v. irreg. Of the endless variety of forms given by grammarians only the foll. are bona fide and borne out by passages from our texts (when bracketed found in gram. works only).

I. Act

  1. Ind. Pres karomi, etc. Snp.78, Snp.216, Snp.512, Snp.666 = Dhp.306 = Iti.42 Opt. kare Dhp.42, Dhp.43, pl. (kareyyāma) kareyyātha Snp.p.101; or (sing.) kareyya (freq.), kareyyāsi Pv-a.11 kareyya Snp.920, Snp.923; kuriyā (= Sk. kuryāt) Ja.vi.206 Ppr. karan Dhp.136, or karonto (f. karontī) Dhp.16, Dhp.116
  2. Impf. (akara, etc.).
  3. Aor. (akaṃ) akariṃ etc., 3rd sing. akāsi Snp.343, Snp.537, 2nd pl. akattha Pv.i.11#2; Pv-a.45, Pv-a.75; 3rd pl. akariṃsu; akaṃsu Snp.882; Pv-a.74; without augment kari Dhp-a.ii.59. Prohibitive mā (a)kāsi Snp.339, Snp.1068, etc.
  4. Imper. karohi Snp.p.32; Snp.p.1062; karotha Snp.223; Kp-a.168.
  5. Fut karissāmi, etc.; kassāmi Pv.iv.1#39; kāsaṃ Ja.iv.286 Ja.vi.36; kāhāmi (in sense of I will do, I am determined to do, usually w. puññaṃ & kusalaṃ poetical only) Pv.ii.11#3; Vv.33#192; second sing. kāhasi Snp.427, Snp.428; Dhp.154 1st pl. kāhāma Pv.iv.10#11.
  6. Inf. kātuṃ Pv-a.4, Pv-a.61 Pv-a.69, Pv-a.115, Kp.vi.10, etc.; kattuṃ Vv-a.13; kātave Mhvs.35, Mhvs.29; Vv.44#15 (= kātuṃ); kātuye Thig.418.
  7. Pp kata, see sep.
  8. Ger. katvā Snp.127, Snp.661, Snp.705, etc. katvāna (poet.) Snp.89, Snp.269, Pv.i.1#3; karitvā see iv.

II. Med

  1. Ind. pres. (kubbe, etc.) 3rd sing. kubbati Snp.168, Snp.811; 3rd pl. kubbanti Snp.794; or 3rd sing kurute Snp.94, Snp.796, Snp.819; Iti.67; Opt. (kubbe, etc.) second pl. kubbetha Snp.702, Snp.719, Snp.917; Iti.87; or 3rd sing kayirā Snp.728 = Snp.1051; SN.i.24; Dhp.53, Dhp.117; kayirātha (always expl. by kareyya) Dhp.25, Dhp.117; Iti.13; Pv.i.11#11 Kp-a.224; kubbaye Snp.943
    ppr (kurumāna, kubbāno karāno) (a)kubbaṃ Snp.844, Snp.913; (a)kubbanto Iti.86; f. (vi)kubbantī Vv.11#2; (a)kubbamāna Snp.777 Snp.778, Snp.897; (vi)kubbamāna Vv.33#1.
  2. Impf. (akariṃ second sing. akarase, etc.) 3rd sing. akubbatha Pv.ii.13#18 1st pl. akaramhase Ja.iii.26, ˚a Dhp-a.i.145.
  3. Aor (none)
  4. Imper. (second sing. kurussu, 3rd sing. kurutaṃ second pl. kuruvho) 3rd sing. kurutaṃ (= Sk. kurutāṃ Ja.vi.288.
  5. Fut. (none).

III. Pass

  1. Ind. pres (karīyati, etc.) kayirati Dhp.292 = Thag.635; Kp-a.168 and kīrati Thag.143. Ppr. (karīyamāna, kayīra˚).
  2. Fut. kariyissati Vin.i.107.
  3. Grd. karaṇīya (q.v.), (kayya) kātabba Dhp-a.i.338.

IV. Caus. I

(Denom. to kāra) kārayati = kāreti, in origin. meaning of build, construct, and fig. perform, exercise, rule wield (rajjaṃ): kārehi Pv-a.81 (of huts), kārayissāmi Pv.ii.6#4 (of doll); kāressaṃ Ja.v.297 (do.), akārayi Pv.ii.13#10; akārayuṃ Mhvs.iv.3; akāresi Mhvs.23, Mhvs.85 kāretuṃ Pv-a.74; kārayamāna Vv-a.9 (of chair); kāretvā (nāmaṃ) Pv-a.162; karitvā Snp.444 (vasiṃ) Snp.674; Snp.680 (vittiṃ); Snp.p.97 (uttarāsangaṃ).

V. Caus. II

Kārāpeti SN.i.179; Pv-a.20; Aor. kārāpesi he had (= caused to be) erected, constructed Vin.ii.159; fut. kārāpessāmi Mhvs.20, Mhvs.9; ger. kārāpetvā Pv-a.123; grd. kārapetabba Vin.ii.134.

Meanings of karoti:

  1. to build, erect Mhvs.19, Mhvs.36 Mhvs.20, Mhvs.9 (Caus.).
  2. to act, perform, make, do Vin.i.155; Ja.i.24; Ja.ii.153 (tathā karomi yathā na… I prevent cp. lat. facio ne…); Ja.iii.297; Pv.i.8#8 = Pv.ii.6#19; Mhvs.3, Mhvs.1; Mhvs.7, Mhvs.22.
  3. to produce Dhp-a.i.172.
  4. to write, compose Ja.vi.410; Pv-a.287.
  5. to put on, dress Vin.ii.277; Ja.i.9.
  6. to impose (a punishment) Mhvs.4, Mhvs.14.
  7. to turn into (with loc. or two acc.) Ja.ii.32; Mhvs.9, Mhvs.27.
  8. to use as (with two acc.) Ja.i.113; Ja.ii.24.
  9. to bring into (with loc.) Ja.v.454 Ja.v.10. to place (with loc.) Ja.v.274; (with acc. of the person Dhp.162.)

It is very often used periphrastically, where the translation would simply employ the noun as verb, e.g. kathaṃ k˚ DN.ii.98; kodhaṃ k˚ and kopaṃ k˚ to be angry Ja.iv.22; Ja.vi.257; cayaṃ k˚ to hoard up; corikaṃ k˚ to steal Vin.i.75; taṇhaṃ k˚ (c. loc.) to desire Ja.i.5 sītaṃ k˚ to cool DN.ii.129
■ It is often compd with nouns or adjectives with a change of final vowel to ī (i) uttāni˚ to make clear DN.ii.105; pākaṭī˚, bahulī˚ muṭṭhī˚, etc. (q.v.). Cp. the same process in conn with bhavati
■ The meanings of karoti are varied according to the word with which it is connected; it would be impossible and unnecessary to give an exhaustive list of all its various shades. Only a few illustrations may suffice: aṃse k˚ to place on one’s shoulder Ja.i.9; antarāyaṃ k˚ to prevent Ja.i.232; ādiṃ k˚ (c. acc.) to begin with; nimittaṃ k˚ to give a hint DN.ii.103; pātarāsaṃ k˚ to breakfast; mānasaṃ k˚ to make up one’s mind; mahaṃ k˚ to hold a festival DN.ii.165; massuṃ k˚ to trim the beard Dhp-a.i.253; musāvādaṃ k˚ to tell a lie Ja.vi.401; rajjaṃ k˚ to reign SN.i.218 vase k˚ to bring into one’s power Ja.i.79; sandhiṃ k˚ to make an agreement Mhvs.16; sinehaṃ k˚ to become fond of Ja.i.190
■ Similarly, cpd with adverbs: alaṃ k˚ to make much of, i.e. to adorn, embellish; dūrato k˚ to keep at a distance, i.e. keep free from Pv-a.17 Sdhp.287; purak k˚ (purakkharoti) to place before, i.e. to honour Pv.iii.7#1
■ Note phrase kiṃ karissati what difference does it make? (Cp. Ger. was macht’s) DN.i.120 or what about… Ja.i.152.

Sk. karoti, *qṷer to form, to build (or plait, weave? see kamma), cp. kar-man, Lith. kùrti to build, O.Tr. cruth form; Lat. corpus, with p-addition as Sk. kṛpa, kḷp = kṛp. Derived are kalpa → kappa kalpate → kappeti