adjective noun agreeable, pleasant, blest Vin.i.3; Dhp.118, Dhp.194, Dhp.331; Snp.383; paṭipadā, pleasant path, easy progress AN.ii.149 sq.; Dhs.178; kaṇṇa-s. pleasant to the ear DN.i.4; happy, pleased DN.ii.233
■ nt. sukhaṃ wellbeing happiness, ease; ideal, success Vin.i.294; DN.i.73 sq.; MN.i.37; SN.i.5; AN.iii.355 (deva-manussānaṃ) Iti.47; Dhp.2; Snp.67; Dhs.10; Dhs-a.117; Pv-a.207 (lokiya worldly happiness)
■ kāyika sukkha bodily welfare Tikp.283; cp. Cpd. 1121; sāmisaṃ s. material happiness AN.i.81; AN.iii.412; Vb-a.268. On relation to pīti (joy see Vism.145 (sankhāra-kkhandha-sangahitā pīti vedanā-kkhandha-sangahitaṃ sukhaṃ) and Cpd. 56 243
■ Defined further at Vism.145 & Vism.461 (iṭṭha-phoṭṭhabb-ânubhavana-lakkhaṇaṃ; i.e. of the kind of experiencing pleasant contacts)
■ Two kinds, viz kāyika & cetasika; at Pts.i.188; several other pairs at AN.i.80; three (praise, wealth, heaven) Iti.67; another three (manussa˚, dibba˚, nibbāna˚) Dhp-a.iii.51; four (possessing, making good use of possessions, having no debts, living a blameless life) AN.ii.69
■ gātha -bandhana-sukh’atthaṃ for the beauty of the verse Ja.ii.224-Opp. asukha DN.iii.222, DN.iii.246; Snp.738; or dukkha, with which often combined (e.g. Snp.67, Snp.873, with spelling dukha at both pass.)
■ Cases: instr. sukhena with comfort happily, through happiness Thag.220; Dhs-a.406; acc sukhaṃ comfortably, in happiness; yathā s. according to liking Pv-a.133; sukhaṃ seti to rest in ease, to lie well SN.i.41; AN.i.136; Dhp.19, Dhp.201; Ja.i.141. Cp. sukhasayita-s. edhati to thrive, prosper SN.i.217; Dhp.193; Snp.298; cp. sukham-edha Vin.iii.137 (with Kern’s remarks
- -atthin fem. -nī longing for happiness Mhvs.6, Mhvs.4
- -āvaha bringing happiness, conducive to ease SN.i.2 sq. SN.i.55; Dhp.35; Ja.ii.42.
- -indriya the faculty of ease SN.v.209 sq.; Dhs.452; Iti.15, Iti.52.
- -udraya (sometimes spelt -undriya) having a happy result AN.i.97; Pts.i.80; Pv.iv.1#78 (= sukha-vipāka Pv-a.243); Vv.31#8.
- -ūpaharaṇa happy offering, luxury Ja.i.231.
- -edhita read as sukhe ṭhita (i.e. being happy) at Vin.iii.13 & SN.v.351 (variant reading sukhe ṭhita); also at Dhp-a.i.165; cp. Ja.vi.219.
- -esin looking for pleasure Dhp.341.
- -kāma longing for happiness MN.i.341; SN.iv.172, SN.iv.188.
- -da giving pleasure Snp.297
- -dhamma a good state MN.i.447
- -nisinna comfortably seated Ja.iv.125
- -paṭisaṁvedin experiencing happiness Pp.61
- -ppatta come to well-being, happy Ja.iii.112
- -pharaṇatā diffusion of well-being, ease Netti.89 (among the constituents of samādhi)
- -bhāgiya participating in happiness Netti.120 sq., Netti.125 sq., Netti.239 (the four s. dhammā are indriyasaṁvara, tapasaṁkhāta puññadhamma, bojjhangabhāvanā and sabbūpadhipaṭinissaggasankhāta nibbāna)
- -bhūmi a soil of ease, source of ease Dhs.984 Dhs-a.346
- -yānaka an easy-going cart Dhp-a.325
- -vinicchaya discernment of happiness MN.iii.230 sq.
- -vipāka resulting in happiness, ease DN.i.51 AN.i.98 DN-a.i.158
- -vihāra dwelling at ease SN.v.326
- -vihārin dwelling at ease, well at ease DN.i.75 Dhs.163 Ja.i.140
- -saṁvāsa pleasant to associate with Dhp.207
- -saññin conceiving happiness, considering as happiness AN.ii.52
- -samuddaya origin of bliss Iti.16 Iti.52
- -samphassa pleasant to touch Dhs.648
- -sammata deemed a pleasure Snp.760
- -sayita well embedded (in soil), of ‣Seeds AN.iii.404 = DN.ii.354
Vedic sukha; in R.V. only of ratha; later generally