adjective dear, in two applications (as stated Mnd.133 = Cnd.444, viz dve piyā: sattā vā piyā sankhārā vā piyā, with ref. to living beings, to sensations):
- dear, beloved (as father mother, husband, etc.) SN.i.210 (see [compar. ˚tara](/define/compar. ˚tara)) Dhp.130, Dhp.157, Dhp.220; Vism.296, Vism.314 sq.; often combined with manāpa (pleasing, also in 2), e.g. DN.ii.19; DN.iii.167; Ja.ii.155; Ja.iv.132.
- pleasant, agreeable, liked Snp.452, Snp.863: Dhp.77, Dhp.211; often combined (contrasted) with appiya, e.g. Snp.363, Snp.450 (see also below). nt. piyaṃ a pleasant thing, pleasantry, pleasure SN.i.189; Snp.450 Snp.811; Dhp-a.iii.275
■ appiya unpleasant MN.i.86; Kp.viii.5. appiyatā unpleasantness Ja.iv.32. See also pīti & pema.
- -āpāya separation from what is dear to one, absence of the beloved AN.iii.57; Dhp.211.
- -āppiya pleasant unpleasant DN.ii.277 (origin of it); Dhp.211.
- -kamya friendly disposition Vin.iv.12.
- -ggāhin grasping after pleasure Dhp.209, cp. Dhp-a.iii.275.
- -cakkhu a loving eye DN.iii.167.
- -dassana lovely to behold, goodlooking DN.iii.167.
- -bhāṇin speaking pleasantly, flattering Ja.v.348.
- -manāpatā belovedness MN.i.66.
- -rūpa pleasant form, an enticing object of sight DN.i.152 (cp. DN-a.i.311); SN.ii.109 sq.; AN.ii.54; Iti.95, Iti.114; Snp.337, Snp.1086 (cp. Cnd.445); Vb.103; Ne.27.
- -vacana term of endearment or esteem, used with ref. to āyasmā Cnd.130; Snp-a.536, etc.; or mārisa Snp-a.536.
- -vācā pleasant speech SN.i.189; Snp.452.
- -vādin speaking pleasantly, affable DN.i.60 (manāpacārin +); AN.iii.37 AN.iv.265 sq.
- -vippayoga separation from the beloved object Snp.41 (cp. Cnd.444); Pv-a.161 (here with ref to the husband); syn. with appiya-sampayoga, e.g. at Vism.504 sq.
Vedic priya, prī, cp. Gr. προπροών; Goth. frijōn to love, frijonds loving = E. friend; Ger. frei freund; Ohg. Frīa = Sk. priyā, E. Friday, etc.
oar; usually so in cpd. piyāritta (nt.) oar & rudder SN.i.103; AN.ii.201; Ja.iv.164.
sporadic for phiya, q.v.