; Cnd.566; Pts.i.159. Spelling sometimes addiyāmi, e.g. Thig.140
pp aṭṭita & addita.

Denom. fr….

babbaja →

pts

…Vedic balbaja, doubtful whether it belongs to Lat. bulbus; for the initial b. very often p. is found see pabbaja

badara →

pts

…mixture or addition of the juice of jujube-fruits Vin.iv.76.

  • -yūsa juice of the j. fruit Vv-a.185.

cp. Ved….

bahalatta →

pts

thickness, swollen condition, swelling Ja.i.147.

abstr. fr. above

bahu →

pts

…Snp.58 (see Cnd.457); Iti.60, Iti.80; Thag.1026; Dhp.208; Vin.ii.95; Ja.i.93; Mil.19; Thag-a.274, Thag-a.281; Snp-a.109, Snp-a.110….

bahula →

pts

…(āloka˚); AN.iv.35; Iti.27, Iti.30; Ja.iv.5 (vināsa˚), Ja.iv.22; Pv-a.80 (chārik’ angāra˚)
■ sayana˚ as much as “particular…

bali →

pts

…to subordinate divinities, cp. Mvu. translation 263) Dhp-a.ii.14 (variant reading ˚kamma)
pañca˚; the fivefold offering…

bandha →

pts

adjective

  1. bond, fetter Iti.56 (abandho Mārassa, not a victim of M.) Mnd.328 (taṇhā˚, diṭṭhi˚); Thag-a.241.
  2. one who binds or ties…

bandhana →

pts

…holding together, composition, constitution Vin.i.96 (sarīra˚) cp. Vin.iii.28
■ fig. composition (of literature) Ja.ii.224…

bhabba →

pts

…Vism.116 (bhikkhu), neg. Iti.106 (antakiriyāya), Iti.117 (phuṭṭhuṃ sambodhiṃ); Ja.i.106 (˚puggala a person unfit for the higher truths…

bhaga →

pts

…unpleasant uncomfortable Iti.90; DN-a.i.96 (˚karaṇa)
bhaga (in verse “bhagehi ca vibhattavā” in exegesis of…

bhaggavant →

pts

…with ref. to the 4 qualities implied in the word “bhagavā,” which passage is alluded to at Vv-a.231 by remark “bhāgyavantat’…

bharati →

pts

…Geiger, P.Gr. § 52, 5; 175 n. 3, 191.

bhṛ; cp. Lat. fero, Gr. φέρω, Av. baraiti, Oir. berim, Goth. bairan = to bear, Ger. gebāren….

bhariyā →

pts

wife (lit. one who is supported) DN.iii.190; Iti.36; Ja.iii.511; Dhp-a.i.329.

fr. bhṛ; Vedic bhāryā

bhassa →

pts

…(variant reading for hassa); Iti.71; Mil.90; Vism.127 (grouped into fit talk as the 10 kathā-vatthus, and unfit talk or gossip, as the 32…

bhava →

pts

itibhav’ ābhava see iti, and add ref. Vb.375
■ A remarkable use of bhava as nt. (obstr.) to…

bhavati →

pts

…On compounds with prepositions, as regards inflection, see Geiger, P.Gr. §§ 1312, 1513; and cp. anubhavati,…

bhavatta →

pts

the fact of being, state, condition Kp-a.227.

abstr. fr. bhū

bhañjana →

pts

…and the feet Vism.100; Vv-a.295.

for byañjana, in composition; maybe graphical mistake

bhaṇḍana →

pts

quarrel, quarrelling, strife Iti.11; Ja.iii.149; Mnd.196; Dhp-a.i.55, Dhp-a.i.64.

fr. bhaṇḍ, cp. BSk. bhāṇḍana Divy.164

bhesma →

pts

…terrible, awful Vin.ii.203 = Iti.86 (“bhesmā hi udadhī mahā,” so read for Vin. bhasmā with variant reading bhesmā, and for It tasmā,…

bhikkhu →

pts

…or should be, and these qualities were sought and found in the word itself Thus we mention here the foll.

  1. bhikkhu = bhinnakilesa (“one who…

bhikkhā →

pts

…SN.iv.323, SN.iv.324 (dvīhitikaṃ); AN.i.160; AN.iii.41; Ja.ii.149, Ja.ii.367; Ja.v.193; Ja.vi.487; Cp.i.3#3 (adj.); Vism.415 (˚pīḷita),…

bhisakka →

pts

…AN.iii.238 AN.iv.340; Iti.101; Mil.169, Mil.215, Mil.229, Mil.247 sq., Mil.302; Vism.598 (in simile); DN-a.i.67, DN-a.i.255.

cp. Vedic…

bhogatā →

pts

(-˚) feminine condition of prosperity, having wealth or riches, in uḷāra˚; being very rich MN.iii.38.

abstr. fr. bhoga

bhucca →

pts

…in composition, corresponding to *bhūtya → *bhutya, like pecca (*pretya) fr. pra + i In function equal to…

bhumma →

pts

…ones, i.e. the gods inhabiting the earth, esp tree gods (Yakkhas) Vv.84#2 (= bhumma-deva Vv-a.334)-nt. ground: Pv.ii.10#2 (yāva bhummā down…

bhusati →

pts

…a legitimate form for Sk. bhaṣate (see P. bhasati), with u for a, so that the suggested correction of bhusati to bhasati…

bhussati →

pts

…a legitimate form for Sk. bhaṣate (see P. bhasati), with u for a, so that the suggested correction of bhusati to bhasati…

bhuñjaka →

pts

…Vb-a.164.

fr….

bhāga →

pts

…more). bhāgaso mita (of cities or dwelling-places etc. evenly planned, well laid out, i.e. in squares Snp.300, Snp.305 (nivesanāni…

bhāgin →

pts

…as hāna-bhāginī, ṭhiti˚, visesa & nibbedha˚;)
■ Also in def. of term Bhagavā at Mnd.142 = Cnd.466 = Vism.210
■ pl….

bhāgiya →

pts

…DN.iii.274 sq.; hāna˚, ṭhiti˚ visesa˚, nibbedha˚ Vism.15 (in verse), Vism.88 = Pts.i.35. Cp. BSk. mokṣa bhāgīya, nirvedha˚ Divy.50;…

bhāsati →

pts

…form abhāsiya Iti.59, Iti.60 (micchā vācaṃ abhāsiya) is problematic. It may be an old misspelling for ca bhāsiya, as a positive form is…

bhāva →

pts

…by thought, mental condition, esp. a set mental condition (see der. bhāvanā). Sometimes (restricted to Vin J) in sense “thinking of…

bhāvanā →

pts

dānamaya & sīlamaya; at Iti.19, Iti.51; Vb.135, Vb.325.

  • -vidhāna arrangement of process of culture Dhs-a.168 =…

bhāṇa →

pts

…preaching, in pada˚; reciting the verses of the Scriptures Dhp-a.ii.95 (variant reading paṭibhāna), Dhp-a.iii.345; Dhp-a.iv.18.

*…

bhāṇin →

pts

adjective (-˚) speaking, reciting Snp.850 (manta˚; a reciter of the Mantras, one who knows the M. and speaks accordingly, i.e. speaking wisely,…

bhīru →

pts

…the fearful, adj. one who protects those who are in fear AN.ii.174; Iti.25; Sdhp.300.

fr. bhī; cp. Vedic bhīru

bhūri →

pts

…with other definitions); Mnd.95 (same expln as under Pts.ii.197); Cnd.415 C. (id.). -paññāṇa (adj.) same as…

bhūta →

pts

…The (exegetical) definition by Bdhgh of the word bhūta is interesting. He (at MN-a.i.31) distinguishes the foll. 7…

bindu →

pts

…adj.) one of the eight qualities of perfect sound (brahma-ssara, with ref. to the voice of Brahmā and of Buddha, cp. aṭṭhanga), which are…

bodhi →

pts

…the above with the addition of aniccasaññā; dukkha˚, anatta˚, pahāna˚, virāga˚, nirodhasaññā thus at Ne.112, Ne.237. In the older…

bojjhaṅga →

pts

…the 30 above-mentioned qualities (counting magga as one), with addition of sīlesu paripūrikāritā indriyesu gutta-dvāratā, bhojane…

brahma →

pts

˚deva gods inhabiting the next heaven above the Br- pārisajjā devā (cp. Kirfel loc. cit.) Kv.207 (read ˚purohita for ˚parohita!)….

brahmacariya →

pts

…Thag.1079; Iti.28, Iti.48, Iti.78, Iti.111; Dhp.155, Dhp.156, Dhp.312; Ja.iii.396; Ja.iv.52; Pv.ii.9#13; Dhp-a.iv.42 (vasuttamaṃ);…

brahmā →

pts

˚deva gods inhabiting the next heaven above the Br- pārisajjā devā (cp. Kirfel loc. cit.) Kv.207 (read ˚purohita for ˚parohita!)….

brāhmaṇa →

pts

…Iti.57 sq., Iti.60, Iti.98, Iti.101; Ja.iii.194; Ja.iv.9; Ja.vi.521 sq.; Vb.393 sq. For br. with the meaning “arahant” see…

brūmeti →

pts

…Pali Grammar

§ 141#2, rightly remarks “not critically sound”

brūti →

pts

…1st sg. brūmi Iti.33, Iti.40; Snp.1033, Snp.1042 sq. (explained as ācikkhāmi desemi paññāpemi etc. by Nd.); Pv.i.2#3 (= kathemi…

buddha →

pts

…(“extraordinary qualities”) as such: 1 seeing all things past, 2 present, 3 future, 4 propriety of actions of the body, 5 of speech, 6 of…

bujjhana →

pts

awakening, attaining to knowledge, recognition Pts.i.18; Mil.194; DN-a.i.51.

fr. budh

bujjhati →

pts

…lead to knowledge or recognition Ja.i.407. Two infinitives formed fr. bodh but belonging to budh are bodhuṃ Ja.v.341, and boddhuṃ

bya →

pts

Bya˚

etc. (byā˚, byu˚) words not found under these initials are to be looked up under vya˚; etc.

byāpāda →

pts

… ■ MN.i.434; SN.i.99; Iti.119; Pts.i.31; Pts.ii.12 Mnd.149, Mnd.207, Mnd.386.

  • -vitakka a malevolent or angry thought…

byūha →

pts

…of troops in particular positions, order of parade or battle DN-a.i.85. Three formations of troops are mentioned at Ja.ii.404 & Ja.ii.406, viz….

bāhitikā →

pts

mantle, wrapper (lit. “that which keeps out,” i.e. the cold or wind) MN.ii.116, MN.ii.117.

fr. bāhita, pp. of bāheti1

bāhā →

pts

…Pv.i.5#1. Cp. bāhitikā.

  • -aṭṭhi (bāh˚) arm-bone Kp-a.50.
  • -paramparāya arm…

bāla →

pts

…Snp.318, Snp.578, Snp.879; Iti.68; Dhp.28, Dhp.60 sq., Dhp.71 sq., Dhp.206 sq., Dhp.330; Ja.i.124 (lola greedy-foolish); Ja.v.366 (bālo…

ca →

pts

…the general context being positive or negative.

  1. copulative: and, then, now: tadā ca now then, and then (in historical exposition) Ja.iii.188…

cakka →

pts

…quality state, condition, esp. good condition (fit instrumentality) catucakka an instr. of four, a lucky tetrad, a fourwheeler of the…

cakkhu →

pts

…intuition and recognition, which means perfect understanding (cp. the use of the phrase jānāti passati “to know and to…

cakkhumant →

pts

…AN.iv.106; Dhp.273; Iti.108, Iti.115; DN-a.i.221; Dhp-a.iii.403; Dhp-a.iv.85
■ Esp. as epithet of the Buddha: the Allwise SN.i.121,…

candatta →

pts

in cpd. paripuṇṇa˚; state or condition of the full moon Snp-a.502.

abstr. fr. canda

candimā →

pts

…SN.iii.156 = SN.v.44; Iti.20.

Sk. candramas m. & candrimā f., cp. pūrṇimā; a cpd. of canda + mā, cp. māsa. The Pāli form, however,…

carati →

pts

…nisinno udāhu sayaṃ Iti.117 (walking, standing, sitting reclining; the four iriyāpathā); care tiṭṭhe acche saye Iti.120;…

carima →

pts

…last (opp. pubba) Thag.202; Iti.18; Ja.v.120
acarima not later (apubba ac˚ simultaneously) DN.i.185; MN.iii.65; Pp.13.

*…

cattārīsa →

pts

…forty SN.ii.85; Snp.p.87; Iti.99≈. Usually cattāḷīsa Ja.i.58; Ja.v.433; Dhp-a.i.41; Dhp-a.ii.9. 93.

catur →

pts

…of Avīciniraya Iti.86; Ja.iv.3; Pv.i.10#13; cp. Catudvāra Jātaka (No. 439; Ja.iv.1 sq.); -nahuta ninety-four…

cavana →

pts

…destined to decease DN.i.18, DN.i.19; DN.iii.31, DN.iii.33; MN.i.326; Iti.76; Ja.iv.484; Ja.vi.482 (˚dhammatā).

from cavati

cavati →

pts

…thānaṃ gacchati); Iti.99 Cnd.235#2 (satte cavamāne upapajjamāne); Iti.77 (devo deva-kāyā c. “the god falls from the assembly of…

cañcala →

pts

adjective moving to & fro, trembling, unsteady Ja.iv.498 (= calācala) Sdhp.317, Sdhp.598.

Intens. of cal = car, to move, with n instead of r in reduplication, cp. Sk. cañcūryate = carcarīti cañcala …

caṅkamati →

pts

to walk about, to walk up & down Vin.i.15 Vin.i.182; Vin.ii.193, Vin.ii.220; Vin.iv.18; SN.i.107, SN.i.212; Pv-a.105
caus cankamāpeti Ja.iii.9.

Intens. of kamati, to kram = Sk. cankramīti; cp. kamati

ce →

pts

…from here DN.i.117) or Conditional (tatra ce tumhe assatha kupitā DN.i.3), or Potential (passe ce vipulaṃ sukhaṃ Dhp.290)
■ Always…

cetaka →

pts

decoy-bird (Com. dīpaka-tittira, exciting partridge) Ja.iii.357.

cetanā →

pts

…state or behaviour of volition) Dhs.5; Vb.285
■ Cp. Dhs.58 (+ citta); Vb.401 (id.); Vb.40, Vb.403; Vism.463 (cetayatī ti cetanā;…

ceteti →

pts

… ■ Prohibitive mā cintayi don’t think about it, don’t worry, don’t be afraid, never mind Ja.i.50, Ja.i.292, Ja.i.424;…

cetiya →

pts

…from ci, to heap up, cp. citi, cināti

cha →

pts

…4 sikkhā, 5 chando (viciti) 6 jotisattha (thus enumerated at Vv-a.265; at Pv-a.97 in sequence 4, 1, 3, 2, 6, 5): DN.iii.269; Vv.63#16;…

chanda →

pts

…combined with other good qualities, e.g. ch. vāyāma ussāha ussoḷhi AN.iv.320 ch. viriya citta vīmaṃsā in set of samādhis (cp. iddhipāda)…

chando →

pts

…of Vedic metres).

  • -viciti prosody Vv-a.265 (enumerated as one of the 6 disciplines dealing with the Vedas: see chaḷanga).

Vedic chandas,…

chattiṃsakkhattuṃ →

pts

adverb thirty-six times Iti.15.

chava →

pts

…pyre SN.iii.93 = AN.ii.95 = Iti.90; Ja.i.482; Vism.54, Vism.299 (˚ûpama).

chaḷ →

pts

…4 sikkhā, 5 chando (viciti) 6 jotisattha (thus enumerated at Vv-a.265; at Pv-a.97 in sequence 4, 1, 3, 2, 6, 5): DN.iii.269; Vv.63#16;…

chindati →

pts

…(Sk. chidyate) Dhp.284; Iti.70; Ja.i.167; Thag.1055 = Mil.395; Mil.40; aor chijji Ja.iii.181 (dvidhā ch. broke in two)
fut chijjissati

chinna →

pts

…Dhp-a.iii.106 = Vv-a.76 -saṃsaya without doubt Snp.1112; Iti.96, Iti.97, Iti.123; Cnd.244….

cicciṭāyati →

pts

to hiss, fizz, sizzle (always combined with ciṭiciṭāyati) Vin.i.225; SN.i.169 Snp.p.15; Pp.36; Mil.258 sq.

onomat. cp. ciṭiciṭāyati

cintaka →

pts

adjective one who thinks out or invents, in akkhara˚; the grammarian Pv-a.120, nīti˚; the lawgiver ib. Pv-a.130; cp. Divy.212, Divy.451, “overseer.”

cp. cintin

cinteti →

pts

… ■ Prohibitive mā cintayi don’t think about it, don’t worry, don’t be afraid, never mind Ja.i.50, Ja.i.292, Ja.i.424;…

cira →

pts

…Pv-a.109;

  • -ṭṭhitika perpetual, lasting long AN.iv.339 (opp pariyāpajjati); Vv.80#1; Pp.32, Pp.33; Vism.37, Vism.175; DN-a.i.3. *…

cirīṭa →

pts

parrot Ja.v.202 (in compound cirīti˚).

Sk. ciri, cp. kīra

citi →

pts

heap, made of bricks Ja.vi.204 (city-avayata-piṭṭhikā). See also cetiya.

From ci, cināti, to heap up

citta →

pts

…pasanna-c˚); AN.iv.92; Iti.12, Iti.13; Pv-a.33, Pv-a.43, etc 2. vyāpanna -c˚: citte vyāpanne kāyakammam pi…

ciñcā →

pts

the tamarind tree Ja.v.38 (˚vana); Snp-a.78. Citi-citi

Sk. ciñcā & tintiḍikā

ciṭi-ciṭi →

pts

Ciṭi-ciṭi

fizz DN-a.i.137.

redupl. interj.

ciṭiciṭāyati →

pts

see cicciṭāyati; Vin.i.225; cp. Divy.606.

culla →

pts

…the minor exposition (following upon Mahā-niddesa); culla-sīla the siṃple precepts of ethics (opp. mahā˚ the detailed sīla)…

cullāsīti →

pts

eighty-four Ja.vi.226 (mahākappe as duration of Saṃsāra); Pv-a.254 (id.). Also as cūḷāsīti q.v.

= caturāsīti

cuta →

pts

…Snp.774, Snp.899; Iti.19, Iti.99; Ja.i.139, Ja.i.205; Pp.17
-accuta permanent. not under the sway of Death;…

cāga →

pts

…e.g. sacca dama dhiti c. Snp.188 = SN.i.215; sacca dama c. khanti Snp.189; SN.i.215; mutta˚ (adj.) liberal, munificent, SN.v.351 =…

cātur →

pts

…of the Four Kings, inhabiting the lowest of the 6 devalokas Vin.i.12; Vin.iii.18; DN.i.215 Cnd.307 (under devā); Ja.ii.311 (deva-loka); *…

cīvara →

pts

…AN.i.49 Cnd. s.v.; Iti.111. In abbreviated form Snp.339; Pv-a.7; Sdhp.393. In starting on his begging round the bhikkhu goes…

cūḷa →

pts

…the minor exposition (following upon Mahā-niddesa); culla-sīla the siṃple precepts of ethics (opp. mahā˚ the detailed sīla)…

cūḷāsīti →

pts

for cullāsīti at Thig.51.

dabbha →

pts

…to plait, interlace, etc. cp. Lith. darbas plaiting, crating

dadāti →

pts

…fr. 4 are Desid dicchati, diti, etc.

II. Meanings

  1. (trs.) with acc. to give, to present with: dānaṃ deti (w. dat. & abs.) to be…

dahati →

pts

…with prefixes compositions like ā˚, upa˚, pari˚, sad˚, san˚, samā˚, etc. pp. hita.

Sk. dadhāti to put down, set…

dakkhati →

pts

Dakkhati & Dakkhiti

see dassati.

dakkhiti →

pts

Dakkhati & Dakkhiti

see dassati.

dakkhiṇeyya →

pts

…AN.iv.13 sq.; DN.iii.5; Iti.19 (annañ ca datvā bahuno dakkhiṇeyyesu dakkhiṇaṃ… saggaṃ gacchanti dāyakā); Snp.227, Snp.448 sq.,…

dakkhiṇā →

pts

…Snp.482, Snp.485; Iti.19; Ja.i.228; Pv.i.4#4 (= dāna Pv-a.18), Pv.i.5#9 (petānaṃ d ˚ṃ dajjā), Pv.iv.1#51; Mil.257 Vism.220;…

dama →

pts

…damena saṃyamena = Iti.15 expl. at DN-a.i.160 as indriya-damena uposatha-kammena), DN.iii.147, DN.iii.229; SN.i.4, SN.i.29, SN.i.168 =…

dameti →

pts

…Dhp.305 (attānaṃ); Iti.123 (ppr. [danto] damayataṃ seṭṭho [santo] samayataṃ isi); Mil.14, Mil.386; Pv-a.54 (core d. =…

damma →

pts

…bulls & the young steers); Iti.80; also of other animals: assadamma-sārathi a horse-trainer AN.ii.112 & fig. of unconverted men likened to…

dandha →

pts

-ābhiññā sluggish intuition DN.iii.106; AN.v.63; Dhs.176; Ne.7, Ne.24, Ne.50, Ne.123 sq., cp. AN.ii.149 sq.; Vism.85.

Sk.? Fausböll refers…

danta →

pts

…AN.i.6 (cittaṃ dantaṃ); Iti.123 (danto damayataṃ seṭṭho); Snp.370, Snp.463, Snp.513, Snp.624; Dhp.35, Dhp.142 (= catumagga-niyamena d….

dassana →

pts

…AN.iv.336; AN.v.130; Iti.107, Iti.108; Mil.338. See also vimutti 2. in other contexts: ariyasaccāna-dassana Snp.267; ujubhūta˚…

dassati →

pts

…Snp.841, Snp.1131; Iti.47; Ja.iii.189; & dakkhi Iti.47; 1st sg. addakkhiṃ Snp.938. Spelling also adakkhi (variant reading BB at…

dassetar →

pts

one who shows or points out, a guide, instructor, teacher AN.i.62 AN.i.132 = Iti.110.

Sk. darśayitṛ, n. agent to dasseti

dassin →

pts

…jātikkhaya˚ Snp.209; Iti.40; ñāṇa˚ Snp.478 (= sacchikatasabbaññuta-ñāṇa Snp-a.411; cp. dassāvin); tīra˚ SN.iii.164 sq.;…

dassāvin →

pts

…sq.; bhaya˚ SN.v.187: Iti.96; esp. in phrase anumattesu vajjesu bhaya˚ DN.i.63 = Iti.118 (cp bhaya-dassin); lokavajjabhaya˚ SN.i.138;…

deha →

pts

…Thig.7, Thig.10; Iti.32, Iti.40, Iti.50, Iti.53. -nikkhepana laying down the body Vism.236.

Sk. deha to *dheigh to form, knead, heap up…

desanā →

pts

…moral instruction, exposition of the Dhamma, preaching, sermon Vin.i.16; AN.i.53 AN.ii.182; AN.iv.337 sq.; Iti.33; Ja.i.106 etc. (a˚ gāminī…

deseti →

pts

…AN.ii.185, AN.v.194; Iti.111; Ja.i.168; Ja.iii.394; Pp.57; Pv-a.6
aor adesesi (SN.i.196 = Thag.1254) & desesi

deva →

pts

…a divine condition, state of a god Pv-a.14;

  • -ānubhāva divine majesty or power DN.ii.12; MN.iii.120;…

devattana →

pts

state or condition of a deva Thag.1127; cp. petattana in the foll. verse.

= last

devatā →

pts

… ■ Another definition at Vv-a.21 simply states: devatā ti devaputto pi Brahmā pi devadhītā pi vuccati
■ Among the var. deities…

dhamma →

pts

…SN.ii.15, SN.ii.26; Cnd.320; Iti.22, Iti.24; Pts.i.5, Pts.i.22, Pts.i.28; Vb.105, Vb.228, Vb.293 sq. etc. etc 3. (adj.) good, pious, virtuous…

dhammika →

pts

…fit, right permitted, legitimate, justified; righteous, honourable of good character, just, esp. an attr. of a righteous King (rājā…

dhana →

pts

…treasure“ of the good qualities or virtues, viz. saddhā cāga etc. (see enumerated under cāga) DN.iii.163, DN.iii.164, DN.iii.251; Vv-a.113;…

dharati →

pts

…& fretus. See also daḷha, dhata, dhamma, dhiti, dhuva

dhaṃsana →

pts

…destroying, bringing to ruin, only in kula˚ as variant reading to kula-gandhana (q.v.) at Iti.64, and in dhaṃsanatā at Dhp-a.iii.353 in…

dhaṃsati →

pts

…AN.ii.67 AN.v.76, AN.v.77; Iti.11; Thag.225, Thag.610; Ja.iii.260, Ja.iii.318, Ja.iii.441, Ja.iii.457 Ja.iv.611; Ja.v.218, Ja.v.375

caus…

dhiti →

pts

…in expl. of dhīra as “dhitisampanna” Mnd.44≈(see dhi2); Pv-a.131.

Sk. dhṛti to dhṛ; see…

dhitimant →

pts

adjective courageous, firm, resolute AN.i.25; Snp.462, Snp.542; Thag.6; Ja.ii.140; Ja.vi.286 (wise, cp. dhiti).

Sk. dhṛtimant; cp. also dhīmant

dhovana →

pts

…AN.i.161, AN.i.277; Iti.111 (pādānaṃ); Ja.ii.129; Ja.vi.365 (hattha˚); Mil.11 Vism.343; Pv-a.241 (hattha-pāda˚); Dhp-a.ii.19…

dhuta →

pts

…off“ either cvil dispositions (kilese), or obstacles to spiritual progress (vāra, nīvaraṇa). The word is rare. In one constantly repeated…

dhuva →

pts

…who has reached a stable condition Dhp-a.iii.289;

  • -paññatta a permanently appointed (seat Vin.iv.274; *…

dhāra →

pts

…bearing, holding, having DN.i.74 (udaka-rahado sītavāri˚); MN.i.281 (ubhato˚) Snp.336 (ukkā˚); Iti.101 (antimadeha˚), Iti.108 (ukkā˚). See…

dhāreti →

pts

…i.e. to have a body Iti.50, Iti.53 (antimaṃ d.); Ja.iv.3 (padumaṃ) Ja.vi.136; Pv.i.3#1 (vaṇṇaṃ dh. = vahasi Pv-a.14); tassa…

dhārin →

pts

…an Arahant SN.i.14; Snp.471; Iti.32, Iti.40
■ Ja.i.47 (virūpa-vesa˚) Dāvs v.15
■ f. ˚inī Pv.i.10#8 (kāsikuttama˚).

Sk. dhārin, see…

dhātu →

pts

…AN.iv.202; Ja.i.55; Iti.38 (dve: see under Nibbāna); Mil.312. Also in the foll. connections: amata˚ Iti.62; bhū˚ the verbal root bhū…

dhīra →

pts

…& dhiti); 2 Vedic. dhīra “wise” fr. dīdheti (see dhi2). The fluctuation of connotation is…

dhītalikā →

pts

doll Vin.iii.36, Vin.iii.126 (dāru˚); Dhs-a.321; Pv-a.16.

Dimin. of dhītā; cp. dhītikā & potthalikā

dhītikā →

pts

doll Thig.374 (= dhītalikā Thag-a.252).

cp. dhītalikā

dibba →

pts

kāmā Snp.361; Dhp.187; Iti.94; also as kāmaguṇā AN.v.273. Of food, drink, dress & other commodities AN.i.182; Ja.i.50, Ja.i.202;…

diddha →

pts

…perhaps to be read at Iti.68 for duṭṭha (scil. sara) and at SN.ii.230 for diṭṭha Cp. san˚.

Sk. digdha to dih, see…

dikkhita →

pts

initiated, consecrated, cira˚ initiated long since SN.i.226 = Ja.v.138, Ja.v.139 (where dakkhita q.v.; Com. cira-pabbājita).

Sk. dīkṣita…

disā →

pts

…of states activities or other happening: Snp.719, Snp.1122 (disā catasso vidisā catasso uddhaṃ adho: dasa disā imāyo) Thig.487;…

diṭṭha →

pts

…Snp.141, Snp.343, Snp.1053; Iti.22, Iti.23, etc
■ In the same sense diṭṭhadhammika (adj.) belonging or…

diṭṭhi →

pts

…(as pāpaka & bhaddaka) at Iti.26, Iti.27
■ diṭṭhiṃ āsevati to hold a view MN.i.323; ˚ṃ bhindati to give up a view Ja.i.273…

diṭṭhika →

pts

adjective (-˚) seeing, one who regards; one who has a view MN.iii.24 (āgamana˚ one who views the arrival i.e. of guests); SN.ii.168 sq. (sammā˚ & micchā˚ hoḷding right & wrong theories); DN.iii.96 (v …

domanassa →

pts

…MN.ii.64; AN.i.157; Iti.89 etc.) the contrary of somanassaṃ with which dom˚ is combined to denote “happiness & unhappiness,” joy &…

dosa →

pts

…With rāga moha;: Dhp.20; Iti.2 = Iti.6; with rāga & avijjā; Iti.57; rāga & māna; Snp.270, Snp.631 etc
■ See for ref.: Vin.i.183;…

dosaneyya →

pts

…sinful SN.iv.307; AN.ii.120; Iti.84 (where AN.iii.110 has dussanīya in same context).

grd
■ formation either to dosa1 or…

dosaniya →

pts

…sinful SN.iv.307; AN.ii.120; Iti.84 (where AN.iii.110 has dussanīya in same context).

grd
■ formation either to dosa1 or…

dosanīya →

pts

…sinful SN.iv.307; AN.ii.120; Iti.84 (where AN.iii.110 has dussanīya in same context).

grd
■ formation either to dosa1 or…

du →

pts

druh, see duhana & duhitika

dubbha →

pts

…to injure Vin.ii.203 (= Iti.86 where dubbhe); Pv.ii.9#3 (mitta˚). adubbha one who does not do harm, harmless Pv.ii.9#8 (˚pāṇin =…

dubbhati →

pts

…(ppr. adubbhanto), SN.i.225; Iti.86 (dubbhe = dusseyya Com.) = Vin.ii.203 (where dubbho) Thag.1129; Ja.ii.125; Ja.iv.261; Ja.v.487, Ja.v.503
ppr…

duhitika →

pts

…another spelling of dvīhitika hard to get through (q.v.), to be compared are the vv.ll. of the latter at SN.iv.323 (S.S. dūhitika &…

dukkha →

pts

…AN.i.173; AN.iv.442; Iti.46, Iti.47. yaṃ kiñc’ āyaṃ purisa-puggalo paṭisaṃvedeti sukhaṃ vā d ˚ṃ vā a ˚ṃ vā sabban…

dussanīya →

pts

…evil (always combined with rajanīya, cp. rāga dosa moha AN.iii.110 (dusanīye dussati, where Iti.84 has dosaneyye) Ja.vi.9; Mil.386.

cp. Sk….

dussati →

pts

…= Pv-a.116; Dhp.137; Iti.84 (dosancyye na d.) cp. AN.iii.110 (dussanīye d.) Ja.vi.9; Mil.101, Mil.386
pp…

dutiya →

pts

…SN.iv.78 (id.), SN.i.131; Iti.9; Ja.v.400; Thig.230 (a husband); Snp.49 (= Cnd.305, where two kinds of associates or companions are…

dutiyaka →

pts

adjective noun

  1. the second, following, next Ja.i.504 (˚cittavāre); ˚ṃ a second time MN.i.83
  2. a companion; only in f. dutiyikā a wife or female compound Vin.iv.230, Vin.iv.270 (a bhikkhunī as co …

duṭṭha →

pts

…(id.), AN.i.157 sq.; Iti.68 (saro d., perhaps should be read as diddho); Ja.i.187 Ja.i.254 (˚brāhmaṇa); Ja.iv.391 (˚caṇḍāla);…

dva →

pts

Dva˚

in numeral composition, meaning two etc., see under dvi B III.

dvi →

pts

…gen. dat. dvinnaṃ (Iti.39, Iti.40, Iti.98; Ja.ii.154) instr. dvīhi (Ja.i.87: variant reading dīhi; 151; ii.153); loc. dvīsu

dvāra →

pts

…the condition of well protected doors (see gutta).

-kavāṭa a door post Ja.i.63;…

dvīhitika →

pts

…which is even suggested by vv.ll. at SN.iv.223 as dūhitika duhitika (q.v.). Dve & Dve;

du-īhitika, of du1 + īhati

dāna →

pts

…(+ dama & saṃyama; cp. Iti.15; Pv-a.276); DN.ii.356 sq (sakkaccaṃ & a˚); AN.iv.392 sq. (id.); DN.iii.147 sq. DN.iii.190 sq., DN.iii.232;…

dāra →

pts

…(d. vuccati bhariyā & Iti.36; f. also dārī maiden, young girl Pv.i.11#5. Otherwise as dāra (coll-masc.): Dhp.345; Ja.i.120; Ja.ii.248…

dāru →

pts

…woodwork, sticks AN.i.112; Iti.71; Dhp.80; Ja.ii.102; Ja.iii.54; Ja.vi.366; Dhp-a.i.393; Pv-a.76 (candana˚) Pv-a.141.

*…

dāruṇa →

pts

…firm, severe harsh, cruel, pitiless SN.i.101; SN.ii.226; Snp.244; Dhp.139; Ja.iii.34; Pv.iv.3#6 (= ghora Pv-a.251); Mil.117 (vāta) Pv-a.24,…

dārā →

pts

…(d. vuccati bhariyā & Iti.36; f. also dārī maiden, young girl Pv.i.11#5. Otherwise as dāra (coll-masc.): Dhp.345; Ja.i.120; Ja.ii.248…

dāsa →

pts

…fortunetelling from (the condition of) slaves DN.i.9.

Ved. dāsa; orig. adj. meaning “non-Aryan,” i.e. slave (cp. Gr. βάρβαρος, Ger….

dāsabya →

pts

…& Dāsabya

neuter the condition of a slave, slavery, serfdom DN.i.73; MN.i.275 (b) Ja.i.226; DN-a.i.168 (b), DN-a.i.213; Dhp-a.iii.35;…

dāsavya →

pts

…& Dāsabya

neuter the condition of a slave, slavery, serfdom DN.i.73; MN.i.275 (b) Ja.i.226; DN-a.i.168 (b), DN-a.i.213; Dhp-a.iii.35;…

dātar →

pts

…one who does not give, a miser Pv.ii.8#2; otherwise as na dātā (hoti) AN.ii.203; Iti.65.

Sk. dāṭr, n. ag. of dadāti to give; cp. Gr….

dāyaka →

pts

…AN.iv.81 Snp.p. 87 Iti.19 (ito cutā manussattā saggaṁ gacchanti dāyakā) Ja.v.129 (kaṇḍa˚) Pv.i.1#1f.; Pv.i.1#2; Pv.i.4#2;…

dāyikā →

pts

…AN.iv.81 Snp.p. 87 Iti.19 (ito cutā manussattā saggaṁ gacchanti dāyakā) Ja.v.129 (kaṇḍa˚) Pv.i.1#1f.; Pv.i.1#2; Pv.i.4#2;…

dāyāda →

pts

…(material h.): MN.i.12; Iti.101; also as dhamma˚ DN.iii.84 as brahma˚; MN.ii.84; DN.iii.83
adāyāda not having an heir SN.i.69;…

dīgha →

pts

…DN.i.206; AN.v.194; Snp.649; Iti.8; Ja.i.12, Ja.i.72; Pv.i.4#4; Pv.ii.13#11 (˚rattāya = ˚rattaṃ Pv-a.165); Pp.15; Dhp-a.iv.24; *…

dūbha →

pts

…to injure Vin.ii.203 (= Iti.86 where dubbhe); Pv.ii.9#3 (mitta˚). adubbha one who does not do harm, harmless Pv.ii.9#8 (˚pāṇin =…

dūbhati →

pts

…(ppr. adubbhanto), SN.i.225; Iti.86 (dubbhe = dusseyya Com.) = Vin.ii.203 (where dubbho) Thag.1129; Ja.ii.125; Ja.iv.261; Ja.v.487, Ja.v.503
ppr…

dūhitika →

pts

see duhitika.

ehi →

pts

…ehibhikkhu-pabbajjā initiation into Bhikkhuship Snp-a.456. ehibhikkhubhāva-state of being invited to join the Sangha, admission to the…

ejā →

pts

…craving SN.iv.64; Snp.791; Iti.91; Mnd.91, Mnd.353; Dhs.1059 (cp. Dhs trslu. 277); Vv-a.232
aneja (adj….

ekodi →

pts

…point. Thus also suggested by Morris; J.P.T.S. 1885, 32 sq. The word was Sanskritised into ekoti, e.g. at Mvu.iii.212, Mvu.iii.213; Lal.147, Lal.439

eti →

pts

…eti as well as ā-eti, i.e. to go and to come (here); with Sk. eti cp. Av. aeiti, Gr. ε ̓ϊσι Lat. eo, it; Goth. iddja went, Obulg. iti,…

eva →

pts

…(q.v.).

  • -rūpa 1 such, like that Snp.279, Snp.280; Iti.108; Ja.ii.352, etc. 2 of such form, beauty or virtue…

gabbha →

pts

…the impurities of childbirth Pv.iii.5#3 (= ˚mala)

  • -karaṇa effecting a conception Snp.927; *…

gacchati →

pts

…down,“ to denote all positions and every kind of behaviour; Cnd. s.v. gacchati. evaṃ kāle gacchante, as time went on Ja.iii.52, or evaṃ…

gaha →

pts

…AN.iii.116, AN.iii.258; Iti.112 (gharaṃ esino gahaṭṭhā) Dhp.404 = Snp.628; Snp.43 (gharaṃ āvasanto, see Cnd.226 for explanation),…

gahapati →

pts

…comfortably-living position of a g. is evident from an expression like kalyāṇa-bhattiko g. a man accustomed to good food Vin.ii.77 =…

gahapatika →

pts

…p. 258) MN.i.400; AN.i.110, Iti.111; Ja.i.83, Ja.i.152, Ja.i.267; Pv-a.22
■ paṇṇika g˚ “owner of a house of leaves” as nickname of a…

gahaṇa →

pts

…seizure, grasp, hold, acquisition Vism.114 (in detail) usually -˚: nāma˚-divase on the day on which a child gets its name (lit. acquiring a…

gahaṇī →

pts

…the indispensable good qualities of a brahmin or a noble DN.i.113, DN.i.115, DN.i.137 (gahaṇī expl. as kucchi DN-a.i.281) AN.i.163,…

gajjati →

pts

…gajjayati, ger. gajjayitvā (megho g˚ thanayitvā (megho g˚ thanayitvā pavassati Iti.66.

Sk. garjati, cp. gargara & jarā roaring, cp….

gala →

pts

…a sufficient means of recognition (i.e. name) of the animal which utters this sound (cuckoo, e.g.). To be divided into:

  1. palatal group…

gameti →

pts

to make go, to send, to set into motion, to cause to go Iti.115 (anabhāvaṃ to destroy) see under gacchati.

caus. of gacchati

gandha →

pts

…together with other commodities, is included in the second part of the deyyadhamma (the list of meritorious gifts to the Sangha), under Nos….

gandhina →

pts

in kule antimagandhina Ja.iv.34 (expl. by sabbapacchimaka) and gandhana in kula-gandhana Iti.64 see under *kula*˚.

gantha →

pts

…Nibbāna SN.i.210; AN.ii.24; Iti.104, Iti.122 ;

  • -pahīna (adj.) connected with or referring to the ganthas Dhs.1480; opp….

garu →

pts

…garūnaṃ dārā Iti.36-garukaroti (for garuṃ k˚) to esteem, respect, honour usually in series sakkaroti g˚ māneti pūjeti…

gata →

pts

…come into a state or condition. So in sugata & duggata (see below) and as second part of compounds in gen., viz.; gone; atthaṃ˚ gone home,…

gati →

pts

…Vin.ii.195; DN.ii.202; Iti.77; Pv-a.65. In combination w. sagga loka (sugatiṃ, etc. uppajjati) DN.i.143; AN.i.97; Ja.i.152. parammaraṇā…

gayha →

pts

…movable property, acquisition of property Dhp-a.ii.29; Dhp-a.iii.119; Pv-a.4. As gayhūpakaṃ at Ja.iv.219.

grd. of gayhati; Vedic…

geha →

pts

…life Snp.280 (pāpiccha); Iti.117 (vitakka); cp ˚sita;

  • -patana the falling of the house Ja.iii.118. *…

ghara →

pts

…householder Snp.188; Iti.112 (gahaṭṭha +) Ja.vi.575;

  • -ājira house-yard Vism.144 (where Dhs-a.116 in id. passage reads…

ghaṭṭana →

pts

…together, combination, composition Ja.i.220; Pv-a.312, etc. 2. striking, fig. insulting (ghaṭṭana = āsajjana) Vv-a.55. To meaning…

ghāteti →

pts

to kill, slay, slaughter Iti.22 (yo na hanti na ghāteti) Dhp.129, Dhp.405; Ja.i.255; Mhvs.vii.35, Mhvs.vii.36
aor aghātayi Ja.i.254; ger….

giddha →

pts

…Snp-a.286. Cp. gathita
agiddha without greed, desireless controlled Iti.92 (+ vītagedha); Snp.210 (do), Snp.845 Cp. pa˚.

pp. of…

gihin →

pts

…of a worldly man SN.iii.93; Iti.90;

  • -liṅga characteristic of a layman Dhp-a.ii.61. *…

go →

pts

…of good conduct“ DN.i.63 = Iti.118; MN.i.33; SN.v.187 Iti.96; analysed as Dvandva cpd. at Vb.246, Vb.247 but cp. pāpācāra-gocara Snp.280,…

gotta →

pts

…gottaṃ: the name for recognition, the surname for lineage); Snp.648; Vv.84#45 (with nāma & nāmadheyya; expl. at Vv-a.348 Vv-a.349:…

gutta →

pts

…in taking food) DN.iii.213; Iti.24; Pp.20, Pp.24; Dhs.1347; Pv-a.163 Opp. ; lack of sense-control DN.iii.213; Iti.23; Dhs.1345.

Sk. gupta,…

guṇa →

pts

…state of having the best qualities, superiority Dpvs.iv.1.

  • -aḍḍha rich in virtue Sdhp.312, Sdhp.561 *…

guṇavant →

pts

adjective possessed of good qualities, virtuous Pv.ii.9#71 (= jhān’ ādiguṇa-yutta); Pv-a.62 (mahā˚).

to guṇa1

gāma →

pts

…(raṭṭhaṃ). See definition & description at Vin.iii.46 Vin.iii.200. It is the source of support for the bhikkhus, and the phrase gāmaṃ…

gāmin →

pts

…nibbān ogadha˚ Iti.28, Iti.29; dukkhûpasama˚ maggaṃ Snp.724; Dhp.191; niraya˚ maggaṃ Snp.277, Thag-a.243. Or -gāmiṃ

gāthā →

pts

…SN.i.38. As a style of composition it is one of the nine Angas or divisions of the Canon (see navanga Satthu sāsana). Pl gāthā Snp.429;…

gīta →

pts

…samajja, kinds of festivities); Vv.32#4. Same with visūkadassana, pantomimic show at DN.i.5≈(cp. DN-a.i.77; Kp-a.36).

*…

gītaka →

pts

gītikā (f.) a little song Ja.iii.507.

gīvā →

pts

…as exhibition punishment): similarly in the sense of “life” (hinting at decapitation) Ja.ii.300 (˚ṃ karissāmi “I…

gūtha →

pts

…having turned to dung Iti.90;

  • -gandhin smelling of excrements Pv.ii.3#15;
  • -ṭṭhāna a place for…

ha →

pts

…a common beginning to traditional instruction Snp.1053; itihītihaṃ (saying), “thus and thus” Snp.1084; Snp-a.416 (ha-kāra); Pv-a.4…

harati →

pts

… fut hāhiti Ja.vi.500 (= harissati).
pass harīyati MN.i.33; hīrati Ja.v.254; …

harāyati →

pts

…MN.i.120; SN.iv.62; Iti.43; Pv.i.10#2 ppr. harāyanto Mnd.466, & harāyamāna Ja.iv.171; Cnd.566. Often combined with aṭṭiyati

hattha →

pts

  1. hand DN.i.124; AN.i.47; Snp.610; Ja.vi.40
    ■ forearm Vin.iv.221; of animals SN.v.148; Ja.i.149; -pāda hand and foot MN.i.523; AN.i.47; Ja.ii.117; Pv-a.241; Dhp-a.iv.7. sahassa˚; thousand …

haṃ →

pts

…& hambho*. In combination iti haṃ (= iti) Snp.783; Mnd.71; or with other part. like haṃ dhī Dhp-a.i.179, Dhp-a.i.216 (here as *haṃ…

hehiti →

pts

is Fut. 3rd sg. of bhavati, e.g. Bv.ii.10 = Ja.i.4 (v. 20).

hetu →

pts

…one of the 8 conditions precedent to becoming a Buddha Bv.ii.59 = Ja.i.14, Ja.i.44. 3. logic Mil.3.

hetuka →

pts

…“having root-conditions as concomitants”); Kv.533 (“accompanied by moral conditions”); ; SN.iii.210 (˚vāda, as a…

heṭṭhā →

pts

…Vin.i.15; DN.i.198; Iti.114; Ja.i.71; Vv-a.78; Pv-a.113. As prep. with gen (abl.) or cpd. “under” Ja.i.176; Ja.ii.103; lower in the…

hiri →

pts

…of sin MN.i.271; SN.ii.220; Iti.34; AN.ii.78; Ja.i.127, Ja.i.206; Tikp.61; Vism.221; Dhp-a.iii.73 Frequently spelt otappa, e.g. Ja.i.129;…

hirika →

pts

…shameless, unscrupulous AN.i.51, AN.i.85 AN.ii.219; Pp.19; Iti.27 (˚īka); Ja.i.258 (chinna˚ id.); nt -ṃ

hirimant →

pts

…AN.iv.2 sq., AN.iv.38, AN.iv.109; AN.v.124, AN.v.148; Iti.97; Pp.23.

fr. hiri

hirī →

pts

…of sin MN.i.271; SN.ii.220; Iti.34; AN.ii.78; Ja.i.127, Ja.i.206; Tikp.61; Vism.221; Dhp-a.iii.73 Frequently spelt otappa, e.g. Ja.i.129;…

hirīka →

pts

…shameless, unscrupulous AN.i.51, AN.i.85 AN.ii.219; Pp.19; Iti.27 (˚īka); Ja.i.258 (chinna˚ id.); nt -ṃ

hirīmant →

pts

…AN.iv.2 sq., AN.iv.38, AN.iv.109; AN.v.124, AN.v.148; Iti.97; Pp.23.

fr. hiri

hita →

pts

…AN.ii.96 sq., AN.ii.176; Iti.78; Snp-a.500
■ Opp. ahita AN.i.194; MN.i.332.

  • -ānukampin friendly & compassionate…

hāhiti →

pts

is fut. of harati.

hāsa →

pts

…giving pleasure, causing joy Mil.252

  • -kkhaya ceasing of laughter Dhtp 439 (in definition of gilāna, illness) -dhamma merriment,…

hāyin →

pts

adjective abandoning, leaving behind Snp.755 = Iti.62 (maccu˚).

fr.

hīna →

pts

…Pp.26 ˚ika id. SN.ii.157; Iti.70.

  • -kāya inferior assembly Vv-a.298 (here meaning Yamaloka); Pv-a.5. *…

icchati →

pts

…icchati, iṣ, cp. Av. isaiti, Obulg. iskati, Ohg. eiscōn, Ags. āscian = E. ask; all of same meaning “seek wish”

Icchati2

see…

icc’ →

pts

see iti.

idha →

pts

…Snp.1056, Snp.1065; Iti.99 (idh ûpapanna reborn in this existence); Dhp.5, Dhp.15, Dhp.267, Dhp.343 Dhp.392; Mnd.40, Mnd.109, Mnd.156;…

indriya →

pts

…AN.iv.166; AN.v.134; Iti.23, Iti.24; Mnd.14; Vb.248, Vb.360; DN-a.i.182 (= manachaṭṭesu indriyesu pihita-dvāro hoti), i….

iriyā →

pts

…vatti vihāro Cnd.148); Iti.31; Vism.145 (+ vutti pālana yapana).

-patha way of deportment; mode of movement; good…

isi →

pts

…(˚bhāsito dhammo); Iti.123; Snp.284, Snp.458, Snp.979, Snp.689, Snp.691, Snp.1008, Snp.1025, Snp.1043, Snp.1044 Snp.1116 (dev˚ divine…

issati →

pts

…fr. issā. Av. areṣyeiti to be jealous, Gr. ε ̓́ραται to desire; connected also with Sk. arṣati fr. ṛṣ to flow, Lat. erro; &…

itara →

pts

…Pv-a.83, Pv-a.117. In repetition cpd. itarītara one or the other, whatsoever, any Snp.42; Ja.v.425 Cnd.141; Mil.395;…

ito →

pts

…to the “other” world) Iti.77; Snp.271 (˚ja. ˚nidāna caused or founded in or by this existence attabhāvaṃ sandhāy’ āha Snp-a.303),…

ittha →

pts

…(variant reading itthi˚ for iti˚) = AN.ii.10 = Cnd.172#a; Iti.94 (variant reading ittha˚). There is likely to have been a confusion between ittha…

itthatta →

pts

…“life in these conditions” K. S. ii.17; expld. by itthabhāva C. on SN.i.140 (see K. S. 318)
■ See also freq formula…

itthaṃ →

pts

…Pv-a.150.

adv. fr. pron. base ˚i, as also iti in same meaning

iṇa →

pts

…debt MN.i.463 = SN.iii.93 = Iti.89 = Mil.279

  • -paṇṇa promissory note Ja.i.230; Ja.iv.256. *…

iṭṭha →

pts

…pleasure); Snp.759; Iti.15; Vb.2, Vb.100, Vb.337
■ Alone as nt. meaning welfare, good state, pleasure, happiness at Snp.154 (+…

jaddhu →

pts

only in composition as ; not eating, abstaining from food. -ka one who fasts MN.i.245; -māra death by starvation Ja.vi.63 (=…

jaha →

pts

…up ‣See attaṁ˚, okaṁ˚, kappaṁ˚, raṇaṁ˚, sabbaṁ˚, etc (SN.i.52 Iti.58 Snp.790 Snp.1101 etc.);
duj˚; hard to give up…

jahati →

pts

…(rūpaṃ);
pot jahe Iti.34; Dhp.221; Ja.iv.58, & jaheyya Snp.362; Iti.115; Ja.i.153 Ja.iv.58
fut jahissāmi Ja.iii.279; Ja.iv.420;…

jahitikā →

pts

(a woman) who has been jilted, or rejected, or repudiated Ja.i.148.

See jahati

jahāti →

pts

…(rūpaṃ);
pot jahe Iti.34; Dhp.221; Ja.iv.58, & jaheyya Snp.362; Iti.115; Ja.i.153 Ja.iv.58
fut jahissāmi Ja.iii.279; Ja.iv.420;…

jalati →

pts

…Ja.i.62 Ja.ii.380; Ja.iv.69; Iti.86; Vv.46#2; Vv-a.107; Mil.223, Mil.343
caus jaleti & jāleti (cp. janeti: jāneti) to set on fire light,…

janana →

pts

…producing, causing (-˚) Iti.84 (anattha˚ dosa); Ja.iv.141; Dpvs.i.2; Dhs-a.258 Dhtp.428
■ f. jananī Pv-a.1…

janapada →

pts

…the continent politically: a province, district, county DN.i.136 (opp nigama); DN.ii.349; AN.i.160, AN.i.178; Snp.422, Snp.683, Snp.995,…

janatā →

pts

…DN.i.206; Vin.ii.128 = MN.ii.93 (pacchimā); AN.i.61 (id.); AN.iii.251 (id.); Iti.33; Ja.iv.110; Pv.iii.5#7 (= janasamūha upāsakagaṇa…

jatu →

pts

…Lat. bitumen pitch; Ags. cwidu. resin, Ohg. quiti glue

jayati →

pts

…Snp.439; jetvāna Iti.76
inf jinituṃ Ja.vi.193; Vv-a.69
grd jeyya Snp.288 (a˚); jinitabba Vv-a.69 (variant reading jetabba) …

jaṭā →

pts

tangle, braid, plaiting, esp.

  1. the matted hair as worn by ascetics (see jatila) Snp.249; Dhp.241, Dhp.393; Ja.i.12 (ajina +); Ja.ii.272
  2. the…

jhāna →

pts

…SN.i.122; SN.iv.117; Iti.40; Snp.212, Snp.503, Snp.1009; Vv.50#15 Vv-a.38;

  • -vimokkha emancipation reached through…

jhāyin →

pts

…Snp.1009, Snp.1105; Iti.71, Iti.74, Iti.112; Ja.iv.7; Dhp.23 Dhp.110, Dhp.387 (reminding of jhāyati2, cp. Dhp-a.iv.144) Cnd.264;…

jigucchati →

pts

…Snp.215 (kammehi pāpakehi; Snp-a.266 = hiriyati); Ja.ii.287; Pp.36
ppr jigucchamāna Iti.43; grd. jigucchitabba AN.i.126; pp….

jita →

pts

…(attā jitaṃ seyyo for attā jito seyyo see Dhp-a.ii.228), Vism.105, Vism.179; Vv.64#27 (jitindriya one whose senses are mastered, cp….

jivhā →

pts

…the cognition of taste MN.i.112; DN.iii.243; Dhs.556, Dhs.612, Dhs.632;

joteti →

pts

…for joteyya = jotaye Iti.108; Ja.ii.208; Pv-a.18 2. intrs. to shine Dhp-a.ii.163 (ñāṇajutiyā jotetvā); pp. jotita resplendent…

jāgara →

pts

…vigilant SN.i.3; AN.ii.13 = Iti.116; MN.ii.31; Iti.41; Mil.300
bahu˚; wide awake, well aware, cautious Snp.972 (cp. rakkhita-mānasāno…

jāgarati →

pts

…jāgarato rattī), Dhp.226; Iti.41; Mil.300
pp jāgarita (q.v.).

Sk. jāgarti to be awake (redupl. perf. for jājarti)…

jāgarita →

pts

waking, vigil Iti.41; Pp.59.

pp. of jāgarti

jāgariyā →

pts

…(bhajetha keep vigil) Iti.42; Snp.926 (niddaṃ na bahulīkareyya j˚ṃ bhajeyya ātāpī)
■ SN.iv.104; MN.i.273, MN.i.355; Mil.388.

*…

jāla →

pts

…(= suttajāla, a plaiting of threads); Snp-a.115 Snp-a.263 (= suttamaya) DN.i.45 (anto-jālikata caught in a net); Snp.62, Snp.71,…

jānana →

pts

knowledge, cognizance, recognition; intelligence, learning, skill Ja.i.145 (attānaṃ-˚kālato paṭṭhāya from the time of self-recognition),…

jānāti →

pts

…3rd. sg. jānātu (Iti.28)
ppr jānanto & jānaṃ (DN.i.192; AN.i.128; Snp.722),
ppr med. jānamāna (Ja.i.168)
fut…

jāta →

pts

…(opp. ajātaṃ abhūtaṃ) Iti.37 2. “genuine,” i.e natural, true, good, sound (cp. kata, bhūta, taccha & opp. ajāta like akata,…

jātaka →

pts

…varieties of literary composition (MN.i.133; AN.ii.7, AN.ii.103 AN.ii.108; Vin.iii.8; Pp.43. See navanga). 2. the story of any previous birth of…

jāti →

pts

…jātijar’ upaga Snp.725 = Iti.106; saṃyojanaṃ jātijarāya chetvā Iti.42; Snp.1052, Snp.1060; Dhp.238, Dhp.348 cp. jāti ādinā nihīna…

jātimant →

pts

…natural or genuine qualities, noble, excellent Snp.420 (vaṇṇārohena sampanno jātimā viya khattiyo); Ja.i.342 (jātimanta-kulaputtā)….

ka →

pts

…are freq. emphasized by addition of the affirm. part. nu & su. e.g. ko su’dha tarati oghaṃ (who then or who possibly) Snp.173; kena ssu…

kabala →

pts

…or liquid Vin.ii.214; Iti.18 = Ja.iii.409; Ja.iv.93; Dhp.324; Mil.180, Mil.400; Bdhd 69; Dhp-a.ii.65; Pv-a.39; Mhvs.19 Mhvs.74. Kabale…

kabba →

pts

poem, poetical composition, song, ballad in -ṃ karoti to compose a song Ja.vi.410 -karaṇa making poems DN-a.i.95; and…

kacchapa →

pts

…or an ornament; a superstition included in the list of tiracchāna-vijjā DN.i.9≈; DN-a.i.94.

  • -loma “tortoise-hair,…

kacchu →

pts

…perhaps connected with khajjati, eating, biting

kacchā →

pts

…kacchā abhassatha); Iti.76 (kacchehi sedā muccanti sweat drops from their armpits); Ja.v.434 = Dhp-a.iv.197 (thanaṃ dasseti k˚ṃ…

kaddama →

pts

…compared with moral impurities Ja.iii.290 & Mil.35.; ; free from mud or dirt clean Vin.ii.201, of a lake Ja.iii.289; fig. pure of character…

kahāpaṇa →

pts

…Vism.312
■ Various qualities of a kahāpaṇa are referred to by Bdhgh in similes at Vism.437 and 515 Black kahāpaṇas are mentioned at…

kakkhaḷa →

pts

…pharusa). 2. cruel, fierce, pitiless Ja.i.187 Ja.i.266; Ja.ii.204; Ja.iv.162, Ja.iv.427. Akakkhaḷa not hard or harsh smooth, pleasant…

kalaha →

pts

…(nt. inciting & incitement to quarrel Ja.v.393, Ja.v.394; -sadda brawl, dispute Ja.vi.336.

cp. Sk. kalaha,…

kallatā →

pts

…unpreparedness, indisposition (of citta), in expln of thīna Cnd.290; Dhs.1156 = Dhs.1236 = Ne.86; Dhs-a.378; Ne.26. The reading in…

kalyāṇa →

pts

…SN.ii.154, SN.ii.158; Iti.70, Iti.78; Vb.341;

kalā →

pts

…SN.iii.156 = SN.v.44 = Iti.20; AN.i.166 AN.i.213; AN.iv.252; Ud.11; Dhp.70; Vv.43#7; Dhp-a.ii.63 (= koṭṭhāsa) Dhp-a.iv.74. 2. an art, a…

kalāpa →

pts

…a quiver Vin.ii.192; Iti.68; Ja.vi.236; Mil.418; Pv-a.154, Pv-a.169 3. in philosophy: a group of qualities, pertaining to the material…

kamma →

pts

…activity DN.ii.77; AN.iv.22; Iti.71, Iti.79; -ārāmatā taking pleasure in (worldly activity DN.ii.78 = AN.iv.22, cp….

kammaniya →

pts

…of citta Dhs-a.130, see next; ; unworkable condition Dhs-a.130.

kammanīya →

pts

…of citta Dhs-a.130, see next; ; unworkable condition Dhs-a.130.

kammatā FIXME double →

pts

…Vb.372. Esp. in definitions, as of chanda: kattu˚; Vb.208; Bdhd 20; of jappā: puñcikatā sādhu˚; Vb.351…

kammatā →

pts

…Vb.372. Esp. in definitions, as of chanda: kattu˚; Vb.208; Bdhd 20; of jappā: puñcikatā sādhu˚; Vb.351…

kammañña →

pts

…of citta Dhs-a.130, see next; ; unworkable condition Dhs-a.130.

kamyatā FIXME double →

pts

…Vb.372. Esp. in definitions, as of chanda: kattu˚; Vb.208; Bdhd 20; of jappā: puñcikatā sādhu˚; Vb.351…

kamyatā →

pts

…Vb.372. Esp. in definitions, as of chanda: kattu˚; Vb.208; Bdhd 20; of jappā: puñcikatā sādhu˚; Vb.351…

kanha →

pts

…the sense of “evil disposition” at Ja.v.87 (explained as kāḷaka-sabhāva). 4. of dark, evil actions or qualities: -dhamma AN.v.232 =…

kanta →

pts

…sq.; MN.i.85; Snp.759; Iti.15; Vb.2, Vb.100, Vb.337 bāla˚ (lovely in the opinion of the ignorant) Snp.399. DN.ii.265; DN.iii.227 (ariya˚);…

kapaṇa →

pts

…pl. (probably miswriting for ˚addh˚, cp Trenckner, J.P.T.S. 1908, 130) DN.i.137; Iti.65; DN-a.i.298

kapiṭṭha →

pts

…Ja.vi.534; Vism.183 (˚ka); Mhvs.29, Mhvs.11 2. ˚ṃ (nt.) the wood apple Mil.189. 3. the position of the hand when the fingers are slightly and…

kappa →

pts

…AN.iii.402 ~AN.iv.160; Iti.11~Iti.85. -ṭṭhāyin lasting a whole cycle of a vimāna Thag.1190. -ṭṭhika enduring for an aeon…

karakarā →

pts

…or grinding the teeth (cp. Sk. dantān kaṭakaṭāpya) i.e. severely (of biting) Ja.iii.203 (passage ought to be read as karakarā…

karaṇa →

pts

…(-˚) state, condition; in noun-abstract function ˚ttaṃ (cp. kamma I.2) as nānā˚ (= nānattaṃ) difference MN.ii.128; SN.iv.294;…

karaṇīya →

pts

…of being done (c. gen.) Iti.18 3. improper, not befitting (c. gen.) Vin.i.45 = Vin.i.216 = Vin.iii.20; Pv-a.64 4. not to be “done,”…

karoti →

pts

…Snp.94, Snp.796, Snp.819; Iti.67; Opt. (kubbe, etc.) second pl. kubbetha Snp.702, Snp.719, Snp.917; Iti.87; or 3rd sing kayirā Snp.728 =…

karuṇā →

pts

…cetasā. The first two qualities are complementary, and Snp-a.128 (on Snp.73 explains k˚ as “ahita-dukkh-âpanaya-kāmatā,” the desire…

kasiṇa →

pts

…sq., 104, 152. Nine qualities or properties of (paṭhavi-) kasiṇa are enumerated at Vism.117
■ Each k. is fivefold, according to…

kata →

pts

…AN.ii.174 = Vin.iii.72 = Iti.25 = Dhs-a.383; Pv-a.174; also Pass. to whom something good has been done Ja.i.137; Ja.iii.12; Pv.ii.9#9;…

kathana →

pts

…preaching Dhp-a.i.7. 4. reciting, narrating Kacc.130. Cp. kathita- akathana not talking or telling Ja.i.420; Ja.vi.424; not speaking fr. anger…

kathaṃ →

pts

…how is this?“); MN.i.108; Iti.49; Snp.534 Snp.635, Snp.868, Snp.1064; in phrases tiṇṇa-vicikiccho viharati akathankathī kusalesu dhammesu…

kathā →

pts

…explanation, exposition, in aṭṭha˚; (q.v.), cp. gati Pts.ii.72. 6. discussion, in -vatthu (see below) Mhvs.5 Mhvs.138….

kattabbatā →

pts

fitness, duty, that which is to be done Ja.ii.179 (iti-˚āya because I had to do it thus).

fr. kattabba

kattha →

pts

…fig. in what condition or state? DN.ii.241 (corresp. with ettha); Ja.iv.110.

  • -vāsa in what residence Snp.412. *…

kaṅkala →

pts

…aṭṭhi-rāsi SN.ii.185 = Iti.17 (but in the verses on same page: puggalass’ aṭṭhisañcayo). Cp. aṭṭhisankhalikā Pv-a.152;…

kaṅkhati →

pts

…(id. with bhāvito sadanto); Iti.69 (id. bhāvitatto)
■ Ja.v.411 (= icchati), Ja.vi.229 (= oloketi). pp. kaṅkhita SN.iii.99; Snp.540 (+…

kaṅkhā →

pts

…Snp.1059; Cndi; cp. vitiṇṇa Snp.514; avitiṇṇa˚ Snp.249, Snp.318, Snp.320 (= ajānaṃ); nikkankha SN.ii.84 (+ nibbicikiccha). 3….

kaṇa →

pts

…uncertain, possibly connected with kana; positive of kanīyān = small; Vedic kaṇa

kaṭṭha →

pts

…fuel AN.ii.95 = SN.iii.93; Iti.90 = Ja.i.482.

  • -atthara a mat made of twigs (cp kaṭasāra) Ja.v.197, Also as…

kerāṭika →

pts

…deceitful, false, hypocritic Ja.i.461 (explained by biḷāra); Ja.iv.220; Ja.iv.223 (= kirāsa) MN-a.152; Dhp-a.iii.389 (= saṭha)
■…

kesa →

pts

…AN.i.107; AN.iii.386; Iti.75; Pp.57; similarly AN.ii.207 = Pp.56. -sobha the splendour or beauty of the hair Pv-a.46….

khalu →

pts

either positive: indeed, surely, truly DN.i.87; Snp.p.103; Ja.iv.391 (as khaḷu); Mhvs.vii.17; or negative: indeed not Vism.60 (=…

khandha →

pts

…(all loc. = SN.i.99); Iti.107, Iti.108; Nd ii.under sīla.

  1. (absolute) in individual sense: constituent element, factor, substantiality….

khanti →

pts

-titikkhā (forbearance): khantī paramaṃ tapo titikkhā nibbānaṃ paramaṃ vadanti Buddhā Dhp.184 = DN.ii.49 =…

khantī →

pts

-titikkhā (forbearance): khantī paramaṃ tapo titikkhā nibbānaṃ paramaṃ vadanti Buddhā Dhp.184 = DN.ii.49 =…

khatta →

pts

…the law of ruling, political science Ja.v.490 (is it khattu˚ = khattā˚?)

  • -vijjā polity DN.i.9, condemned as a…

khaya →

pts

…e.g. āsavānaṃ kh. Iti.103 sq., esp. in formula āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ upasampajja AN.i.107 AN.i.221 = DN.iii.78,…

khaṇa →

pts

…viz. uppāda, ṭhiti, bhanga, cp. p. Vism.431) Ja.iv.128; aṭṭha-kkhaṇa-vinimmutto kh˚ paramadullabho: one opportunity out of…

khaṇika →

pts

adjective unstable, momentary, temporary, evanescent, changeable; usually syn. with ittara, e.g. Ja.i.393; Ja.iii.83; Pv-a.60
■ Vism.626 (khaṇikato from the standpoint of the momentary). Khaṇikā pī …

khema →

pts

…AN.iii.354 (of ñāna) Iti.32; Snp.268 (= abhaya, nirupaddava Kp-a.153); Dhp.189 sq. Pv.iv.3#3 (of a road = nibbhaya Pv-a.250); Vv-a.85. 2….

khetta →

pts

…bījaṃ); AN.iv.237; Iti.98; Vv-a.113. akhetta barren soil AN.iii.384 (akhettaññu not finding a good soil);…

khila →

pts

…SN.v.57; also with other qualities at Cnd.9. In combination with paligha SN.i.27 (chetvā kh˚ ṃ); khilaṃ pabhindati to break up the fallowness…

khippa →

pts

-ābhiññā quick intuition (opp. dandh˚;) DN.iii.106; Dhs.177; Ne.7, Ne.24, Ne.50, Ne.77, Ne.112 sq.; Ne.123 sq.; Vism.138.

Vedic…

khitta →

pts

…deranged, undisturbed in qualities required of a brahmin w. ref. to his genealogy: yāva sattamā pitāmahāyugā akkhitto DN.i.113 = Snp.p.115,…

kho →

pts

an enclitic particle of affirmation & emphasis indeed, really, surely; in narration: then, now (cp kira); in question: then, perhaps, really. Def. as…

khīṇa →

pts

…DN.iii.133, DN.iii.235; Iti.95; Snp.82, Snp.471, Snp.539 Snp.644; Dhp.89, Dhp.420; Pv-a.7 (= arahanto); cp. BSk kṣīṇāśrava Divy.542 …

kila →

pts

…continuous story is what “iti” is in direct or indirect speech. It connects new points in a narrative with something preceding, either as…

kilesa →

pts

…lusts; consisting of ten qualities, viz. the four āhārā (etc. four of each:), vipallāsā, upādānāni, yogā, gandhā āsavā, oghā, sallā,…

kilissati →

pts

…to dirty oneself, be impure Iti.76 (of clothes, in the passing away of a deva) Thag.954 (kilisissanti, for kilissanti); Pts.i.130. Kilisseyya…

kira →

pts

…continuous story is what “iti” is in direct or indirect speech. It connects new points in a narrative with something preceding, either as…

kirīṭin →

pts

adjective enveloped, adorned Pv.iii.9#1 (= veṭhitasīsa).

kiñcana →

pts

…Def. as the 3 impurities of character (rāga, dosa, moha at DN.iii.217; MN.i.298; SN.iv.297; Vb.368; Cnd.206#b (adding māna, diṭṭhi,…

kiṃ →

pts

…in this Snp.1080; Ja.i.147; Iti.114; Kp-a.187, Kp-a.190. Same as disjunctive conjunction with foll. pana: (= Lat. quamvis kiñcāpi hi… pana

kiṇakiṇāyati →

pts

to tinkle; also spelt kiṇikiṇāyati Ja.iii.315. See also kilikilāyati and cp. Sk. kiṭikiṭāyati to grind (one’s teeth) & Prk. kiḍikiḍiya (chattering) Weber, Bhagavatī p. 289; also BSk. kaṭakaṭāyati La …

kiṭika →

pts

at Vin.ii.153 of ālinda, a verandah, said to be saṃsaraṇa˚ ugghāṭana˚ (a movable screen or a curtain that can be drawn aside) Vin Texts iii.174, 176.

klesa →

pts

…lusts; consisting of ten qualities, viz. the four āhārā (etc. four of each:), vipallāsā, upādānāni, yogā, gandhā āsavā, oghā, sallā,…

kodha →

pts

…“the wise give up anger” Iti.2 = Iti.7; panuṇṇa-kodha (adj.) one who has driven out anger Snp.469; akkodhena jine kodhaṃ conquer anger by…

kolaputti →

pts

at AN.i.38 is composition form of kulaputta, and is to be combined with the foll
■ vaṇṇa-pokkharatā i.e. light…

koṭi →

pts

the end—

  1. of space: the extreme part, top, summit, point (cp. anta to which it is opposed at Ja.vi.371): dhanu-koṭiṃ nissāya “through the (curved) end of my bow,” i.e. by means …

kuddha →

pts

…Ja.ii.353; Ja.vi.517; Dhp-a.ii.44. Nom. pl. kuddhāse Iti.2 = Iti.7.

pp. of kujjhati

kuha →

pts

…singī AN.ii.26 = Thag.959; Iti.113
akuha honest, upright MN.i.386; Snp.957; Mil.352.

Sk. kuha; *qeudh to conceal, cp. Gr. κεύδω;…

kuhanā →

pts

… ■ MN.i.465 = Iti.28, Iti.29; SN.iv.118; AN.v.159 sq.; Vism.23 Vb.352; Sdhp.375. 2. menacing Snp-a.582
■ Opp akuhaka Snp.852

kukkuṭa →

pts

…(pl.) cocks and pigs DN.i.5; AN.ii.209 = Pp.58; DN.i.141; AN.ii.42 sq.; Iti.36.

Sk. kurkuṭa & kukkuṭa; onomatopoetic = Lat….

kula →

pts

…at Iti.64 and kule gandhina at Ja.iv.34 occur in the same sense and context as kulangāra in Jataka passages on…

kummagga →

pts

…lit. Pv.iv.3#5 Pv-a.44 (variant reading SS.); fig. Snp.736; Iti.117; Thig.245.

kuṃ + magga

kusala →

pts

…right volition Vb.135;

  • -dhammā (pl. (all) points of righteousness, good qualities of character…

kusalatā →

pts

…in acquiring good qualities Pv-a.67. For foll. cp Mrs. Rh. D. Dhs. trsl. pp. 345–⁠348; āpatti˚ skill as to what is an offence;…

kusīta →

pts

…SN.ii.159, SN.ii.206; Iti.71, Iti.102; Ja.iv.131 (nibbiriya +); Vism.132; Dhp-a.i.69. The eight kusītavatthūni occasions of indolence,…

kā →

pts

…interj. imitating the crow’s cry: kā kā Ja.iv.72.

Kā˚

in composition, is assimilated (and contracted) form of kad˚ as…

kāka →

pts

…said to have ten bad qualities AN.v.149; Ja.i.342; Ja.iii.126; kākā vā kulalā vā Vin.iv.40
■ As bird (of the dead) frequenting places…

kāla →

pts

…kālā, four opportunities AN.ii.140; yassa kālaṃ maññasi for what you think it is time (to go), i.e. goodbye DN.i.106, DN.i.189, etc….

kāma →

pts

…Ja.iv.490; Ja.vi.29; Iti.82, Iti.115; Vb.362; Mil.310; -vega the impulse of lust Ja.vi.268; -sagga

kāmin →

pts

…kkāmino“ AN.ii.62 = Iti.112; Thag.242; Ja.iii.154; Pv.ii.1#15; Pv.iii.1#16 (expl. “as enjoying after their hearts content all pleasures…

kāriya →

pts

adjective to be done, neg. akāriya to be undone, (not) to be made good Iti.18.

grd. of kāreti, Caus. of karoti

kāsāya →

pts

…necks those whose necks are dressed in yellow Dhp.307 (Dhp-a.iii.480) = Iti.43; -pajjota glittering with yellow robes Vb.247; Mil.19.

kāya →

pts

…as an instrument of action Iti.56 Iti.67; DN.iii.220; AN.i.273; Cnd.514;

  • -ratha the “carriagelike” body Ja.vi.253; *…

kāḷa →

pts

…kālā, four opportunities AN.ii.140; yassa kālaṃ maññasi for what you think it is time (to go), i.e. goodbye DN.i.106, DN.i.189, etc….

kīra →

pts

parrot Abhp.640 (cp. cirīṭi).

cp. Sk. kīra

labbhā →

pts

…usually neg (thus = Prohibitive!) Snp.393 (na l. phassetuṃ; Snp-a p.376 explains by “sakkā”), Snp.590; Pv.ii.6#10; Ja.i.64 (na l. tayā…

labhana →

pts

taking, receiving, gift, acquisition Dhp-a.iii.271 (˚bhāva); Pv-a.73 (˚ṭṭhāna), Pv-a.121 (id.).

fr. labh

labhati →

pts

…sg labha Iti.77; 3rd labhatu Pv-a.112; med. 2nd sg. labhassu Thig.432; 3rd sg….

lakkhaṇa →

pts

…“signs of good & bad qualities in the foll. things and of the marks in them denoting the health or luck of their owners”) DN.i.9 (a long list,…

lambati →

pts

to hang down, to droop, fall Mhvs.32, Mhvs.70 (laggāni lambiṃsu), Mhvs.71 (ākāse lambamānāni). Fut. lambahīti (poet.) Ja.v.302 (= lambissati)
caus lambeti to cause to hang up …

lapa →

pts

…noun talkative, talking, prattling; a talker, tattler, prattler, chatterer AN.ii.26 Thag.959 = Iti.112; Vism.26 (doubled: lapa-lapa) Mnd.226…

lapati →

pts

…prattle, mutter Snp.776; Iti.122; Pv.i.8#1; Pv.ii.6#3
■ Cp ullapati, palapati, samullapati
caus lapeti (and…

lapita →

pts

talked, uttered, muttered Iti.98.

pp. of lapati

lañcaka →

pts

…of Netti, p. 278 suggests writing lañjaka & trsld “making known,” “exposition” (cp Sk. lañj to…

lekha →

pts

  1. writing, inscription, letter, epistle Ja.vi.595 (silā˚ inscription on rock) Mhvs.5, Mhvs.177 (lekhe sutvā); Mhvs.27, Mhvs.6; Mhvs.33, Mhvs.40…

lekhaka →

pts

one who knows the art of writing, a scribe, secretary Vin.iv.8 (as a profession); Vin.iv.10 (= muddikā & gaṇakā, pl.); Mil.42.

fr. lekha

lekhana →

pts

scratching, drawing, writing Dhtp.467.

fr. likh

lekhaṇī →

pts

an instrument for scratching lines or writing, a stencil, pencil AN.ii.200; Ja.i.230.

fr. likh; cp. Epic Sk. lekhaṇī stencil Mbh 1, 78

lekhā →

pts

…likhā˚). 4. the art of writing or drawing [= lipi Hemacandra], writing as an art. It is classed as a respectable (ukkaṭṭha) profession…

likhana →

pts

scratching, cutting, writing Ja.v.59 (a golden tablet for writing on) Cp. ullikhana.

cp. late Sk. likhana; fr. likh

lipi →

pts

the alphabet; a letter of the alphabet; writing Mil.79.

fr. lip; late Sk. lipi

lobha →

pts

…e.g. at AN.iv.96; Iti.83, Iti.84; Vism.116 Duka-pa.9, Kp.18 sq. See dosa & moha;
■ DN.iii.214, DN.iii.275; SN.i.16, SN.i.43,…

lobhaneyya →

pts

…˚eyya)

adjective

  1. belonging to greed “of the nature of greed” causing greed Iti.84 (˚eyya). See rajaniya.
  2. desirable Mil.361…

lobhaniya →

pts

…˚eyya)

adjective

  1. belonging to greed “of the nature of greed” causing greed Iti.84 (˚eyya). See rajaniya.
  2. desirable Mil.361…

lobhanīya →

pts

…˚eyya)

adjective

  1. belonging to greed “of the nature of greed” causing greed Iti.84 (˚eyya). See rajaniya.
  2. desirable Mil.361…

loka →

pts

…7 viññāṇaṭṭhitiyo; 8 loka-dhammā; 9 satt’āvāsā 10 upakkilesā; 11 kāmabhavā; 12 āyatanāni 18 dhātuyo. They are repeated…

lokika →

pts

…the 4 phala’s, and the addition of nibbāna), e.g. Dhs.1094. Mrs. Rh. D. tries to compromise between the two meanings by giving lokuttara the…

lokiya →

pts

…the 4 phala’s, and the addition of nibbāna), e.g. Dhs.1094. Mrs. Rh. D. tries to compromise between the two meanings by giving lokuttara the…

lubbhati →

pts

…to covet, long for, desire Iti.84 (lobhaneyye na lubbhati); Vism.465, Vism.468
ger lubbha (?) in olubbha is to be…

luddha →

pts

greedy, covetous AN.iii.433 (with pharusa-vāca & samphappalāpin); Iti.84; Mil.92 (duṭṭha, mūḷha, l.); Ja.i.124.

pp. of lubbhati

luta →

pts

seems to be a legitimate spelling representing either lutta or lūna, in meaning “cut, cut off”. Thus at…

lutta →

pts

broken, cut off; as t. t. in grammar “elided” Vv-a.13 (of ca), Vv-a.111 (of iti), Vv-a.122 (id.).

cp. Epic Sk. lupta; pp. of lumpati

lābha →

pts

…selfishness in acquisitions AN.iii.273; DN.iii.234; Pp.19, Pp.23; Dhs.1122

  • -mada pride of gain Vb-a.466. *…

lābhin →

pts

…Ja.i.140. 2. one who has intuition either in reasoning (or logical argument) or psychically, and who may therefore take certain premises for granted…

lāpana →

pts

muttering, utterance, speech Iti.98; AN.i.165 (lapita˚). Perhaps also to be read at Thig.73
■ Cp. upa˚.

fr. lāpeti, Caus. of lap

līna →

pts

…dull, AN.i.3; Vism.125. Definitions at Vb.352, Vb.373; Dhs.1156, Dhs.1236; SN.v.277, SN.v.279 (ati˚). Often combined with…

lūkha →

pts

…(cp. cīvara lūkha bad condition of clothes AN.ii.71 = Pp.53; lūkhacīvara-dhara AN.i.25).

  • -ppamāṇa (& ˚ika); taking unpleasantness or…

m →

pts

-M-

euphonic consonant inserted between two vowels to avoid hiatus, as agga-m-agga the best of all Vin.iv.232 aṅga-m-aṅgāni limb by limb Vin.iii.119; Vv.38#2, etc See also SN.iii.254 (yena\ …

maccha →

pts

…MN.iii.168; & in simile at Iti.68 = Ja.iv.435 = Ja.vi.236 = Kp-a.127. Cp. J.P.T.S. 1906, 201. bahu˚; rich in fish Ja.iii.430. loṇa˚;…

maccharin →

pts

…Sdhp.89, Sdhp.97
■ a unselfish DN.iii.47; AN.iv.2; Snp.852, Snp.860; Iti.102.

cp. Vedic matsarin, fr. mat + sṛ; i.e….

macchariya →

pts

…is one of the evil conditions which have to be renounced as habits of mind by force of intelligence AN.v.40, AN.v.209; Mil.289; Pv-a.87,…

maccharāyanā →

pts

…(nt.) the condition of selfishness, both expressions in defn of macchariya at Dhs.1122; Pp.19,…

macchera →

pts

…is one of the evil conditions which have to be renounced as habits of mind by force of intelligence AN.v.40, AN.v.209; Mil.289; Pv-a.87,…

maccu →

pts

…victorious over death Iti.46 = Snp.755; Thag.129.

in form = Vedic mṛtyu, fr. mṛ; in meaning differentiated, the Ved
■ Sk. meaning…

mada →

pts

…(bhoga˚)
■ The traditional exegesis distinguishes only 3 mada’s, viz. ārogya- mada the pride of health, yobbana˚; of youth,…

madhuraka →

pts

…swooning like one in a condition of losing consciousness through intoxication. Rh. D. (Dial. ii.107) translates “my body became weak as a…

magga →

pts

…Vb-a.73. As the first condition & initial stage to the attainment of Arahantship (Nibbāna) it is often found in sequence of either;…

mahant →

pts

…greedy AN.iv.229; Thag.898; Iti.91; Ja.i.8; Ja.ii.441.

  • -icchatā arrogance, ostentatiousness AN.iv.280; Vb-a.472 *…

majjhantika →

pts

…Vism.236; Mil.3; or as apposition with kāla & samaya; SN.i.7 (kāla); Pv.iv.3#2 (id.); Cnd.97#7 (samaya); DN-a.i.251 (id.).

majjha + anta +…

makkha →

pts

…AN.v.209 AN.v.310, AN.v.361; Iti.3; Snp.56, Snp.437, Snp.631, Snp.1132 (cp. Cnd.484 makkhāyanā makkhāyitattaṃ niṭṭhuriya-kammaṃ, i.e….

makkhin →

pts

adjective concealing, hypocritical; harsh, merciless; often combined with palāsin (e.g. at Vin.ii.89; Ja.iii.259) DN.iii.45,…

mala →

pts

…Canon mostly fig. of impurities. On mala in similes see J.P.T.S., 1907, 122
■ SN.i.38 (itthi malaṃ brahmacariyassa), SN.i.43 (id.);…

mamma →

pts

…spot (of speech, i.e. backbiting Cp. piṭṭhi-maṃsika) Dhp-a.iv.182.

  • -chedaka breaking the joints (or ribs), violent…

mana(s) →

pts

…as opposed to body cittaṃ iti pi mano iti pi SN.ii.94. So in the triad “thought (i.e. intention) speech and action” manas interchanges with…

manda →

pts

…& puci-manda. 5. In composition with; bhū it assumes the form mandī˚; e.g. mandībhūta slowed down,…

mano →

pts

…as opposed to body cittaṃ iti pi mano iti pi SN.ii.94. So in the triad “thought (i.e. intention) speech and action” manas interchanges with…

manta →

pts

…Snp.302 (mante ganthetvā criticised by Bdhgh as brahmanic (: heretic) work in contrast with the ancient Vedas as follows “vede bhinditvā…

mantar →

pts

…seer, wise man, usually appositionally nom. mantā “as a sage,” “like a thinker,” a form which looks like a fem. and is mostly explained…

manussa →

pts

…condition of man, human state Vv-a.24. See also uttari-manussa dhamma.

manussatta →

pts

human existence, state of men Iti.19; Vv.34#16; Snp-a.48, Snp-a.51; Sdhp.17 sq.

abstr. fr, manussa

marati →

pts

…(id.); Vv-a.207 (positive); and marituye Thig.426. The form miyyati (mīyati) see separately
caus 1…

maraṇa →

pts

…The customary stock definition of maraṇa runs; yaṃ tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhā tamhā satta-nikāyā cuti cavanatā bhedo…

mataka →

pts

…condition of one who is dead Ja.i.164 (˚ṃ dassati pretends to be dead).

mati →

pts

…C.); Pv.i.8#2 (= nippañña Pv-a.40); Sdhp.292.

Vedic mati, fr. man: cp. Av. maitiš, Lat. mens, mentem (cp. E. mental); Goth. ga-munds,…

matta →

pts

…rodita˚ MN.ii.24 3. (positive) as much as, so much, some, enough (of); vibhava riches enough Ja.v.40; kā pi assāsa-mattā laddhā found some…

maya →

pts

…SN.i.137 4. (more as apposition, in the sense as given by Dhp above under 6) something like, a likeness of, i.e. ingredient, substance, stuff; in…

maṅgala →

pts

…Several ceremonious festivities are mentioned at Dhp-a.ii.87 with regard to the bringing up of a child, viz. nāma-karaṇa-mangala the…

maṅgalika →

pts

…for excitement). 2. superstitious looking out for lucky signs Vin.ii.129 (gihī), Vin.ii.140 (id.). At Ja.iv.72, Ja.iv.73; three sets of people…

maṇḍa →

pts

…to put into the best condition to make pleasant Snp-a.81
■ manda at Dhs-a.100 is to be read baddha (variant reading…

me →

pts

is enclitic form of ahaṃ in var. cases of the sg. See under ahaṃ.

megha →

pts

…Thag.307 (as kāḷa) Iti.66; Ja.i.332 (pajjunna vuccati megha); Dhp-a.i.19; Snp-a.27 (˚thanita-sadda). In this capacity often called…

mejjati →

pts

…meaning only as a “petitio principii” to explain mettā) Dhs-a.192 (variant reading mijjati = siniyhati).

cp. Vedic midyati, to mid,…

mettā →

pts

…SN.ii.265; AN.iv.150; Iti.20; Vb.86 and passim mettā-sahagatena cetasā with a heart full of love DN.i.250; DN.ii.186; DN.iii.49 sq.,…

micchatta →

pts

…wrong, viz. the 8 wrong qualities as enumerated under (an-) ariya-magga (see micchā) forming the contrary to the…

milāyati →

pts

…fade wither SN.i.126; Iti.76; Ja.i.329; Ja.v.90
caus milāpeti [Sk. mlāpayati] to make dry, to cause to wither Ja.i.340 (sassaṃ); fig….

mināti →

pts

…measure, māna; Av. mā-mitiḥ measure; Gr. μάτιον small measure, μ ̈ητις counsel Lat.; metior, mensis, modus; Goth. mēla bushel;…

mithu →

pts

…so as to cause opposition“] breaking of alliance, enmity DN.ii.76; Ja.iv.184 (here with variant reading mitta˚); Kv.314.

cp. Vedic…

mitta →

pts

…of all ordinary qualities of kindness and love, the latter of special virtues of mind & heart
■ A friend who acts as a sort of Mentor…

modara →

pts

…s. v. sees a miswriting for medura (full of, beset with), which however does not occur in Pali. The C expln is “samantato…

moha →

pts

…dos-aggi, moh-aggi Iti.92; DN.iii.217 also rāga-kkhaya, dosa˚, moha˚ Vb-a.31 sq
■ On combination with rāga,…

moheti →

pts

…sg. amohayi SN.iv.158; Iti.58 (maccu-rājan; vv.ll. asamohayi & asamohari) reading somewhat doubtful, cp. similar context Snp.1076 with…

mokkha →

pts

…the headmost, first, foremost, in series aggo seṭṭho m uttamo AN.ii.95, where the customary tradition reads pāmokkha

mucchita →

pts

…Pv-a.258. 2. distraught infatuated SN.i.61, SN.i.204; AN.i.274; DN.iii.46 (a˚) Iti.92; Ja.iii.432; Ja.v.274 (C. for pagiddha & gadhita). Cp….

muni →

pts

…schedules of muni-qualities, esp based on the 3 fold division of character as revealed in action, speech & thought (kāya˚, vacī˚,…

murumurā →

pts

…sound of the teeth when biting bones, “crack”; in phrase m ti khādati to eat or bite up to bits Ja.i.342; Ja.v.21…

muṇḍiya →

pts

baldness, shaven condition (of ascetics & bhikkhus) MN.i.515; Snp.249; Kv.i.95 Sdhp.374.

abstr. fr. muṇḍa

mā →

pts

indeclinable prohibition particle: not, do not, let us hope not, I wish that… not [cp Lat. utinam & ne]. Constructed with various tenses e.g.

1….

māna →

pts

-ānusaya the predisposition or bad tendency of pride MN.i.486; DN.iii.254, DN.iii.282; Snp.342. Cp. mamankāra

  • -ābhisamaya full grasp…

mānana →

pts

…Ja.ii.138; Pp.19, Pp.22; Mil.377 (with sakkāra, vandana, pūjana & apaciti) Dhs.1121; Dhs-a.373
■ Cp. vi˚, sam˚.

fr….

mānasa →

pts

…mano); Vb.144 sq. (in definition of viññāṇa as cittaṃ, mano, mānasaṃ, hadayaṃ etc. see mano ii.3); Dhp-a.ii.12…

mānusa →

pts

…human Snp.301 (bhoga); Iti.94 (kāmā dibbā ca mānusā); Pv.ii.9#21 (m. deha); Pv.ii.9#56 (id.)- amānusa divine…

māsana →

pts

…led to a wrong partition of syllables and has thus been lost through syncope may be P. eḷaka1, as compd with Sk….

māsati →

pts

…led to a wrong partition of syllables and has thus been lost through syncope may be P. eḷaka1, as compd with Sk….

māsin →

pts

…led to a wrong partition of syllables and has thus been lost through syncope may be P. eḷaka1, as compd with Sk….

mātar →

pts

…See also pitā
■ pitika
having mother & father Dhp-a.ii.2. 2. -pitiṭṭhāna place of m. & f. Dhp-a.ii.95. 3….

māyāvin →

pts

adjective deceitful, hypocritical DN.iii.45, DN.iii.246; Snp.89, Snp.116, Snp.357; Pp.19 Pp.23; Pv-a.13. See also…

mīḷha →

pts

…to urinate. Cp. Av. maēƶaiti to urinate meƶ urine; Gr. ὀμιξεϊν & ο ̓́μιξμα id.; Ags. mīgan to ur.; in Ohg. mist & Ags. miox…

mūla →

pts

…lobha, dosa, moha as conditioning; akusala (absence of them = kusala), e.g. at DN.iii.214, DN.iii.275; AN.i.201; AN.i.203;…

mūlaka →

pts

…reason through or from, conditioned by originating in Vb.390 (taṇhā˚ dhammā); Tikp.233 sq. Tikp.252 sq., Tikp.288 sq. & passim; Vb-a.200 sq.,…

na →

pts

…(Iti.29, Ja.iv.3), nayidha (Iti.36, Iti.37) nayimaṃ (Iti.15) etc. As double negation implying emphatic affirmation: na kiñci na all, everything…

nadī →

pts

…gen. sg nadiyā Ja.i.278; Iti.113; instr. nadiyā Ja.i.278; Pv-a.46 pl. nom. nadiyo Mil.114 (na tā n. dhuva-salilā), najjo Pv-a.29…

nahāpana →

pts

bathing, washing (trs.) DN.i.7, DN.i.12; AN.i.62, AN.i.132; AN.ii.70; AN.iv.54; Iti.111 (ucchādana +); Vv-a.305 (udakadāna +).

namassati →

pts

…Kp-a.196; pot namasseyya Iti.110; Dhp.392, 1st pl. namassemu Snp.995 ppr. namassaṃ Snp.334, Snp.934; namassanto Snp-a.565, (usually)…

nandin →

pts

adjective finding or giving delight, delighting in, pleasurable, gladdening. SN.ii.53 (vedanā) AN.ii.59 AN.ii.61 Iti.112

Sk. nandin

nara →

pts

…Mnd.12 = Cnd.335 (definition); Vv-a.42 (popular etymology: narati netī ti naro puriso, i.e. a “leading” man); Pv-a.116 = Dhp.125.

*…

narada →

pts

nard, ointment Ja.vi.537. Nala & Nala;

Sk. nalada, Gr. νάρδος, of Semitic origin, cp. Hebr. nīrd

nassati →

pts

…nassati kassaci kammaṃ); Iti.90; Ja.i.81, Ja.i.116, Ja.i.150; pret. nassaṃ (prohib.) Snp.1120, pl anassāma MN.i.177; aor….

nava →

pts

…tales) & stereotype traditions in which 9 appears as a number implying a higher trinity = 32

  1. navabhūmaka pāsāda (a palace 9…

nayati FIXME double →

pts

Neti & nayati

to lead, guide, conduct; to take, carry (away); fig. to draw a conclusion, to understand, to take as Dhp.80, Dhp.145, Dhp.240, Dhp.257; Ja.i.228 Ja.iv.241 (nayaṃ n. to draw a proper con …

negama →

pts

…of a (small) town; citizen; also collect. = jana, people Vin.i.268, Vin.i.273; DN.i.136, DN.i.139; Ja.iv.121; Ja.vi.493; Dāvs iii.3;…

nekkhamma →

pts

…AN.i.275 AN.ii.252; Iti.82;

nesajjika →

pts

…& remaining in a sitting position (as an ascetic practice) AN.iii.220; Thag.904 Thag.1120; Cnd.587; Ja.iv.8; Pp.69; Vism.79; Mil.20, Mil.342. The…

neti →

pts

Neti & nayati

to lead, guide, conduct; to take, carry (away); fig. to draw a conclusion, to understand, to take as Dhp.80, Dhp.145, Dhp.240, Dhp.257; Ja.i.228 Ja.iv.241 (nayaṃ n. to draw a proper con …

netti →

pts

…Iti.37 (āhāra˚-pabhava), Iti.38 (bhava˚), Iti.94 (netticchinna bhikkhu = Arahant). Cp. nettika2 dhamma˚, bhava˚.

Vedic netrī, f….

ni →

pts

…is usually restored in composition, like ni-kkhipati = ni + kṣip; nissita ni + sri. Sometimes the double cons. is merely graphic or due to…

nibbedha →

pts

…(paññā) Iti.35 & dunnibbedha (hard to penetrate, difficult to solve Mil.155, Mil.233 (pañha); spelt dunniveṭha at…

nibbidā →

pts

…is of the preliminary & conditional states for the attainment of Nibbāna (see nibbāna II B 1) & occurs frequently together…

nibbindati →

pts

…AN.v.3; Dhp.277 sq.; Iti.33; Ja.i.267; Mil.235, Mil.244; Sdhp.612 ppr. nibbindaṃ SN.iv.86; Pv-a.36 (nibbinda-mānasa) ger….

nibbisevana →

pts

…n. karoti), Dhp-a.i.295; Vv-a.284 (˚bhava = jitindriya).

nis + visevana

nibbuta →

pts

…anejassa nibbutassa anibbuto Iti.91 vītataṇho n. Snp.1041; tiṇṇa-sokapariddavo n. Dhp.196 rāg’ aggimhi n. & n. mātā, pitā, nārī…

nibbāna →

pts

…Vin.ii.239; DN.iii.135; Iti.38, Iti.121; Pts.i.101; cp. rāgavinayo n- dhātuyā adhivacanaṃ SN.v.8. See parinibbāyin; *…

nibbāpeti →

pts

…SN.i.188 (mahārāgaṃ); Iti.93 (rāg-aggiṃ; & nibbāpetvā aggiṃ nipakā parinibbanti); cp. aggiṃ nijjāleti Ja.vi.495; Pv.i.8#5…

nicca →

pts

…(continuous change of condition) is a prominent axiom of the Dhamma, & the realization of the evanescent character of all things mental or…

niccharati →

pts

…rise, sound forth, come out Iti.75 (devasadda) Vv.38#2; Ja.i.53, Ja.i.176; Dhp-a.i.389; Vv-a.12, Vv-a.37 (saddā). Caus….

nicchāta →

pts

…(aniccha), Snp.735, Snp.758; Iti.48 (esanānaṃ khayā); Thig.132 (abbūḷhasalla)
■ Explained at Pts.ii.243 by nekkhammena kāmacchandato n.;…

nidassana →

pts

…example, comparison, apposition, attribute characteristic; sign, term DN.i.223 (a˚ with no attribute), DN.iii.217 (id.); SN.iv.370 (id.);…

niddaya →

pts

adjective merciless, pitiless, cruel Sdhp.143, Sdhp.159.

Sk. nirdaya, nis + dayā (adj.)

niddesa →

pts

…DN.i.5). 2. descriptive exposition analytic explanation by way of question & answer interpretation, exegesis Vin.v.114 (sa˚); Ne.4, Ne.8 Ne.38 sq.;…

niddisati →

pts

…define, express, to mean Iti.122 = Cnd.276#f Mil.123, Mil.345; Dhs-a.57; Dhp-a.ii.59; Pv-a.87, Pv-a.217 (˚itvā); aor….

niddissati →

pts

…define, express, to mean Iti.122 = Cnd.276#f Mil.123, Mil.345; Dhs-a.57; Dhp-a.ii.59; Pv-a.87, Pv-a.217 (˚itvā); aor….

niddā →

pts

…of sleep, slothful, sluggish Iti.72 (+ kammarāma, bhassarata);

  • -ārāmatā fondness of sleep laziness, sluggishness…

nidhāna →

pts

laying down, depositing, keeping; receptacle; accumulation, (hidden treasure Ja.iv.280 (nidhi˚); Pv-a.7 (udaka-dāna-nīharaṇa-n˚), Pv-a.97…

nigati →

pts

destiny, condition, behaviour Ja.vi.238. See also niyati & cp. niggatika.

ni + gati, q.v.

niggahaṇa →

pts

adjective without acquisitions, i.e. poor Ja.ii.367 (variant reading BB. as gloss nirāhāra).

Sk. *nirgahaṇa, cp. nirgṛha homeless; nis +…

nigguṇa →

pts

adjective devoid of good qualities, bad Mil.180.

Sk. nirguṇa, nis + guṇa

nigha →

pts

…Pv-a.230). anīgha also at Iti.97 (+ chinnasaṃsaya); Ud.76; Dhp.295 (variant reading aniggha explained by niddukkha…

nihīna →

pts

…of low action Snp.661 = Iti.43; Dhp.306; Ja.ii.417

  • -citta low-minded Pv-a.107 (= dīna); *…

nijjhatti →

pts

…favourable disposition, satisfaction MN.i.320; AN.iv.223; Pts.ii.171, Pts.ii.176; Mil.210.

abstr. to nijjhatta, cp. BSk. nidhyapti,…

nijjhāpana →

pts

favourable disposition, kindness, indulgence Ja.iv.495 (˚ṃ karoti = khamāpeti Com.; text reads nijjhapana).

Sk. *nidhyāpana, ni + jhāpana,…

nikkhepa →

pts

…verse; i.e. rules of composition (Mil.381).
■Vin.i.16 pādukānaṁ = the putting down of the slippers i.e. the slippers as they were, put…

nikkhipati →

pts

…to lay (an egg) Vin.ii.114; Iti.13, Iti.14 (Pot. nikkhipeyya); Pp.34; Ja.i.49 (aṇḍakaṃ) 2. to lay aside, to put away Vin.i.46…

nikkhitta →

pts

…vatthe n. set into); Iti.13 (sagge: put into heaven) Ja.i.53, Ja.i.266; Pv.iii.6#8; Mil.343 (agga˚; put down as the highest, i.e. of the…

nikkuha →

pts

adjective without deceit, not false AN.ii.26 = Iti.113; Snp.56; Cnd.342.

nis + kuha

nillapa →

pts

adjective without deceit, free from slander AN.ii.26 = Iti.113. Nillaleti & Nilloleti;

nis + lapa

nimantanika →

pts

adjective inviting; (nt.) Name of a Suttanta MN.i.331; quoted at Vism.393.

nimitta →

pts

…ground reason, condition, in; nimittena (instr.) and nimittaṃ (acc.) as adv. = by means of, on account of Dhp-a.iii.175 (instr.)…

nimmala →

pts

adjective free from impurity, stainless, clean, pure AN.iv.340; Dhp.243; Cnd.586; Vism.58 Sdhp.250. Nimmata-pitika

nis + mala

nimmināti →

pts

to measure out, fashion, build, construct form; make by miracle, create, compose produce, lay out, plan, aor. nimmini Ja.i.232; Pv-a.245; Dhp-a.iv.67; ger nimminitvā Ja.i.32; Vv-a.80, & *[nimmā …

nimmita →

pts

…nimmita˚), paranimmita˚. Iti.94; Dhs.1280 (cp. kāma) DN.iii.218; Ja.i.59, Ja.i.146 (kāyo n’ eva deva˚ na brahma˚), Ja.i.232, Cnd.202#a,…

nimmāna →

pts

…of devas, e.g. at DN.i.218; Iti.94; Vism.225; DN-a.i.114 Thag-a.169; Vv-a.149. Cp. (para-) nimmita.

Sk. nirmāṇa, see…

nimmāta-pitika →

pts

Nimmāta-pitika

adjective one who has neither mother nor father, an orphan Dhp-a.ii.72.

nis + māta-pitika

nindiya →

pts

…Snp-a.477) Ne.132. pi nindiyā at Pv-a.23 is to be read as pīṇitindriyā

Sk. nindya, orig. grd. of nindati

ninna →

pts

…Snp-a.42 (= pallala); Iti.66 (megho ˚ṃ pūreti); Pv.ii.9#45 (megho ˚ṃ paripūrayanto).

nipphanna →

pts

…in phil. determined, conditioned Kvu xi.7; xxiii.5; Vism.450; Pts. of Controversy, 395 Cp. abhi˚, pari˚. See also Cpd. 156, 157.

pp. of…

nippitika →

pts

adjective a bastard Ja.i.133 (variant reading nippītika q.v.).

Sk. *niṣpaitṛka = fatherless or *niṣprītika?

nippītika →

pts

…AN.i.81. 2. being unloved, a foster child etc. (?) see nippitika.

nis + pīti + ka

niraggala →

pts

…(= Vv-a.285).

nis +…

niraya →

pts

…Vin.ii.204; Vin.ii.203 = Iti.86; DN.i.228 (+ tiracchānayoni), DN.i.54 (read nirayasate for niriyasate); DN.iii.111; SN.iv.126; SN.v.356,…

niraṅkaroti →

pts

…ruin, destroy Thag.478; Iti.83 (nirākare) Ja.iii.280 = Ja.v.498; Ja.iv.302; Pv.iii.9#6 (= chaḍḍeti pajahati Pv-a.211); Vv-a.109
pp…

nirodha →

pts

…Thag-a.13), Thag-a.158; Iti.46 = Snp.755 (nirodhe ye vimuccanti te janā maccuhāyino); Iti.62 = Snp.754; Snp.731, Snp.1037; Pts.i.192;…

nirodhika →

pts

adjective obstructing, destroying Iti.82 (paññā˚), cp. MN.i.115.

fr. nirodha

nirupadhi →

pts

…Thag-a.233); Iti.46, Iti.50, Iti.58, Iti.62; Snp.33, Snp.34, Snp.642 (sītibhūta +) Pv.iv.1#34; Dhp-a.iv.225 (= nirupakkilesa);…

nirākaroti →

pts

…ruin, destroy Thag.478; Iti.83 (nirākare) Ja.iii.280 = Ja.v.498; Ja.iv.302; Pv.iii.9#6 (= chaḍḍeti pajahati Pv-a.211); Vv-a.109
pp…

nisaṅkhiti →

pts

deposit (of merit or demerit), accumulation, effect (of kamma Snp.953 (= Mnd.442 abhisankhārā).

Sk. ni-saṃskṛti, ni + saṃ + kṛ.

nisedha →

pts

…= Snp.462; Dhp.143.

fr. ni +…

nisedhaka →

pts

adjective prohibiting, restraining; one who prohibits, an obstructer Ja.ii.220.

fr. nisedha

nisedhanatā →

pts

refusing, refusal, prohibition Mil.180 (a˚).

abstr. to nisedheti

nisinna →

pts

…(sayāna; lying down), e.g. at Snp.151, Snp.193; Iti.82.

Sk. niṣanna, pp. of nisīdati

nissaraṇa →

pts

…(uttariṁ); MN.iii.25 Iti.37 Iti.1 Pts.ii.180, Pts.244 Vb.247 Vism 116 Thag-a.233 Dhs-a.164 Sdhp.579.
■cp. nissaṭa &…

nissaraṇīya →

pts

…all existence), in detail at Iti.61 (kāmānaṃ n. nekkhammaṃ rūpānaṃ n. āruppaṃ, yaṃ kiñci bhūtaṃ sankhataṃ n nirodho). The 5…

nissita →

pts

…on, dependent on, inhabiting; attached to, supported by, living by means of, relying on, being founded or rooted in, bent on As-˚ often in…

nissāya →

pts

preposition accusative leaning on (in all fig. meanings) Cnd.368 (= upanissāya, ārammaṇaṃ ālambanaṃ karitvā).

  1. near, near by, on, at…

nittharaṇa →

pts

…(oghassa); AN.ii.200 (id.); Iti.111 (id.) MN.i.134; Ja.i.48 (loka˚); Dāvs ii.29 (id.); Vism.32; Sdhp.334 (bhava˚), Sdhp.619 (tiloka˚).

Sk….

nittiṇṇa →

pts

…(-ogha; variant reading BB nitiṇṇa) Mnd.159 (as variant reading; text has nitiṇṇa); Cnd.278 (t.). Cp nittharati.

Sk. nistīrṇa, nis +…

niveseti →

pts

…Dhp.282 (attānaṃ); Iti.78 (brahmacariye); Thig.391 (manaṃ); Ja.v.99; Pv.iii.7#7 (saṃyame nivesayi); DN-a.i.273 (gāmaṃ);…

niviṭṭha →

pts

…Mnd.38, Mnd.65, Mnd.162; Iti.35, Iti.77; Ja.i.89 Ja.i.259 (adhammasmiṃ); Mil.361; Vv-a.97 (˚gāma, built situated); DN-a.i.90 (su˚ & dun˚…

nivuta →

pts

…Snp.1032, Snp.1082; Iti.8; Cnd.365 (= ophuṭa, paṭicchanna, paṭikujjita); Mil.161; Snp-a.596 (= pariyonaddha).

pp. of nivarati…

nivāsa →

pts

…Also in pubbenivāsaṃ vedi Iti.100; Snp.647 = Dhp.423 p-n-paṭisaṃyuttā dhammikathā DN.ii.1; p-n-anussatiñāṇa DN.iii.110, DN.iii.220,…

nivāta →

pts

…AN.i.101 (id.); Iti.92 (rahada); Thag.1 (kuṭikā); Thag.2, Thag.376 (pāsāda)
■ (nt.) a calm (opp. pavāta Vin.ii.79.

Sk….

niyamana →

pts

fixing, settling, definition, explanation in detail Mil.352 (lakkha-n aiming at the target); Vv-a.22 (visesattha˚); Vv-a.231, Pv-a.255 (so read…

niḍḍāyati →

pts

…weed DN.i.231 (niddāyit˚); Iti.56 (as variant reading niddāta for niṇhāta, q.v.); Ja.i.215. Caus niḍḍāpeti to cause to weed, to have…

niṇhāta →

pts

adjective cleansed, purified Iti.56 (˚pāpaka = sinless; with several vv. ll amongst which niddāta of niḍḍāyati = cleansed of weeds = Mnd.58…

no →

pts

…Snp.852, Snp.855, Snp.1040; Iti.103 (but not); Pv.ii.3#13 (but not) as answer: no hi etaṃ “indeed not, no indeed” Vin.i.17; DN.i.3; no hi…

nu →

pts

…(= Lat. ne, num) in enclitic position Vin.i.17; Ja.iii.52; Snp.866, Snp.871, Snp.1071; etc. As such also combined with na =…

nāga →

pts

…are classed with other divinities (see devatā), with whom they are sometimes friendly, sometimes at enmity (as with the…

nāgara →

pts

citizen Ja.i.150; Ja.iv.404; Ja.v.385; Dāvs ii.85; Vv-a.31; Pv-a.19; Dhp-a.i.41.

Sk. nāgara, see nagara

nāgarika →

pts

adjective citizen-like, urbane, polite DN-a.i.282.

Sk. nāgarika

nālaṃ →

pts

adverb not enough, insufficient Iti.37; Ja.i.190; DN-a.i.167.

= na alaṃ

nāma →

pts

…Snp.756, Snp.909; Dhp.367; Iti.35; Pts.i.193; Pts.ii.72, Pts.ii.112 sq. Vb.294; Ne.15 sq., Ne.28, Ne.69; Mil.46. Nāma + rūpa form an elementary…

nānatta →

pts

…Ja.ii.265. In composition, substituted sometimes for nāna. Cp. Dialogues i.14, n. 2.

nānā →

pts

…diversity of dispositions DN-a.i.44 Ne.98;

  • -āvudhā (pl.) various weapons Ja.i.150;
  • -karaṇa difference,…

nāvā →

pts

…Vin.iii.49 (q.v. for definition & description) SN.i.106 (eka-rukkhikā); SN.i.iii.155 = SN.i.v.51 = AN.iv.127 (sāmuddikā “a liner”);…

nīti →

pts

guidance, practice, conduct, esp. right conduct, propriety; statesmanship, polity Pv-a.114 (˚mangala commonsense), Pv-a.129 (˚sattha science of statecraft, or of prudent behaviour), Pv-a.130 (˚cint …

nīḷa →

pts

nest (verse 92): see niḍḍha: cp. ˚pacchi bird cage Ja.ii.361; roga˚ Iti.37; vadharoga˚ Thag.1093.

Vedic nīḍa

o →

pts

Initial o in Pali may represent a Vedic o or a Vedic au (see ojas, ogha, etc.). Or it may be guṇa of u (see oḷārika

obhāsa →

pts

…AN.ii.139; AN.iv.302; Iti.108 (obhāsakara); Pts.i.114, Pts.i.119 (paññā˚); Pts.ii.100, Pts.ii.150 sq. Pts.ii.159, Pts.ii.162; Vism.28,…

odagya →

pts

exultation, elation Mnd.3 = Cnd.446 = Dhs.9, Dhs.86, Dhs.285, Dhs.373; Dhs-a.143 (= udaggasabhāva a “topmost” condition).

der. fr. udagga

odāta →

pts

…or special purity at festivities, ablutions & sacrificial functions DN.ii.18 (uṇṇā, of the Buddha), DN.iii.268; AN.iii.239; AN.iv.94,…

ohāreti →

pts

…1) Vin.i.48; Pv-a.95. 3. to cut down, shave off (hair; see oharāpeti under oharati) Iti.75 (kesamassuṃ hair & beard, variant reading…

ojavant →

pts

…possessing strengthening qualities, giving strength. MN.i.480 SN.i.212 (so read for ovajaṁ; phrase ojavaṁ asecanakaṁ of Nibbāna, translated…

ojā →

pts

…of strength-giving, nutritive essence (appl; d. to food). MN.i.245 SN.ii.87 SN.v.162 (dhamm’) AN.iii.396 Ja.i.68 Dhs.646 Dhs.740,…

okkamati FIXME double →

pts

…Dhp-a.i.9; Pv-a.47 At Iti.76 we hear that a dullness developed (dubbaṇṇiyaṃ okkami) on the body of a god, he lost his radiance. At…

okkantika →

pts

adjective coming into existence again and again, recurring. Only as epithet of pīti, joy. The opposite is khaṇika, momentary Vism.143 = Dhs-a.115 (Expositor 153 trsls. “flooding”).

fr. okkanti

oliyati →

pts

to stick, stick fast, adhere, cling to Iti.43; Ne.174
pp olīna (see avalīna).

o + līyate from

oma →

pts

adjective lower (in position & rank), inferior, low; pl. omā AN.iii.359 (in contrast with ussā superiors); Snp.860 (ussā samā omā superiors,…

omutta →

pts

released, freed, discharged, taken off Iti.56 (read omutt’assa Mārapāso for T. omukkassa m.).

pp. of omuñcati

opadhika →

pts

…paṭisandhi-pavatti-vipāka-dāyaka“
■ SN.i.233 = AN.iv.292; Vv.34#21; Iti.20 (variant reading osadhika), Iti.78.

fr. upadhi….

opapātika →

pts

…2832), apparitional rebirth (Cpd. 1654, q.v.) DN.i.27 DN.i.55, DN.i.156; DN.iii.132, DN.iii.230 (˚yoni), DN.iii.265;…

ophuṭa →

pts

…difficult, but legitimate form arisen out of analogy, fusing ava-vuta (= Sk. vṛta from vṛ; opp. *apāvuta P. apāruta) and…

ora →

pts

…Vin.ii.85, Vin.ii.203; Iti.85; DN.i.3; MN.i.449; AN.iv.22; AN.v.157, AN.v.164; Vb.247 Ne.62; Dhp-a.i.203; DN-a.i.55.

compar. formation fr….

orambhāgiya →

pts

…DN.iii.132; MN.i.432; Iti.114; Pp.22; Ne.14; Snp-a.13; DN-a.i.313
Note. A curious form of this word is found at Thig.166…

orasa →

pts

…breast, self-begotten, legitimate; innate, natural, own MN.ii.84; MN.iii.29; SN.ii.221 (bhagavato putto o. mukhato jāto); SN.iii.83; Ja.iii.272;…

osadhika →

pts

variant reading Iti.20 for opadhika.

osadhī →

pts

…white brilliance, SN.i.65; Iti.20 = AN.v.62; Vv.9#2; Pv.ii.1#10; cp. Pv-a.71 Vism.412. Childers calls it Venus, but gives no evidence other…

osaraṇa →

pts

…to, going into (acc.) visiting Ja.i.154 (gāmantaṃ ˚kāle). 2. withdrawal, distraction, drawing or moving away, heresy Snp.538 (ogahanāni…

ossajati →

pts

…avasṛjati The form ossajati puzzled the BSk. writers in their sanskritisation apotsṛjati = apa + ut + sṛj Divy.203

osāreti →

pts

  1. (with variant reading osāpeti, reading osāreti is uncertain) to stow away, deposit, put in, put away (see also opeti) Ja.vi.52, Ja.vi.67 (pattaṃ thavikāya o.).
  2. to bring out, e …

otiṇṇa FIXME double →

pts

…(dukkh’ otiṇṇa) = Iti.89 (as variant reading; T. has dukkhâbhikiṇṇa which is either gloss or wrong reading for dukkhâvatiṇṇa)…

ottappa →

pts

…Hiri-ottappa Iti.36; Ja.i.129 hir-ottappa at MN.i.271; SN.ii.220; SN.v.1; AN.ii.78; AN.iv.99 AN.iv.151; AN.v.214; Iti.34; Ja.i.127,…

ottappin →

pts

…DN.iii.252, DN.iii.282; Iti.28, Iti.119 2. ottāpin MN.i.43 sq.; SN.ii.159 sq., SN.ii.196 SN.ii.207; SN.iv.243 sq.; AN.ii.13 sq.; AN.iii.3 sq.,…

ottāpin →

pts

…DN.iii.252, DN.iii.282; Iti.28, Iti.119 2. ottāpin MN.i.43 sq.; SN.ii.159 sq., SN.ii.196 SN.ii.207; SN.iv.243 sq.; AN.ii.13 sq.; AN.iii.3 sq.,…

ovahati →

pts

to carry down
pass ovuyhati Iti.114 (ind. & pot. ovuyheyya).

o + vahati

ovuyhati →

pts

to be carried down (a river) Iti.114.

Pass. of ovahati

ovāda →

pts

advice, instruction, admonition, exhortation Vin.i.50 = Vin.ii.228; Vin.ii.255 Vin.iv.52; DN.i.137 (˚paṭikara, function of a king); Ja.iii.256…

ovādaka →

pts

…MN.i.145 AN.i.25 SN.v.67 Iti.107
anovādaka one who cannot or does not want to be advised, incorrigible Ja.i.159; Ja.iii.256,…

pabbajjā →

pts

…Snp.405, Snp.406, Snp.567; Iti.75 (pabbajjāya ceteti) Mil.19 (dhamma-cariya-samacariy’ atthā p.); Dhp-a.i.6; Snp-a.49, Snp-a.327,…

pabbata →

pts

…Names of some (real or fictitious) mountains, as found in the Jātaka literature: Cakkavāḷa Ja.vi.282; Caṇḍoraṇa Ja.iv.90 Canda…

pabhava →

pts

…MN.i.67; SN.i.181; SN.ii.12; Iti.37 (āhāra-netti˚); Snp.728, Snp.1050; Nd ii.under mūla (with syn. of sambhava & samuṭṭhāna etc.);…

pabhaṅgu →

pts

…Sdhp.553 2. -guṇa: Iti.37; Ja.i.393 (ittarā addhuvā pabhanguno calitā; reading may be pabhanguṇā); Dhp.139 (as n.; = pabhangubhāva,…

pabhaṅgura →

pts

…Sdhp.553 2. -guṇa: Iti.37; Ja.i.393 (ittarā addhuvā pabhanguno calitā; reading may be pabhanguṇā); Dhp.139 (as n.; = pabhangubhāva,…

pabhaṅguṇa →

pts

…Sdhp.553 2. -guṇa: Iti.37; Ja.i.393 (ittarā addhuvā pabhanguno calitā; reading may be pabhanguṇā); Dhp.139 (as n.; = pabhangubhāva,…

pabhaṅkara →

pts

…SN.i.210; AN.ii.51 sq.; Iti.80; Ja.iii.128; Snp.991, Snp.1136 (= ālokakara obhāsakara etc. Cnd.399); Vv.21#4 (= ñāṇ’ obhāsa-kara…

pabhā →

pts

…AN.ii.139; AN.v.22; Iti.19, Iti.20; Pv-a.56 (sarīra˚), Pv-a.137 (id.), Pv-a.71, Pv-a.176; Sdhp.250
■ canda-ppabhā moonshine Iti.20;…

pabodhana →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (nt.) awakening waking, arising Dhp-a.i.232 (˚codana-kamma).
  2. (adj. arousing (or realising?) Vv.64#22 (= kata-pīti-pabodhano Vv-a.282); awaking Thag.893 (samma-tāḷa˚).

fr. pabodhati

pabujjhati →

pts

…SN.i.209; Dhp.296 sq.; Iti.41 (suttā p.); Ja.i.61; Ja.ii.103 Ja.iv.431 (opp. niddāyati); DN-a.i.140
pp pabuddha

paccabhiññāṇa →

pts

recognition Dhs-a.110.

paṭi + abhi + ñāṇa

paccanubhoti →

pts

…SN.v.353; AN.iii.425 sq.; Iti.38; Pv-a.26, Pv-a.44, Pv-a.107 (dukkhaṃ)
fut paccanubhossati DN.ii.213; SN.i.133, SN.i.227; Pv.iii.56 …

paccatthika →

pts

…DN.i.50, DN.i.70, DN.i.137; Iti.83; Pv-a.62 Cp. paccāmitta.

paṭi + attha + ka, lit. opposite to useful, cp. Sk….

paccaya →

pts

…ground, motive, means condition MN.i.259 (yaṃ yad eva paccayaṃ paṭicca by whatever cause or by whichever means); SN.ii.65; Ne.78 sq.;…

pacchaḍḍana →

pts

vomiting, throwing out Sdhp.137.

pa + chaḍḍana

paccupaṭṭhita →

pts

…DN.iii.218 (˚kāmā) Iti.95 (id.); Snp.p.105; Iti.111; Kv.157, Kv.280; Mil.123.

pp. of paccupaṭṭhahati; cp. BSk. pratyupasthita, Divy…

paccuppanna →

pts

…DN.iii.220, DN.iii.275; Iti.53; Mnd.340; Pv.iv.6#2; Dhs.1040, Dhs.1043 Vb-a.157 sq.; Pv-a.100. See also atīta.

pp. of…

paccuṭṭhapanā →

pts

putting against, resistance, opposition Snp.245 (= paccanīkaṭ ṭhapanā Snp-a.228).

paṭi + ud + Caus. of sthā

pada →

pts

…variant reading apara); Iti.87 (sattā, dvipada etc.) 2. trackless, leaving no footprint, fig having no desires (i.e. signs of worldliness)…

padesa →

pts

…raining or shedding rain only locally or over a (limited) district Iti.64–Iti.66.

fr. pa + diś, cp. late Sk. pradeśa

padhāna →

pts

…sq.; Snp.424, Snp.428; Iti.30; Dhp.141; Ja.i.90; Cnd.394 (= viriya); Vb.218 (citta-samādhi p˚ etc.); Ne.16; DN-a.i.104; Dhp-a.i.85…

padhāniya →

pts

…consisting either of 4 qualities (sīla˚, citta˚, diṭṭhi˚, vimutti˚) AN.ii.194, or of 9 (the four + kankhā-vitaraṇa˚,…

padosa →

pts

…AN.iii.92 (vyāpāda); Iti.12; Ja.v.99; Pp.59, Pp.68; Dhs.1060
Note. At Thag-a.72 we find reading “apace paduse (padose?) pi ca”…

padoseti →

pts

…Divy.286] DN.i.20; MN.i.129; Iti.86; DN-a.i.211 (see padosa1) Thag-a.72 (Ap. v. 40; to be read for paduse, Pot. =…

paduṭṭha →

pts

…pasanna, e.g. at AN.i.8; Iti.12, Iti.13; DN.iii.32 (˚citta); MN.iii.49; AN.ii.30; Snp.662; Dhp.1; Ja.ii.401; Dhp-a.i.23 (opp. pasanna);…

padāleti →

pts

…mass of…, e.g. tamo˚ Iti.8 (padālayuṃ); Thig.28 (ger. padāliya = moha˚ padālitvā Thag-a.34); lobha SN.v.88; avijjā˚ AN.i.285. 2….

padīpeyya →

pts

…The form in -eyya is the older and more usual one, thus at AN.ii.85, AN.ii.203; AN.iv.239; Iti.65; Pp.51; Vv-a.51
■ The form in…

padīpiya →

pts

…The form in -eyya is the older and more usual one, thus at AN.ii.85, AN.ii.203; AN.iv.239; Iti.65; Pp.51; Vv-a.51
■ The form in…

padūseti →

pts

…Divy.286] DN.i.20; MN.i.129; Iti.86; DN-a.i.211 (see padosa1) Thag-a.72 (Ap. v. 40; to be read for paduse, Pot. =…

padūsita →

pts

made bad, corrupted, spoilt Iti.13 (variant reading padussita). Paduseti & Padoseti;

pp. of padūseti

pahita →

pts

…Snp.432 sq., Snp.961; Iti.71; Mnd.477; Thig.161 (explained at Thag-a.143, with the same mistake as above, as pesita citta); Mnd.477 (id.;…

pahāna →

pts

…based on the 5 qualities tadanga-pahāna, vikkhambhana˚, samuccheda˚, paṭippassaddhi˚ nissaraṇa˚ Dhs-a.351 Snp-a.8

fr. pa +…

pahīna →

pts

…Snp.351 (˚jāti-maraṇa), Snp.370, Snp.564, Snp.1132 (˚mala-moha) Iti.32; Cnd. s.v.; Pts.i.63; Pts.ii.244; Pp.12, Pp.22.

pp. of…

pajahati →

pts

…tumhākaṃ taṃ pajahatha) Iti.32 (kiṃ appahīnaṃ kiṃ pajahāma); Iti.117; AN.iv.109 sq (akusalaṃ, sāvajjaṃ); Snp.789 (dukkhaṃ),…

pajā →

pts

…SN.iv.158; SN.v.204, SN.v.352; AN.ii.130; AN.v.204 Snp.p.15; Iti.121 etc.

Ved. prajā, pra + jan

pajānāti →

pts

…Snp.726 sq., Snp.987; Iti.12 (ceto paricca); Dhp.402; Pv.i.11#12 (= jānāti Pv-a.60); Ja.v.445; Pp.64
ppr pajānaṃ Snp.884, Snp.1050…

pakaraṇa →

pts

…Vin.iii.20. 3. exposition, arrangement, literary work, composition, book; usually in titles only, viz Abhidhamma˚ Ja.i.312; Dpvs.v.37;…

pakaroti →

pts

…pakubbamāna; cp. Mnd.65); Iti.21 (puññaṃ); Snp-a.169 (pakurute, corresponding with sevati)
pp pakata (q.v.).

pa +…

pakata →

pts

…Pv-a.124 On pakata at Iti.89 see apakata
pakatatta (pakata attan) natural, of a natural…

pakati →

pts

…form, natural state or condition (lit. make-up); as ˚- = primary original, real Vin.i.189; Vin.ii.113; Ja.i.146 (˚vesena in her usual dress);…

pakirati →

pts

…(thūpaṃ); SN.i.100; Iti.90 (variant reading kīrati) 2. to scatter SN.i.100 = Iti.66; Pp.23

pp pakiṇṇa (see…

pakkhandati →

pts

…(adukkha-m-asukhe); Iti.43 (dhamme); and na me tattha mānasaṃ p. Mil.135. pp. pakkhanna (q.v.).

pa +…

pakkhiya →

pts

…37 parts of enlightenment Iti.75 (satta only); Ja.i.275; Vism.678 sq.; Snp-a.164; Vv-a.95; see Cpd. 179 and note 1 pakkhiya at Thig.425 is…

pakopana →

pts

adjective shaking, upsetting, making turbulent Iti.84 (moho citta-pakopano).

pa + kopana, of kup

pakuṭa →

pts

…s. v. explained it as miswriting for pakuṭṭha (= Sk. prakoṣṭha an inner court in a building, Prk. paoṭṭha, cp. P….

pakāsati →

pts

…about Vin.ii.189; SN.i.105; Iti.111 (brahmacariyaṃ); Dhp.304; Snp.578, Snp.1021 Pp.57; Ja.vi.281 (atthaṃ to explain the meaning or matter);…

palita →

pts

…= Ohg. falo E. fallow, Ger. fahl; also Sk. pāṇḍu whitish; P. paṇḍu pāṭala pink

palāsa →

pts

…= dāsa* “enemy” this form evidently a Sanskritisation

palāyati →

pts

…Ja.v.255; fut. palehiti Thag.307; imper. palehi Snp.831 (= gaccha Snp-a.542)
pp palāta & palāyita; Caus palāpeti1

pamocana →

pts

…AN.ii.49 sq.; Snp.166 (maccupāsā, abl. = from), Snp.1064 (pamocanāya dat. = pamocetuṃ Cnd); Iti.104 (Nibbānaṃ sabbagantha ˚ṃ). At…

pamokkha →

pts

…gushing out; in phrases itivāda˚ pouring out gossip MN.i.133; SN.v.73; AN.ii.26; DN-a.i.21; and caravāda˚ id. SN.iii.12; SN.v.419. 2….

pamāda →

pts

…Thag.1245 = SN.i.193; Iti.86; Mnd.423 = Cnd.405; Pts.ii.8 sq. Pts.ii.169 sq., Pts.ii.197; Pp.11, Pp.12; Ne.13, Ne.41; Mil.289 (māna atimāna…

pamādin →

pts

adjective infatuating, exciting, in phrase citta˚ Thig.357 (translation “leading to ferment of the mind”; vv.ll. ˚pamaddin & ˚pamāthin, thus…

pamāṇa →

pts

…meaning) standard, definition, description, dimension SN.iv.158≈ Snp.1076 (perhaps (“age”). pamāṇaṃ karoti set an example…

pamāṇika →

pts

…(n.) one who measures, a critic, judge AN.iii.349 sq.; AN.v.140; Sdhp.441 (as pamāṇaka). 2. according to measure, by measure Vin.iii.149;…

pantha →

pts

…over the roads, propitiation; it is here to be understood as a human sacrifice Ja.vi.527 (vv.ll. pattha˚ & bandha˚).

base panthan˚,…

para →

pts

…DN.i.216 sq. AN.i.210; Iti.94; Pp.51; DN-a.i.114, DN-a.i.121; Kp-a.128; Vv-a.79. -neyya to be led by another, under…

parama →

pts

…Mil.31; -dīpanī Exposition of the Highest Truth, Name of the Commentary on Th, Vv and Pv; mentioned e.g. at Pv-a.71 -jotikā id., Name…

paramatā →

pts

…parama, Vedic paramatā highest position

parattha →

pts

…world SN.i.20; Snp.661 = Iti.42 = Dhp.306; Dhp.177; Ja.ii.417; Pv.i.11#10 (= paraloke Pv-a.60); Pv.iii.1#20 (= samparāye Pv-a.177) Snp-a.478…

paraṃ →

pts

…in phrase anussavena p. itikirāya, as at Cnd.151); Bv.i.79; Ja.i.194; Ja.iv.35 (explained by C. as purisa˚, viz. a series of husbands, but…

pareta →

pts

…SN.iv.28; AN.i.147 = Iti.89; AN.iii.25, AN.iii.96; Snp.449, Snp.736, Snp.818 (= samohita samannāgata pihita Mnd.149), Snp.1092, Snp.1123;…

pari →

pts

…with samantato). The composition form before vowels is pariy˚; which in combination with ud and upa undergoes metathesis,…

paribbajati →

pts

to wander about (as a religious mendicant) Snp.74, Snp.639; Iti.109; Dhp.346, Dhp.415; Ja.iv.452.

pari + vraj

paricca →

pts

…SN.ii.121, SN.ii.233; Iti.12; Vb.329; Vism.409 (= paricchinditvā). See pariyeti.

ger. of pari + i,…

pariccajana →

pts

  1. giving up, rejection, leaving Iti.11 Iti.12
  2. giving out, bestowing, giving a donation Pv-a.124

fr. pariccajati

pariccajati →

pts

…behind, reject SN.i.44; Iti.94; Ja.ii.335; Ja.vi.259 (= chaḍḍeti) Mil.207; Dhp-a.iv.204; Pv-a.121, Pv-a.132, Pv-a.221 (read jīvitaṃ…

pariccheda →

pts

…circumscription range, definition, connotation, measure Ja.iii.371; Vism.184 (as one of the nimittas of the body), Vism.236 (referring to the 5…

paricchindana →

pts

“cutting up,” definition, analysis Vv-a.114.

fr. paricchindati

parideva →

pts

…e.g. at DN.i.36; Snp.862; Iti.89; Pv-a.39, Pv-a.61
■ Bdhgh at DN-a.i.121 explains it as “sokaṃ nissita-lālappana-lakkhaṇo…

paridhaṃsati →

pts

…to lose, to come to ruin Iti.90; Mil.249, Mil.265
caus paridhaṃseti in same meaning at Mnd.5. It is almost synonymous with paripatati &…

pariggaha →

pts

…seizing on, acquiring, acquisition, also in bad sense of “grasping” Snp.779 (= taṇhā and diṭṭhi˚ Mnd.57) Pts.i.172; Pts.ii.182…

parihāna →

pts

…AN.iii.309, AN.iii.329 sq., AN.iii.404 sq. (˚dhamma); AN.v.103 (id.), AN.v.156 sq.; Iti.71 (˚āya saṃvattati); Dhp.32 (abhabbo p…

parihāniya →

pts

…+…

parihāra →

pts

…being attacked by adversities AN.ii.87; Cnd.304#ic; Mil.112, Mil.135. 5. avoidance, keeping away from Ja.i.186.

parijānanā →

pts

cognition, recognition, knowledge Ne.20 (as paraphrase of pariññā).

pari + jānanā = jānana

parijānāti →

pts

…SN.iii.27; SN.iv.89; Iti.3 sq
pp pariññāta (q.v.) ger. pariññāya see under…

parikappa →

pts

  1. preparation, intention, stratagem Thag.940.
  2. assumption, supposition, surmise AN.i.197; AN.v.271; Dhs-a.308.

fr. pari + kalp

parikathā →

pts

…tale,“ exposition, story, especially a religious tale DN.ii.204; Vism.41 (= pariyāya-kathā) 2. talk about, remark, hint…

parikkhepa →

pts

…Snp-a.194. 3. “closing in on, i.e. fight, quarrel Iti.11, Iti.12.

fr. pari + kṣip

parikkhāra →

pts

…Ja.i.126
Note. A set of 12 requisites (1–⁠8 as under b and 4 additional) see detailed at DN-a.i.207.

fr. *parikkharoti, cp….

parikkhīṇa →

pts

…(˚bhava-saṃyojana); Iti.79 (id.); AN.iv.418, AN.iv.434 (āsavā); Snp.175, Snp.639, Snp.640; Dhp.93 Pp.11, Pp.14; Mil.23 (˚āyuka);…

parimitatta →

pts

the condition of being measured Pv-a.254.

fr. parimita

parimukha →

pts

…SN.i.170; AN.iii.92; Iti.80; Pts.i.176 (explained); Pp.68; DN-a.i.210. Also in phrase ˚ṃ kārāpeti (of hair) Vin.ii.134 “to cut off…

parinibbuta →

pts

…Iti.46; Snp.735 sq.; Iti.48 (esanānaṃ khayā), Iti.49 (āsavānaṃ khayā). 3. (to be understood as pp. of parinibbāpeti) calmed, well…

parinibbāna →

pts

…AN.v.64; Snp.514 (˚gata vitiṇṇa-kankho); Vv.53#24 (˚gata + sītibhūta). This state of final emancipation (during life) has also received…

parinibbāti →

pts

…anāsavo), Thag.364; Iti.93 (˚nibbanti), cp. 95; Dhp.126 (˚nibbanti anāsavā perhaps better taken to No. 1!); Vb.426 (sabbāsave…

parinibbāyati →

pts

…anāsavo), Thag.364; Iti.93 (˚nibbanti), cp. 95; Dhp.126 (˚nibbanti anāsavā perhaps better taken to No. 1!); Vb.426 (sabbāsave…

paripantha →

pts

…out of mishaps to or bad conditions of roads in the forests. DN.i.52; SN.i.43; AN.i.153; AN.iii.252; AN.v.136; Pts.i.162; Ja.i.395; Ja.iii.268;…

paripuṇṇa →

pts

…Mnd.298), Snp.904; Iti.40 (˚sekha); Pv.iv.16#3; Vism.45 (˚sankappa): Pv-a.13, Pv-a.54 (˚vassa whose years are completed i.e. old…

paripūra →

pts

…AN.iv.314 sq.; AN.v.10 sq Iti.107; Pp.35, Pp.36.

  • -kāritā completion MN.i.64, MN.i.66 sq. *…

paripūreti →

pts

…= AN.ii.95; Iti.90; Pv.ii.9#45 (ppr. ˚ayanto); Pp.31, Pp.35; Mil.349 (lekhaṃ); Pv-a.29 (sāgaraṃ), Pv-a.30 (ñātidhammo…

parisā →

pts

…AN.iv.80, AN.iv.114; Iti.64 (upāsakā ˚sāsu virocare); Snp.349, Snp.825 sq.; Ja.i.151, Ja.i.264; Ja.vi.224 (omissaka˚); Pv.iii.9#6;…

paritasati →

pts

…SN.ii.82; SN.iii.55; Iti.94. pp. paritasita (q.v.).

pari + tasati1, in form clearly = Sk….

paritassati →

pts

…SN.ii.82; SN.iii.55; Iti.94. pp. paritasita (q.v.).

pari + tasati1, in form clearly = Sk….

paritta →

pts

…AN.iv.241 AN.v.63; Iti.71; Snp.61, Snp.390 (˚pañña of inferior wisdom, cp Cnd.415), Snp.1097 (id.); Ja.i.221; Dhs.181, Dhs.584,…

parittāṇa →

pts

…DN.i.9 (sara from an arrow, i.e. a shield); DN.iii.189; Ja.vi.455; Pv-a.284; Sdhp.396.

  • -kitikā a protecting arrangement Vin.ii.152,…

parivajjeti →

pts

…(kāme, cp Mnd.6), Snp.771; Iti.71; Dhp.123 (pāpāni), Dhp.269; Ja.iv.378 (fut. ˚essati); Pv.iv.1#46 (nivesanaṃ); Pv.iv.1#77 (loke adinnaṃ…

parivesaka →

pts

adjective waiting, serving up meals Vism.109
■ f. -ikā Thag-a.17.

fr. pari + viṣ

parivīmaṃsati →

pts

…search SN.ii.80 sq.; Iti.42 = Snp.975 (ppr dhammaṃ ˚vīmaṃsamāna, cp. Mnd.508); DN-a.i.134; Dhp-a.iv.117 (attānaṃ).

pari +…

pariyatti →

pts

…handed down through oral tradition. In this meaning the word is only found in later, dogmatic literature; *-tīsu piṭakesu tividho…

pariyesita →

pts

searched, sought for, desired Iti.121. See also pariyiṭṭha.

pp. of pariyesati

pariyosāna →

pts

…Snp-a.444), e.g. DN.i.62; Iti.111 & passim. 2. end, i.e. perfection, ideal Arahantship (see on these fig. meanings and its appln to…

pariyuṭṭhita →

pts

…ceto); AN.i.281; AN.ii.58; Iti.43 (diṭṭhigatehi); Kv.i.91 (kāma-rāga˚); Thag-a.78 Sdhp.581.

  • -citta whose heart is…

pariyuṭṭhāna →

pts

state of being possessed (or hindered) by (-˚), prepossession bias, outburst MN.i.18, Kvu xiv.6 (thīnamiddha˚), MN.i.136; AN.i.66 (˚ajjhosāna); AN.v.198 (adhiṭṭhāna-˚samuṭṭhāna) Nd ii.under taṇhā<su …

pariyādāya →

pts

…hold of the mind“ MN.i.91; Iti.19; Dhp-a.i.15. 3. losing control over, giving out cittaṁ SN.iii.16 SN.iv.125 In absolute sense perhaps at…

pariyāhanana →

pts

…151).

fr. pari + ā +…

pariyāya →

pts

…arrangement, disposition, in phrase -ṃ karoti to arrange DN.i.179 (translation takes it literally “departure,” i.e. going out of…

pariñña →

pts

…recognising, understanding Iti.44 (bhūta˚ so, or should we read bhūtapariññāya?); also in cpd. pariññacārin (to be expd as…

pariññā →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.232); Iti.62; Ja.vi.259.

cp. Epic Sk. parijñāna; the form parijñā given by BR only with the one ref. Vyutp. 160; fr pari…

parābhetvā →

pts

…ārāgeti for ārādheti), thus meaning “propitiating.”

parāmāsa →

pts

…DN.iii.48; Thag.342; Iti.48 (itisacca˚, cp. idaṃsaccabhinivesa under kāyagantha); Pp.22; Dhs.381, Dhs.1003 Dhs.1175 (diṭṭhi˚…

pasaṃsati →

pts

…Ja.ii.439; Ja.v.331; Iti.16; Snp.47, Snp.163, Snp.390, Snp.658, Snp.906; Dhp.30; Pv.ii.9#42 DN-a.i.149; Pv-a.25, Pv-a.131 (= vaṇṇeti)…

pasaṃsā →

pts

…Snp-a.155. In composition the form is pasaṃsa˚; e.g. -āvahana bringing applause Snp.256 -kāma desirous of praise Snp.825, cp….

passaddhi →

pts

…see this & cp. MN.iii.86; Vism.130, Vism.134 = Vb-a.282 (where 7 conditions of this state are enumerated).

fr. pa + śrambh

passati →

pts

…etc.); cp. Av. spasyeiti, Gr. σκέπτομαι, (E “scepsis”); Lat. species etc.; Ohg. spehon = Ger spāhen (E. spy)
■ The…

pasāda →

pts

…organ, sense agency“ sensitive surface (so Mrs Rh. D. in Dhs. tsrl. 174) at Dhs-a.306, Dhs-a.307. 2. joy, satisfaction, happy or good mind…

pasākha →

pts

…ii.31, 10. 4. the extremities (being the 5th stage in the formation of the embryo) SN.i.206.

pa + sākhā; Epic Sk. praśākhā…

patati →

pts

…“to fall.” Cp. Av. pataiti fly, hurry; Gr. πέτομαι fly, ὠκυπέτης quick, πίπτω fall; Lat. praepes quick, peto to go for,…

pati →

pts

…Vv-a.128.

Ved. pati, Av. paitis lord, husband; Gr. πόσις husband, Lat. potis, potens, possum, hos-pes; Goth brūp-faps bridegroom, hunda…

patissā →

pts

…(q.v. obedient, deferential Iti.10 (sappatissa); Vv.84#41 (cp Vv-a.347), & appaṭissa disobedient, not attached to SN.i.139; SN.ii.224 sq.;…

patitiṭṭhati →

pts

to stand up again Thag.173.

paṭi + titthati

patiṭṭhita →

pts

…SN.i.185 (dhammesu); Iti.77; Snp.409, Snp.453; Ja.i.51 (kucchimhi), Ja.i.262 (rajje); Pv.i.4#4; Pv.ii.9#69 (dussīlesu); Mil.282; Vv-a.110…

patta →

pts

…attained“; ˚mānasa (?) Iti.76 (variant reading satta˚); ˚sambodhi Iti.97 (variant reading satta˚)
■ Opp. appatta not obtained (see…

pattheti →

pts

…& patthayāno;* Snp.900; Iti.67 Iti.115
grd patthetabba Pv-a.96, patthayitabba Pv-a.95, and patthiya which only occurs in neg. form…

patti →

pts

…a “dakkhiṇǡ”), accrediting, advising, transference of merit, a gift of merit Ja.ii.423, Ja.ii.425 (= dakkhiṇā); Ja.iv.21; Dhp-a.i.270…

pavatta →

pts

adjective

  1. (adj.) happening, going on, procedure, resulting Thig.220 (assu ca pavattaṃ taken by Mrs. Rh. D. as “tears shed”); Thag-a.179; Pv-a.35, Pv-a.83 (gāthāyo), Pv-a.120, esp. with ref. to …

pavattar →

pts

…one who hands on (the tradition) an expounder, teacher DN.i.104 (mantānaṃ p. = pavattayitar DN-a.i.273); SN.iv.94; Dhp.76 (nidhīnaṃ p. =…

pavattati →

pts

intransitive

  1. to move on, go forward, proceed Pv.i.5#7; Pv-a.8, Pv-a.131; of water: to flow SN.ii.31; Ja.ii.104; Pv-a.143, Pv-a.154,…

pavatteti →

pts

transitive

  1. to send forth, set going Vin.i.87 (assūni); SN.ii.282 (id.) Ja.i.147 (selagulaṃ pavaṭṭ˚); esp. in phrase dhammacakkaṃ p….

pavattita →

pts

set going, inaugurated, established Vin.i.11 (dhammacakka); MN.iii.29, MN.iii.77; SN.i.191; Snp.556, Snp.557 (dhammacakka); Pv-a.67 (id.), Pv-a.140 (sangīti); Snp-a.454.

pp. of pavatteti

paveṇi →

pts

…(˚upaccheda break of tradition), Mil.190, Mil.226 (+ vaṃsa), Mil.227; Dhp-a.i.284 (tanti +); Pv-a.131. 4. succession, lineage, breed, race…

payata →

pts

…Thag.348, Thag.359 (˚atta); Iti.101 (˚pāṇin) = Mil.215; Snp.240 (= sakkāra-karaṇena p. alankata Snp-a.284); Vism.224 (˚pāṇin =…

payirupāsana →

pts

(f.) attending to, worshipping: worship, homage MN.ii.176; SN.v.67; Iti.107; DN-a.i.142; Pv-a.138.

fr. payirupāsati

payirupāsati →

pts

… ppr -upāsanto SN.v.67 = Iti.107; Pv-a.44; and upāsamāna Dhp-a.ii.32-aor. -upāsiṃ AN.iv.213 (Bhagavantaṃ); Pv-a.50. ger….

pañca →

pts

…five (bad) qualities (see anga 3 and above 3), in phrase vippahīna free from the 5 sins DN.iii.269; Cnd.284…

pañña →

pts

…possessed of the highest cognition, in foll. compounds: anissaraṇa˚ DN.i.245; SN.ii.194; SN.iv.332; anoma˚ Snp.343; appa˚ SN.i.198; Ja.ii.166…

paññā →

pts

…DN.iii.132, DN.iii.281 Iti.75 Iti.91 Snp.725 Snp.727 Netti.7, Netti.40 Netti.81, Netti.127 DN-a.i.313 Vb-a.464

  • -visuddhi purity of…

paññāpeti →

pts

…DN.i.185, DN.i.237; Iti.98 (tevijjaṃ brāhmaṇaṃ), Pp.37, Pp.38; Pv-a.61 (āsanaṃ). 2. to lay down, fold out, spread Pv-a.43…

paññāya →

pts

…realising, in full recognition, in thorough realisation or understanding. Used most frequently with yathābhūtaṃ (q.v. SN.i.13 (bhāveti),…

paññāyati →

pts

…seen or taken for, to appear Iti.89; Dhp-a.i.14, Dhp-a.i.95 (fut. paññāyissatha you will be well known); Dhp-a.ii.75; Pv-a.83 (pālito eva),…

paṃsu →

pts

…AN.ii.206; AN.iv.230; Iti.102 = AN.ii.26; Dhp.395; Pp.69; Pv-a.141, Pv-a.144. A quâsi definition of p
■ k. is to be found at Vism.60…

paṇīta →

pts

…passim; Snp.240, Snp.389; Iti.44; Pv.i.5#3; Pv.iv.1#27; Pp.28 (˚âdhimutta having high aspirations), Pp.30, Pp.60; Dhs.269 Dhs.1027, Dhs.1411;…

paṇḍicca →

pts

erudition, cleverness, skill, wisdom Ja.i.383; Pts.ii.185; Pp.25; Dhs.16 (= paṇḍitassa bhāvo Dhs-a.147), Dhs.292, Dhs.555 As pandicciya

paṇḍita →

pts

…AN.ii.228; AN.iii.48 = Iti.16; Snp.115 Snp.254, Snp.335, Snp.523, Snp.721, Snp.820, Snp.1007, Snp.1125 (Ep. of Jatukaṇṇī) Iti.86; Dhp.22,…

paṇṇa →

pts

…“state or condition of writing” (see ākāra 1) i.e. object of writing; that which is connected or sent with a…

paṭhavī →

pts

…sq.; Snp.307, Snp.1097; Iti.21; Dhp.41, Dhp.44, Dhp.178 (pathavyā); Pv.ii.6#6; Mil.418; Pv-a.57, Pv-a.75, Pv-a.174
■ mahā˚ MN.i.127;…

paṭi →

pts

…sampaṭi˚. The composition (assimilation-) form before vowels is pacc˚; (b. v.)

Meanings

I. (lit.)

“back,” in the…

paṭicca →

pts

…these grounds); SN.iii.93 = Iti.89 (atthavasaṃ); Ja.ii.386 (= abhisandhāya); Snp.680, Snp.784 Snp.872, Snp.1046; Snp-a.357; Dhp-a.i.4;…

paṭicca-samuppāda →

pts

…of impression or predisposition (will, action Cpd.; synergies Mrs. Rh. D.), which in their turn give rise to…

paṭihanati →

pts

…pp paṭihata (q.v.)
pass paṭihaññati Iti.103; Ja.i.7; Dhs-a.72.

paṭi + han

paṭikkhepa →

pts

opposition, negation, contrary Snp-a.228 (for “na”), Snp-a.502; Pv-a.189 (˚vacana the opp expression). ˚to (abl.) in opposition or contrast…

paṭikoṭṭeti →

pts

…id. p. AN.iv.47 with trs. ˚kuṭati & variant reading ˚kujjati which may be a legitimate variant). The T. prints pati˚.

paṭi + koṭṭeti…

paṭilabhati →

pts

to obtain, receive, get Iti.77; Ja.i.91; Cnd.427 (pariyesati p. paribhuñjati); Pp.57; Vv-a.115; Pv-a.6, Pv-a.7, Pv-a.16, Pv-a.50, Pv-a.60,…

paṭiloma →

pts

paṭiccasamuppāda); Ja.ii.307. -pakkha opposition Pv-a.114 (cp….

paṭilābha →

pts

…receiving, taking up, acquisition, assumption, attainment DN.i.195; MN.i.50; AN.ii.93, AN.ii.143; Pts.ii.182, Pts.ii.189; Mnd.262; Dhp.333; Pp.57;…

paṭimukka →

pts

…in SN.iv.91; MN.i.383; Iti.56 Thig.500 (? variant reading paripuṇṇa, cp. Thag-a.290); Ja.i.384 Ja.vi.64; Mil.390; Dhp-a.i.394 (sīse);…

paṭinissagga →

pts

…AN.v.253 sq.; upadhi˚ Iti.46, Iti.62; sabbûpadhi˚ SN.i.136; SN.iii.133 SN.v.226; AN.i.49; AN.v.8, AN.v.110, AN.v.320 sq.; ˚ânupassanā…

paṭinissaṭṭha →

pts

…SN.ii.283; AN.ii.41; Iti.49; Mnd.430 Mnd.431 (vanta pahīna p.); Pv-a.256.

pp. of paṭinissajjati, BSk. pratiniḥsṛṣṭa Divy.44 and…

paṭipadā →

pts

…lokanirodha-g˚ AN.ii.23; Iti.121; with the epithets sammā anuloma˚ apaccanīka˚ anvattha˚ dhammânudhamma Mnd.32, Mnd.143, Mnd.365; Cnd.384…

paṭipanna →

pts

…sq. (id.), AN.iv.372 sq.; Iti.81 (dhammânudhamma˚); Snp.736; Dhp.275 (maggaṃ); Vv.34#23 (= maggaṭṭha one who has entered the path…

paṭipuggala →

pts

…Mil.235; SN.i.158; Snp.544; Iti.123 (natthi te paṭipuggala)
appaṭipuggala without a rival, unrivalled,…

paṭisallāna →

pts

…AN.iii.261 sq.; Iti.39; Cnd.433.

  • -sāruppa very suitable for seclusion Vism.90.

for *paṭisallayana, fr….

paṭisambhidā →

pts

dhamma˚; of reasons, conditions, or causal relations; nirutti˚; of [meanings “in intension as given in] definitions paṭibhāna˚ or…

paṭisaṃvedeti →

pts

…viz. paṭisaṃvediyati SN.ii.18, SN.ii.75, SN.ii.256 (attabhāva-paṭilābhaṃ); Iti.38 (sukkha-dukkhaṃ; variant reading…

paṭisaṃvedin →

pts

…(id.); AN.v.35 (id.); Iti.99; Pts.i.95, Pts.i.114 (evaṃsukhadukkha˚), Pts.i.184, Pts.i.186 sq.; Pp.57 Pp.58.

fr. paṭisaṃvedeti; BSk….

paṭisaṃyutta →

pts

…belonging to Vin.iv.6; SN.i.210 (nibbāna ˚dhammikathā); Thag.598; Iti.73; Vv-a.6, Vv-a.87; Pv-a.12.

pp. of paṭisaṃyujati

paṭisedha →

pts

warding off, prohibition Mil.314 (“resubjugation”); Snp-a.402 (with ref. to part “na”); Kp-a.170 (id.); Pv-a.11 (˚nipāta = “mā”);…

paṭisedhana →

pts

warding off, refusal, prohibition, stopping SN.i.221, SN.i.223; Pv-a.11, Pv-a.25; Sdhp.397.

cp. paṭisedha

paṭisena →

pts

repulsion, opposition, enmity, retaliation; only in compound with kṛ; as -senikaroti to make opposition, to oppose, retaliate Snp.932, cp….

paṭisotaṃ →

pts

…the stream (opp. anusotaṃ) Iti.114; Ja.i.70; Pv-a.154. paṭisotagāmin going against the stream, toiling, doing hard work SN.i.136; AN.ii.6…

paṭissata →

pts

pati˚; at SN.iii.143; SN.iv.74, SN.iv.322, SN.iv.351; AN.iii.24; Iti.10, Iti.21, Iti.81; Snp.283, Snp.413.

paṭi + sata, pp. of smṛ.

paṭissā →

pts

…(q.v. obedient, deferential Iti.10 (sappatissa); Vv.84#41 (cp Vv-a.347), & appaṭissa disobedient, not attached to SN.i.139; SN.ii.224 sq.;…

paṭita →

pts

adjective satisfied, happy Dhp-a.ii.269 (˚ācāra) Patititthati (patitthahati)

paṭitittha →

pts

opposite bank (of a river) Ja.v.443.

paṭi + tittha

paṭitiṭṭhati →

pts

Paṭitiṭṭhati (paṭiṭṭhahati)

etc. see *pati*˚.

paṭivedeti →

pts

to make known, declare, announce Vin.i.180; SN.i.101, SN.i.234; Snp.415 (aor ˚vedayi); DN-a.i.227; Pv-a.6 (pītisomanassaṃ).

paṭi + vedeti, Caus. of vid

paṭivirata →

pts

…DN.i.5; MN.iii.23; SN.v.468; Iti.63; Pp.39 Pp.58; DN-a.i.70; Pv-a.28, Pv-a.260
app˚; not abstaining from Vin.ii.296; SN.v.468;…

paṭivirodha →

pts

hostility, enmity, opposition Dhs.418, Dhs.1060; Pp.18; Mil.203.

paṭi + virodha

paṭiṭṭhahati →

pts

Paṭitiṭṭhati (paṭiṭṭhahati)

etc. see *pati*˚.

pecca →

pts

…Snp.248, Snp.598, Snp.661; Iti.111; Dhp.15, Dhp.131 (= paraloke Dhp-a hi.51); Ja.i.169; Ja.v.489, Pv.i.11#9; Pv.iii.7#5 (variant reading pacca)…

pesita →

pts

…has been ordered, in pesit-āpesitaṃ order and prohibition Vin.ii.177.

pp. of peseti

pesuñña →

pts

…pisuṇa, cp. Epic Sk. paiśunya. The other (diaeretic) forms are pesuṇiya & pesuṇeyya backbiting, calumny, slander MN.i.110; DN.iii.69;…

peta →

pts

…Vv-a.23. The later tradition on Petas in their var. classes and states is reflected in Mil.294 (4 classes: vantāsikā, khuppipāsā…

petattana →

pts

state or condition of a Peta Thag.1128.

abstr. fr. peta

pettivisaya →

pts

…& petayoni) DN.iii.234; Iti.93; Ja.v.186; Pv.ii.2#2; Pv.ii.7#9; Mil.310; Dhp-a.i.102; Dhp-a.iv.226; Vism.427; Vb-a.4, Vb-a.455; Pv-a.25…

petyā →

pts

adverb from the father’s side Ja.v.214 (= pitito).

fr. pitar, for Sk. pitrā; cp. Trenckner, Notes 564

peyyāla →

pts

? repetition, succession, formula way of saying, phrase (= pariyāya 5) Vism.46 (˚mukha beginning of discourse), Vism.351 (id. and bahu˚-tanti…

phala →

pts

…“stationed in fruition,” i.e. enjoying the result or fruition of the Path (cp. Cpd. 50) Mil.342.

phalagaṇḍa →

pts

is spurious writing for palagaṇḍa (q.v.).

phalaka →

pts

…board, plank Ja.i.451 (a writing board school slate); Ja.v.155 (akkhassa ph. axle board); Ja.vi.281 (dice-board). pidhāna˚; covering board…

phalatā →

pts

the fact or condition of bearing fruit Pv-a.139 (appa˚).

abstr. fr. phala

pharati →

pts

…fuel AN.ii.95 = SN.iii.93 = Iti.90 = Ja.i.482; khādaniyatthaṃ & bhojaniyatthaṃ ph. to serve as eatables Vin.i.201 (so to be read in preference…

pharaṇa →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (adj.) pervading, suffused (with), quite full (of) Mil.345.
  2. (nt. pervasion, suffusion, thrill Ja.i.82 (˚samattha mettacitta); Ne.89 (pīti˚ etc., as m., cp. pharaṇatā); Dhs-a166 …

pharaṇatā →

pts

suffusion, state of being pervaded (with), only-˚ in set of 4-fold suffusion, viz pīti˚; of rapture, sukha˚; of restful bliss, ceto˚; of [telepathic] consciousnss, āloka˚; of light, DN.iii.2 …

phassa →

pts

…“touch-food,” acquisition by touch, nutriment of contact, one of the 3 āhāras, viz phass˚, mano-sañcetanā˚ (Name of representative…

phusati →

pts

…in bad sense kappaṭṭhitikaṃ kammaṃ Mil.108 (of Devadatta)

pp phuṭṭha. Cp. upa˚.

spṛś fr. which…

phussa →

pts

…in all senses. The Sk. puṣyaratha is Sanskritisation of P. phussa˚

phuṭa →

pts

…is puṭṭha. On miswriting of phuṭṭa puṭṭha for phuṭa cp. remark by Trenckner, MN.i.553 A similar meaning (“full of, occupied…

phuṭṭha →

pts

touched, affected by, influenced by; in specific sense (cp. phusati1 2) “thrilled, permeated” Vin.i.200 (ābādhena); AN.ii.174 (rogena) Ja.i.82 (mettacittena, variant reading puṭṭha); Ja.v.4 …

phāsu →

pts

…phāsu, but either in composition or as ˚ka

Phāsu

at Mil.146 (cp. p. Mil.425) “bhaggā phāsū” is un certain reading, it is not

pi →

pts

…pi sutā pi); Ja.i.222 (jale pi thale pi) 2. either… or Ja.i.150; Ja.ii.102.

the enclitic form of api (cp. api 2a); on…

pibati →

pts

…πότος drink; Obulg. piti to drink, also Lat pōtus drink, pōculum beaker (= pātra, P. patta). See also pāyeti to give drink, pāna,…

pihayati →

pts

…Thag.62; Snp.823, Snp.947; Iti.36; Dhp.94 (= pattheti Dhp-a.177), Dhp.181 (id. iii.227), Dhp.365 (ppr. pihayaṃ = labhaṃ patthento…

piheti →

pts

…Thag.62; Snp.823, Snp.947; Iti.36; Dhp.94 (= pattheti Dhp-a.177), Dhp.181 (id. iii.227), Dhp.365 (ppr. pihayaṃ = labhaṃ patthento…

pindiyālopa →

pts

morsel of food Vin.i.58 (˚bhojana), Vin.i.96 (id.); AN.ii.27; Iti.102.

piṇḍi + ālopa

pisuṇa →

pts

adjective backbiting, calumnious, malicious MN.iii.33, MN.iii.49; Ja.i.297 Pp.57; Pv-a.15, Pv-a.16. Usually combined with…

pitar →

pts

…pitu-vitā mahā C.). 2. piti˚: ˚kicca duty of a father Ja.v.153; -ghāta parricide Ja.iv.45 (BB pitu˚); -pakkha father’s side…

pitika →

pts

(-˚) adjective one who has a father, having a father Vv-a.68 (sa˚ together with the f.); Pv-a.38 (mata˚ whose f. was dead): cp. dve˚ with 2 fathers Ja.v.424.

fr. pitā

pitti →

pts

…& petayoni) DN.iii.234; Iti.93; Ja.v.186; Pv.ii.2#2; Pv.ii.7#9; Mil.310; Dhp-a.i.102; Dhp-a.iv.226; Vism.427; Vb-a.4, Vb-a.455; Pv-a.25…

pivati →

pts

…πότος drink; Obulg. piti to drink, also Lat pōtus drink, pōculum beaker (= pātra, P. patta). See also pāyeti to give drink, pāna,…

piya →

pts

…SN.ii.109 sq.; AN.ii.54; Iti.95, Iti.114; Snp.337, Snp.1086 (cp. Cnd.445); Vb.103; Ne.27.

  • -vacana term of endearment or…

piṇḍola →

pts

one who seeks alms SN.iii.93 = Iti.89; cp. Np. ˚bhāradvāja Snp-a.346, Snp-a.514, Snp-a.570.

etym. unclear

piṇḍolya →

pts

asking for alms, alms-round SN.iii.93 = Iti.89; Vism.31.

fr. piṇḍola

piṭaka →

pts

…(id.); and in exegesis of itikirā (hearsay-tradition) at AN.i.189 = AN.ii.191 = Cnd.151.

cp. Epic Sk. piṭaka, etym. not clear. See also P….

piṭṭhi →

pts

…backbiting, one who talks behind a person’s back Snp.244 (= ˚maṃsakhādaka C.); Ja.ii.186 (of an unfair judge); Ja.v.1;…

piṭṭhī →

pts

…backbiting, one who talks behind a person’s back Snp.244 (= ˚maṃsakhādaka C.); Ja.ii.186 (of an unfair judge); Ja.v.1;…

pokkhara →

pts

…Mnd.135); Dhp.336; Iti.84. 2. the skin of a drum (from its resemblance to the lotus-leaf SN.ii.267; Mil.261 (bheri˚). As Np. of an angel…

porin →

pts

…to a citizen, i.e. citizenlike, urbane, polite usually in phrase; porī vācā polite speech DN.i.4, DN.i.114; SN.i.189; SN.ii.280 =…

porāṇa →

pts

…the ancients, ancient authorities or writers Vism passim esp. Note, 764; Kp-a.123, Kp-a.158; Snp-a.291, Snp-a.352 Snp-a.604; Vb-a.130,…

posaka →

pts

…Vin.ii.289 (āpādikā +).

fr….

pubba →

pts

…an ancient deity AN.ii.70 Iti.110 (variant reading ˚deva)

  • -nimitta “previous sign,” a foregoing sign, prognostic, portent forecast…

pubbe →

pts

…SN.i.167; AN.i.164 sq. Iti.100; Snp.647; Dhp.423; Pp.61; Vism.411 (remembered by 6 classes of individuals); Thag-a.74, Thag-a.197….

pucchā →

pts

…p. These three with addition of anumati p and kathetu-kamyatā p. also at DN-a.i.68 = Dhs-a.55. The complete list is referred to at…

puggala →

pts

…sabbatth’ âbhivassin Iti.64 sq.; satthar sāvaka, sekha Iti.78; sekha asekha n’ eva-sekha-nāsekha DN.iii.218; 4 DN.iii.232, DN.iii.233;…

puna →

pts

…birth DN.ii.15; SN.i.133; Iti.62; SN.iv.201 (āyati˚); Snp.162, Snp.273, Snp.502, Snp.514, Snp.733 Cnd. s.v.; Ne.28, Ne.79 sq.; Pv-a.63,…

puneti →

pts

…again: in this meaning at Iti.1 sq. & Mnd.202 Cnd.337 (kilese na p. na pacceti etc.); perhaps also at Thag.533 (sattayugaṃ), although Kern,

purisa →

pts

…AN.ii.42; AN.iv.151; Iti.21; Snp.303

  • -yugāni (pl.) (4) pairs of men SN.iv.272 sq.; AN.i.208 AN.ii.34, AN.ii.56; AN.iii.36; AN.iv.407;…

putta →

pts

…(sabbe Bhagavato puttā); Iti.101 (me tumhe puttā orasā mukhato jātā dhammajā), Ja.iii.211
■ The parable of a woman eating her sons…

puñja →

pts

…Iti.17 (+ aṭṭhikandala); kaṭṭha˚ AN.iii.408; AN.iv.72; Ja.ii.327; gūtha˚ Ja.ii.211; tiṇa˚

puñña →

pts

…life there are esp. 3 qualities contributing to merit, viz., dāna, sīla & bhāvanā or liberality, good conduct & contemplation These are the…

pāda →

pts

…Vin.i.34, Vin.i.188; Iti.111; Snp.309, Snp.547, Snp.768, Snp.835, Snp.1028; Ja.ii.114; Ja.iv.137; Dhp-a.iii.196; Pv-a.4, Pv-a.10,…

pāhuṇeyya →

pts

…AN.iii.134, AN.iii.248, AN.iii.387; AN.iv.13 sq.; AN.v.67 AN.v.198; Iti.88; Vism.220.

fr. pāhuna, see also āhuneyya

pākatika →

pts

…to restore to its former condition, to repair, rebuild Ja.i.354, also fig. to restore a dismissed officer, to reinstate Ja.v.134.

fr. pakati, cp….

pāli →

pts

…thus the canon of Buddhist writings; the text of the Pāli Canon, i.e. the original text (opp. to the Commentary; thus “pāliyaṃ” is opposed…

pāmujja →

pts

delight, joy, happiness; often combined with pīti
■ DN.i.72, DN.i.196; SN.iii.134; SN.iv.78 = SN.iv.351; SN.v.156 SN.v.398; AN.iii.21; AN.v.1 sq., AN.v.311 sq., AN.v.339, AN.v.349; …

pāna →

pts

…πότος drink; Obulg piti to drink, pivo drink; Lith. penas milk; Lat. potus drink, poculum drinking vessel (= Sk. pātra, P. patta) drink,…

pāpa →

pts

…sq.; Snp.133, Snp.280; Iti.85; Cnd.342 Vism.24 (def.); Vb-a.476;

  • -icchatā evil intention AN.iv.160, AN.iv.165;…

pāra →

pts

…AN.ii.9 (id.); AN.iii.223; Iti.33 (jarāya) Dhp.348. (b) gone to the end of (gen. or -˚), reached perfection in, well-versed in, familiar with,…

pāraṃ →

pts

adverb preposition beyond, to the other side DN.i.244; MN.i.135; Snp.1146 (Maccu-dheyya˚, vv. ll ˚dheyassa & ˚dheyya˚), expld by…

pāricariyā →

pts

…as paricariya serving, waiting on, service, ministration, honour (for = loc.) DN.iii.189, DN.iii.250 DN.iii.281; MN.ii.177; SN.iv.239; AN.ii.70;…

pāsa →

pts

…(? hattha˚); Snp.166; Iti.36 (Māra˚); Ja.iii.184; Ja.iv.414; Pv-a.206. On its frequent use in similes see J.P.T.S. 1907, 111.

Vedic…

pāsāda →

pts

…SN.i.137; AN.i.64; Snp.409; Iti.33; Pv.ii.12#5; Ja.ii.447; Ja.iv.153 (pillars); Ja.v.217; Vism.339 (˚tala); Dhs-a.107; Snp-a.502; Thag-a.253,…

pāsāṇa →

pts

-lekha writing on a stone Pp.32.

  • -sakkharā a little stone, fragment of rock SN.ii.137; AN.iv.237. *…

pātimokkha →

pts

…AN.v.71, AN.v.198; Iti.96, Iti.118; Ud.36; Vism.16 (where explained in detail); Vb-a.323; cp. saṃvuta-pāṭimokkha (adj.)…

pāḷi →

pts

…thus the canon of Buddhist writings; the text of the Pāli Canon, i.e. the original text (opp. to the Commentary; thus “pāliyaṃ” is opposed…

pāṇa →

pts

…MN.iii.23; Snp.242; Iti.63; Ja.iii.181 Pp.39 sq.; Ne.27; Vb-a.383 (var. degrees of murder) Dhp-a.ii.19; Dhp-a.iii.355; DN-a.i.69;…

pāṭibhoga →

pts

sponsor AN.ii.172; Ud.17; Iti.1 sq.; Ja.ii.93; Vism.555 sq.; Dhp-a.i.398; Vb-a.165. Patimokkha (pati)

for paṭibhoga (?); difficult to explain,…

pāṭipada →

pts

…the (right) Path MN.i.354 = Iti.80 (+ sekha).

the adj. form of paṭipadā

Pāṭipada2

lit, “entering, beginning”; the first…

pīti →

pts

emotion of joy, delight, zest exuberance. On term see Dhs. trsl. 11 and Cpd. 243 Classed under sankhārakkhandha, not vedanā˚-DN.i.37, DN.i.75; DN.iii.241, DN.iii.265, DN.iii.288; MN.i.37; SN.ii.30; …

pītika →

pts

(-˚) adjective belonging to joy; only as sappītika & nippītika; bringing joy & devoid of joy, with without exuberance (of sukha) AN.iii.26; AN.iv.300, AN.iv.441.

fr. pīti

pītin →

pts

adjective [fr. pīta1) drinking, only at Dhp.79 in cpd. dhamma˚; drinking in the Truth, explained as dhammapāyako dhammaṃ pivanto at Dhp-a.ii.126.

pīṇana →

pts

  1. gladdening, thrill, satisfaction Vism.143 = Dhs-a.115.
  2. embellishment Vism.32 (= maṇḍana).

fr. prī, cp. pīti

pīṇeti →

pts

to gladden please, satisfy, cheer; to invigorate, make strong, often in phrase (attānaṃ) sukheti pīṇeti “makes happy and pleases” DN.i.51; DN.iii.130 sq.; SN.i.90; SN.iv.331; Pv-a.283 cp. Dhs-a.40 …

pīṇita →

pts

…Vv.16#13 (= tuṭṭha Vv-a.84); Mil.238, Mil.249, Mil.361; usually in phrase pīṇitindriya with satisfied senses, with joyful heart…

pūti →

pts

…& ˚kummāsa); in simile at Iti.68 = Ja.iv.435 = Ja.vi.236 = Kp-a.127.

  • -mukha having a putrid mouth Snp-a.458 (āsīvisa);…

r →

pts

…Thus r even where it is legitimate in a word may interchange with other sandhi-consonants in the same word, as we find punam-eva and…

racanā →

pts

  1. arrangement (of flowers in a garland) Vv-a.354
  2. composition (of a book) Sdhp.619

fr. rac

rahada →

pts

…pūro va paṇḍito) Iti.92 (rahado va nivāto), Iti.114 (r. sa-ummi sāvaṭṭo sagaho); Dhp-a.ii.152
■ As udaka˚; at DN.i.74,…

rajanīya →

pts

…thou shinest with the qualities of enjoyment in the enjoyable (night), which at Pv-a.205 is explained in a twofold manner viz. first as…

rajja →

pts

padesa˚ local sovereignty Iti.15; Kp.viii.12 (cp. Kp-a.227).

  • -siri-dāyikā (devatā) (goddess) giving success to the empire…

rajo →

pts

…Dhs.617; rajaṃ at Snp.275; Iti.83; once (in verse) rajo occurs as m, viz. Snp.662. The other cases are formed from the a-stem…

rakkhati →

pts

…good character or morals) Iti.67 (sīlaṃ); Dhp-a.i.295 (cittaṃ rakkha equivalent with cittaṃ dama), Dhp-a.i.397…

rasa →

pts

…(puriso agga˚-parititto perhaps to No. 2). 5. flavour and its substance (or substratum), e.g. soup Vv-a.243 (kakkaṭaka˚ crabsoup),…

rasmi →

pts

…Pali Grammar

§ 50#2. The form rasmi is a Sanskritism and later

ratana →

pts

…doubtful, which mythical tradition has obscured
■ The 7 (moral) ratanas at SN.ii.217; SN.iii.83 are probably the same as are given in detail…

ratta →

pts

…Snp.795 (virāga˚); Iti.92 (maccā rattā); Mil.220. Also in combination ratta duṭṭha mūḷha: see Cnd. s.v. chanda; cp…

ratti →

pts

…Snp.507, Snp.1142; Iti.93; Ja.i.30; or rattiñ ca divañ ca Cnd.538, or rattiṃ opposed to adv. divā by night-by…

raṃsi →

pts

…Pali Grammar

§ 50#2. The form rasmi is a Sanskritism and later

raṇa →

pts

…of their positives. Here a meaning like “harmfulness” & “harmlessness” seems to be fitting. Other passages of…

raṭṭha →

pts

…alms-food (˚ṃ bhuñjati) Dhp.308 (saddhāya dinnaṃ); AN.i.10; SN.ii.221; MN.iii.127; Thig.110; Iti.43, Iti.90.

rodati →

pts

…Ja.v.366 and rucchiti Ja.vi.550 (= rodissati C.; see also rujati). 2. II rod˚; (the younger form & the one…

roga →

pts

…As -nīḷa at Iti.37.

  • -mūla the root of disease Snp.530.
  • -vyasana distress or…

ruccati →

pts

…attho Pv-a.59)
■ Prohibitive mā rucci (pl. mā rucittha) as an entreaty not to pursue an aim (= please do not do that, please don’t)…

ruci →

pts

…intellectual emotional & volitional sphere, e.g. Vin.i.70; Snp.781 (without khanti, but see defn at Mnd.65); also with saddhā,…

rudati →

pts

…Ja.v.366 and rucchiti Ja.vi.550 (= rodissati C.; see also rujati). 2. II rod˚; (the younger form & the one…

rujati →

pts

…Dhp-a.ii.3
fut rucchiti [cp. Sk. roḳsyate] Ja.vi.80 (variant reading B.B. rujjati; C takes wrongly as “rodissati,” of rodati)
pp…

rukkha →

pts

…spirit, dryad, a yakkha inhabiting a tree (rukkhe adhivatthā d. Vin.iv.34; Ja.ii.385; kakudhe adhivatthā d. Vin.i.28) Ja.i.168, Ja.i.322…

rumma →

pts

…to trace a relation (by miswriting dissimilation or false analogy) to ruppa in sense of ruppati, or to ruj, or even…

rāga →

pts

…DN.iii.217; SN.iv.19; Iti.92 (r dahati macce ratte kāmesu mucchite; + dosaggi mohaggi); Ja.i.61 (˚imhi nibbute nibbutaṃ nāma hoti) *…

rājan →

pts

…a bhikkhu is running when visiting it for alms).

  • -ābhinīta brought by a king Iti.89 (+ corâbhinīta).
  • -ābhirājā “king of kings”…

rājā →

pts

…a bhikkhu is running when visiting it for alms).

  • -ābhinīta brought by a king Iti.89 (+ corâbhinīta).
  • -ābhirājā “king of kings”…

rāsi →

pts

  1. heap, quantity, mass Iti.17; usually -˚, e.g. aṅgāra˚ heap of cinders Ja.i.107; kaṇikārapuppha˚ of k. flowers Vv-a.65;…

rūhati →

pts

…to grow, spread Iti.67; Ja.iv.408 (akkhīni rūhiṃsu; also ppr. med. ruyhamāna), Ja.v.368; Ja.vi.360. 2. to heal (of a wound),…

rūpa →

pts

…in old verses at Snp.755; Iti.45, Iti.62 (rūpehi arūpā santatarā arūpehi nirodho santataro). On indriya-rūpa “faculty as form” see…

rūpin →

pts

…having material qualities, possessed of form or shape or body or matter, belonging to the realm of form. rūpī is…

rūḷhi →

pts

…what has grown by custom tradition, popular meaning of a word (˚sadda). The fig. meaning is the one usually found in Pāli, esp. in Abhidhamma…

sa →

pts

…roaring of the billows Iti.57, Iti.114
Note. sa2 & sa3 are differentiations of one and the same…

sabba →

pts

…DN.i.4; SN.iv.15; Vin.i.5; Iti.3; Cnd. s.v., nom pl. sabbe Snp.66; gen. pl. sabbesaṃ Snp.1030
■ nt sabbaṃ the (whole) world of…

sabhājana →

pts

honouring, salutation Mil.2.

Dhtp.553: pīti-dassanesu

sabhāva →

pts

…state (of mind), nature, condition Mil.90, Mil.212, Mil.360; Pv-a.39 (ummattaka˚), Pv-a.98 (santa˚), Pv-a.219. 2. character, disposition,…

sadda →

pts

…Ja.ii.108. 3. word Vin.i.11; Iti.114; Dhp-a.i.15 (itthi˚) Vb-a.387 (in nirutti); Snp-a.261, Snp-a.318, Snp-a.335.

*…

saddahati →

pts

…SN.i.20, SN.i.214; Snp.186; Iti.112.
pot saddheyya Ja.ii.446 (= saddaheyya C.); 2nd pl. saddahetha Ja.iii.192 3rd pl….

sadā →

pts

…(where long stereotype definition); Dhp.79; Pv.ii.8#11 (= sabbakālaṃ yāvajīvaṃ Pv-a.110); Pv.ii.9#37 (= sabbakālaṃ divase divase sāyañ…

sagaha →

pts

adjective full of crocodiles Iti.57, Iti.114. As sagāha at SN.iv.157.

sa3 + gaha2

sagga →

pts

…Snp.224 (loc. pl. saggesu); Iti.14; Pv.i.1#3; Vism.103, Vism.199.

  • -āpāya heaven and hell Thig.63; Snp.647.
  • -ārohaṇa (-sopāna)…

sagārava →

pts

adjective respectful, usually combined with sappatissa & other syn., e.g. Vin.i.45; Iti.10 Vism.19, Vism.221.

sa3 + gārava

saha →

pts

…rejoicing with Iti.73.

  • -paṃsukīḷita a companion in play a playfellow AN.ii.186: Ja.i.364; Ja.iv.77; Pv-a.30. *…

sahassa →

pts

…the thing counted in the genitive, accharānaṃ sahassaṃ Mhvs.17, Mhvs.13; AN.i.227; or ˚-, as sahassa-yakkha-parivāra Snp-a.209. In…

sahati →

pts

…SN.iv.157; Snp.942; Dhp.335; Iti.84; Ja.i.74; Ja.ii.386 (avamānaṃ); Ja.iii.423 (id.). 2. to bear, endure Snp.20 Pp.68. 3. to be able DN.ii.342…

sajati →

pts

…cp. Av. hərəƶaiti to let loose; Sk. sarga pouring out, sṛṣṭi emanation, creation

Sajati2

to embrace DN.ii.266…

sajjhāya →

pts

repetition, rehearsal study DN.iii.241; Vin.i.133; Vin.ii.194; AN.iv.136; SN.v.121; Ja.i.116, Ja.i.436; Ja.ii.48; Mil.12, Kp-a.24; Vb-a.250 sq….

saka →

pts

…SN.v.261 (id.); Snp.861; Iti.76 Mnd.252; Pv.i.5#1 (ghara); Pv.ii.6#1 (bhātā)
■ Opp. assaka2-appassaka having little or…

sakid →

pts

sakid (in composition see also sakad -āgāmin): in [sakid eva](/define/sakid eva) once only AN.ii.238 AN.iv.380; Pp.16;…

sakiṃ →

pts

sakid (in composition see also sakad -āgāmin): in [sakid eva](/define/sakid eva) once only AN.ii.238 AN.iv.380; Pp.16;…

sakkaroti →

pts

…DN.ii.159; Pot. -kareyya Iti.110; aor. -kari Pv-a.54; ger. -katvā Pp.35; Ja.vi.14, & -kacca (q.v.)
pp sakkata

sakkatta →

pts

Śakraship, the position as the ruler of the devas MN.iii.65; Ja.i.315; Vism.301 (brahmatta +). -rajja a kingdom rivalling Sakka’s…

sakkoti →

pts

to be able. Pres. sakkoti DN.i.246; Vin.i.31; Mil.4; Dhp-a.i.200; sakkati [= Class. Sk. śakyate] Ne.23 Pot. sakkuṇeyya Ja.i.361; Pv-a.106; archaic 1s …

salla →

pts

…MN.i.429 MN.ii.216; Snp.562; Iti.101; Mil.110, Mil.169; Vism.136 (in simile); Kp-a.21 (id.). The Buddha is the best surgeon Snp.560; Mil.215. *…

sama →

pts

…Snp.226, Snp.799 Snp.842; Iti.17, Iti.64; Dhp.306; Mil.4. The compared noun is put in the instr.; or precedes as first part of cpd. 3….

samacariyā →

pts

…+…

samadhigacchati →

pts

to attain Thag.4; aor. samajjhagā Iti.83; 3rd pl. samajjhagaṃ SN.i.103.

saṃ + adhigacchati

samadhigaṇhāti →

pts

…MN.i.506; MN.ii.25; SN.i.86; Iti.16. 2. to exceed, surpass, to overcome, to master Ja.vi.261 (pañhaṃ samadhiggahetvā). Often confounded with…

samajja →

pts

-ābhicaraṇa visiting fairs DN.iii.183.

  • -ṭṭhāna the place of the festival, the arena, Vin.ii.150; Ja.i.394; *…

samanta →

pts

…Vism.185; and in definitions of prefix pari˚; DN-a.i.217; Vv-a.236; Pv-a.32) instr. samantena (Thig.487) on all…

samatha →

pts

…SN.v.52; AN.ii.157; Dhp-a.iv.140; also separately “calm & intuition,” e.g. MN.i.494.

fr. śam, cp. BSk. śamatha

samavekkhati →

pts

to consider, examine MN.i.225; AN.ii.32; Iti.30.

saṃ + avekkhati

samavekkhitar →

pts

one who considers Iti.120.

fr. last

samaya →

pts

hetu (condition), 6 diṭṭhi (opinion). 7 paṭilābha (acquisition), 8…

samaṇa →

pts

…thus, DN.i.13; Iti.58, Iti.60; Snp.p.90; Vin.i.12; Vin.ii.110 samaṇabrāhmaṇā, Samaṇas and Brāhmaṇas quite generally: “leaders…

sambhata →

pts

…MN.i.116; DN.iii.190; AN.iii.38 = AN.iv.266; SN.i.35; SN.ii.185 = Iti.17; Ja.i.338; Thag-a.11.

saṃ + bhata

sambheda →

pts

mixing up, confusion, contamination DN.iii.72; AN.i.51 = Iti.36; DN-a.i.260 (jāti˚ mixing of caste); Vism.123 (of colours).

saṃ + bheda

sambhāra →

pts

…bodhis˚ the necessary conditions for obtaining enlightening Ja.i.1; vimokkhas˚ Thag-a.214. 3. constituent part, element SN.iv.197;…

sambhāvana →

pts

supposition, assumption, the meaning of the particle sace Vin.i.372#2; cp Ja.ii.29; Dhp-a.ii.77.

fr. sambhāveti

sambodha →

pts

…AN.ii.325 sq.; AN.v.238 sq.; Iti.27; pubbe sambodhā, before attaining insight MN.i.17, MN.i.163; MN.ii.211; MN.iii.157; SN.ii.5 SN.ii.10; SN.iv.6,…

sambodhi →

pts

…SN.i.181; AN.ii.14; Iti.28, Iti.42, Iti.117; Snp-a.73 See also sammā˚.

  • -agga [˚yagga] the summit of enlightenment…

sambojjhaṅga →

pts

constituent of Sambodhi (enlightenment), of which there are seven: sati, selfpossession; dhammavicaya, investigation of doctrine viriya, energy; pīti, joy; passaddhi, tranquillity samādhi, concentrati …

sambuddha →

pts

…a Buddha Snp.178 etc., Snp.559; AN.ii.4; Dhp.181; SN.i.4; Iti.35 etc.

saṃ + buddha

sameti →

pts

… fut samessati SN.iv.379; Iti.70;
aor samiṃsu Bv.ii.199; SN.ii.158 = Iti.70; & samesuṃ Ja.ii.30#2
ger samecca 1 (coming) together…

samita →

pts

…MN.i.93; AN.iv.13; Iti.116; Mil.70, Mil.116.

saṃ + ita, pp. of sameti

Samita2

equal (in measure), like SN.i.6.

sa +…

samiti →

pts

assembly DN.ii.256; Dhp.321; Ja.iv.351; Pv.ii.3#13 (= sannipāta Pv-a.86); Dhp-a.iv.13.

fr. saṃ + i

sammati →

pts

…stop, AN.ii.24; Iti.82, Iti.83, Iti.117, Iti.183; Dhp.265.

Sammati3

to work; to be satisfactory Vin.ii.119 (parissāvanaṃ na…

sammatta →

pts

magga 2 a) DN.iii.255; the 10 are the above with the addition of sammā-ñāṇa and ˚vimutti AN.v.240.

abstr. fr. sammā

sammukha →

pts

…Ja.v.461. In composition sammukha˚, sammukhā˚ sammukhī˚; (before bhū): ˚bhāva (˚a˚) presence, confrontation Mil.126;…

sammuti →

pts

…Snp.904, Snp.911. 6. definition declaration, statement Vin.i.123 (ummattaka˚); AN.iv.347 (vādaka˚); Vb-a.164 (bhuñjaka˚). 7. a popular…

sammā →

pts

…cp. Dhp-a.i.434); Iti.38, Iti.79, Iti.93, Iti.95, Iti.108. -attha a proper or good thing or cause Ja.vi.16. -ddasa having…

sampadā →

pts

…to the P.; in exegesis of iti-kira (hearsay) AN.i.189 = AN.ii.191 = Cnd.151; and of itihītiha MN.i.520 = MN.ii.169.

fr. saṃ + pad, cp….

sampahaṃsaka →

pts

adjective gladdening MN.i.146; AN.ii.97; AN.iv.296, AN.iv.328; AN.v.155; Iti.107; Mil.373.

fr. next

sampajāna →

pts

…Snp.413, Snp.931; Iti.10, Iti.42; Pp.25; DN.iii.49, DN.iii.58, DN.iii.221, DN.iii.224 sq.; AN.iv.47 sq., AN.iv.300 sq., AN.iv.457 sq. Mnd.395;…

sampanna →

pts

…sampannasīla virtuous Iti.118; Dhp.57; sampannodaka abounding in water Ja.iv.125. 3. sweet, well cooked Vin.ii.196; Mil.395.

pp. of…

samparāyika →

pts

…DN.iii.130; AN.iii.49, AN.iii.364 AN.iv.285; MN.i.87; Iti.17, Iti.39; Ja.ii.74.

fr. last

sampaṭicchati →

pts

…s. to comply with an admonition Ja.iii.52; sādhū ti s. to say “well” and agree Ja.ii.31; Mil.8. Caus. ii. sampaṭicchāpeti

samphala →

pts

adjective abounding in fruits SN.i.70; SN.i.90 = Iti.45.

saṃ + phala

samphusati →

pts

…with;
ppr samphussaṃ Iti.68;
ppr med samphusamāna Snp.671; Cnd.199 (reads samphassamāna, where id. p at MN.i.85 has rissamāna);
aor…

samphuṭṭha →

pts

touched SN.iv.97; AN.v.103; Iti.68.

pp. of samphassati

sampiṇḍana →

pts

combining, connection, addition Vism.159 (of “ca”); Kp-a.228 (id.); Dhs-a.171.

fr. saṃ + piṇḍ˚

sampāta →

pts

…concurrence, collision Iti.68; kukkuṭasampāta neighbouring, closely adjoining (yasmā gāmā nikkhamitvā kukkuṭo padasā va aññaṃ…

samucchati →

pts

…to arise samucchissatha (Conditional) DN.ii.63.

derivation and meaning uncertain; Windisch, Buddha’s Geburt, p. 39, n.1 derives it fr. saṃ +…

samudaya →

pts

…Vin.i.10; Snp.p.135; Iti.16 (samuddaya metri causa) etc. dukkha˚; the origin of ill, the second ariya-sacca, e.g. DN.iii.136; AN.i.177…

samudda →

pts

…Dhp-a.iii.44. Eight qualities AN.iv.198, AN.iv.206; popular etymology Mil.85 sq. (viz “yattakaṃ udakaṃ tattakaṃ loṇaṃ,” and vice…

samuddaya →

pts

metri causa instead of samudaya Iti.16, Iti.52.

samudācarati →

pts

…MN.i.453; SN.ii.273; Iti.31; Vism.343. 3. to behave towards to converse with (instr.), to address Vin.i.9; DN.ii.154 DN.ii.192; AN.iii.124,…

samuppāda →

pts

…Vin.ii.96; SN.iii.16 sq.; Iti.17; AN.iii.406 (dhamma˚); Ja.vi.223 (anilūpana-samuppāda, v. read ˚-samuppāta, “swift as the wind”);…

samussaya →

pts

…complex AN.ii.42; Iti.48; Iti.34; bhassasamuccaya, grandiloquence Snp.245 2. complex form, the body DN.ii.157 = SN.i.148; Vv.35#12 (=…

samuttejaka →

pts

adjective instigating, inciting, gladdening MN.i.146; AN.ii.97; AN.iv.296, AN.iv.328; AN.v.155; SN.v.162; Iti.107.

fr. samuttejeti

samādapaka →

pts

…arousing MN.i.145; AN.ii.97; AN.iv.296, AN.iv.328 AN.v.155; SN.v.162; Mil.373; Iti.107; Dhp-a.ii.129.

fr. samādapeti; cp. BSk. samādāpaka…

samādhi →

pts

…MN.i.301; six conditions and six hindrances AN.iii.427; other hindrances MN.iii.158. The second jhāna is born from samādhi DN.ii.186;…

samādiyati →

pts

…sikkhati sikkhāpadesu he adopts and trains himself in the precepts DN.i.63; SN.v.187; Iti.118; Snp.962 (cp. Mnd.478)
pp…

samādāna →

pts

…acquiring for oneself of Karma DN.i.82; AN.iii.417; AN.v.33; SN.v.266 SN.v.304; Iti.58 sq., Iti.99 sq.; Vb-a.443 sq. 3. resolution vow…

samāhita →

pts

…Snp.972 etc.; Dhp.362; Iti.119; Pp.35; Vin.iii.4; Mil.300; Vism.410; Mnd.501 3. having attained SN.i.48 (cp. K.S. i.321 & Mil.352).

pp. of…

samūhata →

pts

taken out, removed DN.i.136; SN.iii.131; Thag.604; Dhp.250; Snp.14, Snp.360; Iti.83; Ja.iv.345 (Kern, wrongly, “combined”).

pp. of samūhanati

samūhatatta →

pts

abolition MN.iii.151.

abstr. fr. samūhata

sandassaka →

pts

instructing MN.i.145; AN.ii.97; AN.iv.296; SN.v.162; Iti.107; Mil.373.

fr. sandassati, Caus. of sandissati

sandhāna →

pts

  1. uniting, conciliation, friendship DN-a.i.74; Dhs-a.113.
  2. bond, fetter Ud.77 (read sandāna?).

fr. saṃ + dhā

sannivesana →

pts

position, settlement; pāṭiekka-˚ private, separate Ja.i.92.

saṃ + nivesana

sant →

pts

…AN.iii.338; Snp.81; Dhp.146; Iti.85; & sante DN.i.61;
■ abl. santato Ne.88; Dhs-a.206 sq
■ pl. nom. santo MN.i.24; SN.i.71; Snp.450;…

santa →

pts

…living a peaceful life Iti.30, Iti.121.

pp. of sammati1

Santa2

tired, wearied, exhausted Dhp.60; Ja.i.498; Pv.ii.9#36…

santiṭṭhati →

pts

…SN.v.321; Vin.i.9, Vin.i.15; Iti.43. 4. to restrain oneself Ja.i.438. 5. to wait for (acc.) Dhp-a.i.50

Forms

pres…

santīraṇa →

pts

…in the act of sense-cognition judging an impression (see Cpd. 28, 40, 238) DN-a.i.194; Dhs-a.264, Dhs-a.269, Dhs-a.272; Vism.459. As…

sapadānaṃ →

pts

…of sapadā, and naṃ an enclitic. Trenckner (Miln. p. 428) says sapadi + ayana. Kern (

Toevoegselen

ii.73 agrees on the whole, but explains…

sapatta →

pts

…asapatta without enmity Snp.150; sapatta (m.) a rival, foe, Iti.83; AN.iv.94 sq.; Ja.i.297.

Sk. sapatna

sappaccaya →

pts

adjective correlated, having a cause, conditioned DN.i.180; AN.i.82; Dhs.1083.

sa3 + paccaya

sappañña →

pts

adjective wise MN.i.225; Snp.591; often as sapañña Iti.36; Snp.90; Ja.ii.65.

sa3 + pañña

sappaṭissa →

pts

…reverential, deferential Iti.10; Vin.i.45; Vv.84#41 (cp. Vv-a.347). See also gārava.

sa + paṭissā, cp. BSk….

sappītika →

pts

adjective accompanied by the feeling of joy, joyful AN.i.81; Ja.i.10; Vism.86 (opp nippītika).

sa3 + pīti + ka

sara →

pts

…Dhs-a.17; eight qualities DN.ii.211, DN.ii.227; gītāssara song Vin.ii.108; bindussara a sweet voice Snp.350 adj. Ja.ii.439;…

sarada →

pts

…MN.i.115; AN.iv.102 AN.v.22; Iti.20; SN.i.65; SN.iii.141, SN.iii.155; SN.v.44; Vv-a.134, Vv-a.161.

Vedic śarad (f.) traces of the cons. decl….

sarasa →

pts

adjective with its essential properties (see rasa) Mnd.43; sarasabhāva a method of exposition Dhs-a.71.

sa3 + rasa

saraṇa →

pts

…Dhp.190; Snp.p.15, Snp.p.25; Iti.63; or yāti Snp.179; Dhp.188; asaraṇa, asaraṇībhūta without help and refuge Mil.148. See…

sata →

pts

…either-˚ or as apposition, viz. gāma-sataṃ a hundred (ship of) villages Dhp-a.i.180; jaṭila-satāni 100 ascetics Vin.i.24; jāti˚…

satata →

pts

…(adv.) continually AN.iv.14; Iti.116; Snp.507; Mil.70; Pv.ii.8#11 (= nirantaraṃ Pv-a.110); Pv.iii.7#10 (= sabbakālaṃ Pv-a.207); Pv-a.177;…

sati →

pts

…AN.iii.199; AN.iv.232; Iti.120 parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhāpetuṃ to surround oneself with watchfulness of mind MN.iii.89; Vin.i.24,…

satimant →

pts

…gen. satīmataṃ Dhp.181; Iti.35; satimantānaṃ AN.i.24
■ See also DN.iii.77, DN.iii.141 DN.iii.221 sq.; AN.iv.4, AN.iv.38, AN.iv.300…

satta →

pts

…7 royal treasures DN.i.88; Iti.15; Ja.v.484.

  • -ratta a week Ja.vi.230 (dve˚ a fortnight), Ja.vi.304; Snp.570. *…

sattakkhattuṃ →

pts

adverb seven times Vin.i.3; Iti.18; sattakkhattuparamaṃ seven times at the utmost; ˚parama one who will not be reborn more than seven times…

sattha →

pts

…of the Buddha SN.i.192; Iti.80, Iti.108; Vin.i.6. In exegesis of term Satthā at Mnd.446 = Cnd.630 = Vism.208.

sa3 + attha; Sk….

satthar →

pts

… ■ gen. satthu DN.i.110; Iti.79; Vin.i.12
■ gen. satthuno DN.ii.128; Snp.547, Snp.573,
■ loc. satthari Dhs.1004;
■ nom. and acc. pl….

sayana →

pts

…a quarrel in the bedroom, a curtain-lecture Ja.iii.20; sayanāsana bed seat Iti.112; Dhp.185, etc.: see senāsana.

fr….

sayati FIXME double →

pts

sayaṃ Iti.82, Iti.117; Snp.193; sayāna (med.) DN.i.90; DN.ii.292; MN.i.57; Iti.117; Snp.1145; &…

sayita →

pts

…lying in a good position, sleeping well, well-embedded (of seeds) AN.iii.404 = DN.ii.354; Mil.255. sukha-sayitabhāva “having had a…

sañcaya →

pts

accumulation, quantity Snp.697; Iti.17 (aṭṭhi˚); Mil.220.

fr. saṃ + ci

sañjānana →

pts

…knowing, perceiving, recognition Mil.61; DN-a.i.211; characteristic, that by which one is distinguished Dhs-a.321. As f. at Dhs.4; Dhs-a.110,…

saññama →

pts

…manasā); DN.iii.147; Iti.15 (ññ); Snp.264, Snp.655; MN.ii.101 (sīla˚); Dhp.25 (saññama dama); DN-a.i.160; Dhp-a.ii.255 (=…

saññin →

pts

…AN.ii.34; Mnd.97, Mnd.138; Iti.90; DN-a.i.119. Cp. vi˚
■ In composition saññi˚; e.g. -gabbha animate production DN.i.54;…

saññā →

pts

…perception of material qualities). 3. consciousness DN.i.180 sq.; MN.i.108; Vb.369 (nānatta˚ c. of diversity see…

saṃhāraka →

pts

drawing together, a collector SN.ii.185 = Iti.17. sabba˚; a kind of mixed perfume Ja.vi.336.

saṃ + hāra + ka

saṃrambha →

pts

…+ *rambha, fr. rabh, as in rabhasa…

saṃsagga →

pts

…AN.iv.87 sq., AN.iv.331; Iti.70; Ja.i.376; Ja.iv.57; Mil.386; Cnd.137; Vb-a.340 (an-anulomika˚); Pv-a.5 (pāpamitta˚)
■ Two kinds of…

saṃsandati →

pts

…DN.ii.223; SN.ii.158 = Iti.70; SN.iv.379; Pp.32
caus saṃsandeti to put together; unite, combine Ja.i.403;…

saṃsappaniyapariyāya →

pts

the creeping exposition, a discussion of the consequences of certain kinds of kamma AN.v.288 sq.

saṃsarati →

pts

…SN.iii.149; SN.iv.439; Iti.109; Pv-a.166; med. saṃsaramāna Vv.19#7; ger -saritvā SN.iii.212; Pp.16

pp *saṃsarita &…

saṃsati →

pts

…aśaṃsīt) Ja.iii.484 Cp. abhi˚.

Vedic śaṃsati, cp. Av. saṃhaiti to proclaim, Lat. censeo = censure; Obulg. χom to say

saṃvara →

pts

…SN.iv.189 sq.; Iti.28, Iti.96 Iti.118; Pp.59; Snp.1034; Vin.ii.126, Vin.ii.192 (āyatiṃ saṃvarāya “for restraint in the future,” in…

saṃvattanika →

pts

adjective conducive to, involving AN.ii.54, AN.ii.65; Iti.82; Kv.618; Ja.i.275; Ne.134 = SN.v.371 As -iya at Pv-a.205.

fr. saṃvattati

saṃvattati →

pts

…Vin.i.10 = SN.v.421; Iti.71 sq.; Ja.i.97; Pot. saṃvatteyya Vin.i.13
■ Often in phrase *nibbidāya, virāgāya… nibbānāya…

saṃvaṭṭa →

pts

…(see also; vivaṭṭa DN.i.14; AN.ii.142; Iti.15, Iti.99; Pp.60.)

saṃ + vaṭṭa1

saṃvega →

pts

…SN.v.130, SN.v.133; Iti.30; Snp.935; Ja.i.138 Mnd.406; Vism.135 = Kp-a.235 (eight objects inducing emotion: birth, old age, illness,…

saṃvejana →

pts

adjective agitating, moving Iti.30.

fr. saṃ + vij

saṃvibhajati →

pts

… caus ˚vibhājeti Iti.65.

saṃ + vibhajati

saṃvibhāga →

pts

…+…

saṃvijjati →

pts

…to be stirred AN.ii.114; Iti.30.
pp saṃvigga

caus saṃvejeti MN.i.253; SN.i.141;…

saṃvuta →

pts

…AN.iii.387; Iti.96, Iti.118; Snp.340 (indriyesu) Dhp.340; DN-a.i.181.

asaṃvuta unrestrained SN.iv.70;…

saṃyama →

pts

…manasā); DN.iii.147; Iti.15 (ññ); Snp.264, Snp.655; MN.ii.101 (sīla˚); Dhp.25 (saññama dama); DN-a.i.160; Dhp-a.ii.255 (=…

saṃyojana →

pts

…MN.i.483; Dhp.370; Iti.8 (taṇhā) Snp.62, Snp.74, Snp.621; Ja.i.275; Ja.ii.22; Ne.49; Dhp-a.iii.298 Dhp-a.iv.49.

The ten fetters are…

saṃyutta →

pts

…(ññ), Snp.300, Snp.304; Iti.8 Sdhp.211. 2. connected with, mixed with (-˚) Ja.i.269 (visa˚)
■ Cp. paṭi˚, vi˚.

pp. of…

saṅga →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.187; seven sangas, Iti.94; Mnd.91, Mnd.432; Cnd.620.

  • -ātiga one who has overcome attachment, free from attachment, an Arahant…

saṅgacchati →

pts

to come together, to meet with; ger. -gamma Iti.123; & -gantva Snp.290
pp saṅgata.

saṃ + gacchati

saṅgaha →

pts

…(applied) kind disposition, kindliness, sympathy, friendliness, help assistance, protection, favour DN.iii.245; Snp.262, Snp.263; AN.i.92;…

saṅgha →

pts

…etc. Dhs.1004; Iti.11, Iti.12, Iti.88; Vin.i.102, Vin.i.326; Vin.ii.164, etc. 3. a larger assemblage, a community AN.ii.55 = Sv.400; MN.i.231…

saṅgāma →

pts

…AN.iii.94; Vin.i.6; Iti.75; Snp.440 Cnd.199; Pp.68; Ja.i.358; Ja.ii.11; Mil.332; Vism.401 Cp. vijita˚.

-āvacara whose sphere is the…

saṅgāmeti →

pts

…Vin.ii.195; Vin.iii.108; Iti.75; Ja.ii.11, Ja.ii.212. aor. -gāmesi Ja.v.417, Ja.v.420 (C. = samāgami cp. sangacchati).

Denom. fr….

saṅgīti →

pts

  1. a song, chorus, music Ja.i.32 (dibba˚); Ja.vi.528 (of birds).
  2. proclamation (cp. sangara), rehearsal, general convocation of the Buddhist clergy in order to settle questions of doctrine and to fi …

saṅkalaha →

pts

inciting words, quarrel Ja.v.393.

saṃ + kalaha

saṅkalana →

pts

addition DN-a.i.95; MN-a.i.2.

fr. saṃ + kal to produce

saṅkanti →

pts

transition, passage Kv.569; Vism.374 sq.

fr. sankamati

saṅkhalikā →

pts

…(esp. in composition), e.g. Ja.iii.125 (˚bandhana); Ja.vi.3; Mil.279
aṭṭhi˚; a chain of bones, a…

saṅkhata →

pts

…SN.iii.56; Vin.ii.284; Iti.37, Iti.88; Ja.ii.38; Ne.14; Dhs.1085; Dhs-a.47. As nt. that which is produced from a cause, i.e. the…

saṅkhaya →

pts

destruction, consumption, loss, end Vin.i.42; DN.ii.283; MN.i.152; SN.i.2, SN.i.124; SN.iv.391; Iti.38; Dhp.282 (= vināsa Dhp-a.iii.421), Dhp.331; Ja.ii.52 Ja.v.465; Mil.205, Mil.304.

saṃ + khaya

saṅkhā →

pts

…i.25. 2. denomination, definition, word, name (cp. on term K.S. i.321) SN.iii.71 sq.; SN.iv.376 sq.; Cnd.617 (= uddesa gaṇanā paññatti);…

saṅkhāra →

pts

…Aggregate of the conditions or essential properties for a given process or result-e.g. (i.) the sum of the conditions or properties making…

saṅkhāyati →

pts

…(= jānitvā etc. Cnd.619); Mnd.327; Dhp.267 (= ñāṇena Dhp-a.iii.393); Iti.54. saṅkhā pi deliberately MN.i.105 sq.

saṃ + khyā

saṅkiya →

pts

adjective

  1. apt to be suspected Iti.67.
  2. anxious Ja.i.334.

grd. fr. śankati

saṇḍa →

pts

…teeming with beings Iti.21
Jambu˚; Name of Jambudīpa Snp.352 = Thag.822 (variant reading ˚maṇḍa, which Kern considers to be…

saṇṭhita →

pts

…Mil.383; in a good position, well situated Dhs-a.65. 2. being composed (as), being of the nature of (-˚), ullumpanasabhāva˚; of a…

saṇṭhiti →

pts

  1. stability, firmness SN.v.228; Dhs.11; Vism.206; Dhs-a.143; Sdhp.460.
  2. fixing settling Mil.144.

fr. santiṭṭhati

saṇṭhāna →

pts

…position; composition, nature, shape, form Vin.ii.76; MN.i.120 (spelt ˚nth˚); AN.i.50; AN.iv.190 (C. osakkana); Mil.270 Mil.316,…

seda →

pts

sweat DN.ii.293; AN.ii.67 sq. Iti.76; Snp.196; Ja.i.118, Ja.i.138, Ja.i.146, Ja.i.243; in detaiḷ (physiologically) at Vism.262, Vism.360; Vb-a.66,…

sekadhārī →

pts

Ja.vi.536 (nīlapupphi-˚, C. nīlapupphīti ādikā pupphavalliyo).

sekha →

pts

…AN.i.63; Pp.14; Iti.9 sq., Iti.53, Iti.71; Snp.970 Snp.1038 = SN.ii.47; definition AN.i.231; SN.v.14, SN.v.145, SN.v.175 SN.v.229 sq., SN.v.298,…

sekkha →

pts

…AN.i.63; Pp.14; Iti.9 sq., Iti.53, Iti.71; Snp.970 Snp.1038 = SN.ii.47; definition AN.i.231; SN.v.14, SN.v.145, SN.v.175 SN.v.229 sq., SN.v.298,…

senā →

pts

…the position of a generalissimo Ja.v.115.

  • -nāyaka a general Vin.i.73.
  • -pacca the position as…

senāsana →

pts

…etc.; DN.ii.77; AN.i.60; Iti.103, Iti.109; DN-a.i.208; Ja.i.217; Vb-a.365 (= seti c’eva āsati ca etthā ti senāsanaṃ). See also…

seti →

pts

sayaṃ Iti.82, Iti.117; Snp.193; sayāna (med.) DN.i.90; DN.ii.292; MN.i.57; Iti.117; Snp.1145; &…

sevanā →

pts

following, associating with Snp.259; Dhs.1326; Pp.20; Dhtp.285 (as nt.); cohabiting Vin.iii.29.

fr. sevati

sevati →

pts

…sq.; Snp.57, Snp.75; Pp.33; Iti.107; Ja.iii.525; Snp-a.169. 2. to practice, embrace, make use of Vin.i.10 = SN.v.421; DN.iii.157; SN.i.12;…

sevin →

pts

adjective serving, practising Snp.749; Iti.54. See vipakkha˚.

fr. sev

seyyathā →

pts

…pi Vin.i.5; DN.i.45; Iti.90, Iti.113; Ja.i.339; seyyathīdaṃ as follows “i.e.” or “viz.” Vin.i.10; DN.i.89;…

seṭṭhi →

pts

--ṭṭhāna the position of a seṭṭhi Ja.ii.122, Ja.ii.231; hereditary Ja.i.231 Ja.i.243; Ja.ii.64; Ja.iii.475; Ja.iv.62 etc.;…

sikkhati →

pts

…Vin.iv.141; DN.ii.241; Iti.104, Iti.121; sikkhamānā (f.) a young woman undergoing a probationary course of training in order to become a nun…

sikkhā →

pts

…of discipline AN.ii.243; Iti.40

  • -ānusantatavutti whose behaviour is thoroughly in accordance with the discipline Ne.112 *…

sikkhāpada →

pts

…ânukhuddakāni); Iti.96, Iti.118 Vb-a.69 (bhesajja˚); Dhp-a.iii.16. 2. in special: the 5 (or 10) rules of morality, or the precepts to be…

siliṭṭhatā →

pts

adherence, adhesion, junction Cnd.137 (byañjana˚, of “iti”).

abstr. fr. siliṭṭha

siniyhati →

pts

snih; cp. Av. snāēƶaiti it snows = Lat. ninguit, Gr. νείγει; Oir. snigid it rains; Lat. nix snow = Gr. νίγα = Goth, snaiws, Ohg….

siri →

pts

…alakkhika)
■ The composition form is siri˚.

  • -gabbha bedroom Ja.i.228, Ja.i.266; Ja.iii.125; Ja.v.214. *…

sirī →

pts

…alakkhika)
■ The composition form is siri˚.

  • -gabbha bedroom Ja.i.228, Ja.i.266; Ja.iii.125; Ja.v.214. *…

siñcati →

pts

…cp. Av. hinčaiti to pour; Lat. siat “urinate,” Ags. sēon; Ohg. sīhan, Ger. ver-siegen; Gr. ἰκμάς wet Goth saiws = E….

siṅgin →

pts

…Ja.iv.173 (= cow); clever, sharp-witted, false Thag.959; AN.ii.26; Iti.112; cp. J.P.T.S. 1885, 53.

Vedic śṛngin

soceyya →

pts

…is threefold AN.i.271; Iti.55; DN.iii.219; further subdivided AN.v.264, AN.v.266 sq. In meaning of “cleaning, washing given in the Dhtp as…

sona →

pts

dog Iti.36; see soṇa.

sota →

pts

…flood, torrent Snp.433; Iti.144; Ja.i.323; sīgha-s having a quick current DN.ii.132; Snp.319; metaphorically the stream of cravings Snp.715…

soḷasa →

pts

…of AN.iv.252; SN.iii.156; SN.v.44, SN.v.343; Dhp.70; Iti.19.

Sk. ṣoḍaśa

soṇa →

pts

…bitch Mhvs.7, Mhvs.8 = sona Iti.36.

see suvāṇa

Soṇa2

a kind of tree; the Bodhi trees of the Buddhas…

su →

pts

…sq., DN.iii.169; Dhp.231; Iti.55 Iti.59 sq.; Pts.i.115; Vism.199. -citta much variegated Dhp.151; Dhp-a.iii.122. -cchanna

subha →

pts

…lucky, pleasant Snp.341; Iti.80 good Snp.824, Snp.910; subhato maññati to consider as a good thing Snp.199; Ja.i.146; cp. SN.iv.111; (nt.)…

sudaṃ →

pts

…DN.i.87 DN.ii.91; Iti.15; api ssudaṃ DN.ii.264; SN.i.119; api sudaṃ SN.i.113; sā ssudam SN.ii.255.

= Vedic svid, influenced by sma:…

suddha →

pts

…heaven and of the devas inhabiting it DN.ii.50; Vism.392. Five are enumerated at DN.iii.237 viz. Avihā, Atappā, Sudassā, Sudassī,…

sugati →

pts

…DN.ii.141 Pp.60; Iti.24, Iti.77, Iti.112; AN.iii.5, AN.iii.205; AN.v.268; Vism.427 (where defined as “sundarā gati” & distinguished fr;…

sukha →

pts

…origin of bliss Iti.16 Iti.52

  • -samphassa pleasant to touch Dhs.648
  • -sammata deemed a pleasure Snp.760
  • -sayita well…

sukhuma →

pts

…DN-a.i.127; Tha-ap.21 (jāla)

sukka →

pts

…SN.v.104; Dhp.87; Dhs.1303; Iti.36; Ja.i.129; Mil.200; sukkadhamma Ja.i.129; kaṇhāsukkaṃ evil and good Snp.526; Sukkā a class of gods…

sumanā →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.12. In composition sumana˚.

supati →

pts

…& sotta*.

svap; Vedic svapiti & svapati; svapna sleep or dream (see supina), with which cp. Gr. υ ̔́πνος sleep = Av….

surā →

pts

…DN.i.146; AN.i.212 AN.i.295; Iti.63; Ja.i.199, Ja.i.252 (tikhiṇaṃ suraṃ yojetvā mixing a sharp drink); Dhp-a.ii.9; Dhp.247; as nt. at…

suta →

pts

…(religious) authority, e.g. Iti.22 sq. (nt.) sacred lore, inspired tradition, revelation; learning religious knowledge MN.iii.99; AN.i.210 sq.;…

suti →

pts

…as a story, through tradition Ja.iii.285, Ja.iii.476; Ja.vi.100. 3. a sound, tone Vv-a.139 (dvāvīsati suti-bhedā 22 kinds of sound).

cp….

sutitikkha →

pts

adjective easy to endure Ja.524.

fr. su + titikkhā

sutta →

pts

…DN.i.70; DN.ii.130; Dhp.47; Iti.41; Ja.v.328
■ (nt.) sleep DN.ii.95; MN.i.448; SN.iv.169. In phrase --pabuddha “awakened from sleep”…

suvaṇṇa →

pts

…beautiful DN.i.82; Dhs.223; Iti.99; AN.iv.255; Pp.60; Ja.i.226; suvaṇṇa (nt.) gold SN.iv.325 sq.; Snp.48, Snp.686 Cnd.687 (= jātarūpa);…

suñña →

pts

…AN.v.207, AN.v.323 sq.; Iti.39; Ja.iii.191; Mil.344 Vism.270; Cnd.94.

  • -gāma an empty (deserted) village (in similes)…

suññata →

pts

…devoid of lusts, evil dispositions, and karma, but especially of soul, ego Thig.46; Thag-a.50; Dhs.344; Mhvs.37, Mhvs.7;…

suṇoti →

pts

…DN.i.152; SN.v.265; Snp.696; Iti.98; Mil.5 suṇoti Ja.iv.443;
pot suṇeyya Vin.i.7; DN.i.79; suṇe Ja.iv.240;
imper…

suṇāti →

pts

…DN.i.152; SN.v.265; Snp.696; Iti.98; Mil.5 suṇoti Ja.iv.443;
pot suṇeyya Vin.i.7; DN.i.79; suṇe Ja.iv.240;
imper…

svākāra →

pts

being of good disposition Vin.i.6.

su + ākāra

sādhu →

pts

…leading a virtuous life Iti.71.

  • -phala having wholesome fruits Ja.i.272 (read sādu˚).
  • -rūpa

sāgāra →

pts

adjective living in a house, Iti.111; sleeping under the same roof Vin.ii.279.

sa3 + agāra

sāhin →

pts

(-˚) adjective enduring Iti.32. See asayha˚.

fr. sah

sāma →

pts

…song, sacred song, devotion, worship, propitiation DN.ii.288.

perhaps = Vedic sāman

sāmaggī →

pts

…DN.iii.245 sq.; AN.iii.289; Mnd.131; Ja.i.328; Iti.12.

abstr. fr. samagga

sāmañña →

pts

…sq.; SN.v.25; AN.ii.27 = Iti.103; Dhp.19 sq., Dhp.311; DN-a.i.158; Vism.132; adj., in accordance with true Samaṇaship, striving to be a…

sāmin →

pts

…(sāmi˚) the genitive case Ja.i.185; Ja.iii.98 (upayog’atthe); Ja.v.42 (karaṇ’atthe), Ja.v.444; Vv-a.304; Snp-a.210 (for…

sārada →

pts

…id. (e.g. AN.ii.24; Iti.123)
Note: At K.S. iii.46 (= SN.iii.54) s. is wrongly taken as sāra + da i.e. “giving sāra”; but…

sārathi →

pts

…of the driving animal called man, a man-trainer Vin.i.35; DN.i.49; Snp.p.103; Iti.79
■ In similes: Vism.466 Kp-a.21.

fr. sa-ratha; Vedic…

sāreti →

pts

is Caus. of sarati1 as well as sarati2. Cp. vīti˚.

sārāṇīya →

pts

adjective courteous polite, friendly (making happy, pleasing, gladdening?) only in combination with kathā, dhamma, or dhammakathā e.g. s. kathā polite spe …

sāta →

pts

adjective pleasant, agreeable Iti.114; Ne.27. Often combined with piya, e.g. Iti.114; Vb.103; DN-a.i.311
■ Opp. kaṭuka

sātatika →

pts

adjective persevering Dhp.23; SN.ii.232; Iti.74; Dhp-a.i.230.

fr. last

sāttha →

pts

with the meaning, in spirit DN.i.62; DN.ii.48; Iti.79, Iti.111; Snp.p.100; Vin.i.21; DN-a.i.176; Vism.214.

sa3 + attha

sāvaka →

pts

…SN.ii.26; Iti.75 sq., Iti.79; Ja.i.229; Vism.214, Vism.411
■ fem sāvikā DN.ii.105; DN.iii.123; Thig.335;…

sāvaṭṭa →

pts

adjective containing whirlpools Iti.114.

sa3 + āvaṭṭa

sīdati →

pts

…Ja.ii.393; Pot. sīde Iti.71; fut. sīdissati: see ni˚
pp sanna
caus sādeti (q.v.); Caus….

sīha →

pts

…AN.iii.122; SN.i.28; Iti.123; fem. sīhī lioness Ja.ii.27 Ja.iii.149, and sīhinī Mil.67.

sīla →

pts

…AN.ii.20; SN.i.99 sq.; Iti.51, Iti.107 Ne.90 sq., Ne.128; Mil.243; Dhp-a.iii.417. -gandha the fragrance of good works…

sīlavant →

pts

…DN.i.114; SN.i.166; Iti.63; Pp.26, Pp.53; Ja.i.187;
■ acc vantaṃ Vin.iii.133; Snp.624;
■ instr vatā SN.iii.167;
■ gen…

sīlin →

pts

adjective having a disposition or character; ariyasīlin having the virtue of an Ārya DN.i.115; DN-a.i.286; niddāsīlin drowsy, Snp.96;…

sīta →

pts

…Pot. of bhavati); Iti.38; --bhūta, tranquillized Vin.i.8; Vin.ii.156; SN.i.141, SN.i.178; Snp.542, Snp.642; AN.i.138 AN.v.65;…

sīti →

pts

Sīti˚

see sīta. The word sītisiyāvimokkha Pts.ii.43, must be artificial, arisen from the pāda, sīti-siyā vimutto Snp.1073 (on which see expln at Cnd.678).

sūcana →

pts

indicating, exhibiting Dhtp.592 (for gandh).

sūkara →

pts

…(kukkuṭa +), AN.ii.209; Iti.36; Ja.i.197 (muṇika); Ja.ii.419 (Sālūka); Ja.iii.287 (Cullatuṇḍila Mahā-tuṇḍila); Mil.118, Mil.267;…

t →

pts

-T-

as composition-consonant (see Müller pp. 62, 63, on euphonic cons.) especially with agge (after, from), in ajja-t-agge, tama-t-agge,…

ta →

pts

…tad-upa-ka, the adj. positive of upa, of which the compar—superlative is upama, meaning like this, i.e. of this or the same kind Also spelt…

taca →

pts

… ■ valita-tacatā a condition of wrinkled skin (as sign of age) Cnd.252≈; Kp iii.; Kp-a.45; Sdhp.102.

tagara →

pts

…from it, incense Vin.i.203; Iti.68 (= Udānavarga p. 112, No. 8); Dhp.54 Dhp.55, Dhp.56 (candana +); Ja.iv.286; Ja.vi.100 (the shrub), Ja.vi.173…

takka →

pts

…reasoning, sophistry (= itihītihaṃ Cnd.151). Opp. to takka (= micchā-sankappo Vb.86, Vb.356) is dhammatakka right…

tama →

pts

…sages Snp.1133, Snp.1136; Iti.32, Iti.108; Cnd.281; Vv.35#2 (= Vv-a.161); Mil.1, Mil.21, etc.;

tanti →

pts

…(+ paveṇi custom, tradition) Ja.vi.380; Dhp-a.i.284. -dhara bearer of tradition Vism.99 (+ vaṃsânurakkhake &…

tapanīya →

pts

…mortifying AN.i.49 = Iti.24; AN.iv.97 (com. tāpajanaka); AN.v.276; Ja.iv.177; Dhs.i.305.

grd. of tapati

Tapanīya2

neuter…

tapassin →

pts

…devoted to religious austerities, an ascetic (non-Buddhist). Fig. one who exercises self-control & attains mastery over his senses Vin.i.234 =…

tappati →

pts

…entertain, regale, feed Iti.67 (annapānena) Pv.ii.4#8 (id.) Mil.227
pp tappita.

Sk. tṛpyate, caus. tarpayati;…

tara →

pts

…t duttaraṃ); Thig.10; Iti.57. Also as su-duttara SN.i.35; SN.v.24.

  • -esin wanting to pass over Ja.iii.230

see…

tathā →

pts

…cp. tāthāvādin Snp.357; Iti.122;

  • -gata see sep.;
  • -bhāva “the being so, such a condition…

tathāgata →

pts

…AN.ii.4; AN.iii.326 sq. Iti.88; Snp.p.15.

Derivation uncertain. Buddhaghosa (DN-a.i.59–DN-a.i.67) gives eight explanations showing that…

tattha →

pts

…yattha wherever… there Iti.115; Ne.96 (˚gāmini-paṭipadā); Vv-a.297; Pv-a.1, Pv-a.2, Pv-a.33, Pv-a.77, etc. See tatra.

Sk. tatra…

tayo →

pts

…Dhp.224, vijjāhi Iti.101);
■ loc. tīsu (janesu Ja.i.307; vidhāsu Snp.842)
■ In composition & derivation: ti in numerical…

taṇhā →

pts

…as his companion AN.ii.10; Iti.9 = Iti.109 = Snp.740, Snp.741 = Cnd.305; cp. Dhs. trsl. p 278;

  • -nadī the river of t….

taṭataṭāyati →

pts

to rattle, shake, clatter; to grind or gnash one’s teeth; to fizz. Usually said of people in frenzy or fury (in ppr. ˚yanto or ˚yamāna) Ja.i.347 (rosena), Ja.i.439 (kodhena); Ja.ii.277 (of a bhikkhu k …

te →

pts

…of all beings, 3 recognition of the origin of misery & of the way to its removal, i.e. of the Path)

  1. brahmanic DN.i.238; AN.i.163; also as…

tejate →

pts

…tikkha, tikhiṇa, tiṇha, titikkhati tittaka, teja, etc.

Vedic tejate from tij (*stij) = Lat. in-stīgo (to spur), Gr. στίζω,…

tekiccha →

pts

…(id.); Mil.322; of Devadatta w. ref. to his rebirth in Niraya Vin.ii.202 = Iti.85; MN.i.393; & sa˚; pardonable Mil.192, Mil.221,…

thaddha →

pts

…(+ atimānin); AN.ii.26 = Iti.113 (kuha th. lapa); Snp.104 (see *gotta*˚); Ja.i.88 (māna˚), Ja.ii.136; Sdhp.90 2. slow…

thala →

pts

…= ukkūla) Dhp.98; Iti.66 = SN.i.100 (megho thalaṃ ninnañ ca pūreti) Pv-a.29 (= unnatapadesa). As dry land, terra firma opp. to jala…

thaneti →

pts

…SN.i.154 (thaneti devo) Iti.66 (megho thanayitvā)
pp thanita. See also gajjati & thunati.

Vedic stanayati & stanati to thunder; cp. Gr….

thavati →

pts

…See thuta, thuti, thoma, thometi.

Sk. stauti, Av. staviti, cp. Gr. στεϋται

thusa →

pts

…(together w. other qualities of corn); Ja.iv.8; Vism.346. athusa DN.iii.199.

  • -aggi a fire of husks Ne.23; *…

thāvara →

pts

…ye ca tasanti loke“); Iti.32 (tasaṃ vā thāvaraṃ vā). See tasa for ref.

Vedic sthāvara, from sthā, cp. sthavira, Gr….

thāvariya →

pts

…DN.ii.16, DN.ii.146, DN.ii.169; SN.i.100; Snp.p.106; Iti.15.

fr. thāvara

thīna →

pts

…(pañcamī senā Mārassa); Iti.27, Iti.120; Pts.i.31, Pts.i.45, Pts.i.162; Pts.ii.12, Pts.ii.169 Pts.ii.179, Pts.ii.228; Pp.68; Dhs.1154,…

ti FIXME double →

pts

…form of iti, thus. See iti.

cp. Sk. iti

Ti˚

base of numeral three in compound; consisting of three, threefold; in numerical compounds also…

ti →

pts

…Mvu.i.556
■ hītiha [itiha + itiha] “so so” talk, gossip, oral tradition, belief by hearsay etc. (cp itikirā & anītiha. Cnd spells…

tibba →

pts

…(kāmesu SN.iii.93 = Iti.90; AN.ii.30; tibbo manussaloko (dark dense) Mil.7; ˚andhakāra dense darkness Vism.500 sq. ˚kilesu deep blemish…

tidasa →

pts

…tiṃsa), esp. the thirty deities (pl.) or belonging to them (adj.). It is the round figure for 33, and is used as equivalent to tāvatiṃsa….

timi →

pts

…It occurs always in combination w. timiṅgala, in formula timi timingala timitimingala, which should probably be reduced…

timiṅgala →

pts

…is evidently faulty A Sanskritized form of t. is timitimingala at Divy.502 See timiratipingala, & cp. also the similar Sk. cilicima a sort of…

tintiṇāti →

pts

…→ *stiṣṭhati; = P. titiṇāyati) to become stiff, cp. timi, thīna and in meaning mucchati. The root tam occurs in same meaning in cpd….

tintiṇāyati →

pts

…→ *stiṣṭhati; = P. titiṇāyati) to become stiff, cp. timi, thīna and in meaning mucchati. The root tam occurs in same meaning in cpd….

tiracchāna →

pts

an animal Iti.92 (tiracchānaṃ ca yoniyo for tiracchāna-yoniyo); Vb.339 (˚gāminī paṭipadā leading to rebirth among beasts); Vv-a.23…

tiriyaṃ →

pts

…Snp.150, Snp.537; Ja.i.96; Iti.120; Dhp-a.i.40 (dvāra-majjhe t across the doorway), Dhp-a.i.47 (sideways); DN-a.i.312; Kp-a.248.

*…

tiro →

pts

preposition & adverb (always ˚-) across, beyond, over, outside afar. See also tiraccha & tiriyaṃ.

-karaṇī (f.) a curtain, a veil (lit….

titikkhati →

pts

…&…

titikkhā →

pts

endurance, forgiveness, longsuffering SN.i.7; SN.v.4; Dhp.184; Cnd.203.

see last

tiṇa →

pts

…(ways in which litigation may be settled). In case mutual complaints of breach of the rules have been brought before a chapter, then…

tiṇṇa →

pts

…tāres’ imaṃ pajaṃ); Iti.123 (tiṇṇo tārayataṃ varo); Dhp.195 (-sokapariddava); Cnd.282.

  • -kathaṅkatha (adj.) having overcome…

tiṭṭhati →

pts

…2); to be in a certain condition (gati, cp. ṭhāna II. a). Often periphrastically for finite verb (with ger.: cp. gata ṭhita) tiṭṭhantam…

tura →

pts

…swift, quick; only in composition with -ga, etc., “going swiftly,” denoting the horse; viz. turaga Vv-a.279;…

tuvaṃ →

pts

…(gen. dat. SN.ii.65; Iti.32; Ja.i.150; Ja.ii.102; tumhesu (loc.) Ja.i.292 (for sg.); tumhehi (instr.) Ja.ii.154; Pv.i.5#12

II….

tuṭṭha →

pts

…Ja.ii.240
■ Snp.683; Iti.103; Ja.i.62 (˚mānasa), Ja.i.87, Ja.i.266 (˚citta), Ja.i.308 (id.); Ja.iv.138
tuṭṭhabba (grd.) to be…

tvaṃ →

pts

…(gen. dat. SN.ii.65; Iti.32; Ja.i.150; Ja.ii.102; tumhesu (loc.) Ja.i.292 (for sg.); tumhehi (instr.) Ja.ii.154; Pv.i.5#12

II….

tādin →

pts

…such like of such (good) qualities, “ecce homo”; in pregnant sense appl. to the Bhagavant & Arahants, characterized as “such” in 5 ways: see…

tādisa →

pts

…or character, in such a condition Ja.i.151 Ja.iii.280; Snp.112, Snp.317, Snp.459; Cnd.277 (in expl. of tathāvidha); Iti.68; Pv.ii.9#4; Pv-a.69,…

tādisaka →

pts

adjective = tādisa1, of such character Snp.278; Iti.68.

tāla →

pts

…palm fruit Iti.84 -paṇṇa a palm-leaf Dhp-a.i.391; Dhp-a.ii.249; Dhp-a.iii.328; Bdhd 62; also used…

tārakā →

pts

…DN.iii.90; SN.iii.156 = Iti.19; SN.v.44; Vv-a.79; Dhs.617. 2. fig. sparkling, glitter, twinkle akkhi˚ the pupil of the eye MN.i.80; udaka˚…

tāreti →

pts

…tattha bahū pi aññe); Iti.123 (tiṇṇo tarayataṃ varo: “one who is through is the best of those who can help through”); Ja.i.28…

tārā →

pts

…Ohg. sterro (:E. star), perhaps loan word from Semitic sources

tāva →

pts

…t. gacchantu). With prohibitive: mā tāva ito agā please do not go from here Pv.ii.3#22.

  1. hortative with 1st pers. fut. equal to…

tāvatiṃsa →

pts

…33, rejected the superstitious beliefs in the magical influence and mystic meaning of that & other simple numbers. And they altered the…

tīraṇa →

pts

measurement, judgment, recognition, Cnd.413 (variant reading tir˚); Ne.54 (+ vipassanā), Ne.82 (≈ñāṇa), Ne.191; Vism.162
■ tīraṇa is…

tūla →

pts

tuft of grass, cotton Vin.ii.150 (3 kinds: rukkha˚, latā˚ poṭaki˚); Snp.591 = Ja.iv.127 (vāto tūlaṃ va dhaṃsaye) DN-a.i.87.

  • -picu cotton-wool Vism.282, Vism.285, Vism.404; Dhp\ …

ubbedha →

pts

height, only as measure, contrasted with āyāma length, & vitthāra width Ja.i.29 (Ja.v.219; asīti-hatth˚), Ja.i.203 (yojana-sahass˚); Vv-a.33 (yojana˚), Vv- …

ubbega →

pts

excitement, fright, anguish DN.iii.148; later, also transport, rapture, in cpd (˚pīti); Vism.143; Dhs-a.124; Pp-a 226.

Sk. udvega, fr. ud + vij

ubho →

pts

…ubho SN.i.87; AN.iii.48 = Iti.16; Iti.43 = Snp.661 = Dhp.306; Snp.220 Snp.543, Snp.597; Dhp.74, Dhp.256, Dhp.269; Dhp.412; Mnd.109; Pv.i.7#6…

ucchādana →

pts

…AN.iv.54, AN.iv.386; Iti.111; Thig.89 (nahāpan˚); Mil.241 (˚parimaddana), Mil.315 (+ nahāpana); DN-a.i.88.

ut + sād, Caus. of…

uda →

pts

…Snp.193, Snp.842, Snp.1075; Iti.82 = Iti.117 (caraṃ vā yadi vā tiṭṭhaṃ nisinno uda vā sayaṃ walking or standing, sitting or lying…

udabindu →

pts

drop of water MN.i.78; Snp.812; Dhp.121, Dhp.122, Dhp.336; Iti.84 (variant reading udaka˚); Mnd.135; Snp-a.114; Dhp-a.ii.51.

uda + bindu

udadhi →

pts

the sea, ocean SN.i.67; Iti.86; Snp.720; Ja.v.326; Ja.vi.526; Thag-a.289; Vv-a.155 (“udakaṃ ettha dhīyatī ti udadhi”); Sdhp.322,…

udaka →

pts

…writing on w. AN.i.283 = Pp.32 (in simile ˚ûpama like writing on w.; cp. Pp-a.215).

udapādi →

pts

…originate, become DN.i.110, DN.i.180, DN.i.185; SN.ii.273; Iti.52, Iti.99; Snp-a.346, Snp-a.462.

udaya →

pts

…AN.iii.32; AN.iv.153; Iti.120; Vism.287; Pts.i.54; Thag-a.90

  • -vyaya = ˚bbaya SN.iv.140; AN.ii.15 (khandhānaṃ);…

uddesa →

pts

…forth, proposition, exposition, indication, programme MN.iii.223 (u. uddiṭṭha), MN.iii.239; SN.iv.299; Snp-a.422. 2. explanation SN.v.110…

uddesika →

pts

…(nt.) indication, definition DN.ii.100 (mam ˚bhikkhusangho); Mil.159 (id.); Kp-a.29. Esp. as-˚ in phrase aṭṭha-vass’

uddha FIXME double →

pts

…(“straight up”); Iti.120; Ja.i.20. 2. (of time) in future, ahead, hence Snp.894; Mnd.303 (u vuccati anāgataṃ)

II. (prep.

uddhata →

pts

…sq., AN.v.142, AN.v.163; Iti.72; Thig.77 (so read with variant reading, T. has uddhaṭa; Thag-a.80 explains as nān’ ārammaṇe…

uddhaṃ →

pts

…(“straight up”); Iti.120; Ja.i.20. 2. (of time) in future, ahead, hence Snp.894; Mnd.303 (u vuccati anāgataṃ)

II. (prep.

uddhumātatta →

pts

swollen condition Vism.178.

abstr. fr. uddhumāta

uddīyati FIXME double →

pts

avadīyati which may be a Sanskritised oddīyati for uddīyati

udeti →

pts

…Ja.iii.324; ppr. udayaṃ Iti.85 (ādicco), & udayanto Pv-a.154 (udayante suriye = sole surgente)
pp udita (see…

udrīyati →

pts

avadīyati which may be a Sanskritised oddīyati for uddīyati

ugghāṭana →

pts

? that which can be removed, in -kiṭikā a curtain to be drawn aside Vin.ii.153 (cp. Vin Texts iii.174, 176). Ch s. v. gives “rope & bucket of a well” as meaning (kavāṭaṃ anugghāṭeti). Cp. *ugghaṭan …

uggāra →

pts

spitting out, vomiting, ejection Vism.54; DN-a.i.41; Kp-a.61.

ud + gṛ; or *gḷ to swallow, see gala & gilati; lit. to…

ujju →

pts

…road DN.i.235; Vin.v.149; Iti.104; Ja.i.344 Ja.vi.252; Dhp-a.ii.192.

  • -bhāva straightness, uprightness Snp-a.292,…

uju →

pts

…road DN.i.235; Vin.v.149; Iti.104; Ja.i.344 Ja.vi.252; Dhp-a.ii.192.

  • -bhāva straightness, uprightness Snp-a.292,…

ukkaṭṭha →

pts

…exhaustive exposition, special designation, term par excellence Dhs-a.70; Vv-a.231; Pv-a.7.

ukkā →

pts

…a torch-bearer Snp.335; Iti.108; Mil.1.

  • -pāta “falling of a firebrand”, a meteor DN.i.10 (= ākāsato ukkānaṃ…

ulati →

pts

…invention; said to be = gacchati to go Vism.60 (in definition of paṃsu-kūla; paṃsu viya kucchita-bhāvaṃ…

ullumpana →

pts

…(q.v.).

fr….

unna →

pts

in phrase pīti-vegen;’unna “bubbling up with the excitement of joy” overflowing with joy Mhvs.19, Mhvs.29 (expld. by uggatacitta i.e. lofty, exalted C.)
■ It may however be better more i …

unnala →

pts

…AN.iii.355, AN.iii.391; Iti.113 (+ asamāhita); Dhp.292 (+ pamatta; expld. as “māna-naḷaṃ ukkhipitvā caraṇena unnala”…

unnaḷa →

pts

…AN.iii.355, AN.iii.391; Iti.113 (+ asamāhita); Dhp.292 (+ pamatta; expld. as “māna-naḷaṃ ukkhipitvā caraṇena unnala”…

upa →

pts

…Gr. ὑπόλευκος whitish; Oir. fo-dord; Cymr. go-durdd murmur): nearly, about, somewhat, a little, secondary by-, miniature, made after…

upaccheda →

pts

…(paveṇ˚ break of tradition Pv-a.82 (kulavaṃs˚); Dhp-a.i.152 (āhār ˚ṃ karoti to prevent fr. taking food); DN-a.i.136,…

upadhi →

pts

…= Ja.i.83 = Mvst.ii.444; Iti.46 Iti.62); DN.iii.112 calls that which has upadhi ignoble (non-Aryan). At SN.i.117 = Divy.224…

upaga →

pts

…(id. + pādûpaga). 4. in phrase gayh˚; lit. “accessible to the grip”, acquisition of property, theft Ja.iv.219 (T. gayhûpaka);…

upakaraṇa →

pts

…Ja.i.7; Pv-a.60 (commodities), Pv-a.133 (˚manussa, adj. suitable, fit) Sdhp.69. In general any instrument or means of achieving a purpose,…

upaladdhi →

pts

acquisition; knowledge Mil.268; Vv-a.279.

fr. upa + labh

upamā →

pts

…paṭibhāgo Cnd.158); Iti.114; Vism.341 Vism.478, Vism.512, Vism.582 sq., Vism.591 sq.; Pv-a.29, Pv-a.112 (dhen˚); Snp-a.329, Snp-a.384;…

upanayhati →

pts

  1. to come into touch with Iti.68 = Ja.iv.435 (pūtimacchaṃ kusaggena, cp. Dhp-a.i.45).
  2. to bear enmity towards (loc.), to grudge scorn Dhp.3,…

upanikkhepa →

pts

“putting near”, depositing.

  1. appld. to the course of memory, association of ideas Mil.78, Mil.80; cp. ˚nikkhepana SN.ii.276 2….

upanissaya →

pts

…esp. sufficing condition or qualification for Arahantship (see long article in Childers s. v.); no 9 in the 24 paccayas, Tikapatthāṇa,…

upapajjati →

pts

…Snp.584; Iti.13 (nirayaṃ), Iti.14 (sugatiṃ; variant reading upp˚), Iti.67 (saggaṃ lokaṃ; variant reading upp˚); Iti.43 = Dhp.307…

upapatti →

pts

…universe DN.iii.218; Iti.94; arūpa˚ in the formless spheres Vb.172, Vb.267, Vb.296; rūpa˚, in the world of form Vb.171 sq., Vb.263 sq.;…

upari →

pts

…higher state or condition MN.i.45 (opp. adh˚).

  • -mukha face upwards DN-a.i.228; Pp-a.214. *…

uparujjhati →

pts

…DN.i.223; Thag.145; Iti.106; Snp.724, Snp.1036, Snp.1110; Cnd.159 (= nirujjhati vūpasammati atthangacchati); Mil.151; Sdhp.280. pp….

upasagga →

pts

…in grammar) prefix, preposition Ja.ii.67 (saṃ), Ja.ii.126 (apa); Ja.iii.121 (ni pa); DN-a.i.245 (adhi); Kp-a.101 (sa˚ and an˚); Pv-a.88…

upasama →

pts

…Snp.724, Snp.735 Snp.737; Iti.18 (dukkh˚) Iti.83; Dhp.205; Mnd.351; Ja.i.97; Pts.i.95; Mil.170, Mil.248; Vism.197 (˚ânussati); Sdhp.587 Cp….

upasampanna →

pts

…of having attained the recognition of bhikkhuship ordained [cp. BSk. upasampanna Divy.281] SN.i.161; AN.v.70; Vin.iii.24; Vin.iv.52, Vin.iv.130;…

upasaṅkamana →

pts

going near, approach MN.ii.176; SN.v.67 = Iti.107; Pv-a.232.

fr. upasankamati

upasevanā →

pts

…following, service, honouring, pursuit SN.iii.53 = Mnd.25 Cnd.570 (nand˚ pleasure-seeking); Iti.68 (bāl˚ & dhīr˚) Snp.249 (utu˚ observance of…

upavasati →

pts

…(q.v.). See also uposatha.

upa + vasiti

upavādaka →

pts

…insulting the gentle Vin.iii.5; AN.i.256; AN.iii.19; AN.iv.178 AN.v.68; Iti.58, Iti.99
an˚; Pts.i.115; Pp.60.

fr. upavāda

upayācitaka →

pts

begging, asking, praying, propitiation Ja.vi.150 (= devatānaṃ āyācana).

of adj. upa + yācita + ka; pp. of yācati

upaṭṭhita →

pts

…for service serving, waiting upon cp. Pv-a.135.

  • -sati with ready attention, one whose attention is fixed concentrated…

upaṭṭhāna →

pts

  1. attendance, waiting on, looking after, service, care, ministering AN.i.151, AN.i.225; Snp.138; Ja.i.226, Ja.i.237, Ja.i.291; Ja.ii.101; Ja.iv.138;…

upekhā →

pts

…(˚sambojjhanga 5 conditions of), Vism.148 (˚ânubrūhanā), Vism.160 (def. & tenfold), Vism.317 (˚bhāvanā), Vism.319 (˚brahmavihāra),…

upekkhaka →

pts

…sq., SN.v.318; AN.iii.169 sq., AN.iii.279; AN.v.30; Snp.515 Snp.855, Snp.912; Iti.81; Mnd.241, Mnd.330; Pp.50, Pp.59; Dhs.163; Dhs-a.172.

fr….

upekkhā →

pts

…(˚sambojjhanga 5 conditions of), Vism.148 (˚ânubrūhanā), Vism.160 (def. & tenfold), Vism.317 (˚bhāvanā), Vism.319 (˚brahmavihāra),…

upeti →

pts

…the question“); SN.iii.93; Iti.89; Snp.209, (na sankhaṃ “cannot be reckoned as”), Snp.749, Snp.911 Snp.1074; Snp.728 (dukkhaṃ), Snp.897;…

uposatha →

pts

…reforming communities for the expounding of their views, Vin.i.101. The Buddhists adopted this practice and on the 15th day…

uppāṭaka →

pts

…215 & note).

fr. ud + paṭ; in meaning of “biting, stinging”

upādi →

pts

…Ja.i.28, Ja.i.55; Snp.876; Iti.39, Iti.121 (nibbāna-dhātu); Pts.i.101; Vism.509; Dhp-a.iv.108 (nibbāna); Vv-a.164, Vv-a.165. Opp….

upādāna →

pts

…sq.; Snp.475, Snp.743; Iti.75.

  • -nidāna the ground of upādāna; adj founded on or caused by attachment Pts.ii.111;…

upādāya →

pts

…rebirth) emancipated, unconditioned, free [cp. BSk. paritt-anupādāya free from the world Divy.655], freq. in phrase a nibbuta completely…

upāyāsa →

pts

…disturbance unsettled condition MN.i.8, MN.i.144, MN.i.363; MN.iii.237; AN.i.144, AN.i.177, AN.i.203 (sa˚); AN.ii.123, AN.ii.203; AN.iii.3,…

urūḷhava →

pts

…to consider this as the legitimate form urūḷhava as its corruption. Morris, J.P.T.S. 1887, 141 takes urūḷhavā as ud + rūḷha, pp. of…

ussada →

pts

…in Dhammapāla’s definition of manussa (lobh’ādīhi alobh’ādīhi sahitassa manassa ussannatāya manussā), viz….

ussāha →

pts

…sq.; Mil.323 Mil.329 (dhiti +) Vism.330; Sdhp.49, Sdhp.223, Sdhp.535, Sdhp.619; Snp-a.50; Dhp-a.iii.394; Pv-a.31, Pv-a.106, Pv-a.166;…

uttama →

pts

-purisa Iti.97 & -porisa the greatest man (= mahāpurisa) Dhp.97 (see Dhp-a.ii.188). *…

uttari FIXME double →

pts

…an additional duty, higher obligation SN.ii.99; SN.iii.168; AN.v.157 = AN.v.164; Iti.118. *…

uttari →

pts

…an additional duty, higher obligation SN.ii.99; SN.iii.168; AN.v.157 = AN.v.164; Iti.118. *…

uttariṃ FIXME double →

pts

…an additional duty, higher obligation SN.ii.99; SN.iii.168; AN.v.157 = AN.v.164; Iti.118. *…

uttariṃ →

pts

…an additional duty, higher obligation SN.ii.99; SN.iii.168; AN.v.157 = AN.v.164; Iti.118. *…

uttānī →

pts

…declaration, exposition, manifestation SN.v.443 Pp.19; Vb.259, Vb.358; Ne.5, Ne.8, Ne.9, Ne.38
-karaṇa id Snp-a.445
■…

utu →

pts

…activity, pursuit (of activities according to the seasons, observance of the seasons Snp.249 (= gimhe ātapa-ṭṭhāna-sevanā vasse…

uyyojana →

pts

inciting, instigation AN.iv.233.

fr. uyyojeti

uṭṭhāna →

pts

…AN.iv.281 (˚sampadā); Iti.66 (˚adhigataṃ dhanaṃ earned by industry); Pv.iv.3#24; Pp.51 (˚phala) Mil.344, Mil.416; Thag-a.267…

va →

pts

…va bandhanā), Iti.90 (chavālātaṃ va nassati); Dhp.28; Snp.38 (vaṃso visālo va: see C. expln under va3);…

vacana →

pts

…Snp-a.536; puna˚; repetition Snp-a.487; vattamāna˚; the present tense Snp-a.16, Snp-a.23; visesitabba˚ qualifying (predicative)…

vacī →

pts

…vācā, saṇhā vācā, mantā bhāsā).

the composition form of vaco

vaddha →

pts

…Snp.325 (= vaddhānaṃ apaciti-karaṇa Snp-a.332); Dhp.109; Dhp-a.ii.239 (= buḍḍhatare guṇavuddhe apacāyamāna) Cp. jeṭṭh’…

vaddhana →

pts

increase, furthering Ja.iii.422 (kula˚); Sdhp.247 (pīti˚), Sdhp.307 (id.).

fr. vṛdh; see the usual vaḍḍhana

vadha →

pts

…SN.ii.241; piti˚; parricide DN-a.i.153; miga˚; hunting Ja.i.149.

vagga →

pts

…causing separation MN.i.286; Iti.11 (+ adhamma-ṭṭha; translation Seidenstücker not quite to the point: rejoicing in parties, i.e….

vahati →

pts

…̓́ξος waggon, Av vaƶaiti to lead, Lat. veho to drive etc.; Goth. ga-wigan = Ohg. wegan = Ger. bewegen; Goth. wēgs = Ger. weg E. way; Ohg….

vajjha →

pts

…object of execution; meriting death Vin.iv.226; Snp.580 (go vajjho viya); Ja.ii.402 (cora), Ja.vi.483 (= vajjhappatta cora C.); Vism.314;…

vamathu →

pts

vomiting; discharged food Pv-a.173 (˚bhatta; + ucchiṭṭha˚).

fr. vam

vana →

pts

…vana1 (see definitions of vana1)
■ The word to the Pāli Buddhist forms a connection between vana and…

vara →

pts

…between noun and apposition (or predicate), e.g. ākiṇṇa -vara- lakkhaṇa full of the…

vasa →

pts

…DN.ii.261; AN.ii.24; Iti.122; Thig.37; Pv.ii.3#33; Mil.253; DN-a.i.111 DN-a.i.114, DN-a.i.121; Snp-a.133 (˚bhavana). 2. (pass.; i.e….

vasabha →

pts

…Vv-a.83 (id.).

the Sanskritic-Pāli form (*vṛṣabha) of the proper Pāli usabha (q.v. for etym.). Only in later (Com….

vasati →

pts

…stay, abide; cp. Av. varəhaiti; Lat. Vesta the goddess of the hearth = Gr. ἑστία hearth Goth. wisan to stay, remain, be (= Ohg. wesan, E….

vassa →

pts

…puriso, vosso ti paṇḍako iti; vossassa vassa-karaṇaṃ vassa-kammaṃ vassassa vossa-karaṇaṃ vossa-kammaṃ DN-a.i.97)….

vassin →

pts

adjective noun raining; in padesa˚; shedding local showers Iti.64.

fr. vassati1

vasī →

pts

Vasī˚

is the composition form of vasa in combination with roots kṛ; and bhū, e.g. -kata made…

vatthu →

pts

…or desire for realities, objective kāma, and desire as property of stained character, i.e. subjective kāma, e.g. Mnd.1; Snp-a.99,…

vatthuka →

pts

…& such a nature or composition SN.iv.67 (vācā˚); Pts.i.130 (micchādiṭṭhi˚, correct in Index J.P.T.S. 1908!); Vb.319 (uppanna˚; +…

vayaṃ →

pts

…in Dhp (?). The enclitic form for acc gen. & dat. is no, found e.g. at Pv.i.5#3 (gloss for vo C. amhākaṃ); Ja.ii.153, Ja.ii.352;…

vaḍḍhati →

pts

vṛdh, cp. Av. vərədaiti to increase. To this root belongs P. uddha “high up (= Gr. ορχός straight). defined at…

vaṃsa →

pts

-ānupālaka guarding tradition Sdhp.474 (ariya˚).

  • -ānurakkhaka preserving the lineage, carrying on the tradition Ja.iv.444; Vism.99 (+…

vaṇṇa →

pts

-dhātu composition or condition of appearance, specific form material form, natural beauty SN.i.131 Pv.i.3#1 Pv-a.137 (=…

vaṇṇanā →

pts

…commentary, exposition Kp-a.11, Kp-a.145, Kp-a.227; Snp-a.65 (pada˚); Pv-a.2- pāḷi˚; explanation of the text (as regards…

vaṇṇiya →

pts

…still doubtful) AN.iii.54 (dubbaṇṇiyaṁ bad complexion) Iti.76 (dub˚ evil colour)

fr. vaṇṇeti

vaṇṭati →

pts

to partition, share; is given as root vaṇṭ; at Dhtp.92, Dhtp.561 and Dhtm.787 in meaning “vibhājana.”-Another root vaṇṭ; is found…

vaṭṭa →

pts

…cycle of rebirths AN.ii.34 = Iti.88; AN.iii.35; Vism.293.

  • -kathā discussion about saṃsāra Vism.525; DN-a.i.126;…

ve →

pts

…be enclitic form of tumhe, for the usual vo at Snp.333 (= tumhākaṃ Snp-a.339). See…

vebhavya →

pts

Vebhavya & ˚ā

(nt. & f.) thinking over, criticism Dhs.16; Pts.i.119; Pp.25; Ne.76.

fr. vibhāvin

vebhavyā →

pts

Vebhavya & ˚ā

(nt. & f.) thinking over, criticism Dhs.16; Pts.i.119; Pp.25; Ne.76.

fr. vibhāvin

veda →

pts

  1. (cp. vediyati & vedanā) (joyful) feeling, religious feeling, enthusiasm awe, emotion, excitement (something like; saṃvega) DN.ii.210 (˚paṭilābha + somanassa-paṭilābha) MN.i.4 …

vedanā →

pts

…SN.iv.207; AN.iii.400; Iti.46; Tikp.317 sq
or: kusalā, akusalā, avyākatā Vism.460
Five vedanās: sukhaṃ,…

vepulla →

pts

…vepulla* (see vuḍḍhi), e.g. Vin.i.60; Iti.113. Cp. vetulla.

fr. vipula

vera →

pts

…5 first commandments (sīlāni); see SN.ii.68; AN.iii.204 sq.; AN.iv.405 sq.; AN.v.182; Iti.57 = Snp.167 (vera-bhay’atīta). Veraka = vera;…

vesārajja →

pts

…khīṇāsava state, recognition of the obstacles, recognition & preaching of the way to salvation. See also DN.i.110; Ja.ii.27; AN.ii.13;…

veyyākaraṇa →

pts

…answer, explanation, exposition DN.i.46, DN.i.51, DN.i.105, DN.i.223; DN.ii.202; AN.iii.125; AN.v.50 sq.; Snp.352, Snp.510, Snp.1127; Pp.43,…

veyyāvaṭika →

pts

service, waiting on, attention Snp.p.104 (kāya˚); Ja.iv.463; Ja.vi.154, Ja.vi.418, Ja.vi.503 (dāna˚); Dhp-a.i.27 (kāya˚), Dhp-a.iii.19…

vi →

pts

…also as distributive (repetitional) prefix in reduplication compounds (here closely resembling paṭi˚ and the negative a˚), like…

vibbhamati →

pts

…or sporting, i.e. cohabiting, at this passage), Vin.iv.216; Ja.i.117; Ja.iii.462 (of a bhikkhu enticed by his former wife), Ja.iii.496
pp…

vibbhanta →

pts

…AN.i.70 AN.ii.30 AN.iii.391 Iti.90 Ja.iv.459 (+ kupit’ indriya) Mil.324
■ At Dhs-a.260 we find the cpd. vibbhanti-bhāva [vibbhanta in…

vibhatta →

pts

…distributed; parted, partitioned, having divisions, portioned off Snp.300; Pv.i.10#13 (of niraya); Ja.v.266 (id.); Mil.316 (a˚ samudda)

vibhava →

pts

…DN.iii.275; Vin.i.10; Ud.33; Iti.50; Vb-a.111.

  • -diṭṭhi the theory of non-becoming DN.iii.212; AN.i.83; Mnd.245,…

vibhāvana →

pts

…explanation, exposition Ja.iii.389; Vb.342, Vb.343 (ā); Snp-a.13, Snp-a.261 sq., Snp-a.318; Vb-a.409 (ā) Thag-a.76 (ā),…

vibhūta →

pts

adjective

  1. [cp. bhūta 1, & vibhava 2] destroyed, annihilated, being without Thag.715; Snp.871 sq., Snp.1113 (= vibhāvita atikkanta vītivatta Cnd.584).
  2. [cp. bhūta 3] false Snp.664.
  3. [cp. vibhāv …

vicchaḍḍeti →

pts

…(nt. vicchaḍḍana throwing out).

vi +…

viddha →

pts

…a cloud Vin.i.3; MN.i.317 = SN.i.65 = SN.iii.156 = SN.v.44 = Iti.20.

cp. *Sk. vīdhra clear sky

viddhaṃsa →

pts

demolition, destruction Ja.iv.58 (˚kārin).

fr. vidhaṃsati

vidhi →

pts

…way; rule, direction, disposition, method, motto Vism.278 (manasikāra˚, eightfold); Pv-a.78 (dāna˚ = dāna), Pv-a.126; Vv-a.82
■…

vidhāna →

pts

…Mil.3. 3. assignment, disposition, provision Ja.ii.208 (vidhi-vidhāna-ññū; C. explained v. as “koṭṭhāso vā saṃvidahanaṃ vā”);…

vidhānavant →

pts

adjective making dispositions, careful in providing, circumspect, considerable Ja.vi.287.

vidhāna + vant

vighāta →

pts

…Thag-a.242. 3. opposition MN.i.499.

  • -pakkhika having its part in adversity, associated with trouble MN.i.115;…

vihata →

pts

…killed, destroyed, impaired Iti.100 (where AN.i.164 reads vigata); Ja.vi.171; Sdhp.313 Sdhp.425.

pp. of vihanati

Vihata2

adjective…

vihiṃsati →

pts

to hurt, injure, harass, annoy SN.i.165; Iti.86; Snp.117, Snp.451; Pv-a.123, Pv-a.198.

vi + hiṃsati

vihāra →

pts

…e.g. ariya˚ best condition SN.v.326; Snp-a.136; dibba˚; supreme condition (of heart) Mil.225; brahma˚; divine state SN.v.326;…

vihārin →

pts

…such & such a state or condition DN.i.162 (appa-dukkha˚), DN.i.251 (evaṃ˚); AN.i.24 (araṇa˚), AN.i.26 (mettā); Iti.74 (appamāda˚);…

vijita →

pts

…by whom the battle has been won, victorious DN.ii.39; Iti.76; Cnd.542; Pp.68.

pp. of vijayati

vijjā →

pts

…vijjās pertain to the recognition of the “truth” and the destruction of avijjā, yet they are only secondary factors in achieving “vimutti”…

vijānana →

pts

recognition, knowing, knowledge, discrimination Vism.452; Dhs-a.141.

the diaeretic form of Sk. vijñāna: cp. jānana = ñāṇa

vijānāti →

pts

…ignorant Dhp.38, Dhp.60; Iti.103.
pot 1st sg (poet.) vijaññaṃ Ja.iii.360 (= vijāneyyaṃ C.); Snp.1065 Snp.1090, Snp.1097 (=…

vikappa →

pts

…application of meaning, exposition, statement, sentence Ja.iii.521; Snp-a.433, Snp-a.591
■ Cp. nibbikappa.

vi + kappa

vikhādana →

pts

biting, chewing Dhs.646, Dhs.740, Dhs.875; Dhs-a.330.

vi + khādana

vikirati →

pts

…figuratively to bad qualities at same passage); Snp-a.172
pass vikiriyyati & vikirīyati; may be taken either to…

vikkhambhati →

pts

intransitive to become stiff (with fear), to be scared or frightened Tha-ap.50.

fr. vi + khambha 2

vikkhambheti →

pts

(trs.) to “unprop,” unsettle, discard; to destroy, extirpate, paralyse (cp khambha 2 and chambheti), give up, reject Snp.969 (= abhibhavati etc. Mnd.492); Vism.268; Ja.i.303 (jhānabalena kilese v.); M …

vikkhitta →

pts

… ■ ; undisturbed, composed, collected AN.v.149; Iti.94; Pv-a.26.

vi + khitta

vimokha →

pts

…emancipation, are: the condition of rūpī, arūpa-saññī, recognition of subha, realization of…

vimokkha →

pts

…emancipation, are: the condition of rūpī, arūpa-saññī, recognition of subha, realization of…

vimutta →

pts

…of which there are 5, viz. hearing the Dhamma taught by the Master, teaching it oneself, reciting it, pondering over it, understanding it…

vimāna →

pts

…of brahmās“ Rh. D.); Iti.15; Vism.108. The latter expression is abbreviated to brahma (nt.) “highest, best thing of…

vinaya →

pts

…exposition of the Vinaya Vin.iv.142. -dhara one who knows or masters the V by heart, an expert in the V….

vinipāta →

pts

…MN.i.73; AN.iii.211; Iti.58; Pp.60): AN.v.169; Snp.278; Ja.iii.32; Mil.108; Vism.427 (where explained as “vināsā nipatanti tattha…

vinā →

pts

…used as prep. (or post-position) with (usually) instr., e.g. Vin.ii.132 (vinā daṇḍena without a support); Pv-a.152 (purisehi vinā…

vipassanā →

pts

…constituent of intuition Snp-a.8 (given as “nāmarūpa-pariccheda etc.”).

vipassati →

pts

to see clearly; to have intuition, to obtain spiritual insight DN.iii.196 (ye nibbutā loke yathābhūtaṃ vipassisuṃ, aor.); Thag.471; Thag.2,…

vipassin →

pts

adjective gifted with insight, wise AN.iv.244; Snp.349; Iti.2 = Iti.7.

fr. vipassati

vipañcita →

pts

…Law as “learning by exposition”; Pp-a 223 explains as “vitthāritaṃ atthaṃ jānāti,” i.e. one who knows a matter explained in…

vipphalati →

pts

intransitive to split open, to burst asunder: so read at Ja.v.33, Ja.v.493 (for vipatati); Pv.iv.1#46 (for vipāteti); see detail under…

vipāceti →

pts

…used of heated conditions. Since the word is not sufficiently cleared up, we refrain from a detailed discussion concerning possible

vipāka →

pts

fruit, fruition, product; always in pregnant meaning of “result, effect, consequence (of one’s action),” either as good & meritorious…

viraja →

pts

…painless element“ is another expression for Nibbāna, e.g. SN.iv.210; AN.iv.157, AN.iv.160; Iti.37, Iti.46; Vv.16#9; similarly ṭhānaṃ

viriya →

pts

…ibid; uṭṭhāna˚; initiative or rousing energy SN.i.21, SN.i.217; AN.iii.76; AN.iv.282; Thag-a.267; Pv-a.129; nara˚; manly strength…

virocati →

pts

…v.); Snp.378, Snp.550; Iti.64 (virocare); Ja.i.18, Ja.i.89; Ja.iv.233; Pv.i.11#4; Pv.ii.9#62; Pv.iii.3#5 (= virājati Pv-a.189);…

virodha →

pts

obstruction, hindrance, opposition, enmity SN.i.111; SN.iv.71, SN.iv.210; Snp.362; Pp.18, Pp.22; Kv.485; Mil.394; Dhs-a.39
■…

virodhana →

pts

…Ja.iii.274, Ja.iii.320, Ja.iii.412; Ja.v.378.

fr….

virāga →

pts

…Vin.i.5; AN.ii.118; Iti.88
■ or combined with nibbidā virāga nirodha upasama… nibbāna, e.g. MN.i.431; SN.ii.223; cp….

virāgita →

pts

…with passion or “exciting passion”? Or could it be an old misreading for virājita2? It may also be a distorted…

virāguṇa →

pts

…away, waning“ in verse at Iti.69 (of viññāṇa) is doubtful reading. It corresponds to virāgadhamma of the prose part (virāgudh˚ vv.ll.)…

virūhati →

pts

to grow, sprout Iti.113; Mil.386; DN-a.i.120
■ Cp. paṭi˚
pp virūḷha
caus 2 virūhāpeti to make grow, to…

virūḷhi →

pts

…sq., AN.v.161, AN.v.350 sq.; Iti.113; Mil.33 Mhvs.15, Mhvs.42; Vb-a.196
avirūḷhi-dhamma not liable to growth Snp.235; Dhp-a.i.245.

vi…

visa →

pts

…vomiting of poison Snp-a.176. -kaṇṭaka a poisoned thorn or arrow, also name of a sort of…

visatā →

pts

…+ sañj, spelling t for tt: see visatta. The writing of MSS. concerning t in these words is very confused

visañña →

pts

adjective

  1. having wrong perceptions Snp.874.
  2. unconscious Ja.v.159. In composition with bhū as visaññī-bhūta at Ja.i.67.

vi + sañña = saññā

visaṭā →

pts

…+ sañj, spelling t for tt: see visatta. The writing of MSS. concerning t in these words is very confused

vissa →

pts

…vissagandha“; and at Iti.32 (vissantaraṃ “among all beings”? variant reading vessantaraṃ).

Vedic viśva, to…

visūka →

pts

…visiting shows (as fairs) DN.i.5 (cp. DN-a.i.77 “visūkaṃ paṭani-bhūtaṃ dassanaṃ,” reading not clear)…

vitakka →

pts

…thought, thinking; “initial application” (Cpd. 282)
■ defined as “vitakkanaṃ vitakko, ūhanan ti vuttaṃ hoti” at Vism.142…

vitarati →

pts

…no vitarāsi bhottuṃ; variant reading visahāmi)

pp vitiṇṇa.

vi + tarati

vitiṇṇa →

pts

  1. overcome or having overcome, gone through, conquered Dhp.141 (˚kankha); Snp.514 (id.) 746; Pv-a.181.
  2. given up, rejected, abandoned Dhp.176 (˚paraloka); Ja.iv.447 (= pariccatta C.).

pp. of vitarati

vitureyyati →

pts

…it in detail & proposes writing; vituriyata (3rd sg. praet. med.), & explains at “get over Dutoit trsls

vivaṭṭa →

pts

…aeon) at DN.iii.51; Pp.60; Iti.15. 2. (nt.) part of a bhikkhu’s dress (rolling up of the binding?), combined with anu- vivaṭṭa at…

vivaṭṭeti →

pts

…SN.iv.399; AN.i.134; AN.iii.246 AN.iii.444 sq.; AN.iv.8 sq.; Iti.47 (T. vivattayi).

vi + vaṭṭeti

viññāpaka →

pts

adjective clever in instruction, able to instruct SN.v.162 = Mil.373; Iti.107.

fn. viññāpeti

viññāta →

pts

…the whole range of the cognitional & apperceptional faculties (see; muta), e.g. DN.iii.232; Snp.1086, Snp.1122.

pp. of…

viññāṇa →

pts

…v. is conditioned by the saṅkhāras and is itself a necessary condition of nāma-rūpa (individuality). See e.g. SN.ii.4,…

viññū →

pts

…AN.ii.228 AN.v.15; Iti.98; Snp.39, Snp.294, Snp.313, Snp.396, Snp.403; Pts.ii.19, Pts.ii.21; Mil.21; DN-a.i.18; Vv-a.87; Pv-a.130,…

vo →

pts

…enclitic form of tumhe (see under tuvaṃ), i.e. to you, of you but it is generally…

vohāra →

pts

…common definition, general way of speech Snp-a.382. On term see also Dhs. translation § 1306. 3. lawsuit, law, lawful…

vokkanta →

pts

deviated from (abl.) Iti.36.

pp. of vokkamati

vosita →

pts

…SN.i.167; Dhp.423; Iti.47 = Iti.61 = Iti.81; AN.i.165; cp. Dhp-a.iv.233: “niṭṭhānaṃ patto vusita-vosānaṃ vā patto etc.”

vi +…

vosāna →

pts

antarā ˚ṃ āpajjati to produce half-way achievement, to stop half-way AN.v.157, AN.v.164; Iti.85. Kern,

Toevoegselen

s.v....

vuddhi →

pts

…dhammesu); AN.v.123 sq.; Iti.108; Ja.v.37 (˚ppatta grown up) Vism.271, Vism.439 (so read for buddhi); Dhp-a.ii.82, Dhp-a.ii.87 Sdhp.537….

vusita →

pts

…vutthaṃ parivutthaṃ); Iti.115 (ed. vūsita˚); Snp.463 Snp.493; Pp.61
■ Also at DN.i.90 neg. a˚, with ref. to avusitavā, where Rh. D….

vuttaka →

pts

…(“logia”): see under iti.

vutta1 + ka. The P. conneetion seems to be vac, although formally it may be derived…

vuttitā →

pts

(-˚) condition Vism.310 (āyatta˚).

abstr. formation fr. vutti

vuḍḍhi →

pts

…dhammesu); AN.v.123 sq.; Iti.108; Ja.v.37 (˚ppatta grown up) Vism.271, Vism.439 (so read for buddhi); Dhp-a.ii.82, Dhp-a.ii.87 Sdhp.537….

vuṇāti →

pts

…present tense varati as legitimate (cp. saṁ˚). There are no forms from the base vuṇāti found in the present tense; the Caus vāreti

vuṭṭhi →

pts

…AN.iii.378 (vāta˚); Iti.83; Dhp.14; Ja.vi.587 (˚dhārā) Tha-ap.38 (fig.), Ja.vi.52 (amata˚); Mil.416; Vism.37, Vism.234 (salila˚);…

vyanta →

pts

… fut vyantikāhiti Mil.391 (by˚) Dhp-a.iv.69
pp vyantikata Thag.526 2. vyantibhavati to cease, stop; to come to an end, to…

vyatireka →

pts

what is left over, addition, surplus Pv-a.18 (of “ca”), Pv-a.228 (˚to).

vi + atireka

vyattaya →

pts

opposition, reversal; in purisa˚; change of person (gram.) Snp-a.545; vacana˚; reversal of number (i.e. sg. & pl.) DN-a.i.141;…

vyākaraṇa →

pts

…explanation, exposition AN.i.197 AN.ii.46; AN.iii.119; Snp-a.63, Snp-a.99; Kp-a.75, Kp-a.76. 2. grammar (as one of the 6 angas)…

vā →

pts

…“or”; always enclitic Kp viii. (itthiyā purisassa vā; mātari pitari vā pi). Usually repeated vā-vā (is it so-) or, either-or,…

vācaka →

pts

adjective reciting, speaking, expressing Snp-a.164 (lekha˚); sotthi˚; an utterer of blessings, a herald Mil.359
■ f. -ikā speech…

vāda →

pts

…i.e. signs of recognition, attribute, definition Snp.1076 (explained dogmatically at Cnd.563); AN.ii.9.

vājapeyya →

pts

…AN.iv.151; Snp.303; Iti.21; Mil.219; Ja.iii.518. Cp. peyya2.

cp. Vedic vājapeya; see Macdonell, Vedic Mythology pp. 131…

vālikā →

pts

…in connection with festivities to make the place look neat AN.i.253; Ja.i.210; Ja.iii.52, Ja.iii.407; Ja.vi.64; Vism.420; Dhp-a.i.3,…

vāsa →

pts

-ūpagata. 3. state, condition (-˚) in ariya˚ holy state AN.v.29 sq.; brahmacariya˚; chastity Pv-a.61. 4. (adj.) (-˚) staying, living,…

vāsitaka →

pts

…piññākena nhāyeyya: should bathe with perfumed soap)
■ f. vāsitikā (scil. mattikā) scented clay Vin.ii.280 (id.).

fr. vāsita

vāta →

pts

…normal “winds” condition normal health: Pv.ii.6#1 (tassa vātā balīyanti: bad winds become strong, i.e. he is losing his senses, cp….

vīci →

pts

…(˚antara, in Avīci definition as “uninterrupted state of suffering”). In contrast pair avīci (adj.) uninterrupted,…

vīsati →

pts

…Snp.1019 (˚vassa-sata); Iti.99 (jātiyo) Ja.i.395 (˚yojana-sata); Ja.v.36 (˚ratana-sata); Dhp-a.i.8 Dhp-a.ii.91…

vīsaṃ →

pts

…Snp.1019 (˚vassa-sata); Iti.99 (jātiyo) Ja.i.395 (˚yojana-sata); Ja.v.36 (˚ratana-sata); Dhp-a.i.8 Dhp-a.ii.91…

vīta →

pts

…without a sting SN.iv.64.

  • -sārada not fresh, not unexperienced i.e. wise Iti.123.

vi + ita, pp. of…

vīthi →

pts

-citta process of cognition (lit. processed cognition) Vism.22; Dhs-a.269.

cp. Epic Sk. vīthi, to Idg. *ṷei̯ā- to aim at, as in…

vīti →

pts

…the contracted prepositional combination vi + ati, representing an emphatic ati, e.g. in the foll.:

  • -(k)kama 1…

ya →

pts

…of them, I mean dh-d.“ Iti.98 = Iti.100; supaṭipanno sāvaka-sangho, y. i cattāri purisa-yugāni etc. MN.i.37. Instead of…

yadā →

pts

…as yada, explained as yadā), Snp.923; Dhp.28, Dhp.69, Dhp.277 sq., Dhp.325, Dhp.384, Dhp.390; Iti.77 (y devo devakāyā cavati); Pv-a.54,…

yajati →

pts

…according to the rules initiated in the Vedas & Vedic literature; or (when dogmatical) to the giving of alms to the bhikkhu. In the latter sense…

yakkha →

pts

… ■ In harmony with tradition they share the rôle of their master Kuvera as lord of riches (cp Pv.ii.9#22) and are the keepers (and liberal…

yakkhatta →

pts

condition of a higher demon or yakkha DN.ii.57; AN.ii.39; Pv-a.117.

fr. yakkha

yamataṃ →

pts

at SN.i.14 (sa vītivatto yamataṃ sumedho) we should read (with Mrs. Rh. D.’s emendation K.S. p. 320) as yaṃ mataṃ (Cy.: maññanaṃ; trsl. “he rich in wisdom hath escaped beyond conceits and deemings …

yamati →

pts

…“uparame” i.e. cessation, quieting at Dhtp.226 & Dhtm.322, at the latter with additional “nāse.” On etym. see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v….

yapana FIXME double →

pts

…of the body “kāyassa ṭhitiyā yāpanāya etc.” (for the maintenance of the body) in yātrā passage: see…

yasa →

pts

…repute success, high position. On term as used with ref. to the brahmin see Fick, Sociale Gliederung 128, 129. The prevailing idea of…

yaso →

pts

…repute success, high position. On term as used with ref. to the brahmin see Fick, Sociale Gliederung 128, 129. The prevailing idea of…

yatati →

pts

…or careful; ppr. yataṃ Iti.120 (care, tiṭṭhe, acche etc.; Seidenstūcker trsls “gezügelt,” thus taking it in meaning of…

yathā →

pts

…after negation “but Iti.8, Iti.9 (na aññaṃ… yathayidaṃ); Snp.1092 (tvañ ca me dīpam akkhāhi, yathayidaṃ n’ âparaṃ siyā…

yathāva →

pts

…occasion), real, true, just Iti.44 (santaṃ paṇītaṃ yathāvaṃ, nt.); Thag.188, Thag.422 (˚āloka-dassana seeing the real light); Mil.171…

yañña →

pts

…(brahmanic criticised); DN.ii.353, DN.ii.354 (profitable and unprofitable criticised); MN.i.82 (brahm.); SN.i.76, SN.i.160; SN.ii.42…

yebhuyya →

pts

abundant, numerous, most. Not found as adj. by itself, except in phrase yebhuyya-vasena mostly, as a rule Thag-a.51 and Pv-a.136, which is identical with the usual instr. *[yebhuyyena](/define/ye …

yoga →

pts

…Vin ˚ā padhaṃsati); Iti.9, Iti.27 (abhabbo ˚ssa adhigamāya); Thig.6; Snp.79 (˚adhivāhana), Snp.425; Dhp.23 (anuttara, cp….

yojana →

pts

… 25; Vv-a.236.
45: Ja.i.147, Ja.i.348; Dhp-a.i.367.
50: Vism.417.
100: DN.i.117; Iti.91; Pv.i.10#14.
500: Ja.i.204

yoni →

pts

…i.259); DN.i.118 (wisely); Iti.30 (āraddha āsavānaṃ khayāya); Pp.25; Vism.30, Vism.132, Vism.599; Pp-a.31. Opp ayoniso

yudhikā →

pts

Name of a tree Ja.v.422 (for T. yodhi, which appears as yodhikā in C. reading). The legitimate reading is yūthikā (q.v.), as is also given in vv.ll.

doubtful

yuga →

pts

…pairs of men SN.iv.272 sq. = Iti.88; in verse at Vv.44#21 and Vv.53#3 explained at Vism.219 as follows: yugaḷa-vasena paṭhamamagga-ṭṭho…

yugala →

pts

…the six “pairs of adaptabilities” or “words,” Yog. 18–⁠23, Mystic 30 sq. cp. Dhs.40 sq. Also used as adj. (like yuga) in phrase…

yugaḷa →

pts

…the six “pairs of adaptabilities” or “words,” Yog. 18–⁠23, Mystic 30 sq. cp. Dhs.40 sq. Also used as adj. (like yuga) in phrase…

yujjhāpana →

pts

making somebody fight, inciting to war Mil.178.

fr. yujjhati Caus.

yuta →

pts

…(atimāne); Dāvs v.18 (dhiti˚)
Note. yuta is doubtful in phrase tejasā-yuta in Niraya passage at AN.i.142 =…

yutta →

pts

…(tena, cp. Cnd.532); Iti.93 (Buddha-sāsane); Ja.vi.206 (yoga˚). 3. furnished; fixed, prepared, in order, ready Snp.442 (Māra = uyyutta…

yutti →

pts

…applied to the exposition of texts, enumerated in the 1st section of the Netti; e.g. at Ne.1–Ne.3, Ne.103; Kp-a.18; Snp-a.551,…

yācaka →

pts

…e.g. at DN.i.137; Iti.64. See single terms
yācaka at Snp.618 (as Fick, Soc.Gliederung 144 quotes yācaka)…

yāga →

pts

…of ā˚ & dh. at DN iii.155 Iti.98 102 Ja.v.57 Ja.v.65 Dhp-a.i.27
■ Ja.iv.66 (sahassena yāgaṃ yajanto); Mil.21 (dhamma˚) Vv-a.155;…

yāgu →

pts

…(ānisaṃsā: 5 good qualities: it is good for hunger, for thirst, allays wind, cleans the bladder, helps to digest any undigested food);…

yāpana →

pts

…of the body “kāyassa ṭhitiyā yāpanāya etc.” (for the maintenance of the body) in yātrā passage: see…

yāva →

pts

…restriction* or special definition of meaning at this passage. But may it not be taken as a summing up “in short”? It is left doubtful. If it is…

yāvant →

pts

…you have made in this); Iti.91, Iti.92 (passa yāvañ ca ārakā santike: see how far and near). yāvañ c’ idaṃ stands for; yad-idaṃ

yāvatā →

pts

…as) the course of the world Iti.120.

abl. of yāvant in adv. use cp. tāvatā) as far as, like as, in comparison with,…

ñāti →

pts

…relative (= mātito pitito ca sambandhā Pv-a.25; = bandhū Pv-a.86; specialized as ˚sālohitā, see below). Pl. ñātayo (Pv.i.4#3;…

ñāya →

pts

…AN.ii.36; used in apposition with dhamma and kusala DN.ii.151; MN.ii.181, MN.ii.197; is replaced herein by sacca SN.i.240; = Nibbāna at…

ñāṇa →

pts

…knowing good and evil“ genitive 35): kusalavitakkā anandha-karaṇā cakkhu˚ ñāṇa˚ Iti.82
■ (f.) -ī (of…

ā →

pts

…roam about.

  1. Affinities. Closely related in meaning and often interchanging are the foll prep. (prefixes): anu (˚bhati), abhi…

ābhassara →

pts

…thus at DN.i.17; Dhp.200; Iti.15; Dhp-a.iii.258 (˚loka). In another context at Vism.414 sq.

etym. uncertain; one suggested in Cpd. 138 n. 4…

ābhata →

pts

…SN.i.65; AN.ii.71 AN.ii.83; Iti.12, Iti.14 with phrase yathābhataṃ as he has been reared (cp. Ja.v.330 evaṃ kicchā bhaṭo); Pv.iii.5 (ratt˚…

ācariya →

pts

…traditional teaching; later as heterodox teaching sectarian teaching (opp. theravāda orthodox doctrine) Mil.148;…

ācāra →

pts

…of right behaviour DN.i.63 = Iti.118; MN.i.33; SN.v.187; AN.i.63 sq.; AN.ii.14, AN.ii.39; AN.iii.113, AN.iii.155, AN.iii.262; AN.iv.140, AN.iv.172…

ādava →

pts

is gloss at Vv-a.216 for maddava Vv.51#23; meaning: excitement, adj. exciting. The passage in Vv-a is somewhat corrupt, & therefore unclear.

ā + dava2?

ādi →

pts

… 1. (˚-) beginning, initially, first, principal chief: see cpds 2. (˚-) beginning with, being the first (of a series which either is…

ādicca →

pts

…AN.v.263, AN.v.266 sq.; Iti.85; Snp.550 Snp.569, Snp.1097 (“ādicco vuccati suriyo” Cnd.125); Dhp-a.iv.143; Sdhp.14, Sdhp.17, Sdhp.40.

*…

ādika →

pts

…from the beginning, initial (see adhika); instr. ādikena in the beginning, at once, at the same time MN.i.395,…

ādāna →

pts

…grip“ trsl.); AN.ii.10; Iti.109; Ja.iv.354; Mil.342; Dhp-a.iv.70 (= khandhādisu niggahaṇo). Cp. upa˚, pari˚.

ād + āna, or directly…

ādīnava →

pts

…AN.v.81; Ja.i.146; Ja.iv.2; Iti.9 = AN.ii.10 = Cnd.172#a; Snp.36, Snp.50 (cp. Cnd.127), Snp.69, Snp.424, Snp.732; Thig.17 (kāye ā. = dosa…

āgamma →

pts

…K. S. 318 s. v.) DN.i.229; Iti.71; Ja.i.50 Ja.vi.424; Kp.viii.14 (= nissāya Kp-a.229); Pv-a.5, Pv-a.21 etc.

orig. ger. of āgacchati, q.v….

āgantar →

pts

…AN.i.64; AN.ii.160.

N. ag. fr….

āgantuka →

pts

…Vv-a.24; Pv-a.54. 2. adventitions incidental (= āgantu1) Mil.304 (of megha & roga). 3. accessory, superimposed, added Vism.195.

*…

āgāmin →

pts

…saṃsāra (cp. āgati), one who is liable to rebirth AN.i.63; AN.ii.159; Iti.95. See anāgāmin.

ā + gāmin

āhacca →

pts

…by authority or by tradition MN.iii.139; Dhs-a.9, & in compounds; -pada a text quoted from Scripture), tradition Mil.148 (˚ena by…

āhuneyya →

pts

…AN.iv.13, AN.iv.41 (aggi); Iti.88 (+ pāhuneyya); Vv.64#33 (cp. Vv-a.285). See def. at Vism.219 where expld. by “āhavanīya” and…

āhāra →

pts

…Vin.iii.136.

  • -ṭhitika subsisting or living on food DN.iii.211, DN.iii.273; AN.v.50, AN.v.55; Pts.i.5, Pts.i.122. *…

ājira →

pts

courtyard Mhvs.35, Mhvs.3.

= ajira with lengthened initial a

ājīvaka →

pts

…ascetics. On their austerities, practice & way of living see esp. Dhp-a.ii.55 sq. and on the whole question A. L. Basham, *Hist. & Doctrines of…

ājīvika FIXME double →

pts

…without a living MN.i.463 = SN.iii.93 (T. reads jīvikā pakatā) = Iti.89 (reads ājīvikā pakatā) = Mil.279.

fr. ājīva

ājīvika →

pts

…ascetics. On their austerities, practice & way of living see esp. Dhp-a.ii.55 sq. and on the whole question A. L. Basham, *Hist. & Doctrines of…

ākoṭana →

pts

…beating, driving, inciting, urging Ja.vi.253 (f. ākoṭanī of paññā, expld. by “nivāraṇapatoda-laṭṭhi viya…

ākāra →

pts

…endowed with all good qualities, of a jewel); DN.ii.157 (˚varûpeta); Ja.ii.352 (sabb˚ paripuṇṇa altogether perfect in qualities) 3. sign,…

ākāsa →

pts

…higher attainments or recognitions of the mind, standing beyond the fourth jhāna viz. 1 ākās˚, 2 viññāṇ’ānañc-āyatana 3…

ālaya →

pts

…(˚rāma); AN.iii.35; Iti.88; Snp.177 (kām˚ = kāmesu taṇhā-diṭṭhi-vasena duvidho ālayo Snp-a.216), Snp.535 (+ āsavāni),…

ālikhati →

pts

to draw, delineate, copy in writing or drawing Ja.i.71; Mil.51.

ā + likhati

āloka →

pts

…light, n. light-bringer Iti.108.

  • -karaṇa making light, illumining Iti.108
  • -da giving light or insight Thag.3
  • -dassana seeing…

ālopa →

pts

…AN.iv.318; Thag.1055; Iti.18; Pv.ii.1#7; Pp.58; Mil.231, Mil.406; Vism.106; DN-a.i.80 (= vilopa-karaṇaṃ).

ā + lup, cp. ālumpati;…

āmaka →

pts

…(see DN-a.i.78 for definition); Vin.iv.264; Vin.v.135.

āmaya →

pts

…Vv.17#7 ; Vv.36#8 ; Ja.iii.260, Ja.iii.528; Ja.iv.427; Ja.vi.23. Positive only very late, e.g. Sdhp.397.

etym.? cp. Sk. āmaya

āmisa →

pts

…at MN.i.12 (˚dāyāda); Iti.101 (id.); AN.i.91 = Iti.98 (˚dāna material gifts opp. to spiritual ones); Dhs.1344 (˚paṭisanthāra…

āmodamāna →

pts

adjective rejoicing, glad SN.i.100 (variant reading anu˚) = Iti.66; Vv.64#8 (= pamodamāna Vv-a.278); Ja.v.45.

ppr. med. of āmodeti

ānanda →

pts

joy, pleasure, bliss, delight DN.i.3; Snp.679, Snp.687; Ja.i.207 (˚maccha leviathan); Ja.vi.589 (˚bheri festive drum) DN-a.i.53 (= pītiyā etaṃ adhivacanaṃ).

Vedic ānanda, fr. ā + nand, cp. BSk. ā …

ānantarika →

pts

…Ja.i.45; Kv.480; Mil.25 (cp. Dhs trsl. 267); Vism.177 (as prohibiting practice of kammaṭṭhāna).

fr. an + antara + ika

ānantariya →

pts

…Ja.i.45; Kv.480; Mil.25 (cp. Dhs trsl. 267); Vism.177 (as prohibiting practice of kammaṭṭhāna).

fr. an + antara + ika

ānaṇya →

pts

…Jtm.31#18; from a + ṛṇa, P. iṇa but also aṇa in composition, thus an-aṇa as base of ānaṇya

ānejja →

pts

…way became in BSk. re-sanskritised to āñijya (which on the other hand may represent āñejja & thus give the latter the feature of a later, but…

ānisaṃsa →

pts

…AN.vi.311; Iti.28, Iti.29, Iti.40 (sikkhā˚); Snp.256 (phala˚), Snp.784, Snp.952; Ja.i.9 Ja.i.94; Ja.v.491 (variant reading anu˚);…

ānubhāva →

pts

…Ja.ii.102 (of a jewel), Ja.v.491; Dhp-a.ii.58.

the dissociated composition form of anubhāva, q.v. for details. Only in later language

ānupubbatā →

pts

…in tt. g. padânu-pubbatā word sequence, in expln. of iti Mnd.140; Cnd.137 (variant reading ˚ka).

fr. last

ānupubbikathā →

pts

regulated exposition, graduated sermon DN.i.110; DN.ii.41 sq. MN.i.379; Ja.i.8; Mil.228; DN-a.i.277, DN-a.i.308; Dhp-a.iv.199.

for anupubbi˚…

ānāpāna →

pts

…Vin.iii.70; AN.i.30; Iti.80; Pts.i.166, Pts.i.172, Pts.i.185 (˚samādhi); Cnd.466 B (id.); Mil.332; Vism.111, Vism.197, Vism.266 sq.;…

āpajjati →

pts

…SN.i.37; AN.ii.34; Iti.85; Ja.ii.293; 3rd pl. āpādu DN.ii.273
ger āpajjitva Pv-a.22 (saṃvegaṃ), Pv-a.151. pp….

āpādaka →

pts

…AN.i.62 = AN.i.132 = Iti.110 (+ posaka)
■ f. āpādikā a nurse, foster-mother Vin.ii.289 (+…

āpāyika →

pts

adjective noun one suffering in an apāya or state of misery after death Vin.ii.202 = Iti.85 (variant reading ap˚) Vin.ii.205; DN.i.103; AN.i.265; Iti.42; Vism.16; Pv-a.60.

fr. apāya

ārabbha →

pts

…about DN.i.180; AN.ii.27; Iti.103 (senāsanaṃ ā.); Snp.972 (upekhaṃ; variant reading ārambha C. uppādetvā); Pv.4.1 (pubbe pete ā.);…

āraddha →

pts

…(āraddhaṃ me viriyaṃ Iti.30; Pv-a.73 (ṭhapetuṃ began to place), Pv-a.212 (gantuṃ). Cp. ārādhaka 1.

*…

ārakā →

pts

…SN.iv.43 sq.; AN.i.281; Iti.91; Ja.i.272; Ja.iii.525; Ja.v.451; Mil.243; Vv-a.72, Vv-a.73 (adj + viratā).

Sk. ārāt & ārakāt, abl….

ārammaṇa →

pts

…SN.ii.268; SN.iv.185 2. condition, ground, cause, means esp. a cause of desire or clinging to life, pl. causes of rebirth (interpreted by…

āruhati →

pts

…āruhitvā Snp.321 āruyha Ja.vi.452; Snp.139 (variant reading abhiruyha); Iti.71. Caus. āropeti (q.v.).

ā + ruh

āruppa →

pts

…SN.ii.123; AN.iv.316; Iti.61; Snp.754; Ja.i.406; Dhs.1385 (cp. trsl. 57); Vism.338; DN-a.i.224; Snp-a.488, Snp-a.508; Sdhp.5, Sdhp.10; the…

ārādhaka →

pts

…SN.v.19; AN.v.329 (in correlation with āraddhaviriya). 2. pleasing, propitiating Mil.227; Vv-a.220 (˚ikā f.).

fr. ā + rādh

ārādheti →

pts

  1. to please, win favour, propitiate, convince Ja.i.337 (dārake), Ja.i.421, Ja.i.452; Ja.ii.72 (manusse); Ja.iv.274 (for ābhirādheti T.); Vism.73…

ārāma →

pts

…AN.ii.28 (bhāvan˚); Iti.82 (dhamm˚); Snp.327 (id.; expld. by Snp-a.333 as rati and “dhamme ārāmo assā ti”); Pp.53…

āsa →

pts

…sg. perf. of atthi to be, only in cpd. itihāsa = iti ha āsa “thus it has been”.

āsabha →

pts

…man of strong & eminent qualities, a hero or great man, a leader, thus in tār˚ Snp.687; nar˚ Snp.684, Snp.696; āsabha-camma bull’s hide…

āsajjana →

pts

…the latter in this quot.) = Iti.86 (so to be read with variant reading; T. has āpajja naṃ); SN.i.114 (apuññaṃ pasavi Māro āsajjanaṃ…

āsava →

pts

…Dhp.126, Dhp.386; Thag.100; Iti.75; Cnd.44; Pv.ii.6#15; Pp.27; Vb.426; Dhs.1101, Dhs.1451; Vv-a.9. Cp. nirāsava

āsaya →

pts

…on, refuge, support, condition SN.i.38; Vin.iii.151; Ja.ii.99; Mil.257; Vv-a.60; Pv-a.210; jal˚ river Vv-a.47; Pgdp.80; adj. depending on,…

āsevana →

pts

…practice, pursuit, indulgence in Vin.ii.117; Pv-a.45. 2. succession repetition Dhs.1367; Kv.510 (cp. trsl. 294, 362); Vism.538.

fr. āsevati

āsītika →

pts

adjective 80 years old MN.ii.124; Ja.iii.395; Snp-a.172.

fr. asīta

Āsītika

masculine a certain plant MN.i.80 = MN.i.245 (˚pabba).

etym.? Cp. BSk. āsītakī Lal.319

āsīvisa →

pts

…(e.g. Jtm.31#61) is a Sanskritisation of the Pali. To suppose this to come from ahi + visa (snake’s poison) would give a wrong meaning, and…

ātura →

pts

…e.g. at Ja.iv.293; Snp-a.489. -anātura healthy, well, in good condition SN.iii.1; Dhp.198.

Sk. ātura, cp. BSk. ātura, e.g. Jtm.31#70

ātāpin →

pts

…Snp.926 Mnd.378; Iti.41, Iti.42; Vb.193 sq.; Mil.34, Mil.366; Vism.3 (= viriyavā); Dhp-a.i.120; Snp-a.157, Snp-a.503
■ Freq. in the…

āvajjana →

pts

…of jj and ṭṭ in writing); also Kvu trsl. 221 n. 4 (on Kv.380 which has āvaṭṭanā), 282 n. 2 (on Kv.491 āvaṭṭanā)
■…

āvajjita →

pts

bent, turned to, inclined; noticed, observed Mil.297; Vism.432 (citta); Sdhp.433.

pp. of āvajjeti cp. BSk. āvarjita, e.g. Divy.171; Itin 221

āvapana →

pts

sowing, dispersing, offering,depositing, scattering Ja.i.321.

fr. āvapati

āvuta →

pts

āvuṇāti & āvuta1) covered, obstructed, hindered Iti.8 (mohena); also in phrase āvuta nivuta ophuta

āyasakya →

pts

…explains it as ayasaka + ya with guṇa of the initial, cp. ārogya

āyata →

pts

āyati) Iti.15, Iti.52.

  • -paṇhin having long eye-lashes (one of the signs of a Mahāpurisa) DN.ii.17…

āyatana →

pts

…(3) is Bdhgh’s definition of āyatana at DN-a.i.124 as sañjāti and as kāraṇa (origin & cause i.e. mutually occasioning & conditioning…

āyati →

pts

…Vin.iii.3; Snp.49; Iti.115 (T. reads āyati but cp. p. 94 where T. āyatiṃ, variant reading āyati) Ja.i.89; Ja.v.431; DN-a.i.236.

fr….

āyu →

pts

…end of life Iti.99; Vism.422.

  • -saṅkhaya exhaustion of life or lifetime Dpvs.v.102. *…

āyācaka →

pts

adjective noun one who begs or prays, petitioner Mil.129.

fr. ā + yāc

īgha →

pts

…(= niddukkha C.); Ja.v.343. Iti & Iti

doubtful as to origin & etym. since only found in cpd. anīgha & abs. only in exegetical literature. If…

ītiha →

pts

doublet of itiha, only found in neg. an˚.

ītika →

pts

adjective connected or affected with ill or harm, only in neg. an˚.

fr. īti

ḍahati →

pts

…burning, glowing Dhp.371; Iti.23 (˚ena kāyena cetasā Pv.i.11#10, Pv.i.12#2; Pv.ii.2#3) (of a corpse being cremated) Pv-a.63, Pv-a.152…

ḍaṃsa →

pts

…in combination with other biting or stinging sensations, as ˚siriṃsapa Snp.52, & freq. in cpd; *ḍaṃsa-makasa-vāt’…

ṭhapana →

pts

…arrangement, position Vin.v.114; Ja.i.99 (aggha fixing prices); Mil.352 (pāda˚); DN-a.i.294; (= vidhārite); Pv-a.5…

ṭhita →

pts

…(adj.) (for kappa-*ṭhitin) standing or waiting a whole kappa Pp.13 (expl. at Pp-a.187 by ṭhitakappo assa atthī ti; kappaṃ ṭhapetuṃ…

ṭhiti →

pts

…sq.
■ dhammaṭṭhitiñāṇa (state or condition of) SN.ii.124; Pts.i.50 sq
■ n atthi dhuvaṃ ṭhiti: the duration is not for long…

ṭhiṭika →

pts

…on food Kp iii. (see āhāra); nt. adv. ṭhitikaṃ constantly Vv-a.75.

Der. fr. ṭhiti

ṭhāna →

pts

…questions concerning possibilities & impossibilities or truths & falsehoods, or questions referring to happy & unhappy states (of existence);…

ṭhānīya →

pts

…having a certain position, founded on or caused by (-˚) Vin.ii.194 (-nīca˚) AN.i.264 (chanda-rāga-dhamma˚). See also under…

ṭhāyin →

pts

…one who has got the idea of… or one who imagines SN.iii.3 sq.; arūpa-ṭṭhāyin Iti.62 Yamassa ṭhāyino being under the rule of Yama…