1. (lit.) a constituent part of the body, a limb, member; also of objects: part, member (see cpd. ˚sambhāra); uttam˚aṅga the reproductive organ Ja.v.197; also as “head” at Thag-a.209. Usually in cpds (see below, esp. ˚paccanga), as sabbaṅga-kalyāṇī perfect in all limbs Pv.iii.3#5 (= sobhaṇa-sabbanga-paccangī Pv-a.189) and in redupln. aṅga-m-aṅgāni limb by limb, with all limbs (see also below anga + paccanga) Vin.iii.119; Vv.38#2 (˚ehi naccamāna); Pv.ii.12#10, Pv.ii.12#13, Pv.ii.12#18 (sunakho te khādati)

  2. (fig.) a constituent part of a whole or system or collection, e.g. uposath˚; the vows of the fast Ja.i.50; bhavaṅga the constituents or the condition of becoming (see bhava & cp.; Cpd. 265 sq.); bojjhaṅga (q.v.). Esp. with numerals: cattāri angāni 4 constituents AN.ii.79 (viz. sīla, samādhi, paññā. vimutti and rūpa, vedanā saññā, bhava), aṭṭhangika (q.v.) magga the Path with its eight constituents or the eightfold Path (Kp-a.85: aṭṭh’ angāni assā ti) navanga Buddha-sāsana see nava

  3. a constituent part as characteristic, prominent or distinguishing, a mark, attribute, sign, quality DN.i.113 sq., DN.i.117 (iminā p˚ aṅgena by this quality, or in this respect, cp. below 4; DN-a.i.281 explains tena kāra ṇena). In a special sense striking (abnormal) sign or mark on the body DN.i.9, from which a prophesy is made (: hattha-pādādisu yena kenaci evarūpena angena samannāgato dīghāyu… hotī ti… angasatthan = chiromantics DN-a.i.92). Thus in combn. with samannāgata & sampanna; always meaning endowed with “good”, superior remarkable “qualities”, e.g. Ja.i.3 (sabbanga-sampanna nagaraṃ a city possessing all marks of perfection); Ja.ii.207. In enumeration with various numerals:

    • tīhi angehi s. AN.i.115
    • cattāri sotapannassa a- DN.iii.227.= AN.iv.405f.;
    • pañcanga-vippahīno i.e. giving up the 5 hindrances ‣See nīvaraṇa and
    • pañcanga-samannāgato i.e. endowed with the 5 good qualities, viz. the sīla-kkhandha ‣See kkhandha SN.i.99.= AN.i.161 AN.v.15.AN.v.29
    • Similarly the 5 attributes of a brahmin, viz. sujāta of pure birth, ajjhāyaka a student of the Vedas, abhirūpa handsome, sīlava of good conduct, paṇḍita clever DN.i.119.DN.i.120
    • Eight qualities of a king DN.i.137
    • Ten qualities of an Arahant (cp. dasa1 B 2) SN.iii.83.Kp.iv.10 = Kp-a.88;.cp. MN.i.446 dasah’angehi samannāgato rañño assājāniyo
  4. (modally) part, share, interest, concern; ajjhattikaṃ angaṃ my own part or interest (opp. bāhiraṃ the interest in the outside world). AN.i.16 sq. = SN.v.101 sq.; Iti.9. rañño angaṃ an asset or profit for the king MN.i.446. Thus adv. tadaṅga (see also *ta*˚ i.a) as a matter of fact, in this respect, for sure, certainly and tadaṅgena by these means, through this, therefore MN.i.492; AN.iv.411; Sdhp.455, Sdhp.456; iminā p˚ angena for that reason MN.ii.168
    ■ In compn. with verbs aṅgi˚; (angī˚) angigata having limbs or ports, divided DN-a.i.313; cp samangi (-bhūta).

  • -jāta “the distinguishing member”, i.e. sign of male or female (see above 3); membrum virile and muliebre Vin.i.191 (of cows); Vin.iii.20, Vin.iii.37, Vin.iii.205; Ja.ii.359; Mil.124

  • -paccaṅga one limb or the other, limbs great and small MN.i.81; Ja.vi.20, used

    1. collectively: the condition of perfect limbs, or adj. with perfect limbs, having all limbs Pv.ii.12#12 (= paripuṇṇa-sabbanga-paccangavatī Pv-a.158) Snp-a.383; Dhp-a.i.390; Thag-a.288; Sdhp.83 fig. rathassa angapaccangan MN.i.395; sabbanga-paccangāni all limbs Mil.148
    2. distributively (cp. similar redupl. formations like chiddâvachidda, seṭṭhânu-seṭṭhi, khaṇḍākhaṇḍa cuṇṇavicuṇṇa) limb after limb, one limb after the other (like angamangāni above 1), piecemeal MN.i.133 (˚e daseyya), MN.i.366; Ja.i.20; Ja.iv.324 (chinditvā). -paccaṅgatā the condition or state of perfect limbs, i.e. a perfect body Vv-a.134 (suvisuddh˚). -paccaṅgin having all limbs (perfect) DN.i.34 (sabbanga-peccangī); Pv-a.189.
  • -rāga painting or rouging the body Vin.ii.107 (+ mukha˚)

  • -laṭṭhi sprout, offshoot Thag-a.226.

  • -vāta gout Vin.i.205

  • -vijjā the art of prognosticating from marks on the body chiromantics, palmistry etc. (cp. above 3) DN.i.9 (see expl at DN-a.i.93); Ja.i.290 (˚āya cheka clever in fortune-telling); ˚ânubhāva the power of knowing the art of signs on the body Ja.ii.200; Ja.v.284; ˚pāṭhaka one who in versed in palmistry etc. Ja.ii.21, Ja.ii.250; Ja.v.458.

  • -vekalla bodily deformity Dhp-a.ii.26.

  • -sattha the science of prognosticating from certain bodily marks DN-a.i.92.

  • -sambhāra the combination of parts Mil.28 = SN.i.135; Mil.41

  • -hetuka a species of wild birds, living in forests Ja.vi.538.

Vedic anga, anc cp. Lat. angulus = angle, corner etc., ungulus finger-ring = Sk. angulīya. See also anka, anguṭṭha & angula