indeclinable affirm. & emphatic part. = nu (cp. na1): indeed, then, now Snp.457, Snp.875, Snp.1077; Ja.v.343 (api no api nu), Ja.v.435 (= nipātamattaṃ p. 437).


indeclinable negative & adversative particle = neither, nor, but not surely not, indeed not

  1. in neg. sentences: Snp.852, Snp.855, Snp.1040; Iti.103 (but not); Pv.ii.3#13 (but not) as answer: no hi etaṃ “indeed not, no indeed” Vin.i.17; DN.i.3; no hi idaṃ DN.i.105
    ■ no ca kho “but surely not” DN.i.34, DN.i.36; AN.v.195
    ■ Often emphasized by na, as no na not at all Ja.i.64; na no Snp.224 (= “avadhāraṇe” Kp-a.170); disjunctively na hi… no neither-nor Snp.813; na no… na neither-nor (notnor) Snp.455
  2. in disjunctive questions: “or not”, as evaṃ hoti vā… no vā (is it so-or not) DN.i.61, DN.i.227 kacci… no (is it so—or not; Lat. ne-annon) DN.i.107 nu kho… no udāhu (is it that—or not; or rather DN.i.152
  3. noce (no ce = Sk. no ced) if not (opp sace) Snp.348, Snp.691, Snp.840; Ja.i.222;; Vv-a.69. Also in sense of “I hope not” Ja.v.378.

Sk. no = na + u, a stronger na; cp. na2


enclitic form, gen. dat. acc. pl. of pron. 1st (we) = amhākaṃ, see vayaṃ; cp. na3.

Sk. naḥ