the Vedic differentiations vetti “to know” and vindati “to find” are both in Pāli, but only in sporadic forms, some of which are archaic and therefore only found in poetry. Of vid are more frequent the Pass. vijjati and derivations fr the Caus. ved˚. The root vind occurs only in the present tense and its derivations
vid to know, to ascertain: The old Vedic pres. vetti only at Thag.497 (spelt veti). Another old aor. is vedi [Sk. ayedīt] Dhp.419, Dhp.423; Ja.iii.420 (= aññāsi); Ja.iv.35 (here perhaps as aor. to Caus. vedeti: to cause to know or feel). Remnants of the old perfect tense 3rd pl. [Sk. viduḥ] are vidū & viduṃ (appears as vidu in verse), e.g. at Thag.497; Snp.758; Pv.ii.7#4 (= jānanti Pv-a.102); Ja.v.62 (= vijānanti C.); Mhvs.23, Mhvs.78. The old participle of the same tense is vidvā [= Sk. vidvān; cp. Geiger
§ 100#2] in meaning “wise” Snp.792, Snp.897, Snp.1056, Snp.1060 explained as vijjāgato ñāṇī vibhāvī medhāvī at Mnd.93, Mnd.308 Cnd.575. Opp. avidvā Snp.535; MN.i.311
■ Younger forms are a reconstructed (grammatical)
pres vidati DN-a.i.139;
ger viditvā SN.v.193; Snp.353, Snp.365, Snp.581, Snp.1053 Snp.1068 and
pp vidita (q.v.)
pass vijjati to be found to be known, to exist; very frequent, e.g. Snp.20 (pl vijjare), Snp.21, Snp.431, Snp.611, Snp.856, Snp.1001, Snp.1026; Thag.132; DN.i.18; Pv.i.5#6; Pv.ii.3#18 (spelt vijjite!), Pv.ii.9#14 (= atthi C.) 3rd sg. pret. vijjittha Snp.1098 (mā v. = saṃvijjittha Cnd.568).
ppr vijjamāna existing Ja.i.214; Ja.iii.127; Pv-a.25, Pv-a.87, Pv-a.103; Mil.216 (gen. pl. vijjamānataṃ).
caus vedeti; Pass. Caus. vediyati;
grd vedanīya: see separately, with other derivations
vind to find possess, enjoy (cp. vitta1, vitta2, vitti) Snp.187 (vindate dhanaṃ), Snp.658; Thag.551; Thag.2, Thag.79 (aor. vindi); Ja.vi.508 (vindate, med. = look for, try to find for oneself); Mhvs.1, Mhvs.13 (ppr. vindaṃ); Dhp-a.iii.128 (ppr. vindanto), Dhp-a.iii.410; Pv-a.60, Pv-a.77
inf vindituṃ Mil.122; Ja.18; grd vindiya Vism.526 (as avindiya in expln of avijjā). Cp. nibbindati
pp vitta1 (for which adhigata in lit meaning).
vid, both in meaning “to know” & “to find”; cp. Gr. ε ̓ϊδον I saw, ο ̓ϊδα I know = Sk. veda “Veda, ει ̓́δωλον “idol”; Vedic vindati to find, vetti to know vidyā knowledge; Goth. witan to observe & know Ger. wissen; Goth. weis = E. wise, etc., for which see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. video