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bārānasī →


…the capital of Kāsi. The Bhojājāniya Jātaka J.i.178 says that ‘all the kings around coveted the kingdom of Benares.’ In the Brahāchatta Jātaka…

dakkhiṇāpatha →


…be synonymous with Dakkhinajanapada and says that it was the district (janapada) south of the Ganges (Gangaya dakkhinato pakatajanapadam).

It is…

gayāsīsa →


…J.i.142, 425, 490f J.iv.180 It is said J.i.185, 508; ii.38f that Ajātasattu built a special monastery for Devadatta at Gayāsīsa.


sākya →


…Sākyans were very jealous of the purity of their race; they belonged to the Ādiccagotta, (ādiccā nāma gottena, Sākiyā nāma…

kūṭa →


…Ja.i.275, Ja.i.393, Ja.i.401 Ja.v.151;; Vv-a.243. Cp. arahattena kūṭaṃ gaṇhanto Ja.i.114; arahattaphalena k. gaṇhiṃ…

upakūlita →


…says the commentary Morris J.P.T.S. 1884, 74 trsls. obstructed; Mrs Rh. D. in “Sisters” takes it for upakūḷita and…

chabbaggiyā →


…six leaders were Assaji, Punabbasu, Panduka, Lohitaka, Mettiya and Bhummaja hence their name.

There were also nuns in their following, who…

thullanandā →


…one of four sisters who all joined the Order, the others being Nandā, Nandavatī and Sundarinandā.

Thulla-Nandā appears to have had charge of…

pañca →


…king or brahmin): sujāta, ajjhāyaka abhirūpa, sīlavā, paṇḍita (see anga; on another combination with anga see below). The phrase pañc’…

jātimant →


…jātimā viya khattiyo); Ja.i.342 (jātimanta-kulaputtā). Of a precious stone: maṇi veḷuriyo subho j.˚ DN.i.76 = MN.ii.17; DN-a.i.221;…

māyā →


…e.g. at Ja.ii.330; Ja.v.367; Cnd.680#a ii 3. jugglery, conjuring Mil.3
■ On māyā in similes see J.P.T.S. 1907, 122;…

mātar →


…Snp.296; Dhp.43; Ja.iv.463; Ja.v.83;; Cnd.504 (def. as janikā); gen. mātu Thag.473; Vin.i.17; Ja.i.52 mātuyā Ja.i.53; Mhvs.10,…

madhu →


-lāja sweet corn Ja.iv.214 Ja.iv.281

  • -vāṇija honey seller Mhvs.5, 49
  • -ssava flowing with honey Pv.ii.9#11

cp. Vedic madhu,…

rindī →


…to read either with Morris, J.P.T.S. 1884, 94 “rittī va” (= rittā iva), “as it were, empty,” or (preferably) with Thag-a.212…

rukkha →


…- m. s., pūti-mutta bhesajja), Vin.i.96 (id.) AN.iv.231. -mūlika (a) one who lives at the foot of a tree, an open air…

loṇa →


…Vin.i.202 (loṇāni bhesajjāni alkaline medicine among which are given sāmuddaṃ kāḷaloṇaṃ sindhavaṃ ubbhidaṃ bilaṃ as var….

buddha →


…pass. pp. of bujjhati, cp. Epic Sk. buddha


  1. one who has attained enlightenment; a man superior to all other…

cora →


…(˚rājā, the robber king); Ja.ii.104; Ja.iii.84; Mil.20; Vism.180 (sah’ oḍḍha c.), Vism.314 (in simile), Vism.489 (rāja-puris…

kinnara →


…Ja.iv.254, Ja.iv.438, Ja.v.47, Ja.v.456; Mil.267. Canda kinnara Np. Ja.i.91,, f. kinnarā Np. of a queen Ja.v.437 sq.,…

kilañjā →


…a mat“ suvaṇṇa-kilañjā a gilt mat Ja.iv.212. As a fascine used in making a road: Dhp-a.i.442. as a screen (combined with chatta, fan)…

pāceti →


…c. for j (see Geiger,

Pali Grammar

§ 39#3); pra + aj: see aja

udāyī →


Udāyī1LāludāyīPaṇḍita Udāyī

There were at least two monks called Udāyī, and it is not always possible to be sure which one is meant. When the Buddha preached the Nāgopama Sutta, AN.iii.344 …

sāketa →


…failed to cure her. Jīvaka, on his way to Rājagaha, after finishing his studies in Takkasilā, visited Sāketa, heard of her illness, and…

nigrodhārāma →


…grove in Rājagaha. The Buddha says that there he once gave Ānanda the chance of asking him to live for a whole aeon, but Ānanda…

aciravatī →


…DN.i.235–236 The Tevijjā Sutta was preached here, and the Aciravatī is used in a simile to prove the futility of sacrifices and prayers:…

devadatta →


…walking on the slopes of Gijjhakūṭa, he hurled down on him a great rock. Two peaks sprang up from the ground, thereby arresting its rushing…

channa →


…monk. He once stayed at Gijjhakūṭa, dangerously ill and suffering much pain. He was visited by Sāriputta and Mahā Cunda, and when they…

caṇḍakālī →


…Buddha and the nuns and to join some other Order, declaring that there were other Orders which were, in every way, as good as the Buddha’s….

kosambī →


…mentioned being Ujjeni, Gonaddha, Vedisa, Vanasavhya, Kosambī, Sāketa, Sāvatthī, Setavyā, Kapilavatthu, Kusinārā, Pāvā,…

gijjhakūṭa →


…was on the slopes of Gijjhakūṭa, where the Buddha was wandering about, that Devadatta hurled at him a mighty stone to kill him, but only a…

aggāḷave cetiye →


Aggāḷave CetiyeAggālavacetiya

The chief shrine at Āḷavī, originally a pagan place of worship, but later converted into a Buddhist vihāra. The Buddha stopped here on many occasions during his wander …

bhaddiya →


…and stayed sometimes at the Jātiyāvana where Meṇḍaka, who lived there, came to see him. Vin.ii.242 AN.iii.36

It was there that the precept…

khaṇḍadeviyāputta →


A monk, one of the associates of Devadatta, mentioned with Kokālika, Katamoraka Tissa and Samuddadatta. They helped Devadatta in his attempt to cause a rift in the Saṅgha.Vin.ii.196 Vin.iii.171 Khaṇḍa …

mettiyabhummajakā →


…day, while descending from Gijjhakūṭa, the Mettiyabhummajakā monks saw a heifer with a she goat and the idea occurred to them of calling the…

andhakavinda →


…which rises in the Gijjhakūṭa. Vin.i.109 Once the Buddha went from Benares to Andhakavinda with 1,250 monks, and many people followed…

bhagu →


…MN.iii.155 Vin.i.350 Vin.ii.182

A monk named Bhagu is mentioned Vin.i.300 as staying with Jātipupphiya at the Kukkuṭārāma in Pāṭaliputta,…

bhaddā →


…and the latter, being jealous of Bhaddā, went out of her way to insult her. Vin.iv.290 Once Bhaddā sent word to Sāketa asking Thullanandā…

dabbamallaputta →


…Dabba to the Mettiya-Bhummajakā at the house of a rich man, who, discovering their identity, gave orders that they were to be fed anyhow. The…

avanti →


…part having its capital at Ujjenī and the southern part at Māhissati (Māhismatī).

The King of Avanti was Pajjota, a man of violent temper…

indapatta →


…was seven leagues in extent J.v.57; J.v.484 and there was a road that ran straight from Indapatta to Baranasi J.v.59.

In times past, Indapatta was…

anāthapiṇḍika →


…his eye fell on the park of Jetakumāra. He bought the park at great expense and erected therein the famous Jetavanārāma. As a result of this and…

kāsi →


…when Pasenadi’s daughter Vajirā was married to Ajātasattu, the village was given back as part of her dowry. SN.i.82ff.


maddakucchi →


…Rājagaha, at the foot of Gijjhakūṭa. It was a preserve where deer and game could dwell in safety. When Devadatta, wishing to kill the Buddha,…

giraggasamajjā →


…held from time to time in Rājagaha. According to the Vinaya accounts Vin.ii.107f. Vin.ii.150 Vin.iv.85 Vin.iv.267 there were dancing, singing and…

ariṭṭha →


…monk. He had been subjected by the Saṅgha to the ukkhepanīyakamma for refusal to renounce a sinful doctrine, namely, that the states of…

jīvaka →


…Nikāya. AN.iv.222f.

At Jīvaka’s request, the Buddha enjoined upon monks to take exercise; Jīvaka had gone to Vesāli on business and had…

assajipunabbasukā →


…the Buddha he had the Pabbājanīyakamma revoked. Vin.ii.9–13 Vin.ii.14 Vin.ii.15

The Assaji-Punabbasukas seem to have had a special dislike…

sāvatthī →


…Vin.i.293 The road from Rājagaha to Sāvatthī passed through Vesāli, Vin.ii.159f. and the Pārāyanavagga Snp.1011–1013 gives the resting…

dhanitthaka →


An example of a low family name. Vin.iv.6 Vin.iv.13

savitthaka →


An example of a low family name. Vin.iv.8 Vin.iv.13

andhavana →


…was in Andhavana.

The Pārājika Vin.iii.28ff. contains stories of monks who committed offences in the forest with shepherdesses and others, and…

isipatana →


…Buddha, leaving Uruvelā, joined them in Isipatana, and it was there that he preached his first sermon, the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta….

rājagaha →


…five hills—Paṇḍava, Gijjhakūṭa, Vebhāra, Isigili and Vepulla. It is said MN.iii.68 that these hills, with the exception of Isigili, were…

katamorakatissa →


…whom Devadatta incited to join him in stirring up discord among the Saṅgha, the others being Kokālika, Khaṇḍadevīputta and Samuddadatta…

bimbisāra →


…The Buddha returned to Rājagaha immediately after his conversion of the Tebhātika Jaṭilā. He stayed at the Supatiṭṭha cetiya in…

kaṇṭaka →


Kaṇṭaka Kaṇḍaka

A novice ordained by Upananda. Kaṇṭaka committed an offence with another novice, Mahaka. When this became known, a rule was passed that no monk should ordain two novices Vin.i.79 ; th …

bhaggā →


…case the Bhaggā were subject to Kosambī.

It was while sojourning in the Bhagga country that Moggallāna was attacked by Māra entering into…

pilindavaccha →



A monk whose enigmatic Theragāthā verse speaks of what has come and not departed. Thag.9 Certain devas who had been born in the deva w …

mahāmoggallāna →



In the Māratajjanīya Sutta MN.i.332ff. we are told how Māra worried Moggallāna by entering into his belly, but Moggallāna…

viya →


o Snp.580 (vajjho v.), Snp.818 (kapaṇo v.); or ṃ: Snp.381 (vajantaṃ v.), Snp.689 (nekkhaṃ v.). 2. dubitative particle: *na…

kokālika →


…of sinful desires, he left Jetavana, but boils immediately came out on his body, swelling and bursting. Groaning with pain, he fell down at the…

campā →


A city in India on the river of the same name; it was the capital of Aṅga and was celebrated for its beautiful lake, the Gaggarā-pokkharaṇī. On its banks was a grove of campaka-trees, well known for …

kamma →


…Snp.263 = Kp.v.6 (anavajjāni k. = anākulā kammantā Snp.262). paresaṃ k˚ṃ katvā doing other people’s work = being a servant…

kīṭāgiri →


…certain monk, on his way to Jetavana, passed through the place and was asked by a pious layman to complain to the Buddha of their ill-behaviour….

gagana →


…Ja.iii.365; cando g˚ majjhe ṭhito Ja.v.137; cando gagane viya sobhati Vism.58; g˚ tale candaṃ viya Dhp-a.i.372; g˚ tale puṇṇacanda…

kapilavatthu →


…The administration and judicial business of the city and all other matters of importance were discussed and decided in the Santhāgārasālā….

paṭiyāloka →



A place near Rājagaha. Vin.iv.79 Vin.iv.131

near Rājagaha3town

jātiyāvana →


…whom a woman committed a misdemeanour while he was sleeping in Jātiyāvana.

25.89752, 86.793363park

ajapālanigrodha →


…There he met the Huhuṅkajātika Brahmin. Vin.i.2–3 Two weeks later he went there again from the Rajāyatana. Vin.i.4 It was then that the…

assaji →


…of his wanderings, saw Assaji begging for alms in Rājagaha, and being pleased with his demeanour, followed him till he had finished his round….

māgadha →


…sisters. When Candappajjota of Ujjeni was suffering from jaundice, Bimbisāra sent him his own personal physician, Jīvaka.

In Māgadha was…

sītavana →


A grove near Rājagaha where Anāthapiṇḍika first met the Buddha. When Anāthapiṇḍika approached it, he was filled with fear and trembling….

saṇha →


…mild DN.ii.259; Snp.853; Ja.i.202, Ja.i.376; Mnd.234; Pv-a.56, Pv-a.215. Of speech (opp. pharusa harsh) MN.i.126;…

belaṭṭhasīsa →


An arahant, preceptor of Ānanda. He was once afflicted with scurvy and his robes clung to him. The monks thereupon applied water to the robes, but when the Buddha heard of it he made a rule allowing n …

susumāragiri →


…MN.i.95f. and the Bodhirāja Sutta. MN.ii.91f. The city was the residence of Nakulapitā and his wife, with whom the Buddha had several…

samuddadatta →


…whom Devadatta persuaded to join him in trying to bring about schism in the Order.Vin.ii.196 Vin.iii.171 He was a favourite of Thullanandā….

taṭataṭāyati →


…Ja.i.347 (rosena), Ja.i.439 (kodhena); Ja.ii.277 (of a bhikkhu kodhana “boiling with rage” like a “uddhane pakkhitta-loṇaṃ…

sīveyyaka →


…Sivi country. Vin.i.278 Pajjota gave a pair of robes of this material to Jīvaka, as a present for his cure. These robes Jīvaka gave to the…

dakkhiṇāgiri →


…Dakkhiṇāgiri refusing to join in the findings of the Rājagaha Council, and preferring to follow the Dhamma according to his own lights….

soreyya →


A town where Soreyya-Revata lived. Vin.ii.299 There was a direct route from Verañja to Payāgatiṭṭha, passing through Soreyya, Saṅkassa and Kaṇṇakuja. Vin.iii.11


pamaṭṭa →


in cpd. luñcita-pamaṭṭā kapotī viya (simile for a woman who has lost all her hair) at Pv-a.47 is doubtful it should probably be read as luñcita-pakkhikā k. viya i.e. like a pigeon whose feathers …

jāta →


…(born a G.; rukkho j. Ja.i.222; latā jātā Dhp.340; gāmanissandhena jātāni sūpeyya-paṇṇāni Vism.250
■ (n. he who or…

jaṭila →


…been j.) = Vv-a.13 = Pv-a.22; SN.i.78; Snp.p.103 Snp.p.104 (Keṇiya j.); Ja.i.15; Ja.ii.382; Ud.6; Dpvs.i.38.

BSk. jaṭila

jāti →


…of a kamma, resting on avijjā, performed in anterior births & forms thus the concluding link in the chain of the Paṭicca-samuppāda. Under…

janati →


■ See also jantu jamma, jāta, jāti ñāti, etc.

Sk. janati (trs.) & jāyate (intrs.); *gene & *gné to (be able to)…

jana →


…See also puthujjana 2. pl. men, persons, people, beings nānā˚ various living beings Snp.1102 (explained at Cnd.248 as khattiyā…

sumanā →


…a wreath of jasmine Ja.iv.455.

  • -paṭṭa cloth with jasmine pattern Ja.i.62. *…

ta →


…the euphonic t is used (ajja-t-agge). Hence ta- is abstracted as a crude (adverbial) form used like any other root in composition. Thus:…

mahākassapa →


…reminded him of the seven bojjhangas which he had practised. SN.v.78

Kassapa had special compassion for the poor and would sgo to the poorest…

ajjhohata →


having swallowed Sdhp.610 (balisaṃ maccho viya: like a fish the fishhook).

pp. of ajjhoharati

licchavī →


…often referred to as the Vajjīs. They were beautiful to look at and wore brilliantly coloured garments, riding in brightly painted…

kāḷasilā →


…monks came from afar to Rājagaha they would ask Dabba Mallaputta to find them lodgings there because they wished to see evidence of Dabba’s…

mahāpajāpatī →


…of monks and nuns in Jetavana, the Buddha declared Pajāpatī chief of those who were long ordained. AN.i.25

It is said that once…

mahānāma →


…This he did, and was joined there the next morning by Mahānāma; as a result of the discussion between the Buddha, Mahānāma and…

kosinārakā →


Inhabitants of Kusinārā. Vin.i.247

lakkhaṇa →


…with Mahā Moggallāna on Gijjhakūṭa. Once, when they were going down to Rājagaha for alms, Lakkhaṇa noticed that at a certain spot…