1. a gem, jewel. At several places one may interpret as “crystal.” DN.i.7 (as ornament); Dhp.161; (agghiya, precious). In simile at DN.i.76 (maṇi veḷuriyo). On maṇi in similes see J.P.T.S. 1907, 121
    udaka-pasādaka maṇi a precious stone (crystal?) having the property of making water clear Mil.35 (cp. below Vism.366 passage); cintā˚; a “thought-jewel,” magic stone (crystal?) Ja.iii.504; Vv-a.32; cūḷā˚; a jewelled crest or diadem, the crown-jewel Ja.v.441 sq.; jāti˚; a genuine precious stone Ja.ii.417; Vism.216 (in comparison); tārā˚; (-vitāna) (canopy) of jewelled stars Vism.76; nīla˚; a dark blue jewel Ja.ii.112; Ja.iv.140; Dhp-a.iii.254. The passage “amaṇiṃ udakaṃ maṇiṃ katvā” at Vism.366 (+ asuvaṇṇaṃ leḍḍuṃ suvaṇṇaṃ katvā) refers clearly to meaning “jewel” (that the water is without a jewel or crystal, but is made as clear as crystal; a conjuror’s trick, cp. Mil.35). Whether meaning “waterpot” (as given at Abhp.1113 & found in der. maṇika) is referred to here, is not to be decided
  2. a crystal used as burning-glass Mil.54.
  • -kāra a jeweller Mil.331; Dhp-a.ii.152.
  • -kuṇḍala a jewelled earring, adj. wearing an (ear) ornament of jewels Vin.ii.156 (āmutta˚ adorned with…); Vv.20#8 (id.); Vv.43#8 (id.); Pv.ii.9#51 (id.); Thag.187; Dhp.345 (maṇi-kuṇḍalesu = manīsu ca kuṇḍalesu ca maṇicittesu vā kuṇḍalesu, i.e. with gem-studded earrings Dhp-a.iv.56).
  • -kuṭṭima at Vv-a.188 is probably to be read as ˚kuṇḍala (variant reading ˚kundima).
  • -khandha “jewelbulk,” i.e. a tremendous jewel, large gem, functioning in tales almost like a magic jewel Ja.iii.187; Ja.v.37 (˚vaṇṇaṃ udakaṃ water as clear as a large block of crystal), Ja.v.183 (˚pilandhana).
  • -guhā a jewelled cave cave of crystal Ja.ii.417 (where pigs live); Snp-a.66 (one of three, viz. suvaṇṇa-guhā, m.˚, rajata˚. At the entrance of it there grows the Mañjūsaka tree).
  • -canda “the jewelled moon,” i.e. with a crest like the (glittering moon Vv.64#6 (= maṇi-maya-maṇḍalânuviddha-candamaṇḍala-sadisa maṇi Vb-a.277).
  • -cchāyā reflection of a jewel
  • -thūṇā, a jewelled pillar, adj. with jewelled pillars Vv.54#1, Vv.67#1.
  • -pabbata mountain of gems Snp-a.358.
  • -pallaṅka a jewelled pallanquin Dhp-a.i.274.
  • -bandha (place for) binding the jewelled bracelet, the wrist Vism.255 = Vb-a.238 = Kp-a.50 (˚aṭṭhi).
  • -bhadda Name of one of 20 classes of people mentioned Mil.191; trsld by Rh. D. Mil trsl. i.266 by “tumblers.” The term occurs also at Mnd.89 Mnd.92. Cp. Sk. Maṇibhadra, Name of a brother of Kuvera & prince of the Yakṣas.;
  • -maya made of, consisting of or caused by jewels Pv.ii.6#4; Vv-a.280; Dhp-a.i.29
  • -ratana a precious stone or mineral, which is a gem (jewel); i.e. maṇi as a kind of ratana, of which there are seven Vism.189 (in sim.); Mil.218.
  • -rūpaka a jewelled image Dhp-a.i.370;
  • -lakkhaṇa fortune-telling from jewels DN.i.9; Snp-a.564.
  • -vaṇṇa the colour or appearance of crystal; i.e. as clear as crystal (of water) Ja.ii.304 (pasanna +).
  • -sappa a kind of poisonous snake (i.e. a mysterious, magic snake) DN-a.i.197.

cp. Vedic maṇi. The connection with Lat. monile (pendant), proposed by Fick & Grassmann, is doubted by Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. monile, where see other suggestions For further characterisation of maṇi cp. Zimmer, Altindisches Leben pp. 53, 263