- to protect, shelter, save, preserve Snp.220; Ja.iv.255 (maṃ rakkheyyātha); Ja.vi.589 (= pāleti); Pv.ii.9#43 (dhanaṃ); Mil.166 (rukkhaṃ), Mil.280 (attānaṃ rakkheyya save himself); Pv-a.7
grd rakkhiya to be protected Mhvs.33, Mhvs.45. Neg. arakkhiya & arakkheyya; (in meaning 3) see separately
pass ppr. rakkhiyamāna Ja.i.140.
- to observe, guard, take care of, control (with ref. to cittaṃ the heart, and sīlaṃ good character or morals) Iti.67 (sīlaṃ); Dhp-a.i.295 (cittaṃ rakkha equivalent with cittaṃ dama), Dhp-a.i.397 (ācāraṃ); Ja.iv.255 (vācaṃ); Vv-a.59 (sīlāni rakkhi); Pv-a.66 (sīlaṃ rakkhatha uposathaṃ karotha).
- to keep (a) secret, to put away, to guard against (i.e. to keep away from Snp.702 mano-padosaṃ rakkheyya); Mil.170 (vacīduccaritaṃ rakkheyya)
pp rakkhita. See also parīpāleti & parirakkhati.
Vedic raksati, rakṣ to Idg. *ark (cp. Lat. arceo etc.) in enlarged form *aleq = Gr. ἀλέςω to protect (Alexander!); ἀλκή strength; Ags. ealgian to protect Goth. alhs = Ags. ealh temple. Cp. also base *areq in P. aggala. The Dhtp.18 explains rakkh by “pālana”.