- (the very freq. & ordinary meaning) to get, to receive, obtain, acquire.
- (fig.) to obtain permission to receive an opportunity, etc., as “pabbajituṃ sace lacchāmi” if I am allowed to receive the pabbajjā Mhvs.18, Mhvs.5; or “labhamāno niccam pi khāditu-kāmo ’mhi” if I get the chance I should always like to eat Ja.i.478; and passim (cp. Pass. labbhati below). The paradigma of labhati shows a great variety of forms owing to its frequent occurrence (cp. E. “get”). We have selected the most interesting ones.
pres ind labhati rare (late, e.g. Vism.136); usually med labhate Thag.35; Snp.185, Snp.439; 1st sg. labhe Pv.i.6#4; 2nd sg labhase Ja.ii.220; 3rd pl. labhare SN.i.110
ppr med labhamāna SN.i.122 (otāraṃ a˚, cp. SN.iv.178; MN.i.334) also in Pass. sense “getting taken” Pv-a.71
opt3rd sg. labhe Snp.458, & (med.); labhetha Snp.45, Snp.46, Snp.217; Pv.ii.9#7; also (usual form) labheyya Pv-a.115. 2nd sg med. labhetho (= Sk. ˚thāh) Snp.833
imper 2nd sg labha Iti.77; 3rd labhatu Pv-a.112; med. 2nd sg. labhassu Thig.432; 3rd sg. labhataṃ DN.ii.150; 1st pl. (as Hortative) labhāmase Pv.i.5#5 (= labhāma Pv-a.27); & labhāmhase Pv.iii.2#24
fut 3rd sg. lacchasi (Sk. lapsyati SN.i.114; Pv.ii.4#6; Pv.iii.3#7; Ja.ii.60 (Māro otāraṃ l.), Ja.ii.258; Mil.126; Dhp-a.i.29; Snp-a.405; Thag-a.69 (Ap.); 1st sg lacchāmi MN.ii.71; 2nd sg. lacchasi Vv.83#5; Pv.iv.1#60 1st pl. lacchāma Ja.i.54; Ja.iv.292; & lacchāmase (med. Vv.32#9. Also (the Com. form) labhissati Pv-a.190; Vv-a.136
cond 1st pl. alabhissāma Ja.iii.35; med 3rd sg. alabhissatha DN.ii.63
pret (& aor) (a) 3rd sg alattha DN.i.176 (alattha pabbajjaṃ); MN.ii.49; SN.iv.302; Ja.iv.310; Vv-a.66, Vv-a.69; 1st sg. alatthaṃ DN.ii.268; Vv.81#22; Thag.747; Dhp-a.iii.313; 2nd sg. alattha SN.i.114 1st pl. alatthamha MN.ii.63; 3rd pl. alatthuṃ DN.ii.274 & alatthaṃsu SN.i.48 (b) (Prohib.) mā laddhā (3rd sg. med.) shall not receive (Sk. alabdha) Ja.iii.138. (c) labhi Snp.994; 1st sg. labhiṃ Thag.218; Thag.2, Thag.78; Ja.ii.154; Vv-a.68; & alabhitthaṃ Thag.217; 3rd sg. alabhittha Pv.i.7#7 (spelt bbh); 1st pl. labhimhā (for labhimha DN.ii.147
inf laddhuṃ Ja.ii.352; Dhp-a.iii.117; Pv-a.96
ger laddhā (poet.) Snp.306, Snp.388, Snp.766, Snp.924; laddhāna (poet.) Snp.67 (= laddhā, labhitvā Cnd.546) Iti.65; and (ord.) labhitva Ja.i.150; Ja.iii.332; Pv-a.95.
grd (a) labbhiya (only neg. alabbhiya what cannot be got) Ja.iv.86; Pv.ii.6#9; labbhaneyya (a˚) (in Com style as expln of labbhanīya) Ja.iv.86 (˚ṭhāna); Pv-a.65 (˚vatthu), Pv-a.96 (id.); and labbhanīya (as a˚-ṭṭhānāni impossible things) AN.iii.54 sq. (five such items), AN.iii.60 sq (id.); Ja.iv.59 (b) laddhabba Ja.iii.332; Pv-a.112 Pv-a.252 (c) laddheyya Pv.iv.3#25
caus labbheti (for *lābheti, a diff. formn fr. Sk. lambhayati, which is found in P. pa-lambheti) to make someone get, to procure, in 1st sg. aor. alabbhesi Vin.iv.5 = Ja.i.193; Dhp-a.iii.213 (variant reading labh˚); and in pres. 3rd sg. labbheti Ja.iii.353 (= adhigameti C.)
pass labbhati (fig.) to be permitted to be possible or proper; (or simply:) it is to be Mhvs.30, Mhvs.43; Kp-a.192 (vattuṃ), Kp-a.207 (id.)
■ Cp. upa˚, pati˚, vi˚.
later Vedic labh for older rabh, cp. rabhate, rabha, rabhasa. Related are Gr. λαμβάνω to get λάφυρον booty; Lat. rabies = E. rabies; Lith. lõbis wealth
■ The Dhtp (204) simply defines as “lābhe. On the Prk. forms see Pischel, Prk. Gr. § 484
■ See also rabhasa