1. to stretch forth, hold out or up, take up DN.i.123 (sujaṃ the sacrificial ladle), DN.i.125 (añjaliṃ stretch out the hollow hands as a token of respectful greeting); SN.i.141; SN.ii.280; Ja.i.89 (paveṇiṃ) Pv-a.74 (turiyāni). ger. paggayha taking up, raising up, stretching forth Snp.350 (= uttāretvā Snp-a.349) Dhp.268 (tulaṃ); Pv.ii.9#17 (bāhuṃ); Pv.iv.7#4 (uccaṃ p.) Vv-a.7 (añjaliṃ). Often in phrase bāhā paggayha kandati to wail or lament with outstretched arms (a special pose of mourning) Ja.v.267;; Pv-a.92 (= pasāreti).
  2. to take up, take care of, favour support, befriend (opp. niggaṇhāti) Ja.i.511; Ja.ii.21 Ja.v.116, Ja.v.369; Mil.185, Mil.186; Pv-a.114 (sappurisa-dhammaṃ).
  3. to put to, exert, strain, apply vigorously (cittaṃ one’s mind) SN.v.9; Pts.ii.20 (paggaṇhanto viriyena carati)

pp paggahita (q.v.)
caus paggaheti to exert Mil.390 (mānasaṃ)
caus 2 paggaṇhāpeti to cause to hold up or out, to cause to uphold or support Mil.21 (dhamma-dhajaṃ); Ja.v.248; Pv-a.74 (turiyāni).

pa + gaṇhāti