A grove to the south of Sāvatthī, one gāvuta away from the city. It was well guarded and monks and nuns used to resort there in search of solitude. The Bhikkhunī Saṃyutta contains stories of nuns who were tempted by Māra in the Andhavana, e.g., Āḷavikā, Soma, Kisāgotamī, Vijayā, Uppalavaṇṇā, Cālā, Upacālā, Sisūpacālā, Selā, Vajirā. Snp5
Once when Anuruddha was staying there he became seriously sick. SN.v.302 It was here that the Buddha preached to Rāhula the discourse (Cūḷa-Rāhulovāda) which made him an arahant. SN.iv.105–107
Among others who lived here from time to time are mentioned the Elders Khema, Soma, AN.iii.358 and Sāriputta, AN.v.9 the last-mentioned experiencing a special kind of samādhi where he realised that bhavanirodha was nibbāna.
The Vammika Sutta MN.i.143ff. was the result of questions put by an anāgami Brahma, his erstwhile colleague, to Kumāra-kassapa, while he was in Andhavana.
The Pārājika Vin.iii.28ff. contains stories of monks who committed offences in the forest with shepherdesses and others, and also of some monks who ate the flesh of a cow which had been left behind, partly eaten, by cattle thieves. Vin.iii.64 It was here that Uppalavaṇṇā obtained the piece of cow’s flesh which she asked Udāyi to offer to the Buddha, giving Udāyi her inner robe as “wages” for the job. Vin.iii.208–209
The rule forbidding monks to enter a village clad only in their waist cloth and nether garment was made with reference to a monk whose robe had been stolen by thieves in Andhavana. Vin.i.298