Szótár

(Letölthető rövid segédanyag: Páli-Magyar Szójegyzék)

jana, 829 találat.

jana →

ncped

jana1

masculine

  1. (m.) generating.
  2. (m.) (sg.) people; the people; people of the household; (rarely) a person; (pl.) people; persons;…

jāna →

ncped

(one) who knows, who has an understanding.

jānā →

ncped

of jānāti

jana →

pts

…Ja.i.294; Thig.394;

  • -vāda people’s talk, gossip Snp.973.

*gené: see janati. Cp. Gr. γίνος,…

jāna →

pts

adjective knowing or knowable, understandable Ja.iii.24 (= jānamāna). dujjāna difficult to understand DN.i.170, DN.i.187; MN.i.487; MN.ii.43. su˚ recognizable, intelligible Pv.i …

assaka →

dppn

…countries given in the Janavasabha Sutta. The capital of Assaka, was called Potana. DN.ii.235 The Assakas had settlements on the Godāvarī,…

avanti →

dppn

…of the Central Provinces.

22.67484, 75.624381janapada

añjanavana →

dppn

AñjanavanaAñcanavana

A garden at Sāketa. In it was a deer park where the Buddha used to stay. On one such occasion Kakudha came to see him,…

añjanāvaniya →

dppn

He dwelt in the Añjanavana in a small hut, and there he became Awakened. Thag.55

aṅga →

dppn

…the 16 Great Nations (Mahājanapadā), mentioned in the Pitakas. The countries mentioned are Aṅga, Māgadha, Kāsī, Kosala, Vajji, Mallā,…

bārānasī →

dppn

…capital of Kāsi-janapada. It was one of the four places of pilgrimage for the Buddhists - the others being Kapilavatthu, Buddhagayā…

cetiya →

dppn

…Vin.i.300f. The Janavasabha Sutta DN.ii.200 leads us to infer that the Buddha visited the Ceti country several times. The Saṃyutta…

dakkhiṇāpatha →

dppn

…be synonymous with Dakkhinajanapada and says that it was the district (janapada) south of the Ganges (Gangaya dakkhinato pakatajanapadam).

It is…

dāsaka →

dppn

…fro till he had walked up and down over two yojanas.

gandhāra →

dppn

…in Gandhāra. DN.ii.167

33.745833, 72.78751janapada

giñjakāvasatha →

dppn

…Sutta, MN.i.205 the Janavasabha Sutta, DN.ii.200 and several discourses on awareness of mortality. AN.iii.303f. AN.iii.306f.

indapatta →

dppn

…king and as the owner of Anjanavasabha, the elephant of wondrous power.

The town was seven leagues in extent J.v.57; J.v.484 and there was a road…

jambudīpa →

dppn

…branches fifty yojanas in length, its shade one hundred yojanas in extent and its height one hundred yojanas. Vin.i.30 On account of…

janapadakalyāṇī →

dppn

An epithet meaning the most beautiful woman in the land. It was used for the former wife of Nanda, the memory of whose beauty tormented him while he was a monk. Ud.iii.2

janesabha →

dppn

…in time of need.

He is probably identical with Janavasabha.

jatilagāhī →

dppn

…came to see him at the Añjanavana in Sāketā. The nun asked him for what purpose the Buddha requested that samādhi should be practised and…

kakudha →

dppn

…visited the Buddha at the Añjanavana in Sāketa, and asked him whether he experienced feelings of pleasure and sorrow. The Buddha replied that he…

kamboja →

dppn

…of other countries. AN.ii.82

35.3219, 46.98621janapada

kaḷārajanaka →

dppn

King of Mithilā. He was the son of Nimi and belonged to the Makhādeva dynasty. Whereas other kings of his race left the household at the approach of old age, he broke the tradition by not doing so. He …

kimbila →

dppn

…of which, Dīgha Parajana Yakkha sang the praises of all three. MN.i.205ff. Their number was increased by the presence of Bhagu,…

kosala →

dppn

…Kāsi-Kosala; Pasenadi was king of Kāsi-Kosala. AN.v.59

27.517073, 82.0506191janapadaKosala2

A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in a…

kuru →

dppn

…Indapatta, near the modern Delhi.

29.17, 78.021janapada

kuṇḍaliya →

dppn

…visits the Buddha at the Añjanavana in Sāketa. He asks the Buddha what profit comes from the Buddha’s way of living.

The conversation leads to…

kāliṅga →

dppn

…king Sattabhū. DN.ii.235f.

It is not, however, included in the list of sixteen Janapadas appearing in the Aṅguttara Nikāya….

kāsi →

dppn

…of her dowry. SN.i.82ff.

25.32913, 82.413941janapada

licchavī →

dppn

…and, among monks, Añjanavaniya, Vajjiputta and Sambhūta.

The Licchavis were greatly admired for their system of government. It was a…

lumbineyya →

dppn

…was born in a village of the Sākyans, in the Lumbineyya Janapada.

27.46716, 83.274911park

macchā →

dppn

…and to the south of Sūrasena.

27.45, 76.181janapada

mahājanapadā →

dppn

…mention the sixteen Mahājanapadas or Great Nations, which existed in the time of the Buddha. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260 They are…

makhādeva →

dppn

…continued, the last being King Nimi. But his son Kaḷārajanaka did not continue the good tradition.

mallā →

dppn

…a wide tract of forest.

26.739416,83.8900411janapada

mithilā →

dppn

…is generally identified with Janakapura, a small town within the Nepal border, north of which the Mazaffarpur and Darbhanga districts…

māgadha →

dppn

…one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas and had its capital at Rājagaha or Giribbaja where Bimbisāra, and after him Ajātasattu, reigned. Later,…

paccantajanapadā →

dppn

…are given, and the Paccantajanapadā lies beyond these boundaries. They are: in the east, Kajaṅgala and Mahāsālā; in the south east, the…

pañcāla →

dppn

PañcālaPañcālajanapadaPañcālaraṭṭhaPañcālā

One of the sixteen Great Nations. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252

Pañcāla was to the east of the Kuru…

sanaṅkumāra →

dppn

…Sutta. DN.ii.261

In the Janavasabha Sutta, Janavasabha describes to the Buddha an occasion on which Sanaṅkumāra attended an assembly of the…

sarabhū →

dppn

…the banks of the Sarabhū, which flowed through the Añjanavana.

Saryu1river

sujātā →

dppn

…she saw the Buddha at Añjanavana and listened to his preaching. Even as she sat there her insight was completed, and she became an arahant. She…

sāketa →

dppn

…Near Sāketa was the Añjanavana, where the Buddha sometimes stayed during his visits to Sāketa and where he had several discussions e.g.,…

sūrasena →

dppn

…and the Yādavas.

27.55211, 77.316281janapada

uttara →

dppn

…visits the Buddha at the Añjanavana in Sāketa. He utters a stanza, and the Buddha, in another stanza, amplifies what he has said….

vajjī →

dppn

…earlier been a kingdom under Janaka.

In the time of the Buddha, and even up to his death, the Vajjians were a very prosperous and happy community….

vaṃsa →

dppn

…mentioned with the Ceti.

25.93828, 79.639892janapada

vedisa →

dppn

…9,18.

Vedisa was fifty yojanas from Pātaliputta and was founded by the Sākiyans who fled from Vidūdabha’s massacre Mbv., p. 98.

Vedisa is…

videha →

dppn

…best known kings being Mahājanaka and Nimi; but in the Buddha’s time it was a republic, part of the Vajjian federation. According to the…

yakkha →

dppn

…of former persons e.g., Janavasabha (lord of men= Bimbisāra), Dīgha, Naradeva, Paṇḍaka, Sīvaka, Serī.

Vessavaṇa is often mentioned…

anuvyañjana →

farkas

jelleg, másodlagos jegy

puthujjana →

farkas

átlagember, hétköznapi ember

saṁyojana →

farkas

béklyó, bilincs

abbhanujānāti →

ncped

  1. sg. concedes; agrees with (gen.) about (acc).

abbhañjana →

ncped

rubbing with oil, smearing, oiling, lubricating; unguent, oil.

abhijānā →

ncped

abhijānānta →

ncped

(~antī)n.

abhijānāt →

ncped

abhijānāti →

ncped

  1. recognizes, knows; understands.
  2. is aware of; acknowledges; remembers;
    1. + acc, esp. ace. of pp:
    2. + absol.;
    3. + nom. of agent noun.

abhisajjanā →

ncped

offense; (or attachment).

abhiññā →

ncped

abhiññā1

absol.

abhiññā2

feminine (& ~a m.?)

  1. higher or special knowledge; true understanding.
  2. a special or supernatural power or knowledge (five (or six): iddhividhā, …

akittisañjanana →

ncped

(-ī)n. producing ill fame

akittisañjananī →

ncped

producing ill fame

akujjana →

ncped

not creaking, not making a noise

akūjana →

ncped

not creaking, not making a noise

anabhijānā →

ncped

anabhijānāt →

ncped

anatthajanana →

ncped

producing harm

antajana →

ncped

the inner household; servants.

antojana →

ncped

the inner household; the family

anujānāti →

ncped

gives permission; grants, allows; grants leave; excuses; advises; prescribes.

anupakhajjana →

ncped

(formed from anupakhajja) encroaching upon.

anuvyañjanaggāhi →

ncped

occupying oneself with details or minor characteristics.

anuvyañjanaggāhin →

ncped

occupying oneself with details or minor characteristics.

anuvyañjanaso →

ncped

  1. as to detail; in detail.
  2. as to the letter, the accurate text (?)

anuvyañjanaṃ →

ncped

letter by letter.

anānujana →

ncped

anānujanat →

ncped

ariya →

ncped

…a noble one (one who is not puthujjana).

avajānanta →

ncped

avajānati →

ncped

  1. despises; underrates.
  2. denies, repudiates.

añjana →

ncped

  1. smearing, anointing (?).
  2. ointment, esp. a collyrium for the eyes, used for decoration or as a medication; a pigment.

añjanakkhika →

ncped

with eyes painted with collyrium

catuyojanasitika →

ncped

measuring 400 yojanas.

catuyojanika →

ncped

four yojanas in extent.

chayojanasatika →

ncped

measuring 600 yojanas.

chayojanika →

ncped

six yojanas in extent.

dujjāna →

ncped

difficult to know; hard to understand.

durājāna →

ncped

difficult to know or understand.

dviyojanasatika →

ncped

measuring 200 yojanas.

dvādasayojana →

ncped

extending twelve yojanas.

ekāsanabhojana →

ncped

eating only a single meal (a day); food at only a single meal.

gaṇabhojana →

ncped

receiving and eating food in a group.

gihisaṃyojana →

ncped

the fetter that binds a householder.

gihivyañjana →

ncped

distinctive sign of a householder.

gihīsaṃyojana →

ncped

the fetter that binds a householder.

iñjana →

ncped

movement, disturbance.

janaka →

ncped

(-ikā)n. begetting; generating, producing; (one) who gives or has given birth (to); (m.) a progenitor, a father; a parent; (f.) a mother.

janapada →

ncped

nom. , ~āni ; acc. ~e, ~āni), a country; a district; the country, a country district (as opposed to a town); the people of a district, a community.

janapadakalyāṇī →

ncped

the most beautiful girl in a country.

janapadanirutti →

ncped

local terminology; an ordinary way of speaking (in a particular community?)

janapadatthāvariya →

ncped

stability in or of the country.

janapadatthāvariyapatta →

ncped

who has achieved stability in the country, whose country is stable; whose position is secure.

janapadatudana →

ncped

hurt to the country.

janatā →

ncped

an assemblage of people; people; living beings.

janava →

ncped

crowded with people.

janavat →

ncped

crowded with people.

janavati →

ncped

in a place filled with people.

janayati →

ncped

janayetha →

ncped

of janeti

janayi →

ncped

  1. sg. of janeti

janayittha →

ncped

  1. sg. of janeti

janādhipa →

ncped

king (of men)

jaññā →

ncped

jaññā1

opt. 3 sg. of jānāti

jaññā2

3 pl. of jānāti

jaññā3

absol. of jānāti

jānamana →

ncped

of jānāti

jānanta →

ncped

of jānāti

jānapada →

ncped

belonging to or living in a country or district; belonging to the country (as opposed to the town); a country man or a woman; rustic.

jānapaṭicchanna →

ncped

(~antī)n. know and concealed.

jānat →

ncped

of jānāti

jānaṃ →

ncped

adverb of also jānāti knowingly; with knowledge

jānemu →

ncped

of jānāti

jāneyya →

ncped

of jānāti

jāneyyuṃ →

ncped

of jānāti

jāneyyāma →

ncped

of jānāti

jāneyyāsi →

ncped

of jānāti

jānimha →

ncped

of jānāti

jānissami →

ncped

of jānāti

jānissati →

ncped

of jānāti

jānituṃ →

ncped

of jānāti

jānitvā →

ncped

of jānāti

jāniyāma →

ncped

of jānāti

jāniyāmase →

ncped

of jānāti

jāniyāna →

ncped

of jānāti

jāniṃha →

ncped

of jānāti

jāniṃsu →

ncped

of jānāti

jānāhi →

ncped

of jānāti

jānāti →

ncped

knows, knows about (someone or something); is aware (of), experiences; gets to know, finds out; knows how (to, inf.); has knowledge or understanding.

jāñati →

ncped

of jānāti

kandamūlaphalabhojana →

ncped

eating tubers, roots, and fruit.

kumbhakārakabhājana →

ncped

potter’s pot

kāmacchanda →

ncped

desire that is appetite, sensual appetite, appetite for sensual pleasure (the first of the nīvaraṇas and one of the saṃyojanas)

negamajanapada →

ncped

negamajānapada →

ncped

townspeople and country people.

nikkujjanā →

ncped

, ~a, n.

nikujjanā →

ncped

, ~a, neuter placing (the bowl of a layman) face downwards; over turning.

nāyati →

ncped

of jānāti is known; is known as

onojana →

ncped

giving formally

oṇojana →

ncped

giving formally

tejana →

ncped

the shaft of an arrow; an arrow.

tirojanapada →

ncped

another (distant) district or country.

tiyojana →

ncped

  1. (mfn.) three yojanas in extent.
  2. (n.) a distance of three yojanas.

tiyojanasatika →

ncped

measuring 300 yojanas.

ubhatovyañjana →

ncped

having the sexual characteristics of both sexes; hermaphrodite

ubhatovyañjanaka →

ncped

having the sexual characteristics of both sexes; hermaphrodite

ukkhaliparimajjana →

ncped

dishcloth, a cleaning rag.

ukkujjanā →

ncped

setting upright; turning the right way up.

ummujjana →

ncped

(emergence of) an idea; conception.

upajānāti →

ncped

finds out (for oneself), ascertains; invents; knows by personal experience (+ acc. or gen.); (first) teaches.

uyyojana →

ncped

stimulating, incitement.

ñasi →

ncped

of jānāti

ñassati →

ncped

of jānāti

ñatabba →

ncped

of jānāti to be known, to be understood

ñatayya →

ncped

of jānāti

ñatuṃ →

ncped

of jānāti

ñatvā →

ncped

of jānāti

ñatvāna →

ncped

of jānāti

ñeyya →

ncped

of jānāti to be known; knowable; being an object of knowledge

ñāteyya →

ncped

of jānāti

ñāyati →

ncped

of jānāti is known; is known as

ājananta →

ncped

ājānamāna →

ncped

ājānāti →

ncped

understands; perceives

ānandajanana →

ncped

(~ī)n. producing joy

āsajjana →

ncped

āsajjanaṃ →

ncped

āviñjana →

ncped

pulling; drawing towards; attracting

āviñjanacchidda →

ncped

the pulling-hole (for pulling a door closed with one’s finger or a rope)

āviñjanarajju →

ncped

the pullingrope, the rope for pulling the door or door-bolt closed

advertence →

nyana

Advertence: Directing of mind to the object: āvajjana is one of the functions of consciousness viññāna-kicca. Cf. manasikāra

anusaya →

nyana

kāma-rāga samyojana,
2: The latent tendency to aversion patigha,
3: The latent tendency to speculative opinion ditthi,
4:…

anāgāmī →

nyana

…5 lower mental chains samyojana, reappears in a higher world amongst the devas of the Pure Abodes, suddhāvāsa, and without returning from…

aparihāna-dhamma →

nyana

…of existence see: samyojana. Thus all Noble Disciples are called, i.e. all those who have attained any of the 4 noble paths to Nobility see:…

ariya-puggala →

nyana

…first 3 mental chains samyojana, which bind beings to existence in the sense-sphere, to wit:

1: Personality-belief sakkāya-ditthi, see….

asmi-māna →

nyana

…as the 8th fetter samyojana, until the attainment of Arahatship or Nobility. It falsely assumes an entity ‘I’ the be real and existent. It is…

avijjā →

nyana

…the 10 mental chains samyojana, which bind beings to the cycle of rebirths. As the first two roots of evil, greed and hate (see: mūla ), are…

conceit →

nyana

Conceit: māna, further see: samyojana

femininity →

nyana

Femininity: s bhāva indriya

fetters = Mental chains: The 10 f. binding to existence; see: samyojana

fivefold sense-door →

nyana

[[fivefold sense-door]]Fivefold sense-door: Directing to the: pañcadvārāvajjana see: viññāna-kicca.

gotrabhū →

nyana

…of worldlings puthujjana, the family of worldlings, the circle of worldlings, the designation of a worldling and enters into the multitude…

ill-will →

nyana

…is a synonym of dosa see: mūla and patigha and is one of the 10 mental chains samyojana, 5 hindrances nīvarana and 10 disadvantageous…

janaka-kamma →

nyana

Janaka-kamma: ‘regenerative kamma’; see: kamma.

javana →

nyana

…mind-door’ manodvārāvajjana see: viññānakicca, taking as object the earthkasina whilst thinking, ‘Earth! Earth!’ Thereupon, 4 or 5…

paccavekkhana-ñāna →

nyana

…directing manodvārāvajjana arises at the mind-door, for the purpose of reviewing the just passed path -moment. Now, as soon as this stage…

pañcadvārāvajjana →

nyana

Pañcadvārāvajjana: ‘directing to the 5-sense-doors’; see: viññāna-kicca

puthujjana →

nyana

Puthujjana: lit.: ‘one of the many folk’, ‘worldling’, ordinary man, is any layman or Bhikkhu who is still possessed of all the 10 mental chains…

ti-lakkhana →

nyana

…him the mental chains samyojana are dissolved; S. XXXV, 53.

It is the full comprehension of the 3 characteristics by direct meditative…

ādibrahmacariyaka-sīla →

nyana

…rules and ritual; see: samyojana he becomes one who will be ‘reborn 7 times at most’ see: sotāpanna and after only seven times more wandering…

āvajjana →

nyana

= pañca dvārāvajjana, in the case of a mental object, an idea or mental state then it is called ‘mind-door directing’ mano -…

āyatana →

nyana

…functions of directing āvajjana attention to the sense-object, and of receiving sampaticchana the data of the sense-object. On the functions…

āyūhana →

nyana

…state of directing āvajjana (see. viññāna-kicca ), these are called the kammic-constructions, whilst the 7th impulse moment is called…

abbhañjana →

pts

anointing, lubricating, oiling; unction, unguent Vin.i.205; Vin.iii.79; Mil.367 (akkhassa a.); Vism.264; Vv-a.295.

fr. abbhañjati

abhi →

pts

Abhi-

I. Meaning

  1. The primary meaning of abhi is that of taking possession and mastering, as contained in E. coming by and over-coming, thus literally having the function of facing …

abhijjanaka →

pts

adjective not to be broken, not to be moved or changed uninfluenced Ja.ii.170; Dhp-a.iii.189.

a + bhijjana + ka, from bhijja, grd. of bhid

abhijāna →

pts

(nt. or m?) recognition, remembrance, recollection Mil.78. See also abhiññā.

Sk. abhijñāna

abhijānāti →

pts

to know by experience, to know fully or thoroughly, to recognise know of (c. acc.), to be conscious or aware of DN.i.143; SN.ii.58, SN.ii.105, SN.ii.219, SN.ii.278; SN.iii.59, SN.iii.91; SN.iv.50, SN. …

abhilāpa →

pts

…combd. with vyañjana & trsl. by Mrs. Rh. D. as “a distinctive mark of discourse”); DN-a.i.20, DN-a.i.23, DN-a.i.281;…

abhinipphādeti →

pts

…+…

abhinivesa →

pts

…SN.iii.186 (saṃyojana˚) SN.iv.50; AN.iii.363 (paṭhavī˚ adj.); Cnd.227 (gāha parāmasa +); Pp.22; Vb.145; Dhs.381, Dhs.1003,…

abhisajjana →

pts

adjective only as adv. f. ˚nī. Epithet of vācā scolding abusing, cursing AN.v.265 (para˚). Cp. next.

abstr. fr. abhisajjati in meaning of abhisanga 2

abhisajjanā →

pts

…fr. abhisajjati, cp. abhisajjana

abhisajjati →

pts

…laggapeyya Dhp-a.iv.182); Pp.30, Pp.36. See also abhisajjana & abhisajjanā.

abhi + sañj; cp. abhisanga

abhisamaya →

pts

…taṇhaṃ vivattayi saññojanaṃ sammāmānâbhisamayā antam akāsi dukkhassa“ at SN.iv.205, SN.iv.207, SN.iv.399; AN.iii.246, AN.iii.444;…

abhisambudhāna →

pts

adjective awaking realising, knowing, understanding Dhp.46 (= bujjhanto jānanto ti attho Dhp-a.i.337).

formation of a ppr. med. fr. pp. abhsam + budh instead of abhisam + bujjh˚.

abhivedeti →

pts

  1. to make known, to communicate Dāvs v.2, Dāvs v.11.
  2. to know Ja.vi.175 (jānāti C.).

abhi + Caus. of vid

abhiññeyya →

pts

grd. of abhijānāti.

abhiññā →

pts

Abhiññā1

feminine Rare in the older texts. It appears in two contexts. Firstly, certain conditions are said to conduce (inter alia) to serenity, to special knowledge (abhiññā), to specia …

abhiññāta →

pts

  1. known, recognised Snp.588 (abhiññeyyaṃ ˚ṃ).
  2. (well)-known, distinguished DN.i.89 (˚kolañña = pākaṭa-kulaja DN-a.i.252), DN.i.235; Snp.p.115.

pp. of abhijānāti

addha →

pts

…(-māsa); Ja.i.59 (-yojana); iii. 189 (˚māsa).

= aḍḍha, q.v.

Addha2

adjective soiled, wet; fig. attached to, intoxicated…

addhika →

pts

…Pv-a.78, Pv-a.127 (˚jana people travelling). Often combd. with kapaṇa beggar, tramp, as kapaṇaddhikā (pl.) tramps and…

addhāna →

pts

…(interpreted as “addhayojanaṃ gacchissāmī ti bhuñjitabban ti ādi vacanato addha-yojanam pi addhāna maggo hoti”, thus taken to addha…

adhika →

pts

…catunahutâdhikāni dve yojana-sahassāni 2000 + 94 (= 294 000; Ja.i.25; sattamāsâdhikāni sattavassāni 7 years and 7 months Ja.v.319;…

aja →

pts

he-goat, a ram DN.i.6, DN.i.127; AN.ii.207; Ja.i.241; Ja.iii.278 sq. Ja.v.241; Pp.56; Pv-a.80.

  • -eḷaka [Sk. ajaiḍaka] goats & sheep DN.i.5, DN.i.141; AN.ii.42 sq., AN.ii.209; J …

ajjhatta →

pts

…r.).;

  • -saññojana an inner fetter, inward bond AN.i.63 sq.; Pp.22 Vb.361.
  • -santi inner peace Snp.837 (=…

ajānana →

pts

˚- neuter not knowing, ignorance (of) Ja.v.199 (˚bhāva); Ja.vi.177 (˚kāla).

a + jānana

akkha →

pts

…axle Ja.v.433

  • -bhañjana the breaking of the axle Dhp-a.i.375; Pv-a.277.

Vedic akṣa; Av. aša; Gr. α ̓́ςων…

akkhara →

pts

…the sauce, flavour (vyañjana of poetry SN.i.38. To know the context of the a˚ the words of the texts, is characteristic…

akkhi →

pts

…(q.v.).

  • -añjana eye ointment, collyrium Dhp-a.iii.354.
  • -kūpa the socket of the eye…

alaṃ →

pts

…ce pi so bhavaṃ Gotamo yojana sate viharati alam eva… upasankamituṃ even if he were 100 miles from here (surely) even so (i.e. it is fit or…

amacca →

pts

  1. friend, companion, fellow-worker, helper, esp one who gives his advice, a bosom-friend Iti.73; Ja.vi.512 (sahajātā amaccā); Pv.ii.6#20 (a ˚-paricārikā well-advising friends as company or around …

amarā →

pts

…maccha-jāti, sā ummujjana-nimmujjan-ādi vasena… gahetuṃ na sakkoti“ etc. This meaning is not beyond doubt, but Kern’s…

amattaññu →

pts

…knowing any bounds (in the taking of food), intemperate immoderate Iti.23 (bhojanamhi); Dhp.7 (id.); Pp.21.

a + matta + ˚ñu = Sk. amātrajña

aniñjana →

pts

immobility, steadfastness Pts.i.15.

an + iñjana

antara →

pts

adjective Primary meanings are “inside” and “in between” as adj. “inner”; in prep. use & in compounds “inside, in between”. Further development of meaning is with a view of contrasting the (two) sides …

anto →

pts

…SN.iv.136.

  • -vaḷañjanaka (parijana) indoorpeople Ja.v.118.
  • -vassa the rainy season (lit. the interval of the r….

anu →

pts

…in sacrifice, ˚vyañjana smaller marks, etc.; cp. paṭi in same sense 2. distributive (cp. A. a.) each, every, one by one, (one…

anubyañjana FIXME double →

pts

Anuvyañjana & anubyañjana

(e.g. Vin.iv.15; Ja.i.12) neuter accompanying (i.e. secondary attribute, minor or inferior characteristic, supplementary…

anubyañjana →

pts

anujānāti →

pts

  1. to give permission, grant, allow Vin.iv.225; AN.ii.197; Pv.iv.1#67; Pv-a.55, Pv-a.79 Pv-a.142.
  2. to advise, prescribe Vin.i.83; Vin.ii.301: Snp.982. grd. anuññeyya that which is allowed AN.ii …

anumajjana →

pts

threshing out, pounding up (Dhs. trsl. 11), always used with ref. to the term vicāra (q.v.) Mil.62; Dhs-a.114; DN-a.i.63, DN-a.i.122.

abstr. fr. anumajjati

anunaya →

pts

…fawning DN.iii.254 (˚saṃyojana); AN.iv.7 sq (id.) MN.i.191; Dhs.1059; Vb.145; Ne.79; combd. w opp. paṭigha

anusaññāti →

pts

-saññātuṃ AN.i.68. (janapade).

either anu + saṃ + jñā (jānāti) or (preferably) = anusaṃyāti as short form of anusaṃyāyati,…

anuvejja →

pts

adjective in an˚ see anuvijjati. Anuvyanjana & anubyanjana;

anuvyañjana →

pts

Anuvyañjana & anubyañjana

(e.g. Vin.iv.15; Ja.i.12) neuter accompanying (i.e. secondary attribute, minor or inferior characteristic, supplementary…

anuyuñjanā →

pts

(& -yuñjana nt.) application or devotion to (-˚) Mil.178; Vv-a.346 (anuyujjanaṃ wrong spelling?)

abstr. fr. anuyuñjati

anuññāta →

pts

adjective permitted, allowed; sanctioned, given leave, ordained DN.i.88; Ja.i.92; Ja.ii.353 Ja.ii.416; Pv.i.12#3 (na a. = ananuññāta at id. p. Thig.129 expld. at Pv-a.64 by ananumata); Pp. …

anāgāmin →

pts

…the Arahant; and the Saṃyojanas are not referred to. It is probable that already in the Nikāya period the older wider meaning was falling into…

anāsakatta →

pts

fasting Snp.249 (= abhojana Snp-a.292).

abstr. of anāsaka

apaciti →

pts

…Ja.ii.435; Ja.iii.82; Ja.iv.308; Ja.vi.88; Mil.180, Mil.234 (˚ṃ karoti), Mil.377 (pūjana +); Snp-a.332 (˚karaṇa). Cp….

apaloketi →

pts

  1. to look ahead, to look before, to be cautious, to look after MN.i.557 (variant reading for apaciṇāti, where Ja.v.339 C. has avaloketi); Mil.398.
  2. to look up to, to obtain permission from (acc.), …

apara →

pts

…westward Ja.v.471; Mil.292 (janapada). b future DN.i.30 (˚kappika, cp. DN-a.i.118); MN.ii.228 (˚ânudiṭṭhi-thought of the future);…

api →

pts

indeclinable both prep. & conj., orig meaning “close by”, then as prep. “towards, to, on to on” and as adv. “later, and, moreover”.

  1. (prep. pref.)
    1. prep. c. loc.: api ratte later on in the n …

appamaññati →

pts

to think little of, to underrate, despise Dhp.121 (= avajānāti Dhp-a.iii.16; variant reading avapamaññati).

appa + maññati

ariya →

pts

…Dhp-a.i.5, (opp. putthujjana)

  • -sīlin of unblemished conduct, practising virtue DN.i.115 (= sīlaṃ ariyaṃ uttamaṃ…

asevanā →

pts

not practising, abstinence from Snp.259 (= abhajanā apayirupāsanā Kp-a.124).

a + sevanā

assita →

pts

…living in or on DN.ii.255 (tad˚); Vv.50#16 (sīho va guhaṃ a.); Thag.149 (janaṃ ev’ assito jano); Sdhp.401.

Sk. aśrita, ā + pp. of…

attha →

pts

…adhipajjati) Iti.84 (˚janano doso ill-will brings discomfort); Ja.i.63, Ja.i.196 Pp.37; Dhs.1060, Dhs.1231; Sdhp.87; DN-a.i.52…

atthitā →

pts

state of being, existence, being, reality MN.i.486; SN.ii.17 (˚añ c˚ eva natthitañ ca to be and not to be); SN.iii.135; Ja.v.110 (kassaci atthitaṃ vā natthitaṃ vā jānāhi see if there is anybody or not …

atīta →

pts

…AN.iii.346 (sabbasaṃyojana˚); Snp.373 (kappa˚), Snp.598 (khaya˚, of the moon = ūnabhāvaṃ atīta Snp-a.463); Thag.413 (c. abl.) 3….

ava →

pts

Ava˚

prefix

I. Relation between ava & o

Phonetically the difference between ava & o is this, that; ava is the older form, whereas o represents a later development. Histor …

avadehaka →

pts

…bhuñjati*, to eat one’s fill MN.i.102; Thag.935. Vism.33 has udarāvadehaka-bhojana, a heavy meal.

ava + deha + ka but more likely direct fr….

avajānāti →

pts

  1. to deny Vin.ii.85; AN.iii.164 = Pp.65.
  2. (later) to despise Dhp-a.iii.16; Pv-a.175 (grd ˚jānitabba)-Of short stem-form ñā are found the foll grd. avaññeyya Pv-a.175, and with o˚: grd. oñāta …

avasiṭṭha →

pts

(sic & not osiṭṭha) left, remaining, over SN.ii.133; Ja.i.138; Ja.v.339; Vv-a.66 pl. avasiṭṭhā all who are left, the others Pv-a.165 (janā).

pp. of avasissati, Sk. avaśiṣṭa

avaññāta →

pts

adjective despised, treated with contempt Pv-a.135 (an˚); Sdhp.88, Sdhp.90.

pp. of avajānāti

avijjā →

pts

ignorance; the main root of evil and of continual rebirth (see paṭicca-samuppāda, cp. SN.ii.6, SN.ii.9, SN.ii.12; Snp.p.141 & many other passages) See on term; Cpd. 83 n. 3, 18 …

avijānaṃ →

pts

not knowing, ignorant Dhp.38, Dhp.60; Iti.103.

a + vijānaṃ

añjana →

pts

…be corrected into thanamajjanamattaṃ. See also pacc˚. In meaning collyrium box at Thig.413 (= añjana-nāḷi Thag-a.267); Dhp-a.ii.25.

*…

añjanī →

pts

box for ointment, a collyrium pot Vin.i.203, Vin.i.204; Vin.ii.135; Vin.iv.168; MN.ii.65 = Thag.773.

fr. añjana

añña →

pts

pronoun another etc

A. By itself

  1. other not the same, different, another, somebody else (opp oneself) Vin.iii.144 (aññena, scil. maggena, gacchati to take a different route); Snp.459, Sn …

aññā →

pts

knowledge, recognition, perfect knowledge, philosophic insight, knowledge par excellence, viz. Arahantship, saving knowledge gnosis (cp. on term Compend. 176 n. 3 and Psalms of Brethren introd. xx …

aññāta →

pts

Aññāta1

known, recognised Snp.699. an˚; what is not known, in phrase anaññāta-ññassāmī’ t’ indriya the faculty of him (who believes): “I shall know what is not known (yet)” DN.iii.219; …

aññātar →

pts

one who knows, a knower of DN.ii.286; MN.i.169; SN.i.106 (dhammassa); Kv.561.

n. ag. to ājānāti

aññātukāma →

pts

adjective desirous of gaining right knowledge AN.iii.192. See ājānāti.

ā + jñātuṃ + kāma

aññātāvin →

pts

adjective noun one who has complete insight Dhs-a.291.

  • -indriya (˚tāv’ indr.) the faculty of one whose knowledge is made perfect Dhs.555 (cp. Dhs trsl. 150) and same loci a …

aññāya →

pts

recognising, knowing, in the conviction of SN.i.24; AN.iii.41; Dhp.275, Dhp.411.

ger. of ājānāti, q.v. for detail

aḍḍha →

pts

-yojana half a yojana (in distance) Ja.v.410; DN-a.i.35 (in expln. of addhāna-magga); Dhp-a.i.147…

aṅgaṇa →

pts

…Ne.87.

prob. to anj, thus a variant of añjana, q.v.

aṭṭha →

pts

…a Mahāpurisa (see anuvyañjana), besides the 32 main signs (see dvattiṃsa) Vv-a.213 etc. Freq. as measure of riches,…

bahu →

pts

…andha-bāla puthujjana“; Dhp.320 (bahujjana), explained at Dhp-a.iv.3 by “lokiya-mahājana. -jāgara very…

bala →

pts

Bala1

neuter

  1. strength power, force DN.ii.73; AN.i.244; Thag.188; Dhp.109 (one of the 4 blessings, viz. āyu, vaṇṇa, sukha, bala; cp Dhp-a.ii.239); Pv.i.5#12 (= kāya-bala Pv-a.30); Pv …

bhajanā →

pts

resorting to, familiarity with Pp.20 = Dhs.1326, cp. sam˚ & Dhs trsl. 345.

fer. bhaj

bhakkha →

pts

…(similar context; = bhojana C.); Pv.ii.9#41 (= āhārā Pv-a.129). It is to be pointed out that bhakkhā occurs in poetry, in stock phrase…

bhatta →

pts

…by bhattakicca & bhuñjana) Mil.9 Snp-a.19 Snp-a.140

  • -vetana service for food, food as wages (cp bhaktā-dāsa a slave working for…

bhava →

pts

…= bhava-rajju). -saṃyojana the fetter of rebirth: see arahant II. C. -salla

bhañjaka →

pts

adjective breaking, spoiling, destroying (attha˚
■ visaṃvāda; cp. bhañjanaka) Ja.iii.499.

fr. bhañjati

bhañjana →

pts

…and pāda˚
■ bbhañjana-tela oil for rubbing the body and the feet Vism.100; Vv-a.295.

for byañjana, in composition; maybe graphical…

bhañjanaka →

pts

…cp bhañjaka.

fr. bhañjana1

bhañjati →

pts

…the good SN.iv.347 (cp bhañjanaka)

pp bhagga1 (q.v.).

bhañj, cp. Vedic bhañjati & bhanakti, roots with & without r, as Lat….

bhaṇe →

pts

indeclinable “I say,” used as an interjection of emphasis, like “to be sure,” “look here.” It is a familiar term of address often used by a king to his subjects Vin.i.240 (amhākaṃ kira bhaṇe vijite Bh …

bhejjanaka →

pts

adjective breakable; like bhejja only in neg. form abhejjanaka indestructible Ja.i.393.

fr. bhejja

bhidura →

pts

adjective fragile, perishable, transitory Thig.35 (= bhijjana-sabhāva Thag-a.43).

fr. bhid

bhijjana →

pts

…Pv-a.41 (˚dhammā destructible, of sankhārā)
■ Der. abhijjanaka see sep.

fr. bhijjati

bhikkhu →

pts

…viz kalyāṇa[-ka-]puthujjana (a layman of good character and sekkha (one in training), for which latter the term…

bhojaka →

pts

…(= gāmapati, gāmajeṭṭhaka); Ja.v.413; Dhp-a.i.69. Cp. bhojanaka.

fr. bhuj, bhojeti

bhojana →

pts

…parampara-bhojanaṃ, atirittabhojanaṃ, anatirittabhojanaṃ* mentioned at Kv.ii.552; see Vin.iv.71 Vin.iv.77. All these ways of…

bhojanaka →

pts

Err:509

bhuñjana →

pts

taking food, act of eating, feasting Ja.iv.371 (˚kāraṇa); Pv-a.184.

  • -kāla meal-time Dhp-a.i.346.

fr. bhuñjati1

bhuñjati →

pts

…(q.v.). Cp. bhoga bhojana, bhojanīya, bhojja; also Desid. pp. bubbhukkhita; & ābhuñjati.

(bhuj) to Lat. fruor, frūx = E. fruit, frugal…

bhājana →

pts

…Vism.376.

cp. Epic Sk. bhājana, fr. bhāj

Bhājana2

neuter division, dividing up, in pada˚; dividing of words, treating of…

bhāvanīya →

pts

adjective “being as ought to be, to be cultivated, to be respected, in a self-composed state (cp. bhāvitatta) MN.i.33 (garu + ; explained by Bdhgh as “addhā ’yam āyasmā jānaṃ jānāti passaṃ passatī t …

bhīsana →

pts

…(q.v.) Pv.iv.3#5 (variant reading in Pv-a.251), explained by bhayajanana Pv-a.251, where C. reading also bhīsana.

bhūta →

pts

grown, become; born, produced; nature as the result of becoming. The (exegetical) definition by Bdhgh of the word bhūta is interesting. He (at MN-a.i.31) distinguishes the foll. 7 …

bodhana →

pts

  1. knowing Mil.168 (cp. SN.v.83).
  2. (adj.) enlightening, teaching Bv.26, Bv.22 (pacchima-jana˚).

fr. bodheti

bodhaneyya →

pts

…the truth Bv.2, Bv.195 (jana); Mil.169 (yena yogena bodhaneyyā sattā bujjhanti tena y. bodheti); otherwise in combination…

brāhmaṇa →

pts

…of a br. Pv-a.62.

  • -bhojana giving food (alms) to brahmans Vin.i.44
  • -māṇava a young brahmin Ja.iv.391
  • -rūpa

byañjana →

pts

…Mil.345; Ne.23. As vyañjana is the more usual (classical) form, other refs. will be found under vyañjana.

cp. Sk….

byāvaṭa →

pts

…(rūpakāya byāvaṭa jana; variant reading byāgata).

the meaning (wrongly given as “adorned”) is to be deleted. The reading at…

bāhira →

pts

…(samaya) Kv.251 (+ puthujjana-pakkhe ṭhita); Dhp-a.iii.378 (= mana i.e. Bhagavato sāsanato bahiddhā)
■ Cases as adv. bāhirato

bāhujañña →

pts

…phrase iddha phīta vitthārika bāhujañña.

fr. bahu + jana, cp. sāmañña fr. samaṇa

bāla →

pts

…the common people, the puthujjana) foolish (as contrasted with paṇḍita cp. the Bālapaṇḍita-sutta MN.iii.163 sq.; DN.ii.305 sq.; Vism.499…

cakka →

pts

…wheels, i.e. their carts (of janapadā) AN.i.178; AN.iii.66, AN.iii.104.

Vedic cakra, redupl. formation fr. *quel to turn round (cp. P….

cakkhu →

pts

the eye (nom. sg. cakkhuṃ) Vin.i.34; SN.i.115; MN.iii.134 etc.)

I. The eye as organ of sense

  1. psychologically cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā “seeing visible object (shape with the eye” (Nd ii.on …

carahi →

pts

adverb then, therefore now, esp. after interr. pron.: ko carahi jānāti who then knows? Snp.990; kathañ carahi jānemu how then shall we know? Snp.999; kiñ c. AN.v.194
■ Vin.i.36; Vin.ii.292; Snp.988; …

carati →

pts

…Snp.92; Dhp.326; Pv-a.14 (janapada-cārikaṃ), Pv-a.160 (pabbata-c˚ wandering over the mountains); or with cāraṃ: piṇḍa-c.˚…

ce →

pts

…with Indicative (ito ce pi yojanasate viharati even if he lived 100 y. from here DN.i.117) or Conditional (tatra ce tumhe assatha kupitā DN.i.3),…

ceteti →

pts

Cinteti & ceteti

Forms

  1. cint:
    pres cinteti
    pot cinteyya;
    ppr cintento & cintayanto (Snp.834)
    aor cintesi, 3rd pl. cintesuṃ (Ja.i.149), acintayuṃ (Snp.258)
    ger ci …

cha →

pts

…Dhp-a.iii.224 (˚yojana-parimaṇḍala); Dhp-a.iv.48.

tusks, in ˚daha Name of one of the…

chaḷ →

pts

…Dhp-a.iii.224 (˚yojana-parimaṇḍala); Dhp-a.iv.48.

tusks, in ˚daha Name of one of the…

chindati →

pts

to cut off, to destroy, to remove, both lit. (bandhanaṃ, pāsaṃ, pasibbakaṃ, jīvaṃ, gīvaṃ, sīsaṃ hatthapāde, etc.) and fig. (taṇhaṃ, mohaṃ, āsavā saṃyojanāni, vicikicchaṃ, vanathaṃ, etc.) Freq. in …

chādana →

pts

…(vattha˚) Pv.i.10#7 (bhojana˚); Pv.ii.1#7 (vattha˚); Pv-a.50 (= vattha) Dhp-a.iv.7
■ As adj. Ja.vi.354 (of the thatch of a house).

to…

cinteti →

pts

Cinteti & ceteti

Forms

  1. cint:
    pres cinteti
    pot cinteyya;
    ppr cintento & cintayanto (Snp.834)
    aor cintesi, 3rd pl. cintesuṃ (Ja.i.149), acintayuṃ (Snp.258)
    ger ci …

citta →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.14; -vyañjana (adj.) with beautiful consonants (cp. ˚akkhara) SN.ii.267 = AN.i.73 = AN.iii.107…

dakkha →

pts

Dakkha1

adjective dexterous skilled, handy, able, clever DN.i.45, DN.i.74, DN.i.78; DN.iii.190 (+ analasa) MN.i.119; MN.iii.2; SN.i.65; Cnd.141 (+ analasa & sampajāna); Ja.iii.247; DN-a …

dakkhiṇa →

pts

-janapada the southern country the “Dekkan” (= dakkhiṇaṃ) DN.i.96, DN.i.153 (explained by Bdhgh as “Gangāya…

dassana →

pts

  1. Lit. seeing, looking; noticing; sight of, appearance, look. Often equivalent to an infinitive “to see,” esp. as dat. dassanāya in order to see, for the purpose of seeing (cp. dassana-kāma = da …

dassāvin →

pts

adjective noun full of insight, seeing, perceiving, taking notice of. In combination with -ñū (knowing) it plays the part of an additional emphasis to the 1st term = knowing & seeing i.e. having co …

dhamma →

pts

…SN.i.71; Pv-a.41 (bhijjana˚ of sankhārā). vipariṇāma changeable AN.i.258; AN.iv.157; Pv-a.60 (+ anicca). unchanging DN.iii.31…

dhovati →

pts

to rinse, wash, cleanse, purify Vin.ii.208, Vin.ii.210, Vin.ii.214; Snp.p.104 (bhājanāni) Ja.i.8; Ja.v.297
dhovi Ja.vi.366; Dhp-a.iii.207.
ger dhovitvā

dhāraṇa →

pts

…Kp-a.37 cīvara˚ AN.ii.104 = Pp.45. 2. maintaining, sustaining keeping up Mil.320 (āyu˚ bhojana). 3. bearing in mind, remembrance Vin.iv.305;…

dibba →

pts

…(yena sudaṃ samantā yojanaṃ passati divā c’ eva rattiñ ca); DN.iii.219; SN.i.196; SN.ii.55 sq.; MN.ii.21; Iti.52; Thig.70; Pts.i.114…

diṭṭha →

pts

Diṭṭha1

  1. seen; a˚ not seen DN.i.222 (a˚ + avedita asacchikata); MN.i.3 sq. (diṭṭhaṃ diṭṭhato sañjānāti); Snp.147 (diṭṭhā vā ye vā addiṭṭhā), Snp.995 (na me diṭṭho ito pubbe na ssuto… Sat …

diṭṭhi →

pts

…Cnd.304; -saṃyojana the fetter or bond of empty speculation (cp. ˚anusaya) DN.iii.254; AN.iv.7 sq.;…

donī →

pts

…only in -nimmiñjana oil-cake. Pv.i.10#10 as -nimmijjani at Vv.3338 explained by telamiñjaka at Pv-a.51 & by…

du →

pts

Du˚1

(& before vowels dur˚) indeclinable

  1. syllable of exclamation (= duḥ “bad, woe” (beginning the word du (j)-jīvitaṃ) Dhp-a.ii.6, Dhp-a.ii.10 = Pv-a.280, cp. Ja.iii.47; Bdhgh’s …

dukkha →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (adj. unpleasant, painful, causing misery (opp. sukha pleasant Vin.i.34; Dhp.117. Lit. of vedanā (sensation) MN.i.59 (˚ṃ vedanaṃ vediyamāna, see also below iii.1 …

dussanā →

pts

Dussana (nt.) defilement, guilt AN.ii.225; Pp.18, Pp.22; Dhs.418, Dhs.1060; DN-a.i.195 (rajjana-d. muyhana).

Sk. dūṣana, cp. dussati

dvi →

pts

…divine symmetry etc 12 yojanas wide extends the radiance Vv-a.16 Vv-a.12 y. as respectful distance Pv-a.137 (cp. 2000 cubits in same sense at…

eka →

pts

…to eating, viz. ekāsane bhojanaṃ ekāsanaṃ, perhaps comparing āsana with asana2. The foll ˚āsanika is ibid. expld. as…

gacchati →

pts

…g. to go hunting Ja.i.149; janapadaṃ gamissāma Ja.ii.129; paradāraṃ g. to approach another man’s wife Dhp.246 2. with adverbs of…

gahaṇa →

pts

…hattha˚ Ja.i.294; byanjana˚-lakkhaṇa Ne.27 gahaṇatthāya in order to get… Ja.i.279; Ja.ii.352. amhākaṃ g˚ sugahaṇaṃ we have a…

garuka →

pts

…(in expl. of dasavidha vyañjana). 2. fig.

  1. heavy, grave, serious esp. applied to
    āpatti, breach of…

gata →

pts

gone, in all meanings of gacchati (q.v.) viz.

  1. literal. gone away, arrived at, directed to (c. acc.), opp ṭhita: gate ṭhite nisinne (loc. abs.) when going standing, sitting down (cp. gacchati 1) DN …

gati →

pts

  1. going, going away, (opp. āgati coming) (both gati & āgati usually in pregnant sense of No. (2) See āgati); direction, course, career. Freq of the two careers of a Mahāpurisa (viz. either a Cakkavat …

gaṇa →

pts

…Dhp-a.ii.160;

  • -bhojana food prepared as a joint meal Vin.ii.196; Vin.iv.71; Vin.v.128, Vin.v.135, Vin.v.205; *…

gaṇhati →

pts

Gaṇhati & Gaṇhāti

The forms of the verb are from three bases, viz.

  1. gaṇha- (Sk. gṛhṇā-);
    Pres.: ind. gaṇhāti (gaṇhāsi Pv-a.87)
    pot gaṇheyya,
    imper gaṇha (Ja.i.159; Pv-a.49 …

gaṇhāti →

pts

Gaṇhati & Gaṇhāti

The forms of the verb are from three bases, viz.

  1. gaṇha- (Sk. gṛhṇā-);
    Pres.: ind. gaṇhāti (gaṇhāsi Pv-a.87)
    pot gaṇheyya,
    imper gaṇha (Ja.i.159; Pv-a.49 …

geha →

pts

…of the house Vv-a.6

  • -jana (sg. collective) the members of the household, the servants Pv-a.16, Pv-a.62, Pv-a.93; *…

ghaṭa →

pts

…under pānīya˚ paribhojana vacca˚ at Vin.i.157 = Vin.i.352 = MN.i.207. In the Vinaya freq. combined with kolamba, also a deep vessel:…

ghaṭṭana →

pts

…composition Ja.i.220; Pv-a.312, etc. 2. striking, fig. insulting (ghaṭṭana = āsajjana) Vv-a.55. To meaning “strike” cp….

gihin →

pts

adjective noun a householder, one who leads a domestic life, a layman (opp. pabbajita & paribbājaka). Geu. sg. gihissa (DN.iii.147, DN.iii.167) & gihino (DN.iii.174); n. pl. gihī; in compounds *gihī …

gotrabhū →

pts

“become of the lineage”; a technical term used from the end of the Nikāya period to designate one, whether layman or bhikkhu, who, as converted, was no longer of the worldlings (puthujjanā), but of th …

guru →

pts

adjective noun venerable, reverend, a teacher Vv-a.229, Vv-a.230 (˚dakkhiṇā a teacher’s fee); Pv-a.3 (˚janā venerable persons) Sdhp.227 (˚ûpadesa), Sdhp.417.

a younger form of garu (q.v.); Sk. guru

gāhin →

pts

adjective (-˚) grasping, taking up, striving after, ādhāna˚ DN.iii.247; udaka˚ Ja.i.5; piya˚ Dhp.209; nimitta˚ anubyañjana˚ etc.

gāhāpeti →

pts

…With double acc. mahājanaṃ kathaṃ g˚ made people believe your words Ja.ii.416; cetake kasā g. made the servants seize their whips…

gāma →

pts

…plundering Ja.i.200. -jana the people of the v. Mil.47-ṭṭhāna in purāṇa˚ a ruined village Ja.ii.102; -dārakā

gāthā →

pts

verse, stanza, line of poetry, usually referring to an Anuṭṭhubbaṃ or a Tuṭṭhubbaṃ, & called a catuppādā gāthā, a stanza (śloka) of four half-lines AN.ii.178; Ja.iv.395 Def. as akkhara-padaniya-mit …

gāvuta →

pts

…measure, a quarter of a yojana = 80 usabhas, a little less than two miles, a league Ja.i.57, Ja.i.59; Ja.ii.209 Vism.118; Dhp-a.i.396.

cp….

iddha →

pts

…phrase iddha phīta bahujana of a prosperous town); AN.iii.215 (id.); Ja.vi.227 Ja.vi.361 (= issara C.), Ja.vi.517; Dāvs i.11 2. successful…

issara →

pts

…Snp.552; Ja.i.89 (˚jana), Ja.i.100, Ja.i.283 (˚bheri); Ja.iv.132 (˚jana); Pv.iv.6#7 (˚mada) Mil.253 (an˚ without a ruler); Dhs-a.141;…

issā →

pts

…AN.ii.203; AN.iv.8 (˚saññojana), AN.iv.148, AN.iv.349, AN.iv.465; AN.v.42 sq., AN.v.156, AN.v.310; Snp.110; Ja.v.90 (˚âvatiṇṇa) Pv.ii.37;…

iti →

pts

…Kassapa lābhataṃ esā janatā dassanāyā ti. Tena hi Sīha tvaṃ yeva Bhagavato ārocehī ti. Evaṃ bhante ti kho Sīho…. DN.i.151. 2….

iñjanā →

pts

-aṃ (nt.) shaking, movement, motion Snp.193 (= calanā phandanā Snp-a.245); Ne.88 (= phandanā C.). an˚; immobility, steadfastness Pts.i.15 Pts.ii.118.

fr. iñj, see iñjati

ja →

pts

…vāri˚ saha˚, sineha˚.

adj
■ suffix from jan, see janati; cp. ˚ga; gacchati

jamman →

pts

birth, descent, rank Snp.1018.

to janati

jammana →

pts

birth, descent, rank Snp.1018.

to janati

janaka →

pts

…Kern,

Toevoegselen

p. 41).

to janati

janana →

pts

…Pv-a.79. Note. jananā DN-a.i.310 is misprint for janatā.

to janati

janapada →

pts

…in the soḷasa mahā-janapadā (Mil.350) enumerated at AN.i.213 = AN.iv.252 sq. = Cnd.247 (on Snp.1102) as follows: Angā, Magadhā (+…

janati →

pts

…discomfort Pv-a.63
aor janayi Thig.162 (Māyā j. Gotamaṃ: she bore)
pp janita produced Pv-a.1
■ See also jantu…

janatā →

pts

…AN.i.61 (id.); AN.iii.251 (id.); Iti.33; Ja.iv.110; Pv.iii.5#7 (= janasamūha upāsakagaṇa Pv-a.200).

from janati

janavati →

pts

? AN.iv.172.

jantu →

pts

…Pv.ii.9#49 (= sattanikāya, people, a crowd Pv-a.134).

Vedic jantu, see janati

Jantu2

a grass Vin.i.196.

jānana →

pts

knowledge, cognizance, recognition; intelligence, learning, skill Ja.i.145 (attānaṃ-˚kālato paṭṭhāya from the time of self-recognition), Ja.i.200 (-˚manta knowledge of a spell, a spell known by tum …

jānanaka →

pts

adjective knowing Dhs-a.394.

Sk. *jñānaka, cp. jānana & Sk. jānaka (c. gen.) expert Avs.ii.119, 120, as n. ib. i.216

jānanatā →

pts

the fact of knowing, knowledge Kp-a.144.

abstr. fr. jānana

jānapada →

pts

…DN.i.142; MN.ii.74; Ja.ii.287, Ja.ii.388; DN-a.i.297 (= janapada-vāsin).

fr. janapada

jānāti →

pts

to know.

I. Forms

The 2 Vedic roots jān˚ & jñā˚; are represented in Pali by jān˚ & ñā˚ (ña˚)

  1. jān:
    pres jānāti
    pot jāneyya (Snp.781) & jaññā (AN.iv.366 …

jāta →

pts

…without fuel); -ssara a natural pond or lake Vin.i.111; Ja.i.470; Ja.ii.57.

pp. of janati (janeti), cp. Lat. (g)nātus, Goth. kunds; also…

jāti →

pts

…(& hingulikā) natural vermilion Ja.v.67; Vv-a.4, Vv-a.168 Vv-a.324.

see janati & cp. Gr.; γενεά,…

jātu →

pts

(indeel.) surely, undoubtedly (ekaṃsavacanaṃ Snp-a.348) usually in negative (& interrog. sentences as na jātu, not at all, never (cp. also sādhu) mā jātu Vin.ii.203; Snp.152, Snp.348 (no ce hi jātu); …

jāyati →

pts

…(are reborn as). Cp vi˚.

from jan, see janati

kalyāṇin →

pts

…Ud.59 3. f. [cp. Vedic kalyāṇī] a beautiful woman, a belle, usually in janapada˚ DN.i.193 = MN.ii.40; SN.ii.234; Ja.i.394;…

kamma →

pts

the doing, deed, work orig. meaning (see karoti) either building (cp. Lit kùrti, Opr. kūra to build) or weaving, plaiting (still in mālākamma and latā˚ “the intertwining of garland …

kanha →

pts

…sukaṇhajaṭila. -añjana glossy polish Ja.v.155 (explained as sukhumakaṇha-lom’ ācitattā). 3. of the black trail of fire in…

karaka →

pts

…(= pānīya-bhājana Pv-a.251). It is one of the seven requisites of a samaṇa Vin.ii.302. It is called dhammakaraka there and at…

karaṇḍa →

pts

…The Dhātumañjūsā explains k. by “bhājanatthe”

karoṭi →

pts

…karoṭi nāma pānabhojanaṃ“ by C on Ja.i.204. Kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v. compares BSk. karoṭapāṇayah a class of Yakṣas Mvu.i.30.

kataññu →

pts

adjective lit. knowing, i.e. acknowledging what has been done (to one), i.e. grateful often in combination with katavedin grateful and mindful of benefits SN.ii.272; AN.i.87 = P …

kataññutā →

pts

gratefulness (defined at Kp-a.144 as katassa jānanatā) Snp.265; Ja.i.122 (T. ˚nā variant reading ˚tā); Ja.iii.25; Pv.ii.9#7; Vv-a.63; Sdhp.497, Sdhp.540. In combination with *[kataveditā](/define/ka …

kaṅkhā →

pts

  1. doubt, uncertainty SN.i.181; SN.iii.203 (dukkhe k. etc.; cp. Cnd.1); Snp.541, Snp.1149; ˚ṃ vinayati Snp.58, Snp.559, Snp.1025; k. pahīyati Pts.ii.62; combined with vimati: DN.i. …

kaṇṭaka →

pts

  1. a thorn Snp.845; Vin.i.188; Ja.v.102 Ja.vi.105 (in description of the Vetaraṇī); cp. kusa˚
  2. any instrument with a sharp point Sdhp.201.
  3. a bone, fish-bone Ja.i.222; in piṭṭhi˚; a bone of the …

khajjaka →

pts

adjective eatable, i.e. solid food (as ˚bhojjanāni opposed to yāgu Pv-a.23); (nt.) Ja.i.186 (of 18 kinds, opp. yāgu); Ja.i.235 (id.); Mil.294 -˚bhājaka prec.

fr. last

khama →

pts

…ranga˚, anuyoga˚, vimajjana˚ MN.i.385
akkhama (adj.) impatient, intolerant, in combination dubbaca dovacassa karaṇehi dhammehi…

khandha →

pts

I. Crude meaning

bulk, massiveness (gross) substance.

  1. Esp. used
    1. of an elephant: the bulk of the body, i.e. its back SN.i.95 vāraṇassa Ja.iii.392; hatthi-khandha-vara-gata on th …

khaya →

pts

…bhava˚, loka˚, saṃyojana sabbadhamma˚, samudda˚.

  • -ātīta gone beyond, recovered from the waning period (of chanda, the moon = the…

khañjana →

pts

hobbling, walking lame Pv-a.185.

kicca →

pts

…f.), Vism.264 (abbhañjana f. of lucubrating), Vism.338, Vism.493 (indriyānaṃ kiccaṃ), Vism.547 (tad-ārammaṇa˚, bhavanga˚, cuti˚,…

kila →

pts

Kira & Kila

adverb

  1. emphatic: really, truly, surely. (Gr. δή)
  2. presumptive (with pres. or fut.) I should think one would expect.
  3. narrative (with aor.): now, then, you know (Gr. δδε, Lat. at, …

kilesa →

pts

…pariyuṭṭhāna˚, saṁyojana˚ upādāna˚

  • -māra death which is the consequence of sinful desire Dhp-a.i.317 (in explanation of Māra) *…

kira →

pts

Kira & Kila

adverb

  1. emphatic: really, truly, surely. (Gr. δή)
  2. presumptive (with pres. or fut.) I should think one would expect.
  3. narrative (with aor.): now, then, you know (Gr. δδε, Lat. at, …

klesa →

pts

…pariyuṭṭhāna˚, saṁyojana˚ upādāna˚

  • -māra death which is the consequence of sinful desire Dhp-a.i.317 (in explanation of Māra) *…

kodha →

pts

…Dhp.i.52 (anattha-janano kodho); Pv-a.55, Pv-a.222
■ kodha is one of the obstacles to Arahantship, and freedom from kodha is one of…

kujana →

pts

adjective only neg. ; not going crooked, in ratho akujano nāma SN.i.33.

fr. kujati

kulāla →

pts

potter; only in -cakka a potter’s wheel Ja.i.63; -bhājana a potter’s vessel Dhp-a.i.316; Pv-a.274.

kumbha →

pts

…jar, waterpot (= kulālabhājana earthenware Dhp-a.i.317), frequent in similes, either as illustrating fragility or emptiness and fullness:…

kāla →

pts

…Vin.ii.209.
-añjana black collyrium Vin.i.203; -ānusārī black (polished?) Anusāri (“a kind of dark,…

kāma →

pts

…SN.i.53 = Snp.175 -saññojana the obstacle or hindrance formed by pleasures; ˚âtiga epithet of Arahant, free of the fetters of lust…

kārin →

pts

(-˚) adjective doing: yathāvādī tathākārī “as he says so he does” DN.iii.135, Snp.357; see for examples the various compounds as kamma˚, kibbisa˚, khaṇḍa˚, chidda˚ dukkaṭa˚, dvaya˚, paccakkha˚, pubba …

kāya →

pts

…meaning. ###

  1. mahājana-kāya a collection of people, a crowd SN.iv.191; SN.v.170; Vv-a.78
    ■ bala˚ a great crowd Snp.p.105;…

kāḷa →

pts

…Vin.ii.209.
-añjana black collyrium Vin.i.203; -ānusārī black (polished?) Anusāri (“a kind of dark,…

lahukā →

pts

…DN-a.i.177 (with ref. to the 10 fold vyañjana of the dhamma).

lahu + ka

lajjana →

pts

being ashamed Dhtp.72.

fr. lajj

lajjanaka →

pts

causing shame, humiliating, disgraceful Ja.vi.395.

fr. lajjana

lapati →

pts

…“declare”); Snp.929 (janaṃ na lāpayeyya = na lapayeyya lapanaṃ pajaheyya Mnd.389); Dhp-a.ii.157. Infin. lapetave (only in Gāthā…

lañca →

pts

…(variant reading volañjanaka˚).

  • -dāna gift of bribes, bribery Ja.iii.205
  • -vittaka one who…

loka →

pts

…loko ti vuccati“ SN.iv.52, cp. Cnd.550, and loka = lujjana Dhs-a.47, Dhs-a.308: see lujjana. The Dhtp.531 gives root *lok…

lokika →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.3 (˚mahājana Pv-a.131 (˚parikkhaka), Pv-a.207 (sukha), Pv-a.220 (˚sabhāva) See also below 3.

  1. (special meaning)…

lokiya →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.3 (˚mahājana Pv-a.131 (˚parikkhaka), Pv-a.207 (sukha), Pv-a.220 (˚sabhāva) See also below 3.

  1. (special meaning)…

lujjana →

pts

…(in etym. of loka = lujjana-palujjan’ aṭṭhena vaṭṭaṃ), Dhs-a.308 (id.); Vism.427 (id.).

fr. lujjati; a word peculiar to Pali…

mada →

pts

  1. intoxication, sensual excess, in formula davāya madāya maṇḍanāya (for purposes of sport, excess, personal charm etc. MN.i.355 = AN.ii.40 = Mnd.496 = Cnd.540 = Pp.21 = Dhs.1346, Dhs.1348. The comm …

magga →

pts

…simile of); Vb-a.256 (tiyojana˚, simile of a man travelling); Dhp-a.i.229- addhāna˚; high road Vin.iv.62; MN.iii.158; see under…

mahant →

pts

…(= mahādāna).

  • -jana a great crowd, collectively for “the people,” a multitude Pv-a.6, Pv-a.19, Pv-a.78; Mhvs.3,…

mala →

pts

…SN.i.18; Ja.iv.64.

  • -majjana “dirt wiper,” a barber Vin.iv.308 (kasāvaṭa m. nihīnajacca); Ja.iii.452;…

mana(s) →

pts

…and passim. -āvajjana representative cognition: Cpd. 59. -indriya (man˚) mind-faculty category of mind,…

mandāmukhi →

pts

…Vin.i.32 (= aggi-bhājana C.); Vv-a.147 (mandamukhī, stands for angara-kapalla p. 142 in expln of hattha-patāpaka…

manesikā →

pts

“mind-searching,” i.e. guessing the thoughts of others, mind-reading; a practice forbidden to bhikkhus DN.i.7 (= m. nāma manasā cintita-jānana-kīḷā DN-a.i.86); Vin.ii.10.

mano + esikā2

mano →

pts

…and passim. -āvajjana representative cognition: Cpd. 59. -indriya (man˚) mind-faculty category of mind,…

manta →

pts

orig. a divine saying or decision, hence a secret plan (cp. def. of mant at Dhtp.578 by “gutta-bhāsane”), counsel; hence magic charm, spell. In particular a secret religious code or doctrine, esp. …

maraṇa →

pts

…Ja.vi.398; Vb.367.

  • -bhojana food given before death the last meal Ja.i.197; Ja.ii.420.
  • -mañca

matta →

pts

…was bought Pv-a.192; nimujjana-matte yeva as soon as she ducked her head under Pv-a.47-na mattena… eva not only… but even Pv-a.18 (n. m….

mattika →

pts

…mattikā˚).

  • -bhājana clay or earthenware vessel Snp.577; Vism.231 (in comparison); Dhp-a.i.130. *…

mattā →

pts

…temperate (bhojane or bhojanamhi in eating) AN.ii.40; Snp.338; Pp.25; Dhp.8. Cp. jāgariyā

  • -ññutā moderation (in eating) DN.iii.213;…

maññati →

pts

  1. to think, to be of opinion, to imagine, to deem Snp.199 (sīsaṃ… subhato naṃ maññati bālo), Snp.588 (yena yena hi maññanti, tato taṃ hoti aññathā) Ja.ii.258 (maññāmi ciraṃ carissati: I imagine he wi …

medhin →

pts

adjective noun = medha in adj. use; only in cpd. dummedhin (= dum-medha) foolish, ignorant Dhp.26 (bālā dummedhino janā; = nippaññā Dhp-a.i.257).

milakkhu →

pts

…DN.iii.264 Thag.965 (˚rajana “of foreign dye” trsl.; Kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v. translates “vermiljoen kleurig”). As milakkhuka at…

milāca →

pts

…Ja.iv.291 (not with C. = janapadā), cp. luddā m. ibid., and milāca-puttā Ja.v.165 (where C. also explains by bhojaputta, i.e. son of a…

mithu →

pts

adverb opposite reciprocally, contrary Snp.825, Snp.882 (taken by Mnd.163 Mnd.290, on both passages identically, as n. pl. of adj. instead of adv., & expld by “dve janā dve kalaha-kāraka” …

mujjati →

pts

to sink, dive, be submerged Dhtp.70 (mujja = mujjana). Only in cpds um˚ & ni˚.

The P. form of the Sk. majj

mukha →

pts

…Satthārānaṃ m. puthujjana); Pv-a.219. -odaka water for rinsing the mouth Cnd.39#1 = Mil.370; Vv-a.65; Dhp-a.ii.19;…

muni →

pts

holy man, a sage, wise man.

I

The term which was specialised in Brahmanism has acquired a general meaning in Buddhism & is applied by the Buddha to any man attaining perfection in self-rest …

munāti →

pts

to be a wise man or muni, to think, ponder, to know Dhp.269 (yo munāti ubho loke munī tena pavuccati), which is expld at Dhp-a.iii.396 as follows: “yo puggalo… tulaṃ āropetvā minanto viya …

muyhana →

pts

bewilderment, stupefaction, infatuation DN-a.i.195 (rajjana-dussana-m.).

fr. muyhati

muṭṭha →

pts

having forgotten, one who forgets; only in two compounds, viz. -sacca [der. fr. foll. muṭṭha + sati + ya] forgetfulness, lit. forgotten-mindedness, usually combined with asampajañña, DN.iii.213; …

māla FIXME double →

pts

…at Vb-a.366 as “bhojana-sālā-sadiso maṇḍala-māḷo; Vinay’ aṭṭha-kathāyaṃ pana eka-kūṭasangahito…

māna →

pts

…Pv-a.86.

  • -saññojana the fetter of pride or arrogance DN.iii.254; Dhs.1116 = Dhs.1233. See under saññojana cp. formulae under;…

mānana →

pts

…respect SN.i.66; Ja.ii.138; Pp.19, Pp.22; Mil.377 (with sakkāra, vandana, pūjana & apaciti) Dhs.1121; Dhs-a.373
■ Cp. vi˚,…

mārita →

pts

killed SN.i.66; Vin.iii.72; Ja.ii.417 (aññehi m
■ bhāvaṃ jānātha).

pp. of māreti

māḷa FIXME double →

pts

…at Vb-a.366 as “bhojana-sālā-sadiso maṇḍala-māḷo; Vinay’ aṭṭha-kathāyaṃ pana eka-kūṭasangahito…

mūlika →

pts

…sq. (Name of the king of Janasandha Gāmaṇi-caṇḍa); Ja.iii.417; Ja.v.128; Ja.vi.30. 3. in rukkha˚; one who lives at the foot of a…

nandi →

pts

…Ne.72;

  • -saṃyojana the fetter of finding delight in anything Snp.1109, Snp.1115 Cnd.332; *…

nava →

pts

…of gold) Vv-a.188; nava yojana Dhp-a.ii.65. 2. navangabuddhasāsana “the 9 fold teaching of Buddha,” i.e. the 9 divisions of the Buddh….

negama →

pts

…citizen; also collect. = jana, people Vin.i.268, Vin.i.273; DN.i.136, DN.i.139; Ja.iv.121; Ja.vi.493; Dāvs iii.3; DN-a.i.297 Often combined…

nibbāna →

pts

…indriyaguttadvāratā, bhojanamattaññutā jāgariyā“); AN.iii.331 (id. with appamādagaru: ever active & keen); AN.ii.40 = Iti.40 (id. with…

nigama →

pts

small town market town (opp. janapada); often combined with gāma (see gāma 2) Vin.i.110 (˚sīma), Vin.i.188 (˚kathā),…

nijana →

pts

washing, cleansing Vism.342 (variant reading nijj˚).

fr. nij

nijjhāyati →

pts

Nijjhāyati1

to meditate, reflect, think SN.iii.140 sq. (+ passati, cp. jānāti), SN.iii.157; MN.i.334 (jhāyati n. apajjhāyati); MN.iii.14 (id.). Cp. upa˚.

Sk. nidhyāyati, ni + jhāyati<su …

nikkhitta →

pts

…AN.iii.108; cp. Dhs-a.145; - su˚; well set, well arranged AN.ii.147 sq. (˚assa pada-vyañjanassa attho sunnayo hoti); opp. dun˚

nimmajjana →

pts

Nimmajjana (Nimmiñjana?)

a kind of (oil-)cake Vv.33#38 (nimmajjani = tilapiññāka Vv-a.147); Pv.i.10#10 (˚miñjana, variant reading BB…

nimmakkhika →

pts

adjective free from flies Ja.i.262; Dhp-a.i.59. Nimmajjana (Nimminjana?)

Sk. nirmakṣika

nimmiñjana →

pts

Nimmajjana (Nimmiñjana?)

a kind of (oil-)cake Vv.33#38 (nimmajjani = tilapiññāka Vv-a.147); Pv.i.10#10 (˚miñjana, variant reading BB…

nimujjana →

pts

diving, ducking; bathing Pv-a.47.

Sk. nimajjana

nipphajjana →

pts

(or ˚nā f.?) resulting, procedure, achievement, plot Ja.iv.83.

n. abstr. fr. nipp(h)ajjati

niriñjana →

pts

adjective not moving, stable, unshaken Vism.377 (= acala, āneñja).

nis + iñjanā, fr. iñjati

nirodha →

pts

oppression, suppression; destruction, cessation annihilation (of senses, consciousness, feeling being in general: sankhārā). Bdhgh’s expln of the word is: “ni-saddo abhāvaṃ, rodha-saddo c …

nirutti →

pts

…expression); MN.iii.237 (janapada˚); SN.iii.71 (tayo n-pathā); AN.ii.160 (˚paṭisambhidā); AN.iii.201; Dhp.352 (˚padakovida = niruttiyañ…

nisajjā →

pts

sitting down, opportunity for sitting, seat Pv.iv.1#2 (seyyā +); Ja.i.217; Pv-a.24 (˚ādipaṭikkhepa-ṭṭhāna), Pv-a.219 (pallankâbhujanādi-lakkhaṇā nisajjā). Cp. nesajjika.

Sk. *niṣadyā of ni sad

nissaya →

pts

…viz. piṇḍiyālopa-bhojanaṃ, paṃsukūla-cīvaraṃ, rukkhamūla-senāsanaṃ, pūtimuttabhesajjaṃ); Vin.ii.274, Vin.ii.278;…

nissāya →

pts

preposition accusative leaning on (in all fig. meanings) Cnd.368 (= upanissāya, ārammaṇaṃ ālambanaṃ karitvā).

  1. near, near by, on, at Ja.i.167 (pāsānapiṭṭhaṃ), Ja.i.221 (padumasaraṃ); Pv-a.24 (bāhā …

nivissa-vādin →

pts

Nivissa-vādin

adjective noun “speaking in the manner of being settled or sure,” a dogmatist Snp.910, Snp.913, explained at Mnd.326 as “sassato loko idam eva saccaṃ, mogham aññan ti”; at Snp-a.560 a …

nivāpa →

pts

…(= kuṇḍakâdinā sūkara-bhattena puṭṭho Dhp-a.iv.16 = Ne.129 = Thag.17;

  • -bhojana a meal on food given, a…

niyutta →

pts

…tied to, appointed to (with loc.), commissioned, ordered Dhs-a.47; Pv-a.20 (janapade), Pv-a.124 (dānâdhikāre), Pv-a.127 (dāne).

pp. of…

niyuttaka →

pts

…tied to, appointed to (with loc.), commissioned, ordered Dhs-a.47; Pv-a.20 (janapade), Pv-a.124 (dānâdhikāre), Pv-a.127 (dāne).

pp. of…

nānā →

pts

…Ja.i.295 (itthiyo);

  • -jana all kinds of folk Snp.1102; Mnd.308 (puthu˚);
  • -titthiya of var. sects…

ocaraka FIXME double →

pts

…SN.i.79 (purisā carā (variant reading corā) ocarakā (okacarā variant reading SS) janapadaṃ ocaritvā etc.; cp. K. S. p. 106 n. 1) =…

ocinati →

pts

Ocināti (ocinati)

  1. = Sk. avacinoti, ava + ci1 to gather, pluck, pick off Dhp-a.i.366; also in pp. ocita.
  2. Sk. avacinoti or ˚ciketi ava + ci2, cp. ap …

ocināti →

pts

Ocināti (ocinati)

  1. = Sk. avacinoti, ava + ci1 to gather, pluck, pick off Dhp-a.i.366; also in pp. ocita.
  2. Sk. avacinoti or ˚ciketi ava + ci2, cp. ap …

opadhika →

pts

…as “atta-bhāva-janaka paṭisandhi-pavatti-vipāka-dāyaka”
■ SN.i.233 = AN.iv.292; Vv.34#21; Iti.20 (variant reading…

opuñchana →

pts

or Opuñjana (nt.) heaping up, covering over; a heap, layer Dhp-a.iii.296.

fr. opuñjeti

orambhāgiya →

pts

…(see also saṃyojana) DN.i.156; DN.iii.107, DN.iii.108 DN.iii.132; MN.i.432; Iti.114; Pp.22; Ne.14; Snp-a.13;…

oropeti →

pts

…(hair) Vv-a.64 (bhattabhājanaṃ oropeti)-ger. oropayitvā Snp.44 (= nikkhipitvā paṭippassambhayitvā Cnd.181 apanetvā Snp-a.91);…

ossajjana →

pts

release, dismissal, sending off DN-a.i.130.

fr. ossajati

oñāta →

pts

despised Mil.191, Mil.229, Mil.288.

pp. o + jānāti, see also avañāta

oṇojana →

pts

…refers it to fig. meaning onojeti2 by explaining as “vissajjana gift, presentation).

fr. oṇojeti, Sk. avanejana

pa →

pts

Pa˚

indeclinable directional prefix of forward motion, in applied sense often emphasising the action as carried on in a marked degree or even beyond its mark (cp. Ger. ver-in its function of Goth. f …

pabbajana →

pts

going into an ascetic life Ja.iii.393 (a˚).

fr. pabbajati

pabbajjā →

pts

…of orders, and pabbājana (q.v.) if viewed as the act of the priest conferring orders; the latter term however does…

pabbājana →

pts

keeping out or away, removing, banishment exiling DN.i.135; DN.iii.93; Mil.357; Dhp.i.296 (= nīharaṇa); Dhp-a.iv.145.

fr. pa + Caus. of vraj, see pabbajati & pabbājeti

pabbājaniya →

pts

…See also AN.i.79; Dhp-a.ii.109.

fr. pabbājana

pacana →

pts

cooking Ja.iii.425 (˚thālikā); Ja.v.385 (˚bhājana); Thag-a.29 (bhatta˚); DN-a.i.270; Pv-a.135.

fr. pac, su pacati

paccati →

pts

to be boiled, fig. to be formented or vexed, to suffer. Nearly always applied to the torture of boiling in Niraya, where it is meant literally
■ SN.i.92; SN.v.344 (kālena paccanti read for kāle na p …

paccañjana →

pts

anointing, ointment, unction DN.i.12 = MN.i.511; DN-a.i.98 (= bhavanīya-sītalabhessajj’ añjanaṃ).

paṭi + añjana

pacceti →

pts

to come on to, come back to, fig. fall back on, realise, find one’s hold in DN.i.186 (“take for granted,” cp. note Dial. i.252); MN.i.309 (kaṃ hetuṃ), MN.i.445 (id.); SN.i.182 (“believe in,” C. icch …

pacchijjana →

pts

stopping, interruption Ja.iii.214 (read assu-pacchijjana-divaso? passage corrupt.).

fr. last

pacura →

pts

…Sk….

pada →

pts

…Vv-a.10 (maya).

  • -bhājana dividing of words, i.e. treating each word (of a phrase) separately Dhs-a.234. *…

pajja →

pts

…Ja.v.376 (= pādabbhañjana C.).

cp. Sk. padya & pādya belonging to the feet, Lat. acupedius swift-footed; Gr. πεζός foot-soldier see…

pajānanā →

pts

knowledge, understanding, discernment; used in exegetical literature as syn. of paññā Cnd.380 = Dhs.16, Dhs.20, Dhs.555; Pp.25; Ne.28 Ne.54. As nt. ˚a at Vism.436.

fr. pajānāti

pajānāti →

pts

to know, find out, come to know, understand, distinguish DN.i.45 (yathābhūtaṃ really truly), DN.i.79 (ceto paricca), DN.i.162, DN.i.249; Snp.626, Snp.726 sq., Snp.987; Iti.12 (ceto paricca); Dhp.402; …

pakkhika FIXME double →

pts

Pakkhika

adjective

  1. belonging or referring to the (2) lunar fortnights fortnightly, for a fortnight or in the (specified) fortnight of the month (cp. Vin. Texts iii.220). As one special provisio …

palibhañjana →

pts

breaking up Cnd.576 (sambhañjana + variant reading pari˚). See also sam˚. The spelling phali˚ occurs at Thag-a.288.

pari + bhañjana

palokin →

pts

…for decay or destruction SN.iv.205 = Snp.739 (acc. palokinaṃ = jarā-maraṇehi palujjana-dhamma Snp-a.506); Thig.101 (acc. pl…

palujjana →

pts

breaking up, destruction Snp-a.506.

fr. palujjati

pamajjanā →

pts

-itatta (nt.) are abstr. formations fr. pa + mad, in the sense of pamāda carelessness etc., occur as philological synonyms in exegesis of pamāda at Vb.350 = Mnd.423; Cnd.405. …

para →

pts

…for parābhūta). -bhojana food given by others Snp.366 (= parehi dinnaṃ saddhādeyyaṃ Snp-a.364)….

paraṃ →

pts

…feeding, see under bhojana, and cp. C. at Vin.iv.77, Vin.iv.78 and Vin Texts i.38); DN.i.239; MN.i.520; AN.ii.191…

pari →

pts

…˚carati move round, ˚jana surrounding people ˚dhāvati run about, ˚dhovati wash all round, ˚paleti watch all round, fig. guard carefully,…

paribbājana →

pts

wandering about or practising the customs of a mendicant Snp-a.434.

fr. paribbajati

paribhuñjana →

pts

eating Pv-a.35.

fr. paribhuñjati

paricca →

pts

indeclinable lit. “going round,” i.e. having encircled grasped, understood; grasping, finding out, perceiving freq. in phrase cetasā ceto paricca (pajānāti) grasping fully with one’s mind, e.g. at D …

pariccajana →

pts

  1. giving up, rejection, leaving Iti.11 Iti.12
  2. giving out, bestowing, giving a donation Pv-a.124

fr. pariccajati

pariccajanaka →

pts

one who gives (up) or spends, a giver, donor Pv-a.7.

from preceding

parijana →

pts

… ■ saparijana with one’s servants Cp.ii.8#2 (T. saparijjana metri causâ).

pari + jana

parijjanā →

pts

…at AN.iii.38 (variant reading parivajjanā) = AN.iv.266 (T. reads parijjana, cp. parijana; vv. ll parivajjanā & parijanā); meaning?.

parijānanā →

pts

cognition, recognition, knowledge Ne.20 (as paraphrase of pariññā).

pari + jānanā = jānana

parijānāti →

pts

to know accurately or for certain, to comprehend, to recognise, find out MN.i.293; SN.i.11, SN.i.24; SN.ii.45, SN.ii.99, SN.iii.26, SN.iii.40, SN.iii.159; SN.iv.50; SN.v.52, SN.v.422; AN.iii.400 sq.; …

parikaḍḍhati →

pts

…(purisaṃ); Mil.143 (janapadaṃ). Cp parikassati and samparikaḍḍhati.

pari…

parikkhīṇa →

pts

…DN.iii.133 (˚bhava-saṃyojana); Iti.79 (id.); AN.iv.418, AN.iv.434 (āsavā); Snp.175, Snp.639, Snp.640; Dhp.93 Pp.11, Pp.14; Mil.23 (˚āyuka);…

parimajjana →

pts

  1. wiping off or out Pp.33 (ukkhali˚).
  2. rubbing, grooming (a horse AN.v.166, AN.v.168 (ājānīya˚).

fr. parimajjati

parimaṇḍala →

pts

adjective

  1. round, circular Ja.i.441; Ja.ii.406 (āvāṭa); Ja.vi.42; Pv.iv.3#28 (guḷa˚); Dhs.617 (explained at Dhs-a.317 as “egg-shaped,” kukkuṭ-aṇḍasaṇṭhāna)
    ■ nt. as adv. in phrase *-ṃ nivā …

parimāṇa →

pts

…(pariyatti˚); Pv-a.113 (yojana˚), Pv-a.102 (anekabhāra˚)
■ neg. aparimāṇa without limit, immeasurable very…

paritassanā →

pts

trembling, fear; nervousness, worry; excitement, longing DN.i.17 (= ubbijjanā phandanā etc. DN-a.i.111); MN.i.136 MN.iii.227; SN.iii.15 sq., SN.iii.133; Mil.253, Mil.400
■ neg. SN.iii.15; MN.i …

parivajjana →

pts

…As f at Vism.132, and ibid. as abstr. parivajjanatā.

fr. pari + vṛj

parivuta →

pts

…(mahā-jana˚); Ja.vi.75; Vv.16#5 (= samantato p. Vv-a.81); Pv-a.3 (dhutta-jana˚), Pv-a.62 (parijana˚), Pv-a.140…

pariyantika →

pts

…SN.ii.83 = AN.ii.198 (kāya-p. ˚ā & jīvita-p ˚ā vedanā); Vism.69 (bhojana˚, udaka˚, āsana˚) Sdhp.440 (kāla˚ sīla).

fr. pariyanta

pariyuṭṭhāna →

pts

…of anusaya & saṃyojana; thus placing p. into the same category as these two) Dhs.390, Dhs.1061 (avijjā˚), Dhs.1162 (id.); Ne.13,…

pariyāpuṇāti →

pts

  1. to learn (by heart), to master, to gain mastership over, to learn thoroughly Vin.iv.305 (parittaṃ a charm) DN.i.117 (= jānāti DN-a.i.117); AN.iii.86 (dhammaṃ); fut pariyāpuṇissati Dhp-a.i.382 ( …

pariññeyya →

pts

adjective knowable, perceivable, to be known (accurately) MN.i.4; SN.iii.26; SN.iv.29; Dhp-a.iv.233 (cp. Nd ii.under abhiññeyya).

grd. of parijānāti

pariññā →

pts

Pariññā1

feminine accurate or exact knowledge, comprehension full understanding MN.i.66, MN.i.84; SN.iii.26 (yo rāgakkhayo dosā˚ moha˚ ayaṃ vuccati p.), SN.iii.159 sq., SN.iii.191; SN.iv.1 …

pariññāta →

pts

…With ref. to food (˚bhojana & ˚āhāra) it means food understood according to the three pariññās (q.v.) Dhp.92 (˚bhojano adj. one who…

pariṇamati →

pts

…cp. p. 40); Mil.136 (bhojanaṃ visamaṃ p food changes, i.e. turns bad), Mil.277 (id.); Vv-a.13; Pv-a.144 (for parivattati Pv.ii.10#5),…

passati →

pts

  1. to see-Pres. passati Vin.i.322; SN.i.69 SN.i.132, SN.i.198; SN.ii.29; Snp.313, Snp.647, Snp.953, Snp.1063, Snp.1142 (cp. Cnd.428); Pv.i.2#3; Mil.218; Pv-a.11, Pv-a.102; 1<su …

pasāraṇa →

pts

stretching out DN-a.i.196 (opp. sammiñjana); Dhp-a.i.298 (hattha˚).

fr. pa + sṛ; cp. pasaraṇa

patta →

pts

…Pp.51 (˚pānabhojana, so read for appanna˚)
■ Cp. sam

pp. of pāpuṇāti

Patta4

at Dpvs.xi.18 for pattin or…

pavajjana →

pts

sounding, playing of music Vv-a.210.

fr. pavajjati, Pass. of pavadati

pavatta →

pts

…Snp-a.295 sq. -bhojana (adj.) Ja.i.6; Ja.iii.365; Vism.422, and, -bhojin one who lives on wild fruit (a certain class of ascetics…

payirudāharati →

pts

…out, to proclaim aor payirudāhāsi DN.ii.222 (vaṇṇe); Ja.i.454 (vyañjanaṃ).

pari + ud + āharati with metathesis payir˚ for pariy˚

payojana →

pts

  1. undertaking, business Pv-a.201.
  2. appointment Ja.i.143.
  3. prescript injunction Dhs-a.403.
  4. purpose, application, use Sdhp.395.

fr. pa + yuj

pañca →

pts

…Vism.417 (paripuṇṇa ˚yojana suriyamaṇḍala); Dhp-a.i.17 (˚yojana) 3. of a company or group (cp. 50 horses RV ii.185;…

paññā →

pts

intelligence, comprising all the higher faculties of cognition, “intellect as conversant with general truths” (Dial. ii.68), reason wisdom, insight, knowledge, recognition. See on term Mrs. Rh. D. * …

paññāpeti →

pts

  1. to make known, declare, point out, appoint, assign, recognise, define DN.i.119 (brāhmaṇā brāhmaṇaṃ), DN.i.180, DN.i.185, DN.i.237; Iti.98 (tevijjaṃ brāhmaṇaṃ), Pp.37, Pp.38; Pv-a.61 (āsanaṃ).
  2. t …

paññāta →

pts

known, renowned DN-a.i.143; ap˚ unknown, defamed Vin.iv.231; SN.iv.46; AN.iii.134 (where also der. appaññātika).

pp. of pajānāti

paññāya →

pts

indeclinable understanding fully, knowing well, realising, in full recognition, in thorough realisation or understanding. Used most frequently with yathābhūtaṃ (q.v. SN.i.13 (bhāveti), SN.i.44 (lokasm …

paññāyati →

pts

to be (well) known, to be clear or evident, to be perceived, seen or taken for, to appear Iti.89; Dhp-a.i.14, Dhp-a.i.95 (fut. paññāyissatha you will be well known); Dhp-a.ii.75; Pv-a.83 (pālito e …

paṇīta →

pts

…(id.); Dhp-a.ii.154 (bhojana). Compar. paṇītatara, often combined with abhikkantatara, e.g. DN.i.62, DN.i.74, DN.i.216; SN.i.80; AN.i.119…

paṭi →

pts

indeclinable directional prefix in well-defined meaning of “back (to), against towards, in opposition to, opposite.” As preposition (with acc. and usually postponed) towards, near by, at usually …

paṭibaddha →

pts

…Dhp.284; Mil.102 (āvajjana˚); Pv-a.134 (˚jīvika dependent on him for a living)
■ Freq. in cpd. -citta affected enamoured, one’s…

paṭijānāti →

pts

to acknowledge, agree to, approve, promise, consent DN.i.3, DN.i.192; SN.i.68, SN.i.172; SN.ii.170; SN.iii.28 SN.v.204, SN.v.423; Snp.76, Snp.135, Snp.555, Snp.601, Snp.1148; Ja.i.169; Dhp-a.i.21; Pv …

paṭikujjana →

pts

covering, in ˚phalaka covering board, seat Kp-a.62 (vacca-kuṭiyā).

fr. paṭi + kubj

paṭipajjana →

pts

way or plan to be followed, procedure, in -vidhi method, line of action Pv-a.131 (variant reading BB), Pv-a.133.

fr. paṭipajjati

paṭipūjana →

pts

or (f.) worship, reverence, honour Mil.241.

fr. paṭi + pūj

paṭivijānāti →

pts

to recognise Vin.iii.130; Cnd.378 (ājānāti vijānāti p. paṭivijjhati); Mil.299.

paṭi + vi + jānāti

paṭiññāta →

pts

agreed, acknowledged, promised Vin.ii.83, Vin.ii.102; DN.i.88; AN.i.99; AN.iv.144; Pv-a.55.

pp. of paṭijānāti

phala →

pts

…Ja.vi.236

  • -bhājana one who distributes fruit, an official term in the vihāra Vin.iv.38, cp. BSk. phalacāraka. *…

phandanā →

pts

throbbing, agitation, movement, motion Snp-a.245 (calanā +); DN-a.i.111; Ne.88 C. cp. iñjanā.

fr. phandati

pharaṇaka →

pts

adjective thrilling, suffusing, pervading, filling with rapture Vv-a.16 (dvādasa yojanāni ˚pabho sarīra-vaṇṇo).

fr. pharaṇa

phuṭa →

pts

…passage T. reads bhūmi yojana-sataṃ phuṭā tiṭṭhanti i.e. the beings fill or are spread out over such a space; C. 272 explains by…

phīta →

pts

…with bahujañña for ˚jana) AN.iii.215 (of town). By itself & in other combn in the Jātakas, e.g. Ja.iv.135 (= samiddha);…

pidhāna →

pts

cover Ja.vi.349. -phalaka covering board Vism.261 (where Kp-a in same passage reads paṭikujjana-phalaka) = Vb-a.244.

= pidahana

pindiyālopa →

pts

morsel of food Vin.i.58 (˚bhojana), Vin.i.96 (id.); AN.ii.27; Iti.102.

piṇḍi + ālopa

pitar →

pts

…puttaṃ); Cnd.441 (= yo so janako) Ja.i.412 (= tāta); Ja.v.20; Vb-a.108 (where pretty popular etym. is given with “piyāyatī ti pitā”),…

piñjita →

pts

adjective tinged, dyed Mil.240. On expression see Kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v.

fr. piṃsati1, cp. Sk. piñjana

pothana →

pts

…beating Ja.ii.169 (tajjana˚); Ja.v.72 (udaka˚); Ja.vi.41 (kappāsa˚dhanuka). At all Ja passages th. 2. (th) snapping one’s fingers…

pothujjanika →

pts

…or prāthug-janika Mvu.iii.331.

fr. puthujjana

poṭhana →

pts

…beating Ja.ii.169 (tajjana˚); Ja.v.72 (udaka˚); Ja.vi.41 (kappāsa˚dhanuka). At all Ja passages th. 2. (th) snapping one’s fingers…

pucchā →

pts

question Snp.1023; Snp-a.46, Snp-a.200, Snp-a.230. A system of questions (“questionnaire”) is given in the Niddesa (and Commentaries), consisting of 12 groups of three questions each. In full at Mn …

pura →

pts

*Pura

base of adv. & prep. denoting “before”; abl. purato (adv. & prep. in front of (with gen.), before (only local) Vin.i.179 Vin.ii.32; DN.ii.14 (mātu); SN.i.137; Pv.i.11#1, Pv …

purisa →

pts

…vigour SN.ii.28.

  • -vyañjana the membrum virile (= ˚linga) Vin.ii.269.

according to Geiger, Gr. § 303 the…

puthu →

pts

…1, but see remarks on puthujjana) common, ordinary Snp.897, Snp.911 (= puthujjanehi janita Mnd.308).

puthujjana →

pts

…MN.i.454.

*prthag-jana, thus puthu 1 + jana, but from the point of Pali identical in form and meaning with puthu 2, as shown by use of…

puthujjanatā →

pts

common-place character SN.i.187 = Thag.1217.

abstr. fr. puthujjana

puthujjanika →

pts

adjective common, ordinary Ja.i.360 (of iddhi).

fr. puthujjana

putta →

pts

…with the akkha-bbhañjana (& vaṇapaticchādana)-simile, e.g. Vism.32, Vism.45; Dhp-a.i.375; Snp-a.58, Snp-a.342. Besides at SN.ii.98…

pācana →

pts

…driving stick, goad stick SN.i.115.

for pājana, cp. pāceti2 & Snp-a.147

pāda →

pts

…feet Vin.ii.174

  • -bbhañjana ointment for the feet, foot-salve Vin.i.205; Ja.v.197, Ja.v.376; Pv-a.44, Pv-a.78; anointing the feet Vv-a.44…

pājana →

pts

goad Snp-a.147.

fr. pa + aj, cp. pācana2

pāna →

pts

…Snp.487; Pv.i.5#2; and -bhojana (id.) e.g. Dhp.249; Ja.i.204. Two sets of 8 drinks are given in detail at Mnd.372
■ Vin.i.245, Vin.i.249…

pānīya →

pts

…Vin.iv.263

pīta →

pts

…uppala pāsāda, āsana, bhojana, chatta, ratha, assa, bījanī the C. expln of pīta at this passage is “suvaṇṇa”; cp Vv.36#1…

pīti →

pts

…lūkhapuggalaparivajjanatā siniddha-pug
■ sevanatā, pasādanīyasuttanta-paccavekkhaṇatā, tadadhimuttatā (cp. Vism.132 &…

pīḷeti →

pts

…under, subjugate Mil.277 (janaṃ). 5. to molest Vv-a.348 (pīḷanto ppr for pīḷento?)

pp pīḷita.

cp. Vedic…

pūjanā →

pts

veneration, worship AN.ii.203 sq.; Dhp.106, Dhp.107; Pp.19; Dhs.1121; Mil.162. Pujaneyya & Pujaniya;

fr. pūjeti

pūjeti →

pts

…occurring in Rigveda only in śācipūjana RV viii.16, 12

rajana →

pts

…Texts* ii.49).

  • -bhājana dye-vessel Vin.i.286.
  • -sālā colouring-workshop, dyeing-hall…

rajanīya →

pts

…at DN-a.i.311 is: r. = rāgajanaka
■ The expression rajanīyā dhammā “things (or thoughts) causing excitement” is contrasted with…

rajjana →

pts

defilement DN-a.i.195. Cp. muyhana.

fr. rajjati

randhati →

pts

…randhi randhana) Mil.107 (bhojanaṃ randheyya)

pp randha1.

radh or randh, differentiated in Pāli to 2 meanings & 2 verbs…

rasa →

pts

…of the P. form.

  • -añjana a sort of ointment (among 5 kinds), “vitriol” (Rh. D.) Vin.i.203.
  • -āda enjoying the…

ratta →

pts

…and rajana. It may also be taken as “bleached” in ratta-kambala. In ratta-phalika (crystal) it…

ratti →

pts

…(˚bhāgena).

  • -bhojana eating at night MN.i.473; DN-a.i.77
  • -samaya night-time, only in loc….

rañjana →

pts

…variant reading rajano˚; perhaps better to be read rajjana˚).

fr. rañjati

raṭṭha →

pts

…as “raṭṭhañ ca janapadañ ca koṭṭhāgārañ ca… nagarañ ca”), Snp.287 Snp.444, Snp.619; Ja.iv.389 (˚ṃ araṭṭhaṃ…

roga →

pts

…at Ja.ii.437 is “roga rujana-sabhāvattaṃ.” There are many diff enumerations of rogas and sets of standard combinations, of which the…

ruda →

pts

stands for ruta (cry) at 2 Jātaka passages, viz. Ja.i.207; Ja.vi.475 (ruda-ññu knowing the cries of all animals, explained as “ruta-jña, sabba-rāvaṃ jānāti” C.).

rujana →

pts

…pain Ja.ii.437 (roga = rujana-sabhāvattaṃ); Ja.iv.147 (yāva piṭṭhiyā rujana-ppamāṇaṃ until his back ached).

fr. ruj, cp. rujā

rujanaka →

pts

adjective aching, hurting Dhp-a.iv.69 (anguli).

fr. rujana

rukkha →

pts

…piṇḍiy’ ālopa-bhojana, paṃsukūla-cīvara, r - m. s., pūti-mutta bhesajja), Vin.i.96 (id.) AN.iv.231….

ruta →

pts

noise, sound(ing); cry, singing Thag.1103; Ja.i.207 (T. reading ruda is explained in C. as ruta with -da for -ta: ta-kārassa dakāro kato); Ja.iii.276 (sabba-ruta-jānana-man …

rājan →

pts

…cāturanto vijitāvī janapadatthāvariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannāgato,“ e.g. DN.iii.59. Dhammapāla gives the dignity of a C. as…

rājā →

pts

…cāturanto vijitāvī janapadatthāvariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannāgato,“ e.g. DN.iii.59. Dhammapāla gives the dignity of a C. as…

rūhati →

pts

…at Dhtp.334 with meaning “janana” i.e. causing, which refers more to the compounds with prefixes

Rūhati2

to be broken or (fig.)…

rūpa →

pts

…Kp.262; Vism.625 (uppajjanaka˚).

  • -ārammaṇa a visible thing as object Dhs.146, Dhs.365; Dhs-a.310 (cp….

sa →

pts

…viz. kinsman; C = sakaṃ janaṃ); Ja.iv.249 (saṃ bhātaraṃ) Pv.ii.12#1 = Dhp-a.iii.277 (acc. san tanuṃ); instr. sena

sabhojana →

pts

adjective noun sharing food (?) Vin.iv.95; Snp.102.

sa3 + bhojana

sabhājana →

pts

honouring, salutation Mil.2.

Dhtp.553: pīti-dassanesu

sajana →

pts

kinsman Ja.iv.11 (read ˚parijanaṃ).

sa4 + jana

sajati →

pts

…cp. Kern, Toev ii.51.

svaj; Dhtp.74, Dhtp.549 = ajjana (?) or = sajati1?

sajjana →

pts

Sajjana1

neuter decking, equipping Thag-a.241.

fr. sṛj

Sajjana2

a good man Mil.321.

sat(= sant) + jana

sakkāya →

pts

…the Path (see saṃyojana); it is identical with the fourth kind of Grasping (see upādāna);…

salākā →

pts

…Vin.i.204; Ja.iii.419 (añjana˚). 6. a kind of needle Vin.ii.116. 7. a kind of surgical instrument, a stick of caustic Mil.112, Mil.149. 8. a…

sama →

pts

…liberal AN.ii.62.

  • -jana an ordinary man common people MN.iii.154 = Vin.i.349.
  • -jātika of the same…

samabhijānāti →

pts

to recollect, to know Ja.vi.126.

saṃ + abhijānati

samanujānāti →

pts

to approve; samanujānissanti (fut. 3 pl.) MN.i.398; SN.iv.225; pp. samanuññāta approved, allowed Mhvs.8, Mhvs.11; aor. 1 sg. samanuññāsin Ja.iv.117 (= samanuñño āsiṃ Com. ib. …

samanuññā →

pts

approval SN.i.1; MN.i.359.

fr. samanujānāti

samaya →

pts

congregation; time, condition, etc.

At Dhs-a.57 sq we find a detailed expln of the word samaya (s-sadda) with meanings given as follows: 1 *[samavāya](/define/samavāy …

sambhajanā →

pts

consorting with Dhs.1326; Pp.20.

saṃ + bhajanā

sambuddha →

pts

  1. well understood Snp.765 (various reading, sambuddhuṃ = to know); Ja.v.77 (sam & a˚, taken by C. as ppr. “jānanto” & “ajānanto”) susambuddha easily understood Snp.764.
  2. one who has thoroughly unde …

sambādha →

pts

…obstruction Vism.119 janasambādharahita free from crowding Mil.409 kiṭṭhasambādha crowding of corn, the time when the corn is growing…

samiñjana →

pts

doubling up, bending back (orig. stretching!) Vism.500 (opp. pasāraṇa). See also sammiñjana.

fr. samiñjati

sammajjana →

pts

adjective noun sweeping Ja.i.67; Snp-a.66 (˚ka); Vv-a.319 (T. sammajja).

fr. last

sammata →

pts

…SN.iv.398 3. authorized, selected, agreed upon DN.iii.93 (mahājana˚) Vin.i.111; Vin.iii.150.

pp. of sammannati

sammiñjana →

pts

bending DN-a.i.196 (opp. pasāraṇa); Vb-a.358.

fr. sammiñjati

sammukha →

pts

…who has realized the saṃyojanas Kv.483; -vinaya (˚ā˚) proceeding in presence, requiring the presence of a chapter of priests and of the…

sammā →

pts

Sammā1

a pin of the yoke Abhp.449; a kind of sacrificial instrument Snp-a.321 (sammaṃ ettha pāsantī ti sammāpāso; and sātrā-yāgass’ etaṃ adhivacanaṃ). Cp. Weber Indische Streifen i.3 …

sampajañña →

pts

attention, consideration, discrimination, comprehension, circumspection AN.i.13 sq.; AN.ii.93; AN.iii.307; AN.iv.320; AN.v.98 sq. SN.iii.169; DN.iii.213 (sati + samp. opp. to *muṭṭha-sacca asampaj …

sampajāna →

pts

…sq.; DN-a.i.184 sq.; sampājanamusāvāda deliberate lie Vin.iv.2; Iti.18; DN.iii.45; AN.i.128 AN.iv.370; AN.v.265; Ja.i.23.

saṃ + pajāna,…

sampajānāti →

pts

to know SN.v.154; Snp.1055; Cnd.655.

saṃ + pajānāti

samāpajjana →

pts

entering upon, passing through (?) Mil.176.

fr. last

sasa →

pts

…Ja.iii.55.

  • -lañjana id. Vv-a.314 (˚vant = sasin, the moon).
  • -visāṇa a hare’s horn (an impossibility)…

sata →

pts

…Ja.i.44.

  • -rasabhojana food of 100 flavours Dhp-a.iii.96 (variant reading all pass, satta˚)
  • -vaṅka a kind of…

satika →

pts

…belonging to a hundred; yojanasatika extending one hundred yojanas Vin.ii.238; vīsaṃvassasatika of hundred and twenty years’ standing…

satta →

pts

…˚yojana 7 miles, cp. the 7 league-boots!). Extremely frequent in folklore and fairy tales (cp. 7 years of famine in…

savyañjana →

pts

adjective with the letters Vin.i.21; DN.i.62; DN-a.i.176; Snp.p.103; Vism.214.

sa3 + vyañjana

sañjanana →

pts

producing; f. progenetrix (identical with taṇhā) Dhs.1059; Dhs-a.363.

sañjanati →

pts

to be born; only in Caus. -janeti to cause, produce; realize Pp.16; Sdhp.564 (ger. ˚janayitvāna)
pp sañjāta. See also Pass. saṃjāyati.

saṃ + janati

sañjānana →

pts

(f.) knowing, perceiving, recognition Mil.61; DN-a.i.211; characteristic, that by which one is distinguished Dhs-a.321. As f. at Dhs.4; Dhs-a.110, Dhs-a.140 (translation Expos. 185: “the a …

sañjānitatta →

pts

the state of having perceived Dhs.4.

fr. sañjānita, pp. Caus. of sañjānāti

sañjānāti →

pts

  1. to recognize, perceive, know, to be aware of Vin.iii.112; DN.ii.12; MN.i.111, MN.i.473; SN.iii.87; AN.v.46, AN.v.60, AN.v.63; Ja.i.135; Ja.iv.194; Thag-a.110.
  2. to think to suppose Ja.ii.98.
  3. t …

sañjāta →

pts

…(˚pasāda).

pp. of sañjanati

Sañjāta2

adjective of the same origin (con-gener) Ja.iv.134. Cp….

sañjāyati →

pts

…Ja.v.384.

saṃ + jāyati, cp. sañjanati

saññ →

pts

Saññ˚

is frequent spelling for saṃy˚; (in saṃyojana = saññojana e.g.), q.v.

saññita →

pts

so-called, named, so-to-speak Mhvs.7, Mhvs.45; Pv-a.135; Sdhp.72, Sdhp.461. See also aya under niraya.

= saññāta; pp. of sañjānāti

saññāpeti →

pts

  1. to make known, to teach Ja.i.344; Mil.45.
  2. to remonstrate with, gain over convince DN.i.236; MN.i.397; AN.i.75; SN.iv.313; Vin.i.10 Vin.ii.197; Mil.316.
  3. to appease, conciliate Ja.i.479; Pv-a. …

saññāta →

pts

skilled MN.i.396.

pp. of sañjānāti

saṃvejana →

pts

adjective agitating, moving Iti.30.

fr. saṃ + vij

saṃvejaniya →

pts

adjective apt to cause emotion AN.ii.120; Vism.238. See also saṃvijjati1.

fr. saṃvejana

saṃyojana →

pts

…of the ten saṃyojanas, at Cnd.657 = Dhs.1113, Dhs.1463 (kāmarāga, paṭigha, māna diṭṭhi, vicikicchā, sīlabbataparāmāsa,…

saṃyojaniya →

pts

…favourable to the saṃyojanas, AN.i.50; SN.ii.86; SN.iii.166 sq.; SN.iv.89, SN.iv.107; Dhs.584, Dhs.1125, Dhs.1462; Dhs-a.49. Used as a noun,…

saṅkhāra →

pts

…(āyūhanā); Pv-a.41 (bhijjana-dhammā). Of passages dealing with the sankhāras as aniccā vayadhammā, anattā, dukkhā etc. the foll. may…

saṭṭhi →

pts

…Vv-a.92 (id.); Ja.i.87 (˚yojana); Ja.vi.512 (˚sahassa); Dhp-a.i.8, Dhp-a.i.17, Dhp-a.i.26, Dhp-a.i.131 (˚sakaṭa). -hāyana 60 years old…

seṭṭhi →

pts

…Benares Ja.i.242 Ja.i.269; jana-pada-seṭṭhi a commercial man of the country Ja.iv.37; seṭṭhi gahapati Vin.i.273; SN.i.92; there were…

siddha →

pts

…(= pakka); Ja.v.201 (˚bhojana); Mil.272; Snp-a.27 (˚bhatta = pakk’odana of Snp.18).

a specific Pali formation fr. sijjati (svid) in…

sikkhāpada →

pts

set of precepts, “preceptorial,” code of training; instruction, precept, rule

  1. in general: DN.i.63, DN.i.146, DN.i.250; MN.i.33; AN.i.63, AN.i.235 sq. AN.ii.14, AN.ii.250 sq.; AN.iii.113, AN.iii.26 …

siliṭṭhatā →

pts

adherence, adhesion, junction Cnd.137 (byañjana˚, of “iti”).

abstr. fr. siliṭṭha

sobhañjana →

pts

the tree Hyperanthica moringa Ja.v.405; sobhañjanaka the same Ja.iii.161 (= siggurukkha, C.), Ja.vi.535.

sota →

pts

-añjana a kind of ointment made with antimony Vin.i.203.

  • -ānugata following on hearing, acquired by hearing…

su →

pts

…Ja.v.215; Ja.vi.269. -jana a good man Mhvs.1, Mhvs.85 -jāta well born, of noble birth DN.i.93; Snp.548…

suci →

pts

…descent Ja.ii.11.

  • -bhojana pure food Snp.128.
  • -mhita having a pleasant, serene smile Vv.18#10; Vv.50#25; Vv.64#12;…

sunakha →

pts

…are Kaṇha (or Mahā˚) Ja.iv.183; Caturakkha Ja.iii.535; Jambuka Pingiya ibid.; Bhattabhuñjana Ja.ii.246. Cp. suvāṇa.

cp. Sk. śunaka;…

sutta →

pts

Sutta1

asleep Vin.iii.117; Vin.v.205; DN.i.70; DN.ii.130; Dhp.47; Iti.41; Ja.v.328
■ (nt.) sleep DN.ii.95; MN.i.448; SN.iv.169. In phrase --pabuddha “awakened from sleep” referring t …

sāli →

pts

-bhatta a meal of rice Vism.191.

cp. Sk. śāli

sālā →

pts

…of sacrifice Pp-a 233; rajana˚ dyeing workshop Vism.65; ratha˚; car shed Dhp-a.iii.121; hatthi˚; an elephant stable Vin.i.277,…

sārajjanā →

pts

infatuation, feeling infatuated Dhs.389; Ja.v.446.

fr. sārajjati

sārajjitatta →

pts

infatuation, the state of being infatuated Dhs.389.

= sārajjanā

sūpa →

pts

…Ja.iv.352 (bidalasūpiyo); sūpavyañjanaka a vessel for curry and sauce Vin.i.240.

Vedic…

ta →

pts

Ta˚

base of demonstr. pron. for nt., in oblique cases of m. & f., in demonstr. adv. of place & time (see also sa).

I. Cases: nom

sg. nt. tad (older) Vin.i.83; Snp.1052; Dh …

tajjanā →

pts

threat, menace Ja.ii.169; Vv.50#9; Vv-a.212 (bhayasantajjana).

from tajjeti

tamba →

pts

…(f.) ibid.; -bhājana Dhp-a.i.395; -mattika Dhp-a.iv.106; -vammika Dhp-a.iii.208; -loha Pv-a.95 (= loha).

Sk. tāmra,…

tapanīya →

pts

…Iti.24; AN.iv.97 (com. tāpajanaka); AN.v.276; Ja.iv.177; Dhs.i.305.

grd. of tapati

Tapanīya2

neuter also tapaneyya (verse 372) &…

tappara →

pts

…diligent, devoted Thag-a.148 (Tha-ap.57, Tha-ap.66) (mānapūjana˚ & buddhopaṭṭhāna˚).

Sk. tatpara

taruṇa →

pts

adjective

  1. tender, of tender age, young new, newly (˚-) fresh. Esp. applied to a young calf MN.i.459 (in simile); ˚vaccha, ˚vacchaka, ˚vacchī Vin.i.193; Ja.i.191; Dhp-a.ii.35; Vv-a.200
    ■ Vi …

tattaka →

pts

…pleasant Mil.238 (bhojana).

tatta pp. of tappati2 + ka

Tattaka2

adjective (= tāvataka) of such size, so large…

tayo →

pts

num. card. three.

■ nom. acc. m. tayo (Snp.311), & tayas (tayas; su dhammā Snp.231, see Kp-a.188)
■ f. tisso (DN.i.143; AN.v.210; Iti.99)
■ nt. tīṇi (AN.i.1 …

taṇhā →

pts

-saṃyojana the fetter of t. (adj.) fettered, bound by t. in phrase t- saṃyojanena saṃyuttā…

tejana →

pts

the point or shaft of an arrow, an arrow Thag.29; Dhp.80, Dhp.145; Dhp-a.ii.147.

see tejate

tela →

pts

…worth a hundred) pādabbhañjana˚ oil for rubbing the feet Vv-a.44 sāsapa˚ (mustard seed & oil) Pv-a.198; sappi˚ (butter & oil) Snp.295;…

thāsotu →

pts

Thāsotu˚

in thāsotujana savana at Thag-a.61 according to Morris, J.P.T.S. 1884, 81 it is to be read ṭhānaso tu jana˚.

thāvariya →

pts

…state; always in janapada˚; an appeased country, as one of the blessings of the reign of a Cakkavattin. Explained at DN-a.i.250 as…

ti FIXME double →

pts

Vin. Texts i.155; -yojana a distance of 3 leagues, i.e. 20 miles, or fig. a long dist.; Vism.392 (tiyojanika setacchatta);…

ti →

pts

…Kassapa lābhataṃ esā janatā dassanāyā ti. Tena hi Sīha tvaṃ yeva Bhagavato ārocehī ti. Evaṃ bhante ti kho Sīho…. DN.i.151. 2….

tika →

pts

…triad SN.ii.218 (t
■ bhojana); Dhp-a.iv.89 (-nipāta, the book of the triads, a division of the Jātaka), Dhp-a.iv.108 (t
■…

tiro →

pts

…conspicuous Ja.vi.60; -janapada a distant or foreign country DN.i.116; -pākāra beyond or over a…

tittha →

pts

  1. a fording place, landing place, which made a convenient bathing place DN.ii.89 = Vin.i.230 (Gotama˚ the G. ford) Ja.i.339, Ja.i.340 (titthāraṇa); Ja.ii.111; Ja.iii.228 (˚nāvika ferryman); Ja.iii.23 …

tiṃsaṃ →

pts

…(vassasahassehi): t
■ yojana-maggaṃ (āgato) Dhp-a.ii.76 Dhp-a.ii.79; Dhp-a.iii.172; Pv-a.154; ˚yojanika kantāra Dhp-a.ii.193 (cp….

tiṭṭhati →

pts

to stand, etc.

I. Forms

pres ind. tiṭṭhati (Snp.333, Snp.434; Pv.i.5#1);
imper second tiṭṭha, 3rd tiṭṭhatu ppr. tiṭṭhaṃ, tiṭṭhanto, tiṭṭhamāna;
pot tiṭṭhe (Snp.918, Snp.968) & tiṭṭheyy …

tāpeti →

pts

…to…

tāva →

pts

adverb so much, so long; usually correl. with yāva how long, how much; in all meanings to be understood out of elliptical application of this correlation Thus

I

*yāva-tāva …

tīreti →

pts

  1. to bring through, to finish, to execute (business), to accomplish: karaṇīyaṃ Mil.7; Pv-a.203; kiccaṃ Pv-a.278.
  2. to measure, judge, recognize, always in formula tūleti tīreti vibhāveti (Nd ii.tu …

ubbedha →

pts

…Ja.i.203 (yojana-sahass˚); Vv-a.33 (yojana˚), Vv-a.66 (asīti-hatth˚), Vv-a.158 (hattha-sat˚), Vv-a.188…

ubbha →

pts

…on top Ja.v.269 (ubbhaṃ yojanaṃ uggata); in compounds like ubbhakkhakaṃ above the collar bone Vin.iv.213; ubbhajānumaṇḍalaṃ above…

ubbhaṃ →

pts

…on top Ja.v.269 (ubbhaṃ yojanaṃ uggata); in compounds like ubbhakkhakaṃ above the collar bone Vin.iv.213; ubbhajānumaṇḍalaṃ above…

ubbijjanā →

pts

agitation, uneasiness DN-a.i.111. Cp. ubbega.

abstr. fr. ubbijjati

ubhato →

pts

…Pp.14 Pp.73; Ne.190; -byañjanaka (vyañj˚) having the characteristics of both sexes, hermaphrodite Vin.i.89, Vin.i.136, Vin.i.168 Vin.iii.28;…

uddha FIXME double →

pts

…(opp. oram˚): see saṃyojana. -virecana variant reading BB. at Snp-a.86 for uddha˚…

uddhacca →

pts

…of the 10 saṃyojana’s (q.v.), e.g. at DN.i.71, DN.i.246; DN.iii.49, DN.iii.234, DN.iii.269 DN.iii.278; SN.i.99; AN.i.3; AN.iii.16;…

uddhaṃ →

pts

…(opp. oram˚): see saṃyojana. -virecana variant reading BB. at Snp-a.86 for uddha˚…

ukkaṭṭha →

pts

…vā tadūpiyaṃ vā byañjanaṃ). 3. detailed, exhaustive specialised Vism.37 (ati-ukkaṭṭha-desanā); also in phrase ˚vasena in detail…

ukkhā →

pts

…danaṃ?). S A: paṇītabhojana-bharitānaṃ mahā-ukkhalinaṃ sataṃ dānaṃ. Cp. ukhā cooking vessel Thag-a.71 (Tha-ap.38) Kern,

ukkujjana →

pts

raising up, setting up again Vin.ii.126 (patt˚).

fr. ukkujjati

ummujjana →

pts

emerging Vism.175 (+ nimmujjana); DN-a.i.115.

fr. ummujjati

upadhāreti →

pts

  1. “to hold or take up” (cp. semantically Lat. teneo = E. tenet) to reason out, conclude, reflect, surmise, know as such such, realise Ja.i.338; Dhp-a.i.28, Dhp-a.i.41; Dhp-a.ii.15, Dhp-a.ii.20, D …

upajānāti →

pts

to learn, acquire or have knowledge of (w. gen. or instr.), to know Vin.i.272 (saṃyamassa); Vin.ii.181 (gharāvās’atthena); AN.i.50 (dvinnaṃ dhammānaṃ upaññāsin)
fut upaññissati (& upaññassati; Snp …

upanayana →

pts

…Mil.154; Ne.63; Dhs-a.329 (so read with variant reading for ˚najana).

fr. upa + ni; cp. naya & nayana

upanidhāya →

pts

indeclinable comparing in comparison, as prep. w. acc. “compared with” MN.i.374; MN.iii.177 (Himavantaṃ pabbatarājānaṃ); SN.ii.133 (mahāpaṭhaviṃ), SN.ii.262; SN.v.457 (Sineru-pabbata-rājānaṃ) AN.iii …

upanisā →

pts

…Snp.p.140 (= kāraṇa, payojana Snp-a.503) Dhp.75 (cp. Dhp-a.ii.102 aññā nibbānagāminī paṭipadā). 2. likeness, counterfeit [= Sk….

uparata →

pts

…food at night = ratti-bhojanato uparata DN-a.i.77); DN.i.5 (id.); MN.i.319 (bhaya˚); Snp.914 (virata etc. Mnd.337); Mil.96, Mil.307;…

upariṭṭhima →

pts

adjective = upariṭṭha uparima Dhs.1016, Dhs.1300, Dhs.1401; Pp.16, Pp.17 (sañyojanāni = uddhaṃbhāgiya-sañyojanāni Pp-a.198).

double-superl. formation after analogy of seṭṭha, pacchima & heṭṭhima: heṭṭhā

upaññāta →

pts

found out, learnt, known Vin.i.40; Ja.v.325, Ja.v.368; AN.i.61.

pp. of upajānāti

uppajjana →

pts

adjective noun coming into existence; birth, rebirth Pv-a.9 (˚vasena), Pv-a.33 (id.).

fr. uppajjati

uppajjanaka →

pts

…a treasure trove Ja.iii.150.

fr. uppajjana

uppatti →

pts

coming forth, product, genesis, origin, rebirth, occasion AN.ii.133 (˚paṭilābhikāni sanyojanāni); Vb.137 (˚bhava), Vb.411; cp. Compendium, 262 f. (khaṇa); Mil.127 (˚divasa); Vism.571 sq. (˚bhava 9 f …

uyyojana →

pts

inciting, instigation AN.iv.233.

fr. uyyojeti

vajati →

pts

…to avoid, vajjita, vajjana etc.) Snp.121, Snp.381, Snp.729 (jātimaraṇa-saṃsāraṃ), Snp.1143; Ja.iii.401; Ja.iv.103 (nirayaṃ)…

vajjana →

pts

avoidance, shunning Vism.5 (opp. sevana); Dhp-a.iii.417.

fr. vajjati

valañjana →

pts

  1. resorting, acting as, behaviour Vv-a.248.
  2. giving off, evacuation, easing the body Ja.i.161 (˚vacca-kuṭi privy) Dhp-a.iii.270 (sarīra˚)

fr. valañjeti

valañjanaka →

pts

…Ja.i.382, Ja.i.385 Ja.i.398.

fr. valañjana

vambheti →

pts

Vambheti & Vamheti

to treat with contempt despise, revile, scold; usually either combined with khuṃseti or opposed to ukkaṃseti, e.g. Vin.ii.18; Vin.iv.4; MN.i.200 (= Snp.132 a …

vamheti →

pts

Vambheti & Vamheti

to treat with contempt despise, revile, scold; usually either combined with khuṃseti or opposed to ukkaṃseti, e.g. Vin.ii.18; Vin.iv.4; MN.i.200 (= Snp.132 a …

vana →

pts

…Thig.147 (Añjanavana; a wood near Sāketa with a vihāra); Ja.v.37 (here meaning beds of lotuses) Mil.219 (vanaṃ sodheti to clear…

vasa →

pts

power, authority, control, influence SN.i.43, SN.i.240 (kodho vo vasam āyātu: shall be in your power; vasa = āṇāpavattana K.S. i.320); MN.i.214 (bhikkhu cittaṃ vasaṃ vatteti, no ca cittassa vasena v …

vaṇṭati →

pts

…Dhtm.787 in meaning “vibhājana.”-Another root vaṇṭ; is found at Dhtm.108 with unmeaning expln “vaṇṭ’ atthe.”

dial….

vedeti →

pts

“to sense,” usually in Denom. function (only one Caus. meaning: see aor. avedi); meaning twofold either intellectually “to know” (cp. veda), or with ref. to general feeling “to e …

veyyañjanika →

pts

…have to be derived (as viyañcita = viyañjita) from vi + añj = vyañjana. See also Kern.

Toevoegselen

p. 19.

= vyañjanika

vibhajana →

pts

…v. uttāni-karaṇa); Dhs-a.343, Dhs-a.344. Cp. vibhājana.

fr. vibhajati

vibhāga →

pts

…saṃ˚.

fr. vibhajati, cp. vibhanga & vibhajana

vibhājana →

pts

distribution, division Dhtp.92, Dhtp.561; Dhtm.776, Dhtm.787.

vi + bhājana2

vijana →

pts

adjective deserted of people, lonely SN.i.180; Thag-a.252. -vāta: see vāta.

vi + jana

vijjā →

pts

one of the dogmatic terms of Buddhist teaching varying in meaning in diff. sections of the Canon. It is not always the positive to avijjā (which has quite a well-defined meaning f …

vijāna →

pts

(nt
■ adj.) understanding; as adj. (-˚) in compounds du˚; (dubbijāna) hard to understand SN.i.60; Ja.iv.217; and su˚; easy to perceive Snp.92; Ja.iv.217.

fr. vijānāti

vijānana →

pts

recognition, knowing, knowledge, discrimination Vism.452; Dhs-a.141.

the diaeretic form of Sk. vijñāna: cp. jānana = ñāṇa

vijānāti →

pts

to have discriminative (dis = vi˚) knowledge, to recognize, apprehend, ascertain, to become aware of, to understand, notice, perceive, distinguish learn, know Snp.93 sq., Snp.763; Dhp.64, Dhp.65; Mnd. …

vikati →

pts

…Mil.403 (bhojana˚ all kinds of material things); Vism.376 (bhājana˚ special bowl) Vb-a.230 (pilandhana˚); Dhp-a.ii.10…

vikaṭa →

pts

…mattikā Vin.i.206
■ Cp. vekaṭika.

  • -bhojana filthy food DN.i.167; MN.i.79.

vi +…

vikāla →

pts

…night Ja.v.458.

  • -bhojana taking a meal at the wrong time, i.e. in the afternoon Vin.i.83; DN.i.5; AN.i.212; AN.ii.209;…

vimajjana →

pts

making smooth, polishing MN.i.385.

fr. vi + majjati2

vimutti →

pts

release, deliverance, emancipation DN.i.174; DN.iii.288; SN.v.206 sq. (abhijānāti), SN.v.222 (ariya˚), SN.v.266, SN.v.356; AN.ii.247, AN.iii.165 (yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti), AN.iii.242, Snp.54, Snp.73, Snp …

vimāna →

pts

…with yojana. The dimensions, with ref. to which 12 & 16 are used, are length, width, height, & girth, whereas 700 applies…

vindati →

pts

the Vedic differentiations vetti “to know” and vindati “to find” are both in Pāli, but only in sporadic forms, some of which are archaic and therefore only found in poetry. Of * …

vinibbhujana →

pts

turning inside out Thag-a.284.

fr. vinibbhujati

viparāmosa →

pts

…pop. etym given here is “janaṃ musanti,” i.e. they steal, or beguile people); DN.iii.176 (variant reading ˚māsa); AN.ii.209; AN.v.206;…

vipañcita →

pts

only in phrase -ññū either: knowing diffuseness or detail, or: of unillusioned understanding, clear-minded, unprejudiced combined with ugghaṭita-ññū at AN.ii.135 = Pp.41 (trsld by B. …

virajjana →

pts

discolouring Ja.iii.148 (rajjana +).

fr. virajjati; cp. rajjana

viravati →

pts

  1. to shout (out), to cry aloud; to utter a cry or sound (of animals) Ja.ii.350 (kikī sakuṇo viravi); Ja.v.206; Mhvs.12, Mhvs.49 (mahārāvaṃ viraviṃsu mahājanā); Pv-a.154, Pv-a.217, Pv-a.245 (vissar …

visajjana →

pts

Visajjana & visajjeti

see viss˚.

visajjeti →

pts

Visajjana & visajjeti

see viss˚.

vissajjana →

pts

(f.)

  1. giving out, bestowing Cnd.262 (dhana˚)
  2. sending off, discharging Ja.i.239 (nāvā˚ putting off to sea).
  3. answer reply Vism.6, Vism.84; often in combination pucchā˚; question and ans …

vissajjanaka →

pts

adjective (-˚)

  1. giving out, bestowing Pv-a.121
  2. answering Ja.i.166 (pañha˚).

fr. vissajjana

vitakka →

pts

…cakkaṃ bhamayitvā bhājanaṃ karontassa uppīḷana-hattho viya vitakko (like the hand holding the wheel tight), ito c’ ito…

vivaraṇa →

pts

…AN.iii.121; AN.iv.352; AN.v.67. 3. explanation making clear (cp. vibhajana) Ne.8 (as f.) Snp-a.445.

fr. vivarati

vivaṭṭeti →

pts

…phrase vivaṭṭayi saṃyojanaṃ (in standard setting with acchecchi taṇhaṃ), where the usual variant reading is vāvattayi (see…

viññeyya →

pts

adjective to be recognized or apperceived (of the sense objects: cakkhu-viññeyya rūpa, etc.) DN.i.245; MN.iii.291; AN.iii.377; AN.iv.404 sq., AN.iv.415 AN.iv.430; Mnd.24
su˚; easily understood …

viññāpeti →

pts

to address, inform, teach, instruct; to give to understand; to appeal to, to beg Vin.i.54; Vin.iv.264; DN.i.251; Ja.iii.72 (to intimate); Mil.229; Vv-a.72, Vv-a.181
pp *[viññāpita](/define/viññāpi …

viññāta →

pts

apperceived, (re)cognized, understood, cogitated (Cpd. 37), learned Snp.323 (˚dhamma, one who has recognized or understood the Dhamma); Vv.44#18 (= viññāta-sāsana-dhamma Vv-a.192); Ja.i.2 Sdhp.42 …

viññāya →

pts

Viññāya & viññāyati

see vijānāti. Vinnuta & vinnuta

viññāyati →

pts

Viññāya & viññāyati

see vijānāti. Vinnuta & vinnuta

viññāṇa →

pts

(as special term in Buddhist metaphysics) a mental quality as a constituent of individuality, the bearer of (individual) life, life-force (as extending also over rebirths), principle of conscious lif …

vy →

pts

…(popular), e.g. viyañjana, viyārambha, viyāyata; or veyvañjanika veyyākaraṇa, veyyāyika. It further appears as by˚ (like byaggha,…

vyañjana →

pts

…aneka-vyañjano); Pv.ii.1#15 (bhatta˚ rice with curry); Pv-a.50

■ Cp. byañjana.

fr. vi + añj, cp….

vyañjanaka →

pts

adjective see *ubhato*˚ & veyyañjanika.

fr. vyañjana

vyāpajjanā →

pts

injuring, doing harm, ill-will Pp.18; Dhs.418 (“getting upset” translation).

fr. vyāpajjati

vācanaka →

pts

may be a distortion of vājana, although the latter is never found as variant reading It is at all events a singular expression. BR give…

vāta →

pts

…with expln vijana vṛjana vajati*], hardly justified. In same connection at AN.iv.88); Mil.19 (isi˚-parivāta…

vāvatteti →

pts

…(aor. vāvattayi saṃyojanaṃ, explained at MN-a.87 as “parivattayi, nimmūlaṃ akāsi”) = MN.i.122 (with variant reading vi˚, see p….

vījana →

pts

fan, fanning; in vījana-vāta a fanning wind, a breeze Snp-a.174.

fr. vīj, cp. Class. Sk. vījana

vījanī →

pts

…of a root (?), and of a peacock’s tail.

fr. vījana, of vīj

vīsati →

pts

…(jātiyo) Ja.i.395 (˚yojana-sata); Ja.v.36 (˚ratana-sata); Dhp-a.i.8 Dhp-a.ii.91 (˚yojana-sataṃ).

both for Vedic viṃśati; cp. Av….

vīsaṃ →

pts

…(jātiyo) Ja.i.395 (˚yojana-sata); Ja.v.36 (˚ratana-sata); Dhp-a.i.8 Dhp-a.ii.91 (˚yojana-sataṃ).

both for Vedic viṃśati; cp. Av….

vīti →

pts

Vīti˚

is the contracted prepositional combination vi + ati, representing an emphatic ati, e.g. in the foll.:

  • -(k)kama 1 going beyond, transgression, sin Vin.iii.112; Vin.iv. …

ya-kāra →

pts

…Ja.iii.433 (vyañjana-sandhi-vasena gahita). 2. the letter (or syllable) ya: Ja.v.427 (nipāta-matta). It is referred to at…

ya →

pts

Ya˚

I. Forms

(See inflection also at Geiger, P.Gr. § 110.) The decl. is similar to that of ta˚ among the more rarely found forms we only mention the foll.
■ sg. nom. m. *[yo](/define/y …

yagghe →

pts

indeclinable hortative part, used in addressing a (superior) person in the voc., followed by Pot. of jānāti, either 2nd jāneyyāsi, or 3rd sg. jāneyya; to be trsld some …

yajana →

pts

the act of sacrificing Ja.iii.518; Ja.vi.133; Cp.i.7#2 Vism.224; Pv-a.135.

late formation fr. yaj, yajati, for the earlier yañña

yajanaka →

pts

adjective one who sacrifices Ja.vi.133.

fr. yajana

yakkha →

pts

…of former persons, e.g. Janavasabha “Lord of men” DN.ii.205 Dīgha MN.i.210. Naradeva Ja.vi.383, Ja.vi.387. Paṇḍaka “Eunuch”…

yamaka →

pts

…yamake duve duve putte janayi); Dhp-a.i.353 (same, with vijāyi). 3. (nt.) a pair, couple. Name of one of the Abhidhamma canonical books,…

yamati →

pts

to restrain, suppress, to become tranquil; only in stanza Dhp.6 = Thag.275 = Ja.iii.488 as 1st pl. med yamāmase in imper. sense: “pare ca na vijānanti mayaṃ ettha yamāmase,” which is expl …

yantaka →

pts

bolt Vin.ii.148 (vihārā aguttā honti… anujānāmi yantakaṃ sūcikan ti), cp. Vin Texts iii.162; DN-a.i.200 (kuñcikā +); Dhp-a.i.220 (yantakaṃ deti to put the bolt to, to lock up).

fr. yanta

yathā →

pts

adverb as, like, in relation to, after (the manner of)
■ As prep. (with acc.): according (to some condition, norm or rule): yathā kāmaṃ (already Vedic) according to his desire …

yañña →

pts

…fr. yaj: see yajati. The metric reading in the Veda is sometimes yajana, which we are inclined to look…

yebhuyya →

pts

abundant, numerous, most. Not found as adj. by itself, except in phrase yebhuyya-vasena mostly, as a rule Thag-a.51 and Pv-a.136, which is identical with the usual instr. *[yebhuyyena](/define/ye …

yebhuyyasikā →

pts

lit. “according to the majority,” i.e. a vote of majority of the Chapter; name of one of the adhikaraṇa-samathas, or means of settling a dispute
■ Vin.ii.84 (anujānāmi bh. adhikaraṇaṃ yebhuyyasik …

yoga →

pts

…Iti.80 (yogā pamocenti bahujanaṃ) 4. application, endeavour, undertaking, effort Dhp-a.iii.233, Dhp-a.iii.234 (= samma-ppadhāna). *yogaṃ…

yogga →

pts

…spelt yogya), Pv-a.135 (bhojana˚), Pv-a.152 (kamma-vipāk ânubhavana˚), Pv-a.154 (gamana˚ passable, variant reading yogya), Pv-a.228…

yogin →

pts

…Miln, e.g. pp. 2, 356 (yogi-jana) at pp. 366, 393, 404, 417, 418 in old verses. combined with yogâvacara Mil.366, Mil.404
■ Further…

yojana →

pts

…Dhp.60; Ja.v.37 (yojana-yojana-vitthatā each a mile square); Snp-a.194. More favoured combinations of yojana with numbers are the…

yojanika →

pts

adjective a yojana in extent Ja.i.92 (vihāra); Dpvs.17, 108 (ārāma); Dhp-a.i.274 (maṇipallanka).

fr. yojana

yojanā →

pts

(grammatical) construction; exegesis, interpretation; meaning Kp-a.156 Kp-a.218, Kp-a.243; Snp-a.20, Snp-a.90, Snp-a.122 sq., Snp-a.131 sq., Snp-a.148, Snp-a.166, Snp-a.177, Snp-a.248, Snp\ …

yuga →

pts

…as the 4 yojanas or yogas (oghas?), viz. kāma˚ bhava˚, diṭṭhi˚, avijjā˚
■ Also used like an adj. num in meaning…

yāca →

pts

…yājayogo ti pi pāṭho; yājana-sankhātena yājena yutto ti attho); AN.iv.6, AN.iv.266 sq., AN.iv.271, AN.iv.284, AN.v.331, AN.v.336; Snp.p.87…

yāgu →

pts

…(sace yāgu hoti, bhājanaṃ dhovitvā yāgu upanametabbā; yāguṃ pītassa udakaṃ datvā…), 51 (id.), Vin.ii.61 (id.), Vin.ii.84,…

yāja →

pts

…liberality (felt as synonymous with; cāga, thus influenced by tyaj, cp. Sanskrit tyājana) ‣See yācayoga.
■ Cnd.531 (yāye yutta);…

yājaka →

pts

adjective sacrificing, one who sacrifices, a priest Snp.312, Snp.313 (= yanna-yājino janā Snp-a.324), Snp.618 (of a purohita; variant reading BB yācaka).

fr. yaj in its Caus. form yājeti

yājana →

pts

(nt) = yāja; Vism.224: see yācayoga.

yāva →

pts

…“āhār’ āharaṇe payojanassa pariccheda-niyamadassanaṁ,” of which the translation

Expositor

ii.512 is “so as to suffice...

ñatta →

pts

the intellectual faculty, intelligence Dhp.72 (= Dhp-a.ii.73: jānanasabhāva).

nomen agentis from jānāti

ñatvā →

pts

etc.: see jānāti.

ñāpeti →

pts

to make known, to explain, to announce Ja.ii.133. Cp. jānāpeti āṇāpeti.

Caus. of jānāti, cp. also ñatti

ñāta →

pts

known, well-known experienced, brought to knowledge, realized. In Cnd. s.v. constantly expl. by tulita tirita vibhūta vibhāvita which series is also used as expln. of diṭṭha & vidita AN.v. …

ñāti →

pts

…Pv-a.29;

  • -hetusampatti a blessing received through the kinsmen Pv-a.27.

see janati; cp. Sk. jñāti, Gr. γνωτός,…

ñāṇa →

pts

knowledge, intelligence insight, conviction, recognition, opp. añāṇa avijjā, lack of k. or ignorance.

  1. Ñāṇa in the theory of cognition:
    it occurs in intensive couple-compounds with terms of …

ñū →

pts

-Ñū

(-ññū) (adj-suffix) knowing, recognizing, acknowledging, in ughaṭita˚, kata˚, kāla˚, khaṇa˚, matta˚, ratta˚, vara˚ vipacita˚, veda˚, sabba˚, etc. (q.v.)-fem. abstr. ˚ñutā in same combinations …

ā →

pts

…paṭi + ā (paccā-janati, ˚ttharati, ˚dāti, ˚savati), pari + ā (pariyā-ñāta, ˚dāti, ˚pajjati, ˚harati), sam + ā…

ābhujana →

pts

crouching, bending, turning in, in phrase pallank’ābhujana sitting cross-legged Ja.i.17 (verse 91); Pv-a.219.

fr. ābhujati

ābhuñjana →

pts

partaking of, enjoying, experiencing Dhs-a.333.

fr. ābhuñjati

ādi →

pts

  1. (m.) starting-point, beginning Snp.358 (acc. ādiṃ = kāraṇaṃ Snp-a.351); Dhp.375 (nom. ādi); Mil.10 (ādimhi); Ja.vi.567 (abl. ādito from the beginning). For use as nt. see below 2 b.
  2. (adj & adv …

ādiya →

pts

Ādiya1

adjective grd. of admi, ad, Sk. ādya] edible, eatable AN.iii.45 (bhojanāni).

Ādiya2

in -mukha is uncertain reading at AN.iii.164 sq. (vv.ll. ādeyya˚ & ādheyya), me …

āgantu →

pts

…arrival, a new comer, stranger Ja.vi.529 (= āgantuka-jana C.); Thag-a.16.

Sk. āgantu

ājāna →

pts

adjective understandable, only in cpd. durājāna hard to understand SN.iv.127; Snp.762; Ja.i.295 Ja.i.300.

ā + jāna from jñā

ājānana →

pts

learning, knowing, understanding; knowledge Ja.i.181 (˚sabhāva of the character of knowing, fit to learn); Pv-a.225.

ā + jānana, cp. Sk. ajñāna

ājāniya →

pts

Ājāniya (ājānīya)

adjective noun of good race or breed; almost exclusively used to denote a thoroughbred horse (cp. assājāniya under assa3).

  1. ājāniya (the more common & younger Pāli f …

ājānāti →

pts

to understand, to know, to learn DN.i.189; Snp.1064 (˚amāna = vijānamāna Cnd.120). As aññāti at Vism.200
pp aññāta. Cp. also āṇāpeti. Ajaniya (ajaniya)

ā + jānāti

ājānīya →

pts

Ājāniya (ājānīya)

adjective noun of good race or breed; almost exclusively used to denote a thoroughbred horse (cp. assājāniya under assa3).

  1. ājāniya (the more common & younger Pāli f …

ākiṇṇa →

pts

…city “iddha phīta bahujana ākiṇṇa-manussa” e.g. DN.i.211; DN.ii.147 (˚yakkha for ˚manussa; full of yakkhas i.e. under their…

āpajjati →

pts

…is uncertain (vv. ll āsajja & ālajja). The id. p. at Vin.ii.203 (CV. vii.4, 8 has āsajjanaṃ, for which Bdhgh, on p. 325 has āpajjanaṃ…

ārādheti →

pts

…iii.93 (ārādhayi sabbajanaṃ); Mil.352. In older literature only in phrase cittaṃ ārādheti to please one’s heart, to gladden, win…

āsajja →

pts

…adāsiṃ; cp. Vv-a.55 samāgantvā). See āsada, āsādeti, āsīdeti, āsajjana.

ger. of āsādeti, Caus. of āsīdati, ā + sad; Sk….

āsajjana →

pts

…to be read with variant reading; T. has āpajja naṃ); SN.i.114 (apuññaṃ pasavi Māro āsajjanaṃ Tathāgataṃ; trsl. “in seeking the T….

āsakatta →

pts

having food, feeding, in an˚ fasting Snp.249 (= abhojana Snp-a.292).

abstr. fr. āsaka

āsīdati →

pts

…C.)

pp āsanna (q.v.). See also āsajja, āsajjana, āsada & Caus. āsādeti.

cp. Sk. āsīdati, ā + sad

ātura →

pts

…C. explains as maraṇabhojana), Ja.i.211 (˚citta); Ja.ii.420 (˚anna, as above); Ja.iii.201, Ja.v.90, Ja.v.433; Ja.vi.248; Mil.139, Mil.168;…

ātāpin →

pts

adjective ardent, zealous, strenuous, active DN.iii.58, DN.iii.76 sq., DN.iii.141 (+ sampajāna), DN.iii.221, DN.iii.276; MN.i.22 MN.i.56, MN.i.116, MN.i.207, MN.i.349; MN.ii.11; MN.iii.89, MN.iii.128 …

āvajjana →

pts

…85, 227 (the C. derive āvajjana fr. āvaṭṭeti to turn towards, this confusion being due to close resemblance of jj and ṭṭ in writing);…

āvaṭṭanā →

pts

turning to (of the mind), adverting apprehending Kv.380, Kv.491.

most likely for āvajjana. q.v. & see also Kvu trsl. 221, 282

āvijjhana →

pts

…Dhp-a.iii.98 (where āviñjanaṭṭhāna for ˚rajju). Otherwise a rope used in connection with the opening & shutting of a door (pulling rope?…

āyāma →

pts

…Ja.i.49 (˚ato tīṇi yojanasatāni, vitthārato aḍḍhatiyāni); Ja.iii.389; Mil.17 (ratanaṃ soḷasahatthaṃ āyāmena…

āṇāpeti →

pts

to give an order, to enjoin, command (with acc. of person) Ja.iii.351; Mil.147; Dhp-a.ii.82; Vv-a.68 (dāsiyo), Vv-a.69; Pv-a.4, Pv-a.39, Pv-a.81.

ā + ñāpeti, Caus. of ā + jānāti fr. jñā, cp …

ḍāka →

pts

…Vv.20#6 (variant reading sāka); Vv-a.99 (= taṇḍuleyyakādi-sākavyañjana).

Sk. sāka (nt.) on ś → ḍ cp. Sk. sākinī → dākinī

ṭhāna →

pts

(ṭṭhāna) neuter

I. Connotation

As one of the 4 iriyāpathā (behaviours)

  1. contrasted (a) as standing position with sitting or reclining (b) as rest with motion.
  2. by itself without parti …

Buddha →

puskas

(i.e. 563-483) ‘Megvilágosodott’. A buddhizmus alapítójának, Gótama Sziddhártának a neve, amelyet az általa keresett lényeg felismerése során, azaz a Megvilágosodás kapcsán nyert. Nevezték még Szakjam …

nibbána →

puskas

‘Kialvás, ellobbanás, kioltás’. A buddhista gyakorás célja: a vágyak, a léthez kötődés szomjának teljes megsemmisítése, kioltása, a tökéletes vágytalanság és felszabadultság állapotának elérése. Ez az …