adjective noun hot, as adj only in phrase uṇhaṃ lohitaṃ chaḍḍeti to spill hot blood, i.e. to kill oneself Dhp-a.i.95; otherwise in compounds abs. only as nt. “heat” & always in contrast to sītaṃ “cold” Vin.ii.117 (sītena pi uṇhena pi); DN.ii.15 (opp sīta); MN.i.85; AN.i.145 = AN.i.170 = Ja.v.417 (sītaṃ vā uṇhaṃ vā tiṇaṃ vā rajo vā ussāvo vā); Snp.52, Snp.966 (acc ˚); Mnd.486 = Cnd.677 (same as under sita); Ja.i.17 (verse 93); Mil.410 (megho uṇhaṃ nibbāpeti); Pv-a.37 (ati˚).
- -ākāra appearance of heat, often in phrase (Sakkassa paṇḍu-kambala-sil’āsanaṃ uṇhākāraṃ dassesi, of Sakka’s throne showing an appearance of heat as a sign of some extraordinary event happening in the world, e.g. Ja.i.330 Ja.v.92; Dhp-a.i.17, and passim.
- -odaka hot water Vv-a.68
- -kalla glowing-hot embers or ashes Ja.ii.94 (so read for ˚kalala); Ja.iv.389 (˚vassa, rain of hot ashes, variant reading ˚kukkuḷavassa).
- -kāla hot weather Vin.ii.209.
Vedic uṣṇā f. to oṣati to burn, pp. uṣṭa burnt, Sk. uṣṇa = Lat. ustus; cp. Gr. ευὤ, Lat. uro to burn Ags. ysla glowing cinders, Lith. usnis nettle