Kasāya & Kasāva

  1. a kind of paste or gum used in colouring walls Vin.ii.151.
  2. an astringent decoction extracted from plants Vin.i.201, Vin.i.277; Ja.v.198.
  3. (of taste), astringent DhS.629; Mil.65; Dhp-a.ii.31.
  4. (of colour) reddish-yellow, orange coloured Vin.i.277
  5. (ethical) the fundamental faults (rāga, dosa moha) AN.i.112; Dhp.10; Vb.368.
  • -a˚; faultless, flawless in akasāvattaṃ being without defect AN.i.112 (of a wheel with
  • -sa˚; ibid.);
  • -sa˚; faulty Dhp-a.i.82;
  • -mahā˚; wicked Ja.iv.387. In compounds both forms, viz. (kasāya)-yoga an astringent remedy Ja.v.198 (kasāva˚ ibid.);
  • -rasa reddishyellow dye Ja.ii.198; (kasāva)-odaka an astringent decoction Vin.i.205;
  • -gandha having a pungent smell Vin.i.277;
  • -rasa having an astringent taste ibid.
  • -vaṇṇa of reddish-yellow colour ibid.

Derivation uncertain. The word first appears in the late Vedic form kaṣāya, a decoction distillation, essence; used figy of evil. The old Pali form is kasāva