Culla & cūḷa

adjective small, minor (opp mahā great, major), often in conn. with names & titles of books, e.g. c˚ Anāthapiṇḍika = A jr. Ja.ii.287, cp Anglo-Indian chota sahīb the younger gentleman (Hind. chhota = culla); or Culla-vagga, the minor section (Vin ii.) as subordinate to Mahā-vagga (Vin i.) Culla-niddesa the minor exposition (following upon Mahā-niddesa); culla-sīla the siṃple precepts of ethics (opp. mahā˚ the detailed sīla) DN.i.5, etc. Otherwise only in compounds:

  • -aṅgulī little finger Dhp-a.ii.86.
  • -ūpaṭṭhāka a “lesser follower, i.e. a personal attendant (of a thera) Ja.i.108 (cūl˚); Ja.ii.325 (cull˚; Dhp-a.i.135; Dhp-a.ii.260; cūḷ);
  • -pitā an uncle (“lesser” father = sort of father, cp. Lat matertera, patruus, Ger. Vetter = father jun.) Ja.ii.5 Ja.iii.456 (variant reading petteyya); Pv-a.107; Dhp-a.i.221 (cūḷa˚).

Sk. kṣulla = kṣudra (P. khudda, see khuddaka), with c: k = cuṇṇa: kṣud