- religious offering, oblation DN.ii.74 (dhammika); AN.iv.17, AN.iv.19; Snp.223; Mhvs.36, Mhvs.88 (particularly to subordinate divinities, cp. Mvu. translation 263) Dhp-a.ii.14 (variant reading ˚kamma)
■ pañca˚; the fivefold offering i.e. ñāti˚, atithi˚, pubbapeta˚, rāja˚, devatā˚, offering to kinsfolk, guests, the departed, the king, the gods AN.ii.68; AN.iii.45.
- tax, revenue (cp. Zimmer Altind. Leben 166 & Fick, Sociale Gliederung 75; DN.i.135, DN.i.142; Ja.i.199 (daṇḍa˚ fines & taxes), Ja.i.339; Dhp-a.i.251 (daṇḍa˚).
- Np. of an Asura DN.ii.259.
- -kamma offering of food to bhūtas, devas & others Ja.i.169, Ja.i.260; Ja.ii.149, Ja.ii.215; Ja.iv.246 (offering to tutelary genii of a city. in this passage the sacrifice of a human being is recommended); Ja.v.99, Ja.v.473; Snp-a.138; Mhbv.28
- -karaṇa oblation, offering of food Pv-a.81; Vv-a.8 (˚pīṭha, reading doubtful, variant reading valli˚).
- -kāraka offering oblations Ja.i.384.
- -ṅkatā one who offers (the five oblations AN.ii.68.
- -paṭiggāhaka receiving offerings worthy of oblations Ja.ii.17 (yakkha; interpreted by Fick, Sociale Gliederung 79 as “tax-collector,” hardly justified); f. -ikā AN.iii.77 (devatā), AN.iii.260 (id.), cp. BSk balipratigrāhikā devatā Divy.1.
- -pīḷita crushed with taxes Ja.v.98.
- -puṭṭha a crow (cp. Sk. balipuṣṭa “fed by oblations”) Abhp.638.
- -vadda (cp. Sk. balivarda after the Pali?) an ox, esp. an ox yoked to the plough or used in ploughing (on similes with b. see J.P.T.S. 1907, 349) SN.i.115, SN.i.170; SN.iv.163 sq., SN.iv.282 sq.; AN.ii.108 sq. Snp.p.13 (cp. Snp-a.137); Dhp.152 = Thag.1025; Ja.i.57 Ja.v.104 (Sāliyo b. phālena pahaṭo); Vism.284 (in simile of their escape from the ploughman); Dhp-a.i.24 (dhuraṃ vahanto balivaddassa, variant reading balibaddassa); Vv-a.258 (vv.ll. ˚baddha & ˚bandha). The spelling; balibadda occurs at Vin.iv.312.
- -sādhaka tax collector, tax gatherer Ja.iv.366; Ja.v.103 sq.
- -haraṇa taking oblations AN.v.79 (˚vanasaṇḍa).
cp. Vedic bali; regarding etym. Grassmann connects it with bhṛ.