- (adj.) full of peace, safe; tranquil, calm DN.i.73 (of a country) SN.i.123 (of the path leading to the ambrosial, i.e. Nibbāna), SN.i.189 = Snp.454 (of vācā nibbānapattiyā); MN.i.227 (vivaṭaṃ amatadvāraṃ khemaṃ nibbānapattiyā “opened is the door to the Immortal, leading to peace, for the attainment of Nibbāna”) AN.iii.354 (of ñāna) Iti.32; Snp.268 (= abhaya, nirupaddava Kp-a.153); Dhp.189 sq. Pv.iv.3#3 (of a road = nibbhaya Pv-a.250); Vv-a.85.
- (nt.) shelter, place of security, tranquillity, home of peace, the Serene (Ep. of Nibbāna). In general DN.i.11 (peace, opp. bhaya); Snp.896 (+ avivādabhūmi), Snp.953
■ In particular of Nibbāna: SN.iv.371; AN.iv.455; Vv.53#20 (amataṃ khemaṃ); Pts.i.59. See also yoga Abl. khemato, from the standpoint of the Serene SN.ii.109; Snp.414, Snp.1098; Cnd. s.v. (+ tāṇato, etc.).
- -atta one who is at peace (+ viratta) SN.i.112 (= khemībhūtaṃ assabhāvaṃ SA).
- -anta security, in
- -bhūmi a peaceful country (opp, kantāra), a paradise (as epithet of Nibbāna) DN.i.73; Nd ii.on Satthā; Vism.303.
- -ṭṭhāna the place of shelter, the home of tranquillity Thig.350 (= Nibbāna Thag-a.242);
- -ṭṭhita peaceful, appeased, unmolested DN.i.135;
- -dassin looking upon the Serene Snp.809;
- -ppatta having attained tranquillity (= abhayappatta, vesārajjappatta) MN.i.72 = AN.ii.9.
Vedic kṣema to kṣi, cp. khetta