1. (adj.) solid, compact, massive; dense, thick; in eka˚ of one solid mass (of sela, rock) Vin.i.185 = Dhp.81 = Thag.643; Mil.386; AN.iii.378, cp. ghanasela-pabbata Dhp-a.i.74-gh. paṃsu Ja.i.264, paṭhavī (solid ground) Ja.i.74; Pv-a.75; palāsa (foliage) Pv-a.113; buddharasmiyo Ja.i.12; ˚maṃsa solid, pure flesh Dhp-a.i.80; ˚sāṭaka (thick cloth) Ja.i.292; ˚sañchanna (thickly covered Pv-a.258; ˚suvaṇṇakoṭṭima Dhp-a.iv.135; abbha˚ a thick cloud Snp.348 (cp. Snp-a.348)
  2. (m.) the foetus at a certain stage (the last before birth the 4th in the enum. of the foll. stages: kalala, abbuda pesī, gh.) SN.i.206; Ja.iv.496; Mil.40; Vism.236. The latter meaning is semantically to be explained as “swelling” & to be compared with Gr.; βρύω to swell and ε ̔́μβρυον = embryo (the gravid uterus).

Vedic ghana, cp. Gr. εὐχηνής?


a club, a stick, a hammer; in ayo˚ an iron club Vv-a.20. Also coll. term for a musical instrument played by striking, as cymbal, tambourine etc. Vv-a.37.

Vedic ghana to hanti (ghanti, cp. ghātayati), *gṷhen “strike,” cp. Gr. χείνω, φόνος, Lat. of-fendo Ags. gud, Ohg. gundea