- physically: Vin.i.34; AN.iv.131; Snp.673, Snp.716; Dhp.65 Dhp.360; Ja.ii.306; Pv-a.99 (of Petas: visukkha-kanthaṭṭha j.), Pv-a.152
■ Of the tongue of the mahāpurusha which could touch his ears & cover his forehead: Snp.1022; Snp.p.108; & pahūta-jivhatā the characteristic of possessing a prominent tongue (as the 27th of the 32 Mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇāni) DN.i.106 = Snp.p.107; DN.ii.18 -dujjivha (adj.) having a bad tongue (of a poisonous snake) AN.iii.260
- psychologically: the sense of taste. It follows after ghāna (smell) as the 4th sense in the enumn of sense-organs (jivhāya rasaṃ sāyati Nd.ii under rūpa; jivhā-viññeyya rasa DN.i.245; DN.ii.281; MN.ii.42) Vin.i.34; DN.iii.102, DN.iii.226; MN.i.191; Vism.444.
- -agga the tip of the tongue AN.iii.109; AN.iv.137; Dhp-a.ii.33.
- -āyatana the organ of taste DN.iii.243, DN.iii.280, DN.iii.290; Dhs.585, Dhs.609, Dhs.653;
- -indriya the sense of taste DN.iii.239; Dhs.585, Dhs.609, Dhs.972;
- -nittaddana corr. to -nitthaddhana tying the tongue by means of a spell DN.i.11 (cp. DN-a.i.96)
- -viññāṇa the cognition of taste MN.i.112; DN.iii.243; Dhs.556, Dhs.612, Dhs.632;
- -samphassa contact with the sense of taste SN.i.115; DN.iii.243; Dhs.585, Dhs.632, Dhs.787.
Vedic jihvā, cp. Lat. lingua (older dingua); Goth. tuggo; Ohg. zunga; E. tongue