1. change, alteration, in mahā˚; great change Vism.366, Vism.367 (of two kinds: anupādiṇṇa upādiṇṇa, or primary & secondary, i.e. the first caused by kappa-vuṭṭhāna, the second by dhātu-kkhobha) Kp-a.107 (vaṇṇa˚).

  2. distortion, reversion, contortion, in var. connections, as kucchi˚; stomach-ache Vin.i.301; bhamuka˚; frowning Dhp-a.iv.90; raukha˚ grimace, contortion of the face, Ja.ii.448; Pv-a.123 hattha˚; hand-figuring, signs with the hand, gesture Vin.i.157 (+ hattha-vilanghaka) = MN.i.207 (reads vilangaka); Vin.v.163 (with other similaṛ gestures); Ja.iv.491 Ja.v.287;,
    ■ Kern.


    s. v. vikāra is hardly correct in translating hattha-vikārena at Vin.i.157 by “eigenhandig,” i.e. with his own hand. It has to be combined with hattha-vilanghakena.

  3. perturbation disturbance, inconvenience, deformity Vin.i.271, Vin.i.272 (˚ṃ sallakkheti observe the uneasiness); Mil.224 (tāvataka v. temporary inconvenience), Mil.254 (˚vipphāra disturbing influence); Snp-a.189 (bhūta˚ natural blemish)

  4. constitution, property, quality (cp. Cpd. 1572 1681) Vism.449 (rūpa˚ material quality); Vv-a.10 (so correct under maya in P.D. vol. iii. p. 147).

  5. deception, fraud Pv-a.211 (= nikati)

■ Cp. nibbikāra.

fr. vi + kṛ.