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Theravāda Vinayapiṭaka – Parivāra

Nuns’ Analysis: on How many Offences?

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Fordítota: I.B. Horner, Bhikkhu Brahmali

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Theravāda Vinayapiṭaka

Parivāra

2.2. Nuns’ Analysis: on How many Offences?

Pārājika

Nuns’ Pārājika 5

Consenting to physical contact with a man who is filled with desire how many offences does a nun who is filled with desire fall into? Consenting … a nun who is filled with desire falls into three offences: if she consents to taking hold of below the collar-bone, above the circle of the knees, the offence is one involving Defeat; if she consents to a taking hold of above the collar-bone, below the circle of the knees, the offence is a grave one; if she consents to taking hold of something attached to the body, the offence is one of wrong-doing. These are the three offences that, consenting … a nun who is fined with desire falls into.

Nuns’ Pārājika 6

Concealing a fault, a nun who is one who conceals a fault … falls into three offences: if she conceals, knowing the matter is one involving Defeat, the offence is one involving Defeat; if, being in doubt, she conceals, the offence is a grave one; if she conceals a falling away from good behaviour, the offence is one of wrong-doing. These are the three offences that, concealing a fault, a nun who is one who conceals a fault falls into.

Nuns’ Pārājika 7

Not giving up (her course) though being admonished up to the third time, a nun who is an imitator of one who is suspended … falls into three offences: following the motion there is an offence of wrong-doing; following the two resolutions there are grave offences; following the conclusion of the (three) resolutions the offence is one involving Defeat. These are the three offences that, though being admonished up to the third time, a nun who is an imitator of one who is suspended falls into.

Nuns’ Pārājika 8

Completing the eighth thing … she falls into three offences: if she is told by a man, “Come to such and such a place” and goes there, the offence is one of wrong-doing; in merely approaching the reach of the man’s hand, the offence is a grave one; if she completes the eighth thing the offence is one involving Defeat.

Concluded are the Offences involving Defeat

Saṅghādisesa

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 1

Bringing a law-suit, a nun who is one who speaks in envy falls into three offences: if she announces it to one (person) the offence is one of wrong-doing; if she announces it to a second the offence is a grave one; at the end of the law-suit the offence is one requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 2

Receiving a woman-thief she falls into three offences: following the motion there is an offence of wrong-doing; following the two resolutions there are grave offences; following the conclusion of the (three) resolutions the offence is one requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 3

Going alone among villages she falls into three offences: if she goes the offence is one of wrong-doing; if she makes the first foot cross the enclosure the offence is a grave one; if she makes the second foot cross the offence is one requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 4

Restoring a nun suspended by a complete Order, without having obtained permission from the Order, which carried out the proceedings in accordance with the rule, with Discipline with the Teacher’s instruction, not having learnt the group’s desire, she falls into three offences: following the motion. see Prv.2.2:Bi-Ss.2 above.

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 5

A nun who is filled with desire, partaking of solid food or soft food that with her own hand she has accepted from the hand of a man who is filled with desire, falls into three offences: if she accepts it thinking, “I will eat, I will partake of,” the offence is a grave one; for every mouthful the offence is one requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order; if she accepts water for cleansing the teeth, the offence is one of wrong-doing.

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 6

Instigating (by) saying, “What can this man, whether he is filled with desire or is not filled with desire, do to you, lady, since you are not filled with desire? Please, lady, eat or partake of the solid food or the soft food that this man is giving to you and that you have accepted with your own hand,” she falls into three offences: if at her bidding she accepts thinking, “I will eat, I will partake of,” the offence is one of wrong-doing; for every mouthful there is a grave offence; at the end of the meal the offence is one requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 10

Not giving up (her course) though being admonished up to the third time, a nun who is angry falls into three offences: following the motion … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Ss.2.

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 11

Not giving up (her course) though being admonished up to the third time, a nun who is overthrown in some legal question falls into three offences: following the motion …

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 12

Not giving up (their course) though being admonished up to the third time, nuns who live in company fall into three offences: following the motion …

Nuns’ Saṅghādisesa 13

Not giving up (her course) though being admonished up to the third time, (but) instigating (and) saying, “Ladies, live you as though in company, do not you live otherwise,” she falls into three offences: following the motion …

Concluded are the Offences requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order

Nissaggiya Pācittiya

Nuns’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 1

Making a hoard of bowls she falls into one offence: that of Expiation involving Forfeiture.

Nuns’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 2

Thinking that robe-material (given) not at the right time is robe-material (given) at the right time, having it distributed after she has allotted it, she falls into two offences: when she has it distributed, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when it has been distributed there is an offence of Expiation involving Forfeiture.

Nuns’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 3

Tearing away a robe she has exchanged with (another) nun, she falls into two offences: when she tears it away, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has torn it away there is an offence of Expiation involving Forfeiture.

Nuns’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 4

Having another thing asked for when she has had one thing asked for, she falls into two offences: when she has it asked for, in the action (request) there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has had it asked for there is an offence of Expiation involving Forfeiture.

Nuns’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 5

Getting another thing in exchange when she has got one thing in exchange … see Prv.2.2:Bi-NP.4.

Nuns’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 6

Getting another thing in exchange for that which was necessary (and) appointed for another thing, destined for another thing, (and) belonging to an Order, she falls into two offences: as she gets it in exchange, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has got it in exchange there is an offence of Expiation involving Forfeiture.

Nuns’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 7

Getting another thing in exchange for that which was necessary (and) appointed for another thing, destined for another thing, (and) belonging to an Order (and) that she herself had asked for belonging to a company … belonging to a company (and) that she herself had asked for … belonging to an individual (and) that she herself had asked for … see Prv.2.2:Bi-NP.6.

Nuns’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 11

Bargaining for a heavy cloth (worth) more than four “bronzes” she falls into two offences: when she bargains, m the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has bargained there is an offence of Expiation involving Forfeiture.

Nuns’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 12

Bargaining for a light cloth (worth) more than two and a “bronzes”, she falls into two offences …

Concluded are the Offences of Expiation involving Forfeiture

Pācittiya

Division 1: on Garlic

Nuns’ Pācittiya 1

Eating garlic she falls into two offences: if she accepts it thinking, “I will eat,” the offence is one of wrong-doing; for every mouthful there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 2

Letting the hair of the body grow she falls into two offences: when she lets it grow there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has let it grow there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 3

Slapping with the palms of the hands she falls into two offences: as she slaps, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has slapped there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 4

Taking an application of lac she falls into two offences: as she takes it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has taken it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 5

Taking an ablution with water consisting of more than (a measure of) two finger-joints she falls into two offences … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.4.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 6

Standing with drinking water or with a fan close to a monk while he is eating she falls into two offences: if she stands within a reach of the hand there is an offence of Expiation; if she stands having left a reach of the hand there is an offence of wrong-doing.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 7

Eating raw grain having had it asked for she falls into two offences: if she accepts it, thinking, “I will partake of it,” there is an offence of wrong-doing; for each mouthful there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 8

Throwing out excrement or urine or rubbish or the remains of food over a wall she falls into two offences: as she throws it out, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has thrown it out there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 9

Throwing out excrement … or the remains of food on to the crops …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 10

Going to see dancing or singing or music she falls into two offences: as she goes there is an offence of wrong-doing, standing where she sees or hears there is an offence of Expiation.

The First Division: that on Garlic

Division 2: on the Dark of the Night

Nuns’ Pācittiya 11

Standing together with a man, the one with the other, in the dark of the night when there is no light she falls into two offences: if she stands within the reach of a hand there is an offence of Expiation; if she stands having left the reach of the hand there is an offence of wrong-doing.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 12

Standing together with a man, the one with the other, in a secluded place …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 13

Standing together with a man, the one with the other, in an open place …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 14

Standing together with a man, the one with the other, on a carriage-road or in a cul-de-sac or at a cross-roads …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 15

Departing without asking the owner (for permission) after having approached families before a meal she falls into two offences: if she lets the first foot cross a place sheltered from the rain there is an offence of wrong-doing; if she lets the second foot cross there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 16

Sitting down on a seat without asking the owner (for permission) having approached families after a meal she falls into two offences: as she sits down, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has sat down there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 17

Sitting down on a sleeping-place which she has spread or has caused to be spread without asking the owner (for permission) after having approached families at a wrong time, she falls into two offences: as she sits down, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has sat down there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 18

Because of a misapprehension, because of a misunderstanding, making (someone) look down on another she falls into two offences: as she makes (someone) look down on, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has made (someone) look down on there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 19

Cursing herself or another with Niraya or with the Brahma-faring she falls into two offences: as she curses, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has cursed there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 20

Weeping, having struck herself again and again she falls into two offences: if she strikes and weeps there is an offence of Expiation; if she strikes (but) does not weep there is an offence of wrong-doing.

The Second Division: on the Dark of the Night

Division 3: on Bathing

Nuns’ Pācittiya 21

Bathing naked she falls into two offences: as she is bathing in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has bathed there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 22

Having a bathing-cloth made exceeding the (proper) measure she falls into two offences: as she is having it made, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has had it made there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 23

Neither sewing nor making an effort to get sewn a nun’s robe that she has unsewn or caused to be unsewn, she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 24

Missing going about in an outer cloak for five days … one offence …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 25

Wearing a robe that should be handed back she falls into two offences: while she wears it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has worn it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 26

Putting an obstacle in the way of a group’s receiving robe-material she falls into two offences: as she puts it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has put it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 27

Holding back a legally valid division of robe-material she falls into two offences: as she holds it back, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has held it back there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 28

Giving recluses’ robe-material to a householder or a wanderer or a female wanderer she falls into two offences: as she is giving, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has given there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 29

Letting a robe-season pass when the expectation of robe-material is not sure she falls into two offences: as she lets it pass, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has let it pass there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 30

Holding back a legally valid removal of the kaṭhina (privileges) she falls into two offences … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.27.

The Third Division: on Bathing

Division 4: on Sharing

Nuns’ Pācittiya 31

Two nuns sharing one couch fall into two offences: as they lie down, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when they have lain down there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 32

Two nuns sharing one covering-cloth …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 33

Intentionally causing discomfort to a nun she falls into two offences: as she causes it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has caused it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 34

Neither attending to an ailing (woman) who lives with her nor making an effort to get her attended to she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 35

After giving quarters to a nun, theft being angry, displeased, throwing her out she falls into two offences: as she throws her out, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has thrown her out there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 36

Not giving up (her course) though being admonished up to the third time a nun who keeps company falls into two offences: following the motion there is an offence of wrong-doing; at the end of the resolutions there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 37

Walking without a weapon on almstour within (her own) region (when this is) agreed upon as dangerous, frightening she falls into two offences: as she goes along, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has gone along there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 38

Walking … outside (her own) region … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.37.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 39

Walking on almstour during the rains, she falls into two offences: as she goes along …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 40

Not setting out on almstour after she has kept the rains a nun falls into one offence: Expiation.

The Fourth Division: on Sharing

Nuns’ Pācittiya 41

Going to see a king’s pleasure house or a picture gallery or a park or a pleasure grove or a lotus pond, she falls into two offences: as she is going there is an offence of wrong-doing; standing where she sees there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 42

Making use of a sofa or a divan she falls into two offences: she makes use, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has made use there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 43

Spinning yam she falls into two offences: as she spins, in e action there is an offence of wrong-doing; for every running-up there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 44

Doing household work she falls into two offences: as she does it there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has done it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 45

When one is being spoken to by a nun, saying, “Come lady, settle this legal question,” and having answered, “Very good,” but neither settling it nor making an effort to get it settled, she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 46

Giving with her own hand solid food or soft food to a householder or a wanderer or a female wanderer, she falls into two offences: as she gives it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has given it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 47

Making use of a household robe, not having given it up, she falls into two offences: as she makes use of it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has made use of it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 48

Setting out on almstour without having given up her dwelling she falls into two offences: as she makes the first foot cross the enclosure there is an offence of wrong-doing; as she makes the second foot cross there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 49

Learning worldly knowledge she falls into two offences: as she learns, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; for every line there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 50

Teaching worldly knowledge she falls into two offences: as she teaches, in the action …

The Fifth Division: on a Picture-Gallery

Division 6: on a Monastery

Nuns’ Pācittiya 51

Knowingly entering a monastery with monks (in it) without asking (for permission) she falls into two offences: as she makes the first foot cross the enclosure … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.48.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 52

Reviling and abusing a monk she falls into two offences: as she is reviling, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing, when she has reviled there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 53

Being quick-tempered and abusing a group, she falls into two offences: as she is abusing, in the action there is an offence o wrong-doing; when she has abused there is an offence o Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 54

Partaking of solid food or soft food when she has been invited or has been satisfied, she falls into two offences: as she accepts it thinking, “I will eat, I will partake of” there is an offence of wrong-doing; for every mouthful there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 55

Being grudging as to families she falls into two offences: as she grudges, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has grudged there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 56

Spending the rains in a residence where there is no monk she falls into two offences: if she thinks, “I will spend the rains” (and) prepares a lodging, provides drinking water and water for washing, sweeps a cell, there is an offence of wrong-doing; with sunrise there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 57

Not “inviting” both Orders in respect of three matters, a nun who has kept the rains falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 58

Not going for exhortation or for communion she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 59

Not asking (the date of) the Observance day and not approaching for exhortation … one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 60

Making burst, together with a man, the one with the other, a boil or a scab that has formed on the lower part of her body (and) not having obtained permission from an Order or a group she falls into two offences: as she makes it burst, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has burst it there is an offence of Expiation.

The Sixth Division: on a Monastery

Division 7: on a Pregnant Woman

Nuns’ Pācittiya 61

Ordaining a pregnant woman she falls into two offences: as she ordains her, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has ordained her there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 62

Ordaining a woman giving suck … a probationer who has not trained for two years in the six rules … a probationer who has trained for two years in the six rules but is not agreed upon by the Order … a girl married for less than twelve years … a girl married for a full twelve years who has not trained for two years in the six rules … a girl married for a full twelve years who has trained for two years in the six rules but is not agreed upon by the Order, she falls into two offences: as she ordains her, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has ordained her there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 68

Ordaining the woman who lives with her (but) for two years neither helping her nor having her helped she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 69

Not waiting on an ordained woman instructor for two years … one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 70

Having ordained the woman who lives with her (but) neither withdrawing her nor having her withdrawn … one offence: Expiation.

The Seventh Division: on a Pregnant Woman

Division 8: on a Maiden

Nuns’ Pācittiya 71

Ordaining a maiden under twenty years of age … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.61.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 72

Ordaining a maiden who has completed twenty years of age (but) has not trained for two years in the six rules …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 73

Ordaining a maiden who has completed twenty years of age and has trained for two years in the six rules but is not agreed upon by the Order …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 74

Ordaining while she is less than twelve years (of standing) …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 75

Ordaining when she has completed twelve years (of standing) but is not agreed upon by the Order …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 76

Afterwards engaging in criticism when on being told, “You have ordained sufficiently, lady, for the time being,” and having answered, “Very good,” she falls into two offences: while she is criticizing, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has criticized there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 77

Neither ordaining nor making an effort to get a probationer ordained to whom she has said, “If you, lady, will give me a robe, I will ordain you,” she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 78

Saying to a probationer, “If you, lady, will wait on me for two years, I will ordain you” … Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 79

Ordaining a probationer who is keeping company with men, keeping company with youths, who is violent, a dwelling-place of grief … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.71.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 80

Ordaining a probationer without the consent of (her) parents or (her) husband …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 81

Ordaining a probationer by showing favouritism (to monks) placed on probation …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 82

Ordaining every year …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 83

Ordaining two (probationers) in one year …

The Eighth Division: on a Maiden

Division 9: on Sunshade and Sandals

Nuns’ Pācittiya 84

Using a sunshade and sandals she falls into two offences: as she is using them, there is an offence of wrong-doing in the action; when she has used (them) there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 85

Going in a vehicle she falls into two offences: as she is going, there is an offence of wrong-doing in the action; when she has gone there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 86

Wearing a petticoat … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.84.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 87

Wearing women’s ornaments …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 88

Bathing with perfume and paint she falls into two offences: as she bathes, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; at the end of the bathing there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 89

Bathing with scented ground sesamum …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 90–93

Causing herself to be rubbed (with ointment) and causing herself to be massaged by a nun … a probationer … a woman novice … a woman householder she falls into two offences: as she causes herself to be rubbed (with ointment), in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has caused herself to be rubbed there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 94

Sitting down on a seat in front of a monk without asking (for permission) she falls into two offences: as she sits down, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has sat down there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 95

Asking a question of a monk who has not given permission she falls into two offences: as she asks, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has asked there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 96

Entering a village without wearing a vest she falls into two offences: as she makes the first foot cross the enclosure there is an offence of wrong-doing; as she makes the second foot Cross there is an offence of Expiation.

The Ninth Division: on Sunshade and Sandals

Concluded is the Minor (Class)

Pātidesanīya

Nuns’ Pātidesanīya 1–8

Partaking of ghee … oil … honey … molasses … fish … meat … milk … curds that she has had asked for she fails into two offences: as she accepts it saying, “I will partake of it” there is an offence of wrong-doing; for every mouthful there is an offence to be Confessed.

Concluded are the Eight Offences to be Confessed

Concluded is the Second Chapter: on How many Offences?

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Fordítota: I.B. Horner, Bhikkhu Brahmali

Forrás: SuttaCentral

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