A square copper coin MN.ii.163; AN.i.250; AN.v.83 sq. Vin.ii.294; Vin.iii.238; Dhs-a.280 (at this passage included under rajataṃ, silver, together with loha-māsaka, dārumāsaka and jatu-māsaka); SN.i.82; AN.i.250; Vin.ii.294 Vin.iv.249; Ja.i.478, Ja.i.483; Ja.ii.388; Mhvs.30#14. The extant specimens in our museums weigh about 5/6 of a penny and the purchasing power of a k. in our earliest records seems to have been about a florin
■ Frequent numbers as denoting a gift, a remuneration or alms, are 100,000 (Ja.ii.96); 18 koṭis (Ja.i.92); 1,000 (Ja.ii.277, Ja.ii.431; Ja.v.128 Ja.v.217; Pv-a.153, Pv-a.161); 700 (Ja.iii.343); 100 (Dhp-a.iii.239), 80 (Pv-a.102); 10 or 20 (Dhp-a.iv.226); 8 (which is considered socially, almost the lowest sum Ja.iv.138; Ja.i.483) A nominal fine of 1 k. (= a farthing) Mil.193
■ ekaṃ k˚ pi not a single farthing Ja.i.2; similarly eka-kahāpaṇen eva Vism.312
■ Various qualities of a kahāpaṇa are referred to by Bdhgh in similes at Vism.437 and 515 Black kahāpaṇas are mentioned at Dhp-a.iii.254
■ See Rh. Davids, Ancient Measures of Ceylon; Buddh. India, pp. 100–102, fig. 24; Mil trsl. i.239.
- -gabbha a closet for storing money, a safe Dhp-a.iv.104
- -vassa a shower of money Dhp.186 (= Dhp-a.iii.240).
doubtful as regards etym.; the (later) Sk. kārṣāpaṇa looks like an adaptation of a dial. form