1. pp. broken up powdered; only in cpd. -vicuṇṇa crushed to bits smashed up, piecemeal Ja.i.73; Ja.ii.120, Ja.ii.159, Ja.ii.216; Ja.iii.74
  2. (nt.)
    1. any hard substance ground into a powder dust, sand Ja.i.216; Vv-a.65 (paṃsu˚); Pv.iii.3#3 (suvaṇṇa gold-dust; Pv-a.189 = vālikā); DN-a.i.245 (id.); Dhs-a.12
    2. esp. “chunam” (Anglo-Ind.) i.e. a plaster of which quicklime & sand are the chief ingredients which is largely used in building, but also applied to the skin as a sort of soap-powder in bathing. Often combd with mattikā clay, in distinction of which c. is for delicate use (tender skin), whereas m. for rougher purposes (see Vin.i.202); cuṇṇāni bhesajjāni an application of c. Vin.i.202
      ■ Vin.i.47 = Vin.i.52; Vin.ii.220, Vin.ii.224 sq. AN.i.208; AN.iii.25; Ja.v.89. cuṇṇa-tela-vālaṇḍupaka Vism.142 (where Asl 115 reads cuṇṇaṃ vā telaṃ vā leḍḍūpaka)- nahāniya˚; DN.i.74 = MN.iii.92; Pv-a.46; na-hāna Ja.ii.403, Ja.ii.404
      gandha -cuṇṇa aromatic (bath) powder Ja.i.87, Ja.i.290; Ja.iii.276; candana˚; id. Mil.13, Mil.18
      iṭṭhaka˚ plaster (which is rubbed on the head of one to be executed) Pv-a.4, cp. Mṛcchakaṭika X, beginning (stanza 5) “piṣṭa-cūrṇâvakīrṇaśca puruṣo ’haṃ paśūkṛtaḥ.”
  • -cālanī a mortar for the preparation of chunam Vin.i.202;
  • -piṇḍa a lump of ch. Vin.iii.260; Vin.iv.154 sq.

Sk. cūrṇa, pp. of carvati, to chew, to *sqer to cut, break up, as in Lat. caro, Sk. kṛṇāti (cp. kaṭu); cp Lit. kirwis axe, Lat. scrūpus sharp stone, scrupulus scortum. See also calaka2 & cp. Sk. kṣunna of; kṣud to grind, to which prob. P. kuḍḍa