A city of the Mallas which the Buddha visited during his last journey, going there from Bhogagāma and stopping at Cunda’s mango grove.
Cunda lived in Pāvā and invited the Buddha to a meal, which proved to be his last. From Pāvā the Buddha journeyed on to Kusinārā, crossing the Kakkuṭṭhā on the way. DN.ii.126ff. Ud.viii.5 The road from Pāvā to Kusināra is mentioned several times in the books. Vin.ii.284 DN.ii.162
According to the Saṅgīti Sutta, at the time the Buddha was staying at Pāvā, the Mallas had just completed their new Mote hall, Ubbhataka, and, at their invitation, the Buddha consecrated it by first occupying it and then preaching in it. After the Buddha had finished speaking, Sāriputta recited the Saṅgīti Sutta to the assembled monks.
Pāvā was also a centre of the Nigaṇṭhas and, at the time mentioned above, Nigaṇṭha Nāthaputta had just died at Pāvā and his followers were divided by bitter wrangles. DN.iii.210 Cunda Samaṇuddesa was spending his rainy season at Pāvā, and he reported to the Buddha, who was at Sāmagāma, news of the Nigaṇṭhas’ quarrels. DN.iii.117f. MN.ii.243f.
Mention is made in the Udāna Ud.i.7 of the Buddha having stayed at the Ajakapālaka cetiya in Pāvā.
After the Buddha’s death, the Mallas of Pāvā claimed a share in his relics. Doṇa satisfied their claim, and a Thūpa was erected in Pāvā over their share of the relics. DN.ii.167
The inhabitants of Pāvā are called Pāveyyakā.