orig. “what?” used adverbially; then indef. “any kind of,” as (na) kac(-cana) “not at all”; kac-cid “any kind of; is it anything? what then?” Mostly used in disparaging sense of showing inferiority, contempt, or defectiveness, and equal to kā˚; (in denoting badness or smallness, e.g. kākaṇika, kāpurisa, see also kantāra kappaṭa), kiṃ˚, ku.˚; For relation of ku → ka cp. kutra → kattha & kadā.
- -anna bad food Kacc.178.
- -asana id. Kacc.178
- -dukkha (?) great evil (= death) Vv-a.316 (explained as maraṇa, cp. kaṭuka).
old form of interr. pron. nt., equal to kiṃ; cp. (Vedic) kad in kadarthaṃ = kiṃarthaṃ to what purpose