smith, a worker in metals generally DN.ii.126, AN.v.263; a silversmith Snp.962; Dhp.239; Ja.i.223; a goldsmith Ja.iii.281; Ja.v.282. The smiths in old India do not seem to be divided into black-, gold-and silver-smiths, but seem to have been able to work equally well in iron, gold, and silver, as can be seen e.g. from Ja.iii.282 and Vv-a.250, where the smith is the maker of a needle. They were constituted into a guild, and some of them were well-to-do as appears from what is said of Cunda at DN.ii.126; owing to their usefulness they were held in great esteem by the people and king alike Ja.iii.281.

  • -uddhana a smith’s furnace, a forge Ja.vi.218;
  • -kula a smithy MN.i.25; kūṭa a smith’s hammer Vism.254
  • -gaggarī a smith’s bellows SN.i.106; Ja.vi.165; Vism.287 (in comparison);
  • -putta “son of a smith,” i.e. a smith by birth and trade DN.ii.126; AN.v.263; as goldsmith Ja.vi.237, Snp.48 (Nd ii.ad loc.: k˚ vuccati suvaṇṇakāro)
  • -bhaṇḍu (bhaṇḍ, cp. Sk. bhāṇḍika a barber) a smith with a bald head Vin.i.76;
  • -sālā a smithy Vism.413 Mhvs.5, Mhvs.31.

Vedic karmāra