kapaṇa

adjective noun

  1. poor, miserable, wretched; a beggar; freq explained by varāka, duggata, dīna and daḷidda; very often classed with low-caste people, as caṇḍālā Pv.iii.1#13 & pesakārā (Ud.4). Snp.818; Ja.i.312, Ja.i.321; Ja.iii.199; Pv.ii.9#14; Pv.iii.1#13, Pv.iv.5#2; DN-a.i.298; Dhp-a.i.233; Thag-a.178
  2. small, short, insignificant AN.i.213; Bdhd 84. (f. ˚ā a miserable woman Ja.iv.285; -an (adv.) pitifully piteously, with verbs of weeping, etc. Ja.iii.295; Ja.v.499 Ja.vi.143; ; not poor Ja.iii.199; - ati˚; very miserable Pgdp.74. Der. -tā wretchedness Sdhp.315.
  • -addhikā pl. often with ˚ādi, which means samaṇabrāhmaṇa-k˚-vaṇibbaka-yācakā (e.g. DN.i.137; Pv-a.78 beggars and wayfarers, tramps Ja.i.6, Ja.i.262, Dhp-a.i.105, Dhp-a.i.188 (written k˚-andhika); see also DN-a.i.298 and kapaṇikā-iddhikā pl. (probably miswriting for ˚addh˚, cp Trenckner, J.P.T.S. 1908, 130) DN.i.137; Iti.65; DN-a.i.298
  • -itthī a poor woman Ja.iii.448;
  • -jīvikā in ˚aṃ kappeti to make a poor livelihood Ja.i.312;
  • -bhāva the state of being miserable Pv-a.274;
  • -manussa a wretched fellow, a beggar Vism.343;
  • -laddhaka obtained in pain, said of children Ja.vi.150, cp. kiccha laddhaka;
  • -visikhā the street or quarter of the poor, the slums Ud.4;
  • -vuttin leading a poor life Pv-a.175.

Sk. kṛpaṇa from kṛp wail, cp. Lat. crepo; Ags. hraefn = E. raven. Cp. also Sk. kṛcchra