a two-wheeled carriage, chariot (for riding driving or fighting SN.i.33 (ethically); AN.iv.191 (horse cart; diff. parts of a ratha); MN.i.396; Snp.300, Snp.654 Vism.593 (in its compound of akkha, cakka, pañjara, īsā etc.); Ja.iii.239 (passaddha˚ carriage slowing up); Thig.229 (caturassaṃ rathaṃ, i.e. a Vimāna); Mhvs.35, Mhvs.42 (goṇā rathe yuttā); Vv-a.78 (500), Vv-a.104, Vv-a.267 (= Vimāna) Pv-a.74
assatarī˚; a chariot drawn by a she-mule Vv.20#8 = Vv.43#8; Pv.i.11#1; Ja.vi.355
Phussa-ratha state carriage Ja.iii.238; Ja.vi.30 sq. See under ph
■ On ratha in similes see J.P.T.S. 1907, 127.

  • -atthara (rathatthara) a rug for a chariot DN.i.7; Vin.i.192; Vin.ii.163.
  • -anīka array of chariots Vin.iv.108
  • -īsā carriage pole AN.iv.191.
  • -ūpatthara chariot or carriage cover DN.i.103; DN-a.i.273.
  • -esabha (ratha ṛṣabha, Sk. rathārṣabha) lord of charioteers. Ratha here in meaning of “charioteer”; Childers sees rathin in this cpd.; Trenckner, Notes 59, suggests distortion from rathe śubha. Dhpāla at Pv-a.163 clearly understands it as ratha- = charioteer explaining “rathesu usabha-sadiso mahā-ratho ti attho”; as does Bdhgh at Snp-a.321 (on Snp.303): “mahā-rathesu khattiyesu akampiy’ aṭṭhena usabha-sadiso.”- Snp.303–Snp.308, 552; Pv.ii.13#1; Mhvs.5, Mhvs.246; Mhvs.15, Mhvs.11; Mhvs.29, Mhvs.12.
  • -kāra carriagebuilder chariot-maker, considered as a class of very low social standing, rebirth in which is a punishment (cp. Fick, Sociale Gliederung 56, 207, 209 sq.) SN.i.93; Vin.iv.9 (as term of abuse, enumerated with other low grades: caṇḍāla veṇa nesāda r. pukkusa), Vin.iv.12 (˚jāti) MN.ii.152, MN.ii.183 f.; as kārin at Pv.iii.1#13 (explained as cammakārin Pv-a.175). As Npl. name of one of the 7 Great Lakes in the Himālaya (Rathakāradaha), e.g. at Vism.416; Snp-a.407.
  • -cakka wheel of a chariot or carriage Vism.238 (in simile, concerning its circumference); Pv-a.65.
  • -pañjara the body (lit. “cage” or “frame”) of a carriage Vv.83#1 (= rath’ ûpattha Vv-a.326); Ja.ii.172; Ja.iv.60; Dhp-a.i.28.
  • -yuga a chariot yoke Ja.vi.42.
  • -reṇu “chariot-dust,” a very minute quantity (as a measure), a mite. Childers compares Sk. trasareṇu a mote of dust, atom. It is said to consist of 36 -tajjāri’s, and 36 ratha-reṇu’s are equal to one -likkhā Vb-a.343.
  • -vinīta “led by a chariot,” a chariot-drive (Neumann, “Eilpost”), name of the 24th Suttanta of Majjhima (MN.i.145 sq.), quoted at Vism.93, Vism.671 and Snp-a.446.
  • -sālā chariot shed Dhp-a.iii.121.

Vedic ratha, Av. rapa, Lat. rota wheel, rotundus (“rotund” & round), Oir. roth = Ohg rad wheel, Lith rãtas id.


pleasure, joy, delight: see *mano*˚.

fr. ram, cp. Sk. ratha