Lokiya & lokika


  1. (ordinarily) “belonging to the world,” i.e

    1. world-wide, covering the whole world, famed, widely known Thag.554; Ja.vi.198.
    2. (-˚) belonging to the world of, an inhabitant of (as lokika) Pv.i.6#2 (Yama˚)
    3. common, general worldly Vism.89 (samādhi); Dhp-a.iv.3 (˚mahājana Pv-a.131 (˚parikkhaka), Pv-a.207 (sukha), Pv-a.220 (˚sabhāva) See also below 3.
  2. (special meaning) worldly mundane, when opposed to lokuttara. The term lokuttara has two meanings-viz.

    1. in ordinary sense the highest of the world, best, sublime (like lokagga etc.), often applied to Arahantship, e.g. lokuttaradāyajja inheritance of Arahantship Ja.i.91; Dhp-a.i.117 ideal: lokuttara dhamma (like parama dhamma) the ideal state, viz. Nibbāna MN.ii.181; pl. l. dhammā MN.iii.115

    2. (in later canonical literature) beyond these worlds, supra-mundane, transcendental, spiritual In this meaning it is applied to the group of nava lokuttarā dhammā (viz. the 4 stages of the Path sotāpatti etc., with the 4 phala’s, and the addition of nibbāna), e.g. Dhs.1094. Mrs. Rh. D. tries to compromise between the two meanings by giving lokuttara the translation “engaged upon the higher ideal” (Dhs. tsrl. introduction p. 98), since meaning (b) has too much of a one-sided philosophical appearance. On term cp.



  3. lokiya (in meaning “mundane”) is contrasted with lokuttara (“transcendental”) at many passages of the Abhidhamma, e.g. at Pts.ii.166; Dhs.505, Dhs.1093, Dhs.1446; Vb.17 sq., Vb.93, Vb.106, Vb.128, Vb.229 sq., Vb.271, Vb.322; Kv.222, Kv.515, Kv.602; Pp.62; Tikp.41 sq., Kp.52 sq. Kp.275; Duka-pa.304, Kp.324; Ne.10, Ne.54, Ne.67, Ne.77, Ne.111, Ne.161 sq. Ne.189 sq.; Mil.236, Mil.294 (lokika), Mil.390; Vism.10, Vism.85, Vism.438; DN-a.i.331; Dhs-a.47 sq., Dhs-a.213; Vb-a.128, Vb-a.373; Dhp-a.i.76 (lokika); Dhp-a.ii.150; Dhp-a.iii.272; Dhp-a.iv.35.

fr. loka; cp. Vedic laukika in meaning “worldly, usual”