- intoxication, sensual excess, in formula davāya madāya maṇḍanāya (for purposes of sport, excess, personal charm etc. MN.i.355 = AN.ii.40 = Mnd.496 = Cnd.540 = Pp.21 = Dhs.1346, Dhs.1348. The commentator’s explains bearing directly or indirectly on this passage distinguish several kinds of mada, viz. māna-mada & purisa-; mada (at Dhs-a.403 Vism.293), or muṭṭhika-mall’ ādayo viya madatthaṃ bala- mada-nimittaṃ porisa- mada-nimittañ cā ti vuttaṃ (at Vism.31). Snp.218 (mada-pamāda on which passage Snp-a.273 comments on mada with jāti-mad’ ādi-bhedā madā).
- (as mental state or habit) pride, conceit Mil.289 (māna, m., pamāda); Vb.345 (where 27 such states are given, beginning with jāti˚, gotta˚, ārogya˚ yobbana˚, jīvita-mada), Vb.350 (where mada is paraphrased by majjanā majjitattaṃ māno… uṇṇati… dhajo sampaggāho ketukamyatā cittassa: same formula, as concluding exegesis of māna at Cnd.505; Dhs.1116); sometimes more def. characterised with phrase mada-matta elated with the pride or intoxication of… (-˚). e.g. AN.i.147 (yobbana˚, ārogya˚ jīvita˚); Pv-a.86 (māna˚), Pv-a.280 (bhoga˚)
■ The traditional exegesis distinguishes only 3 mada’s, viz. ārogya- mada the pride of health, yobbana˚; of youth, jīvita˚; of life: DN.iii.220; AN.i.146.
- -nimmadana “disintoxication from intoxication, freedom from pride or conceit AN.ii.34; Bv.i.81; Vism.293.
Vedic mada, mad (see majjati), Idg. *mad, as in Av. mata intoxication, drink, mad, to get intoxicated orig. meaning “drip, be full of liquid or fat”; cp. Gr. μαδάω dissolve, μαστός breast (μαζός → Amazone), Lat madeo to be wet, Ohg. mast fattening, Sk. meda grease fat, Gr. μέζεα· μεστός full; Goth. mats eatables, Ags mōs, Ohg. muos = gemüse, etc. Perhaps connected with *med in Lat. medeor to heal. For further relations see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. madeo
■ The Dhtp (412) Dhtm (642) explain; mad by “ummāde” Dhtm.210 also by “muda, mada = santose”