fear, fright, dread AN.ii.15 (jāti-maraṇa˚); DN.iii.148, DN.iii.182; Dhp.39, Dhp.123, Dhp.212 sq., Dhp.283; Mnd.371, Mnd.409; Pp.56; Vism.512; Kp-a.108; Snp-a.155; Dhp-a.iii.23. There are some lengthy enumns of objects causing fear (sometimes under term mahabbhaya, mahā-bhaya), e.g. one of 17 at Mil.196, one of 16 (four times four) at AN.ii.121 sq. the same in essence, but in different order at Cnd.470 and at Vb-a.502; one of 16 (with remark “ādi,” and so on) at Vism.645. Shorter combinations are to be found at Snp.964 (5, viz. ḍaṃsā, adhipātā, siriṃsapā, manussaphassā catuppādā); Vb.379 (5, viz. ājīvika˚, asiloka˚ parisa-sārajja˚, maraṇa˚, duggati˚, explained at Vb-a.505 sq.), Vb.376 (4: jāti˚, jarā˚, vyādhi˚, maraṇa˚), Vb.367 (3: jāti˚, jarā˚, maraṇ˚); Mnd.402 (2: diṭṭha-dhammikaṃ & samparāyikaṃ bh.)
■ abhaya absence of fear, safety Vin.i.75 (abhay-ûvara for abhaya-vara?) Dhp.317; Ja.i.150; Dhp-a.iii.491.
- -ñāṇa insight into what is to be feared: see Cpd. 66
- -dassāvin seeing or realising an object of fear, i.e. danger Vb.244, Vb.247 and passim.
- -dassin id. Dhp.31, Dhp.317
- -bherava fear & dismay MN.i.17 (= citt’ uttrasassa ca bhayānak’ ārammaṇassa adhivacanaṃ MN-a.113), Name of Suttanta No. 4 in Majjhima (pp. 16 sq.), quoted at Vism.202; Snp-a.206.
fr. bhī, cp. Vedic bhaya, P. bhāyati