Ahirika-anottappa: ‘lack of moral shame and fear of wongdoing’, are two of the 4 disadvantageous factors associated with all kammically disadvantageous states of consciousness, the two others being restlessness uddhacca and confusion moha. Cf. Tab. II.

The Buddha pointed that: There are two evil things, namely, lack of moral shame and lack of fear of wongdoing A. II, 6. Not to be ashamed of what one should be ashamed of; not to be ashamed of evil, disadvantageous states: this is called lack of moral shame Pug. 59. Not to fear what one should feared… this is called lack of Fear of Wrongdoing Pug. 60.