- calm, quietude of heart MN.i.33; AN.i.61, AN.i.95; AN.ii.140; AN.iii.86 sq. (ceto˚), AN.iii.116 sq., AN.iii.449; AN.iv.360; AN.v.99; DN.iii.54, DN.iii.213, DN.iii.273; Dhp-a.ii.177; SN.iv.362; Dhs.11, Dhs.15, Dhs.54; cessation of the Sankhāras SN.i.136; SN.iii.133; AN.i.133; Snp.732; Vin.i.5.
- settlement of legal questions (adhikaraṇa) Vin.ii.93 Vin.iv.207; cp. Dhs-a.144; s. paṭivijjhati Pts.i.180.
- -yānika who makes quietude his vehicle, devoted to quietude, a kind of Arahant; cp. Geiger, Saṃyutta translation ii.172.
- -vipassanā introspection (“auto-hypnosis” Cpd. 202) for promoting calm [cp. śamatha-vipaśyanā Divy.95] SN.v.52; AN.ii.157; Dhp-a.iv.140; also separately “calm & intuition,” e.g. MN.i.494.
fr. śam, cp. BSk. śamatha