- (temporal) lapse, passing; passing away, end, death. Usually as instr. accayena after the lapse of, at the end or death of, after Vin.i.25; DN.ii.127 (rattiyā a.), DN.ii.154 (mam˚ when I shall be dead); MN.i.438 (temās˚ after 3 months); SN.i.69; Snp.102 (catunnaṃ māsānaṃ), Snp.p.110 (rattiyā); Ja.i.253 (ekāha-dvīh˚), Ja.i.291 (katipāh˚ after a few days); Pv-a.47 (katipāh˚), Pv-a.82 (dasamās˚), Pv-a.145 (vassasatānaṃ)
- (modal) passing or getting over, overcoming, conquering, only in phrase dur-accaya difficult to overcome, of kāmapanka Snp.945 (= dur-atikkamanīya Snp-a.568), of sanga Snp.948: taṇhā Dhp.336; sota Iti.95
- (fig.) going beyond (the norm) transgression, offence Vin.i.133 (thull˚ a grave offence), Vin.i.167 (id.); Vin.ii.110, Vin.ii.170; esp. in foll. phrases: accayo maṃ accagamā a fault has overcome me, i.e. has been committed by me (in confession formula) DN.i.85 (= abhibhavitvā pavatto has overwhelmed me DN-a.i.236); AN.i.54; MN.i.438 (id.); accayaṃ accayato passati to recognise a breach of the regulation as such Vin.i.315; AN.i.103 AN.ii.146 sq.; -ṃ deseti to confess the transgression SN.i.239 -ṃ accayato paṭigaṇhāti to accept (the confession of) the fault, i.e. to pardon the transgression, in confessionformula at DN.i.85 = (Vin.ii.192; MN.i.438 etc.). In the same sense accaya-paṭiggahaṇa pardon, absolution Ja.v.380 accayena desanaṃ paṭigaṇhāti Ja.i.379; accayaṃ khamati to forgive Mil.420.
from acceti, ati + i, going on or beyond; cp. Sk. atyaya