- ancient, past Snp.312, Snp.944 (= Mnd.428 atītaṃ opp. nava = paccuppannaṃ); Dhp.156 (= pubbe katāni C.); with ref. to former births or previous existences p. kammaṃ SN.ii.64 = Mnd.437 = Cnd.680 Q. 2; puññaṃ SN.i.92.
- old (of age), worn out, used (opp. nava recent) DN.i.224 (bandhanaṃ, opp. navaṃ); Vin.ii.123 (udakaṃ p.˚ṃ stale water); SN.ii.106 (magga); Snp.1 (tacaṃ); Ja.ii.114 (f. purāṇī, of an old bow string, applied jokingly to a former wife); Ja.iv.201 (˚paṇṇa old leaf, opp nava); Ja.v.202 (a˚ not old, of years); Ja.vi.45 (apurāṇaṃ adv. recently); Vb-a.363 (udaka stale water).
- former, late, old in compounds as -dutiyikā the former wife (of a bhikkhu) Vin.i.18, Vin.i.96; Vin.iv.263; SN.i.200; Ud.5; Ja.i.210; -rājorodhā former lady of the harem Vin.iv.261 -sālohita former blood-relation Snp.p.91; Ud.7; Dhp-a.ii.210. Cp. porāṇa.
Venic purāṇa, fr. *per, cp. Sk. parut in former years, Gr. πέρυσι = Lith. pernai, Goth. fairneis Ohg. firni = Ger. firn (last year’s snow), forn formerly ferro far