the lotus Nelumbium speciosum. It is usually mentioned in two varieties, viz. ratta˚; and seta˚; i.e. red and white lotus so at Ja.v.37; Snp-a.125; as ratta˚ at Vv-a.191; Pv-a.157. The latter seems to be the more prominent variety; but paduma also includes the 3 other colours (blue, yellow pink?), since it frequently has the designation of pañcavaṇṇa-paduma (the 5 colours however are nowhere specified), e.g. at Ja.i.222; Ja.v.337;; Vv-a.41. It is further classified as satapatta and sahassapatta- p., viz lotus with 100 & with 1,000 leaves: Vv-a.191. Compared with other species at Ja.v.37, where 7 kinds are enumerated as uppala (blue, red & white); paduma (red white); kumuda (white) and kallahāra. See further kamala and kuvalaya

  1. the lotus or lotus flower MN.iii.93; SN.i.138, SN.i.204; AN.i.145; AN.ii.86 sq.; AN.iii.26, AN.iii.239; Snp.71, Snp.213; Ja.i.51 (daṇḍa˚ Name of a plant, cp. Sk. daṇḍotphala), Ja.i.76 (khandha˚, latā˚, daṇḍaka˚, olambaka˚), Ja.iv.3;; Dhp.458; Mnd.135; Vv.35#4 (= puṇḍarīka Vv-a.161); Vv.44#12 (nānā-paduma-sañchanna); Pv.ii.1#20 (id.); Pv.ii.12#2 (id.); Pp.63; Vism.256 (ratta˚); DN-a.i.219 Kp-a.53; Snp-a.97; Sdhp.359
  2. Name of a purgatory (˚niraya) SN.i.151–SN.i.152; Snp.677; p. 126; Snp-a.475 sq.
  • -acchara (heavenly) lotus-maiden Snp-a.469
  • -uttara Name of Buddha Snp-a.341, Snp-a.455 etc.
  • -kaṇṇikā a peak in the shape of a lotus Vv-a.181.
  • -kalāpa a bunch of lotuses Vv-a.191.
  • -gabbha the calyx of a l. Thag-a.68 (˚vaṇṇa).
  • -patta a l. leaf Mnd.135 (= pokkhara); Dhp-a.iv.166 (= pokkhara-patta).
  • -puñja a l. cluster Ja.iii.55.
  • -puppha a lotus flower Cnd.393; Snp-a.78.
  • -rāga “lotus hued,” a ruby Vv-a.276.
  • -vyūha one of the 3 kinds of fighting, viz. p.˚ cakka˚, sakaṭa˚ Ja.ii.406 Ja.iv.343 (cp. Sk. p.-vyūha-samādhi a kind of concentration & see Ja translation ii.275).
  • -sara a lotus pond Ja.i.221 Ja.v.337; Snp-a.141.

cp. Epic Sk. padma, not in RV.