adjective noun (adj.) living in solitude, far from the madding crowd MN.iii.237 (˚vibhanga-sutta); SN.i.44, SN.i.45; Ja.i.340 (tittha˚?).

Vedic araṇa fr. *ara √ ; which as abl. ārā is used as adv. far from, cp. P. ārakā. Orig. meaning “removed from, remote, far”. See also arañña


neuter quietude, peace Ne.55 (+ tāṇa), Ne.176 (or as adj. = peaceful) Thag-a.134 (+ saraṇa); Vb.19 sq. (opp. saraṇa). See saraṇa2.

  • -vihārin (or araṇā-vihārin) [to be most likely taken as araṇā˚, abl. of araṇa in function of ārakā, i.e. adv far from, away; the spelling araṇa would refer it to araṇa2 As regards meaning the P. Commentators expln. it as opp. of raṇa fight, battle, i.e. peacefullness, friendliness & see in it a syn. of metta. Thus Dhammapāla at Pv-a.230 explains it as “mettā-vihārin”, & in this meaning it is found freq. in BSk. e.g. Divy.401; Avs.ii.131 (q. v for further ref. under note 3); Mvu.i.165; Mvu.ii.292. Cp also the epithet of the Buddhas raṇañjaha] one who lives in seclusion, an anchoret, hermit; hence a harmless, peaceful person AN.i.24; Thig.358, Thig.360; Pv.iv.1#33 (= Pv-a.230); Thag-a.244. Cp. Dhs trsl. 336. Arani & i

a + raṇa