(Letölthető rövid segédanyag: Páli-Magyar Szójegyzék)

vidv��, 100 találat.

chabbaggiyā →


A group of six monks, contemporary with the Buddha, frequently mentioned as being guilty of various Vinaya offences. Vin.i.84f. Vin.i.104 Vin.i.106 Vin.i.111 Vin.i.113 Vin.i.114 Vin.i.138 Vin.i.160 …

thullanandā →


A nun, one of four sisters who all joined the Order, the others being Nandā, Nandavatī and Sundarinandā.

Thulla-Nandā appears to have had charge of a large company of nuns, all of whom followed her …

upananda →



A monk, belonging to the Sākyan clan, who was known for his greed in procuring requisites. Several incidents connected with him are mentioned in the Vinaya. Once he promised to s …

udāyī →


Udāyī1LāludāyīPaṇḍita Udāyī

There were at least two monks called Udāyī, and it is not always possible to be sure which one is meant. When the Buddha preached the Nāgopama Sutta, AN.iii.344 …

aggi →



  1. fire, flames, sparks; conflagration Vin.ii.120 (fire in bathroom); MN.i.487 (anāhāro nibbuto f. gone out for lack of fuel); SN.iv.185, SN.iv.399 (sa-upādāno jalati provided with fuel blazes …

veḷuvana →



A park near Rājagaha, the pleasure garden of Bimbisāra. When the Buddha first visited Rājagaha, after his Enlightenment, he stayed at the Latthivanuyyāna. Vin.i.35 The da …

sāketa →


A town in Kosala. It was regarded in the Buddha’s time as one of the six great cities of India, the others being Campā, Rājagaha, Sāvatthī, Kosambī and Benares. DN.ii.146 In the Vinaya Vin.i.253 howev …

upāli →


Upāli 1

One of the most eminent of the Buddha’s immediate disciples. He belonged to a barber’s family in Kapilavatthu and entered the service of the Sākiyan princes. When Anuruddha and his …

nigrodhārāma →



A grove near Kapilavatthu, where a residence was provided for the Buddha. Vin.i.82 There Mahāpajāpati Gotamī first asked permission for women to enter the Order. This was ref …

agga →



adjective noun

  1. (adj.)
    1. of time: the first, foremost Dpvs.iv.13 (saṅgahaṃ first collection). See cpds
    2. of space: the highest, topmost, Ja.i.52 (˚sākhā)
    3. of qual …

devadatta →


A monk, a close relative of the Buddha, who split the Sangha, and attempted to overthrow the Buddha and have him murdered. In one passage in the Vinaya, Vin.ii.189 Devadatta is spoken of as Godhiputta …

aciravatī →


A river, the modern Rāpti in Uttar Pradesh; one of the pañca-mahānadī, Vin.ii.237 the five great rivers flowing from the Himālaya eastwards (pācīnaninnā) SN.v.39 into the sea. During the hot seas …

antara →


adjective Primary meanings are “inside” and “in between” as adj. “inner”; in prep. use & in compounds “inside, in between”. Further development of meaning is with a view of contrasting the (two) sides …

channa →



A Wanderer, classed among those who wore clothes. He is only mentioned once, in the Aṅguttara Nikāya, AN.iii.215 where we are told that he visited Ānanda at Sāvatthī and asked him …

adhikaraṇa →


  1. attendance, supervision, management of affairs, administration Pv-a.209.
  2. relation, reference, reason, cause, consequence DN.ii.59 (-˚: in consequence of); SN.ii.41; SN.v.19. Esp. acc. -ṃ as …

aggaḷā →


Aggaḷa & Aggaḷā

feminine (see [occasionally with l.](/define/occasionally with l.)) a contrivance to fasten anything for security or obstruction:

  1. a bolt or cross-bar Vin.i.290; DN.i.89 (*-ṃ āko …

accaya →


  1. (temporal) lapse, passing; passing away, end, death. Usually as instr. accayena after the lapse of, at the end or death of, after Vin.i.25; DN.ii.127 (rattiyā a.), DN.ii.154 ( …

aggaḷa →


Aggaḷa & Aggaḷā

feminine (see [occasionally with l.](/define/occasionally with l.)) a contrivance to fasten anything for security or obstruction:

  1. a bolt or cross-bar Vin.i.290; DN.i.89 (*-ṃ āko …

abbhāna →


coming back, rehabilitation of a bhikkhu who has undergone a penance for an expiable offence Vin.i.49 (˚âraha), Vin.i.53 (id.), Vin.i.143 Vin.i.327; Vin.ii.33, Vin.ii.40, Vin.ii.162; AN.i.99
■ Cp. * …

caṇḍakālī →


A nun, well known for her quarrelsome propensities. She was a friend of Thullanandā, during whose absence the other nuns once expelled Caṇḍakālī from their midst. This act was greatly resented by Thul …

kosambī →


The capital of the Vatsas or Vaṃsas. In the time of the Buddha its king was Parantapa, and after him reigned his son Udena. Kosambī was evidently a city of great importance at the time of the Buddha f …

alaṃ →


indeclinable emphatic particle

  1. in affirmative sentences: part. of assurance emphasis = for sure, very much (so), indeed, truly. Note. In connection with a dat. or an infin. the latter only app …

vesāli →


A city, capital of the Licchavis. It is not possible to know how many visits were paid by the Buddha to Vesāli, but the books would lead us to infer that they were several. Various Vinaya rules are me …

gijjhakūṭa →


GijjhakūṭaVulture’s Peak

One of the five hills encircling Rājagaha. It was evidently a favourite resort of those who followed the religious life.

The Buddha seems to have been attracted by its solit …

aggāḷave cetiye →


Aggāḷave CetiyeAggālavacetiya

The chief shrine at Āḷavī, originally a pagan place of worship, but later converted into a Buddhist vihāra. The Buddha stopped here on many occasions during his wander …

bhagu →



A famous sage of old. Vin.i.245 DN.i.104 DN.i.238 DN.i.243 MN.ii.169 MN.ii.200 AN.iii.224 AN.iv.61


He was born in a Sākiyan family, and having left the world wit …

dabbamallaputta →


An arahant. With the Buddha’s sanction, and wishing to be of service to the Order, he took upon himself the task of appointing night’s-lodgings to travelling monks and of directing them to meals. He …

mettiyabhummajakā →


A group of monks, followers of Mettiya and Bhummajaka forming part of the Chabbaggiyā (Group of Six Monks).

Twice they brought an unfounded charge of breach of morality against Dabba Mallaputta, who …

bhaddiya →



An anāgāmī, one of seven persons who became arahants as soon as they were born in Avihā. SN.i.35 SN.i.60


Chief among monks of aristocratic …

khaṇḍadeviyāputta →


A monk, one of the associates of Devadatta, mentioned with Kokālika, Katamoraka Tissa and Samuddadatta. They helped Devadatta in his attempt to cause a rift in the Saṅgha.Vin.ii.196 Vin.iii.171 Khaṇḍa …

bhaddā →



Wife of King Muṇḍa. At her death the king placed her body in a vessel of oil and mourned for her until his friend Piyaka took him to Nārada Thera at the Kukkuṭārāma, and there made …

amūḷha-vinaya →



“acquittal on the ground of restored sanity” (Childers) Vin.i.325 (ix.6, 2); Vin.ii.81 (iv.5), Vin.ii.99 (iv.14, 27), Vin.iv.207, Vin.iv.351; MN.ii.248.

abhivitarati →


“to go down to”, i.e. give in, to pay heed, observe Vin.i.134 and in ster. expln. of sañcicca at Vin.ii.91; Vin.iii.73, Vin.iii.112; Vin.iv.290.

abhi + vitarati

avanti →


One of the four great monarchies in the time of the Buddha, the other three being Māgadha, Kosala and Vaṃsa (or Vatsa). Avanti is also mentioned among the sixteen Great Nations. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN. …

anta →



  1. end, finish, goal SN.iv.368 (of Nibbāna); Snp.467; Ja.ii.159. antaṃ karoti to make an end (of) Snp.283, Snp.512; Dhp.275, cp. antakara, ˚kiriyā
    ■ loc. ante at the end of, …

andhakavinda →


A village in the Māgadha country, three gāvuta from Rājagaha. Between it and Rājagaha is the river Sappinī, which rises in the Gijjhakūṭa. Vin.i.109 Once the Buddha went from Benares to Andhakavinda w …

abbheti →


to rehabilitate a bhikkhu who has been suspended for breach of rules Vin.ii.7 (abbhento), Vin.ii.33 (abbheyya); Vin.iii.112 (abbheti), Vin.iii.186 = Vin.iv.242 (abbhetabba)
pp *[abbhita](/define/abb …

ājīvakā →



A class of naked ascetics, Vin.i.291 followers of Makkhali Gosāla, regarded, from the Buddhist point of view, as the worst of sophists. Numerous references to the Ājīvakas are to be fo …

andhavana →


A grove to the south of Sāvatthī, one gāvuta away from the city. It was well guarded and monks and nuns used to resort there in search of solitude. The Bhikkhunī Saṃyutta contains stories of nuns wh …

maddakucchi →


A park near Rājagaha, at the foot of Gijjhakūṭa. It was a preserve where deer and game could dwell in safety. When Devadatta, wishing to kill the Buddha, hurled a rock down Gijjhakūṭa, it was stopped …

antamaso →


adverb even Vin.iii.260; Vin.iv.123; DN.i.168; MN.iii.127; AN.v.195; Ja.ii.129; DN-a.i.170; Snp-a.35; Vv-a.155.

orig. abl. of antama, *Sk. antamaśah; cp. BSk. antaśah as same formation fr. anta, …

dhanitthaka →


An example of a low family name. Vin.iv.6 Vin.iv.13

kāsi →



One of the sixteen Great Nations, AN.i.213 its capital being Bārāṇasī.

At the time of the Buddha, it had been absorbed into the kingdom of Kosala, and Pasenadi was king …

ahi →


snake Vin.ii.109; DN.i.77; SN.iv.198; AN.iii.306 sq.; AN.iv.320; AN.v.289; Mnd.484; Vism.345 (+ kukkura etc.); Vv-a.100; Pv-a.144.

  • -kuṇapa the carcase of a snake Vin.iii.68 …

akkhaka →


the collar-bone Vin.iv.213 (adhakkhakaṃ); Vin.v.216.

akkha1 + ka

visākhā →



. Thig.13


The chief among the female lay disciples of the Buddha and declared by him to be foremost among those who ministered to the Order. AN.i.26 She is c …

anāthapiṇḍika →


A banker (seṭṭhi) of Sāvatthī who became famous because of his unparalleled generosity to the Buddha. His first meeting with the Buddha was during the first year after the Enlightenment, in Rājagaha …

kokālika →



A monk, one of the chief partisans of Devadatta. Knowing the Buddha’s might, he was, at first, reluctant to join in Devadatta’s plot against him, but later allowed himself to be pers …

sāvatthī →


The capital city of Kosala in India and one of the six great Indian cities during the lifetime of the Buddha. DN.ii.147 It was six leagues from Sāketa. Vin.i.253 It was on the banks of the Aciravatī.V …

giraggasamajjā →


A festival held from time to time in Rājagaha. According to the Vinaya accounts Vin.ii.107f. Vin.ii.150 Vin.iv.85 Vin.iv.267 there were dancing, singing and music.

kaṇṭaka →


Kaṇṭaka Kaṇḍaka

A novice ordained by Upananda. Kaṇṭaka committed an offence with another novice, Mahaka. When this became known, a rule was passed that no monk should ordain two novices Vin.i.79 ; th …

katamorakatissa →



One of the monks whom Devadatta incited to join him in stirring up discord among the Saṅgha, the others being Kokālika, Khaṇḍadevīputta and Samuddadatta Vin.ii.196 Vi …

ajjhupagamana →


consent, agreement, justification Vin.ii.97, Vin.ii.104.

adhi + upa + gam

ajjhāciṇṇa →


habitually done Vin.ii.80 sq., Vin.ii.301.

pp. of ajjhācarati

ajjuṇho →


adverb this moonlight night Vin.i.25; Vin.iv.80.

haplology fr. ajja-juṇho; see juṇhā

jīvaka →



A celebrated physician, and the Buddha’s doctor. The Vinaya contains many stories of his skill in healing. Vin.i.268–281 Once when the Buddha was ill, Jīvaka found it necessa …

mahāmoggallāna →



The second of the Chief Disciples of the Buddha. He and Sāriputta went forth as disciples of Sañjaya. After some time, Sāriputta, wandering about in Rājagaha, met Assaj …

acchindati →


to remove forcibly, to take away, rob, plunder Vin.iv.247 (sayaṃ a. to appropriate); Ja.ii.422; Ja.iii.179; Ja.iv.343; Mil.20; Sdhp.122
ger acchinditvā Ja.ii.422; Dhp-a.i.349; Pv-a.241 (sayaṃ); …

amata →




  1. The drink of the gods, ambrosia, water of immortality, (cp BSk. amṛta-varṣa “rain of Ambrosia” Jtm.221).
  2. A general conception of a state of durability & non-change a …

andu →


chain, fetter Vin.i.108 = Vin.iii.249 (tiṇ˚); DN.i.245; Ja.i.21 (˚ghara prisonhouse); Dhp-a.iv.54 (˚bandhana).

cp. Sk. andu, andū & anduka

bimbisāra →



King of Māgadha and patron of the Buddha.

According to the Pabbajā Sutta Snp.405ff. the first meeting between the Buddha and Bimbisāra took place in Rājagaha under the Paṇḍavapabba …

ariṭṭha →



A monk. He had been subjected by the Saṅgha to the ukkhepanīyakamma for refusal to renounce a sinful doctrine, namely, that the states of mind declared by the Buddha to be stumb …

isipatana →


IsipatanaMigadayaDeer Park

An open space near Benares, the site of the famous Migadāya or Deer Park. It was eighteen leagues from Uruvelā, and when Gotama gave up his austere penances his friends, th …

bhaggā →


The name of a tribe and a country, the capital of which was Suṃsumāragiri. The Bhagga country lay between Vesāli and Sāvatthī.

The Buddha went there several times in the course of his wanderings AN.i …

pilindavaccha →



A monk whose enigmatic Theragāthā verse speaks of what has come and not departed. Thag.9 Certain devas who had been born in the deva w …

abhidhamma →


the “special Dhamma,” i.e.

  1. theory of the doctrine, the doctrine classified, the doctrine pure and simple (without any admixture of literary grace or of personalities, or of anecdotes, or of argume …

acchati →


  1. to sit, to sit still Vin.i.289; AN.ii.15; Iti.120 (in set carati tiṭṭhati a. sayati, where otherwise nisinna stands for acchati) Vv.74#1 (= nisīdati Vv-a.298); Pv-a.4.
  2. to stay remain, to lea …

campā →


A city in India on the river of the same name; it was the capital of Aṅga and was celebrated for its beautiful lake, the Gaggarā-pokkharaṇī. On its banks was a grove of campaka-trees, well known for …

savitthaka →


An example of a low family name. Vin.iv.8 Vin.iv.13

assajipunabbasukā →


The followers of Assaji and Punabbasu. They lived in Kīṭāgiri, between Sāvatthī and Ālavi, and were guilty of various evil practices. They used to grow flowers, make wreaths and garlands, and send the …

rājagaha →


A city, the capital of Māgadha.

The place was called Giribbaja (mountain stronghold) because it was surrounded by five hills—Paṇḍava, Gijjhakūṭa, Vebhāra, Isigili and Vepulla. It is said MN.iii.68 th …

kapilavatthu →


A city near the Himalaya, capital of the Sākiyan republic. The administration and judicial business of the city and all other matters of importance were discussed and decided in the Santhāgārasālā. DN …

sīveyyaka →


The cloth produced in the Sivi country. Vin.i.278 Pajjota gave a pair of robes of this material to Jīvaka, as a present for his cure. These robes Jīvaka gave to the Buddha. Vin.i.280

accha →



adjective clear, transparent Vin.i.206 (˚kañjika); DN.i.76 (maṇi = tanucchavi DN-a.i.221), DN.i.80 (udakapatta), DN.i.84 (udaka-rahada); MN.i.100; SN.ii.281 (˚patta); SN.iii.105 ( …

acci-bandha →



adjective at Vin.i.287 is expld. by Bdhgh as caturassa-kedāra-baddha (“divided into short pieces” Vin Texts ii.207), i.e. with squares of irrigated fields. The vv.ll. are ac …

sītavana →


A grove near Rājagaha where Anāthapiṇḍika first met the Buddha. When Anāthapiṇḍika approached it, he was filled with fear and trembling. But he was reassured by a friendly Yakkha, Sīvaka. Vin.ii.155*f …

jātiyāvana →


A grove near Bhaddiya. The Buddha, when once staying there, laid down a rule about the use of slippers by monks. Vin.i.189f. There the banker Meṇḍaka visited him and provided meals for him and the m …

uruvelā →



A locality on the banks of the Nerañjara, in the neighbourhood of the Bodhi-tree at Buddhagayā. MN.i.166 The place chosen by the Bodhisatta for his penances was calle …

susumāragiri →



A city in the Bhagga country, of which it was probably the capital. Near the city was the Bhesakalāvana where the Buddha stayed.

During his visits there he preached the Anu …

samuddadatta →


A monk whom Devadatta persuaded to join him in trying to bring about schism in the Order.Vin.ii.196 Vin.iii.171 He was a favourite of Thullanandā. Vin.iv.66

paṭiyāloka →



A place near Rājagaha. Vin.iv.79 Vin.iv.131

near Rājagaha3town

ajina →


the hide of the black antelope, worn as a garment by ascetics DN.i.167; Snp.1027; Ja.i.12, Ja.i.53; Ja.iv.387; Ja.v.407. kharājina a rough skin (as garment) MN.i.343; SN.iv.118; AN.ii.207; Snp.249 (= …

abhikkanta →


adjective noun

  1. (adj.) lit. gone forward, gone out, gone beyond. According to the traditional expln. preserved by Bdhgh. & Dhp (see e.g. DN-a.i.227 = Kp-a.114 = Vv-a.52) it is used in …

abhisanna →


adjective overflowing, filled with (-˚), full Vin.i.279 (˚kāya a body full of humours, cp. Vin.ii.119 & Mil.134) Ja.i.17 (Ja.v.88 pītiyā); Mil.112 (duggandha˚).

pp. of abhisandati = abhi + syand, …

abhiyuñjati →


to accuse, charge; intrs. fall to one’s share Vin.iii.50; Vin.iv.304.

abhi + yuj

soreyya →


A town where Soreyya-Revata lived. Vin.ii.299 There was a direct route from Verañja to Payāgatiṭṭha, passing through Soreyya, Saṅkassa and Kaṇṇakuja. Vin.iii.11


adhiṭṭhāti →



  1. to stand on Ja.iii.278 (ger. ˚āya); Dhp-a.iv.183 (ger ˚hitvā); fig. to insist on Thag.1131 (aor. ˚āhi).
  2. to concentrate or fix one’s attention on (c. acc.), to direct one’s tho …

kīṭāgiri →


A village of the Kāsis, on the road from Kāsi to Sāvatthī. It was the headquarters of the followers of Assaji and Punabbasu, who lived there, behaving in a shameless and wicked manner. A certain monk, …

acchinna →


adjective removed, taken away, stolen, robbed Vin.iv.278, Vin.iv.303; Ja.ii.78 Ja.iv.45; Ja.v.212.

ā + chinna, pp. of acchindati

vessāmitta →



A celebrated sage of old. Vin.i.245 DN.i.104 MN.ii.169 MN.ii.200 AN.iii.224 Vin.i.2451


A Yakkha chief who, with five hundred others of the same name, w …

abhivādeti →


to salute, greet, welcome, honour Vin.ii.208 sq.; DN.i.61; AN.iii.223; AN.iv.173; Vv.1#5 (abhivādayiṃ aor. = abhivādanaṃ kāresiṃ vandiṃ Vv-a.24) Mil.162. Often in combination with *padakkhiṇaṃ karoti …

ajjhācāra →


  1. minor conduct (conduct of a bhikkhu as to those minor rules not included in the Pārājikas or Saṃghādisesas) Vin.i.63 (see note in Vin. Texts, i.184.
  2. flirtation Vin.iii.128 (in the Old Cy as ex …

māgadha →


One of the four chief kingdoms of India at the time of the Buddha, the others being Kosala, the kingdom of the Vaṃsas and Avanti. Māgadha formed one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas and had its capital at …

anovassaka →


adjective sheltered from the rain, dry Vin.ii.211; Vin.iv.272; Ja.i.172; Ja.ii.50; Ja.iii.73; Dhp-a.ii.263; Thag-a.188.

an + ovassaka

antarika →


adjective “being in between”, i.e.

  1. intermediate, next, following: see an˚.
  2. distant lying in between Pv-a.173 (aneka-yojan˚ ṭhāna). See also f. antarikā.
  3. inside: see *[antarikā](/define/a …

ānanda →


One of the principal disciples of the Buddha. He was a first cousin of the Buddha and was deeply attached to him. Ānanda entered the Order in the second year of the Buddha’s ministry, together with ot …

dakkhiṇāgiri →


A region in India. It contained the city of Vedisa. Dakkhiṇāgiri lay to the south-west of Rājagaha, beyond the hills that surrounded the city—hence its name. In the district was the brahmin village o …

aniyata →


adjective not settled, uncertain, doubtful Vin.i.112; Vin.ii.287; DN.iii.217.

a + niyata

akuppa →


adjective not to be shaken, immovable; sure, steadfast safe Vin.i.11 (akuppā me ceto-vimutti) = SN.ii.239; Vin.ii.69; Vin.iv.214; DN.iii.273; MN.i.205, MN.i.298; SN.ii.171; AN.iii.119, AN.iii.198; Mi …

assaji →



The fifth of the Pañcavaggiyā monks. When the Buddha preached the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, he was the last in whom dawned the eye of Truth, and the Buddha had to discourse to h …