neuter a trap, a snare; fig. falsehood, deceit. As trap Ja.i.143 (kūṭapāsādi); Ja.iv.416 (expln paṭicchannapāsa). As deceit, cheating in formula tulā˚ kaṃsa māna˚ “cheating with weight, coin and measure (DN-a.i.78 = vañcana) DN.i.5 = DN.iii.176 = SN.v.473 = MN.i.180 = AN.ii.209; AN.v.205 = Pp.58. māna˚ Pv-a.278
■ As adj. false, deceitful, cheating, see cpds
Note. kūṭe Ja.i.145 ought to be read kuṭe (antokuṭe padīpo viya cp. ghaṭa).

  • -aṭṭa a false suit, in ˚kāra a false suitor Ja.ii.2; Dhp-a.i.353;
  • -jaṭila a fraudulent ascetic Ja.i.375; Dhp-a.i.40
  • -māna false measure Pv-a.191;
  • -vāṇija a false-trader Pv.iii.4#2; Pv-a.191;
  • -vinicchayikatā a lie (false discrimination) Pv-a.210.
  • -vedin lier, calumniator Ja.iv.177.

Dhtp.472 & Dhtm.526 expl.; kuṭ; of kūṭa1 by koṭille (koṭilye), cp. Sk. kūṭa trap, cp. Gr. παλεύω to trap birds


masculine neuter -

  1. prominence, top (cp. koṭi), in abbha ridge of the cloud Vv i.1 (= sikhara); aṃsa˚ shoulder clavicle, Vv-a.121, Vv-a.123 pabbata˚ mountain peak Vin.ii.193; Ja.i.73. Cp. koṭa
  2. the top of a house roof, pinnacle AN.i.261; Vv.78#4 (= kaṇṇikā Vv-a.304) gaha˚ Dhp.154; Pv-a.55. Cp. also kūṭāgāra
  3. a heap, an accumulation, in sankāra˚ dust-heap MN.ii.7; Pv-a.144
  4. the topmost point, in phrase desanāya kūṭaṃ gahetvā or desanā kūtaṃ gaṇhanto “leading up to the climax of the instruction” Ja.i.275, Ja.i.393, Ja.i.401 Ja.v.151; Ja.vi.478; Vv-a.243. Cp. arahattena kūṭaṃ gaṇhanto Ja.i.114; arahattaphalena k. gaṇhiṃ Thag-a.99.
  • -aṅga the shoulder Vv.15#8 (= Vv-a.123).
  • -āgāra (nt.) a building with a peaked roof or pinnacles, possibly gabled; or with an upper storey Vin.i.268; SN.ii.103 SN.v.218; SN.iii.156; SN.iv.186; SN.v.43, SN.v.75, SN.v.228; AN.i.101, AN.i.261 AN.iii.10, AN.iii.364; AN.iv.231; AN.v.21; Pv.iii.1#7; Pv.iii.2#21; Vv.8#2 (= ratanamayakaṇṇikāya bandhaketuvanto Vv-a.50); Vv-a.6 (upari˚, with upper storey) variant reading kuṭṭhāgāra; Pv-a.282 (˚dhaja with a flag on the summit); Dhp-a.iv.186. In compounds: -˚ matta as big as an upper chamber Ja.i.273; Mil.67; -˚sālā a pavilion (see description of Maṇḍalamāḷa at DN-a.i.43) Vin.iii.15, Vin.iii.68, Vin.iii.87; Vin.iv.75; DN.i.150; SN.ii.103 = SN.v.218; SN.iv.186.
  • -(n)gama going towards the point (of the roof), converging to the summit SN.ii.263 SN.iii.156 = SN.v.43;
  • -ṭṭha standing erect, straight, immovable in phrase vañjha k˚ esikaṭṭhāyin DN.i.14 = DN.i.56; SN.iii.211 = MN.i.517 (expl. DN-a.i.105 by pabbatakūṭaṃ viya ṭhita);
  • -poṇa at Vism.268 is to be read
  • -goṇa: see kūṭa4.

Vedic kūṭa horn, bone of the forehead, prominence, point, *qele to jut forth, be prominent; cp Lat. celsus, collis, columen; Gr. κολωνός κολοφών; Ags holm, E. hill


neuter a hammer, usually as aya˚; an iron sledge hammer Ja.i.108; or ayo˚; Pv-a.284; ayomaya˚; Snp.669 kammāra˚; Vism.254.

*qolā to beat; cp. Lat. clava; Gr. κλάω, κόλος, and also Sk. khaḍga; Lat. clades, procello; Gr. κλαδαρός. The expln of kuṭ3 at Dhtp.557 & Dhtm.783 is “āko ṭane”


adjective without horns, i.e. harmless, of goṇa a draught bullock Vin.iv.5 = Ja.i.192 (in play of words with kūṭa deceitful J. trsl. misses the point translates “rascal”). These maimed oxen (cows calves) are represented as practically useless & sluggish in similes at Vism.268, Vism.269: kūṭa-goṇa-(so read for ˚poṇa)-yutta-ratha a cart to which such a bullock is harnessed (uppathaṃ dhāvati runs the wrong way) kūṭa-dhenuyā khīraṃ pivitvā kūṭa-vaccho, etc., such a calf lies still at the post
■ Kūṭa-danta as Np. should prob. belong here, thus meaning “ox-tooth” (derisively (DN.i.127; Vism.208), with which may be compared danta-kūṭa (see under danta).

Sk. kūṭa, not horned; *(s)qer to cut, mutilate, curtail, cp. Lat. caro, curtus; also Sk kṛdhu maimed The expln of kuṭ; as “chede,” or “chedane” (cutting at Dhtp.90, Dhtp.555; Dhtm.115, Dhtm.526, Dhtm.781 may refer to this kūṭa. See also kuṭṭa