Cha & Chaḷ
(cha in composition effects gemination of consonant, e.g. chabbīsati = cha + vīsati, chabbaṇṇa cha + vaṇṇa, chaḷ only before vowels in compound chaḷanga, chaḷ-abhiññā) the number six.
Cases: nom. cha, gen. channaṃ, instr. chahi (chambhī (?) Ja.iv.310, which should be chambhi & prob chabbhi = ṣaḍbhiḥ; see also chambhī), loc. chasu (chassu), num. ord. chaṭṭha the sixth. Cp. also saṭṭhi (60) soḷasa (16). Six is applied whenever a “major set is concerned (see 2), as in the foll.: 6 munis are distinguished at Cnd.514 (in pairs of 3: see muni); Cnd.6 bhikkhus as a “clique” (see chabaggiya, cp. the Vestal virgins in Rome, 6 in number); 6 are the sciences of the Veda (see chaḷanga); there are 6 buddha-dhammā (Cnd.466), 6 viññāṇakāyā (see upadhi); 6 senses & sense-organs (see āyatana)-cha dānasālā Ja.i.282; oraṃ chahi māsehi kālakiriyā bhavissati (l shall die in 6 months, i.e. not just yet, but very soon, after the “next” moon) Pv.iv.3#35. Six bodily faults Ja.i.394 (viz. too long, too short too thin, too fat, too black, too white). Six thousand Gandhabbas Ja.ii.334.
- -aṃsa six-cornered Dhs.617.
- -aṅga the set of six Vedāngas, disciplines of Vedic science, viz. 1 kappa 2 vyākaraṇā, 3 nirutti, 4 sikkhā, 5 chando (viciti) 6 jotisattha (thus enumerated at Vv-a.265; at Pv-a.97 in sequence 4, 1, 3, 2, 6, 5): DN.iii.269; Vv.63#16; Pv.ii.6#13 Mil.178, Mil.236. With ref. to the upekkhās, one is called the “one of six parts” (chaḷ-ang’ upekkhā) Vism.160
- -abhiññā the 6 branches of higher knowledge Vin.ii.161 Pp.14. See abhiññā.
- -āsīti eighty-six [i.e. twice that many in all directions: psychologically 6 × 8 = 6 × (4 × 2)10], of people: an immense number, millions Pv.ii.13#7: of Petas Pv-a.212; of sufferings in Niraya Pv.iii.10#6.
- -āhaṃ for six days Ja.iii.471.
- -kaṇṇa heard by six ears, i.e. public (opp. catukaṇṇa) Ja.vi.392
- -tiṃsa(ti) thirty-six AN.ii.3; Iti.15; Dhp.339; Dhp-a.iii.211 Dhp-a.iii.224 (˚yojana-parimaṇḍala); Dhp-a.iv.48.
- -danta having six
tusks, in ˚daha Name of one of the Great Lakes of the Himavant (satta-mahā-sarā), lit. lake of the elephant with 6 tusks. cp. cha-visāṇa Vism.416. -dvārika entering through six doors (i.e. the senses) Dhp-a.iv.221 (taṇhā). -dhātura (= dhātuya) consisting of six elements MN.iii.239. -pañca (chappañca) six or five Mil.292. -phass’ āyatana having six seats of contact (i.e. the outer senses) MN.iii.239; Thag.755; Pv-a.52 cp. Snp.169. -baṇṇa (= vaṇṇa) consisting of six colours (of raṃsi, rays) Ja.v.40; Dhp-a.i.249; Dhp-a.ii.41; Dhp-a.iv.99. -baggiya (= vaggiya) forming a group of six, a set of (sinful Bhikkhus taken as exemplification of trespassing the rules of the Vinaya (cp. Oldenberg, Buddha 7384) Their names are Assaji, Punabhasu, Paṇḍuka, Lohitaka, Mettiya, Bhummajaka Vin.ii.1, Vin.ii.77, and passim Ja.ii.387; Dhp-a.iii.330. -bassāni (= vassāni) six years Ja.i.85; Dhp-a.iii.195. -bidha (= vidha) sixfold Vism.184 -bisāṇa (= visāṇa) having six (i.e. a “major set”) of tusks (of pre-eminent elephants) Ja.v.42 (Nāgarājā), Ja.v.48 (kuñjara), cp. chaddanta
■ bīsati (= vīsati) twenty-six Dhp-a.iv.233 (devalokā). Chakana & Chakana;
Vedic ṣaṣ & ṣaṭ (ṣaḍ = chaḷ) Gr.; ε ̔́ς, Lat. sex, Goth, saihs