1. rough, coarse, unpleasant; poor, bad (usually applied to dress or food); mediocre, meagre, wretched. Opp paṇīta (e.g. Vin.i.212; SN.ii.153; AN.iv.10; Ja.i.228; Vv-a.64); SN.iv.337 sq.; AN.iv.232 sq.; Vin.i.55; Thag.923; Ja.i.228 (cittasmiṃ paṇīte… dānaṃ lūkhaṃ na hoti); Cnd.342 (p. 182, in exegesis of nikkuha, where practices of ascetics are referred to as “lūkhaṃ cīvaraṃ dhāreti, l. piṇḍapātaṃ bhuñjati, l. senāsanaṃ paṭisevati etc.); Vv-a.298, Vv-a.335 sq.; Pv-a.180.
  2. (of men) low wretched, rough, miserable, offensive Vin.i.199; Vin.iii.110 (kisa l. dubbaṇṇa); SN.i.175 (= jiṇṇa C, see K.S. 320 translation “looking worn”); MN.i.77 = Ja.i.390
    lūkhapuggala a miserable, offensive character (opp. siniddhapuggala) Vism.132; Vb-a.282.
  • -ājīvin leading a hard or rough life DN.i.161; DN.iii.44, DN.iii.47; SN.ii.200; AN.v.190.
  • -cīvara (adj.) wearing a shabby robe, badly clad Vin.iii.263; Mil.342 (cp. cīvara lūkha bad condition of clothes AN.ii.71 = Pp.53; lūkhacīvara-dhara AN.i.25).
  • -ppamāṇa (& ˚ika); taking unpleasantness or misery as one’s standard AN.ii.71 Pp.53 (cp. Pp-a 229); Dhp-a.iii.114; Snp-a.242; cp rūpa-ppamāṇa.
  • -ppasanna believing in shabbiness or mediocrity, having (bodily) wretchedness as one’s faith Vin.ii.197; AN.ii.71 = Pp.53.
  • -pāpuraṇa miserably clad SN.i.175; Dhp-a.iv.8, Dhp-a.iv.9.

Vedic rūkṣa; Prk. lūha & lukkha; BSk. lūha, e.g. Divy.13 (praheṇaka), Divy.81 (˚cīvara), Divy.425, Divy.427, Divy.1.