canda

the moon (i.e. the shiner) SN.i.196; SN.ii.206; MN.ii.104; AN.i.227 AN.ii.139 sq.; AN.iii.34; Dhp.413; Snp.465, Snp.569, Snp.1016; Ja.iii.52 Ja.vi.232; Pv.i.12#7; Pv.ii.6#6; Vv.64#7 (maṇi˚ a shiny jewel or a moonlike jewel, see Vv-a.278, variant reading ˚sanda). -puṇṇa˚ the full moon Ja.i.149, Ja.i.267; Ja.v.215; ˚mukha with a face like a full moon (of the Buddha) Dhp-a.iii.171. Canda is extremely frequent in similes & comparisens: see list in; J.P.T.S. 1907, 85 sq. In enumerations of heavenly bodies or divine beings Canda always precedes Suriya (the Sun), e.g. DN.ii.259; AN.i.215; AN.ii.139; Cnd.308 (under Devatā). Cp. candimant. On quâsi mythol etym. see Vism.418.

  • -kanta a gem Mil.118;
  • -(g)gāha a moon-eclipse (lit seizure, i.e. by Rāhu) DN.i.10 (cp. DN-a.i.95);
  • -maṇḍala the moon’s disc, the shiny disc, i.e. the moon AN.i.283; Ja.i.253; Ja.iii.55; Ja.iv.378; Ja.v.123; Dhs.617; Vism.216 (in compar,); Pv-a.65;
  • -suriyā (pl.) sun & moon Ja.iv.61.

Vedic candra from *(s)quend to be light or glowing, cp. candana sandal (incense) wood, Gr. κάηδαρος cinder; Lat. candeo, candidus, incendo; Cymr. cann white; E. candid, candle, incense, cinder