- (adj.) red: rarely by itself (e.g. MN.ii.17), usually in compounds e.g. -abhijāti the red species (q.v.) AN.iii.383; -kasiṇa the artifice of red DN.iii.268; AN.i.41; Dhs.203; Vism.173; -candana red sandal (unguent) Mil.191. Otherwise rohita.
- (nt.) blood; described in detail as one of the 32 ākāras at Kp-a.54 sq.; Vism.261, Vism.360; Vb-a.245
■ Vin.i.203 (āmaka˚), Vin.i.205 (˚ṃ mocetuṃ); AN.iv.135 (saṭṭhi-mattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ uṇhaṃ l. mukhato uggañchi; cp. the similar passage at Mil.165); Snp.433; Pv.i.6#7; Pv.i.9#1 (explained as ruhira Pv-a.44); Vism.261 (two kinds; sannicita˚; and saṃsaraṇa˚), Vism.409 (the colour of the heartblood in relation to states of mind); Vb-a.66; Pv-a.56 Pv-a.78, Pv-a.110.
- -akkha having red (blood-shot) eyes (of snakes yakkhas) Vv.52#2 (cp. Vv-a.224: ratta-nayanā; yakkhānaṃ hi nettāni ati-lohitāni honti); Ja.vi.180.
- -uppāda (the crime of) wounding a Tathāgata, one of the anantariya-kammas Vb-a.427; cp. Tathāgatassa lohitaṃ uppādeti Mil.214.
- -uppādaka one who sheds the blood of an Arahant Vin.i.89, Vin.i.136, Vin.i.320; Vin.v.222
- -kumbhi a receptacle for blood Ud.17 (with ref. to the womb).
- -doṇi a bloody trough Vism.358; Vb-a.62
- -pakkhandikā (or ˚pakkhandik’ ābādha) bloody diarrhoea dysentery MN.i.316; DN.ii.127; Ud.82; Ja.ii.213; Mil.134, Mil.175; Dhp-a.iii.269.
- -homa a sacrifice of blood DN.i.9; DN-a.i.93.
cp. Vedic lohita & rohita; see also P. rohita “red”