1. a corner, an angle Vin.i.48, Vin.i.286; Ja.i.73; Ja.iii.42 Ja.v.38; Ja.vi.519; Pv-a.74; Dhp-a.ii.178; Dāvs ii.111- cīvara˚; the edge of the garment Vism.389. Freq. in cpd. catu˚; (catukkaṇṇa) four-cornered, square, as Ep of Niraya Cnd.304#iii = Pv.i.10#13 (explained by catu-koṇa) Also of cloth Vin.ii.228; Ja.i.426; Ja.iv.250.
  2. the ear Snp.608; Ja.i.146, Ja.i.194; Dhp-a.i.390 (dasā˚). Freq. in phrase kaṇṇaṃ chindati (to cut off the ear) as punishment e.g. AN.i.47
    ■ loc. kaṇṇe in the ear, i.e. in a low tone, in a whisper Dhp-a.i.166.
  3. the tip of a spoon Ja.i.347

assakaṇṇa Name of a tree (see under assa3).

  • -alaṅkāra an ornament for the ear Ja.v.409.
  • -āyata (mutta) (a pearl) inserted in the lobe of the ear Ja.ii.275 Ja.ii.276.
  • -kita (should it be kaṇha˚? cp. paṃsukita, malaggakita; kita = kata) spoiled, rusty, blunt Vin.ii.115 (of needles); dirty, mouldy Vin.i.48 (of a floor); Vin.ii.209 (of walls); stained, soiled Vin.iv.281 (of robes).
  • -gūthaka the cerumen, wax, of the ear, Vin.ii.134; Snp.197; Ja.i.146.
  • -cālana shaking the ears Ja.iii.99.
  • -cūḷa the root of the ear Ja.vi.488; as ˚cūlikā at Ja.ii.276; Vism.255; Dhp-a.iv.13.
  • -chidda (nt.) the orifice of the ear, the outer auditory passage (cp. sūci-chidda eye of the needle Vin.iii.39; Ja.ii.244, Ja.ii.261.
  • -chinna one whose ears are cut off Vin.i.322; Kv.31.
  • -cheda cutting or tearing off of the ear Mil.197, Mil.290.
  • -jappaka one who whispers into the ear, one who tells secretly, also a gossip Vin.ii.98; sa˚; whispered into the ear, appl. to a method of taking votes ibid. Cp. upakaṇṇakajappin.
  • -jappana whispering into the ear DN.i.11; DN-a.i.97.
  • -tela anointing the ear with medicinal oil DN.i.12 (explained at DN-a.i.98 where reading is ˚telanaṃ).
  • -nāsa ear & nose Ja.ii.117; Mil.5 (˚chinna).
  • -patta the lobe of the ear Ja.v.463 As ˚panta at Thag-a.211.
  • -pāli = ˚patta Thig.259 (explained by ˚panta).
  • -piṭṭhī the upper part or top of the ear Dhp-a.i.394.
  • -puccha the “tail” or flap of the ear Sdhp.168.
  • -bila orifice of the ear Vism.195.
  • -bheri a sort of drum. Cp.ix.24.
  • -mala “ear-dirt,” ear-wax in ˚haraṇī, an instrument for removing the wax from the ear Vin.ii.135.
  • -mālā a garland from corner to corner (of a temple) Dāvs ii.111.
  • -muṇḍa 1 (adj.) one whose ears have been shorn or clipped Pv.ii.12#18 (of the dog of Hell, cp. Pv-a.152 chinnakaṇṇa). 2 (˚ka) “with blunt corners,” Name of the first one of the fabulous 7 Great Lakes (satta-mahāsarā) in the Himavant, enumerated at Ja.v.415; Vism.416; DN-a.i.164.
  • -mūla the root of the ear, the ear in gen. Ja.i.335; Ja.iii.124; loc. fig in a low tone Dhp-a.i.173; near, near by Dhp-a.ii.8 (mama k.).
  • -roga a disease of the ear Dhs-a.340.
  • -vallī the lobe of the ear Mhvs.25, Mhvs.94.
  • -vijjhana perforating the ear, ˚mangala the ceremony of ear-piercing Dhp-a.ii.87; cp. mangala
  • -vedha (cp. prec.) ear-piercing, a quasi religious ceremony on children Ja.v.167.
  • -sakkhali & ˚ikā the orifice or auditory passage of the ear Dhp-a.i.148; Dhs-a.334 in which latter passage ˚ikaṃ paharati means to impinge on the ear (said of the wind); ˚ikaṃ bhindati (= bhindanto viya paharati) to break the ear (with unpleasant words) Dhp-a.ii.178 (T. sankhaliṃ, variant reading sakkhaliṃ).
  • -saṅkhali a small chain attached to the ear with a small ornament suspended from it Ja.v.438
  • -sandhovika washing the ears AN.v.202.
  • -sukha 1 (adj.) pleasant to the ear, agreable DN.i.4 = MN.i.179, MN.i.268 = AN.ii.209≈; Mil.1; DN-a.i.75 = Dhs-a.397; 2 (nt. pleasant speech Ja.ii.187; Ja.v.167; opp. kaṇṇa -sūla
  • -sutta an ornamental string hanging from the ear Vin.ii.143.
  • -suttaka a string from corner to corner, a clothes-line Vin.i.286.
  • -sūla 1 a piercing pain (lit stake) in the ear, ear-ache Vv-a.243. 2 what is disagreeable to hear, harsh speech Dhs-a.397 (opp. ˚sukha).
  • -sota the auditory passage, the ear (+ nāsika-sotāni as ubho sotāni, i.e. heṭṭhā & uparimā) DN.i.106 = Snp.p.108; AN.iv.86; Ja.ii.359; Mil.286, Mil.357; Dhp-a.ii.72.

Vedic karṇa, orig. not associated with hearing, therefore not used to signify the sense (sota is used instead; cp. akkhi → cakkhu), but as “projection” to *ker, from which also Sk. śṛṇga horn. Cp. Gr. κόρυς helmet; Lat. cornu & cervus = E. corner, horn & hart. Further related Sk. aśri (caturaśraḥ four-cornered), śaṣkuli auditory passage; Lat. ācer = Gr. α ̓́κρις, α ̓́κανος, ὀςύς; Ger. ecke; also Sk. śūla & P. koṇa