wanderer, recluse, religieux AN.i.67; DN.iii.16 DN.iii.95 sq., DN.iii.130 sq.; SN.i.45; Dhp.184; of a non-Buddhist (tāpasa) Ja.iii.390; an edifying etymology of the word Dhp-a.iii.84: “samita-pāpattā s.,” cp. Dhp.265 “samitattā pāpānaṃ ʻsamaṇo’ ti pavuccati”; four grades mentioned DN.ii.151; MN.i.63; compare Snp.84 sq.; the state of a Samaṇa is attended by eight sukhas Ja.i.7; the Buddha is often mentioned and addressed by non-Buddhists as Samaṇa: thus DN.i.4, DN.i.87; Snp.p.91, Snp.p.99; Vin.i.8 Vin.i.350; Samaṇas often opposed to Brāhmaṇas thus, DN.i.13; Iti.58, Iti.60; Snp.p.90; Vin.i.12; Vin.ii.110 samaṇabrāhmaṇā, Samaṇas and Brāhmaṇas quite generally: “leaders in religious life” (cp. Dial. ii.165; DN.i.5; DN.ii.150; AN.i.110, AN.i.173 sq.; Iti.64; Snp.189; Vin.ii.295 samaṇadhammaṃ the duties of a samaṇa AN.iii.371; Ja.i.106, Ja.i.107, Ja.i.138; pure-samaṇa a junior who walks before a Bhikkhu Vin.ii.32; pacchāsamaṇa one who walks behind Vin.i.186; Vin.ii.32; AN.iii.137
samaṇī a female recluse SN.i.133; Thag-a.18; Ja.v.424, Ja.v.427; Vin.iv.235
assamaṇa not a true samaṇa Vin.i.96.

  • -uddesa a novice, a sāmaṇera DN.i.151; MN.iii.128; SN.v.161; Vin.iv.139; AN.ii.78; AN.iii.343. Cp. BSk. śramaṇoddeśa Divy.160.
  • -kuttaka (m.) who wears the dress of a Samaṇa Vin.iii.68 sq. (= samaṇa-vesa-dhārako Bdhgh ib. p. 271).

BSk. śramaṇa, fr. śram, but mixed in meaning with śam